Newspaper Page Text
correspadmc ofe e caCeutoa MerCrY.
WasnMe'roN, July 7.
In the Senate to day a communication
was received from Mr. Hauler announ
cing the completion of the series of stand
ard weights, which were ordered by Con
gress some years since. The resolution
respecting removals from office was deba
ted by Mr. Lina. his remarks consisting
almost entirely of extracts from speeches
by Henry Clay in opposition io removals
from office. and some of them denying the
constitutional power of the Executive to
make such removals. The Bank bill was
then taken up. and Mr. Buchanan occupied
she door for upwards of two hours in a
most able and eloquent Speech in opposi
tion to the measure. He analyzed with
much minuteness the report of the select
Committee in its favor, and exposed the
uiter inefficiency of the restrictive provi
sions to prevent a repetition of the abuses
~prpetrated by the late institution. Ino the
course of his remarks he commented freely
on the evils likely to grow out of the inti
macy between te oficers of the Bank.
and the officers of the Government and
members, occasioned by the location of
the Bank in this District, and at the close
of his speech he moved to strike out the
District of Columbia from the Bill. This
was supported by Messrs. Benton. Wright,
Woodbury, Clay of Ala. and Allen. Mr.
Calhoun was opposed to locating the Bank
within the District. It was either to give
the Bank a control over the Government.
or the Government a greater control over
the Bank. ie wouldvote for the motion
to strike out, and then he would endeavor
to have fair play, ly giving the South her
share. lie thought New Orlean' "would
be the best location. lie would like to
have it as far off as possible from the in
fluence of the Nationzl Legislature.
Mr. Benton contended that New-Or
leans, above all others, was the place for
the location of a Bank, if one was to be
established. She was the outlet of the
products of the Great Valley of the Missis
sippi. Three-fourths or all our staple ex
ports are shipped there, and it is the ex
ports that support this Government by
paying for the foreign goods upon which
duties are levied. New York was objec
tionable in addition to the other reasons ad
duced, because from her intimate connec
tion with Europe, at every alarm of foreign
capitalists, she was liable to be drained of
her specie. New Orleans was the mart
from which almost all our domestic stapies
are shipped to foreign ports, and the place
of the greatest importation of specie from
foreign countries. New York is the place
ofimport ror almost all the foreign goods,
and the place of export for oqg specie to
Mr. Calhoun said if there was to be a
Bank, it should be south of Mason and
Dixon's line. The value ofexports of the
two States of Alabama and Mississippi
alone are forty or fifly millions of dollars
per annum, nearly one-half of the whole
domestic exports of the United States.
The imports have had the bank long
enongh, and it was time the exports had it.
The question was then taken on striking
qst, and decided in the negative-ages 20
Mr. Calhoun then moved to strike out
tse District of Columbia and insert New
Mr. Benton seconded the motion, and
advocated it at considerable length. If the
Bank gave undue advantages to the see
tion in which it was located he claimed
them for the valley of the Mississipp~i.
Mr. Calhoun said he wished it to be dis
tinctly nderstood that even if this motiona
was carried it would not in the least abate
his aversion to it.
Mr. Benton. Nor minc.
Mr. Calhoun continued, Hie wished no
exclusive advantages for his own seection;
he was opposed to granting them to others.
All he and the South wanted was fair play.
Mr. Benton followed, and asserted that
the greatest enemy to the North and South,
which it was in the power of man to in
vent, was a Bank of the United States to
be located north of the Potomac. lIe re
ferred to the operation of the late Bank of
the United States, in draining the South
and the West of their specie. and, in sup
port of his views quoted the testmony of
the late president of the Branch at Charles
ton, which was contained in a report of a
committee of the South Carolina Legisla
ture of the last n inter. The extract w as
"From 1819 to 1823 the drain of specie
from the banks of the South by the United
States Bank, was so great as to paralyze
.the whole energies of the Southern coun
try. it is admittted by the president of
she latter Bank himself, that in fourteen
years he drew from the banks in that qtiar
ter twenty-two millions and a half, for the
mother Bank and for the branch at New
York, while, during the same period, lie
sent hack less than a million, At a pimgic
operation, in order to assist New York
alone, flee millions of specie were sent to
her aid, and, in the language of Mr. Elliot.
president of the Charleston branch. "the
immediate operation of the measures of
the United States Bank has been to cause
the banks in this city iCharleston) to sus
penud all business. From thme Bank of the
State alone, the sum of one million and a
halt was wrung in the course of a few
years: and the import trade of this State,
which, in the yearjl795, with a population
of but 130,000, was about one million six
hundred thousand dollars, was reduced, in
1830, to near one million, although the
population of the State and the value of its
expot had increased more than fourfold.
Beore this action of the United States
Bank had commenced, the imports into
Charleston were as high as five millions,
while, at the same period, the imports into
New York were only twenty millions. A
change immediately ensued, after the
ad~ation of a new policy by the Bank ina
381 , and when its charter expired, the im
parts into Charleston had dwindled to less
than two millions while those in New York
had increased beyond eighty-eight mil
.MSr. B. concluded his remarks with a
solemn asseveration that if this bill was
passed, be would pursue it, and spend all
the energies of his nature, in efforts to ef
feet its repeal, and not only that, but all
the other obnoxious measures which thme
delniant party were endeavoriog to fasten
Tie questiou was theu 1kn On -r.
Caho. n's motion to strike out District of
Columbia and insert city of New Orleans.
and it was negatived-ayes 16, noes 29.
Messrs. Preston from S. C,. Blarrow of
La. and Henderson of Miss., voting against
Mr. Wright thcn offiered a long amend
ment containing several restrictive and
ponal provisions which was ordered it be
printed, and the Senate adjourned after a
seven hours' session.
I mentioned to you yesterday thaR tIhe
Distribution Bill hail passed. The ex
citemeot is still very great against it-but
not probably greater than it deserves. To
day the Loan Bill is up inl the Iouse, pro.
posing to borrow for time necessities of the
Government 12.(0o.00 of dollars. To vote
away on one ilay from three to five mil
lions of dollar-A aniualiv omt of tiheTreasury
to the States. aimi the ne5.t day proposing to
borrow 12.000.000. But uifortunately, the
profligacy and olly of this measure does not
stop with the imere loss (of money. from giv
ing to the people with tne hand and taking
from them with the other. It establishes a
perpetuil protective Tariff. So large ani
abstraction from time Treasury must neces
sarily require heavy duties or, imports to
supply the abstractionm; ail this, I have no
doubt, was the leading motive for proposmti
the Bill. It violntes the Compromise Act.
That Act says that after '42 the duties
should be laid "iior such revenue as may be
needed for an economical administratioi of
the Government." It is comisistent with
the terms or spirit of this Act. to give away
time revetnue, and thus r.aise a pretext to lay
in Iigh duties to supply time revenee.
thi an economical admimistration of the
Governmet and can such :in arrange
mment intended to afford protection to iain
ufacturers. Ie any tiing ele but a protec
tive Tariff? I is us-less m attemplt to dis
gmise the miatter. 'I'he obiect of time liill,
really is, t cih;ange the whole nature of our
Governmeit. and itmake it. what tie F-'ed
erali-ts have even striven to naie t-n
cmisilidated Government. A protiective
I Tariltand a Governiment without limita
tion of powers, i tli. bill pasnes the Sen
ate. is fastened on time ciountry-unless the
great conervative principle of State ini
terposiion arrestt it. IfI smubtmit tedl to, it
will only be the beginniig of a fnew system
of Government. by whieu all taxationi will
centre here. nd the .Sates as independent
Sovereignmties lie -imnihiliaed. Let youmr
people see this, aid rhey will lie safe; but
let them not look here for relief.
In tihe House a bili was reported. ma
king appropriations for fortifications ani
tie suppressien of itudian hostilities. Mr.
Atherton moved to recommit the hill with
instructions to appropriate the proceeds of
the public lands to this purpose. The
Speaker decided the motion was out of
order, and the decision wait backed by time
majority of the House. Mr. Pickens said
he desired to ask a question of the Select
Committee ott the Curreey, not only for
the information of tihe House, hitt the conn
try. Some weeks ago a hill from the Seti
ate to repeal the Independent Treasury
law was taken from the Committee of
Ways and Means under very peculiar cir
cunstances, and referred to the Select
Committee, under the expectationi of time
declaration made on the floor. that they
woulJ speedily report somne decided action,
as the Committee of Ways and Meanms
were not then prepared to dio so. Mr. P.
most respecfully inquired when a report on
this hill might be expected-if during the
sesison-a::d in what shapel
Mr. Sergeant said he recollected that
when the reference of the bill huad ieen ton
der debate, it had bieen said that in time
Committee of Ways and Means thmere was
"ani undiercurrenit." mnow in the Commmitte
00 the Currency thmere wvas mm curremm at
all. The comnmittee had hmad time bill un
der thmeir considerationi andi carefully ex
amined it. anmd woulid soon lie prepare-i mu
say minwhat shtape time hill -iithld lie repor
ted to mlie lmiuse: hmot time tiime tom rmaket
hat report hmad not. in time judigiemient tif
that commrittee yet arrived.
Tme resolution offered by Mr. WVarren,
of Geor in to ammend the rule< su as to limit
every sipeaker to ine hour. and no me-mbmer
to spieak imore thanmm tnce oni any questoon.
anme mup anmd it was pamse-;yes lil,
mos 7->. A bill wa~s theun tamkenmtm um
ing furmimer proivision foir lunatics ini t his
District. anmd it wsar passed. Thie bill ti
stablish a Nationam~l Debt tof 12 miullionis
was thmen taken up, amnd was debaImted lby
Mlessrs. litbnor andi liarmnardi itn famvor of1
it, tind .Mr. Gordonr of N. Y. ini oppnsition,
anti am a late hour. time llommwe adjourmned,
without anmy <imestionm being takemi.
W~rsiswrositi..Jnly S, l811.
in the Senten, to diay, .\ r. Linn cont tnt
tmed hmis remmamrk, ont theit pri..rip1taimn lair opinm
o's samke, anid readm ,eime veryT ipowerftiul
argumentms froum .\Ir. Senam~tir T. hem- an em 1
uiject, in which l he piracitare i- m-nminneed
n the stonigest langag.-~~ TFhe- llantk illh
was them taken imp. ;mml .I r. Waiilkerir
posedl an amiemlimen~t maini: i ~,' t inemitmbmment
n the oflicerasof time imtituto at nnuammmmly
o report time ttanmactmina if mthe lIlank.
This was supptedtit bay Mes.rs. Watlker-,
Woodbumrv, Cutihert, Centon, Clay,. of Al
abama. Cmmimotnnm auid Kintg. amnd tipposedi
iy Mr. Clamv, of Kenitucky, amnd negatived
-ayes 23,' Noes 25. Onec Whmig (Mr.
lemdersonm) v-oting itt fasiim of it Mr. Wal
ker thenm momvedh ant ammenidmernt, iwhmih
would give amny tetn or momtre stoickholders
ie right to exatmmine thme accots of time
Batk. This was smipported bmy Messrs.
Walker and Iluchmanan,. and opposehd by
Mr. Clay, of Ketntucky, and was carried
-ayes 24. noes 23: two Whigs, Messrs.
Porter and Ptrentissa, v-otinig in favor of it.
Mr tentoni then moved atm amemnent,
iroviding that a boto'k should be kept, itn
hich all the notes offered for discounmt, anti
whether time samne was discountetd or refum
sed, should lie entered, and which s.mouid
ie open to public inspectiotn. Thmis was
aegtivd b astrict party vote-nycs ,
ios 25. Mr. WValker mioved to atmenmi,
y mamkinmg it itmperativye ont time direcmoa
u take time yeas andm nays. oni bills uffered
for discounit. Timis isas mnodifmied, so as to
require them to be takenm at time instance
f anmy onme director, amid agreedi to. Mr.
Betoni then imoved anm amedment, pro
viig that no part of mime prmoceedings of
the instimutionm, should be concealed froma
the Gsovernmenmt dlirectorms. TIhis was car
ried after considerable opposition-ayes
6, noes 22; four Wigs, Archer, Barrow.
Mir. Benton then movcd to strike out tII
word "bullion," from Whatt the jnk was
authorized to pay out. This w opposed
by Mr. Clay, of Kentucky, Ilunirtngon, and
layard, and advocated Iby Mr. Bentor,.
During tihe discussion, it came 0A. that III
another portion of the hill, the Bink Was
required to pay its notes in "golFand sil
ver," omritting the word "cojiz' 1'his
was ithe first amendment. and iten the
question was taken on 31r.lBenton't amend
ment, and cnrricd-aes2i. naysSi; three
Whigs, Messrs. Wite, Porter, ifd 'rei
tiss. voting with the majority. Mr. Clay,
ofAla., then moved to attach asa. penal
ty to the provision of the bill, wich pro.
hibited extensions ou loatis beyend ISO
daye. that all such extensions stuld lie
null and void. This was negativid-n1yes
19, nues 2,.
The Set;. e then wvent into lccutive
session, and then adjourned. -
There were some indications pf rebel
lion in the Whig ranks to-day, a you will
observe by the votes on the am dncte,
but a stronger one was the refu- .' of NIr.
Merrick to vote on several of the at ll.
He ardently supported 31r. Itives .nmend
mntt and is evideutly very much dissatis
lied at its failure.
In the louse, Mr. Proflit oier d a rerio
lotion that fite Select Commite on the
Currency be directed to report th SetIVte's
hill repealing tile Suh-Treasuq bill, as
soon as practicable, and that itbe ao di
rected not to connect it Witli anybilllliel
said committee may prepare for thd cren
tion of a fiscal nagent, or with any bill pro
viding for the estailishment of 4 tiscal
agent which may hereafter be mntto said
The hill to establith a Plnblic bt WaS
taken up, and Mr. Pickens cled lilt
-'hriel hour" alltiwed to cach ' hecr in a
very forcible speech against it.
lie was followed by 31r. Sc nt awil
Mr. Fessender in favorf this d Mr.
Ithett against it.
W.astrYeT,-O, July 9,1 11.
In the Senate to day. after thee prtsen
tation ofmnemnorials. &c. the ll;mn bill %%;I-;
iakei up. and Mr. Allen proOletl lt
amneid.inent which provided thatt le Bnarl
ofDirectors of the M1other Bantl should
publish the orders which may l is-ttel
to each branch lo expand or codfract Its
loans or discounts. Mr. A. gpokeir sa'me
time with much power in favd of his
amendment, and was followed hy Messrs.
Wright, Walker, Linn, Calhoun,'Nicho!
son, and Benton. Seldom has ay deilih
erative body heard inl succession a many
able speeches embracing so mul r-cl~f;t
menw brought to hear on any int, as
were delivered (in this occasion. The ar
Ailment was most overwhelmin;.'The
friends of ahnses, and the enemiesof pub-11.
licity remained nme, antd the vo6 lein;:
taken it was decided in the neai-nys
23, noes'26, one Whig (.r. llendevon vo
ring with the Republicans. Mr. Walker
then moved an amendment, excluiin;: the
directors orthe Branch latnks, and Miem
hers of Congre-i from obtaitnig ay lo-min
ordiscounts. This wn,- suportedy .11 e
srs. Walker. Woodhurv, King. Alen. and
Clay of Alabama. atid tw) or three Whigs
imtimatint an intention to v'ote for .r. Mr.
Clay of Kenmuckv, rose, and in sonic en
ergetic remarks opposed the nmendmfnent.
Ile was hacked by Messrs. He (Ien ant
Simmons. Out motion io' Mr.' King the
,ucation was divided so as to lak thle tics
tion on the loans to directors, 'ich was
mecdisfea-NWeesturg,,1011U . re 1CUN
so as to limit their amount to 1 h0,000.
This was carried, ayes 25, noeg 01-fr.-r
Porter, votn:: in the allirmative- The~
qunestion .vas then taken on prohibitin;~
loanit to Memtbers of Ctgress. ayes 2:8.
mntes 22-two Whige. M1essrs. IIlendersonj
anid Piretmliss v'otinig in the allirmam~tive.
The Senate then ndjiurnedi.
It is nlow ;tenerally undterstood tht 'er.
C:lav's llank bill will not heconte a lam w.
I fit fails toi rect-ive thet coup ttera int thet
Sente, " hieh will be iniflictedl it the lPre.i
dent wishes to avotid the r-e ,pm.ibility tf
the vet o, it wiil ie by t he ht~ al nd-, l f e
l-',xecutive. .\ ir. Tlyle'r e~videnttlyv initemt
lieing a canidtate for thea Pire..idIency at thet
ex piraittimn ot his gtreset termt. tml be, n~ ill
try antd have a llank of his ouno I.'i:t...
In tte lJinste it wvas res,h ed by the' tn m
jatrity tat tie hill to create a tmblic dtlt
-htoltb ihe taken omit tif I tlomm it c tn ntit
.londayi'. Tlhe btill was then::Len up~ atnd
wsa' oppiosedt by .ilessrs. W~ater-ont. Wtod
of N. Y ., I-'.sm ait antd .\l Nena. in speech-.
es ofthie statndardl mteasure ; on:t hour each.
Samltoni.,tall andl Mr. llanard etcht wvent in
forn an htour ini favor or the h'ill, wheni it he
ng :1 o'clock, the I louse adtjt n-nied.
In Sem'nte to daya, Mr. Limin tterniedi:
aboitt w~enity minumtes in comnti~ation oft i
-speechi Ont proscriptioin, and sMorrt as wa-,
lie pteriodh the '"noprolscripitin" party
wertie bteartily gladl whetn thle hoiur for t a
kin tiy he sptecial order atrivedl. The
Blmank lill was then take-n up.i a ad M1r Woodtl
hiury moovedl an amenen itr proib tit it
the directors fomnt mrakinmg anationsi- ti
tof the funtds of t lie instituion. Mr. W'. ent
forced the propiriety or adopting the reso
lution ini 'ewv brief liut very foreihle remtarks
itt which there seemed to lie a very getner
al concturremnce on the part of the Senate.
Mr. Clay sea-ing that dirert oppoisimiont
would be fruitless. tinovedl as anm ammendl
mnent to insert the wvords "directors anti ofli
cers,' itfter the word donatiobs, amid tadvo
cated it at some length. This would leatve
free scope to mite directors ini their bestowal
of gratuities, exIcept to themselves andm
te other ollicers of the bank. After am
cotnsiderabledebiate in which Messrs. Lintn.
Calhouni, ilenton, Allen audKing opptosed
the amendmentt of M1r. Clag, who spotke
two or three times in its favor, it preva5;iledl
by a vote of 28 to 21, every Whig voting
Mr. Allen then moved ananmendmnent to
time amnendmenot as amended, wvhichi wotuldl
pirohibiit the apptropriamiion of anmy of the
piublic moneyes to sucih gratuities, lie
corttentded that as time Blank was madetC lhe
Treasury of time nation-as all its fumnds as
stockholder or depositor, whs ini the custo
dy of this new Trreasuriy 1lkpartmnent, anda
are, to all intents amid ptinrposes,. puuhei
money in the T1reasury by the very enms
of time charter, it was a clear vmtoiiro
the Constitution.-whichi says thamt mao momi
ey shall lie drawn from the Treasury mnumess
appropriated by law-to permit graamttes
11.1,'Lia It ..... .n a to 1 '.I.* alaIaruIar1;
: Allin r, :it of ii-h appropri
ai. (liy a i*l iliti, a-. : iotariier in the
Iroriporaia, lill. (;overinviett %;Ha Ilil,
by thea principl, of the artneria, to
= hinlia I, -i aeh di-io-;lini ofil i , ii ia, as
the contraaoling ianajiariiy ofII la corpioration
ladt r'iaai l it tler.
ar. I alihounaa la-linecdi fis nfant excen
pllificationl of he: evil ii' coin1pIliiting the
allairoaf lei Goverimient with thoi.e of
india id 'at. If the proposilon was pit
oirecily too nlhaw lthe Reriver General al
Nest York. or at Charleston. to lake tie
ini(Iey (pll ofth inI epinlenat Tr:a-suary
it di'jpoi. of it iin gratuitie-s. wo bl it it
hIe rp!rbate.i by e.-ry Siiatr in Ie
liy . .\di yetl in iill pre fit ea,e, !he
'ile olon i. not11!ing mir' iar let.. ihan
whOher indiciaal, :,ball IbI auithiorized 1.)
Itak: the pubbac nae llau: ol tof'ih Trealn
ry, al dip-'e "f it ii gratuities. lie ar
gdiit thi% ceainuction ad"the af'air4 of
(GOvermninn iith aI complfany of banker,
ol fti- ;rouail asisdinci, might s-ulbjcci ahae
finanei ifrti country to a control utterly
at war withi the re:il iduciries-the repre
saai'.es of the States and the p-ople-al
whoin the ( to,titutioi conmitled thi- vi
tal irust. lie said the rase now befoare
tia ea i ililil-d lie matter. sn tia
every naai aat se. e the danrer of thi,
Odiougs- caIleclioln oar Goveli gliclt Will
ianakrs. The charter commitled the fi
IVOIcC aif fle naaln to tihe Calody ard
inana;;ement oI Ihe c!orporation. Ie
aenlndmen a aaralifiedv . \r. Clay diq
IileIa y lot. [lie fa tilr.i of the al ; overn filetit at
the d f:.,ai:d O thi Bank manager., nol
nierely lto it appliel tahe lapiil. SII
Ami!ad in the ebarier ao ;aovernitc-ae oa Ianu
ki ll2 111-,.1 ,. hl11 lo : given awac y l )a
rttiniti., iv the ioard &ofdirectli provi
ded :ta- giflt wer licit made to) Ihe oilier,
oftilela ;:1l 4
Ti' ap;. s i l asl i;n' 'I ,'I a lr. .\ '
:1nth:n d it wa, defeated-:7 tt':21.
.Mlr. \\'i bt ianoed lao trioa iie III proi
vi-jIa in th chartr fAr th, inrTeaw, of the
rapl ,f hela n t , fo.alli thirty It filiv
inlns alicr l-51. 3.\1r Wri it ur-i:e
t:atii Oa th indition:r o oflie%% shfar
in III iati. :Ia the aI a ten : ye ,ars ioaiia
parode an ii j no i- r.-atiaan itf a
lahlini ti- whia:a oai he alny hllian
iut cona-llrve to tllhe aaiiy d r nifri
lalil v %i c hli(a it ,a llictl t lie ibe _ro .1 oh
ject of ihe in laor aaiha cocrn. to a-al
irr :to the haiiic, Xf tie roiantry. i ith
whielb it n% :a, connIreel I. tie ,ai-1 I! a if
it wia= : aana prallat;hi. tile olle'i fi th
thil n iilli-aa, wid i ava-t pnover.
Whi< oippoeth int- ia rea,e flbar-. whic.
in bringing l w iltirdt t a i e t ;aian naaaillt
oaf captal t.) p:articipane in. aid diminai-h
IIhe proils. woild ie prane to re.i,t the in
crease-teniliar woui lie :a greai Inly
ofit weaitla sirkizhali for illve-ld -nt in tli
Hank. %% hih wou:dt birio:: another power
fla] private taalere-t to agiirite the cluntry
awid 'oart-e. by pressing foor alai iurrI
r:anin af :v lli* ional c apital. snilliici t it
1ir1:iia a new .Naiiona.-l B:n.. Th)ii ift l'e
holders oaf -if,- t!ar:~v mi ilsii i l IIi.i
their esiablihinct shialin;g-iti hi,tiry
bein; lhal ofthe late B.ank-they woul
ie aaioimiaa lt inilt-e flew a'apital itit.o it,
.tar - r!.n- c-v iar. 'a ,'r woauld lag
-me afont liy the vecrvt ;. iager I ili
ILaak Iarlor. t inremase the capril, anad
brinig in new aSociatC3, an-A in'lhential
Mr. Clav aif Kentuckv, replied to aIr.
-0 ' ' ef''tilness, and, inti
ttedl that I . Win endments- or
fered were -:ily insidious attempts to de
liear lhi- bai.
3'ar. W'ri:t raeplia:l tiat lihe panrti~aaly of
I le teatoigr faor tiis ruaaasu.re, and the .aen
-ii:iven:en he1 eviri-l wvhean atleln il n erg
runiadlo Iimpronve *- ihta he excuiaeri 011
thea -core aof p:airanal beadore... buit airat
aenator,. wi ot her deteal'rredi from~ doi
ingZ tahat they dlieeme thecir duaty to laair
caoaitrv b'. :t'rvfl :lrieieea ofl the S-oai
lair frirar liag!!!!liv. Tlhie ratllol lillolat wa,
lleao-.niv'l-:av.. 2'?. aaar, 2aI.
.'alr. \\ soibl il'riv ievedg lag trikie nu ia
thirty t ailljin. i] ahe I hl.uk . nlich, il fahe
anoti ol h l ad prevaild noiahg! hiae loeft it
.0 liere tiltif iof tlaposite. (i N ii' 'al.
\' pk liar niearl two hou\g lir,. whe l tha e
'pa sta . a tiku a~lid del Id- ra n : h.
a'e !!.c1 :.' I*'i tal o-. le.l:
Iie'a,~ db ua, 1::!.'n a;. and \ill. .i'ainay
ofi . girl I a f g itoi. liook ile do la o~
aiie figurlig, oaf la- laii. g-ecrae:ary if the
i lnance,= by~ n' hieh he i.;rI bronrr. Ithe
T'roeiai-a e dfic m at.ilb. lie n a, ifla
ined byI .i 'ai. liganig r li 'a.a. li :l filo~l
iable ,pechi. lIo er ilr I lihe aer, ol tuhe
i'noarity: andi -rail i ht lia-y were ihspI ed.
Irt lie meigasa, prgti edag lii thea lI bo
lag redceiaa i, ~lic-ioii~a Ira thei snliljonof
ranclienti Ilogine. na la-i Iihe ,imle :ral nali
red tooftheg colniii llaar f I \ rundrn-la
ii y li u g wi a an e d the. ma/ a rj o i ly la i' liu il
itei war ' b:aail were elncouavigi-no
-lthe rieba naai Ih poar1aior-alhae las-pyer
nando the :a\-onsueraa~r igf thei 1lnd. tie
saido itat ;a revalualigon waouald he theg acini.g
<jiienceo-b.iloiaole : it l it. ae, butIII
tiona oaf tii countaalry. Iie ,bo edia~ th Ie or
raor of~ Mr. -'w i~n-ai Ihr la w va, ni iaa
cessi-ty roar a c~alIled ,iin, and1 a verredl
thatl if.\lr. i-.waiing apeit hii-. mriioey a ee
ry Secre-tary hawao-rave oneo froma the be-.
ginaning-theore waiaobl haoie beegan t a
small aicgit, avena if Mr. l-:in n as ri-ght
in redoeeingaa Treasuryvii nites in thi, yeatr,
wtaich woulad not lie ilia iiirdi the naext.
tie srad thati there wonhai lao undaier a parop-i
er admanitraion oif thea Tre-auary,. a hoal
a nce of ,tri I .1IMH) .
Mr. itloh il iliowedri, andu in :a oaprech
aor muacha airgumentia andl chooaiec. glescari
lied thle whagiaolaoraie of the la-'ederl :a piar y
fr-rni ilta origini to th l prJresenaIta hairn aaot
aits sroing partialhlie-a fri- a Nratio nnIalaebt.
lie wnas tjilawedl by Mesr.rsa Gihnaer, 'an
i uarcoi anda Wellefhr, whoi aiuce-.ively pouir
edl ini weal irec-teid brnogaies inato Ilhe
n' hig rainksa untif t here wasi sarce-iv twenl
ty ofi thaem ieft in tihe liionae. .\ 'moationl
w0iaI lhen made ftor I ;ai adjoournmenir.t, whichi
W amttNo-rgoN. .July it.
It as said taoday, ihat .lir. I'lav'-aitlik
Bil nniot pasa ihe Seniate.. t!ives. Pre
ton. Banrraow, Archecr. iad Merrick, waill
v-ote againsat iI: nizod waitha thc lieoratic
Wii l teil :&;:iin li brou ht tip, uiil prob;.
blyN, inl :he Ilouunc-anld will pai in Illome
F-'rom : pria tes ice, ei:' , I ilti: '..
to Ceilir.: clieI, Vt i- Saidl, thiat, ilh,-- SulreVhii
Iout of .New York, who !aher e
pti -it oa. I t i n heeis I.\i' , od, wil'
.e .m i'I. ll re u, t e I ll a a i I l ryl'rc::
Al'acd ust thenI go 11o a jtry -it' the(
c'oiutr , and i s---: chianiwet are r-o:l, that
hli may be hun;;; for hli, own ac!sfim ho -
himUs. A war wit lE'intifal d, Is thereift re
no ile.t i erthese circm ,tan
cc-, Cana it ti pimibrle that tle DI,tribit tiO
1,111 ca I d ; li te . iliate ! W\illit i'.e
coiti tv ii threalili I with w ar- anii.1to,
tally tillprepaG1r..41lfor it- cai any1. p-'Irt%
v Ii a y a - ; doialit i , fl l r mtilli n ofanl-it
11Mny outi Of ithe Treasury I a a-: -
pile S17an i. ths ,l- e of, cn t i l lh ir
Treairy n% ail onec hand, ;I a gift to thae.
and il!n.; it by tI axe r i -d o t of- 111 1he
Withi thle o:h : whenntl 1 t1ly di bt, but
danger, i hal ning over th aolntry. Thle
\\l , i'eim to practice on the princil.,
iiia tile people are fI i ,I llina
goo tli --overtinent f rom hli . .\ eontempolt
,f Ihe popaulr intelli::ec e. hI as ever , har
aeterized till their schemec of !egislation.)
l. S.-The Democrat, are it lie !pir
it ;. I wi,h you nould remarl. ihe -.iperilir
courte v aid orberrani c thev exhibit. -is a1
mwrity, m i u r a tie .d ' ' lay'. fi '!s
are Nlown in te l u ll'.r
brii~oi~' \' lit O4 . lv l:pcu.
II thp.untel the unrnin hour waf--n
cuc i t11 f I Ill di'.iig O -p p iuly fIt
-ig a bant krupt hiw at thi 'esion. which
e rina tel w h llt lil h il'tbill" the
a'e Mieb wool I bow'lli IproalI lity of ii
eve in't ' III hu: v on'lda re at preLLent.
TI'te Bank lil t n:' I L "ten'I i t u .\ 'Lr.
Vri.:i mll v d I I a:.In t h f irs t i
h i i :: it 1 ..0 ,ialre t, ft Il'
aiberibe I by' athe '' h 'v n It. I 1:h
ll hald li ned i'' l ,ai'a I i a i Ir t I e ;var tn e
tnLieia tia ln. iui r ecen I' Ji'~ti'nl hla l
ieiie riio h i e lee&-: .: . ~ r--i
idt, ile I a ko- ; ui ''. b '- v 11:t iL
lain I de'e ll 5i ' lotl purcln,- ltiaik
,t ;. 3 r.Cla% rep:ied %%ith coi::,ih ra
ble 'aae"t i'''ulan e a in iraj~ .ftiaati ahl lih
-L~l'' alat: al l~t'aj~a''uil Ii ~is it Mrl. fill
jer, ftI',- liem..e-ratic miimb r, in 11he
an talendm rn)L, tiw-. pNipo t dl v.crl to reu-lr
lillei i o :nI i fIr a procraIin:4i . i l. i
he.br lhe 1--n-11. 1!1-- the ne ,it:i. of
priatil acion I.,r dth rt li'f :f t'f tiitttiira'
Ir \Vri~ - 'p h-d tI 4. ebattt of I ffeil:
ae ndi n-'ta nI h a ' . 'Iie' ti rt n -rn 'ae.
h litl odiou . an - it': , ,*j-1 - - .\lr.
'llh u f ll o %% ,:11 a fte r eI'I - p% r< - I f: hi,
surpil,- that ,:wh a charg- shpli! I b '.T
heen m !; Ie n m% I b w ng that of t I'Ihre v! -'
Idqa% tlh ilil hf:-,I be, !I bt - re thil enl
r ight of them11 hind h11 covild by i
frierik .:;d fwo~r otnhl v by 1iN oplilli'at-.
Oiut he thou~ght there. n.:I- som i ngj ; for;t
ther itnded hv Ilh, I~o ii 1m n
tu;ckv. .1u-1lheitb- hlanI I.- !:'an Ind"
i rearl, t re int- i , . r en, r Ito ,I
, -i-, lit III,- -'-:nate. Mlr. ('lav r.-p'ied- %% ith
muchrein:nen e, tat hie w: : I, r f!
Ibrion- fowvard. tt ,apport andt) vore- f :r
%%aar hicb v.wnhI l t the hulIine" lif
the -Seate Iin thll paroer o1*f trajority.
T~he people. o* lihe Country w ere r:.. mg out
inl agonyv. "-arionacton. !!nd they no.1.
stand11 h1% ihlowe w.ho )nonl I n ea o to putl
an1 end it) fihe itr ia l ir c in
whiebf Senlator, sCeemed dispo-'' 141 unhu11gc
inl. .Mr. Calhoun sanid thle Seinator -might
ItbrhO .o gj~,ng n soositaf hit pleased.
The opposition would not hie deferred from
ilar to tha! wh h a Is, en Iland ctiCa.
rioits inl r -; ; a : . te I'M , of ile State
(f New YniL.. ;n:ui t3;nI;stjaInni:g a sorundl
rr't3 enry, V1wni l.in nk ' I he sutrrouid
rSiat,:< were i::1 a1 !.t-Twndei Conitidjt oln.
TI: n amnd1ment was ably uciafed ly
Mt3hsrs. Wrighit, l1tichanan Walker, Chv
(if . la. Irlntn :inl 11 Wooibiry in support
of the propo6ition. ati Mr. Herrien in op.
piii%.on. It w3, finalV negatived by a
.itnet par1ty vten-:iyes -. noes 25. The
senat Ohwn a fimrned.
Thire ias,; Ien much manuvrin and
rane nrt inu the last few days ly the Tyler
party in lie Senate as it the inode of geot
ting rh1 of .Mlr. Cla's hil. A motion %%ill
problialy !,e m:ule to Inv it on file table,
% hirhi will Iw carried. ait 1 bill which will
4ehnsiae if,, 4btiof'cl nsin of the Executive
%ill Ie it:trodelitd ino the Ilouie of Rep
rusenlitatives. IThe pnrv are in rather a
-trait pinlce-tho Whig papers generally
denonice T ylers schemne ai impracticable
I!. "per:atioa. while it is ejaaally impracti
cabtle Io r'I 13e 1.:x ctive sanction to the
semivie of 'Mr. Clay.
In the llou e the nwrning hour was oc
co!pied eI disenin;: alhac heicLeod 'resolution.
Il mIfotim iy Mir. Wie. the hill to pro
vbi.: far the paytne'ti of Naval Pensions
Was tiakent lip in commitce of the whole
and ater several ametind:ients were made,
t wn; as ae. A nother bill appropriating
0Z00.0,0im for ordlilnantce and naval stores
fr the navy wis al, pn!.ied, and the House
E" f)j 'rnt ' D]. ti '
1':1 1M'FI-:LD C. If.
Tnuttsu.t y. . Jci.r 22. 1841.
W., ,rmaknow ledge the receipt of sundry
'oI r - .Inalrnmta and newsepapers from
I:h len. l'. W. Pirlena.
Triw o.h'itor t IIIhe Southern Clhroinicle, re
y1. i?- to notiee aI 3r. Jesse Ifuit, who has
Ib-It M l toii. Atnza county. Alabama, without
a n! -t-iip:1on for tle Chronicle. Prin
teir omn:hit to ke.-p a aIck list. and publish de.
'.mer ryrrly.We have been thinking of
do n .-uetrio;; alf the kmd, with those who
ha%, been re-nitiig ouir paper I;r some three or
-cr ' e:ar-. n %thout et er iuue saying pay; we
doo thiilannin'. but hlp somjiie of uonrAard
par: n% ill take tihe /int. We pulish the
name-~ f th e Ian py regnlarly, and why not
h -h ,, Ihod not p.y. nider another
head asour ~mk woud sy.,Imad debts."
Tho Auttmal !lr'etotg nf tl .1tate .Igriea
rl Nuity of .inth carihna, still take place on
aooday tin-i. ef Noiner neit at Colum
at o'clock P .\. hIel Aniv ersarv Orm
It fi.. rulbe debr ,%erndb Gen. Jamanes Ii. Ilam.
oinl. on the ''lur-da% fllownii.
Tim Secrreary h:tas c:alled upn the member,
andi t:' d'siro, of' heroming memiiter. to
firu a:rd their sibcription- (5). to einable the
on. to v.tend their lirt of Premiums for De
Th n r ' wa. on te 13dh inst.,
nanan-iiIV cced Pres idelt of the Chales
ton in-uriwe and Trust ('ompanly.
ietneral Wi'nih scott, las ibeen appointed
b the. i'ridnt, iih lite advie, nod conselt
ofii lnie :i'c'ate. .11ajor General of the Army of the
United Suites, in place of the late General
MIaC h. ...
Thec King of Chioein China has recently put
to dichi tenl Caitholic mtusionariesc in his domi
..-i.ss iji.-i). (a. $lhattunck is tihe Whig
candid.t te her (a eaternior.
I 'ii. Jam.- P''gn., late. Postamaster of Phnile!
-ia. h- Iately recneis ed a heatn:iful silver ,rn
n o aihe er!.- and1 carrier' hartnterly cuonnected
nt ith hiin in tihe post oiico't.
Ihath of c';,r. i:rbl -Til. Augusta Chironi
l- a-. !ya privat' letter frorna Tnalhasec,
we is. bnen adlvisedc ot tihe de.ath of Robert
I: i mond R.'eid. late' iveranor nof Fiorida. lie
.h-d o th -d i-t.. nof ('engeshise Fever, sihicha
:-li -ani 33 t ~i :e analanrmiuig etenit in aand
:miiael T nhl~a--.e. batllhng the: ulnite'd skill of
th m e. ~tei..."nic ~ 13':~)atl
- . - :.' cottonl andn i mra c'riops in thle different
'1ou o that pa~ri-hn. appea-r eceed.ingiy swel.
Ti'.. WA1in i IIh .' th-er'r of tine lI h in ..says:
-- Th *i'; r :n hl I'o in crap- in tine nieighbiorhood,
pcr. i-e ::n aira~er yie!ld. e'~ieri-iily ine latter.
Th .e te:emeter hI:! ranlgediII atuouit e9 sincoi
Th'e l1niton. l.an . .tircarr has been in
ifirmt.-d by :n g. nthiun n ho ha.ii. travelledl through
th3e i'reb nit Wa:l'hmili~ii conty. La.. anad Pike
conty . .ilin. that tihe sere' droueght has almost
d me--trii '-I thle coirnt crop.. andi' injured m~aerial
t! . them ntn. Thnoe~'sewho liave corn on hand
are re~n'rs ing it in aicinpatlion of a scarcity.
WenV have Imla ill on our tablle (sat's the South
litr Jrncf tirrgin. iif tihe 9th ins:.) an open boll
oft tittn. nef ti. ier's criowth, wh'ich is well
mantutreil Th''i. . bo'i a hndued us severai days
a:.:C. Theii icottin criop tharugh~ thgis section, not
wshit~iuitihng the uinry it received ini the carly
pen! r o thi' ..-i-n. I-i.. eelieve. gene~crally very.
.iii; and thne corn crop1 otne of the best ever
lI. tfnr a< wer can hearnl (ays1 tine News Orleans
I'l/auneil the -th mast.) the hnealth of the city
ecolntiino. ttttnlbated:i we have hneard of no unmt
-ma! ,irker... of any character. It is really to
be, haopedn that aen mniy escapc. tine epeidetmic this
Th'e i .itut--u.ll .~ia.) l)emocil4rat. states thst
the loIel I 'atn'ers,. m theat coutyt. owtned by
.ie'-r... l':t o. lIe )nerga n & Co.. watS consum-fl
edel l ir' i'n Wednnlte*"4ay, the .31th tndtimo, to.
::e'thner weith abouiat ne hutndreed balesn of Cotton.
'ine l.s we htave heatrd ':stimalnted at betLweenl
eel is !inh wva-tm--lred int Nashnviie. The tire
was1 ei-rcveredi ati anle lae ur ot the night,
n hwhel indneei'- till beh'lei thtat It wasi comtmum-'