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EDGEFIE LD C. Ht.
THUnSDA.. .)cToaEn 31. 18;39.
Tihe Court of Common Pleas erni
nated its session at this place, on Sat trday
evening 'last. The most important case
which was tried, was that of William B.
Villard, jun., for the alleged murder of
Marshall Lott. Several able Counsel
were employed on both sides. Messrs.
Carroll, . T. Wigfall. D. L. 1 ar I
and Burt. spoke for the defendant; and
Messrs. Wimuhish and Bell'uger, assisted by
the Solicitor, Mr.Cald'well.appeared on the
part of the State. We have not for many
years, been present at so interesting a fo
rensic display. The Counsel retaired on
each side, entered with great zeal and
ardor into the cause, and well did they ac
quit themselves. On account of -the -re
spectability of the connexions of the ac
.cused andi the-deceased, this case excited
unusual interest. During the .two days
which it lasted, a.large assemblage, parti
nlly composed ofiladies of the higiest stand
ing, attended, and manifested a deep and
lively interest. The charge was delivered
b.y his Honor, Judge Earle, with his usual
ability. The Jury retired, and after a short
consultation, brought in a verdict of
Fenale Industry.-Wo rer ntIv ren an
account of a young lady in Georgia, who
made an entire silk-dress for a relativ . A
Northern editor asks, if there is another
such to be found in that State ? Un
doubtedly, there are other fair Georgians
equally ingenious and industrious. 'We
have seen beautiful specimens ofsilk goods.
inanntbctured by -South Carolina ladies.
Employment of this kind, is most appro
priate and graceful for fcmalr. No lady
ehould think it -beneathi her, to do iwork
etiltable to hersex utw statin .- In ancient
times, ladies of the highest rnk, and evet
Princesses, were accustoettd to perform
light labor atnt; their attendants.
Homer, in his Iliad, describes the Grecian
and ot-herladies, as doiug vari-u, kinds el
vork. He represets Iector, the re
nowned Trojan chief, on parting with his
spouse, Andromache. to go to battle with
the Greeks, as saying:
"Now go, toy spotse. and spin thy maid
For work, like this. to females dath belong."
Like a dutiful wife. Andromach- ihottglh
overwhelmed with grief, goes to her work.
The same great poet, in his Odyseev, re
presents Nausicaa. the daughter of Alcin
Gus, King of the Phencians. as going to a
river, in company with her hand-ntidens.
to tcash-the -robes of state, itt pr. pairatiotn
for her nuptialk. In this very praiseworthy
employntent, she is discovered by Ulysses.
the King of Ithaca, who had wandered
Nowv. we do nn: helieve that H ,merlin
tended to represent the royal maiden ats do
ing the work of a cotmmon washer-womaun.
Far from it. He speaks of her as wash intl
only the most elegant parts ot female apt
parel, such as ladies, in onrdlay, are went
to do with great propriety. The Lntin
poets also speak of the Roman ladies
as perfo~rming mtatny kittds of work. It is
needless to specify ihetm. Its the mid
dIe ages, and down 1o a later day, ladies
were in the practice of workittg en cm- I
broidery and other t-hings. Is it strange
that int ottr time, the ladies of Georgiat atnd
Snutht Carolina should work ! It is very
ungallant. not to say slandere, to chargei
t-hem with itndolence. WVe knew that
Southern ladies especially, have been ft'e
qtuenttly acettsd of listlessness, and idlle:
Dess, antd contentpt of labor, butt, we he
lieve, the cha~rge to he utterly groundless.
Charleston.-lronm the 13 14 to the 20th
of Octobcer. the total nutmber of dleatths itt
this city, atmoutnted to 15. None were byr
Savannah.-The GePorgian, of the 22dt1
intl., says :-" It afl'brda us pleasure to I
st ate, that: the banks itt Savannah have not
suspended specie paytmentts. Their eott
dition was never sounder than at this
Coutmus.-The Sentinel and Herald c
sayA, that the banks of this city have fins
petnded specie payments. That paper
edpresses the utmost cotnadetnce in the
soundness and ability of the banks in
Boston.-A meeting of the merchants of
this city, was hteld on the 16th instqttt. A
resolution, recommending the banks ofthe
ciiy to suspend specie paytments, was re.
jected after a full discussion, by an over-I
Mr. Van Butren leas concluded his tottr,
undertaketn for his health. and other pur
poses. Thes official announces his arrival at
Washintgton. The Globe, of the 16th, says:
"The President arrived in the city to-day
at 11 o'clock. He was met and welcomedi
at the Cateitol by a large concourse ofeciti
zens, where be wa< addressed by the or
gansap)pointedl by the several meetings fo
that peurpose. From the Capitol bte was
escortedl to htis mansion, anti was there re
eeis'd he his Cabinet. The President is
Central America.-The N. Y. Journal
f Commerce says, advices from Central
A meriea, to the 24th of August, have been
received. - The confederacy is essenti
ally dissolved. The majority of the
States claim to be independent of each
ther in the highest seose of the word.
They make treaties with each other, a.
with foreign powers. A treaty of peace
and p; rpetual friendship, was conclude
between the sovereign States of Salvadoi
and Guatamala. on the 4th of July. A
treaty was also concluded between th<
States of Salvador and Los Altos."
The Sub.Treasury we. The Banks.
The Whigs record with great delight, it
their papers, the running away of Sub
Treasurers. Let them publish the follow
ing, which ;we fwd in an exchaige pa
1 A Cashier of a Bank in Cincinnati
recently Swartwouted, and one of the Di
rectors we5.-sent to cat'h him-now let thi
Teller go after the pair."
Pennsylvania.-The following is th<
result of the elections in Pennsylvania:
Senate 17 16
House 69 31
Ohio.-Returns of the elections bi
Senate 25 14
Houeo 49 23
Vermont Legislature.-T his body i
Whig, and not A L- inistraion. as hereto
fore stated. The election for Speaker re
Carlos Coolidge, (Whig,) 116
Paul Iiillingham, (V. B.,) 109
Whig majority 7
In the Senate. the Whig mijority i.
It is said, that in the State of Pennsylva
dia, there are upwards of one -bundret
The solijoited rena'ks -of t'e Ne
k'ork New Era, on the Independent Trea
Aury. are sevsible and much to the point
rhis great politicalquestion., around whieli
it) much mystery 'has been purposely
hrown, is moe plait in the weakest on
lerstanding. The remarks of the Era, are
worthy of the aueuntio af all whose mind.
ire open to conviction:
THE INDEPENDENT TREASURY.
We do not know where John Jacot
Asitor keeps his money Perhaps he de.
insites it in a bank-perhapsin his owri
iffice. le has a right to keep it where
te chooses. WVell, suppose one or more
af our city banks were to demand of Mr.
\sttor tha t he should let them have the use
'f all he~ funds, that they might loan the
amte for the benefit of the favored fewi
tho own the stock of these ibanks, whai
vould Mr. Astor reply ? That he chose
o do as~ he pleasedl with his money, no.
rnosi particularly to keep a where it could'
te hund when wanted.
Put the United States government in
lie phire oif Mr. A~st'r. The tmerits of
he case are the sanme. Let any hanki
bow its right to the use of the national
uudCs ftor dhe exclusive benefit of some
wentty oir miore rich men who own its
tock, and we will not war against the
isht. Perhaps somte other cotrporations
nay put itn an equally just claimn, T1he
surance cotmpamies, peachiance. rmay be
mi dted os share. The various imoorpor.
tedl benevolent societies may put itn a
laim, and even the Sailors' Sittg Harbor
ntl Trinity Church might take a slice.
l'hey certainly have as much right to it ae
WVhat is a hank!i A combination od
-eraini men permitted by the batnk toi
nake from twelve to twventy per cetnt otn
heir actual capital. The man who lends
ut his money oin bond and mortgage, re*
ives only seven per cent interest.
hy not permit him to use a portiou of
he government funds for his benefit ? Han
i not as much right to it as his next donr
leighbtr, te banik itock holder ? Or does
le act Cof a State Legislature, incorpora.
ing a hank, confe~r upon it. the privilege
f trading on the money of the nation ?
'The war oif the government against
he Bantk !"-What wari How carried
n? By having no dealings with them,
nd by not interfering with their legiti
nate business? The business of a hank
s to lend money in a certain proportion to
o its capital. Has the government inter
ered withI this business? Has it forbid
len any bank to lend moneyi No. It
tas sirmply proposed that the money of
he people should be kept as individuals
ceep theirs, subject to the control of the
aid penple, ihrotugh their appoited agent
-to be at hand when needed, andi to be
safe from the grasp of speenlation ' It mziy
e kept in a stronig box, if you please, or
Smay be specially Cdepositedl in the battks
or safe keepine. But it may not anid
auht not to be placed in thme hands of a
'ew intdividoals called stock holders that
hey may lend it out at a high rate of in*
erest fotr their own individuatl benefit.
'his is all that is contemplated by the
Idependent Treasurf scheme. .
The time is ntot far distant when a -ma
ority of the banks themselves will he the
svarmest friends of this scheme. .. It pla
es them all on an egnal footing. Nto fa
write few amongst them will he enabled
o lord over the thers by tihe aidl: of gov
trnen' futnds; they will be enabled to
pursue the even tenor of their way, each
foing business in proportion to its legiti.
nia anitl so far na the oenent. i
coernneed. If ie people ernsiler that
these institutious have too ninny privileges
and advantages, that is altoigether anotlher
affair,-The administration is not respon -
sible for tha.-N. Y. New Era.
At a meeting of th- Citizens of Edgc
field District, held in the Court House. on
Tuesday, the22d1 instant ; JAME.s Tn.:ny,
Esq., was called to the Chair, anti Majur
Jony C. ALLE, ;ppOinted Secretary.
Whereupon WITFI ELD BROOKS, Esq.,
offered the following resolution -
" Whereas,. it ha-s been proposcil to bold
an Agricnltural Convention in Coluimbia,
on the fourth Monday in November ncxt,
atid many Districis it the tdiae, have al
ready appuinted their Delegates, there
I Resolved, That it be referred to a
Committee of Seven, to report upon the
expediency of appointing Deleeates fron
this Disirict, to the aforesaid Convention.
and that they forthwith tmale their re
The CHAIIMAN proceed to appoint
the Committee, which was composed of
the following Gesilemen :
Whii. Brooks, Joh-n Hill1, T. ,J.- Hihler,
John C. Allen, Michael Wavto, Iverson
L. Brooks, and Washington Wise.
The Committee retired, and in a short
time submitted the following report and
resolutions, which were utaimously
REPORT OF THE COMmiTTEE.
Considering ihe importanice ol Agri
culture to the comfort, wcah h, prosperity,
andindependence ol the inhabitamits of-liis
State, it has beeti long a subject ofsirprise
to vour Comniittec, that it has hitherto
cotnimaded so little attertiin From .1he
mass of our population: and especially
froit our Legislative Assemblies, whoe
members for the last half century, have
been selected principally from the raiks of
its votaries.and followers.
It cattiot be disguised th3t Agrictl
tire furnishes employment and sttpport to
nine-tenths of our Cit izens: that it fttr
nishes the meins of footd and clothing to
all classes anl descriptions d boriety ; and
that it pays into the Treasiry ofthe State,
either directly or indirectly, the w-ho!e
amount of taxes, which defray the ex
pienses of the Government ; and vet that
an interest co vast and pervading, should
have been made, for such a series of
years, to depeud upon its own isolated and
unaided resources, cnnot IHil to lie tnatti-r
Iof sturprise and regret; that while otlier in
terests have received Legislative proiee
tiot and encourage-imet, this, the very
basis and support of all. should have been
41tndiously overlooked and im.glected. is dis
creditable to the wisdotn and patrionism of
tho4e.o whom the welfare and provperity
of the State, have betn heretofore in
trusted. Your Committee. are. -noti less
sensible of the tuct, tha tIe jriIipleg or
Agriculture, either as in art, or sciencA,
are but partially understood and practised
by the great body of our farmers and plan
ters; that there is a getieral wan of in
formation prevailing upon the subjects of
Geology, Chemistry, and Asirotomv,
sciences intintately connected with pri it
able Agricult-tre- that the very elements
of the earths and soils, their prolier ntix
tore and propnrtions. are hidden truths to
uine-tenthtsofotur platnters; upon a compe
tent knowvledge of which, depend all suc
cessful Agricuiltutre-a'id more, especially.
ylhe skilful cultivation antd amelioration of
the diffement soils. WVith a full kntowledge
of this state of things, youtr Conittee
cannot but entertain the hetief, that this~
meetitig participies largely in the deep itt
terest, which has becen oninifested thr oughi
the State, wpon the subject of the proposed
Agricuhnural Convention ; thlar it will mttna
imously concut in thte expediency of te
Cotnvention, and cordially utnite ini the ap
ptointment of a suitable number of Dele
gates, to represent this Distriet, as the
surest and most authoritative measure, to
wards the retmoval of the dilliculties and
grievances above set forth, atnd oif raisinig
the Janiguishintg state of Agriculrture to th:a
condition of usefulniess, honor. atnd pros
perity, to which it is legitimaitely entitled.
SResolr-ed, That this tmeeting cordially
andl entirely apiproves of the proposoed
Agrienitural Conve'ntion, and will atppoint
Delegntes to atteitd.
Resolved. Thatt Dawson Atkinsoni, John
Kev, Dr Nicholson, .lohni Hauskeo, Judge
Hutler, Dr. W1m. Moley, Abratm Joites,
Jamtes S. Pope, Dr. Tenant. WV. Brooks,
and Michael Watson, lie appointed Dele
gates from this District ;and that they bc
urgently enjoined not to allow any slight.
personal inconveuienceeto prevent their at
On tmotion of 3. M. BLOCeR, the
Chairman was added to the Lelegation,
"' Resolved, That the foregoing resolu
tions be published in the Advertiser, and
that the Delegates receive such publien
tion as a ntificattiont of their appoint
,1. TERRY, Chairman.
J, C. Amx.s, Secretary.
MEETING OF THEi BEECH IS
A t a stated meetil2 of the Beech Island
Anti-Intemperance Society, held on the
first Thursday in October, 1839, a com
munication from P'ritnce Willia m's Parish,
accompanied by their memorial to the
Legislature, was received, anal ordered to
he read. Whereup'on, a Commiit'ee, con
isting of Rev. R. J. Blair, anid Mesurs.
Samuel Clark, and David Ardis, was ap
pointed to take the commnunication into
consideration, and to report upotn the. sub
ject of the present licetise laws. -
The Comnmittee h&ang retiredl fir con
eultation, returned, and mtadle the followittg
report, wliich was unti.iiots~ly intloptedl..
S1. Resolved, That wea cer in gen-.
era! wish air fellow eitizetsof Et 1rince
Williani's Parish, in the setitiments andc
.designi of their petition. .. -
busirwss by law, niakes that husiness re
spectable and honorable in the estimation
of the great tassof ten ;and, therefore,
any business whose uisuil tendedcyts to iu
crease pan:erism,- crim'e, taxation, and in
sanity, should neer- helicensed, and we
lamietit that tinder the preseni laws so much
tlistress, poverty. and crime should be car
ried into fiilieb and neighborhoods, by
the agency of tippling houses, every where
opcenJed untder the ivowo it sai.etioi of Le
gislativP auahaiWty. - : - -
s 3. Rrsolved, -T-iat while we confi
dentlv helieve nio laws can effectuall)
check Ihe evil inquestin, unless sustained
by a wholesoime public'sentiment, we are
persuadel of their necessity to restrain
those ibo t hrJnugh the infuence of a base
interest, or a vitiated appetite.,have becote
calleis to the -renmoustrances- of< the wise
" 4. Resolved, That we rejoice in the
growing .evi.Iences, 6irnished by various
poltlar nieetiorol 'iueh a wholesome pub
lic sentiment being forimed, as wvill give
force to Legishitive uenactments: and v.iew
with approhsiin -ihe edihrts which are
mIade to urge this-maner upon the attenion
of our own Tlera, in th'e h'ope of having
the prolifietmase of these Itightful evils
5. &solved, That inasmuch as we
have the nist abundant testimony, prov
int.)o the satisfact ion ifevery canid mind
that the gre:iter parrof all the taxati.,n.it
morality, c ine,and mtsaaity which oppress
our countrl, ariqes from the .use of intoxi
catinug drinks; it is the dhty ofevery good
citizen and ptriot it) use prompt, energe
tic, and lawful neais for its prevention.
a;nd we regret to witness the backwardnes
of some in every par of the community
to,- vo-fperste rith its, either.hrough a mis
appr-hension'of our nolives, or a gtround
less feiar O fmeitig restrained in their liberty
,-;yid believe th'ey o:.Jy.need a better ac
quaitince with our-itensions,-and .a more
accurate understanding of what constitutes
our civil freedom, in order to their .hearty
concurrenein outr proposed measitres.
6. Resolved. That for diffi'sion of
UtWh needed .ioformation, we earnestly re
eci amend sbeSouth Caroliua'Temperance
Advocate, T.he..Temtperance Banner. nmid
the Journal.of the American Temperance
Union, with other similar publications, ti
he taketi hv the friends of reform, and libe
raLly Aitributiedtamang those who have
hit herto negerkced to inform themselves
c-oncernting he grezt work in which we are
" 7. Resotred, Thai we will appoint De
let ales io the meeting of theEdgefiellCen
trailBoarl.on theTuesday of Court week,in
Ociolter instant. to report our proceedings.
nod Iro unite with thenr-in.any proper mea
sures to obtain- the ,grand- objeot of our
After the adopiion of 1irese resoluiions,
it was Oltder.e) by the society, that copies
or this portion of iwr proceedings be fur
nieed by the Clerk for publication. in the
South Carolina Tempenance Advocate.
and tii Edgerleld Advertiser.
To ae 2ibi-'of the Z.I;rjfdd advcrtiocr.
In conifortfiiy with tie.forEg-,in-, or'er.
I tr.ansmpitItOoU a coV iof the proceedings
refiwred to, with a reqest, that you will
do us the favor of giving then an insertion
im your paper.
J. M. MILLER.
Beech Island,.Oct. 7. &eretary.
I am a sentence, comsposed of three
words and nineteen letters. What are
My 11, 9, 17, 16, 4,92, 6, is a Couanty ini
'My 16, 15, 2, 8, 6, 15, 16, 7, i8, 10, is
a Town: itn ,laha a.
My 1; 18, 8, 1, 1:2, 9, is a River in
.Ml 9, 4, 2, R, 1, 2, 6, 1I, 1.5, 2, i-s a
My 5, 10, 11, 4, 18, 6, 10, 19, wats an
eminent lawgive~r of ant iquity.
My 2, 1, 17, 16, 7, t2, is a River in Eu
My 11, 15, 2,2, 7,11, 14,I, 1I, 4, 8,is
one of the [hted! States.
My 16, i5, 2, .i8, 1.5. 7, is a County in
My 11, 5, 1, 2, 8, 15, 2. is a sallt
Town ini Alabtama.
ly2,l, 6. 17, 18, is a River ini A .-ie..
. Miy 1, 9, 1, 16, 2, 17, 10, is aecs.<a~y
to a dwelling house.-.
- My 16, 15, S, 9, is an insect that does
, ' 1, 2, 2, 7, 18, is where every
man kes t g".
My 1G, 15, 3, 17, -13, 8, 10, is thme cha
raeteri~tic of a indy.
My 18, 1, 11;9, 7, 19, is what few per
sons have na sufficiency of.
My 18, 9, 1,2, 15, 11. 7, 18, 15, 19, is
an antimal of great strength.
M~y 5. 17, 3, 6, 7, 18, is one of a men
.My 11, 18,17, 3, 1, 8, is a necessary
My 3, 12, 2, is respected most whenm
My 17, 3, 1, 8, 15, 18, is a general
guide in Literature antd Politics.
Southc Carolina C'ollege.-T he duties of
this inistitutioni wvere re.sumedh last week,
and its prospectis, as to numbers, are high
ly flattering. About thirty-five have a!
ready.entered, andt had the Faculty looked
so numbners alone as the st andiard by which
the prosperity attd. usefulness of the Col
iege, wvere-to.,be-graduiated. aney had an
opport unity of- a.lintg many maore to its
list. . All of- the Professors have returned
(atnd in .gsdt.heanhh. we believe,) except
Mr. T wiss who is expectedlsoan.-T. Ad.
The Locn ,Foco . fever rages in: the
Sothi andWest .to an alarming extent,
carryving. tIf the."- glorioaus Whigs" by
,bsurd" "..tiL Dominion.
From the Augusta Constitutionahst. Oct. 24.
IIEALi 1-i OF AUGI:STA, &c.
The lea lh of our etty is imprmj'inIg fast.
During the last wuek we have had but
leur . eatis by rever tit report ; viz.,
Mlr. John -Jalj.)
Mirs. Gantler, Resid~nlts,
A] r. Trimbe
and onee ntero, in the country ; ant the
number ofnw .eases are ditmishing.
The wealber hais been cool ;and clondy,
and we have had a light inin, It ln it
ellects olhe earth are n a w reelypercep
tible. Yesterday it eleared i, aiii tlhe sun
came a ats n armt as ieer, anl if we are noti
shortly viitled with a gotd hard frost. ai
such (of our citizens as haveeeanped so ifm
do nor cotinime their precautioins, we a
fearlul our ist um aganin itncrease.l'o snit
ofoir cliizents ts hveIt bstted themsel es
we iiildi continre onr ftrier alvice, t
keep awnt) uil we have a rotl, whii
cannot ie loii. as wte are in ioipes oT he
tmg able in our next tit git e tie welom,
mitelligence, that lithe) (at return in safety.
To our enunitry friends, ni ht are inl th
habi of ienliing ii liis eitY. wol will ty,
they can I ring in their proldnete without
fear (of dans r. They vill find our ier
ebants prepared to receive thei, as tie
stock ol goods now ontt hand is mwis, and
daily accessiois ere being made.
Cotton iegits to conie in pretty rreely,
anti is selling.t at from 11 ti, 114 for etiw,
anti in mir or two iistances sales have Leen
moattie at 111 lor choice lots in sinare hales.
The narket, however. rtiny lie ecn,idlered
dull, as there is very tlitl indntitetee tu
buy until things become more seled. Wt
learn froini all quarters. that this year'z
crop,.as regards sta ple and <quality, n% ill be
as good as any ever grown.
Rise in the /iter.-Sitice nor last, we
haveieen favored with a light aill of rain,
wilch has caused the river to ric soin
two or three feel, and. dr-adfiul to relate
it has swept aiway the one railfence, aiti
eomipletely overlown the pllaint n ol
the -- Founder and Proprietor ofl Hatm.
hutirg." noticed in our paper a few week.
since. as iaving been surveyed, r loughed,
and plinteld, on Ite buttoi of ihe river,
His turnips and late corn had just beni li
mitake their appearatice above gronol, and
the loss of his crop ni ill, tit) di'ubl, hie se.
verely felt, as were it not for this sad mis
hap, they would have brought a good pric
in this iarket, not only for their fl:t or. bul
as a curiosit/y. The norst is still to cone
we lear the vorthy A Founder" will no
live long enough again ito ichold his plan
intion. unless we have shtrtly another tch
dry year as 183'J has been so fir. Yesier
day the river was falliiig lisi.-lbid.
The Georgia Bunks.-We re a notirt
in one of the Milledg eville papers ha
the Banks in this city have sttspended
specie paymetis. we will state' that suel
is not the Net. The bamk of Atngust a. tlh
Augusta Isurance anti Banking Com
pany, and Branch if the tnilroad Bank
have, virtually, suspentded ; thqt is, they
redeem their notes only inl small anutts,
when tiev choose so to 1o- hif tlhe Me.
ebanic's Oannk and ilie linueh of the Stat
Bank still redeem their notes. in iiy
amnuut presented. These t w o la tie -n
sfitutions deserve iicoUirjneient. tnd we
hope will be snatni ned liv our citize- i
thei-r honorable cnurse.-l1id.
'T.\ t Lt-i oN. O t. '2.
Pire.-A fire w as di-cotveretl last itigil
abhout half past 11 et'tctl k otn i'l :rket si,
in tile Steamt Mlill, ownetd hv .\lr. Jugnt
neairly opposite the termrinaton of Statc
street, atn that bibh lng un s a mass iti
flmies before lhe enier. trrivedl at the
spt The~i ii hh-w hiiesh froati the N
Ealst and carriedl greatt volumes itf smtoke
and flamtes over thle markitet, wenneitrin
sptarkls as fatr "ven na King. Se'ver~i lit
Ilte nuihtlinigs arund ithrle mill speedil3
cnllht, anid it wats evidetnt fromtl the lir,1
that nothing could save thi e largea oery
oeniedi lby Mr. Thtanre, on the East cori
ter of Anlson anid .Market street. 'lThi,
buildinig loget her withI two sma tller were
sueceesiy blitwn up as I hey ennahr andu
by this mecants ntid the' great exet iions ol
tiie Fire Comupanies, ihe mui~ehie'f wats lim-i
ied to thiseornier. Hade the n itd bltow::
in any illher directin the dtestrnietioni preo
hably inlih have been grenter. Thbe
nmrc of buibings destroyed was alto
gehear s, all of woodt. andt wiithi heex.
eeption of the cornter htiiltintg, tof itncon
sieerablhe value. Tijis n us tite of tlhe best
maniagedl fire's we have ever' witnessed in
Cn.AnLxs'ros. Oct. 253.
Death of Judge Lee.-Our hiereavee
city mourns i le loss eof anortier emtinent
antd estimabtle eitizeni. 'The Hn. Tthommai
Lee, Judgae of the Di1-trie: Court of t4
Uniter1 States for the' IAi ridee fSoth I Ca
rlinia, and President of the State Batnk,
elosed his virtuons and useftullite.yvesterdlai
int this city, itfter severnl dlays illness, it.
coutntry fever, aneed about seventy years.
He wvas brought opito itIhe Biar; early ros'
to dlistincetion, and filik-d iriany pulic sta
ionA elf honlor atnd respibsiil it y. Thei
oflicees of Representtatiive ill the State Le
gislatuore, State Selicitor, Jutdge of the
Court otf Genternl Sessions aund Comtmon
Pleas ; Celmptrolller Gete'rail (rieentedhy,)
United States District Jnudge, mal P'resi
dent of the Stare Batik. (the inst two "l
which he hel simolitaneotusly feat a numn.
her of years past.) attestedl the highi apjprce
iation of his chatrneiter al talent lby this
comtlunity. lHe was a facithiful puittte itli
eer an able antd itpright J utdge, a virititn
benevohetnt, anitd pionts man til nnidi a com-.
munity, which kniew his valti, witlI mini
gle thetir sorroews ni ih thtose of his nililiL'eue
famtiily, aind honzor andehersi his memry.rv
Nnvw OR~i:AN5, Oct. 19.
A t a meeting f~t the Pre'sidets if allI thle
Banks of tis city, held ton the eventing iof
the 18ith inst., it wials unanimonuil~y ire.
" Thnt it heo reenmitmende'd tothte Batnks
to suispendi spci paiy ments uniit i the.
Norterni Hatks shtall have resumelld thirn
payments in specie."
Characters.-- Vve inever injuere our in ri
charaters so much, as wvhen we enjure
ho of others.
CflARLa.STON. Oet. 20.
A letter f.-om our correspondent, at
Hamburg, dated the 24th instant. says:
I ha'. e the pis asure of inforning you,
that our ton%% n i, now free of disease. The
sickie"s has paaed oli, and health once
more reigns inur midut. Our Iriends are
now returning homte, and peace and pros
perity takes the place of gloom. To-day
our btrveets were croweld with wagons,
nod the merchants were busy filling out
the exten'ive hills of the planters. We
recci ed t his day about 600 bales of cotton."
Hamburg Railroad -A train of 34 ears,
coli ainitng 5,O bales cotmn, was brought
dtin ii on the railroad on Thursday. by the
new locomotive Robert Y. Hayne. For
a fen w% eeks; past, front J.00 to 2LO bales
oif cotton per week have been brought
down oni the road, and the company am
prepared ito take at least double that quan
tity onl freight.
Since i riiing the above, we learn that
the train of yesterday consisted f '39 cars,
luadeted with upwards of 600 bales; and
ihat a re (iiititon foren.ptv cars was made,
as the nunhers empletyed in the transporta
lion tit up freight, was insufficient to bring
down the cotton offiered.
-We are informed that the compuy have
not rvailed tlieutelves of their right to ad
vance the rate of freight at 50 pir ct.,
i hich the charter allows them, although
they have alhost the exclusive control of
.trasportation in consequence of the low
%iate of the rivers.
We hope s on to see the rich product of
our sitil pourin2 in from all quarters of the
t.urroiundiiea countr%,aud thus affording re
lieflo the pressing demand.. that have been
accu:ilating on the mercantile commu
nity, to an exte-nt hardly ever before expe.
rienced in this heretofore favored city.
COLUMBIA, S. C.. Oct. 25.
Congressional Election.-The Election,
last n rek, in the Congressional District of
Richland. Orangeburg, Lexington, and
Barnw ell, for a member of Congress, in the
pilace of the lon. F. H. Elmore, resigned,
was decided in the election of Colontel
Sampson H. Butler, of Burnwell, ad fol.
CANDI- ''Z i :
Ihutler 146 107 117 1142 1512
Jamikon 148 600 127 220 1095
Caoghman 1152 21! 693 44 910
AUGUSTA. Ga., Oct. 24.
We have recei eed returns from eighty.
two counties, which give the filowiig
5leDonald, A.. 31731 Schley, A., 31237
DoighertvW.,31191 I Gilmer, W., 32737
in stdldition to the above, we have re
ceived ihe follow'ing reported majorities in
the eleven retmainiing counties to be heard
[Ilere foilows the namesof the counties.]
For MeDonald, 113U; Dougherty, 42,
wI:ieh. added to the above, in 82 counties,
i% ill give McDonald. the Democratic can
dlidate, a clear majority of 1.668 votes, be
ing H clear gain to ule Democratic party
-itce lact election, for Governor oh 2,300
A s regards ihn Legislature, both Houses
wvilt have a Dlemocratic majority of about
The' vote for and against Rat ificatioti.as
tier atslheard from, $6 cotuties. stand thus:
No R atification, 63,8b2
Commercial Bank.--It will be seen by
refe.rencee to the proceedings of a Town
.Oieetini2 on Satti.rdlay last, ini our paper
iii day, that public application has been
muade to our Banks for relief, in the present
mc omed emeergency. and v.irtually,tos
p'ei specie paymcnts. A. the Branch
anik acnd the Agenicies are governed by
sheir P'ritncipals, in Charleston, this call
appuhlies prmielpally to tho Comntercial
Banek, as the only wholly independent in
stituttion irn the. placet nd we are gratilied
to learn, t hai it/has declined to suspend. bit
ian tr.ensures to afford aill necessary Pe
etnniary relief, especially towards the ptur
chase of Cotton. This'is another striking
ev.idenice, not otnly of the soundness of
this excelletnt instittution, but of the gen.
eratl good sense, comp)rehiensive views, &
soundt batnking princeples, which govern
its affairs, now, as heretofore A little
titte will shew the correctness of ics pol
icy, in the p)resent instance, not only for
its owni sake, but that of the business
oif the place also-especially if, (as ap
peairs tdaily mtore atid mtore probable)
the. N. York Bancks do not suispend, n .hich
n' ill pilace the Chtarle~ston acid other Batnks
whtih lhave been somtew hat too hasty in
the moatter, in rather an embearrasseng pre
dieinmet, (even in a business point of
view,) an well as the entire miercantile bit.
siness thait loeoks to thenm for aid..
We ''oulhl frain say more on this sub'jeet
oef the causegnence oef a stzspernsion, par
tial, or general ; the praiseworthy conduct
of cte Commieriail.Ba;nk itn this matter as
wvell as in past dties, ini paying its bills
in specie throtughotut the States, instead of.
(like thbers.) ait its own cnunter only:
the extetnsive antd most valuable at'd effi
eienit business facilities it has uniformly
afforded to the place, ad the cotuntry a
rouend ; its sound conditiotn. uand that what
Iwe haevo said of* its heinig one of the very
hea-t condutctedl anti most useful.Banks it
ilhe cotutntry, is nt cmere coumplimenit, but
totendhed ton ucqinessiontale faicts ; but the
great prren oft adlvetiseme'nts. coccmt
nientions. &e, to dany, does not leave us
Tun-see Legislature.-This body met'
o the 7th intet. Ini he Senate, T- S. Love,
(V 13.) wvas eleet'd Sp-tker, WV. K. Hill,
Clerk. antd Wmn. Mairt a, Assistati Cl rk.
The vote stood. Van Buiren 13. WVhig 10.
In the it her House, .Jonais E. Thomas
w as elected Speairker, G;rantvilie S Crock
ett Clerk, andtc L yctrgtus Winicheseter, As
sistant Cht rk:; TIhe vote stood, Van Bu-.
ret 42, Whui 33.