Newspaper Page Text
Relief to Coton.-The New York Jour
nal of Commerce of the 7th inwt. .ays:
"Circulars have been sent on by Bevan
& Humphreys of Philadelphia. oleriltl
an advance it 1-2 cents per pound onl all
Cotton forwnled to the House of II im
phreys & Biddle, witi the igreement th.it
the Cotton shall he held until lie de-pre
sion is over. They reconitend that the
banks in ihe various sections of the Cot ton
country, should assist the holders to make
out the dillirence between their advance
and the cost. Agets hac heen sent out
South, to carry into etMeet the objiet, (f
the Circular. .It is said that the United
States Banuk is the back bone of ihc pro
From the Correspondcnce of the Augusta Con.
NEw YORK. June R, 3 P. M.
The week now closing has been one of
much depression. Money stocks have
fallen. The banks have curtailed their
discounts. And so money has become
more difficult toobtain. and the feeling a
mong the holders of Cotton w;ts h-comaiit
more and more anxions, and prices were
gradually yielding until the decline of the
,week was something like 14 ceuts per 11.
Yesterdav, however a circular was distri
buted by S. V. S. Wilder and Mr. Rock
,well, gentlemen who have taken a l:trge
share in the great cotton moventeuts of
the last two years; acting as has been sup
posed iu concurrence with the U. States
Bank. This circular I need not re peat. as
several of them were sent of' by yester
day's mail to the South. and must hP in
your place. The effect of the circular
here. has been to give a certain degree of
confidence to the holders of cotton. They
think there is certainty somewhere, and
so are more firm in refusiig to yield fur
ther in prices.
Money stocks have cnnsideralily revived
to-day, owing at least in part totthe circu
lar. Our merchants are much divided t
opiniot as to the ilicy and thimate use
fulness of the movement. If it should
he carried out into the next crop, as issua
gested, the movement wouldi he a ver%
dangerous one, for prices are such thtt to
take the Cotton crop of 1839 by the fore
lock. will be a different bilsiness from do
ing the same thing with the crop of '36.
Upon the whole, people are not rid of it eir
anxiety except in part. The sales of cot
ton for the week are 1500 hales; Upland,
124 a 154 cets. Flour has rllen to $6
.50 a $7-for all sorts. Corn 92 a 94 ets.
Wheat is dull, and only 140 cents or there
abouts could be oltvained
The United States Bank has negociated
to have the loan of E3500u0 lately nego
ciated in London hy Mr. McDulliie of S.
Carolia, passed it its credit, and is draw
ing bills on England to the supply of lthe
deraid, at 94 prei.-Jour. of Com.
The Charleston Mercury of the 14th
inst. says "We are authorized to say thtat
the above statement of I lie Journal of Com
merce, which we published vsterihty with
out comment, is altogether errontions-anud
not only so, but from facts in our knowl
.dge, it-is impossible it can he true.
The Bank of the United States has not,
nor can have any thint to do with the lie
From die Conrnrcial. Adccrtiser.
Nvw Yoni, Jlune S.
The Cottcn llarket.-An im portant cit
cular, addressed to platers concternied itt
the cotton trade; made its alppearanice yes
terday, and created tno stma~ll oe::ree of~
sensation. The uinfavorable news or the
cotton market brougtt by the Gr at West
ern, has had a severe eil'eet upon the moit
ney market, and it is assumed that the
depressioni of prtce has been produceed ini
England by a powerfuil and dhetermiinedh
combination amtong thte tmanufnterurers of
Manchester and elsewhere to force the ar
ticle down atid keep) it dlownt.
Hence a project is breachedl in the eir
enlar to monopolize all the cotton remain
ing in this coutntry of t he last year's , rop.
and to keep it back from the Englishi mar
ket until a large profit price catn he coim
mranided by the American holders.
As the circutlar appears anonymously,
we know niothittg of its origin. Sotme of
the morning paper-s say thatt it has been is
sued by the agent of lluimphireys & Biddle*,
while by others it was regarded a- h
productioni of a pet-son hiavi ng no nnthornty
to act for the htouse mentione-d, andir as is
sued with a view of inidutcini hilhers in
the U. States to holdl on to) their Smecks
until lie can dispose of w hiat lie nowv hs
ini Liverpool,.atnd ott its way thi:her, at
somethinrg like present prtices.
Int eithier case, we are etntirely- opposed
to the proposition. Undler existing~ cir
cumnstanices, it inighit. for the ttme h !e
inig, work advanutagteously for the couui
try. But at best, it is hut atn elfoit to
circumvenlt one set of montoptilists by ano
ther. It is a schemno entirely at war with
the pritnciples of free trade, and fair itidi
vidual competition. anid with wvhatever
temporary benefit it taty he attetnded, ul
timate evil wvilt surely be the result of~
Correspondencc of the North American,.'
Nmcw Yoazc; June 10.
The grand topic of discussion is s'ill thie
colton circular. I should juidge that a mtt'
jority of our merchants are pretty decided
Jy opposed to the policy. Cotton is to day
rather droopitng again, some fe w sales have
been made at prices whtich were tefusedl
on Friday and Saturday. Flour is very
tmuch at a stand, only smatll sales are mta
king at $6 2.5 for Orleatis, $6 :37 fbr~ Ohi,
and $6 62 a 75 for Gennessee.
U. S. Bank shares sod to day at the
Brokers board at 12J., and afterwat'ls at
122. The cause is said to he that mnost of the
floating stock has beetn retmitted toEn
land, so that little remains in market, and
some parties who have beeni selltng fhr
future delivery, Giud themselves obliged to
bid high to get hold of it..
The Legislatures of the following Statesi
have yet to elect Untited States Seniatoirs
New York, in place of N. P. Traundge..
Miehigan, E. Lyon.
Virgitua. Win, C. Rives.
Pennsylvania, S. .1'Kean.
Deanwarn, it Ii. B....-d
Extract of a letter to the1 editor of the
New Orleaus Louisianian, daited
G RAN D GULF, Ais., Jlne I.
Dear sir,- I iunstenu to inlorm you that
yesterday tile greater part of the beautilid
i little ton' i of P ri Gilsison, wis destroyed
by fire, in hich originated by aceident a
hout 11 tielock, A. .11. The losb of 11111
pert) is "f limaltei t no lIess than even
liindredt iliou..,gid diollhis-h y so1it per
.0on a; 1.tIt00,00. ,ls. of the prinicipal
iterhiimt. ar, giteely rin id. The etirt
ho(use nas (oal it stroy edl, and1 the whlole
oft the priicill busiiess strevis is notinuti
bi ali hvap yoruins. 'I he houses n re prin
cipally of brick. I 6% e just returtinid fr4om
tue veite. Never in my liie have I heten
1110e Moved by the sight olrealaniay 1111
thi,. The citizen.., anl the stranlgers il
lon n were in tilt- grealest agitation: soine
of the utilirtionie ilinhabints were frar
tie with the loss. Tl'e CirciitCourt l Clai
bornt' county was in se hi lust week,
but this terribie calamity has caused the
judge to adjourn the Court; the record!
ntd papers rescued. from the Irning
court house being inl too tmich confiSion
to ie arranged for several day-;. It iq It
be hoped ile sympathies of the whole
c111u1ny will be for the poor uuhappy peo
ple of Port Gihj.on.
From ihe Louisianian.
Mits-Isi PPi.-The ibatnitig system has
retuced iisitissiplpi to Ole lowest depth
of misery aid degradation. If* left alone,
free and tnt ramutinel led by privilegel eor
ptraions. ississippi would le been at
this nometil the riehest and mo-i fliourish
ing State in the Sot i, from the prodinet
of her soil alone. If' the indlistrv ol' her
citizenis had bIeen peritted its illn-hark
Ied exercise. they no)btil tow be in t lie en
joymlent of all the benlits. and avnae
to be derived from high prices. for their
raistaple, andl they would draw more.
ealih from their soil than the inities (if
lexico ever vielded. Intiead of' I his con
diuion ofihings, we finid conf'usion and11 tep
roar reiniti trittunphotltly ini many conn
es-jldgei. shriil-, mill jurors in willing1
or alraiti ini exectitt iIth. laws, atil litti.
WeCm 11), or person or property. It some
(tll n:ies, wherile, clerks and other judiviaI
otlicers resiiedl their places, in oiler.; ih
couiri houses atredesiroved The con11duct
of* the banlh- has eflecte'dl n di- orgranizationj
[f society. In Ibhis state of tings, s c
personls are pressing the governor to <at
all extra ieeit ing of" the Iegil:t ure, to pas
slop laws itl stave a Llment and exi'
CUtiois, hui Goiveirnor M-Nuit wisely refij
ses to comply. aware that nothinl --mill
rai be ex pected from tIhed'libterationi.
a body of. tecii, who are char-rgelanie m :I
great mteasure with all the tielief, 1ll
dei which tlIe% are un'w groninlii. No
relief can be expec dt fd 11rom ine ltgislaitur
till after the next election, when it is hioped
a new e01 it n w1 Will q1eceil to Illose,
wtu h..ve betiayc. ilie people lot Ite baiks.
'ITie Utton Bnift nas chartered witll
the vien- of curin the dtistorers if tle
( urt eney. The stlaC et-ni it her cr.-tit
tit au incredibile amount, f1or ill purpose
ol purchasing specie to be brought il
ti the Stale; a shor-sitghtetl mteasutre,
ninch has loaded the state wiih an im
eittuse debt, mitcreased fie dli! orders o' It
cirrency. and absolutely ruined fill- publ1
ie finlaues. If fis bank had141 Ilol been
created. and if ilhe nwh, r mionied in-aiu
tinshad beeni comnpelled i n meel dbeir itb
li?!tious or- liquidate, the uniassiste indus.
ry and eierg) of the airmers ani ,. niter.,
Itold long -iIimce llaVe exrieated theli
tromt their endb rrasbimentsa, and they
't 111l1 6.o 1 enj y inl ulh1tt11- IIbed tranquihl'I
tv, the revetnur' of thetir plluaionls.
Thea Philatdelphian papiers of y.esterd.ay
wjyn, and14 Kenderetoni Smii h. whott are iml
potrtuninltg the Iecislaiiur e ttf Pen nsyl viaI
to revive '"the luws of lie 6thi ol1 MarebI
.id20. andtt the :10th of' March. 1821, alvow
ed ly gliig the aidl olfli thepubb fuantk il
Itie piromoti 0f agrieuthultral Iantd doties
tic mtantufactures." Tlhe mettoriul is
matily t..kein upI with te pra'ise of agri.
cnilure, to) whiich thte pr'fincipal signier, it is
sa1 i has lately aditceted hi:msielf, and1( whiicht
tie has now idiseei neis an ~l ex'ellenit I ibing
wothty to be encura';ged 1and htelpedt fori
walrd by the stalte "overnm'nt. Thte
newspapers hatre litly beeinmuchi occu.
pied withI nerlOUnils ot the vine'yards tol
M1r. P~iddle 's fatrtm, anld his plan for)1 I'alising
the linest grapes in Amterica Ii now
seemis that he waniIs i ;thnid of thte p11ulic
funds4 tn this ne1v walk of his amiibjiti to
be distribluted ini the frm'i tut premiums111
or bounlties by thie hihadelpia i Slcie.ty
for P'rot~l~inl1 Agriculture.
WeT4 --venera'ite I te lou-ish;" we' bold
ill high esteet h le inl:l'pe'nden't utt-t harldy
race of meni whoit till the soil, but w~e he.
!ieve that mos4)5 of' themt will i hilk, wil h
us, thait their v)calioni detgra&des5 itse'lf, anid
dtMesends h-om1 its ntiur'ail(dignity and4 no4
bilnt'v, when'1 it becomes a mientdit'ant for Ie
gasi.nli e iavo~r and consents toJ receive re
w artds which meni of other occupattious atre
taxed to furnishd.-.. Y. Evening Post.
Wte intderstand that arrange&ments have
iust been comlipletedl between the Postmas
ete Gener.al, and Ihe Georgi a itailroad anud
Biankiog Company, by which thle madl
fromll \e~w York to New Orleans, will tic
copiiy only uline da~ys in its tranlstt heotweeni
I he I wo) esIes. The airranigemlenl is to go
mloell eeI4t oin thie 1st of' July.-Pldliadel
phia Ui. S. Gazette.
- Macon, Junie 6.
Wheat-The W~heat erop ini Georgia,
no) doubt far exceeids any evt'r raised ini the
Stale. It is probiably abotutt halll'iow la
vesteut, ailli il the liiest order-the' presenit
iry wveather being highily favorable to ii.
'IThe sup~ply will be equal to the wanls of
the State, anti problably a siurplus lef tifl'
GE'NERaAL PosT-UFFIeE.-The cornter
stonet of ihei .uei ed~ificet tendedtt' f or the
Gxeneratl l'ost-Olice, Onl S. venth and iL.
stteets, W ashmigton, w1 al onl tiae -35li
uit., iln presetIce of the P.-esident andi heads
01 D)epar'tments. Upon a p1ate, athixedj lo
the corner stone, was hie f'ollowmtg inscrip
Lion; Genecral Post Ottice United at.:1es,
Founded 1775. Buildinag destroyed by
lire 1336, Re'built fire-proofl 18J-.03o0eth
c'r wvith the tiamtes of the cineh' uliee'rs at
goveruent, att the0 titme of rebuitdtng the
ST, AUGUSTINE. lune 8.
Arnn intellignce -Piclata is to h:
abandoned, and the sick are to be iemuov
ed to) Ft. lieileatn.
Oi the 2th ul. 18 miles from For
Fanning. Iwo privaes ol Cait. Braidley'
Voluteer 1omp a y were kiiled by in
alans. One of ihe party was scalped
FORT KING. M1;y 30.
"A fe w indians ha%' cvome in stmeI
lamt mrite. A Inga- inmiwr. wiih Tiier
Tail :l tevpral .tiert chiels, % ill it- hert
in a da v or tiu o. 'I het chiels i-ver a4
Gen Miacombll % hierj bertey nonild be per
ta'itted to remaia permanetly South t
Pense Creek. nod ie never iatlal then tha
the% n %olid ntO. If the I itliam, should bi
permuitted to remain in Florida. it will hi
a ratal blow to the prosperity of the Ter
ritorv, and every Fhridian ontehi to rais
his voice againtat so suicidal a meanre
-"Since writing ilie above, aoir negro in
terpretar (Murray) who is the best ni
most useful man in that capacity. was sho
in the side, by a eomindrel ntmied Edgar,
na ho is orderly Sprgeant tof the Compan 'v
that garrisons 'hisa posi. The hall passe
immediatelv over ihe stomach, but uidle
the peritonutim. not I think is lodged ii
the li er. II e is still alive, hut hisa chanec
of recovery is very slim. lie hal no
ieen shot more itha an hour. wheant
couple of chiefs arrived here, baut htavim
no interpreter, I cannot tell yon whati new:
they bring from the ititerior. To -morrow
they will bring in with them ftomn a cami
ntiae t miles from here!, another Itlian ne
gro who will interpret for us."-News.
Another Fruit of the Peoce.-George
Brock, ubeir was killed bi- the Imliiiias
ani h;. house burned at Victorit. three
m1111s fr11om Picolata, and ei'Ohteen mile-i
irami tiii- ity on Tirsday last. Capi
Alickler at tleed the tracks oal' <ceven Indti
au., anad siipposes they crosseid the St
Johlits in :a hota, as they carried away pro
vi.ion-, and plunder.
There is also i earrentt rumor that twa
mer. have lten iaerad in the neighbor.
hood of Fort FPaniingtiat.-Heruld.
We- learn sias thea' New Yori Gazette
that a ie Presidtt has ;tlaltapiateal John L
t.llaehens. F.'q. III the dilmatit agea
to Ga.aItteamin. im plact f 31r. La'ggett. e
.-easel. - e dloutbt not liht lit appoint
ment will ha geerally concurred in as:
very gooda one. Mr. Slhthens is the gen
Ia' tt n i hoe name has recettly ieen a
aaood deal itilLed aboit in tht newsIpapers
it connectio ni th le a.tn'ecy to Einlatia
:ai I ilolanad otn the part of this Sinie. hin
he is nitw he: ier known t) his country.
m it as the anihor ol several volumes o
te mot interetnting tirat ei tie eaisi.
Ie is ati amiiale aI excallent young man
ama ta this appliiamatent will be agreealb
to jitn, ..e are gratified that lie las receiv
Improved s.ecies of Cotton.-There is a
4am en titittliont itt the last Satoathern :.c
rienuhari.; from Col. 11-hu1ore. descril-ing a
nei speries of* Ct tCom delet- i Alalba
n114, from n fiilf the( Pei: G"till b"otton.
lt rowa m. ht taller th im the commn
pl.mt, -md bears a manhlier of'shlort lateral
branihesa totly - ar 5 ineies tn en::th. nod
tairing twinl pods or ciiers of 6 or '
podsn. a each lr.iach. The Coltton is
liner than any oither kinl (if'Nhor staple
commzalnds 4 or 5 cent-, mare, :aanid the pro
etct is very uch more alttnlant. Th
plant. with leaves like other citton. re
semba lles ale okrin in other respetsC, mid
itt rich landa n ill re.ai'h ai hetight taf' r tat
feet. 'IThe .seed is noat yet int genterajl use,
atal the sntadal gatity Cti b ithad sells ai
vary hiight prices. It ripen'as eatrlier' ut a
a he atherwa cana on.am!it %t andsl at tter a'hatne
a hera'foare, aof t'se ingti the seornm, "ahiceh i:
very alest rateliv'e to atet ero ps itt the Sot h
weast -Chareston Mer.
Vireinia C'rops.-Thae Alexatndriia G~n.
ze'tte ofl that 5th .aet. satys---We havt
seena genitlemretn, waithini the Ilasa week ot
t wao, f'rom tan ~ty (Jr thle neigrlhborina Cata at
ices in Virgintia-Fanirfax, F~ntan 'ir, Loit
dhatt n. F"reiderick, Shi'nnntdah, CI rke,
&. &c. the riacheast graiti couatrty itn the
Stnie-:mad they tall conctur' itt representtinae
hte cratps its reakab tly finei, andia the
waahieat fields. especiatlly, as exceedinely
Itixtriant. Tlhe coldl weather which hast
trevailed, is itoodi for' tha' wahea t and is
hlin g it veray onehial. Thet w'ill btegiat
enttting waheiat in rthe J rianea River Coiinty
neaxt wee'k-atnd somate of the fnrmers waaiti
comen c' itn abotuatt tw " wtteeks."
l'The Lt'xintaott. Ky. Gaze-tte taf ithe
3~0ath t I. says---Fmma tall pairtis of thec
Sta;tec. atad, itt Inet. li'am theta whoale cattn
try, th Ineeoicant t ar mot' ftsiEavoatrale ats tan
thte nhuatnlaat iappearanitcO or the app1roach
flatermelos..-W'e were presented
v'esterd'ay wvi tha itlin" w''at'eaain lay Mvlr.
J. A. Dovea'a, whiachi wa--t ri-ead atn his plta.
tattion, aboantt thiracent mtiles front this city.
We ttnderstanid hte brotight aboni' athirty to
marker yesteray, anid niotwithlstatnding
te pressure of a le times, soonat disaosed of
ahem tar 50 cenits apiece. The leibt Jaune
is early to haive this delicious veget~able
ini aour market, and thiey do tnot catame a
miss this wnri wac'ther wheni atae titer.
wtotmeer ranges at 94.-Augusta Con.
Tatr. DIFFER'ENCE.-Tho Cincinntatti
Post of te 5th inst. hats the following par
TH ENEATfHER.-WVe have land the most
e-xtramrdinmary spell atfcaold weat her we evet
witnessead tat this seaison, in rte Unaitedi
States. This is the twelfth tday in succes
,iatn, dutringi which there have beent two or
atree slight trosts. It has baetn taltertnte
clottds, raitn antd suasinte tihe whole tame,
but v.e'rv little of' te lattter. IThetre is a
clear baright sun this mnorninig, which gives
promiaise of ai watrmt tday.
Deaths in New York last eek.-T he
aaanbe'r tof dleaths ini the e'itv. adtrmai the
-ast wa-ek wits I 14-faotrteen amore ithan
tace week pre-jaans 70 we're meiln atal
taty-, 21 wa.ere wom'ata at. atnd 24 girls. There
we're' 6 whotr diedl undater aone year of' :ge,
and haul . between 80 'ail 1010; eighr'a
.re'a wer'" itnrtn in thc Unatiteal Sttias, tandl
14 in leelard. Ten of thei 114 waere col.
rAH4,E iL14 C. ii
TtUlnsVAr,Ju.xYE 21, N839.
TO CORN SELLERS.
There isa considera bile demand for Corn,
and Corn-Mleal, in this place, and neigh. r
horhood. at present. These artieles if now
broeijuht to narker, would readily bring a
very good price. Fairmers who have these
articles to sell, miht advance their inter
est by altendine to this uggestion.
We have received a catalogue of the
Ollicerq and Students, of the University
of Viraineia. for the Session of 1838-'3.
SULTRY WVEATFIe.-For several days
duriig the past week, the weather was op
pressively warm. The Thermometer ici
the shade, stood at 9-4 degrees on the llh,
96 on hlie 12th, 96 on the 13th, and 94 on
-lte 14th inst.
General McDulfie has recently returned
to the United States, inl the pitcket ship
Roscius,. from Liverpool.
YLLow Fkvx.-Some cases of ye!
yow fever were recently brought fronm Ha
van.i, coChla-leston, in a vessel. The port
physician says that there is no cause for
TRASURY No-r-:s.-According to the
official statement by Mr. oeodL.ury, the
eggrregate amoenot of Treasury Note, (ot- i
.ttdamng on the 1st of Jttc, was $6,062,- C
FLIMRIDA.-Gr-at excitement has pre
vailed Inc Florida, since lthe forniation ofr
thee treaty between Gen. M;ecomb, and the
ludian Chief*. in -onisE-qietce of he latei
murders, hundreds of Volunteer- offered t
their -ervices to Gov. Call. The Terri- c
torial Government ofiered a reward of a
S200, for ainy Indian taken. or killed.
From the Charlrston Alercury.
Wt, copied fto, the- Ecigefield Adverti
ser. withoutt commet. :he arele 'which
ha- elicited the following ,trictures from
our respe -teel Coltem-npornrv of the South a
Carolinian. 1 e did not iInk the deion
emraion very important-althigh we pre
sinmed thatit was put fihrth by the Cohim
hia writer as a feeler-for we had heard
fel-fore that it u as the intention of some de- s
funer faction in our State to seek revival 1
by calling upon the Judge to help them
out ofthe tmud; hoping to apt the ok1
Union party on their side hv the manaeuvre
We let it pass at the time, as only one
more Of chose sagacious scracaems by
which the aspirants to the nanagemet of
nicer State.have managed to hog themselves a
deeper and deeper, until pothing but their b
ears are left ont;
The on dits of our Columiia Corres
dendent u hich we published some weeks u
-'inee. were niot 1' riteu by a ieilber of a s
odeflunct factiin," nor put forth as a "feel- f
er," as the Mercury intimales. They t
were written by a warm Sueb-Treasury, n
State Rights man, with no intention for
party effect, or for thte purpose of prodtte
inig polfitiecal exciemnent. Our contempo
rariles, the Sout-Caroliniian, andee tthe Mer
emciy. haveo been very strantgely anid a s~
munsintgly mistiflef in this matter. If
there lhe any plot one feint, "to revoluetiotn- s
ize- the politiceal principles of the State," *
w-e ktnow nthitig of it.r
Seimee haive suppiosedl, that the letter of b:
our Corresponedenit, was a hoax, or heir- s
lesqule. Not so.--We -peak confidently,p
wvhen wesay, that neothing wats farther fromne
his initentioni, than to c-ast the sliebtest ridi
ene upona any of the woerthy gentlemen,
whose tnames were mentioned in connge- e
tion wit h the htich otlces of Governor, Lt. C
G-eyernor, or Membier eof Congress. V
Extract from a letter- received by a geni- is
liemate ine this nieighborehiood, datedi n
"Ggonoc~eiLLi, M iss..\1ay 10, 1839. n
"Y'ou wouled he astonisheed at the coni
. dition of things itn this State. It is diffi- t'
,etilt to say, who is solvent, there haes been el
soi tmneh speeculation. N--groes sell pretty a
w~ell in this -ounety, butt haud, which a few e
years agco, brought $34) per acre, now sells h
for sevrnty-five etnis. Thee are, to my E
kow'!e-dge, I ihousanda. of acres of good anid te
fresh land, withmrt cultivators. It is not o
einceemmeton toi see menc, wvho recently were i
woirth 50 niegroes, redueced to poverty. I ti
think thaet chere will tie many emigrants t~
fromit the old Staites, necxt fall. Now is the ei
time, to buy excellent laned, cheaps."
.ED1sKmJEL PueLosetncA SOCIETY.
-The Philosophical Seo-iety of this hplace,u
assemblhed on the 10th inst., and liassed a
resolutioni to putrchase a numbeer of philo
sophticail instrtuments for the use of the in
stituction. The sum of $275 " as voted for ti
this purpose. The Committee to ia homn
the busineess was enitrusted,ne cre' directed to ;
procure thee instrumnents in Philadelphia, el
or London. This Society is in its infan- ii
cy, atnd Iaboturs tinder great dlisadlvant ages, ~
for the want eif funids. The obiject for a
which 't wvas established, is highly haudia- a
ble, and tmust cottmenid itself to the a ppro- o
batiottof an enligl.t iced comtmunity. T1hei
fouenders of theis society., are sonme three or
four public spirited genetlemten, who by
their unitiring exertloons. and cotnsidferable t
expcendciture of the private fuends, have e
placed the institution on a respiectable foot- I
ineg. Several cecessins have beeni made
to the numeber iil'miembers, bunt yet tey are
~ fc. Tocarr ott theetid,
ur which the Society is established, there
mnst be an increase of members, or of
ontributions. To the intelligent citizens
f the District, the Society appeals for
heir countenance, and friendly aid. The
ause of science is a noble one. Ii is ibat
'f virtue, and one which eminently cond
es to the melioration of the whole hunian
South Sea E2rploring E.xpedition.-Lieu
enant Charles Wilkes. comlimanding the
exploriig E pedilion, under date of IFeh.
7th. 1839, has written a letter in the See
etary of ithe Navy. The Squadron nr
rrived at Orange Harboi, Terra Del Feu
:o, the place of rendezvous, on ihe 19th
ildimo. The erew was in good heahih.
The Anti-klasonic Convention which
issembled at Harrisburg, Penn.. on the
!5th of May. nominated Gen. Harri.on
4r the P'esidcncy, and Daniel Webster
hr the Vice Presidency.
It-appears from a resolution passed by
hat body, that these gentlemen have ac
epted the nominiaion.
Reuben Al. Whitney.-It is stated in
everal papers, that this notorious nan,
vlon the Raleigh Star, a Whiig paper,
alls "infamous," is, or was very recently,
he efficient editor of the .ladisonian, an
knii Administration, Anti-Sub-Treasury
Maper. published at Washington city.
Phe Star says "We do not know that Mr.
Vhitney is certainly a Whig. We do not
now, nor do we care what he is. Hie is
'ne thing to-day, and another to-morrow."
Let this man is considered by niny, an
racle-the expounder of true Whig princi
es. Hi6 editorials have been copied in
1 un1mterous # . hie liapers. He was once
ii Administration mai. htut now fights for
is e.nemies, and the etemies ofthe Consti
utional Treastury. If ie does not coutend
ir principle, lie at least lights for plunder
nd f'Or pay.
H'hig Sub- Treasurers.-Under this cap
ion, we fidil the lhllowinm in the Old Do
inion. "The Viekihnrg Whig states that
lie notes Of the Decatur Bank are quoted
I one dollar per peck. What an excellent
epository for the public funds!"
We will add, what a comforimble "Half
vay House" nonuld the Brandon (Missi<
ipii) Bank make flor the Government trio
cy, in its Iravels!
Popularity of Mr. 1FIse.-At the recent
lection for Congress, in Virginia, Mr. W.
eceived in one County, in his District. 166
of es, ott of 168. Truly, lie ean say like
nother public man. once said, "I have the
est constituents in the world."
The Old Dominion -nys -Mr. Tafli, a
rierchant in Savm.nah, has in his posses
ion 20,000 ant og ahlis, original hand wri.
ing of listingnished men." if these au
)graphs hbe as obscure as those of great
ten geterallv, it wiold puzzle a French
s'avant, to tell "the author. of them "
The same paper says, "Miss Shtireff,
he vi'Ilist, is about to lbe mairried to a
ew York Lawypr. lHe has presed his
wit, and is ahotit to gain his cause." The
uttornmey is welcomie to her. We saw it
tate~d sery recently, what this ly in en
eting a very imtpassionedl part, was so ear
ed away by a torrent of feeling as to go
"side herself, and shriek in agony on the
'age. The scene was represented as ap
allinig. Wha' rational man wants a hys
rrical woman, for the pairtter of his bosomt?
We have read the Report of the Comn
littec of Twent.3-one, who were appoint
dI ly the late Commtercial Convention, to
usider and report on. the measures ptroper
lihe wrdoptedl by that body. The Report
very full, andi satisfactory, and contains
mei(h va.lutable inufortmation, which weI
onld with pleasure, transfer to onr col
mnns, did our limits pernit. WVe will how
ver notice a few thinugs. The Commnittee
untmerate tmany causes, which bro'ught
hitt the prentu depressed state oif Sonth
rn Commetce; hut they say, that "these
ave now mi a great meastire, cE~AsED TO
xisT, and that the opp~ortunaity is presen
-dl of improving our present advantages
f renmoving themi altogethter--andl regain
tg all that we have lost. In a little mobre
wan two years, the tariff' will be reduced
t he "tevennme standard," based on "an
conomicmdaltdministratin of the Federal
lovertnment." We shall soon be relieved
'nm a system, which has sapped the very
mundation, of our. prosperity, and reduced
s almost to a state of "colonial vassal
ge." For the rest, we tmust depend upon
uruelves." On the subject of imporwa
otn into the city of Charleston, the Com
"For several years prior- to, anid includ
tg the year J807, the imlports' into the
ty of Charleston, estimating their a
tount by the duties receivedl a' the Gustomj
nuse,-(then average rate of duties b'eing
icen about 12& per cent.) amouted, on an
v~erage, to about nine millions of dollars
nnually. Frotm that pteriodt, under the
peration of the 'restrictive system,' the
nportations, (with the excepti n of three
ears, front 1815 to 1818, inittoedtelv
fter the peace) gradually declined until
riSo. Itn that year the imports had fallen
one million. But from that time, and
specially since the 'Anmericano System,.'
as received a fatal blowv, and thie Govern
ient has commtientedl retracing its steps
auck to the 'lFree Tradet System,' our itt
orts has e beena steuddl3 increasing, so
mt they now amitountt to about three
millions of dollars, and if we shall go on
iuiproving, "ill soon reach their former
This is indeed cheering, and should in
cite our. merchants, and wealthy planters,
to greater ellort to bring about the restora-.
tion ot Southern trade. The objection
that has been too frequently made to the
hculhilutuest, of Charlestou, the Commit
lee entirel3 remove. They say,
"W ith the single exception of the yellow
or siranger's lever (whicit setojm n'akes
its appearauce ait the Souib o-tener than
once itt four or five years, aid fron which
the cities ol the N'rth are not entirely ex
eupt) we are actually subjected to iewer
taun pitdeimes, than ''utr north,-rn breth
ren. The balls of mortality of the difl'
ferent cities of the Ut.ion, will show%. that
the general health of our cities, is at least
as good as that of the cities of the North.
Consumption alone destroys a greater
number of lives in the cities of the North
in proportion to their population, than are
lost in Charleston and Savannah, from
yellow fever and consumption combined,
deducting from the latter, the number or
strangers who come here in the liit
stages of the disease for the restoration of
To oring about the revival of our trade,
the Commimte recommend to our Plan
ters, to set apart a portion of their annual
surplus, and inlest it in commerce. They.
think that this would fie a better jvest
ment, than applying it to the usual pur
pose of making more cotton. They recom
mend the formation of Limited Copartner
ships, by which means every one has the
opportunity of investing so much of his.
capital as he may think proper, in com
mnercial pursuits, ithour incurring a risk
of losing in any event, more than the a
mount so invested.
They say, that Credit may, to.a great
extent, be made to supply the place of'
capital, for the pi4rposes of the proposed
trade. It is this, which has in agreat de
gree, built up New York, and "bhas fur
nished the merchants of that city, with by
far the greater portion of their available
rneans,hy which theyhave been able tonp
nopolize .o large a portion of the South
ern trade." They say, that foreign capi
talisq should he induced to establish A
gencies, aud to form Copartnerships among
us, for carrying on the direct trade; they
should be brotght to unite with us, inthe
establishment of regular lines of Packet
Ships and Steamers, to arrive at stated
periods at our principal ports-and the
work is done. To effect this, they assert
that nothing more is necessary, than to
give capitalists in Europe, the requisite in
formation and they will then have confi
dence in introducing any amonnt'of capital
ihat may he desired into our Southern sea
In the proposed revival of trade, the
Conrmit tee pive great proasiaenee to-In
ternal Improvements. They say,
"Equal in importance to the creation of
such a capital for carrying on the direct
irade, is the. irnishing A AT ARKET for all
the goods that can be imported.-indeed it
may he assumed as indispensable to our
success. tlat R ail RoadsCanals and Ttrn
pike., mttst furnish the great channels of
com munientin, through which -thlie good's
brought itnto our ports. must find their way
to the cotnsutmers in the interior."
There are other things in the report,
wvhich w.e wotuld notice. hut out limits for
hid. The Report of the Committee of
Teza. is also f'ull nnd satisfactory. We will
not now attempt to condense it, but will
shortly lnav berore otur readers, some inter
esting extracts from it.
The Washington Globe contradicts the
statement that Licut. E. W. Moore~of tho
U. S. Navy, had taketn command of the
The Augusta Chronicle & Sentinel of
the 13th inst., says "W~e are requested to
say, that the Hamburc Bank, as drawing
at sight otn Charleston, at half, and on
N..York, at 2 per cent. for Augusta hills."
Translations from the French:
By T HE EDt ToR..
SLFEP A ND HOPE.
When fatigued by the toils of the dlay, the
laboturer directs his steps to his abode,
Sweet Sleep, 'tis thou whom he in
vokes! Attentive .1o his prayer, thou
comest to close his eyes, and makest
himt forger the fatigue of watching.
Loaded with thy benefits, he goes to re
pose, and to dream but or happiness.
Ho goes to see himasolf surrotunded by
his childrea, who stretching forth their
arms towards him, ask of him a kiss,
and tell him that they are happy. When
-he looks abroad, he sees the fields which
he has cultivated, and covered willithe
grain so necessary to his existence;
every thing anndunces to him an abun
dant harvest.. To thee, he owes .his
pleasures. Why mttst awvaking displaceo.
thee, and cause to flee away, the illu
siens which thou hast made ! Who will
console~him? Hope- 'Tis she who sus
tains the unfortunate, and who strength
etns hum to support his troubles. With
her, his toils are less grievous; if he
complain, she points to him the recom
pense; if he be disquieted, she cones to
tranquillize htim. Ahlways gay, aways
conrent, the labourer drives his plough,
without perceiving the hardness of the
soil which lhe tills. The sweat which
bedews his brow, does not stay him a
moment; every things tells himt of Hope;
this alone sustaitns his courage, in the
furrow which he has inust phoughed. hc