Newspaper Page Text
SAVANSAu, Nov. 5
IBythe Steamer Charleston; Capt. Pitch
er, we yesterday afternoon received the
St. Angustine News of Fr iday Iasi. We
extract the followi iinIelligence, in part
painful in its character.
Continuul outrages of Indians.-On
Wednesday afiernoon last, from sixteen to
-tweniy Indians made their appearance on
Col. l1anson's plantation, about two miles
from this city, robbing the negroes of all
their blankets and winier clothing. Their
intention was to fire the buildings, and
make prize of the negroes-but some (f'
them having escaped, and making their
way to town, was falten in with by one or
two nsknrnen who had been hunting, and
they lnshed on with the intelliger.ce. The
quick appearatice of a few persons fromi
town, tended to hasten them away with
their plunder. and enabled the negroes
whom they had with them to fall back in
the sugar cane field, and ithus escape them.
One Indian, without hangage was fired up
on, supposed to lie Wild Cut as he left the
enefosure without any of the pindered
property. They fired one rifle into the
dwellitng house, which neat ly wountled the
overseer. The property taken amounts
to a considerable suti. No other damage.
Lieut. Brown, 3d Artillery, was very
promptly on the spot with eleven tmen,
andI remained during the nil;t on guard.
And yesterd:ty tnornino proceeded, in com
mand of Lient Graharti's detachtnent of
Dragoons, and his own command, with
Lieut. Wescott of the Infantry, in pursnit
We ask, why has not this plantation'
been protected ? Why the zeal of estab
lishiog a post t wotnites trom it, when the
owner has repeatedly and again ask for
An unforitnate and trtly melancholy
occurrence took plee at Col. ilansyn's
plantation at half past 2 'clock, Thursday 9
morning. The sentinel having discovered
in two places, persons approachinz, retrca
ted to the House within which t:te small
foree on the plantatiat were, and gave he
tal-mn. Immediatelv Lieut. Brown, with
his men, proceeded to reconnoitre, as ivell
as the four or five friends who had ollereda
to remaini on the place; ntd having been on
the watch for tipwards of 30 mintes, thtey
discovered persons moving quickly uII, lhe
Serjeant fired, voundine Licnt. Urahtam,, r
ofthe Dragoons, in the arm, and killin I
Serjcant Wolcott, of his co:npany. Lient.
Graham, it sceins, was appronehing with
great cautio I, (he htaving, at Picolata, re
ceived an express, informing him that hr
dians had been at the plantation.) and the
fact of ttie alarm having taken place sone
tinte previous, brought him itn collisi1on
with the troops it charge, who were anti-t
cipating the approach of the etemy. At
the moment preceding the fire they were
heard to spring their bvontets, % hieh; sonn
ded much like the click of cockiig a gu.il
and it was under these circiustances the
accident occurred. Fortunttely rI Bar
nIUm Was oe of the genitlettieni who had
remained for the proection of the place, in
contiexion with Lieut. Brown wind eleven
men, of his conpaniy, and his services wer.
very proitntly and beneficially rendered
to Lieut. Graham Serjeant Wolerot was It
brought into the house imitdiateHy, but
he was dead. Licut. G's. wounl, though t
sevete, is hy no meatns of a dangerous char- E
neter, and he will int a very short titme. re
joitn his company.
TALLtAssr.:-, Nov. 3.
L~ate fro~n the Indians.-We have re-e
cent accounts frotm Tatmpa iBay, whtieb d
r~tate that several of the chtiefs anid n arriors s
had cotme in,, and itnformetd the comimatnd
ant that the ladians were genecrally desi- a,
ronts of making peace, aid wished for a talk e
with the whites. A4lec Tuanuggee, the
ritncipal chief, andI Tihzr Ta';il, were at
Tampa, and hiti Iagreed to, remain as hos-a
tages ror the attetidantce ofithr ~huiefs and e
warriors of their nation, at the talk. whlich d
had bectn appointed at Fort Kitng Ont the t
7th instant. s
The whites have so often been cheated[
and cajoled by the ureachtery of the Itidians.i
that no reliatnce shzould lbe placed on their
promises, or confidence givetn to their
statemnents. If they have Alec'Tastenug- i
gee and Tiger Tail, we hitpe they will he
properly taken care oif and not he suffeted
so escape. for thze purpose of renewinig their
midnight tmurtders anti robberies.<
APu'AL.AcutcL-A, Oct. 0 -
Three White Men Taken.-A few days
since, in Middle Florida, three white meni
were takent on suspicion o.f aiding the In
dians, in their depredattions on te lives
and property of our citizens. It senms a
company of men wcrd Ott a sconlt its search
of indians. accompanied by several of the
blood hounds, and were led by several
trails to the httnse of these tmt, whlich at
lengtht itnduced thte cotmmantdintg officer to
have thetm arrested, and on exaninuation,
found they had scarely freed thtettselves
from the paint wth which the~y htad tbeetn
painted to prevent detection. They alsto
found on still closer examination of the
proofs of their connexion with tlie Ittdiants,
atnd will no0 doubt, be dealt by according
lv. This is, we believe, the first arrest
ever made of white men for a cottnexioni
of the kind, aind is a convitncing proof of
the niility of the dlog.-Ga:ette.
From dhe Charleson Mcmury.
SIX DAYS LATER FRO.M ENGLAND.
The ship Florida Capt. Moran, atrrived
here yesterday. By her we have received
Liverpool papers to the 9th anid London to
the th ult. iunclusive. Thtey exhibit, still
a state of great, and in Fratnce, increasing
agitation otn thte sublject of the Eastern
qntestion. In Englatnd the piress is almuost
unanimous for peace-in Fratnce for wvar,
but she "dreadful note of prepau~ratti" in
botht countries is swelling. Still it can
hardly be said that they have advanced a
step fart her towards war than by the last
news. Beyrotnt has certainly been botm
barded and taken, as well as some other
fortifications buit thorugh France has thtere
utpon quickened hter preparations, still there
is no intimation that that alone wi be con
sidered a cause for war. It is saitd in thme
L~ondon Sun of tho 8th that M. Thbiers hatd
di.patched to the Enghish Government his
uluimraum.statig on witat terms or for
hearimce on ihe part of-.the foor powert
FradeCe would abstin fron hostilities.
This paper, the contents of which are a
yet unknown, is of the utmost interest. I
is however said ihat France will certaiil
resist, if a Russian leet passes into ih
lediteranean, or if any attempt is mail
to execute the decree of deposition again.,
Mehemet Ali. The London. papers alsi
say that Russia is concentrating great ihr
ces at solicited Odessa and that Turkei
had her aid, tnaval as well as military, ti
put down the Viceroy of Egypt. This i:
the state of ihe Eastern question.
Spain is more quiet and it is said thal
ESPARTERO is in a1 fair way of reconcilin,
all difficulties and restoring order.
The trial of Prince Louis Napoleon hai
ecded in a sentence of imprisonment for
life against the Prince and of detentious
fur various periods, against his flilowers.
. From the N. 0. Pirayine, of Oct. 10.
A ROYAL CONFLAGRATION.
The Eipress and the Monarch, two
Imajestic boots, were completely demnol
sited by fire upon the river early yester
lay ioruing. The Empress wais i) fll
.t. Louis, and would have left at i1eridi
to on Wednesday, but for the violent rain
tormn which prevailed at that tile. Be
ween three and four o'clock yesterday
norning she was discovered to be oi fire,
mit so rapid was the progress of the flames
hat nil elforts to cheek the conflagration
iroved unavailing. There being no pos
ibiity of savingo the boat, & her presenre
lacin the other hoaits in mtianillest datiger.
te was at length cut loose an: sufferel to
loat off into ;he stream. This pro
uCed a singutlrly novel and magnificent
petacle fot those who left their beds and
night tlte Levee at the sound of the lire
ells. The blazing hoat, one sheet of
aies from sten to stern, fell off into the
arrent, illuminating the vessels and hous
s alon- the Levee, spreading a broad
]are of red around the sky, and lightinge
te deep Mississippi with the long, qiuiv
ring reflection of her flames.
She floared almost directly neroqs the
ver, touching the opposite shore at
Iutahterhouse Point. anl conuninicating
er fire to the iVonarch, which was there
I the ship yar d, utdlergoint2 repairs. Both
te doomed vessels wvi-re from here roived
-it inio tle siretn fly a ferry boat and cast
wise, from whence ihey floated down the
ver, and the two hulks stut.k in lifteen
et water some six or seven miles below
The emnpress vas owned principally in
ranklori, (Ky..) anl partly in Sr. Louis.
he was commanded by Capt. Bacon,
ho never left the blazing vessel untli she
as east loose by th,- ferry boat and acnu
ly sinking. It is pissible that tlie fire of
te Emlyress migiht have been rpjeclied on
is side. but the risk to the adjoining hoats
as so frem that the oher crews cut h--r
ose. The loss of hoia anld cargo, wiCh
34 incipally sat, is estiiated at $3,
The Monarch was valued at $.10,000,
poe. htich there was insurance to the a
untit 01 S2~5,O0.
From thl. Chuarlsstoa Armr y.
Considerahle pace ini sor iapier t his
orning is occupied by extraet< froti New
(ork journals relating to ie investigzations
w going on in that city, into the alleged
auds committed by the Whig party inl
IC election of 183S. It would tie im
ossible as well as unsatisfuctory to co
y the allidavits, chatrges, examinations
d cross-examinations that fill tie New
'ork papers, and we have therefore
xtract ed sutch editorial niotices as rn
inte the leadingz tpoints ams they sneces
ively arise. (See thle extracts frotm lhe
svening Post.) From the Sun. a strictly
etral paper, we have copied soime atc
riunt of a scente of violence got iup b~y
ettworthI withl the ai-d of the SherifT.
hiebi inadicat es thmat the parties i mplicatedl
it desperate. and perfectly teadly to ex
it civil t umuilt to evade the terrors ofjii
ical exposure. T[his is atn a wful state of
1ings. Trhat there wvere fraisoft he gros
st character, seems beyond doubt. TIhe
lerald of Mioday, which if tnot a party,
at lea-st a liarriston paper, says:
"According to the best calculation, it ap
ars. that in the great A tlantic -ities there
as betn for. three years past a disposabhle
urce of 5000) meni, distributed in Newv
iork, Phtiladelpia, Baltimnore, Albaiiy,
mnd other towns, who were uip to the high
st hidder, and driven about from iowii to
owni like cattle. to the polls, voting as of
en as they could-anid ";ayinmg pipe" itt
very city and in every ward. Some
imes the Democrata liroighit up thiew
.essins---sometimtes ihe WV higs-hiut they
vere always to lie had by thtose who bad
ho most money. It appears also, that
his htorrible system of fraud hail its oriein
n Philadelphia, and was cotemporanleous
ith the struggles of the U. S. Baunk for a
Tfherie can be no doubit, thierefore, that
ie system of electiomn frauds orig~inated in
ie v'atilsof th bi:lank<, and that it is the
egitimaite offsprinm2 of the corrtupt hantking
ystema, which has twice suspetided specie
tyment-: to three years. and cheatedl the
:onttrv out of $50,000,0."O.
T1he'Bank of the United States is proved
o he involved in this atrocious attemnpt to
vrrule by a mnoveable regiment of Swiss
unisa the opinmionis and wvishiesof the pen
1l. Charges which Mr. Iliddle attemup
edl to look: downt by an amazingly innocent
ttare of wonder-charges wvhicha his parti
ans in the Senate, in the Hlouse, itn popn
lar assemblies, in a thiousand presses. have
arned as base atnd unfouinded caltumi
ies, are fixed upon it at last. But we
have no disposition for extended comtmrrent
The excitement in Newv York is really ter
rible and h-as beeti greatly attgmentedl by)
the attempt to take by violence froma the
pos iof the Recorder, a package oh
pae(rs, siopplosedl to contai at ter that
is ipotrtanit to the investigation. If tt he
remmbhered that this excitceent is ratsed
ttd this violence enacted the week he.
fore the presiential election, andi that it is
adding tenfold fury to the party paaston
that were already raised to a dlanigeroht
pitch. the fear of popular strife anid bloodh
shed, such as has ntever yet disgraced elcc
tions in this country, is not without tot
much reason. But t'.:ne will show.
Brad at nleasure'. drink by measure.
t EDGEFIELD C. 11.
THURSDAY, NOVEmBER 12, 140..
The l'cathr.-During the last week in Oc
tober and the first week in November, we ex
perienced much pleasant and open weather.
The sun shone with almost cloudless splendor,
and the temperature of the atmosphere was
neither too cool, nor too warm, but of such, n
miediurn as to be very ngreeable.
Census of Chacston, -S. C.-eniding to
the late census, the population of Charleston,
amonts to 4139 souT... ... -... .
Ward No. 1, 5,269
Ward No. 2, 9.296
Ward No. 3, 6,859
Ward No. 4, 10,839
The Neck, 11,876
An-rega te, 41,139
Braham.-The celehratedal vocalist. Bralham.
arrived recently in New York. lie -is well
known nsa siaager of mnaivellotns plowers. He
Iis pronounced by sone, to be the greatest vocal
ist in the world..
The Editor of the Bachelors' Button in a late
number, handles ts with gloves off, ounccoutaii
ofa squib which we recently ppied abom
thumb papers. In his attack -upon us. there is
mnedh bitterness. but not a particle of wit. But
we will not guarrel with a lapner, which gener
ally affords us sueh a fund of tanusemnent. We
feiel under obligations to the Button, for cans
iig us often to laugh heartily, when we were
tormented by the lihses. We host !cave to siay)
th:at when we penned the article which ex- I
cited misch n rage in our brother, that. we had t
not the re-motest allnsion to him. - I
Mr. Bilion '-is a litt/e man. but he has agreal
q sl." lie boasts or the hr-e munber of-sub
scribers vhiieh Ie has in idgefield Di.rict.
Ile says lie has tO. lie is welcoine to them'
T!.e circuatiiiao ofhis paper in thisDistrict, can
not inure ours. Ile ri.lieies us. for dunning
our patrons, and feor ihc iumiler of advartis
ments. We hope that he may never be co. j
peled to reso: t to dtni inst. We fear however,
that when h has publisied a paper as long as
ire have. that he will change his titiie. ul wilj
scold his subscribers in down right earnest. for
not sending him the ruidlro quo. Take a word
ofiadvice, .r. Button. Look to the main chanice!
Get as malny paaing subscrabers, and adcertise
arents as yon cal. and nit will do well. You .
will then he enabh-d wo pine your paper oil a
permanent hasis. stood will continue to anilie il
the pnh!ic. *'Use your wits as a buckler, not as
- Thc P -p!c c'rpect too much from the Govern- n
ment.'"-There is much good sense in the sub
joined eairks by lie Gearia Agans.of wh' ch
the1 aioive is the ptioino. It is triae. that the
.Cpeop I....1 to.. t~~.- t.o N tt..,a c .ara
mncut. ihr aid ina every thia. Large classses of ,
citizens and selfish spe-il:aonr suppose, that '
the General Govertiient is inl duty bound to c
reaider them prompt assistance, whenever they
have been uaforuainte in their rash enterprises.,
or have itled too real that golden profit which
they unrensonably expeted in their nder
akings. Because Mr. Van Buren is too laaoneast
to be enjoledl ini the suapport or thaeir schemes, e
ail too firaa to be itatiamidate'd by their threats.
they denountce him as anI enemty of thce people,
anid emlioy all means, however tunhlallowed
heay amuy be, to elert General Harrison, wiho
promtises ercry thing to tappease thme appetites
of thaee aastiaite eairmorants.
Ina his prolauion of pr. mines, which hec can a
aever keelp, if elcted. lies ahe trute enase of
his snapport by tlamitamost Ieterogenouts coma
. The Peopjle Erpert too mutch rof thec
Corrnment.-Thik staving of Mr. Vian
Unareistn tsien cairgedi againlst hinm as
utie of is greatesa sins. atnd as oine instihjig
hto th ma aisfortni's ca' ahe etaitry. l'or
aaur,elves; wve think that Mrt. Van Unriaen
has never tterned a senitence of the same
length wvahib embiodaies as much wisdom
as thais. What is that olajeer of Govern
men~it 1 Is i to pa ly the debias of the pen-a
ple ? Can the Goverinment (10 dhis ? No.
The people ctiant pay their deblts. atad yea
Iheay have ten ihouasatad times ajae means of
the Gaivernmencat. Suppose the Goavera-.
mn:a were to attemtpt to pnay the whuole I
debts oft te peopleh, aand for athi' purpaose
were to issue its hilk ; they woai'dh not lie
wolrth tetn cets imin tlollar. Buth who is
it, thmat looks to thle Gtovernmieaa fr aid ?
Ia it thae honest hard working amtn: or is itt
thae enntniang speenilttor aand tie mianiof,
senlth ? Look to our State Legislttai'
andl see whlo it is thaat goens them to seek
id-.Didl yoau ever heuar ofa set efpooar me-a
chia nics or poor haborers goaig there to seek I
a Batik charter, or to get any oliler exelu- I
But fr whatr is it, that the pople loak
to) the G.overnmemttt ! Otne set looks fair
and asks a high protective taritni andI thisI
the miantifneturer calls taiditng tIe people.c
Anothaer set looks to thec Goiverimnent for
alae est ablishmencft ofni National Rinnk :and,
ad this the stockhiohlers who th'reby get
the pirivilege of using the tataney o:lthe Gv I
crn maenatenpt tading a le peole. Theli oh. <
ject of Goave:ntmetnt is to protect the pen- a
pIe ini their persons and thec enjrwmnent of;
the.i r prop)ery- wheni it passes.-beyounid
these limnits, it is for the bieaiofi o'the few,
and at the exptense of thle rights aid inter- I
esits oaf the nmany. Ljet thle haonat hard rib
workitng mn~ arefet itplon alais stayect. atnd
ask himutelf bow thie Gaivenmient can aid
him otherwise thiati iv affording him this
protection-will lbe ask the Goernimet
to ony his dbs ? Well, let it tiay his
debts-of course it ought tai pay .he debits
of every baody else ; hntt can it d. a his ?
Then let him consider how thec Goverti.
merit is to aid hitn, al if lie cat find no1
wvay itn which the Governmenat c ai d
himt anal every taody else alike, lhe mny
very juisthy coieltadu that those who ate
talkiangso mauch about aid from lie Gov
ernmienat, expct to use the powes of the
Govertnmfent for their owvn exclasve bene
im. to the exclusion of the people.
hIflig Organi:aion.-Never perhiaps, siuce
the establishment of our governinent, has, ally
-party adopted so complete a systen of* aigni
zatiori as the Whigs. - Iuthe Noi'tiern Stdtes
especially in New York, party drill has been
carried to greater perfection, tta perhaps in
'MiiY otherState. In trtith, in all the States they
have employed every ueans,-they have leit
no stone uImmrned, to carry the elections. It is
.vell known to manIy of our readers. that the
Whis have a Central Coumrittee i. Wassoing
ton City. whose busitiess it is to correspond
with other cotonittees, all over the country,
and to-reconmniet and ada-pt all "wa~s an4
anc us" io elect General Harrilon to the Pre.i'
dency. The ibilowng "General )rdcr -," from
NliP Whig Execttivent Washiigfn,efte seif
out to etttnnittees. sone time since.
- EXxUtiav'. CRstih'TE Room,
Wttshington, Sept. 1. 1840.
-Centrai lhig Coimiue county.
G VTLRT.N: Allow us to call'otnr
enrnest attention to the 'great importance
of an ninmtdiaie and ellitient political or
ganization. To bie eflicient it utis he
minute. Exclusive of the county anad
lown committees. a committee tanit, the
most active and intelligtent, should be ap
pointed inteatlh school uditrict. -A report
rom him to the town committee, and by
he latter to the coutty comminlce, v otnld
ino-n its nccutrately of our strethil; each
voter's name vold le giveni.disitingishin!
the good. lam', and doubtfil. T'he latter
eicig known, coull-be appenled to, and
at iany isttances with success, by the
ove they bore their countiry. to rally iu
itm pprt of its great intrests.
1t wouaald lie the duty or the School
)isarict committee to urge every friend of
1eptblienno institutions to go to the polls;
int tte vote sliould lie lost. Conveyan
-e bhfoluld be furnished to the aged and
nfirni who have none, to enable them to
leposite their ballots.
"We hope seh an orestnization has
cen elfeeted. If so, weil; ir not, let us
rtrent you. as you valtae your riglts andI
iherties, t, laaee no time in efTeritig it.
"Your aliedlienit servant',
R. GARLAND, of Louisiana.
Chairman of Committee. I
J. C. Clark, of New York. See'ry.
-P. S. Please transmit a copy to each
We copy fromi the Mobile Register, the sub
untied remarks upon the orgatization of the
Ihie great secret of the recent increase
r Whi; votes. may be ound in their uni
vrsal secret org-tiization, nnd iheir system
r espionage. There is hardly ;a voter int
it States. inse iname is tint in the lo%
mqion of a Whig Committee. They
ave these tinmes arranged in tlree col
uts: one headed "Whig;" auother
Loco Foco;" the thirl "daoubtful." By t
diia mtaentatt they know exactly whom to
A rk ipon and how. If false nrettnent it
,r sufficient, coaxinge.a, traeaterine.. or
rilin., are re-orted to, and thus manay
re iadred to voite the blue light ticket,
henthey lave an unrawierinie anach
tent to Democracy. Will uot otur lnrty
ike ome menna to neutralaze is y'stem F
i< k ot aecessnry that we shothl imitate p
aer tmrpaarieties. Let a4 have an or.
anizit ion to defeat tlie frand uletnt part olf
1if- practices, and see that no poor aid
redulous man is deceived by them.
1ly recent commanieations from Texas.
appears that bet good fort unes are aone,
qaalled byv the catergy anud intrepidity
f hter bra ve citizens.
The war with Mexicat, is not onaly vir
iaily and triuma phtanaly tertminated 'an the
art oaf Texas, but the Federalists. n h
re btat aanother naame foir T'exansa, have t
clared tlahemselve.'saovereigns of Mexic'o. e
If Texats and Mexico unatie itt one htapy e
b-pubtic, cominting at once miore conagen
'ary ofr soil anad climate for the Amterican
barnecter, than any other portion itn our fi
tasted Coslumbi~in, having the U. States il
:sr her sister and moitdel, she muatst at no
ery distant day, be thte glory or civilized
The past season itt Texas has alike, e
ithI otur Westerna Statecs, been tunusu
ly sickly, yet a smtall ptortiont otnly of the
ases have been faitaL. fThe diseases of
rexas arc chiefly chills anad fevers, which
ssutme, for the most part, quite a mild r
irm. The mtaligtnity of type whaich has .J
haracterized various forms of fever uae*
'arring in the Soutthcrtn States for the last ~
e'v years, apptears to lie greatly meliora- (
ed lay the sailubariouas sea breezes, wvith
vich Texas is so haappily blessed.
The " hard titmes" which liss consaittu- (
et thte all-absoirLitng thetme of thec good ald
armiers, andt the lessi prtudeant moerchtanats, ,
or he last three years. have also visited s
rexas, but like the hanlI, ptit in motiont a
y thte extplasioan of gun-powder, dlistance
as extinguished its terrors. Several cir
umstautiee8 eotlahinec in mitigating ahe
om mercial emblarrassments ofC Texas. 1
he must promaitnema uf whtich appear to
e' the inaducemients aaffercd by the fertility
f her soil, to the moonmanaiat fnrmters of
he West, more espleciatlly thtose olfLouais
ana andI Mississippi. wiho having paromtis-(
d to pay from 25 toa $40) per acre laor their
tands, now prefer avoiding prese'nt diffi- (
ulties, at least,'by removing their persotn
I pr..paer'y into Texas, atar substituting a
oil equaally prodluctive, at 1 tat $3 per
rc. It is estimated, by the citizents of
lississippi. that at least twenty thtousand
egroes, anal a correspondin tunmher of I
nergetic platnters have gone, alone froam
he Westen part oif thata State to the Re
uhtie of Texas, thec present year. Thte
.ssessor from one couanty aone ini Texas, I
rom which I have heard, repots an in
.rease of 1500 negroes over thte last years
Cronnae good.n~ thnrouhnnt Texas, nn
iut for the fide of emigrants, theder
could -not be consume-d. Tie e4011n, tIu
somewhat shortened frkhn the unfavora6le
ness of the sen.ion, hitl he goad. 3,0
to 40,000 bales is a Pair.ciitculation for tih
iLresent crop, w hich at 8 cenis, will amaou
m about one million and two huidre
.housand dollhrs, anud in connecion wit
other ex orti,"will sn eli the amount to a
:out one and a lalf millions, noi withstand
ilg the rapid influx of population requir
'o large a proportion of provisions. Thi
may appear iolbe a small sum', but whei
we recollect that the principal inports a
Texas are unlike those of other countrie.
nade by emigrants, for which there is m
return, it then claimt an importance witi
which but fetw .uations can compare.
And what isniore remarkable among i
prosperous nation, thalalrmony nud con.
ePrt of thought and:action reigns through
mt, which is so, admirably qualified I,
:,romote tranquility at home. and a gout
tame abroad. No 'secirnal and famil%
alousies, no pulling down of ome party
or the building up of another, hut -our
-oitttry, and our cosonry's' good." is p,
notro elevated far above all personal an.
From the Augusta Chronide & entinel.
A CARno.--The following stateneut of
im affatir of honor between Col. W igfall
ind Col. Carrol is submitted:
The parties met on the ground accom
allied by their seconds and surgeons only.
:enerail Jops attended Col. Carrol ;s se
(o1, and Mr. Manning attending Colonel
Vigl;,l! inl the same eapnteity. After all
xchange of shots. CoL.. Wiellll expresied
imself satisfied on tihe deciraiion of Col.
arrol, that he would iit have tasrt the
tren--ive langung Xecp under high 6x
itenCit. and nun desired that it should
The parties then approached, shook
atlds and left the field.
JA MICS JONES.
JOHN L. MANNING.
Hamburg. 41h November, L440.
G.oRE'TowtN Oet. 28.
The Harvest.-Sineo the erola has bseen
nrvested, we learn from competent judges
will no exceed ihreet'urthsof the cot'eom
ion average, a very large proportion of
I- heads imaking chalT only.
The rice plnoted since th'e spring fresh.
is, most have been iotally destroyed by
ie heavy frosts of the two last inights.
IXT11 U. S. CEfNsUR.-Gebrgtoten District.
Vhit, Mules, tnioler Ia years. 1j89
b hite Females under 10 years, 337
hite Males over 10 years, 756
Vtire Females over 10 years, 714
hild en unier 10 Years, 624
hiildren over 10 years, 1470
(otal whites, 2039
ree people of color-Mnles, SO
ree people of color-Feia les, 192
otal colored, 188
laves-Males under 10 years, 1979
Females under 10 years, 2429
Mah-s over.10 years, 56 1
Females over Io years, 5684
Children under 10 years, 4408
Total slaves, 15993
Grnnd total, 18274
JU UN W HIT E, Deputy Marshal.
Census of! Iich moandu C'ounty.-W e learn
mat the censtus or this contniv has been
imapieted, and that the piopulaition of the
t v of Augusta, is 6,341 anal of the county
628-mnaking the total poplulal ton of the
iunty, including btoth sexes andl colors,
1.869. Jr. a day or t wo we will lay be
are our readers a detailed statemlent, in
ie mean time we will remark, that a numr
er of the heads of families who formerly
ade the city thleir residence, nnd still coni
nue to tranlsaet business in it, have re
oved to the coautry, and are so returned
'hichl greatly lessens our city popumlation.
Georgia Legislature.-This body as
mhaled at Milledireville on the 2d inst ant,
ad elected Thomas Stocks, of Greene,
resideant of the Sennte; andl Charles J.
eamkinis, of Attgusta,. Speaker of t he H louse
-ho0th Whigs The votes stood thuas, for
resident oaf Senate. Stocks 45. Echaols 40.
ar Speaker. .Jenkins 110, Stroud 82.
Gov. M.'Donabil, in his message to the
leorgia Legislature, recommtenlds "that
day be fixed fhr the resumptiont of sp~e
ie payments, allowin~g the banaks a re-a
mnahle time to plreplare for it, and thai
'jch pennhties he sanexed to thteir refusal
s will isure their comnp1liance.-Jbid.
Willinm Giltmore Simms. Esq., has
een appointed to deliver thte Annaiversary
Iration of the Agrietaittural Sotciety of
Waruwell Di~tract, at liarnwell C. Hi., on
ae 13th instant.-Ibidl,
Jolhn A. Vati Cloth has beena appointed
onsuil of the Kiangdonm of IIlanover. fotr
ae porl of Charlestoan, in the State of S.
Franklin H1. Delano has been appointed
Innsul of the Free and Hanseactic city of
,nah.ck, ft.r the port1 of New York.
Johaan Rudolf Mattler has bett appoint
d Consal of His Mlajemsy the JKing ofdax
ny for the port of Newr York.-Ibid
ADvERTlstNG.-Onl this sublject Lordl
hroaahamu says, (Sand1 cer'ainl~y be is a very
enisible pterson.) thtat~h tndatvaintges of adl
'ertising are not fully nppr~eciatedh by mean
vho ha~ve juast entered intto btusiiness fotr
hemnstives. If they arte atnxionas to beCcome
nown-receive patronnae anid aegnlire
roperty-heyv must adrertise freely. It
the only proper mode to be puirstnel, anid
s a sure guaranatee to success. "Them's
or sentiments."-Annsta Chronicle &
alm the Charleston Cut:)icr.
GintIcmen.-By inserting a 1loWiwng
brief extract im your paper, you will gice
tie teachers in our schools some useff
-t.ts, which, if pr.ctically bserved by
hem, mlay be of ienleabileutt benefit i6
' 1heir scholbrs. It iS 11m0m 0 letter of* Dr.
Sanis. D.Wouilward," sg-n ;;;a
the Stale Lunstic ilpital, at Worcester,
Alass. to the Secretary of ith. lioard of Edu.
calion. ol said Stae, it, rep!y to'sofhe qd.
ries respectioighe construcion of School
Pirst, as to the ill erets or ligig and
narrow benches, ansd seats withoimu bIdeli.
High and narbow msteas ire nr only ex.
tremely uncomfortable for the youne schol.,
r1 tending contantily to make- hiiM rest
less,and noisy, disturbing hiltb r-jiTgjn jjis
preventing his attention 1o hitr Sooks, bu I
t hey. so have a direct tendertey ltr;!cs
deforiny of the limbs. Iftire seat is. too
narrow, halfthe thigh only.rests upon it,;if
too high the fee: cannot ceach the floor.
t he consequence is, that the llfunlis. are uv:.
penlded on the centre of tie thisil. Now,,
as the limibs or children are pliable rferji
ble, they are easily made 'td gro~o - .f
shape, and become crooked h'VI giob dlj
awkward and unnainral positiotz.'
Seats without backs have an all I.
favorable influencde upon the spinal e61'
uniii. it no rest is ifforded- the backs.of
ehildren while seated, they almost necep
sarily assume a eonr and erooked pnsition;
such a position often assumel, or long eon
linnted, tends to that deformtity, which has
hecomeextremely common with children
in modern times, and leads to disease of
the spine in iinunerable instance$, Cpe
chally with dtelicaie female children.
The seats in school rnoms should be 'so
constructed that the wiihole thigh can res
uipon them, and at thesame itne the foot
stand fimly on tite floor. All seats should
have backs high enonteh to reach the shobi
der bladses. Low backs, although betier
than notine, are far less easy and .useifo
than bight ones, and will n6t preventpaih
and uneasiness afrte'r sitting a cnasiderdible
time. Young children shonid he' per
mitter ha~nge their position cften, to
stand din theirf'ef, tonmarch and to visit
tihe play grouind. One hour is as .long; as
any child mtiler tet yearsof age, shoutd be
confined at ince; and for hoursas long as
he should be confined to his seat in oneday"
To this. let me add st, feti lives fronm a
leeture on Physical Edncation. hvihat cel
ebrnied Snrecon Dr. John E. Warren of
Bo-ton. He says, . .
-The post res which children assume,
W hile sented at their stndies, are not in
diffe-ent. They should be frequently war
tied against the practice of mainhaining
the headt and neck long in a stooping posis.
ion: nadI the disposition in do it should be
les-ciesl, by giving a proper elevation and
slipe to the desk, and the sent shobld have
a supior or back.
"In the course or my observations, I
have icen able ts satitfv myself, tit about
half the youtig females brought up as they
are a present, itndergo sonme visible and
oIvious changre of siriture-that a con
siderable nimi), r are the ,ubjects of great
and permanent deviations, and that not a
rw emtirely lore their health, from tho
manner in whichs they are retired. I
"1 reel warranted in the ssertion, that
of the well educated fIeiales Within my
sphere or experience, about one half are
afected weith some drgri e of distortion of
-The lateral distortion of the spine is al
most wholly confined to females, andl is
scarcely ever found existitg in the other
"The dilerence results fro~m a dliference
omf hiabiths during the school education. S.
Deatb not a Painful Proecss,-T t has
bteen ob'serve'd t hat t any comm'nit suicide
from a notis.n that dleath'fromi natural cau
ses, is aststnde with considerable agony.
rThis is the generally receivedt motiont, but
is on erroneouns onte. Those* who hove often
w'itnessedt the act ofsdyitng allow that it is
not a painflul process. 1t some delicate
and irritable persons, at kind of struggle is
inideed sometimses excited wshen respiration
becomes dlifieuit; but more frequently the
dtying obviously sutffer not hing, and express
no unteasiness. Those who sile of chronic
diseases the gradation is slow and distinct.
Consumptive patients are sometimes in a
dying state for several dlays; they appear
at times to sulfer little, but to laniguish for
complete dissolution; nay, ste have known
them to ex press great unasiness ni hen they
have bteen recalled from the commence
mnent of insensibility by the cries of their
friends, or the efl'orts of the attenidatnts to
alleviate pain. In observing persotns in
this situation, wre hove always been
impressed wnih an idea that the ap.
p)rlach of natural death produces a sensa
is);. sitmilair to that of fallitng asleep. The
diistuirbantce' of reepiration is the only ,ap
parent soutrce of tuneasiness to the dymng;
atnd sensibility seems to be impaired just
in propor'ion the decrease of that funetmon.
Besids', both the impressions of present
ohjsets and those recelleed by memory, are
iinnanc'teds by the extretme debility of~ thte
patient wshose wish is ihr absolute res.
We could never see thieelose of life otnder
these circum 1stances5 without recollecting
those bseauitifutl lines of Spenicer:
"Steep after toil; port aifter istormyv seas;
Ea.'e aifter war;~ death after life doth greatly
[TeAnatomy of Suicide.
A document puirporting to be an Extra
frotm the Emtancipaitor, she leadhing Abholi
tion pape'r of' New York, camec to us throt'
thte mail onu Sinturday. It consists 1st. of
ihe tnminmhion of lBirney andc Earle for
the Presidency andi Vice Presidency with
stuitables re'ommnendiationis of tose distin
gtnished Statesmen, and 2ndt of a corres
pondlence heirween Arthttr Tapspan tnsd
othiers, andI Gen. Haorrison, int which the
latter goes somewh Iat farther 'in favor of
Attititioni than hte tias he'retsifore dlone.
Ont considlera:tionl, we feel bound to -pro
tountce tbis Extra a fsoery, and to in
form the man, whtoever lie is, that tookc
the tronhle to) desvise, prn atnd send it to,
its, that we thinik hims a very greait scound- -
rel for his pains.--Char. Mlercury
Conjugal Ohiediene.-"Only let me
have tmy own way and I will always obey
you, tmy love," sad a yoig lady three
monthts after marriage. There are many
Iwho obey in this umanner.