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"We wil cling to the PiUars of the Temple Of our Liberties, and if is must fall, w wwiU Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLUME V. t. O , Ail i-, 1840. MO.1
W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR.
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Address H. GREELY & Co.
No.21 Ann street. New York,
Or the Subscriber at Edgefield C. H.
March, 1840. C. A. MEIGS, Ag't.
Valuable Family Paper.
T HE Publisher of the Paptist Advocate,
res tfull informs the Christian' ublic,
that he hmade arrangements for pubishi'ng
every week, in the above ppr
Consisting of views of te sieost remarkable
acad objects, mentioned in -the Old and
!New Testamnents: AdLs;views of the principal
Missionary Stations, throughout the world
Engraved by the first Artists in the United
States, of the original sketches, taken on the*
spot, by Laborde, Forbini Morier, Le Bruyn,
Ker Porter. Stephens, Bachiagham, McFar
lane and ethers.
The paper is established on a permanent ba
sin-being sustained by an Association with a
Capital Stock of 510,000.
Terms.-The Advocate is published at twco
del~ars and ffly cents, in advance.
. Address ROBERT SEARS,
122 Nassau street, N.Y.
Or the Subscriber,at Edgeifeld C. House.
Earch, 1840. C. A. MEIGS. Ag't.
'The Mount Pleasant Silk
AND FARMIER'S MANUEL.
-A Monthly Publication devoted to the Growcth
.jl.of Silk, Manufacture ofBeet Sugar, and
eks Impreement qjtrlc' ure, Horticulture,
and Rurarndomsa Economy;~ basjust been
improved and enlarged, and is now the neat
estand cheapest Publication of the kind issued
from any countryoffice in the United States.
Each number contains 24octavo pages with the
addition of acover and a neatly executed fron
tispiece,representing the Silk-worm in its varn
ous stages; and will be delivered to _single
subscribers at the remarkably low price of
Oss: DOLLAR per annum, payable in advamce;
or, Sxvzw copies will he forwarde for FRva
Dollars-Fzrrzui' copies for Tzc Dollars-25
copies for Firrzzy Dollars, or 40 copied for
Twzwrv Dollars, for one year, according to
Orders for this work, postage paid, addressed
to Avza dr Mu.L.za. Brandonnule P.O0. Pres
tes county, Va.,will receive prompt attention.
CSubscriptions received by W . F. Durisoe,
Agent for Edgefield District.
32Editors who will publish the above (and
this note)a few times, and announce themelves
as agents for this work, wvill receive twoo copies
for one year, which will be sent to them as soon
as their papers are received containing the
Ma-c.. if. 6A
Phoenix Stone Ware FactOry.
TO MERCHANTS AND THE PUBLIC
T he Subscribers having been engaged in
the manufacturing of Stone Ware at
Pottersville, in Edgefield, S. C. for many years
and from long experience, and former owners
of that establishment, have located themselves
at the Phconix Factory, Shaws Creek, twelve
miles from Edgefield C. House on the main
Road leading from Newberry, Union, and the
upper Districts to Aiken, for the purpose of
manufacturing Stone Ware in all its various
branches. They have procured the best of
workmen and airecnnstantly making up, and
have a large stock on hand. Their assortment
is the most complete ever before offered for sale
in this market, to which they would call the at
tention of Druggists, Merchants and Planters,
and all those who wish to purchase any thing
in their line. Among the many articles of
wvhich their stock is composed, are the follow.
Jars of all sizes from 4 gallon to20 gallons.
Jugs of all sizes do. * do. 20 do.
Churns of all sizes 2 do. 5 do.
Bowls or pans of all sizes, from J do. to 5 do.
Butter Pots of all sizes from J do. to 3 do. with
Pitchersofall sizes from J do, to3 do.
And leds neatly nade for jars and churns if
Stew Pots of various sizes, &c. &c.
All of the above is inferior to none made
in the United States. Orders addressed to us
at Edgefield Court House,S. C. will be prompt
ly attended to, and delivered to the Merchant's
door, any distance under one hundred and fifty
miles. Chaideston merchants can have their
ware delivered at the depot, in Aiken, at 121
:ents per gallon. MATHS & RHODE.
April 1, 1840 tf 9
The Charleston Cour. will publish 3 times,
weekly, and forward account to this Office.
T HE Subscribers announce to the Public,
that the above Academy will be opened
)n the second Morday in April next, under the
immediate superintendance of Mr. JoHN KNox.
t is decuied unnecessary to say any thing,
svith regard to Mr. Knox's qualifications, as he
ins been long known as an experienced and
iuceessful Teacher. Hundreds, we doubt not,
re now enjoying the benefits derived from his
The Academy is situated in a healthy section
f country, near Leesville, Lexington District.
3. C. Boarding can be had in families, con
renient to the Academy, on reasonable terms.
rhe Rates of Tuition will be as follows, viz
leading, Writing, and Arithmetic, pr7
ug lish Grammar and Geograghy, 5 00
.atmn and Greek Languaes. 7 60
L'ne Tneory ana rractice o0lurveying, 1; UU
E. H. NORRISS,
HI. H. SPAN N, .
March 2,1840 F
EOT ICE! HOT ICEU!
WOULD inform my friends and the pub.
lie, that I have added the
rrade to my Tin and Sheet Ion Ware Manufac.
arl, and will be pleased-to supply those wish
ng articles of Hard Ware.
Also, just received Two Thousand pounds
Goshen Butter and Cheese, afirtrate article.
Also, For Sale a good Span of Northern
HORSES; sold for no fault, having no use for
hem: they are five years old, only. All the
tbovefor sale low for cash, to suit the times.
N. B. Jobbing, Roofing, and Guttering
promptly attended to, as usual.
Now, please call and see,
Your humble servant, A. B. C.
A. B. CHURCH.
Hamburg S. C., March19, 1840. d 8
Tax Collector's Notice.
WILL attend at the following placesto col
lect TAxes, for the year 10 viz:
Dn Saturday April the 4th at Powels,
Monday, 6, " Hatcher's Pond,
" Tuesday, 7, " Ridge,
"Wednesday, 8, " Willams'
"Thursday, 9, " Mt. Willing,
"Friday, 10, " Perry's,
"Saturday i1, " B. Richardsons,
"Monday, 13, " Churchill's,
"Tuesday, .14, " D. Richardson's.
"Wednesday 15, " Aliens.
"Thursday, i6, " Smyley's
"Friday, 17, " Dunton's,
"Saturday, 18, " Sheppard's,
4Monday, 20, . " Moseley's,
"Tuesday, 21, " Liberty Hill,
" Wednesday22. " Tucker's.
"Thursday, 2, ' " Collier's.
"Friday, 24, " C. Ponds.
SSaturday, 25, " B. Island,
"Monday. 27, " Hamburg,
and on Monday, May the 4th,at Edgetield C.H.
After which time my books will be closed for
th present year.
By an order from the Comptroller General,
no money will be received for Taxes but
specie, or the notes of specie paying Banks
of this St ate. By an Act of the Legislature,
those returning Real Estate will be re
luired, in addition to the quality, to give
n on oath the actual value of their land.
B. F. GOUEDY, r. c. z. n.
Hamburg, March 25, 1840 c 8
Wo Dealers in Druirse
1 H E Subscribers having recently purchased
the Stock of DRUGS, MEDICINES,
PAINTS, OILS, GLA SS-WARE,&c. of the
lstate of James Leverich, deceased, take this
ethod of informing their friends and the
mblic generally, that they have on hand and
ire constantly receiving fresh supplies of all
rticles usually keptin their line of businers,
hich they wall dispose ofon reasonable terms.
All orders addressed to them will meet with
>rompt attention, and executed with neatness
P. 8 Purchasers are particularly requested
o call and Examine our Stock and Prices be
re purchasing else where.
SAMUEL D. CLARK, &Co.
Hamburg March 25,1840 8 2m
The Greenville Mountaineer and Pendleton
iessenger will publish the above one month
.i ...d forard their aerannts to this onie
Extaofta leUertohe Editorofthe Grunville
CoKtzsauiy, S. C. March 25,
Dear Sir:-We have lately had a very
e-racious revival of religion at this place.
I two days meeting was appointed, at the
close of w hich a more than usual anxiety
was manifested by the congregation about
the salvation of their souls. This omen
for good was observed by the clergyman
present, which induced them to continue
the meeting. It commenced on Saturday
the 4th inst. and was protracted from day
to day, with increased interest, until Sun
day the 22d, during which time many
souls were happily converted to God, and
between twenty-five and thirty united
themselves with the Church at this place.
The revival has been chiefly confined to
the Students of the Male and Female
Schools, many of whom. but a few days
ago, where running the giddy rounds of
carnal pleasures, are now entirely changed
into the humble fellowers of the meek and
lowly Jesus, and are seen rejoicing in God
their Saviour. The Faculty, seeiug the
uncommon religious excitement which
pervaded the minds of the Students, was
induced to suspend the operations of both
schools, in order that all might became
solely engaged in the service of the Lord.
The hoary headed sire and the little boy
of 8 years old were seen bowing together
at the altar of prayer, and with united
voices calling upon God to pardon their
sins. The scene in every respect was
grand and imposing, and the services of
almost every day wero blessed with the
shouts of new born souls. The ministers
of the gospel seemed to be clothed in the
spirit of their calling, and ceased not by
day or by night to point the mourning
soul to the Lambof God that taketh away
the sin of the world ; not failing to declare
to the congregation, that increased daily
in interest and numbers, the whole coun
elof God. The backslider and lukewarm
professor have been reclaimed and made
to renew their vows of fidelity to the ser
vice of their merciful High Priest. There
are tnany mourning souls, who have not
as yet found God precious to their souls,
but who manifest a disposition to wrestle
in prayer until they recieve the blessing.
It is devoutly to be hoped that the gracious
work will continuo.tilL th wholae Yillarn
sball be matde to bow at the foot 0f sove
From L chartesion Observer.
Tu GOOD STWa.-Every Chris
tian should endeavor to prove himself a
good and faithful Steward-remembering
that to "dispense abroad and give to the
poor" was prophetically characteristic of
the Saviour, and that so it should be of
all who profess to take him as their exem
plar. Now many a man who cannot
preach the Guspel in person, can preach
it by proxy. At a trifling expense he can
enable Doddridge, and Baxter, and Bun
yan, and other Holy men among the dead
and the living, to publish the Gospel of
peace. Some are doing it with great ef
fect; and it is doubtful whether any gifts
turn to so valuable an account as those,
which in this way have an immediate ref
erence to "Heavenly riches and righteous
ness." We highly commend that liberali
ty which is manifested in giving such
works to families who are unable to pur
chase them, and in sending them as pres
enms even to strangers as well as to relatives
Premature Death.-Dr. Crichton, phy
sician to the Grand Duke Nicholas, broth
er of the. Emperor of Russia, relates that
a young girl, in the service of the Princess
of --, who had for some time kept her
bed with a nervous affection, at length to
all appearance was deprived of life. Her
face had all the character of death, her
body was perfectly cold, and every other
symptom of death was manifested. She
was -emoved into another room and placed
in a coffin. On the day fixed for her fu
neral, hymns, according to the custom of
the country, were sung before the door,
but at the very moment when they were
going to nail down..the coffin a perspira
tion was seen on her skin,.,and in a few
minutes it was succeeded by a convulsive
motion in the hands and feet. In a few
moments she opened her mouth, and ut
tered a piercing scream. The faculty were
instantly cal led in, and in the space of a
few days, her health was re-established.
The account which she gave of her situa
tion, is extremely curious. Site said that
she was sensible' to every thing that was
passing around her: and distinctly heard
her friends bewailing her death: she felt
them envelope her in the shroud, and place
her in the cofina. The sensation gave her
etreme agony, and she attempted to
speak, hut her soul was unable to act upon
her body. She describes her sensations as
very contradictory, as if she was and was
not in her body at one at the same time.
She attempted in vain to move her arms,
to open her eyes, or to speak. The ago
ny of her mind was at its height when she
heard the funeral hymn, and found that
they were about to nail down the coffin.
The horror of being bnried alive gave a
new impulse to her mind, which resumed
its power over its corporeal organization,
and produced the elects which excited
the notice of those who were about to con
vy her to a premature grave.-European
A Fortunatc Editor.-We sec it stated that
the editor of the Kent Md. Bugle has become
the hei to n n3OnOO
COL. CROCKIT ALIVE.
The following letter which appeared in
an extra of the Austin Gazete of a late
date, we copy from the New Orleans Bul
letin. T'he story certainly partakes large.
ly ofthe.marvellous, and will require strong
proof t give it credence, though we con
fess it hparu the impress of truth:
Comaoo, TAMAULIPAS, (
February 6, 1840. 3
T e a torof e Austin Gazeue.
Sca--I was formerly a citizen of the
United'States, and have been living in
Mexibo for 17 years. My business in this
country is such, and has been, as to re
quire me to travel from place to place. I
was nbt iong since at a mining district in
Mexico, in the neighborhood of Gnadeleje
ra; and while there, a Mexican came to me
and said that there was a man from Tex
as workjng in Salinus' mine, who had re
quested 'of him to ask the first American
he saw,, to come and see him, as he wish
ed to send some word to a family he had
left in the State of Tennessee. To enter
a mine in Mexico you have to obtain per
mission from the worker or owner, and he
sends with.you the overseer, who is order
ed to keep strict watch that you take out
of the nines no ores or valuables.
I went to the ownet, and obtaining per
mission went with the overseer, and was
taken to that passage or the mine where
the convicts are place to work. There
were soipe 20 or 25 at work, and amongst
them I recognised the manly form of one
of my countrymen, who, the owner told
me, wasone of the prisoners brought on
by aL part of Filisola's division when be
retreated from Texas.
The American upon seeing me, stepped
forward grasping me by the hand, "Well,
stranger, you are the first American I have
seen in this damned country; and don't
think I would have seen you, ir I had not
made a friend of these devils that oversee
"My unfortunate frien '," I replied, "I
have been made aware of the circumstan
ces that placed you here, and they are
such as to debar me from rendering you
any assistance you may wish." "I know
that;" he returned, "so let us go about it
my name is David Crockett-[ am from
Tennessee, and have a family there-they
think I am dead, and so does every one
else; but they are mistaken. I should
have written to them, as the overseer told
afetter for me; that was the reason I per
suaded the overseer to look an American
for me; and thanks be to God, I have got
one at last."
He related to me the particulars of his
having been taken at Fort Alamo, at Bex
ar, and sent, together with two other men,
to Loredo; from which place they had been
removed, with a part of the army that
moved to Moterrey-and when the troops
marched from Menterrey to lexico, they
were sent to Guadelejera, and, placed in a
mine by the Alcalde, at which place they
had been ever since.
He wrote, by me, a letter, he sent to his
wife and children in Tennessee, which I
sent from Matamoras, with directions to
mail it in New Orleans retaining in my
possesion a copy thereof, for fear, by some
mischance, it should miscarry. To Lint.
Col. D. L. Wood, with whom I met in
Laredo, I gave another copy, which he
promised me to publish; but I have since
heard he did not get in safe, which is the
reason I write you by a Mexican, going
from here to Bastorp and Austin. I have
directed him to give it to any American he
saw in either place, who would know where
to send it.
In great haste, I am,
Your humble servani,
WM. C. WHITE.
THE 1NDIARs AT WoRK.-There would
seem to be no end to the incursions and
depredatioas of our savage foe. Let the
trpops start a scout in 3Middle-Florida, and
the enemy. at one takes foot for the west,
and with a quickness alnmost illusory,they
are scalping ad butchering on the banks
of ther 4palachicola. Anon, they return
to. the v~r etrong holds of our army, and
invade the sanctuary of the camp and
tent' Our latest intelligence is, that a train
of Government wagons, consisting of six
was captured by 12 Indians, between
Fortstiscomb and Barker,a few days ago,
and one sergeant mortally wounded. A
sergeant was fired on near Fort Pleasant
in the neighborhood of Col. Davenport's
camp, and escaped barely with his life;
and also that an Indian camp had been
discoveted within about four miles of Col.
Robert Gamble's residence, where they
had lefttheir fires burning, and appearan
es which indicated that some four or five
cattle had been slaughtered. These dep
redationm have all been committed in the
immediate vicinity of where the troops are
most thickly stationed--in that portion of
country which is considered as most soe
curely guarded ! How are these vagabonds
to be whipped and snbdued? We ask for
The. Hard Cider Candidate.-A H ar
risonian visited our city the other day, and
understanding that hard cider was the fa
vorite beverage of~en. Win. Henry H ar
rison, called at an obscure doggery, and
asked, if he could get a drink of the ami
able liguo'r. Our host of the doggery had
a barrel on hand, with a cruel vinegar as
pect, and consequently handed himn o~ut a
quart, the qarity asked for. The Har-.
risonian turned itof, with the satme rapidity
and nonchalance that a Frenchman won~ld
ecant a bottle of Claret-but it was no
sooner down, than the face of our friend
of he hard ieirrr nmeem,c wa aeen to un
dergo such a variety of feature that it would
have been impossible for Lavater himself
to have told to what class of animals he
belonged. He tried to bite the cider offi
but it was too hard. His face then assu
med an agony of expression-he set his
teeth, and darting for the door, rushed into
th streets, squaling like a pig overdrenched
with the concentrated acid of sour butter
milk,-Macon (Ga.) Telegraph.
The Queen of England is married-Vic
toria has conquered a heart and won a hus
band-and our belles may again occupy
the disenthralled hearts of our beaux, half
or whom had bowed to the rosy sway and
distant sceptre of the maiden Queen.
The name of Victuria will henceforth
cease to possess its wonted charm, (unless
it be with the gratified frequenters of
that excellent now establishment, the Vic
toria Hotel)-we will no longer hear of
Victoria shawls, Victoria veils, Vic:oria
hats, Victoria shoes, and such other things
"of leather and prunella;" but the Victoria
Range will herealier dispense its fancy
articles, by some other name- for "a rose
by any other name will smell as sweet,"
and perhaps will sell as well. We fear
too, that the charm is broken, even in her
own native dominion-the married owns
riot the spell of the maiden Queen. The
bigot Mary, the feeble Anne, and that
non-entity, the seccond Mary, wife of him
of Orange, where without popularity, al
thought with husbands-marriage was the
poisoned chalice to the lovely and ill fated
Queen of Scots-while Elizabeth, the
Virgin Queen of England. with all her
cruelties and vices, reigned Queen of hearts
as well as Queen of men, in her mighty
realm. But let the cat jump as it may,
Prince Albert is a lucky and, we trust, a
happy fellow. He is the husband of a
youthful Queen-olo monarch of one of
the proudest, mightiest and most enligh
tened kingdoms in the world-and whatev
er may have been his stature or height
before, his enamoured bride has dubbed
him "Royal Highness," and made him, in
cant phrase, a taller man than ever. He
was her "Knightof the Garter" before
"Honi soit qui nal y pense"
and now lie is her Royal consort, without
a care to rutile the smoothness of his brow,
or check the flood tide of his felicity.
May Heaven smile auspiciously on their
union-render it a blessing to our mother
gland's happiest pair, Darby and Joan, of
the olden time-so happy indeed, that, in
due season, they may claim and be rewar
ded with the Oitch.-Charleston Courier.
A Bill to regulate the Banks has been
agreed upon by the Committee of Confer
ence of the two Houses of the Pennsylva
nia Legislature. It consistsof36 iections.
It provides for a resumption the 1st of Oct.
next; for the appointment of Bank Com
missioners to inspect and if need be, to
wind up the Banks; abolishes the vote by
proxy; provides that after the resumption
every Bank shall recieve at par the notes
ofevery specie paying bank in the State;
prohibits post notes, &c. &c. These are
the most important features of the bill,
but we have little expectation that it will
pass. The Pennsylvania Legislature has
aimed at too much, and her councils are
now completely destracted,in consequence.
Mr. Calhoun's Speech.-We have read,
with unmingled pleasure and admiration,
the recent speech of Mr. Calhoun, on the
question of the assumption of State Debts
by the General Government. if there
could be placed an additional wreath in
Mr. Calhoun's chaplet of rcuown as a
statesman, thisspeech has loneit. Clear,
forcible, and eloquent, it irresistibly carries
conviction to all unprejudiced minds, of
the correctness of the grounds assumed by
thae orator. As a rare treat to our readers,
we intend to publish this speech in our
next paper.--Western Carolinian.
The opinion of Maine.-The Legisla
ture of Maine have adopted a series of
resolutions respecting the boundary ques
tion, Otto of which is as follows:
Resolved, That unless the British Gov
ernment, during the present session of
Congress, make or accept a distinct and
satisfactory proposition for immediate ad
justment of the boundary question, it will
be the duty of the General Government to
take military possession of the disputed
territory ; and in the name of a sovereign
State, we will call upon the national gov
ernment to fulfil its constitutional obliga
tions, to establish the line wvhich it has
solemnly declared to be the true bounda
ry, and to protect this State in extending
her jurisdiction to the utmost limits of our
An Aged Matron of the Revolution.
The widow of the Brigadier General yohn
Patterson, late of the State of New York,
and a Federal officer of the Massachusetts
Continental line, is now living at Ogden,
N. Y. One of her grand eons, at the
North, writing to nnother in this city,says:
"I have returned from paying a visit to
our grand mother, who is near one hun
dred years old, and found her as sprightly
as yen are, and in perfect health. She is
the oldest female in. this State, and a
mongst the last of our revolutionary me
Tav WA-.QUE5.o.-A getloman of
high intejlligene just from Washington,
informs us that there-is less talk and less
apprehiension of war, in Washington, than
in Charleston.--Char. Cour.
SPEECH OF MR. CALHOUN,
OF SOUTH cAaOLINA;
In the Senate of the United States,
March 13, the following resolutions, Sub!
mitted by Mr. Calhoun on the 4th of tle
same month were taken up:
Resolvcd, That a ship or vessel on.
high seas, in time of peace, engaged in a
lawful voyage, is, according to the lawsof
nations, under the exclusive jurisdi'ioi
of the State to which her flaig belongs, as
if constituting a part of its own domain. --
Resolved, That if such ship or - vessel
should be forced. by stress -of weather 'or
other unavoidable cause, into the port-of a
friendly power, she would, under the same
laws, lose none of the rights appertaining
to her on the high seas, but, on the on
trary, she and her cargo; and persons oi
board, with their personal relations, an
established by the laws of the State to
which they belong, would be under th,
protection which the laws of natione era
tended to the unfortunate under such cir
Resolved, That the brig Enterprz6
which was forced unavoidably by stres, of
weather into Port Hamilton, Bermuda
Island, while on a lawful voyage on - the'
high seas from one part of the Union to
another comes within the priciples embra'
ced in the foregoing resolutions; and that
the seizure and detention of the negroes'
on board by the local authorities of the
island was an act in violation-of the laws
of nations, and highly unjust to our citi
zens to whom they belong.
The rebolutions having been read,
Mr. CALHOUN said: The case refer
red to in these resolutions is one of:thei
three which has been for so long a period'
a subject of negotiation betweed our Gov;
ernment and that of Great Briain, without.
however, receiving the attention which, in
my opinion, is due to the importance' 6
the principle involved. The other- two'
were these of the Comet and Encomium;
Tn order to have a clear understanding - of
the bearing of these resolutions, and - the
principles they embrace, it will be neces'
dary to give a brief nurrative of each:;of
these cases. - --
The Comet is the first in order of time.
She sailed from this District in the latter
part of the year 1830, destined- for N'ew'
Orleans, having, among other thing, it,
number of negroes on board. Her papers
were regular, and the voyage in all- r
of the false keys of the Bahama island, op
posite to the coast of Florida, and-almot
in sight of our own shores. - The persons
on board, including the negroes,were takbra
by the wreckers, against the remonsirae
of the captain and owners, into Nasse
New Providence, where the negroes wire
forcibly seized and detained by the local
The owners of the negroes, after apply
ing in vain to the local authorities for their
surrender, made applicatian to the- Gov
ernment for redress of injury; and the :re
sult, after ten years' negotiation, is, that
the British Government has agreed to conm
pensate the owners of the Comet and Ein
comium, on the ground that these cases
occurred before the act for the abolitton o'
in her colonies had gone into operation
and refused compensation in the came 'of
the Enterprise because it occurred-' after
Such are the material facts drawn from
the correspondence itself, and admitted-in
the course of the negotiation. What I
propose, in the first place, is to show that
the principle, on which compensation was
allowed in the cases of the Comet and
Encomium, embraces also that of the Ea
terprise; that no discrimination whatever
can be made between thent; and that in
attempting to make a discrimination the
British Minister has assumed tho very
point in controversy, or, to express it 's
tmore familiar language, has begged 'the
question. I shall rest my argument exclu
sively on the admissions necessarilj invol
ved in the two cases, without looking to
any other authority. They will be found,
if I do not greatly mistake, ample of them
solves for my pturpose.
What, then, is the principle necessarily
involved, in showing compensation in those
eases? It will not be necessary to show
that the allowance was not a mere act of
gratuity to our citizens. No one will sna.a
pect that. It was, on the contrary, relue,
tantly yielded, after years of ntegotiation,
only on the conviction that the rights of
our citizens in the negroes could no longer.'
be disputed, and, of course, the injustice ofs
their seizure and detention. This brings
me to a question of vital importance id
this discussion, to which [ must ask th'e.
Senate to give me its fixed attention; and
that is, on what did this right of' our citi
zens to the negroes rest ? Not certaily
on the British laws, either expressed .oox
implied. So far otherwise, they expressly
prohibited, in the broadest and most un
qualified terms, persons from being brought
in, or retained as slaves, under heavy pen
alty and forfeiture of property; declared
the persons-off'ending to be felons and sub,
jected them to be transported beyond sea,
or to be confined and kept at hard labor for
a term ofyears.* But one answer can be
given to the question; that it rested on the
laws of their own country. It was only
by them they could possibly have a right
to. the negroes. And here ive mest tfas
vital qtuestion-how is it that a right ret.
ing .op our laws should b..valid 'and
respected within the limicsof the Britdsh
domiston, against the express prohibhio -
of na act of Parliametat ?
*See act toaaed and consolidate the laws
relating to the abolition of the slave trae, tit
se. 4 e. p. 1 3J 4' '. Evin's Statutes.