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We will cling to the PillA$ of the Temple of . - d .i.s. -
W. F.DURISOE, PROPRIETOR.
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From te Magnolia.
By MISS MARY Z. LEE.
Deep, deep in the cell
Of the heart, where, it hoodeth,
Keep the dark passion pent
So the spirit that calmly
Bearis on through all wrong,
Owns wealth, which will serve it
The wide world along.
Oh! wear it, oh! wear it,
Amid this earth's fever,
The treasure, good temper,
'Twill fail thee, oh! never;
The best of all weapons
'Twill prove in lire's field,
For 'neath its sweet influence
The sternest oft yield.
If thou need'st to be angry,
Ah ! let thy heart cherish
Resentment 'gainst sdf,
Till thy vices, all perish;
But break not for others,
Thy temper's strong chain,
Or the blow, ijn rebounding,
May harm thee again.
Charleston, S. C. -
WHY DO WE LOVE ?
I often think each tottering form,
That limps along in lire's decline.
Once bore a heart as young, as warm,
As full of idle thoughts a mine.
And each has had his dream of joy,
His own unequalled pure romance;
Commencing, when the blushing boy
First thrills at woman's lovely glance.
And each could tell his tale or youth
Would think its scenes of love evince
More passion, more unearthly truth,
Than any tale before or since'
Yes, they could tell of tender lays,
At midnight penned, in classic shades.
Of days more bright than modern days
Of maids more fair than modern maids.
Of whispers in a willing ear,
Of kissing on a blushing cheek
Each kiss, each whisper, far too dear
For modern lips to give or speak;
Of prospects too, untimely crossed,
Of passions slighted or betrayed
Of kindred spirits early lost,
Anid buds that blossomed but to fade.
*Of beaming eyes and tresses gay,
Elastic form and noble brow,
And charms-that all have passed away
And left them-wekat e see them nowo!
And is it thus-is human love .
So very light and frail a thing?
And must youth'sb'rightest-visions move
Torever on time's restless wing?
- Mut all thse eyes that still are bright,
And all the lips that talk of bliss,
And all the forms so fair to sight,
*Hereanter only come to this?
Then what are Love's best visions worth,
. -If we atlength must lose them thus?
-f all we value most on earth,
e lo... mus rudc nway from uts?
Ofthat one being whom we take
From all the world, and still recur
To all she said, and for her sake
Feel far from joy when far from her,
Ifthat one form which we adore,
From youth to age, in bliss or pain,
Soon withers and is seen no more
Why do we love if love be vain?
From the Dublin University Magazine.
When 'backward, through departed years
On memory's wing we stray,
How oft we find but founts of tears
Along the wasted way!
The heart will vainly seek the light
That rested there before,
And sadly turn to mourn the blight
Of all it loved of yore!
We watch for footsteps that have come
To breathe the twillight vow,
We listen-for the silver tone
We gaze on old familiar things,
And marvel that they bear
No gladness to our spirit's wings
Like what of old was there!
Even thus, when through departed years,
On memory's wing we stray,
We find alas! but founts of tears
Along the wasted way.
From the Wheeling Argus.
THE AXE STILL STREAMS 'WITH THE
BLOOD OF ITS VICTIMS.
The able'and efficient Postmaster of
Wheeling, Geo. W. Thompsoi, has been
iemoved, and' David Agnew appointed in
Was there any fault of Col. Thomison
as a postmaster? None Did any- man
charge him with neglecting the. duties of
his office? Not one. Did any one ques
tion'his capacity? That theycould not do.
Diiniy one-fiad fault of himo'r his assist
antso'r the-want of courtesy, rc.? If so,
' have never heard it. He was courte
ous'in his manners,. and iccommodating
to. all; and all must -dmit that the office
Was well conducte, "tha its duties were
A - : A %tll'dis.h d
Sir: I have been instructed Ly the Presi
dent ofthe United States to inform you
that in his opinion, the public interest will
be promoted by a change of Postmaster at
Your obedient servant,
GEooE W. Tno'Psov, Esq.
Postmaster at Wheeling Va.
WHEELI1ro POST OFFICE.
To JOHN TYLER,
President of the United States:
SIR: I have received through the Post
master General a note in which he says
he has been instructed by the President of
the United States "to inform you, [me,]
that in his opinion the public interest will
he promoted by a change of Postmaster at
Wheeling, Virginia," I assure you, sir,
that it shall be my strict endeavor herenf
ter, as it always has been, "to promote the
public interest." I never could have ob
tained my own consent to hold office under
the tame and servile conditions imposed
by your Inatngural and that of your prede
cessor, and while I avowed this opinion to
your political friends here, I deemed it a
duty I owed my country to hold ona to my
office until I like many others, should be
come a victim to the new "British orders
in council." I declined committing offi
cial suicide that you should complete the
political murder, which your numerous
acts of proscription showed your ready
willingness to perpetrate.
I have not been called upon to respond
to any charge, and may presume that none
was made; for a contrary presumption
would throw upon you the greater odium
of condeming a man unheard and without
trial. I am required also to make this pre
sumption from the fact that the petitions
circulated for the appointment of the dif
ferent applicants, preferred no charges and
none asked for my removal. Am I re
moved, then, because of my open personal
opposition to a party whose delegated power
has now by an act of Providence devolved
upon you and not upon any charge that 1
used my official character in that opposition!
If so, the act is a punishment of an alleged
offence, before the law making it criminal
had been promulgated, and the edict by
which it is done is an arbitrary violation of
my constitutional righ t to discuss the mea
sures and the character of any party; and
it is an open and flagrant infringement of
the right which I andI my fellow-citizens
possess above all constitutions-dhe natu
ral right to the freedom of speech,
I opposed the accession of the party
which you now represent, because.
Your candidate for the Presidency refu
sed to avow any principles, for the basis of
his future official policy, thereby destroy
ing the representatine character of our
Government ; for how can a delegate rep
resent the people when there juno expres
sion of principle to show that the views
and wishes of the people aind the candidate
are the same?. And because,
Although there was no expression by
this candidate to the tiumotous.eils miad
upon him from many respoctabli and'au
thorized sources, yet he' was understood
from former acts and declarations of li'
life, to be in favor of. aNiional Bank,
Clay's distribution system, a protectiji'
tariff, and thus linked -to wbat-haveei_.j
been qonsidered Federaldoctrines,,I
You, John Tyler of Virginia, had eI
been directly at war, andstrenuously op
posed to all these nieasi'res, yet consented
to an unnatural coalition copounded. of
such a CONTRAaLIETT. ~ dindlecatie
I saw the late President, yorself, Daa
iel Webster, and Francis Grangr,. eah
entertaining opinions on many quiestionst
of deep importance, some'of them mos4
vital to the welfare of the Republic, -yet,
uniting in a strange neutrality And bde
There was an open effort by your party,
the effect of which'was, to prostrate the po.
litical moralitv. of the country, and which
is further sigisized by-the-large clastrof
appointmints already -to.-offices of trust.
Chartered monoplies, incorporated
ivealth, incorporated inesty (see the
broken banks and Bidleex ures,) were
leagued with the direct i he of two
hun4red millionsrf British debt, for the
elevation of your; hete'gnous alliance to
the power of the country. !
With these -principles, and by these,,
means, and others more exceaptoable,
you-are now p.asedin po.wer,and isee no
cause et tochange 'my opposition. The
concealment 'ind political, fraud which
characterized the Whig policy before the.
election,'has been thua far -the history of
its action. The past audihpresent warn:
us against the future, and -s long as you -
are consociated with these men, carrying
out these principles, I shill deem it asolemn
duty which I owe to the Constitution of my:
country, to the eternal prificiples of right'
and justice, to the Democracy againsttFed- I
eralism, to America against.Englandto!
to freedom against edcroachment-o stand
upon my opposition.
The seal of execudve power is now taken
from my lips; th6 fetters f the officialslave
are changed from my limbs, and.now -ith
my old assiociates througheut-the'46ountry,
whoin the. field of debategsustained the'
d se of.the true, Demoed"y, - eet to
waland partakf in theiia ader
* d ;..' .*"
May 12, 1841.
'THE VALUE OF A SENATORs OATH.
As a natural concomitant to the corruptio
and immortally which has been let in upon
the nation, through the flood-gates of bank
speculation and political bribery, we see
a general lassitude of conscience and dis
regard of things most sacred. An oath of
office is taken, and not the slightest regard
paid to its conscientious fulfilment after
wards. A bank report is unhesitatingly
quallified to, when the quallifier knows
that the sanction of an oath is all a solemn
mockery. Property is conveyed to a
friend without consideration, and forth
with the conveyor is willing to swear that
he is not worth a dollar; and thus you may
trace the sad decline of the morals of the
country from the halls of Congress to the
most obscure lanes and alleys of life. Just
before the present administration came
into power, Mr. Senator Preston, of South
Carolina, made his place in the Senate,
the following solemn declaration and oath:
-"The administration coming into powver
reject and repudiate the infamous maxim,
that to the victors belong the spoils. The
system of proscription itself is to be pro
scribed: I stand upon that ground ; and so
help me Gcd, I will act upon it." And
what is almost the next official act of Mr.
Preston? It is that aiding and abetting to
violate the contracts of tho Senate with
Blair & Rives, and giving his vote for their
dismissal! If such is the poor regard which
a Senator of the United States has for the
plighted faith of the nation and the obliga
tion of his oath before that honorable body
and in the face of High Heaven, where is
the stream of corruption to be stayed?
Can the illiterate and untaught imbibe and
cherish moral principle with such exam
ples before them? We believe an immor-.
al statesman to be as great acurse to a na
tion, as a debauched and unholy mrinister
is to the church; and if the people desire
to keep the morals of the nation sound, it
is as necessary to seek good pritnciples .in'
the men they elevate te the office, as for
the church to seek piety in her officiating
mi nisters.-Georgia Jeffersonian. .
"4GIVE us TatE."-The men who avye
effected a revolution in the Goverument.
and have got good officees for themselves
by the means, now turn round to the la
borer, to wvhom they promised higher wa
gee, and to the farmers to whom they
promised better prices for produce, -and
say 6hey must take time to redeem these
promises. It cannot be at once, and may
even take years.Waig," say they,, and
"give us time." 7W% have the oflicesee
wanted. This is biy far the most pressing
business to be accomplished. -.The farmer
and the laborer mnust wait, and swait pa
tiently too, because they may be obliged to
walt a great while. ~ n~telbses
Whether the farrnersgadtelbes
will live these* entlemin~ office holders,.
the time they ask for,'remaii to be seen
Augusta Age. ". , '
President's message as relatesto Foreign, j
Affairs. TiiAmogon was niride some days
since, but postponed at the request-of Mr.t
Buchanan, who wished to examine some I
of the positions of the Secretary of State,
in his letter to the British Minister on the .
subject of McLeod.
Mr. Clay of Kentucky, opposed the -
motion, and-movedtiipostonement tilli .
to-morrow, evidencing by ,bis manner that
he had notforgotted thetilrib Mr. Rives a
on Monday. The motion was postponed ,_
by a strict party vote,'with th6; exceytioa: I
of Mr. Rives.- The bill to repeal tie Sub- i
Treasury was then"taken up, 'and Mr.
Woodbury made a:'iery able and. argumen
tative speech against it. When he had i
conclndid, there was a patise of some min- v
utes, when'Mr. Calhoun rose and asked if t
the gentlemen on the other side intended v
to offer no arguments in support of the I
bill. . Mr. Clay replied: none, none. Mr. b
Calhoun. then in a brief speech depicted d
the results of this party movement,. before v
a substitute for the measure was proposed, a
and when there was a division of senti- c
ment arpbng the majority respecting the p
character of the substitute to be proposed. i
He was followed by Mr.. Wright and Mr. b
Benton; and after several ineffectual ef- a
fortsito adjourn to give an'o?>portunity fur ti
other-Senators to speak, the bill was put d
upon its passage, and carried-ayes 39, t
noes 18, c
In the House, the day was consumed in 9
the electing subordinate officers, and debat- b
ing the reconsideration. of the vote by n
which Mr. Adams's resolution on the sub- a,
ject of Abolition petitions -was carried. r
Mr. Ingersoll delivered a strong speech in M
defence of the'rights of the South, and wai W
repeatedly called to order by Mr. Botts; li
&ci who voted with Mr. Adams.- MrIn- u
gersell had not concluded his remiarks, ci
when he.gave way to a motion for adjourn- t
meot. - p
Wi:uiGToN, June 10, a
in Senate to-day, Mr. Clay i6todired 'm
his'distribution bill, which-was::ordered to, t;
be printed on motion of Mr. Wiodbridge, a i
whig Senator from"MicNigan, who is op- C
posed to thefinipeif'disdibition,: and .p
conteuds: for tie absolute right of every ti
Stste toe the sioil, yitbin its limits. Mr. m
HeidersQn irteddi a bill to'establish :a W
geral,-inliiuptic it ifthdght. '1
Leod, and- the 4octriuts . - -
admitted. Mr. Buchanan with much em- w
phasis referred to the following facts ; that o
the letter of the British Minister, dated d
March 12, formally demanded the imme- e
diate. release of MeLeod; and her majes- li
ty's government entreatcd "the President a]
of ihe United States to take into his most w
deliberate consideration the serious nature G
of the consequences 'which must ensue r
from a rejection of the demand." That
two days subsequent to the receipt of the i,
letter containing this threat, Mr. Critten- te
den, the Attorney General of the United
States was despatched post haste to Is
Lockport to lie present at the trial of Me- m
Lend then under indictment before the ju
dicial tribunals of a sovereign State for in- 1
vading her soil, and murdering one of her a
citizens in cold blood-and what was the ,
object of the Attorney General's mission ? b
To see that McLeod in the language of ti
his written instructions from Mr. Webster 1
-"have skilful and eminentcounsel, if h
such he not already retained ; and,although u
you are not desired to act as counsel your- t.
self, you will cause it to be siguifiedto-him, e
and to the gentlemen wvho may conduct .
his defence,,that it is the wish of this Go- i;
vernment that, in case his defence be over- ti
ruled by the court in which he shall be tri- a
ed, proper steps be taken immediately for i,
removing the cause, by writ of error, to c
the Supreme Court of the United States." r;
And these instructions also say "If this
indictment were pending in one of the
courts of the United States, I [Mr. Web-c
sterlam directed to say that the President,
upon the receipt of Mr. Fox's last commu- t
nication, would have immediately directeda
a nolle prosequi to, he entered.
*Mr. Buchanan'contenided that these in
structions, copies of':which were transmit
ted to the British Government, upon the
receipt of a let ter using threats such as had
no parallel in the annals of diplomacy
among civilized nations had a tendency to t
depreciate our national character in the
eyes of' foreign nations, and to encourage
the insolence of the British Govornmeut.
Mr. Rives replied to Mr. Buchanan, but r
directed his remarks to only a portion of
his argument-contending that the indi-e
vidual of'ence of McLeod was merged by0
the avowal of the British Government, that
the act was an authorized and justifiable I
one. *Mr. Choate, the successor of Mr.c
Webster, tlieri obtained the floor, but plea- "C
ding fatigue, on motion by Mr. Clay. of 1
Ky., the Senate adjourned as a quarter '
past 3-6o'clock. The day previous Mr.
Claj i-Alabama asked for an adjourn
menrt~to'clock on account of exbausta
iiibiit Mr. Clay of Ky. said "1 hope
rmat;"andit wan refused. -
Ins the House, Abolition, the right of pe
tition &c., occupied the sinting. Mr. In-f
gersoliconcluded a very able speech diisb
subject irn opposition to the -fanaties.- i
Sti-ange to say, he~was. repeatedly .called *
to order'by Unewod and other I
Whigsafrom sfiholdisj States, and..when
an nadjournment ~ass od Tor thV' day'
irevious, the mass-of the South
nited with their Abolitisi
ing against it. Mr. Marshallie*1
r ro entucky, made aniadqsoa
peech In reply to Mr. Adams,at ihe cl
(which the ques coni
,ot by which r.Adm auw~em
ras adopted, was taken and lost-6-yes 110
ays 116-so the vote was not reconsider.,
d. A motion was then made toreconsid
r another part of the subject by MWr.W
rhich again opens the whole uesto
aod Mr. Ad i '&ve in
weirinutehtion ~ipeakin onit.
In the Senate to-day, eame up abq Res6.
ition ofered some days since by Mr.. S.
ier,calig onthe Secretary of Warfir
Je reasons why Gen. Arbuckleowas remo
ed from his command at Fiftibson -,
laton Roue.: The disdussion though.
rief, was infi ing, and afforded another
evelopementof whig consistency, rr.
ions to theirattaiting power, nothingwas -
iore frequently the thme of theirdemda.
lations than Executive power;ihiqre..s
onsibility of the Executive to-g06
to union of the purse and thieswdrdfi- then-A
mnds of th:e Executive, &c. These abu.
is were to be promptly corrected upou
ie arrival of the Whig millennium, at t
my it was boldly proclaimed by Mr. Pres--.
in, Mr. Clay, Mr. Bayard and Mr. Ar:
ier, that the Executive was entirelyirr
iousible to Congress in the two-great
-anches of public service-the army kad,
ivy-comprising the sword of the natiob;
ad the repeal of the Independent Treasu.- -
,places the puise in the same redlc- - -
ent. Mr. Sevier, in reply. to.Mr. Pue -
n;,reminded him that two or three da. _
dce:ie had offered. a Resolution ici
ai. jt on the table, en'quiring. int
useis' ihe return ofthe Amenca
Whe Meditaean; adie
w igs This~the Cxyli
Lying, thisItWited' -to e
icy had beef 6idfd mteMw
an This saeecrittistof the - -
olonel atlr Stevenson,','will, -
ove "line'ulahor lost,1'as itasi ra
at Mr. Se atSwill get th iap
ent. Mr; * 4yir's motion -,okf
l'i bre by ie 1 .
as the strength ofiuae -a guma on 61 o
)posite side) and iostanced the case of
stected spy. D Does not the invader,,au
iemy' conniry beeom res sibli'.
le and-limbfor his act? 'But admi
I that the opposite side claimed,
as still-a prisoner of war, and the:British
overniment bad no right to demiand.his
Mr. Huntington followed Mr. Calhodin,
reply to Mr. Buchanan's remarks ofyes
rday * When he had concluded.
Mr. Preston rose, and (there being no'
dies in the gallery) moved an adjourn
ent, which was carrid. -
In the House the subject of abolition wag'
t the tapis, and Mr, Wise in the midst of
most powerful and animated speech was
iddeuly observed to falter, and -fall into
a chair. He was led from the Hall into
e Speaker's room, and. after some time
as sufficiently recovered to be taken .to
is lodgings. The subject was postponed
til to-morrow and the House proceeded.
elect a priater, Mr. Watterson a Dent
~ratic member offered a resolution (which
as strenuously supported by the Whigsai
e last election of printer,) to separate '
e public printing from the political pes
his was voted down, nearly ever Wiig.
the House voting nagainst it, ess ~ ~ ~ - -
ales and Seatoes were then elected, and
a House adjourned.
WEsmN~uor, Jue il.
In the Senat-e this morning, Mr. Prestonu
aled up the resolution submitted by him
me days since in- relation to the return ofr
e Mediterranean Squadron. It wasrsad
Resolved, That the President be'iss ~
d to communicate to the Senate the cay
es which led to the sailing of the United
tales squadron from the Mediterranean ^
ad the return ofithe frigate Brandywine,
'gether with such: official correspondence
icrewith as in'his opiniont may no: beim
roper to be communicated. - - .
Mr, P. pereiving that this approaced
uther near the forbidden line of legislative ~
ropriety in their intercourse with the Ex- .~
:utive as laid down by him the da previ-' *
us, offered the following as a substte. :
Resolved, That ahe President cause t
a comrmunicated to the Senate, if noda F-''
ompatible with the public interesr~h
nrrespodence between the Minitr~.
nlanmd the dificeps of the Meditersa
san squadron, in conseguence of which
hie squadron left that station,' and thetdss
etches of Captai. Bohow', to the Seisi -~
f of the Navy, connetWicir that naiv*
The resolution was reed ta g
Mr. Clay'of Kentucky, called up
allowing resolution. .
Resolved, That when the Sen~td
atrn darinig the presentsasion, asi
abject dinder discussion and n d.
he considerntiongf liseta *
umed at this next -itgmt
-n' f }faryid.
til 44?hfl4 exU]W
o nust not under
nWi, ha bee
ia eeto acquiesce
.y mistakep from
it was a concert
A erm Whigs,-that this
lJ -;.and.they have
,i~'gi. ~ te:ti;was in
s-mit ~-. .:nv se, that the ieo
warned that this
ings, and that in
;'Si.yto power, they
werc i tlof Abolition.
- kas entirely-to be
- th, of Maine, Da
'r, of New York,
-'ngi. ofNew York,
of Indiana, IM's
n the contest, and
mtionists have come
-ien ,aod now, as
*.'tory, the Rule, bv
L of the South are
"Idinsult kept from
pped under foot.
e:rn Whig, ercept
.itern Whigs, voted
'.'hat will the South
'rrihe people of the'
e *n indignant enoujhry
ht' -.4y when this ques
.:as' it Is. re, they
. Eforts6 "hem;in
.inoats & at this
orthem say, wliy
* of sacrificingsour
wheti the people-of
1' *. at t estidifatothe
wNi -the -Whi
and -let them worSt
- .d salvation 'with the
.. ngs we must admit to
. .. rat Democrats in vot
ig again qhb Rules acted from their dic
tates. S:dshey are not right; for their
friends i' ~South as well as their polit i
cal enem and their can be no justice in
that course: f conduct, which does not
discrimiiazelhetween them. and besides
this, the: Constitution is above all, and
there is thir -faith, in spite of the faithless
ness of others. 'They should do right, al
thou gh ftsdo wrong, and a greater and
more dijaorested the sacrifice, the nobler
Todq rngersolI and Mr. Fornance
(both D *ots,. who voted to put aside
the rul moved a reconsideration of
the ote liern Whigs are responsib le
for ihis and to do any thing, they
must tu6 W6rthern Democrats. They
are in a 'f position on this, as on all
other- t esults in politics-and the
sooner hlj&adge their position the better
for themu sand the South. Look at the
formatio the committees. On -nearly
all of thotudmittees ultra Northern Fed
eralistsa 4e-Cfrairmau. On the com
mittee dflims-Geddiugs the ABOLI
TIONISt Chairmanu' Suppose a ne
gro kill ~ e service of the U. States
what ch juld.such a claim have be
fore such mittee. Yet as this is just
what a nal with his senses about him,
might' 'htpected by putting much a
paty in r.e Jn
. WASHINGTon, .Tne%
In the eul to-day, Mr. Clay of Ala
bauna prestited a memorial of the legisla
tern of th*Stite, asking the establishment
of a new '~'d office,:whioh he asked might
e refer-I 2Othe Committee on Public
Lands. ih some discussion the me
moria,h r~eof the' Senate, was laid
on the t~lhis is-a pretty strong indi
cation ibi Nsien of the body will be
resrictee%&ichsubjects as the majority
may jee prtant. Mr. Clay.of Ken
macy, detcethat he would to-mor
row mDistribution Bill, and Mr.
Henders n~totice that he would in
trduc&' 'to itablish a general Bank
rupt La jg*rli Calhoun submitted-a re
solution as' agreed to directing
the Se o State to transmit to the
Senate .coinmunication from the Go.
verum t2rushia to our representative
at therU inireference to the duties laid
on toba difthe German .Stsates of the
Custof owhich may be in the State
Mr.V Jiioffeted a'resolution ta
th e h~i e United States ber
quested .iihmthe Senste if any appli
cain made oflicially to him,. or
he St& i sfpury Department, by the
holder oJtt sts, or others on theii
count, ifltig the pyetor as
supnai fJen-ain':tournish copiesai
any c.ajO pft hich has taken lf
in rehasd* subjects.
ir. Rw eo~ d that so muchM 9the