Newspaper Page Text
Correspndcnce of the Charleston Courier.
WAsIItUToN. Jun. 13.
Mr Pickens, of South Caroa, a;dPres
sed the House for a few moments ihis
morning in order to re-pel an attack which
he stated had been nide tpon the few
gentlemen who comprised the Calhoun
Nullifiers of the House, by the Madisoman
of Saturday. Mr. Pickens stated that his
plan had heretofore been to pass over all
-such falsehuods as-were uttered bv a venal
press, bt as this statement assued an
nir of authority from the remarks a~pet
ded to it, he begaed to swateto the House
that the whole article was a finished and
itnfamous falsehood. He had received a
]otter at the contrencement of the sesson
- 'that Gen. Green would be a enndidate ifor
-the priuting, he had not even marked out
-since the Harrisburg nomination, and he
1believel the courseof those with whom he
ascted in concet anil -constult ation.
The House then proceeded to -receive
-petitions, and all weut merry as a matrriage
:bell, until die -1ay State wn called, and
'Ex-Govertior 'Lincoln, df ilastachusetts,
- ihrought forward an Abolition peiition,when
we had another ticene which weut to eclipe
all that Milton ever wrote about the famed
discutssion in Pandenonium: . The most
,noted Abolitiouist<, beides the Governoe,
are Fillmore. of N, Y., Barnard. of the
same State, Giddings, of*Ohin, Briggs:of
Mas., aid of course, J. Q. Adams. of
Mlass. Me4rs. Th.ason, of So. Co.
Tripplet, of Ky., Afiford and I1a hershim.
of Geo., Drongoole, of Va.. Vanderpoel
of N. Y., and Stanly of N. C.. had all
something to say ott the subject, and each
appeared sutfiering under the greatest ex
citement. The previotis question -wns
.finally ordered, which was on an appeal
1from the decision of the Chair, on the sub
ject of-receptiou which he sitted to !.h
that the presentation of a pttition was ipso
facto, a motion to receive, a propositi.n
thaving been made that the resolution to
. receive be laid on the tehle. This deci
sion was sustained by the Hotuse.
Mr. Benton, is addressing the Senate in
support of his Bill for the armed occupation
Mr. White, of Tennessee. in the early
part of the morning, stated that he -had re
ceived instructions frort the Legi6-lature,
directing him to vote for Soh-'Treastry,
&c. le stated that he could not obey
their instructions in regard to.that rensare,
though it would be consistent for him to
obey so much of them as related to the
United States Bank. Under the cireuta
stances,.he was compelled to resign his
Mr. Grandly, of Tenn., stated that .hi
would givehis entire support to th re
commendations ofthe Legishiure, and -,o
all other things consistpnt and becoming a
member of the Adminiistraion pariy.
The Senate then went into the consid
eration of Petitions. &c.
Mr. White, of Tennessee, resigned hi.s
-seat itt the Senate, to eI:iy, itt obedience te
the manifest will of his constituntsof the
Tennessee Legislattire. In his addres-,
-on the occasion, he statod his object ions to
the Sub Trea-ry schene, and the getnerai
policy of this and the late Adlministr-tion;
.and pointed out he inconsistency et the
Tennessee Legislatttre on the subjeci. It
is a matter of regret that rhis oild SIDtator
has been thus driven from his post.' His
service has been long, faithful, and zeal
ous. In patriotism, and philatthropy,tid
.all social and polititical virtue he has left
no superior behind1 him.
In the House, to-day. Mr. Cnoper, of
Pennsylvania. finished his retmnrks (n the
Jersey case. TheL previous qumes!Iot tw as
then moved by Mlr. Leet, of Penin., whIo
remtarked, that time enough haid heent spenl
ott this suhject; and the maitn qttestion he
ing taken., Mir. Camnpbelf's resolmtion was
agreed to. Yeas ly7, nays 17. So the
whole case is referred to thme Comniate
on l1ections, with instrtctiotns to ingnitr
andl report n~ ho are entitled to occupy, as
smembaers of this [louse, thtn five conte-temt
seats frotm New .Jersey.
Next in order came the presentationt of
petitious. WVe got. over the State< oh
M1ainae and New H ampshire. very wvell.
Whbent rlassachutsetts waes catlledl, Mir. I .in
do, who is at anti-abonlitioaia, and wit
opposed by the aboliaionist<, at his last e
lection, got the Roor,atnd presented at htatcht
of abolition peitions whtich had been t~eat
to httm. Mr. DromgoOle ohjecretd to thteit
reception. Mr. Cave Jhinsn, of Tenn..
mcovedl to lay the questiotn of reception ott
the table. A long debate e'ned -otn he
"point of order," whethter the presenttiont
of a petition implied a motion Ifor receptiotn.
The [louse decided this riuestion int the af
firmative, and the reception was laid ont thle
*table. The call of the States for petitionts
will be restumed to-morrow, and 'Mr. Ad
ams has a heavy budget ready for pre--en
tation. It was reported that Mr. Adamn
hadl been discarded by the atbolitionists,and
he was denounced in some of the abolitioni
papers, for his publicatione~- .thme hiss
'summter agatitnst abolitiuon. -Bur it smii
that he is stB!I. their org:tnt attd.- thtoug he
professes t., be opposed1 to their obtjet-. hie
will exert himself to procure themt a bear.
Mr. Pickens, to-day. stated~iti thte llonse
that the charge against him antd others ofl
theSout b-Catrolinat delegation, of an, agree
ment with DulTGreent to enable hiti to sel;
their votes to the Globe was ttti'te. I h-ivec
reason to believe, from othter stources, thus
the story is utterly f:mlse- Greetn did ask
their votes, in aid of his objects, anid was
IIOUSE 0OF IIEIPR ESE~NTA TIVES
M10spaY, Jan: 13. l810.
- Mr Pickens a~kedI the kintd itndulgenwe
of the Honuse, while lhe call-d it< atten'ion
to a matter somiewhtat personal to hitnself.
He alluded to ate article which appeat-od
ini one of the city paper.. ont Satutrdet vins
It had bceen his habit. tor several years
pait, when any thting seurriloue with re
gard to him apptho~tred itt tny oif the vil
antI slanderous pa pers of~ ha day, to pass it
by with the deep ctintemptht which its infsa
my merited. Bit his apoilogy for noti
eing, the pubhlicationa he alluded to, nuose
from tihe fart that someC others biesideos
himselt'were implicated. A paragtr:t lh.
AMr. P. said, had apaaearedin the Aladiso.
nian ~f Salturd-tty last, itn tho follow ing
"A centlemnan long well known ;n this
city, n hose name and charter we. believe
to Ie'a suficient guarantee of his truth and
sincerity, called upon us on TIhursdaiy last
and divl Ied to us a scrett of which lie
was po4ersel, and of which- he had befure
ienirI -aoimie jntima itins, which will place
the coalition in a point of view mle shock
in'g thau any that has yet struc(k the pub
lie eve. The secret ;alluded to relates to
the termS of a hargain consumimated, n% is
said, betiween Mbair and Rives, the candi
aate. of the Van Bureniites, and General
DulI'Green, the candidate of the Calhoun
Nullifier<i. in respect to the pri;sting of the
Hoise of Re presentntives. .
" Tle substance of the matter commu-.
nticated ton st, ii this; that General DOff
Green has said in this city in t!e presence
ofa witiess, that if Gales & Seaton-w oubl
give hin8 per cent (in ;the bills for the
printing or the [House, he could seenre
them the contract-that lie had been olfer
ed $ 10,000, a gross sum to be paid in cash,
by another firm, (meadn g Blair & Rives.)
and thit unless Gales & Seaton, whom it-h
prefer'rred. closed with him speedily. his
friends having the balance of power in the
House or Represetatives, lie should give
-i to.Blair.& Rives, or words to that ef'
"Messrsh Gales & Seaton. sns our in
forniant, whould out 'hear to the propo
sal.' and he itfrsfrom the previous asser
vation note ofa -large anount having been
unexperiedly paid at the bank, and cer
tain bail reliased. that the .bargain %i it h
Blair & Rivcs was immediately closed,
4and the inoney, or a larger part thereof,
paid over-in. cash.
4Por ourielf, we affirm nothing, except,
:he substance of the communication made
to UQ. Of the truth of that coiuninica
tion, %%e are autborized to state it before a
fribunal if'justice "
Mr. P. said lie would not detain tI
House by reading the balance of this para
graph, f'or upon the matters there sug'-'
ed, ho did not preteod to lie informred He
did not 1,nviw " hat Gen. G reen had said
it) nynimber of tltisHuse; hthahe char-e
to %huidch he yeald the public atten'imn
,Vas, thit Gen. Giren was thie c.andidate
of the Calhoun Nullife'-rs. I appeal, said
.Mlr. P. ;t, those g4 tteniet with whon I
act-ansd they are lit few-atd, iu their
name-il it be itimenled by this ariful slain
dertr to assert, that he has ever received
counsel or assitancc, directly or indirce
ly. fron sme or from them -1 say it is atn
ifamoas 1.slselhood. I do not nean ito say
that I havo any knowled'le of what Gen.
Green did or did not say to any perso
whatever % hen I repudiate the idea at
ie ever wal, in the slightest degree, om1
candidaite. On the first day that I came
here, I received a note siating that he wouhl
he a candidate, and coulA beelected-but,
.1r. Speaker. you know how I t'airetd
that not'. I never gave himl the sliglhte'st
countenance. I have risen rier-ly to re
pl, .o the vile charge to whicn I have!
enled th'e ;attention of the lHotise, and I
thrw it hack upon fte author with th.
wcortn and contenpt. it deserves. I hant
nothing more to say on this su'bject. The
momntii the I arisburgh Convention niade
its nominatino, my nind was m ade up 16!
whom I shoutld vote. I think,said Mr. P.
that this circuntance furnishes an addi
tional reason w lay we should senlo these
low conte-nions gron ing out of the eler
tion of Printer, 'by going into thai election
at once, and theni p:ssing the resolutions
'of the gentlinan from Keotucky, [Mir,
Andersoi,] iu relation to iho fiial settle
ment of the iatter, and separi:ttig the
publie prinning fron the political press
h.ernftcr Ir. P. reiurned hi, thaniks to
the Ilonse for their kind indulgence., and
took his seat.
Correspndence of dee Sou'thern Patriot.
A great niumber of' petitio-is wuere' prese'n
- ini Sa'nnte atnd reterred. Amiong thaema
was utne relating to an invention-to pirevet
t he burstinig of Stam Bailers, atid whieb
fromi the reitmirks made, wsill furanish an ef
feeial remedy. It consists in the alppli
catiit of' ai sell' aciing valve (ituvenatedl by a
iaor Raub.) to the boiler. [t is dlenomi
nted t he dotuble- self acun g Safety' Valvye,
mda con~ist's ad' two vat-es, one openitng
upwards anal the other downwu'~ad, tuponi
:e tall oft the boiler, a nd aonaineted witht a
n eight insidle the boiler. Ii is fotmnadeu
upon the piritnciple th:it a body immoiersion
in water is ligihter thatn avben suspended in
ai'ny'dium less dense thani water; at
loee hv immnersiori an amnit of weight
'xatly equal to the weight of wvater dis
placti by it. Its oiperationa is as follows:
Whean the syater ai ithe boiler is in dtue
gantirtiy fair safety, the weight inside the
boiler is enitirely umnnersed im the wvater;
the twa, valves are theni closed, brenniee
they bailance each other; the expausive
force ofC thle se'atm within thle bioiler opearate
to cloise thae iniside valve anal thus keep
b'h 6l.'at tao their respective se'ats. The
insido weight thuas immersedl ina water
weigh-u noth ing, atnd therefore aloes niot
open~f the~ valves. Butt whena the -water int
the boihei' fuells below the iuside. weight,
sinaI leaves any portion aof it unicovered, t his
weight falls~ opens boith valves, and eusa
bles tho steam to escape.
It hass the sanctitiof er he Navy Depart
ment, iaiad is, I unsdersitnd, to lie appglied
to till Gtvernment Steam vessels. The
inveftoi' wishea Congress to purchuase
thea patent right.
From he Nationaf htdligencer.
The H-on. Osmnyn Baker, memnber elect
f'romi the State of M~asstnehusetts, appiearedl
was qualifia'd, and taink Isis seat.
Mr. W. TIhomnpsoni rose5 anda said that,
for the first timue 'siiice lie had had the lion
or' aofa sent in this H-ouse, he was ab~out to
t ask fair a suspeuisiott of the ensle, to etn
ible hitm to offer a resolution hesraetofaiie
sumittead by his Iriesnd fr'om V'ir'iniat.
(31e. # ise,) whot wats now detained from
te iloisea bay indhisposiiion:' Thse rebis
;iot wa'ss ill exuei: confloramiiy toi the actiont
ot' te 1imse yes"terday,~' uponi the- subject
ao' halitiaon: anil biy its'adoaptioni,t he Haouse
uaao'l save itselfinafinaite timie anid titupkl ass
- l'The Resoltutin, which was read for in
suonmationa. is in the follo~witne wao'ds:
Resolved. T1hat upio) the pre'se.. tation
if any rmemorital or pet'iitin, uraintg fhr
th~e adoitiont if' slavery or' the slave trade
:., uny niszricr. Territorv. or -State of the
Union, and upon the presentation of any
resoluti6n or othir paper touching 10ha1 sub
jec?. the reception of such memorial, pett
lion, resolutiou, or paper shall be cousid
ered as objected to, aud the question ol nI
reception aball be laid npon the a lm e n ith
out debute, or furmher actiou thereon.
Mr. Chinti demanded the yeas anud nays.
which were ordered.
Mr. C. said that, before the qnestion
was taken, lie n ould ask thait tt-resoltion
which lie would send to the Clerk's table.
and which he intended to offer in case ol
lie rejection of the other. might be read
The Speaker said it could only be read
The resolution was read as follows:
Resolved, That all petitions, nemori
als, resodinions, and addresses of every de
set iptio. , touching the aholition of slavery
in the Districtol Columbiator inthe States
or T-.-rritties, or -in any nane.- relating
to ihe existeuce of blavery or th)e slave
trade in the Uiited States, be referred.
without debate, to a select committee, wit h
insiructios to consider and report thereon.
Mr. Adams, (who is very impte'rfeictly
he'ard by the Reporters on the right of the
Chair,) was uiderstood to allude to the
act, that a motion to suspend the rule for
th- in'rodiuton of the same resolution(in
irmidut ed oigtuially by the gentleimao frimi
Virginia, Mr. Wise) had been twice re
jected by the louse. And with a view to
prevett the tuotion heinz again brought
tiy, and moved the indefinite postpone
ment of the tuotion to suspend.
Trhe rule applicable to this motion was
then reall as 'follows:
"When a question is postponed indefin
itely, the same shall not be acted upoit
again during the session."
Th'lie -pcaker said it was not in order to
iniale a mutiun for the itelfinite Ppo lije
ment of a mution to sus.pneml the rule.
Aier somnie debate the Chair aiounced
the decibion as filiona: yeas 12d. tnays 4.
.So two thirds nout votius therefor, the t u!e
.s not suspended.
AN irniportant amendment was made to
the Rules and Orders of the [louse of Re.
presentatives to-day, for which the frienods
of freLdom of aetion by the Represent a
lives of the pcopfle are greatly indebted to
Mr. Hiofllnan, of N. Y., and his associates
on the select committee on that subject,
who proposed it to the House. It cot
zsist. t this: that wherens hitherto the Pre
vious Question, when decided in the a:lfr
iaivet ft'as cut off'all pending motions lhr
a ntt'tdoiient as well as all dibate,it is here
after to ct offDeb.e otily, aud to bring
the House to a direct question ott each
pend.ng uunendment, in their parliamenia
ry order. The House will therefore he no
long, r sittjected, as lieretufore, to the ne
ITsity of alopting &. re.jecting measures
of consequence p'roposed io them, tvithlout
havmg first had an opportunity to ameud,
alter or add to them.
After tle tranartion of morning busi
ness, the Jndle1pendlenttc Treasury bill was
taken up. When Mr. Clay, of Ky., after
some remarks, moved that its contsidera
tion be postponed until Monday, tho 27th
iisi. which was disagreed to-ayes 16,
nues 2G. The hill was then ia'ken op, aid
several amendments, pro)osed by Mr.
Wright, were uJopted. Ant amendment
incresing the compensation of the receiv
er at New York to four thotusand dollars.
was concurred in. An amenduent was
then oliered tro increase the salaries of the
reci% ers in Pnilidel phia and New Orle
ans; but before the fuestion was taken, the
Corrcsparduice of uth Charleston CouriCr.
The steam boat disaster in the Long 1
land Sotundt, protduced a dcep sensattion a
mni the memnbersin this city. Ma~ny at
tribnie it to the recklessness of human lif'e
whlichi is so chtaraeter'istic: oh out' country
mn. I at tribute ii partly to tha~t, but
chiefly to the cupidity tf our bteami comn pa -
ies and1 corporattions, which ulf.hte year
has r-endered i-m -a publie nuisance.
The Lexingrtou had a heavy dckl loa'd oh'
cottot; auth the hales of cottona were croto
ded ar-ound the smoke pipe, and, of cotir.se,
took fire. In, thte nex' plice, the fire alt'
parais, which the boat wa< comp~ell:d to
enrry by law, was ntot in order for use !
Farther legislation is necessatry on this sub
ject tn protect the thI's of paissengers-.
'Te Sttb-Trensniry Bill, with as sirong
a specie clause as Mr. Cadhonni.or aty one~
wotuldl des:re, was passed to day, to a thiirdl
reatding. in the Stenate. There was l.ttle
opposition to the hill bty the whtigs. They
offered t.n ootmiter proiect. Mr. Riv'es
was not here to propose hi-s systeit of al
liedStte Banks ; andtt Mr. Clay did tnut
deem it prtudentt or expedient tn ttlier a
Nationail Ba nk. So the hill passed to be
engrossed, n-it hiotit opposi tito. I presumie
it will now pass the Ilouse and beome
the lawv of the landl As sooti as it passes,
there will lbe sotne scattering ini the ranks
oft lie adimmtis' rationt party, which is hel
togethmer in the House, chiefly by this flnan
TI e ablation has been freencly disent~eed
forsome days, in the House. Mr. Col
qtitt, of Ga;. to-day. matde a strn speech
against thet reception ofahaolitio et itiins,
Hie called otn the South to stnndt on the
amipart-s taf the cotastitintionst tnad resist
their attemtitts to stnhvert it. Otn the first
mse,. Mr. Shaule, of Vt., totok the flour ini
defence of the right of petition.
C'orrespondececof the Naiounal Iuntelligerncer.
NEw Yoax, Jan 9.
Mr. Webspter, Otn Mond-ty evening last.
tnat, in the Caipitol of Ma;ssachutsetts, at
Bostuon, a large nutmbher of the members
oft the l,cgislatture, and of' his fellow -citi
zens, who welcomnedl himt home with the
iveliest demuonstrtions of respeet atnd
kidntesl, and w' homt he 'addressed for over
ata hour, otn matters of finaure, the caom
prttmise upon1 the trarifr, &c. &c.. To Ge~n.
irrisoni he checerfully gave his ~'upport,
iol a solletn acquiiescence,but his best wish
es, andm biest ehibrts fort sntecess.
The Charlestoan Mercury of the 23d inst.
sas:-"We dtettm it our duty to state..thiat
frmt fnels stubmitt ed ta us, wse are sa tisfiedt
thatt the Small Pox dotes nt exist in otte
City, and thamt all paroper precuutioans ofitt
terna an-I e'xternial police, have beetn and
are nowa" tien toi prevenat the itntroduction
r ofhe icnan from infected nort.
From the Rrpublican Banner,
The Steamboat Lexington burA-One
hindred anlift.,1lives lost.-Ouir citi.evn
were alarmed on .londay eveii,. Iy the
Apjpearance ofa great light at some die
ueICe west, on I b. Sound, which was -ten
erilly believed to be a steamboat on fire.
Nothing conclusive. however, Was heard
it regard to it, till the arrival of our- boat
f1rom Nw York. on Tuiiesiay alternoon.
which brought the nelaneholy intelhtgenwc.
that the light was occ.asiotied by lite con
fl.igration of the steimioiat -Lexington,
which was entirely drstroyed, an.l ihat all
fin board except three pershed. One of
the survivors, Capt 1lilliar.l. of Norwich,
this .tate whorm we have seen and cou
versed with,'came on here in h- boat.
The Lexington left New York, at three
o'clock, -P. IM. for- Stoninon. Ahlonw
half pastseveu o'clock, wheu off Eaton's
Neck. L. I., the wood work. caning, &c.
about the flues was dincovered to be on fire
An alain was iminediai-tely given, anti
all efiits t:) subdue the flanes proving
tnavailing, the pilot headed the boat di.
'reedy for Long Island shore. In about 'I5
initites it was foutid the tiller ropes were
burnt in iwo, and she consequently ui
The engine, however, kept in operatioi
under a heavy-head ofsteam. The three
sim;ill boats wore got out with aH possilble
haste, but swamped soon after they struck
the water, in tonseqiete oi the speed at
which the steamer was going toward the
A lire boat which was on board,was al
so lainched hut hv some menns was i a
few imniutes unforiunately lost. No re
lief therefore, was obtained from either of
When the Lexington had got within a
few miles of the shore her eigine idden
ly stopped. All haopes of escape to those
o( board, except by clitigina to such ar
ticles of freiglit as would sustain them,
were cut ofF.
The freight of the Lexinotn consisted
principally ofeiton, on whi.h some ir the
passengers tried to save thotmselves, but
none sineectded except Capt. Hilliard
and a fellow p.ssetnger, both of whomt got
asiride ol a cotton hale on which they kept
together until six o'clock in the morning.
whien the stregrth olfCapt. Hilliaril's coin.
pauion failed him, and he f(0l tl'and was
Capt. 11. continued uipon hiis hame ofeo-t
ton -till 11 o'clock, A. M Ttiesdty-, when
lie wits tatken oi' by a slioop, which went
tont front Soiuthport. h4 iuo, hln thn3 ex
posed about fifteen hours. Two ,lthers,
elinging to a fragmient of the hoat, were
ulso rescued by thic sloop-one the engi
neer, the other a fireman, of the unfortu
e h'alics of two others, one a colored
woman, were likewise 'tken fron a part
of the wreck on which they had perished
The number on board. Capt. H. thinks.
was not less than 175, of whii 150 were
passeners, out of which ie believes hin
sel to be the only one aved. Anon2 the
number were 5 or 6 women and 2 or 3
The scene on board (vas awfal beyond
dlescription. The fire bein -mii way the
boat, cu, off all communication fr)Iii one
end to the oilier. The passengers crowd
ed together inl the how and sterin, moaning
and bewailing their fate, till compelled to
ca.e thenselves into the watery deep, to
escapo the flames.
The boat drified with the tile, and sank
at 3 o'clock off our harbor.
Frothe 11ilmington Adrc:ier, EXIa.
WITING Cro, iN. C. J-in. 17.
With a heav~y hieni we sit tdown to the
task of mtakitng a brief rectord of otne of thie
mtost dikastrons fircs, with which o'tr de
voted town has ever beeni visited. At a
hoin 2 o'cltock this mtornitng the alartm
sompile'l, antd proved to proc~eed from the
staore, occupijed by Joltn Dawsion, at the
North E-si't 'ortier oif the Counri [louse.
The Court Hlonjai itsell was soon on fir-e.
as were also lie buildlings adljoitning Mr.
Da w.otn's. rThe flamnes pirogressed thenace,
withI terrific h'urv, in an eatsterly andl north
erly direction af the situare itt which the
fire otriginlated, andi in a fewi tminutes.
entught tht, builinigs atcrosd [root street.
itn a westerly direction. The progr,-rs of
lte fre' then was itn every direction fronm a
commhton cenitre. Sonth, how.-ver, noth
itng was butrnt bitt the Cotirt Haonse In
other dlirectionts indicatedl, no harriers
could beL iterposed until the t wo squares
immuediattely N WV. antI N. E of the Conrt
Hlouse were enitirelv destroyed, with the
exception of the B~atik oif Cape ["ear, ad
two smtall houses 'ixt noth of it, on the
fnmer square., and three brick builim"
ott the N. WV. angle of thte latter. The
whole untmher of biiline4 destroyed is
abhaint tine hundred anti frfy. inclodingi the
Offices oif the Ad vertiser antnt Chironicle,thle
Custtm flouse and the Clareont anti
Rleston's Hottels. .
The lies and a considerable portion
of the materials were saved l'romt the *Ad
vertiser offiee, anid wi thti'a slip ia prjinted
after the dielay cottsealteent tipont a hasty
retto'v-t of the' cotntents of a p inf in~r offitct.
Farom the Chtmniaele nllie'.n thtitng wasi sav
ed hit the account hooks. A great dleal
or etinids unod fiirnitut Were gottn out of
lhe bonses amid stoires. abht~oughi thle loss of
proiperuy tifthtise kindls is immtetise. Mit
ny of the btuildiregs on threeo t wo squares
were among the motast valutable in to nn,
anid on these two wa~s dotne piroba~bly, three
fontribs oif the biusiness of~ the place. We'
have head no' critientl estimates aofthte ag
greente loss, hi are inclined to think it
will stim iup to nearly 50I9 000) dolhtrs. -
WVhat portion is inisured, is unascertaiined.
'Thus has Wsilmingtoni r~eceivead antother
blowv to her ptrosperity, thait moany vears
will not serve to recover her form. Sitw
hail just gotitn over the ehlets of simiht'
visitation< of formner yea.rs, tad hadt t~aen
up a londa, in thie construtio'n of tha' Wi I
tmitntotn & Rula'igh Rail Romad, .-nit al
most staggered her stren::rth. ,'hent thik
law't misfortuane c-ame, nal nen'y p-allv
zes,ber enler::ies anud hiojes. tdt to thi
the unpihlioutts state of tettl~ etterallh.
otnd onur lait seem mhot nemppy- l UlnY wei Ia
are neithcr dismnyedl tnr di-hearttend.
WVe loiok to thes fut.re, to rcadeem ther
present atnd the pass andi by the favor oif
heaven, will struple with redoubled diii
Correspondonct of Ila Sannah Cyirgian.
FILANCE-WA. WITU ALGIEtS.
PAnis Dec. 7, 1839.
France is beginuing to reap the bitter
fruits of her tenporizmg policy in Algiers.
A idel Ktdr Ias declared warto lie knile
in behalfoli his holy cunje.' and his first
attack antid success have been marked with
the sotaininary stainp of savage w arfare.
The report which I mentioned in my last
(of a French regiment havingv been annihi
lated by the ferocious Arans is cotfirmed,
exetpling as to tile am ount. The ri-e
mnent z.U st be red-iced to a compt;any of
200 men, who were imprudent ensough to
opposc on Arabian colium of horse, 1500
strong, and were udelleated, as mightt he ex
peried, with the loss if 105. lelt dead on
the field; anl escurt of 30 mten with convoy
was attacked by a thousand Arabs. The
lit de hatid, having ranige'd the convoy in a
square, withstood the eneiny untilthe arti
val of succor, w hich decilel the contest in
their f.rvor,with lte loss of the commandan
The accounts of losses sistainod declare
them to have-been greater tihan ever he
fore been sustained in the Alg eine wars.
and all within the upacc of tw. days. The
partiulars ofthe second day's loss are as
A cottvoy iscnrted by 'forry men was
captured, and tle whole were deeapiated
except two, who escaped to give. ;an ae
count of ite disaster. Sever:d farns have
been I u :e:t, -ind the laborers murdered.
Twenty thotnmd earriid of-four
hmired peaceaule eoloni-rs. including io
tmein. have been Flanhtered.
latlf a hattallion of retch infantry was
completely Cut in pieces.
Three tribes of friendly Arahs massa
cred or carried away itito tile desert.
All the couriers with despatches have
been intiercepted amti mirdered.
Mo-t of the garmn hottuees at the. outskirts
have been attacked, ::nd the guard nias
One ofithe forts being in dangerof cap
tnre fronm a party of Arabs, which a cotm
pany or French infantry was enagred in
oppo1sini, the artillerv s.f Ohe fort could no
longer delay firing uponi lie mass of whon
were killed. This had the elfect Yrilisper
sin! the Arabs, who have a imiral aver
io to a contionade. All the coltni.sts who
lvi e 'scalped have taken refuge either in
the eamnps or int Al-iers. and grea t fears
are entertained lCSt the provisions should
.larshml Valee has applied to the. .v
ertniet for 10.000 ien only. It -is said
tliat :25.000 will he sent. The 58th anl
tie .?d light infaintry are ordered to einbark
forthiwitht at Totuloin, and twenty sinadiois
of horse are (n tltcir ro:d to the coast for
the same ptrtzoe.
The .'!oniteur publishes two ordiun.
ces: one of themn for the organization of
25.000 more con4cripits the oth.-r, which
opens a credit of ninceeti millions nine
hundred and eiebry seven thousandl fances,
for the extraordinary expenswpf ie war
drepartmet during 1210. AIgeries has
already cost ive hinlred millinus ofrlranes.
and intinunerable deaths atnuag the sol
An emhunnsy is on the eve of setting out
to the Emperor of Mlarocco, reqiriing him
to break olhis cotnnection with Albdel Ka
der, and threateninat him \wiih the ven
gennee of Franre in case of any assisitince
being oiTa-red to tile latter, even by perm a
ting the pas-age of artm and amunition
ahrough his doninions. In 18:3G at the
hvotlo of Taf:a. Abdel W:iler vs a ird
by 9000 Ilo-oceo ironsi-. nn:1 it i- reported
lh'it he has unoV obiained a similar sup
Lieut. Gen Cnoh'ires is deianed 'for tite
cotiiatil of the active furcos to be sent
against A bdel Kadelsr.
W AsH NG'roN, Jant 7, I41.IO
Miv dear Sir: I eneloie anl extract fromn
the Intelligenei, which will show you
what those who are opposedl to mel. nire
making of the let ter of yotur corresimtde nt,
reptublished in that papei-. I know tnot
who your corresepontlent is, notr have I any
reasotn to believe that he was .ectaid by
anv tnakinid fee-linsgs towards me in writintg
thie letter hut I mu.? sny. lhe his f elings
wham they may, he has tnt placed tme ei
thecr ini my true position, or otne that is a
greentble to me. . I tam no nsupiranft to the
Presidency. or ever expect to be. T1o
holtd mel on as snteh is to do me great ini
jusi. and weaken men itn my ellbr: to car
rv onii the piritnciples and p liev for whch
I hatve long cointeodsd. nti which I hld
fatr more dlear thatn any thing in the gift
of a he Goverinmetyt or~ people. To accomn
plishi an obiject I hohill so higri is, andu lis
bieen the stile mtotive, for tmany years, for
my remtainin g at tny post here :atnd wvhen
ever I fitnd that my presence' is no lilnger
of nayi avnil mtovarols it, I shall cheerfully
retire, leaving to others lai struggle for an
honor, which. however high of wo erthy of
conrest, has lotig- hadl hut few chatrtms for
me. As to the potlitical rifhvteens here,
:6 wvhich yoitr correspndent alludes, in
relation io what lie ralls " tshesncessioni,"
and which he says is abstirbing every
thing else, I know nothing. If they-exist,
hte dones well in representiit me ats passive
as to what is coitig on. All who know mie
koor that there is nti? a metmbher of Cuin
eres, who takes less interest in that to
whiicht he alludles.
It is well knoiwnt to tll muy frients here4
that tmy wish, itdividultttly, was and is,
thatt thev shouitld he perfectly passive, as
to wha't relattes to oflice, iudd hto volo for
th-- na:ines of thise presenitedl, by those
with wvhtom we are actitng, untless itere
shouhl t~e some valid persottal objectioni,
in order that we -night ~have greatru~
vaightI itt carrying out the meaisures we
I aill this, I mnske no comlplait, nor (do
Sinitend reenr'ae, and hads thte letter ap
pecaredl in at paper of any other State, or
ini iny ot her a han a frienidly otte itt my
>wn, it wtnhl ha~ve piassed withiout notice
from me. tiat. having devotdl te best
portion of tmy life to the service of ah..
state amnd Untion, wit htout the hope, or
ven the dstire of rewardl, except such as
laws fromt the coniscions dlischasrge ofdutty,
mttder tryinig cirenmtstanices, I Cannr? buit
f-el sensibly amiv circumtissance (sneh as
elieve this io bie,) caleinaed to east dsoubt
mii my real tm-itives, by holdinig ma tip as
si aspiiranma fhr anity oiche in the gift of the
Lioverniment, or people.
YVar trttly J. C- CA L HOUN
W ae ct from the prcecmaps of the
Demerakee ebration oft the 8th Jiattuary
in, Philadetbia, the folloi ing letter, in re
ply to an iit ation, ind the toast which
'ollowed t:e 'ndhing of tle letter:- -
.AIJ130TO:N. Jan. 7, 1840.
Gentlemen : I'ave been hontoreI with
your notes (of thc'.3d uit. il iting uwe, in
the name or ilhe D4nocitic citizens O Ithe
city and county of P'hiiitdelphia, ti attend
their celebration ot the 8th ilst. bly
public eiiagetents lere pr nt we frta
accepting yuur iivitatin.
I cannot but be higIlygratified with the
estimttite which you, and those in % huse
behalf you act, put on my services. It
has ever been the highest ~object- of my
amtbition. to contribute to the preservation
of our free and popular institutions, and to
their i:anm.is.ot to posterity untipaired
in purity and vigur. It is no easy tak to
establish and maintain free institutions.
Thety have a constant tendency togo wrong
from which ours. as experience proves,
is not exempt. To a departure from the
principles i f our Government, te may
trace all the embarrassments and disorders
under n hieh the country i now laboring,
and for A hich there is but one certain and
ellectual ieiedy-the restoration of the
'Ctstitution to its original purity. All
others are but quackery. To accomplish
thirt great -olject my exertions are, and
have been long directed; and, I trust, not
altogether without suce.-s.. Mluch has al
resuly lieen'elteed. We have got clear'
of the public fund- d debt and the Bank of
the U1nittld States, and are inl a lair way of
freeine the cauntry fmon 't l e'finection
w ith the hanks, and front Ohe last remnent
of the Atnerie;n sy-tema. That tiene, I
trust it % ill not be -dilficult to exitricate it
fromn all othet measutes belioging '16 the
National Consolidation school of plir(e,
-and take a fre-h departure in the directio
which Jeffersin and his associates of the
old Republican State Rights school wdula
give, if they were non alive ant at the
helm. The ncn'reut is propitiou's t6 so
desirable a consummation, but, 1if jiermit
ted to pass unseized,it may well be d'ubt;
ed " hether the opport.nity ofaccomphsh
iirg the great-ohject -in view will not be
In conclusion, permit me to offier a sen:
timent, suited to the times, and which is
sanetihwted bty being incorporated in seye
r:il of i:e Starte constitutions, by the wise
and virtuous patriots who achieved our
Free Governments: They can vnoy be
poreserved by a freqluent recurrence tofun.
With great respect-, 1 -tn--, c.
J. C. CALHOUN.
To the Committee.
By the Connitee. John C. Calboun:
The great apostle of the doctrines of the
riahts of the States-the eloquent defendet
of tite rights of the people.
Mr. Clay, inl his late discussion with
Mr. Calhoun, should have irnformed rfe
Sena'te why he called on the president on
New Year's day. lie rode through New
York last summer to injure Martin Vad
Buren and made friends for himself, and
now desires the exclusive right to call on
Surely, if Harry of the West can face
the President with his peciliar snitle, the
Southern Nullifier has anl equal Hght to
itnleichangie civilities with ihe Chief Mak;
istrate,whose ofmicial course and republican
measuros have elic-ited his approbation.,
The Globe of the lith itstant snvs;
"tn the House, the Aholition discus*ititn is
continued, Mr Coles's Re.-olution, which
would, if pntseel. have closed the debate,
was laid otn the table. Mr. Gravee. sormt
days ago, moved a reconsiderationt ani
ihis prevetnted Mr. Thomtpson, of Mlissis
sip1. frotm movinig it. Mr. G;raves, to
diav htavingc carried the recnsideratiot6,
w ithdirew the motion, anti so Mr. Coles's
propottsitiont was lost, it being hekW that it
was too late for any otht- to mtove the re
consideration. Thtis looks like finesse.
Senator from Mlississippi.-Frothi the
Na:cheA Coeurier,we learn that te election
for U. States Senator, was bel at -Jack
saa) otn the 9th inst. rThe W-hole loco fuco
st'rength. tvent for Mr. Walker. lie re
ceived 70 votes and was elected by a ma
juritynif2.5. Mr. Prentissrecived37 votes
-7 were scatnerlatg;
Penns~iratnia Legislaure.-ln the Sen
ate, on ',titnesday, 15th inst.-, a re-iou
tiont to 1refer the hill repealing the. chtarter
of the U.- S. Bank, to the ,Yudiciary tom
mittee, with' intstrurtonts to report the
samne " with such provisions as mnay he
necessary for the fial~ closing of the con
cerns~ of said U. S llank.," 'p5sedl by a
vote ofr 17 to 3 12 Senators presebt. de
clining to vote ott the fluestiton.
Nwhaniel P. Talmakde, was,' on the
14th inst., el. cred Senator int tbngress,
by tihe Legislh ture otfNew Yortk, for six
years from thi 4ith Mart-h next. The
vote stood in the Senztsr-Telwudig6
19-In the Ilouse. 639. The A .imiaiisttra
titon miembers of botht Houses, scattered
Virgjia.-William M. Mc~urty is e
lected to 'Congress from the Letotio Dis
trict, over Mr. Pow' eli, (also W%) Tie
Alepundria Gazette sntya: "Thte Whtigs
in Congress will fitd Mr. MieCariy a firm,
conisistenlt, ande patriotic edadijetor ; waile
h's ctonsitutents will have a faithful and
Michigan.-Theo WVhgs of te Legisla
tttre of this State, at ouir last accon'ts,
hadtlngreed to support Antmt<0 S. Per.
ter, or .Detroit, ats U. S. Se.ater.
Leap Yar.-0.te ermedite fellow citizen,
will finid, Ott in9pection of the Ahnaine
thnt thte present year. 140,. ie bis'extile'
or le itt vear. The chiltd whose hnp its
mtty tbe.~h hn'n bontt the 29th of ntexlt m moh
(F..bruary,) wvili behold the recurrettee of
his birth daty, bttr once it) litar years. An
tither sintgultar dircurinstance respecting
leap year, is, that I 'ues, by ancient eus
tomt, tay pay their atddresseis to the gen3e
ilomen: so that the belle who has ant oM
ly hashful admirer, may save hltdj (ring
horrors of ptopingo thte quesidn2,scl u
the pcriod of courtship to