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of-il eluthPe inUof. $be Teml~e of our Libmrlumy abd It -11u~ asfaU we wril Pauua amu dit'smis.lm
V VN V. M&A- Cav -uit .,~v ltilM
W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR.
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New Fu ruasture eand Join
- ers Shop. "
I' H E subs-riber takes this method to inform
his frienls. atl the citizens of this. and
the adjoining Districts, that he has perimanent
lv losated his
FURNITURE AND JOINER'S SHOP
onl the Martintown RaInd, near Gilgil Chtnch.
about twelve nisiles above Edgefield C. House,
ansd 17 below Cambridge. B.-ing a Mechan.
ic himiself. atd iaving experienied, pood
worktnen in nis employ. lie fl.itters himps-eIf that
lie wIll lie able to give -atilfactuom to all those
who in.iv frviir him with their orders.. 11e has
m hantd. amid expects to keei a good assort
ment of' PAsoit. Doons. Ssil, BLINs, ASO
lnrxt. Pir.cs. Also
srh as Il'ardroias. Sidcloards. Bureaus,
Book Cass. Volding Tablles. ke. &e.
Ripairiu domni t she shortest noticeandoti
r,-eossbh- termis. If dosired. lie will go any
dist mee tnti-r twenty-GWve miles, to Glaze.
All "rtIers tlan'itly r-ceived, and pnctit
nl'v atte..ded to. Address the undersigned.
Dtintont'iivme Edsefirld Di-stric. S. C., or Vtn.
F. )iriso-, Edgefield Court I-louse.
.'-r Gilgal. S. C April 30, I.40. :tm 13
Fa sion:able tumner Goods.
ERCMII. T TJILR01S,
U AV.just received a peseral ntotmitent
otA Gio.ls for tienlenens ware. of the
latest and mtust faslonable style. Coissisting
in Iart of
London Cashmere, French and Thibet
Frery4 Bomnhazin Gamnbroons.
Henioyj Coimb. Stril ed. asud Ribbed Linen
Drilli gs. for Pnntahlens.
Londos Weltings, Challies, Plain and Fig'd
A complete assortment of
Gt.ovm's, IlustsRY, STocKs, CnAVATS,
81a-rs, UCo.I.Ans and Bosoas.
Also. ag -ood assortment of
With many other articles. too tedious to men.
tion. Tt 'which they invite their customers,
and the pul'ic geiera!ly to call and examine,
before purchasing elsewhere.
Edge-field C II.. A pril 6, 1840. d 10.
Heaed Qutm rs,
Columbia, A pril 20,3840.
No. i, Nxw Sxaures. 5.
HIS EXCELLENCY the LieutenattGov
ernor in asstning the commnant of the
milhtia of South Carolina. nuder the Constitn
tiotn. anonnces to the Ails-di'-Campau appoinsted
by his predecessor, that he desires them to cot..
tiniue tin stlice diun the re mainuder of the Gu
bernatorial termu; and that no new ariPointment
will be ninde, except to fi the vacancies of
those who may indicate a wish to retire from the
sevice by resigning their commissions. --
By order of the Cummwander-int ChieW.
Adj't and Insp'r General.
April 29.1840 [Cl h 13
HOT ICE! H OT 10EI!
I W OUID inrorm my friends and the pub.
lithat I have added the
T rade to my 'fin and Sheet Iron Wars Miannfae
ory, and will be pleased to supply those wish
sag articles of Hard Ware.
Also, just received Two Thonsand pounds
Goshen Butter and Cheese, afirst rate article.
Also, For Sale a gosod Spans of Northern
HORSES; sold for no Wault, hiavttg ino use for
them: they are live v'ears (ild, only. All the
abovefor sale lowofor cask. to suit the times.
N. B Jobbing, Ro,,6nig, and Guttering
prompltly attendled to. as nisnal.
Now, plIease call and isee,
Your humttbe servatit. A. B. C.
A. B. CHURCH.
Hamburg S. C.. March 19, 1840. d 8
B UR DETT' CORLEY,hiving on the Ham
bursg Rond one atnda half miles fiom
Huiet's ferry ini Edgedield District, tolls before
me, an estray sorrel stud cult, thirteen and a
half hands high, with a small streak of white
in its forehead, femr years old, no oher marks
perceivable. Appramsed at fileen dohinirs.
April6th,184O 12 c
Mui Dole Cotton Seed.
T H E above Seed can be had at the Store
of G. L. & E. PENN & Co. op good
,erms. Warrauted geaurn#
)Iarh 4. 1840 i
To be Publisked Weekly!
PROSPECTUS OF THE
A Weekly Literary Journal.
Br W. T. TuoMPSON.
Contemplating a material improvement or
the Mirror. on the cosmceement of the en
ouing volume, we have already commenced
.making the necessary arrangements for that
purlpose, and as we look with confidence to our
friends and patrons for encouragement, we
have determied to give them this early notice
Though a semi-monthly issue was deemed
to he the -most expedient in the contence
ment of the publications or fite Mirror,
when the ground which it occupied. being ex
clu-sively devoted to L.terature, wa'syet untried,
and when our domestic resources were yet tnt
known-we feel that tile timne has now arrived
when a weekly publication is demianded. En.
tertais.ing this convicirof. we have.ressolved to
isee the ensning volume weekly. and tit make
such impruevemesitsiin tie appearance and plans
of the work, as will render is still more worthy
the liberal patronage of the 'southern public.
*Firmly believing that the only meats reilsi
site t;, piaceonr donestie litera tire upon .an
eqtalit3 with that of any oither sectison of the
unos, is the estatblishitssett ofa literary medi.
um at home. of sufficient standing and chrnc
ter to divert it into its pro;ser cannel-we are
a esol ed to render thse \litror egnal in appear
atece with any of the Northern josurnnsl of the
sasse kL.k. and if the tiietds of southern liter
attsre will unite in g.ving it tihe reputation
which sot iern gesnis asad southern taleats
are so emineently capable of impar ingto sto p
ges, we dostha sset that we shall be able to ren
der the work much more acceptable to the south
With a view of accomplishing this design we
shall secure tire assisrance of an able adjanct in
the editorial department and s;hall spa. e neitn
er pains nor expense to give character and in
terest to the work.
Ao nater.al change will be made in the plais
or arringeient of the Mirror. which will still
be deveted ti gesseral 'iteratture. except the in
traduction ofa critial depatmsent for the re
view of sew woi ks. ivhicis-will be in the hands
of a gentlenan of approved taste a-d matere
jsdgemeut. The M irror wilt be printed on su
perir pa poer with hnndsome new type. and will
.e executted wi h thestrictest regrad to netnsss
and taste in sts typo rsly. Eash numsber wil
:)e enveloped its a neatly printed cover, entst ed
-Augusta Mirror Nears'Sheet " comprising four
c osely prinsted paes, in which n ill be gives
the NEwsor TuC wazx. f.nseisn anid dom,-stic.
carelia!ly cooisiled from ars ex'ensive exchtsge.
togetiher with all the -satt-r of interest tAtnally
cosntained its easardinary weeky newspalier. -
By this arrangemsent the, readers of the Mir
ror will. bessdes beiig supplied witlh a voinni
sf416 large- quarts) pages of choic-e literature.
recesve as much new's mnatter in the course- of
the year as ss contained in most of the newsp:n
pers 4of thi- day, and all for the addiitional
charge of osly two dollars to ttr present sup
We sitcerely hope the above plan for our
third volume will meet the approbation of every
ferind of'southern literature. We have always
considered the Mirror, embracing as it does its
its desi n, the broad replie st! ofletter, iseest adalp
ted to foster our infant literatture. More diver
sified in the charas ter of its contents than the
graver and more dignified magazine. ranging
as it does frson the the lighter to thee more ele
valed brantches ofoliterary comrssposition,
"From grveto gay, from lirely to :Severe."
it is certaitly befst suited to the tist es of the
greatest namber and wh-le it affords eqnall
whiolesome aced refreshing drass.lti for the
well-read mind. itatrar.ts and lures the- younsg
to drink of the Parnassian str ats. We have
:aimed its 1llt 1sopti6's'srthe contemplated im
provemcents to inee the e irror upon an eqa
footinsg with our northern contettporeries its
regard to clheapniess; and now, all that m e ask
isa liberal share of that patronage extended too
them by our pleple. and we pled.e ourself tie
render the Mirror equally deserving their suit
Terms for the third volume. $5 in advance.
Anyv perasoan obtaining five subscibers will be
entitled to the ixth copy.
With a view of excitineg a spirit of comnpeti.
tions amtoneg siar hierary friends, and callicag
forthethseir pesns in aid oi'tecmse to whiche we2
aere devotedl, we have determined to nffer tthe
seem of ONE H UNDRED DOLLA RS to be
awarded as prizes ins the huidlowing mnanner
For the the best Tale, fosnnded on incidents
coesnected with thte early history ofthe Souta.rn
For the best domnestic Tale, thseauthor to choose
Isis inecidetts aced locality.
The comnpetitors to forwardtkeir mansetcripts
otn sir before thse 201th of July.its order that they
neny be subnmitted toe a commwittee of literary
getltemen, fort their decision previonts to the
first of Aanust ensuiteg. The susccessftl cone
petitors, aced aelso the authors of such tales as
we my putblishe, will be enmitled to the third
volumse of the Mirror.
We wouald reneark that the trifling sumas of
fered are tnt tensderedl as peetnniaty comspenssa
tien forite preednerions which we soslicit, bust
rather as a prize iserathorship. to be awarded
to thesteccessfsl cocetitssr. Shall a lady osr
gentilemacs be the recipient of our neext prnizel
Atuguasta, Ga. 1840 tf J7
T o Dca lers i n Dr uprs,
P1 'HIE Subacribershavinig recenstly putrchased
U thse Stock of DRtUGS, MELDICINES,
PAINTS, OILS. GLASS-WA RE,&c of the
Estate ofJates Leverich, dew catted, taske this
mpethodl of ineftrmning thseir fries ds ad the
pucbliegeneerally. that they leave one hand and
are conestanatly receiviag fresh supplies of atl
articles usually kepstin their linae of buasins~
which thsey will dispose ofon reasonsable termas.
All orders addressed to them will-mneet with
promce t attentioen,and eaxectuted with nseatness
and clispatc .
P. S Pqirehasers are partictularly regnesfed
to call aned Examicne ouer Stock and Prices be
fore purchasitng else whsere.
SAMUEL Db CLARK, &Ce.
Hamburg Marchs 25,13P40. R 2um
The Greenville Mountaineer and Pendleton
Messenger will psublish the above one month
anch~and forward their accounts to this office,
Eztructslfrom th Circular of te iRon. W1. T.
oLqul r'T to the people Of Georgia.
I canumn give ien. iarrison my support, be.
cause he ii a Federalist; that he supported tho
black coca-a.e admniistaatioa of the e.der Ad.
aus; that be &supported he administration of
t..e younger Adams; that he lass never changed
his t'ederai notions; that lie is still a Federalisu
aind nusttderive his main support from that
,No matter how little the establishment of
these ciarges may operate upon the ninds of
others, I trust tbey will be sufivient to screen
we frow their sneers. It is a thing so easy for
any.iuan to be branded as a deserter frmin his
party)-or isis name to he subjected to iufamy
-that very many choose rather to f0--t witn
the tide of public oepinion, than investi
gate tinet position atnd rerist its curreist;
but if amu enabled to prove that General Har
rison is a Fedeialist, has; always ac:ed with that
pany, and is now their canoidate, we nave al
ways pro eased vainly in Georgia, if we give
him our su.sport. Tntis I will now proceed to
do, in a plat and intelligible manner, nor will
I leave roon fr adotbt an the wind of any
My fellow citizens will remember. that while
Johnt Adams Use elder was President of the
U. Sates, during his admini-tration. the Fed
eral party p.,aased the Alien tend oedition laws
wanicb gine rise to ine Kenne'ky aned Virg.naa
resolutionb of 179d, '99. Durng these years
there were tno neutruls in public life; it was a
tiue ofsevere pa. ty conflict, aid larty lines
were very distincly drawn. I ha' e betore me
the 1st voiume ot-"Executive Jouiral," where,
at page 2de, it is recorded, that on the 20th of
Jane i thatever memorable year 1798, John
A-lats, tooe then President of the U. States,
coiferred upon tUen. Harrisoon the office oif
-Secretary tit' the territory northwest of the
river Olio" Would not this appuaotnmentit
selfibfrd presu uptive proof that General Har
rison was a member of the Federal party ?
Take into consideration the Year. the time. and
the circumstanaces, the proufrniuld be sufficient
to ishill the ones at lf-s-. But the proof. shall
proceed; General Harrisoin was at delega.e
froin the North Western Territoiry, to the
House of Repre sentatives of the United States,
during the sesiiotn of 1799 and 1r00; du ing
the session at'that Cnagress, and he ore ns
clasie, ie was appoiinted by John Adams, the
President, Governor of tie Territory of Indi
as. (See Executive Journal, vol. 1. p.
ow, when we remember that the election
for Prefident took ilacse thatisame year(1800.)
and when we recollect the ireat excitemn t that
prevailed betw seen the partins. and how bitter
y Jeffersmn was denone'd by the Federa
imts of that day, and the in-' ounpromising sairit
that prievailed.where is the man that would
dare believe that * John Adnmst, who had be
atows d on Ilarrison a prior appointment. and
wIo now was enabled to juage ari'se friet.dship'
by his nets whi e at Coigress. sntil a lie tite os
Wit api oiin:meton the 12th day of May ol that
sessiotn, would have imsade hin Governosr of In
diana, if he had beens Iis friend. and a member
of his liarty, opposed. to Mr. Jefferson and his
It would not seem _necessary to. produce
other evidence; but. an it is convenient, I nt ill
ca.l yonrattention to his own admission as late
as 1826 In the Senate of the Uiied States, in
year (18ti) as may be seen in "Congressional
Oebates," by Gates & Seaton. in tie fist part
of the ud Vol aind at page359, Jonn Randolph,
of Virginia, said tat the difterence betwe.
himsselfand General Harrison was vita:; that
they difered -- findamentanly and totally. as.d
,lid wneu they fis a: took their seats is Coangress.
Speaking of' Harrisloa. he said: He was an
oIen, zealos, and frank supporter of the sedi
tion law and black cockade administration:and
I was as zealonus. fink, and ope'n oppom.ent of
tine black cockade and sed tioan admitaittration
We difier fuid'imentally and totaly; we never
can agree abont measures or abont men, I do
not neans to dsctat.- tit the gentleman: let its
agree to differ as gentlemetin ought tot do, es
pecislly natives oil' te same State, who are an
.ipodes to each other in polities" Now :.
speciflic charge was m:ule by Jolsn Randolth.
osn the i.9thn of nsaarch 1816. The reply of
Gen. Harrison is reported its the sane voitne
mat debates. aid at page .364 anad '5, in whichs
heo said that, " lie couald nor ref rain from muak
iung his acncnowh'dgtemt to the gentlean f'romt
Virginia (.ilr. Rbansdelph.) foar the noatice he
had been pleased ten take of' him. He linad
beena plasod to say thtat. ia the admninisotruao
of Mar. Adamse, I was a Federalist; mad lie
e,,westo that conlsien, froma ths-.coturse pear
suned by ime in i799, and 1800." I withn it tea be
bornie in insd that Mar. Ititadoiph charge-d lim
to his face of' being a zealens, pieii anid rrantk
suppearser of the seditin law and black ceock
ads ntdininstration. He theni proceeds in re
ina reply: "A t thnat session, thme getntlemtan and
tsnyaoelf' met fiur time first titme ; hie inm tl.e station
'at reprsesntate front Virginia, tand I in the
msore muambae enne of' I)elegate frosi thne North
Wster'n Trerritosry. Hlavitg n's vote, I dnd
not think it proper to taike part ins thne discus
sion ina any of tate great pioltical q'estions
wticch divided the two piarties. My bnsmness was
to procutre thne passage of tine bslls whsich Ilhad
instroduceda foir the lienefit of' the pe'pIle I re
piresen&ed. '.1 he gentlemsan had nas manns of
knoawing mny poiitical pr'iniple5siunless he ob
tained thnem troas priviitecotnv'ersation. As I was
on termis of intnacy witha the geanlemant, it is
very probnable that Ihe mnight have heard mes ex
pri ci nsntimeeniie avorabtoe to the thetn admnin-.
nsttratioat. Icertainily felt rhenm-so fiar, at least,
Ias to tine conrse pttrsued bsy it in re'lationt to the
Uiavernament of Frantce." The chnarge is stade
direct guid nuteqtuivocal, anid the ausgrer does
snot densy, but admits the chargg; lntt !,nists he
muds ino public nipeechn to that efet in thne H.
of itepresen'tatativee, insaanmehcl as Ihe had ino
vote; and thtat tir. baandolph must have hoead
nt from haims ian private cosnversauiions. Yethle
admtits the c'hargte treue. Inn thne same. speech lie
says: "For 31r. Adas I etntertainsed at that
n s.,,n.u huae ever sitaeentei ta ed thiegre-at
e re.gees. I believe hitn to be sin honest mnan
and a pture patriot; and his condnet dutrintg that
sessions proved himt to be sir/,' Thsee are the
exipressed unpininas of Gen. Hatrrisesn co. cern
.John Adata and hiis administrtion, in his
speec'h in Jn'lg. Thne eleetiotn of the yotanger
Adams (Johns Q.) is much more fresh in your
recollectin. tand renidered mnemsorably by two
circtumstaancen': the first . that Georgia haed a
favorite candidate in the field, (William H.
Craii ford;) and second the election of Mr- Ad
ams by what has so fregnenitly bee-n called the
coalition with Mr:T Clay. Abont Jite coalition
?I knQw nothing-Clar made Adas President
and, as was natural enongh Adams made -him
Secrt ury of St~a. At the first session of Con
res* titler thistelebrated election,Uen. H' wa,
a member of th Senate; and the journals wi,'
show thit his votes stand recorded upon ail lead
ing neasuree.with the Administration. it wta
durng this Adiniulstration, that, in the Senate
John Rtandolph.inade the charge I have quoted
showing-that iFais his fikst ae~uaintance wit.
Harrison up to that time they hd always dil'
fered,, and that they never should agree about
men or maeaures ; the one being a Federalist
the other a Republican. The appendix to the
Senate Journal of IM~, will show that Gen.
Harrison voted fot tliat much abused, wild and
vissionarv measote the Paiama Alission. On
the 4th of March 1529. the Administration of
Mr. Adams closed , biut, before he quit office, he
was not unmrindful of the friend and ally of his
father, and the continued supporter of himself
On the Wdld of' May. Id2, lie appointed
Gen. Harrison minister to Columbia. What
otheror better evidence could be wanted of his.
being a Federalist, of the old and new school?
He was the friend, the zealous supporter, and
admirer of the elder Adams and hi black rock
ade Administration. He waq the friend and
supporter tof the younger Adam's administra
tion, at.d from both the fither and tie son re
ceived the reward of faithful services, by re
ceiving spointments from their hands.
isnt fellow citizens, if Air. Webster is a Fed.
eralist (and thisis not denied even by himsell)
%e have otier proof of his Federulis ns, ann
of later date. In his Clevoit speech of which
so much ls been said, to further the claims el
Gen. Harrison,delivered on tha 4th July 1833
lie remarks- "I have thus fellow citizens, en
deavored to explain to you the principles upon
which the government of our union is formed.
I reccomnend to you however, the Procama
tion of the President cot the United States. is
sued on the 10th of December last, and the
speechies of Mr. Webster, delivered in the
%enate of the United States at the last session
of Congress, in answer to the argu ments of Mr.
Calhoun, as containing the taost eloqnent 1.1
satisfactory exposition of those principles that
have recently been published.' What think
you of his opinions of the construction of the
cons-itution?- If Mr. Webster is l'-ituitlinous I
and Federal, so is Gen. Harrison; for he lands;
and commends the t'rmer as an eloquei: and i
satis-actory constitutional expositor. But what I
will Ine iuembers of the Sta e Rights party say I
of his high conamendations of the Proclama. ,
ion' a -paper that the friends of the President i
tiaye traed to modify and explain. Recently i
) r. Webster inl order to aid Gen: Harrison in i
his election, and to correct a falshood which lie
sa s had been circulated, among .1ther things
nm ke the following remarks:
-He (General Harrison) has now been se
lected by thegeneral voice of those whose pub. I
ic priciples agree with h's own. to go to the
nead ot' the colunn. and to bear tip and ad
.idvanie the 11g under which it is hoped those
principles may be tnaittnined and defended." 4
I have now shown you thatGeneral Harrision
was a Federalist in 1798, inl 3ift, in 1833, and I
if Mr. Webster is authority, itn 1840. 1
Who, then, are the present supporters of c
Geteral Harison? No one can doubt that the
master spirits of the party are Webster. Clay. -
and Alanim; and although there are now atnong
his supporters, some wtho have professed and
acted with the Republican party yet, by far
the majority of hip supporters are the Feder
alist aid if he is elected, the Governiment will
inevitably be under the control of that party.
I would beg leave to preseut ailother sub. I
ject for your coisiderations, worthy of your s!- I
rnuns revard, a subject of vital importance t 1
the whl South. I mean the subject of' Abo
lition. It is the blindn- ss of stupidity, or the
iadness of party, for any man to desththat the
nomination of Gen. Harrison was made with
the view and for tie purpose of obtaining
strength by procuring the. votes of Abol.tnonists.
The friendsor Ges Harrison say. that lie was 4
nominated beenuse it was thought lie could
obtainthe mostvsotes. ofthisilinvenndsoubt;
lmt the reason for believing he could procure
a better vite than Henry Clay, wag, he might
get the strength and indumesce of this support.
which Clay could not. There are some facts.
evhich I know, and a few others to which I will
refer. upon this subject. I know that no peti
tion, having for its object the ubolishing of
sasvery in the District of Columbia, in the
States, or Teritories, has been presented this
session. but by a Whig. I know that to speech
has heen) inade in favor of Abolitionaists this:
Congress, bsut has been :nade by a Whir. I
know th at upon the final vote, to exclude by a
rule of the Hiontse, the recefption of these peti
tionss. bt one Whsig from a non slavehsolding
state voted wish us, whilefouir donuthern Wh~aigs
voted against ns.-mmong wvhomn was.iohns Bell.
of I enniessee. the Whig candidate for Speaker
I know'thast at least two of the demtocratic par
ty refmtsed to be made thie itastrments of pre
seuntinig stieh petitios. and one sifihemn a Sen
utor from Ohio, a nson-slaveholdhing State where
thme Abolitiooisms are numerous,
Thessse facts hsave occurred duirinag the present
session of Conmgress. anid yet very many sonth
ern ime-nsbers shant their eyes to these staring
trmtsa, and are glad at heart that the Northernm
Democrats will loose strength in their respec
tive Districts, fear givinig aus the-ir aid. lneh
pains have been takena to throw poppies over
the eyes of the South. hy attempting to prove
that Geni. Hlarriuson himiself is not an A bolition
ist. lUst official speeches and letters prove
timis, theat lie is opposed to slavery amid desires
hinterniininsg these views so st-onighy disap
probmatig slavery; living as he does, in a non
slavehioldling State; mamde the available candi
date for the presidency thsrostth their inflnence,
an-i warmly suipported by Shade. Adams. Gran
ger, Gases, and other advocates of abolition it
the haslls ofC Congress; who will dare believe,
if a bIll should psiss for immsediate emanscipoa
tiomn~tfhat he would affix his veto. Whether lie
is the advocate of the present action of the
A boiitiosist. is very immsaterial. Hlis speechi
at Vinminues, shows that ha did not approve
of the designss of the Aholitiontsts; and fds i
rote for the admission of Misourni withbi te
striction,. are argusments in lhie fiiMr. BitI
whmat is he nowl W~hat eveiende have we
Clint he is not now an Abilitionist? Letters haveI
been asldresseud to him npon this subject which
he fatils to answer. A comamit'ec haye noiw
fak'en charge of Ihis person andl opinions, so far
as to sitaand between him and the pe'ople of the
United States. wvhose confidence he seeks, andi
refuses to give aniy' satisfaction. WVihIthe Statj
eof Georgia. wvith' these facts anilthestihfe anif
staring them in the face, he satisfied with .the
remarks he made mansy years ago upon tilis
mubject, eseeially when thsey know how thej
fist of abolitionists have mwellerd in Ohio sinee
his speech at Vinacensnes? For me, thie well
authenticated fact that lie is a Fedalhist that
4e is their candidate and supported by them
ind that ifelected, it will be a Federal admin
tratidh, bdhlle'Aibteientto prevent we from
yielding him any support. And his position.
,y affiliating with the Abolitionists, as I have
'hown, would bs of itself a sufficient barrier.
t is not my pqjpose toabuse General Harrison
ar from it. Nor will Labu'a- Federalists. or
abolitionists. It is enough that I am not wil.
.ing to trust the Government in the hands of
tither; and I shall be mistakenif the'pedple
if Georgia are, . -
Having given these reasons why I emnnol
consent to support General Harrison, I
will now assign those which induce me to pre
Aer his opponent. In doing so none will charge
mie with comingto the task influenced by any
l'eelings of partiality.
The vote given for the tariff in 1828, is now
trunpeted abroad as an objection to Van Buren
For this both'theantdidates for the.fre sdency
voted. But here again I am -topped. In the
year 1832. a party of which I am a member
rave again their support to Mr. Van Buren for
Vice President of the United States. His
vote and the circumstances tinder which it was
given. were no secret-were well known to
the public, and at a time of great excitement
upon the subject of the tari. It is not my
wish to censure others, but to assign the reasons
which govern my own condnrt. Acting with
my own party, I gave a cordial supp ort to Mr.
Van Buren at both these periods 101 and 1832.
Witho ut going into a vindication of those votes
now I think that you will agtee with me that
I should present them with bad grace as reas.
ous why he could not ret my vote. We sup.
ported him then without a call for his opinions
upon the subject of slavery-ince which we
have had his published opinions, and resolves
upon this vital subject, to which I call your
sitention, He was interogated by the Jackson
mid Shaceo committes before his election to
the Presidency. his answers to whichshow how
rar his votes, twenty years ago. ought to alarm
the South upon the subject if slavery. He
says if elected," I must go into the Preosential
-hair that inflexible and uncompromising op
ionentof any attempt. upon'the part of Con.
tress, to abolish slavery in the District of Co.
nmbla against t:?e wishes of the slaveholding
tatest and also with a determirnation, equa'ly
lecided, to resist the slightest interferene wnh
he subject in the States where it ix'sts " But
am aware that many declared then he was in
incere, antdcould not be trusted. Yet after his
lection, when, if he had any desire to b-.tray
our rights and falsify his declarations, when
here was too actual call or neeeesity, in his in
tigural address lie repeats them.
But nearly four years has passed, and yon
nay wish to know whether he is still inflexible
ipou this nbert. and whether the growing
age of fanat6m has not driven him from his
,osition. This is right you should known. and
Without a distinct confirmatian, you might pru
lentlyWithold your votes from any canldidate.
)n the 10th of Febuary, of the present year,
i very respectful letter was addressed to. Gen.
-larrison frmm some gentlemen in Vikginaia.fn
rhich they propounded, among others the.e
* Is it constitutiona'. nnd it so. would it be
xpedient to abolish slavery in the District of
In the event of your election, should a bill
o abolish shivery in the District of Cc uabia
mass Congress would it resuive yoursanction"
Now these were very plain questions, easily
Inswered by an honest man who intends no im
'osition, and yet Gen Harrisoq refused. j
inswer. His friepds in the South iay say one
hing, and appeil to his spsech iride lt Via
ennes. while his friends in the nofi ulayilfWl'd
Ig states ki.ow another. How dif'ereuit hias
dr. Van Burei ated. On the 21st March. of
he present year, a letter from Virginia was
iddressed to him upon this subject, to which he
'eplies on the 27th of the same; '-1 have re
est-ed your letel of the 21st histi t. inid -a
mave no objection to say in reply, with the sen
iments expressed in my letter to Junius Aims
nd 6ti'eirs ni the 6th f Match 1836, and sub.
tantially repeated in my inaugural address are
iot oly still entertained by me. but have been
,reatly strengthennd by stibseqtesnt experience
Liad reflection." By this, we have renewed as
nrances of his determination to preserve in
riolate this species of our property. There is
its concealneut-there. is no eq'uivocation
out a sentiment candidly and fully expressed.
md uibish,-d to the world, I should feel . .y
ielf exceedingly humble4 If I vrere now to say
o the people of my stiste, that I oppoee Mr.
Van Buren for the vote instructing Rufus
Kin0!. or the vote changing tihe constitution of
NJew York, or the vote or restriction upon Flo
rida. No matter how objectionable these votes
[ and the party with which I acted, to say the
east of it. excured them then without any fa
able pledge from Mr. Van buren. Not an
'bjctiionable expresuin has fallen from his lips
ir pen since , upon this subject. and those re
pecated assurances in our favor; nid how could
.with any sort of consistency, assign. these
rotes as reasons for denouncing him now.
But there is other public evidence of his sincer
ty upon this subject. My fellow citizens will
remember, that a bill was intuoduced in the
Senate to prevent the transportation by mail
if aniti slavery; pamphlet., books, newspapers,
&c. &c. This bill camne before the Senate oin
he question. "'Shall this bill be engroesed.
and read a third time?" while Mr. Van Buren
vas,'Viee President..- Upqn this question the
Senate tied, 18 and 18 and th decision had to
eo mnade by Mr. Van Buren. He met it prompt.
y and voted foar its passage. We are treating
gentlemen from non slaveholding states with
ireat unfairness, when we abuse them, after
tvery demonstration they can make in our favor.
[ shlt have to lose nmy rqrd for virtue and
:onsistency, before I enlist in the crdside. But
strang as awe expressions, and so delusive as
ma been the conduct of Mr. Vajn Btnren, I
would not feel that the South would be jatst te~
icselftto yield inm her support, ifhe wascon~t
tag abolition votes at the expense of our right.
nd f his stpourters were affiliatinig with these
~anaticks. For this reason, the candidates for
President Mie the representatives of great prin
:i'les. which principles I must oftan under
itand from the z'eal asyl-haracter of their sup
?orters. On mnany, the tast~monv I may offr
nay have bitt shght effect, u'd with some none
it tall; but situated where I have been enabled to
weigh every circumstance with reasoneble im
partiality,1 feel its force. In all thie'mpt's to
prove flarrison no abolitionist, and that he
weatld r~ot get the suppoit of these faiaies, no
tue pretends to charge the fast tha't Mr. Van
B~uren stands any chance to ebtain them. They
letnouncie him in every print as #Ji slqre of
'Je mouth; that lia son has married the daugh
at of an extensive slave holder~and theg he is
i"northemmn with soihr yhs"
ut inropdseteoofarther. ak nOwspen..
derating- diference in favor of the northui.m s
Democrats, the supporters of Mr. V40 Burg !
In the last Congrens there were presented a
4,070 abolition petitions, eacJh petition varyld
as to the nutuber of petitioners they contained.
Of this large amount of petitioners brought n.
to Congress, williit not be some conseqence
lor you to know in what propottion-they were
presented by Whigs and Democrats? I have
aken tie paius to inform mysel& and the 1'anis
is that3,786of tha.Uumie'r ;Vetc~t, .4A
Whigs, and the remaining 393 by Demoerti
Will it not strike the mind of every man, a;
once, the immense disparity between them?
Another ingular fact is worthy of notice, tha'
in some of the states, and t mention especially
Now Hampshire, where the Democratic party
is strong. and where the whole representation
of the state is of that party, the representatives
refuse to present these petitions; and the aboli.
tionists from those plaes send them to their
friendsty coe from other states. Of she
4,097 pititiona.,pesented last Congress, the
Whigp presented n tates in which they did
not reside 1,317; the Democrats 7. 1 will not
enumerate the many1,votes given daritg the
several precedingsesuoys,all ofwhic wilb
the preponderating infiuene of the Wf s 1
favor of the Abolionists. I wifl .inb-at a i
votes only. By reference to tihe resolutions in.
troduced upon this suboct by Mr. Fnckneci
S.C. one of them will be found to read thods
"That, in the opinion of this House Congress
ought not to interfere. in any way, withslavery
in the District of Columbia." 'This resolution
passed by a vote of 163 yeas to47 nays .1 sug
pose you would consider this vote in the tspea%
tive some evidence that there were men in Con.
gross who felt that Congress ought to interiere
with slavery in the District? Of the 47 who
voted in the negative, 42 were Whig the re
maining five were Democrats Mr Patton, of
Virginia, under the instruction, it is said, of a
meeting of Southern members at thesucceeding
Congress, offered this resolution, viz:
-Resolved. That all petitions, memorials:-and
papers t ching the abolition of slavery, or
buyng sellitg. or transferring slaves .i ab
State. DistrictorTerritqry, of theUnited Stases
be laid upon the table without being debated;
printed, read or referred: and that no furthe&
action shall he had theri'on."
po'tie adoption ofthis resolution, the.eto
sands rded: veas 122. nays 74. Among
hose *'oting in tie affirn-ativefrom non-lave&
hold* 9i6ites,there were fifty one Democrati.
and but one Whig. Mr. Atherton (Democrat)
of New Hampshire, intrnduced resolutsiousons
of which wasthis:
"Resolved, That petitions for the abolition
dfslayry in the Distrietof Columbia and. that
Teruitorlie ohe United States.and against th
removal of slaves from one State to nnothe
are part of a plan ofoperations set on foot to
affect the institution of lavery in the several
States, and indirectly, to dmstroy that institutiun
within their limit*? . "
This resolution was offered by a Democrat
rom a non-.daveholding State. upon its pa*
sage, there sand.recorded-136 yeas, abd 66
nays. Of the 66 wLo voted in the negative,
were Whigs, 61 northern Whigs. His thid,
resolution upon the subject was this. -
."Reinlve, That Congress has no right to
do that indirectly which it cannot do directlv.'
In favor of this the yeas arel70 andnays'.0,
Evety an who voted in the negative was a
Whig. The fifth and lastresolution was divio
ded, and the vote demanded upon the first
branch, which reads tut.
"Resolved, That attempts on the part of
Congress to abolish slavery in the District of
Columbia, or the Territories, or to prohibit the
removal ofalaves from State to State, or to dis
criminate between tihe institutions omf one por
tion ofthe Confederacy and another. with the
views aforesaid. are in violation ofthe Constitu.
tion, destructive of the findamental principles
on which the union of these States rests, and
bevond the jurisdiction of Congress."
This branch of this resolution is as strong a
any tman from the South can ask; and
let it not be forgotten that it was introduced by
a northern Democrat. This passed bya vote of
146 yeas, to 62 nays. You will be glad toknow,
doubtless, who voted in the negative; I have
their names. Of the 52 thie * were 47 Whi
and but 5 Democrats. During the same ne
sion; the joui-nals show that Mr. Slade, a zeal.
ois Whig, and an equally zealous Abolitionist,
made a motion, "that tle rules in relation to
the order of business be suspended to enablo
him to move a resolution, which wasreadat the
Clerk's table, as follows:
"Whereas, there oxists, and is carried on;
between the ports in the Distiet of Columbia.
and other posts of the United states, and under
the sanction of-the laws thereot, a trade in hu
man beings. whereby thousands of them are
annually sold and transported from said District
to distant part of the country, in vessels belong
ing to the citizens of the United States, theme,
fore, to the end that all obstacles to. the en,,-id'
eration of thtissubject be remo'ved and arentedy
for the evil pedily pro'vided.
"Resolved, That so much of the fifth section
of the resoluttions on the stubicet of slaveryps
led by this Hlouse on thelf ilhand 12th of th'
present month, as relates to the removal oi*
Slaves from State to State, and prohibuts the
action of this Hlouse. and every vw'tition. "a..
morial, resolution or paper, touching the same,
be, andI hereby is, rescitnded."
The effort torepeal this part of the reioatio;
I deem a .ther quesion,. tdldulted to sh,.w
whisk par y leans to. and is sustained by the
Abolitionists. Upon this motion there stand,
recorded 56yeas and 147 nays. Of the56wh6
voted in favor of Mr. Siade's motion 63 were
Whigs, and but 3 Democrats.
The firaf montion made to introduce a petition
~ot rrtn sIasachtz
setts. This was tnet by southern gentlemeni,
among others Mr. Cave Johnson .rho moved
to lay the motion for reception on the table -a
if thus motion prevailed, you will perceive that
it was equivalent to the rejection. Thte vote
was taken upon this motion, which was carried
in theaffirmative by avote nf 365to 68. Of dre
68 votes given in the negative, 61. were north.
ern Whigs, I southern Whig, and thme temairy
nug 6 Democrats. In thus vote it was nat con
sidered tharthe ightof pamition was invlve&,
and nearly the wltnle Democratic party voted
with the South. When the vote wasafterwaalr.
taken to make it a rule of the House, that pno
petition upon the subject should li fteived,
tJaesgptitio was niarhuinglv en'orce&.
the northern Demoemmey voted with us to aiog
the rule. In this27 Demeeratswent farther lii