Newspaper Page Text
Neo Tor'and VirginiL.-We quoted
recently some -pasages from the Itich-.
moond paperd on -the.suzbject of the contro
versy between these two States. The N.
York 3ournn of. Commerce of the 20th
inst. ctiains a long and n% ell written ar
ticle on the some topic. in which thejust
claim of Virginia ounchitig lhe muater in
questiont is ably vindicnted.
The fact that the constitution recognied
slaves as property is a thing so well known
and so decisive of the poin: here at issue
that we are leff to wander bow a contro
versy so protracted could grov out of such
a-case as the one in% dikpute. Tho Jour
naliu the following paragraph, demolish
as the only position that could affoird appa
rent grnud to.iov. Seward and his sup
&"Itis not denied by Gov. Seward, that
slaves were deemed property when the
eihuse in the Coustit ution was framed, nor
that.tle clause was broad enough ihen . it)
cover~the ofence of steiding one. It is in
sisted'that inastn.ch as they are not: pro
per y now, the clause does uot s.aict.
Ti.wguld steile the printidle t lat aSt lIte
iight at any tiet by itslegislaiion, alter
the effect of the constitutioinal pro Nion.
If it inay withdraw ons spceies of property
from its operation, the principle is the
same when another State attempts toild.
It isa aid rule which accomnatites the
caprices of New Yomk andu withholds the
same privileges rotml Virginia."
. At the time oft lie adoption of the con
stItution slaves were helmi in New York as
well as-in States'fort her Soit h. Becnuise
theacondition of New York is now chanu.ged
in that particular it does not therefore fiii
low that the principles of the Constilution
is chauged. It remains as it was estah
lished and it must be interpreted accord
ing to the spiril. in which it was iranted.
The concluion at which the Journal ar
rives is the plain onei that the men deman
(oed by Virginia shoulh Ie given up; and
it intimates with propriety that if they
should be surretidered. they wontbla. if in
soncent,- be able to est ablish their innocence
but that even if di'ty. the circum-itances
of the case would constitute au aplpeal to
to the courtesy of Virginia. which n aidd
probably Induce the Executive tu pardou
Newspaper Du.s.-What a villannus
set orsubscribera many of the newspapers
in this country must have ! We have
scarcely opened one since itie firsof Jan
uary, which is not calling upon its patrios
to pay up their arrearages, ntd lecturati
them severely upon the dishonesty of
withlialding from the printer the small
pittice due him. for one, two, three, me'l
.,ometimes even ten years. Now. all thisi
tells yery bail-y-for the paper. or the suh- I
scriber, ori oth.
No'w, erui- Olierihers are n diff,-ren: sort
of fellows. they din't 'heed nil ih- doetning
and ollecti; uParcely a mail tcotes in
whidh dues nut brinlgm'Is moiney frm:ta smne,
ofthem, partienlarly kitscfe weshntl e hemt
bow importsut it i< to a tounn.'S interest to
pay'iii4ali deits, and we think they all in
t o___rtri tih- iitty X to the it.' "rL
thte pot.masier. a three or ftdive Tliirlhl.
and tell..him to s-end it to Its. The n hat
hasje not done sc .heretofore, -ave fatill
because they happened tnt to tinitik of it.
wvhen .they were~at the postyoilie.-Geor
Name.-The mne.siof ma'n do tnt nI
ways harmonize withI their eutploymtent,,
even in the Cane'ordi, asid somttimelitis psre
sent a -indicraons dliscordh. A muu the tof
Sicers of the Unuited Stsntes ship Comncard,
recently gone to sea, are the foliwig.
".J. Carpenter, gunner. andc L. Smiithi, car
penter." They shouhd exchiansee phacee.
"Williamn Boerust, commaisnder." Bmre'
*tm s more apspropriate fair a carpietter,
than a commandeer. ". Wt. Cochvwise,
Surgeon." -He shoni lie a fi.~hermsans.
"H. More. atsstant Smuraeotn." 'lTtis ist
very wrell, as is is one more .anre-m in ad
dition to Coidwise. "J. P. ihantkheadl,
mnid."- Maore psroper foir the pre'sidleni of a
batuk. "WV. Hlewilt, id" Ihotter int a nn
gy ya.". to hn-o timber. "R. A. Matrr.
nmi." Not .innsppropiriate. "*W. rd. WaV~l
ker, liessutnal." lie itnight hatve a btette-r
chance for woalking,. omhoretat. "J1. M. Gair
deuer,iietenant.:" S->snighi lhe inid her
ser gardening otn Iland, jhitt .s itny
plougn the seat. "B. llasrt. p,:rse'r. 'l'he
sailors thinik that pursters htave i.:' bheari,
in the prices they cha~rge thlemr for lomhinl2,
and for aississtig themit withi s<pendting mttm;
eon shore in a foreign port. "R. L.
Ltve, atctng-master." 'Thlere is nti' tisuch
love, or chsange ftor its gratiftirtmo, asn
board a shipl of war. These are necarly
hal f the otticers.-Bo~ston Cousrier.
Health of Charleston.-In t he weekly
bill ofitortalitty, pubilished'~ ye'ste-rd y, there
were but four deaths~ re-pired, aill bilack,.
two of whotm were chibilren, undeir5 years
.f age iad the other two fromti add aige, onte
beinig 70. ;;nd the other 100 yeatrs aof age. I
Such a state ohf igaht i we bielieve ta lbe uni- I
paralled in anty city j: thte tunioni of egnal 4
ppllatiun, anal te hamb ie gratm titde oif
our petiple is due to slit Ahntighly for th;e 4
blessings he has thtun vottntebae to cots
fer on thtetm-a blessing, withiottt whicht aill I
the othter enjaoyments of life. asre useless antd
unavailing.-ChrlstonI Courier. I
Custom.-A nnmhmer of English shoe a
dealers otice masde a voyage to the Catpe
ol'Gaod Ilope. mo sell shoues to the Htot. I
tetntots. The11y tmem with itno surcess in this
bissiness, and were musch worried by the
lions and omlher beasts of te conntry. On
their return they' putblished- an atccountt of
their sullerinug in rhyme. WVe extrac-t a I
couplet relatsing to the visit aof the liotns:
"The custom of those lions wvas, to come
on us una wars,r
God kntows we wvnntedl custom' enough,
but we wante.l noue of tiheirs."
Sneh a thing as a bachtelor amtntg the Tmurke
isnseverknown. A recenit traveller saisn that I
you might as well look for crab appliles otn a I
peach tree or last year's almanack otn the toilet
of a lady, an ta o lo for an unmarried man
among the 'Turks. -
A boardei' at the White Suipher Springs
sent a request to the cook 'please serve
Pron.the Charleston Mercury. I
On motion of Mr. Carr, -te rules were
nspiendel for one hour, for the puriose ol
itilitig for petitiors by States4 -'
Mr. Adams presented ,oud moved the
eferenc'e ofa petition, asking the abolition.
f slavery in this District, and inl the 'TIer
itories also, lhat no new Territory. tole
'ating slavery, imny be admitted iutu the
Mr. Connor moved to lay that portion
fahe petition which canme underthe stand
ng rule (sn the tabl.
Mr. Adanms aiked how that was to be
laite, for the peltiton mtust theu necemsar
ly le clut il tIwo.
Mr. Worrenl observed that. if the peti
Inners thought proper to atiach objection
tile matter, not receivable ly the House,
o their petition, they ought not to coin
>lain if the whole was rejected. He was
:herefore in fivor of the rejectin of [he
- That porion of the petition coming un
ler ite rale, having been laid on Lite table
Mr. lSack moved to reconsider the vote,
or the piitrpose, in case it should l he recon
ilered,afimoviig tie rejection ofthe wh-de,
s he conteled that uo part. of it ought to
inve been received.
Ont the motion, Mr. Adams demanded
he ven, siand nave, which (vere ordered.
.ir. Wiae roe a ito -a pint of rdler. le
lesired to know wh-ther any petitien
oulid be received under I lie rule. The
ater portion, rebs' iiga tIl ihe, Ounii0an of
itn Territories inio flte Unlionl which tole
-tel sfavery, w'as, its his opiion, as much
ithin the spirit or the rule as the farimer
wrtiin of tie petjtiin ; and lie, (Mr. W.)
and his attensin beetn called t) it at the
ite, Vola hlasve combated the decisionsa
afthe Saenaker, by i% hich the batter pariion
van received. Hi% pintt of ordet was, that
is tle whole of tle ptitinis i came under
he rule, a inttin ta lay on the table a
art of it rnld not he enttertained.
After some debate af a conversaitinni
-hasrier, tile rule relating to the rejection
if aholiiotn papers was rend, as follows:
No petition. mnemosrial. resolation. or
1her paper, praying rite abaolitiion of .elave
.v in tie Diktrict of Columbia, or sanay
Staie or Territory, or the slave trade he
wen the St.vtesor Tervtasriesof the Uni.
edl Ssates in :ich it now exists, shall lie
eceived by this lntsc, or entertaiied in
my wiy Wilaiev'er."
Mr. Wise anin urged Iis point oforder,
tndl cotitended that ite %hole o tile li-eti
ion evidemly catte within the sptirit (of the
-tile. He caoiceivedi liat tle object of rite
:le was o ditposp of all papers ainteil
with this abomiinible here-y.
The rlte'tion then being taken on the
iotior tlMr. Black 11 recatsider the vote
Iv n% hieh a portlioiof the petit jils ha'1heens
ill tiln thie tail e, it wvas deciderl' I by yens
Itd nayAs. as follows: Yeas, 1113; Nays,
i. -.. .
So the vite wna reconsidered.
. Mi. Blark here rotse anl wiIs ahout to
tisuit his moti n for rejeciitag the w% hole
'f ihi" menonaiiui. whenr
ar. Adams wished to make ai observa
ti lt. IV
AIr- Wien- T 1i'l imtsh flanr. .re
dit n'y moititin, I amt eatii led t th is floor.
uivr. Adams. Nol, ir, I euaim the flnter.
The Speaker witas understood to stay
Ihat ale genteilean frrn Virgmin lad th',
Mrl. Adirans. Bt I hasve thse flasr Oil a
poinat oif order n~ bich I diesire tao matke.
Thie Spteaker alhen diecidetd thaa as the
1entlenwan fraomt .\l is~n sa s rose t, at
atisttooruder, lie of couraase was eni tite to
Mr. Adlamss was unadertsood tas stay that
te i le viote ts hay tsi a le inblet hadi baeen
recnsiered, his mttioni tf re!-reince othe ta
is htole subaject wouldt tnecessairily come upa
Iain fora recosidteriationt.
Mr. Witse, nsgnin rowse to claim the floor.
Mar. \damns per-i-steal its Isis claim ts it,
anash pilroaceedli:;, whetn
Msir. Wise. its a very iritd tone, sidl hse
'itredt noat wier thtie ie lelemian fromat Mas
acutsetta claiia.ed, fair lie (M'sr. WV.) claima
Id iihe flotor, iail wihedl to iraqireaof ite
Ciri wthiat it was thast hsad bseen laid oaa.
le tabhle, rihe voite on ns hich lhas just beetn
The Speaker inifirmed him that it was
ihn sortioni tsf the petision eminrg witin is
ha" rules:;t it an lie iquetiitn thien psening,
was ton this miiot'asn previously nmadae to lay
:, n e tsahIse.
After soatme forther debsatenofa conversa
iional c huarnaet, andt wh Iich,. tinig to rte
'tsioniu wvhich pirevailed, couild not bet
N.r. Casrnotr exaphrinedi, that wvhen the
a stiin s psresentred lay thle genstleman
ratam ls M as,,;iusetts, lie (Mr. C.1 wa-s jnet
akings his set. ~ ian amvead t hy jn rthe
ahe thast porstion~ whiich camse s ithini lie
-ie; butt the wa~s aftrrdst canviinced that
ie wvhaoli tfiihe petit a:as camti ihinu the
nle, anti he thaereforie niisv withdlrewv hii
noaitn tao lay ;a laart n rise snble.
Mr. lack hnving~ succeeided is getting
he fluoor, askedi ni hethser it woutlid not. ntow
te its srdet fair himt tto moave the rejctiont
if t he ws'hole osf thle pieti lan.
Mr. WVi-e. Nai, for ia is already reject
dc undsaer the nile.
Mr. Black sniti it wats a mristake fosr the
no tun oifihe tetmalemanst frtoms Mastsh
etis ts refer wans still pendliig, anal a miar
iassnai haebeenimade biy stomre atti to hsy a
srion ofC rte peti itions oni the tabale, he car
d not lay whtomt, hut-.
.Mr. Wise. Buit the monton ennnot lie
nadite, fur it is already laidi sn the table,
der the rule.
Mr. Block wishsed tosexpiaint, whsen
Mar. WVise paersisted ina urging hits paoina
f orler, thIat aihe pe~ tiaasit ad ireadv hseeni
:id on the table, urder the standing rule
if the ijasuse.
Pr. Blnc~k said hie wishietd to move rise
ejetiomn osf the whoale of i le pieritio, oua,
he groundlt that as certaisi portion of it hiad
ceen dlecidetd by rise Spienker as nor tim
hg withsin rte rule. If it ahoulad lie per
nited thsat psetitions shtould Iho receiveal, a
amrt oif which came wvitina the rule atnd a
amrai asf whitch did noat c'otme within the rusle,
ht wtnl hte niothiing less thsan a fraudi i
ipon te H-ouse. He was therefore, forl
ejecting athe whole.
Mr. Wise could not see how a motion
u reject the whole coud be in order; four
ne portion of the petilion had already
ee rejected by the dleciuioni of the Chair.
'notion PiO. en - r0ee1 0 at
lie petiition .1vr-he~Speaker a d
-d coulillh reci ed, he woui
Mr. Adhms here rose, and in the ...
tryio remarks, the whole orl
;pi-arlid not permit the Rep ).,t'
lenatineed the standing rufle of life
Irohihiting the reception or Abluitioijil
peri, as nu infamious nud uncunsdt1tt 0
Mr. Craig rope Io a pnir.t of order.
ri-ntended ihnt ite question as iWitheni sto0
was ti .debiat ble. ie-- c
Mr. Adami. Not onlyon one sid. '
Mr.- Craig said the questiinn, as it n101
uod, was -precisel'y' the same as if to vo
hail been taken on the'original.motion c
M r. Adams.--.
Ma:iny -members h~ere atternptedste spea
.t oce, and.1 muci conmirion prevailed.
A rter order had been restored.
Th. Speaker w;is umiertood to say ths
lhe ulehnte was not in order erep! on ii
portinir ofthe petitioti which he coinceive
did not come % ithiit !he-rile..
Arter somile brief remarks fromhi esieri
Wise and Black- . ~. - . .
Mr. Adams ianin ook the floor arid -ail
lie had presented the whole or -.he:peti
ion. and si logn as he h:ad a voici in ib
Hotile, he ioiil corniime to Iresent them
Mr. A. wa'i procee.ding io' rnitkeioite re
marks in reliion to the ith.Elvatltns r
Mr. Wise ilit he would I'ave cwmshaiel
the decision of thie Speoker. hnd'his atsin
iiii been elle1 to lie petitiotIr-weIt l~pre
seiteil," when - .
Mr. Wi-o called ih's gentienTian' fron
Nian~lehisett,&tu ordler form disrderly.ex
pressimo. Mr. W. then stati wlcat i
undertood lie member to charge. viz
lthat he, Mr. V. haid said he woni hav
rlietattel to the Speaker. Such was i
lhe niet ; m every geitilennn on the fin'
knev that lie hid ail iii such.thin.
Mr. Adntmes expllhiitl Iiat lie hial m
mande "uih a charge. What lie said w:
in renltion lo n h'al the member fi.om Vir
inii did, atid iii wha the member said h
mould have d41ne.
Mlr. Wise denied that ht ever said t
wotld have diitated te ih'ipeakrer, n
hlnt such wn, his itiention. '. r. W. tadi
ome Ci:her observatiis n'hich couli I
e distiiesly Ienil.
Mr. Adats explutiined that the gentlemn
From Viruinin Iial mist'ionk his mensning
What lie (Mr. A.) had rerreice io wa
he miainier ill which t: gentleian1 neat
illv mhire-sed the Spteniki.
Nl-r. Wise snid lie re'reted notliisi So
nnch a- i periotitl quarrel with the ven
-rnble genitman frmin Ill aMasnrhneet <.'; tlhl
ie mi-i lie prmined ti sty.ihat there wn:
o tman in the Ho- mtiore epablle of ex
hihtiig dicitatorial feelitie sham that geii
itm-1m1; adil lie wis stow sting st exam
ple for the younger nember. - -
'Te Spenker, in reply Ii a qnestin
li-omn 3r. Black, deci-le.I ilhit q noiio to
rejet cothll aipply only ..so .mich . . fil
petition as hall Ieen decided did nut com
tner the rile.
roili notl lie sehplrated, fior it was oine'an
he -,;ime Thine.
Mr. B. ilt' enrommenced rending thwpe
uiiion with tlie view of protving, his poupus
Mir. Adarmi d~asiredl to iniquire or.h
eintleatn whIet her ii was ini ordier iii reai
iht ni htieh the I Iouse haid deutenrminedi
noitlil nt re'eiv'e.
Mr. Bilack scihl he wns reaing the pieti
I ioni witi a viena rol'howjig that lie Spe'ak
lr hti comin iled an iuninteni tina errel
in not rejecitsing ithe whoitle.
iVTe Spinkir imhiervedl thait thle re'ilin
of hact portioni tf ste petlition iichu cam r
within the rule, coulId not lie romd but h
.iir Adactmsu said that tunless rthe whtol
uinhju'c s holtm Idte lirownt opien to diehite
li witht oi cbject.
The Speaiker then remtarked that, n
ibjectun hail been. imauli, lie gent'lemni
rri Georgii nitnll not he in orderi
reniing t lie pemtituitn.
A fter somte dlehinte (in this poinut her wee
.lessra. Bluick. 4I inn anad Crasiir. the nois
ws so grenit that several meimblers rose
M r. Winthrop enilledi fur order nil over.
.1 r. 13iack aigaini cintendedi ihinct on
portion of the peiionmi conhlI nt be rejce
ed wvithiogitheii itiher; awl if oe its. re~
ceivedl, so insst the other be. Betsides,
this pract ice wa tio ibte ndiopied, th-n thlou
satdI. oif ptetiri ins mnightu he introdutced isi
le House like do nomssv fire brcinds, in de
fince of any resolution thacu might bt
Tl.ehonr havincy now expired. the Honus
pr'eded to the orders iuf tie day.
'rrespondenae of t'e Charleston Courier.
\V ACHiNGTIN, J at. '..
The Senate wuss igsun the theatire. to
day, iofn greast initellseet un i Istruggle hierweel
1 r. Calhittn andu Mr. Webseter Th le subt
ject was the iitribotiiton scheme of Mi
Clcv, now; presseid biy Mr. Critteniden
.itt;ion to re~omii uthetu pire-emaplion- bil
w;iith inti' rnetins to suostitute for it the dlis
Mr. C.:lhiuisn spoke ahotit an hour ani
a half, and with evein more thcan hi' aic
eisiuimedl ability andI energy. Hli slibjec
was io piriove thati she udisrilimion schei
is uncontstitionacil. anlihat itsu fitiantciail el
reet would lie dlisastroi. or course,
nont piretnd to give hius views on ihesi
mhjects. itt ais far cs thu cotittitonnl
1 rgimenit is conicernied, is lies ini a tis
hel. Thle intds were ceded, hieciueed
v Virginici andi the oilier Sites, to tI
SUnited States ini Conigres< neembled.
'he granit was ntit io the Stares in thed
iggregatte capapccil-y. 'rThe land twcs to bh
rield ini trust bty the generni governmrent
md oif coumrse emtiud not lie dliviided, ino
lisiibted. Furl her, it wans lit conss iisnu
a comniui' fitind" for the pturpotses of th
The finanmcial character or time measr
ie denioneid as miusrabmle andmi opprea'sivi
o the Suth amnd the nlew' Strtes. 'Fi
dan was toi-cake rhis mney ont of th
Freasury, and repfenish'th'e Treasury h:2
lties on luxutries.- TFiti' 'D sthe schtei
if the Ssnatotr from Mr
ntani i ayi
jb a4qb ct 9
Sh butf .,
,.url~~cp ,iss1 Mioka , y
y -, i thetupon h:Isr neich
thaiite duetobIe/N e'deiih
ue(a r ep V reaettoit of
qui roldsuffer W
-amatIke 9 eas etNWo~
Snations tel!mby rtkofiin
thus the prkjonj 6
Ientd, be'the ehtw s ~ers b fsheii
~he ta.en saikauntalivines -uJhe
'tax on gbeciaat)- ree, ai thia o-plantei
A MF daeun feared,- he said, that 1bi
- 'oul %be sneiessful at the nei
J il iand that it was to be the intac
ditaton thbe long liseclrded syStetm of
6 national funded delit-a ntiounal bank
f a high tarif.-and1 of internal imiprovemeni
by the generaI governmebt.. The distribL
- tion scbeme would by up the States, an
engage a majority or ihen in the suppoi
of ihese rninou- and oppressive meamre
L Mr. Webster. in hi's reply to the cousti
t istiial arenme'nt or Mr. Calhsoun,'conen
ded that the power given toy the constitn
lion to Congress over the paublic dnjni
was abouitite. tunonditional, u nrestricted
They had anlimited power to raise reve
ine fromi the lands, or it do with themt a
they plenoed. The view he appulied hotl
*to the ceeled ltads and the lattds aealtir
ed by purc'hase. As to the- ceded lamhit
he insisted that, in terms. they were givei
f for the use of the individual States, an
I 11t of the Uniteil States.
For the purpo'ses f sevenne Congres
. bne it less limited pver over the land
th n over the duties on imimrt.s. The;
wo ud raise revenne fron eit ter or bolth
. ati( it waso. within their cotistitti ional pow
er, if they ihaonchi proper, ioraise it whol
ly from ristorns atid appropriutte the prt
caeds of the Ianils to their original object-i
the maces of ite Sates.
r He hn-d itind it ditlicit to irpjres
those .genileernen, who thjought themnselve
iorat fiierily than lie wn it- S'tae Rix'-t
with setIse of the great saeritiee whiel
the maritimie Srnies matle tat the i nio
wleti they conmpnied to give up tIe .to
af Iv in1m2 cnties on itipotrts. By this the
hal given ny. notonly ii.e nt.. conveien
r 'sotree of revenuie. Ilint the power otf miuak
ing aother States iriititary tom theim. [I wn
t telise &n:tesa ilnt iow called on lie entern
noverntieit. in a tim if pience,and whel
there was to public dieit, tat reliamiliti.I
thmi ia their lanw. nnd In provide fi'or thie or
dlitary revenue of the governtent fron thi
'Tiatt ihe States were in debt was n,
renisanit why their renson ,ble deaniiaitl
sh.biiiiiil lie cofltmplied with. Any ie v% h
couli. nithommt emiiiati, winess taeir itrgm
gles to inintain their ptilic fi1h h,---an
oeito Who otil see their credit destroyed
asnd their ionor tarnished in the eyesoif th,
world. hut no title to the sunmitte aof Ameri
Dirint- saoie paqsnzes to Mr. Webster'
pIeeh nhanni dhe Sitate-. i herc was nt mi1ri1
i ur or iappluse in the Senate and glile
In the Hotise, the Trenttiry nate hill wn
d tissed , but no coiclusiu'n was arrivei
From the Ricinnond Fnquircr.
CEN8U8 or '7lE UNITED STATE.9
We nre intdlebte to a frienwi at Wna'sh
ingtn fur the follaowing interesti"i; repotrt
From the Secretary of. state. transmitting
in comn pliance with a resaoution of the Sen
.ale ain uihsTraCt ofthe returns'of thue sixt.
r Decembiler 30) 1840-Rend ordere'd tu lie printa'i
DKPARTMENT OF SiTATt.,
e Sir:- I hive the hmonoar tao tranismit it
y yain, mat he h~ al le th e Senmte. in nhe
aiencte tam its resolut tim .if a ha 231 insi.tansi
e n state smient miadle tby the sitpIerinutenhimi
,clerk af te census, iof the n.,tgregnse pop~
inthtion toft lie Stame's tad Tarmitsories, su f
a as the re'inrnms receiv'eid niti.
it 2 I have thle lanor tao bie, sir.
it zYaaar amiedient 'servnnit,
ii The Vice Presidei taf ti.e U. St ates an:
e President air tihe Seniame.
DEPARTMiNT OF .STATVE,
-resomlation air the Sutnie tof the 23'inmsi
I hc ;s ini the paissessioin aif that Depir:
- ment of~ $tate at tbis timme. 'lThe retirt,
'* amf the Di'striact oif Col inhin ha ;ve almm
-lheeni examaiined Kind coirrected liere, ant
Cthae trute misunbers tare given.
Fromt aill the mm'hter S~teas tad Terrian
C ri's, tihe n-tmaker's are set downt nta retitniea
biy iaahi Marlmnms oaf the several jndiia
adistrict's, atnd are yet subijec't to examia
tion tad carreeLtP'i.
[ remin respeeifuilly, sir,
Yamur obleaiient servanlt,
. WILLIAM A. REAVER.
Tao the Sec'retairy aof State,
S .4 lst raet of the returns of the sixth census.
States tad Territo- White Free col- All othe
- ries. personis. stied per. paer.-omt
IMaine. 500.443 1.353
-New Hampshire, 283.951 529
itlssnehnisetts, 628.932 8.534
Conneticent. 301.857 8.111 5
Ithiode Island, 105.593 3.239
Veramtont. 291.1'10 718
Na w a..rk. 2,:'12.571 50,261
Ne Jrsy, :159.724 21,970 651
Penmn-yivania,* 1,619.115 5tt.571 3
a' Dlaware, 58.581 16,9-26 26,1:
Virgiiai. 735.812 48.425 447.20
'Noruth Carotlina, 484,172 2'2,752 246.181
.Sambl Citrolinia, 259.t002 8.279 3127,15
.Georgii.tt 303.303 2,352 23,50:
'Misstissippi. 17$.93 1.367 195.761
Tenaiessee. 649.492 5.407 188,1I3
Ohtio. 1,4!18,593 17.192
Itadianai, 671.296 7.018
illinois, 423,330 3.120 1R
.ilissontri,tt 277,357 1,433 48.94.
Michtigan,. 211,000 7,031
Flornida.46 P,147 521 5,33.
WVisconsin, '30,504 ]78
. owa. 42.863 153 1,
.Diut. orColumbia, 30,657 8,361 4,693
111 Cormplete, with the excention nrfnpart
Nf'h rg .endi agaegate
St, ald recapitu nI - .turny 1rbi
Y : ~ao* not, h Yet
N~ot cm es .ounkiies not re
.t eo t
W The western district of
hiar e not'een received.
'r1of unroe county not received.
.''i rterns Nos. 8 and 9-aggre
6 -gaie and~:reeipitulationu reitrns, of the
Marshnl-not received. and only i part of
:No.-ihe iturn of enumeraion by As
sistlntis to the Marshal.
S fit There are seven counties not inclu
JH The returns have not been received.
a Incomplete. Two districts not in
[The various Census of Virginia stand
- as follows :
New York hnq inereased since the last
I Census, from 1,915 60.9 to 2.432.t135.-.j
Pennsylvania from 1.318.233 Ito more than
. 1.669,717. Ohio frot 937.903 to 1,514..
. 785. Indian from 343.031 in 683.314
- Illinois from J57,355 to 426.634, &c. &c.J
Census of South Cardina.-The !otal
. population of this State, bly the Census
s just laken, is 594.539, ieitg ana increase of
less than ten per ce.t. durimg ten yearm.
The federal population nill not vary mach
from 490.000. This m ill give her but se
e n representatives at a ratio of 60,000 be
ing two less thant she now lins.
This is going to lie a very seriotis ques.
s ion for ilie consideratinn of onultern mtates.
Setn If the torth continnem to miihiply
her representatives. -Ahile we decrease at
every retnss, we will soon become Ihi#
. ehwers ot wood and the drawers of wisaer.
.Htow i the evil to he renedied ? Can Mi;ss
.l arinean nad the Rev. l)r.Chalmer..and
tlie other political econio,i-ts, dlivise its no
plan to pit a stop to ie fecurndliy of these
Frmn the Charleston Coa'rier. 30th alt.
From St. .4ugu.stine.-The sehr Ste
phen & Frantei-, Capt. Magee, arrived last
eveating, from St. Ativstio.
r We are iiilehtel to Cnpt. M. for a pn
per of the. 22d itast. and Ito the editor of the
Newa, lir his paper of the sane date. as
also n file of Atitanza<u Ihpers. The lat
ter have beci anticipated. From ste
News we copy the fiollowing postserip
S-r. AuuusTI.i, Jan. 22.
More Glorious Nees!!-T ho sr h. Fran
rem, (.- api. Coopler, arrived 1bis mning.
britging the gloriotus newi of addlitinnal I
sniecess in the rnaptire sind deitrit-ion ft
he enemy Sniih. On the Silh. Cool. liar
ney captured ntd killedl, ins the Evergilaes
12 Indiant. Otn the* 10th, it Indian Iiv
er, the coinmanl tniler Majoir Chiis. Lt-.
Taylir. Stelptoe. Vitn Vliet, and Dr. Simto.
amune, captared 34 Indinns iamti iegrrs,
killin! 4. On h.e 4th, on the St. Johns. 1
Lietits. Taylor and Vana Vlie caraitir 5
Inlinss, killini 1. Ce' lnrney had to
return for aildiiiiial force, and is again in
pursuit of the entemty.
The ne ws from ihe Soub is truly cheer
ing; a le eeesse.s of Col. IUanrev.and tlie
promp and eti lani com-ti of Major
'Ngfjtls itt "iri . " rjo-i.'are
brve::v oillirer, at alrently distaingui-hed1
t? L ooaid oniierlitti at Fort Drane. We say
* Gd speed seoih mien as are operating
.ail S ih ahey have lurge claims . upon. the
:gratitude of the cottniry.
Nt'.w OtnLA~N, Jan. 16..
'Latlest from Terus.-he sternm ship
Sits ianah, Cnpr. Wae, arrived at a late
hour lust niuht in 32 hours fromn Gsaves.
ton. brtinging d~ie~s to a le 13t6 iinst.
. Liter news had beent reeriv .1 from te
Western frotntier, and ii seemts rhhat A rista
still continu tes hid rhrntts of inavasint al
thionaeh ii waes knownr tht lhe hwia not 21)00
- itn p tnder hi' c-omand~nt. Mr. V~ian Ness
.,and Coul. S~eenatin hnil nrrivedl t A ustin froma
San iAntio. Thtey sute that the gener--l
r uni invasion. lint nt tut ii he hade rueeivedl
reinafoireutents. HeI hits stattedf that he
shall enrr~y 'on the wa'sr with muorne '-irenmr.
spertsion thano Santrn A nnt didi, litm lie
Texisius lugh att his threatrs.
1 A4 jint rewit atritan hats betn intrneced
by M'er. Mayhield. (lne oifihe mnemblers of
the Texinan Ihonse oif Represeitative-., to
adhipt maeunsures for an oalfensive watragatinist
M exico." It paissedl its first renhdinl, hut
-oni a motion to sauspendt thae rules atad pass~
~. it toi a secooiil rendaitng, the unyes anti tites.
. wene en;llced, atil alt honh tI-e notion wsg
.Inst-it requairing a maijonrv of twn-thirds
s to suispend~ a rule of the Houase-yet it is
a regardled its a test voate on its fiai pitsage,
jthere being 22 in favor of andt 14 against
a le suispe-nsiona. It will tnit, however, lie
.thurriedl throngh just rat this juanctutre, aindu
In ill not prnl.ahly paiss iuntil cerrtain andi of
I firi-al initel ligenree can lie had in, relation to
.the rinniedl treaty between GreafBritain
A letter freim Was~hington, \ated Jan.
7, pubIlished ini the New York Post. sasys:
M r. Clay's astnk yesterday on emiagrat
poptuatieo, the Swiss, G~eranis, Irish,
Seatch, En tglish, Italian, &c. &c., all of
r whom ciane ini fair a share of hii s rath
-aitd deuncitciaition. has been-i prtdivuse of
mutich anaxiety to salme or his assoiate in
madehess tad Ildly. T1hte 'Suiain Dntch,"
itand thetir minstrels and inniessinigers, as
they tdId a few weeks since itt the coltumns
ofai te It ichutotid Whig, c-amae in for a full
propalortionl of the ire of t le MaIgnus A pol.
ai if thle adiniisurarion, atad as fair thet
Irish, the coutntrymtien of Emmiret, of Catr
ria, of Shieridaon, tif Mooaare, anid a haost of
heroeas ia "niblemten of tun ire," thecy
were evidenttly the objects of hIs peculiar
pruietrn pa tr.
Thtere- is riot n hitle alarm manifested
amng rte ns biig -heroes randa philosophers
I here, in ctonsequence air the prospect that
fliur biy rte fetmah eof July next. wrill tnot
comantd tve'r thfrce dollars the httrel.
They mad~e the fatrmers heliev-e. whuilst the
electiuon wats going tin, that if Mr1. Harri
sont were elected, he wnlefd advartce the
price of bread stufis one hundred per
Love among thce Snows of Wfinter.- At a
social party int Boston the oilier evening,
there were present two recently married
ennorples, whoase united tiges amounted to
ThURSDAi. FI.BRUARY 41841.
"A Subscriher," and *" C," has been'receird
ed and will appear in our next. . -
We are indebted to the Hon.F.W. Pielens,
'Or varions Public Docnnients -
We are extrenlf-avesse to obtruding our
selves, or our affairs, upon tiesteisi ofour
readers, who have a right togaii. aridto hom .
it should be our duty, to afford higher instrue.
lion and entertainment. But,' alite attack
having been made upon us, through the conluns
uf the " Bachelor," an irresponsible iiviptish
iheet. publIishedatA thens, Ga., of which e.,
gave a passing niotice ?3 our last, We mudst-heg
indulgence for appeariugin so unacenatemeda
an attitude as defence. We have not only bsen '
attacked, for our own-editoral notice,buit have
been, accnsed d'a- leagned -connts wt
rithers, of which the editorial corpsofhhe Bach-.
3nor can produce no proof. This. liiterg,
is as foreign to ou' knowledge, as kindies
sonesty aid principle.seems to be to the. atore.
if those by whom it bas been attribnted i belm
We are not colocious, of ever having desean-.
-d ourselves, but a ith strict courteay, iir -on
iftices of our brethren of the press, and Ws.
must astribute dhi' disconrtey-ofthe Baeleler
tow ards us. to its disaI.loitnn.tttA in otg pbot
living bestowed upon it, the praise.which it
expected, upon itschange of naie, .and linived
enlargement of it~i sheet. We said al1-ve coukd,.
consistent with our uwn feelingis,-ea in favo -
f it, and as mtauch as we thought it-deserved
It is the official organt of a class, which to Whe'
ionoor of the sex be it spokes, isextretvpyasUalH
i these laiter lays.
We do ntl recollect ever having notierd it
bhatched with in ecent Iangenite; buti heiost
gealy-monihed are generally die- post impnunr.
mad thi sue'st sanctified sentiuen'lihst, as us'nally
he greatet scoundrel. J
We therefoie.beg permisilon. to inform the.
'beas ideal" corps.of the' Bachelor, that they
weed io Ion-er cosstideithemselve-a unde'r any
>hligation to send us their paier, as we shall be -
oth to iispose the task.ofttheir desetruction on
he fioithful blnek, who tranfuses the polish ot
is countenanoce into ster hoots.
The citurse purssed by the Bache lor, we think:
ustifies us in eutting slort our acquaintas ce,
is it has taken special cnre not it send us a pa.- -
ter, containing its aduack upon its. It was duly
ecived, by its regular aaul cribers in this see
ion, and it is to the kinddess of a friend, that
ve are insdebted for theinformation that we had.
We have stow done our duty. and; shall do it,
iereafier. without fastidionsness. - Wheni in the.
Inys of Chivalry, a Knigst clad in conprte ar
nouir. was set to guard a shrine, it was not iauffi.
ie-nt that lie repelled the invader. who approach-,
i willt equnl front to the attack-but it was no
C3s Fiduty;ti tsat iU-~* founl hirds. aridrnsh
vith iron heel the ,lisny snakes. that nmight de
e the precincts. But enough. We shall0
sereafter, consider the Bachelor too" poor" am
abject, to wasete pniper and ink, upon.
THE Al50LITION OF DEBT.
Of the manty proijects and foarms in which the
Urrariani spirit of the age lass miade itself man
fest. that of a propo.'itiont to abolish all law. --
or then collection of debts, appears the least
onasistent. aud thec most injurieous.
When first it wa~ sbrouaght Iotward for con
-ideration, and tuphesld by the Skidanires und
)wens, who preached religions infidelity, as a
over feor social atid po'itienl disganization,
was regarded rather as ste phantasy of weak
Lad visinary leveers, than as serionus pynpa..
nl likely tot be p esnced at tie distant day. Baut
lie case is stow alteredi- The revuelsions and
hisasters of thie hat teaw yeanss hnuve made many
:oniverts to saltia Radic-alissm, who were biefore
verse to it in feeling, positiotn. acid by fatncied
'elr interest, wits oilt beinig withheld from ary
leep-rooted principle or cnvic-tion of public
aecessity. alasny who fancy they have notinnag
:5 lose by the ds s~rnctiont of the institutes and
he disrupltioii sf thie bonads of secie.tv. are now. -
t least, willing that experiment sipon'ihan
hlou'd lbe enred to the iartherest extent imna
If any man who either lias, or hopes to hiave,. e
isnythiing to lose ina the cotuniity, will but
:arry this project out, even in imtagiation, to
lie rnisral untd insevita equenices of its
adoption, lie ennnaot fail so see thl~ tentaf
iise~lhief, it must surpass the wildest
Agrarianism itn whsich this is not included. It is
to offer a permanent anad a dazzling premium
ror utniversal villansy andi swindling. It is to
iabolishi all trade ansd mautual conatdence between
mtan and man, to instrtuct each to prey upon,
bias fellow. anad to divert necessarily the atten
jtio of the honest and industrious, from the
production antd acquiremenat of wealth and
:omftorts, to tho preservation of what they have.
iy the keenest exertiun of their wvits and sin
twa. Bitt the object for which all this vast ocean
>f'evil is to be encounatered, would not be at- '
nined after all. It isi expected to rid thec land
if lawyers. courts and litigntton. Buit very far
rom this would be the effecet of the abolition of
aws, entfutig the payment ordebts.
In the first place, an exception wounld of ne
~essity be wade, to coiver trusts aad forbid
;lring fratnds. No rattiontal or moderately ir
nntonsal man would think of enduring such a
tite of laws, that the guardians of orhat a
night squantder all their property without re
onarse, or that a carrier intrusted with a pack.
age of msoney, might cotnvert it to his own itse,
nad snap liis fiuger at the rightful owner. This
vould he the estd. not only of all security for
aroperty, hut all facilities for its acquiirements,.
and thus otter a few years of anarchy or spa
ienic fear.uloess, we should leave matters
isck in pretty much the same state again, ex
:ept that we should he cambered and eramprd
wiuh four times the legal miachinery, Jitigation
sad kindred evils that we now endure. A aim
>de suit to recnver a comonSO debt, would b.