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We will ding to she Pillars .t Lhe Temple .f our Liberties, and if It Sast fali, we will Perish anidst the Ruin."
VOLUME VI. -E fte u t ouse, . C., Iar S c S, 1841. 30.7.
W. F. DURISOE,-PROPRIETOR.
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ECCLESIASTES IX. 6.
"In the morning sow thy seed, and in
the evening withhold not thy hand : for
thou knowest not whether shall prosper,
either this or that, or whether they both
shall be alike good."
BY REV. THOMAS RAFFLES.
.Nor at esiwithbold thy hand,
Who can tell which may succeed,
Or if both alike shall btand,
And a glorious harvest bear,
To reward the sower's care.
In the morning sow thy seed
In the morning of thy youth;
Prompt to every generous deed,
Scatter wide the seeds of truth:
He whose sun may set at noon
Never can begin too soon!
Nor withhold thy willing hand
In the eventide of age,
E'en to life's last lingering sand,
In thy closing pilgrimage,
Seed may yet be sown by thee,
Sown for immortality!
By all waters," he it sown
Every where enrich the ground,
Till the soil with thorns o'ergrown,
Shall with fruit and flowers abound;
Pregnant with a sweet perfume,
Decked in Eden's loveliest bloom!
Sow it in the youthful mind;
Can you have a fairer field!i
Be it but in faith consigned,
Harvest, doubtless, it shall yield,
Fruits of early piety,
All that God delights to see.
Sow it on the waters wide,
Where the seamau ploughs the deep;
Then with every flowing tide,
You the blessed fruit shall reap,
And the thoughtless sailor provo
Trophy to the cause you love.
Sow it 'mid the crowded street
- Lanes and alleys dark and foul,
Where the teeming masses meet
Each with an immortal soul,
S$unk in deepest moral gloom,
Reckless of the coming doom.
Sow it 'mid the htannts of' vice
Scenes of infamy and crime;
Suddenly, may Paridise
Burst, as in the northern clime,
Spring, with all its verdant race,
Starts from WVinter's cold embrace.
Sow it with unsparing hand,
'Tis the Kingdom's precious seed ;
'Tis the Master's great command,
And His grace shall crown the deed,
lie hath said the precious grain
Never shall be sown in vain!
Long, indeed, beneath the clod,
It may lie, forgot, unseen
$oxious weeds may clothe the sod,
Changing seasons intervene,
Summer's heat and Winter's frost
v,.. tat .cc shnll nc-cr be lost.
But, at length, it shall appear,
Rising up o'er all the plain
"First the blade, and ihen the ear,"
Then the ripe, the gold grain;
Joyous reapers,.gladly come,
Angels shout the harvest home.
Edge Hill, Jan. 1, 1841.
From the Net Orleans Picayune.
LETTER FROM PARDON JONES
UP TRE CoAsT, Jqnnary.26.
Dear Pic.-I see't you've got my mer
ridge printed in your collums, as nice at
can be, but you didn't printthe pertickleri
about it, becauseyou say they was tu broad
Well, I spect you're right-for I knowy
they was pretty well stretched out-and
to tell you the fact, Jerushy tell'd me the
same thing 'fore I sent my letter, but I
thought you'd like to know all sbout it,
bein' you aint merried yourself, and so I
sent it for what 'twould retch. No 'fence,
I hope, was ther? Mistress Jones bas ber
puttin, a new idear into my head sense wt
was merried. "Parding," says she tu me
one evenin',-"Parding, I du wish you
would turn your thoughts from litterature,
and employ your gifts iii pollyticks. Run
for Congress," sayq site, sparklin' up
"run for Congress, Parding-you're o-fay
as the French say-you was cut out for a
grate'man, and you'll succeed, I know you
will!" "Lord bless yotir fond soul," says
1, "how in the name of nature du you ex
pect I can got to.Congress? Wy," says
1, 1 haint got no niggers, nor knows, nor
hosses, nor land, and can't even vote for
another candydate-much more I cant git
nolboddy tu vote for me'" "0 law," says
she, "spos'n you haint got no niggers
haint you got me-and aint I worth as
much as tu or three niggers?" ''Yis,
says I, "Jerushy-you're a darned sight
better than a dozen niggers for my taste
-but then you didn't cost so much-and
monny is the thing tu make a grate man
now-a-days-tallunts aint pothin' in the
scale with money,"says I.. Wall, she sort
a gin it up then, and haint said nothin,
about it sene-hut it has been runnin' in
my head, day and night, from then till now
and I'm determined to try it! I'm a goin'
tu put myself up, all ready against any
body dies or resigns. Msunisu
fifty dolla' I've gin up the school-it's
tu darned rainy here for a school-so now
I must go tu peddlin,' or tu teachin' short
hand ritin.' or tu mendin' clocks, or else I
must go tu Congress-or suthin'-it wont
du tu he here duin' nothin.' I want you
tu back me. Here's my ticket:
For Congriss-from the fust vacant
deestrick in Luzyatna, Pardon JonesEsq.,
son of old Mr. Jones of the Bay State.
Mister Joneses sentiments is liberal and
free, and founded on the principles of
Buren and General Harrison. Mister
Joneses opinions about the banks is per
cisely the same that them grate men all
entertained. MisterJones will stick up,
one side or t'other, for the tariff but don't
like tu commit himself on that subject till
he sees which way the catis goin' tojump.
Mister Jones will go in for the public lands.
He is goin' tu he the people's man, and lie
wants tu be on the poplar side of every
thing, for that is dimmercratic. Mistei
Jones will go in for all the Englishmen,
Irishmen, Scotchmen, Dutchmen, French.
men, and all the forriners born and brought
up in the United States.
There-I guess that will du tu start on.
Mistress Jones sends her compliments, and
says that she has got twenty or ibirty stringi
of dried punkins-the nicest perhaps, thai
you ever seen-and she has got now neai
about half a bushel of dried huckleberries,
to. Wont you come and see us7? Yoti
can bring your press along with you-I
guess we'd have room for it itt our settin
room. Your ever lovin' frietnd.
From the Baltimore Clipper.
Use and Abuse of the Press.-T he use
of the Presa is to diffuse correct informa
tion-to enlightetn and instruct-to incul
cate morality-" to raise the genius, anc
to mend your heart."
It is an abuse of the presis to misrepre
sent facts, motives, or acttns-to incour
age immorality-to use abusive terms, oi
to expose the occurrences at the domestic
fireside. it is not our intention to ente,
upon this wild field ; we shall confne oui
attention to one poit--the abuse of the
press in draggitng befotre the public matters
which are entirely oif a private character
Newvsmongers, in their eager search aftei
novelhy, do not sufficiently discriminate
between that which is of a strictly privati
nature;t and hence we have events narrat
ed, which, htowever they may minister ti
the morbid appetito, shtould remain seelud
ed from puhlic view. Petty disputes be
tween individuals-the quarrels of lovers
domestic discord-runaway matches-dig
appointed hopes-every thing is no'
thought worthy of being paraded befori
the pubtlic. If the public morals could be
improv~ed by such publicatints, some lhen
ifit would result from the violation of pro
priety; but this is ntot. pretenided. Thi
sole object appears to he, to create a de
mand for the paper in which such thing
are inserted ; and this purpose is answered
to a great extent. The press should lie
terror to evil doers, but should disdain ti
resort to the fair ily sanctuary, to dra
forth and publish its secrets.
Iforrid Murder.-Rumors have reae
this;cit,o trh.e.... pe...io orf .a. mo, ho
rid murder in the adjoining county of Or
ange. It is stated that a respectable' citi
zen named- Pratt, was engaged with- one
of his negroes in the woods, riving Sbingles,
when-the fellow struck him a violent blow
with his hatchet which stunied him, and
he then deliberately despatched him. Hav
ing concealed the dead body in the leaves, I
he went to the house and told his mistress, 1
that his'master had sent him for his horse i
and pocket book, intending to go-toa neigh
boring store. They were accordingly seut, i
but the little son of the deceased accompa
nied the negro, as bearerofthe pocket book. 1
On the way to the scene of murder, the ue. I
gro felled the child on the earth with a I
club, and supposing he was dead, made off o
with his booty. The child, however, came i
to, gave the alarm, and the negro was ar
rested at Hillsboro', with the horse and i
money. in his possession. He was com
mitted to Jail, and will, doubtless, expa- <
iiate his atrocities on the gallows.-Ra
leigh Register, 26th ult.
Murder.-Tle body of a tnan murdered,
shot through the head, apparently by a rifle
bull, was found recently by some gentle
men in Macon county, concealed in a hol
low tree. They were attracted by the buz
zards which they oher;ed gathered about
the spot. The body. says our informuat, r
was stripped of every thing by which its
identity could be determined on. Not even
ascraporpaper, that would throw any light
on the business, name or residence of the
deceased; from his dress connected with
other circumstances, he was supposed to
have been a gentleman from some of the t
adjacent States in search oflaud. An in- c
dividual we have been informed, has been .J
arrested on suspicion of having committed %
the crime.-Alabama Journal, 241hult. L
The Brok8r's Tax.-The Court of Ap- E
peals gave their decision yesterday on this I
interesting question. The Court sustain
ed the prohibition of Judge O'Neale on t
one ground-that the Tax Collector had I;
mistaken the Act in making it retrospec- e
tive-but they refused to express any opi- v
nion on the constitutionality of the tax, or a
their right as a Court to limit the taxing
power of the Legislature, Judge Richard
son alone dissented-was against the pro
hibition on any ground, and very broadly ')
denied the right of the Court to interfere.
The Disputed Territory.---The Port
land Advertiser states that the Land Agent I
has decided to take ofi'the "civil posse"
from the disputed Territory, and to leave
an agent of the State to look after the tres- t
passers---the Land Agent orMassachusetts I
agreeing to pay the half of the expenses of i
the agent who is to be kept there. Mr. I
Hamblin will go to Fort Fairfield in a few t
days, to discharge the men that have been 9
kept there by Gov. Fairfield. These men I
have been doing no good to the State, and 1
have been supported at an expense of pro- 1
bably $50,000 for the past year. I
Judge a man by his actions-A poet by
his eye---an idler by his fingers-- a lawyer
by his leer---a player by his strut---a box
er by his sinews---a justice by his frown
a grat man by his modesty---an editor by
his coat---a tailor by his agility---a fidler
by his elbow---and a woman by her neat
Quite a Present.-The Richmond Star
mentions that a gentleman of the Editor's
ac-luaintance received on Christ mas eleven
turkies, forty. pounds of butter, one barrel
of apples, twevle mince pies, a monstrous
cake, a barrel-of soft soap, ajar of preserves,
a peodle dog. two littlepigs, from friends,
and twins by his wife. He must be per
fectly happy. ______
The Dayton Journal very wvisely ob
serves that, in these hard times, a man
should never go any distance fromn home tor
collect money,without taking along enought
to defray expenses. The Editor observes
that "a friend wvho had neglected this pre
caution, had to burrow money enough to
bring him back."
Alabama-A bill has passed the Legis
lature of Alabatma " to secure a homestead
to every family in this State," wvhich pro
vides-" Tjhat in addition to the property
now allowed by law, fromi executions, there
shall be exempted front executiotns upon
all debts due hereafter to be cotntracted,
for the use of every family in this State,
forty acres of land, wvhich shall be and
enure to the use and benefit ef settled and
Sudden Death.---Duncan Buie, E sqr.,
-aged 82 years, of Fayetteville, N. C., sud
denly fell and expired on the 12th ult.
The Observer says he could boast ofwvhat
n to other man in the country could. lHe
-had juct conmpleted taking the census of
the cotunty for the fifth time.. He had per
-formed that duty in 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830
Fire.-A fire broke out inithe Stable in
the rear of Mr. Samuel Boatright's dwell
ing, yesterday morning about four o'clock,
and consumed it with a large quantity of
Oats contained in it. No other buildings
were injured. It is supposed to have been
the work of an incendiary.-- Southern
Pope's Oath.-Pope's oath was. God
mend me. A little boy to whom he had
retuned a penny, looked at his diminutive
stature, cried out, "God mend you, in
deed ! it would be less trouble to make a
The folt wing correspondence we pre
lume hasflly ended the personal ditlicul
y betweeii essrs. Pickens and Stanley.
rhercause nd character of that difficulty
was sutfitioatly set forth in the publica
ion we m&fe yesterday. The first stage
>fthe affairVas left for t he reader to gather
rom whabilowed : It appears that after
he adjust' nt, Mr. Stanley publibhed his
>riginal reaarks, corrected by himself, and
hus.gave ' cient reason to suppose that
intwithsta ing his distinct disavowal
of all intedtibn to insult Mr. Pickens, he
vie willi nja'an indiract way to claim to
ifi'self dWdvantage of having inflicted
icid wrong. In the following i
orresikondece Mr. Stanley disavows all I
uch intentiog-and though every one must
eel that heliad disregarded, through igno
ance ordesi the proprieties ofhis then sit
stion, stilf edo not see how Mr. Pickens
ould refusel sAdisclaimer of all intention
o offlend, as tisfactory. If Mr. Stanley
ad felt it du to himself to make the pub. i
ication allu, d to, he ought to have felt
hat it was due to himself to make i
he explana n, of his motive, before it
ras requir 'Charleston Alercury.
r'o the Edit the Globe
Please pu the following correspnn
euee.which niirely satisfactory to both
4VTHOS. D. SUMTER,
; K. RAYNER.
- WMitveTo, Feb. 25, 1841.
Sir: I 'peive in the fitelligeneer of
bis morning~'hat purports to be a report
f your remai delivered in the House of I
tepresentatilbion the 19th inst., which
rere the subj fcorrespondence between
is. : .
This matte had supposed was adjust
d in a man' atisfactory to all parties. t
t certainly ^iso far as I was concerned.
I an at a ,therefore, to account for
leir publica:V at such a time, apparent
y under. you , action, and require some
xplanation t will he satisfactory as to
ihat I am fo at present to consider an
I have the r-to be,
Respectft .your obedient serv't.
F. W. PICKENS.
7o the Hon. ., taoley, by Mr. Sumter.
Sir: In to your note of this morn
ig, I have tostate. that I deemed it due
i myself, that my remarks should be pub
ished, became yours, which illicited my
eply, had been published.
I deem it due to my constituents that I
Isey should be published, for you had spo
:en of me in terms of ridicule, in the first
istanice, and there was no evidence that I
ad repelled it in a proper spirit. As to
lie " time,"I can see no reason why you
hould be "at a loss" on that score. I
would observe, however, that my remarks,
fter having been most carefully revised,
rere ready for the press. before the pub
cation of the correspondence between us.
thought it due to myself, that my remarks
hould follow yours as soon as possible,
hat my course might be justly appreciat
d, as there wias nothing to show how the
iffliulty had arisen on my part.
You say you had supposed this matter I
ras " adjusteil, in a manner satisfactory to
i parties it certainly was, as fur as you
1 assure yoi, it was considered in the
ame light by myself, and I did not, nor do
now,deem the publication of my remarks,
t all inconsistent with.the satisfactnry ad
ustment of t he difficulty, as your offensive !
emarks had appeared and mine had not. J
Understanding your phrase "require" to
nean request I have cheerfully given the f
xplanation, which I hope will prove satis- I
I have the honor to be,
Respectfully, vour obedient serv't.
'o the Hon.F.W.Pickens, by Mr. Rayner.
WA3Ise~'ToN, Feb. 26, 1841. r
Sir: I receired yours ofthe 25th inst.,and
ake no exception to the general tone and
emper of yoer reply; yet as you deemed
he "careful rivision," and deliberate pub. 4
ication of yotr "offensive'' remarks, and
hat, too, a'fter a satisfaectory.adjustment.
ecessary to aproper understanditna before
tour constittuets. I now regard a distioct
liclaimer on your part of ally intention to
vound my feelings again, or reflect on my
loner, by thispublication, as due to me.
I have the lvnor to be,
Respectfully, your obedient serv't.
F. W. PICKENS.
'o the lion. Ed. Stitnley, by Mr. Sumter.
WVAsHI~oI'oNV CITY. Feb. 27, 1841..
Sir: I do not hesitate to disclaim any in.
ention to wvound your reeling., or reflect
mn your honor, "by the publication" of
I mentioned, in my last notc, what my
-easons were. I could not, without for.
;etting what was due to tmy own charac
:er, as well as to yourself, intend to wound
tour feelings, bly the publication of my
-earks. 1 need not repeat my reasons
n this letter.
I have the honoer to be, respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
To the H~oo.F;W.Pickens, by Mr. Rayner.
Hard Times.-Nine demijohtns of eld
Nadeira wine were sold the other day, at
Iwenty dollars a gallon, or one hundred
iollars a demijohn, and ten mere, not so
ad, at ten dollars a gallon. The nine wvere
taken by one individutal for family us.
INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF PRE
WASHINGTON, March 4, 1841.
Called from a retirement which I had
supposed was to continue for the residue
of my life, to fill the Chief Executive of
fice of this great atid free nation, I appear
before you. fellow citizens, to take the oaths
which the-Constitution prescribes, as a ne
aessary qualifcation for the performance
of its duties. And in obedience to a cus
tom coeval with our Government, and
what I believe to be your expectations, I
proceed to present to you a summary of
the srinciples which will govern me, in
the discharge of the iduties which I shall
ie called upon to perform.
It was the remark of the Roman Con
tul, irn an early period of that celebrated
Republic, that a most striking contrast
,vas observable in the conduct orcandidates
'r offices of power and trust, before and
tfter obtaining them-hey seldom carry
ng out iu the latter case the pledges and
romises made in the former. lowever
nuch the world mnay have improved. in
nany respects, in the lapse of upwards of
wo thousand vears since the remark was
unde by the virtuous and indignant Roman,
fear that a strict examination of the an
tals of some of the modern elective Go
erurnents, would develope similar instan
:es of violated confidence.
Although the fiat of the people has gone
brth, proclaiming me the Chief Magistrate
if this glorious Union, nothing upon their
sart remaining to be done, it may be
bought that a motive may exist to keep up
he delusion under which they may be sup
osed to have acted in relation to my prin
'iples and opinions; and perhaps there
nay be some in this assembly who have
'ome here either prepared to condemn
hose I shall -now deliver, or, approving
hem, to doubt the sincerity with which
hey are uttered. But the lapse of a few
nonths will confirm or dispel their fears.
Lue nutline of principles to govern, and
neasures to be adopted, by an Adminis
ration not yet begun, will soon be ex
hanged fbr immutable history; and I shall
tand either exonerat clby my countrynien,
ir classed with the mass of those who pro
nised that they might deceive, and gatter
d -with the intention to betray.
However strong may be my present pur
>ose to realize the expectations of a mag
ellfignderstand the ikiirmties of hunian
iature, and the dangerous temptations to
vhich I shall be exposed, lifm the magni.
ude of the power which it has been the
deasure of the people to commit to my
atds, not to place my chief confidence
pon the aid of that A!tnighty Power
vhich has hitherto protected tne, and enn.
led me to bring to favorable issues other
mportnut, but still greatly inferior trusts,
eretofore confided to me by my country.
The broad foundation upon which our
'oustitution rests, being the people-a
reath of theirs having made, as a breath
an unmake. change, or modify it-it can
e assigned to none of the great divisions
if government but to that of Democracy.
f such is its theory, those who are called
ipon to administer it must recognise, as its
eading principle, the duty of shaping their
neasures so as to produce the greatest
;ood to the greatest number.-But, with
hese tiroad admissions,. if we would corm
Pare the sovereignty acknow ledged to ex
5t in the mass of our people with the pow
r claimed by other sovereignties, even by
hose who have been considered most pure
y democratic, we shall find a most essen
ial dilerence. All others lay claim to
iower limited only by their will. The ma
rity,of our citizens, on the contrary, pos
ese a sovereignty with an amount of pow
r precisely equal to that which has been
ranted to them. by the parties to the na
onal compact, and nothing beyond. We
dmit of no Government by Divine right
elieving that, so far as power is concern
d, the beneficent Creator has made no
istinction amongst men, that all are upon
nt equality, and that the only legitimate
ight to govern is an express grant of pow
r to the severat departments composing
he Government.-On an examination of
hat instrument, it will be found to cotntain
leclarations of power granted, and of pow
r withheld. The latter is also susceptible
f division, into power which the majority
ad the right to grant, but whlich they did
ot think proper to intrust to their agents,
mud that which they could not have grant
~d, not being possessed by themselves. In
ther words,there are certain rights posses
ed by each individual American ctizen,
which. itn his compact with the others, lhe
as never surrendered. Some of them in
eed, he is unable to surrender, being, in
he language of our system, unalienable.
The boasted privilege of a Roman citi
ten was to him a shield only against a
petty provincial ruler, wvhilst the proud
Jemocrat of Athens could console htmself
tinder a sentence of death, for a supposed
violation of the national faith, which no one
andertood, and which at times was the
stbject of the mockery of all, or of banish
ment from his home, his family and his
:ountry, with or without an alleged cause:
that it was the act, not of a single tyrant,
or ated aristocracy, but of his assembled
ontirymen. Far diff'erent is the power
of our soverignty.-lt can interfere with
no one's faith, prescribe fortms of worship
for no one's observance, inflict no punish
ment but after well ascertained guilt, the
result of investigation under forms. pre
suribed by the Constitution itself. These
precious privileges, and those scarcely less
mportant, of giving expression to his
thoughts and opinions, by writIng or speak.
ing, unrestrained but by the liability fot
injury to others, and that of a full nartici.
pation in all the advantages which flow
from the Covernment, the acknowledged
property of all, the A merican citizen de
rives from no charter granted by his fellow
man. He claims them because he is him
self a Man, fashioned by the same Al
mighty hand as the rest of his species, rud
entitled to a full share of the blessing with
which he has enlowed them.
Notwithstanding the limited sovereignty
possessed by the People, of the United
States, and the restricted grant or power to
the Goverment which they have adepted,
enough has been given to accomplish all
the objects for which it was created.---it
has been found powerful in war, and, hith
erio, justice has been administered. an in
mate ui;ou effected, domestic tranquility
preserved, and personal liberty secured to
the citizen. As was to be expected, how
ever, from the defect of language, and the
necessarily sententious manner in which
the Constitution is written, disputes have
arisen as to the amount of power which it
has actually granted, or was ititended to
grant. This is more particularly the case
in relation to that part of the instrument
which 'ireats of the Legislative branch.
And not only at regards the exercibe of
powers claimed under a general clause,
giving that body the authority to pass all
laws-necessary to carry into effect the spe
etfic powers, but in relation to the latter
also. It is, however, consolatory to reflect,
that most of the instances -of alleged de
parture from the letter ar spirit of the Con
stitution, have ultimately received the
sanction of a majority of the people. And
the fact, that many of our statesmen. most
distinguished for talent and patriotism,
have been, at one time or other of their
political career, on both sides of each of
the :most warmly disputed questions.
which forces upon u4 the inferences that
the errors,.if errors there. were, are attri
butable to the intrinsic difficulty, in many
instances, of ascertaining the intentions of
the framers of the Constitution, rather
than the infuence of any sinister or unpa
But the great danger to our institutions
loes not appear to me to be in a usurpa.
tion, by the Government, of power not *
granted by the People, but by. the accum
ulation, in one of the departments, of that,
which was assigned to others. Limited as.
are the powers which have been. granted,
the departments. This danger is greatly
heightened, as it has been always observa
ble that men are less jealous of encroach
ment of one department upon another,,
h an upon their own reserved rights.
When the Constitution of .the United
States first came from the hands of the
Convention which formed it, many of the
sternerit republicans of the day were alarm
ed at the extent of the power which had
been granted to the 1ederal Government,
and snore partienlarly of Ihat-portion which
has been assigned to the Executive branch.
There were in it features which appeared
not to be in harmony with their ideas of
a simple representative Democracy; or
Republic. And knowing the tendency of
power to increase itself particularly when
executed by a single individual, predic
tions were made that, at no very remote
period, the Government would terminate
in virtual monarchy. It would not be
come me to say that the fears of these pa
triots have been already realized. But, as
I sincerely believe that the tendency of
measures, and of men's opinions, bfor
some years past, has been in that direc
tion, it is, I conceive, strictly proper that I
should take this occasion to repeat the as
surances I have heretofore given of my de
termination to arrest the progress of that
tendency, if it really exists, atnd restore the
Government to its pristine health and vigor,
as far as this can be ef'ected by any legiti
mate exercise of the power placed in my
I proceed to state lb as summary a man
ner as 1 cao, my opinion of the sources of
the evils which have been so extensively
complained of, and the corr'ctives which.
may be applied. Some of the former aro
unquestionably to be found in the defectse
of the Constitution; others, in -my judg
ment, are attributable to a misconstruction
of some of its provisionsa. Of the former
is the eligibilt ofC the same individual to
a second term of the Presidency. The sa
gacious mind of Mr. Jefferson early saw
and lamented this error, end attempts have
been made, hitherto without success, to
apply the amendatory power of the States
to its Correction.
As, however, one mode of correction is
in the power of every President, and con
sequently ia mine, it would be useless, and
perhaps invidious, to enumerate the evils
of which, in the opinion of many of our
fellow citizens, this error of the sages who
framed the Constituttion may have been
the source, and the hitter fruits wvhich we
are still to gather from it, if it continues to
disfigure our system. It may be observed,
however, as a general remark, chat Re
publies commit no greater error than to
adopt or continue any featuro in their sys
tems of government which may be calcu
lated toecreate or increase the love of pow
or, in the bosoms of those to whom neces
sity obliges them to commit the manage
ment of their allaire. And, surely, nothing
is more likely to produce such a state of
mind than the long continuance of an of.
lice of high trust. Nothing can be more
corrupting, nothing more destructive of all
those noble feelings which belong to the
character of a devoted republican patriot.
Whean this corrupting passion once takes
possession of the human mind, like the
love of gold, it becomes insatiable. - It is
the never dyina wvorm in his bosom, a'ows