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Fron the Plough Boy.
PROCEEaDtes or THE CAMBtIDOE AGat
CANRIDGE Aug. 6th, 1841.
Pursuant to adjournment. the Ciam
bridge Agricultural Society this day met,
the President. Gen. Gillam, called the So
ciety to order, the Secrotary called the roll
&read the proceedings of The last meeting.
The President. then enquired if there
vas any business before she Society.
on motion, by Col. W. Brooks, a door
'Was opened for the admission ofnew timm
borwinto the Society.
Mr. Thomas Cheatham and Captain
Bean Griffin, were proposed by some
memb of the Society, unannnously
elocted, subscribed their names to the Con.
atitution, and timk their seats as umembers
Mr. Thomas Griffin and Dr. Stewart
were then proposed, elected, subscribed to
the Constitution, ani took their seats as
members of the society.
The.President, then called for Reports
from the Committees. Dr. S. V. Cain being
The chairman ofthe committee on Cotton,
arose and read the report; the President
enquired what disposition should be made
of the report. It was moved that the re
- portbe aepted.-Accepted.
-The committee on Corn was next called
on to report. the Chairman, Colonel W.
Brooks, arose, read the report. and.after
some remarks in opposition to the anode of
preparation, the report was accepted.
.The Committee on Oats was called on
to report; the Chairman, stated that one of
tbp committee had left the State, and hav.
tng bad no interview with the balance of the
committee. reported progress and begged
leave to siI again. It was then requsated
-by the chairman that the President add
another to the committet, upon which
Standmore Brooks was ad-ed.
The committee on Cattle bein. next in
- order wascalledon the chirmun reported
progress and asked and obtained leave to
The committe on Hogs was then enlIed
on; reported pro-.ress throng)h the. r chair
man, asked and obtained leave to sit annitin
The committee on Manure throu:gh their
chairman reported progress, asked and ob
sained leave to sit again.
The committee, whose duty it was, to ex
tractand prepare for publication such parts,
of seports as in their view of the contnittee
mightseem expedient, was called on; the
committee through their chairman, repor
ted that they had falailled the duties assidn
- It was moved that the report on Cotton
be reconsidered and laid open for discussion.
After being discussed at considerable
length,.nod objections being had to some
clauses; the President enqauired if it was
desired that any portion should be stricken
out, there being expressed. It was moved
that the report be accepted as it then stood.
It was accepted.
Col. W. Brooks requested to offer a res
olution to award premiums. and while the
resolution was preparing, the corres
pending secretary requested to read let ter
from the State Agricultural Society. Af
. er reading the letter, the President enquir.
ed what action-the society would take on
On motion the correspondence was laid
-moto b Brookordere-1
lion of the society.
On motion, ordered thant three standin~
committees of three each, be appointed,
one on Agricultutral Imp lemnents, one on
root Crops, antd one on Horticulturc.
On motion, ordered, that the P'resident
appoint these commsit tees at his leisure.
An enquiry was made, if tte visitintg
committee was prepared to report, a incm
her of that commit tee arose, atnd stated tat
tiot having seetn the chairman thereof since
thseappointmnent, and his not being present,.
he presumed that the cnmmittee was tnot
On motion, ordered, thast the committee
be excused under the existing aciitaln
On motion, ordered, that Messrs. TI.
Cheatam and WV. Andrews be added to
the visiting commaittee.
A Qxere was then offered to the society
for consideration, with a request that the
society would take somec action on it atnd
report'at the next meectintg.
Quere. WVhat is the comparative difTer
ence betweena the value of human labor
and horse labor with us. and how shoanld
it be apportionced to successful tillage ini a
Corn and Cotton crop.
On motion, ordered that the Presidhent
appoint a committee of five to act upon it a
and report at the next mteetinig of the soci
ety. The cafnmtitaee a ppointed cntst,
.of Messrs. Rt. C. Griflin, lleury Grillit,
J. A. Stewart, J. W. Coleitan and Juhns
A Resolutiotn then offered lhv Dir. Catin.
Resolved, Thtat the President of ghi,
Society at each quarterly mseetitne, shasll
name two or three agricukural subjaet,,
for familiar conversation. andl thlast eacht
member be requested to give the result of.
his observation and experienced otn the
-same without the restriction of the 'by.
Suhjects detailed as ramniliar cotversat iotn.
The comparative vatlue of htumtan anid
horse or mule labor for Agrienitural pur
The merits of the high and hoe prepara
tion for Cotton.
The practicability of diminishing the
guantity of land usually planted to corn
On mosions ordered that Col. WV. Brooks
' b added o the committee of five on the
-Dr. S., V. Cain then asked leave to offer
a resolution. . -
Resolved, That the Treasurer of the
society be authorised to pay out the sur
plus Tunds in the Treasury, to th'e amount
aueurredfor the fitting up ti rom, for the
accommodation of the society. Allopted.
On motion, ordered, that this meetinag
when it adjourn., do adjouarn an meet again
on the first Friday in November next at 11
On motion, ordered, that the Secretary.
prepare for publication the proceedinigs of
'-tihis meeting, and forw ard the samne to the
-Editor of the Plough [Boy. - Ordered.
Moved that this society do now adjourn,
Adjorne. R CouLr n e
ted withou Jm ployment ofextraordin -
ary means. urrency of the country
becamnO sound,ifnd the negotiations inl the
exchanges 'e carried on at the lowest
possible rat The circulation was in
creased to mo Ian 822,000,000, and the
notesof the b* were regarded as equal
to specie all ov. the country; thus show
ing, almost lusively, that it was the
capacity to d 'n exchangcs, and not in
local discounts hich furnished these ft
cilities and ntages. It may he re
marked, too, t it notwithstanding the itn
mense transacna of the bank in the pur
chase ofexchate, the losses sustained were
merely nomin* while in, thle line of dis
conuith the suts ded debt was enormons,
and proved mi isastros to the hank anid
the country. ..power of local discoutit
ha, in fac't, pied to a fruitful source of
favoritism at 'rruption, alike destructive
tu the public rals and to the general
The capitak vested in banks of discount
in the United. -es,created by the States,
at this time cee' s $250,000,000; and if
the discountinghif local paier could have
produced anyanefeial ef'ects, the United
States ottght tWpossess the soundest cur
enrcy in the wd'ld; but the reverse is la
mentably the -it.
I- the mtea now tinder consideration,
of the objecti' ble character to which I
have alluded?' t is clearly so, unless by
the 16th run ental article of the i1th
'section. it is ea otherwise. That article
is in the follow words:
"The direcibs of the said corporation
shall estallisha ine conpoete-nt otnice of dis
count and deposit in any State in which
two thousand ibures shall have been sub
scribed, or m be held. whenever, upon
appliention of oeh State, Congress may
by law reqoiW*he snme. And the said
directors mnay. liso establish one or nore
competent oli -of liscount and deposit
in any Terri - r bistrict of the United
States,. and in 'State, with the assent of
such State : av. when established, the said
office or allicsiball be only withdrawn or
remoinved Ify isaid directors prior to the
expiration of thl charte.', with the previous
aseent of Con 9: Provided, in respect
to atty State h shall not, at the first
session of the islature thereof, held af
ter the passage this act, by resolution, or
other usual le lative proceeding, uncon
ditionally assector discnt to the esinblish
ment oruch 4tfice or offices within it,
such assent of tse said State shall te there
after presuiedp And provided, nererthe
less, That whepever it shall become neces
sary and propd.- for carrying into execu
tion any of ti powers granted by the
Constitution. tostablish maofllice or otfices,
ip any of t he Sja'tes wh and the es
tablibaut th shh rer.ted by
shall 'ehe duty d direc
stablisl such o ac
PH be aW that
are iaesed w
blish ajlirancb i
. Su assent
to a to which
held after this ac,
uncondit- or dissent to the es
tablishmeot o such'office or offiees wi
assent ogsad State,
rds lie wit .' y
F Congress. wrshat
e cause which te with
tare, whici - 'prevents it
from 'speaking,or addresseuitself to its win
domto induee delay, its assent is to be im
pied.n "'This iron rule is to give way to no
circumsatances.-t is unbendin.1 and intlex
ible-. It is thie language of the master to
thre va~sal-anr tunenttditinntan answer is
clanimedi forthwith. an rd delaty, piost pone
-tenit, or mocapa-city to aniswer, produices
;at imp ;lied anssent, whiebc is ever irrevoca
brle. 'rlanvt of tbe Stre elections have al
ready~ takent place, wsithout atny kinowledlge,
on the part of the l'eople. than such a qunes.
tion was to cotme up. Thie rephreentatives
mayl d'(esire a submriionr uof the iluestion tol
thteir contstitutents pireparatorry to titnal ac
till upon it, but this hri;;h priv"ilege is de
nied : whatever may hre the motives and
view1s entertained by thre liepre-,ennttve
of the people to induce dhehut, their assent
is to he paresumed, atnd is ever afterwards
hrindiinag, nless their dissent shall be un
counditiotnally expressed at their first ses
sion after the passagte of this bill into a
law. They may, by formal resolution,
dleclare the question of assent or disseot to
lbe nudtrecidedl and postponed; and yet, in
ojpnsitin to their express tdeclaration to
the cotntrary, thteir assent is to be implied.
Cases innumerable might be citedl to mran
ifest nternirrationatity of'such art inference.
Let oine or two in addition sullice. 'The
popular branch of the Legislature may cx-'
press its dissent by an unaunmous vote, and
its resolution may he defeated by a tie vote
of the Senate, arid yet the assent is to be
implied. Both branches of the Legisla
ture may concur in a resolution of decided
dissent, and yet the Governor may exert
the veto power conferred on hitm biy the
State Constitution, and their legislative ac
tion he defeated; and yet the assetnt of the Ie
gislative authority is implied. & the direc
tors of this contemplated inrstttion are au
thorized to establish a branch or biranches in
such St ate whenever they may find it con
ducive to :he interest of the stockholders to
do so ; and having once established it, they
can utnder no circumstances withdraw it,
except by act of Congress. The State may
afterwards protest agaitnst sucht unjusat in
ferenice, but its authority is gone. Its as
sent is implied by tts fatirure or inability to
act at its first session, arid its voice can
never after wards be heard. To inferences
so violent, and, as they seem to me, irra
tional, I cannot yield my consent. No
court of justice would or could sanction
hem, without 'reversing all that is esta
alished in judicial proceeding, by introdue
rin presumptins. at variannee with (actl
HONUi TO WnOit0 Itosa's DUE."
From the Madismian.
PR FSID ENt' T ' Il T , U. STA'TE S.
Returninig. trilh his objrciois, the bill to
incorporate the Fiscal Bank of the Uni
To the Senate of the United States:
Th'e hill catitled "An act to incorporare
the subacribaers t) the Fitcal Batik of the
U. States," which origioated in the Sea
ate, has been considered Ly sie, with a sin
cere desire to conform my action in regard
in it, to that of the two Heouses of (Con;ress.
By the - Constit us ion it in made miy duly
.rither to approve the hill Sy i;ining it, or
to return it with imy objections. to the
House in which it originated. I cannot
conscientiously give it my approval, and
I proceed to discharge the duty required of
me by tle Constitution-to give gmy rea
sons for disapproving.
The power of Congress to create a Na
tionail tank to operate per se sver the
Union, ias been a question of dispute from
the origin of our Government. Men miost
justly and deservedly esteemed for their
high intellectual endowmnents, their virtnie,
and their patiriotism, have, in recnrd to it,
enttlrtained di'erent and confliclin: Opin
ions. C1;;res have differed. T.he apl
proval af ne President has been ollowed
lay the disapaproval otanother. The Peo
ple. at diffi-rem timties,. lave acquiescel in
decisiuns harila l'r and agaitnt. The coun
try h;s leen, and 5till iS, deeply atitIated
by this unsttl-d question. It will sutlice
sore te s:a. that mv own) opinaion has
been uniformly pruclained to be against
tie exercise of any such power lay tll,
Government. On as! saitahl.: occasion.,
during a period of twenty-five years, the
opiniona thus entertained hats laeen unre
servedlly expressed. I declared it in the
Legisilature of my tnative State. In the
louse of Representatives of the United
States it has beesn opesly vindicated by
me. lit the Senate Chamber, in the pre
sence and hearing of mnaty who are at this
timle miembers of shat body, it has been
allirned and reaffirme.l. speeches and re
ports there nade, and by votes there re
corded. In popular assemblies I have un
hesitatingly annonnced it; and the last pu
lic declaration which I made, and that
a short time befora the late Presid
election, I referred to w
tertainiel b' mie.
of t~oi th
mttl h i
6ee,- W fa
opinion's all ~this
ot li p1ea
fiear ''e anad rel
otnt uan observan
menia can he ptif
be ha ppy. Itiwould he (bmtat
which I wothl ot wilfully commit to
anI ear bly re ward, and . hieh would just
k -.ubject mue taa thae ridicule rad scorna of
all virt-jons mien.
I deemt is entirely otnntecessary at lhi,
timne to entler tapons the reasus- whlih havi e
barouaght imy ind toa the convsieliona I feel
auid e-ntertaiun os this suabject. Thaey hav e
beatenaoer ;and over agrain repeated. IfC
sosma ofI titee who av e pareceed me in
this~ higha salice fav e enttert raed attd atvowv
edl dlil'erent sapinios, - viel asll conafidences
thast thetir cnvictionis wvere sitacere. I cli am
onaly to lauve the samte itrasture taeled ot
to unself. Withaount goinag further intos thle
argnmsient, I ns ill stay thaat, isn laak isag to the
paowers of s his Goveranetat to csallet, safe
Iy keep, asnd disburse the ptablic reventne,
,and incidentally to regulatue the commerce
aind e xchange ~s, I have tact fbeen rale toa sa
i-.fy mtyself that ste esltbilihment lay thi-.
Govesrnmeitant ofat i~ hank of dli,.conora, ina thesa
*riayncpa~tionu sal that ierms. na :s a
necsa;ry i as-. air onse desoi~alae lhv
pariipriety. taa ex ecu ta Ihm pawcjlaser'. Whiar
can the liarna adiscountas of she biiak have iso
ala wsith ilh.e-olleiiig, sfe-keepsing, and
dshisaring of ithe~ revennse? Sio far ria the
mecre discoutnting~ of paiper is concertned, it
is lutite lo ima ;erial to t his Ejuestiont wheth
er thei dlisco 'unt is obitaisned at a Strate- lank
oar a Unit-ed Stupes ilank. Thley are bouth
euaslingt in as local accoamoationa ul. Wht at
i inunce hav e loca ldiscounsts, g ranted lby
ansy foarmt of' bank, in the regulantinag of thte
enrrency and the exchanages ! Let the
hitory of thec late Umited States Bank aid
sas inI answering this inquiry.
For several years after thte est abalishment
of thta1 institution, it deals a!mnost exclusive
ly in local discounts; anad duiring that period
the cotary was, for the msost part, disap
pointed in the consecquences anticipated
frotn its inacorporation. A uniforsm curresn
cy was not provided, exchanges were not
regulatedl, ansd little or noihisng was added
to the general circulation; and in 1820 its
embarrassments had beco-me so great, that
the directors petitimned Congress to repeal
that article of the charter which made its
notes receivale every where in paymuent of
thbe public dues. It had, up to that period,
dealt to lint a very small extent ina exchan
ges, either foregn or domestic, asnd as late '
as 1823 its operations in that hane armoun
ted to a little moure than seven mtillions of
dollars per atnum. A very rapid mug
tmentation soon after occurred, and in 1833
ins dealings in the exchanges amounted to
upwards of oae huqdredl iions of dollars,
including the sales of its own drufts; and
Curres iondence of the lcrud.
tAILILOAD Ovrcz, ST aACusE, Aug. 11. I
Dear Sir: I learn from the passengers
rom the west this morning. that the steam
oat Eric on Lake Erie, was burned at f
he mouth orSilver Creek. with 160 per- (
ons on board, out of which only 27 are r
nown to have escaped. I have my infor
nation from a gentleman who has seen
ome of those who were saved. The par
iculars of the disaster will reach us by
his afternoon train.
I learn that the flames spread with ra
iiiiy iu consequence of the bursting of
ome casks of varnish that were placed
tear where the fire originated.
Yoursin haste, N. GtLL.aont,
?ollectoruf Syracusc and] Utica Railroad.
Vestruction of the Steambat Erie. by fire,
md Loss of nearly Two Hundred Lires.
The steamer Eric lefi Bul'hlo on Mon
Jay afternoon at 3 o'clock lir Chicano.
rhe precise number on board of her is not
mriown, but it is estinated by the captain,
*ron a glance at the register before leav
ng the harbor to have exceeded two hun
led souls. Amongst the number were
ieveral painters, who with their materials
vere on their way to some port up thel
ake for the purpose of painting a boat ly
ng there. A strong wind and rough sen
revailing at the time, Capt. Titus hesita
ed lir some time to put out, but the Do
Witt Clinton having left about three hours
previous, lie was finally induced to start on
he fatal voyage.
At about 8 o'clock the vessel was sud
Jenly wrapped in flames from the burs
tin; of a carboy of varnish on the boiler
leek, whilst so sudden was the combus
ion that the passengers wcre at once for
:ed overboard, in many instances with
yut the slightest article to sustain them.
Fortunately the Do Witt Clintou had
put inito Dutkirk, and discovering the Erie
in flames hastened to her relief.
She picked up twenty seven only of the
whole number on board, w% hil-t about two
hundred fell victims to the devouring ele
mneut. Only one female was saved. as al
o were the captain and one of the crew.
The Erie, in addition to a full comple
ment of passengers, bad on board a large
iuantity of me'rchandize for Chicago and
For the above particulars we are indeb
ted to a friend who came down in the boat
tis tnoriing, and they many be relied upon
as correct in all the leading features atten
ding this most melancholy occurrence.
Such are all the particulars we haveyet
received. To tuiht we shall know moreof
thi awful alTiir. None of the passengers'
names are known here and all is suspense,
all anxiety. How dreadful!
We understa:d that the Erie was five
years old, was built and ownedI by Mr.
Reed, of Erie, Penn., and cost $90,000.
She is said to be a splendid and a fast boat,
and of the first class. She was recently
put in complete order, refitted and repain
ted in fine style. She was a great favor
itu'aud hasencountered many a severegale.
This is the third steamer burnt on the
Lake within our recollection. The Great
Western at Detroit, about a year since,
und the Gen. Washingion, several years
ago, iith three hundred passengers.
To showt her size we will give her di
Length, 180 feet t
Breadth of beam. 274
Extreme breadth, 514 -'
Her power wastwo Eunded and ifty
torse power, and her burthen ix hundred A
ons burthen. Her commander's name is
l'. J. Titus.
The De Witt Clinton which reseuedi
he twetnty persotns lives, is an old boat,
ised for freight arnd patssenigers.
Imamediately on the receipt of the above
>ainful tidings, we issued a third edition,a
ud the city was thrown into a deep sen
Nut since the hurning of the lien Sher
od, on the Miississipipi, George Washintg
on, on Lake Erie, and the Lexitngtoin, Ott
mong Island, have we hearud of stuch ai
read ful, shocking. and deeply to lie dle-i
lred calamity as the destructiotn of-the ill
aed Erie, and more thtan a hiundredl and v
ft y men, wotmen,. and childlren. Until n
:arn all the names of these unfortunate
ersonis who have thus been hurried ito.i
tertity, anxiety never so great n ill per-d
ade the whole cotuntry. i
What fatatlity ! Nearly two hundrede
utman beitng from tall ntio~ns andI of till
ges and~ sexes, mtet together ini lnffalo
it .\londay to be senit utnprepared befotre i
beir .llke: !-11erald.h
~till furtherr particulars of the recent terri-c
ile C'alamity on Lake Erie. h
By Pomteroy's E xpress, Inst evening, wey
eeived linffalo papiers of Wedlnesdlay, in a
damice of the mail. T1hey contain fur
ir piariculars of the awful affair on Lake c
We hoped that nec should learn some
ing to-day to relieve the details publish- '
d yesterday, but every thing we heari
erves to deepen the horror. All that the 1
naginationi cani coniceive of the terrible
id heart-rending was realized in the aw-.
* destruction of the Erie. Scores satikn
espairingly benecath the wilud waters, lbut
ere is reason to f'ear that many. very i.
tay, strottng meni, helptless wvometi and si
tider children perished in the flamnes.
"Alexander ILambterton, musician, from
rie, anti Frederick Parmalee, barkeeper,. h
-ere picked tip by a small boat after the a
liton had left. Parmalee was on the l
ater seven hours, and show ed great pre. si
~ne of mimnd in exerting himself to save *
Ir. (jelstont. the brother-in-law of Culoniel Iti
ed. lie gave Mr. Gelston a platnk, J
hich he had secured for his own preser
tion-and wvhcn the boat had ceased to, ht
ove, after waiting to find sonic one else al
ns hom he could reuider assistatnce, he a;
ok one of the fetiders of the boat, and by
anaging to keep uponi it, he succeeded itt di
erving his own life. Small piecs of ui
trred wood and portionis of the boat were ws
undl floating, as well as piart of the goods th
t remained without beimng entirely eon- rm
mcd. 'rThe btoat also pickedl up the wheat ml.
esure. wvhich was the means of saving be
r. WVilliams. This is all that has not al- wv
ad y come to our knowledge." be
We give below a corrected list of the is
it and saved. it is far from being per- wl
et-the full extent of the calamity will tht
obably never be known-but after dili- dii
nt investigation it is as full as we could al
ake it. Ini
Jbn C. l'ole, who is Iost, wa. former
a .clerk iu Atwill's M1lusic Saloon in
We have also gathered the following
dets and additional natmes from Parsons&
o. On examinatiou of the eighty-sesen
,lles of Swiss emmigrants given yester
lay, they actually count one hundred and
ilht pegsons, to which Hust he added
ome ten or twelve infinis, not before enu
nerated. of whom no charge -vas made.
ro this last must also be appended the fiq.
owing from the same houwe omitted yes.
A Strugler, Cleveland, 2 persons.
Mrs. M. Stember. Zanesville, 3 do.
Mirs. Barge-i, Portsmouth, 3 do.
J. F. flyer, Chicago, 2 do.
This swells the number of persons ship.
>ed by Parsons & Co. to one hundred and
birty ; a mere fraction of whom were ea
The following persons composing he
-rew, &c. may be also added to those
Mr. Niltemore and wife, dentist, of Ci.
Von Ockerman, a German, tinner.
M1r. Shermau and daughter. Hrmburgh,
Mr. Nelbhrope, , Danish gentleman.
Henry Freeman, on his way to Mil
wnukic, clerk in a drug store, formerly of
Jaimestown, Chautauqua county.
Ansel Ricker, young man, farmer, for
merly of Hamburgh, Erie co.
John Harrington, late of.White's Cor.
ners, Erie co. entered as 00s on the
day she left port.
Luther Fuller, wheelsman.
William Cheats, waiter, colored.
Win. Winters, do. do.
James Read, do. do.
Robert Smith, head cook, do.
hlenry Vosburgh. 2d do. do.
David Mills, 3d do. do.
Israel Nosburgh, porter, do.
Wmi. Sparks, 2d do. do.
Doctor Hackett. Thompsonian physt
cian of Luckport, (colored.)
Willet Weeks of Brooklyn, who was re.
poried as among those who perished, it is
said was not on board, having taken the
boat for the Falls.
There were also lost, Rob. Hughes, Jas.
fleck. Jos. Sterritr, John C. Cluf, Philip,
a German, and Dimm, of Buffalo.
'T'lhe loss of property by the Erie was
hea-v. She had onl board the first large
invoice of merchandise shipped for the up
per lakes this season. Some 20 tons,
worth at least $20,000. The immigrants
had also a large amount ofspecie, not far.
f'rom $180,000 and ihe boat herself must
have cost all of $75 000, naking in. all a
little short of $300,000 loss.
Corrupendenac of the Charleost Mercury.
WASuIEO-TOx, Aug. 12.
The Senate to-day have been principal
ly occupied in discussing the Distribution
[ill-the question being on the amend
mnent proposed by 31r. Lin, to appropri
ite the proceeds of the lands to the defec
:ts of the country. This was ably advo
:awed by Mr. Lin, 31r. Benton. and Mr.
Wright, -vho demonstrated the necessity
of increasing our defences, and the proprie.
y of devoting a portion of bur revenue to
bat purposl. in preference to disposi of
Ipr poeadn the- 'l.,i,- w
he defence or1ihed untrf. ' he amend.
-me was voted dowtn, the Whigs going in
olidi phalnax against it. Alr. Sturgeon,
f Pennsylvania, moved two amenudmenza
ri accordance w'ith instructions receivedh
rom his Legislature, and he and his col
rague, Mir. liuchanan, intimated their in
mnton, should the amendments not be
dopted, to vote against the bill.
Mr. Clay, of Kentucky. hoped the Sea
sors wubull review their deternaioian, as
heir vo.tes would probably decide the faze
r thet bill.
Th'le amendments were rejected; and it
po abla Mr. Clay said, that the vote
dicisuive as to the fare of the bill, and
sat is lbe defeated, a cotsutmation most de.
oust!v he wishe.
Th'le apprehended veto has evidently dis
';ried .\lr. Clay and Isis adherenus in the
senaite. A t the op~eninsg or the sitting to
ry, 'sIr. 'Tappans presented the proceed.
se of the Demusocracy of Licking, Ohio,
xpressn. ins strong langua:;e their disap
raitiont of the measures of the present
enions. and their dletermination to go for
be' repearl or tlajhe ank Charter, should it
ecomne a Ilaw. and mnoved that they be
rinted. M r. Clay has in every similar
ase. opposedl thse printinag with much ye
ceence, ansd successfully, but to-day, he
ielded ilhe point, and they were ordered
a be prited.
in 'lie Ilouse the BankruptBill was dis
ussed. A motion was made that debate
ns it should cease to-morrow at 12o',:lock,
hiei b w as rejected-Yeas 78, Nays 8.
'he fate of the bill is very uncertain, as it
advocated and opposed by members of
It is unsderstood to-day that the Veto
lessage will not be sent in until Monday
ext. The indlications are stronger that
ec Cabinsec will be broken up. and speen
slion is. rit'e as to the successorsof the pre
Wsntsoroy, Aug. 13.
In the Sesnt this morning. Mr. Cal
oun piresensted she proceedings of a large
ndl re,1pect alble mecetireg of the citizens of
sie of Wrighst counatry. Virginia. ex pres
tg ilheir disapprosbations of theE Extra
esstion andl its measures, and asserting
ec psower of repealing a law to charter a
'aional Bank, should one he passed.
Mr. Calhoun tmoved that the proceedings
m prinated. Mr. Clay of Ky. hoped not,
id the motion to print was negatived,
ses 19. noes 20.
Mr. Calhsotn then rose and indignantly
:nou need this atternpt to impose the gsg
iou the people of this country, but he
arned the Senator from Kentucky and
ose who acted with him that though he
ight gag the Honse of Representativee,
cir efforts to gag public sentiment woald
in vain. The voice suppressed here
oud nexat he heard through the ballot
x. The rumsbling of she distant thunder
already heard. The storm was rmsng
Luih wouldl sweep away like chaff before
a wind, those who had betrayed a cong
ig pepe and their odious measoree
mtg with them, Tho resolutions were
,d on r he rnhble.
and inlfern(:tces at the expensse of reason. A
State in a condition of ddress, would be I
presumed to speak. as an individual, man
acled and in prison, might be presumed to I
he in the enjoyment of freedom. Far bet- I
tar to say to the States boldly and frankly t
-Congress wills, and subnissiou is de- i
It may be said that thte directors may i
not establish branches nuder such circun
sanees. But this is a question of power.
and this hill invests them with full authori- I
iy d-t sa, If the Legislature of New York,
or Pennsylvania, or any other State, should
be found to be in such condition as I have
supposed, could there be any security fur
nished against such a step on the part of
the directors? Nay, is it not fairly to be
presttmed that this proviso was introduced
for the solo purpose of meeting the contin- 4
gency referred to? Why else should it
have been introduced? And I submit to I
the- Senate, whether it can be believed that
any State would be likely to sit quietly
down under such a state oftbings? In a
great measure of public interest their pa
triotismn may be successfully appealed to;
but to infer their ansent frut circumstan
ces at war with such inference, I cannot
but regard as calculated to excite a feeling
at fatal enmnity with the peace and harmony
of the country. I must, therefore, regard
this clause as asserting the power to be in
Congress to establish olices of discount in
a State, not only without its assent, but
against its dissent; and so regarding it, I
cannot sanction it. On general principles.
the right in Congress to prescribe terms to
any State, implies a superiority of power
and control, deprives the tratisaction of all
pretence to compact between them, Und I
terminates, as we have seen, in the total
abrogation of freedom of action on the part
of the States. But further, the State may
express, after the most solemn form of le
gislation, its dissent, whicl may from time
to time thereafter be repeated, in full view
of iisown interest, which catt never he sep.
arated front the wise and beneicient ope
ration of this Government; and yet Con
gress may. by virtue of the last proviso,
overrule its law. and upon grounds which,
to such State, will appenr to rest on a con
structive necessity and propriety, and noth
ing more. I regard the bill as asserting
for Congress the right to incorporatc a Uni
ted States Bank with power and right to
establish oflices of dicotnt and deposit in
the several States of this Union, with or
without their consent; a principle to which
I have always hereiofore beett opposed,
and which can never obtain my sanction.
And waiving all other considerntions grow
ing out of its other provisions, I return it to
the Hlouse in which it orginated, with these
my objectious to its approval.
WAstINGToN, Aug. 16, IS-Il.
Wholesale Application of Lynch Law.
'friend of ours, who arrived in the city
rday from Arkansas, informs us of
lowing startling particulars. showing
manner in which that law,
than the code of Draco
Si is, as well as in
thas been ap
uas, about 40
I a no, and the counoty of
Shiver, appear o nave come
fihw~ii mi~aih atilyacoh law to a grant-I
at and continued annoyance
as and the trading flat boat men
er. Besides thteir encroachment
-on te peace and property of the public inta
that way, they of late turned their criminal
industry to horse stealing to sucht an ex-It
tetit as to rotuse the citizons of the whole
CTe latter, heaed lby Capt. Bartney
llradlbrud, formned ittto a voluttteer cotmpany
of about 100 wecll armerd mten, comimatnded(
and led by saidl Captain llradfordl, 3r. J. :1
Luisforid and Spear, fromt Arkansas, antd
Sqttire Forrer atnd Jamtes I lowatrttt. fromti
.iississipipi, and after anm acetive search of!c
several dlays. stucceeded in captturing 27
tmetn, amtong whomn we lenrned the raillow
ing ttamcs, viz: Ilugh TIalley, I.e wi I
I littgsoti, Antdrew .\leLnughlin, WVillis
Pollock, lu~th Cotton,. Elliott anda Robert I
Ilunter, thte bittter, lattely frott Ne w York,
Joe Mlerritt and 3lcCotmtmtick.
TIhe voluntteers used the Ibliowing strat
agem to r-eize the sco~undrels. Trhey etiga
ged a trading boat at liclena and hid abott
50 men itt lie store riom; they thtett die-r
scended the river, lantding at every place
n htere they suspected to fall in wiath the
coutnterfeiters. Thtese depravead tmen came
on botard to pturchase produce. wvitht the int
etmiont of paying for it in counterfeit inn
ntey, They were thus taken atnd securede
itt the boat. W~hetn the numnber lad in- I
creased to 27 amn, ntine* of them were i
tied hand attd feet, and, as the report says, a
dr-owned in the .\kisissipp;i, near Island (
No. 69. in thiepresenice of two meu, liar- d
ro~t and hiurgess. w ho. it appears. officia- t,
ted, or at lceast took anl active part in the n
execution ofthe settntee- ti
We tunderstand that the company is tt
creasing in niumbter. and ittends to piroceedl
to the tnouth of W~hite river. When our
itnformant met a division of them they were (
in pursuit of a certaitt Meriatn Wright,.
Wen he arrived at Napoleona. at thte mouth ,
of Arkansas river, lhe leartned that snme
six or seven dead bodies had bece seen j1
floating on the river opoosito that place,
and also that some of the counterfeiters v
who escaped had baetn seen passing down n
the river with uncommion speed, itt order to
evade their pursuers.-Picayune- t
"We have since beeni informed that twenty-p
three persons have been drowned, c
Nvxw Yoax, Aug. 12.
MlOST MlE LA NClOL Y CA LAMIT Y. t
Destruction ofihe Steamer Erie by Fire and
loss of nearly twco hundred lives!i
Early this morning we received exclo- re
siyely fronm the WVest, the most heart retn
ding intelligence of the total dlestruction by In
fire of the splendid steamer Erie, on Lake fe
Eri, and the loss of nearly two hundrd p,
lives, and a large amount of merchandize. gi
We n. x he. atulr a s recei..d...... . a