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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Tenpic of our Libertiss, a" we wil Perish amidst the fuus.f
'ANDCUETO Mk~di'la our uane2 S C 7
W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR.
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Editor, post paid, will be promptly and
strictly attended to.
e1e F.U, Whiter Goods.
JellH . B. FORD
HASJastrecived fron New Vork.lhis Fall
and Winter supply-his stock compris
esona of the most complete assortiuets of
STAPLE & FANCY.
FOREIGN It DOMESTIC DRY GOODS.
thaean be fiouad any where. Of is former
eustomerm be asks the opportusity to show them
his pretnice Uanks for the ir patronge; atd to
tboese who are accustomed to seek in.other usar
kets, for what of ste and fashieu or low prier,
they expect not in Hamburg.he would beg leave
to my, that by calhing. they will give ktnt the
plesure to show that a snre entire assortient
ofthe best and imost FasAioable Goods, of every
variety, is not to be fnud. hie has now on hiand
400 pieces American Prints.
20 ' French and English du
50 " twilled & plain Scotch Ginghams,
3 bales brown Shirtuags & Sheeings,
6 casee blesebed do do
6 bales Litseys & Plain', for negro clolthes.
3casesKerseys, and I of cheap sattinett,
50 peees heavy Dufil & Twilled Blankets,
akiaw & 10.4, 1-4, L2, & 14-4 Whit
.3. .. & 144, extra Bath Wool, Ribbon
iaik be the le,
Superbla tmseild Satisetta and Kentuc.
60 pieces Irish Linens and Long Lawns.
Birds Eye, & 7-4. 8-1, 10-4, & 124 tablc
Brown & colored Table & Piano Covers,
Fine wool dye ani Frencl, black Cloths,
blue, invosible ;reen & mixed do
Black, blue black, fancy colured & mixed
Doe Skits Cassisieres.
Plain and figured Satin, Serge de Roine. Al
bert Cord. Chinie & VrelIvet Vestings,
*!min stiped and porinted Ualziarines, a new
and beauutiul article for Ladies Dresses,
Bombasin. 11erins, and1 Muslitn de Laines,
23 in & 44 M1attcuni Luteatring,
3.4 & 44 Gro do ithine.
Black and blue black figured Silks,
Blue black Gro d'Atriflue,
2nd Mourning do
Gro d'Ariure. and Rep. Silk',
Black Pekin and striped Clhiniie & (luce do
Plain & figured Satins & ibsnnet Silks.
With every new style in market, plais,,trip.
ed and figured.
Thread & Lace Edging. & Insefrisgs. with
a getieral assortmientt of all kindsf Lact
New andl Fashsionzible fine Pari work'd Col
Bonnets.a variety ofsa th be & neweststyle.
Silk. Florence. and Straw.
7-4 & 8-4 heavy chzangeubsle Silk Shawl ..
Nett & plaid wsol antd Chtimi Silk do
Cesinse $carf~ & f:ssscy Silk Shawl.
Whie & black Silk liost & A Hioae, Frectch
Of G loves. Hosiery. Ribsbons. [Uraids, Tapses,
Cord. indinag, 'rina:--'. Coillasre. Scarfs.
HdkEia. &c., a genseral variety,
1000 pieces Paper Hsagings.
ScotchGinghmamsCambaric & Silk Umibrella..
White & bluse laid Ls-tter &v C::p "per,
Envelope~andlall kinds of lapes used ins Pint
Printi:- Papier of any iee -.nd quality, fur
niie t the, lowe-st rate. and osrders for
any quanutity tilled ssn sort notice,
The above, with almsnat every variety f arti
cles usually kept in Dew Good store'. Whole
saile or Retil, itn quassities to satit psirchaseras.
Merchansts front thme contry are invited to
call asnd examine hi' as5.u'stmient.
Hlasmburg. Nov. 1. la84l- tf 40
Boot and Shoe Shop.
T ill subscret'er hass in hatlsurg, ott
Centre street opposite Messrs. flon -
ard & Guarmanys' a llOOTI andi Sl1G01
Shop, where he wvll keep 'in hand fine
SHOE~S& BHOOrS, warratetd work;
likewise ans assortmietnt sf Cnoars Shoe-s
mnanufactured at his Tarnyardl nearm M1.
Vintage. on shec old Stage RoadI, between
Edgefield Court Iluse anda flamburg.
Carries oan the Snadlery and Uiarnes.s
business, itn till its branuchies, andi will sell
low for cash, Good raw lliudes will beo tat
ken in trade or for cash, as will suit ste
All business in lhis line'. ntendeud in with
despatch. 51- L- (JllCRTV.
Hlambusrg,lOct. 4. 1841 'i 36
I FORW ARN n!l persont~s (ssm tradling for a
note asvent to Carey M. Wassren. in the
nmth of October ll1, calling f.,r shiree, han
dired dllar s s~ai thme bgeuns i n eai i ,ith.
Froms the N. Y. Mehaanic.
THE HAPI'PY PLEDGE.
- It's onm at last! it's on!' she c'ried
To her daughter standing by:
' It's on!'-the thought her utterance choked.
While joy su'uased her cyc.
* What's n%, dear slother ' asked die child
Of some six years or more.
' Thy father's name is on the pledge;
Ile mys he'll drink no inure.'
'Come. let us render to the Lord
What offerings are meet'
And do%% u they knelt. devoutly knelt,
Before the M1ercy Seat:
* 0 thou who leard'st the widow's cry,
And saw'st the orpliaii'pt ear
Vomuchiafe to lis" mother's thanks;
A daughter's praiscs hear:
A husband dead-alive again;
A rather lost-und focund.
* And wvant and wo shall vanish, when
Flenty amid peace art found
Amen.' It was the father's voice
Who. coming in the door
That insta'ni. bowed, whonever louwed
Unto his God before.
As looks the Lion on the Laib:
As joy in grief:-so they,
The rather, child and mother looked
On that eventful day.
Pleased with such looks and words,
Not tretmblingand with shame
But with the bound of a downless Eaws
The child to her father caime.
Suy,.fatier, wilt thou drink no more ?
Nor scold my mother ? nor
Drive ae (row thee when I un
To meet thee at the door I
And shall we haye a bad o seep
nnelmfar mother, now that she
ba sickly grown,-and old ?
And shall I have a frock to wear ?
And shoes upon my feet?
And hai,like other girl.,, and.bread
Every day to eat?
They told us when ye'd pign'd the pledge,
That hetUer days wouild ctime:
And now, - it's n' for sire,-iav I
Not come and live at houne.
And love thee,-now thou art become
31y father, as they say;
To nurse thee when tho'rt sick- and wi pe
31y tuother's tears away !'
As shines the sun out when the cloud
That dimm'd its light isgene;
So tiow'd that hather's fondiess 'orth
At the voice of that gentie one.
'I'll be the brute I've been: no more:
The spell's 'clean gone from me;'
lroken tme bowl that did Cnslate;
And lo! l,'m free ! I m fee
The -moinev' whmic h I hitherto
llid spende lor nout,'ei idall bc
Ilenucefurth devoted unito (God.
Amid uinto thinte and thee.'
I no~.tate tienud !iman'ms direst ihe'
N e'er cea-ing cauise of umeniel woe !
T' he heart enmshmrin'd in niiery's. gloom,
E nfeebledi powers-anm early tommbl:
31 eek viitmie, wanmicrinug ini despair;
mie, best Reliionm' holy prayer;
Emnraging Yoth's uplifted eyesc;
A paen' groan-the orphanm'u grief
N wr ll the woes whmich dare belief;
C an cause the fearful vice to lece !
E ternal God! we callonm the!-Ib.
ntErot or -rl. ems conturr; rrromsTCD tar
-rilL A(nicuLT~ri. socmETY OF cArl~atDGEl
Thie Committee omi Corn hmav-e to Report,
that owing to the remnotem~we of thmeir situtonm,
fomi eacth oter, thmey have bmeen udepriveif the
advanmtages of a free coniununiatin' anid cum-n
paurimonm of views of the subjects referred to
themi. which woti have greatly asmeieted theni in
prparinmg a report. molere satisfactory to thecm
selves, aind of "more practical buenefit toe the 8o
There are, hiwever, a few's propmositions of
acknowledged we rthi and of genieral ajppheiaton.
it relationt to the gromwth and cnitivaion at'
ICot n, whmichm cannoiut he reported too often, and
which they regard o.f anmtlicwmnt inportance to
be msubmittend to the consideration of thme Socwety.
T-hme firet dtuty of thme planter, in order to en
sre suiccesse to his crops, is thme careful aned
thoroghpeparatiaon of his lanid. It should he
anm infleible tiule. not to deposit seed in thme
grunmid utili it is. in~ a proper stt' for thim i
receptimn. Whatever is done bcy thc plamter,
.inMl be well done. is ani axiom so umniver
sally true, both in principle and its applicatiOn
to tie eveay day buasjineess of lais avocation,
that he iever should be unnaiuifu of the les
IMoI which at incilcates
The next step wi'iach isa measuro of equal
importance, is the selection of seed. That
variety is to Ie preferred, w- hich wall yield The
greatest produ.t to a given iautber of acres,
reference being had both to %iseight and eluan
The Conawittee have paid some attention
to the different varieties of corn, and fron
their observation and the iaaforauatason of seve
ral iatellbgenat planmets, they art' persnuded that
the best variety W 1tha which u-y :areacaaaiated,
is a spiecie4ul the white guard seeJ, reanarka
ble for the large size of' the cabs, the a1tuber
ot rows of grain, aid the compact orde; in
whiclh time lIge ead well siped gruinsad
here to the cub. The ananber if rows ot'grain
vary frouns 18 to 2-, sometiaanes they raaa as iaigh
a 26, and Ia oane aansauce thev ieached the ex
traordinasry am:tier utf 32. La Fairfield, this
variety is called tiae Coo-k Core, and is highly
pa ized by the leest planters of that enterasi1.
ing Districi, as beaag saapaeraior over tile coan
moa kinad both ian qaltty land quantity ofgain.
It is re aresented to yield fuur or five tIuaieU
to thfe acre aaore than time ordinary variety in
ftie contry. laa comalinng this variety wVitla
tile corn wlich Ilwardi Kirksey. i-l., of iat
tesouaiille as ieen planitin; ani imnprovinp
firsoane years past, wo aare convinced that it
beloags to) the maane specie:i. it i be not the
identical kiaad. The Ctmnittee heg leave to
state. thasa soln ill its aneanbers I.ave araed the
Kirksey cora, and with anucla confidence in.
its sperior gnlitics they emabrac c the occa
Maon to recommiafaefnl it to the ntice of, the soci
eay. When tle- planater slall have satisfied
himself that he has procatred the best variety
for prodnctiveaness land for ats andaptiona to hi,
soil and climaite, he should theta charge hian
self with the further duty of making an anaual
selection fron lais fields bfore the crip is gath.
ered. In makinag this selectimi. the Coamnit.
tee are aware o1f' but oaaae geaeral rile ilo be oh.
served, the selectima should be made from the
carliett and heaalthiest stalks, haviang two or
naore cars. ad froi lone other. It has been
a question. somewhat maeeted, whether the up
per or lower car shAould be taken, but is Itow
generniy conceded that lie tops ear as to be
preferred. A sati-tactoiry reasaotn may be as
signed in favour of the top ear arising from
the laws of vegetable physiology. The food
of all vegetables is irst received into the 0mall
vessela. with which the roots a-te saipplied,
while it is held ia a tate of solation by wnter,
11ud convyed through the pith and spiracles
af the stalk tothe leaves. when it undergoes nat
essential chaaage anid is elaborated into saitable
liment for the plant. It is then diffused tiro'
he organa of the plant Iy iellns of thae bark
t its return passage to the roots, impartinag inl
ts progress the elements of nuitrition to the
irowing plant. In tite return paisage of these
Ielo~urii&Jiices, it does not appear
elf tle richest portions arid be thereby enabled
o attain the largest growth. Whether thi1
ypothesis lie pshylosophically true far not, the
art i.4 indispuatable. that tie top car is asually
he largest and tlereore tIa Ie preferrel.
TMe jlanter siuist 'it thiP stage deteraine in
avour of' ,.ie one of than various raoles of'
)lantiig corn. which are practised in this sec
ioan fir the State, aad(] nie as fiollws: The
irst and prblh y the ob'.it ainode is in checks
ive feet by tave. witla twii ,ttalks ina a htill; thie'
ecoand iaa checks four by ftr with ,aane stalk in
a hill; the third, live feet by three with one
.tzatk ina a hill, anid til aiore recent mode if@
]rills of unequal distancies. as suits the taae oil'
he plamte'r or ite cauraciir iani strieingth ofthe
lad The first anoil is oliotionas tina atn insi.
)er~atble obajectiin. arising from the fact. that at
he present time wtre i., bit a simall portion far
iar iaipti of .aificieit freshnaess and fertility to
aring to Iaturiv itwo -talk< inl the s-imle'ill
vith perfect ears of oorna oi them,. The roots
f curia nre hta oti. and penerite he eartlh for
4nea( f*eet arounad time stalk. and whe there are
ns m in a hill they not inly interani. with earla
othe~r. lii rerpaiii e a dilile portioa of PM and
niistire. which to,, fregpiently exlauitste tie
.oil of it!, supply of each. leaviig the stalks
Speris for want itof Piustenaance. This was
lhe commina moh ian the early settlemna t of
he State,4. wleatn the lands4 were inl their virgin
itreagth - and fresline. but is ntow abandoned
a aunsuitedJ to thae. presenrt coanditiona air the conni
The anext pan oa'fh plaing~ f'our tfeet by fouar
n chaeks. wtilh ne stalk aan a haill, as sids thme
rogoinag bjecmtins bait is nserrtiw'less, ntai
*sithaaat its delects; liv dais aamde the corti is
nm nomach criiwded foar athe 'rmee pamsuage iif hia'
mmud air. Wea' are' persadedam in iardeir to imnake
ornai h ::nh pierecioni.staneh idistaance isfna
,ie'rtalhy anecessary,. onec way ni teast, na will
dmtit of' time frei'udmiissimn at' air. heat. ad
ight. thae essenatial agents in bringing corn tm ni
:igh uttate of' prodmactivness. Thue maode or
antinag ini check'a tive lay threae is aumacha moare
iramratle iaa rsery point mof view thana four byt
ouiar: iaa ctl'et it gives greati'r distmce toi the
alants, whticha will alhmmw oft a fre'e rirealationa
4 air atam heat, and at thme saame tme inacreases
he nuambor of' stalks upiona a given s pace mof
:rounad, uandl to that e'xtent -amaenaas then pro
:tactiona of theu crop. TI-e unmbtw, of stalks on
I s at nare acre of' groundmm planated ini checks tive
iytli aree,. ill exceed the tanuer lanated fouar
iy tiar lay utomtethaing upwards oft two hundred
mid thity, as will lie apptiarent tim every one who
vill acquare thme distances at wich-l th e corn
itanads nmecordinag tam lboth lans, ad asce'rtaina
jam dIt'aiffeenc. Iy thiis nmfie maf plantitn naur
>y cimnaenacinag the e'nativationi oft the c'rofp by
alantiangtfirst the widel wray.amad umet thae anarrows
say. thein the wyide' wtay at e-very suibsequnt
vorkinig, thes auots are anever distmirlhed the nuar
maw waly unmtamrce, aanda that at sa titam' whet the
ant is am vigoraous grnowth aand whenmi the par
d.s cuitting of' the roots te~ands to thae multi plien-'
enma amil thei cmiiepienmmt inacrease of' vessels f'or
hie recepstion of' f'mi. At thmis stage in mthe
;rowtha ait corn. centtinig alhe roots is no injuary
sat rathemr bienefit:; of' all ahae aumdes of planitin'g,
ton itt checks, we regard thmis as liabale to few
!r ai'dectionsi. and pn'enating moare advanatamges
hman nay other. We ate inclinted to be'lie.ve
romt rem'ment experamen'ats that thec drill e'ultuare
s piteferamlm toa either of thec fore~tning, aaad is
lestined ere lonag to saupercede thaemn all. It
recoaanmiends itse~lf' lt thae favmrble consaida-s
tion aof thei pal~ante~rnas lauing better ndmmated f'or
ha' reentiona ad' taroisturme for the preventiona of
x'asinsg and for the e-spmdat mifot amcreaased piro
inction oh' thme lnad
IThe pre'pamrationa mof'm thatnd uhanihe timade
n beds fave feet. mar live feint six iaichems wride
ivitha suach dfirectimon givena to ala, rows, haaving
.m.r..n... so thn mino :hr fid, t. as will mt.
mit gradual passago or Water
into th branches r preprod air
drains, damage to the -
if the allprelaredjand trOWt up
by bar p o well defied beds, i large.
portion , water will be absorbdand
retaied o high lands, ingeall 6r
runniug Uetite speed to the Valim.;
as is too in the check syt"ewasia
ing up tse and'injuring th Wadn its
Onbig thecrn shoald be p-in in
the war 'at the distance in . 0or
thirty'i tre feet, as nay be sUit
able to lp 6- and strength of and
covered plough by ruausag owb fur
rows. If ter uses manre 4s every
one shou is advisable to sathd it along
the eants d drop the-seed corn upon it.
The use n covering corn and the
manure AU i3e tune will protect the latter
iomn eva and the former (gbeing
washed is 4ain. If the land sbould be iu
good orde9 'corn willcome up well without
further att ut rolfand ---ii will
be advsah Esa the barrow ove the cora
the filh or day alter it has been planted.
On bottom w lands especiayi .they are
inclned to et,it issafer in plaitl the mid
die of thie planting and as above
recomme Thesystemof p ng inti
drill is flir adapted to ORrpose0 i
drainng, moa land op ifid
fields lie east degree ting, as it
enables ter to givedim ' tohis
drills ,i ch the Wais *; arally
flow. and 'thie redu .dAl- may
be dicha t theosurface ld
The treat a pianis and der
ground. be somewhat au tlat
bestowed theln show~ h~~ia The
moderate or raiFg tplan at ihe
proper thoItngto impiimee thir vigor
and fin 'rritfulesh; et the exces
sive ie ire at any semson will cause
much inj produciap a violent derange.
ment in the lation or tIhe fluids, in conse
quence of , the wth or pats is not
onaly greatly ,but their destruction in
many inata endered ineiitable;-these ef
fects are with equal certainty. wheth
er violence red the plant by-pruning its
limbs to iad utting itsrooa toexcem.
Hence it is of corn are too ultei4 damw
aged by the as use ofrbe plongah, cut
ting and te asunder the rohluring the
continance ny and adve seasosfes
Cially where corlasbecn ated iihe .
This injo hmeasurabl avoided b
ing the ,as in ', 'on otli
roots . iturbed by h9 u
mnain-In Oral Vigor
for the gr Up to
inends Q -adopi
a' t r: s'to barn oata
bly to the pesition- and character or the fiedi.
and l.atly,: to yield as I3rge, if oot larger crops
o a given juantity of land. with the enae labor.
All which is respectfully subiited by the
WllT. BBOOKS, Chairman.
From the Yew England Farmcr.
B lae sliuppers I do not men a fourth
neA. such as is often taken in fa4ijniable
ife, lir I have seldom known oti plhin ag
-ieultural familie-4nalilicted tothi-, practice.
l'liev leave it chicliv to the inhabitants of
arge towns and eities, to go to the closet
it 1. or 10o'clock in the evening. when they
>ight it) go to bed and take a meal ofcold
ham or tongue, and brezad and butter, or
iomtaching else quite as ditlicult of diges
lint by late suppers among our farmers.
I meat the usual third n ,eal. deferred to
in unreasonable honr-to 7 or 8 o'clock
ir even later. I have known manly a far:
ner who miade it hi- con-,tant practice at
Ill seasons, to work so long as he could
iec. and not to take supper till his work
ws tinishied: consegnently hi- hour of
tupper, durimn a part of ihe season. would
te frum S to 9 o'clock -never earlier than
3, and1( uoen lhen the fields were thut a lit
Ic distance fromu the house, as iato ns nine'.
The biest und moust thriving farmiers~ I
'lave ever known. however, take supiper at
pre-cisely Go'clock, even. in haying and lhar
vestinrg. I know that a thousand objec
ion, mlay be barought to sneh. early hour,
:-p.:cially in the nmonthas of June, July.
md .Augubl ;but I know too. they can be
Sonme years .ince, having iihed our
taying, (I resided then in New Coventry.
C'onas.,) I took mny scythe anud went io
lhe emaploy, for a short time, of David II.
Warner, in Litchhleld county, whose grass
was rather later than ours. and conseqnent-l
ywas not yet all cut. At that time I lhad
let known of any other way than to work
1ll dark and eat supper when we could.
But Mir. Warner had supper uniformily,
it six o'clock. WVhatever thei weather4
night be, and however pressing the work;
night seem to be, lie requairced us all, at
ix, to suspenad work andi 'come to tea."1
a it was called. This consisted of a slight
-epatst twholesome and perhaps ri- her too
olid, or I might say heavy, butt n,,t linu
.iean'. Whlen. this n~eal was finished, w hieh
,ceupied, includling a little converstflion,
about htalf an hour. we were pecrmitted to
,o to work againi if we choose. In gene
al, however, all we did was to grind our
;cythes and get ready for the next day.
I do noat say that when, by some unfor-I
ceen occurrence-no accident or a shower
-a very pressing necessi:y seemed to ex
st of dlefe'rinlg supper half an hour, to get
n a load of hay or oats, it was never dlone:
'or I believe it was so; though I saw no
hinec of the kind while I was there. It
.,ke' no" longer to griud seythes at even
tig than it does in the morninag; and ir.
W.'s workmen were ready to go to mow:
og in the morning in thec cool of the day,
11d( while the tkrass cuts e'asily, insteadl of
icing compelled to spend a part of the baeet
sr tlt' tmorning in making preparations
which ought to have been made the niglit
before. And having began kietimes and
got ahead of tfikir day's work, they were
not obliged to mow so lnte in ihe forenoon
in the great heat. As soon us the ground
and.4wath. were dry enough to spread.
.heirmowing was fitished for the day, and
theyrire ready to atteud to is. Aud thus
by beiij'an hour or two earlier isn the
mnraing, and by keeping before their work,
theyfoncit asasy to get through at six.
as other, at eight
BAu0 there are other and numerous ad
vantiges wbich are enjoyed by those w ho
take e'pper at six.
.,Tbey are not quite as apt as others
'e o overeat. Our farners-especially
those who do.not take tiny luncheon in the
aftlaeonu-aed there are soate who do uno:
-and who do'noi get ready to sit down to
supper till 8 or 9 o'clock, are apt to eat
too much. Some, it is true, lose their ap
'etite instead of haring it increased, but
Ibese cases are not very numerus, and are
dimittished somewhat by the cusom of t ta
king something to give an appetite. My
old fiend. LeviLtkins. used to defend sthe
prnctice of takiiig a little spirit before sup
per, to give an appetice-but thisissz be
fore the temperance reform commenced..
. They.do not so oftengo to bed wish
a lund on .their stomachs. ie who cats
at six, besides cating less intquzntity, is
not so apt to go to bettill iine, Iy which
hour the digestiou is partly through.
Whereas he who takes his supper at eight
or nine, and goes iinedintely to led, is
apt to have a mass of feod in his stomach
Rliber undigested or lit half digeted, for a
considerable time; and is apt t) toss it bed
itnd dream a good deal, or else sleep too
-3. And what is a natural consequence of
tids ovesloading the stecouach. he who sups
late, gets up Wisha bad insto in the mlith.
bad feeling in the head and slamich. if
not withb dseased eyes: out of which feel
ings, or.rather upon thetn, comes in no
smil Adegree the habit of taking a morn
in;dram. Howj. much clearecjbe head is.
ad how 'muchtbetter the feelings are, gen
Mly, tfter takiuin earty. light supper
t 'clock, the est knsow whio have
4. There ii dne more advantage which
iust hot pass over, which is %ortihy or
neaideration, and wvhich is highly io- favor
iialy suppers. It Is. t hat by zing our
aatstfi clock, we may h, ntheso:
-feinale portion or fgmil .
or 9 o eoe, or 21 leaSt Many n ill not~and
sone of thon ou::ht. But they trill wair
ill six. Need I sav that such a custom
would tie ns favoral.le to good manter as
it would ie to true enjoyinent ! Besides.
we are apt to reproach thenm now-so-lays,
with retaiitng their tca, to excite their
1erves-while they demand of us to sur
renier our cider: but how ito we know
lhat they would tot, for the sake of our
lcietv at six, diipentse with the tva ! I.
tot the experiment worth trying ?
I have 1ut exha4ted thC- subject. Mlr.
Fditor, but my shieet is full.and I tieny have
hanstied the patienrre of vouar reader-.
Yours, &C., W. A. ALCOTT.
liedham, 1I ll
From the .Nwc Gennesce Farn.er.
More Light!-l.anis ma-y le en.ils
rrated for burnting I.:rnl. in.s-ad of oil.
Unity of then are tnow ins n i ltache-,
er. Ord i:arv lamips may le fixed for tli
>urpcne-with a thick wire so arrangedl
s to ble kept hot by tie- flame. ind thus
eetre the lard ini i ntitil statie. There i
il little smoike and the liet i, pletet
[t is cert:aitilv far prec'ralble to i.tl,iiog
randle-s of talli ; a nid mill tee a or. t
-ovnec tee thriftv haouaewive--- 'et the
core oh tn~et'ne as well :te eecnomvti.
?hai. amodle of bugrni brat a n, e jah-viel he
hr. B. W.( ).ikkey, ofC Tleenmc'eb, .\t ichi
ni. ih ise extgractede fromn coarn. byv dis
illationa. to) antne evteti. iut the west. TIhie
-' Welave been butrnei:: iel a comonra
amp. for lhe last few wvek<. tail extractede
romt corn, at qluaistty eof whlich we receiv
d from Mr. It. A. WIardh, of le-rrien,. wh~o
n~annfactures the :art iclhe. It give-s a clear
ca.utiful li;;ht. and burnttS lt:eCr thata the
-omon whlale tail, anal emit. tnt offemt.ive
mell. On the whole wye shnel thtink it
etter andl cheaper than anty other kind of
it fur lanmps."
WVhen Dick A imz first crosced inato Yoerk
~tate from the Catnada side, he tocok loth
ngs at an inn int Catnandtaigito. A wait
ng maid sat at the table nsitlh them. ande
Jick spoke of tier as thte rerrene.tics the noc
mall seamdal of maine laos'. wvho toted him
hut in his house eervants were called lhelp.
ery well: next moaruing the whole house
ws alarmtedl by a loud shontitng fronm Dick
if Help! thlp! wrater! wvater! help!' In
in instant -every peerson in the iota equal
a ilhe task. rushted intto Dick's 'rootm witha
Spail of water. 'I'm mitch obliged to ye.
a be sutre, said Dielk. -btt here is more thtan
want to share with!' 'Shave witha!' qutotlh
nine host. 'yo cetl -heclp!' antd 'water!'
id we thought thte htouse was n re'
Ye touhd me to call the servnet I ',,.' andi
lo you thinak I would cry renter when I
neant fire!' 'Give it up,' saidh the land
ord, as hael off the titnel buckets.
Large Turnip.-We yesterdtay saw a
urnip grown on the planatation of Ralpha
EIzard Esq. otn Pee Dee. which wseigheed
ine nata a half lbs. was 25 inchtes roeund
,,nd m0inches in lcneth.-Wiaa Oles.
FrUe the CarleIea Matury..
WasneS iO-reS, Dee.22.
-o Senate to day, Mr. Barrow preated
the memorial of the Now Orleans lusu
rance Company, which was founded on
the following state of facts:
The bri:: Fornosa, from Richmond for
New Orleans, with thiny eight slaves on
board was wrecked, and ite captain. crew
and slaves were rescued by a wreckiog
vessel and carried into the harbor of Nas
sau, where 'the scame to anchor. She was
hoarded by British soldier, the slaves qt
ken' on shore, and after Soena official foms
they "ere iberated. .Mr. Templeman, the
owner or the slaves, had isiured them in
two offices in New Orleans. against the
risk ofcapture or seizure by the British
Govertnent! and applied to those offices
for indemnity for their bIs. One ofthen
paid the claim Ihe oit her contestedi . The
irtil mentioned tcomoralizes Congress top
refundl the anount paid to Templeman.,
Mir. Harrow after soie appropriate. re
marks ont heet. aordinary course pursued
by Great Britain, smoved to refer the me
norial to the Committee on F, reign Reia
tion. Mr. Calhoun seconded the.mnotion,
and hoped the Coatmitteo'woukl besty
on it their mist serinns attention. le con
sidered it high time that this question was
sedttled aud that the. South should knew
what they had to. depond upon. He in
stanced the case of the Creole, a full re
port of which had been transmitted to him
with the statements of the witnesses ved
ficd uudcr oath, and chatracter ised it as one
of the aost wanton andl atrocious sets ev
er perpetrated by a civilized nation. Wateir
the Creole arrived in the pori or Nassau,
in the possession of the mutineers, she was
boarded by a Nritish officer, who, after be
had heard from the negroes their tale of
outrnge ani murler, was heard to say "you
were fiol%; you Abould have killed all the
whites, and then there would have been
no evidence agsinst you." Mr. C. said
this was a clear case of piracy, and our
Government should demand the perpetra
tors and punish them. Mr. King and Mr.
Rives alto expressed thenaselves in very
dccided terms, ninre especially in reference
to hei'Ject which these outrages would
have in pioliuein a rupiure with Great
Britin. '11r. Praean expressed a contra
ry belief. ' :That cons was sodecidedly
ztb vtrdtg, she w not dare to -o
bef le worlqos ' an issue. ad
taeahon, W he 90119"klered uine of
the mo.t'enlighteued and liberal minded
that ever the de.uiies of that great natioa
fiad been confided to. Mr. Barrow said. if
the property of the South was to be held
ut the discretion oft he petty officials of the
liritish Government, they would in selfde
-tice have t) fit out armaments, and di
soriy Nassau, and the other nests of incen
dincs adjacent to our coast. The Reso
lution was then referred.
Mr. llento ;.ave notice that tomorrow
he w oulh lrnog on a Hill to postpone the
Hanokrupt Laiw uttl the s of July next,
that time naight he given to boring iu a new
Mil tmore in conformnity with a lankrupt
law, and including anks and moneyed
Mr. Preston introdfuced a joint resolu
tion to stuperintend the erection of tlto
.taite el ashington, upon ah ich he was
most lavish of his encomiumi. M1r. Pres
lonl then I.ved that 3.tp9 extra copies or
the pm.u oftri Bulard of* Exchequer should
M r. Huchanan hoped he would postpone
the motionl uoatol ro-morrmw, so ilhat the
Senttulamight have titme to road it be'
lure rLey % ere called onl t vote.
Mr. Preston was anxious so take ther
veote now, aos is nus a suhject the country
wereo etus abtoul,.thiat thei sooner s
was printteod hec bettor.
Mr. ihoa:tbttas remarked that it was ra
a ler' unsal to preos 'tuch a motion when
.s short deb'ay wvas desiredl, and intimated
thatt is p~,jr,bahae he~ would address the
Senaste. on thet. pr~osition of the Secretary
Mr. P'rem~an thenu withdrew hisi mnotion
alto;;ether. asnd the Setnate adjoornaed.
l'n the Hlouse, the Tariffdebase was re
.unued.. and Mr. Matrshuall spoke at consi
dlet abhle lenagth ina favor of the reference to
the Gommssiatec on Manusfaictures, and of
diocriaminaing duties. When lie had con
Mr. Rhest obtained the floor, and ad
dresed the hlouse very forcibly and elo
einseut~y in reply to the arguments of the
ndivocate's of she protective seystem who'
land pireceded him in debate.' The follow.'
inag analy sis of his remtarks is taken froas
M',r. Rhets, in order to obviate the ohjee
tio th:s had beena made to his speaking w
second time on the subject, andi so get the
opooertuniry so take she samte range in the
debate that had been permitted to other'
genttlemetn, subnmitted an amendment ter
ste pendintg amendmlrent, the purport of'
which was- to refer so much of the Presi
dent's Mesage as relates to a Tarif for
revenue to the Cotmmittec of Ways and
Mean', asnd so much thereof as relates to
dliacrimaisaatssng duties to the Committee en
Mr. R. thetn addressed she ileuse in re
ply to she getlsemen who had preceded
him In dlebate, and who spoke in favor ol'
the referenice to the Commnittee on Mania
fcctures. ansd pairticularly went on to show'
the injusttice and oppression of the protee-.
tive 'tystem. lIe denied that this iniqui
tous system was the porotection of Ameri
cata industry, for it was nothinw but a bouq,
tto a smiall pot-tin of sthe comsmunity,,by
taxing all the rest. Otut of a populioa