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" We will cling to the Pillarm of the Temple of onr Liberties, and if it must fall, we will Perimh amidst the Ruins."
VOLIUMIE V .St s .' t - NO. 35.
JEDCU FIFELD ADVERTISER,
W. F. DURISOL, PROPRIETOR.
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South Carolina Female of
1A ST'1 IUT E. ac
Under 11 dinclion oj Dr. E i A S M14 R KS and lie
Rcr. WELLINGTON Hi. TYLLi.- m
The Principais of this listitution deem it se
proper at this time tuannounce to those interest. di
*d, tntat.e folowmog aidividuals are etsgagest to
preside over the see ral departtimLts of mtrue- to
tion,tio which their naimnesure respectiveli attixed
Dipartinent o 'Vocat and his;runcntal naiusac:
Mr. AuRCIBAL BUrTERWORTH. of Edinsburg, E)
Scotland. Protessor of Music.* Mr. adds to
the testimony which our personal acquaintance
enables us to give, the highest credentials from
public and private sources in the City of New
ork, where he has for many years been known M.
as a highly popular teacher of the Pano, Gui- Ill
tar, and other instruments. ia
Ile will also render his services in the high. Pri
or department of the a, t of Paining, iii which lisi
his claims to superiority are well estatlished. cor
Mr. ABBOr. .1r. A. is personally known ,
to us as lhaving proved himsen a highly taito- un1
ful and coinpeteut instructur is many o t ..e
Lr.t Cam~iin, .aJ i,nanuuiOUS Of tne urin, ato
as having ever boa te an irreproachablet charac- I
ter, as a genmtl-iman and a Christian. bla
Vepartnent of Matiwnatecs and of Natural
Scienc:-BENJA4ilN IticHARDs, A. M.-Mr. I I
R. has been heretofore consected with the
Faculty 01 inst--nction in Unioti (;ollepe. i "o
the uqiteiliiivocal expressA.-i. of our own tesitano- ln
ny, in behalf of the talents aid ciaraet. r o. thi
gentleiat;, we salj.inat of Prolfsssm Ju. m: "
Ne!w York, July 4th, 1840. ti
"The undersigned has for many years been sig
ersonally acquainted with Leij. ioichards, A. ern
II., and Ihas always entertained a high respect ar
for his talents and moral qualitiws. .1r. Rich
ards has been long and famdiiarly arcquainted bri
with the Natnral Sciences. atd well known asi
an able lecturer oan inose subj.-cts. and a success-.
ful istructor in some of tie most respectablehi
institutions in the Northern States. I hiuld cl
consider hiimm a vamiable acquisition to any in- ini
stitutioti which imight secure his services as a ex
Professor. B. 1. JO.;LIN, M. D.. .
Prof. Math. and 1- at l'hiilus. iii
lniv. of N. Y' ,ii
Drpartncnt of Mod:s Languages (French. .
.panash and Italian): Mons. V. I MAlO.ET.
This -ientlema-in has ieen for many years, and al
is it the present time, intriicor in Mo ern w
Languages in Amherst College. Ftom the .1
Faculty of the College. and trout the Principals th
of ligh Schools in New Haven and Philadel
phia, where he has taught, Motns. 3aiget
bringas the uost abunalan;tanid satisattry les-.
timoiial, of conmpetence, faithfinine.ss amid --ic. r
cess in his professioi. as well as of isis irre
proachable character and gentlenarly deport
Department of Drawing, Ptaainting and Ent- t
broidery : .\taidamme V. HI. MAce wri.
"Bridrepoat, Coon.. 3th Matrcu.1d40.
"Madatnte'Velicie Maniget had charge for at
nearly tno vears of thme Departmients of F'mench cC
and lirawing in the Greetlield lIigh School he
for Youn:: Ladir-s. of whmich [ was theni Pritici- to
pal. During that tim.-~ shte acquitted hiersell
in all respects as a wvel qualified andl coanscien- hi
tiotuslv fiuthful teacher, Hier Crayon Draw
ings mnorethatn rivalled thme Lithmograph.ed Prints p
from which they were copied, and for wvmich
- they were frequently mtistaken. She possesses
too, a flne literary taste, whbich enable~s her to m
appreciate aiid to point ont the beamties of the a
Frenach Classies. EN ItY JON ES, in
Teacher of a select Class, amid Etig. School. h
To juastify tihe responsibilities incurred in
these aund oter enaga;-emenits with tenel ers I
thus qutalitied. we have coincluided to yield to
manay and urgent solicitattmns, to admiit youngZ
Ladies fromm tie neighborhood. inot otherwise i
eonmnecte'd with the Instutte, to enjoy the in- (
strucetiotns of these Pro.fessors in the se.veraml de- (t
*The name of this aemitlemnan wvas not ini- ec
erted in the first itmpressieon of this adlvertie- ii
ment, for the reason that his acceptance of our i
proposals had niot then comne to hand. I
Barhamville, Atig 1n, 1840J d 31
POCKET BOOK LOST.
L OST abouit the I8th, July last, on the low
er Columbia Road, leadinig to Hlanmburg,
betwveetn Mr. Watson's amid the Old Wells,
a large LE A THlE R POCK ET BOOK,
containting, Notes tand Accounts. viz: one Note
on Absolumt Horn. for Thirty-fGmr Djohtars
giveni ini March last, amid due the 24th, of lDe
cember tiext One' ain Jtulins Satchier. liir Four.
teen Dollars, giveni in March last and dute
sometitne in Junie last. One on Arthur Lott. Ihir
Three Dollirs anid fifty cent, date tnt reco'llec- 1
ted. Mr. Derrieba lolsomnhalck was witniess to
both Mr. Satchmer's and Mr Lott's Notes. All
persoims are hereby cauttioneud from traditng lor .
said Notes. anid the dr:.wers tire regiiestied not i
to pay them., iutless' accomptatniied with anm order i
Notes or Accouints will lbe thanikily re- eved. h
SYDNEY MOUItlt. a
Aug. 19. 18~4O. c3
Fromn thc Nasheille Union
"EVERY llUE OF OPINION.''
A TIPPECANOE TEXT BooK.
There is not a man in the R' public so ad
irably qlntsalified to be a catimidate for the
irty "cmmposed of ftctions ofevery hue
'opinion, from the red hot Federalist.; to
ie rmn-trmad Abolitionists." as General
barrikon. Their tmotbo "change." in ev
-y sense of the wordl-and the facts show
mat thev have the most unprincipled
iaigeling for a canlidatte that walks the
3rth's surface. The like was tever
nown before-neser will be equaled in
te future. We rely not so much on the
ne ascrtions tand reliable certificates of
hprc to prove this. as upni lirrison's
wnt wi ritings and speehes, %% hieh neither
itnself not friends dare deny. Look, fel
*w citizens, look for vourselves. and won
!r what can he the condition( of a party
at is cottpelled to resort to such a man
r a can(i(late!
Hat rison says he believes candidates are
mid to avow their principles.
ctract from Gen. Harrison's letter dated
CINcINNAT Sept, 17. 1822.
Stia: In your la.t letter, you recommen
d to the candlidates at the ensuing elec
m, to publish their political creeds. that
f electors may have a htir opportunity
choosine those whose sentiments best
cord with theirown. I lave ever le
veil that every elector has a right to
ake this call upon those who ofter their
rvices to the people, antd that the catn
laitesare bounil to a swer it.
Harribon sitys candidates are not bound
avow their principles.
Hear him again:
Ltract from General Harrison's specech
am Fort Meias. in 1840 ts reported in
the Detroit (Whig) Advertiser:
"I1 will now, fellow citizens, give yon
reasons for having refused to give
-dgeIs an1d opinions more freely than I
ve d.ne since my nominattion to the
eidencv. lanv oftie ttetments pub
ted ipon this subject are by no mean
reet. hut it is true that it i-1 My opiniont
pmlges shoultl he made by tt indi vidf
when in nomin.ation for anv unire in
P9%.,a Br 1011C
larrison sav he is not anti never was a
ek cockade Federalist.
However. to prove the reverse of this.
iave been called n Federtalizt. % ell.
it is a Federalist! I recomlleet what
-Wo wd fortterlv signifed, Mnd there are
nay oth.'rs; presett who recollee it. imr
-r significat iou al.o. They know that
: Federal artv were arc -ld of n de
n to strengthet ine Ian of the Gen
if Government at the expense ofthe sep
ite States. That accusation coul
It n aor ca ot apply to tie. I was
itmglt up after the strictest manter of
rainia ani--Fedleralismn. St. P-3u1
neelf was ntot ia greater tlevotee to the
trittes f th- Pharisecs. than was 1. by
lin ation and am falhtier's precepts anmd
ant.ple. to anmi-Federalism.-Fort Meigs
"i e all b:dled to the evidence upon which
- Etquirer -ought ti fasten the accusI
im :at he was a black cocktle Feler
sts-i. e. the renmarks of Mr. Randolph
a-t met at the mint'em it was sade andl
recinaly disproved.-lb. as reported in
Ohio (Whuig) C!oCnfiderate.
Harrison says that the head of the black
eade Admiuistration was a pure pat
*-For Mr. Adams. (old John) said Mr.
.I entertaimrd at thte titme,( l799-180i0)
id have ever bintce enttertaintet the great
Srespect. I believe him to have been,
hontest tnstt and putre patriot. and ht.'
ttduct dutrintg the se--sisit proved himti tn
steh -Hlarrison's ewn speech in reply
Randlolph, March 29, 1SM6.
lndispurnbmhle prosnf thtat Harrison was a
ark cockadle Fedleralist.
Examine the following extract of ifr.
eter Mis's speecht:
"Mr. Presitdent, Genteral Harrison and
y-,elf, sir, are oltd andm initinm-te acquaitnt
ices.-! have knoiwtn him persotnally and
timtately for ttttte thian fomrty years. I
ve kntown hitm, to use a familiar adage,
like a book"-andl permit me to say, that
i has never 'teen any thittg else than a
salous and avomwed Federalist. I know
is from personal observation. I was itt
incin nati whent lIIarrison returned from
mncress, at onte limte during the admtinis
ationi ofthIe elh-r Adhamns, with a blatck
ekade smn his hat. All the Fs-der:dlists in
e city followed his example, andI hoisted
e otdious badge of Toryism. I know it
ecause I saw it with my own eyes."
xact of a spercht of Mr. Peter Mills. an
~ed citi:en of high& respectability, of Jef
rson County Indiana.
Captain Fowler, extensivelv known as
a ditnished tmetmber of Congress
from Kentucky, replies to a letter fromt
lHon. Hetnry Dattiel, as hollows:
L'yxtao-rox, .imte 27. 1840.
Dear S'r: In answer tin your letter of
is datte, I will say that 1 was itn Congress,
s at miembier. dluring the grentt strttggle be.
aveen Jfll-ront tand Adams, antd know
e fact, that Williamt Henry Hnrrison
-as utpon thte side of Mr. Adams. lie
.as a Federalist antd wtsre the btlack cock
do. I dok not recotlleet his speech utpn
be rednettiont of the United Stases Armty,
somneh I hamve a file of te Autrra in which
is speecht atppeamred n1 Qiinst reidteitng the
rtty. My health will not entale ate to
.,we, more fully with regard to the ex
citing scenes of that eventful period of ou
Respectfully, your humble servant,
Capt. HENRY DANIEL.
The following i, the affidavit of Judg
Price, a venerable and high respectahl
citizen of Ohio.
Erie county, ss. Before me, Frede
riek P Stephens, one of the Judges of th
Court of Com'non Pleas of the conmy a
Erie, personally appeared Robert Price
who being duly qualified, saith that h
was personally acquainted with Willian
H. Harrison, the present Whig candidav
for the office of President of the Unitet
States, at the time of the great politica
excitement when the Federal party wor
the black cockade as a badge ordistinction
That he frequently saw him, and heart
him, conerse on political matters at thal
time, and that he knows him to have beer
n metriber of the Federal party at tha
time-hns fregently seen himt wear the
black cockade hadee of Federalism at
tachted to his hat, and that he distinctly re
meubers hearing him observe, in argu
trment its favor of the sedition law. in pres.
ence of Charles Pemberton and others,
that he thought it was proper for the Pres
ident. the heads of the Departments, and
members of Congress, to have a shield
thrown round them. that they should not
he in the iouthi of every blackguard that
walked the street. And further the de
ponent saith not.
Affirmed to aind tunbscriled before me,
this 20th day of June, in the year of our
FR EDERICK P. ST EPHENS.
H1 :trrisou claits membership of an Ab
It his letter no Thurston and others,
dated on the 2d ofJ ine last, Harrison en
orses the conteits of one of his lives, pub
lished "by Col. C. S. Todd and Bejanin
I)r-ke, Esq." In that pamphlet (page
3:!.) ii no addrei of his when a candid
ate br Congre"s in 1832, of which the fol
lowin;; is an extract:
"TO THE PUBLIC.
"Fellow-citizens,: Beiig called sudden
ly hotme to attend iy sick lfamily, I have
Loit a tmtomtent to answer a few of the ca
unnies which are in circulition concern
y. From my earliest youit to the pres
'nt mttotent. I have been the ardent friend
'f tutian liberty. At the aae of eighteen
I becamte a m.-imhor or an Aholition So
viety, estalili-hed at Richmond, the object
. bic, % Its to ameliorate the condit on
if .laves, and proetre their freedom by
vverv lP-:al means. My venerable friend,
Jundg~e Gatlth. (if Clermont County. was
aIso a ieiter of this society, aid has
lately given n a certificate that I vas
one. The obligations n hich I then came
under I have faithfully performed.
WILLIAM. II. HARRISON.
If General Hlirrison then avowed that
lie felt all the weight of the obligations on
der which he caie as a member of the
Aholition society, he was ofcourse in good
fellowship with Abolitionists.
The fIlowin atlidavit oa gentleman
of Cieinnuti, Ohio, said by the Cincin
nati Adlverliser to he a druggist of that
city, and one of the mnost respectable citi
zens (if Cimcinnati, is no doubt entitled to
State of Ohio, Hamilton county, as.
Before me, the subscriber, a justice of
the peace, in and for said county, per
sotnally appeared Israel Brown, Jr.. and
ieiig duly sworn, says that aboot three
,nonthts ago lie was on the Ben Franklin
steamhoat. in compnny with Gen. W. H.
hiarrison. and heard him say that he was
an Abolitionist. and that he was certaiu
of get tinig the State of New York. because
they knew him to lbe an Abolitionist.
ISRAEL BROWN, Jr.
Sworn to arid ,ubscribe'.d before me on
the first day of June. A. D. 1840.
J. 'H. GETZENDANNE R.
Justice of the Peace.
This is to certify that wve, the under
siined, hetird Israel Brown state at the
timne (sav three tmonths ago) of General
H arrisoni's saying he wvas an A bolitionist.
antd was certain of cet ting the State tl
New York becanse they know him to br
an Abltitionist; and we should furthei
state the same; and as to Mr. Brown'
character, wo shtuld ake his word, ant
oath, as stotin Ob General Ilint ison's or aniy
FRANCIS N. CRARY.
J. C. McLUNE,
N~A LCOM MURRA Y,
G. WV. R IDDLE.
Jnne 5, 1840.
Lieutenant Davis, of F'rederic~k coumnty,
Virginia heard General Iharrison make t
declaration that he wvas an Abolitionist. otl
board the steambtioat, antI shortely after.
wardls this fact was stated, on his authori
tv, in the Warreuton, Jemersonian, and iti
the Richmonid Etiquirer.
Hie says lie never wvas a member of at
Ahitlit ion Stcietv.
Can it lie potssible? It is even so. Henl
him: In the Wilmington (N. C.) Atdver
iser is Ilarrismts's answer tto a leitter fronr
Governor Owen. In re ply to the questiont
"Are ytt now, or have you ever beno
tmemhuer of an A bolition society?" H arri
'C"CNisSA-rt, Feb. 10, 1840.
Dx:ata Sra: Your letter of thte 31st ult
reachiet niy residence at North Bend, b'
mail vest erday, from whence it wsas sen
to me~ at this place.
r ever have been, a member of an Abolition
"I answer decidedly, NO! So fur from
being a member of such n society, I did
not know, but as you knew it, viz: by
commno'n 'ame, that there was, or ever had
been, a society of ihat description in any
of the Northwestern States, until three
Harri.on equivocates about the word
r "Abolition," when speaking to the South.
Inl his lettor dated "North Bend, June
1, 1840, to Mr. Lvons. of Virginia, (where
:he word Abolitio'n is in rather had odor,)
ie %rites as follows, though with an in
junction at the end in these words. "1 do
not wish what I have said above to be pub
,-In answer to the inquiry why I used
the word 'abolition' in designating a socie
ty of which I was a member inl Richmond,
in the year 1791, instead oftho word 'hn
mane,' which is known to be the only one
by which the society was really distin
guishe'l, all that I cain say upon the sub
ject is. that if lid really term it an Aho
lion Society, a fact which I can hardly
believe, (for I have nor been able to se
the paper containing my address to the
people of the district in lS22.)it must have
been from forgetfulness, which might eas
ily happen after a lapse of thirty-one
Harrison does not equivocate about the
word Abolition when speaking to the
Dr. Baily, Editor of the Philanthropist,
an Abolition paper printed at Cincinnati,
in his paper of the 30th of June last, says:
"In two interviews we bad with Gen.
Harrison on this subject, about fovur months
since, he was at pains to assure ts, that
lie had himselfbelonged to an "Aholition
society at Richmtond V;rgitia.' He did
nor hesitate about the phrase; he (lid not
use any other. 'Abolition society' seem
ed the only name which he knew or cared
to know. Besides, we know that hn has
been in the habit of'using the term 'A holi
tion' as the distinctive title of the society
Harrison is not tampering with the Ab
olitionists, say his friends: while poblic
speeches are made, and the columns of the
Federal Newspapers are filled to prove
that he is nop1tftt:-. -..
R r~detie evfneaVituM
Dr. Baily's statement above given, read
the folloving letter from Mr. Calhoun, a
leading Whig eomber of Congress. to his
friend and cons'ituent. .imulu Morri:
WA, tNtoToS. Frt. 4, 1840.
S1a-I observed in the doings of the
anti-slavery convention at Springfield, a
resolution denouncing General Harrison.
I think this premature, to say the least of
it. [ have seen a letter from the Gerneral.
in which lie pronounces the story circulat
ing in the press or West, (not certain
which,) that he, while G'tvernor of I ndi
ana, Cir ten years, done every thing in his
power to spread slavery, a fotil slander,
and speaks ofit with grett indigon'ioan,
and says that it would be imti possible firl
him to do any thing ofilhe kind, eitlher pri
vately or publicly, for the reason, lie says.
that whilo only eighteen years of age, itt
Virginia, he joined an Aholition society,
and, with the other members of the same.
pledged hinielito d'a every thing in his
power to eflect the emntancipationi of slavies
-that be was to inherit a large property
of slaves. and subsequently not only eman
cipated his own, ont purchased others flor
the purpoe of encnipnting them. Tlis
is what the Getneral himself says. I write
you ihis for such use as you may hintg
proper, except putting it in tIhe news
papers. WM. B. CALHOUN.
Hon. JUDGE hMo1nts."
This letter was used privntely among
the Aholitionists, as wve shnall see. On the
oth of May tthere was ant Abolitioun Con
vention at' B3ow'tn M r. A hel Birowmn a
delegate from M e. Calhoun's disttrict, mnadte
a spe(ech, of which the folloninitg is an ex
tract, lie said:
"Mr. W. B. Catlhtotn has written home
letters fromt Washtington to convince the
Abolitionists that they were wrong n
opponsi ne H- arrisomn. Copies was private
ly handed rrutndl among the Abolition
ists by the Whigs, and he (Mr. Brown),
had seen sorme of theta, in which M r. Cal
houn stated that Genteral liarrison wvas
with uts(the Aholitioniists)Otnd Wotuld go all
lengths, and he (Mr. Calhoutn) had this
fromt anihority wvhich wa's unrtti~ood.
to mean General Harriaan himself."
Ilarrison hias sunpported Abonlitionistm,
accoruding to his ow n showinia.
In hris all-aided speechi at Cheviot, he saidl:
"Should I be asked, if there is no way
by which the General Governmetnt can
aid the cause of emnancipationt, I answer,
that it has been an object tnear my heatrt
to see the whole surplus revenue appro
priated to that object. With the sanction
of the Slates holding the slaves, there ap
pears to me no unconstitutiotnal objection
to its being thus applied. embracinig not
only the colonization of those that may be
otherwise freed, but the purchase of thne
fre-edlom of others."
"I wvae thne first person to introdluce into
Congress the proposition that all the conn
try above Missoiri which, having no in
habiteluts, was free frorm the objection
made to Missoriri and1 Arkansas, should
never ha' e slavery alhnitted io i."
In addiriitn to this, its a mtembier of the
Ohio Legishiture. ho vored instructions to
the memibers of Congress from that State
I to oppose th e admission of any Territory
into the U~nion with the privilege of hold
ing savos. The journals show it.
Harrison has opposed Aboliioni3m
Say his friends, because lie once cast. a
vote in favor of the admission of Missouri,
with slave privilege-and because he says
in hip late letter to Lyons, that no man
south of Aiason anid Dixon's line has
suffered more than himself on hccount of
suplporliug Southern interest.
Harrison pretends to be the poor man's
In a letter to J. H. Pleasnais, dated at
Richmond. September 15, 1836. Harrison
"So far from being willing to sell men
for deht which they were unwilling to dia
charge, I am, and ever have been, oppos.
ed to all imprisonment for debt. Fortu
nately I have it in my power to show
that such has been my establtshed opinion.
and that, in a public capacity, I avowed
and acted upon if."
And in his letter to tile E3ditor of the
Cincinnati Advertiser, in 1821. Harrison
"So far from advocating the abomina
ble principles attributed to me by your cor
respondent, I think that imprisonment for
debt under any circumsaecas but that
where fraud is alleged, is at War nsith the
best principles of our Constitution, and
ought to be abolished."
Virginia-The results of the recent De
mocratic Convention at Charlottesville,
are in the hiahest degree cheering. as will
he seen by the following paragraph:
During the session a Committee com
pobed of twenty-three Delgates, one from
iach electoral 'district, gentlemen of dis
retion and character, wvas appointed to
.tcertain the probable state of parties in
Virginia. By a comparison of calcula
ions, and after making liberal allowunce
'or whig claims, it was decided that there
vould be a Democratic majority in fit'een
istricts, and a Whig majority in eight.
naking the majority of Mr. Van Buren
i918. On this, the editor of the Rich
nond Enquirer remarks: "For our owtn
art, we have tried some of these calcoia
ions by the information we had previons
y received from numerous counties, and
e have come to the conuistot, Ihnt if'
ur friends do their duty, we shall carry
he whole State by at least 7000. We
hin air. There was not a Delenate, with
hom we have conversed, and we talked
n at least a hundred of them on the result
, Viainia-who tid not setoi 4to have
iade pl) a definitive opinion, ut)on a st*otg
i(d triumptat maiority. We therefore
.nnotnce to our Republienn brethren eve.
y where, that Virginia is safe, perfectly
are, for Martin Van Buren-"
From the Augig usta Constitutionalist.
We copy from the Federe| Union the
Ollowing papers. t) which we call the at
eltlioi of all our southn readers.
We invite the attrtitnoi of the public to
e following letter of' the Governor, ad
Iressed to the Hun. S. ill. Gales, a whig
ienier of Congre-ss fron the state of
,ew York, who has itmpiotusly attempted
inslIt the people of Georgia. by for
vardilg to their Chief M.igistrate docu
nelts froi Abolition Societie-i in England
ind el-ewhere, the nature andil import of
which requires that they should not be ei
er circuinted or published in Ili e State.
The indignant rebuke of tle (overnor
to this villainous incendiary, whose frank
as a member of Congress, is so illy merited
by him as nn honorable memlier of the Con
ress of this republic, will, we dotbt not.
meet the candid assent of every Somhert
n,,anl, if it does not reach the sensibility of
the destitute creature who has suljected
imself to the contempt of every Geor
in, by endeatuvoring thus to mnedle~ with
their contstit utional righats antd i sieliously
thtetpting to olfer thtemn and indignity for
hib his neck would pay the Ibrfeit if
their soil bore his foot steps.
ExEcU-rIvE DEPAaRTMNT. GA..
M illedgeville, 10th Se-pt. 1840.
Sia-Atn address to the Hon. George R.
Gilmer, my predecessor in otfice, from a
foreign Abolition Convention, forwarded
tder your frank as a member of the Cen
gress oh the U1. States has heent receivede at
this Department. It was soon folleowed
y another pacekae catatmntg resolntions
oft lie Convention, addressed to the sante
entleatn, but superscribed to me. The
supersription of this package is in the
handwriting of that of the first, which
leaves tno doubt that Georgia is indebted
to a whig member of Congress of N, Y. for
The audacious attempt of a foreign Con
veition to interfere wahtl the free inter
ourse between the States of the Union,
is equalled only by your insolence it for
warding a copy of their proceedings to this
This is a subject whbich, wvith the object
intendedi to be accomplished by it, admbits
of no argum~fent, atnd all who seek to agitate
it andi carry out the above purptose, either
by courting foreiant alliantces, or. the' use of
other mens, shall be regarded and. trea
ted as public enemies, outlaws atnd traitors.
I atm, &c.
CH ARLES J. McDONALD.
Hon. S. M. Gate, New York.
A Hoosier advertizes in an Indiana pa
per for a lock of his 'gal's hair,' which he
lost, lHe describes it as having been roll
ed up in an empty Bratndreth pill box,and
s.,ys iti no use to any but the owner.
| There is no being in God's creation,
more pitiful, more contemptilie, than the
habitual calculating "dodger" who dare
not ex press an opinion on any of the great
questions of policy which agitate the coun
try, and this too, from motives of sheer
personal aggrandizement. Upon such a
being, the choicest gifts of Providence
have been bestowed in vain. He has eyes,
but cannot see-ears, but will not hear
a tongue, but dare not speak. To him,
The inestimable blessings of civil liberty
are "trifles, light as air." Freedom of
thought and ofspeech-among the noblest
privileges conferred by the "God of Na
ture" upon man, and rendered secure by
the wiiest ofhuman ordinances-he does
not. because ie will not, enjoy. He shrinks
from their exercise, and voluntarily per
mits a "gag" to be placed upon his lips.
more lumiliating than that inflicted by the
hand as some cruel despot upon the lips
ofhis abject serfs. Dreading Sylla on the
one hand, and Charybdis on the other, he
dare not venture beyond the stagnant pool
ofrhiown imbecility, and while all the
rest of mankind are moving forward in
rapid and continual approximation to a
still higber and more glorious destiny. he
remains the sane plodding. incorrigible,
unserviceablo being, to the end of his
career. Such. a one is of no earthly use,
either to himself or the age in which ho
lives, if indeed he can be said to live at all.
Tyrants are dethroned, and the temple of
liberty is reared upon the ruins of a bloody
despotism; but he has no lot in subverting
the one, or laying the foundation of the
other. Civilization and refinement are
carried by the instrumentality of master
spirits to the "uttermost ends of the earth,"
but lie bears no part of the joyful burthen.
An issue fraught with the everlasting desti
ny ofa great and powerful republic. invol
ving not only its temporary welfare, but al
so its future exiktence arises, and he is a
fraid to assunme his share in working out
its final consumt:.ntion. The hopes of
ma.- throughout the civilized world, are
depentdent upon the issue, and the last
abiding place ofliherty is at stake, whether
it shall he perpetuated to the end of time,
or sunk into the "receptacle of things lost
upon earth." and he maintains strict si
lence during the strtghle, because he fears
'MAAYifs 'i0n6't1e tiSie'ofair-ot 'lli
tous struggle for the ascendancy in its
councils, but lie will "make no declaratiou
of principles, to meet the public eye," he
will not "answer the questions of either
friend or foo."
Such art individual, in any station, be
comes an object of commiseration-but
when lie aspires to the highest civil office
it the world, the President of the United
States, our pity is converted into sovereign
contempt, and his name becomes a by
word and a reproach among men. Is
there at present any such indiviulal in the
United States ?-Hlarrisburg Magician..
The Traveller's Friend.-To Madagas
car grows a singular tree, (Urania) which,
from it- property of yielding water, is
called the Traveller's Frieud. It differs
frmut most other trees. in having all its
branches in one plice, like the sticks ofa
fan, or the feathere of a peacock's tail.
At the extrenes of each branch, grows a
broad dotble leaf, several feet in length,
which spreads itselfout very gracefully.
These leaves radiate heat so rapidly after
sunset. that a copinus deposition of dew
takes place upon them soon collecting in
to drops, forms little streams which go
down the branches to the trunk. Here it
is received into hollow spaces of considera
ile magnitude, one of which is found at
the root of every branch. These bran
ches lie one above the other alternately.
and when a knife, or what is better, a flat
piece' ofstick. (for it is not necessary to cut
the tree) is inserted between the parte
which outlay. antI slightly drawn to one
sidle so as to catnso an opening, a stream
ohf water gtushtes out, as if from a fountain.
hlence the apphropriate tnme of "Travel
A late London joutrnal tells a prettygonod
story of a foolish and illiterate felow, w~ho
placed himself tunder te care of a surgeon
for the treatment of a sore leg. Among
other retnedies, a dlose of physic was aug
gestedl, but the patient obstinately rejected
the propositiotn, saying-" No, sir, no
physic for me. There is the leg-that's
your job, and do with it as you please ;
hut this. (striking his stomach) this is
mine, and no physic enters here, I promise
Important to Su~ferers from the Tooth
Ache.-At a meetinug of the London Medi.
cal Society. Dr. Blanike stated, "that lie
was able to entre the most desperate cases
of tooth ache (unless the disease was con
tectedl with rhetinatismn) by the applica
tion of the following remedy to the dncay
ed toot h. A lum reducedl to an impalpa
ble powder, two dlrachtms : nitrouts spirit
or othier, seven drachmns. Mix and apply
themi to the toot h.
Hen's Eggs.-A writer in the Farmer's
Cabinet corroborates a fact mientioned by
a writer more than two thousand years
ago, viz: that hen's eggs which are nearly
round, invariably prodttce female chick
ens, and those which are long or pointed
"Your friendship is dear to me," as the
merchant said when he had to pay his
endorsement for his neighbor.