Newspaper Page Text
Ifttion; that this lina been cone when the ordi
miay revenues of the Government were sener
ally decreasing, as well fron the operation of
the laws, as the condition of the country. witi
out the creation of a permantient debt, or incur
ring any liability other than sawh tas ise ordi- -
ty resources of the Government will speedily
ascharge, and without the.agency of a inaion
If this view or the proceedings of the Gov
ernment for the period it embraces, be war
ranted by the fa-t-s as they are known to exist;
if the army and navy have been sustainiei to
the full extent authorized by law, and which
Congress deemed sntliciett for the defetice of
the couttry and the protection of its rights and
its honor, if its civil and diplomatic service ils
been equally sustained; if ample provision ihass
been made for the adninistration of justice and
the execntiotn of the lawst if the claiis ipon
public gratitude in behalf of the soldiers of the
Revolution have been promptly imiet, and fiith.
fully discharged; if there have been no failures
in defravine the very large expenditures grow
ing out of that 1on% contiimed und salutary pol.
icy of peacefully removing the Indians to re
gions of comparative safety and prosperity; if
the public faith has at all times, and every
where, been most scrupulously ma'ntained boy
a prompt discharge of the numerous. extended,
and diversified clains on the Treasury; if all
these grent and permanent objects, with many
others that might he stated, have. for a series of
years, marked by p culiar obstacles and diffi
culti.-s, been successfully accomisplished without
a resort to permanent debt. or the aid of a na
tional hank; have we not a righ! to expect that
a policy. the object of which ha.s beet to sis
tain the ptblic service independently of either
of these frtittid sources of discord, will receive
the final sanction of a people whose utnbinsed
and fairly elicitv-rl judgment upon public affairs
is never ultimately wrong !
That enbartassments in the pecnniary con
cerns of individoals, of unexampled extent and
duration, have recently existed in this. as in
other commercial nations, is nialoubtedly trmte.
To suppose it necessary now to trace faese re
verses to their sources would be a reflection 0-1
the intplligenmce of my fellow citizens. What
ever may have been ihe obsctrity in which the
subject was mvolvcd dirintg the - arlier stages
of revulsion. there eanoot now be many by
whou the whole qtestion is not fully under
Not deeni:n it within theconstitiutional pow
ers of the Geteral Governmeno. to repair pri.
vate losses sustained by teverses iii hisiness
havitig no connexion with the public service,
eithr by direct appropriationa fromta the Treas
ury. or by special &egislntion designed to secuare
exclusive privileg-s atid immunities to individ
uials or clases i pri-fi-ence to, and at the ex
pe.-i oaf the great ia.ority necessarily debar
red frmm aiy participation in themi. no attempt
to du so u has ben either inade. rt cotimided,
or eiicor.ged. biY the present Execitive
It is helave-l. lowevir. that the great iirpo
ses for the attainmielnt i ' which the rederal
Gover's tnentt wasc itiiited. have niot been lost
sight of. Intru-sted only wit;h certain limited
plowers, cautionslv .-snamerate-d. ditinctlv
pec: ified and dlieti!eed willh a precision attd
elearntess which would seem to def'v miscon
struction. it has been iv onsas::it :Im to con
fine mysefrwithiii thae ;i~iits so c'early tmarked
cult, and so carfitlly anaaal.-dl. I hsving always
beens (of optineion that th.' eii prv-sirvative of
the iunion of the Sttes is :o be hnad ita a toteiI
abstinence from the ex.-rcise of all donbtful
lowers on the part of the -ederal Governmieit,
rather than in atetnlits to asstne theam by a
loose construi-tion (-f the coastitution. or any
ingetions perversion o' its words, I have en
deavored te avoid r-comiending any nmeastre
ii :grelantl would in,
my felliw citizenas. lie regarded as tren--hiing on
the rights of tie States, sir 'h provisio'.s ofthe
hallowed insmtriment of our Unaion. Viewing
the aggregate pow.s cot the Federal overon
ment as a vohimtary conceSsion of the stat.es.
it see-ns to tme if at ench onilv should be exer
cised as were at the time iiteinided to be given
I have been strengtheted too, in the prop-ri.
sty of this course. hv the conviction that all
efforts to eo beyond -this. tend only to produce
dissatisfactioi and distrust. to excite je;iloisies.
anld to provoke resitance Insttead of adding
strength to lthe leeral Governmeit. even when
successful, they mosilt ever prove a source of
incuratble weakness by a lienaetimng a partini of
thiose whtose adhesien is indispalenah'e toe the
great aggregat.- of united streti:;fh. and whfa'ie
voluntary attachimenat i<. itn mv estimattiona, far
maore esseatial to the edhicienicy of a govertnent
stronag in the best of a'l peossibb- strenrthi the
conitidenc~e and attichimetnt of all those whon
snake up its constituent elemmentas.
-Tims believinmg, it lins beeinamy purpose to
ecunre to the whonle people, and to every amietm
ter oif thme conafederacy, lay genali, salittary,
and eqnal laws 1an the benefit of those re
publican .institutions. which it was thme endl and
aim of the constituition to establish. anad then
influence -of which is. in nmy jutdgment itidis
pensales .to their preservationi. I cannot bring
- ~ say'selt' to believe that the lastinug hapapiness of
the peopie. the prosperity of the States, or the
permanency of their Union. caii be maintained
by givinag preferencee or fpriority to any class of
citizens imu the dlistribuntinm if hesnefits or pirivi
leges, or hby the adoptioni .f maeasures which
anrich one psortionl of the Unsion at the expenuse
itf another; norcan I see in the interference of
the Federal Goverom,-~nt with the locaIl legisla
tion anal reserved igists of thme S~ates, a remse
dy for presenat, or a secaaiaty lag'uifls future dani
The first. and assuredly not the least, imopor
bant step towards relievinig the coumntry from
the condition into which it had beetn plun~gedl
by excesacs in trade. basnkinig, and credits of iall
kinds. w'as to place the busin'ess Iransactions of
the Government itself san a soalid bsasis: givmtg
and receivine in all casses value for value andis
neither counrtenancingnoisr encoatraginag in othess
that delusive system of credits. fromls which it
has been foaund'sai ditctilt to escape. asnd which
has left niothing behitnd it bait the wrecks that
mark its fatal caareer.
That the fianacimd asfrairsi of the Goveranent
are now, and have been during the whole peri
od of these wide-spreadinze diffien:ties, cotnduct
ed with a strict asnd inivari.ible regard toa this
great fuandamentah printciple. amid that by thme
assumption and tmaintenlance of mime standi thins
taken on the very ahreshold oif te apiproiachiing
erlsis, more thsan by any other cause or causes,
whatever, ahe comlinunity at large las beena
shieldied frotn the mecalenabhle evils of a general
-and indefinite siaspenasion of specie payments.
and a conus ent annmihiution. foar the whlole
period it migat have lasted, oif a jnst and inava
riable standardi of soaine. wil|. it is belived, --t
thits period, scarcely be qsuestionaed.
A steady adherences. on the piart of thme Gov
ernment to the policy wvhiich hals produaced sneh
.alutary r'esmalts aided bay judicions State legisla
tiozu, and, what is not lass imlportat, by thes
inadustry, enterprise, pierseveriance rund econn-.
may of t,'. Amnerican people. cnamnot hail to
-rate the ws';l" contry, at ani early peritod. 1o
a state of soliW amnd emndurinag prospernty, inot
subject to he agar,: overthrown by time suspemn
sini of banks, or the: expilosonsa of a bslnaedh
credit systenm. It is for :me pieiple, amid their
representatives. to decidhe ve'thuer ear not time
permanent wvelfare of' thes conmtry. (wvhic~h aull
good citizens eqnally desire, how ;videly they
difer as toi time ,me'ans of its accolisitment.)
shall be in this wasy secured, car wvhether te
manlagemnt of thte reennaiiary cotncertns of th.'
Governmenat, :tnd. hv conmscmeee, tat a gralt
extent, those of individuals alsoa. shall be carried
.back to a condiition af thinags whiich fostered
thoe' contrac'tionsd and expanmAonis of thse cur
reNcy, andl those rckiess ahnses ofecredit. fromt
fle-iASfut-ecet of whmich bhecontatry hams so
leeply suffered-a return that can pronise, il
he end, fio better results than to re-produce i
he embarrassments the Government has expe- m
rienced, i ad to remove from the shoulder of is
he present to those of fresh victims. the bitter
ruits of that slirit fdie speclative eate-iprise vt
1 which our conitirymnen are so liable. aid if
itoi which the leponis of experience are so Id
inavailing The choice is anim lportant one. e
:lid I siincrely hope that it may be wisely i h
made. 1 I
A report from the Secretary of War, present- !
ing a detailed view ofthe affairs of that de-n
pirtmnent. ac.-otmpainies this cominunication. I
The desultor.v duties connected with tie re- r
mora ofthe Inilians, in which the northei n and- c
western frontier. and in Florida, have render- I
ed it impracticable to cerry into full effect the 1
plan recomtended by thlc Secretary for ina- 1
proving its discipline. In every instance where i
the regiments have heenm concentrated they
have made great progress; and the b'st results
may be. anticipated from a contimintace of this
system. During the last sevasoin. a part oif the
troops have beet employed ini removinmg the I
Iudiatis from tne interior lii the territory aissign
ed then in the west-a dutt which they have
performed efliciently. and with praiseworthmy
humanity; and that'porlioln ot'tltnim which ha.;
been stationed inFlorida continued anlive opera
tiona there- throughout the heats of stiimer.
The policy fth'ile Uniie.d States in regard to
the Indians. of whieb. a suecinct accoont is giv
eni in miy message of 18N:, and of the wisdomI
and expedienvy of which I ami fully satisfied, I
has beai contimied in aetive operation through
ont the whole perio:1 of imy itdinitratii.
Since the Sring of H'37, more thatn forty thou.
sand Indians have been removed to their new
home. west of tie Missi.sippi; and I ant happy
to add, that all accotnas coicnr it repres I
ing the result ofthis measure etninently henefi
cinI to that people.
The etnigratin of the Seiminoles alone I-s
been attended with serions dillictilty aid occa
sinned hoedJhed; hostilities haviig' heen coim
inatced by the Indians ins Florida. m fler the
apprehensinoim that they would le compelled by
force. to comply vithtlicir treaty stinioations.
The execntion of the treaty of'Payne's Land
ing sianed in 1832 hut not ratified util 18434.
was postpoed at the solicitation of the Indi
anls. until 1836 when they agaii renewed their
mngrseemie'nt to remove peaceably to their tew
homes in the west. In .he face of this solemn
and renewed compaet. they broke their fiith
and commenced hostilities by the massacre of
Mmjor Dude's couitand. the miuder of their
agent, Gen. Thompson, and other acts of cruel
treaclterv. When this alaruing aid unexpee
ted intelli-:iice reached the sea- of'(;,, reniittt.
every e'fiort apt.ears to have been iade to re
infor'es Gen. Cluch. whom commanded the
troops then in Fioiris!'n. Gen. Fns s was des.
patched w'th reinif-reements fioma Charle-ton;
troops were called out fro-m Alahatma, Tennes
see and tieorgia; and Gets. S-ott was sent to
take tie com mtantd with ample pomwers and tit
ple tiieans. At the first alarm. Gem. Gitie.
organized a more': at New Orleares. an. 1% i:li
out waitintinr le orders, landed in Florida. where
lie deliverel over the troops he had brought
with lii to Gen. Scott.
Govermior Call was sibseqiently tippointed
to condtct a sumnmer ctiiipaigi, aid at the c!ose
ofit was replaced by Gteneral Ji-sip. These
events and eliantges took I place: uider the ad
miniistraltion of my I iredecessor. Notwithltand
inig the exi-rtiots oh the mxperienced otlicars who
had comm anded t!.cre for eighteen months. on
-nte-ring upon the administration of :he Gov
ernment I lund the Territory of Florida it prey
to Indian atrocities. A streinims efritt was
inmediate:y imadse to bring these hostilities to a
close: antd the army, tider ten. Jimip, was
refiil'orel t il it .'moituted to temn thousand
--- --1 9+* - * I .nhnndan11(flt sunn1lies of,
every descriptioi. ln tins cumpatgni a great
uiiiieroftheenetmv weri captured and do
str-sved: hut the chnrneter of the contest was
01ly chiuislgout. T1143 i h a livinig' h.-eu dte
feinted in every eniigemit, diepersed in small
bands thromieghoumt the country. amid tweanme a
enterpm iing, t'rimidahle and rathilss baiditti.
G-n T %%or w ho stcs-cded Geneal .Iesip.
used his liest exertiiis tosimlielie theim, ald was
Fecmonded inl Iis etiorts byli the offivers inds-r
his comiiimnd. bit he. too. failed t, protect tl
Territry from itlir depredations. By teti act
of signail :tid itnel tracelrv. 'hey broke the
truce made ith them by 'Genem'-l Mac..mb.
whvfo wav~s sent lfron Washiington ihr then putrpose
of' etryintg intom effect the e'x 'ressedl wisdhes ofI
Cong~ress.andu have cmiiitiiumied their desa-a
ltiots s-ver since. Gm-t. Armiistend. whso was in
Florida wheimm Gene-r:m Taylor Ileft the artiy, by
permnisioni.assmedsm the 'ommana~d, anmd, alle-r
aictive summtter oeperaitionms, was me hv proposi
tions for tience: anid 1 om th~e .m tmm. :ie cminci
donice oh' this nirrivail imi Flo ridai. at lie stinme pe
iod. oif a de'legatino frmu ths Semimumles whmo
are happily settled west sof the .\iississipepi. atnd
are ntow anixionts to pmersmindme their comntirymuen
tojiomt thmem there, hopes were for soinetime
etitertained that the Imidiansa might lie iindtieed
ti leave the Territy without further difliechv.
TIhesc hopeis hiatt epro ed halacioene. amid he's.
tilities have been renewved throuighmoti the whole
ofthie Trerri-.or. y Thart this conitest lhis enidiredt
soi long, is to hi'c attribuited to causes beyond the
control mofthie Governmiuent. Expseien-mceni Gen
erals hiave had the commna nil ol the tromops:
ohicers:.tud soldiers hinv.e alike distingishemd
themtselves f'or their activity, patience, atnd en.
dutrimig couragec; time airmy leas lien emt:statntly
flitrttished with suplihes oh' every demsicrihptiom;
amid we musi loosk fur thme "ianse, ichl have
so lone proerstinatedl the issue oh thme conmtest,
ini the vast extent of the theatre of hostditie<s.
the alsmo.-t insurmmoni' nh obscles eressentedI
bsy the mnatur.- mehthme cotuntry. thie c:imazte:. amid
the wily charnete'r mof'the saiges.
Thme site's for marimne hospitails oni the rivers
amid lakes, whmich I wa'':s autortsed to sele'ct amid
cauise tom be psurchasedh. ha~v' m!I hceen decsigrna
t'd; limt, this apphropmritationt notm prov'ing siII
cienit. ciimnditional armrangemetts monly hiave beeni
simde lhr tiheir acclteisitoni. It is fhr ('ongress
to deci- te w.hethmer thiose counditionaml piiichases
shmall be sanictiomned, andm mthe hnmantte intenitiomns
oh' thme law''ma entid into f'mll meffect
'Lie Navy. ns w.'ill ap pien r fr-om time accoimpea
nying rep~ort of the~ ~se'ctary) has beeni usefully
antd hionomrabsly emmplov3e:l in thme promiectioni of
our mrotinere'e unmd clhizemns ini the Miditerranie
ani. thme Pacific. oni thme const ofiHazil, antd ini the
G.ulf'of \Iexico. A sumall s~hptdroni, uconsiistinig
of thme frigatme Conistellatiotn. andt thme shmop of'.war
Bostoni unmder Cmimtmodore' Km'arniey, is now
otn its waty to thme Chmiamid Inedittn sente, for tihe
puripose ofattendinig to mir initerests ini thtt
thnarter; andm Cmmtodore Auniick, int the' sloop
mol w..ar Yorktownvt, hams bseent inistritedm ho v.isit
thme Sandwh''.hich and Society Islandmmss. thme coatsts
mf New'. Z.dm.ind andmm iJno. toegethe'r with cothi
em' ports andm islanids f'regnsented hiv our whiale
ships. fur die puirposse of~ ivinmg tsem coutmmeni
amnce amid protection. shmetidd thmev lie r'emquiremd.
Othersiimulh'r vessels have beetn' andI still are.
ermplotyed ini promsecumtiim thme sterveys oh' thei
cast msl'thme Uniitedl Stattes, mdimrected by v.ar:mumsi
ats oef Cmongrems, andt thme se wvhich havme been ]
coiimpeted w.till shmortly be haidI before y'ou. I
'The expjlmoring expedit. at thme latest inae,
was priepitng to heave thn h1:y moffslandums. New
Zealanud. itn fmurthmer psrose'tntmion of ohjmets
whicuh hiave' thmms ftr. biemn successfimlly nerm.t
pisheed. 'The cdi-:overy it at ne"w. omitinms ent,
whichl was irst seen ini hatitimle fi(i deg. 2 imi.
mithi. lmntieniude 154 dleg. 87 mmini. ecast, amd af
terwa'':rds ini latitudme (1) deL'. 31 mu. sminthi, longii
mindm' 13:; dem. 40 m east. Isy h~ient's. WVilkesaund
Fhtnjson, for aim extenit oh' 1800 mitles, bhst oneI i
*;hich thiey wevre prevented from lanmding by 1
'ast hiodmes orice which emcommpassed mb, is oneof
lie hionorablo resutlts of' thme etrprise Lien
eniant Wilks hears testiminmy to time zeal aridI
oodl c'onduct of his oflicems anmd ien; atnd it
ebut. :titirce en ;hnat nmr-ce- tn ae thti hne u . jt
ehirs to have peormbtned tie duties assigned
imt with 'an artier ability, and perseverance, N
rhil gives every assurance of an honorable
sine to the undertaking.
The report of the Postmaster General here
rith trantmnited, will exhibit the service of that
epartment the past venr. aid its presetit cot:- i
ition. The transportation has been maintain. h
d during the year to IIh- full extent authorized e
y the existing law"; some improvements I
ave beetn etf'eted. which tie public interest r
etmed urgently to deuand but not involving ,
ny material a'dditional expenditure; the con
ractors have generally per formed their engage
eients vith fidelity; the postmasters. with i-w
xceptions,hav-. rendered their neicoinlt nd
laid their qnirterly balances with promptlitide; I
id ti's whole service ol' the department has I
aitintained the efficiency four which it has for 4
everal years been distingniished.
The acts of Coigres, establishing new main
intes. and regliriis nore expensive services
in o-hae'rs and the ncrea-ing wanL of the conn
ry, have, for three years past. carried the ex.
ienditires sonmethaing beyind the arcrming
evennes; the excess having been met. until i I
he last year, by the surplus which had previ I
iusly accumulated. That sirpis havin;gI
>eel exhausted, and the nntiei,atrdd increuse
i the revenne not lweing been realized. owing I
. the depression in the roninercial busitess
if me country, the finances of the department
!xhibit a somall detieency at the close of the
iscal year. Its wesonrees, however. are- am
Ile; and the reduced rates of conpensa
tion for the transportation service, which inny
be exp--cted on the futstre lettings t'roi the
!eneral reduaction of prices, with the increa-e
ri revenne that may reasonably be anticipated
.rom the revival of cis tnercial activity, must
soon place the fiitnices of the department in a
Cotisidering the unihvorable citenastanices
which have existed dinimag iithe past year. it i- a
gratifying result that the revenue has not de
lined as coiniared with the preceding year;
it. on the contrnrv exhibits a small imerense;
the c;rcmnstances referred to rrvitng had io
oilier effect than to check the expected in
It will be seen that the Postmaster General
snggests certaim improvetii-tints in the estab
lislment, designed to reduce the weigit of the
mail, chealetn the transportatioi. ensure gi .
r, gularity.inthei service and secure a condern
ble re-mention in tie iates of letier postage-an
object highly desirable. The enhj--t is tie of
general interest to tWe coItmlltunity. and is re
spectfully rcconitnended ti your ceisideration.
The suppi ression lefthe \fricani slave trade
has received the continued attention of tIhe
Goverionent. The brig Deilphin and schooner
Gramnptis have ieen etiililoyedi duritig the late
season on the coast of Africa, tor the purpose
of preventing snh:i portions ofthat trade as was
said to be prosecnted nnder the Anericani fltg.
After croising of' those parts of the coast most
usually re"orted to hy slavers. tiill the corm
mnenceient of the- raiiy season, these vessels
returned to the United States for supplies, and
have since been despatched ont a sinilar sir
Fromt the reports of tite commanding offi.
cers. it ppears that the trade is now priicipully
carried onl ttnder Portnunese colors: and they
express the opinion that the apprehension of'
their presence otn the slave coast tats im a great
degree, arrested the prostitition of the Asmer.i
ca laI to the inhuimane purpoe. It is to be
hoped that, by continuing to taintain this
force in that quarter, and by the exertions of
the officers in c-otnitd, meh will be donte to
put a stop to whatever portii of this truflic
tmay have been carried on itnder the Aiericani
flag and to prevent its -use in a ttado which
it violates the laws, is eqally nt outrage tn
the rights ofothers aid the feelings of huiani.
Ly. -'-ni e:lnrc.i of dU .mver.,t geovPrOmeoita
who are anxionsly seeking t..snppress tle traffic
must. hotever, ie directed anainst the frciii
ties afflorded by what are itv recogiized as
iegititmiiim-samem pirniit- lmintie tiont lit
j:ct cnn tie hilly nccositilisthed. suipplies of
provistios. water cesks nimrchandize. mid artt
cles connected with the prosecutioni of the slave
trade. ae, it is under.-tood. hreely carried by ves
sels ofdlillferent nations to the slave factories; and
tIe elrfects of ite t'atorsare tratismitted open.
1 fromt one slave sintion to aiother without in
terruptio: or punishment by either t tte n
iotis to whieb I melong, etIgged in the coi
whether thi- Governmtent, having beeni thie first
to proibit by atdm'gnate penatl-ies. the slave trade
-the tirst to dlecitre it piirnecy -shonhill riot lhe thme
first, also iii forbid to the cittzetnsall trade wbi bi the
slav'te iririe.< oni the coast of Ali icri: giving atn
exaimph: totnll riati'onts ini this respect. whit'hI if
uit ely fribowed can mdi fiail toa proeeie the most
villctire resul ts ini br'nkittg til thorse ens oit
ininity. M1. VTAN BURtEN
Washtingtoin Dec. 5. iS40.
TulsTREstl. MUttiER--A mitrder of
lie mtoest dlistiesAinet kindm was crammitted
on Itridayv night ilast, nii Bniity's Mills, Jef
l-rsont (.Tonnr v, by, it ISitiupposed, ruti
;mwa~v niee'oes. The vietim. wvas Mr. Jos.
Vn~. Ihorn, ai residenat of ibtis city, whlo
w< shot whtile erideaivorinig to defe-nd a
srmo'ke-houiise which ihie niegroes n ere try
ig trm forcer open. Two shmots wvere fired
on at the tieceaedt anid one at antother
person, wv o wnts with h'im-omly one nil
whic'h took eflie't. The camp or. it is pre
u sed, thle sattme roes, was discovered
oiny a fe'w da~tvs lirevtimons tea thle taiirdei
and nihoit five hutrndred poundtis of hnconmi
tken thuerefreim. Mr. Vanihu laon haleft a
young antd iteresm ing family :o umouinm his
loss.-Sar cf I"lorida
The Populanr 1 otr.-T he whole unm
her of votes. snys the~ New Yimrk Jommrnol oif
Comer'e. jpolb-di ait the reen-tt electiont,
is ot 2,400t.u00 : .hoin g minnit internse
ini fiour v'enrs of ahout 9001.000, or 60 per
rent. 'The whtig miajority in the Union,
eelsive of Soth Carolina, is abouiat 142
000 wiich, bmy n fair allownn'e for Sotith
Carnlinn, wvoni ire redneied to 1 25,~000 -
This nmy be "dlemed .aind takent" as lIar
rison's maijority irn the United States.
It is worthy of notice thaot bty a changeI
pf 357 v-otes. viz: 206 in Maiine atnd 1.51
m Pentnsvlvanin. Mr. Vian Bttmen might
a~ve hadn 10)0 Fi-'-ettrai votes, inastead of
30. hais present niurmber.
The Sugar Crop.-We hnve conaversed
iith sev'eratl gettlemnen, (sntys the New
Drleanis Bulletimniof the 3d inist.) wh'io have
'ettrnedl m the city C ori the coast, antI ar'e
nrmedi by themt thaat the freezinir weather
tif Iast week has nteariy rtiinedh the st~iaid
ag cane. in the Parishes of Lafotelte
tterior', Tlerrebotne, &c te frost w'as se
'erer even thtan it wtas on the river. Thae
nality of' the lnte madne stugar, int conse.-I
uen'e. wtill bte inferior, ad thae gnantity
anv thotntandl hongshaeadse less thiatn w'as i
onfaently enihculhated upon two weeks ago.
Delicate Operation.-Severnl etnrgeons 4
Philadelphia are (ipera'ting wvit h great
uceess up-mt cross eyes Obliquity of vis
nt is entised hiv the nitversal sti-rngth of
te mutierles whir-h direct thme evehnall: and I
le operation tirjtply consists iin dividling a
irtioni of thte'mn'cles upoirone side, to
eto'e the eqtuilibr'itnm. It is done almost
.t.....tl. by ra sktilful onertr-Dr john.
rte Hun. WADDY Tunoaur:mx narrowly es
Ped a shocking death on the Petersbure Rail
ad, while on his way to Washington. The
arleston Courier in speaking of the cir
"Wheni the cars were within a mile and a
i if Petershurg, the snow was so deep in i
ravated part of tie road. that it was believed
-y cold proceed no further, and several
nilemeni got ont to walk to town, among
m was Gen. Thompson. The cars were.
wever, forced on. and while going pretty ra
:ily, the locomotive propelling them, they
ertook Gen. Thompson, who being in the
iddle of the track, and neitier seeing inor
ing seen, lie was knocked downm. and the
lole train passed over him in n state of insen
>ility. We are- truly hiaipy to add, however,
at n'thoughm mnch bruised about the face, yet
eny-fnr hours after the accident, he was
eieid by surgreons and others to have re
ived no material injury; iind it was expected
at he would be able' tO proceed, with his f'd
w passetngers to Washington. as soot as the
eather should moderate and the road become
kisable with safety. Gtmn. Thom psoni's lruis
wete chiefly lnout the fice, which was hi,
ed in the snow, and must have beens cut by
e ice nid stones with which it came ii coo
ct. There was no indication whatever of in
ry to his head; tamtd liongh there was a lit
e soreness about the kne::s, no bone was in
The degree of A. B. was :-onferred on
te following smnmed gentlemen, at the late
rimmencement of the South Carolina
Was. J. Bnli. W. G De Sanssure, Jas.
'. Ed ward. Jas. Al. Grinike. T. Hanekle,
ohn 13. Legare, Wm. N. Luens. H. H.
lanigault. Ha-.kell Rheit, J. G. Shool
red, and ). J. T. Wilkinson, of Charles
Win. l. ilostick. Jo.;. F. Bythewood.
nid J. A. Johiison, of' ieauort.
Samuel Bradly, anti John IHeriot, of
John T. Brown, Paul G. Chappell, J.
'. Goodwyn, T. E. Peck, and E D.
imith, of Richland.
P. C. Edwards, and S. H. Wilde, of
C. D. Evans, and E. A. Gregg, of la
James I1. Dawkins. of Union.
Wesley Harper. of Fairfield.
C. Haile, of Kershaw.
John D. mcColloigh, o Chesterfield.
J. C. Oswamld, of Colleton.
L. W. Spratt, of York.
S. Tompkins, of Edgefield.
Wm. A. Walker. orChesier.
Win. J. Haley. of Edi-to Island.
R. S. Wright, of Laurens.
S. E. H ahershan, of Savannah, Ga.
Josiah Scott, of Alisbisippi.
Milling E.rtraordinary -The Tuseca
rawns, Ohio Advocate it' the 27th inst,
imys :-"A question of dispute wimls regard
to ihe quickness of mantufacturing a certai'
juntamiy of wheat into merchantable flout
was settled lasi Saturdav at Mr. Seaton't
Mills. near this town. It was contended
that one pair of stones cotld inot manufac.
tire sixteen bushels of a heat in an hour
I Judges were selecti'd-the wheat weighet
iIt-tihe mill pt in operation, ani the six
reen bushels went through the iisual pro.
,e..s of mnking superfire flour. fit for oppor.
ration in the sIort space of filly-three min
., ,,;ws .,.u ,ai, r Sties only."
Norel Suit.-An action for a b)reach of
promise (of marriage, was liait week tried
in the Circuit Court at the City (if Wash
igton, ins %% hich 3argaret Hill was plain.
till and Alexander Washineton defendatit;
oth colored persons. The reporter states
Ihat the plaiitiff supported the best of
ha'mracers in every respect. The defend
'mut had been paying hisa addresses to time
ilaitiT ihr live years. aend had beeni en
;taged iintmarriage to her for tihe last
bree vmears. hlavingz refused to marry her,
mid tdesutroy hem' peace of mire nd hlapi.
1ess, time present netion nt is brouight to re
-over damnges, It wras provedl that the
lerendanli lt wits piom' ari depentdenit upon
tis labhor ailonme for ameatns. Tihe case wa's
.nhittedi tim the jury withomut at inet.
l'he! jmtry, after retiring a fent ir-intets, re
mrunemd a veri inii favoi'r of plalitiff of
bumr hunidredl andt seventy five diollare.
The Couaon Crop.-Jfy teporms from time
ilyeontiry we ie.mrn that the failing of ite
rmop wtill lie greatest in those cotnties niot
mnrerinL' iimmetdiately' on the A palacicm
a nndii its tributntrries. Georimn has suffer
id more than Alaubam-:, bitt it is tnt antti
ripatedm that, so fomr as this city is interested,
hemre wiill be anty falling off .mf the expoirt.
rhe ravages of the catter'!illar appenr to
mve been eccentric. Sotne lanramions
ippeared to have esc~eiie almost enitirely,
ihi ile Ou betrs nadjioininug havei. t m hw it mst
heir whole crop destroyeih. WVe my he
srenl for lamniuing, this, as the satte
estiletnce which has ruind one man, has
ihmmost enttirely spared aunthter, who miny
it lie more deserving. atnd tot whommm the
tisfortutne wonhli ha ve been less ila;strns.
Ajmalurk'icolg AIdc. 25th uit.
UsEFUL, R ECuP.--I sendi yonm below,
'Iessrs. ildiirs am recipe for imaking a
omupositiont which will render weood en-~
rely incombmustibmle. it is very smnmply
repareid, and quite easy onf applicationu.
cing useid te saimme as piainlt with atn ori
ary btrushm. A good coat omf it apphlied to
e lloor undumer stoves would be an excel
Take a quoantity of water proportioned
Stime surthece of woodi you may wish to
ver, amnd add to it as mmueh potash as ean
e dissolved therein. Whmen the water
ill dlissolvie tio mioro potash,. srir~ into time
rlttiotn, a gnuaity ofnI flumr paste of the
risi,tency of comimon paitter's size ; addi
sumtticienmt quantity ofi pure clay to rcnder
ibme cotnsistenice of' creamt.
Whenm the clfny is wvell mixed pl h
reaato a efore' directed ton the wvoodu;
will seciure it friun the acrtiont of both fire
tn rain. him a miiost violent fime, wnood
mini saturated, may be carbonatetd, hut it
ill never hilnze.
if desiramble, a more agreeable color can
a given to time preparationr by addting a
nall qtnaintity of red or yellow ochre.
It mighut also be useful for you to menm
anm ini yotur paper, especially at this see
mn of' high winds, that a bhanful or, two
'sulphur thrown ont the fire when a
imtney is burniing out, will ahilint in
antanueomsly extinguish te flame.
nufl Cecarl ....2. Ad.s-..a-.
Retailing by North Carolina Wragons.
Ve weie pleased to see this evil brought ca
the notice of the Legislature in a peti- Rt
on fron some of the Districts. We hope gi
ie session will not close without some de- en
nile action an the euhj'ct. Members who
nye a torror of 10nching the Retail Li- hn
i s I System as it now exists. ennt surely ex
live no scruples as to the propriety of' r- dh,
estilig this contraband trade bty wagons in C
iolation of 'he laws, inferentially at least, wl
nld which sets at de'fianee the efforts of I(
Iona,issioners of Roads, to restrain re- P'
riline within definitehbounds. Gentiemen i
roml the low country have probably bit b,
ittile idea to what an extent this evasion w
r violation of the law is practised in the si
astero and ipper Distriers. Wagonie tih
vill cotne down from North Carolina, and tW
ierials also from Virginia and Tennessee. do
aaded with flotur, bacon and Whiskey, C4
nd retail thae Iast any arad every where
hey caan, as they pass on. It is tint itn
omitati for thiean to camp fotr the night p
iear a plantation, andl retail to the le ':
.raaes withou the knowledge of the rmster. ri
if citizens of the State are prohibited i
rom retailing. n ithout a license. is it to
>e tolerated that ctizens of' other States, j'
hall pas through the coantry with their
vagon-loadls of whiskey. and retil when
and where they please-retailtng to tie
roes as well as whited
in some of the Districts, Commissioners
f Roads have refused, in compliance with c
putdic opinion. to grant any retail licences; (
jat, if warnoers are allowed to retail at
liscretion, of what avail are the powers I
zraated to Conmissioners oi this stbject? j
That 51agi-oratns are often shatmefully re- f
miss in their dlmy in this matter, wr have l
ronclusive evidttne; but we think the
Legislature should take it up. and lay at
taching a severe penalty to this tafilence,
protect the morals anal rights of our citi
zens fro the agresitun of a set of men,
who feel no ititerest in the State, farther
..a., c. a tnarket 1ihr their " hiskey.
[ Colinbia A ivocate. 4
ATn.:s, Tenn. Dec. 1.
Dpat by c:posure to Cold.-We have
the painful dlty to perform of recordingI
tle death of Mr. Sim-on Catl o' this cotn
ty. caused by being intoxicated anad lyina
out ian the co;ld ott Thursday night last.
Mr. Cute has beeni for a number of years
a confirmed drunknrd-wa-a (ond on Fri
day morning abott half a mile from town,
on the grade of the Rail Road, in the last
agonies of dealth, his limbs perfectly cold
and lifelesq The medical fuctilv of Ath
ens attendeed and used every means to re
store himi to life btt to no effect. lie was
taken to his residence about two miles from
town, in the evening, arid expired in at short
titme, leaving a disconsolate wife and sev
eral children, to mtourn his untimely deat h.
Tis should he a warning to all inteniper
ate men.-Hiwassee Patriot.
An important soit ha been tried withitt
the last week in Mobile, which will excite
t general interest in Alabama.
The suit is brought bv he State Branch
Bank against a debior, who sees up as a
defence, the unconstitutionality of State
Banks M tch aility is said to have been
dispinyed on both tsides of the argument.
The Court has taken the case under ai
visement. Whatever may be its decision
the (ase wilt get to the Nu-preme Court.
Montgomery Journal, Vth inst.
Bad News-ine half of our Sugar crop
destroyed.-We have conversal it h in
habitants ofii lt biayoi Lafourhle, as well
ats otie or uo persons residing in the river
parishes where enne is acultivated, at
they all agree that the col wveather ot
last week will have the ell.'e iaf dlestroyinag
aill thae oat-soian g cane. If those per
sonis are t hbe reliedl ott. andi they pass faa
men't of veriacity. then, will this year's sit
giar tmaukinag firi jll (TO.000l bhlts. andia oanr
planters lose three mnillioans aof dailnrs.
[ N. 0 Courier, 2d1 inst.
Judge Gaston-The Chiarlesion Contri
er of the 9th itnst. *ays---The liont. Wat
C. (OiT3, of North t 'arolitnn, o as soli
cited to offer for- :e U. S Senitae fraorn
hat Statie, previtau- tao the late e'lectina
aind gave the fellowitag reasons for decliio
itng a nomtination:'
Aftaer si, lanst nretir'emleat fraom thae rtar
nmtaiis ttf poli tinai lifte, tao re-a-lter uponaaa
theamu asy vena swanhll tarobtabily lie tat
sacarilire( mny hapapitiess, aand as Iiiapprehend~
wit haua cahtnininig the' aitly eqativalent thuat
eni lie al'erdl ihar sur It a sacrifice. the caon
scioutsness aif l'allillintg thae dit y. Trhe situai
tuuuionlwicha I inow hiald friom the kindnltess
oif amy f-Iluw citizenal has be'omte perhi-etly
agreeable to me. I fada atat it suaits tty
hetallt keepie mty inttalla'ctuli Iatlers itn ae
tin w'imhtit aoverburaning~ia themt, anad
gives mec le'istre nttud relish for daomesaic
enijoaymets atnd my agricultatral taursatits.
it is a kind aif itatermeinte estate boarneenc
the liusa le of tetapuiral and the calm of
eternal existencae. so congeanial iio the con -
temha ttive chatracier of age. 1i obtains
fair mie what the wise soldier of Chiarleis
the 5th, w hecn hr resignedl his commhissioni
delaurle'd taecessary, "Aliquid temnporis in. i
teresse debi c'itum maortema que." 1Iesid~esi I
I believe that the f'aithafual perfaiomance of r
the dluties of may presaent oliee, is as im
p~oratnt to the pubhlic welfare as any ser
vices n btich it wotuld lie iinamy ptower tor
render in te political statiort tat whaich yout
tnvite rae. Tlo give a whialesomae expoasi- I
tion of the Ltaws, tat sett the fluctuaatiatns
tid~ teconcile' ah seemninigly contflictinig It
itnatogies uofjtudicial deacistoons, ao admatinis- C
er .jtusi ire in ate last resort with a steady l
bandl andr an apr'ight puirpose. atppear to v
te zamngis the hightest of civi! functions. .s
nAi so laong as Godta spares me healah andi e
.adaetrsttnditng to performi these faithfutlly, a
iaow can I better serve my couantry. il
Census of S. Carolina.-The total popna- p
ationi in this Siate, by the Censausjuast ta- ii
maeu is 59.430. shewinag abouttt our naturalI a
nerease of h0 per cent, in the last 10 years. t.
at he statsiee report otf athe Marshal it v
ppears thnt 30,000 lbs. of sugar were ptro
nitead in St .John's, Cialleton, duing the h
ear 1830J-40.-Chaar. Cout. s
Oss TtaRM.-The Whmigs, arc all int fa- ti
or oaf electinag a Pr'esident for (one term si
ally. There political anacestor's, the foun- o
ers of ithe federal school Were also in fa- e
or of electng a Presiadent foroanly one term si
nel that to last ,durin fi'.
I request the favor of you, to give publicity
v the following Resolutions in the colutns of
rour valuable paper. The Convention, by
which Body they were passed, has lately held
its Anniversary in Sumptervile. The Meeting
was deeply interesting.
Wt. B. JOHNSON,
President of the Baptist State Convention,
in South Carolin'.
Whereas. a general eisqnielede amonug oat
Churches in the South and Southwe:st of the
United States, has been produced by the pps
ceedinigs of sone Abolitionisle or our denoni
nation, at the North, with wiom we haitveleng
betn associated, in the Foreign Mission ory en,
terprise-a disquietude. that threaten, a divis
ion of the Baptist Triennial Convention, by a
separation of the Southern loom the Northern
clurches-and whereas, lron th nagsitude
of the Mlissionary enterprise, and- the iapor.
tunee of united action for its advandement. suci
division is to be deprecated, and if posible,
prevented-and who reas, the nmanner of ad
justing the existing, difficulty so as to remove
the disquietude, and prevent the division, isone
of delicacy and importance, requiring delibera
tion and ututail counsel.
T erefore, Resolved, 1. That it be recommen
ded to the Delegates from the Slaveholding
States, who shall attend the Baptist Triennial
Convention, in April next, to assemble in the
City of Baltimore. in the Meeting House,
in which the rriennial Convention is to as
senble, at 10 o'clock on Monday before the
last Wednesday in April next, that they may de
liberate and deteriuae upon the manner in
which they shall act on this subject, when they
shall meet at the Tiiennial Coinvention.
Resolved 2. That they he sequested. after the
risitng of the Triennial Convention. to give in
formation to their constituents, of the result of
Whereas. Brethren Kingsford and Wilcox.
have been introduced to this body, and have
presented their credentials, the first, as agent
if the American and Foreign Bible Society;
the last. as Missionary Agent of the American
Baptist Home Missionary Society, they were
invited to seats it council, and requested to
make any communications that they had in
charge. Whereupon, each in his turn, made
encouraging statements of the affairs of the
Society. which he represented. This done.
each alluded to the exciting subject, produred
by the condict of the American Ba ptist Anti
Slavery Convention held in New York, in April
last; and the Anti-Slavery meeting held direct
ly niber the adjournnent of the Post1A ssocia
tion in the pre'sent year. The %tenents
and remarks, n.ade by these bretlhren, in re
ference to the numbers and influence of
the abolitionis'.s of our denomination in the
northern states, shew that they are small and
feeble: tha* thie great body. of our brethren at
the north, brethren of stantinig and influence,
hnve too sympathies with the abolitionists, and
that they have no desire to interfere, in the
stamallest degree, with the institutions of the
Snth; and that they will be ready to give an
expre:einn of their disapprobation of the pro.
ceedingsa of their aholtion brethien at the
north. at the next teeting of the Triannial Mr,
sionAry Convention in Baltimore.
'Therefore Resoloed :
1. That this bodly is much ratified with tb4
statements and remarks of these brethren, on
this exciting subject.
2. That they itave full confidence in the an
tegrity. earistiani temper and true-heartedness
of thele brethren.
3. That. nmoniternbly atitnched to the Bible
cnnse. and lissionari interests, they recon'
niend these brethren to the churches, in partii.
cular. and to the benaevolent. in senerni, as
worthy of entire confidence. earnestly desiring,
that they masy be % ell received. and liberally
aided ini thei'r collections for their respective
And whereas. Rev. A. Ricz. of this body.
has also received an appointmtent from the Ame.
rican atnd Foreign Bible Society, as agent fer
Resoleed. 1. That we are mauch gratified at
thais appoitmtent, and at his acceptance of it.
2. That wec mest cored'ally recommnend him
to thse'lhurche. atal to th~e h'nevole'nt, trusting
that they' will libers:liy aid hint by their counate
nance nnel contibuationas.
3. Thait copies of uthese resolutions be given *
to each of te'se brethrent, signaed by the Presi
dlena of this Society.
SOUTHl CAROLINA MONEY.
Ha; tiurg now offers ao the Planters
arent indelaeme'nts to make it their place
of trade. Money is plenty and of the heat
kinad. and Cotton high.
Tho Bank of Hamburg is ;sseing, anti
it is known to he gootd money. I wi'l not
ay the Cashier loves to part with its
shinere, but I think he delights to have
them, and he does pay freely. Mr. Par
roll, Agent for the Sonuth Western Rail
Road Blank. at Chtarlcston, is paying out
their bills, and this monaey is of the best
kinud. Otur Sinte lhas a large interest itn
this Baunk. It has a charter from three
States, and is tax paying mnoney in South.
Carolitn. North Carelina, and Tennessee,
and it is current from Charleston to the
Ohin River. which gives it an itnmeuse
fielal feor cirutlationt. It is wvell stuitedl for
our citiz.ensl who mnay travel or wish to use
moey, itt North Carolina, Teunessees or
The Cotton Market of Hamburg, is the
best in the UJnited States for Planter.
Sen rnuotations from abroad end compare
acttal sales in [Hambutrg, 94j a 94, on the
eneral soles; extre'mes 10 cents, South.
Carolinenumoney. Plateras oug~ht not to.
looks at Georgia tntes for their Cotton;
indeed, if they want Georgia money, they
nn hauy it for Snuath Carolinn money, and
get mtore dliffere'nce thatn is made int thue
price of thteir Cotton. The market like- -
wike, is now duull. Platers. so far fronr~
having atny trouble to sell,. th~e ftrouble is,
I h..'ieve, teo keep hnyes away' fromn them,
thev -,re so nuamerotus and sr anxious.
The store-- are wvelt etnpplgd n ith rte
sape nrticier of plauters' consumption,
and a-lowv prices inde'ed. it is.savel neigh
hors are consplaining one of anttcher, that
they aell too-cheap. Better for the Plan.
The Ware houses are repairedl, and
very commodlione,. and proprietors very,
very polite and attenlive to planters.