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-We win .Ug o ahFan .f rampte of .ur Libeates., a i u SM. we wil Persb -mids the 3 .n'
VOLUME VI.- 'Eageb -or Rag8. Cr tatobr ORA, 18S6.
W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR.
Three Dollars per annum, if paid tn
.disance-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents
if not ppid beforae the expiration of Six
Months from the date of Subscription
and Four Dollarsif not paid within a twelve
Months. Subscribersout ofthe State are
equired to pay in advance.
No subseription received for less than
-e year, and no paper discontinued until
all arrearages are paid. except at the op
tion of the Peblisher.
All subscription' will he continued on.
'iesa otherwise ordered before the expire
tion of the year.
Any person procuring five Subscribers
.and becoming responsible for the same,
shall receive the sixth copy gratis.
Advertisements conspicuously inserted at
821 cents per square, (12 lines, or lesr,)
for the first insertion, and 431 ets. for-each
continuance. Those published monthly.
-r quarterly 1ill be ekarged 61 per square
ftr each tafertion. Advertisements not
having the number of insertion, marked
-on them, will be continued until ordered
out, and charged accordingly.
All communiceaens addressed to the
editor, p..t'paid, will be promptly and
Atridly attended to.
.ND TH2 VEIGluBOl.NG STTEs.
* Y OU are respecty informed that 70
aS0aMSA= 70-is myOEce for
TABLE UNIVERSAL PILLS. Pricetwon
ty fve cean per box, wish directions in English,
Fumb, Spanih Portuguese and German.
The high and universal reputation of the
Bianideth Pills, renders it unnecessary toeom
meant largely on their pasaicular virtues. A an
anti-bious and purgative medicine, they are
uesalled by any. Their purifying effect on
e blod is universally allowed-all that have
ever used have approved and recommend-zd
In many cases where the dreadful ravages of
ulceatiqu had laid bare ligament and bon, and
where to all appearance, no human -means
-could save life, have patients by she use ofthcse
Pills, beet: restored to good heab; the devour
ing disease having beencompletely eradicated.
In consequence of the pleasantness of theiy
operation, they are universally used in every
estion of this wide extended country wbere
they are made known, and are fast surperneding
every other Preparation of Si simlar
-.10part, weards ofFoosso'esaTmmfses
.ve been certifiedas cured, solely from their
.use since the introduction of that into the U.
Stns, thus establishin the fact beyond all
doubt, that the Brandre Pdis cure the (appa
renty) most opposite diseases, by the one
simple act of contanually evacuating the bow
els with them, until the disea-e gwes way,
. therefore, whatever may be saidof the &vasonst
the UTILITY of the PaiACTICa is new a&vuyot all
As Brandreth's Pills cure Scurvy, Costive
ness, and its consequences, seasfaring men,
and all travellers to foreign regions, should not
be without, in order to reseit to them on every
occasion of illness. No medicine chest is re
quired where they are.
N. B,-Time or climate at'ects them not,
provided the are kept dry. Southern gentle
.uen will fin this medicine one that willinsure
health to the people on their estates.
Be careful and never purchase Pills of a
D 'ggust raorsiso to be Urandreth'i Pills.
Under no ctacuxsTrxczs is any one of this
-elmso made an Agent. My own established
AgentahTe IvanaIsL an INwRAVK Certili
-ease, signed 1. Brandreth, M. D, in my owii
hand writing. This is renewed yearly-and
wham over twelve months old, it no longer
puarantees the genuineness of the sedicine.
it would be well, thereibre, for purchasers Ito
.earefalyxamine the Ueitiicate. The seal is
notwabut embossed on the paper witha steel
.seal. Iftbegenuine medicine is obtaiaied,there
is no daubt of its giving perfect satisfaction,
.and if all who wantit are careful to go by the
.abowedirecins, there is little doubt but they
will obtain it.
.Remember.70 Meeting street, is the only
place in Charleston where the g'enuine medi
-eine can beeobtainedaind at W. W. Sales,laai.
brand C. A. Dowu,, Edgefield C.H . the onaly
.auaiorised Agents for Edgeiel
-AGENTS FOR SOUTH CAROLINA.
Stephen Owen. Aiken; David Turner,
Besafort; Joba McLaren, Abbeville; WVilliami
-Cnnningham Columbia; Elijah Alexander,
Pickens; John i-atie, Penidleton; Samuel
Wilmot Georgetown, McLure. Brawley &Co.
Chester; Charles Wiles, Coomawarhie; Ma
her &Rya, Baruwell R. H.; D). & H. B.
ie, Graham's P. 0-, Barnwell District..
Mlaines& Bolling, Greenville District; Reuben
-Groam, Lexington; Hassie & Nichol, Greenville
C. H.; John G. Tongue, Younguesville, Fait.
Iteld Dist.; Sylvester Beach, Orangeburg,
Jtuf& Johnson, Newberry; Rice & Cater.
Anderson;: James E. Gee, Leesville, Lexing,
,ton District; Barkadale & Saxon, Gaurenaville
Vernon & Mitchell. Sparaiiburg, P. J. Fester,
Foater's, Union Diatruct; John MeLure.Unin
-vill, GereSteel, Yorkville; A. H. Cham
bers, Winsbro';C barlem Miller. Edisto Bland,
-John Rosser, Camden; Samuel .a ilmout,
Georgetown; Maker & Ryan, Barawell; E,
-Glirigne, Dhlekville, Basrnw.ell; E D Feder,
NMway, Barnwell; Gangley & Drumimond,
JLower TI'hee Runs, Barnwull: Philip Char;
trandBeanchville. Orangebnrg; A. Stcevnson
Plehaeyville, Union, and B. Jandon, Robert
Feb. 13. 1840 tf 2,
State Of South (ar-olina.
- ARN WELL DISTRACT.
Mfase L. Nesley aed)
wife, and atbers. vs. Blf ate a
Win. Fortnae. Ann Acat
Fortune. and Joe danul
j'" N reading the affdvit filed in this cause.
j7on motion of Patterson. it is ordered that
athe defendant Jesse McCreary. who resiales
without the limits of the State de-.annwer, plead.
or demur to the within Bill, within: three tmonths,
or judgrent will be taken agamnst him proe o
A. P. ALDRECHJ, c. i. a. I.
...,,,,,mn a . i. min
L IFEPILLS, &PH ENIX DITTE S.
The perfectly safe. unerting, and success
Jul treatment of almost every species ofdisease
bytbe useofMOFFAT'S LIFLM EDICI?4 ES,
is no longer a matter of doubt, as a. reference to
the experience ofi' many thousand patients will
sa tiszactordy piuve. During the present mouth
alone, nearly one lnadred cases have come to
the knowledge of 'ir. Mouft, where the patient
has, to all appearanc, eileected a permanent
cure by the exclusive and judicious use of the
Life 3ledicines-some eight or ten of these
had been considered beyond all hope by their
medical attendants. Such happy tesults are a
source of greal pleasure to Nr. 31. and inspire
hilas with new cooalideuce teo recounmend the
use of lis medicines to his fellow-citizens.
The UIFE Al EDICIN E. are a puraiy VE
GETABLE preparation. They are )aild and
pleasant ill uisear operaion, and at the same
time thorough-actinig rapidly upon the secre
tions of the cystem-carrying oft od acritmioni
ous hemors, aid assimiltning with and purify
ing the blotad. For thri reasoni, in agg ravated
cases of Dyspepsia. the Li'e Xediclones wil
give relief tae it shorter space of lime than any I
other prescription. In f'eter-and-Ague, Ian
uinmwatory Kenutatism, Fevers osfevery de
erapuon. sick lleadacue, He.arthurn, Dizzmesa'
an the Head, Pain,- st We Chest, Flatulf ncy,
impaired appetite. and in every disease arang
froan ae impunity of' the blmsod. air a disurderei4
*afe of the ntemach, the use of these Medicines
has 2lways prved to be beyoud doubt greatly
superior to any other niude of ueatmtenat.
Al that Mr. Motrat asks of'his patients is to
be particular.in taking them strictly according
to the directiens. It as not by a newspaper no
tice, or by any thing that he himsell may say in
their favor, that he hopies to gain credit. It is
alone by the results o t fair trial. Is the reader
an invalid, and does lie w ish to know whether
the Lift- Medicties will suit his owns case I IJ
so, let him call or send to Mr lofftt'sageit in
this place, and procure a copy of the Medical
31anual, designed as a Domestic Guidc to
Health, published gratuitously. ie will there
find enumerated very many etranordinary cases
oflcure; and perhaps some exactly similar to
his own. ilolhat's MedicalOice itn New V urk,
for sale by .
C. A. DOW D,
March 18. tf 7
Vegetable Lfe Medicines.
I F H e Madicines ae indebted for their
name Io utear amaanile'st and sensable 3c
tion InIpurfying the spl Iag"s and] chamaselsI ofr
hfie, and'enduaug thew with renewed tonc and
vagor. 'in iany hinired certified case, which
nave been ublic. anl itn almost etery
pee'i' - pwhickabelttantrfraam is
liable. tie happy e'lects of Mefal's' Life Pills
and Phenix Bitters, have beens gratefully and
publicly acknowledged by the persomn benefit
ted, and who wers' previoi-.ly unacquant d
with the beautifully phdllsophical priAcilples
upon which they are coamapounded, and upon
which they consequeatly act.
The Li4fc Medicines recommend themselves
in diseases of every lorn and description.
Thear first operation is to lootses from the coats
of'the stniach und howels, the various Impurt
ties and crandtic. constantly settlinag :round
dican; aunat to remaove thne hardened faces %% hicl
cullect in the convoiltaoas ofthesmalles t intes.
lnes. Other medicines onaly partially cleanse
these, and leave stnch collected mnasses behind
as to produce habitual coptlseae!.s. with all its
tram ofi evils, or sudden diart fhae. w atia its im
miaanet dangers. This lact is well konowa to
all re ular anatoaiitan. who exannae the hu
wan bowels after death; and hence th preju
dice of those well inafesrmaed men agatti-t ,inark
amedicmiia-'or medicitnes prepuseJ and heiald
eal to tine public by ignorant peren'Jas. The be
cond f--ifect nil the Life 1,-diciisone i- to clease
the kadneya and the bladler. isand by this timens.
tie laci and thnea lan-gs. the le'athi'ia action of
vliiclh enirely dcleuds upoin the regularity of'
the airinary atrgans. The blo-id, which takes
its color fronm tioe agenry of the liver anad tine
lungs hefe~re it passes into the heart, beiig thtlan
puraied by them, and noarished by f'ood com.
inig 'romu a clean ,ataamach.courame' Ireely ahroup
Ithne v..inis, re'nen a er cry p.art f 'the. sysiein. iaid
trimpaniymontas lhe bannaer inslihila ina
.uftat's LQ'e .lleeicines havc been thaorona..hly
t'eited, aind paranouincedl a saover'eijn reamedy lior
fDynspepsnaan lutulencyan Palpaiaationi of' the
llmnra, L..uaof' A ppetate, ileart-burn anad fiend.
achle, iteieannen-,, li-emiper, Anxiety, Lan
anor anal Mlainchaoly, Castvenesa. Visrbhai.
Cholera, lFever4 01' all kinds, heanmati-mt
Gout, lDropjsies of' all kinri. Gravel, Worms,
Aintlimta andi Consumptiont. Scurvy. Ulcers, Inn
veterate Sores, Scorbantic Eruptinls and Bad
Complexionus, Eruptive cnompa~lailnts, Sallow,
Cloudy. anad other disa;:reeable Compajlexions,
Salt Kheuma. Eryaaipelas. Comnt~ Colds said
Inikuenza,amnd various oilier coaamplints which
afflict thne huani Iramne. Ina IFmp anad Aoon,
particularly, the Life Mledicineas have been
miost eaamineantly' ,anceessfelul, so mauchi so tint ain
thne Fever anud Ague d is:rm in, Physicians al
Inniat universally preancribec themn.
All ahat Mr..fioluat requires of his patients is
to be particular iin taking the Lif'e Medicines
strictly accordinag to the direnctianes. It is unl
by a nwspaper notic'e, or bay anay thing dhat he'
hinuaelf' many sat baa thecir favor, thaat he hopes
to gama credit, It is alonea by tahe results of a
f'air trial TIhese valuable Meadiciena are for
sale by C. A. DOWD.
Fefbrunry 25, 1U41. if 4
.Mtlte of 3'iOUtiI ' irolinia.
IN T HE COMMON F LE AS.
C. A. Dowd. vsn.
Geo Thuramonod. Fan taimnex
Henry Cart. vs. Frn .Ucrsi
'lT' rteame. FoegnA haPt
T he P'lainmtiff's hsaving thi dany fliad his De
claratinin in my office, anad t he Def'endant
haviang no wife ear nfiorasev kanown to be withian
the State. on whnoim a coply of'theu iamae. Wifha
rule ta pleadi. caanad be served. It is ordered
tha't the dlefendant plead tnn the sa'i declartion
within a year and a day. or 6inal aind absolute
judgment will be givesn agaianast hiun.
G Et. POPE, c. c. p.
May 20. l881. a. w. w. aqe 16
DOOE & JOn PRINTING
O F Every description executed with
neatnessand despatch, a t thbe Offie.
State of South Carolina.
IN TEE COMMON PLEAS.
Henry Williams . "A nV a ae
T HE Plaintiff having this day filed hin
Declaration ins my office. and die Do
fendant having no wife or attorney known to
me within the State. on whom a copy or the
same, with a role to plead, could be served. It
is ordered thaf the Defeddant plead to the said
declaration within a year and a day. or finsl
and absolute judgement will be given against
him. GEO. POPE, c. c. P.
day 20. 141. .i. w, w. age 16
State of South Carolina,
IN THE COMIMON 'LEAS.
Beverly Burton Atnackmset,
Wm.31. Steifse. .Debt.
H1 ' E Plaintiff having this day filed his
Declaration in my office, aud the Defend
tt having no Wife or Attorney known to be
within the State. on whom a copy of tie sanie,
wite a role to plead. could he served. It i or
dered that the Defendant plead to the said dec
laration within a year and a day, or final and
absolute judgement will be given against himt.
GEO. POPE, c. c. P.
Dec. 18. 1840. a a a $7 50 47
'State of South arolitia,
IN THE COIMON PLEAS.
R. C. Baldwin & Co. vs AItackment
Grady & Mc Reynolds. Assvmpuit.
T HIE Plaintiff having this day filed his de
claration in the above stated case, and
Nee Defendant having no wil'e or attorney
known to be withie this State, upon whom a
copy ofdte said declaration with a ruletoplead
can be served. It is ordered that the said Do
readant doappearand plead to the said deelara
ion, within a year and a day.from the publica.
tion bereof', or fiualanid absolute judgment will
be awarded against him.
GEO. POPE, c. c. P.
Marck 22%1811, . iJo $7 P6 aqe 10
State of Southa Caroliina,
IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
Joiah King vs. Forrign Attachment,
emy Proctor, Dctoration ax Assmpsit.
rg 'HPE Plaintif'having this day filed his declar
* ation in my office. and the Defendant hay
ijg no wmfe-r astrnerkmsowniabeaitia-aan
state, on whom a copy ofthe same, with a rule
0o plead, could be served. It is ordered that
ihe Defendant plead to tho said declaration
n ithin a year and a day, or final and absolute
judgement vill be given against him.
GEO. POPE, c. c. p.
May 13. P-41. c. age 16
State of oithi Carolina.
Wiley Eidton and wife.
Nathan Bodie nad wifie. I
N OTICE is hereby given. that by virtue of
. an urter from time Court of Chancery, I
hall otTer for sale tothe highest bidder at Edge
field Court ilouse on the first Momday in No
veniber next, the real e.tate or john Eidson. de
cenaed, conoisming of three tracts air land. as foi
lows. via: one tract contaiming one hundred and
fifty acies. more or less. called the "Davis
Trnr." adjoinin lands of Simpsmn Rogers,
Jamem Ro:erp, the estate of Stroiher and other
lands of the intesinte. One other trnct called
he - Holmnan Tract," confainineg one hundred
and fifty acres. we're or les, adjoining lands of
Mrs. P Lark. William Rogers. Mary Watonim.
James Rogers and the other ands f' the intes
tate where lie liveml. And one other tract where
ih,- intemtate resided at his denth. coutaining
three hundred and fift acres. meore or less, ad.
jinne lanld4 of Mra' P. lArk. Geor~re Dell,
Mrs. Rubutm. Simpsnn Rogers and thme Hal
m:mm tract. All said tracts lying in Edge~feld
District, and to be sold separately on a credit of
one year, except for so much as may be no
cesnry to pay the cos'ts. which must be paid in
cash; t "te urchaser to give hand and personal
eurity and mortgage of' the premises.
J. TERRY, c. L. K. D.
Oct. 5, 1841. $(65 81) e 311
State of South Cauilna.
Ebenezer Chambherlaini and
wife, vs. Martin Miami Partition.
and Samuel Mims.
-OTICE is hereby given, that by virtue of
N order from Chancellor Johnston, I
shall of'er for sale to the higheest bidder at
Edgefleld Court House. on the first Monday in
November neat, the real estate of David Hmires,
decenmsed, comnsistingi of thre. tracts of land, as
follows, vim: the He:me tract, lying on Bird
Creek. waters of Stephen's Creek, and c'on
taning six hundred and fify acres. more or less.
adjoining lands of Ansel Tailbert. Johnm Tomp
kin. Charles Nix and othars; a tract on Ba
verdant Creels, containing two hundred and
fify acres, more or less, adjoining lands of' Wil
iam I l. Mioss and othersi and a tract contain
ing sixty five acres, more or less, adjoining
lands of' the widow Kile:rase. Charles Finley.
Jaes Kilcrease and others, on the f'ollowir.g
terms: The sixty-five acre tract, on a credit of'
nemi year ; the Beaverdanm tract, on a credit of'
one anmI two years, and the Home tract ont a
eredit of' one and two years. except for so
much as will pay the comts, which must be paid
in cash. The purchasers to give bond and ger
sonal security, and a mortgage of' the premises
to secure the purehe moe.
J. TE R Y. c.L ..
Oct. 5. 1841. 85 81 4 86
I HEREBY GIVEN, that application wil
he madat the next session of the Legisla.
ure, to open a public rod.lesding fronm Dri.
R. C. Gritmu, on the Ilandford ro5dm to Mil
Creek on the old Cliiission'reed.
A,gnat 15. . if e 23
m ds Cadea Jsamt.
WrAYU55 Aa0a3cToAL SOCIETT.
A meeting of this Society was held al
Swift Criek, on Thursday. the 9th instant,
The resident being absent. Williani
Sanders. Esq.,one of the Vice Presidents,
took he Chair. The Recording Secreary
read the ptoceedings of- The former meet.
ing. Mr, lanes Cantey was proposed
and unanimously elected a member.
MajorJ. A. DeSaussure from the Com
mittee appointed to prepare an essay as
memoir to be submitted at this meeting,
made a toport, which, after being read,
was appmsed and accepted. with instrue
tions that.1he same be sent up to the State
The Comnittee on Cotton asked further
time to mike thelt report upon the proba.
ble amoupt that will be made on the Wa
teree, which wasgranted.
Several Copmittees were then appoint.
ed to make all necesary arrangement
for celebriting the anciversary of the So
clety, and to make suitable preparationi
fr the exhibition or the stock on tho firs
Thursday in November next.
The President, in pursuance of a rule,
commenced calling upon the menlbers tc
give their views and opinions upon the
best mtode of raising and attending cittle
and hogs, and the cultivating of luerne.
Col. W Taylor stated that his hog.
were ofrl Cobbett breed; that he ham fon
several yees past, paid great attention lu
them, and nds by proer treatment and
management, can make them a first rate
hog. Puies them when young. fie
thinks ac would be advantageous-and
whilst the' try is not yet well supplied
with thee' t foreign improved breed,
neighbars A exchange with each other
to obtain t object.
Mr. Ja 'ttleea gentleman of long
experia bserved that he wai satisfied
that a breed was necessary anti
advantag inasmuch as he t hought the
same old would degenerate; wea har
derso kee ; took much more food;
were lazy sluagish, and became un
prolific. fields were indispensably
necessary the raising of hogs success
fully and ily. The stock hog.
anfd 1hou91 ed for siatuahter should he
l ' k heqJAs.
ger should separated from the smaller.
An intelligent and trusty servant shoutld
have the managements and his whole time
devoted to their'care. Air. Li'!e furthr
stated that the hogs he intends to slauigh
:er in the winter are turned into the corn
field the latter part of August, or first of
September, mud that it is all a mistaken
notion, that the destruction of she corn will
be much felt-that the hoigs would first
take the corn lying on the ground. which
would rot before it is usually gathered for
your barns. The peas and pumpkins ih-y
have, also the benefit of eating the yooug
pea hanas at the same sine. Mr. Little
kills from twenty to twenty five thousanid
pounds of pork a year, ani there has been
bought but one thousani pounds or ba-ons
for the place he is living on, for ihe lust
nineteen years; he pickles 10 to 12 :,eeves
thmrouch the winter. which. with the pork
that is currd, makes a plentiful supply ltor
Caps. B. Boykin obierved that he agreed
with both the members upon the impor.
tance ofa good cross, amn that his pin
did not deviate isuch fnntta Mr. LiitIe's
that he also turned his hogs into ont fiesl:
in July. and in the fall upon the corn fields
that he has paid considerable sttention) to
the raisin:g of hogs; that they have impro
ved in appearance and number.
Mr. J. Arthur enisncided, and was pro.
pored so say that great benefit would re
sult from a rngorouts prosecutiun of a syq
semaitic operasion e1 raisintg stock of all
kinds. Other members were called on,
who gave pretty smuch the same state.
.laj. A. H. Boykin was then regatestedi
so give information so she societ y touehing
the Freneb Clover on Lucerne. Ele sta
ted that it was an early, graut put fcortht
mnuch earlier ins the sprinig than other gras.
se-s that are indigenous to the climate or
sail; has an acre ofit planted; catn be cut
ten or twelve times a year. The time for
cutting is when it begins to bloom ; is fine
for horses cattle and hogs; should be plan
ted on a sndy soil, in rows 15 to 18 inches
a part. Atngust she proper time, as it
would require less trouble to get it ahead;
bus the spring wouald answer; was tender.
and like the turnip patch, nice treatmsent
was necessary to get it in a good growing
way:i whea It has got possession, ruos
out other grasses ; is somewhat exhaustinig
to land, thterefore so be occnsinnally manu
red. Itis a perennial, and need not be
plated or renewed for ten or twelve years,
stands drought remarkably well, as its
roots penetrate nine or more feet. From
is own experience and obsservation thinks
in superior so the common Clover, Tim's
hy or Herd's Grasis, either for hay or soil
ing, the yield being very great; as much
as thirty ttns have been obtained from she
variouscuttitngs thsough the year. and is
stisfied, that the general introduction of
its culture by planters and farmers would
end much to the economy of raising stock.
Col. W. J- Taylor thought that the So
iety abould meet oftener, and on motion,
made by him, an extra meeting will be held
o the first Thursday in October.
Capt. B..Boykin then moved an adjourn
rent, which was carrIed.
I.un semN Se....
From the Mobile Journal.
We have been favored by a friend, willi
n copy of a letter addressed to him, from
the interior of india, by one of our coun
trymen who went out on an engngement
with the East India Company to improve
the cultivation of Cotton in that region.
We make the following extracts which
may be interesting to our readers, coining
from the other sile of the world, from a
p lain woking native of this part of the
CALPrE, May 10th, 1841.
" am now about six hundred miles from
Calcutta in the District of Bund!ecund,
and have commenced bnsiness after a sort
or faihion. As to labor I can get plenty
such as it is; one of our negroes will do
more work titan five oft he natives. They
are something like our Choctaw Indians,
at home, only much inferior in strength,
courage anI energy. There is no forest
for them to roam in here, as the Choctaws
have, and they are therefore compt-lIed to
make a living such as it i.e, by labor, and
the rent to th-! Government eats out the
profits of all they do cultivate. The land
here all belong' tip the Government, and
the natives have to pay the rent for using
it. The rent is from thiee to nine rubees
per Begha. according to situation; the
nearer a well the higher the rent, three
beghas make about in acre of our men
suremeni. This grinds them down so
hari that thev rarely attempt to make more
than a eere living, Which is nothltsg hut a
little rice. There art few of them that
ever get animal rood at all. so you may
jttac what sort ofcreatures they are fur
labor, compared with nur negroes at the
South. I do say that this is a great deal
more slavery than that of the slives of
North America. You may say they have
no mtaster to order them to their wnrk as
you d1o slaves, but they are nothing like as
well provided foro ras h.ippy. You can hire
the best men here far five pice a day, wo
men and boys at two to three pice, there
are -13 pice in a rubee, and a ruhee is worth
about 45 cents of our motey-so you see
the free laborer here gets less tban 5 cents
per day, or one dollar and a half per mstih
with which to clothe and feed themselves
and pay rent to government.
Bdtdes this, there are other ei'umstan
ces against this being an agricultural couo -
try. There is hardly any timber fit for use.
I bave seen no tree, since I have been
- higherA.- i - k" A%
branch. There are tin horses fit iar work,
except the Arabian brought fron Persia.
.nd sold at high prices, from hundreds up
to two thousasuu rubees, which is too much
for any hrm hirse. so we have nothing to
depend on for ploughing. but very small
oen. much iniferior to those in America.
We may make about 20 pounds of cotion
to the acre. and three acres to the lnd.
n hich will he about 000 pouind', or a bale
atndl a half oif our weight to the hand. but
I have not yet beard of more than 100
pounds to the nere, nud that of very infe
rior stuff comparred with .issisijpi cot
tIs. S6ll as tlis ii nmuch better than the
native cultivaiion, I may do quite as well
frtr myself at homne, for I am disposed to
I think the government will be liberal. I
shdall nevertheless, return to America at
the close of lmy engagemient.
Trhe native iress here is nothintg hut a
strip of cloth tied round the tiddle and at
turban on the head of antother strip. the
rest of the body in both ,xes is taked ex.
posed to the suit and weather. The wo
men yout may judhge of. w h tn I say they
are more oftiensive than the Choctaw wo.
ten. If anv diflerence, the Choctaws
The writer's route to India, was .cn
dotn, Paris, Lyotns, Malta, Alex -*dria,
down thte Nile to Cairn. thentce by tn-- n ny
or the Red Sea to Htombta. anud Calcuta. a
journey. which while it ex-ited the wonder
or a Mississippi cottotn grower, served al-o
t riie his diecust at nmany thinigs which
met his eye and hii. oter senses, antd catn
sed him to 'leclare htittself tmore of an A.
nmerican titan ever."
In the course osf cunversation, a few days
since, Getn. Overton, or Louisiaontt. for
merly of Virginin. informed1 us. that he
thogzht a pea. cultivated in his Sta:e,
would be a great acquisition to this cou::
try. Hie saya it is called the everlaming
pea, that the vinte is so luxuriant chat it
freqently runs to t wenty feet. and the pea
so hardy. thatit will lie either ott, or under,
the ground f'nr the whole winter without
rotting, thus afiordittg a continued tand
most luxuriant pasturage. Its fermiliziog
proerties are such, that two crops turne-i
in are foutnd to make the lanid too rich for
the cutltivation of cotton. and one, even af
er it hcas been pastured. is sufficient tuo re
store the originial rertility after the culti
vation of the most exhausting crop.
We should he extremely oblige-1 to any
of our subiscribers In Louisiana, who will
contrive us a rew or the seed or this valua
ble plant.-Sothernt Planter.
THlE "5KINtsot SYsvEM," &c.
Mr. J. R. Moser, or Flint Rock. Lincoltn
co. N. C.. gives the following account of
the "skinning system,'' as practiced itt that
part or the Unitedi States!
"The 'skining system' is the only sys
tern that is generally in vogue among us,
and that is practiced1 by sotme (excuse the
expression) on an inmproved plan, ror they
plant their fields year after year. in corn,
and use no implement in its culture except
a wretched fixture called a shovel-plow.
with which they scraUpe their land, or per
haps at times the additiont of a hoe. I said
they scrpe their land, that is, they scratch
. r.,-w a fe"' inches deep, then another
so far from the first, that it may jdst cver
the space eartfi, so as :o show n pWiied
surface. This they call 'breaking up their
ground;' some do uot even break up their
around,' but only mark it with theirsbovel
plowsi so as to be enabled to deposit their
see-I in rows. The after cultureserper
formed pretty much in the same manr as
the brenking up. This is about allie cul
tote their ground gets' till the nest seaon,
when thesame processis again gomethro.'
This may give you some idea of our in
prored system of skinning. This descrip
tion. however, does not apply to all our
farmers, for there are some who use better
implements, cultivate their farms in a bet
ter manner, are endeavoring to introduce
imiprovenents, and are setting a praise
worthy example. Still it is a scuce of
regret, that most of our farmers are oppo
sed to the improvements in modern (arm
ing. They say the plans laia down in the
Cultivator. afld other publications, will an
swer well for the wealthy. but for tbim
selves, they are not able to follow them for
the wan: of means."
We hope 31r. Moser will succeed in his
intention of carrying out a rotation of crops.
as a proof such a system is adapted to the
south. and in ncy country where wheat.
corn, beets, clover, &c. can be grown, we
are coifidetit there catn he no insurmodnta
ble difficulties. Animals to furnish ma
aireq; lucerne. clover. beets, corn, &e.-for
feeding them, would, in our opinion. be
far mire advantageous to the sos Vtitan
present systems, and speedily convince the
planter atat the great corn crops of the
niddle and northern States are no "exig
geration.' .\ r. 51's. suggestions respect
ing Botany and Eutomnlogy shall receivo
There are some rules which may be
advantageously adopted in feeding ani
mals, which ho'wever obvious they may be,
are too often passed over, or neglected.
Some of these will be specified; and
1st. The preparation of Food.-Tbis
should be so prepared that its nutritive
properties may be all made available td
the use of the animal, and not ooly .t
appropriated with the least iposiblez
penditure of muscular energy. Tip ox
that is obliged to wander over, an stareto
get the fond he ahouhl 6p on two or
square rods-the horse diat is two4,
swallo4t firtien minutes if the grangps
ground, or the hay cut as it shouki he--@e
sheep tla, spends hours in making its i'y
into a turnip. when if it was sliced it would
eat- it in as many minutes-ahc pig that
eats raw potatoes. or whole corn, when
either cooked. could be eaten in one quar
ter of the time now used, may indeed fat
ten, but much less rapidly than: if their
ftood was given them in a proper manner.
All food should it given to a fattening ni
mial in such a state. that as little time ant
labor as poasible. on the part of the anima!,
siall be rrluired it eating.
2n1d. The food should be in abundance.
From tIhe time the fattening process com
mences. until the auital is slaughtered.
he shoula never be wiahout food. Health
and appeaiae are best promoted by chaoe
of rood rather than by limiting tle quanit
tv. The animal t:at is stufed and starv
ed by turna<. may have streaked meat. but
it will be oade toci slowly fur the pleasure
nr profit ofthe good farmner.
3rd. The food should be giren teglar
/y.-This is one oftthe miost escutial poits
it reciting animals. If given irregularly.
the animaal indeet cotsnes his fooid. but
hit soon acquires a restless disposition, is
isturbed at every appearanaceof hisfeeder.
anal is never ian that~ gntiet state s0 neces
ary to the tnking onft ta at-. It is surpris
ig horw readily arty atniamal acquires ha
its or regullarity in feediatg, and how soon
he intfluentce atfthis is lelt itn the improve
ent of his conaditiona. When at the regu
ar hoyar, the pig htas had his. pudding, or
he .heep its turnips, thecy comp"~o them
elves to rest, with thc conscioiusness that
heir dligestiont is not ta) be unseasona ly
tlisired, or their quiet broken by tinwouta
ed itnvitationt to eat.
At1h. The animal should not be nedlessly
nt ruded upon bet ween the hours o'ffeeding.
All creatures fianet: tmuch faster in thte
ark than in tile light, a fact only to be aic
ntntel foar by their greater quiet. Sotse
~f tlahose creatures that are the maost irritable
ad imtpatient of fr'estraint't whlile feeding,
such as turkeys and geese, are found, to
take on far rapidlyv when confined in dark.
roomts, and only fedl at stated hours by
and. There is no sutrer proof that a pig
is doing well, ibana to see him eat his meat
uickly and then retire to his bed, to sleep
ir cogitaite, until abe hour offeedingr*rtse-i
Anials whilo fattening shotdd never be
alarmd, never rapidly driven, neverbs fI~q
at unseasonable hours, and above all things,
never be allowed to want for food.
The .Aanchester, N. HI. Memorial- telts
of an old Joker, who, on his way to "mtns
ter," in passing a grave yard, espied an,
agead couple, infirtt with years, lookiti
more like ghosts than living beingst emer
ing frotn the said yard, where they had
beena to weep over the gravesoflostf(ed$
and accosted thetn in this 'r-se-"Go bI
ood fitlks-go back-you mtost have jnu '
great mistakte this morning." T'be b4
ouple started in surprise. "Go baelpi
ie down, I say-This is'nit resurtectiotu daf~
-it's only general muster!"
Indolence is a stream which fpe.aaw-:
ly o, but yet tttderines the foundatiour