Newspaper Page Text
Correspondewcs of the Charlaten Mercury.
WAshts.-rors, June 30, 1841.
In the Senate this morning, after the
presentation of petitions, the resolution
calling for the names of persons removed
from offlee since the 4th of March last,
was taken up, and Mr. Mangum remarked
that it was only a waste of time to farther
diseuss the motion moved to lay it on the
table. Mr. Pierce appealed to the Sena
tor to withdraw the motion, as he wished
to offer some remarks on the resolution.
Mr. Mangum ofred to do so, iftMr. Pierce
would make no promise to do an act which
would prevent bis friends from debating
the resolutior. Mr. Preston then in a few
eloquent remarks appealed to 'Mlr. Man
gum to withdraw his motion, and express
ed his disapprobation of this mode of cho
king of discussion. H,3 said the proper
course would be to debate the question,
and the friends of the administration could
justify all the removals that had been made.
Mr. Benton informed the gentleman that
their fog would not prevent him from
speaking on thisqutest'on. He would speak
on it, not by permission of any one on that
loor, but in his right as a senator of a
Sovereign State. Mr. Mangum then
withdrew his motion, which Mr. Clay had
prompted him to make. Mr. Pierce then
proceeded with his remarks, until 11
o'clock, when the Bank bill was taken up.
Mr. Henderson (whig) moved an amend
ment to the bill so as to exclude foreigters,
and resident a',iens, from the right to pur
chase stock. This gave rise to a very aut
mated debate, in which Messrs. Calhoun.
Allen. Benton. Clay of Ala.. Mangum.
Henderson, Walker, Woodbury and Ber
rien supported the motion, and Malsars.
Preston, Smith of Indiana and lunting
ton opposed it. Mr. Morehead moved to
strike out "resident aliens" from the
amendment. which was disagreed to-ayes
24, noes 25. The amendment was then
agreed to ayes 30, noes 16.
Mr. Henderson then moved an amend -
ment, giving to every stockholder, the right
to investigate the condition and transtsac
tions of the Bank. A very intereiting de
bate followed-the motion being suppor
ted by Mcssrs. lendcrsou. Calhoun, Ben
too, Walker and Kin-. and opposed by
Messrs. Huntington, Clay of Ky., Merrick,
Preston and Kor. The argumentt was an
overwhelmingly on the tide of investiga
tion, and its ehlects were so apparent, that
Mr. Clay thought it necissary to make a
most impassioned appeal to the friends of
the bill not tosplit on minor questaious which
might seriously endanger its passage.
This produced the desired efrect, and the
amendment was defeated-Mr. liender
son being the only Whig who voted for it.
Mr. Rives then said he had an amend
ment to offer-but as it was late, he would
move an adjournment, which was carried.
In the House the Distribution Bill was
taken up immediately after the journal
was read, and debated until the close oftbe
sitting. Mr. Clifford concluded his re
marks in opposition to the bill, and was
followed on the same side by Messrs. Mcr
riwether, Floyd, Kennedy, Payne and Al
ford, and the bill was advocated by Mr.
Howard of Michigac. Mr. Brown hav
ing obtained the floor, the House adjourned.
WastsNGTON, July 1.
In the Senate this morning, Mr. Pierce
continued.his remarks on the resolution
istration. He quoted the remarks of Mr.
Prestoh yesterday. that the party were
prepared to justify all the removals that
had been made, by giying the reasona for
them, and inquired of that gentleman, if he
had understood him correct ly. Mr. Pres
ton answered in the affirmative. Mr.
Pierce said he was glad the party had had
manliness to make the issue on this point.
and hoped there would be no backitng out
hereafter. Mr. Benton then rffered a res
olution, inquiring of the President the rea
sons for the removal of Governor Dodge.
of Wisconsin. Governor Lucas, of Iowa,
and others. 'The resolution lies over one~
The.b Bank bill was then taken up, andI
Mr. Rivet moved to strike out the provi
sion giving power to the directors to estab
lish branchtes, andi substitute thecrefor the
provision from the Secretary's project,
making the assent of the States necessary.
Mr. Rives suppr.rted his motioni in a motst
elaborate speech of nearly two hours, and
intreated Mr. Clay not to enda.nger thte pas-.
sage of the hill by an unnecessary assertion
of a power which was denied by~he thsou::hs
at least a moiety of thte people of thtis
country. He toughstthis shoul-l be yield -
ed; but if not. he had taken the responst
bility heretofore of ditiering with the great
body of his political friends, and he was
prepared to do it again.
Mr. Clay replied to Mr. Rivel.s,st he
thought nothing but miqchief could comte.
fromt his proposition, Thtat the conces
sion was all to be made on one side-t wen
ty-seven Senators yieldintg their opinions
to those of the Senator from Virginia. an d
his colleague. This was unreasonable,
and he asked the Senator if hte couldl go!
with his political friends, not to embarrassl
them wish this proposition, but to withdraw
it. He considered the issue between the
bill and the amendment, to be Bank or no
Bank, constitutionality or unconstitution
ality, and with much ability exposed the
incongruous results which would follow
the adoption of the amendment, and closed
with a very eloquent appeal to the majori
ty mot to permit thetr power to be frittered
away in discussing questions of minor im
Srtance, which was only playitng into the
ods of their political opponents.
Mr. Preston followed Mr. Cloy, and for
some time it was doubtful which side he
was going to take, but his strong affinities
for the side of power-more especially the
appointing power-soon developed them
selves-and he argued strongly in favor of
the amendment, which he considered the
pint at issue between the Senate and the
'~xecutive, and whbich, if oot yielded, would
endanger the success of the measure. He
thought the better course would be to adopt
the pian of the Execntive at present; if it
did not work well, it could hereafier he
modified. and in such case ho held himself
ready to save his country bty the exertion
of a power, even though he did not find it
delegated in the Constitution. He called
upon others, as he was willing himself, to
sacriflce their favorite predilections to avoid
Mr. .... .. - ...,an r;e, but Mr. Ch-y
fearing that he was going tofollow suit to
Mr. Prestou, called out to adjourn, and a
motion for that purpose was made and
It is pretty evident that Mr. Clay coun
ted too fast, when he announced the num
ber ofhis adherents in the Senate as twenty
six. Appearances seem to indicate that he
will soon be convinced. that the power of
appointing to office, is more than a coun
terpoise to his great talents, his long 'expe
rience, and his imperious will; and that
honorable Senators will more readily yield
their -favorite predilections" to the gonial
influences of Executive favor, than to the
blusterings of the Storm King.
In the House. immediately after the
reading ofthe Journal, a motion was made
to go into Committee of the Whole. on
the Distribution bill, which was carried.
Mr. Brown, of Pa. then took the floor. and
spoke for upwardr of two hours in opposi
tion, to the hill, and was followed hy Mr.
Gilmer, of Virginia, and Mr. Bidlack, of
Pa., on the same side. At 3 o'clock the
Commiuce rose, reported progres, and
had leave to sit again to-morrow, and then
the House adjourned.
WAstINT-roy. July 2, 1811.
In the Senate to-day, Mr. Pierce con
cluded his remarks on 51r. Buchnuan's
resolution, calling for the names of those
removed from ollice. The Bank bill was
then taken up, and Mr. Choate, the suc- I
cessor, and, as generally helievcd. the con
fidant of Mr. Webster, addressed the Sen
ate in favor of Mir. Rives's amcndriment.
and implored with much carncstness he
friends of the administration to adopt it,
as the only chance of giving to the people
at the present session this measure of re
lief which they so much needed, and so
anxiously desired. Mr. Clay who during
Mr. Choate's rcmarks, was evidentlv much
excited, rose and with forced composurc.
inquired of Mr. Choate the grounds on
which be had made so authoritative an a.
sertation, that the only chance of having a
bank at this session depended on the adop
tion of the thing presented by Mr. Rives.
Mr. Choate replied that he could not with
out violating the rules of the Senate, an
swer the question. The rule which it was
generally supposed Mr. Choate aluied to
is that the opinions of the Executive onl
any pending question shall not he quoted
tnring debate thereon. Mr. Chonio was
followed by Mr. Simmunsof Rhode Island.
in a very sensible speech a::ainst the
amendment. 31r. Archer of Va. folluweil
in opposition to the amendment, bt;t his
speech was principally a titade againist his
colleague, Mr. Itives, abtisce ofGen. Jack
son and his friend, and the present Re.
publican party. winding up with a flinc at
the memory of Jclfersou, whose opinions
he said might be quoted on every side of
the question. Mr. Rives replied with
much spirit, and provoked peals of laugh.
ter from all sides of the Ilounse at his.expo.
sition of the vagaries of his whimsical col
league ; altercation of a personal charac
ter in which a question of veracity was
mooted heightened the piquancy of the
discussion, but this was settled after the al.
jourument. by the inti ferencte of their mu.
While Mr. Acher, wns speaking, an al
lusion of his brought Mr. Clay to his feet
and a repetition of the scene betweeti him
and Mr.'Chonte took place, with improve
ments. Mr. Clay had crossed from his
amr rn the dialonte between them, he re
mained standing, and with a look as if he
regarded not what lie considered the mere
puppet before him, but the master spirit at
whose promptings he had acted. The
Whole Senate partook of the excitement.
but Mr. Preston hail stuliscient piresetace of
mind to call the menmbers to order, atnd
they were comnpehied to take thter seats.
Mr. Clay evidetntly regards the move
mnent in the Senate as an attemipt to pros
trate him, and he has snificient of the hnuh
iog ini his dispositio~ to resist to u le laer,
and if overpoweredl to die gatme. While
this practical comm uentary on thme text of
the "union of the Whigs for the sake of
the uuion,'' was goitug on the republican
members actetd the part of mere lookers on
in Vienina, The fifth week of the se,.-iuun
is near its close, and the nopiniotn is gninin&
ground that nou batik bill will pass the: pre-.
In the Ilinse the Ilistribtitin hill wa
dehmedcu. andi 'iir. l'ickens, wholii had oht iniin
ed the flour last evoening, after 'ulr. hsid
lack hiad tini.hed, nitw cotmncedi an ar
gumta againist the bill. lie con-hiered
the new scheme of putting twenty per
ccint, on luxuries as calculated t.: increase
the tariti l?O2.0.00 for the punrpose oif
covering a donatiton to the States, Ile
wenit into an eloguoem exposition of the
doctrine of State Rights. andu shuowed that
the funid which was to paty a debt inicurred
for a natiotn's glory, should tnt hie used to
seduce the new States. and cm cate an aurt
fcial appetite for further idonatitns fromt
the General Goverumuet, throtughout aill
comitng timne, against the Cotnstutiotn, anud
against the gentius oif otir itnstit ionits.
lie was followed hv Mir. Witthrop of.
Mass. in favor of the luill. aind Messrs Dean
of Ohio, and llabersham of Georgiai in op
position to it. The latter getntlemnan had
not concluded when the luouse adjoturtned.
WasutNGoro, July 3i. 18.li.
In the Senate to-day, Mr. Linin occu
pied the tmornsing hour ina cotmtintig tip
on a memorial presented by him relative
to the trade between the inland provinces
of Mexico and the States of Missouri atnd
Arkansas. This is a theme with wvhich
the worthy Senator from Missouri is fatmi
liar, end as he descatnted tin it, lie became
w armed with his subject and gave in glow
ing language a graphic sketch of the prairie
oceatns of the WVest, and the dangers anid
privatious of those engaged in the trade in
these journeyings through the resortis of tn
merous tribes of hostile savages, lie al
so described the manner in which Great
Bitian is attaitning atn alarmting ascendani
cy over Indians otn our Western border, by
the active and unremitting efforts of the1
agents of the hludsonu's Bay Comipany to
instil into their muindesentimnents hostile to
this country and favorable to their own.
The hour ol II arrived w ithout concluding,i
and Msr. L. gave way to the special order
-the Bank Bill.
Mr. Clay rose and said, his attention
had been called to a sketch of the procee
dings in the Senate yesterday in one of the
city papers, in which he was described as
o.ardth e SCenatoCr fiml Maslanaclusett1
(Mr. Choaic.) lie said it was all a mnis
take : he had never indulged any such feel
ing, &c, and n% eut oi for twenty rninutes
io a strain which excited the astonishment
of the many who had witnessed the scene
of yesterday, and know that the sketch
which he found fault with had softened, in
stead of overcolouring it. When Mr. Clay
had got through, Mr. Archer.& Mr. Rives
had an amicable colloquy.. in which they
said a great many compliaientary. things
of elch other, and declared that they meant
nothing olfensive in their remarks yester
day. The Sena to then proceeded to busi
ness, and Mr. Bayard awl Mr. Phelps
spoke in favor of Air. Rives's amendment
as a compromise which they.where willing
to vote for-the first named gentleman
proposing a modification of it. Mr. Hun
lington followed in oppoeiiion to the
amendment, and when lie had concluded,
the Senate went into Executive session.
In the House. the Distribution Bill was
taken up immediately after. reading the
journal, and Air. Ilabersham, of Georgia.
concluded his remarks against it. Ile was
followed by Mr. Parmentersof Massachlu
setts, and Mr. Davis and Air. lcKeon, of
New York, on the same side, and by Mr.
Kenr.edy. of Md. and Mr. Underwood, of
Kentucky. in favor of the Bill. Mr. Wise
then obtained the floor, but as it was near
3 o'clock, yielded to a motion for adjourn
From the Wlashinagto Globe.
WASnutetrox, July 5.
CONGRESSIONA L ANAL YSIS.
The Senate did not sit to-day.
The louse met at 10 a. m. After the
Journal had been read, Air. Morgan moved
that the llonae resolve itsel( into a Con
iittee of the Whole on thi-staie of the
Unian. Ont this motion it difision wias de
matnfled, and being ordere4the result was
itye 75, noes 57. So the House went itt
to coonimee, and resutnedtnhe considera
tion of the hill alpropriatin'ghie proceeds
to the public lands and granting pre-emp
tion rights. Thae q ttesa was on the
mootiona of .r. ClifTrd to stike out theen
acting clause. r
31r. Wise lein; cntitled the floor hesi
tated as to whether lie on to proceed.
I jcobserved that front maifestations oilt
of doors, and the adjournment of the Sen.
ate..he hardly expected that the Ilouse
would proceed to business. However, as
gentlemen had thou2ht proper to go into
Comamittec, ie woud gla-ly avail himself
of the opportunity tf give hb views on the
bill before themt. The lette of the elder
Adams, as publied in thIlutelligencer
this morning, said their firsduty, on the
return of tlhe anniversary of our glorious
independence, was to returtdthanks to Al
mighty God. Now, as that anniversary
had come on a Sunday. h' trusted that
every tmemier had yesterd y obeyed the
injunction of the letter byf fng to church.
ltut this was the' 5th. and bf ig a legisla
tive cday. lie tlid not know-that he could
render, better service to hioicountry than
by occupying the time in ~pposing this
distribution scheme. Mr. Iise then op
posed the bill otn twelve P , viz:
Ist. It is unequtal, first, . btween the
new States themselves, a TfYhen as be
tween the ne w States and the old.
2. Ac a distribution of.oeuue from
lands it is unconstitution all' 4 a violation
of ti .hr . --'-.
and tmulst neces-sarily be- Sd, -r rFir to...
is a defliciency in tie National Treasury,
and wh-110; the present minimum price is
perpet uated1 by the hill.
-lh. It is funadamnentally and necssarily
a violationi of the compromise net of 1832.
5ith. It is a part anad partcel of the ptrotec
tire system ofi duaties.
Gth. It extendls the power of the Getter.
al Govi~ernmencct throtn:;t the States of iutter
tial implrov~e mtent, or to any other putrpose.
7th. It alietnatesu theo Federal Govern
mecnt anid $ttes itt bein;;. Whilst,
8thc. I centraclizes all powver itn the Gen-.
cratl Gocvernmenc-at, and hiumbles the States|
with ai icorruti Pm atrotge.
9taha.h itunconstittiottnalfly pays the debats
of thte indcividutal States, instead of paying
the tdebts and providing fe the general de
fentce of thIe Lnionat.
I10mt. it pays the dlebs pf States, in or
der to conaceal fromi thte eyrs of the pecople
thte inacrea.se oaf t axat ionf, sutiincting thIe
manas of Govertnment Nr thtose of ithe
11. liv subhstituating the 'pcreaseof debats
itt all thli- Sc ate i, to re-lieve- be debuttr States
fruomt State taxautiont. it neyssarily miakes
thec pecople of the nonst-debratr States piarthy
pa~y thte debtc. of thte peoplg oaf the debtor
Statcs foar works created lthet latter, for
their so~lc benefit, and to ceapete witht ther
-ark- of thec formter.
12. It tmakes at onice a politeal corrup
Ition funtd for politicians to trade upon,
andi unettr te tmode-st a tvirtuous lire-.
lence of prevenrtinig "poht al bidding," it '
puati itn the w~ hode nation, ljall its parts and I
its n htil,-. itt t his first paoli al bid.
A fter air. Wcse hacd costiuded, the floor
was assignedi toa Mr. R.4aer, when the
commaitec immediately ree, and at a few
notmets paat 1, cte Hon. adjourned.
Correspondencce of thce Chateston Mercury. C
W~Aiultt, July 6.
it thc Senate. this mauning, Mr. M1an- a
:nm.t fromt thae Committet on Naval Al- 1
rairs, to whticha was referrd the crrespon
henc: cottnectedl witha ther~eturn of a part
>f the M1editerranean sqtadron, asked to
e dischtargedi from thte fcthier considera- it
ion of the ..ttbject. ile kid he was in- b
itructed lay the Comtmitto to say, that in
-eferentce to the letter o the Americanti
Mlinister at London, to tom~nodore Hull| I
hey could discover nothi-g indecorous or I t'
mplropier inc it- It was surely intended to tI
aut the ollicers of the flet on the alert,.e
tndl while to have dotte iore than this j~
sould have bietn impropt, to have (lone
ess would have beetn culable remissness. s
Mir. Kintg wos htappyto htear the re- t
narks of the Senatoar, antras glad that lie ai
nd the Commtsittee had one Mir. Steven- .
on justice, in a matter aspeeting which 'di
here was mucha misapprisensiott. as well! R
cs misrepresenctationi; be he thoughtt it st
vould haave becen bietter lid a written re- oh
mrt, embodlying te op'gons expressed. a~
keen made. cc
Mir. Preston madle see, remarks ex.-t
laining his motives in craing for the cor- mi
espondence, and thonigine still harped on T
'ii- --eOnoar a evucd la Mr. Stevenc- oh
its, all I that he had ,iatred 1oo ,rtatly &i
tie excitenicht prevalent in Great Britatin
it the moment, yet he avowed hitself sat
ified witi the aspect whilh the mtter h id
issuincd. with the exception of the rcturn
>f the Brandywine; and Captain Bolton
iaving been displaced and another getitle
man having been put in command, he did
sot known that any further steps were oe
:essary in that paricular.
Mr. Mangum wasuot willing to lot Mr.
Preston ofl quite so easily, and reiternied in
een stronger and more unqualified terms
than before, his approval of the course of
Mr. Stevenson, and regretted to see some
)f his political friends expressing contrary
sentiments, afterthe correspondence on the
inlject had been placed before them. The
motion to discarge the Committee was
then agreed to.
Mr. Alangum's rather remarkable course
towards Mr. Preston on this subject. may
Se explained as follows: It is understood
hat Air. Sergeant has declined the offer of
the mission to England. Mr. Preston anti
51r. Rives are both anxions expectants.
and Mr. Clay, through his man Willie,
has intimated that there is no immediate
necessity for appointing a successor and
leciding on tho respective merits of the t wo
aspirants. This iny act as a getile
chastisemeut for the recent offencest of thcste
gentlemen on the sulject of the Bank, bill,
and an admonition for the future.
A resolution wis then called up to change
he hour of meeting in the morning frou 10
to 11. It was advocated by Mr. Linn
and Mr. Preston. and opposed by Mr. Clay.
of Alabama, and M1r. King.
Mr. Calhoun hind no objection to the
present hour of neeting, but lie did obiject
to remainin, here for seven or eight hours
Juring long siltry days. when there was
so necessity for it, and wien it did not in
the least expedite business; and without
there was ans undertanding that the ad.
ourntteiit shocl take place at 3 o'clock,
he would go for the resolut'on. The fttes
ion was taken and the resolutifon was lost.
The Batik bill wns then taken up. ith
luestion heing on Mr. Hayard's amend.
meint to the anendment proposed by Mr.
Rives. Mr. Betrien spoke at -onsiderable
etagth in opposition to 31r. Rives's amend
menit, and in favor of the bill of 31r. Clay.
lie was followed by Mr. Merrick, n-ho
advocated warmly the amendment, and
:haracterzed the assertion of the bran':hing
power in Mr. Clay's bill as "a wanton.
unnecessary, and uncalled for assertion of
power, to which many, very mnany Whipq
bad insuperable objections."
Mr. Bates, of Mlassachusetts followel,
std declared in the course of his remarke.
(which evinced more talent than lie has
ieretofore had credit fur,) that he had in.
rorimation enough to produce anl entire con
viction in his mind, that this bill, without
the amendment, could not becone a law.
The question was then put on Mr. Bay
srd's amendment and it was disagreed'to
Ayes 9. Noes 36.
Mr. Rives's amendment wasiuill further
Jebated by Messrs. Dixon and White in
ipposition to i:, and Mr. Prentiss and Mr.
Walker in its favor. The latter was the
munly Democratic Senator who took any
part in the debate ott these amendments
vhich have occupied the Senate for more
han a week past. and lie rather unneces
warily referred to subjects, which gave
intich msore satisfaction to his political op.
ponents than his friends. The question
Las then tao --.. ^ .Ryes's cMtre st,
Yi:ss-Mesars. Barrow. Bates, Chonte,
Mierrick. Phelps, Prentiss, Preston, Rises,
Walker, and Willims-I0.
Nit s-Messrs. A llen. Archer. Be'nton,.
Ilerrient, itchiaan. Culhtontn, Clav, of
A'lsasama, Clay, tof Kenitucky, Clayton.
hlendlersots, Ilutntingutn, Ker, King;. I 'nn.
ile Roberts, M angumci, Mtiller, Moreheadl.
iloutont, Nicholson, Porter, Sevier, Sim
nsons. Smsith, of Contnecticut. Smsitht, of
i ndiana, Southtard. Stturgent. Tallmadgec~c,
W hite, W~oodlbridlge, W~odbury, Wtighct,
Then Setnate thets ajourned.
Jo the lIouse of Represettatives, thte
Select Commoittee on the Rules rep)orted
to ameudmenct to the Rtulesuofthte lue.
ty which a bill is not to he dhiscussedc msore
hsan six days its Comit te ie oft he Whole.
I'his innovation n the rule~s wa~s ulppboe i
vith::reat eartnestnes bcy the Detmcrat ic
tiitority as ats infrin~teentt tontheir ri;;bt.
Jut their remsonstrances were in vain. riand
arious appeals were protmptly ocverrnh-cd
y the Speaker whlo was as protmptly uv
sined by the Whig ma.'jority, atnd tihe re
ort was adopted.-Yeas 117, Nays 953.
Mir. Stantley thettsnisoved thtat thue debate
n the Distribuntoni Ilil I should termnte u
bis evenuing at 7 o'clock, which. after ans
leffectual struggle on the part of the tti
ority, snas adophte-A ves I IS, Noes S3.
'htus aftcr a six hiotir's struggle. thte Whli g
sajurity succeeded it ptttting; an el1ectual
ag on the freedom of dlebate.
The Distribution Blill was then taken up
nd debated by Messrs. Ravner and!
larshall in favor of it. and Iby .Mr. Rhett
s opposition, who wans ittrrupted itn thse
tidst ofa very able sp~eech,. by the arrival
7 o'clock. The bill was taken otnt of
ommrsit tee, and several ansendmntts were
meredl whichs were protmptly voted downt,
ud at 10 o'clock, the bill passed-Ayes
16, Noes 108, atnd the Ihloutse adjourned.
W~asntwo-roy,. July (;.
The first move made at this Sesiei an
as to rescind thte 21st. Rule-the ntexi is
abolish the great privilege of free lDe.
tce. To-dav the Committee on Rules
Tered a Resolution enabling the linse
take a Bill out of'the Committee of the
Iole ott the state of thie Untion at any
inc, and thus bring it within the grasp of
e Previous Question. Ever since otir
isuence as a free people, it has bceetn cots.
lered a sacred privilege, that on every'
ax Bill thce people, through their Repre'
ataties, should speak to the tax. Hlence
haa beeen the inivariable practice to refer
I such Bills to the Committee of the
~hole on the state of the I'nion, where
bate cannot be suppressed. But bcy the
ule now adopted, a min-ortty can he
raugled at ainy time, and all uIebsate cut
r. Accordingly as soon as the Rule was
opted, forthwith Mr. Stanley moved its
rreement, and this evening the D1is.
hct ion Bill is to be taken out of the Com-n.
itiee and forced through the ilouse
hsis Bill hsas been tinder consideration blut
te wseek; and thus a measure inmuli.:...
ai It does. at tile very ci,,gtencet 401 OM
whole svstmcn of Goverinmet. i& to be di,
posed of in le" lim. o a ino is freijiieiil.y
given by our court, to the trial of a private
cause. Thle days of the S'editiotn .ws
arc again rettraing-the right of free de
bate is destroyed-neither mturmnurn or re
moustrances shall be heard, uiless tile re
preseutatives of sevcnteei millions of pel.
ple can utter them in one week. Indeed
what is the right o itRepresentation. if the
Represeutative is not allowed to speak.
But tyranny in ;l time, has shrunk from
the light of free disciniuin, you are to be
oppressed and the poor privilege of utter
ing your imlfiginii-n and defying the op
pressor. is denied you. The i-ederal Par.
ty has ever despised I lie people and deemtnedi
themi only fit to be ruled. To silence their
Representatives is perf'ectly in keeping
with their opinions and policy-but will
the People hear it?
I.NDI~AN Jb :mir AtIoNs.-The follow
in; article was communicated to the Litlie
-'ORT owsos, .Jine 1), 1811.
Our Kickapoo ditliculie's are rapidly ap
proaching a eri-is, and tle measure, adop
iel for the mnatiagement i of afTair, will soiont
develiope their etTeer, for good or for evil,
upon the hostile tribes. A large body of
Shawnee, and Delawares have joined the
original depredhator, nd tlicy have con
joitly de-;patehed riiorne tI ilie I razos.
in Texas for the Canlel embodied in that
section. h'le imanife,t object off lie intru
der is a permanent settlemeit upon the
Chocktaw atn ('hickasaw reservation, inl
lie vicinity of Riid R iver. nhere, Underi lie
protection of the liited Statrtes. they ican.
wiih impiiiry. make decei-, u pont our
neighb~r -, forage upon their crops. plun
der their sltk. :iil lv tle rurntrv iunier
cintribution. Tei-,ern portiii of lihe
(Choctaw countrv in rich and fertili! and
the settlers !einig a loi:.stic and agrienl
toral peoiple. atre. (unn ilag to en'ivate e
icosively O the-1e-laintance, of exiled d~e
radoc4, who bling warlike in their habiit.
frorm the coineering link with the Cuman
chie of the prairie.
The governient of tle l'*it Stte
guiarantees to tle witern Iriains priter-I
tion fron, ir:trj.iu upo:i the sil ai.ed
thierti,'-Id thii oirdy pifeuioii of iilitetit ,
liiion ii, 'wi-ther ibe remosal ofthe imtni
ders cai lie el'ereu l pleaceably or a 1(i Flor
ida. The former is the iojbiey adfopted. and
with that view twi com fii paies of the 1,t
Regiment )ragoons a i-I a detacli meit of
the-5Ih Infatry were orehred "rimi F-ori
Gibsoin t the suene cf dfilliciallv oin die
Ine river.-le i)lecrs acrimpanymin
lie detachinent were ('aptain i--lre and
lBernwin. noi Lictt.'hiltin, It ligoonn,
lieut. Cochrane of tle .filh lif;itry, and
A,-intaint Surgeon Wo;ds of the Medical
Si all'. Upon tilie arrival of the troops, the
Kickap, had left that seetion ofithe coon
try, nn: no doult crosseil the Washita and
encampeid inl the Crons Timrher<. A talk.
howe'er, was held with the Shawnees al
Delaware-. al tiey agreed to leave the
country within hir v days. Upon conicn
ding the negotinlions, the conimandi march
cl In this poi, where they remained until
fie 1't instar.t. and %%ere reitiforced Iy- an
other comipany of horic from Gibin, nlt
der Lieut. WirklifTe. .luch good will
no douhit be efilcted by thus throwing a
bod(y of flomp-, 11hough1 smaill, amnongst
these evil -ii,cosed peiple, and will con
to;poeti fro iser -m1I7turb aonc.
We may have war, aid irom news re
ceived a day or two fion Blue river, I in.
fer that tlure will Ie tdn itiiy.-Upon rhe
return of the comm nnid to that '5cunrter, for
in0 piirpn-e of carry ing iout le'tails of the
negiration,. and reiiiuviri thie iiitrtuder..
it ws i lscovireii liai tihev hail crattered,.
and brii not "'left a traie~ hehiind." Th'ii
ws fiearedc. aiid the resuilt ha;s proviedl howS
weill groundedt-i were nitr aiitic ipation,.
'apr. .\lo're hias gone wvi h hi- commni-I
io the moutth of the Wa-.bi'a, with a view
to scoiurin, t hiat coiun try oct ebbei'r ,.cie if*
the river. 'with nshat -Ucces i-- eu reimely
unceritin. The enim wo"ill pirc'cabcly
orn witihniwnr iln a piartiail degre'e. :iandii tin
re-n;,puear an.1 at-cume a hli-i.rl.' iitjitud'.
Su'ch in their juolicy, arid uicy w'i', attemp t
ti thnart the e:lbris mta-e tci remtive them.
$neh i, the ,ir o~istion cf ::cir. Thie hio
1 -.0 havesu bii hschl cinheijr :breats ami
b nuori::ti-eh. n-.l a evb:':l cn iii o
..tiion to n :giiiihle aclig~nt of di tliul
ies. I l'iig ochitail a fo:in~ig ist tihe
they inill niot 3 ichId iis vantarge grnud
wiour .' ,.trug;:l. There will lie no dif'
fieinhy in thir inobltaincgin; a-itancie from,
outhier iki trib'es. Thl-- iitiane-,e atre
in illitig ti ienter the lists fin plundier. Thea
Sinotidebn are oiutliw.l nod dii-,eonitendedi
atid enger f'or r-vcr''e: ihici:,:i-.6, of reek
le..-'pirit, hut wacit the fir-t blocw; niii the
firs: ,pairk that, fli-. fromn the hieateci ..tei
wsill kindle a llhme,. aulong this fcrtier iihai
ih' poiuritng of' blood wvill nit easi:ly ext in
I'iti..stnrtri r. .Julv, I.
A1 1.ar:.'re Sfcameir iurnt at Si'i.-Wec
have aniothier Ialar'tting aiid excit ing story
ti reintioni tio a '-teameir att si*a. (I ' ta :
Sawyetr, oif ihe b ri2 .\ nusta, at ith~ i-, ior
yester lay~ frun ('cili, lhan furuished is
ns iit lie folihnirg estract friti his log bock:i
STuesdlay, .lone e iih. 5 o'clock. .\. .31
mnas~i'd at i,iambat Siurnt to, Ihe w acer.
3dlge, 00 I Ca je IIlatte'ra,.:lfat :330, Ion,
We learti Iur her lhar lie a pproached'i
:he ns reek, nd ascertinied it to be thait oif
large ste'amier, but -io muchl incjured hiv
ire. ait it was imp~onilhe to asc'ertnuinr her
iame. (One gua rrd was below thle waler,
itnd iihe framie oif ithe othere was nhovise, hut
.aiily burnt. Innadiiiitin io this inifoirma
ionli the mae states thatn focir lairge litiern
yere sent stickinig iup, as if the Slippfortn of
ngine rconm. Whei she rolled she shiow.
d thie ends of her floor titmbers our iif the
vanter. O nc of' her eraniks w an al'-u -,tand-l
ne. The birig went wit hini I2 .'iards if I
he wreck. hniit found ii ns onld lie ti'sees to
mirdS it. an not a v'entige oef any liv'inu' or 5
sefoi i ng w'at ti hce seen. Thhe pii..irion r
5' this floatitig prouof of' iifortiune. muincrv i
nil piirhiaps death, was just ont the edgef
bue Guclf' st ream, and m ilht lie nearly 10
iles east of' Catpe lhlattera.----nquiirer.v
Ther are nitw two I'. S. Mlar~hab'.elaim -j
se r., net in Ill..ami i lol',a lir e .,- . 'lie. I.
ih.: 8!J .2. ;.:a. *awe:.1h r btihe ha sh
r;ht to ru m .:stud, ai 'Zerutions
t~islAW ! :v 3-A 'uie i'c all .
lil wht :h 1i. nCre m> ret urts,* anld 11)
proceed to h-v%. (eN, ansd coil!ect the nou
(',rrr --pund nre of t(ieirlrinn Meratry.
O)iee: of tihe lepllicln,
.t% .N %.I. Jolv :), fell.
Genitlemeni- I celc'm-C you a couple of
letters received this mornin. from out cor
re~onent i I-lld',four steamer Gen
I'.lor. It w11 i e'ci thai the Indians
hav1e wreaked their Vengrealce upon an
othe:r inoflernive Citizent of the Territory,
as'ce our lat advices.
Corripondence of the Saa~nnah Republican.
I''AtSoa, Julv 3. 1841.
.'"tlenl"'n-With the exception of a
,i'i' ilusance of recent murder there has
beent tsothtMa" to enliven us since the pre
par:ationi anfid ieparture ofthe troops on the
'coltt ip the ( elawala, and to the Cove of
the W itllscuoche.
(On the ],t. inst.. a party of Indians8
it) tumher. astacked two of our citizens
:n, ft mit Fort Fanning to Newnansville.
eight mile, fromi the foirmer place, killed
one. tihe other escaped to tell the tale. The
troopsi at \\ a-ca-sas-sa were instantly put
im motiio. anid are ini rapid pursuit after
the murderers. Yours. in haste.
Corrusp,mlenrr of thr .Sarannah Republicam.
V-.Ar -LR.ItsA. July 2, 1S41.
(,enth-men-There i; but little Indian
e%. ('oil. Wurtlh ii at Fort King. All
opfoutr Posts'are ,tr.ipped for the grand scout, -
otly one otlicer let it each post, and bare
ly enani men to Imotisat a guard of six
nIne, Th ickiiess continues. On
th Is iso.t s het train %% bich came to Pilat
ka from the iuteri-ir brought two oliceri
and thoeir fissulies from F'ort King, in ap
lraranc- tumas:e deal than alive, and also
th Iad va sl ick inftiit of an officer whois
abscot from hi, lamnily on the scout. Major
Cioer. the A.t. uAdj. Gct. has joined
('il. Worth and141 Capt. Wright. and Act.
A... Adj. General ha. retired to the Sea
Uoard we learn for the benefit of his health.
WA.PnNo-roN, July 2.
Grn. Jarkson.-Just as our paper was
gintt Ipres tie following was put into
N.isnivsLt... June 22, 1841.
)eiar Sir-(eneral Jackson was taken
very iiI yesterday morning about 8 o'clock.
I tik its lIr. JRobertsos by 1 'clock, and
le't him a short litme asgo. mntuch improved,
*1m il nite ea-y-leping. It was an at
lack of vramp chilic. and I have never
seens him si far gone, or so much prostra
id. lIe may recover from this attack,
but I fear that he will remain very feeble.
l'. S.-.1r. Crutcher has just got down,
andl brii f'avorable accounts or the Gen
eral. lie is stil! imiproving.-Globe.
)uring n tremendos thunder storm at
Worcester. (3ula4 ) on Wednesday last,
tl: llaptist church was struck by lightning
while Ite vcsirv of the church was filled
with children. iaking arrangements for
the#! approaching celebration of the 4th.
About tIenty of' the children were struck
down, muost of them were burned, some
serioulssl. but, as by a miracle, no ome was
killed. One little girl had a comb eled
injury. The l;ghtning struck in two oth
cr places. but no daimago was done. A
person who was present represents itas the
mst terrific scenc lie ever witnessed.
Mlany ynar5s ;o. j:as a learned Judge
hsadl closedl his ebtar;;e to a~ Grnd Jury an
ats lbegasn to biray witinu hearing of the
(Cours. whien a basrri'.ter sarcastically whit
pesrelI to hi, next necighblor, "What an ex
raosrdinary echo there is itn this Court."
Ths <arca-mi reaceheid the ears or the lear
its"Imile.wh Io bshre it wvithhis accustom
iil gamei isemsper. biut lid not discharge it
Ira iss' mem~rys. \'ears :after, wvhile the
pirn to whim the '.arcasmn has been at
tr'ioid. n.'a, :shlres..is;; the Coiurt, by
a' ns hhn icals cincidlence, an ass was heard
ti brayi: when': the witty. andI wall-temper.
e.1 ol.e eclcaimned, with affected gravity,
-*tle n Ibis is gnite irregular : one at
a5 dime, andi n ill b;Ioar you both."'
Ir::;'ac '. ', I. .l.'.-The case of the
hif fSpa:nni :niist the FExecutors of
.lIhn 1' e . 'n hieh has beeni pensding in the
'wr f leity itn this ci ty for the last
fou r yi-r-. n hii'h ha.. otcenpjied the Court
a nd :nry far ie lasst fiv e dayvs. washbrought
ta a inal deci-iioi ye~terdasy. The jury,
aftser bin;; oust Ihsrty i;:ht hoiurs returned
a verdict |ir the pilainitills for one hundred
and~s three thosand~sts seven hundred and
thirtv. :brei- diollars andI fotur cents, not the
leinterret ig featutre of whlich is, that
thse defen~t-ls- are abuendlantly absle to res
pond.-.(Idl .% ntinel.:39h ull.
A yonn;; lady Ioncste hintted to a gentle
msan that her thsimle was nearly worn out,
artnd akedl what rewardl she would receive
osr her indssItrv. ile made answer on the
lolloswjiZ lay by~ sendling her a necw one,
I 'snd a thimbb-u. 1or fintgers nimble,
Wh ich'' I bo ipe will fit w bens you try it:
It will last vont lonrg. ifit's half as strong.
As the bsist which yostgave me to buy it.
A n Atnet ioneer is rat her a singular bteing.
Jke a cion..stmptive man, he is often a
n; l ids' ;.onr bsefore lie is gone. Like
m ishetitels child. he pays little attention
ii the first bid. I,ike a good Christian he
arrifia ' worbillv affairs' ins hopes ofa gin
oi rewsard. L~ikena rowdy, hie knocks
otwn w ithouut ptroviocatioln.
F'ruit.-We have since otnr last receiv
dI ftsm.\Mr. A. Wilkitns. Sen. of Pew
roke, a fn:. tmeasurin; eightt inehes round
sisl nine inchies anid three quarters the
m;:gest circumitfercc. .Ilr. WV. has had
t Treent tcs. from this tree, w'hich,
e in~re. hie woiuldl never cut down for the
LS-%isn that it eumbecred the ground. about
nso dossrien specimens rf she same size,
hsile' the tree is very full of' young figs.
We lhatve nesver seen sot large a fig, andi
-e presitmte the fruit were nothing like
tes". wheni ihei exp-cssioni of contemnpz
is fi& thr iuiz.'' wa. firs: adauptcd.-Ies'u