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Tka foungti article wt-kindly fur
ishedby ad 6 edgetileman, wht
fels'a ar W ir, t in the benevolent
ciause to which it refers. 11 is certainly a
matter of itmportance, that it should be.
knue troughout ;the State, that our
ra has made provision for the ed
Uation of those children of affliction awung
u,., from whose sightless orbs the light of
Heaven has beet shut out, and who, with.
out a course of education adapted to their
peculiar wants. mus pursue a dark and
cheneler path through life. We would
iespcctfully. but carnestly request our
brother Editors throughuut the State, to
bring this subject to the notice of their re -
spective'readets. It may be the means of
brining forivard many of thoso objcts or
charity, for whose education our Legisla
turo bas kindly provised.-ED. AD.
EDUCAT1oq or THE BLt.ND tN sOUT
It is one of the characteristics orcivilized
governments.that they benevolent ly extend
their aid, not only to the physical, but also
to the intelleetual and'moral welfare of
the destitute orphans the helpless cripple,
the deaf andidumb, the halt and the blind.
Our Legislature has passed. during its late
seshion. an appropriation for the education
of the blind: prompted to do so, by a lecturo
delivered in the Hall of the Represesata
-ives, by Dr. S. Howe. the iitinished
founder and director of the Perkins Asylum
for the BlinJ, near Boston. lr. How;c was
accompanied by two girlbor tbliid.whaim
he has entirely educated, and who exhibi
ted to the a-semtbled memsers of bioth
Hiousev, te Gisvernor. atwl sth-r'rcitizen-,
the skill and knowledge which may be ac
quired by the blind. They read ansd cyph
ered with ease and exacines4; they wrote;
played the piaso, aut showedi thes-nielves
perfectly at home ol, the miaps--ia a mtar
ter which seemed to cause universtl sur
prize and emotion The same i)upils of
ihis philanthropic teacher visiteel the any
afler the Library room. where many mem
bets of the Legislature conversed nith
them, and farther convinced themseles of
the substantisal acquirements obtiaed in
Dr. Howe's inhtitition.
The great object of Dr. flowe, is to link,
by a thorough elementary knowledgre, she
unfortunate blind, to hu man society, to
that all feeling of being lonely outcasts,
nav die in their breasts; of imnparing to
them such skill or knowled.e, which Will
enabe them at w future period to- support
theaosives. he it as mechanies. as organ
isa, or teachers of otherbliud persons; and
lastly, to give them that religous educa.
tion, which will ensure to them, the lasting
comforts of the love of that God, who is
the father of the blind, as well as t he see
in- of the bereaved as well as the happy.
Ve have repeatedly visited the Boston
Asylum for the blind, and never iefl it
without increased gratitude to Dr. Howe,
for.his perseveranee, inexhaustible kind.
ness, shrewd judgment. and solf-sacrificini*
ebarity; for it ought to be known. that he
derives no profit (aorn the insittution. He
reMfs but a ver(y limited salirf, all the
.arputis of which, he spends again for the
4usberance of bis chosen- 'ause. Thus, for
maance does he defray all the expenses
o*. costly ajousney, with three persons,
ai-his ~from his 'vate means.
senaves; liiately after the rxhibi
tion., gave ntiee,'that he would wove at
the proper time, a division of the fund,
granted for the education ei the blind.
When, a few days after, he made the mo
lion, it readily passed unanimously. so that
now, fronm 8 to 10 blind children or 3outs
of South Carolina, may annually he edu
Tue Legislature has promtly done its
duty, but we desire very distinctly, to im
Press upon every one of our readers, sisat,
if the work rests here, it will, sneverthteless
be, as though nothing had been dune.
The blind generally belong so the poorer
classes, partly because they are moro ex
posed to the unchecked eflkets of those de
sases which cause blindness: partly be.
cause the poorer classes are altogether the
most numerous in tlbis world of ourb; andi
partly, because blindntess sery frequetlty
runs by alternate generasion, its fasmiies,
and thus, is sure to cause poverty. For,
unless a man be actually wealthy, poverty
is sure to be entailed upons his famtily, if lhe
has four or live blind c-hiliren, whicis is
by no means a rare case. TIhje poor, how
ever, have necessarily but a very dlhicient
acquaintance with she inS ercour- of mteu.
the connexion of things. and the powe~r of
moral and mutual checks. Diam-s as"
natural eonsequence. Poor l'hinal parenst,
cannot hesupposed at once to believe iss
the perfect safety, and kind treatment o
their helpless blind child, if renasave -Ino the
distance ofa thomusand mile's. in ashlition,
we ought to remnember, that the des.titute,
having less opportunity for the cultivatiost
of their Intellect, are for more art to sacrn
fice even sutbstastial interest' of their chil
drn, to that fund parental af'ect ion, which,
if properly guided, is one of the truest
sources ol' all that is good. Tihus it ii n
rare so Gond parents in the poorer classes,
who acknowledge tall the advatmages which
their blind children would dernve, front
proper instruction. in an asyhssm (or uhe
blied, "yet" they will say "we cannu:
separate ourselves from those pour crea
tures." Miost atriking instances of this
kind have come under our own observa
We wnulsd, therefore, earnestly, nay
aolemni' , call upomn evers re-asder of these
lines, if he knows a nlind chil.l itt his nteight
borhoost, to ds, every~ thia in his psower, to
pursuade the parenits, that they will avail
themselves of the bounity of our l.egisln
ture. Let us remember, that we may thtus
rescue a human boing, an immortal being
frost adleoness, wretchedness, wont andi
vice, ignorahnce and religious destitution,
and procure for him. kntowledge of Gxd,
light for the soul of himu, that must wander
in the darkness oft lie rye; cheerfulness and1
happinees for the unfertunaute. (fotr, be it
known, we' have hardsly ever seen a more
*cheerful commitunity thtan sbe blind, at Dr.
Howe's instisutions:) activity for him, who
seemed dowmed to inastity; indlependlence,
whil, the decree of a reteched dependsence
seemed irrevocably pronounced osvsr himt,
We addressturselve- especially to all the
members of thie Legislature, thus to crown
their work. ansd to the Clergy of the State,
who have so detailed a knowledge of the
Circvrnslaneanini which the people live. and
who will at once acknnwledge, that this
species or charity and doing. pd. is one,
t.pt peculiarly belonging to.their sacred
The Governorof the State, the Rei. Mr. I
Shand, an Columbia, and Mr. Memminger.
in Charleston-the latter two Commi- I
sioners appointed by the GJovernor, under
the act, are the proper persons to be ad
dressed on any case that may offer itself.
Not only does the State defray all the ex
penes (if the blind pupil, while at the asy
lumi but the expenses of removal will like
wise be defrayed by our government, and
we feel sure. the travelling expenses for
returning. not les so.
Here we dismiss the subjec;. for the pre
sent, imploring assistance of Hin, from
whom light and darkness come, who makes
the eye. the wonderful receptacle or light
and im a pomnent smites it with perpetual
night, but whodemandsof us. that while
we bow to his unscrutable ways, we shall
not idly allow oursaelves to consider thoe.,
whom he thus deprives of what others en
joy in abundance. as outcasts. but, on the
contrary, as objects of oupr peculiar solici
tude, love and ingenuity.
Alabama.-Extract rrom theinaugtural
address or Governor Fimzpatrick :
-- I'he present time is prcgnanrtwith ad
monitionps. The distributiou or the net
proceeds of the public lands; is but an at
tempt to buy up the States, ned make
thet st ipendiariesof the GencralGovern
ment. under a Fund wrung from the talanr
(if their own citizens, and under the flgisi
oats assanpti)aion that the p.rr to distri
teute does nait involve dae necesity of taxa
tioen 14, an equivalent amount. lie uut
oe bind [to the unaure of hunman action,
who does not see in this scheme of distri
buationra, at pirt ioa of the public revenue, an
artAflly devised plan of assumiing to ihiat,
extent the State debats, rhowing the whiole
t-urden of supporting the Federil Go
vernment iptilon imipt-st dutitiss, and (o re- -
vivinig an unronstiostional protecive tariff.
In prinaciple. it is liable to all the constitu
tinauul objections of appropriating federal
monaey to lOcal olbjects. while in practice
it will lead to thie createst ireligacy and
corruptions in the State Gvrrnnents, lay
c;aUinag tlem to look in the Federal Go.
vernmateut as the great almoner, who at all
tiume-stands ready ia replenish their waste
fully exhausted coffem
" If to this picture of Federal aggran
dizeenact oat Stateiand pupularidegrada
lion. be added the reunion of Bank power
in tla hideosa form of nother unconstitu
liOlrasl United States Bank. the advocate.
(of implied and constructive powers will
huave succeeded in giving the finishing
toch to our institutions. by enrafting on
'Ithem all the usurpation's w;hich they have
so long and so laboriously struggled to er
feet. I have adverted fit the.e topics not
to increase fthe acrimony of party divisions,
which already exist in the country, but in
this di'tinct form to renew the pledes of
my whole life, in opsposition to principles
which I :one-tly believe must end in tha
destruction of our Sinte Governments, and
the subversion of our Republica justitu
The Currency-Duty of the Grand
JIy-In the natursal progress or 'reform.
the demalised paper, astem, with all its
of the crimenal laws, ande at eir perpe
trators on the high way to the state pri
Tis facta in mntal philosophy has bteen
mnost strikinagly exemplifiedi in Phailadel
pahia. Ina a particular stage of its course,
thte managers of tohe inizeed States Bunk,
after astounhding htoth cuntinets with thteir
bold and aeckless rugue-ris, have at
lengtha faltent frotm their --high and palmyv"
condaitiotn of prinacely bankers into that of
crinmintals nrraigned for thesir rsagteries by
a Gratnd Jury, stad placed hefore- the world
on a level witha the other thieves antd rob
bers tof the age.
Th'lis country can never recover ats an
cietnt tone~ of commers-icial morals,. nutles
ste Ciurt. sir Juwaice shallI now perform
thteir duties a itlhota flinc'inag. rThe eyes
of the whole worldi are upon the criminal
courts stf Phattadelphia. If thecy s-werve
fruot te true lines they will be exeerated lay
thte 1ppular vaiec-hy the voice oh trutth
andt hsine..ty-andt wall soon share she fate
of the atracionts bank tat has disgracedt
the couatary and tem.
WVe ha-ve hospe, therefore', abtat uder
the wheole, somte actiona of pubsllic opainion,
thme criial court uf Phtilade~phin will dent
taut the samae men-sure oaf justice ao the
,e~.e.ee ina rusflue . a thW m.ee ina rags.
And whsile ne e-xpress this sentimenat in
regtardl seo Philadehiniu, we would also call
:h-e attenaiota oh te Grandas Jury tea the ef
Erts anad siperationts of the shiinplaster
financicrs it. thuis city.
'The groms isand trequetnt violations of all
lasw whicha thease ruague's perpetrate, coma
property withina the parovinace of the Gramad
Jury. Cant there bc a greater ntuibtuce to
the' great assf ithelt work ing pmeole than
the circulation of a vicious currenacy whticha
is shtaved for a few weeks and ttest palmed
upon the peopale altogether? WVho has
forgtten the mast whto set afloat the notes
of the Montarea! Unioan Bank- those ofthe
Buk of Benningtn-thaose of the Susqsue
hmnnaha tBridge Co.-hse of thte Bank of
Mi lingtou-t hose, in ahaort, oft the scores of
breiken btauks? Dhid ncot the people buffer?
And as sate tais a subjset worthy of the
A: this very moment, the Presidient of
a hroken hansk in Florida, against which
thte legislature there ha-s commatrenced har
ceeding's, haos the auidacisy, thte~hocking ina
oleance ta comtte to New' Yoark. appuitta
Moses Y.- Beach htis agent, und tseus hais
hrotena hills upotn the hiard woarkingj pen
tle. Ouget titns tutolenace ata lbe suffered an
pat) quietly awaty! Wes call. thtere-fore,
upnns the Grattnt Jutry tat Ne-w York, to do
thear dluty ta te public-to aid ina protec
ing the commutasnity frost a viciua.s cenr
rency-ntttshto present alas whole batch of
that shintelaste-r paresidentisand agents in one
bon bouchae so te pubtlic.
This is to best way to put a stop anoalte
further proress of a shinptastor currency.
Goodf.-A prisoner aie had unexpec
tedly been acquitted of the chaige for
whicha he was arraignedl before Judge
Bowlin, the other day, upona being inform
ed that he was at liberty to go, turned to I
he muy al with much 6,elngobherved: I
-Gentlemen of the jur); thank you
iom the bottom of my heaut the deci
iopjnsz rendered-you will ever to
iembered in my prayerr; to worthy.
nd I must say, eute friend (addressing
iimself to his counsel.) I it was in
ny power to doubleayour re he reeling I
mntertaln forjyou cannot be ..pressed by
words: you are, indeed, the crtanial's ben
efactor, to you, your hono addressing
the Judge. who could scara- y suppres
a smile.) I am everlastingly idebied; but
Mi I can say to you, is, I prndise you, up
n my honor, now that I awi*ree, that i
will never be guilty ortrai again as
long as I live."-St. Louis 4atilin.
Texas and France.-It is new ascertain
ed that the difficulties betw these tw
nations have not been remod, notwilih
standing the plausible remiks of Pre'i
dent Lamar in his message t die Texan
Congress. In reply to a Ye trom the
Texan Charge d'AlTmir. at 'pris, denan
ding the recall of Ml. DeSaligny. the
French Government despatched an official
letter aboundine in very severe lan:;uage.
nail retusing positively to eede to the
request. The conduct or M De Saligny
was considered not only just able, but ne
cessary and much indignalion was ex
pressed at the proceedings if the Texan
Cabinet. The French Gotrment col
tends that reparation is due (6r tihe indig
nities to which its reprcscntcive was sub
The secession of(Gen. ~ aston to the
Presidency or Texas, i is thought. will be
the means of bringiine about an amicable
settlement of this difficulty.
Nrw-OaLr.A.s. Dec. 14.
The Me.rican Neres,-l.-Te Courier of
last everitig contai is somefdetails copied
from Mexiran papers. it i ult., recei
ved by the Virginia Antoine, rhich are
in'cotifirmation of the neoviiwe have pre
viously published. An Wother folicial or
count sitaes that the Teilan- Santa Fe
traders hal been captureiItthat 12 %a
zon. 5 of which were filed-with merchan -
ilise worth $25.000,aud hesiher 7 contain
ing lirovisions and ammunitti, were tt
ken. with 2o stand or fire.arms, a piece
or cannort, 76 horses nod -7 oxen. This
aecount statemi that the Teuians were cap
cured at the Lagoon of Coioraio, in tte
mtiddin of the plain of Estaeado, without a
shot having been fired; they having suren
dered :,t discretion, on the first sumntitia'.
from Lt. Col. Archulern, baving sauder
him 230 men, the advance guard of Gen.
Armijo's division. Lieut. Qiiintano had
arrived at Chiltan with a Texian Colonel.
3 Captains. a woctor, and 2 hoys. Capt.
Lalaz ir also started with 182other lrison
er5. It iq stated in the papers. that ni
army or3U0 mc, had already marched
from the Capitoil for Texan and that the
whole force of the nation is to be set iii
imotion. ftor the same destitiation. to ie led
otn by President Santa Anna in person.
The rexian prisoners ir taken, as above
represented, have probably ere this been
put to the ra'k, or placed in the mintes. If
the former, will their fate be avenged? Or
if tie latter, how long'will' the frirnds of
:tsmanity permit them to SOmain there?
Sylph, trom Sisal, we are put in possession
it dates roni the city of Alerada, to the 6th
inst. A t that time the Ciautmissionters fromt
Mexico (Quintanna. Ron) htad just arrived
with peace (Ttering, fromn hi.. governme-nt
at the head of which is the illitstriious S.ti
sa Aniia. It was impoqnjible- to divine what
course the Yucatatnos intended to piursue
in the matter, there being twoa par*1ies in
the ciuntry-one for estalblishing their ah-.
solute inadependentce, and the other for
uniting with Mexico. -The formter comn
priases a lairge mtajority or the people, while
the latiter is compiosed of the aristocratic
lew with their munied influence; yet. it
was generally believed that Yucatat, after
the miany proitestations in raviir of a sepe
rate anid indep~endent goaverrnent, would
niot back out, but would wend the commitis
sioner homte to his master.
Privatc letters from Mexico, received
in Mlerida, mention the imprisonmtaent of
all the Texizaus belonging to the Sata Fe
'he mnaakets thiroug~homi Yucatana weref
7,lutted with toreign Producti ahtte the'
prodluctiolns of the country were scarce amnd
There were in the port_of Sisal. two
Spanish lbrigs ror llavana-the laarquec
Teninessee sailed on the 5th ror New York .
The brig lucirda, Gladding, master, wts'
entirely l0.t about 80 muiles to the w ind
ward nwar Cape Cnterche, itn a severe
tort her-all land. waived, and vwere expaec
ed to arrive at disal in a few days.
rThe Sylpih briugs hemp aud logwood.
Republiena Office, ?
SAVAs s an, Dec. 19, Im611. (
From Florida.- Iy the sicamier Cimcin-.
anati, Capt. Smzith, arrived ona Szatirdayv
from Palatka, we learn that the expedi
lion of Lieut, G. W. P'atien toa the head
aters oft the St. John.', afrier an itbuence
rten days, returued tu Fortl Aellona ott the
:hhi itnst. The country Southt or Lake
Iliuney was inundated and it was next to
:nioiiible to ascertain the true channel.
Tlhe coniseqjuenco wa ilhnt the caoes were
requently entangled amid intrcacies from
uwhich it was diflicult to libarater thtem. L.
Paaiten exatmined several places, on t wo oaf
whlich be discovered fiels comtninii.g ,wee
potoes. 1ima beans, pepjpers. &c. w hic h
lthe Indiains haid planted durinig the aunt.
mier. The indliang. hotwever, haid left the
islanids, probabsly itanjo the farces oh t' t a
lottes or Hnlleck Tustenugge.I
We further learn that Lt. Col. RileyI
tad arrived at Foirt Pierce, anti wn, ilty
expected by the land mute to Fort Mellon.
Mlelanchzoly Occurrence.-...We regret to
record an accident which resulted ini the
eath ot a son of one of our citizens.
George Ash, about ten years of aige, was
playing on Wednesday evening, with an
another lad by the name ofClark on boartd
ane or the vessels near the Exchange
lck, when they both accidentally rell over
>oard. Clark was rescued by the officers
tand crews of the ship Eichmuonid, and
rigs Augusta und Clinton. Young Ash
u..,nks te ris n ng.. it was t ho son of
George A. Ash, Esq.. whose sudden afflic
tion commawnds the sincerest sympathy.
liii body had not been recovered late last
The Stori.-We mentioned yesterday
that the Steamboat Belle. boneul to New
Haven, had been driven ashore iuring the
severe storm on Thurseday night. When
the bort was near Throg's Point. the ttf orm
raged with such violence that her com
mander dreined it prudent io anchor.
Tho storn, however, increa'ed, and the
hoat dragged her anchors, and finally went
ashore on City Island. and sxo fillel with
water. The passengers were landed in
safety. and returned to this city ir. the
American Eagle. which was despatehed
to their relief. rhe Belle is owned by
Captain Peck and I-.w citizens of New
York, and was purchased last spring for
$50,000. and, it is aidshe is not insured.
The following is comunitticaied by a
pasienger:-We left New York at four
anod came to anchor under the lee of liari's
Island almut six, on account of the violence
of the storm. Aliout ten it was discover
ee that the nnchor dragged. and it was
raised it) cast in a new place. 'rhe cable
soon parted, a- (lid that of the second an
chor. The machinery was then set in
motion, but owing to the violence of the
wind and the roughuess of the sea. the
tiller ropes cave way. and1 the boat was
driven at the mercy of the' wind'.. & went
dsh-re at hall'1past teu. She continued to
nithstiatd the niost fjrous sea I ever wit
nessed until hulf past one, when she sprung
a leak, ned soon filed with water.
During the whole time the Captain act
ed With great C11coleess nol discretion. and
the crew with prietnptitude and vigor.
N. Y'. Con. Adr. 1Sh inst.
Cotton Growrs.-It is n fact. that the
planters 4f the Souith raise entirely too
much Citotn; yet they do tnot believe it.
Thit grotlt lias ont run the IIel lIl idin.
the overstocked markets every where prorve
this a;lertitoni; as do tite want of' ability to
consume the various articles of mannfac
tures. Since the crisis of 187. there has
been throughout the world, a general and
detertintied system ofeconmy .-tlie tisit'S
have chanaged. and the planters should
chantge with them. Let thett proluco lesss
Cottor, or else it will not be worth tle
trouble and cost of raising it at home or
abroad. They sll continue to plant as
ituch as Issible every year, anul think
that they will make up the de'ficiieny in
price, by nt over sptanity the next vear;
that a few temore tles will iave no ctl-t
upon the market, tnd thus every onie goes
ont, stockingLi id glutting the marke'ts, uud
naksig the -taple almitost valueless.
This is a wrong system, and it should
le changed. The Cotton growers hav<
the :emoedy in their hands atd let them set
about to correct the mistaken notioj.
rTey should raiae miore provisionus; provid,
fer thrir owi consunptiou. have plettv o
all things around them, live as independ
ent tna possiblo, and then raise a small por.
tion of Cotton for exportation. Great
B1ritain will shortly have her -ast Indiar
possesions a Cotton growing country. anm
then where will he found a miarket for such
a large amount of the s:aple as is produced
in the United States! Under these cir.
cumitances, tlta planters need tinot antici.
pate a much higher price for Cotton than
Ma.'ersUof Cours.--Th--re are crtatn
thing~s in this w orbil w hich have so unifortm
ly turned out in the same way, that on
body dreams of their resulting in any oth
er. Int shtort, they are ses dowtt as "t
terd of course"-thtat is, events have al
way-s happened from the same catuse, or at
tended by the sanme circumstatnces, or pro
duce the samte effects. Forexamttple:
WVhena a bantk suspettds specie ptaymnent,
it is always dune four the piublie g'ood, as a
tatter of coourse.
If the said hank becomes irretrievabtly
insolvestt, aund is torcedl to lintidlat- its af.
fairs, thte dire'ctors pohlish ae enrd statinic
Iliac the assets 'ire amtply sutlicit to' pazy
every thitng as a matter sife ourse.
People who piut atny degree of counfidensce
in sucli statetmettts are always deceived
atnd disapipoimted, as a tmattecr of' cosurse.
W~hen samn.. cotmmits a mtntrr or a
forgery-, or runls away wcith is nteiebr's
nc il'e, anid is de.tecte'd and tried, hte is pirs'
v-ed to be insane, as a matter of course.
Whent a tire occurs, whether it proves
destruet.ve' of prtoperty or ino. it is thte sork
if an ittcetndiarv, as a matter ot' course.
,hna man is detected in some act so'
his reptuttiont l;'re'er. lhe reglnests the pub.t
lhe tol ''susp-:nd thteir opmttion,"''as a matte1r
Whtett t wvo locomtivises coeme into colli
sion otn a railroaid. de'strointg eiach othter,
knockincg half a diozeti cana to pi.-ccs, kil
hing a dozen pasnengers, ande woutnin
twice as euanty mtore, thle public are prmi
scsi full iinformtation coneerntint the samte,
as a mi dtter of course.
Whiett such inifortmatieon comes, it' at sill,
it exculpates everybody frotm blatte, as a
matter of coutrse.
When a youtng lady has hiaed live or six
off'ers of tmarrisige, anld haingtt rejected
them~ all, fids hterserlf ''tu rinig thme fir~t
corner." wsithi a small c'h.snce for e il ire.
shle is genetrrudly satisfiedl thait giood htet
bmel atre noct nlcn ayes comnin:: alons, at a
mnatte'r sif con r'..
'When a ejpaiack meiiet. is in venltie,. it i'.
tremn~edosly pl Tteld a a miastter oifcior.
lint e'very boduyl wshom tilieve<' ons' half
cheat i., stalesd if Its w-ioderful v-irtIts. sge't'
e'gregiontsly humuguged, as a mnatter of
Every man ofinttellige'nce ande csottmotn
settse is a su'icriber tee a nlewspap~er. hand.
if he is htontest, he pays his suibscr'iptionc
puntctually, as a mattler efcourse.-Ijoston
F'romt the Cultiratfor.
TnE~ .4G.tiCULTUI.5L A RT.
WVe have rercived f'romt stituhr, Ant
Tnu~a ST. Jonts, an essay with the above
title, from which wrcetmake the folloiwiig
extract, which is ull our litmits will petroit:
"Tho pursuit eif impgroevetment is neil
visionary or trivial, hacs bieen sanctioned by
the voice of timhe. It is far l'romt tbeintg
a speculation or a dream, T[he art sef seg
ricultare, well named the ' parenlt art,' us
coeval with human civilization. Sn lone
as m.en romcd hithe nmd onrer-livinue
tents and reinving whorever 0one IP
green spot induced a stay, and had no fixed it
habitation, they were barbarians; but when to
they chose a place for a dwelling, and scat- v
tgred a few grains of wheat for the pur- b,
pose or harvesting, and procuring ncans V
of siubistence. they had made a step in b
the march of civilization. The eldest and
the best BHaok assures us that the three first
men were a gardener, a ploughman, andl a
a grazier; if it Le seecriirly objected that
the second was a murderer, let the reply
le, that when he became such, he turned
a boil ler. The art of agriculture will sur
vive all snceriig. It has received the corn - .
inendntiona of the past. and as a celebrated
writer has wittily remarked, -if heraldry 1
were, guided lby renso. a plow in a field
arable would he the moist notble and an
cient nrens.' Ie i an :rt which call exist
with the exclusion of all others. It has
been compared to speech, %a ithout which
society woull be a dismal chaotic jumble ;
thr- other arts are the me-re fit::res and
trebaies. ia fact. only ornaments
c e Uitrt i tger. L
WID~NESDAT. DEcvx3EI. 29. 1841
We- this day puablish the remarks of the 11am.
her! J-urnal, atd Mr. Shultz's own statement
of his affairs. Frot the little knowledge we
-have of Mr. Shultz. we are iniclined to think he
h ase been b:adly trseated. and although his exer- (
tion ha- built Air him an everlasting mononennt
in the thriving towel ,r !iamnurg. those who
heart-is he tas oft eade glad, are his persecutors.
in-l.ead f heies fri--.ds.
Theepilus FiA. l.sq . the late editor and pub.
li-her 1,f " The Old Dorniion." a democratic
ji1urnt2al f the tir-t % :ter, sat Porenoonth. Va.,
is -h.-ut establishing a weekly .paper at Rich
.Smuggftliing .-e%- ,ee it !t.ited in ele Iloston ,
Atam. that Mr. Dec. hlspector of the Cantomas
of that port aum'e . sizeare 4f a large and val
Iuabple lot;ol (' ods on bo-ar. a,*hip bound to C
Charestoea. Thc Good. had been imported '
into that port in violation of the rervenue law'
iof te U S.
A large package barought ly the Arcadia as
freight, purporting to contain iamples and pat
ter cards, was oenmed at the B.astou Customla
1 louase. and feound to contain abouat sixty letters
Taie liters were detained by the Collector. I
and 31r. Ij!% is. the agent of the .teaanships ian I
anouneaeced hi. deteiniiation of senditag the'rn
to Eng land to have the pat ties who transuitted
thern proceeded against according to law,
Teras and Mr.riro.-It does appear from die
tone of the New Orleans aid Texas palpers.
that Santa Anna. as Cief Director, ma ans to
enske war apou Texas. This -contirena use itn
the opinions we have ever entertained, and po
often expressed, as regards this treacherous sav
age :nonster. The citizens of Texas should
never again place the least confidence in his
pretensions of peace and friendship; and %bould
they again succeed in getting him into their
hands. let them meet out to him the just pun
ishment which his:conduct deserves
War states that the whole number of troops
now in the service of the United States is ten
thauusand six hundred and ninety four;t to coin
plete the urgaanization of the Army on Its: r
erit basis eighteen huandred and thirty eight
recruits are waned. During the past year the
whoele unmhtder recutited wvas .l.92. T'he incre'ase
of two reganern's to the;Armay is recornnicnded.
The Xary.-Thec Secretary of the Navy, in
haiw late Rupiart to C~ongress. states tha.t our N a.
vv ise comipu-.ed oif Ii alipi ofthe line-one rat
ed rear J120 anrd 1) fair 74 gun-a; 15 fripatea uo
th-- first class-onee rated for 54 and 14I for 41i
guins : I rigates eof the se~ondt class, St; guns
eacha: 18 aleaop< ef war. I i rated fo-r 20.2 faar 1i'.
ad 5 for lii guans: 4 steamierie; 3 store ships; 3
receiving vessels andh 5 saill a-choone-rs.
The Mlediterraneean equaadront consaists ofC the I
friae lreandy a iner. the Sloophs of war I-'airhieldl,
and Prebb-a. unader the conaanid of Commetodoire ii
Cheas. W. MeCtre slop.
TPehe Pacilic sanadrone comnsiitee.te .op
ofwar St. Lout is. 'eorktaawu. Ci ance. Dute. andl
shoiaer Shar:k. Commoeaadoie Thloruas Ap C.
Jan.-s has been apipometeda tee the ueinadlron a d
is about jaint it ini thec frigate Untited state-.
T1hae seqiuadrnea ean the coi.-t of hirazil contsista
of the D)elaware 7-I. ale frigaite l'eeiimac. the
slooips ofC war Coecord. M arion Decatur. andh
se-lenFl-rterrise. undeeer the commruaned of Com- n.
moedeore- Charles Maorris. ti
Thac' -at lnia 1tanadrone isat hiomei, n here It
t was ., Jreed to aveoid thae haurricanie acasone,
bet .e ill hec ordered baeck a-s soon as the resads
ecan be seippliedh with crews. It waill coniai.t earf
lie frigate M1:i ai e iani. the uhoopas of war Vean
daliae. :ead Wearrene. C'ommoaeadore Jeesse Wilkine
"Tha.- Fuae InaJiau equadrone consis.'s. of thei- .I
gate Ceomtelationi and sloop oif w'ar liesion
caanodo~re l~ . Kear uney, aoninnanider.
The e~xplorinag ,eainadron~ con iei~eta of thae shooap.
of wer Veinecenee. iaeut. Coaeinanidant Wilkesa.
Paecick~ .Lienat. IIl-dan: the b hri~ Poerpaoi-c, u
Lieie. Ia-.:ehl , :aned the' .,e-hoeener lineg 'i.-he I
as ae taed-r to tie .i:iedrorn. ti
A' ainndran of eimall ,achoonaera. under thae t
cmanead of oaf Lietut. J. T . 3!'Laeughhni. htas
been fair ,oeaei timte co-opeatral ng, umtet bravey 1
anda e-ii-emntly with thec armay ini iiesrida.
The brig Coneaort . Liiet. Pow'eell, lhas beenI
d leli-'ently etngagedl im the isurvey of theI co-'t
n aeim Ajaepa-lhcola bay tea the umouth of the Mi.'
Thle tang Doclphein, untder cotnrnaned of Lienet. hi
1-K.'itn, was de.-.patched~a to thec coast'of Newa e
(;r--enaa. ini Sepatemaber last. in coniseqauenice of L
a seupposede ouatrage one an Amnericani veste.
The stenaelhipas. Min'ouri anal Misspi
are ne'aihy reads fear service anid will Cform apat
af the heomre .epiadron. Orders leaye baen givehn
to conastruct thiree steam ihips of mnedimcn size, .
oe at New York, one at Philadelphia, and ee .
at Noerfolk. Capt. Stockton is superinetetnding I
te construction, at Pahiladelpehia, of a itamter .
ofrtnnt tn. to I'. nreinelledf by FEricson's nre'.
dier; and l.--ut. W W. . iIer Ie eng.!aged
i like :n.ticr. at NortfiL. w it:a w of 3 u0 ton,
i be propelb-. by .nl.-rgedl vater wheela in
nited by lm.elf. Ordern iha% e been gi ci to
iid a tirt rate lai sloeop anid three stnall
Lsscl of war and to fiin ia 1 f aei.4 Cum
rrland. Savannash. R:ritan and Qt. Lawrence.
The apprentice sytem is iorking well
naber ot appren:ices nouw eihate'd, about
way gentle youth with your longing desire,
To 11am in the land of the cypress and vinie,
lie climes of tie Last, the hoase a the lyre,
For this portion can never ho thse :
linblest thet by fostue. oh think not to rooa
leyend the scenes of thy dear native home.
1hough oft you may sigh ror the Fast.
The land of the Muse, and poetc Grece',
Pet for thee gentle youth, by fisr 'tis the best,
Such vain aspiratituns forever should cease:
611d unllest by fortune think not to toam,
leyond the scenes ofthy dear native home.
'here's brandes in our tawn bright land,
Fr the poet enraptured to dwo I on,
'lien n% by seek for others in a far distant mtrand?
Whens your country calls aloud for yourt song.
rublest then by fortune, oh think not to roam
leyond the scine% of thy dear native home.
Abbecille. C. f. , , ,
orrespondence of the Charleston Courier.
WAssutsos. Dec. 20.
We have a ru-nor that the Patent Office
was robled to-day of sonic curioseities, re
entlr sent to the National Institution. for
ale keepinlg +usa the State Departmeat.
,he asrticlee were. is is said, taken at mid
ay. and while the officers who had chargo
f them were present in the building.
rhe things stolen were the diamond snuff
iox presented by the Emperor Mexander
a Consul Morrii the pearl necklae pre
ented by the Imnun of Muscaa to Presi
lent Vun Bureta; and a sword nith gold
tilt and scabhard. studded with large die
nonds. prevented by some South Ameri
an Govertinei it) Commodore Biddle.
Gen. Gaiies has just arrived in this City
tad, we learn. was immediately put under
rrest for cominiog here without orders.
The report of the Secretary of the Trea
ury - was contmnunicated to Congress, to
lav, and. in the louec, ten thousand co
iies were ordered to be printed. The re
io't is voluminous. and very minute and
usteresiing. I doa not think. from all I can
earn, that the Cabinet have settled, as
ret, ipon all the details of the fiscal agent
Ig,,tef by the President in his message.
Kie Cabinet had a consultation upon it. on
F'riday, and atgain on Saturday. In the
'ourlc of a few days we shall certainly
iave Mr. Foward's "plan" in detail. It
s strongly rumored that inasmuch as the
vhigs will not aJopt the plan. it is to be
0 altered as to suit she detnesrats.
The Setate did no:i:: but to pass the
Ieatngress pay bill, without amendment.
The Senate spent some ilme in Execu
ive business., and confirmed the nomina
ions of Mr. Spencer, 31r. Upshur. &c.,
he new Secretaries.
The Ilouse again took up the subject of
he reference of tha part of the President's
nessage which relates to the Tariff. Mr.
- o wbo had the Boor fmr
nay aae re aborate spe eb,
n support or the protective syutem. and
tave a full history of' the origin and ope
-ation of that system. Mr. S. spoke three
iours, and .'sr. Sollers, of Maryland, took
Fromn the Cha~rlestona Mercuryg.
In thec Legislature of South Car'olina.
-Thea follow ing resolutioin to reduce thae
sublic deb' was otrered bay 31Ir. Memmin
ter, anod after much discession was fatally
ardlered to be laid ou the tuble by a vote of
It; to .11,
liesolved, That it is expedient that this
.evslature should dlintanish as far as pos
abtle, the plublic debt of thec State:i that no
,cea..iena exits foer a further sale of State
,tack, utnder the act fear r'eilding the Ci
v oh Charlsson. anid that the P'resideut &
)ire'ctors oh the Bik of the State aro
erebay reqjuired ae elive'r up to the Comp
rler Getanra li e catncelled, all certiG
ate-, otf et, k or other obligations in their
onessaitn. issued under the said Act,
~hich rentcain utnsoel.
Thec fotijn ing~ Protest was then prescot
di its liehalt of e minority.
Thle utndersigtned itepresentatives olf the
coie eaf Souetha Caroliana do hereby in Le -
ailf of ahernselves anad of the people whom -
ey repre-.ett soecnasaly proitest against
ac order ohf thae lous: ol lre~sntives,
,ing uponil the a aibie a tesoluetaon tea reduce
ie puli delba, and conasidering the said
rdher as eqluivalentt to a rejcdtionl of the
.solutiona.aheay beg leavc respectfully to
iter: their solemnas pr'O'ent agaianst such r-e
etiont fear the folhowing~ amnong other rea
I, liecauase a puici dket is a great pub
eevil, c ean cugh to bie isacurretd only iu
Seatf great urgen:a tne-cssity.
Btecause the psUhile debt incurred to
titaild the City of Ctharleston was created
,repair 000 of the greatest calamities
hacu the Stcate had ever suff'ered; i kven
nader sol presing a ncesCCsity, was only
ernmitted onll thae exp)ress guarantee of
te City of Charleston against all loss to
3. Biecause thec President and Directors
f the llantc of thae State, having been ap
oited the .Agenat' of' the State to sell ahe
ablic hioudtas which nmighat be required to
ise money to re- build the City of Charles
ma. ha~ve' acready sold $1126,636;. tmore than
requ~tirede for thec snsf'erer, lay the tire ; &
on~ proelae tea sell JJ3~30 more; thtere
f delihe e' i ned nhbut w a, requaired to re
uildl the Caay oif Char'etn.
-1. lec< anls- the pl'ic debt oaf about one
tilliont ofl dollars whteh hans beena applied
a re-buatild thae City of 'harlestsiu, charges
1e State eonly with ant interest of 5 per
enat. acs is see'ured lst lay the individual
uascts oaf the horrnwers: thnds by a meat
atgo or cachi Town lot with thet houses
uilt thereoin, coavered lay a policy of In
urzace; anud :Sly by the guaranltee of the
~s. o.' Cc.ht.t,,, whereas the de'bt