Newspaper Page Text
I reqnest the favor Or you t0 publish il
your useful paper, the following extracta
from the'Minutes of the Edgefield Bap
WM. B. JOHNSON.
The Committee, to whom were refer.
red the letters from the Churches, report:
1. On the subject of the leter from 'he
This Church states, that. notwithstand
ing the addition of several hutndred, since
the revivaliof 1831,hy which much wealth'
and niany young men oftalents. education,
and property have been brought itio the
Churches of the Association; yet the spir
ituality of the Churches has not been im
proved-the contributionl for benevolent
objects have been very little mobiplied
and the ministry diminished, rather than
augmented in numbers. .The Churches
request, that the Assoeitation will prayer
fully inquire into the cause and the remedy
-of this state of things.
Your Committee, having taken the sub
ject into serious consideration, are of opin
ion, that the cause of this state of tnings is
to be found in a departure of the Churches
from the scriptetal mtanner or spending the
Sabbath ; and in their failure to contrimte
fiberally for the support of the mi.dstry,
and the cause of God.
In velation to the first particular, your
Committee observe. that they regard the
command to keep the Sabbath Day holy,
its not relaxed at all under the Gospel Dis
pensation, bitt strengthened ; that on this
dav no work is allowed, except a work of
necessity,. such as preparing necessary
food, of mercy, such asa lifing an ox out
of the ditch; of piety, such as attending
uporn the duties of religion. They are ol
opinion, that the Churches are bound. in
imitation ofthe examples set in the New
Testament, to assemble as Churches on
every Lord's Day. anti to eugage in the
duties of reading the Scnptures, singing,
prayer, exercise of gifts, &c., for mutual
edification and growth in brotherly love,
and in tmie grace of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The primitive Churches contributed, on
this day. for the poor saints. These du
ties should not interfere with the public
preaching of the Gospel, there being sufli
cient time in the day for the whole. Now,
vour Committee ire of opinion, that as the
Churches do not asseibile statelly on eve
rv Lord's Day,in their appropriate charac
ter, for the observance of the duties as sta
ted nbovet hey are not acting con formahl,
to the Divine Will; that they are depriving
themselves of the spiritual privileges.which
they miglht enjoy on this day, the right ex
ercise of which would, under the Divine
blessing, increase their faith., and elevate
their spirituality. The general eust' m
of having preaching on one lord's Day itl
the month, or two at moet, has a tendencVy
to beget in the minds of the members a
disregard of the other Sabbaths, as day",
on which duty lays no claim for strict rc
ligious service, so that those days, it i
feared, arespent in indolence, travelling,
Your Committee recommend, that tih
Churches be advised to consider this sub
ject in a prayerful examination of the New
Testament, by which meani they may be
led to return to the observance of primit iv.
esampo. antd consecrate the Sabbath as a
day holy to the Lord; that ott each retur t
oft his holy season. they may be found as a
body. in the Sanctunary of God,to he ile-cbcd
with its spirnital privileges, to go forth
from them with renewed strength for the.
trials andm duties of the following week.
In relation to liberal contibutionsa. for
time support of the ministry atnd thme cause
of God, your Commnittee are of opinionl.
that there isno duty more explicitly coin
mnanded in the wor'd or God than the duty
of sneh cont ributions.
J. God has ordaitned, that they, that
preach the Gospel, shall live of the Gospel
that they, ih are taught in the word, shall
communicate to thema, that teach in all
good .thintgs. And this duty is cotmmanided
on the righteous principle, that the laborer
is wort hy of his hire.
The too general practice of withholding
a liberal supportfrom the Ministers of dhe
Gosnel, is a direct disobedience to the Di
vine command. It involves in it a mohbicg
of God, for as Godi calls te Ministers to
preach the Gospe-l. & give t beir time whol
Jvyto the work,snd lias required his~hurches
t'o provide for their support, when they
fail to obey this requirement, they oblige
the Ministers in engtage in some worldly
avocation for the -upport of themselves
and their famtilies; atnd thus God is robbed
o~f the serv ices of his Ministers. It involves
in it a robbing of the Mitnister; l'or when
his cornp~ensamtion is nmot adequate to his sup
port, lie tiust make ext raordinary efforts to
servo the Churches. For these extraor
dinary efforts, lie receives ino compensm
tion- It manunele's the officers of God's
host, and unfits them for ap)pearinig like
workmen that need not be ashamed. It
rohis the Churche' themselves, as it pre
ventS thme Ministers fr'om devoting them
selves to their work, in such manner as to
do the Churches the greatest good. It tnour
ishes the spirit of covetousnless, which is
idlolatry ; for 'his sin consists not only ini
grasping at more tihan ism law fui, bitt in re
taininig of that which is gotten, more than
Your Committee recommend that the
Churches he entreated to regard this sub
ject with deep seriousness. To inquire if
they have fulfilled the Divine comntmand
in sustaining God's ministry conformably
to His will. That they he affectionately
entreated to retrace their steps,and to come
forth with their substance to honor the Lord
in the support of the Heaven-sent Bind
of Messengers to a guilty world. That
they unfetter the leaders of the Lord's host;
that they take elf their manacles, and set
them at liberty; that, like the Angel having
the everlasting Gospel to preach, they may
fly through the land' wvith th -glad tidings.
2. With referetnce to liberal contribtitons
for the spreamd of the Gospel, your Comn
mittee believe that, as the Lord's people
are workers together with him, atnd He' s
working to spread the Gospel through the!
earth, it is their du'vy to work also. God
is the AMighty Agent--they *ue the nstru
-ments. He gives them the' nme-as as ew
ards, w hich they are bound to. etnipl . mm.
obedience to His, wil.- The comma-d is.
.* As w e have opportunlity, let &s 4o~gob .
naa~ ml-nen, especially to theta abasme ofg
he household of faith. To do gooa and
o communicate, forgernot; f)r 'with such
aerifices God is well pleased. The liberal
oul desireth liberal things and by liberal
hings he shall stand." When the Apostles
went preachine the Gospel. abroad, they
vere bronaht on their way by 'he Churches.
Now, the practice of the Churches, in
ending up small contributions for the
ipread #)f the Gospel. is a departure from
[ospel requirement and primitive exam
Yonr Committee recommend that the
Churches be earnestly requested to open
heir hearts at the call of their Lord, that
their hands may extend the needful contri
Wtions, for Gol loveih a cheerful giver.
Your Committee helieve, that, so far as
means have any influence in preservine
he life of relition in the soul, these which
hey have now recommended, will, whet
piritually observed, he attended with hap.
py results; and that if the Churches, would
o into them for the coming year, their
letters will convey more pleasing intelli
gence at the next meeting of this Body.
and a better state of thines will be reported.
3. On the subject of the letter from the
Lallih-n's Mill Church, your Committee
1. That this Body appoint the Second
Mond y in November, the next Month, in
eennexion with its Sister the Georgia Asso
iation, to be observed by the Churches in
its connexion. as a Day of Fasting, Humil.
i-ition, and Prayer. on account of the dis
ressing Dronuht throughout our Land
thesevere affliction with which the neigh
boring Towns of this and the State of
Georgia have been recently visited-and
the general state of Religionm declension.
And forastanch as the above causes are
general, your Cotnmittee would further re
commend, that your Body, respectrutily re
qu-st His Excellenry the Governor of this
State, to procla4in a Fast to be observed
throughout the State, on the above Day;
and that the Moderator he requested to
,orward these Resolutions to His Excel
lency as soon as practicable. All of whicth
is respectfully submitted.
JAM LS N. CIILES. Chair'a.
25. The Committee on the State of Re
That the increase in the number of p-r
sons admitted into fellowship during the
last year. is rather less than in the previots
year; whilst the contributions are larger.
Yel the greater number of the Churches
complain of leanness. The true state of
hings in the Body appears to be, that the
iritulity of the Churches is not mnnate
rially improved. The spirit of the world
has gai ed great aseendancy among the
nembers of the Churches, so that their
ittention is much etgaged about things oi
his present time. The number of Or
lained- Preacher% is eighteen,nnd of Licen
iemtes, four, together with several Benevo.
emt and Temperance Societies within the
nits .f the Body. On the whole, it ai
pears that there is great need of return
u-g to the spirit and practice of primitive
uges. W. H. JonsoN, Chair'n.
22. The Moderator also brought to thte
view of the Association, the Soutith Caro
lina Temperance Advocate, published
weekly in Columbia, at 2 50 per annurin,
is a paper alfordng effective aid in-the
cause of Temperance. and worthy of the
patronage of this Body. Whereupon,
Message of Gov. Polk.-The Message
uGoveraor Polk to the Legslature o
Tennessee, is a sensible one. We make
he following extract on the subject of tie
recent bank suspensionts in Tentnessee:
Amid whatever may have bieen the catuse
ft he suspcnsion of payments by the banks
sa theEast, it can furnish no sufficient
~round for the suspension of speciec paty
ment by our batnks so lontg as they hav~e
an ability to pay. Like inhvidtual debt
srs, they should infeet their liatbilities bhtn
estly and promptly as long as they atre a
le to pay. What is the etfect if:a contra
ry course be adopted! A few of thte bianks
tt the East suspend, andI represent to the
public that they are still sodvent, and. do
so, bot frotm necessity. hut to retain their
specie; and following their examtple, the
banks of the interior, which are also rep
resented to be solvent, sitspend also, not
because they are under the necessity to (d0
so, but simply because the Eastern banks
have suspended. So that the suspension
of the banks in a sirngle city wvhichl may
have indulged in excessive issues of batnk
paper and batnk credits, and thtus stimtula
ted and promoted over action in trade, or
wt hich may have ulterior objects in view,
is tade t'. operate as a suspension of pay.
mets by all the bainks of the cotuntry.
Surely if a batnk suispendt in Philadelphia,
ilis no reason for our bauks to follow the
examle, unless they are compelled by
their condition to do so.
The apprehension of the mrain of their
specie. catn he no stuslcietnt reason, for onie
of the conditions of their corporate privile
es is, that they shall keep themselves at
all timeis in a condition to meet their liambil
ities. Whent a suspiension of specie pay.
mets takes place by banks, their circula
tin itmmediately depreciates in value, andI
the loss falls, not on the banks but otn the
.eople. The labor of the country bears
the loss, whilst the banaks (luring a period
of suspension are often doitng their tmost
briable business. It wvas hoped that the
Bak of Tennessee, of whose ability to
pay specie no doubt is entertained, wouldl
continue to do so. She didl pay a tday af
ter te Union and Planter's banks had sius
pended; but I regret to say finally yielded
to the panic aroutnd her anid stopped, not
fro inability to pay, but as a measuire of
prudence. Her course is mneith to be re
gretted, and an early resumption is, it my
judgement, demanded by the interests of
the State. By maintaitiing a firm statid,
honestly meetitng all her engagements,atnd
at the satne time extending to her dlebtors
every possible itndutlgence comtpatile with
her safety, her character as a State i-'ati
'ution of undotubted credit will be main
tined, and, to the extent of her means to
furnish t, a round enrrency will be pre
served. In the future management of
ihat insttttion, owned as it is exclusively
by the Stateit should he a carditnal object,
constantly kept ini view, to confitne her op.
erations within her means, to meet he re
sponsibi itie- pr .mptly, and to preserve a
ll times her ctrenit inm a somund .sta e
The suspension ofaymen -by the Uint
a Bank and Planters bank, 'pre'sents
pave q,,sinn for thae .oneidention of h ,
General Assemtably, In rcgard to the Wetio
which should be had in relation to them.
If it shall be ascertained that they have,
by a rospens;6n' or specie payments in
1837, or by the more recent suspenston,
or by any othey. act, subjected thetselves
to a forfeiture of their charters, and it shall
be deemed proper to continue ti-eir corpo
rate existence. it is suggested that the oc
casion may be a fit one to impose upon
them such additional restrctionis as the
public safety way require, and as expe
rience may have eown to be necessary
and proper, as conditions of the continn
ance of their corporate privileges. They
should be required at an early day, to be
fived by law, to resume specie payments,
and restricted from declaring any divi
lends to the stockholders for a period of at
least six months after their resumption.
It is believed that they are entirely sol
vent: and that they could conveniently
and safely make their meansavailable, to
resume payment at an early dny. and it is
not doubted that they would readily yield
their voluntary assent to such restrictions
as the-General Assembly may he oforuin
ton the interest of the State may require
to be imposed. If the conditions imposed
shall not be assented to, it will remain for
the General Assembly to considerwhat
fart-her proceedings it may be proper totin
stitute consistently with the provisions of
From the Globe.
The political condition of the Republies
of this continent, is a subjeel tf equal in
terest to the statesman anud the philanthro
pist. The United States look with espe
cial concern upon the progress of evento
in this hemisphere, where the problem is
to be solved of the capacities of man for
self-governtme't, utinder the system of elec
tive representation. The Anglo-Saxon
colonies on this continent had, perhaps
nothing in the scienceof civil Government,
little change to effect in the exercises of
rational liberty.. Our ancestors sprang in
to an existence of political independence,
.1tid of'religious freedom, full-armed, like
ste goddess of wisdom. From political
science they had no lessons to receive up.
on tle univeroslity of popiular rights aniJ
the sovereignty of popular will. They
brought with them the principlcs of Magna
Charma, of habeas corpus, and the bill of
rights-a-the great charters of human liber
ties, by w hich nullus liber homo, no free
man shall in any manner be proeeeded a
uainst but by the judgement of his peert
and by the law.; of the laid. Ii Britain
4-'us the victory of human liberties achiev
ed, and here, as there, maxitns of eivil
Goverinent aid of religions tolcrance,
have been acted upon as first principles.
To the people of South America the a
dloption (if constitutional Government was
an experiment, new and untried. The
example of the Utted States, hastened or
precipitated a revolt against colonial hon
dage, and with it prompted a desire in copy
the forms 'of political institutions, which
with us had succeeded to the colonial re
ginen;differng fromAhe Anelo-Saxon,the
Spanish colonieshad all to learn in the sci
enee or civil Government. If the theories
of the few were correct, the many were
ignorant; and all were unacctstomed to
the duties and to the practice of flee in
stitutions. Not familiar with civil liberty,
they still adhere to reliziotus slavery: nor at
this day have the Republics of South A -
merica learned that reliaions tolerance
precedes civil reedomn. Whilst the power
of religion has 1-cen rectricued to purely spir
ituial Co cerns, the Constititntins of these
-Republics consecrates a religion of thme
State. The Republics of New Granad:,.
Ecuador. anud Venertztueau, arc, howe~ver,
approaching towards lhe final sepairatio
tuf civil from spirinal aufibirs. Thils, to us,
is ain assuranice thast thle raupidl and flattecr
ing proigress whiic~h they have madte in po
litical reform and impihrovemient, will lbe
The past history of many, and the pr~s
ent condition of some. of the Suouth A
merican Republics, show te severe school
in wvhich they are learnine lessons of htm
itical wisnom. Mexito, Guatemala and
Peru, huave presented alt-trnate -spectacles
ofatnarchy and military despotism. Bite
nos Ayres and Uruguay nre in civil war:
Brazil is in revolt, and Chili wars with
Peru. From this fiery ordeal they will
dotubtless pass, to order anid trnquiility,
anid to the exercise of the. elective fran
chise, instead of. the use of arms, the hast
argument of power. General educastion,
and the liImrty of mthe press, will evenmout
hy inspire a public amid private morality.
which. diffused among the people. will
control their ambiti--us and dlesignmitg chiefs.
Ofte Governments of South Amermica.
as now argamized,. we presetnt t vonr rea
do -s the following list of Presidentms:
Mexico, Genueraul lntameu~tte.
Guatemala, TIhis Republic is bioketiup
into as matny itndependment
States, as there* vere for
federation is dissolved.
New Granmada,Dr. Marques.
Venezuela, General P'aez,
Ecuador, General Floree.
Brazil, Don Pedro If, Emperor
During his minmurity, the
Emnpire is administered by
Buenos Ayres, General Rosa.
Uruguay, Genteral Rtivera.
Chili, Genteral Prietmo.
Bolivia, Getneral Vehasuco.
Peru, Genieral Gamarra.
Bank of Amsterd m.-Ti~ G vern
ment of Sweden first tablished this bank
in 1657. No stock w created ; but in
stead of this, three hundred thousandl spe
cie crowins were borrowed by the Govern
ment, and its capital, and promissory
notes were given for this mooney, payable
at sight to bearer,'and carrying interest.
What was thus borrowed ait fotur per ce-ut
was loatned at six. upon morteage, and
smneimnesupo~n pledges. The banuk-was
thus at once a bank of'eiren atioun, of loan,
andI of pledges or pawns. This last would
hie called, in Europe, a moat de piete, or
Lombard bhink. The admnin stra sonf of
his bank was condiuc ed with grerit fidhi
ty. and in filiy years it bad acqjuried a fund
olfiafty milli ns.
The Go ernent, not satisfied with
this prosperous'coridition of the bank,- or,
being compelled to meet an increased e~t
.n esatahliahad n newr bank, Anto
which the fortner was incorporated. It is
sned notes payable in copper ecus of about
six cents value. More liberal in its dis
counts tihan the old one, this bank inade
large advances.tif i's own paper to the
Govenimen and the nobility. In a short
time it had issued notes to the value of six
hundred millions ecet, or one hundred
This vast eirculation of paper money in
Sweden produced the same results which
a like circlation has caused in all other
enuliries. A tase fhr luxury and expense
diffused itself among aill classes of society:
the St ate increased iv: debt ; property hol
dters were ruined ; coin disappeared fron
The state of public distress continued
until the accession of Gtistavns Ill, when
lie restored the credit -f Ihe bank liv redu
cing its circulation, forbidding futtire is.
-nes, -1n1d by declaring its notes to be pay -
able in silver. For this purpose. he hor
rowed in Holland a large aniount of silver
in ingots. The credit of the hank was re
stored, and its notes again passed at their
The exigences of the State again reqired
increased ex penditures,mo meet which large
emits&sions of paper mioney were made,
which cost nothine. This must ever be
the means of paying extraordinary debts.
by banks or governients, having the
power of making unlimiitd asues of rag
money. These va -t issues of notes brought
with them their necessary mitendants, a
swift and ruinous depreciation olithe noteq,
and the total disappearanee of specie froin
circulation. The necessities ofirade re
quired the use of small money for change.
and as specie had diapperad, the bank
found it necessary to issue paper dIkets, of
very low denomination, which in the Uni
ted States are teried shin plasters. We
have thus arrived at that experience of the
ruinous efTects of paper money. which the
States of Europe have long si uce loarne d,
The diffcutes of the Time.-T he sick
man has his aches and hi pains-hi al
ternite chills and flashes of heta-all ex
ressively distressing afnd uncomfiortable no
doubt, but answering a wise ard whole
somie purpose, warning hin against a re
petition of past negligencies, and telling
him that part of his -organized machinery
is out of order, and that he must speedily
get it its better trim, or worse will happen.
Thus is it in times of comimereial disease.
and thus we find it during the period of
suspended payments. The grand and
general remedy for these twinges and
siastns is a prompt return to a better con
dition--the prescription is the earliest
possilile resumption of specie payments,
and an application of experience to our
A mong other grievanees whic h tie pree
ent state of 1hings imipose on us- are the
eibarrassietis arising fnrom a want of
change, and the influx of tle mnall ttote.
of foreign corporatitons. What is ihe rem
edy? As public opinion sets most decid
edly against a return to the slihiplaster
policy of 1637 in nny shape or way, bit
oue course presents itself as furnishing the
naitiral cre-the proper cure-tlie efTec
tual cure, and that is, as liefore suggested,
a prompt restunplioti of specie payments
throughout the commonwealth. the Legis
latture fixing the earliest possible day for
the purpose. All other measures miiife"
hy liok to a protractcl suspension-they
involve a step. saint a pretty long step too,
oi ards legalizing this disgracefiil and in
jurious state of things, and to this a% e are
very sure the Peolle of Pennsylatiia ar
nut prepared to consenit espseciatlhy as they
are kept altogether in the (lark as to how
long it is piripoised thfat they are to lbe
saddled na ith iticonvertable paper Their
reply to all small bill propositions will b>e
brielly aind cmphaitically a demand fir
"an early restnmptioni." They are~ not1
dli-posed to go into harniess for' five, tn,
fifteeni or twenty ; to avoid an inicove
nienice which they have the puower to cure.
A GreaL Crash.-The Lotig Island Star
says:-"Oni Saturday eve~niiig bhut 5 n -
clock, the two three story honses, nearly
cotmpleteid, erecting on h''urmatnt street. a
gaiinti the heights, camne to the ground a
heeeph of ruins. by re:ason ofthec muist suite
of ifhe rear waif. andi thie pillatrs not being
of sufficient strength to bear the weight of
the arch. Alth'itgh several persons were
engaged at awocrk onu the hiubllinig at tthe
time, it is astonishinig to relate thant tnt oie
was injutred-ihey heard thle crackins 'of
the walhls, and tmade their escapie. The
buildings were owted bty Ma r. loflinan, a
mterchant oif New York, and his foss is
presumed to lie over $lth,000."
I rom t1ia Greeneile Mountaineer.
SRna-rYUnunu C. H.
13&h Nov. 1839o.
Sir :--in your paper of~ the 8thi inst. I
saw no accountt ol a Religious Revival ait
your Villatre, and also a request that some
pierson would give you t he piarticinlars of
the revival which cotmmenced a few weeks
ago at thiw place.
A protracted medting wvas appointed.
and commtenced a the Methodist Church
at this place on-the Wednesday before the
fourth Salbathi in September, at which
both Methoidist atnd Baptist Mitiisters la
bored together, preaching to a crowdled
hotnse lir nine dlays, when the uinion meet
inig closed, hut preaching continued for
three days loniger ini the samte Chuiirchi;anid
after closinig there, nine appointments
were miade at the Baptist Chareb, where
preaching continued three days more.
During the 15 clays and op to the pressnt
time, 32 persons hatve attached themselves
to the MIet hodist Churr., and :58 to he
Baptis: Chinireb. Three person biehong
inig to the Village have joined the Presby
terian Church.,8 miiles dis ant.- Abiout 50
persons att ached themselv a t the Baptist
denomninattion at Goeher C n ch, very re
cently, some 14 or I5 mn les belowv this
In the Presihent's Houie there is a row
of plaint paint d pine tables, used by Gen.
Waishington, as we undfertiatnd, when he
was President, and on which his entert ain
t. n: were spread!I They in conitrast
-vitih the goreous funiin e. which now
dlecor. tes the President's Mansion,- shows
ic j. gress of tuxtury in ourconntry, and
ive r e 'o refleetions not altog~ether ogre -
'hie c f vourable to the present times !
EDGEFIELD . It w
TnuRSDAY, NOVF.MBl'IR 28, 1839.
We see it stated tatt the Newspape.
.redit syste it ceased in Misiissirpi, on the
irst of last I onith, hy/ag.eement anin
dl' ihe printers Of at State. No. name
s now added to the list of pailers publish
*d there, unless the money in ad ance, for P
3ne year. is forwarded. This rule is wor
thy of universal imitation.
State Delds.-The debts of th* States I
Itave been estimated at Q200,000,000.
rhe State Debt of Tennessee. is only $2,- 0
366. That of Pennsylvania, is $32,000,- ft
According to the Rieport of the 3ecretary t
f the Treasury, bearing date of Novem
ber 1, 1839, the aggregrate of all out-stand
ing Treasury notes, anounts to 6,,394,- ,1
180, 86. t)
Georgfia Elections.-Col. Tenuille has t
been re-elected Secretary of State, Col. ti
Thos. Ilaynes, Treasurer, Col. J. G. Park b
Comptroller General, an Mr. A. d. lor.
ton, Surveyor General.
The Agricultural Convention asseinliled i
at Columbia, on Monday last. We keew y
not what thi.* body may do, but in a
pamphlet which has recently Ieen ptm, -
lished, several things have been rcomt
mended for its consideration. The wri
ter proposes, that it should recommend to i
the Legislauire, the appointment of a Ge- I
ological Surveyor for the State, the estab- A
lishmetst of an Agricultural Professorship,
and of an Agricultural School. Se eral
of the Sti es have thought proper to ap
point Surveyirt. Among them, may he -
numbered M assaclusetts and Virginia.
The latter State is said to have reaped
great advantages from the labors of a gen
tleman, Professor Rogers, highly d*tin
guished in the walks of Science, whom
she appninted for this purpose. Of the
utility of these surveys, there ean he no
question. By the v. the constituent por
tions of soils are ascertained, the hario
tny of mantires to them, and mines of
wealth which have lain hiddeis in the bo.
%Eil of the earth, for ages, are revealed.
Many of these sources of wealth, tre to
be fhund in our Stat a-t from them, she
may derive great benefits, in the appoint
m t of a G.-ological Survey
With regard to (h establishment of nt
Agriculiural Pe essorship in the College
on the same tr ititg as the other Depart
ients, we will only say, that it might he
of benefit.-But whether great advanta
ges. such as some may anticipate, would
result, from it we are somewhat inclined
to -lonbt. The course Of studies ptt.
sited in the College, is already sufficient
ly extensive to employ all the time of the
students Even now, ma . of the young
mn acqure bitt a very superficial nequatin
tance of the v'ario. s de -a tmteuts f krmnW
ledge, to which they give their datily at
ttentiont. W hat r-eally prufitabile kntowl
-dge enubd they acquire tof Agrieulture, in
ant in~titution, wshere the studies are so
mtultifariotus, and so dillicult, anti any one
of whl, ib, s e otugh to cou p' y their w hole
ime? We fear that aumid the attractive
st'ilies of Criticism, th Belles Lettres,
Languages, and the uh use Sciences,
Agriculture wouhld le own into the
shatde. The epart e Ag-irulture.
mtight prove a sineeure. But if the Leg
islatuare woul est ii a . ss-ar ip of
this kindi, w~ h amp~le -*nja meutis, and
woulid permit all the young men wvho chose,
in attend in i , ex.. Iusirely, leairnitng Agri
enulet , both piractienil5y and theoret ida
ly, grt'ar g od oi.l d u I ar se.
Tihe feer, for Eu tion, abould C course, lie
mtodlerate. A Professoiship, of' this char
acter, would problaly.', bt the pre~senmt time,
siupercede the necessity ouf an Agricuhtural
Scho l, w' ichi -- also be; in propose.
The beunefits arising from these Jnst utions
are marked & well ktnownt. Several have
been establishted in Europe,- and aire said
to have productive of good. The
celebrated one at 'ffwvyl, in Swirzer
land, numbers among its sttd.. ts, n aives
of the various king of Europe, nnd of
North and South merica. ' t is very
favorably spoken o y travellers, andh
others, and ih es ablishmtent of schools
si i it - i en prnposet some of
the States of our Uuion. At this school.
the young .nen are taught by able Profes
sors, scientifically, and at the samte time,
it studying a ietdture, in this manner,
alone, ca yo ng mn' I n it t orough
l5. It is a mtistake, to suppose t i thte
attention of:, few mont- s to it, in a Col
lege course, can be of much advantage.
Of all sciences, r it s one, perhaps it
requires the most sedulous and unremit
ting application for years, to obtain a mnas
tery o t. t as been truly saaid, that the
Planters constitute' the F s: Est:.t t:a.
realm; a while other classes have ad
vanced steadily itt imnprovement, they
cotmparatively,h ta e stood still. The spirit
of imnprovem t. is abroad in the land, bit
they have imbibed a very smiall portionof
that spirit. Do they aspire to offices of
distinction, and do they desire to attain
that influence' in society, to which they
ae ju.st. entit-ed?: Thenss hould thsey
ady l1:cir profession thoroughly. its do
e students tir Law.bMedicine, or Divinity.
'e trust that our Legislature will plaeo
thin their power, the means of acquir
g that knowledge, which is so impor.
nt to them, and of ihereby elevating
etrselves to that enmimanding statiuni
r which Provi.'euce designed them.
From our Columbia Corresyn~dnt. .
CoLUsMfA, Nov. 20, 1839.
This Town ias been unusually dull the
-eset- senson, anl since the suspension
specie pa,% menis by a large portion of
e Banks of the country. there has been
perfect stagnation in its Cotton trade.
is true that the Commercial Bankgreat.
to its; credit cominues to redeem its
ftes but the comparatively limited amount
itq discounts which its high position
rces upon it, is producing with sotne, no
tile grumbling, and complaint. So it is,
olumbia at present is no market for Cot
n or searcely any thing else. Money is
arce and eoinniands almost any price.
we had the Rail Road or a good river,
ing., even now, woutld go on very
nnothlv. Notes are discounted only at
irty days, and the Cotton cannot he ear.
ed to.Chareston, and the proceeds re
rned in time to meet the payments. If
e Road was completed, the time would
ample. The Stores are now well sup
ied with Drv Goods. Groceries and
rovisions, and on this day my eyes were
et hv a drove of as fine Western flogs
tlWv ever saw. ' So you will see that
ere is a fair chance for the Law-Makers
thie land, to feed well. Next Monday
iu know, the Legi.lature will convere,
ad the Town, I believe, is ready.
The Ch --rleston Courier of the 22nd inst.
iys,-The following Gentlemen were
esterday-elec'ed Directors #f the South
Vestern Rail Road Bank ;-Wm. Gregg
Vi Patton, C. A. Maawood C. Edmond
ton. Alexander Black. J. Dunovant.
aMe" Leeare. J.- R. Iayes. N. C. Maor
eeni. James Rose, Ed, in P Star. Robert
Alina, D. F. Fleming.
The same paper of 23rd inst says.
ames Roe, Esq. was yesterday inani.
riously elected President of the South
Vestern Rail Road Batik.
A champion of the Gin Sho"p. under the
nposing nmiie of "Cato," has underta.
ten. in the Charleston Courier, to etilight.
:n the good people of South Carolina,
)pon their constitutional rights and privi
eges. IHe has very learnedly demonstra
ed, in his own opinion, that the existence
if the "dram shop" is itiseperable from
-ivil liberty. Ile spouts in Kings Cam
iyses' vein aibout * crippled conetitutions,"
Inl - polated hearth's," and with the like
ile drivel, concludes by delivering a
post dolorous Jeremiad. upon the pros
>evt of having the "poor people yoked by
heir neeks." After involving himselfaind
lie question in visible darkiness, he deals
ibott him. with a most reckless haud, all
he cant slang, about the rights of ihe
ieople, which is every day retailed in the
mr room, along with the liquor. Wheth
r this writer is, hienelf. able to compre
end the question. and like some desiening
eaingo ine, is pandering It the base pas
ions of a besotted mob, or whether his ie
toronce is unfeined-whether it is his
auh or his misfortute, is not for me to de
ermtine. I have only to do with his atrgu
etnts--to expose them in their naked
mhecility anid deformtity, and to show
Vat .-Cato" himself is grossly ignorant
'f the subject, upon whieb lie very modest
!qtiundertakes to lecture the L egislature of
"Cato" enters into a very elaborate ar
pimenit to prove, what any school hiey
m-ld have told hinm, namely, that it e
States haos granted to Congress the right so
regulate cotnmerce'. And he very tri
um~tphntly demtonstrates, that the 8th see
lion of the first article of the Constitution,
wicih gratnss the power to Congress, is
,ctuallt contained in the C'onstitution!
Now itis sonmewhiat ~nforsinare for -Cato'
ail she drm shops, that this most excel
lent argumsent lhas noth'ing at all to dho
with the question before the people.
lis attempt to prove, that this State r'an
tot surpress~ dratm shops, hecennse Connresq
is the right to regulnte ci non crce, is
ike the argumetnt wihiich piroved.--that
'IMartin Luther was not the great Reform
r of the 16th century, Isy denmot-strvtieg
lint pease-porridge wats iii-, made of v elsh
atbbit. W~henever the quest'oni is made as
o te pow%1er oif thme State to purol ibit ti a
mnportntion of liquor, and thus intirfe. o
iith the regulations of eommerce. i it I
te ltme enough to consitder'* Cat's'~ rgu
rmetts. At present T shall consider the
ower of the Legislature to regulate the
tile of ardent spirits-the question upon
which it will be called t act.
"Cato" afirms. "that there is no eonsti
tutional right to prohibit the sale and conl
mmsp:ion of any article of commerce in
which there is capital and labor, in this
State; andI if there he ino right to prchibit,
t is a flagrant usurpation of our privileges
to get rid of conutitutional impediments,
by the evasion of a tax."' Hire thuen, we
ave the constitutional nrgument as put
rorth by the dlram shops. "Ca-o" with
nore zeal thiant undrerstanding, he 1tdly as
ens, that the State has noat the right totar,,
a prohibition the trade in ardent spirits.
Let us candidly xamnine this aren:#at,
tand see how it wi I hear the test oif scri ti
y. The first step) in he course of ini
-y is, hna~ the State any right to tatx the
rade at all? Trhis question has long since
teen determined by our Courts. Every
nan w ho now trades in liq'tor,itn thin State,
iys a tax t ihe Governmment. The que.
tion then being settled, tse the State hams
he right to imipose e tax. I desire to
uuiv w hat a'rtle in the Conut itution flies
limi' to that 'ax? .It ;s eontstitutiontal l'e
he Legi..iatur t* imrpose a tax of fifir
lollars. t his is ,&cided; when wonhd the afx
>comne unrtoaistitutional? it does ~ee
hat it wolrqur very bmlflhjnotfiv
ibrntoetah'y any man to dm
t hai to zeaislature has Mie right to
mpos, tax upon this tede, there can
inn amount whap'er. *0ips
.yiepwer of decid.g upon the amont