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From the Soumtern Crisis.
MR. VAN BUREN-IJIS VOTES AND
We continue a brief view of the political
history of our distin.gnished Chief Magistrate.
We have seen lhm ump to tihe concliusiona of tihe
war. to have been naot only its ardent supporter
romt tihe coimimiencetent to its !!lorionq tvrmm
utioni, blit to have been i-ivariab:y chosena by
the Se-nnte of Ne w York, as its war Spcakcr omn
all occasions where it was necessary.
We have seen him, the" active snpporter of
Jeffe'tsou am of the Jelrerson Party, in Nen.
York-and an active and decided opponent or
the tCnited States Baik. Let its now notice
his course after the war. lit February, 1815.
the State showed itself gratettil for the servie-es
already rendered to the country by Mr. Vian
Buren, by siecting him Aitorney General ol
State. Tht Legisture, during tihe sane ses
sion, elected hint Regent of the University of
In 1816. a still further degree of confidence
was repoised in him !.y ihis constituents, by re
electine him to the Senate of the Sta'e.
Ot tie 16th Anril, 1816. 31r. Van Bnrem
moved a further apprpriation by the State for
accurate survers ant estiates in relation to
the great Erie Canal. which was adopted.
On the I Ith of April of 1817, the hill to coni.
mence this work caine up and received his
cordial aud able support. Mr. Clinton. its
projector. publicly thanked himim in the mn-'st
flattering terms. Ttis great scheme of internmal
State improvenments was mucli indebted to
Van Buren for its coinplete success.
In March, 1S1ti, DeWit Cliiiton was nomi
iated by the RepiMicani Conveition for Goy.
ernoir. Martin Van Buren acquieswel in it,
thoumigh individatly opposed to the niomination'.
During this admmitnistration, Mr. Clinttona's
coirse was such as tip split the Party-M r. Vanl
Buren beint at the head of time opposition.
On this accouint Mr. Clint'on had him r: noved
from tihe ollice of Attornaev General This viin.
lent ant made Mr. Van Buren tihe more dear
to that part of Republican Party who were op
posed to Clinton.
At the close of Clintan's termi of service. time
veteran patriot and leader of'the War party, D.
D. Tmpkins, was tiominated Ior Governor
by the Van Bnren party Clinton, however.
was elected by about 15.000 imajority ont of
94,000 voes. 'At his flormnirelectioi. the whol
unner of votes against himi were only 1,500!
The Legislature. however, were thoroigh ite
ptblican. ani re-appointed \1 r. Van Buren At
torn--y Geieral. ilie delited. however. to ac
c. pt of it. Te ctet between thiee distin
gnihied mii. Clinton and Van Biren, was
carried onl for vears. Twice was Clintonm dii
vein intmo retii einent; ati twice was Van Bnren
removed froimn office. Yet have bothi of these
st.itesmenm, in 'ublic amid it' private. borne testi
tmany to the "tupri*ghtne'ss and honesty of his
rival." Speakiig of these contests, alter Clin
ton's death. and when miet. a aa memmher of the
New York delegation in Congress to d, plore
Clinton's4 death. Mr. Van Buren eloquently
and fi-elinv oibserved:
"Bit in other respecs it is iow inimnaterial
what was the, character oif these collisions.
They have been turinted to nothing. ani
less than nothinig by tie event we deplore,
and I doubt nottihat we will. with one voice aid
one heart. yield to his memory time well deserv.
ed tribute of our respect for his namii-, and muir
warmtest gratitude for his great and signal ser
vices. For imiyself. sir. se strong, so saicer'.,
and so engrossnin is that feelina. that I. who
whil., livimig never envied him an thint. i"w
that lie hams fIlleni aim greatily temopted to enivy
him his !!rave with his honors."
Ther' are seme will cannot appreciate the
higi-t-ned genteirostity ofthe above reinarks
who term time teams. lied over a ntole rival's
grave. as -crocidile tears," atmd w; o mi he
amine spirit, pervert all the aclions of Van Bm
ren. If le votes agai:s' poputilar caimur. it is
said lie was ignorant of what the popular w il
1,as. If lie votes. as popular will r'ei res, it
is said. "see how lie trims his sail to the
breeze'" . .
We now w'il notice two events ini an Bi
ren's life which have drawn upon hin thie ar
tillerv of his oppo'eits.
One is his support of Rufus King for the
United States Senate. lin 18h9. owinig to the
course pursued by Clinton. asi has been beijire
observed. there w'ere three parties inl the Legs
laumr' of New York. There was one larty.
headed bmy Van Butrenm, compiosed entir-ly of
Re p mbicans-aniothier comiposed of a pomrtiion
of thse Federalists-anmd a thmiru, hecaded by Chin
ton, commposed of Replmiicanis and F'edleralists.
In this state of thinmgs a haliottintg for U-:ted
States Senator took place- enmcer. a relative
of Clinton, amid receivinig his sup iport, tiad 61
votes-Younimg, the lepuibbiean caindidate',
friendly to Monroe's admiinis'tianm, land 56
votes-Kitng. thme Federal candidate, hadl 38
votes The consequtence was that there was nao
election that sessionm.
M r King helped to ('rame ouar Constitut ion
had beeni a mister to lingtand apipomied by
General Wf as/dngton, amid kept there un ader ,Jef
ferson's admiinistrattioni, hamd been mone tof die
most influential and zealous sup porters of time
war Governor Topkins, aiim of tihe war ad
minmistiationi umnder Madisona hamd deserted his
party amid joinemd the ttepumblicans in suistainiig
thme country against Greamt B~ritaim, and was ini
timefulliconfidence ofMmunrm'e, thme Presidenmi.
Inm this state of' thinmgs, aimd wvith these views.
Mlr. Van Bure-n gave im has siupport, amid im
Fehruary, 1820. lie was electedt uneaneously b y
time Setate, with bitt tharcee vomtesagaminst him im
time tower hiomue! Such were the reatsomns set
forth. in a pampi~hlet. lir, smppotmatg Mr. King.
before hame e~eton, bs Van. Bure', anmd sucht
the powerfuleffci~t oei'that appeal
In relation to his comaniectuton with thme Misto
hi questiOn, w.e uresemat the toitowmia berwiac
coumnt of time imatier as far as tie was cmmncernied.
In time early part of 1.a0, a pubbme mteetinr
was held itt Albany, tea this qumestiona. Van
Buren was not there. "Thiemre omily step takemn
att that tmeetine, wvas to appmuot a coinmititee to
call a more remneral conivemntion of time citizems."
Van Burenm's namte wams puit on that coifmutee.
Hie afmerwairds gave his pmernion~ii to retam it
th.' re. The Coniven'itimtm tinet at Athany. Van
Bm'ren was absent mn professional bismness.
,.usolutiionts were there passed, and a comnnit
tee appointed to nmemoerializ~e Congress. ani
Butremn's name was placed ott this conimttee:
"Hec decdiened sintgmg the memornal, or co-operat
ing with the comnouttee, as hie disapproved of
time sentimentis it containted," timd had never
iuvet anty, thme least. authority to any~ onme to put
his name on the conmmittce. lie publicly said
that his namne beinag used to cali a mconventioni,
did not obligate hiim to sign or approved of'
whiatever thtatconventtien mnighit do. Gomvernomr
Clinton. whmoun Van Burenm had been opposinig
for four years. recoummemnded anm expression of
time opinion of time Legislature mf New York otn
this question; and int accordanice therewith, res
olutionis were got up, instucting their Senia
tors i Congress "to oppose the admiission, ias a
State into the Union, oi'any territory not com
prised wixthiin the originial boundary of the Uni
ted States, without mtaking time prohibitiomn of
slavery therein an indispesauble conditionm of
adimission." Tme resolutions piassed "without
division or debate."
On thme 6th February, 18-21, the Legislatutre
electdMt Ilr. Vuan Burean a member of the United
States Senatte, by a joint majority of Tw.'enty
five votes over Mir. Sanfo'rd, Mr. Santford re
ceiving time Clintiomi amid Federal votes.
Thme convetion to revise the constitution of
New York, met on thi-e -asth Aumgusm, 1&2l, Mr.
Van Buren, tunexpec'tedly to hinself, was re
turned a delegate fromt Oswego couanty
Theconstitutiont was fraamed in 1717, and
..... .an ier ofeousec, tuuch disfigured with
defects-liavimg mtinuch of tue impress of mon
archical institutions upon it. It was composed
by the most distinguished and veneramle men in
Mr. Van Buren had been active, in origina.
ting this conivention "avowedly for the exten
sion of popular rights," and was one ofthe lead
ing spirits in it.
Thme principal feature with which Mr. Van
Baren's name lsin been connected by his oppo
ne-its. was with the riglt ofsnifrage. The fle
publicais. hended by V:n Bren, introdiced a
propositiii that. "harin. paid tores. teorked on
thclightrauns ordone militai-ydit. and a tesi
dence of six months in the State, should qituali
fy a person L- be an elector.
* The Federa'isti opposed the measure. and
required a property qualification of $250. to
vote for Setnators! This Mr. Van Burenm zeal
onAsly opposed, in a speech, which we shall puh
Ii lied in a short timne. The restriction promosed
was rejected. To render this odions to then pen.
ple! and causeits reiectioin. the Federalists pro
posed nuicersal snffrage-black as well as white.
The old constitution baod no diistiniction in regard
t,) color. Mr. Van Buren opposed this, re
nmarking-"we are chcapening this invaluable
right. lie was disposed to go as far as any
man in the extension of rational libertv: but he
could not consent to undervalue this precions
privilege so far as to confer it. with an undis
crimintig hand, upoi every one. black or
white, who wmuld be kind enouigh to conde
scend to take it "
He therefore proposed, as the convention
bad recoganised the right of tie blacks to vote to
restr'et them to a property qtualification of
We now find Mr. Van Birten in a higher
md miore conspicuous sphere of action-the
Senate ofthe United States.
As a member of the New York Senate, he
had early introluced a bill to abolish imprison
ientt for debt, amid had laboired for years though
nusiecessfully, to aet it passed in'to a law biy
tie I.gislattire. [ip now co-operated wit I
Col. Joinson. in the same noble purpose, in the
United States Senate.
[[e also proposed to amend the constitution
so as to keep the choice of President and Vice
President from the 1louse of Representatives
atd cotfine it to the people-the legitimate
source ofa'l porer. The House, however.
was toi tenaciois of its power. and he wascom
pelledt to abmdou tihe menasure.
As chairman of the Judiciary committee, lie
reportel a hill to abolish three new circuits-to
appoiet three new judges to the Supreme court,
ail tit extend the ietiefits of the Utnited Stites.
and to this hill Alabama is namw iidebted for the
United States Circuit within her limits.
In 1827. the attention of Congress was oc.
cupied with a Bankruipt bill. Mr. Van Buiren
took aii active part in the disenscioti. He was
in iltvor of all the provisions of the hill, bit
the 9:kI section. which proposed to extend the
act I o a!1 classes.
In re itiotn to the public lands. iii 1826. Mr.
Van it itren renarked. tit he "was in favor of
resting the lands in the States in chich they stood,
oil son just and equitable ternhs "o
in March, I'46, .1r. Vain Buren noposed the
celebrated Pat.aia mission, ptiposed by Ad.
ams. and intiodtced re-olutions declaring it
ii neom-titutional thus to enter into "entangling
foreiain alliances." 0 1
0o the 2:d Janunary. 1824. Mr. Vai Btren
opposed the ' alarming assnumptioi of power
liv the General Government, itn regard to) lit.
ternal Improvemmets " as d proposed certain
amewhneits. t) "-ileflie and limit the exercise
of tisi plower. an- to sceure the State sovereign
ties fiomn encroachmuents."
In -'ebmrarY, 1-25. henain ittrod ned a set
of fleomlitioms.declaring that "Cinaress had
io plower to imake roads and canials within the
tesiective States." and propiseud a select Cml.
mtittee to prepoare ain ameniment to the eon-ti.
tution w hich would, he sail, *'pmotec.t thPil ov
erigntty ofthe reiertive States,. atnd secure to
Itemu alin-t distribtiomn mill the beiefits restilt
itn ft min all apropriatims m-ade for that pur.
po.'' . Mr. Jlfersoni has s1oken of this mo
ioin as giving evideimcms of "other States em
itg fiirivarw ats thte nmiark." in aid of the Smith.
Gen. Ilarrison voted against these r, solutimis.
IAn appropriation having been calh-d for, in
aid of the Lonisville Canal, ite opposed it.
A propositimi was also made. time sane year,
for Congress ti subscribe to the Dismal Swamp
Canal. Mr. Vai Burei opposed it.
II fact, M r. Van Itimren Oppiosed EVERY Op
propriation fur imternal improviment. save one.
which was tom erect a tol-gate Ott time Ctuber
Itand toad. This. hiowi vet, was to pitt somme
ofthe mimniey hack ito the Treasutry. w~hich
hadl bieen ejpendehd for the comnpletiont of thme
road: lie alitvrards regrettndi his vote.
Those opponenuits who instanice this solitary
rote as showminin his biasitwardts this imijust sys
temt, and who antempt tom detract frmu time mer
its oif his imther votes, hvy sayinr '-mmh lihe fimndi
thatt hte n as itt a minorit v," shionall remninttber.
that t he Admtitiistramtiotn wvas themn ini powver,amd
were a large ma~jority, atnd that Mr Vani Dn
remi wa~s iin a iniotrity int his opposition to the
systeml. Gent. Hlarrisont was then ini the Sen-.
ate, 1otintg altrajs for the system.
Mir. Vani lhuren carried his opposition to In-.
tertnalii imrovemenit lby time Governtmenmt so far
as to assmnie that "even for the pturpmoses of a
nationtal chmarneter, no appropmriationts oughit to
hie mat~de without a previoius amiendmennt of the
In rebaiitin to the Tatriff, Mr. Buitier. the iinti
mate andi confidenttiail friettd mof !Mr. Vanm ii
tetn, anid latm Atuormiey Getierazl oif the Utnitedl
Smates, has said, th'at "hais persotnal feelinigs
have beeni ait all times adversi. to the high tariff
Ant a pbi eetinf at Albatny, Juliy 10t,
1 5/ .ir. Yani Burten imadle a poweri-h and
elbrat s peech agaitist theill ohr abmina
tio. :i it he beeni ed!ed-the Tariff Act,
w mchi passed inuto a haw,. 1228. The Tariff in
tret bec. ane alartmed at thmis, aind voted for in.
structiomns, reintiiring himt to vote for time Act,
wi bchm he dti.
In his aeply to the Shocco Spring commaittee,
itn 1822. hie says lie "flly coincturs " ini thie pmoi
cy omftiet. Jacksn's amdmntismrationi, on t li
subhject. lie riema~rkedi. "m a 'incere atid faithfutl
applicaitiont ofthiece prncipls to onr legislation,
tonwrped( hvy irivate interests or political de
sigin, a restrictiitin oif the wants, of thte Govern
tmnt tim a simpt~le andi econtoini adminitistration
of its affairs-the onlyv amdtministrtmn wvhich is
cnsistenat wvith the purity anid stability of the
republhiicanm systemt, woutld, lie wvas conivinced.
itenld to arrest thmat spiirit of~ discontenit, which
tratens sueh extenisive intjury to tihe iastitu
tions of thme coiutry."
Col. Bentton, who sat next to himt itt the
Senate, says. "it comes withini the perceptions
of myi own' senises, to knowv thiat lie (Van flu
rer.) felt Lrreat repugnance to thc prorisions of
the 'Tariff of 1828."' amid voted for it only in
oediree to instrctins, ma printciple wchich woe
both hold sacred."
We hiaveseeni that Mr. Vani Bmren, in his
uwaveigoppositioni to Nattionial iternial [mm
povemteit.ito his views oun time high Proteetive
Tarif-in hismppositiont to the Untited States
Batk-in his views of the Unmited States Jiudi
ciary of the Panama mtission and the putblic
lamins, has given prartical demonstration of bins
belonginat ton the Jeffersonianu school of politics
-mhe State liighits schmool. Int his splenidl
teech itn the Senate, itn 1.%8. lie htas also given
te clearest evidence of his decided opposition
to thta' "spirit" which hme said "liad beta at
eork to obtain by construction ac/hat teas ntot inclu
ded or intended to bc included in the grant."
This speechm was mande ott certaini patecrs. being
claimed for Vice President, diurintg the Federal
admiti-tration if Adams--andh Van htnren re
markedl that "if the vie'vs avowed liv th- ipre
sent executtive are thmetrues dinctrinmes of time con
of 1800 founded in gross error, if not palpable
fraud pon the people " In tils speecla he also
characterised the United States Bank as "the
great pioneer ofconstitutional .sc noAcuuTE5TS "
When a candidate for the Vice Presidency, lie
again reiterated his "understood oplpositioll" to
that Batik. Thus it will pinitily n ipearthat no
man was ever more decidedly and --unreserved
ly" COMwIirrEV inl his opposition to a Uniited
States ink, to National iternal improve
ment. and to exectie encroachmenta. I, Feb
ruary. 1!27, he was re-elected to the Udited
States cnnte by it joint majority of sixty-six
AtI. Vau Buren was one of the most elo
quent and efficient supporters ofthe bill .to re
lieve the suiviving patriots of the revolution.
Such is a brief and hasty outline of Van Bit
ren's course and opiions on the leadiig topics
which came before tile Senate. lie was found
by the side of Macon, Berrien. Randolph and
Tazewell, on all such questios-and allmost
invai iablv, save the Taritivote. in opposition to
to General lIarrison. H aidolph and Hurrison
did not differ more widely thtan did Van Buren
I, l11, he, inaccordance with Republican
usage. aided in noinnating, in Congressioial
cancns, Crawford for the Presidency.
I 1828. he gave a hearty support to Gen.
Jaekson. In thatyear, lie was chosen, by a
plurality ofA(0,000 votes, Goverin:rof N. York.
lie hit.-oduced to ihe notice of the Legisl:tlire.
the celebrated "Safety fond system' whichi
made "all the banks respon.-ihle for any loss
sustained lon the failure ofany one or more of
in 1829, Gen. Jackson appointed him Secre
tnry of State. Oin his withdrawal from the
Gubernatorial Chair of rState. both parties ex
pressed "their highest res iect for his virtuesind
taleints''-ando the It pulihcai portion tendeted
him their thanks "fror the iumerons and un
portant services whi- I he had r, odered to the
state. particularly in sustaining those poii ical
principh's which th-y believed to le mnost int
mateli bleude.i with its highest and dearest iii
Were :oothet eulogy -o be recorded tin his
tomb. this wond he enough to satisfy a cravaic
ambition. From th.t tiie to this. the eyes of
tile American pu'ic have been pon him-H; d
his acts forim a portion of the brightest histol)
of his country.
Our Foieign relations, tinder his guidance,
were coiducted in the happiest and most nic.
cessftl manner. Great Britain opened to us
ports, which were closed uipon Mr. Adams
the Black sea was opened toonr conmerce, and
clnims on various countries were umicably id
lie r, ti red from this office in April, 18.31,and
wis noiinatid ninister to St. Jaiies. This the
St-e.imtt- Iy ( illionn's cnstinag vote, refused it
ratify. Hte came home, aind the people the fin
ltin of ho-or. elected hii to thle .econd ofl'i
in their gift-:hts signallk rebuking that fic
tions Senate, who had alio, imi an tnconstitil
tional maniner, diiiiinced Jackson himself. As
Vice President, lie only had a vote whel thi
Senate could not agree-heing equally divided.
There isa mli moralile itimanee oni record. how.
ever. ofhis firmness and devotiono to cot stiti
ti, nal i igit. MNl r. C:.lhonn introim ed a reso
lution,:ithorizing PoI-.Miusters ho preveit the
cireilatioin. by tmeais of the United Stit s
mail, through the slave States. of Abolition
Pamphldcs. The Senate were tied Mr. Van
Bureii, unhesitatingly, gave his vote and his
voice in favor of the' Sutihi-and the resahitioi
evas adoptel !-ller.ce did Abolitionists de.
noiwce him as "a Northern man with Southern
principles." in 18N-6. I~ will' eleced President
oif the United States over the combined lorces ot
ilirrisoo, WelhtIer and White!
The rest of his life is so well known, that it
would be uIeless to go into detail here. Ile
wetnt into the Preidentiia chair a, the choen
m1an ofthe great Democratic Pnirty-aln avow
ed strict constructionist-an aavon ed oliponlo
of the 'I'nrill of 1eltw-nn avowed opponent W'
the schetnes of the Abolitio-.ists.
Ill his lile, le has given pr:lctical demonstra
tion oflhis being the true frieid oft th- people
as a mass-by his exteinitg the riahit of' suf
fiage to every whtitit man ill ill Statie. ad by
his nint iriig efflorts to abolish iitmprisoninet for
delt! In all these poinis lie finds i avowed
opponeit in Gcneral larrison.
Comliare thte lives of the iwo-see who, in
I:is ca pleity as it I tw maker, has labored more
and eflectetd more for the poor aitin. See whisi
has been effiective in givillg them privileges nid
%% ho has been effective in taking then awly. See
who, wias the frit'nd aiid suapporter of Ji tiia sotn.
andi who the friend anld suplporter of bothl th~e
Adanises. See who tatkes the Constitutionl, as
franied by~ our sires, anid who takes it as lhe car;
consrue it. ithdout regard to its miakers. See
who wotild restr ict its aIction to defilled limits
'nld~ lavi no taxes, save sttchas are absolnte
ly niecessatry, and wotuld throw himself betwveenI
utr propierty attd northlen fanatics; andh who
woulid (inhrge atnd concenttrate its powers'
would lay high taxes itnd make extiavatant ex
p.'mdtitinres. anid above at!, who has ever coat
sidered It -ati object lner his heart to see" mur
selves severely tatxedi in ordher that his whimi
might hte priattified by -'the emlancipationi of or
slaves"'t Think of thtese things, people of the
South. Ati a: yon wion!d remnani as yjou are.
with yomt "reserced rights"' unmpaired and
yorprolpertyl tiimolcstrd, so ait e e'. idenlCe by
your vote, but hi' vioir hearty andi active sup-i
port1111 the Repiohlicani adiministration, which
now exists a.s a rampart between you anld Fed
ral A boliiiion aggression.
Mr. Uan Bueren and the trar.-We ec'nteive
thsue tio tli e -ft re!. Je;rupjt a :11 '
IIapat~rdoabily linlo;-.lln, anld toe irre'dee:in i y
ha-e ofouir oipomli'ts. lBut to taddi to thte evi
dem e, wve sei:-t the fotilvii par-:ga, hi 1rti
a speech made in a puij. meennI at Ala' y
by the HIona. N. P. Talmtadge, 0n tile ftcensmo
of' the rejection of M r. Van Buren ats Miinister
to England. by a mnijoa ity of the Unmited States
Sentate. Mr. Talbnadge is niow a Wh~ig of~
the first water- lie stiads at thtetopmost round
of' the ladder; hence. we- suptpose, his athority
will hardly bequeillstiotned:
'The wtar of 1812. betweeni the U. States
and G~reat Britain founid hint in the Sentato of
tis State. It wasL' here thlat his talents shone
mlost conspicuous. Beset by foes wvithtoit. and
enemies wvithlin, the counotry presented to the
eye of the pats iot a mtost gloomy prosptect.
Unaided, or but piartly aided, by the Gentieral
Gvernmecnt, we we-re called upon to provide
the mieans to repel the invader, both by sea and
by land. Thec ptiotic Tompkins was seen
at the head of this Sttate; ail with an eye that
never slept, and a zeal thaut never tired. lhe de
voted hitself to the service flfhis con ntr'y. No
man renidered him more efficient aid thaln Mr.
Vani Bturen. In yonder Senaute chambher, his
eloquence was often heard in t'avor ofjtroviding
meanis atnd ofgraating supplies to carry on the
war-to feed nad clothe our half-stinrved and
half clad soldicry, wvhile some of his iiolent
persecutors wvere olpenlly rejtiicing at the de
rat of our armas, and secretly imploring success
on those of the enemtay."
View of Mr. Vamn Buren by an Abolitionist.
Extract front a keiter In Ite F~ditor oIf the Phi
lantihroiit, by Auigtustus Wattles.
"Thte mian who otne of' thie'se plarties pur
poses to elevate to the Presidency. he wvotild in
his owna indhividuatl characte'r, veto n bill for the
aboitioni ofslavert in the District of~ (Ci lnmhlia,
eveta .should a maujority of the people of thei U.
States denmand it. Very demaocratie! truly.
Mr. Vuan huren, no0 donhbt. suipposes that lie is a
democrat; but lie is n such thintg, acc-ording~ toi
his own1 shaowin!t Demoocr'at!-when hlie say's
he wo'utld set up his wiill againtst the wvill oh' tioe
majority ? Why, that knocks ini the head the
..ry fir nrinacinle of democracy. He is, thent
o all intents and purposes. a pro-qlavery, psen
lo-deiocitic, tiune-serviig, "Northern nian
vith Southern principles."
From the Camden Journal.
THE SUB-TKEAbURY ACT.
There are few ol our readers, we jigagie.
who pernse the laws of the United States. as
they appearin the iewspapers, III whili tney are
minbl161ed "Ihy ainimorsty." Believing this to
)e tie case, amnd belhevmi g too, that th. re are
mnanly of till Im who are at.xions to see the pro
viSInusa of the ib-Treastiry Act, we take occa
sioni to call their apecial attetioi to it. I will
be imnd in our coitnammus to-da3 , and we hope it
will receive anm attentive perusal. hfall, or any,
of the inischiefwhich has been predicted fromi
its passage, can grow out of it, we confess our
selves at a ass to perceive in what imauner.
The l'Jtl section ofthe art, which contains the
spcciecln r e, and abimit w% hich such a hue aid
cry has beea raised from one and of tie country
to the oilier, seeimsto us quite powerless in the
way of unsciihet, and i. any reasoni oto be lound
for complamit, it should be because it does not
bring us too legal mrrency at an :arlier period.
From this seeton it will be prceived that now,
line lourth of the moimesdne the Giovermnm,is
to be paid in specie, and frommid aller the 30th
day ofJu mne next, one half wiil be required, oin
the 301thl Junme Jo4:s three lourths; aind the 30t0
J u.e 1843, the whole numount will ha% e to be
paid in gold aid silver or ty.
,No onie can have witnessed, the embarrass.
melts. twe diiticmlties. and expmise which hans
atteniei the traister and dishisemietit of tihe
public tinds, muder the scistei of making
Unnks the financial algeits of the .overminer
w itmuitnt b g c'onivmied .bat somimecanmge wi.,
necess.iry-lat thi re was soniething radicelly
imperlect iii its orgaization, which prevented
Its accoumpolahmig hie end comemplaied.-Thi'
plan adopted moy this .ict is lierfectly -imjle and
will no doubt .liectmaily banish tae ddhfieiitiei
otianslrinig ua.d ,ibmirsiing, besides being of
no doubttitil constittiiliity, and ihis last rea.
inre partwnlar shoutl be an especial recomi.
im,.-midation to m:veiy democratic republican. t.
will have the cuIect to-, of presei Ing the vii
!Ition of one pmt tioi o the Constiintion, which
inh-r ime old sysiem, was lregtnet ily sm .t
.nnaht. The fonstitiion says "all duties,
imphsts and excises, stial be uniftrirm thronghoi
the United Sintes." So long as Bank notes
were r, ceivable this article was palpably viola
ted. Tm make the dities eqpial to every poim,t,
tley must hi- paid at every poimt in a currency
ofr Z1gn11 vanlue --throughout ithe Uniied States,"
when it is known to every one coiversant with
cniinercial alffairs, that ito article of commerce
has beem nmore dlctmtuating inl its value, for the
.ast tour years than Bank notes What is the
state oin things now in the Sith Westeri
8tnies? Bam k niotes aie worth in Mississippi,
the best ofdthemi. from 10 to 50 cents in the dol.
mr; in A'alamni froni 8 to 85 and in Georgia
frotim 75 to 91) cents, and we might go on to
enume, ale a niumber of other States. in which
tie cmrremmcy is equally as nimsttled, showingI
tihe ltter impossibility, uiless with provisimi
sometlhing like this Act, of inkinig the "ditlies,
imposts. aid excises unifirin throngiont the
I Iited Stat,-s " Bt we need not giwell oi
the subject; the Act will explnin itself, mnd isehost
reconiim'lmmndaint. we dlomtht not, will he fonmi.
in the stabhty and miiilmrmiity of the cmrremncy.
w% hich it will gi.e to the cointry, arter it has
goie fully iito operation.
CIlEAPER Ti1AN EVER!!
An appral to fle trut Pemocracy.
Os The fir-t of Amngi st next. n new series of
thein PMosricmi. R F.FoniER will be cmnmen
ced. It will lie forwarded to smlncribers in all
uarts ofthe iiioi. weekly, at thie unimrecedin.
4tmw l !rice oflTwenty-Five Cents each. 1immil
.e Presidential Elhctiuon-five comies for One
Dollar-weiiy-three copics for Flve Vollar
F'iRtyi copies fir Tei Dollars. The very exten
sive'circila:tion which the lRefo-rimerhns'lready
received. eiables the Propriemor to pnt it nt this
untsaly cheap rate. It will comitmime, ns
heretofo;e, to advecat- the pure principles or
Jeffiersmonian Demorrney. adhering tof the old
reptbliam landmarks of'ouar politicn I faith, wilm
tmdevintinmr fidelity. No efforts will lie spared
in mundeavorimg to distalnmuse the public mind
of the nmonstromns perversions of our pilitical op.
ponents, and imn preseiting to the eini. nohias.
d indement of an intellierit people. those sn.
vim:r trnihs whlich alone cn comitinue is in onr
upar' amid onwavird career tof nuatinal rlory.
The Rleformner will stendily and zeailoutsly
aaonte the re-electinm of Martinm Van Bmretn
to thme Presidenicy, and as zeinlmnsly oppose thme
pretensionms of t lhe inmbecile. sniperantnoined mld
tan wh,,i. hats bieen putl in nomiimntin for tht
~ih ofilce by the federal a 'ition wvhig party.
The unipairileled lo'w price ? wbuieb it is pro
osd to lbe psiblishe id. will er-nbhe mill those
whoseimeans nre limited to becomea patrons of
me p~ape'r. Otr democratic friendias ate earnest
ly rem~postedn to use their exirtiosimi pruingi~t
unbscribers, whmichi mhmey will plense hm:nd to their
Pocst i'Masiter. waith thme retiest thait lie shmauld
foward thtem to Washlitontm City, or Ports
mothil, Va. to rTeophiluis Fisk, ctditmir and pro
prietuir. Jitly I8
Mar. Van Bnrcn wvas not opposed to the laist
war nmor to thme Rtevohmiionary War, atom belonig
ed tmm the !!nmtford Convemntion, tnor wrote D~er
niot Mc~ilorrmnmah Mr. Saltomstall, onme ofte
Cogressionl Whmig Commuitten buelomngedu to
tme Ihtrfarcl Convetioni. nind Mar. .lohn Q.
Adnmis wrole Dernmt.i Mr.min moneh. Then
wmr uipiun t..!.m ral .J.aon. I' is aibogecther old
M r. Atdams' work. We~ never heard of Gent.
Tackon w'riti' aii nety :-- all. Mr \damas
m--' -'rmi. *Du~ta Snitly." Mlr. Webster op
pmose t time la't wvar. amid Gen. [harrison got tired
tand resigned in thme midst of it.-Chaurleston
Mk. W. C. Preston.-Tlhis genitleman
on1 Thumarsday night, on his retrimr from
W ashinigon, amddressedl the TLippecnnoe
Clash, and ;as many others as could get
withini time Catbin, or withinm heairing, 0n the
otside. It was a great audaience, and
richly were they repaid foir sheir- exposure
to the inclemency of thme weather.
We wouild not, for the world, attempt a
sketch of his remnarks. We shoud he ex
ecratedl for a hitudred years to come, by
the citizens of Richamiond, if we were to
break the mdeicinus charm with whtich that
shrilling eloqnence has impressed every
mnd. Eotighi, thmat all were enraptaured
for lawo hours, byv bunrst., of eloqumence mad
Iashes ohf wi, which, by unmiversaml conseCnt,
have never been sturpisased in the imetropolis
of Virginin. Shouts, cheers and chinmpp~ings
were the only interrupltioins to the rapid
ahd azzlinig fashes of ligehinitg which
p mlaedl from the iummorsal mmind.
This gift ed Orator. wliaose pr'mneplea are
as pture as his getnius is resp)ledet, is mnow
haiimally snteered at lby the jockallsof the
doinnuat factonit in Sthl Caroulina. as
'Ar Preston of Virginia" Fnodly would
the Old Doamminionm take to her bmosom again
e sont, whose virtues and nhilisies add
lust re to her fa me.
Mr. Preston left time city yesterdlay, for
h ome.-Richmrond Wlhig 25th inst.
The Tempermance Advneate of she 30th
tlt. sa y.-Thme Hon. WVmm. C. Preston amid
famiiy'ar'rived] ina Columbmia on fast Tues
From the Charksaion Courier, Jutig 20.
DESTRUCTION OF THE ST EAMER
NOITiI-CAROLINA-LOSs OF TiW
U. STATES MAIL.
The Steamer Vanderbilt, Capt. Smith,
arrived here yesterday from Wilmington,
with two of the four mails die from New i
York, a considerable portion of the othe-r
1wo. (due on lFridav and Saturday bast)
having been lost at sea, caused by the
Governor Dudley, which left here on
Saturday afternlotln, comintg in collsion
with the North Carolina, bound here, a.
bout one o'clock on Sunday mornine, the
resuilt of which was the sinking of lhe lat.
ter in about ten minutes after the occur
rence, there being barely time to save the
lives of the pagsengers.
We have been kindly favored with the
iollowing particelars. furnished by one if
the passengers of the North Carolina.
The steamboat North Carolina. com
manded ty Capt. Dav'is, left Wilmington
(N. C.) on Saturday afternoon, at six o'
clock. with two United States Mails. for
the South, and the following passengets.
viz:-Hon. Mr. Hubbard, Ala. lady and
child, Hon. Dixon H. Lewis. ofdo.. hilne.
Mr Chinn. of Louisiana. the H on. Mesrs.
Dnwson, Warren, an.[ Nesbiti, of Georgiao
lon. Mr. Dellet. of A btbama. Me-ss. J.
liancoek, D. J. Dowline and .. llarrisont,
of do..Jno. R. Huorne of Florida,J. En% ari.
Columbia S. C.. and Mr. V. W. Siurke,
Of H :amibrg, S. C.
The pass'age was very pleasant until we
reac-hed % initi about 25 or 30 miles oih
Georgetown, S. C. ustt 10 'cloock con
Sunday morning. when Mr. Hancock. im
formettd us that the saten, lt Gov. Dud
Iev, w as in sight. frmeeu 310 5 miles di tsuet.
Both hots apenitred to our informaut,
(who was ot dlck) to be steering toward.,
each tther. Whene lite Gov. Dudley ;ep.
proeied within about 150 yars. a cry
was raised by a pissenger to -iook out! -
Flee hoats will strike." The hells olt the
North Carolina were alostis instanatly runa-,
in about hif a tinie before the boats
<rruck. but the Doudley rin afotul of the
North-Carolina abreast of the saloon. awl
against the quarter boards on the larboard
side of the fornier. She liged imnei'di
titely, (say in alhoe 10 ninuite) and the
pat-sengers aot oi hoaird the yawl bouts.
li the interim. the Governer D-adley. was
undergoing an examina tion, after %% bichs.
all her boats were sent to the No' th Curo
The passengers anid crew were soon
plaed onl board the Gov. Dudley, send
every effort was used to -ave their prop
erty. Some of the trunks .nd baggate
were suvedl, but all of themn in a d.imagen
condition. Sin2ulr it relate. ut of some
thirty or forty persosss, not a life wa, lo-t
One ol the peassengers, (1r. Downing, o!
Albhamna) leaped overboard in his night
r:loih,-. but was was in-tantly piiked up
by one of the boats, in cearge of Captini
Davis, who displayed considerable p:ses
enee of mind during this awful disast, r
The accident is attributed, bey Capt
Davis, toi the neglicence of the mates,n% b.
were in charue oif botlh boats, and who di.!
nor obey the regulatimns of the Cotpan%
fir their -movero nient. The regeular moode
idd down fih- ihe hoa tsis to keep to ie right;
li ott this occasion, he steam bot Gov.
Dudley kept co the lefi, which of course.
caused the concussion Capt. Smli ith, of tIle
DIdley, on coming aboard lthe North
Carolina, inquired if all ite lives were
saved., and hein- answered in the affirna
tive, expressed his dttermination to contin
ne, but after refle-ction, concluded to lay by
,he ireck until morning, which was done
in order to save the property of the pas
s,-ngers. Ar half past six o'clock, the
wreck was left by lte Dudley, and the
crew and passencers were landed in Wil
mintton at three o'clock, P. M.
The atmouttnet eel ptrolperty host by the pas
sengers is conasideral-le, ancd mnay lbe esti
mcated at from i5.000O to $20,000. Buet a
few saved their clothes, aned those whos"
trunks were pickedl up, fountd their clothes
5:, comnpletely saturnt-d, that they wer" so
comnpletely satturated, thaut they wiere of neo
service. The writer of this article, with
several others, haed no cheothiing~ on landing
in elhe Gtov. Dudcey. btet they were step
plied with mecwh liberality. Iby ir. Delban-.
cc, oef .Mobile, and other passengers. We
are infobrmed that sevene leather. atnd two
caenvatss hlugs, containeing the mnaihs, were
Mr. China, of La., and air. Dawson of
Ga. were both mchl injured, thee former
by cth e cossion, aend the Ia'ti, by leap
ineg from otne hosat to the othler.
The shocck was s'o sudden, that beefore
half of the passsengers dcldl get eett eof
their herihs, the' enhb-te were full oft w:,ter,
ac" most of those on board were compelled
to ceap Irotm the hutrricanc deck.
On retturnins ine the Vand:erbilt, yester~
day, neothina nas seen oh te w:eck of the
North Caerolitna, except a few pieces of
titmber. Caept. Smnith, of the Vancderbilt,
sailed tarouned the vicinity of the wireckc
severed times at the regntest of thte passcn
ger-:. but nlothing cotuld be fotund.
Up to this timee, several of the passen
gers do withtout the ordiuary cotmforts of(
clothinig. &C., andi will probeably bc de
taineed ine town for a short time.
Great presenlco oef mimed was displayed
by all concernied durincg the accident.
'The night was as pleasant as could he
desired. TFhe sea was perfectly cadlm,andl
every thing piromnisedl a speedy ande suc
cessful termitnation of the voyage, when
the vessels were carelessly ruin imto each
Our correspondent of the Wilmington
Advertiser, from whoem we leave recently
received several faevors, lhas obligincghy fur
warded us the followine:
WVILMCNGTON A DvErsTISlc OFrecE,
July 27, 1840.
Albeut one o'clock Isast neighet, the steamr
boets Gov. Dudley and North C arolinca
camte in colli~ion.hbetween 23 and 311 miles
en tihe northeward and eatstwardl of George.
nown S. C. The Duiley's bow runcning
itnto the Nor It Careelina's hcrboeard quaerter,
15 or 20 feet from er N. Cacrolinas's sterne.
The Captains oef leoth boats lead just turne
ed in. Thle N. Carelinas went edown oh.
tmost imedeeiately, and thee crew and pus
sengers were saved with some diflirubly.
Not a sinigla life was hose, butt e leoss oef
valuable baeggage was very great. Sever
al genectlen cetuerning from Conegress. hav'
inig large amounts of meoney with thbem, irn
heir trunteke, of whiich bee few were saved.
Thic Gon. idlcy escm-,inc,1 onn the snn,
ill daylighit, with the holtpe of savinig as
nuch as possible, nnd then came on to
Niiitgloln, brioning the passengers and
rew olthe North Carolina, many of whom
lid not save a particle of their clothing.
pihe accident occurred in 11 fathoms wa.
er. 'rhe how of tho Dudley was a good
leal sh.attred, bit she inade no water ex
:ept while under way. The night was
orturnately remarkably calm. We forbear
it present, expressing any opinion in re
rgard to the causes of the accident, not
saving ime to make sufficient investiga
ton, and the accounts given being so va.
'ious. The Gov. Dudley reached Wil.
mtington about half past 3 o'clock, in the
afternoon of Sunday, and the Vanderbilt
lie samte eveoing, went down to Smith
ville, where she remains all night, to ena
Ile her to visit the place of accident in the
lay titne, to see if any further good can
be effected. Cait. Davis also goes to the
spo1, in a pilot boat, to do what he can in
savitg the remains or the wreck. There
were no ladies on board, except the wile
of the Hon. Mr. Hubbard, whose loss j0
money was larger than that of any other
imlividual. Sone few of the passengers
received slight personal injuries, but terri
ble as the occurrence has been, we have
cause to b'P thankful that no life was lost.
We will enideavor to furnish soon, a more
accut ate account of the matter.
Loss of the Steamer North- Carolina.
The Wilmingion Recorder, or the 28th
inst says. "A pariial examination of the
c:m8-01 . hieh produced the disastrous oc
currence, was gone into by the Directors
of'the Company on Mouday. The follow
That the Capinn of both boats were
I-leeli, it heiig on their watch helow, and
each hoat inl char::e or the chief mate.
That the tnates were at their propersta
-ions in the % heel house. the wheel in im.
mediate charge of the wheelamen.
hiat the boats' signal lanterns were
visible to each other, at a distance of sev
Thar t he Dudley kept her prnr-er course,
inttending! to pass the North- Carolina land
h'lht the North Carolina after she dis.
covere d the Dudley. instead of pureuing
her own straight course, i hich would have
carried the bouts pat Parch other,wi-h -a in
Ie'rventing distance of at lea.t two hundred
%ards, kept aheting her vour-e a point or
two every now said then. until it lay di
rectly ac-oss that of the Dudley's and ine
vitably in contnct with the rate of speed
iltey were both going. As soon as the
dianger was apparent to hoth, they shut off
their steani. whereas had the North-Caro
lina not done so, she would have shot past
The whole conclusion is. that the acci
dont is to be attributed to the ignorance or
strantge fatnity of the male of the North
r'urolina. in changina her course. The
stiate's name is McQUADE's.
An inquiry having been nddressed thro"
'he Smalth Carolinian to the Candidqtes
fur Congress in the Newberry District, in
re-,ard to their opinions on' a National
Bank, the independen Treasury. and the
Presidurltial election. P. C Caldwell, Esq.
has published an answer in the same pa
per, in which he pledges his support to the
In-flependent Treasury, and declaresoppo
sitim: to ;I Natiotal Hank, as uncoustlitn
tiontal inexpedient and dangerous. lie
will -ipport Mr. Van Buren in preference
to Gen. Harrison, heeause the former has
never hesitated fully and clearly to declare
his principles; that those principles aresnehi
as we can and ought to defend, and that
he is a tian whose talenti fit him to direct
the government:-while the opposing can
didate has liltIt to recommend him in re
spect of abuilit v, has sttudiottsly endeavored
to keep his tprinceiples out (if sightt atnd is
the noiinee of' a mtotIey party almuost eve
rv sectiont of which hiolds doctrines odious
and dat etrous to the. South. WVe have
readl ar. Caldwell's letter with satisfac
tiotn, and if he has opposition in the Dis
trier, we hopte it will nlot he atn opposition
to t he sotund atnd n holesome pirinceiples ho
Green rille.-T he catndidates fur the he
aislaturte from Greenville are nuitteros.
They aire Mnj. 8. F. Perry, Leory H.
Green. S. Ma. Earle. Dr. ,John C. Sulli
van, i' sij. Henry Smtithi, Col. Robert Cox,
Capt. Thos. WV. Gatntt. Coli. F. E. Ware,
Jamte< Duinhar, Edmttnd Waddill,a Jos,
McCullough. for the House of Represen
taives-tCol. JIothloulges and Cot. Hen
try G. Juihusont, fur the Seuter.-Charles
J. S. RscuA auso:<, Jt'. Esq., who had
heent nominated, in the Camden ,JournalI,
for Cong ress, in the (list rict now represent-.
ted by the hiotn. Thtos. D. Sumter, has ad
dressed a letter to the editor of that puper,
declining to beconue a candidate. Thos.
P. Evans, Esq. is atnnounced for Coogress
ini the same paper-and the H~on. Mr.
Stumter is up for re-election.-Chareston
Shaocking~ crime by a Negro.-A negro
fellow, namtied Monday, the property of
M. Dotson, of this conty. was, tried yes.
terday before the Iuferuior Court, for comn
mittiiug tho highest offenice, short of mur
der, on :he persotn of his ow'n mistress.
lHe perpetratted the act under circumstan
ccs of pecnliar atrocity, which are, of
course. unfit for the public eye. The jury
retired for only ten msintutes, and found the
wvretchguilty. Hie was sentenced this day,
at 12 o'clcek, to be hung. on the 21st Au
gtust. The sentence, as pa'sedl by Col.
M. Myers, J. I. C. was onue of the most
feelinig we ever' listened uo.-Savannah
We learn from nndonbted authority that
the near os htoy Blosini belonginig to T1hiomas
Iloggs' wh Io was conidetnedt to hbe execu
tedin the 14th of Autgntst, lias his pnish
nuent commituird. TJhte sentetnce of tho
Governor is, that lie shasll he taken f'ronm
the Jail on the last Fridaiy of every month
(for four miontthts,) antd ree.ivc tiwenty-.five
latshes u pon his naked hack (necli Iltid on)
aund then be batnishecd fromt his Stare'-amntd
in case of fatilutre to remove him s whe~n his
term ohf puntishmnn shall Iexpi re'-h nmay
lie f'orthIiwith taukeni by thle propjer antthiori
sies atnd executed acconrdins tut the senttnce
,or thn Cuuurt.-1'or/:r'aille' Comp~iler.