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Prom the Wmsymn Obserer.
JZSUS AT TEE TONS Or LAZAIOUS.
In solemn silenc..o'er the grave,
The pensive sisters bend
While falling tears the marble lave
Where lies their brother-friend.
No more shall be with tender care,
Their varied wants supply.
In pity'wipe the staring teas
And check the risian sigh.
For death has laid h victim low
The fatal dart has sped,
No "smiles ofjoy, nor tears of wo,"
Can reach the slumbering dead.
But who is he whose language mild
In gentle accents Bows?
Beneath whose glance each passive wild
Subsides in calm repose ?
'Tis hi, the Saviour of mankind
The Christ-the prince of peace
He comes the broken heart to hind,
And bid its tumults cease.
Behold he weeps! can conquering death,
Withstand his power divine!
Can he not bid the parting breath
Resume its earthly shrine?
O what can cause his tears to flow?
Oh why in spirit groan?
"The man of sorrows" weeps for wo
Of others-not his own.
But hark a voice! death 'tis thy doom
The Lord thy power defies.
"Come forth" thou tenant of the tomb
"Thou sleeping dust arise."
My resurrectiou and my life
Oh! may thy, peaceful voice
Allay each passions carnal strifo
And bid my soul rejoice.
RE-UNION IN HEAVEN.
ST W, L5ooETT.
If yon bright stars, which gem the night,
Be each a blissful dwelling sphere,
Where blessed spirits re-uuite,
Whom death has torn asunder here;
How sweet it were at once to die,
And leave this blighied orb afar,
Mixed squl and soul to cleave the sky,
And soar away from star to star.
But oh! how dark, how drear and lone,
Wouldseem the brigbtet world of bliss,
If,wIaidering through each radiant one,
We failed to find 'he loved of this;
If there no more the ties slall twine,
That Death's cold hand alouo could
Ah! then these starsiin mockery ahine,
liors hateful as they shaine lorever.
Ic cannot be-each hope, each fear,
That lights the eye, oir clouds the brow,e
Proclaims there is a happier sphere
Than this bleats world that hulds us no0w
There is a voice which sorrow hears,
When heaviest weighs life's galling chain;
'Ti. Heaven that whispers-dry thy tears,
The pure in heart shnll meet again.
Froms theGruilre .loLtaUfler.
sAaTANBUio AoaIcULTL'KtAL socJETY.
The Spartanburc Agricultural Society
met, according to adjournment onaSaledlay.
JohnCrawford,Esri. was callced to theChair,
and Joel Foster appointed Secretary. Ste
phen Lee, Esq. wvas thetn req;uested to de
liver an address. which he did with d:<tan
geished ability,nod to the eniiire anti.4fact iont
ofa large and hinbly respectable audience.,
in the course of which he showe.l his kn"n I
edge and skill as a scientihic nnd prctca
farmer, urging upon his hearers the neces
sity of turnipg their attention ta t be correct
cultivation and improvemwent oft heir lands,
the improvement of stock. &c., he~ide4 a
variety of information dlerive.l fromu hais
own experience, and well cniculate'd to
escourage others in makir,-- similar elfirts.
'The Committee appointed at the previ
ens meeting (consisting or tSie phen Lee.
John Crawford, Simpson Boho, Joel Fus
t.. S. WV. E vans and J. T. Kirby) to draft
the Constitution, made their report, which
was unanimously adopted.
Au invitation was then extended to those
present to join the Society, when a large
number came forward and subscribed theirI
The following persons were elected otfi
rs: Stephen Lee, Presidenst John Str.
hle, Jr., E lihu Smith, W. R. Poole, James
Cooper, Samuel Otterson, A. II. Mloore,
Vice Presidents; Joel Foster, Secretary;
E.-C. Leitner, Corresponding Secretary;
J.B. Cleveland, Treasurer.
The following Resolution was offered
lay Simpson Bobo. Esq.:
Resolved, That Committees be appoint
ed by the Chairman to report to thte Socie
ty, as fsom timne to time directed.. uponi the
foliowiog subjects; whereupon the Chair
appolinted the following Committees:
0. Corn-S. N. Evans, John Hunt,
WV. R. Poole, John HoP oJ
Murph, Sen'r. HI. H. Tosn .A
Miller, Tho. Rogers, WV. H. Bagwell,
On WAca.-Dr. Otterson, D. Mayber.
S, J. Drummond, James Moss, Jesse
leveland, Daniel Anderson, J. Smnith.
-0O Oai.-4. Routar, Jr., J.llruton, T.
MarphyL 3.' Eiindsiit fl Woodruff," J.
Crawford, D.DR. Bou den,J. N.
0Gastoo iI~gs G. Mills, J,
Fiederb ~ E5Foster, Win.
gm geots.-S. D~ r.' Miller, A.
Foster Svr .. Stroble r., Elizha Poole,
J. G. Lantn.tl
On Peas.-A. M. Smith, Dr. A. E
Moore, R. C. Poole, Hloleman Smith
Booker Bomar, Jones Juderwood, A
On Cotton.-B. B. Foster, John Davis
1. Zimmerman, W. Drummond, E. Pat
erson, J. K. Aleans.
On Mlanures and Maniring.-Siephel
Lee, W. Clark, 31. L. Thoipsoo, J. E
Henrr. Dr. Otterson, B. Wolford.
On'Ditching and Draining.-W. Clar
I. Nebit, W. Norris, Joel Iean, J. Wolft
P. R. Bobo.
On Farming Tools.-A. Flemmin:
W, I. 1arris. J. L. Westmorelund. Jelh
Wells, Sirpeon Boho, J. Browu, B
Thomwin. N. Golihitly. A. Camp.
On Horses.Dr, Nuil, H. J. Dean. J.7
Kirby, R. Ballinger, J. Foster, Dr.
Winsmith. T. B. Collin.
On Catlle.-E. C. Leitner. G. W. II
Leg. L. H. Kennedy. D. Whetstone, D
Wihite, Isam Hurt, T. Rowe, D. W
On Hogs.-J. Stroble. A. Bterry. H
Dodd. A, Fostcr. B. It. Foster. H. White
lones Foster, It. F. Bates.
On Sheep.-Theron Eat le, . Cannon
r. J. Lindler, J. fleatherington; P. H
lead, Woodward Allen.
Oi Muks.-Elilh Smith, J. N. A nder
iot, Willis Allen, H. Lockheart, Russe
Wilkins, D. Whetstone, W. Walker.
On Silks.-D. Danuzler, Dr. Veruou
[l. 31itchell. J. Poole, Andrew Flemming
R. Perry, J. Wells,
On Horticluture.-George Parker, Joe
%iller. J. Ocland, J. Pickenpack,S. Bohb
j. . Unmar.
On Orchards.-Janes Cooper, E
'arkur, J. ltsgers, Anthony Pearson, Jot
On motion of S. Bobo, Esq. Rev. .. G
Landrum and Joel Foster were appoittet
SCottmitee to wait on S. Lee, Esq. num
-equest a coepy of his speech for publica
hise Society then adjourned until Sale
lav in October.
ST EPihEN LEE. President.
101L IosTER, Sccretary.
Frim thr Farmer's .idrorate.
vAr1.iUS PURaUtT4 b.*NTtA:. TO CRoSPERITY.
In order ts render a community pro-,
>erus iand haipv, it is altoether essentia
bat each iudividual should pursue som:
iseful vocation; either by producin: thi
tecesary means of subsistatic diretlh
roin the earth, or more indirectly by som:
;tter laudablegpuNruit. By,latanable pur
uits we mean, such as are in their naturi
-lculated, ihiether agricultural, mechani
.al, mercantile, or professional. to advanco
he interest and happiness. not of one or ,
et' inlividuals alone, but of the cotumuni
y in general. These when proptrly ap
died are all useful pursuits, exercisin
tportnnt ngeocies in advancin- both in
lividual and national prosperity; and in
isenaiile requisites in furming the sun
if human happiness,
To the mechanic, the farmeris indebte'
r his various implements of husbandry.
iis wiagaon', plutighs, harrows, axes, hoes
tc. his houses, and furtoiture. in short
ither directly or indirectly, for nearly al
he conveniences that aidm'ninister to hi
eniporal ad vant::e; whilu the necessari
abort emitbrace.1 by every other depart
e0t o; u.e.i. iidta.try i.a mach abridged
and their cyomforts andt' convenCienlces groat
y multipliedl by miechanical genius.
Ilv mercantti le pursuits the abundantt pro
luctns, not only ufour own, but of foreig'
ountries also, are brought into uiversal
equisition, so that each individual, wheth
r located in the torrid, tempe~trate, or fri
;id zonie: or whether situated in cast n
iest, is not necssarily restricted to the
iruslct ions of his iwnt soil. but lurtnishec
'ith facili:ies fur ehangiog his own stir
ds, for such ntecessaries or luxuries as are
>tter adapted to other soils and situations
tnd even for extendin:: his commarercial itn
ercourse to, and exca;~ing commodioitie
cit foreign ceoti e- ; widle to the hupi
y itntuenice oft he le~arnued prosfesbi~on re
e maea~tnal v idtedt~c, for t he enjoy
nentit .of tho' se supI erimr aitt ainnetnts thai
he fe rocious sava::e w.ho in habits ailt
curi , thei uancutivatcht ilderness, in ques
nl .caty lnd prearou subsistente.
hAnd ha.lyn the prssiictiouns o~f the fat
le. ,th hl comnu nunity depeniden
;rtos anteriails of wh lic~h its daily u
ies of fod~ and clothing are pirincipal;
Thui's wte se' .at once the obvious neces
it'. of a cordli;i conicessio n ong the sev.
r el departents of active life. The opei
ationisoft lie miechainic; the accommodath:
ions of the mnerehat; and the numterou
iies that devolve ont he learned proifet
inus, are so intimaotely coneted, as
-etnder the existence of each absolutely it
lispensable to the harmnony of the w hole
md the happintess and prosperity of th
-ommiunity, if not to the very existence 3
sur civil institution.
But notwithistanditng the 'indispensable
tess of these co-operative agencies ini pre
nting tihe generail good, it is also necessa
-to healthy actioii, that eamch lie re-,triel
:d within its prope~r bounids; otherwise,
roportiona~te reic netl mn..t inevitatily t aik
lace: for itnstancte-shtou;:b, too great
irport ion ouf ina himute enga::e itt agricul
'oubt nIrot h~e found sutficienut toi camtsumt
ie reduiidtticy, contsegen~tittly the sel Ic
Aould lose all conitrol over the miarket ant
xhat hew sale,. were mtatde, must lie at re
uced prices. Ott the other hiand, shonti
ie nuther of cotnsttmtrs, such as mnechari
cs, inerchatrs, professiotial inen, &c
dho tosthy depend ott othetrs Jhr their anr
sort, becomei too great ini pruportiotn to th
tmber of proucers, or those engaugedi
igriculure, ant oppositer effect witmldl be ih
esult ;-the tmarket wotuld thetn be mtotc
tlized by the prtiducr,-a high pric
would be demanded, and the -cotisume
:opelled frotm tnec'essity to submit to iih
:erm of the producer.
Au echange paper chronicles the dent
of a young child in New York, produce
by tking a lucifer match in its. mnouth
the composition ont the end of thestick di
olved in the mouth-was swgilowed It
he child, and the cousequence was in
rediate deatht. Paretaand nurses shoul
be prticularly careful to keep lbese maied
es out of the reach of children, its the pre
paaition itn which they are dipt is a vit
lent pnisa-.tctn.e Msmwn er.
VARMERS Versus PIANTERS
With the best agricultural writers, a far
mer is a man who grows grain, grass, rooWs.
stock, &c., sufficient generally for the sup
port of his family, and to have something
- to spare. A planter, on the contrary, Is
ono who grows cotton, tobacco and rice,
a anti purchases most his family consumes.
Now it is fashionable for most people to
have their preferences even in the naume of
the profession, and so have we- Tbep
, may be some prejudice inl our composi
tion; but from childhood the same farmer
has at once suggested the industrious, mod
u est gentlemnt. who made grain. roots, aud
provender, and devoted a happy life in at
tending his stock, his family, and introdu
cing and practising various rural improve
ments. The name planter, on the contra
ry. has always suggested the purse-proud,
stiff.necked, pompous cotton and tobacco
grower. We admit, many plantera socal
led, are modest. polite and highly accon
ei getttlemen, hut our readers will excuse
us when we say, for several years past, it
has been the practice of a arrolling class of
southruers tu spedil their summers in this
and other more northern states, under the
name of -plantcrs,"-for what purpose !
fo soie ii-ntanicel to put on the air of
wealth. in order to marry some of our la.
dies of fortune, or for some other corrupt
purpose. Frem these and otherconisider
ations, the term planter, to manv. desig
nates a suspicious character. W there
fore ak our friends who grow tobacco.
I cotton, sugar atnd rice. if the inine of far
,ier would not he as acceptable to them as
planter. The man who puts corn. peus
and potatoes into ihe ground, with the ex
I pectationi of gatheritig a crop, is as strictly
a planter as any other, and we do not see
why others should monopolize the name.
I orindeed take it at all. What do our
southern friends think of these desultory
The time is coming whe the man who
has the menis (and who has not!) and does
not take a newspaper, will be looked i pun
hy his neighhors as a fih without a fit,. a
crow without a wing, i hlind horse, a mole.
or what you please. Such an individual
iight do well eonta:hl to live inl the ian
ner ora Robinson Crusoe, but he has no
excse for thrusting himself among those
who do take newspapers are better inform
ed, to gather whatever political or general
intelligence they may choose to drop for
him. We know many such mien, and
might name them, bit we refrain; hut you,
geitle reader. caln point them out your
.4 Diauoue foundrd on jact.
N.-Capt. J., i-t it tine that you have
paid fifty dollars for a milk-cow!
Capt. J.-Yes indeed it is: and you
would not get her were you to olTer me a
.humtIred for her.
N.-Oh! it is at monstrous price, she can
never pay it. never: I would not give iore
than thirty dollar. for the best cow I over
I Capt. J.-Come now.let us talk over
the subject, and see ifw-e can't discover
that it is quite possihle to make a cow pay
. for herself, even if she cost fifty dollari.
Can you tell me what is the interest on
' 6tydolar fo ayear?
:.-Whiy, three doltlars, isn't ii!
. C1pt. .'-And how many weeks are
,the-re ini t year!
S.\.-b-'ifv-two, ta lbe sure.
. Capt. J.-Well, then, before I pusrchased
. this :'ow, tmy butter cost mte a dlollar andl a
r .lmwe. esides whait I hiad to pay 1or
.new nilik for my famtily; now I save all
ithis, sell a dllar's worth of bttier ai week,
. iind have all the skimt-mnilk for myti hogs.
, ow do youj thinik I putt thte value ot' all
this too htIgh at three dollars a weeck!
.-Well. petrhaaps not.
Capt. J.-Then. you see, I pay the ia
lerest of the fifty dollars-the pirice of thte
cows-for the whole year, lby one week's
rec.-ipts. Andiu amt I right wihen I calculate
I havet then reimainming fifty-one weceks.' re
citpts. n ith whlich to pay the principal attd
\.- I tess yon are, and lin mffty dolI
lirs the iser f.or our conservation upoun
. e subject.-Farmers Cabiner.
At 'ir .ja~twe, of Yorkshire. Ettglntd.
nhbtatied ' pate-nt for the tallowintg recipilt,
. for pre-.er tig eggs, which we think wur
- 'One b~uz.helof Iptick lime,'12 oznees of
. salt. 8 ounces ofereami of tn-tzr.
M aix the samte to;;ether with as mtuch
. water as wvill redutce thei ciimpositiont t ti'e
ni constistencty that atn egg wheti putt itit.~
. will swim. It is sail eggs have bteen kepit
,in this wiay, setutd for two years.
l -TME -rO xxt.: STiaxwtgnaY nEDS.
The present mtonth and the beginnin;; of
.October is the best season to miake straw
. erry beds. So says the Horticutlturalist's
. Guide. The general dependeitce for them
. in this section of coutry has beetn upoin
a those growing wild ini the fields, hut the ex
eira troubl.e of gathering theum in meadows,
a is mtoire thanm equivalent to the labor of ta
.king care of thoein in the gardeni. I)urintg
,the fall, thtey requoire bitt little if any wa
e t-riutg and will bear well the first spring.
r IJestern Farmer.
.Eco?oxT iN cANDL.s
d if you are withoiut a rush light, andi
.woill hurn a candle all night, unless you
,use thte following tprecaution, it is teni to
.otne att ordinary candle will gutter away ii
e an hour oir two, some times to the endant
n gering the safetyv of the house. This many
e he avoidedl by placing as much sail, finely
poiwdered as will reach from the tallow to
e thte black of the wick of a partly burnt
r canidle, when, if the sanme be lit, will burn
e very slowtly yielin suflicient light for a
bedchambnter, the salt will gradually sink
as the tallow is consutted, the melted tal
low being dlrawn through the salt, contsu m
h ed the wick.-Eonomiist
."We must be unauimons," observed
y Hancock.otn the occasion of signing thte
.Declaration of lndecpendence, "'there must
d be no ptulliing different ways; wve miust all
-. hang utogethier." "Yes said Frantklit,'-we
.- must intdeed all hang together, or we slball
. all hang eparately."- Thompsj:onic.-t Re -
EXTRACTS, FROM AN ADDRESS DELIVERED
BEFORE THE "GREENVILLE AGRICUL
At its Anniversary, in August, 1841.
ANTIqUITY OF AGRICULTURE.
"Man, in his rudest or primitive state, is
supposed by modern Philosophers to have
subsisted on fruits and Toots. The art of
kunting andfishing was, in their opinion,
tke first step torwards civilization. Then
iamo the pasturage of animals, and lastly
lillage, or the culture of the soi#. The
planting and growing of seed are supposed
0 have been in imitationof the elfects pro
Jueed by sand and mud, left by the iuun
lation of rivers. Hence, Sir Isaac New
ton and others have considered that Corn
Was first cultivated on the banks of the
Be these learned suppositions as they
nay, it is certain that, in the remotest pe
riods of antiquity to which the knowledge
)f man extends, the science of agriculture
was practiced and esteemed by the wise,
he great and mighty of the land. We are
ulrmed by the sacred scriptures that God
ient Adam forth from the garden of Eden
'*To TILL THE GROUND.' "Cuin was a
iller of the earth." Noah begau to lie a
iusandman and planted a vineyard.
AbrahamO purchased thefield of Macphela.
Isaac is said to ha:ve sow'n and reaped a
unredfold. Moses gave directions to
the Jews as to the cultivation of the vine.
'he deemesne or crown lands of King David
ire said to have been under the manage
iieut of certain oflicers. Elisha was
ound in the feld with twelve yoke of oxen
Jefore him. hn Egypt, corn was purcha
wd by King Pharaoh and stored away.
lomer, in the Odysy, (the earliest compo
ition extant, sa-e the Bible) gives a beat
:iful description of Ulysses finding his
'ahcr, old King Laretes, who hud beetn
-obbcd of power, twealth and grandeur, hap
vy and contented ini the cultivation of his
ittle felds. lerodotus. the father of his
orians. tells us that the soil of ancient Ba
>vlotn was so rich and sowtellcultirated that
produced two or three hundred fold.
Kenophon sa s ilbat Cyrus. tie wisest and
jest o aticient Monarchs, distributed pre
miumis, with his own hands. to the dili
ent culticators of the soil. The invention
>f manures was so hi::bly esteemed by the
trients, that Pliny ascribes it to Augeas,
I Grecian King-; and declares that fhltids
ised to be cultivated by the hands even
jeierals, and that thc earth delighted to
Ie ploughed with -a share adorned ieith
lurels," and by a pluinghmniati who had
ween honored with a triumph. Cinciunatus
was 6inod It his plough when called to the
Dictatorship of Romze. The Empeiorof
Uhina, by an immemorial usage of his
"Celestial Empire," is required annually
to go into the fields, u ith all the high dig
litries of his Court, and plough a fur row
with his ow o hand,. as an example of in
Initrv to his subjects. and as an illustra
lion of the importatnce of agriculture.
A mon't the E:;yptians, ihe ittvention of
griculture was ascribed to superh.tnatn
letjecy. and so ahsurd was their gratilt:de,
that they worshipped the Ox for his servi
es as a laborer iu the field!"
rtO 31t GtAT ION.
"No high improvement in the agriciI
ire of anly counttry can take place whilst
the spirit Olf emiration is abroal, and the
IplIn ation a 1Iloating- one. The farmer
aboldti haver a 6xred andi abidinot antach
mteni to the soil. tIe should love it lbe
niauseL it has heen is father's, aw~ll is to lbe
his chtildretns'. lIe will thenu feel a proper
pride in its imttproveent an eni ti vation.
I us na-ou-r wvill be to make it bsetter, in -
steadi ofi weatrin;: it out andu mo~vin;; to it new~
cuntrv. In Romlte, it waes di-,reputableI
far a Citizen to sell or abantdon the lhotte
of his lithter<. I wVouldl have the same
flinhut to exist in Soutth Carolina. E-'very
i rtnous and patriotic citizen shiotnhl reel
himself hoinmi to athe soil which gave, him
birth-w hich htas beena the home of hi,
fthe-r, and w~hich containOs athe bontes of his
ancetor,. This mtiserrably setti-. alvari
iots awl dastaraly spirit of eirauonlI
ot olyl paraly-s t h'- energy~2 an improve
men:l iiill Cfotur cntry, but it de-.troys atll local
at tiachenltets andut atlI love of couttltry lIe
who i-,eonstanitly wandering fromtt pIace to
lIng toe 'chatnge S. Catrol ina for A labamta,
ad 3l ississippi for Texas. is utterly ins
ileh to a hi;:h, lofty atnd disitnterestedl feel
ing of patriotismn."
OTTO OF RtosEN.
The followinag is thte re-cipe for omakinig
he creraledt ottoi or ottar of roses. fromt a1
work recenttly piublished, entitled theC .l
moir.s of the Rose :
--Take a very large earthen oir stone jar,
or a Jarge clean woodetn cask, fill it with the
laes of she tibiner of roses very wsell
piedetI andi freed from atlI seedls atnil stalks;
potir lil them. as nmuchi putre spring ns ater
as will cover them, and set thtem, atnd set
the ve-sel in the sun. in the moernling. at
sunrise, and let it stand till bhe evening
then take it itnto the htouse for the tniht.
Expose it itn this matnner for six or seven:
successive dlays; atnd at the end of the thirdi
ir fourilb day, a tnumbier of particles, of
ftti yellow, ily tmater, will float tin the
surface, which in two or Ihree days more,
will gather itnto a scum which is the ottar
of~ roses. This is taken up biy some cotton.
tied to the end of a piece of a stuck, and
sqeezed by the funger and thumb into a
stall vial, 'vhich must lie immediately
well stopped:-and this is repeated for
silto succeesive evenitngs, or wvhile any oif
this fine essential oil rises to thIe sut face of
the water. It is said a htundred pionds
of roses will not yield above half au ounce
of this precious arotma."
Mr. A. Brotnson. ofC Meadville (Pa.) says,
from fifteen years experiemnce, lie linds that
Indian meal poultice, covered with young
hysou tea, softened with hot water. and4
aid over baurns or frozen flesh, as hot as
can be borne, will relieve the plain in five
mitets. If blisters have not arisen be
fore. thcy will not1 after it is put ott; and
that one poultice is genera!!y sualicient to
el'ect a cere.
KILL TtIAT wIEED.
Now is tile time the farmecr s,.auld give
at tenttiotn to the killitng weeds. Rtemetmber
that for every pound olf wveeds soin'ered -
grow, causes a los~s of a pIounid oif the eu
vaed eriip, andl if allowe-d to go to1 seed,
vonmir fields will be sowed for the comtin~g
... -I'r-te; I -'armc
from the Greenvuu Mout4iXar.
'IAISU GILAZIEas' AGAINST *REtARSHtRES.
in the July number of "the Cultivator,"
published at Albany, New York, I saw an
mccount of the weight of some '-Berkshire"
and "Woburn" pigs. The Berkshires
weighed #fiy pounds at three months old,
and the Woburs one hundred and sisteen at
four months old. This statement induced
me to we igh an uncommorly fine pig of
the -Irish Grazier" breed, which was pre
tented me by my t'riend William Blas
ingame, Esq. about two months since.
At two months old it weighed forty eight
pounds. and at three months, seventy eight
pounds! Thie is lenty-ei.ht pounds
more than the New York Berkshires at
the same age! For the last month this pig
as increased just a pound aday. it ought
to increase in bulk faster the ensuing month,
and if it does, it will outweigh the Wo
)urns at four months old. Ily friend, Dr.
Williams, made me a present of a pig
:rossed ott the China breed, about two
nonths since, and which was nearly the
tame age as the one above meutioned. I
permnitted these pigs toruu in my k;tchen
yard, and fed them with meal, damaged
lour, bran, sour milk, &c. They both had
he same fare, but the China pig is not
inore than one-half as large as the other.
Mr. Blasingame's sow was brought from
Kentucky, and is quite a huge animal.
rhe rest of her litter are not perhaps more
than one half as large as this of mine; but
they are, nevertheless, fine pigs. and have
had the cotmon fare of a horse lot,
There prevails in this country, ationgst
rarmers. two very opposite opinions in re
ard to the size and quick growth of hogs.
The one is, that their qualities depend en
tirely ont the feeding. without any regard
whatever to the breed. Hence w see the
advocates of this opiniott utterly regardless
onlall improvement in their breed of hogs.
The other notion is, that the growth and
size of hogs are owing mainly to their
breed. The supporters of this opition are
runningerazy after "Brekshires." "Wo.
burns," &c. The truth of thisl matter. as
in tioit atrairs of this life, lies hetween the
iwo extremes. Much depeds on the breed
of hogs. antd more oft their feeding. as is
shown by the statement already made.
The ruinous policy of motist farmers it
this District, is, to keel too stany logs.
They are half perished, and at two yenrs
old require more corn to fatten them han
their pork is worth. Nor will tly weigh
more at that age, when tattened. than a
good pi:: ought to weigh when six mihs
old. If a pig is stunted he will never
thrive or do well afterwards. I have seen
it stated, and believe it tio lie a fact. that it
will require less food to make a pigweigh
one hundred and fifty weight th~an a hall
perished hog twelve mouths old. Pigs,
atal tl hogs, hould be fed on lop and boil
ed corn. orscailed nea. There i-, how
ever, nothin; equal to soir milk as fod for
Whikt On this slubject. l.: me recoIm
miteitd thte plan of a Piggery. which I have
oabtained f'rom one conttrurted by 3Mr.
Poinett. in a his l)istrict. It is eight feet
wide and lifteen long. with a partition in
the centre-plank floor raiseal ten inches
from the ground. covered with hoards, and
att open siace of ten feet siuare in front
for the hogs to walk and rmt int. The
troughs extend a little oiut of the pens fur
the cottvenaienlce of feedaintg. 'The onat
5InaCe shouzld lie fled wsitht leaves or stra)w.
'ntd in) this wvay an immttett'e gtnatity ofl
ftatiure ftp bt e tmade fromta ltCtetinag htogs.
Ilaving a dry, watrmt shelter to sleep tttder,
te bogs' will thtriver fa~ter ndta ttttea better.
Hloiiphdoul nIott tie perm itted tip .leep un
der at.hetier utnle.ss it htas at Ip~ttn floor,
o herm wise they atre injure- tby breathing the'
ite du lst ai powderedl mnu re-nta'
sholdl botay be a! owedl to '.sle ini 'tnables.
as thtev wnililibe itnjured by the tmanaur.
It is Zatmisinke to suppo~ hogs like to lie'
in tithh. I ~ itany one~ btibl a pen, such as I
have dlescribted.~~ad hie will s.ee the slo-i'tter
edl pazrt of it.whtere theii ha';;nl~eepi.kr1i phfi:e~
e:liti.Y st.th'tea.'. . . 1'
lI)r. .t Icoot ait I ostonf, wshia is tt the Itah.
ito utsaying many. capital thtin~ rnout thte
every duay alfair, aau-l hpabiits if life, -htas ra
coieidin thea~ N. 1'rFar.r all tihase
whopi wi,h good~a hahhtitrh andlog life to eat
early ad ligh t upliers, lie au ces ma a
ny'. amnples aaf~in'hlvidnaits whio by eatting:
hiaae andai heatvy su;ppers, brouaghta iam
ataem lve,., di en:~.t ail Iprabuly prea
tate da eatth. Wh lo, thata has tried it, aloc.
nat Latow t hat late sutppers drive awya'y
'tiread nature's sweet restoprer-hiahnyi
ch ep:' uaid person,' tander their inf~iitece
are subiject tao aight mnare, and frt;,;ht'ful
dramts, itad n htat is still motare seriouas, thaey
ri-a, fruom hedl itt thte motrn int withI a hpit ter
tuast e in athe mtouth, a stomanch not ini a proip
er condiition fair tbreakfast, anda the whle
peront by tao tueatt-, wvell quaalifledl for hiu
siess. We dii not ap~prove of anty4:eal's
beig very heavy, and it' atty is to be light
's, let it he the sauppner. A cup oaf milk
ud a pico of cornt breud, is motarefao
le to repoase, thanr hacon, coffee, ten, wine
or anay thaing else indigestible or stimtula
Thec casftors ont a dlinnter tale are said,
by a late Loandon work. to tie a kind al
aedicine entest, continlitng dr'ugs of great
I. Salt.-Thais is a dlecidedI cathaartic, i
the douse of fromt half an aaunce tao an ounace
It is also a vearmaifuge itt large anase.
Critials in hiollandl w..ere formerly sen
tenced to live nmitthotut salt, and becat
terribly afliied with worams.
2. Einerar.-This is refringerant anm
d iaphoretic, i ail aplhied ina~terally,'i
odeately siimulrat. if att over-dise a
soda has beent taken, or ;a:,y other alkali
it is a certain ant idaite.
;. Mustaf.-A tamstard emetic is saif
to he itnfallibte int Cholera.
()lire Oil.-TI his, says t te dispensaries
is --demutlcenat, relaxetat andi lattim e.''
it is anu ittt ito agaitast rcat Isoisuns, alttt
seems to be obnxioustt to w'rmis, killin:~
tem,. it is stupposedl, by stopping some oi
tteii bareathing htoles. Besides, it relieve
the paiti occiasioned by to iapplication u
pungentt acrid suibstanices ti) t he skint.
5. Prpper.-This eures diarrhea an.
tte relaxedl sore throat. Pipecrine, thec al
kaaiid extractedl fromn the pepper, htas cur
rel the ague, itn the hands of' Dr. .\tei am
INiOCULATION OF 45131ALS.
The spread of the mnurrian among cattle
and sheep in tile s oth-for, fortunately,
we are free icoll it in the Highland-bas
suggested a step which seems strange to
the uninitiated-the inoculation of stock
with the view of ijtigating or preventing
the ser-ous attacks of the distemper. This
has been tried iin the south, and we believe
there is no instance of the innoculated ani
mal taking tihe complaint *hen it is rife in
the district. At our wool fair last week,
Mr. Pagan, salesman in Uverpool, recom
mended this subject to the attenitou of our
iigh land ramers. The stock seized with
murrain suffer little on farms, and are ea
sily cured; but when they are driven on
roads to the market whili laboring under
its effects, it often proves fatal. As a meas
nre of precaution, 1 r. Pagan recommended
that all stock should be inoculated at home.
With respect to this inoculation of animals
Mr. Mackenzie, of Applecross, 31r. P., re
marked at the same time, that a lady in
London (sister of Captain Marryatt) who
had several pet dogs, was in alia habit of
intonculating thcn, and not one took the
FOUL AIR IN 5TAaLES.
The following lfact, which we copy from
the Farmer's Cabinet, was also communi
cated to ust and believing it to possess in
terest for the owners of horses. we hastes
to lay it before our readers. It should be
remembered that the plaster by being in
corporated with the manure, is wor'h at
least three tines its cost.-Germantown
"At the last meetind of the Philadelphia
Agricultural Society, a member drew the
attention of the company to the fact estab.
lished by Liebig, in his late work, "Or
ganic Chemistry." that plaster of Paris
(gypsum) hais the property absorbing vola
tile amrtmonia ; and urged upon all those
who keep) stock, the very simple mode by
which their stables could be rendered per
fectly sweet. healtly and iuodorous, mere
ly by scattering abroad about a bushel of
the pulverised gypsum per month on the
loors, by which means tle complaints and
evils arising frot the stench of confined
stables-weak eyes, &c., would ble pre
vented, the gypoumn used being rendered
for nore valuable by such application, fir
the purpose of nature. lie also very ju
diciarusly remarked, ahat the hay and fod
dier which are generally deposited over our
horses. their stables mnust become greatly
contitaminatel by the penetrating efiluvia of
amtmaonia arising front the urine, which
mi::ht be remaedied lby the application
Fron the PendIdoa Messeiger.
SoUTH CAROL.INA aRAO PtG.
Mr. Editur.-A friend handed me the
September number of the Agriculturist
publihed at Na,hlville Tennessee in which,
t)% er thae! ignmature of G. It. Gunter, Plea
isan-t I lill thr rmiles soauth of Nashville. is a
commuaantiarantiona, with the conaepicuouscap
tion of ''Brag Pig." Mr. Gunter, vith
a air of triumph hsidding defiance to any
thing, like successful rivalry. has proclaim
ed to tle United Srntes, tie age, weight
and pedigree of his --noble pigP Without
a wish to detract in the slidGent degree,
fan the boasted superiority of this pig,
permit te. Mr. Editor tat introduce through
vorar crllumns to pulic notice rn unpre
ieaadirng Chainna crossedl onr the Th'lin thaitnd.
Mly pig lat the age uof 1.5 day~'s weighed 8:
lb,. at 6 dlaya trild weighed 17j lbs. anad at
t wo maon:ha' 1-1 hours n eighaed, 54 Itas. 2 oz.
The' l!rn Pie arf Tcennessee bcinag of the
geniuinre Ierksire weighaed at 30 days of
a:e 1 lb3Ihs. atad nem two monthtls 49 Iibs,
Thre bearer hteait 5 lbs. 2 'rz. Brother Gun'
'rr exuhrina enquaires after Dr. Mlartin, of
Kaeatutckv ;antd .,avs hre would he glad to
bar trrn hrim: i-e naeed not concerna haim
saelf I'ho~rut lKentureky h le htas nrow hecard
f'romt Soruth Carolina anal mturt try itra::aina.
?et~ ron crri.ns.
.A thali. r. aaon so~ fruaitflI ina colds, it may
ntir ha' imrprorper tar rnta', thlaat great benearfat
mtaay lthen deried frat at prea'rat iota contsit
tit: at' a ta'n-spttotonful of llax-seed. ,. wis
twr peci" .vrth oaf .t ick liqurorice anal a
- quarter amf a poaa rl oft ntew raisians, pitt iata
awar qutart< of soaft wa.'ter atnd simameredh
atawnt ra ne aq'aar-ro whlicha is to bec ad
dlet na prtruwl oaf banrwn sugar candy, a table
poonful'~ l 'a*n'hi te o ine vinegar or lemon
jrice. alae latr namedti inretdient tor Ire put
tarly in thre qanattity about to be taken as a
A half pit of thtis dlriank taken ott going
t bed. oar a rsmall quaantty 'i~ped whenaev
e'r thec cauagh is traoubl.-somea. is said toa pro
dutce thre happ rliest effect. 'IThe presciption
is at all eveants palatable, anda well worthy
bein;; tried .-Ball, .-mer'icun.
rr:troE ec's:nII:a AYD RA-r-T.EsNAKE.
Siamea miaaers itt excavating near Bell
view. ina Jecksona Coutt, some time since.
fateam i n etrifiedl cucutmber embedded in
thec rotck aboautt twernty feet beltow the sur
face oaf t he earthi. Thais petrifaction is now
itt aour parssessin, and can he setn at our
oifrice. It retaints its shanpe perfectly, and
Iis ira every respect a perfct cucumber, ex
capt thatt it is ntow a statne.
A quatrry was openedl about a year since
ott theen cst sidle oaf Rock River, Illinois,
threat mrile's nbave Dixon's ferry, fur the use
oaftire lItailroad. Bietweena two 'eavy lay
ers of thec rock was found a petrified rattle
snaake. 1i hav itnu a lortso coil anal wan
probabr'ly abrout fouar feet long. We~ have
examinedi rte plrace where it lay, hut dlid
not see thre pietrifactiomn. Thte layers of
rack were atbout eightecen inches thick.
F ratm thre fatce of the brlufi', to th.e spot where
it ;-ay, is abrout thirty' feet, anad to the top of
thre samea onei haundredl feet. A getilematt
tromat Newv Yorrk haud bteetn too qjuick for us.
nata carriedr it away. We were itnformed
lby thte workmae, that it remratined perfect
tar every re speact, thec mrinutesrt scale, or
parotuberancee bein:: as percepibh: as if thto
animl wre et aive Ithadthirteena
rattles, andr wa<s of thte species knoiwnt as
thre y ellow Mtassauger.-Dubauque (Io'ua,)
Thre Wathr.-For the last two days
h Ias beent raitny, chailly andr of course dism
greeabrle. O)m- villagte is extremtelv heal
thdy. h~a tarrorartaed by sicknecss, which is
itkly to cetinnae unrtil frost. Chtester is
siekly. in te village :as well as surrmund
i cu:- Yoki!cCompiler, 1&8.