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"We will cling to she Pillars of the Temple of our Libertie, and if it must fall, we will Periah amidst the Ruins.
VOLUME V. iP f ioela Uwt House, s. c., August 6, 1S4:0. NO.27.
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Letter oJ R. M -F. T.UNs-TER. to his Con
stituents. Washington, June 29,
GP:.rLwF.Y: I have received several
letters frotit friends, who desire to know
my opinion upon the Presidential ques
tion, and ato inquire into the truth (if the
report that I shall not he a candidate Pir
re-election. As I have not time to reply
to these letters severally, I beg leave to
make a general and public response to
The relation I bear to you will justify
me. I trust, in hereafter addressinz vo
more at length upon the present state of
parties, and my course in regard to theta.
For the present. I must content myself
with a reply to the interrogatories pro
pounded to me as brief as is consistent
with a clear exposure of nv op:minions.
I have taken no part in tho Presidential
canvas-, because I do tnt approve of eiit
erof the candidates. I claimt to be a re
publecan oftheold Virginia school, and I do
not recognise either General H arrism or
Mtr. Van Buren as an exponent of its
No one supposes, I presume. that any
candidate who held the opittions of either
of them, could stand a three days' caivasl
for Congress it any republican district in
Virginia. I understand booth a having
approved the Proclamation and Fotce
bill. I believe boilt to be in favor efn
protectise Tariff. General Hlarrison sut
ported this poliey itn resolutions introduced
into the Ohio L'edisiire, and itt pulic
derlarationt: and Mr. Van Buren voted
not only for the Tariffol1828. whei lie was
instrucied. but also for that of 1824, when
he was inder no snch oldigrtion.
BothIt are committed I t hintk, to the
power or the Gen-ieral Government over
the subject of Iuterinal Itmpr.venmet but
Genteral Harrison the more deeply of the
two lie I believe, voted for the systeim
in all of its Ibriws: anl. althoineh MV r. Vat.
Buren oflten voted against such measures
in the Senate, yet le did tnot always do
so: and lie has signed bills as Presidet,.
which. i my opitnon, involve tihe princi
ple. Such are the Cumberland Ioad hill,
and the Harbor bill of 1838.
I refer here not otily to the general poli
cv of the latter bill. hut to particuilar
items which it contaitns. In ite general
bearinig it is liable. I bielieve, to all thle oh
jertieons which apply to any other systemt
of I nterntal Itiprovemnentts. If ws haive
the pouter to construct hairbors for coti
miercial, or ier other than natval pulrpoeses,
I do ntot see why we mxay tnot maake roads
and canials also.
Bitt i hes bill conmtained an item for the
imtepro etment eef the II tndsen ri' er abimve
ande belowv the poert oef Albatny. Now, this
would he emblracedl even within the linmi
ted negative phuieed n pon the syseem in thme
MIaysville veto, if I unaderstantd the printci
ple of t he Mlessnge.
Uponi the Currency questiotn, however,
there is a mtarked diflereice in their opin-.
ions. Genieral [Harrisoen will si::n a: bill
for a United States Banik, shou~tld Coni
gress pass it; wheilst Mr. Van Butrene wetld
not only veto such at charter, bitt advo
cates what is commnonly known asm the
Sub-Treasury system. .It my be ask
ed, Why, then, will you not vote for
him, as he acrees "ith yott ott that im-i
potant measure? In a fisenl poinit ofC
view, no onec desires n.ore earnesty thant
tnyself an entire septarattion between ti
Gotvetnmtent ande banks of issue. Neer,
when viewed io its peolitical asptect, am I
behinde any itn lie wish to divorce the pow
er of thme banks fr-omt the patronage oif tIs
Government. Bi what avails the Sub.
Tr~ieasury, in this lamier pocint of view, if
we are to subljeet the State beanks to the
conitrol of this Governmettt, under the
fhrmt of a batik law-eundereds ofl Statte
banks woutled thus he plaedt under the
power of the General Gorvernmttetnt, and. itn
certain coat ingetncies, lun tdreds ofmnillions
in money wuld be admiiiniste-red bey feder
al agents. What sort oef divorce is that
which makes the State beanks depenedent
upton thins Government for their very ex
istenice, and which subject them to its reg
And vet the President recommendred, in
1S3,/ utnnifrrr law- neeniner hnntiren
cien of corporations and other bankers,
"I hrough whose instrumentality a saluta
rv cheek might he imposed upon the is
supe of paper money-"
I never entertainel a doubt of she dan
gerons tendency of such tin attempt tu
transfer the reg'ulation of the i-sues of the
State banks to thia Government. from the
day the reeommendation was made. But,
with great deference o the opinioins of the
President and other high anthorities. I
thought the nropositinf so extravagant that
there conld lie no dinger of it, adoption,
and that lie himiself wo upl. pon "a shet
second ihougjh,."reject it Bit recent events
have admonished me that it may become
a meaqure or serious and dangerous im*
mi nene-v. There is a not her question. how
ever, co'nnected wio h the currencv, eif more
danger in my opinion: I mean the Usited
Stntee Rank~. A bankrstpt lan% might hei
rrtienled: hut 'i( charter of a bank Must
continue througliout the periodi prescribed
for its existence.
The banking system wouli be thus re
orateized with t power vhich it would lie
almonst vain to resist. For this reasoit I
shold vote for Mlr. Van Buren, if I voted
at all. but I eanminot consent to vote for either.
I will not indulge thesaldow ofra prefer
ence, and thnie disarmn nyselfefr :ll pow.
er to ompose him hereafter upon great and
fit 'nmental qnestions- qiestions of the
nmot vital interest to you and to tne.
What right sho hil I have hereafter to op
pose either of these candidates who might
he elected in part by my vote, if lie were
to proposie to reinstitute the tariff or advo
cated n svstem of internal improvement?
If 1 befieved that their principles au
thorized sich a course when I voted for
them, could I complain if they afterwards
pursued it? It is in vain to say that I
shsosuld he excusied for opposing them by
alleging th:it I voted in the alternative of
evils, Mv vote, with a previous know
ledge of their opinions, would disarm me
f all moral power in opposition. Who
note talks to the people of this electiot as
a choice between evils? The friends of
each candidate represent him as faultle s
to their constituents, and they will h
rharged bv theim nith desertion if they
hoin'd oppoSe their man for doing, after
he election what they knew lie had done
For one. I am not prepared to take the
-espontihilityr or the frure acts of either of
hem, nor am I willing to inde ititmself
vith either. We belong to different schiool
n poliuics: I am a strict constructionisi. aind
hey. na T believe, are latitutdi. nrians
lr. Van Buren heing rather the least so of
he two. Neither of the candidates, I sts
let. would thank me for identifvin then.
with 'he States right creed: for neiher
"eold be ele-ted if he field it. 1 k no"
hat there are repbtilicans n ho would pasc
nteter as stich with the straitrst of it
wets in Virgintin. nod n ho think dili'erent
l-sote .electiiig ite one. anld somte
-hoosing ie oither. Those i ho ente'rinitt
neh opinions are jmstified in votiig ne
ording te their l)tiitical preferences. I
zpe .k not of n hat shosii he the course of
thers: I am only giving the reasons which
will govern my own.
It is known to yio n tht I have general
ly acted with thise Of the States right par
y, who oppoSed General Jackson :tfter the
Proclamatiion. I was with them in the
gloomiest period of their poliiical depress
ion, and if they had made no mere per
onal issues, or if they had made these i
stes upon men of their own way ofr hink
ing. I should lie with them now. But, if
the vote for the Prsidency is to he made
the test of political fellowship, atn if(Gen.
Harrison is to he their candidate, I mit-t
submit to the destiny which divides us. I
know of no question on which the Sintes
righs party have divided from the latittdi
narian %-chotol upjon which G;eneral [Ilarri
soms has been i' it h us. Thtere may have
beens such instancies, lbst I know of i'tne
I speaik nton ofsimeasures, I know notiig
of his vote as to men.
I mysaelf have never cotnsidered the vote
et n en mien as con-t'inting a iruie test of
psam uy tn-emsberseip. I have alwvays theiught
that a tman shouldl carry ouit hsis princitple,
withouest referencie ins ilisie with wihom he
tny lie thirown- n i hi< or thasjctquesin.
never ask ai candidate foir whom Ihe hns vo
ted; I onily dlesire to know what priniciples
he w-ill pturstse, atnd if he wiill atdhtre so
thesi in he-lite even of party anatchmtenst,
I like him i tie biener for it.
In these opinieoe, heowever, I staind per
hapis queite aloneis. It is n it lto be c miseali
eel, thns the P'reside-ntial qtiestion is tihe
Ataront's rodi wstich swalluows up atll others.
Parties divide upon it. The Amnericane
peopijle generally, and pierLaps yotu your
selves, regard is ass the great anid dlistitnctive
qtestion, antd, like youtr fellowv-cit izenms,
wvill expect yior Represetntative to take
part itn she contest. If either candlidate
repriesentetd otur piniciple's, I shtoiuld be as
active in the canvss as aniy. But uponi
this present occasion. I hav e thle mtisfur
tune so dhIrler with both parties, andI tuneder
these circumtsstce s I hiell that I conlel not
in justice to eister tll'er myself as its enn
didabte. This must lhe the nneswer to the
questitin as tee my lherinsg feor re-electioin.
It woald the injustice boeths in you and smy
self if I were to sdo so. It woutnld he ttnjtist
toi yoti so tak' smy ssame the- obstacle tos a
fair r-ace be-tw've thle parties, wh lens each
of them willesire oine wheo cani represett
hem, nt tinyI ini plin cipIle bu1 1in their
party sympaltithiss andI attachmietnts.
it wotuld be ujtust to my oswn charn-a
ter to oflfer again alter pursuing the couirse
which I shall take
Tf I were to do so, I should subject my
self to the suspicion of tiimming between
the two parties, known to be nearly divi.
- ded in the district which I have the hnno
to represent. As my own conscience ac
quits nie or such a motive, I must so regu
late my conduct as to give no coutilenanel
to the suspicion. This I can only do b
abandoning all claims (if any I have) Ii
public lire. In this I claim no credit fo
any sacrifice, as in truth, I make none it
abandoning whatever political prospects
may have had. I s;hould never come her
to serve myself, and I could not think o
offering to serve you unless I believed tha
I could do it to your satisfaction.
I hope my motive in thns abandonin:
all clairis to your public trusts will not h
misuiderstood. There is no man wh<
values your approbation more than I do
none I trust can be more crateful ihin I
am for the confidence with which you hav
hoiored me. and no one, I nin sure, couk
seek more studiousiv than I do to c;arr2
nuo. as ; Representriive, your wishes unt,
oinions. But you must remember thal
it is my own private vote non which ti
dilferetice helween us arises. atid I musi
lispose of that ureording to the obligationi
fir my conscience, and not of vour.. hr
;ac;ing a.cording to my sense o( dity in
thik particlar. I am placed in a position
in which I have to choose I)eineen my
laims to your public i trusts and your con
fiience in my private honor; of the two. I
prefer the laitter. If it were in my powe
to be re-elected, I could not return under
the pledge to represent your principles,
and at the same time support either hiar
rion or Van Buren: for, in my opinion,
if I were to do the one, I should he likely
to fail in the other. It wrould be n rong,
tlierel'ore, for tne to promise what I lieliev
el it impo-sible to perform. ildeed, I
have doubted whether it was not my hity
to resign as soon as this session shall Icle;
bit. upon refleetion. it seemed in tme iint
I had no right to throw the trouble of an
electim npon you, uiless you yourselve,
,hould intimate a wish for me to vacaite
ihe place. Upon such an intimation, I
shoild, of course. hold myself realy to re
.;ign; but if, on the other hand. yot should
deire my st vices during the residaie (if
the erm, I shall endeavor to represenlt yn
tiring that perind to the best of tiy abihi
lies, and according in the pledges which I
gave at the time fif my eleerinu.
In conchision; if I might he perniltied
to ofer a friendly warning, I would say to
vott that I fear vou will he disappaointed if
yonu hote to refori thit Government thro'
ihe Presidential election. The refirm
which you seek mnttr he found in those
who have the power to lay lares and up
propriatc maoney. For this yo imist rely
u1pon ynorselves, i pon ynur Represent.
'ivee, upon the power of truth and its le
iiimate iifluence throtugh the halls of le
ichatioi iiion the American peotle. The
eret leain of a President in this or that
way, will avail you nothing. You must
1ut your triusi in yourelves and .our ownt
. xertione. But as I shall prolIly al
Irete yo herenfter at imore length ipnti
this topie, I will now ennelude with asen
rinees of my gratittirle for ynr kindess
in me, antid of my best wis beat for your fit.
ture prosperity. With !rema respect,
I am your obedlieit serv-mnt,
R.. ill T. HUNTE R.
W.ASHINGTON. June 29. 1840.
MORP, E 1'EATI'NS FOR THE
The optosiin are very ait to raise
ntiestions hnving no ennnection with the
present state of thine.. hint are never
prompt in reply-ig n those which have
reference to the important neasuires if re
form advo-aed hv the democratic party.
We put a fev questions to them a shor
time. ago. illuttrative of the fatal nr.d ie
moralizing eTherts of a redundait paper
enarrency ;hint t hey have kent proufundtlyv
<ilent, fearftul that ant attempt even wonld
lead some of their heniohted piartisansq to
snspect their honeety andl intelligenre.
hlere ire snimetre, predicnted noonf in
dlispitabile fincts, to wvhiich we enll the es..
oeita atteantionl oft thinking tmen of btoth
Why was the paper monev of Russia
75 per cetnt. below par itn 1811. tnot with
statnditng the tr-emendoats tbower of th-u
overnritient was exerciel to prevent it?
Wa- it because it wvas made a legal tetn
What oecasiined great lneses. emht-t
ratsmenlts, and dlistress in Rnssia itt 1811.
whetn her enrrency aitouanteid to 577 nill
ions of paper rotihiles? Could it have
b'eeni a "specie httmbugt ?"
W hat eaused th piaper money of Swe
detn to he at one timea 96 tier cent. below
par-her people famnishied for fiiiti-nnul
her governimenut at length compelled to
borrow from ".epecie cenrreucy" H olland,
to prevent its utter destruetion ? Might it
niot have beeni gaused by the Bank of
Stockholm isintg 48 mnillionts of paper
ronhles. tinder the influence of the "gui
riones credit system ?"1
Why was the paper money of Denmark
so depresserd in 18'13, that it requtiredl eigh
teeti shillings of paper to purchase onec oh
silver ?-Was it General Jackson's fiuit.
or that of the "G real Regutlator," rhe Roy
al Batnk oafCopenihagen ?
The paper money of Austria. in 1810,
was so dleprecited, that otne florini of sil
ver wuald exchanage for thirteen of paper.
Did not thenver-issue of the Bank of Vi
etnnt -the National Bantk-cause this de
p)reciation? It could not have been the
Why has the paper money of Italy sel
dlomr heen at a less discotnut than 25 per
centi.? It might lie, for that paper posses
ses no inistrinlsie value. What say the
The vales of Spain. in 1800. Wsre nt a
r discount of75 per cent., and the most dir
fud consequence attended this depreciati
or ihe currency. Wonder if the loco foci
were the eause or it ?
In 1717, '18, '19, France was recepi
cle for the prodnets of all other countrie
her people were a set of gamblers au
speculators; luxury, extravagance, and in
morality were the order of the day; and i
1720 het commerce, manufactures, ani
r indeed every element of her prosperit
were utterly prostrate; her government i
debt five hundred millions, anid an equi
a mount of.peere driven out of her contiori
What caused this stare of things? WVas
the fact that her "Great Regulator" issue
two ihousand six hundred and ninety-si
millions of paper livres,-or was it oces
sioned by the democrats of that dity?
Whvy la Franne now abolished all bant
notes up to 894! Does it not arise froi
the experience derived from her previoI
The noes of the Bank of England i
1814. were 25 per cent. below par. Yt
this is just such an "institution" as th
British wlig'i say is demandedt by the "liu
sines., communily." The reasons, Mon
siemr Whliegis, for this depreciation?
Was it tIm "removul of the deposites?"
Why fid not the liBank of Enghtimd reg
ulate time commereina r;nemenis wltic
took place int Eneland diuring the year
1783, '97, 1816. '18, '25. awd '39! Som
of1 those periods vtve rise to a universalit
odlistress which hind never been eqgollie
but which gsenerallv follow when the b.nil
expands its papereirenlation.
rhese qiestiots. embodying a- we sai
herore, indisputablle faets, showing till
delerious etfl-cts of paper curreney. Th
perpetuation of our present paper mon
ev system in the granid object of the lrit
ish interests in this countrv. If, therefore
the "whigs" can make inanifest its ad
v.mtages. we desire that they do it at thI)
same -ime they reply to the questions we
h:ive put to thent. We deem it, howev
er, a very diftielt job. and one requirin:
more ingenuitv than we are willing to ad
mit is possessed by their wholepirty.
From the F71ra Globe.
We have, as vet, no oler to publist
Gen. lHarrison's'letter to Mr. Evans, to ie
accompnined by that to Mr. Lyons. 1
would eemn that the tmanagersof the Gen
-eral's nt'irN era ro.olved thnt whait he bn
said for the private eye of the A holitionist:
shalt not see the %iht. w hite renewed or
t'orts are mantle to satisfy the S-1tit1h that It
is not an Aholitionims. After long seamrch
it anpeair that Mr. lBerrin.of G--ortia. ha
fountd an old letter of the Gene-ral, whiel
is now repilishedl for ih- iformation t
the Northerti people. It is in the follow
ing terms: viz.
Copy of a letter from Gen. Harrison to J
MV. Berrin. Enquire.
rAR N:w LAsCASTER, Nov. 4. 1.36.
My Dear Sir: This is the first dav o
leisure that I have h1d since I had ri
liior to receive vanr letter of the 300t
September, and J avail myself of it te
answer the ihree qiestion you propose if
tme, and whic'h are in the following woutd
Ist. "Can the Congress of the Unite#
Statts. cotnsistentlv wit ih mite Constittion
ntolish sl.iverv either in fite States or it
time District of Columbia?"
2d. -'Do not good faith and the pence
and harmonyof the Union require that ti
net for the eomproinie of the taritl. com.
monlv known as Mr. Clav's hill, shoulh
be carried out according to its spirit an
34. "Is the principle proclaimerl by thf
lomitiant party, that -lie spoils beloaing
to the virtors,' consistent with an hones
antd patriot administration of te aflice o
President of the United States?"
I p'roceed to aniswer the qitestiOnts in the
order they are piroposedl.
1st. I do not think that Congress car
aboil sht, or ini atty way interfere with, sI.a
very, a< itexietw in the States, but upoti
lhe aplicaition oif the Sin;t's, nor abholidt
s nzver'v in the Distrie'r of Colubinii, w ibh
out the 'onisenlt of the States of Viru.inir
andii Marylandt, aned the people of the Di+.
trio!. The first wouild tie, in my opinion
a pniIpale violait ion of the Const ttit ion
anil the banter a hirench offaiit h towanils he
St-mtes I hatve tmentionetd, who wouildl eer
taitnly not have mtade thecession, if the.,
bh suppmtti.edI that it w'onl ever lie nee
for a purpose sit difl'erentt fromt that whief
wsas its object, and so injurions to thetm a:
t he loicationi of a free colored poptilatiot
in ihe mtidst of their slave populatiotn a
the samne descripmion. Nor' do I tbelieve
C~onigress conl depriv'e the people of tht
District of Ctlutmbia of their property
witlibout their consent. It would he revi
vinig the doctrine of the tories ofGt'ea
IBritain in relationi to the powers of Par
liamtemu over the Coloinies before the Rev
olutiontry wvar, anid in direct hostility I<
the principle advnu ii by Lord Chathamn
that what wa's' mint's own w as absolute?'
and cecusively his own, and could not hb
maketi fromt him, without his consent, civei
by hitmself or his legal representative."
2d. Good fatith antd the peace and bar
motny ol' t he Untion do, in my opinlion, re
qutire that the comnpromtise of the tariff
kntown as Mr. Clay's hill, qitoui lhe car
ried out according 'to its spirit anid inten
3d!. I am decidedly of opinion that tht
power' of npptoint ment to office, vested it
the Executive of the Utnited States by thi
Consititiot, should be used with a sin
gle eye to the pulic adyantage, and no
to promote the interests of a party: indent
that the President of the United States
shnnld belomr to no party.
You are at liberty to use this letter for
in any purpose you may think proper.
is I am, dear sir, with great regard and
considerntion, your humble s-rvant.
a W. I1. HARRISON.
s; Now, the General's letter to Mr. Evans
d is something more than two years later
i- in date, and is more likely to indicate his
n latest opinions.
d Ii this letter be understood as conveying
y his present opinions, how is it that J. C.
n C lark, Truman Smith, Leverett Salton
Il stall, Wim. Slade, and all the band of
r! pledged Abolitionists in Congress. give
it him their support? They all, as one
il miao, have pledged themselves to promote
x the abolition of slavery in the Distriet of
Columbia, which, int his letter of 1836, t
General Harrison says they have no right
k to do. If they he honest, how can they
i support him. nuless he has given some pri.
s yate pledge inconsistent with this letter. r
From ie Globe.
WHjtJG ABoLITIoN.-It is known that i
Southern Whi!s viewed the electimn of' F
Governor Seward as a great triumph, and I
.sill act cordially with his supporters.- 1
- Ilow reasonable alnd patriotic is their sym
patlhy, apliars from the tullowing extract
from the Abolitiotnist in Tennessee, put)
lished in the last Enianipator:
"I have bren inuch gratified with theform- 1
ness of Judge Srward. Such dignified
E.recutives will do much to check the ti.Nso
LiF.T DEMAYDS of the Southern slacehold
Tite Whiig party of New York. would 1
I deprive the South of the means of recov- e
erittg their fugitive slaves, on the groound s
that they are not property, as suggested iv I
Governor Sen ard. Goverior Campbell. Is
of Virginia, in his correspondence with e
Seward. nieglected to press hin on this is. U
site, est the deludel opposirion in the P
Sotith should take the alart. Thus a i
areat priciple hits been yielded. or not in- I
sised upon, for a dishonest parts object. a
ihe most important righis of the South a
are held subordinate to the petty oljects or t
or faction. 1f'slaves are not property,there 11
i ti secrity inl their poss;ession. Yet It
the Sutthern Vl-ig lealders, who make h
ucli a hypocritical outcry about the looe f'
case. are anxiot for the re-eletion of Se- V
ward. What lttseuess! what delusion! "'
what treachery ! i
Prom the Daily Telegraph. j(
l1.Att Ltau-r. G. M. Ho0 uttIsMF.LF.
rhis :;entem en's ea'e his been qtitite a
-wiimfall" fl'r the Southern Hi rrisonites
- hey will fttmd it yet n "mare's nest."
The RIichmond E-qtgirer savt':
"Ve tm-rstand that ha:nidhills have
[een cirettated itt variott< aris or thi
State, alleiing that L.ient. Hoohad beenr
dlistissted from tie Florida station, (in the i.
iViltnce of two ne-roce. This is I';alse., t
and the Exetive Comm ttt ittee ktnow it to
me sto. L.ieutiantt lnoe. whom is an honora
ble ti it avs otherwisn mt a coi:m tmien
tion lie hmte.y mnie to the Frederick-burn
\rtena. Hear him nail this wilf'ul "it
base falsehol t) the contier. liiionever
he mnv have peritiirel his fielings to he
excitel ont this stlject. he is incapable of
"in conclulsion,, having been asked verv
oftet by frietils, acquaintances and stran
vers, concernitig the evideice given by tle
ntegroo's against me beore the court rita,
tial. I %%ill here tnke occstion to sav, that
at was not tle testimony iven ly the ne
roes thait I cotplained of, hlt the fact
that they were allowed to appear and tes 04
tify at all."
Again lie says-'It is the principle I at
eie aniist, and not the testimony of the
We agree with Liet. Hone; the prin
ciple is a had tie t the President of'
the Utait i! States catnnot alter the /uaw-he
has to execatte it. We will suplpose the
testimonty of'the negroes had biteen in favor
oft thi atccused. What t hen! The t"whiis"
wonld have remin ted as mum as their cant
idalste oni the subject. When the Demo
cratic nmetmbers of' Congress. moved to re
ler the suitject- to the Judiciarv, ithat the t
ridionis rule shoulid lie alteredl, why did not
the "mWhiigs" show their since'riiv. anti
vote to chantige it. No-nio. MtIr.' S hue t
oaf Vertmotta, J. Q. Aittams, anid all the alt
oli'iiiss won'd lie aille'ndedl! And thhn<
tim trtuc'kle fr atnd obtain abholition votes.
they are wvillinig tim sner'ific'e principtle.
Sneh forms the mat:erial of the liarrison ~
patyt. Will Siuthtertt men stupport such
a vacillating cr'ew? Weo trust niot.
From the Pendleton M'essenger.
Mr. Van, Bur'en is held up to odium at ~
the South hmy those opposed to his re-elee- ~
tion, oin atcroit or his vule for the tarifT'in h
'28, for whieb Geni. Harrisont voted alst.
We do not def'end Mr. Van Burent's vote
oti that occasion itlthotugh it w'as given unt- I
der instrtictions. But tf' it was wronig ttn
him, it was dioubly so in the Genteral who
had no instrutctions at all. Helre is the
testimony of a liarrisotn man wvho is now
electione'ering for his candidate in a mano.
fatrn district. Air. Aundrew Stewart
fotrmerly a leadling tarihT meomer of' Coni-d
gress, Ilately nmade ai speech at WVaynes
burg, Pennusylvania, in-whlich lie said,
".\1r. Van Buren has always voted a
gatnst us oin the Tat'if, (except in 1828 ~
when he voted under instructiotns.) on the a
other hand Harrison has always voted for
it, andl hasalways been its wvarm and de
cided advocate. Turn them (the Admin
istration party) out amnd put in better,-re
store the TarifT, .mdl thereby replenish your
treasury, and transf'er the burden of' the'
I pttblic improvements from the State to the l
M~r. sitewnrt dlid note-akte wthou,, j,
knowledge. The New England papers
are now republishing a series of letters ad
Iressed in 1831 by Gen. Harrison to J. C.
Calhoun, the objectofwhich was to con
vert hitt from his opposition to the iariW!
And in 1819, when tie public deit was
shout 90 millions, Harrison, iu the Senate
if Ohio, introduced, advocated, and voted
ror the following resolution:
Resolved, That in the present state of
pecuniary embarrassment amnongst the
eople, it is unwise and impolitic for the
biovernmient to pay ol the public debt
ilore rnpidly than the obligatione it may
inte come under to its creditors may re
]uire, and that any surplus in the Treasu
y would be more usefully employed ii
he internal improvement of the country
iv roads and canals, and the support and
nicouragement of domestic innnufictures.
Add to these the declaration, which we
ecently quoted of the Boston Courier, a
larrison and tariff paper, that it did not
6now a single administration Journal which
ow advocats the protective systen, and it
roves by the testimony of those opposed
a the ndministration, iat Harrisou's is
Extraordinary Discovery ofan Ancient
rinting Press 'in India.-When Warren
lastiiw was Go% ernor General of India,
e observed that in the district or Blnares,
little below the surface of the earth, is to
'e found a stratum of a kind of fibrous
moden substance, of various thicknesses,
i horizontal layers. Major Roebuck, in
irtmed of ihis, went out to a spot w%-here an
xcavation had been made, displaying this
i gular phenomenon. In digging some
hat deeper for the purpose of further
march, they laid open a vault, which soon
xaminaiion proved to beofsome size, and
>their astotishment. they found a kind of
rinting press, set up in the vault, and on
uoveable types, placed as if ready for
rintiun,-Every inqtiry was set on foot to
certain the probable period at which sch
n instrurnet could have been placed
iere. for it was evidently not of modern
rigin, and from all the Major cotuld col.
ci, if appeared probable ihnt tite place
ad remained in the state in which it was
und1)(I for at least one thousand years.
Ve believe, the northy Major on his return
1 England, presented one of the learned
4sociations with a mcnmnir conitaining
salty curious spectlations on tile sub
ct. Paper we know to have h-en
annfactured in the East many centuries
efotre we had any knowledge of itt and
e have many reasons in think that the
'hinese have been acquaited with the
inde of printing thev tnow employ many
enuries before Faust invented it it Eu
ope. h1 certainly dotes no credit to the
vewnive geniusof the Romans, to know
al th. yapproached so near as to engrave
1a st le not to lie equalled in the present
g, on gems and stones, and of course
ietaking of impresses from them, that
e*v should still have remained ignotant
f the are which has bestowed so many
Charity Rewrarded.-During ihe gener
I miassacre of the French in Spain, one
I. Pierre Bergiere possessed a large for
ne inl Vnlencia, and was remarkable
ir his singularcharity. It was not enough
r himt) to assist the poor, the sick, and the
risoner, wit, continued alms, he visited
em and ministered to their wants him
-If in the sick roont and inl the dungcon.
et his well known virtues did not exempt
im from the general proscription of his
mnttrymen, and he, too, having been con
ssed and absolved, was thrust out to the
terutioners. The wretch who was about
strike him was one whom he had fre
ently relieved in prison,and,npon recog.
sing him, withheld his arm calling. how
er, to mind, that Bergiere was a French
an, he raised it again but his heart again
note hitm, and saying, "Art thou a devil,
ea saint, that I cannot kiill thee." lie pul
di him thtough the crowd, and made
ay for his esca pe.
LoutsIAN.-The latest intelligence of
e result of the election in the :3ddistrict,
contained in the following article form
e N. 0. Courier.
"A letter has been received from Major
ownes, wvhich estimates at 200 Mr.
gint's majority in the parishes on the
uachita river. Another Senator, no'v
Itownt. says he saw printed returns on
ntttrday last, which gave Mr. WVinn a
ajority of 187 in the parish of Claiborne,
i in the parish of Union and 62 in Caddo.
Il1 this confirms us in the belief that Mir.
Vinn hats beetn elected to represent the
I district in Congress. T~he calculatiotns
tde by the WVhig press here, and proba
ly got up to infiuence the August elecairons
Indiana and Alabama-are not entitted
Sany credit. We trust no Democrat will
IPantof Forelhought.-A black snake,
hic~h had discovered the nest of a w o'ul
ecker, climbed up the tree, and ptting
is head into the hole, swallowed the wood
ecker. Alas! when lie would have with.
rawn, he found his throat so mutch distet;
ed by his supper that he could not g,
ak, and no he died with his length expo
ed dangling from the woodpecker's holh-,
dmonition to all who passed by. not to mr
ito a scrape until they had contrived how
icy could get out of it.
HONEsTY-The more honesty a man
as, the less he efects the air of a Saint:
i afection of sanctity is a blotch on the
tre of piety.-[LaVater.j
The beet way to humble a proud muan
to take no notice of him.