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From the resille Mountaineer.
THE SPRINGS OF SPARTAN
It might seem superfluous, at t-,is time,
to speak of the distinguished watering
places to be found in the District of Spar
tanburgh, were the facts as well known
abroad as they are at home. The libera
lity which has estahlished, and the ele
gant taste which has adorned these fash
ionable places of resort, is beyond all
praise, and worthy of the most extensive
encouragement and patronage. Thou
sands during the presen season have al
ready tested the ntfic'acy of the waters and
the hospitality of the establishments.
They have been the resort of the young
and the beautiful-the wealthy and the in
tellectual, as well as the aged and infirm
the sick and the alicted-all have been
henefitted or gratified by their visit to the
Temples of Hygeia. and the season pro
raises fully to sustain the popularity with
which it commenced. No South Caroli
nian can visit the extensive establishments
at theLinestone andGletin'sSpings with
out a feeling of honest pride as he views
their comfortable and valuable improve
ments. He reels that we are beginning
to rival Virginia in watering places. and
that the time has come when we may
claim the favorable consideration of the
whole South for our own State, and point
to our own places of fashionable resort as
the rivals of the best in the land.
The Limestone Springs during the last
week, had upwards of one thousand visi
tors-the establishment itself accomodat
ing between three and four hundred at the
same time. The establishment proper
consists of the principal house, built of
brick, two hundred and foriy feet long, and
four stories high. and eleven other houses
of different sizes. The waters tre the
purest limestone and chalyheate. In the
vicinity are several elegant and private
residences, owned by geutlemen who
make the place their permantient place of
abode. This is the favorite temple for
the votaries of pleasure, and gallantly do
they worship at its altar.
The military ball of last week was
really dazzltng in its gorgeous splendor,
excelling any thing we might meet with
in a lifetime. fn attendance were ttte
Governor and suite, the Major General
and suite, the suite of the Brigadier Ge
neral, the General of Cavairy and suite.
the Adjutant General, Quartermaster Ge
neral, Colonels, Majors, and Captains, unt
counted and almost uncountable, all
dressed in full uniform, and prepared to
grace the ball room. As a counterpart to
this mi!itary show, were found as brilliant
an array of elegant females as the most
fastidious and critical might desire to look
upon. The ball room and drawing room
were crowded to excess, and presented as
large an aggregate of beauty. taste, and
elegance, as any hall room welt could.
The first half hour was ahsolusely intoxi
cating in its imaginative effects. Brighter
eyes, more smiling faces, and happier
countenances, can never assemble atny
Glenn's Spring is beyond all doubt one
of the most valuable in the Southern
States. Each succeeding year, testing the
ellicacy of its waters, adds to its steadily
increasing popularity. It is a cold saline,
of the character of the Harrodsburgh
Springs in Kentucky, and the Saratoga
Springs in New York, wanting only the
carbo.ruc acid cas to make it the sane in all
essential particudlars. rThe vations well
authenticated cases of e-ures it has accomt
plished, have established its repurationi on
the firmest basis, andl it a ill soon become
fashionable to bottle it up for consutmption
in the manner in which it has been com
mon, for years, to do with the Congress
Waters at the North.
The. Cherokee Spring is thte intdividual
property of J. WV. Martin, Esq., andI lacks
only the outlay of capitai, ns htich a joitt
stock compatty c-an fur-ish-, to miske it a
rival of the preceding natted watering
places. The Camerokee Spritng is a red
sulphaur, equal in purity and elfreacy to the
celebrated red sulphur of Vir-ginia. It bus
bee-n found highly cturative for miany dis
eases, particularly those arising fromt itm
* purities, or a phlogi~tic state of the bloo
worth- all te Brandretha's p)1ils in the
world. it is a sovereign retmedv for all
cutaneous affections-a co)uttic that tie
ver fais, and niever injures, th,- mtost
transparent complexio-a beau.tifyer of
the skiti, far beyond, the reach of art.
The accommttodations at this phice are
very fair for a stmall comwpatny, and will
donibtless increase as the waters baecome 'o
be properly appreciated by the public.
The Limestone is 20J miles E., Glenn's
IS miles S. E., and Cherokee 8 miles N.
of Sparitanburgh Court Houise.
Aug. 3. A VISzToRt.
Frons thec Americazw Farmer.
ON THE PRESERVAT[ON OF
THE HE~ALTHU OF NEGROES.
It is a well known fact to physicians of
the Sonthern States.that "negroes,uhough
less liable to autumnal diseases thanLt the
whites, yet suffer muchi more severely from
winter epidemics thtan they do." The
negroes. for itnstance, will escape the bili
ous al'ections of the hot season., while thte
white inhabitauts are falling victims;. but,
when wimer takes place, the blacks are
swept of,~ while their masters' families-arc
There would be, in-the extraordinary na
ture of the fact, a sufiicieut incenti-ve to-the
investihation of the cause or causes of th-is
diff'erence; but therec are motives of a still
more urgent ttatttre, that demaund at at
temipt at discovering the cauise, andh pre
ventitng the effects. The blacks constitute,
either absorutely or instrumentally, the
wealth of our Soniliern States. If a plait
ter, as it oftent htappenas, is deprived by
sickness of the labor of onae-thirdl, or one
half of his negroes, it becomes a loss. of no
small magnitude. If we should. thetn suc
ceed in ascertaitning the cause, andl point
ing otut a preventive. weshtall not only have
gratified curiosity, and served the itter
ests of'the planuter, btut also feel the alpro
bation of our own mntd in havinig aided the
cause of humanity
We have seentin our last tnmber, ' On
Heat atnd Clothing, " that white antd pol
is/ted surfaces let off heal slowly; whereas
blac n- roug-h surfaces, r-adiate it frecly.
This is admitted as a fact in chemlistry and
physiology. We know that liquids cool
soonest in dark vessels, and retain their
heat longest in bright ones. We also
know that animals in polar regions, which
are of a darkcolor in the summer, change
to white in the winter; nature, 4 doubt,
intending by the change of color as much
as by the thickening of their coat, to se
cure them against the severity of the cold.
The negro ont the other hand, was designed
for the sultry regions of the torrid zone.
His surface is therefore adapted to the
eady escapement of internal heat. Hence,
when transplanted to colder latitudes, he
and.his posterity are less capable of resist
itig external cold, because they are less
capable of retaining their internal heat. It
is also a fact well known to physiologsts,
that the body of a negro is cateris paribus,
several degrees cooler than that of a white
person. We know too, that blacks uni
formly show themselves fonder of the fire
That they are then really more chilly,
we cannot doubt, after taking into view all
the circumstances just noticed. It there
fore, necessarilly follows. that they are
more liable to diseases brought on by the
cold of winter, than white persons. They
are likewise more subject to disease on ac
count of their great exposure to wet and
In the enumeration of the causes of the
ereater liability of negroes to wtiter epide
mics. we perceive an immediate answer
to the question, - how can the health of
slaves he best preserved ? We see that if
they had a white skin, it would prove a se
curity to them: hut as we cannot " wash
ile t hiop white, " v e must use such other
means as may prevent the free escape
meur of their heat. They ought in the
fir r place, to wear woollens next their skin,
intte d of linen and cotton. Long woollen
shirts would retain their h,-at, equalize the
excitement, and secure them again-t ihr
et'ects ofwet work and rainy weather.
These shirts should be white, for reasons
too obvious to need repetitton. The)
should also be frequently wa-&hed. as cloth
ing loses very tmuch of its capacity for re
aining heat, whenl filled with perspiration.
&c. The truth of this we experience
every time we change our soiled cloiltev
for clean ones; for an increased and per
nanent glow of heat is the consequense of
putting on clean clothes. W hen % et, ne
groes hould dry by a good fire.. They
should also be allowed to sleep by a fire,
if convenient; the out laborers especially.
By attending to this regimen, we feel no
hesitation in saying, tha&a planter will
greatly secure the health of his slaves ; and
we sh'all conclude with remarkitg, that it
now lies with hiia to determine, as soon as
lie may see proper, whether the trouble
and expense of this preventive is rather to
be chosen than the risk ot' losing much by
the sickness or .leath of hi, aegroes.
JOTTINGS DOWN IN LONDON.
The last number of the "Corsair" has
the fo.lowing article fromt the pen of N. P.
Willis, who is now in London
I was at Almack's on Wednesday.
All at once, at a quarter to 12, the car
riages began to pour into King-st., the let
down steps rat-tat-tated, the - all right"
of the footmen followed like the answers
to a roll call, and up the broad staircase in
a long and steady procession, came the
shawled and flowered adventof aristocratic
girlhood. Five hundred belles, beaux and
chaperous, entered the dazzling hall within
fifteen minutes, and within twenty minutes
from the hushed and cotmplete dlesertion I
have described, Weiptper's band was
pouring forth its intoxicating music, and
the five hundred " 'arave and beauti
ful" whirling rn the waltz.
The bust anid neck of almost every lady
ii hint reach of omw eyes, might have ser
ved as models for sculpture. From the
zone to the chin Enalish, women from se
venteen to thirty, are almost invarieably
superb. We lo'oked ini vain for a hollow
chest or a bent back. or what issomnetimnes
called a "thread paper looking girl. "
The shoutlders full, weve dazzlinag fitir, atnd
of the healthiest tint of white, anid the car
rigeof thewhole bust gracefulatnd stately.
Within these litnitb aI thiti:Mand my tend
agreed wlh tme) lie all the Pirefections of
the Emanelish Venus. We looked at features.
There was scarce a classic lorehead or
n~se itn the room. A t the feet-thaey wete
rather of useful thatn ornamental piropor
tion to the figure. At the grace of the
daa' ers-you could not find inoill France
so -diferen-t a dance as the best at Al
ack's. At iheconmlexioni-rttddy and
coarso; though for the best of reasons, tnat
probably every lady Ott the~ floor had been
on horse hack tor three or four hours every
day in the season, exposed to the tender
mercies of a riding hat, and such sun and
wind as pleases the clerk of E~nglishi wa
We busied ourselves composing n Ven
us front the national beatities. The Fretich
furjished the limbs and grace of miove
ment, the Greelas and Asiaticsthe nose and
forehead, the English hair, throat, neck.
and bmsts; the A merican complexion, feet
eyes. The mouith was still to be provi
ded, but we- agreed to share the hottors of
that eature betweeni us. All this of course
might he disputed on individual exceptiotns,
but it is curious how nearly universal are
these perfections to the nations to which
we named them.
In the course of the evening'I found my
self is-a-vis in the quadrille to theQueena's
nost beautiful Maid of H onour. She is a
dauger of Lord Rivers, rather tall, atnd
combiing a tmost majestic embonpoinzt of.
figure, with a slightness of limb, and a
slendeess. anti stateliness of neck seldom
seen in such graceful proportion. To the
30) a year, which the maidis of Honor
eceive for dress, thte Queen, tmy partner
informed me, has. added another hundred,
bittkitg the sonm insufficietnt. You know.
probably, that on their marriage they re
eive afso. a dowry of.C1000. Thetn thmee
are the Ladies in'Waiting, who are of die
highest rank of nobility, and the Bedcham
ber women. who receive also ?300 a year,
ani are generally ladies of good birih in
reduced. circumstances. These all take
thei turns of-service for two months to
My pretty and noble informant gave
e these household statistics very good
n~nrel e twween j~nntornlc and dos a dos,
and as she was closely connected with
those who had the best opportunity of
knowing, I asked her a question or two
touching the personal tualities of her
Majesty. She thoughit Victoria fancied
herself very beautiful, 'which she was
not, " and a very good horseman, " which
she was not decidedly," and that she was
very impatient of a differencte of opinion
when in. private with her Ladies. She
admitted, however, that she was generous,
forgiving, and "clever than most girls of
her age. " When alone with two or three
of her maids, she said, the Queen was "no
more like a Queen than any hody else,"
and was , very fond of a bit of fun or a
bit of scandal, or any thing that would not
have done ifother people were present."
As far as it went, I should think this might
be relied on ae the impression her Majesty
makes upon those who daily associate with
. From dte Georgia Journal'
- THE TENNEssEE MOTHER.
Some few years ago, a young man left
his home in the State of Tennessee, with
a horse drover, for t he purpose of alasistin
in driving a lot of horses into the "Georgia
narket." The Tennesseean, mteetine with
a sale for au his horses, and not wishing
to relain one to mcary ihe young man home,
advised him to remait in Georgia, and
seek employment as a laborer on one of
our railroads, stating that it was a profita
ble bsiness. 1y pursuing which, he could
not fail to make tioney. Naturally a
sintpleton, the onng man followed the ad
vice of the individual who should have
protected him, and who had enticed him
from his hoime, ani sought employment ot
the Monroe Railrond. Here he was most
unfortunately thrown into hoad company.
and was induced io forge an order, amount
ing to abott forty dollars. on a store for
goods. The forgery discovered, lie was
indicted. tried, conv icted, and sentenced
to the Penitentiary for five years. His trial
took place at the March terti of the Sn
periorCourt. inMonroe county, 1838, since
which time he has been coiined to hard
labor in the Penitentinry.
His mother, an old lady of sixty years,
residing 450 miles frosm Milledgeville, hear
ing of the unfortunate condition in which
her son was placed. and knuowin the im
becility ofhis initd, with all a mother's af
fection, determined to proceed at once to
this place, and to tmake his true situation
known to the proper authorities. But
alaw! how was a poor and lonely woman,
without money or friends. having no con
vevance of herown toget to Milledgeville?
With a resolution truly heroic, this old lady
determined to travel on foot, the whole dis
tance. and accompanied by a sister ten
years younger than herself she walked the
-xtraor-linary dist ance of four hundred anti
fifty miles. to petition the Governor to par
duin her unforunate son. An investigation
of the case induced the Governor to ex
tend to the unfortunate yotth a remission
of his sentence, and we had t he melancholy
pleasure of seeing the old lady, and her
sister. together with the son, slowly wend.
in their way back to their hyme* in Ten
nessee. What will not a mothe's affee
tions accomplish! The incident, in the
'lleartof Mid-Lothian,"of Jeannie Dean's
trip to London, for the purpose drprocur.
ing a pardon for her sister, hears no. com
parison to this proof of maternal.afdection
on the part of a mother to an .unforiutate
son. May they all reach their homes in
safety and may the young man, nder ihe
gu ardianship of his aged mother, he restrait
ed, in furure,fronm the corrnnisfts of crime!
The dcnver who etnriced hitm from 'home,
and left him to suffer in a land of strangers.
knowing his imbeedity, should supply his
place in the Pentitentiary.
From thme Augusta Daily Netws.
THE wEALTH OF A COUNTRY DEPENDs
UPON ITS l"ARhafEtS AND MECINANIcs,
We taki' the fosllmowing remarks from the
Texas Register. If they are not rep~lete
with soundl andi wholesome truth, all of our
excperientce atnd ou'servation have resulted
in tmaking false estimates upon the real
stamina of society-"nature's noblemen"
our laboring class; whether they ime muer
chants, farmers or tmechanics-" If we are
right in the position we have taken, that
wealth consists in. natural productio~ns
canged and wrought upon by the labor
of man, it follows that the country whi-h
potssesses t he tnost of the elements or ma
tet ials to work utpon, such as good soil
altbudatnce of water power-forests of itum
her-quarries of dihi'erent stoes,mines,aund
also, ut ditlerent kuids of minerals, &c.
&c., miust htave the nmost natural wvealth.
It thtetn only requires te hand of industry
anti skill to put these muateriaisiinto shape
atnd to put them together to form real sub
stantil weath. This is the duty of the
farmer and the mechuanic. They are the
secotnd creators of wealth.. They take
the raw material as it catne frm the hantds
of the Almighty, and change it by their ha
bur into the thousands of dillerent forms
which render it useful to mtan, and sub
servient to the wants of human life. The
muore industrious and skilful this class is,
the more wealth will be accumulated in
the country. Do farmners-and tmnehhames
cosider these thitnfgs rigthtly! Are they
not too apt to think thtemselves as tmere
plodders andl servmttsrather thant second
to the Great Frirst Cause in productive ini
crease of weahth ! and, indeedt, is there not
a false standard of respectability moo mnuch
in use in society, and are notu productivo
classes apt to measure themsselves by it ?
This standard appears to be IDLENESS AN D
A FINE Co&T and consetquently thte more
idle a man is, atnd the fitner the dress, thne
more of a genttlemanau. Not so-Respcft
taility consists in an itmproved mind, atnd
skilful and itndtustrious handls. Morld
qualifications being equal, he should. ha-ve
the miost honor, w'ho by the comtbimt;ion of
the efforts of his mitnd andI physical pow
ers, htas contributed moust largely to the in.
crease of those things which constitute
"Such an one has done more for the
amelioratiohn of society. than a thousand
noo-prodtuctive DANDIES, who loll in the
shade and waslr in' Cologne, and society
should bestow ttpour such a corresponding
teedh of honor."
Neverchase a lie, for ifyou keep r.uiet,
truth will eventually overtake and de
OBITUARY TARIFr.-WC have daily at in
our counter grull grunts at our charge Of de
two shillings for inserting, in addition to
the announcement of a death, a notice of c4
the time, place, and mauner prescribed
for the burial of the deceased. What will m
the grumblers say when we inform them sti
that, in one paper at least in Great
Britain, which, instead of circulating thirty In
two thousand daily, issues not thirty-two
hundred weekly, the insertion of obituary at
notices costs from two shillings and six
pence (sterling) to five pounds! The a,
Waterford Chionicle has recently estab- d,
lished an obituary tariff which throwR our
two shillings exaction entirely in the shade. h
And what is worse, the tariff is so estab- ii
lished as to effect a direct tax on virtue, rt
,nd wakes it costly business to die wilth a
good name. Only reflect what serious
consequences to morals and virtue are cal
culated tuie wrought by such a tax as the R
Chronicle's, which extorts, for simply in- p
serting a d -ath, two and six pence; "for it
the death of a person who lived a perfect
patteru of all the Christian virtues. and b
died regretted by the whole country, ten ti
shillings, for the death of a person who a
possessed extensive literature and profound a
erudition, superadded to which, his whole
lile was reiarkable for piety, humanity,
charity, and self denial, one pound; for
te death of a lady, whose hursbaud is in.
consolable for her loss, and who was the s
delght of the circle in A hich she moved,
one pound ten shillings; for the death of a
gentleman who had been only six months
married, who was an example of every a
conjugal and domestic virtue, and whose V
widow is in a state of anguish bordering 0
on distraction, two pounds; for the death
or an aristocrat, who was a patternof
meekness, a model of humility a patron
of iistressed genius, a genuine philantrop- el
ist. un exemplary Christian. and extensive It
almisgiver, prohIundly learned. unrennt
ting in his attention to the duties of his
station, kind, hospitable, and affectionate 91
to his tenutry, and whose name mill be a
remembered and his loss deplored to the
latest posterity, five pounds; and for eve
ry additional good quality,whet her domes
tie, moral, or religious, there will be an
Labor Saving Soap.-The following is 4
a reripe for miaking the labor saving boap,
(so called) which is an excellent article for
washing. and a saving of labor. The re
ceipistor making have been sold from 5
to $10-and the soap 7 cents per pound; a
but can be ianutactured-or about two y
ceits. Take two pounds of Sal Soda- tI
two pounds yellow har soap; and ten quarts
of'water- cut the boap in thin slices and E
boil all toget her two hours-then strain it
through a cloth let it cool, and it is fit i)r
use. Directions for using the soap: put f
tho cloth-s in soak the night before you
t ash, and to every pail of water in which
you boil thet, add one .pound of soap.
They will need no rubbing;.merely rinse
them out, and they will be perfectly clean I
TaUaSDAr, AuGUST -4, l1.d9.
His Excellency, Governor Noble, ar
rived at Columbia, otn the 17th inst. He
has since, r-urned lime.
The Hon F. H. Elmore has resigned I
his seat in Cosgess. David LF. Jamison, t'
Esq., is a candidate to fil the vacancy in
rhe Congressional Distriet, composed of
liarnwell, Orangebtwg, Lexington, and .J
A sPLEnft: P~L5sENT. C
On Tnur-4a'y morning rast, as we were
siting it our study, reading about Indians,y
Congressional elections, Cotton Cirs-slars, I
&c., we heard our namre called, asd1
stepped into the parlor, to ascertfain who
wished to see us. We naturally, sup.-t
posed that sotme pe-rson wanted our pre
sence, on a mere matter of business. A
smiling servant girl presented us a hanl
some basket, neatly covered with a nap
kin, aid said touns:
-A present from some young ladies, to(
the Editor !"
We uncovered the basket, and whbim did
we behold ? Several large and deticious
peaches, English grapes, damson plums, 1
and figs, as sweet as ever grew in th-- gasr. I
den of Eden.. All were tastefully, and
beautifully arranged. We inqjuired .of she
servant the names of the fair donors, that
we might chronicle them, as is the custom
of editors, and transmtit them to posterity. *
The girl would ncar inform us, but we
know them. it i-s but t,-nih' to say, tha-t
they are among the loveliest of their sex.I
They are worthy to he Queens of May, in
the vernal seasonl. Charming maidena!
accept our heartfelt thatnks for your well
lSiajor John WV. Wimbish, of tftis Dhis
trict, wras elected, on the 17th instant,
Brigadier General of the Second Brigade
of Infantry, South Carolina Militia, by '
nearly fity votes over his opponent, Col.
J. Edward Calhoun,.ol Abbevillfe.
The Bugs again!/-A few days since,
we wvent uentitinely, and innocently, intot
the corn-field of a near relation, to look at
the darlias pulling fodder. Never did we1
behold such a q.uantity of bugs in thet
stalks of corn, and on the gtround immedi
ately around! Thbeir name was- literally
Legion. Black bugs, brown bugs, spec
kled bugs, - big hugs, little bugs, and we
know tnt how many other sorts of bugs,t
were rioting on the corn, and deprivinig it
of the juices wvhich are its very life. The
corn-field was one of great promise, and
would have yielded bountifully,btnt fore the
ravages of these insects. We believe
... .t.m. .t,.m -avemesroyed nearly onc
ird of the crop. rhey caused mbe rod- I
r to dry prematurely, and before the 1
rn was ripe.
In a field adjoining the one ve have
entioned, they have also been very de
We are informed, that they are likewise
be round in great numbers in other fields
this place, and neighborhood.
In many sections ofrthis District, they
e much more numerous than they were
nring the last year. We do not believe,
wever, that they have caused as much
jury to the crops, generally, as fine
ins have fallen in many parts of the
istrict, and as these insects are not so
)structive in wet weather. Nero, the
oman emperorwished that all theRoman
ople had but one neck, that he might cut
off at a blow! We wish that all the
igs could be collected in one mass, and
iat some of our farmers were placed
round. They would, assuredly, make an
Alabama.-The State Intelligencer
ys, the Van Bureniles have, doubtless,
ected their Governor - three out of the
ve membersof Congress; and a majority
r both branches of the Legislature The
Vhigs ran no candidate f;. Governor, in
pposition to the present incumbent, A. P.
In Montgomery county, the Whigs
lected all their candidates for the Legi4
iture. Dr. Oliver, (W.,) was elected
ver Mr. Mays. (Sub Treasury,) the pre
mit State Senator, and Messrs. Baldwin
nd Hutchinson, (W.,) were elected Re
resentatives. tn that Congressional Dis
-ict. the Democrats elected Dixon H1.
,ewis, without opposition.
In the Mobile District, Dellet, (W.,) has
een elected to Congress by a majority of
30 votes over Murphy, (V. B.)
Mr. Chapiian (A.) is el--cted without
General Crabb (W.) is elected over his
pponent, Mr. Ellis. by a majority of 105
otes. At the last eleclion. says the We
mpka Argus. Crabb's majority over
llis, was upwards off9i0 voted.
The Western Carlonian, of the 16th
ast., states thar the Conagressional elec
ions of N. C. have resulted in the elec
ion of the rollowing gentlemen:
H W. Connor. J. Hill, W. Montgome
y, M. Hawkins, Jesse Bynuw. and 'ic
Cy-6 Van Bur'n men.
Jas. Graham, Lev is Williams, Ed. De
erry, E.. Stanly-4 Federal Whigs.
eneth Rayier, a professed State-Rights
san, but practically, a Federal Whig.
Charles Sheppard,%nd Charles Fisher,
tate-Rights Republicans, for reform, re
reement, and economy in public ex
Tenessee.-Jn.this S:tate, Col. Polk, the
ran Buren candidate. for Governor, has
eaten his oppfnent. Governor Cannon,
W.,) several thousand votes. At the
st election, Cannon beat the Adminis
ion candidate some twenty thousand
The Van Burenites have elected a inn
rity of membest to- both branchea of the
T1he follo.wing members ofCorrgresa are
Democrats-A. McCellan, 3. W.Blatck
vefI,* Cave Johnson,* A. V. Brown,*
I M. Waterson,* H. L. Turney.
Wigs --J. L. Williams, John Bell,
4. P. Gentry.' WV. B. Campbell. C. R.
Villiams, J. W. Crockett, SamI. B. Car
* Ness Members.
The Charleston Conrfer says:
In Kentucky, Sout hg.ate,4W.,) has been
lefeaed for Conrgress, bty Cel'. Butler,
In Indiana, Smith, Carr, Wielb. Davis,
A.,) and Rariden, (W..) are elected to
Jongress. Irward, (A.,) is rmning
head of Evans, (WV.,) antd Profl~t (XV.)
'as probably defeated Owven, (A.?
An extra from the South Alabamian, at
~ickenville, Alabama, gives the followian
'a the result for Con'gress. Ellis (V. B.,).
37, Crabb (WV.) 784. Three Van Bu
enites elected to the Legislature.
The Charleston Mercury, of the 13tly in
tant, says-" The steamer Charleston,
Ave master, arrived here yesterday, with
ry-six Indians on board. They were
aptred on the 7tly inst., at Fort Mellon,
y Lieutenant Hansoix. The mother of
)sceola is said to be among them; she is
very old, with locks as wvhitel as wool.
Phe prisoners are to be established at
astle Pinckney, for the present. We do
~r understand that there was any fight
g is makirng the capture ; but r wo war
iors,.an attempting to make their escape.
We.copy the following further particn
are of the capture, from the Charleston
-The Indians, it appears, had come in
o receive the rations, whi- h- it had been
e practice to distribute among them,
rhen Lieutenant H anson beitng in posses
ion of information, (receivetd by express
e day previous,) respeeting the-massacre
f Colonel IHarney's detachment, promptly
etermined to make them prisoners. In
lecompishing this, howvever,. it became
recessry to. shoot t wo of the indians, who
nade an attempt to escape. The Charles
n proceeded to Castle Pinckney, where
he I~ndians wil doubtless he imprisoned
intil orders can be receiv'ed as to their
Offie of dhe- Necws,
St. Augustine, ( E. F.yy) Aug.. 9, 1839.
euto . E. 1iLansno.. in conmnannd of
'ort Mellon, on receipt of intelligence of
he massacre of Colonel Harney's com
nand, immediately seized some forty In
lians, who were cncamped in the neigh
iorhood of the post. So prompt and
mergeiic a course of conduct is worthy the
tighest praise, and reflects great credit
Ipon the decision and firmness of Lieut.
The Speaker's Chair in Congress.---T he
-hair has been remodelled,anid highly im.
roved. The cost it is said was $2,154
?7J cts. The Speaker's chair should
:ertinily be neat, and ornamented in
i manner becoming the Representative
Rjall of a great nation ; but we must say,
hat we think the expeuditure upon it, use
css, and highly extravagant.
Traellers' Tales.---We have heard
nany wonderful accounts of the West,and
Texas. But the following, which we re
eived from a gentleman, who had lately
visited Texas, exceeds all. He informed
us, that a great deal of land in that leoun
ry, yielded 4000 lb. of cotton to the acre ;
that gourds grew there, which would hold
ten gallons of water; that the deer were
so numerous, that they came up to the
dwellings of the settlers on purpose, we
ruppose. to be shot!
Now, we are not prepared to disprove
ibis account, but we are confident that the
statements of many travellers in the South
West, are about as accurate as the history
of Lilliput, Lapuia, Brobdinag, &c., by
that renowned travellerCaptain Gulliver.
Nick-names of the Democrats and Wfig
Bankites.---The Bankites give the Demo
cra'., the annie of Loco Fuco- that is,
men who shed light upon a dark subject,
and bring to open day, the black doings of
the Bankites. On the other hand, the
Democrats give their opponents the sou
briquet of Hoco Poco; that is, those who
by tricks of legerdemain.have conjured the
public money into their own pockets, aid.
are struggling hard-:o keep it there.
Principles.--Benjamin Constant, th .
celebratedFrenchRepub lican, wrote much
against Napoleon, before his return to the
capital, in 1815. In an intertiew wilh
the philosopher, after his entry into Paris,
the great Corsican frightened him, but
forgave him., Instead of punishing him,
as a petty tyrant would have done, he no
bly forgot his offiences, and made him a
Baron. In the Reminiscences of the
Hon. Wrt. H. Crawford, by Eugene
Vail, Esq., the writer says --.
I When on some public occasion, Cotr.
stant was professing in enthusiastie
terms his republicanism, and had auded,
that strict adherence to one's principles,
should be evinced even unto death.
* Why,.then,' rejoined one present, 'did
you, Baron, bow before Napoleon!'
Because,' replied he. *I .am not a,
principle. Yen may stifle a principle, bur.
if voustifle a man'" * * *
A very metaphysical distinction truly,.
and very convenient for politicians!
Alany others, besides Benjamin Constant,
make thi- important distinction. It is ond
thing to have a set of principles, buti
a very different thing to carry out theses
principle. in actinn-?
A writer in the Montgomery A'dverti'.
ser says-" In Vrance, the lowest deno'
mination 4fpaper money is lit tle less than.
one handrt~d' dollars. In England, the
lowest is twenty-five dollars !" In many
other countries, the small change is com
posed of gold atnd silver ; and bank bills,.
unless of large size, are cotmparatively un
known. In our State, we have paper
bills as low as twenty-five cents. Is there
no t'emedy ? There is---in the enactment
o a&law, when it can be done with justice'
to. the banks, against all hills utnder ten,
fifteen, or ttwenty dollars. Gold or silver
wourld then be plentiful for all the purposes
of change. The writer, above-mentioned,
" As a circulation, gold is unkown to use
and uguld vragle is handed around as an
article ef'curiosity, anid exhibited to the
gapingt londer of our wives and children.
Yet withiti the last eighteen months, hea
vy importaf ions of this precious metal have
been made into our country. Where has
it gone ? into the vaults of the banks,
who find it cheaper to pay out dollars of
their ow n making. than to p art with this
'.aluoble commodity. If the dues of the
government were required in gold and sil
ver, the bank. would he compelled to dis
goirge this precious metal in exchange for
their bills, and thtts we should get into cir
culation a currency which 'never depreci
ates, and which, of all others, is the most
convenient for the purposes of travellingi.
This very wvatnt of a convenient mediunm
to the traveller, has constituted a standing.
argument in favor of a U. S. Bank. To
this argument. .I will merely say, that gold .
is more conveni..nt for travelling money,:
&a baleof cotton is a better bill ofexebange'
than that bank ever drew. Bumt how are we
to get the gold ? I answer, by preventing.
the issuing of hills below twenty dollars,
g'dd would talie their place in this country
as it has in every other country, in Eu
rope. The death of shinplasters under
one dollar, was the resurrection of silver
change among us, and so it would be of'
gold, if we were to banish bills tunder
twenty dollars. An intelligent traveller
eformed mte, that in making the whole
tour of Europe, he never saw a bank bilL
or a check, that he travelled through coun.
tries of dilferent languages anti religions,.
with a purse filled with gold, occasionally
replenished by a check drawn by one pri
vate banker on another. What. a conl
mentary on the necessity of a U.S. Bank,
to furnish a currency and exchange througth
out our country !"