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-AN -ESSAY ON GRASSES.--LU
Medicsgo sotiva, is a -decptrooting per
-ennial plant, sending up -numerous small
.and tall clover like shoots, with blue or vio
let spikes of flowers. It is a native of he
-south of Europe, is extensively cultivated
.in Spain, Italy, France, Persia, and Lima
in the two 'atter being cut all the yeai
round, and is partially cultivated in grea
Britain and the Uuited States. With us i
is found to be as hardy as red clover. I
was extensively cultivated by the Ronani
and commended by Calumella, as th
-choicest of all the fodder. Three quarter!
of an acre of it he thinks as abundantly
sufficient to feed three horses during th4
The soil for Lucerne must be dry, fria
ble, inclining to sand, and with a subsoi
not inferior to the surface. Unless the sub
soil be good deep and dry, it is in vain -t
attempt to cultivate Lucerne. A friable
deep, sandy loam is excellent for it. N(
soil is too rich for it.
The preparation of the soil consists ir
-deep ploughing and minute pulverization
London recommends trenching for it, bul
a good preparation is a potatoe crop, heavil3
.dressed with long mauure, the grount
ploughed very deep, and manure buried al
the bottom of the furrow, and the crop kepi
perfectly free from weeds.
The season most proper for sowing it
the northern and eastern States, is fron
about the first to the fifteeth of May wher
the ground has become sufficiently war
-med to promote quick germination.*
The quantity of seed, when the broad,
cast method is adopted, is from fifteen tc
twenty pounds in the.United States, sixteer
pounds is the usual quantity, and whet
drilled, eight to twelve pounds sutfice. The
ground should be perfectly pulverized; thc
seed put in with a fine harrow, and the
-operation of sowing finished wit h the roller.
The after culture ofLucern, so'vn broad
cast, consists in harrowing in the spring tc
destroy grass and weeds ; rolling after har
rowing to smooth the ground for the scythe,
and such occasional top dressing of gyp
sum, ashes, or rotted manure as the plants
may require, or the conveniences of the
-farm best afford. The hartowing may
.commence the second year, and .the weeds
-collected should always be carefully remo
ved. In succeeding years, two harrowings
may be applied, one in spring, and the oth
er io the latter part of the summer. If -in
drills, the crop must be kept clean with
the hoe, drill, harrow, &c. Liquid manure
from the cattle yard is an excellent manure
for this crop.
*Itn the Carolinas, September is the best
-season. Early spring may answer.
The mannerof sowing Lucerne, is either
broadcast or in drill. Broadcast and a ve
ry thin ercg of winter rye, is most general
ly preferred to the United States ; though
-drills, by enabling the cultivator to keep
out the grasses and weeds, promise the
greatest permanency to the crop. A gen
tleman who has sown in drills three feet
apart, and cultivated alternate rows of
mangel wurtzel with the lucerne, speaks
in high commendation of the practice.
Arthur Young recommends drilling at nine
Diseases of Horses.-E very thing calcu
lated to throw 'light upon this suhject is
worthy of insertion in agricultural publica
tions-and we always wvith much pleasure
devote a portion of our space thereto. The
following is copied, for the consideration of
those interested, from tbe Southern Plant
er, published in Richmond.
Grubs in Horses.-A Dr. Harding, of
Kentucky, I think, wrote once a very inge
nious essay, to prove that there was no
such disease as the grubs; but, that the
worm was a natural inhabitant of a horse's
stomach, and never commenced its ravages
upon it until after death.
Certain it is, that happening to he pre
sent at the death of a horse last summer,
which was occasioned by an accident in
our streets, 1 was curious enough to make
a post mortem examination, with the as
sistance of a medical friend. We examin
ed the horse's stomach itn an hour after his
death, and found it riddled with worms. It
was exactly such a case as would have
been held to be confirmation strong of the
grubs theory, if the cause of death had not
been known. To be sure, this only goes
to show, that the fact of the stomnach's be
ing perforated, is not evidence of death
from grubs. But if it so happens that this
fact, the only one ever advanced to prove
the existence of the iiscase, turns out to be
no evidence of its trmth, what becomes of
the theory ! Nowv sir, this q::estions is not
an idle one, or unimiportant :n its conse
quences. If grubs never at ack the horse,
what is the cause of the vi tent paitn to
which he is sometimes subjecttd ? Having
been much interested in the subject, from
the fact that I owned some very valuable
blooded stock, this point attracted my par
ticular attention, and from all I can see
and hear, I have become satisfied, with Dr.
Harding, that there is no such original dis
case as grubs ; but, that which is frequent
ly mistaken for it, is neither more or less
than violent cholic. Acting upon this sup
position, I have treated the disease as such,
and with great success. I have never fail
ed to relieve a horse by giving him an in
jection composed of a half oz. of assafceti
da well rubbed up, and tmixed with a pint
and a half of wartm gruel, which if it (lid
not operate, might be succeeded by a se
cond injection of a pint of linseed oil mixed
in a pint of warm wvater. 'rhe assafcetida
must be well rubbed up, and, gradually
mixed in a pint of water, wvhich will be
come thick and milky in aphpearance. Let
the inijection be well stirred when it is ad
ministered. By the bye, every man, who
keeps stock, should have a large clyster
pipe, as he will frequently find it much the
most etlicient and convenient mode of ad
ministering medicine. But if he has no
such instrument, cholic may be relieved
by drenching the animal with two table
bpoodfuls of laudanum, mixed in a pint of
If you choose to make my practice pub
lie, my name as authority is at the service
ofryour readers. M.
Fromz another Correspondence.-" An
onnce of prevention is better than a pound
of cure." A great many remedies for cho
lie, grubs, &c- have nt various times been
suggested of more-or less value, I once ap
plied to a very-celebrated stock man for
the best remedy forgrubs; his answer was
"keep a plenty of salt always within reach
of your horse's mouth." Upon this hint I
acted, and have now for five years been
using troughs divided into three parts, the
middle for grain or mixed food, one -end
boxed up-to the floor for long food, with a
box for salt at ihe other end: if that box is
ever found without salt my feeder gets an
overhauling. This as well for my cattle
as my horses. fur they are all stalled. Now
sir, I know of no other respect in which my
mode of feedingdiffers from my neighbors,
and yet since I have adopted this plan,
with an average of thirty head of stock, I
have not known a single case of disease
amongst them. If by it I have saved the
life of only my meanest ox, I have made
three hundred per cent. on the cost, which
is as good an outlay as ought to be expect
ed at farming.
Soundness of Seedls.-Cobbett, whose
writings and investigations on the subject
of gardening, have generally been consi
dered orthodox, gives the following rules
for the choice of seed:
He says, I know of no seed, which, if
sound and'really good will nout sink in wa
ter. The unsoundness of seeds arises from
several causes; unripeness, blight, mouldi
ness and age, are the most frequent of
these causes. The way to try seeds is
this. -Put a small quantity df it in lukewarm
water, and -let the water be four or five in
ches deep. A mug, or basin will do. but a
large tumbler, glass, is best; for then you
can see the bottom as well as the ;top.
Some seeds, such as those of cabbage, ra
dish and lurnip, will, if good, go to the hot
inm at once. Cucumber, melon, lettuce
and endive, and many others, require a
few minutes. Parsnip and carrot, and all
the winged seeds, require to be worked by
your fingers, in a lineo water, and well
wetted before you puit them into the glass:
and the carrot shouid be rubbed to get ol'
part of the hairs, which would otherwise
act as feathers do to a duck. The seed
of beet and mangel wurtzel, are in a case
or shell. The rough things we sow arc not
the seeds, but the cases in which the seeds
are contained, each case containing from
one to five seeds. rherefore the trial by
water, as to these two seeds, is not con
clusive; though if the seed be very good,
if there be four or five in a case, shell and
all will sink in the water, after being in the
glass an hour. And it is a matter of such
great imporlance, that every seed should
grow, in a case where the plants stands so
far apart; as gaps in rows of beet and man
gel wurtzel are so, very injurious, the best
way is to reject all seed that will not sink,
-case and all, after being put into warm
water, and remaining there at hour.
There is another way of ascertaining
this important fact, the soundness of seeds,
and that is, by sowing them either in a hot
bed or under a hand glass. But there is
this to he said-that with a strong heat un
der,*ud with such complete protection
above, seeds may come up in the open
ground. There may be enough of the
germinating principle to cause vegetation
in a hot-bed, and not enough to produce it
in the open air and cold ground. There
fore, I incline to the opinion, that we
should try seeds, as our ancestors tried
witches, not by fire, but by water; and,
that following up '~heir' practice, we should
reprobate aud destroy all that do not readi
I alwvays sow new seed in preference to
old1; and as to the notion, that seeds can
be the better for being oldl, even miore thatn
a year old, I -hrld it to be monstrously ab
snrd, atnd this opintion i Igive as the result
of long exp~erience, most atlientlive observa-.
lion, and numeri'touts experimenits, tmade for
the express purp'lose of ascertaining the
Seed W heta.-Smau.-T he followin g
commnunicationt from one of the most dis
tinguishetd l'armters of Vir'gitiin, is worthy
of consideration.-It is extracted froni an
old number of the Virginia Hecrald:
Sir--As the time of harvest is approach
ing, I address through your paper, my bro
ther farmers, on the importance of allowng.
wheat intentded for sowing, to be entirely
r'ipe before reapilig. Accidet last year,
and eyesight this year, have convitnced tme
of the propriety of this course.
In the year 18:3', having selected my
handsome ears of Mexican wheat, and
sowecd it in the fail ofthe samte yeatr, it was
forgottoni last year, unitil tmy little son re.
mninided tme i hat it ou ght to be got hered .It
was then fronm seven to ten daiys after my
oilher wheat of the same kindl had been cut.
This whbeat was then gathered anid depos.
ited in a bag. Last October, this wheat
was seeded on the same daiy, in the samte
manner, atnd adjoining to oilier Mexican
wheat. No selectin of' land was made
for it, as no experimett wa intended. It
has survived the fly, and the last severe
winiter with little inijury, but not more t han
onte-tird of the adjtoinitng w'heat hats been.
left alive. From its presenit apphearance,
it will produce, I believe, two-thirds more
than its adjacent neighbor.
Can the keeping in'the hag be the cause
of this superiority ? I believe nor, because<
in several previous years, seed has been
kept by me in bags, and tn similar result
has taken place ; my inference thence, is
that this difference must be owitng to the
ripeniess of the seed. Should any reader
of this Communication have doubts on this
subject, it would give me great pleasure to
show himt the growing wheat, whie'n wvill
convince, I should think the most skeptical.
From my 24 years experience as a far
mer, I am also satisfied, that the smuit is
mainly attributable to unripe seed wheat.
My seed wheat has been alw ays riper than
that of my neighbors, and during that pe
riod, I have never seen but six smutted
heads in my nwni crops. In a conversa
tion wvith the late Mr. Isaac Williams, lhe
confirmed my opinion, by stating to me
the same practice of one of his nearest
neighbors, attended by the most entire sue
In making this communication, the in
terest of whept growers is my sole object,
and if', their crops should be iticreased, it
will contribute to the happiness of your
LibeTy Hill, Caroline.
Procrastination.-The sarcasm contain
ed in the follnwing nnaInnlhit, frm the
Farmer's 'Gazette, is applicable 4f thcrs
besides farmers; but nevertheles" there
are plenty of these latter who can proft
largely by it-if they will:
"Going To -. Yes, there arwesome
men, and farmers to, that are always go
ing to-but never do it. In the circle of
my acquaintance, I know of one farner
that has not a single edged tool on his pre
mises,-except axes and scythes, and-yet he
has been going to get aset of-caroienter's
tools for more than ten years. :Auother,
and a'large farmor-too; that-does iown
a roller, but for five..years past has bofrw
ed one of his neighbors four orfive-days in
each -year-probably to satisfy himself as
regards its utilily as a farming impement.
Another has not, but is always going to
get a cart rope, and a set of pulleyblocks.
Another is going to get him a set of dry
measures, though he sells moreAlhan a
hundred bushels of fruit and grainsannual
ly. A nother, and this man has aliais been
going to burn dry wood afler this year but
he has never done it. And singular as it
may appear, one man has been.gowng to
build him a better hog-pen than he-one in
which he now keeps his swine, and'he has
been going to forfiflen years. And there
are many farmers that have been orng to
have Ubetter fences, -better -gates,- :better
crops, atid better stock, until I thiink they
are now either really going to do. it, or
that they are sadly deficient of thai energy
and decision that should characternie eve
ry American Farmer. And finally;j know
of one man, who is almost deficient of ev
ery article and farming implement, above
named; and if I was going to tell you the
reason, I should say, this man has been
going to stop drinking ardent spirits for a
long time. But judging from theilooks of
his farm, and from his own most wretched
personal appearance, I should say that this
tian, with rapid strides, was fast going to
Religous Newspapers-Profit and Loss.
-From astatenent in the Southern Chrs
tian Advocate, a Methodist-paper - printed
in Charleston, it appears that with .-8,840
Subscibers, including Agents,-their61mannt
al expenses amount to upwards-of $7,000,
and the income of the office has never ex
ceeded $6,800," leaving an annual dofi
ciency. the most favorable year, of more
than $200. The cause of this -deficiency
is imputed to delinquent subscribers. No
:omment is necessary to give point40 this
statement of facts. - .
Recipe ror making the most sweet,wbite,
ight, andl] best bread without the--use of
east.-Take a tea spoonful of pounded
-aleratus, dissolve it in half a tei up full
)f warm water, rub it well throligh three
3ounds of flour, and then mix it up with
ittermilc till it is quite soft. Prace it in
aaus and let it hake rather slowly, Asut an
lour and a half.-A small slice of.butter
niugled with theldough, will be found an
mprovement. This mode ofr .making
>read is particularly worthy of the atten
ion of the farmers' "gude wives." Dont
-ail to try it.
Lost or Stolen.
PROM the subscriber on the 20tlrof Janua
ry last, a POCKET BOOK, 'alzain
'en Dollars in money, anct. - dre2
lollars in notes. Among the Totes 'thire was
ne on Brunum & Mnnday, for $300; one on
bhenezer Chamberlin, for $200; one on Charles
~ix, for $1.15; and one on Abram .Kilecase,
or $55t0. All of themt given one day after date.
UI personts are wvarned not to trade for the
hove notes. I will liberally reward any 'per
Otn finding the book and paper..
11. M. NiCKS.
March -1. - 5 tf
WIS HIING to change the order of his buui
ness,is desirouts of disposingeof his pre
ett Stock, and will sell it entirc, at a suitable
edttction from cost, anid ont accommnodating
ems ofecredit, or at Retail rcry loro for Cask.
C. A. DOWD.
March 1A. tf 7
T H E subhscriber is now cleaning at his
Mill, a large quantity of RICE,
resh and sweet. Orders for any quntity,
o be dlelisered at the Court-House, will he
ttnded to if left at the Post-Offce.
R. T. MIMIS.
Dec. 24, 1840. tf 17
ALL persons itndebted to the estate of
L.Blumer W hile, deceased, are requir
d to make itmmediate payment; atnd all
ersons having demands against the estate,
re recquested to render them in, properly
A BNER PERRIN, Admt'r.
Jan. 1,18S4I, tf 49
State of South Carolina.
Johni Rninsford, vs.
amnes Rainsford and
IT appeatring to my satisfaction, that John
IRainsford, of Englatnd, soni of Joseph, and
2ois C. Cantelow and Matry his wife, D~efen
ants in this case, reside without the limits of
his State; on motion, by Wardlaw & Carroll,
ottsel for Plaintiff, ordered, that the Defen
lants above natmed, do appear in this honorable
jourt, and plead, answer or demur, to the Bill
C Plaintiff, within three monthts from the pub~li
atioa of this order, or that a decree pro confes
o be taken against them,
J. TERRY, c. E. E. D.
'ommissioners Ofiec, March 16, 1841.
March IR m7
State of South Carolina.
EDGE FIELD DISTRICT.
John W. Yarbor'ough, )
'rstee of H-enry Schultz. | In Equsity!.
Henry Schultz and the|
State Bank. Bill for
- er.Relief and
[he Bank of the State of Account.
Georgia, G. B. Lamar,
and the City Council of
T apeain to my satisfaction that the
Defendants in the above stated case
ire without the limits of this State-Otn
notion of Griffin & Burt: Ordered, that
aid Defendants do plead, answer, or de
nur, to the complainants Bill of complaint;
ithitn three months from the pubiication
ereof, or said Bill will be taken pro-con
esso against thetm.
3. TERRY, c. E. E. D
'ommsioners Ofic, Edgefield, Feb. 25, 1840
March 4. ec5
Fresh Garden Seed.
JUST RECEIVED and for sale by
Jp C. A. DOWD.
Feb.10. tf 2
PROSPECTUS OF THE
New Genesee Farmer,
Edited'by J. 1.'TUoRIAS. and M. B. BanrHAx.
Assisted by DxviD THot*s and Others.
-Bkr1uAM & -CROSMA'K, 'Proprietors, Roches-.
ter, N. Y.
Volume 2d, for 1841, 16 pages llotithly,-With
The Cheapest Agricultural Paper in the Union.
TERS-Only 50 cents a year, (in advnuce.)
Seven copics, for $3; twelves copies for
$5; twenty-6ve copies for $10; to Post Mas
ters and other Agents, who scnd money free of
"The New Genesee Farmer," has passed
through the first year of its publication with
very flattering success, notwithstanding the op
posing influences which it has had to encoun
ter; and while the publishers express their
gratitude for the assistanee and support they
have thus far received, they would now with
renewed confidence, appeal to the friends of
Agriculture for aid in behalf of the Second
Volume. The successful re-establisbment of
the GENESEE FARMER in its own Native
Soil, and at its cconomical price, is a source of
much gratification to -the'friends of improve
ment in Western New York; and the pub
lishers flatter themselves that their efforts are
not unappreciated, and will not long be unre
It is now fairly proved that the " New Gene
see Farmer" can be sustained, at a price which
places it within the reach of all; and the repu.
tation which it has already obtained for talent
and usefidness, will not sufTer by a comparison
with any paperof the kind in the Union. Every
successive Number that has been issued, has
shown an increase of talent and additional cor
respondents. Besidas containingr the most
useful and spirited articles selected from other
Agricultural publications, the New Genesee
Farner has received diring the past year ori
ainal contributions from more than SEVENTY
WRITERS, most of whom are well known
PRACTICAL FARMERS. This-correspon
dence will continue to increase, and, with our
able editorial assistance, we can confidently
assure the readers of the paper, that it will con
tinue to increase in interest and nsefulness, in
proportion as it. becomes better known and
The proprietors are determined to spare no
reasonable pains -or expense in making the
New Genesee Farmer worthy of a liberal snp.
port. Several important improvements will
be made in the next Volume; among which
are the fllowing -Each number will contain
items of English and other news, particularly
relating to the crops ana tire -markets; such as
may be ofservice to farmers in marketing their
produce. The paper will be -of fine quality.
and with a hanudsome engraved lreading,
(which is in a state of preparation,) the appear
ance of the sheet will be much improved. The
Farmer will be issued regularly on the first of
each m nth, and mailed with great despatch.
A competent and careful clerk is employed to
enter the names of subscribers, and keep, the
accounts, so that we hope to avoid all inaccu
racies or cause of complaints.
The aim and object of the New Genesee
Farmer, is to please and benefit all or its rea
ders, and advance the interests of Agriculture
and Horticulture-1he best interests of commu
nity. Many of its present readers have ex
pressed the high degree of satisfaction they
have derived from its pages; and we hope all
ofthem are so well pleased with it that they
-vill not only renew their own subscriptions
promptly, but induce their neighbors to srb
scribe ALSO. There are thousands of farmers
to be found, who have itever seen the New
Genesee Farmer; and if it was shown them,
and its character explained, they would readily
subscribe. W~e conceive this to be a DuTY
wvhic. the readers of the paper owe to their
neig i ors, and to their country, as well as to
tis. Let this ditty be done promptly, and our
means of usefulness will be greatly extended.
and the salutary iniflutence ot the paper will
soon be manifest thirotnghout the Agricultural
T he friends of Agricultural Societies shotuld
especially encourage this paper; for, mitless
farmers READ on dire subject, and get their minds
interested in their professittn, they will not act
fficienitly for its advancement.. The Societies
formed last year in Westerni New York, and
their fine exhibutionis, have already given a niew
impulse to the cmtse in this section of country:
and it is confidently expected that much more
wvill be donte the coinig season.
It will readily lie seen that the paper cannot
be siustaiuned at this low price, without a very
large subscription list ; and as it will not affor'd
the explense of employing travellitig Agents,
we must rely oni the voluntary efforts of the
friends of thme cause, to obtini stibscribers. TO
POST MASTERS especially, we are already
greatly indebted, and we respctfully solicit a
continuance of their piatriotic assistance.
Post Masters have a right to remit money
romn subscribers to publishei s of papers free of
Postage. So that subscribers have only to
hand them their names. wvithi the mioney, and
reqnest them to forward the same.
Agents and Post Masters are particularly re
ruested to inform its, as early as possible, what
nuber of papers are likely to be wanted at
their omlces. so that we maiy calculate how large
an additiont will be required.
NoTE.-AII puipers ordhered, are Charged to
the pcrsons ordering thi'tu ; and the nioney re
eived is pmLced to their credit. All subscrip
tions are discontinued at the end of the year, tun
less paid for a longer time, in advanmc. No
sbscriptionts received for less than one year.
Complete sets of back numibers cani still be
BATEHAM & CROSMAN,
Feb. 3, 1841. Rochester, N. Y.
F1IR&E R ' R EG1ST R.
C ONDITIONS of the Farmers' Register,
for the Ninth V'olvume, to be commen
ced Januiary, 1841.
Article. 1. The Farmet's Register is pub
lished in monthly numbers, of 64~ large octavo
pages each, at $15 a year, payable in advance.
[See also -'Premiiumns," below.] It us nw
also issued (and consisting of nearly the same
matter,) weekly, in a single sheet of 16 pages
octavo. Price and conditions the same for
both forms of publicationi.
II.-All mail payments must be p aid in bank
notes, orchecks, of par value in Virginia-or
otherwise of a city batik of the State in which
the subscriber resides;* and all letters to
the publisher. (except such as contain articles
for publication,)- must be p ost paid; and the
pubisher assumes the risk of loss by mail-ear
riage of all letters and remittances conforming
to thme foregoing coniditionis, and which have
been properlyl committed to the mail, or to the
Ill.-If a stibscription is not directed to be
discontinued before the first nuimher of the next
volume hits been published, it will be taken as
a conitintuance for another year. Subscrip
tions must commence wvith thie beginning of
some one volume, and will not be takea for
less than a year's publication.
IV.-The mutual obligations of the publish
er and subscriber, for the year, are fully incur
red as soon as the first number of the volume
is issued ; and after that timie, no discontinu
ance of a stubscription will be permitted. Nor
earlier notice, whilsr any thing tlherCon renaini
due, unless at the option of the editor.
Premiums in extra copies, ofered in eonsidera
tion of eithcr advanced or earlypayments.-Ist.
To every subscriber who shall pay for vol. 9,
strictly according to the above conditions (in
Articles I. and II.) before January 31st, (when
No. 1. will be issued,) an extra copy of the
same shall be sent; or instead, if preferred by
him and so ordered, a copy of eitber vol.-7 or
vol. 8. In like manner, and at the same rate
of deduction, any one person may obtain any
number of copies to supply others.
2d, To every -subscriber, not "thus paying'in
advance of the publication, but who shall do so,
and in all other respectscomply -with the above
conditions before June 30th. an extrit copy of
either vol. 7 or vol. 8 shall he sent; and the
same to every new subscriber, paying as above
required (in Art. I. and II.) at the tine of his
subscription being ordered.
3d. Every subscriber who has received all
the back volumes of the Farmers'Register. and
who may be entitled by his payment to either
of the two foregoing premiums, instead of them
may, at his choice, and by his direction, be
credited for vol. 10, to be issued in 1842.
Remarks.-Any extra copy, sent as above
stated, will be directed only to the name of the
individual entitled to it as a preminm; but sent
to any post-office that may be desired. The
.sending of every such extra copy will cease
with the volume, but the like arrangcmedts
may be renewed, and similar advantages ob
-tained by any subscribers 'herefter, upon the
renewed performance of like conditions.
1T No Agento, or general collectors. are etn
ployed for tie Farmers' Register. But any
subscriber, postmaster, or other person, may
obtain for his own profit the large allowances
offered in the foregoing premiums, by procur
ing the benefits to the publication for which the
premiums are offered.
The Weekly Farmers' Register is published
every Saturday Morning. On the Cash Sys
tem, the payment of five dollars (free of postage
discotint, or other deduction, made in advance
or at the time of subscription,) will entitle any
subscriber to two copies, or to two different
volumes of the Farmers' Register, either in that
or the monthly form of publication. See for
particulars the statement of " premiums," in
connexion with the general conditions of publi
cation for 1S41.
* It will be again required (as formerly,) that
mail payments shall be made in the notes or
cheeks of specie-paging banks, should any such
banks be in operation in the states which sub
scribers sevetally reside. Until then, the pub
lisher, like all other creditors, and laborers at
fixed prices, must submit, as now, to be de
frauded by the operation of the non-specie-pay
ing banking system, of the difference in value
between the bcst of such bank paper and specie.
t "A postmaster may enclose money in a
letter to the publisher of a newspaper, to pay
the subscription of a third person, and frank
the letter, it written by himself. (Signed) Amos
Kendall, Postmaster General."
Petersburg. Va., Oct. 31, 1840.
Feb. 18, 1841. 3
T IIIS celebrated Race Horse and Stal
lion will stand the ensuing Season,
from 15th February t'o 15th June, at Mr.
Wm. B. MAS', in Edgefield District, S
C., 3 miles from the Court-Ilouse, on the
Augusta Road. He will he let to mares
at 820 the single visit, $30 the Season,
and $50 to insure; and one dollar to the
groom in every instance. - The money, or
an approved note payable the 15th Decem
ber next, must be sent with each mare, or
.he will not be served. Good pasturage
will be provided, and mares fed on grain
at a reasonable pr'ice, and servants board
Every care will be taken of mares and
oals, but no liabilities will be incurred for
scapes or accidetnts.
A RGY LE is a darkhbrowtn horse, with
yut white, except a star, fieen hands atnd
three quiarters high ; possessed of utncomn
mon bone and muscle, anrd a form comn
binintg wvith perfect symumetry, every es
tential of a Race Horse. H.-e is niow ten
years old, having been foaled in Mlaryland
:a the Spring of 1830.- He was sired by
the famous Motns. Tonson, his dam This
tIe, was by Ogle's Oscar, his grandamn hy
Dr. Thornton's imuportedh Horse Clifdhen;
uis g. g. dam by M1r. Hfall's Spot ; and his
;. g.g. dam by Dr. Mlorshall's [lyder Ally,
who was by Lindsay's Arabian.
The Performances of ARGYLE tipon
thme Turf, have placed him in the very first
rank of American h orses as a Racer, while
those of his get entitle him to an equal
standing as a Stallion. Hec started first at
Drangeburg. S. C. in January 1S34, and
ran at Barnwell, Augusta, Macon, Column
bia, and Charleston, two, three, amnd four
miles heats, winning successively 8 races,
fve of theta of four mile heats, beating
Patsy Wallace, R attlesnake, (3 times) Lu
ay Ashion, Rushlight, B ertratid junior~,
(twice) Vertumnus, &c. &-'. ie niever
lost a hear, and wvas rarely if ever put tip
to his sp)eed, until his extraorditnary defeat
by John B3ascombe in April, 1886, the
circumnstances of whbich are familiar to
every one. Subsequetntly lie wvas trained
and run wvith great success im Virginia;
and in May last on the Central Course at
Baltimore, after running for the first heat
of three miles, anud losing it by a head in 5
minutes 47-seconds, he wvon the second
heat in 5 minutes, 40 seconds, beitig the
best second heat of three iniles recorded in
the histo~ry of the American Turf, and the
most brilliant performance of a year sur
passing all others in the richness of its an
nals. During the same week, and on the
same course, one of his daughters, Kate
Seaton, wvon the great sweepstakes of
81009, beating a fine field with great ease;
such a coincidence being hitherto unknown
upon the Turf.
A RGYLE stood but one season and to
a limited number of mares, niot many of
which wore thorough bred, yet his colts
have won nine out of the eleven races fo
wvhch they have beetn started, beating at
one, two, and three tmiles, the get of many
of our best Stallions, besides several im
ported colts, some of them in first-rate
ttme. Two of his get, Governor Butler
and Kate Seaton, are now unrivalled upon
the Turf by any thing of their age.
The owners of A RGYLE, in britnging
him back to the Stato in wvhich (tho' not
foaled) he was first trained and gained his
earliest laurels, present him wvith confi
dence to the Public, as being in every way,
on account of his blood, sire and form, his
performances on the turf, so remarkable
for endurance, as wvell as speedh, and the
extraordinary success of his get, worthy of
their entire ap~probation.
WV. B. MAYS.
Dnc 15, 18.10. .6 .f
Vegetable L;fe -Medicines.
T HESE Medicines are indebted for their
name to their manifest and sensible ac
tion in purifying the springs and channels of
hfe, and enduig them with renewed tone and
vigor. In many hundred certified cases which
have been made public, and in almost every
species of disease to which the human frame is
liable, the happy effects of Mlofat's LifePills
and Phenix Bitters, have been gratefully and:
publicly acknowledged by the persons benefit.
ted, and who were previously unacquainted
with the beautifully philosophical principles
upon which-they are compounded, and upon
which they consequently act. .
The Life Medicines recommend themselves
in diseases of every form and description.
Their first operation is to loosen from the coats
of the stomach and bowels, the various impuri
ties and crndities constantly settling around
them; and to remove the hardened faces which
collect-in the convolutions of the smallest intes
tines. Other medicines only partially cleanse
these, and leave such collected masses behnd.>
as to produce habitual costiveness, with all its
train of evils, or sudden diarihwa, with its im
minent dangers. This fact is well knownato
all regular anatomists. who examine the hir
man bowels after death; and hence the prejir.
dice of those well informed men against quack -
medicines-or medicines prepaied and herald
ed to the public by ignorant persons. The se
cond effect of the Life Medicines is to cleanse
the kidneys and the bladder, and by this means
the livei and the lungs. the heathful. action of
which entirely depends upon the regularity of
the urinary organs. The blood, which takes
its color from tie agency of the liver and the
lungs before it passes into the heart, being thus
purified by them, and nourished by food com
ing from aclean stomach,courses freely through.
the veins, renews every part of the system, and
triumphantly mounts the banner of health in" -
the bloomiug cheek.
Mofat's Life Mecicines have been thorotghly
tested, altd pronounced a sovereign remedy for
Dyspepsia, Flatulency, Palpitation of the
Heart, Loss of Appetite, Heart-burn and Head.
ache, Restleasness, Ill-temper, Anxiety, Lan
gnor and Mlelancholy, Costiveness, Diarrhoaa
Cholera, Fevers of all kinds, Rheumatism
Gout, Dropsies of all kinrs, Gravel, Worman:
Asthmaand Consumption, Scurvy, Ulcers, In
veterate Sores, Scorbutic Eruptions and Bad
Complexions, Eruptive complaints, Sallow,.
Cloudy, and !other Aisagreeable Complexions,
Salt Rheum., Erysipelas, Cominot Colds and
Inflienza, and varions-cther complaints which
afflict the human frame. In FrvER and Au4
particularly, the Life Medicines have .been
most eminently successful, so much so that in
the Fever and Agne distYicts, Physicians -al
most universally prescrihe them.
All that Mr. Moffat requires of his patients is
to he particular in taking the Life Medicines
strictly according to the directions. It is not
by a newspaper notice, or by any thing that he
himself may say in their favor, that he hopes
to gain credit. It is alone by the results of a
fair trial. These valuable Medicines are for
sale by C. A. DOWD.
February 25, 1841. tf 4
Citizens of Charleston
AND THE NEIGHBORING STATE
Y OU are respectfully informed that 70
MEETI0o STREET 70-is my Office for
the exclusive sale of BRANDRETH'S VEGE
TABLE UNIVERSAL PILLS. Price twers
ty five cents per box, with directions in English,
French, Spanish Portuguese and German.
The high and universal reputation of the
DBantdeth Pills, renders it unnecessary tocom
ment largely on their particular virtues. As en
mnti-bilious and purgative medicine, they are
anequalled by any. Their purifyin efct-o
he blood is universally alowed
ever used have arpiyM
In many cases where the dreadful ravages of
alceration had laid bare ligament a-d bone, and
uvhere to nll appearance, no human means
could save life, have patients by the use ofthee
Pills, beens restored to good health; the devour
iug disease having beencompletely eradicated.
'In conseqluenace of the pleasantness of their
aperation, they arc universally used in every
mection of this wide extended country where
they are made known, and are fast surpersedinag
every othier Preparation of professed similar
import. Upwards of Fourteen 'houtsand eases
hanve beena certified as cured, solely from thei
i~se since the introduction of that into the U.
States, thus establishing the fact beyond all
:ionbt, that the Brandreth Pills cure the (appar
rently) :nsst opposite diseases, by the one
simnpleact of coniunally evacuating the bow
als with them, until the disease gives way;.
thert efore, whatever may be said of the THEORY,
the UrterrT of the Px~c~icE is now BEYONtD all
As Brandreth's Pills cure Scurvy, Costive
ness, and its consequences, seasfaring men,
and ill travellers to foreign regions, should not
be without, in order to resoit to them on every
accasion of illness. No medicine chest is re
wuired where tilRty are.
N. B,-Timne or climate affects them not,
provided they are kept dry. Sonthern gentle
nen will finid this medicine one that willunsure
aealth to the people on their estates,
lBe careful and never purchase Pills of a
Druggist, PitOFEsIING to be Brandreth'd Pills.
Under NO cIRCUMsTANcEs 15 any one of this
:laus3 made an Agent. My own established
Agents have I vaAstBY all ENGRAvED Certifi
rate, signed B. Brandreth, M. D, in my own
band writing. This is renewed yearly-and
whsen over twelve months old, it no longer
gutarantees the genuaineness of the medicime,
it would be well, therefore, for purchasers to.
carenly examine the Certificate. The seal is
not wax. butt embossed on thec paper with a steel
seal. if the genuinie medicine is obtained,there
is nlo doubt of its giving perfect satisfaction,
and if all who want it are careful to go by the
above directions, there is little doubt but they
wvill obtain it.
Remember'70 Meeting street, is the only
place in Charleston where the genuine meda
einle can he (obtained, and at WV.W. Sales,Ham
burg and C. A. Down, Edgefield G.H. the only
nuihsorised Agents for Edgefield.
AGENTS FOR SOUTH CAROLINA.
Stephen Owen, Aiken; David Turner,
Beaufort; John McLaren, Abbeville; William
Cnnninghiam Columbia; Elijah Alexander,
Pickens; Jo~im Hastie, Pendleton; Samuel
Wilmot Georgetowvn, McLure, Brawvley &Co,
Chester; Charles Wilcox, Coosawhatchie; Ma
ker & Ryan, Barnwvelh K. H.; D. & H. B.
Rice, Graham'~s P. 0., Barnwell District..
Gaines & Bolling, Greenville District ; Reuben
Gross, Lexington; Hlastie'& Nichol, Greenville
C. HI'.; John G. Tongue, Youngnaesville, Fair
field Dist.; Sylvester Beach, Orangeburg,
Run'Y& Johnson, Newberry; Rice & Cater,
Anderson : James E. Gee, Leesvilhe, Lexing
ton District; Blarksdale & Saxon, Gaurensville,
Vernon & Mitchell. Spartanburg, P. J.Foster,
Foster's, TUion. District; JohnMcLure,Union
ville, George Steel, Yorkvilhe; A. H. Chain.
bers, Winsboro';C harles Miller, Edisto Bland,
John Rosser, Camden; Samuel Wilmot,
Georgetowvn; Maker & Ryan, Barnwell; E,
Gartigue, Blackville, Barnwvel; E. D. Felder,
Midway, Barnwell; Gangley & Drummond;
Lowver Three Rins, Barnwvell: Philip Cliar
trand,Branchiville. Orangeburg; A. Stevenson,
Pickneyville, Union, and B. .Jaudon, Robert-,
Feb 13, 180 .- f S
BOOE & JOB PRINTING
OF Every description executed with
ncaiinessand despatch, at the Office
ni' tla hn F rELD A DVERTISERt.