Newspaper Page Text
Correspondece of the Charleston Mercnuy.
WAsaseoToN, Aug.26, 1841.
In the Senate ibis morning the Fortifi
cation bill was taken up, and the question
of concurring in some amendments- made
by the House to the Senate amendments
was'debated until the hour arrived for tak
ing up the special order. The Distribu
-d sbill was debated at great length, by
Messrs. Riyes and Archer in favor of the
bill, and Messrs. Cutbbert, McRoberts,
Yotkog, Lin and Benton in oppositinn.
About four o'clock, the question was taken
on itspassage, and it was carried-ayes 28,
noes 23--a strict party vote, with the ex
ception of -Mr. Preston, who voted with
In the House the bill for the payment of
arrearages to mail contractors, the bill
making an appropiation to pay the fune
raT expensca of Gen. Harrison, and the
bill to make an appropriation for the erec
tion of the statue of Gen. Washington in
the Rotundo of the Capital, were passed.
It is said the Fiscal Corporation bill will
.be strangled in the Committee room, or
disiiosed of by a side movement in the Se
nate, to enable the Cabinet to hold on.
There is little doubt that the President is
anxious to get rid of his present constitu
tional advisers, and it is said on high nu
thority that on Monday morning be had
determined the request of their withdraw
al, but his disinclination to break with
those with whom he is in habits of daily
and close intimacy, induces him to put it
of, hour after how, and day after day,
while they are using their official influence
w crush the principles and proscribe his
friends. In his present position, with a
Cabinet unanimously opposed to him, and
without a party in Congress to sustain
him. he cannot long remain. His feelings.
-his wishes, his principles, his interest, all
lead him to the Democraby.
. ~ WAstNoTor, August 27.
In the Senate this morning, the bilis from
the House of Representatives making ap
propriation to defray the expenses ($3.08$)
or the late President, and to make apprn
priations to pay the arrearages due to mail
contractors, were read and referred to ap
The Fortification bill was then taken up.
but on account of the absence of the Chair
man of the Military Committee was passed
over. This is the third time the bill has
been passed overfrom the same cause-the
r t hour of meeting is ontirely too un
ionable for Col. Pres:o., who seldom
maes his appearance until near 12 o'clock.
The new Tariff bill was then taken up,
and after an ineffectual attempt by Mr.
Calhoun to postpone its consideration un-,
til to-morrow, the printed copies of the bill
not yet being laid upon the desks of the
Senators, the amendments proposed by
Mr. Clay as Chairman of the Committee
on Finance were taken up. The first was
to increase the duty on watches and jewel- i
lery from 121 to 20 per cent. This was 'i
opposed by Messrs. Calhoun, Wright, i
King and Henderson, on the ground that <
it would be impossible to prevent smug.
gling should the duty he increased-the
article being small in bulk, and their deliv
ery now by smu gliag could be ensured
or1 e.nt9 The conse
.ekifelsdged ih It
give satsfaction 3
wayto do that -a he 1
line of duty: to do what was right and pro.
per in itself, and this was better than a<
partial and time serving policy. Severalr
democratic Senators advocated the amend
ment, with the avowal that they would
move hereafter to amend the bill by redluc
ing the duties on tea. collee, sugar, molas
ses, salt, coarse woollens and iron. The,
amendment was then carried. The billr
was then laid aside, and the Senate went(
into Executive Session. The nomination
of Todd as Minister to Russia, Jenifer to
Austria, and Wool as Brigadier Gener ala
were confirmed. One of the "hard eases"(
being then taken up, it was ascertained it
could not get through, and was again laid i
over, and the Senate adjourned. i
ln the House, two or three bills conne?t
ed with the streets and bridges of this D is- r
trict were passed, and at an early hour, it'
WasUYTwoo. August 28.
in the Senate this morning. after some in
preliminary business, Mr. Preston being in I
his eattheFortification bill was taken'
up. The question was on concurring in a
the amendments of the Huuse which ad-| I
ded $155,000 more to the bill for new| 1
works in New York. Vermont and Stai'".i
This was advocated by the Senators of the a
States more immediately itnterested and i
some others, and oppoe by Messrs. Pres- 1
ton, Buchanan and King.
Mr. Calhoun adverted te the impruprie- t
ty of voting large appropriations for new
works at this advanced season of thc year."
and expressed an apprehension that there
were many who regardedl the cx penditure u
much more than the defence. The reve- I
noe from the lands wvas to he wasted : thbere 5
was but one source left-the customs, and I
every thing, even the expenses of the Post a
Office Department are to be thrown on it u
In all this he thought he could see a designa
to create a necessity for increasing the ta- c
1i0' and no vote of his should contribute to
that end. The amendments were carried,
26 to 18. The amendment of the House, n
striking out the appropriation for a Wes- b
tern armory was discussed by Illesiars. Clay P
of Ky. and Morehtead in opposition to tho
'p irston, and Messrs. Betnton. Bu. 'l~
=='nand Allen in favor of it. Mr. Clay's "
principal argument was, that the bill confi. h
dod suo much to Executive discretion, in *
' n the President power to fix the scite;t
' wa Analy handled by Mr. Allen, who
enntrasted the presenh want of con~dcnce is
la a Wh6 Prsadent in such a trilling mat- b
ter. with the paohounded conlldence bestow- i
ad on Mr. Yan Baren. when they placed
gity tand~n men and ten millions of mo-c
ney at his disposal. The appropriationa
was reimned-ajes 24. aoes 19. The bill I
.ws thee seal back to the House.(
The Tariff bill was then taken up, and1
a variety of unimportant amendments were I
o'ered. Mr. Woodbury submitted an
amendment making tea and coffee free ar
--licl. snd to reduee the. duty on salt and
nolasses one half from 1842 to IS, and
ihen to be entirely free.
Mr. Bentora submitted an amendment,
making common blankets, costing not more
than seventy-five cents each, duty free.
Mr. Buchunan submitted an amendment,
making common blankets, costing not more
than seventy-five cents each, duty free.
3Mr. Buchanan submitted an amendment
subjecting railroad iron to the same duties
as other iron.
These amendments were not acted on,
and the further consideration of t!e bill
was postponed until Monday.
The House bill in addition to the act to
carry into etTect the treaty with Mexico
was taken up. the House amendment con
curred in, and the bill passed.
The House was occupied during a short
sitting in discussing the bill in relation to
the Mexican treaty above named, and hav
ing passed it adjourned.
The Cabinet still hold on to their places,
but it is generally admitted now, that their
dismissal is a mere question of time. There
are many conjectures as to their succes
sors, and several moderate Whigs have
been named for the respective posts. Such
a cabinet would contain the seeds of its
own dissolution, and it could not exist
through the next session of Congress. The
President must look for advice, as well as
support, to the Democracy.
WAssatseTor, Aug. 30.
Mr. Tappan moved to take up his reso
lution, fixing a day for the adjournment of
Congress. M r. Calhoun seconded the mo
tion, and stated that when the resolution
was taken up, the majority could insert
what day they pleased. The motion to
take up the resolution was negatived-ayes
21, noes 23; eyery Whig present but one,
1Mr. Barrow) voting against it.
The Tariff bill was then taken up. the
question being on the amendment propo
ted by Mir. Buchanan to subject Rail Road
Iron to the same duty as all other Iron
20 per cent. Tbis was advocated boy Messrs
Buchanan, Walker. Huntington, and Clay
of Kentucky; and opposed by Messrs. Cal
houn, Cuthbert, Clay of Ala., King and
Berrien. The principal contestants were
Messrs. Buchanan and Calhoun, whose
remarks and rejoinders comprised two
thirds of the whole debate. The former
contended that the effect of exempting this
Iron from duty was to exempt States and
Dorporations from a tax which was paid
by every farmer and mechanic in the
ountry. That it was peculiarly laid on
the Iron manufacturers, who, without pro
ection would have to compete with the
oreign manufacturer. while every other
was protected by the provisions of the
:ompromise act. That the State of Penn
aylvania was able to supply any quantity
;f this Iron which the exigencies of the
enuntry might require. That to make
his exemptinn uas Against the principle
>fthe strict constructionists, who denied
ihe power of the general government to
rnake appropriations for internal improve
rnent-as this was in e'ect an nypropria
ion to the full extent of the duty reli
Mr. Calhoun denied e
pecial exemption in far
or States, and ins
would amout "n
'hat it was a questiin~
-s of domestmic industry, t
af Iron anid the tt:,nu facture
iand whether you should give one an
enntage of 20 per cent. over the other.
'h.am all the fucilities enjoyed by Pennsyl
~ania for the mnanufacture of Iron. we
quale:l by the facilities for the manufactu
ing a Rail Road from the Atlatiic, thro.'
3eorgin to the Westertn waters. Mir. C.
ere weut into a very intercsting detail of
le various lines of Rail Road completed
nd ini progre-ss in thme States of Sooth
Tarolin:.,, Georgia, Alnhanma, and Mlis~is
ippi; and alluded to their great iumportauce
ui a miltary point of view. In his opitn
an,. the t wo mtost efficient mecans of defencec
rere our Navy, amid Rail Roads fur ihec K
apid convecyance of men and muniionas <
f(war to the point assailed. These latter
vonld be of especial itmportance to the
south, as if there was any lodgmenat at- i
empted by a foreign force, it would he inj;
hat section-the most vulnerable, and
he most neglected by the general govern- )I
tent, ie knew that his section of the
tinioni was the weaker one; that its staple<
id to boar the principal burden of suip- I
iorting this Government; and they now i
sk that you let tis great branch of home
adustry alone-they ask no protection;|
ut simply that tno burdetns may be laid t
pen it-as upon the completion of these
aportant works on intermnal communica-<
otn depends in a great degree, the comn
1ercial prosperity of the South.|
While .Mr. Uihloun: was thuas standing |
p for the iterests of his State, Mr. Pres-| I
>n was promtpting Mr. Buchanan lby sug-.
estionsadurimng the course of his remarks!|
low must South Carulimna rejnice at the a
pproach of the hour whlen her breath will I
umake him whom her breath has tnade,
nd relieve her from her present conniec- a
on with one so lost touevery feeling of pa- c
(itism and political honesty.
The Whigs lad a caucus on Saturday a
ight, and a quasi peace was hatched up
etween Messrs. Clay and Webster, for c
urposes of common defence, anad the gen
nil welfare of the Whig party. John
'yler was ex-comnmunicated, a compli-.
ient which it is pretty generally supposed,
e w ill formally reciprocate during thepre- I
Tre Steam Ship President-An article\
a going the rounds of the newspapersofa a
ottlebhaving been picked up off the Brit
ah Great India Coast, containing an ac-c
outnt of the loss of this Steamer, by en
ountering an Iceberg on the 14th March,
ad that the Passengers were then (17mh
harch) on the ice, one only of the number
A. MI. Morris) having perished. The
shole is withotut doubt a fabrication, and I
he author well deserves a twenty-four
tours' exposure on one of these isolated
11ountains of ice as a punishment for his
rSojutl Caruliun, it is deemed as unte
-snary, an it would be out of place, to
well upolt those high political considera
ons which make it the solemn and impe
ous duty of every free State, to be at all
mes prepared to defend its rights, its in.
itutions. and its liberties, equally against
'reign iujustice, and domestic rsurpation.
hat a well trained Militia isthe only sare
cans of ef'ecting this object. is a funda
tial aphorism in our political system,
id down in all the American CotstitU
ons-the truth of which is by no means
eakened by its triteness. The necessity
r this species of military power becomes
uubly apparent, when it is considered
tat South Carolina is a member of an
itensive confederacy growing in popula
on with fearful rapidity, and having a
mmon Government clothed with im
tense powers; conferred fir "the common
efence and general welfare," but capable
being perverted. as we have been made
to painfu!ly sensible, to purpose of injus
ce and oppression. Among these pow
rs is that of "raising aud supporting ar
ties" in war and in peace-a power more
angerous than all others -united, and yet
ested in the Federal Government in
-rms the most unqualified a d compre
Ifr the rears of federal encroachment. en
rtained by some of the -wisest and - >st
atriolic of our revolutionary statet en,
-ere not entirely visionary, and if the sov
reignty of the several States is, as they
istly deemed it, an essential barrier,
gainst these encroachments, how solemri
the duty of every State to be at all times
repared to fulfil its high destiny?
While the Federal Government main
ins a standing army, increasing in num
ers with the increase of population, the
tates that shall neglect to provide that
reat constitutional bulwark of liberty.
body of citizen-soldiers, will deserve
ny destiny that may befall them.
,midst the violent struggles of great
Alitical parties fir power, in which the
reat and viini interests of the people
ny he sacrificed, to promote the ends o1
miition, who can predict how sooni a
-isis may occur when the Militia of the
tates will be called upon to resist some
ild usurper, at the head of a mercenary
All wise States have guarded against
smestic usurpation and tyranny, witi as
uch vigilance as against foreign injustice
Id violence. And what more ample and
erfect security can human widom pro
ide against this danger, than a military
awer, not confined to a particular class
parated from the people, but diflused
trough the whole population of the State?
people thus prepared, may be said to
,ld their destinies in their own hantds, anid
rties by an indefeasible title.
en, can this preparation be made
ast inconvenience and expense
The arswer is obvious. By
y of well-instructed officers,
to lead our whole Mili
field, whenever the emer
for teir services. With
Iful ojicers, it is confi
the body of Militia
ny troops they
no gespet u I g toltably
terize, and the nmotives
aties and defendinig
fully contfirmetd by one
abtle potrtiotns of modern
eoxtraordinary succession of
nqtuests, whaich illuastrated
he French republic, in the
of the revolut ion, were achiev -
elusively b~y citizeni soldiers,i
u by contscription~and partly train-<
Ie marching to the fields they were
aquter. This wonderful phienotmenon,.
the military historiatis of the time, as-<
be to the werll-known fa-ct, that Frar.ce
otnded at the time in skilful anti scienti
otilicers, by whom the conscript sokstiers r
tre hastily trained and then led on to vic
v. In mode-rn warfare, where sotnuch I
l--eted by millitary combinatins, almosti
ery t hing depends upon the officers. No
opt, however brave andi heroic, achieve
ytintg, without ctompetenit oflicers to
mmndt~t~ them, Courage itself, becomes1
eles,. unider such circttmslances. Is it I
t, therefore, worth the, etrori to maintain
tystem, which if steadily ptursuedl, will
a few years furnish the State, tnt otily
h a body of skillfuzl oiflcers, but a botly
citizen suiliers., moderately wecll trained,
d accustomed to the cornmand of those,
whom they would be led to battle in
y etnergenicy, and in whom they would
e entire confidence ?
It cannot be supposed that an etilighten
community. much less a body of high
inded anrd patriotic officers, will ever hesi
e as to the expediency of persevering 4
a system, which has already produced!
eh striking results, as to command the
miration of the neighboring States. No
teer is worthy to wear an Epaulette,
to wvill not cheerfully encounter the
all sacrifice involved, in rendering a ser
: to the State, so indispetnsable to its
rety. It has been said, that officers will
ign, to avoid this small contribution to
the public service. if there be any such
lers, they ought never to have beeni
teted, and the sooner they resign the
tier. TIhere are itelligent and public- 1
irited men in all parts of'the State, with
ota the duties required by the Encamp-i
ot will bce a -strong mottvo to accept of
litary commissions, but wvho would dis
in the miserable vanities of epaulets and
ithers, to bte periodically exhibtited in a I
lielons muilitary pageatnt. If the syst em
maintained, such will soon he the high<
aracter of the militia officers of the St'ate.
de people at large, who are so vitally in
ested in this matter, should take care
at such only shall be entrusted with the
The Board, as has been already stated,.
snf the opinion that a moderate comren- .
- -------------- ---- I
From Ia Sourk Ca~riiaa. ti
MILITARY REPORT OF 1839, ETC. ri
Extract of a letter from a respected and i
intelligent friend: at
"Your efforts to bring back the Military fa
spirit of the State, has, I assure you. given 1
me great satisfaction. I trust you will n
continue them. You were right, in sup- I
posing hat the loss of the b1ilitary Bill last In
winter, was occasioned, not by the influ- ti
ence of those most interested in the sys
tem-that is, those who are to encounter o
its burdeus-but of those whm probably re- d
garded the move a popular o we-in Ghich, if
b thought at the time, and, with better e
evidence, still think. they have been mis- ti
"Permit me to request hat you will 1
publish the Report of the Military Con- d
mission ordered by the Legislature in 1838, n
to revise and digest the Militia Laws of the ti
State. It was -Tritten by Gen, McDuflic, ti
with his usual ability, and is, I think, a e
condensed and admirable argument in fa- n
vour of the Hill which was reported in d
1839, by that Commission. v
"Do urge the tetention of Sergeants. as tc
part ofanything like a perfect system. I b
think they are indispensable.
"You remember that a fund was indica- ti
ted by the Military Commission to pay all p
otficers who "attend the Encampments." %
(by reducing the number of men in the e
Arsenals, in Charleston and Columbia,) ji
without funher taxing the State for that a
purposet and the reduction was made at is
the time. without applying the fund as de- p
sired, by those who showed where the
money could be gotten. By a careful es- i
timate, it was round that 810,000 a year h
would be sufficient to pay all the officers S
who attended the Encanpments; and is g
that pittance, as I may well call it. a price a
to be refused by the State, for a system of a
militia training, which would well prepare A
her citizens for any sudden emergency, P
and place our little State, not only on an I
equality with, but far ahead of many
greatly superior in numbers and territory. a
Permit me to congratulate you on the c
vetoof the Bank Bill. The Whigs cer- S
tainlycananot stand this blow. Nothing, b
I am convinced, has kept up. even this fe
long, thediscordant elements of that part
without principles, but the hope nf plun- d
Annexed is the Military Report of 1839, p
referred to tby our esteemed and valued v
corresporlenti, which 've p .jwith p
great pleasure, and earend si
it to the attention ofth |1
Of the Com' b
ttog gst, an 0 follow- t
iodeof las. o the subjects embraced in in
arefuil labior ., ment of thi
*irablle end, it wou - sotirce ofi ger.
uns detriment to the bi-anches of pnie e
ervice committed to their charge, if the at
>ressture of other importantt buisiness,shouald ftc
>rcvenit the presenit Legislaiture, by w hose W
tuthority and direction the atccomnpanying to
)igest has been prepared, from delibernie- is
y considerintg, and definitely acting on it.
It is the unanimous, and vcry decidcd trr
ipinion of the Board, founded upon their a
pest eonsideration, and tupon anll thteir ex- en
>erience in the business of trairing Militia, nta
hat the present system of encampm~tett is t
tot only the best practicable syutemt of in- a
truction for our Militia, but thec only sys. in
em that is worth maintaining. In this wl
pinion, they have the concurrence of of
very General Officer, of the State, of al- at
nost all the Field Officers, and a large ma. b
irity of the Company Officers. It is true, ar
hnt ninny of them are in favor of ditmin- hte
shting the burden and expense of attend
tig the enicaimpments, by allowing a mod- ed
rate andl reasonnble compensation for this m
-ery ttseful and important public service; in
nd this Board, concurritng in the justice in
ti expediency of such a measure, do su
arne.stly recommend that provision be ad
nade fur paying to every comnmissioned ot'
nd tnon-cotmmissioned Otlicer, acquired Iw
o performn camp duty, a conmpensatiotn of sn
tnc dollar per day, during tlic term of his vi
WVith this amentdment, it is believed that Ir
he system would be almost universally to
optular with those who are to sustain the of
urthen of its ditties; and it is not to lie eli
onceived that the restof the community, jbe
vho will enjoy all its benefits wvithou t par- I i:
icipating in the services and sacrifices it w
equires can look upon it but with entire m
ipprobation. Experience, indeed, has m
;onclusively demonstrated, that all the dt
ther pilans that have been heretofore de- Ce
rised for training our citizens to defend thc ric
state, have been absolutely useless, and s
o recur to them now, would be to reduce cli
ur Militia from the very respectable rank TI
hey have already attained, to be a wretch- te
d and contemptible mockerv, if not to be th
public nuisance. 'pt
In presenting this Report to the intelli
:ent and puablic-spirited Representatives ar
,iuon 0boubl bO paid to those n%1ho pcc* i
*orm the duties of the Camp. They have <
Dade an accurate estimate of the annual r
ixpense it would involve. It wonld not c
mxceed ten thousand dollars-a very small c
ium, when compared with the important I
mnds it will accomplish. When this pro
vision shall ,e made, the present system
-nay he regarded as permanently estab- f
ished, and the most beneficial results may i
>e confidently anticipated. Nothing would I
)a so much ,o be deplored as a vacillating a
policy on this important subject.by which I
i system so universally approved, by all s
experienced officers, should be abandoned I
jefore it is fairly tried; the Board are un- I
animously of opinion, that the idle mock- I
!ry of militia parades, and ihe whole mil- <
tin system should be giveu up, whenever
it shall be deemed by the public authori
ies ofthe State, that the Militia Encamp
ments, those Normal Schools of military
instruction. are not worth the small sacri
alees necessary to maintain them.
The Board are of the opinion, that an
economical retrenchment can be made. in
the expenses of the Arsenals and Maga
zines, at Charleston and Columbia, which
will provide an ample Fund for paying
the person- performing Encampment du- 0
ties, as heretofore suggested. According
ly. they recommend that the privates in the
Citadel and Magazine Guard at Charles
ton. he reduced from sixty to ihirty-six. and
nd that those it: the Arsenal and laga
zinc Guard at Columbia. be reduced from
thirty to eighteen. While on this subject,
thev would suggest the expediency of re-;
ruiring the Captains of the Citadel and
,lagazine Guard at Charleston, and of the
Arsenal and Magazine Guard at Colum
hia, to report annually, and render their
accounts through the Adjutant and Inspec
tur General, to the Commander-in-Chief.
They also-recommended, as a measure
of ultimate economy, the purchase of as
many additional sets of Tents, as will ena-I
ile the Quarter Master's Department to
furnish each Brigade with one set. The
saving which this would produce in the
traniportaition. arid wear and titer of tents,
would almost amount in a single term ofI
Enicampnents. to a sum equal to that re
quired for the proposed purchase.
fi connexion iilh this branch of the
subject. they suggest the expediency ofr
purchasing, for each Brigade, a suitable
field for a permanent Camp.
In cotclusion, all the other Members of.
the Board concur in the opinion, that the
very expensive, laborious, and indipensa
be duties of the Adjutant and luspector
General, require, that his salary should be
raked to i ree thou.and dollars. The an
nual expenses wbich lie unavoidably in
curs. in performing these duties, actually
amount to little little less than two thou
sand dollars, and as the success of any sys
tem of militia training, and especially the
present, must mainly depend upon the du
ties to be performed by this officer, his sal
ary should be such as will command the
highest military talents of the State, to be
:onstantly directed to their performance.
PIERCE M. BUTLER,
THOS. F. JONES,
J. W. CANTY.
E. II. EDWARDS,
D. F. JAMISON,
From h ChMIaR Mar.
omhigwo h quouing in th"S Ulutond
VhIg. Tbe editor gnasbes Itiset~over (
he statements of his correspondent, but
hat's of course.
Correspondence of the Tti4'.
WAsutso'ros?, Aug. 2$. I
Gentlemn-I regret to inform you that
have tio good news for you to-day. The V
olitical horiioin is overcast with gh~sm,
intl clouds and darkness rest upon all our
iropects. It has ceased to be a matter
if speculation whether the Piresident will
-e the flank bill. That questiotn is well
ettled in the allirmative. It is also settled
hat the Cabinet are to go ont; and thei
natter of enquiry no w is" who will fill a
heir vacant places !' Oin this headi nothi- a
i is kntownt with any thting like certainly.e
xcept that the President is in corresp'n -
enee with getlement in various p:arts of
he coutitry with a view to reorganization
l the Cahinect. Thuts far, the rumor i
eems to be pretty well authenticated. Ih
nll now give you the on tdis, which yon a
nay tako for what they are worth.
It is said that the nomination of 3Mr.,
,verett, as Minister to England, nsill he
ithdrawn. and that the tname of Daniel~
Vehter will be substituted for it.
It is further said, that the office ofSecre- [
ary of St ate will be tendered to Mr. Taze. I
hell of Virginia, anid that, in the event of I
is non-acceptance, Judge Upshur will be I
vited into the Cabinet.
Another member of the Cabinet will bel
nken from Massachusetts ur Maine, and~
he names of the following gentlemen arc
mntiotned as those from whom the selec- r
ion will lie tmade, viz: John Davis, Caleb c
ushing, F. 0. J. Smith or Levi Lincoln. a
Trhe middle States will be represented il
a the Executive Counsels, by John M. a
~lay ton of Delaware, Ilorace Binney. or It
For the Southern Division. Legare of S.j a
.McDuflie, G. R. Gilmer, and the late cj1
~enaor King of Georgia, are mentionedl. [
The WVest will he propitiated by the niom
nation of Ch. WVicklitfe of Ky., Elisha .
hittlesey of Ohio, James K. Polk, or r
The particular positions of these gentle- ji
nen are not very clearly designated.
Rumor alleges that the complexion of r
he Cabinet will be decidedly Calhoun ish ! I
d the negotiations going on tire intendedi
o acertin how far this pturpose has been 11I
arried. No man who is not decided in s
s opposition to Mr. Clay will be admitted.c
I understand the President says lie is a I1
proscribed man, and complains loudly that hb
he Whins should wish to part with him I:
r a differenice of opinion on one single hi
iestio-atnd yet at the very moment that i
i ttters this complainit lie is about to dis- e
iss the glorious Cabinet, which was be- p
uea ted to him by his predecessor because n
hey iffer with bim on that identicaiques- a
This city is now in full intrigue, andl U
umors of intrigues-but of that matter. ft
There will be a strong effort made by ft
...... the t.ir.... f~ini harted Senators to e
Dy tie 13t1ik bill tapon the table in that ho.
ly, so as to relieve the President from the
ecessity of vetoing it. I cannot for a mu
nent, however. believe that such a mane
re can succeed. If it should, I beg you
o put a mark on the delinquent Senators
who lend their aid to such a purpose.
It is also said that there has been some
3ul play about the Land bill, by engraft
ig amendments on it. which it was be
eved would he unacceptable to the House
f Representatives, that the bill might there
e lost. If the House become satisfied that
uch is the fact, they will take care to do
eat the unholy machination, by passing
he bill with the amendments, and then in
roducing a supplemental bill to repeal the
buoxious clauses! Yours truly.
U. V. W.
EDGEFIELD C. H.
THUtRSDAY, SxrVTsKma 9. 184I.
TE7 We gratefully acknowledge the receipt
if a number of documents and newspVapes,
rom the ion. F. W. Piekens.
ET A two dny's Meeting will cemmence the
5th inst., in the Methodist Episcopal Church,
it this place; on which occasion we expect our
nuch beloved brother and friend;thte Rev. ff.
%. Wallace's, funeral discourse wil be deli.
Georgia lustrated.-We are requested to
itate that tie 3d and 4th numbers of this novel
and interesting work, will be ready for delivery
nafewdays. The delay has been occasioned
by the Engravers failing to finish one plate bygr
the time it was promised. Mr. T. A. Ricbard.
i now in New York superintending the issue
ofthefuturepart The 5th and 6th maubers
will appear in October.
Georgia Scenery is surpassed by Done in the'
United States, perhaps the world. * To those of
our subscribers who are fond of beholding re
presentations of thie beautiful and sublime, we
would recommend the work.
Price $ per annum,or 50 cents for each pas.
Iotra.-Angustus C. Dodge,(Dem.)has about
AO majority over Alfred Rich, (Whig.) for
Congressional Delegate. We believe this is
es than last year. The new House stands 10
Dem.. and 9 Whigs; one to hear from.
The election in Wiskonsan takes place on
hc fourth Monday of the preitnt mtonth. Gen.
Ilen ry Dodge (father if A. C.) is the Dem., and
1. E. Arnold the Whig candidate.
The Charleston Mercury of the 1st instant,
mys "The Bill of Mortality last week is wor
hy of remark. The whole number of death&
)nly 11-not a single one that marks any pre
railing complaint of the season. Charlestem
was never more perfectly healthy than it is
The "3ay River Post OMee," in Beaifort
istrict, which was discontinued a sbort time'
ince. has been re-established and Geo. Allen,
LPq. appointed P. Master.
Auguste Branda has been appointed Vice
oul of Beigiuw. for tn .a__i____
ve slie Vrginia.
Jonathan 1. Wright hls been appointed Vice
otisul of Biazil, for the port of Philadelphia.
At thte late commteneent at Yale College,
te degree of L L D'. was cenferred upon A.
.Lontcptreet, President of Emory College,
-ho graduated in the class or 1813.
Trial of Mckgod.-The term of the Court at
hich MicLeod's trial is to take place, begias
a the 27th inst., at Utica.
Conreated W'eapos.-Thte City Ccancil of
'allahassee have passed an ordinance by which
fine or two hundred dollars is indliced upon
nty persontt who may be founid weating con.
raledl weapons, such aspistols, Bowie knives,
ir. & c.
A grakutural Socity.-At an ad journed meet.
tg of a nutmiber of citizens of Laurensu District.
eld at the Court lltonse,on the 5th of July last,
n Agricultuiral Society was formed, and the
>llowing; gentlemen elected ntiters:
Col. P'attillo Farrow, President; Gen. 'Thos.
.Jones, Getn. Thos. Wright, Cul Jn. D.
Vlliatns. Joshua Saxon, Esq., Yice Pres'bs.;
Ir. Jno. W, Simpson, Cor. Sec'ry.; Tho. E.
lerbert. Re. Sec.; Mnaj. 3. D. Wright,Treas.:
ev. S- B. Lewers, llen. C. Young, Esq., Dr.
Vmn. Irby, Capt. James Davis, Directors.
From the lI'ashiagton Glahe.
The Mails.-The incompetency of Mr.
;ranger for the station lie now fills is ad
iitted in all directions. The total wanst
f all vigor and skill exhibited in the man
gemernt of affairs since that gentleman has
een Postmaster General, has become the
uhject of universal complaint. Many of
ie Whig presses, among which are the
:incinnati Gazette, the Boston Courier,
tid thie New WVorld, have joined. and
imy be said mo he the loudest in these cons
l ain ts. Whilst the National Inteiligeneer,
ae imouth-piece of the Cabiet, if not ofthe
ldminist ration, is compelled to notice and
unoutncc their exiatence, we have hereto
are abstained from remarking on the sub
:ct, but the evil is becoming so great that
rivate arrangement ror trausmittitng the
tail arc seriously spoken oh, and perhaps
rilI be madie, if the Department contiones
the charge of Mr. Granger, in whose
nnds it must c-ontinuo to go from bad to
*orse. until it becomes a nuisance to the
nuntry. That gentleman seems never to
are given a thought to any of his bureaus,
Ut that of appointments. iu that, certaitn
f, be has exhibited great activity. He
as changed the postmasters throughout
to laud, and as it'his own incompeteney
auld not work confusion enough, his ap
intmenits seem to have been made of the
tost incompetent and ignorant among the
ppicants. He has succeeded to a mser
rI. We do not get our exchange papers
ith retlarity-not even those coming
om within twenty-four boors' travel.
Ie have not bad the Richmond Enguirer
r two weeks, and most of oar Soutbern
wkhane naners are irregularly received.