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we will cling to the Pillar* of the Temple of our Liberties, and if It fall, we will Perish saidst the Ruinv."
VOLU.ME VE.i d & Conyt110as e, 8NO..3.
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A Setni-Monilstv Ag irtiinr: l'aper. etit.. (I
The lough Boy.
IN presenting to tihe pulbli a l'fispwetta 3f
an Agriculmiiral i'aper..lhe %.nIlaw' raiber a- n%%
aware of the maany ectian, whi'i ud! lie
started agpimait i: - ineh a.tolteii .:t wthe i u
sanguine.aid geniieralh termitaxte the e . o ew
of ,ucll periodicals. breorae thir intriniic V:1au
is fully usade to appear. Knan in:: all the in
conlVe'ielices wlci musa-t : .eanity arie. in
brinigigag ounta work IIf tlha, natur .-;It. hav'ini
received aasarunces fraia In usmber of grnle
men. wel killed in, tih :Science of A:;ricultire.
of their Oa5ittance ill hias uidertaikin;: ie amphei
to be enabled tit niarse It throUInlh i:. inIuAV.
and11 by thme aid ofoutr .li:aene \.rnirit,
lie ha3s but fittle fear that it will evenit.itilly reach
That'suclh a work i3 wanted, in this section
of our counitrv, nuse will di. N' Agrie I!.
tural paper is Ut poretent publi-id inithi.: nState.
and thost, publidied at a dli..tnce. e diflicult
of acce-a.. to lao-t o oor l'laiterl, atid -uriner.
on ar4cottnt 111 the-: heavy charge- of petstage, and
uncertainty of the umail.a.
TsI; l'Lotmcu Hor will be entirely devoted it,
Agriculture. and all nxeartiou aa
ive te best velettnus fromt other papers. aid
Eo obtain Original Cotumuni:ations 'rni our
toldetst P'lantera and 'ariner.. oni that .tslaact.
No paiin., will be .paiied ta m:sike it a rotup!atea
Text Book for Southern A.ricuilituritA.
W.l. I'. l :'SOE.
Ton: IC-11 IlOY. Will be puhhvihed Stnmi
Alntily. anid earlh uitiber Vill cantailan mi
page-s. royal octavaj: insting hn o
hundred and <iateen pa:a ve.arlya. V av.-m 0a
ni Alpliab!iical lide%. i.t the end of %4a )
The first nubiler will be Vsnieda man ie hr-i
Satiurday ini J al id inailed renaily to anh
Tle porice ofraroh-riptioni will he sa 11 .i 1-r
r.nlinlii, tur copsie4 for $.. aissl t-i viop.ai- tii
'A0; paale in asl -se-. naald ance.
The ;la-t paa e of T : 'it ia .i: II. will b,(
reterved fur the iflaertionl t. any Adverti-ena.etis
whiich ma:y be me:t, r-:,-itin: : 0 .I a i l i .i but
IJT Posttiaster5 ar retpi-ted it. a:. A::nt,
for the wok : -il all perna w.-hm: a
sribe. vail lal . forwal tatir . i l'I
Office byv the 5thJ if Jne.
gT~ .\ll lettera aaldhrae.aed to :' p'i.!.l.aer :
be post paid.
Lrl-TPl .6 ... P IA lt'.\ lil'''l-1 -
uhaprlectil.-ali.. aneariih...:al nerae
ul treataiinent aal'.~ao -t aa. -ry r r ts
i;s uohonga a ua:r af dii lht . a - are-rn t
the: 2-spenereeaa of~l us aan - hosn panentV dl
sati4.,ctorio tprove linri the yala-.unt monith
alone. nara I rea linandredl ca.,e4 h:a- a.e toal~ ~
the. knw ledge u ofla. 1laahTat, whs. thi:.-.
hia, to till iapawar::ne, e.il-etedl 3 il-an
enre by the- ecalui~a- iad judaha saoni n- of a
6::d baeen conjideredsiaa bay oa aa al hop a haa tir
aiedcal .attend:inte. Snehai hapapa re,:t- ne
aaaurce. aof gran pale s.ure. to .itl r.... iipr
hinia witht new'a conaIalene Icti.' aaaiuh thaa
u lae of hiaa nediacileaa - t a iale a :- -
The. Il-T. MIliflNl'..p a V'Ia
(;ETAIIllE pre.traiaaa. 'lI . '- a.. n
pasanat nia thi r aaja-rataon. dn !. tha -un
tunia: thoiaahlle-ai ratal . a -a
lo.' laf thea -y staei -a .ii ao.: Ii a ' -
ing th4 n h~i ja'd. :..a I al a r 'I am a
~ie~ rebel inl a .!ha'r a;wa.i I; a, bia a'
iher paar:eny:.. in la, arn ,'? . ..
larmnsuary Rhea:nni i-In. I 'an I- al ej -: a
erpuan.ti Nick Ila al aaha. Ili a n n.aa0 I .,L a -a.
in i the lla:aal. l'-aa- : n ith I -. a 3 .. a a a
nip:ireda :appetit'. ini I inam.d
'rni 1 an h a apu t el .a. ha!aaa. aar ::a -a,.: d a. d
aahite of the .tvinach. thea~ tiaa L ths. a ~ahm ,
Isi,, -dalea japraaved In ba ah. a' il lar: -:at
asprar ta any aather naa. isf a al Inor
All that .Ar. Alaa[ai -a a - aahl a:a a - i-ii
be p~imarnenar in tia!.;i: n :; a :r l
to the dliracaion.a. It i t ha :a :wns r -
tiea or bay anyv iti: th-:t 'w ha::n-ahil~ n-.--v an
their fansor. thaat hea hopaeaa- taa aan aa t Iaaai ft i
aloneat bv the reaen!as aafa Ifir tr a!d. I th. ;dr
an inv~~a'i, iad deb. laae n M.aa o kii w n 1' 0.
the LuhI~ .ledic~uaw n l dia mala a, an a a Fe'i
o. let hius call aar -eada to .\lr. .\s irat'a-:--n: ml
~~th a plae and pruenre:s a copyaaaa..i 3 .ua&:0a
cineni at il s rynia nyiuiaa -..l 1( ve' n a
aal er;andia paarhaa- m- ,. an u -ar ato
-aa wn. .\loath'., i.:ihE! al't..e ia Na wa lr
1 'ar a:ia bay
- t ~ ))a m
vju !,4.-..- reCo i
1Ai. i :1. t f-A i 444"l ha4. le~ i~1i
Tlwi .42!.i :44421 r:7.hlt1n %tta411
-ve t i iti.nh.edc.a,
T ivi4.iit) 42I4vI 4 iit t iutii*. i ftll
.\,uve w 24il: i r el.
I:: )2;. !. : -1 4-.;t I i. ,. lz ..d .
)tit!~~~~~~ ... lp2tIr h:V 1w ded
v 4 222.24'ri i .i'. I-v ioi %i 24K 44: 'f
An,!rv t!:cr ni:4cri v4!44'4 drwh I 2
....4 li 1 . 2;i4t l. 4j42. ire'~
Tl i~ 1!o . "(l4 i fe il i. , la e
W ir r no-ir sacred.' iiiit i r'x1~i %v
Ilt 4 . . I'mvv, :11,1 %'id c ;
'4oi: ll i . i . 1 -111 -r 1 P, C4~abc(.4
Youii-w.i 2. yvr%,i:dr, wii:4 r do-i.
fltga rteartd a i2t224r4 uria or bn.t
Or2 n.4igi th2e bracksh elltir2I2
And bill 11!e caliel'A echoing treaid
r-urruiv44 te IWIA.. sand ti*r your bed.
~\4iui~ ~iRziim24'14id i 4242 beti24
ot"I.4 .:4 I ' -lie tmriai 2 ime ,tLnv2
4'li 1:iu24t-!, '4'* thait !idisulred iibm .
livair. ri444 the, ci :441:4 zii --lt Wii
144 et. i-2' thur. to riv.,%
%%I~i.24C' thu ciii. ivd 'xItiiiri~ glow42
( fn d~ i-1:pi Na.--- , ho athutr
n i~i. t-c taw oli .1,d -1114ri'... su1441 ii
i~~iit.-4IN I*'' W, I.*'*l ill *i'il' l
2.l!A :., rct& li t a irii
i i am 4. 2 .. v,4 ;:poll thti . . it41 -14~ millir
iii~~~~~~~~~~~11,1 the'i '4124 ~j44~2ii4 ~ri'r
t-21.4 2 4' . ' i'. UW 1110111 Ow4 .iifi ii
liiie !.iT4 it , ka. ~ Ow 224 4t-euidii
MY own opinion about the Sinur. a, init it u
dmsea.e peculiar to some kiiids of wheat, at
wheltlier aouked in blue stohie or nit, will iiial
its apiiparance, sume tittle or another. If v
wi'h tit rai-- wheat succe-fIuily, we Innu t pr
cure the boe-t weed ne eari. that variety that
freo fronit $itut. and all o:her iflInurttiN. at
iterhas nioue wouid siucceed ,o well :A< our :t
lite whealt. I am3 t3Inng thoise, 11 ' who believe :
all nis% Providence has proided evq tactit
oietinltr v with the kind of planti. tuostt coll"
nial to tih"- elitate. and it tily reainjs fir 1us
--l.et and enitivate proper ly, to oitain the a(
terenit kind< of seed th-it wotld be best for u
:mId here I night oherve, the greatest variely
vegetatioln I have Seel int anv Section ofi Con
try throngh wiich I have travellel.is a portl
le'ading fromn Camnbridge to the Island Curd
Saindi river, down Wasouns aid Niuetv-s
Cre!,4; thr.ough that region t feountry we ha%
.een the native n heat. r)e. oatls and blue pia:
I firmly beheve thu lte grz!i will grow, ifi pr
perly atinnaged, as In.unriantly am1g ni-, as
does ill Kent'ucky. A Yoem l; .r::::.
From the Nw Genesee Famer.
Cent: ron 3l:r.i.is.
.Messrs. Editors.-I have seen sever
intquiries respecting tle murrian in caith
and lingttl- inl posses-4ion of a rec:pe whit
lin 11ine cases out of tell, has proved si
cessful in curing the same, I herewith seri
to IOU, in hopes lthat if yotu give it public
Sty,it -itav he of some betieii to those wh
are ye-irly losiig imaty of their cattle.
Ib'i aE.-Give I FIz. pear'ash, dissolve
ill gt' . of i rui-water, (from bolacksmith
trouh.) If not better in 5 hours. give
ani oz. more in I fit. water. The watt
should hob wari. Give no drink but wart
water, for two days. Give varu math i
The peraim from whom I got t: recip
hascured a great iman cat tle i:i this viei
v, l atie dollar per head. ai asked $i1
loir ihe recipe. I take this tmode of i n
it as public as possible.
Chatham, Canada. April t. 1 I I.
Tumoony or .\l-mits.
From the earliest ipeculatious on the un
lure of manures, dowin to a very recen
period. maniores have been divided int
two classes, nutritive and stimulative, o
such as furuish the direct food of plnut'
and such as act as stinulants tit excit
lant-, it) take up ant assimilatesuch kind
of ltod as is preseited to them. In it
first class hai been placed all decayed ve-e
table matter, farm yard manures, animai
excreincuts. night .oil. and such othe
verted jilto vegetable mutter. In the le
cond class it has been the custom to plact
gyptlm. lime. such salts as are found i
produce a favorable elet oil vegtation, w
the phosphatile of lime in hones, a th
nitrates existing in salipetre, soda, ...
Itecent i--coveries, however, serve to rei
der it probable, that the whole sy--tel t
iconstricted of th action. of matu r'es mttus
tidergo bmie essential modlifications. i
1ti4t a total3 recontarctiion. It is inOW nuMti
tained with great plasibility, "that dunt;
itklf acts not bay any power which it PUS
sessess, as havitIg farmterly been a part a
liviig bsodies, animal or ve;:eable. iut a
untiting those chttical eleet <,ez sumlte a
mineral, which coustitile the food of pinaLt.
aI that a compound of thesc eleietts
artificiallv brotiglt loge:ther, woiud a:
psrelcisely in the same manler as
Thu. tile pota-.h contained inl a soil, o
applie.I to it inl the forml ol adhes, ct ert
Ih11w Silex into a .ilica;te of p Italsh. aud in th
I form oaf ;a !tal1m of that sub.tane. act
ms.t alcli 'edly it proliot ing he crowth
aIll the grta-,, C11ri1, w% hent, aid indC.d' al
1lat-,1t that coanta;i ilex i ini their stem s o
ii their grain. To make .-rain perfect
31i ied ttao create strtaw are 3tices..ary. It
ttlurl by~ expetriene, thaat a great grtI
of -.tratw may bela prothlsced in whieail, whtil
thte grain) wd1 beh very lIt petrfe-t andi infer.i
tar. h''tit vtad dlontt wvill ttake a.its ai
str;:w us. thai farmer die:lttes, bust t here miut
heall 31 e!lmentts rtiied ta pet feet thea her
ry, air traw' n ill bet aill that he1 will 1i3
.ZmmonlitaI~ hia'. been' fuotll d t! e on of th
t.ta-.I e'lict of fertlizers andu at thb.% %lh
s.ttancea i-,i talompttltti taf Ili ttall'tida hvd
raeganit atid as thet glautenl aiIn hieat i-, ma~tital
Ititroagena it ni:ts reas~oni'aly itferred tha
tII plint nonhl ai l a -.heat alrop mi.iteri
thtin..at thajtj.Noi aunn iaatl tatn the t
- mo aphee raphilv. are aanl t prodner
:3oial tifet, Igia m;:, 3a n-orett'~ perh etl.:
at~t of snl' :it tiales. tttll hit str r3 4
spect,.ha the pera ftel:jtn t' at. tinige era
of grain, ats byi thae enii ato I ea er~ an l
othter greent aropa lto lbe lfed til' on thi
;routid, or left to decay thert, humus~lt, a
Illt ther woards at51 lippt ofV eatti-hontie ;tci
so indai'~peniable to the furoi tionl itf th
carboit af latl, or their nood "'I ibre,i
thet eltiintil' of1 nurititati, n13 i shuwizag th
iti anier iti i lhieh thi, iilliortdtt tutltitz a
plaints is perfotrmed, t hat science' ii. conal
ril;; thle greaitest ptractical beniehiis 11po
-Serearks byv thea I'r'esdent of'the l'ng hie
EAtwiED ANt-t '.sAs A .33 Untr.
Lenehed or adrawn tithes poissess a haighal
r eneficieal ell'ct, Ilartielaur ly wsshen apjplie
to tlads adeficient ina calearious ma ltte'rs,:
limte or mlarI. Theliy steIve to improtave tl
piermtanenat Iaexlure ofl such soil.'. Thle aisha
fi from te 54iapI boile~rs of Lon3don1 viel hI
. parts in 1001 of calcareous malter.' The
aI swampy landsa effectually dcstroy
d rushcs and oth xaquivic weeds Tm
are extensively oil tie light samds up(
t hie Aiumtic coa nd are bought up at
shilling i bushe tm
upon our minaviga waters.and transport
thither. There immmmzmc ait Ite
tIime!.c usiles ill ti criur omeitrey
Mm old as ies, wit inay line emp.oye'T
grent advmmtan d agricultreb. wbit v
time a-riculturis fute t iistrnct ri
tittle anad isp .it to terrst time deterior;
L ti rtheir land Tme strmall 1munwity4
It- aikaime salt und psuin which tlmcy cut
" :nes <"lntte .
m min, also remdc csm much superior
entot calcario matter as a top dre
il sing for every kil grass. Suali boiler
7* tisme-, acordimg i e Comnlete Gr:
.ier," arc lso el lent tm a peat 1imoS
n strougcold soi icim rpped ilt ti
<iuantity or two o rca cart lonts all acr
im Lancashire. ti have been foutmi go
nod murabl% on d astures, and have av
iccim succerully *d in oothier parts, art
mit) variotus pri o s Thye deceri
ailly considered er for ia ure ima
1 aralm, aand crops clover hay have bee
more thtan doubled Iium. Time elet Gc
d tllmi. manur e is, t it aicas destrop
bugs and vermin o cry kind. Evidetic
a or these latter facts ay lie roumnd in com
mnicaion to tre ritism lmmil of An m
d culture, vonl. vi. pat *-d hair veor.
; Froin vr e Fuers proape
r CUT WvOU 4. c:it ic h c2r.
, A discoier dkace a few taVs n
S a ab e, ' nd , cr p
- moet was cmltiredv 11 to In. Omme of 0.)
itizems obrved th much of his cor
. wus cut of iim i cd4 Ivaiiove time ground
anI ic aiony initano time tahdesedraw
inito simmail hole3 mlia in the gruad mt
iv. nienlmipearatm of the ircigien ea
so lie that of' the c 'worm, that hosti
tiesj were imnmdiae coinnmcced flor ti
timrialse or destroyiitks rnny oritiose vii,
imirile a ssiml vy purstit; then il
mo iicir retre a s- r~in- Thei out 1
violence. Md xecu tiem in a mos
crimel rnaner, with benefit of clergy,
I even -mirantinmg flmm kenri in thir owgi
dtcure! l hv p atwas time -stoC r
r iminent, wmet instaid nr the lisgutio
nl savage cutwoniaj*was tild tIme tin
suspected Cric.ttro, like any oth
i hati with imore gacitv, who afie
annoy time coammuni "I had lieeu coinmai
miming tienprsda ions on credit of others
i rie insect is imot irdimmry llac
r brown crce fe i u ils
ish'ie, UP n~~ii-cored.
From dmr (imriiom McrurmJ.
At a inectimg uf the Hianusort Agricuit
raSociety, held this mali dhay ofe Jmu
s , time thar: of the Presidet of Ill
State Ag-ricmlttirah Society totime presilim
officer, of ail time Agricutmrm Sociemies t
the Stats, was read Albert Rimeti, Esm
f It W as
Reirlre Tre at this Society hs-ivcdar
rendl with itrent interest, the admirmi oftim
i'rm'4!emt mif time ,Slate Agricult uraml Soeiecty
f .111m1 hjigll uapreciamte the itiportaneu
Stm;;ii onmi iatt recoi m endam ioms.
3 11 mit; . ij mettAe :r
l I'lT a ce t a fonmittee a a
auimi:cth, to %% iom[lithe address otne I liou
mi ~it mthle State A gmicumuryi Society h
Ies relcirretl, with instrutiomsi ton report suit
h blaic dscutires for the actior of a time S wcie
thmereonm, ;it i!.s next regular rmcing.
In the ground ne
T ilm o this S mciey waI iv
im ij. im amgh time Cimarlcsi'tm .l1rrettry
01.; t t tile m i t meteiigm ot time hosili
tire 4mi this~ S tatc, they hall ammcly for i
Sretay . ARsiNgemLin
vecad eu tem A iam
a craue amlit1 mannrw t be Anit ofrc&
I e e graig teim tn ime ther aw
p dene .ettg h at wasre eatoniC
re mentm whjeitetad ofithe is:.usrttim;
, ande sava;; jmcutwor: isA t was foud mte u
mmspeted mm Crikl, ot t ie m anmty omthg
Saiaashth ore . Umiit, w achote1
- tit mepedtino,. ediofohr
m;et., mn . as ei'hore mitm sr
Itt ro m a ther riretonaceur j.mi leh
ii' a meetio tellalrtAriu
.' 18 *, th~rimmsst tof~ he t l'resident., thI
-ate. A;:rm' inturapl Sey to ttai h preidina
> ollicers to tll thet Agito ralt Soties ittm
.t th traes, wasreabmAlbrt Rifhett ltg
rewith ::tir" ~ ea in terst, .m th i iddres ii tm
-'mmsienmmmtt a t lm~f the S maeAriutrltcity
andmrt hi tthly apreiat th impor tance tve
timm!' m tati l o ufl. Rhe tt, fI~tj i
- 'Restvedmt mTatm aComiterb.u
pontd t oaz who time addresstt (.of le lrei
dealntmm rf ihemtte Ai griclualS. et b
bt* e fe r, wit intru~ctios to ertil sui
linbe go mue' o .1ithe~ri( acti l o't Sttiti:
t~teron a t ise reuar m~mi mee ni
iterwams woheri;m iii eciJsie i ~
iet h-edm . T hammtren ltgiis ofcc ado ;
n ot'.e,: e b o rhe almed a lercurgti~
thaatr tem extmein mietfi tie o..-icea
mint'r of tie emtate, theylshall aply orai in
- 1irh saimt eretamiry his A. tmiet. m'
umumgtromnm te Tala'dsioc l'orutie n.le
cm I st w t-re ha.wc..rw ay mie ie:
mm \'e ae Jt deta.ineo th e gvsratsses
(I-tad pigctings te at wf e Jare~ convmee
eve mt.ro placrt iu the nie State.d On
ome iil eek,,i'r~ ne Willis Alstontwas com
,d done in thle abscence or the District Atnor.
y ney, --and with the self-constituted court
Ou without hearing a word on the part of any
a counsel for the Territory, in opposition to
s ,the nioni'm to bail.
,d Enqpiry was made as to the appointment
u ;aid comnisio o if Le. one of Ihe J stislces,
If Lee siaid that he had never liceei qualified
1o as a justice, nor had he acted as such, nor
r hd lie heretofore intended so udo. That
d he did not know whether lie had been np
pointed at the la.t senion of the Council
or not; that he land been told thati he had
been bua never had seeu his commission.
0 The counsel of Amhon or some of them
e made sucla representation us was calcula
'led to inlduce Iee to beic et to that he had
- been anppointed at the; last session of the
, Council, and it was said that his commis
sion was supposed to be in thae Clerk's office.
Lee therefore, took the oath, aud proceed
d ed to act as Jtusticc.
We have been told on undoubted au.
thoritv, that one of these Justices had said
- som' limte ago4, that lie was not a Juqtice
I of the 'ence, that his commission hind ex
nI ircd ndi that lie had not been re-appoint
i ed. Bloth of these knew that they had not
s received aniv new conmfi'sion, that there
a was none in the Clerk's oflice for them, or
- in alie Executive ollice, and neither oftheml,
- had qta:litied according to tha reqraitios
utluaw, until it was doneJr this special case
when Lee qualified as before mtated.- I
Brown the other justice never qualified at
The conduct (if tle counsel inl this case
r (31essrs. ). S. Walker. and Thompson &
[ hlagner) deserve the severest censure trom
the Court to which they belong. It is due
to the community that it should be brought
r belrc the court for its solemn action.
* Comment on this whole proceediug is
unnecessary. The facts speak for thei
Ili-, honor, Judge Allen on satisfactory
proof being made to him of the facts in the
i case issued a warrant for the re-npprehen -
t sion of the prisoner bailed. The warraut
r states, that Brown and Lee "were not Jus
3 tices, nul had no authority to issue a writ
- of Ilabeas Corpus, or any other legal pro
5 ccss." And that their acts were '-gratui
Stons. wholly unauthorized and illegal, and
r that the same are null and void."
r Correspondence of the Charlcston Mercury.
harter fla -n ii i Distrc was put on
its passage, when Mr. Clay's colleague,
Mr. Morehead. moved for its re-commit
. ment. with instructions to strike out the
a provition prohibiting the use of the notes
e of suspcided banks. This had been in
corpornted into the bill yesterday by nearly
a unamimous vote of the Senate-36 to 6;
but I ni:ht's reflection wrought a material
clange, and after a long diseussion the bill
I was re-committed by a vote of 2.5 to 24.
L It was urged in favor of this course that it
was impossible for the banks to do any bu
f .iness, if excluded from the tise of the pil.
per of the suspended banks inii the neigh
beiring States. They intimated that while
- the banks here were compelle.d to la.y spte
. cie for th--ir own notes. as requireal boy the
iw charter, they could not issue them
. without their instant return for specie; and
if deprived of the use if paper of the sus
iendcl bantk. they could do nothing.
Ia oppo-itio to it, it was said that to
I. itienrporae six banks to comence the
.work of dii.coutir toi thai umost extent
I th:it :lair -;p*-it:s; wmi!J allow.o aihe a us
. Ipendea paptr which oter banks would
I ri--h'l, nithout t.-tint, would bie tW flood
a lie lDistrict with fraiiient eirrency.
which it was pretended to lie ale gre-at ob
. "ct uafchiarteritng these baniks to bait'h.
.\n inistanice wias given ofh ant~~ istittion in
St. Lotuis. exercisiojg the privilege of iso
in:: and airen latinag dep 1reciatedl paapera and
.kejpt it eutretat tattil t he mnechanics and la
laborers were paid ai!1'in it rit $;atuirday aight,
I on)t .\lttndayvmornaing, thle instittiota relu
I ,,ed to ruee'e the nioates. andl lhey' felIl at
r uitte to a discounit aof 501 per cenit. The
I urthen-t of all athe ahnasaes w;a, hoodged on the
-shotlders of te labmorinag classes, ini whose
Shand4, for thle most part, all th le pierishiale
i por iof the biankbp~awn i died. Thae fair
uiaorn out. last ira-ala miiade t heair exits thtro.'
J te poaoar, ignoarant, anda helpjless, i who.
haaving~ this fiction ot mtoniey impahosed! upona
taai lhiv the. eninnintg, were iiinapale of
f entiig~. their righlt, ;againist the pozwerfrn!
- crpo~ii..ne aapp~rsr.
.\ reasioni wa, :alhi civena for th~e reversal
-of their coiurse lay the Wh'iig Sen~tars, and
wivcha wornl i ad the re~a tmpt1iron aof spaecit
; 'amentte, unitif thuelthartrer of a Un aitedl
S tine ltil., wvhen. lie retuarna to spiccie
Samet caiunal lie attribuated tol that event.
-T'lhe fill iii incrrporaite :a I'nited States
lanak wast theni izakent rp, bitt o0nacont of
Sthe lateniess. of the htoar, it wvas postponedl
K umtil (ao-maarrrow,. atnd then Senate went imto
a incentive session
a in the I linse an animraatedl debate aruse
e aoa a miemaorial ini rehatiomn to the tarill'
a .\r. .\amlrts thought that the friaenias of a
. proteesi ve tarill'should hiave~ an tinderstand
iI ig ;it this sesin mo that subject. le
- conialered( it a aluestiont lbetween free anid
y slave labor. lIhe wanted getlemn to
e show their hiandis, anad show who wiere in
-favaor atnd who against the :ariff, Hie al
.. lnthed to Finglish interference ina this case,
o and toa the rahnoxious corn la ws. He opIpo
-sed the referenace to theComamittee of Ways
eanda .Means. lie thought thtere was too
y much compromaise in that Committee
thtI,, th,.e wer wolathee. 'rh. bat.le.
was to be fought Letwecti the fricuds Of a
Protective Tariff, and the adherents of the
11r, Pickens replied to Air. Adams in an
animated and eloquent specch. Ile could
have no objection to the printing (if the
imemorial, if that were the only questiou.
Lut 1i the gentletmatn from 3lussachusetts
chose to maeke the printing a test question,
and said it wasi a question between the
compromise act aid a tart' of protection
caillsig public attent iotn to it and expres
sing a desire to comie to an1 iUue uLon it
-he (0r. P.) coid not conscut to grait
tIle memorial. Tihe gentleiian had called
tpou the friend4 If a protective tariff, and
askedf thems to comlsine and come together
% ithi a united actioi becatuse those oppo
sed to thieti were acting upun principle.
lie has said it would be committing a bill
if sent to the Colimittee of Ways aind
31eanis, like sending a lamb to a wvol. fe
(1r. P.) repelled the insiluation if inten
Jed to apply to him or his friends. When
lie says there is too much compromise on
that Cotminittee for him. who does the gen
leman allude to? lie cannot say he (Mr.
'.) was for comprunising. No: he would
find in himls no comsprtnsC. Iis courso
was open atid without compromise upon
31r. Pickens was followed by Mr. King
if Georgia who also warmly opposed'the
views of 31r. Adams. The deiate took a
A ide range and the policy of settling the
ariff at the present session was discussed
y 31r. Adaits, 31r. Furuance. and Mr.
Irvin, wl.o accused the south of a desire
o ,t ive off the questioin.
Mr. Rhett replied to the latter gentle
uan with much force. lIe said that none
>' those with whioni 3r. R. had any politi
:al association, remote or immediate, (and
ie believed lie was generally considered
is one of t he most extretie on this subject,)
Iand even endeavored to avoid the question.
) the contrary, he had contended at the
aat session, that the question ought to come
ip thou. The compromise act would ter
ninate uext lay, and it was fit the mer
hauts of our country should know at least
>ne year beforehand n hat was to be done
I regard to our system of duties, in order
hat they might regulate their business, ama
ioL be surprised itto losses by our legisfa
ion. For this reason, he had been of opin
on that the sbject ought to have been ta
;en up at the last Session of Congress.
ut it had been impossible to get it up
3eitber party would touch it: neither wish
mac on this great question. The Presi.
Jential election was then impending and
his operated to postpone the subject for the
time. But no such obstacle existed now.
rhere was no agitating Presidential elec
tion to stave off the coisideration of the
subject at this time. Why not take it up1
But Mr. iR. was told that the tariff ques
ion could ro be touched at this called ses.
sin, becaus.- other important questions in
ervened, anl the attention of Congress
was to be fixed exclusively to them-such
Iustions as the President hai recon
nended in his 31essage. But President
vler did tinot convenc Concress. We were
t;llcd togethler by the Proclaination of
'resident ilarrison, and his Proclanmation
wroposed to us to consider generally "grave
md neighty imatters" affecting the peo
le of the L'nion. Vas niot the final ad
nijsttnent of the Tarilf. ou great princi
dtes a "gravc atid wveigitv matter" for
:0tsideration! Atid even President Ty
r, in his Message, speaks ot' a deficiency
If reventue to be supplied by nit increase of
ie tariff. Whv. then, shtould not the
xhole tariff be re'vised aid settled instead
t tinkeiritig it for six ioniths, ani then go
ni. at it again ? Why lot show hands,
almd play non-cominitial no longer! Mr.
It. was ready to go ith the gentleman
'romn Peninsyvanziia now-to-morrow
mvery daty unitil the subject should be taken
y ati Isettled. Hiut the gentlemian had
laid that te struggle in England with ro
pet to the colrtn-lawA might produce a
:ret etffect on the settletmnt of' the tariti in
his conitry: liut thant the resu't of' that
1trugle wa~s doutbtl'nl-he did not kntow
tw it wotuld ed. Mr. It. said lie would
eI the gentlemran how the struggle would
nm, both in En:gland and in this country.
I would end by securiang the greatest good
if the greatest number; in protacting the
uaterest of the many t'romu the power uof the
cw: in deending the interests of the Peo'
he against the grasp lit the mtonopolists.
*sIthoughi abol'iiti will joint them here,- as
has done in England; in tho maintenance
a prot~e.tive taritT, it wotald not avail
hem. This taritl'question was a queutiott
r the People: it was mtovinag England, at
his very monment, to it, foundation: the
~rontd swell wats tup, the many were comn
og ini collision wth the privileged l'ew:and'
m sch! a contest, it' the People arc free or
ustice prevails, :hie few mnust go down.-'
l'he Miinistry of Great liritain had staked
heit existence on the measure of' the cortr
laws, cheap bread fur the poor against
monopoly for the tichi: and would it not be'
m shame-it burning shamei-if. on ti
side of the water. ini a Governmnent insti
tuted for the Peotphe, men shonth inot be
f'oundh ready to risk their populairity and
their all upon iho ptinciples involving setk
a question! Thue struggle would end, not
in ruining the interests of' the ruaaufactu
rers, hut in putting them oin the same foot
ing with the interests of their fellow-citi
zes. The righits oif the moany against the
few, would triuimphl undl prevalil, but it
would not destroy the few, hut leave them
with the samne privileges and advantages
all others possess.
The debate hiaving asssumed ramber a
portetons aspect. any thiuo; but fav'orable,