Newspaper Page Text
New Fork and Virginia.-We quoted
recently some passages from the Rich.
muond papers on the subject of the coniro
versy between these t wo States. The N.
York Journal of Cinmerce of the 20th
insr. contains a long and inell written ar
ticle 0n the same epic in which the just
claim of Virgiiia toiuching the tmatter in
question is ably vilicated.
The fact that the con- it ution recognised
slaves as property is a thingt so well known
and so decisive tf the poil! here at iUe
that we are left to wander how a constro
veriy so protracted could grow ont oratch
a case as the one inl dispute. Tho .lour
nal in the following paragraph., dlemolish
es the only position that could afford appa
rent grottud to. Gov. Seward and his sup
"It is not denied by Gov. Seward, that
slaves were deemmed property when the
clause in the Constitution was framed, nor
that the clause was broad enough tihen to
cover the offence of stealing one. It is in
sisted that inastt.ch as they are not pro
perty Dow, the clause does 1n1 ""aIIn.
This would seule the principle that a'SmIe
might at any time by its legislation, alter
the effect of the contitut onmal prouisiotn.
ir it nay withdraw ons species of properly
from its operation, the principle is tie
same when another State aitemlits to ad..
It it.a bad rule which accommtttolates the
caprices of New Yo k and withholds the
same privileges from. Virginia."
At the dine oft he adoption of tie conl
siltution slaves were held in New York I.,
well as in states fuirther Son th. Because
the-condition of New York is now chn nced
in that particular it does not therelfre All
low that the principles of the Constitution
is changed. It remains as it was e-sah
2ished aud it must be interpreted accord
ing to the spirit int whieb it vas firatied.
The conclusion at which the Journal ar
rives is the plain onc that the men deman
eoed by Virginia sholi le given up; and
'it intinates with propriey that if they
should be surrendered, they won l,. if in
nocent. be able to estahlikh their itnoce-ce
but that even if gtilty. the circum-t1tantceS
of the case .otid constitute ;au app-al to
to the courtesy of Virgittia, whicl %% 01l
probably iurhtce the hecutive to pardou
Newspaper Du-s.-What a villanous
set orsubscriber< nnny of the newspapers
in this country must have ! We lave
scarcely opened one sincre the firei of Jan
vary, which is iot calling upon its pIatros
to pay up their arreara-es, and lecturitmg
them severelv *upon tie dishonesty tit
withlilding h-om the printer the small
pittance due him. for oti. twat, three. narl
,.pometimtes even ten years; Now. all thi,
tells very hadl-y'for the paper, or the sub
scriber. r both. -
No-w ha * sobscribers nre n dilT.rent sort
offellows. they don't 'heed all this I oning
and collectiita; bseiterly a mati e ouaes in
which des nut brinog Is m11onev fro1:m1 sloamc
dAfthem, partietlarly .wi:' we ,han ed Ihet
how import-itt it i. toit a tunn's inlerPst ti
pay itiall delts. nid we thiik they all it.
tril the first timmethe-ga t1 tho e poat aof
th pbaost master. a tiire .r r'ie dalalltr bill,
and telli.him to sen it to ts. TJh),e " It1
have not done so.hlretorare. 4mnve failka
becautse they happenel not to thiunk lif it,
wvheat .they were~at ihte post. uiice.- Geor
Names.-The tn-tmes aof men' rio not at
ways harmonize wit ht their emaploymaents,
even itn the Ca'ocord, atml sinnetimhes pre
sent a uadieraans dliscn. A tmantg the of
ficers of the Unitead stes ship Cancoaral,
recently none to sen, ate the following.
"J. Carpenter, guinner. tndc L. Simith, ciar
penmer." Trhey shauhal exc'htanie placeas.
"Wa~illianm Boeruma coimand ier."' 13 ar
em as more app)jropriate fair at coapenter,
thtan a comnmander. "G. WV. Cuadwi..e,
Surgeon." H~e shinhal be it fishearmatt:.
"H-. More. assistamt Suar~ot." 'Ttis is
very well, as it isone more <naree-m in ad
alitiont to. Goalwise. "J. P. Wattklheai,
mid."' More ptraper fir the pre'sidlent of it
bantk. "WV. [ en ir t, mid"' Jlatter ianin na-~
e ya,-d. to hozo timber. "R. A. M larr.
niid." Nut inn~propriatte. "W. S. Wal
ker, lienttentt. Hle nittghlt hatve a benera~
chance for walkin;, o0, shiore. ",J . l ar.
deuer, lieutenant."' - .night he tiind hiet
ter gardening Otn ltad, a.tob he may
plaougt the seal. "B. II 'art, p.: rser.'' The'
sailors thinak that putrsers htav V :L he1lt.art.
in the prices t hey chatrge theta ir aeloa.lit",
antd fior atssislinig bheam withI 9aa'-ndint mm;-.
cy on shore itn a foreign port. "Rl. L.
Lave, atctinig-matster."' Thereisnoet muchel
love, or chttage fair its grati firmaaion, ott
boad a ship of war. Tihese are niearly
half thte otlicers.-Boaston Courier.
Health of Charlesto.-Ian t he week ly
bill ofuimortality, pubtli!teid yestcerd: y. t here
two of~ whotm were chtibirent, undekr 5 years
2.0 age andl lie other two frmt adld aige, one
beittg '/0. ;;nd the other~ I0 ye aars of age.
Suchl a state tof z,;alabI we b~elieve to be tat
paralledii nt atny c ija thei u:aialn aif equal
poputlatio~n, anal lhe biniiale graiti ;ttde of
our people is dute to the Ahntigty~ liar the
blessings lhe htas thius vouchbsafeat to con -
fer on thteam-a blessi ng, wvithout wieba~ all
the other enajotyments of life nre useless andl
uuavailing.- Clarlestonr Courier.
Custom.-A ntmbetr of Etnglish shot.
dealers otnce maade a voyage to the Cutpe
of Good ltlpe. to) sall shoue, ta) the [lat.
tetntots. Thtey met with tno success ini this
busintess, and were~ mutch woirricd by te
lionas andI othIer becasts oifthiett contry. Ott
their retuirn they'm: pblisheda an tacontt of
their sufferintg in trhymte. We extraui a
coupilet relatting! tat he visit af the lions:
'The custoim aif those lions was, to conme
ot us unawars,
God kttows wre wanted custom' enough,
but we wanted intone oft theirs."~
Sutch a thting as a bachaelor arnata the Tltrk<a
isneverknownt. A recenlt tralt ter satis that
yon might as well look for ctahtalesaa ait a
peach tree or laist year's almnack ott the toilet
of a lady, as to lo fur an unmarried man
among the Ttrks.
A boarder at te White Stulphier Sprinags
sent a request to the cook 'please serve
From the Charleston Mercury.
WAsH IsO-roN, Jan. 21.
On motion of Mr. Carr, the rules were
suspiended for one hour, for the purpose 01
calling for petitione by State<.
mr. Adams presented mnd moved the
reference of a petition, asking the abulitiou
of slaverv in this Diktriet, and in the Ter
ritiries ils, that no new Territory, tole
rating slavery, may be admitted iutu the
31r. Connor moved to lay that pTrtion
ofihe petition which came under the stand
ing rule on the til.
Mr. Adam. asked how that was to be
done, for the petition must theu necesaar
ily he clt in Itwo.
MJr. Waurren obiserved that, if tlie ieti
tiinPrs thought proper it) atach objection
able matier, not receivnble by the llouze,
to their petition, they ought not to com
plain if the whole was rejected. He was
therefore in favor of the rejection of ihe
That portion of the petition coming un
der the rile, having been laid on the table
iAIr. Brack moved to reconsider the vote,
for the iuirpoce, in case it shoneill he recon
sileree,of moving ie rejectiou oefthe wh de,
n1 he contendell that no part. of it ought to
have heen received.
Oni the motion. Mr. Adams demanded
lie vens and unv', which were ordered.
31 r. Wise rose to a ipoint of order. lie
desired to kinw whther ay hpelitil
cotll Ie received under the rule. Tlhe
laier portii, rehtiig te lhe admi-itin of
new Terriorie i1o the Utinit which tole
ratel s'verv, w:ts, itn his opinion. as mech
within the Spirit of the rele ; the former
p rtion of tho petii ; and he. (Mr. W.)
had his ani iilon been called te it at the
lilme, wouild have combaitd the decision
Iofthe Seeie'r, by i% hieh the latter porrion
was received. H is poilit eIl ordle't was, Ithat
as the whole of the petition came n der
the rule, a motion lo lay in the table a
part of it ronill it le ettertained.
Afer sme delhnit of a converatieonni
ehnrnmer, the rule reladini to the rejection
1 nholition paters was read, n-s follows:.
- No perition. memorial. re'soleeien. or
ot her paper. praying the alidi ion of seive
I rv in the Di-trict of Colmhia, or any
Stie or Territory. or the slave trade he
tween !he Si ,-:ese'r Terriloriesofl the Uini
ted Sates in I ":icb it noW exists. shall le
received hv this liioie, or etitertained in
any way winever."
Mr. Wise againi urged hi point oforder,
and coitendemd that ithe Ihlile of the pei
tion evidenly came within tle spirit ol' the
rile. He conceived that the ohjee of the
role was li lispose of all pa pers tainted
with this atlotinble here-y.
The ep ieetioi then being eaken on the
motiitol o lr. Black to ret ineidte the voite
liv % hieh a iortlilelt e petition ia-il heen
hiiil on the iniele, it was debled by vens
and n a s fullows: Yeas, 1113; Nays.
S,1 the vote wn4 reconsidered.
. r. Blutk here rie-, and wii aliit to
ilhimit his motion lor rejeciii the whole
l the eimemi wilhe
iir. Adams wished to inake anl olserva
31 r. %Vise. _Liai- hu-e ~r
ed o 11-y moltiei. I ;se eiiilled o tbe floor.
ir. Athims. No, i I claimi thee floor.
Tie Sreiaeker was deilsreood it, sny
I tat he gentleman from Virin h the
Mre. Adamtrs. Ecii I hatve the floeor on a
point eif ordetr ni hiieh I dle~Ire' tim ma ke.
Th Speaer ten d iitectidlede thai as the
gentiemnieai fromz .\ tnssachultetis roeie tte a
pcoi eel order, lie of' course wacs eittled to
it e nr.
Mr. Aelhuems was iulerstaod toc say that
as the veete I lay ten thle rublle hail been
rectosieered, his m tl ieee eel rehenece of the
nc hmele seebje'ct wouehld netcenssarily come up
agin ftoer re'ccoesiedera itnt.
Mrle. WVise, nguni reese to claim the floor.
MIr. dlamus per-isteed ine his claime to it.
atid was preceedllig, wh leu
Mr . ie. in a vt'ry leeind 1ne, sidl lie
enreil noet what thte trentlemaern li-eme Malns
saclinsetta chlaitned, fer lie (.\1r. WV.) chuim
Chair whni it was thiat heal been laid oni
t he table, Ihe vile on ni hich hans juist beeni
The Speakler informed him thai it waes
ilhat peertiuln icf the pitetin ('emting wvitint
wats ten thi< mothmrem previously madie to luy
it eoi the tahlie.
Aftie'r sei' futniher debacite ofa convers.,
tieolnal chaerneter, emi wi c cvwitng lee the
cttlits:ei whic'h p rev'i led. Cold neit le
3:r. Ceentnor e'xpulained, thatit wcheni the
pet t tin was presetedcl by lee gimile'm anI
fromn Mal~s,;iehusetts, lee (Mr~i. C'.) wais jilsi
tkitig his senet, nut iimvedl le lay men time
,nlh'e that poioni~e cwhieb enee nc itin the
rueeI ; ueet lee wavs nlt. ,.~e conmuvienced tlht
the wcvheehe of he pelii n:i n rite withinu the
rulte, nnel he thleefore nehi' w ichdelew hcis
motieon tee lay' a part etn thee tale.
Mr. libtc'k'havineg suc'ceedeed Ni geting
the fleori. askedl n het her it weni eno~t tnowc
le itn oreril foer heimi ttc tmove thme rejectioet
mel the nt hole ofi thlt eetit iten.
Mn. Wi-e. Nit, ler ii is already reject
ed ii eIr thle rallec.
Mer. BIlack saied it wns a istake feer the
s'e to refe'r was still peingte~ andu am tmc
huon lead be'tt ene e hey seete ecne to lay n
peetin fi telhtle peeir'ion ont the tabele, hte caer
ed noet Iby whtom, beet
Mrt. Wise. ht te motiton ennnot hec
mae', fete it is alIreaidy id iiotn the tae s,
ntlier thue rulie.
Mr1 . Black wi-heed telexplai-t, wheni
Mcr. WVise perl'i~t'ed itt trginig heis temint
tif erder, t hant lie let iitin hId .et .Irendiy beetn
~id on the tale, urder the standinig rule
ofC the leinse'.
Mr. Black satid lie wishede to move the
rejction eef the whlie of I le petitieon, nO
le grotundt that a certain porliitn tif it hadte
been ecided Icy thIe Spceaeker as no t com
ig w'ithin the rule. if it itboeled lie pier
mittedt tat petitions should le receiveed, it
pret ef wvhich enmei w'ithein the reule ati ai
parItI eel whit'bI did nt~e ceeme withliti thle rule,
eliot woeunhIi hee no01hing less thleiinta fraud
upjoni the hionse, le was therefore, for
re'jectinig ithe whoele.
Mr. Wisce could not see how a motion
to reject the whoele could be in order; feor
one portion of' the petition hati already
eet. r...t...i' he rk'ciri.oum of th,. Cr :.
ome further 1w.
retiilermnti rrom Georgia:-wnh. a
notion so as etireirc odly that par
lie petitioni wiiCthe speaker had de
.d could he recei'cd, he0 would go v
Mr. Adams here rose. and in the coi
if some remarks, the w hole of which
i proar did not permit tihe Reporter to i
lenonnced the vtaniling rule of the Ho
trohibiting the reception of Aholition'
pers, as ;in infamous nud unconsututic
Air. Crnig roe -o a pnir.t of orter.
-ontmended int t ie questin its it tie,, st
wfas n3 dehntable. --
Mr. Adatiri. Not only-on.one side.
Mr. Craig snid the questi.s, as it I
4itid, was preciel'v the same as if no
hnd been taken on the original.notio:
Alany members here attempted.to sp
R.1 olve, mil mhl II conifesion prevailed
After oner had been restored,
Tihe Speaker was umler-imod to sav I
lie deahte fwas i'ot int order eseet on I
pertion of the petititi w hich he coicei
tAid not come % it hii ihe rile-..
Aler somise brief remarks from les
WVise and Black- -
Mr. Acam-t. nnin took the fliornrid -
lie had presenited 1t ho le of -1 -h11
rion mid so4 lOn-v n- he had a voice ill
II itnce-, he woldt i cottine i r-sent thi
Mir. A. wns troc eedinig: to anlike some
imirk . in relttion tol I" he oli.vtttil
Mwr. Wis4e that " lie woil lIave cobili
the cleriion if the p r'. Sie: hiladlhis ati
iien h'een calle- it tile petition-whteni
setitel.' when .
Al . Wise enlled the- gtlenian fi
e;snchisetis- to ordler for a drinlerly
pr1s1n lr. WV. then smias1d whmi
iderstood tie imembeler lie charAe. i
tlat lie. Mr. V. hat smdtl lie wouIe.Ild be
Hlietited to the Speake-r. Sneh was
lie (let ; ;14 everyt genitletinn liil; thef
knew that hue haed A;i.l o neh h lin.
Mlr. Aliame explained tht lie ial
nole ntich t charge. What lie said i
u reintiioni to n hIl the tieriter f-fine I
ini didm nih tnot whit tile member snit
votilu h:ve dee.
Air. Wise deniel that hie ever said
ivoi have diented to the 'jwpeaker,
li. such wn' Ii- itt ientim. . . IM
ome lirrther oise-rvatieons %% hielI coiuld
e di.tiintly hianme.
. . .Adiamsexpliied alit the gentnle
rrem Vir'inia hal mistemk his metcnnti
What lie (Itlr. A.) lad rerer-ece to ,
lie tier:it14-1 inl wlich tht1 gentleman u
llV aldre-seed the Spenke r. -
Ni'r. Wi-&e said bt(le nerei ted otiline'
nuch naz a Ipereotail qeirrel n~iih the v
ie tmtgi lie periniel tfi usayV iht;w there
ii, man411 ill the Hinie im,re eap'ble of
biblitingdelp ra feiesta ta
m-mI ; nmi hie was owm setting an E
ple for thIe voulnger tmembIhers.
The Spenker, ine relyv to a rine.Al
rolim 31r. Black. deci-ledt iht I a mnotio
reijet cCu1.1 apply oItehnly te so I eich ief
petiti is hd been deciled did not cc
Ower the rile.
c-ohl m, lie s-epaired, for it waiie
le -;mite tiing.
-Mr. It. thtee cionine'nced resitinig she
li in with e view of Irosvin;; his pne
Mr . Adaa s .ired tol ingqeire of
geitlemtan whiethlert it was in trere felt
tha whIich the Ilionse hade driermiiine
e. odhilt receis e .
Alru. Illftek satie he wait reaeding the pi
dciion with viewl erihinieuig that die Spr
in neol rejreting ithe whtele.
Thle Spen~tker eaheiervedl that ithe redt
of ihnt porntttin of the pletitioln wiich ef
wit hin the rttle, cellnhl not lie rem uel i
.1 r Aldims said lthat tile'ss I le wi
nhjer~t shienh l tee itrownt tepen til deh
ie wonst h! eibject.
TIhue Spieaker t hen reemerkedl that,
oblje.tionr hotil he.een melee thIe gen,1lem
lfri'n Cooergisite eeuld tiot heC in ordel
retelitg thle pleci i tin.
A lier somiie dleh t e oin t his pni lt bet w
. e,'sr's. Blaeck. 'dl i.setend Crfii!, the ni
was son great thai several mtemblers res
twhr. W.inthrop enthl fear order nil or
.\lr. Ill-rek atgaine conetteded thaft
portiein eer the pelttito econhll not be rnj
eel wvithiu lhe lher; fttel if esne wast
re-iv~ed, so moieit the citheri bte. Bedi.le
ths prac;itice wits let le ndlepted. then1 ti
samlse eof pet ie iions it he inttrueied i
ee lioneui like so mnetty fite brtemes. in
fiiei ofiany resolutihen thait mtighit
adosp ted .
The honett haviniz now e'x pired. lihe H e
pro~ced~l edto the e nIer-s eel lie day.
'*4arrrspondenac oif t'ee Chacrleston Courie,
VAsuitGTsN, Jill. ':
The Seninte watc;'sitia I le theor ie.
di v. tefn gtren iin te e-em aitl struig le tet w
.\b'-. Unti heeunl and tiel3r. Websiciter Thets
ject wasfi the dit.tribietioni scheme tof
anio to1 rteotoiuit thei pret-emeptiont
wi;th islernettions tio sUuost itute fear it thei
M1r. C.k:lhiun spokeC fihonlu nn hour
a ha, andh w'ithi teentmore thanit hii.
ro~tstmedl thitity andi cenrgy. I his obl
was 10 prove that t he dlistribuion isled
i uincoteitieona~l. anI thaft its fiinteciatl
reet 'ould hIle ciistrenes. O1 coutrse
e-acinnut petendu to give hcis vie ws nt ih
cihjects. But as far n< thle e:emsti tnotie
irgtuenitt is ceoecerniced, ii lie< in ft
,bellh. lThe hInes were ciedesh, het :nrue
v Vi rgieeint fnt oteeiher St aetes, toe
SUnitedl States in Conigres< nitiembele
rhe grant wats nt to Ithe Staes ini tI
iggregatte epity. Thie hinnd was tc
meld itn t rust by thle genernl govenrnm
tmd ofC coetrse cci elnest lie dliided,
lit ribeuteed. Furi ler. ir wns31 Ice conirit
'n eommone't feunde" fur the ipuses eof
Thie finacilI churineter of the ment
e einianneed ats miserabsle fit toppree
o the dothi and tile cew'Sinses. 'I
dani wals to taike this mney wit tif
Freury, aond replenish-the TJreastury
ltties on luixuries. TPht svas the sche
f the Senator from Ma
Nebster.) He we
na i ly
ta ke amtlt~of duzdo of o
m necesafies; hatt for the purisose of it
haifing tie States to pay ihe bonds due
is toIOreigncapitialists lie would nut lay a S
of cent ofrluty,.cither upon laxurie-tor nerces- -
id- saries. Itt'nightbe. ns t he Scuaior argued,
'ith that the duties on Frenchsilks, &c., would C
fall on the producer, nno nut on the egn
rse bumer, but in'ihe renection of trade..oup
the own productions.would suffer for wantof I
'ar. a maitket. Thie less we took of- fureii
Lise nations the less they would t.,ke of us,and
pa- Ihias Itie producinA States wuul, in. -the g
nal end, be the chief sufferers by the scheme.
The tax on silks nali wines would be a
He tax on the cotton, rice, and tathneo plaoter. s
uoud Mr. Caihoun feared, he said, that ihis
project would be suticce'ssful at the next
Congress. and that ii was Ito he the intio
ow duiction to the long discarded systet of a
rite national funded debt-a national bank- c
of a high tariff-ant of internal imiprovemients
by the eeneral government. The dlitrilou
sak tion scheme would buy up ilthe States, and
. engage a mnjority fif them in the support
of these rianinau< and oppressive imeasures. F
hat Mr. Webster. inl his reply to tte coisii- I
bit tutionni areanent fai Mr. Cijiahinia, conten
ved led that thle power given bay the cotiitt
tion to Conress over the 111ulic dtolnain
sr. -Was a!h.aolute. ncondition al, unrestrieted.
Thev hal ttilitnited plower to raisereve
sil title fromat the lstl,, or to dlo with thets as IJ
t-i. thev pleased. The view lie iapplied bthi
,lit. to 'he eedpal hindst and the blhds nernir- '
ba. ell hy pnirhne. As to the ceded lads. It
re hi- isiited that, in term's. they were givent
of far the tse of the individual States, and
aell nt 'lf the United State's.
i-n- For thit pirp-alcs fof teventie Congrets
re. ht t' a leass limit power (over the lmits
th n over the duties fima itmportc. They
ita wou1l11 rakie revente fromn either tar horb ; e
:x. aid it wfa4 withii their cotstito iiinal patw
Ie er, if a hey ahoghi pn oper, raitste it vhol
iz: ly frain etorns an tod appiarinte the pro.
I e ctedls of tle larils to their original objet-r,
tot the uises of the Stite-.
tr He lin l;atundt it ditlirtiht to imparess
thost gentiletr,ten, who ttttit itaetiselves
not are frienil v han lie wa-ita Snte Ri t.6's
s with a sies-e ofthe great sneritie which
'Ir ite taritiie States imaale it thie I lion F
lie whei they con.entel tat give up tihei-ai% er
fr Iay.an2 m dutie-,s oil ittirtis. v t his ihev
i, hal givet lilt. tittlv ti ml t ertaic
fi ta 4oret or revente , itit tle lower or tt:k
,tle ing other States aribitarv taa themti. it was
t tise S:ntre-'l int now ea led on tle Ieneral I
"nvenm' eti i, it iiiii ataf peace. tad wiahen
it'hero was nlta pibilic I-it, too rclimpih tat
tim-itt their lail-. nn ti provide Air ti'w or
dinary rievenue o the goveritmtent from the
That te State, were in debt was no
o re.ant wthv their reneaa nble demantd.
h., 4lo, bl bie comipliedl with. Aniy on~e whi ls
It'l cinh.%n ithlout emionl, willness thevirstrum
le1 s ta tnittaiain their pltic fi h.-ny
ati wfll- aho cotl sce their cred ilistrovel,
sad ;heir hotor tarnished iln the eyes o th k
world. hitt no title to the naime of Amt-ri.
isan Datring omtaie pJms'snes to Mr. Web'ster's r
i ta ee-li ationt ale Statet. a lere was t maittr
the "t ir of ippiuse ia lit. Senate tandt galle
In the Hatae, the Tren.nry note hill wvas
., di-wn,-et , htat nita coanclusittnt vas arrived
From the Richmond Enquircr.
pe- CENSUS OF ' IE UNITED STATES'
1P We are iited t a friemt at Wash. 8
ingtoni fur the fullowing interestinag repoart: ag
IitFromt the Secretary~ of .htaule. transmitinag.
in coma pliance ith a~ re.soluition oftihe Sen. q
cii. ate en ablstact ofthec returns of the sixth
tak- cenfsu's. i
-rour Decembaler 30 18410-Rtend orderedl to lao printed.
DK:PARTMEN:T or STATE, I
ing Wuathinsgton. Dtecmtt' ' 28 - 0.
meat Sir:- I have the htonoar aaa aratanmit tat a
bly ytan, ata tie had elbre- to t he~ St-ae. ina tahe
tdi-ece ato its reaalaatiaan .,t thlit 23-1 in.a.nt a
mle a eaitement~t imagb- by the sup ~erintenintg 8
te, er-k of tae censuaas, taf the naegre~gaate ptatp- a
alatitn oa ft he Sriats tandt iT-raitotries, si faar a
na as the ret irn rteceivedi mbia. r
ana ihaive thle honoter tat la. ,'ir,
ini Yur tbit enlitt a-trvan tt,
.J0UN FOlISYTH. -1
ccen The Vic'e Pres'idlent taf t-e U. Star teatl
ite Presiudena aof thte Senaate.h
DyrPAnTaME!T or S'TATr. ?
-r. WVashainagtan. Decembeltr23, 184 0. 3'
atne Sir:-'lThe nenompnn~iityinag stat t-ee em- -
-et- br-i.ces' anu itta inftan amattitan eI led ftar lav th li
re- resoaaaa tiota taf the Seae taf he 23d' inlst.
- 'i whichl is' in the potssaione tat thea Depara. h
""t- taent of $tatet at aibi's iiaime. Th'le rttaraas
"'"t tof the Di-'ta'rt Cahnhi hal iave alaaae ra
te- iaeaia exi ne aa nda tt correc'ted herie, ami da
hie thet rite tittner aire "ivena.
F~rttm all th~e ta-her 8:tets andit Te'rriea. h
use aue-s, t tie n'aot hers m- ae set adiwt-tsn c altena-tI
lay th la ar-hnislof tahle aevterail juadieial
atistrict<a, nntt are yet subtjaet to exaina
tiaon atnda correce-r. ni
I remnaian rea-lectnadly, sir,
tea- Youar eieniaat servatit,
Tlo" the S-ecretaary taf State,
S Abstract of the returns of the sixth census. .0
I.s Staate's tad Teritna- White Free cot- A ll ntther n'
- ries. person.* aedc paer- pe.os a
aadt Maine. 500.443 1.353
ne- New llaimpt'tire, 2853.!951 529e j t
ect .iassnehnaee~atts, C62'.932 8.5314
me (Connteictat. 3101.857 8.111 54 i
aiRhode l'<lttnd, 105.593 3.2:39 5 tal
Vermtotr 291 .1't0 7183
Nc w istirk. 2,:02.57l 50.261 3 Ia
PaNew Jersey, :159.724 20,.970 658 I,
n:l Ienn.-yv aiu,* 2.619.115 51.i71 31 .
t Delawarec, 58.581 1fl,926 26.1:3 r
the Virginiin. 735.81-2 48.425 447.207 '
'." North C~arilina, 484,.172 22,752 24!i.18j P
hir South Carolina, 2,59.0102 8.279 3.27,154
Alabamn.aaA 288,394ti 1.8:3 18-4,661 hi
nh %JMis'sppi. J78.9.;7 1.367 195.765 j
lata [.anaisianta.fl 112.149 22,197 j J5.l2)
taat TPentnes-see. 649.492 5.407 1i2,l3$
Othito. 1,408593 17.192e
ire hiadiantat, 67i.296 7.1118 a
.\issotari,ttt 277,357 1,433 48.944 a
the .knchian.~ 2lJ,00~0 7,0'11i
byFloridha.i I.a147 521 5,334
te WVisconsin2, 30,50)4 17S 8 's
ir. aiowa. 42.861 153 18 ti
e-- Dist. of Caolumabia, 30,657 8,361 4,694 cc
* r'nmnlete. with the exentrion ofrs. 3
runion Luren, and the whole ofBia
f The returns Nos. 8Sand 9-aggrega
tidl recnpitulttioinlielurns of the alarsh
-have not been received.
ftf Not coump'el. Nine counties not r
j Nt complete.
laIncompplete. The western district
dunisiana,reinrs Ia e not been receive
.(r Apri of Monrie eounity oit receive
'*4The returns Nits. 8 and 9-a-ggr
ame and reeuiiilatiou returns of 1
1nrshal-not received. and only it poart
Io.. 4-lhe returia orcumieration by A
itilSns to sthe Marshal.
ff t There are seveti counties not inel
J.| The returns hnve not been receive
}j tocompiele. Two districts not i
[The vatious Census ot Virginia sia
s follows :
New York thnc increased since the h
'ensus. from 1,915 60- to 2.432.835.
'ennsylvaina from 1.318.2331it more th
.669.717. Ohio fiom 937.903 too 1.51
85. Joidinna from 343.031 to 683.31
tlinois from .157,355 io 426.634, &c. &C
Census of Soulk Cardina.-The !oi
opn lation of is22 State, by the Cens
ist inken, is 594.539, being an increase
-- thuti ten per cei.t. during ten yen
'he feder:d pulptitltion % ill not vary mi
-Ilm 490.000. This mill give her hot m
en repreisentative-sat a rainsof'60,000 b
Ig in% o less than she low tins.
This is giing to tbe i ery eriois gne
son filr he cinsidermiion of Southerni mate
iwnl If the niorith contiIinea t ip ielii
er represenainves. m hile we decresase
very cetnstis, we will soon become i
ewers of wood uni the drawers if n nit
low i< the evil t#he renediel ? Can M
laiiea ni mi itie Rev. tr.Chalmersnm
iw- tier pilitien (ill i ists. iivise is i
ltn it p t 1 a stpJ ti he Ifreinlity of the
From the Charlesto Courier, 30th uit.
From St. Augunine.-The sehr Si
ben & Frani-, Capt. Magee, arrived 1h
kening, Cromn St. Auninell.
We are imleied ta Ciaplt. M. for n p
er if, hi. 2:b inlst. ;aId ti she editorof i
ew-, tfir his imper ofi the same nie.
ko a file f athn51z:nliM1.4 p.pers. The it
-.r have beei nticitiinituted. From i
ews we cospy the lhlliowiig poilisteripi
Sr. AL'ues-riNo:, Jam. 22.
More Glorious Neres!!-Thi- sehs. Frni
rs, C ' apa. Cioiper, arrived this mornin
ring-ing, dhe gloriians- news ol'nddition
ieeess inl the (apntire mnd destritiin
te eniemy Sonih1. On he Sibl. Coll. Illn
ey en;ipiri-d nid kili-it, in the Ivergtii
2 hlaidials. Oil tie 1011, N: Inlin lii,
1-,th ilie commanl imier Major Chiis. Lt
'nylor, Step~tie. Vani Vliet, ai Dr. Sinl
mns-, eaptinr--d :341 Ind1inns am11( foenne11
illinu 4. Ott the 14th. on the St. John
iens. Tavlor ;sili Vnns Vtiet eapturit
inili., killing 1. Col. Iiarney hid i
!irn oitr ihitli ilnlt t frorce, and is again i
nrenit oIf the enmy.
The iewe from tire South is truly ehee
l; the nt'eessei of Col. 1irniev. ana :1
r'ninp ;,nd --nllant corinet ofr Maj,
r1:.ve tollinrr amil aninV istingni-he
!- ioo( comiilnr at Fort Drane. Ve s;
;nu sliced sneh mensm, as ire operttii
lniiht: they hinve targe ehtuim ni pon~ ii
ratitude oh the -onry.
N>.w OIILFNS. Jaln. 16.
Latest from Te'rais.--1The steaml sh
nr ainah, Capts. WVadle, nrrivedt at a tla
itur tist nichtt in 32 touar<i friii Gal:ve
im. biriaigittg dolesti the t3tt6 in14.
Latrer neiws hn21e been~a receiiv ci from ti
Vste'rn fronatier, andl ii se-ems 11har A rie
rill cont11iues his rrents ot invi ~on,~I a
10m12h it wsas known 111tht heii hadioi20
ei* iindir his(se nimmtiih. Mrt. Von Ne
i Col. Seenini thel arriveid u Auestin tro
*an2 Antoiio. 'Thley 'siit IcIhot thte giner
nI inasiona. hn:t un tgtitlihe hod receive
1)i Itnrrry eiin the wv ar iath itimre --irei2
etlion 11122n Sartn Anun (hidth 11i
'exi2n hm gh it hais t hreats.
y 31 r. Matylieldt. onte of the tmembers
i'te'einnt thiona-e of Representuaives,
texicoe." hi plassedl it- firsut rendting. tb
1n a miotionl to suIstei~t thii rules amsi p~n
11121 secondit resadiig, the ny~es amali no21
i-I-it rertirin a1 Nmindjirity of I wo thirl
I Sliutpendi n rle of~ the I lnse-v'nt ia
'2n2e1 nitn et vorPiiYue on iusliai pas;ng
wrteiing 22 in favor of and1 14 nigti
se 11 suspension. Itr will no11, ho1w ever.I
uirril-d tthriugth just a2t this julncturel, ml
ill ntot pro!.nbiy pass5 ntil certain ai I
r ial itelligenwe ennl lie hnd( ill rebaitioln
Ie raimmoed try: betweeni Great Be isa
A teiser fronm Washiinton, dattedt Ja
, publishied in tile New York Post. say~
Jr. Clsay's airneck yesterday on emiigra
giputb;a iion. the Sw~viss, Germnens, 1isi
iiha, m 2 eme ien fur a shiire of his n ra
ndii dennteint ion, tins tbeen piructiv-e
me anti222xiely ill siome (If his associienes
nid their meinstrets an ia nneiiiessingers,
iev id nt iw weecks since ini the enfim
f the IIiatitimom VtWig, enmte in for a fi
rlpolratiion of the ire of lhe M'l agnus A p
o ef the ndmniistatn and as for Il
-ish, ah ac oinmllryme i ofCi Emm set, of (r'n
mn. iif Shernid1an, otf Mioore. nndir a hosutt
'ries noul 'nieleenel oh niouere,"' ahi
'ere evidetl~iiy 2he otldeets of his peenilis
'1There~ its nlo n litahe alarm tnnifest4
monilg theI' n12 hiI heoeis and phiiloseophe
riln cons.eqiuence of Ihe pruspeer rh
olr by3 the fuirthi of July nex:e, will n
ittnta nd over t hree dollars lie thmaret.
'h.y madiie the farmeiers beievew. wiitut:i
ectioni was going sca. ih:i if Mr. Hart
ms were elec-tet, lie wothl nilvance i
rice (If tbread stufis one hiundlred pl
Lore among the Snows of 1flinter.- At
icial tparty ini loston ahe other evenin
are were present two recensly maerra
7pes whoase ntdaesaone
TnU SDA , FEBRUARY 4, 184I.
" "A Suabscriber." and - C," has been receiv
d. ed and will appear in onr next.
le We are indebted to the Hlonl. F. W. Piehens,
eIf for varions Publie Docunients.
TiE BAC H F.OR -
u- We are extreme4y averse to obtruding our
selves, or our affnirs. upon the attentiin ofour
n- readers, who have a right to claim. and to whom
it should be our duty, to afford higher instmue
id tion and entertainment. But, a late attack
having been made upon us, through the columns
ist of the " Bachelor," an irresponsible Lilliputian
- sheet. publis'hed at Athens. Ga., of which we.
rt gave a passing notice in our last, we must beg
indulgence for appeariug in so unaccustomed
an nattitude as defence. We have not only been.
attacked, for our own-editorial notice, but have
nl been accnsed of a leagned -connegion, with~
ns others, of which the editorial corpsof tCh.Bach
of elor can produce no proof. This la't charge.
*4. is as foreign to our kntowledge, as kindness,
!h honesty a ad prinaciple. seems to be to the nature..
e- of those by whot it hats been attributed to uv..
e- We tare not conscious, of ever having deasean.
ed iustrselves, but %%itla strict courtesy, in our
. noices of "ur brethren of the press, and we
,V mutst attribute thie discourtesy of the Bachelor
; 1 to % nrds its. to its disa -f oitni t.I in our nota
Ie having bestowed upon it, the praise which it
r. expected, ttponr its change of nane, aned limticd
-- etnlargenent of its sheet. Wersaid all we coald,
'd Cnsistent with enr own feeliqts, sa% in favor
1 of it, atd as much as we thoclpht it deserved.
Be It is the official organa of a class, vhich to the
honor of the sex he it spoket, isextreanly s1.al.
is these latter days.
e- We do ne-t recollect ever having noticed it
$t blaltched with ini ecent Inngunge; but the most
mealy-monted nre generally t.e aost impure,
a and the moe'st sanctified sentimentalist, is utunally
as the greatesi scoundrel.
t- We therefote beg permission, to inform the .
.beau ideal' corps of the Bachelor, that they
need no lon::er cotnsider themselve a tinder any
obligatioan to senad us their paper, as we shall be
a- loth to impose the task of their destrnetion on
g. the flithilil blnek, A ko lranfim-es the peolish ot
ail his countennance inato our boots.
The cour.e purstued by the Bache for. we think
jistifies ts in cntting short our acquainta ce,
ns it has taken special care not to send its a list
per, containjing its tattack iupoan ts. It was dily
aeeived, by its regilar stub eribers in ti sec
tion, and it is to the kindness of a friend, that
s. we are itdebted for theinflmiation that we had
5 been assailed.
411 We have now done our duty. and shall do it,
"1 hereafter. withaut fastidioosess. Wh'en in the.
days of Chivalry, a Knaight clad itn conplete ar
nouir, was set togtinrd a shrme, it was tot suffi
rient that he repell the intavader. whoappronch.
re eel witheequill front to theattaek-but it was no
tess ltitduty, to hent oftfdw' f'on tirds. nad'etrnsh
Ae with iron heel the -limy snakes. that mtight de
'y As e the precineits. But enough. We shall,,
I hereafter, consider the Bachelor too " poor" an.
ob elject, to waste paiperanad ink. tupon.
. TH E AISOLTON OF DEBT.
p Of the manay projects and fierins in whaich the
e Agrariana spirit of the age haas mtade itself mjuan
ifest. that of a ptopositin to abiolish all law.
fear the collectiona of debts, appears the least,
conasisrtt. atnd thte maost injutrioues.
I. Whten first it wats brouaght fiatward for cona
u .siderautiotn, ad nyeid by the Skidneeres and,
as Owens, whto prenached retligionts inafidelity, as a
ta cover fear socin'! ad po'itieni diiaorgaizaetion-,
lit was regarded rather as thte p~haneasy of weak
Itnad visieonary levelers, tan as seriouis pep~o
elsal likely ter be p' essed at nao distant day. Btn
the case is noew alteree- The revnilsions ad
disaesters of tlthetat few yenats hatve made mniey
contverts tea tlia alI~ndic'alismn, whco were leefore
laverse to it itn feeling, positieon. aned by fanacied
elf eiterest. wit i otit beinsg withheld fromn ary
tua deep-rootedi principle ear convieciti eof puiblic
4tecessiry. Manny whlo faency they have notlhmig
tea lose by thec de s:ruactiona of the inastitutes and
thae disrupltiona if thea bonads of ezc"ety. are now.
att least, w illitng that experimnetnt uplon them
shtoetnid lie caturied to the liurtherest extent itma
e, If any man who e'ither has, or hopes to have, '
st anythiig to leose int the cotnta~nnity, will but
Ie curry thtis proec~et ouet. even in iemaginaetiona, to
elthe n:ttral aend inecvitable.ooseqences of its
adoption, lae entnnot fail tea -ee ut.iaxent of -.
miea hiet, it muitst urasthe wletd a
A grarianaism itt wheich tis is tnot included. It is
to olfer a pe'rtmanent aned a dazzling preminia
n. for unaiversaal villiany anal sw~indlinag. It is to .
s: aebolisha all trade antd utuul conifdenace between
tat ant and mana, to instruact each to prey uipon
h, his felloaw, aned to divert aneessarily the attena
oaf eiaen of the honetest and induastrious, from the
th. produltction anad acquiremenet of wealth acid
t'comufo~rts, to the preservation of what theey have
bly the keenest exsertiorn of their wvits and sin
ewe. Bitt the object for whleicha all this vast ocean
i orevil is to be eanoentered, wvould neot be at
lltainied afler all. It is expec'ted to rid thee land
-l of lawyere. couarts acnd littgnatzen. Bait very far
:E' fromo this wvould lhe the effe et of the abolition of
r- laws, eamfmaeinag the paymenat urdebts.
Ina tlte first place, ant exceptiona weould of ne
rcessity be made, to enver trusts anid forbid
glzaring frandes. No rattionaal or modlerately ir
d ratrotal man would thinak of endturitng such a
rs stiace of laws, tthat thte guardians of orphat a
at might sqanatder tell their property without re
at course, or thcat a carrier inruested with a pack.
- age of mneny, muighat conavert it tea his own use,
.Y ncad snhep lets fuger at the rightful ownter. Thies
would tbe thee enad, neot only of all security for
r property, bt all fucilities for its acquairements,
aned thus after a few years of anarchy or apa
thteac fear.ulneses, we shoueld leave nastiers
a hack in pretty mnucha the same state ingain, ex
,, cept that we should be eunbered and crampe d
(I with foaer tines the legal maecbinery, litigation
lo and kindred evils thtat we now endure. A sm
pie nt ina reenver a common debt, wvould be