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We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, aadjit Is IpW As , we will Per" amidst the Raim."
VOLUME VI. etie1 Couitt House, S. -, September 9, 841. No.39
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Fram the Georgia Argus.
THE EALTH IS .Y EBRIDE.
The. Earth is my bride; and oh! I loto
To pillow my head on her fragrant breast,
'Mid the flowers that bloom, where the son
And nestle themselves to rest:
er song is the song of the birds at even,
de the sunset lar is smiling in Heaven,
*4;;n their music h -eard by fetintain sq
And hers is the only-song I love.
Earth is my bride. and oh! I love
The mountain's frown as it looet rown
When it battleth with the storm;
When it laugheth to scorn the lightning's flash,
And its echos roll back the thunders crash
When a ray of soft sunshine steals through from
And pencils the scene with the beauty I love.
The Earth is ny bride; and oh! Ilove
When te moonlight has shadowed the glen,
And to drink in her beauty the'n;
For there glitters a spell in each silvery ray,
That melteth the clouds ofsorrow away;
And a low sweet tone fron the mountain side,
Breathing of peace, is the voice of my bride.
The Earth is any bride ; and her love hath beenu
Since my childhood, the truest and best
The sweetest beam on the darken'd stream,
That bears me upon its breast:
Her god-night kiss is lingeriae: now,
In the evening breeze. on my fevered brow,
And softer than mortal music may be,
Are the tones of her lute-like lullay
More dear to my heart than all besides,
k the guardian love of my chosen Bride.
The following Premaiums are offen'd by the
State Agricultural Society or douth Caroliusa,
For the best Stallion for Agricultural pur
For the best Mare for Agri
cuhmual purposes, A Silver Cup, 2(1
For the second best Mare, " 1
For the bestCokt, " Its
For the. best Filly, " 1
For the seconl best Ball, " 1
For thebest two year old Bull, " 1;
For the best yearling Bull, ". 1
For the best Cow,"
For the best Heifear under 3
years old, " 11
Fer the 2nd best Heifer n
der 3 years old, "* i
For the best yearling Heifer, " Ii
For the best bull Cal."
For the best heifer Cahl. " 1'
For the best Boar, " 1'
For the best Sow, " i
For the second best Boar',
For the second best Sow,
For the best pair of pigs un-*
derl j ear,
For the best pair of pigs un
der 6 months.
For the beat Ramn, "
For the second best Ram, " 2'
For the best Ewe, " I
For the best pair of Lambs, " 1'
The second annual Cattle Show of the Statt
Agrienltural Boeiety of South Carolina, wii
ptake place in Colnuabia, in the State Hos
Tard, on Wednesday of the first week of the
Session of the Legislaure, in November next
Geatlemen interested in thme imnproveament a
Stock, are respectfully requested to contributs
to the psbhition.. It is expected to hsave a Sal<
of fine Stock at the same ttme and place.
All who Intand to exhitbit Stock, are requnest
ed to eenwaunicate to the Secretary, before thi
35th November, the aumber and klad, in orde
that proper arrngements may be mnade.
Byodrof the Premsident.
Byodr ROBERT W. GIBBES,
From the S. C. Temtperance Adcocats.
To he Xeaskrry Agricultural Socidy :
In dischaige of the duty assigned to isue, with
other menbers, at the last Ueeting of the Agri
cultural Society. I will, as well as I am able,
put you in possessiou of all the information
which I posseu, on the subject of wheat. I
have now, for 21 years. annually sowed a ereop
a of wheat: and I have nuifarmsly made snine,
- although in two years, that some was very lit
le, and very indifferentt. Yet, oi the % lole, I
e have generally wade enough fur the use of ny
imily, and I am periuaded that there are fuov
arners, who cannot do as well, and mauy who
cat do abundneitly better.
The attention should be first directed to the
- selection of Peed. It is an old saying, that "a
change from sand is nochange at all." by which
is meant, when you change your seed wheat.
do nit take froa a sandy soil. A strntag clay
soil gives tile heat varieties of wheat. For our
climaate, wheat from the North or West does not
sI answer well: it io generally too late, and is;
more liable to the riot. Ir we could olitaina
wheat from paraUehbrof latitude in the !ld we Id,
I corresponding with onr's. I think it woiuld asic.
ceed admirably. So too, wheat, from the
South and South West of our own continenti.
will do well,and heice I have no dubdat. that
tn variety ofFexian wheat, itroduced amono:
aus by our estimable citizenad F.e.e prising
and skilful faraner, Judge Wilson. will stacceed
adtairably. Of our own varieties, ualnne lae
I antsweredi so well nitlh mle, as that which is
known by the namie ofil the llollaid Whle-at.
It is a small velloaw grain. and weighs uaafori
ly 6W lbs. and upwards to the beabel. It ripens
aboat a w eek earlier than our cuomtmon n maser
wheat, aid v% il sWajud longer after It is ripe. As
it ripens. sthe tield exhibitsa a 11mot beatifirul yel
low golden appeaance : looking at it. as gemlv
tuoved by the %i ind, It looks lilke a scat , moil
tean gold. It is not as liable tl rust. blight or
smut. I obtained it fro Jmohn Ilielland. of Lan
rels, in the year 11., when 1th wheat of the
upper country. was entirely balightsd and d-.
stroval. lie made froa 20 :res t,20 ba-lacl.
of n'iceh cleanted. ierchnaatable whe:at. I I:ve
sowed 'it every year sauce. Tihi. %ear. and
1IM9, it was sli'htiy toch--a by alh-- rn-t, bit aot
as tao injtare it ; ia I'). I b'eu~nd a lst!e -nut
in it, but ntit enoflu;1th to con pe1 ts tos wash it.
The sed aought nst only to be selectel firmn aI
good variety, hut il* should ha well prepared lor
being so(wo. In the tir.t place, it should be thi
roun::ly dried by -the but befare it us putap l'a
seed: this preveats weavecLs,and ;ive- isnAn .n.d
heahlby glains for vegetatiou. In the ne.at place,
sift the seed carefully with -i g.-d sand -.:ive :
this will take out all the small immnatre grains.
la the third place. for '.11 hours b fore vin .ow
it, soak Your need itt a prelparationt Of wa-t!o-r a3.
turated 'with about I lb. of blue-tone to4 ever%
6 buhe oif wheat. Before yean take sjut %loer
,seed wheat. which will be found at the hoiuom
afthe cask or tub, iii which you iepak it. skim
offthe doating grainse and trash, When I hve
pprnsied this courase, which was recomeinaeded
to we b and. Carwile, I have
rt. Th6i Pca. I riember. was suggesi&
niany yeausrs ago.y Mr. North. to thle' I-'armer'e
Socaety of Pendleton, andva.senflrcedl by -uch
reasons, as incduced tme to yi. ld mys la-e-tIt ta it
flly. I ish,. that hv some teia-. tile .\:ri
culitural comitntlity ceeId again l:tase 1le 'ap
portunity or readila: that valtable leractics :.
.ulre attention I know outlght ts4 lbe bestIowed
otn the ground oat which wheat is son it. thana
we generally do. Fa'lluw land is best tor wheat
If it is well broeket up, and the n le,:at V'eli halt
in with a shovel sloaiglh, and tlse ground msad
level and asmootha with a sairow 4'r roller. I
thiank we should hea-ir little cotplaiat of th, I- Ic
si:a fR. Few will, howsver. for th1a prteet.
take sea much pains. Our Societv is intensd d
to encuntirae iaaprovemen't, and I hope z-oae
one will try thi5 sagge-tma.
\ 1t aalsIt to Is.-be stowta oi ela% -oil. and
nevs-r laat-r that th- lt 'r 2d veek lI ie teh
till earlier would. I think. he bett'-r. T eat
ushasllelis f coutta eed tao everar cre will::i e t
the crop a fine h,-althy and vigoro,- st:te. I
oinhci toa think that at top dreSAilg abaut Rhe- 1.u
of March. of about 5 hll-he!4 tel the tacao of
slacked a-hes would geeatly itilrove the crop. i
I have never tried it on awsheat bilt I know that
it is ai great betcit teo entltaate-d grassees. -
Thle crop of wheat sini~hi to lee caut befeire at
is dead ripa: it shioutld sa tind fear two ear three
days in the fild ini small shsacke-. If the -ws.
the-r is dry, it maay thena hacesss e al~Iy. A's
sooni as thec crop is laid lay- (abaout thel maiddele c
July.) the whecat sheouldl he thrashiesd eset. clen
ed, an.d suanned. Oane dlay's suna is scarcely ee
sullicient. Twao successive days is geniiallyI'
entough. I takea it aip ande puat it ata'say as hih- lbet
fron the stn; int thte cosatete of ta few sdays af
terawards I comnmence to grinad. Ina this way'
nmy flanr at that entd otfa year 4~ jusat as good as
it wacs on the day oan whief it was ground.e
Geaod Ilonr cans only be expe credl frsem- goeod
wheat in good catnditiona. #~ heat that as ale e ase,
a good tndll. withl r~oed cloths ased a skilftul msil
ler,- cats snsake a' gasead aloasr Aere. a-s cans he tmae
Iany wvhe-re. Mlatay personts ruint thseir dlsur lby
desismaag to have muore abhan cana he ae .*1 y
father. whose leong experienee ande skill itt the
anutfacture of' lonar is well kanowv, atees that
Ithse fellowving ouaght to be the resualts eaf a wellh
grou .d babsel of wheat, weiighting ltI IbLs. Onie.
tenti.,e IS. multst be deeductedl for toll. sine-sixtha,
10 lbs. fear bran-9 lbs. ror mididlinge ansd short<s.
whuicha will make an aggregate or 2.7lbs ,le-aa
intg 35 lbs. of flour. From whilcla it appeasars.
thtat a little less thant 6 bushel.(ay five und a
ha's-ill make a baarrel of flour waeighiaig 19-2
aJOHN BELTON O'NEA LI..
Springfield. Jualy 8, 18~4l.
From Ihe Neae Genesee Far mer.
Messrs. Editors :-Muecht has been ae.tidl and
awrittenl oan the subject of the eduacatiotn of the
iugof ottri contry : andl I anm happy an the
a blit-( that a chsange has been wsroughat tupon
I the publicatmind, otn this impoartant subject. Sn
-much has beena said by persons ca pable oefdo.
fing the subhject jeastice, that it seems almnoss
Suseless for me to say any thing : But I coansa
a der it of so uinch imiportance, that I am ansxionas
that it asould be kept before the public mind.
A few years slice, a large portion of our cit
I izena seemed to think it servile and mean to
r labor in any capacity-and especially as a far
iner or mechanac. bur youtng men seemed to
be bent upon getting a living ''without work."
And our young women, when any thing lamp
careful, if perchance they hall been guilty or
Stch a ca iac. not tu let it be katown. This. I
admit, was mnore genecritly the case among a
cerain chass-ai sort of --woui-be scitmebo
dies." I tat in the belief that the public mind
has changed onl this subject.
Youaing ladies seemt not so fearfil that
ithill be known that they. attend to household
dutius : And younig mtezi, instead of iegaang a
.ittation behind a counter or in sone muisty of
fle, stell w'ilag to etmeploty themselves in that
More naoble atd umefid avocationa-the cilativa
tiona If the Auil.. I ay *'at"ae nioble" iMay
bectatse whiat is moie noble thn for mant to
clhivate those plants and uninabi that GOd has
glsen hia to exist and luxuriate opor1 aId in
doing whiih le iany moare frcibly see the di.
vine goodeisi ad mercy exemplilled in its be
stowmenzt~s up~ona atty.
lie.ide. it is expres-ly declared that "anta
shall enrn hi-a bread by lte san eat of his brow."
Now it is pe rectly paina that breade cannt be
obtained except ley the "sweat of the bropw."
Somuritt of wts must work. or we all starve: And
thod tnot k now that the polwers and facilities
of hti body tal n*tnd are nuch mao-re vi;;orous
%yhena we "mub-ject olr:.e!ves to na3ati labor I
The idea 1hat hard labor cannot .e endured by
t 1. 1 all iiiaiarv. A stuad hetiahay per-on
1an 1 work.an hi rat enttv all tia bless
i at lae11h withott % url.in ti sotne extetat.
Let til.e ilea that all heritlhy peri:ns ramiot
iba r at-odin;a to their tret t ani.s-and
It n ial idlear..c to do evil ead leanra to do)
well." I tndrea!.,-taad thaat ltoe decree. "-ain
ihall earn his bread." & c s all men ;
atad thal-t all maean iare ins daily bund te supply
tlteielve-a with the !-tati ifei., a4 far us i p4.
eihte. I do it say thal atl :ll lhe! fiarmers. or
n1-clalics.or of:auv pear tictabaroriinlig ; bilt that
each Shmthlili vira I:s OWl. living hitonit'
Atnd I am quito aaie that there canl be taI ama'rie
htiauurable air sore wny of getting a competence,
thaby Iy cutltivattin; thtei sil.
linet, e:teI -n. as I a a now-comer, I will
not iree.passapon y otir patlence lInger. It hlas
een il.l sime of e ur I ati t ennent maen,
thy' w- lVa1 - brief, and -poke to the point.
Woait nt he wv -!I fcr it?, -a!!. and e.-pecinlly
W l at m l-At % ilae ftir votr scceess and tue
advvaic.mta of a,;ricnlture. I an. yours.
rlea.s Co., JuAly.1 . A
Fron the Sa.thrrn Cultic
oW To .tsC lttn A IS il: .o
An esteemed oirresponIdet r.
iibalih diretaian fir di..aenej
WeS. The follow1%ing ansKwer
month- hlet ne(- find a better
It. ;pacha-ing ta hmt-a., un
min!:er is tttbe able tat
fers oi aridinary faint
-. r ath. The aie [t
twairl, i.thI r i i ty. T
:laid at- c:ivity de1e ; n
1ad i hllt -:ir - L a ld. - thI
al - al ni::ian t
minshe .m chntract,~
ight year. iild, a when thaec
blac; ma i a :htaerated.
li, ratim- teietht or tidiuhes ab
Thie t o itt the liow.er jan
he ietwe.n tl~rie r l'er ve
in ale opper jav five or -ix lta
routiet a cry ..irt poit::aed tilt
tle l elr;.Ca'. -seem bitted. woirtl aut ana:
gum ls ia:: 'heta ::.ilualy ; th hia
:ire the hi. r th. hvi :. Ir uI, tan tie t*ita
it -, ilinilt ti t . 1: th l -r's age- it is sat :
ejnto then11 to ki:owa th.:at IIe is old and lnder Ii
llti- hard triattaet n ich a yie t lir-es *n
IIr:alI, the ciicluitl %% di he a riafe umn that he
1s nUr:lA lit[ littl.
I'r'am .Uorra' "adl Iiurard.
Extrnect of a lette:r frtein .id.e [ratwst. of Dabbi
counaaty tieria. ilat.id June U Ihb. i1'4t1.
I hsiae si. lr bieent compe~letetly ,eer.-"ul itt
feedlia:: 'ilk Wormeta' thi-,-ia-ion. I hat eiow
i'r e'itheir an eig lhid tir m-a.arede amy silke yeI
thon::hl any n ermla haan- tall air aaly tall spuana -
ii it the con :i.ni atnt :ill :nhel we ik,.
hoeeer. ne biaae aaaei 40t ior 50a his. of -iilkc
iir at any ahu-he~tel't fe'eriienaa. Ilt. whle-thler
I have maea miteh iar hai'h. I ime ce t'ttltll as
tit..lhed ta gode amay of the foelks. Thaey dida
taot titeak ai t;emgan ciei mak.-.'lk utt ucha at
Sante aas I huic sati'n. .5 Tma k, Iittha -renach
am-tn. or eten :a Ynankee, thiey seekonee i;ti
anike silk, heat taut at i,'ir::iaa Ilt he-re is te
%ilkt. and they knoew I madaie it. Thil~s is ana ar
- anmentt ahm',e~st as ,-tron:: itn Iieer of the silk
enlltin a'e n- their prejudic a'a re ag ianst it ; bit
theay say~ . 'Yau can aamake the tilk, buitt yoau
cian't dii'anya thin wsih it: ion will teever re'el
it "' Teitmy na tit anack's liar drawers neal
,.howse the ree-led -alk. 1.rua the nae-x ubjec
tiiin ias that atitanot be aeeh by ~ negroes. Ln
rortattntelv' teir ati" abiueci ont. I havie a black
aa that haos amade we tliaink thareei hnlea ls of
Eine cocons itt his own titae, antd n- itlhuntt be
'ang ma'ieal ot of mty serv ice! I dona't acd! thaemt
theue things. buat shesoa themla. 'iTe.e. vota will
allow, tire a kinda of nrguimentsa not eaily re fut-i
ed by mn oaf irdlanary laielle-cit. e I'a astie
cuntaeinag ate :;cad peole it. the neigihborhood
of Ma~acvan, thata it is a taottstronls easy thiang ti,
atamka silk int Georgita.-nnad that at waill tbe adea
in Georgia extensive-ly, somtte ofh thiemt naw bet
gian to uadinit. Ihare tried your feeding Fanaes,
and I ike thkmtrcryj mech.
F romn th.: same.
Extract ofC a letter front lngh Cassiday, Es.
at Mountat Ilope. Eftinaghamt county, Georgia.
dated .eune W2. I88I.
I have suaceeded ini raising atbout teat baush
clm of corconsat, whlicha I amt reatling, and find to
produce a pountd of silk toe the 1Lu.hael. These
worms were fed foaurtimaes a day : slacked iame
uased on them three timens- a week, and wero
healthy, althouigh the season was auuanally
cold. I rec'eiyed a smtall lot of Meirabel Jantno '
eggs from G. B Smith, Esq. whichl hatcaedt on
the 14th of Aprtl, these were fed on your Bur
snntoan Frnmea wardin to die-ia. t...a
conditio, are just those which tend to pre
serve the life of the stock after heading
down. To carry ny purpose into effect,
I proceeded contrary to some of the ordin
ary rules for grating. In the middle of
July, I selected thescoin from thirty trees,
with four or five eyes, taking care tochoose
those which contained leaf buds. The
stock chosen, were moderately growing in
stead of thrifty stocks, and were trees of
the grew th of that season fron the aseed.
Bfelnre heading down, I passed a long sharp
knife down entirely round the tree, and
severed all the lateral roots at the distance
ofibree or four inches from the trunk, ac
cording to its growth. This done, the
trees were headed down at a point where
i the stem was just the size ofthescion,ora
little larger, as the scions were inserted a
I little on one side of the pith. The inser
tions were then secured by a narrow strip
of sheet lead, wound spirally over the whole
length of the cleft, and a snall ball of
grafting elay put over the whole. To my
gratification every scion inserted in this
way grew oflinely, and the coming season
will doubtless make hattdsone trees. I do
nut ktow that the lead binding or mode of
insertion is essential, and althou::h I have
tried no other plan, yet I presume that
other methods will auswer equally well,
provided the preliminary steps are proper
ly attend to. On other stocks I have graft
ed with success, with no other hinding or
protection than the strip of lead, and have
used lead ligatures, with great expedition
nud success in budding. The introduc
tion of lead ligatures was metely an expe
rimen with a view to expedito grafting
atd budding in large nursery operations.
Thtts far I am inclined to give the prefer
ences to the old methods. When headina
down the stocks, I took care in every case
to leave either one or two snall shtoots,
Imne leaves, or, several tascent huds in
order to continue all the functious of the
tree until nion lhad taken place between
the sciou and ths stalk. As soon as the
buds of the scion began topit forth, all bo
low upon thetock was pruned afl' When
the scions were taken from the trees, the
leaves were all removed as ins budding
leaving only a small portion of the foot
stalk. The clay and ligatures were remo
ed in the fall when vegetation had decea
ond the wonudi wete all well closed.
sure that it is absolutely essen
ing growing on the stalk,
er some without.
pto aaIsh it fro
'gais a valuable
apted to the table titan
and is consequently de
on every farm. There
rieties, of wh.ichl the Norfolk
id Globe are as productive as any, while
sotme of the smaller kinds, among which
the loug turnip holds a prominent place.
'are best for cooking. The soil best calen
lated fiarthe turnip is a rich mold abound
ing in vegetable matter. and newly cleared
lands atre tound admirably adapted to their
growth, the soil being usually free fron
weeds, and the ashes made by burning be
itng one of the best dressings that can be
applied i lurnips. Whee c uch lnnds are
out to he ltnd. old grass land catrefully
turned over and rolled, nod then the sur
face natle fine by repeated harrowinag, f#or
the reception of tie sed. are found to pro
duce ::ond turnips. If the wil is not rich.
good compo t inaure htald be- sprcad on
the surface and harrowed in, but as old
grass lands in richneiss partake somewvhat
of the quality it new soils, manuring is
rarely necessary. ande in the deca-ying
award the vigorous tap rout of the turnip)
litnds amtpke nourishment.
Turnipts may be sown broadcast or dril
led, the latter beinag the preferable way ;
antd if a littIle bone dust or poudrette is dril
led in wsithn the seed, the plants start more
vigoronusly, atnd are aoutner out of the way
of their most formidlale~ enemsy, the fly.
There is usually far more seed r~owna than
is tnecessary, ir equally distributed, and to
facilitate this mixitng tine seed with ashes or
satnd is practised by many farmers. Eng
lish writer-, state thne quatntity of seed re
quired per acre at two pounads, but we
know by exiperience that one-half this
quantity of good seed ou proper soil is met
ter than the whole, and were the distribu
tion pterfect, otne-fuurth thtis quantity or
half a pound wonuld fully seed an acre
It is better, however, to err on the safe
side. 'and sow ton mnuchs, rather nhara too
lit tle seed, as it too thick the young plants
mtay be hoed or pulled out. The proper
ime of sowing will of course, vary w~ith
thne latitude. itn New-York, the best time
has been found to be from the 20th to the
27th oftJnly; in the middle and southern
pnrts of Pennsylvania, from the last of
July to the mniddle of A ugust; and in Ver
ginia, from the middle to the last of August
is preferred, The turnip, when grown on
land lon cutivated, is apt to have the
bulb, attacked by the worm, but in virgin
soils, or those rarely subjected to cultiva
tion, this evil does not attend them.
Dressings of sost and ashes have been
found useful when they are at tacked by the
fly, and in any event sttch dressings oape
rate favorably on the plant and may there
fore be benefiily employed when there
is the least reason to apprehend danger.
There ate but few varieties of the turnip,
that can, in our country, be preserved for
the winter food for animals. The Yellow
Aberdeen is an exce prion, as like the ruta
b..a. it keeps well in pita or cellars thro'
branches, dry or wet, as they came to hand, and
slackedlipse reely ; they were put on the frames
imsmediately after the third moulting, and wers
mt cleaned till they eere done spianang. T hey
cmmenced spinning in 33 days frou the titu
of hatchingand were remarkably healthy
throughout. . I can now say from experience,
that your dilk Wormi Fraue is an itupurtant
itnprovemuent, which should be in the posses
sion of every silk g rower, as it lessens Mhe labor
offeediag more than one hal, and possesses all
the advanoges it is so highly recoa mendcdfor.
From the same.
OUR OWNr OPIUTIOIs.
The third cro las nlow moulted the fourth
tite, and will be spinninig before this sheet is
circulated amnong its namserous readers. All
goes on regularly, occaslutinig no hurry, no
confusioI, u9 disfappoilntment-confirming to
the very lettir all that %e have anticipated
Our fourth cop has passed through the first
monitie.g. and Te eggs for a fifth are now hatch.
in;q.-It is therefoire clear that we can freed six
crops the pr1ent season, notwith.anding the
lo-s of a whole meath by the backwardness of
the sprirg. 'The iceling of our cocoons is go.
ing on daily; , they uiformsly produce a pound
ed a quarte of reeled silk to the bushel, and
we htve bccu otiered five dollars per pound
PPEcIMEN OF FEtALE INDUSTRY.
We were'showne yeserdau-, five beauti
lul silk shals, made of dod de and twisted
ewing silk,' which in texture, weight and
-olor, wifconpare with nny India" Sla.wls
,f the same:maerial. Fuuruf themw %ere
Iyard quare, and the other, lack, about
I yard and'balfsquare. The rwist n as
v-n an( fre from tell kunts, $told the whole
killfully anJ beaui(ully put togvether.
aVe take p *i e in the faet cltey vrze niade
ly a lady, ind c native ofGeorgia. They
re th -orc f Irs. Olivcr W. Cox,
if I-1ny, Georgia, who raised the
isdted the silk, an:d
c hie is a pattern of
to her sex, which
cMS to: .. ..
fi er Ih feeill
* - oshites, eighl
r:40n inches apar, d the uccuoous on
he, and set in your pans cif chuircoal on
ire, anid close up thu door tight. S t n,
-;-ily ascrtain when the charysalis is sul
eeIed Iy cuting a cocon; theta dry, and1I
eli tien as above descrilbel. In all ca
ces thce chirysliis should hec killed as soon as
he wourea fiched spiningi.
In fcedieg woermcs, I woculd buggest tee
eu the free u-c of air blacekedi lime, as a
reveictive ain~eist disease: sift just enough
ii le bite themc every evencin g ; keep thecm
-lennc, glhe tempcheraecure regular, and avocid
h:atbig themi n' hecn mouhting ; this, with
-egulahr Ifeeding. wrill insure success.-Mfl.
Pleasantl . k Culturutl.
h'rnm the .-lbacny Culticator.
s.TNU TitS. Pte.ACn WtTHt s'ccE~s.
MeIssrs. Editors.-l nim cnt nware cleat
mcy prces~ has bceen devi-ed focr grnsfincg
caponc the tpeach stock, with any certamin
erospects nif success. E xperimtenets doubt
ess lhave cofen succeeded inc rericng grafts
uponc pesech stoicks. but more ofttenc failed.
A gardlener in may neighbloc hoM infocrcmed
mec that he once graiftcd upon onie hundred
peach stocks and all the grafts died and
most oft the stocks. (lie was always auc
:essful ice graftineg iupon other kinds.) L ast
year I was induced to incvestigate the mat
ter with a view to) devise somie means of
cebvicatiug this~ failure, as it is desirable ins
many cases to graft iu lieu of budding,
prsuaded thcat although the discovery
might be oftno great practical utility, yet it
weculh be itn initeresting acq uisitione to thce
ecienece of airburiculture. The peach tree
is of more rapid growthb than any of our or
chardl Irees, atnd frequently with us, in coni
gencial sails, the first year from the seed,
atiaincs theo heighet of six feet, with stems
fromi one inch to anc iuch and a half diame
tr. Thce circulat~ion. of course, must be
very active, and iheo suddon check from
Leading dowu such ca tree, will, in many
cases, destroy it. But should it live, the
flowing, as it were, by the sup; thatris, the
sap flows so fast from the woun ds, as tc
preveut the process ofgranulation,by which
the coin is united to the stock, To grad
uate, thou the supply of sap to the
wants of the sciun, is shbe primuary object,
and the measurei necessary to secure this
the winter. The common turnip, thought
sweet and nutritive,~contains so much wt.
ter, that when taken from the ground they
soon become pithy, and are of little value,
comparatively, for cooking. They should
stand in the ground as long as they can be
permitted to do so in safety, as frosts im
prove them, and when gathered, should be
kept in cool cellars or pits. merely above
the danger of freezing, which, aner they
are taken from the earth, spoil them at
We copied from the Boston Couriet,
last week, an excellent article written by
D. Haggerston, Esq.. to the President of
the Massachusetts Hforticultural Society,
announcing that he had discovered acheap
and efiectanl made of destroying the Rose
Slug. Canker Worm, and other trouble
some and destructive insects, and his wish
to become a competitor for the Society's
premium. The article which Mr. Hag
gerston uses is Whale Oil Soap, dissolved
at the rate of two pounds rojificen gallon
of water. He has used it stronger with
out any injury to the plants. hot finds the
above mixture effectual in the destructio:
of the Insects.
In the last volume ofthe Yankee Far
mer, page 218. we published a communi'
catiiu froms J. B. Pendleton, Esq.,ofSton
ington, Conn., and it seems that he has
used a similar remedy with great success.
The following is the article referred to:
Mr. Editor-Sir: I see that there is
much trouble in your vicinity, and various
darts of New England, with tre Canker
worm. I am quite confident that I can
prevent them or any other creeping insects
frot troubling fruit dr ornameutal trees.
31v method is simple, and easily obtained.
I, last spring. procured a gallon of refuse
whale oil, to which I added 4 or 5 cents
worth ofyellow snuff. The result is, there
is not an insect of any kicd on the trees
where die oil has brett used. The wood
lice are all dead so far up the trees as the
oil has been laid oan. and the trs.nks of the
tress are as smooth as a glass bottle. I
have also tried the sate on Pear, Quince,
Peach, Locust and Cherry trees, with as
good ef'ect as on the Apple. I think that
the addition of a little sulphur would be
beneficial. It not only destroys insects;
but it potmotes the growth of the trees ve
What is called refuse oil, is that which
will not pass through the trainer; this is
preferable beca om in 1
lilbe- a sp g
would of good fruit to
try this sej ~ -ankee Farmer.
From te Southern Cabiaet.
Mr. Editor.-I am happy to see you.
and correspondents prcssn; the value of
the corn cob upon our wasteful and extrav
agnat community. If farmers would only
attend a little more to this and some other
points of rural economy. they might easi
ly save enough to justify a system of im
proverent which they a-lmit to fie desira
ble, but from which they are frequently
deterred by the want of funds. I am ful
ly satisfied that there are but few farmers
in our community who do not waste more
than enough to supply them with the
means of ee'ecting inpruvemenis, that in
their turu would double their menus of ma
L ing others equally as profitable.
Go upon a large faru in Virginia, ob
serve the niggardliness in providing fences,
houses, and fixtures, and the correspon
dent waste in food, labor, and destruction
of nimplecments. Compare the manage
mncta ithj that .ita mtatnufacturing or wer
canti le establishmneut, and yoor sea at once,
why agriculture is not profitable. Such
avstem, or rather suecb a want of' it, would
break down any other 'ousiness in the
But I have been drawn off from the
main object of this comimianiention, which
was simply to condirm the value of corn
cobs, by relatiug to you a circumstance
that came within any own knowledge. lu
tho wirster of 1816 cnrn w as very' high, and
Peter Bedlock, of Dinwiddie, wino as now
an independent farmer, was a very poor
man, but an excellent manager. Afraid
that his corn wrould tnt last, he determined
to try, and did, winter his horses upou
corn cobs alone, pounded in a common
mortar withI his owan hands. They recei
ved no other sustenance except long for
age, as hay and fodder. Upon this they
didl their winter's work, tnd no man ever
saw Peter Bedlock drive a poor horse.
To this fact I am ready to testify ad
you are welcome to give my name to any
person who may feel sufficiently interest
ed ins it an ask fair it.
Yours, 3- I.
OOD MEDC1NE Foa HoGs.
The A merican Farmer furnishes the foI
lowing :-W hen your hogs get sick, you
know not of ahat, give them ears of corn.
firat dipped in tar, and then rolled in an!
phur. 'Ti. ten to one that it arrests the.
disease, and restores the pig to health.
sUCEcSs 1( coPY.
An anonymous writer in the Amnericatn
Farmer asserts, that from careful experi
ments he is satisfied that suckers do not
lessen the quantity of grain.- *hilst they
greatly increase the amount of' fodder.
Lazy rich girls, make rich men poor, and
industrious poor girls make poor men rich.