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'I "~~~~We wiU ling to the Pillars of &be Temple of our LibertkS i I inial uU
W. F. DURISOE, PROPR IETOR.
T ER M S.
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From the Temperance Ad'ocate.
The Miltou Aricultural Society timet at
Milwn, according to nidjournment, on thiet
19th Novewber. 18411. The l'reident
took tae Chair, aud called the Socie ty to
The Secretary having read the Pro
cediujs o la-i meeting. Dr. J. If. Il:vis.
frtou the lS-ecial Committee, apponied
lat mne!tmae, reported at length onl the v:s
roaL)s subjects iubmitted to their cousidt 14
The report having been considered and
adopyn-d. the President announced the fol
lowing Committees in uecordantce iheret.
On Corn -Win. Builey, Jausei Vor-:ig.
and Samu,-! G.arv.
On Cuton-Richard Wat:3, Alleni
Vance. and .inthony Griffin.
On fanures-Newton Pyles, Newman
Gary. .andJohn Johnson.
On Hirses and Malcs-J. D Williams.
Av-4~I~~j J;,:. W..UUALz.
on Cauk-J. 11 Davi-. J. M. Younr,
and Benjaminii Irown.
Th-e foregoiAg Committees to report
jointly in 31areb.
On .Mushroon-Wm. I.. Templeton.
David Mtartin. and C. It. (rifli:. to re
port in July.
On Grases-R1obert Bell. kilen \ ne- -
and David Vance. to report inl Jult
On Wheat-J- I). W illiamams. 11. P. Grif
fin. and J. if. Vance. to report inl Jnly.
On Hogs-h'lomas Tellgle. Jollim ld
frey, and Whit. Walker, to "report mat JuIv
Curing Bacon-J. I- WattW
Fuller, and E. G. Simpsan, to report m
On Lxperiments on Colfnn-P. L. Cal
houn,Johln Watts. and James Cratlird.
to report in Novenbcr. enparately.
On Erjprincrits on Cotlon iL.anI-J.
I. Davis. JohnI Gadfrey, and Robert Iell,
to report in Noveiber.
Resolved. That the following premi
mns he awarded at the Annual 31ecting in
Ist. A preniminof $5 for the greatest
product of Corn on an acre of any url of
land, upland or bottom.
2mnd. A' premrimn of $5 fomr thme eata-o
product of Corn uponm ana acre of reciaimed!
3!. A prenmiumn of $5 for the ::renate-i!
prodnet of( Cottonu ont an :ac.re ofi relamted
4th. A premium of $5 lar thme best Colt.
betweena one fad two vear-i old.
5ith. A' prenimum or'$ fo r the best log,
from six to twelve months, ol.
tith. A premiumt of 52 50 for thme best a
pairo l Pipv under six imonthm- obl.
7th. A pretniuma of $2 5thlfor the great
est product cf Wheat oan n acre or lamad. I
Thela premums awardede 'will bec ini stu '
Agricultural books or imaplemenats ai the
succes.sful candidamtes mmay prefem.c
On tmotion of Dr. D~avis, it was
Resolred. TI-at Dr. J. P. Wattan have
leavci toa deliver the Address, appomnted to
have be-etn dehveredu to-dlay, at the ne-xt
mnfeeting of the Society i n.-lrc next.
On motion, a Commnce was appomnt
edi teo nminte~t a suitamble piersn for Ora
tor for the next Anniversary mteetiog in
Noveamer, 1842, w Ihen Mlajor P.- L. Ual
boun wtas noamnatedl, anmd unanimocaly
On nmotiomn, the Society adljourne~d, to
meet at Mtilton otn Friay before the se-a
coud Saturuday in alarcha next.
13. F. (amrras, Presidlent
,lons Gourwar.r. Sc'ry.
From Fessenden's comnplee I'ar.r-r.
Inm selecting cows for the dairy, the fed -
lowing indications should lie attenided to:
--Wide horns, a thin head! and neck, dew
lap large, fulla breast, broad bmack, large I
deep belly ; the udder capacioms butt niot
too fleshy; the :nilch v-iens protuinent. andi
the bag tending rar behind; teats long and
large: buttocks broad and fleshy: tail <
Jong, pliablc, andI small in proportion to
the size of the carenase, andl thme joints shaor.1
'rhe Aldlernmey bare.edi::ives~ a rich mailk,
Thle 1)urhama .hort homrnmse however. ex-ee-d
. .... .... rIomeets oau-.rtitv:y weL- havmmeI I
he testimony of tho lion. Levi Lincolln.
ate governor or Maswachusetts, that the
nilk of Deaton's progeny. a brauch of
hat race, is ont ouly abundant, but of cx
Con shi'd ie milked regularly mornimg
uild eVtni Z md% ntarly ta may be at
" -. :: e b ir,. .A. .iix in 11.0 moorilaig
. . .1 .*..- ral ral. as tihe
I- I'; inf .; t : bi ejui-dittant from
Hui if' - . - nilked thr-c
i.- .--:. .i . t,:a recoiite#. d -
h...-ev I. r---:. !1n1 ant. eieht.
-alI feed, they
a .. . :ce aamin if tilked
. n .... o. ;t , te. At 1:le s:mue
. .4J. I i re vent Lto great a dien
,io.. Of th.ir . to V. :i:chi tht het cows
1 v- N's v. 'e in is .leire.1 to remain itt
pe i. amer for inilkin;; ter breeding.
4hoUld w, I 1-e , h-f.*astef(a ua drawing Ier
mniP*k t, Ili,; utiiei - tromiies heavy with
03%. 1' is l:~e tou dear lior a present
supp; .. A !o:k riie '.ould be suffered to
6 dr at ea tiwo mnths befel"! calving.
Tat: ex peuse of keeping c'ws of a poer
breed is a-, grent and sonetines greater
ilian thatof keeping Ihe best. If cons are
Iioorly kept, the dilfereance of breeds vill
scarcely ho disc rnible by the product of
their milk. Some have therefore suppos
s- that it is the food alone which miakes
he odds in th .-uantity andI quality or tlhe
nilk. This suppioition i. very erroncons.
is may be 5ho't. ni by fleedinig two cows of
similar size. &c. on the sonne food, the
)ue of a good1 bareed for milk, and the other
f a ditlerent u.ind. and observing the dif
crvr.cc in the milk product. No farmer.
tiless he is very rich. can aflrd to keep
>Noor .iilch cows. He might nlmo;st as well
icep a breed of naked sheep, such as
in% ih: mentions in Gulliver-s Tra , .. Th.
armer inho rai-.es a helaer caulftinat iS frim
i poor n.itker, or of A breed of little value.
- es 11111.ih a.s he woenld I[e. if. in ci-aring
and. ie siould burn on the grouid the
erelb. imlaple. and walnut, aind save white
.ine .mtd hetlock fur fire-wood. At it %es
many -ell the calves of the best muilct
Iws, to th.e butchers, bccuse auch cave,
a !:- c COAS which 1*-c. thI, r:l'
r..-*.1t of thin inutR are ia-t prolitable
,ucking - nl - e. for riel: milk is saidt not
t oc so proper food f.-- e:dves as mii.
inich is iles v.luable fP. !ary pur!c .
Ifilk which w- iin . ' oproport -
ream, is apt I, a,'.<t:t.:: aae .clv;
ilructiun p'its -a t. I ir thrivAg., a. I
'best 11;;. .'9 . . (I d v - the
njilk 1.% a t: - e e-m, Ihich
t nt ,%4 : a .io .:.1 - - - t driw e.
.ir. R -amel Wodna ro, n the-i-,
.' l:- New Yvirk Hoard ef .
rvs ' ye hai ' - . t - .
virelu . .a.t ge' - .
*~ rart :..a :
the fal,: l d he sure : ... up "f
-'ir ml k e' - -T ' i .' ye:'.- if tin.
-r. - - . .. . - :z e At te-' : i . u.eep
n; * . ar : -. a' t:.!ra .r' fr -- r
.. - drid ayof thevir
:a. a,;nd eiuld not liv :an1y
-t u- th--m ziv i !k rne~~ihbei'and
a -i fucce-Ilig years."
1 the ". liaIn anid West fr En
l ac;-:v- l'a pers. sIntes that if a:
.v -e. .1n rich ro"w shIould go dtry
*e >: h.- -.. *''-e*--. et ; a young enlf
fill . .; 1 : h:r. I.. ofia--r to plreerve ie:r
ailk a. ain-t anioth -r \e ar; for it is iell
new an : cow ..;ovs dry line year. nature
if! t..'setv it. power of ating in 1future.
( < xa hotel. he treated itli gr.-at cen
i. :'--- ;ad.m! hed by mii uages, espe
I;..'n b4.i n thini jawl ntikelib. aor wsheni
ea ..p t- te: iwh-r: in wi.i b eas.e the ind
er .u;:;i ta be iin'ren'.ld wiih cret geni.
mvno, aihe'rn is.c thet. cown will hbe in great
~aner .f coqntracting hand hab its, hieeomi ig
to~hior-i and unly. andu ri'niing her
1s~ ia leasandy to a person she dlread< or
a-like-.. The uddler andi pitps shld he'
..shecd wohili nrm wtater hi-fore umilkiing,
aid care shnnld he tak en that nonire ofr the
.nter be admit ted into thae uanilki::g pail.
The keepijnng of cows in such a mannrer
., to :nake thnem give the createst <pintity
I mnilk, and wviith the greatest c'e:nr peroiu.
s an essential point of ecoin. (;ive ra
ow half a bushel of tunrnips, carrots, or
thter good roots per d.:y. iluring the six
vinter umonths, besides her hay, arid if her
ummer feed he sueh as it shoni lie, s~he
vill give nearly double the quantity of milk
he would afford if only kept duiring thas
iter in thme usual tmanner; nil the milk
vill be richcr and or better quality.
The carrots or other roots, at niinetecen
cnts a bushe-l. amount to abount eighteen
lllars ; the aidditioni of milk, allowing it to
>e ounly three qgtnrts a day foir three hun.
Ired day3s, at three ceinis a quart. twenuty
even doliarsa. It shmouldl he remneimbereid,
ito, that wrhetn cotws are thns fed wihn rooms.
hey conisumei less hay. aunt are less tiabile
o several di'eases, which arne usually the
;flects of poo'r kee ping.
Thne keeping of cows is vecry pirolitabhle.
\!ons inig oine t o give onrly ..iniun~rta aa
br forty wseeks in catch year.:anal this is nrot
a large allowaince, her milk at t wo cenits at
inrt will amiiouint to uipwardls of thirty
bre-e dollars; which is probiably sullficient
o purchase hier anid pnay for.ma year's keep
A farmer some yecars since kept eightieen
ows on a common,. and wias often obliged
a buy butter for his famnity. The commiion
s-as einclosedl, arnd thne samte peirsont eupl
>iied him famtnily, amply wsit milk :andi but
er fromr the ptroduce of f uri roswel
Great milkers seldom carry much fie,
on their bos, but they pay as they I
and never retire in our debt. The diffict
ties in cow-keeping arc those': the expep
of their fonOI is considcrable, mor6eespecl
ly with rcspcct to any which must be pt
chased, and if the produce be inconsider
ble it may be a losing concern. You mi
b fecdin; a sparing milker into flesh, a
if you stint ber or allow her only ordina
food, vou get neither flesh nor milk.
Anateuts in this line should procure t
1a-;egst milkers, and I had almost sal
;ve themt goild. could they cat it. In 11
c-e it may lie depended on, milk its
ways of niore value than the best cow foe
and a cow, the natural tendency of whi
ii to breed milk, will convert all nourit
ienut. however dry and substantial, ii
that fluid ; in fact, will require such sol
kind of uourishament to support her stren;
and induce her to take the bull. (.1.
bray on Poultry. 4-c.)
lcep tin more cows than you can kc
well: otic cow well fec!, will produce
Much milk as two indifferently treated, a
more butter; and if the cow be winter
badly, she will rarely recover during t
succee(ing summer so as to become pr
fitt)i to the feeder. Cows should by
icans be housed in extreme weather, a
particularly those which give milk, or
failure in the quantity of milk will be c
perienced. Wherefore, iutead of keepij
twenty cow.. poorly fel. and but half
then stabled, sell ten, and give the remai
m2 ell food in amtount equal to what ti
twenty originally had ; procure consta
stabhing fu liem,. and you will recei,
quite as mutich tilk and butter in return
was derived from the former modte of trea
itg twenty. Sneei potatoes, carrots,l)UIIj
kins, and ground a ts. are uninte'etionaibl
ann,n the bet articles for food for nik
attl~e; :11d they occasion the mitilk at
fitter to a-.sme a fume flavor anrd color, i
well as increasie ot' eiuattity. (Trcnte
Ptre water is an e-sentiai article r,
cows. Of thisi they should hyave a cuatt
The follon ing prescription forelrying n
e.i s. is givcn itn .Monk'-, Agrienitural Dit
Sotatry : Take an ounce of pon dered a lut
boil it in two qjuarts of imilk till it turns 1
whey; then take a laree handful of sag
:I-td hoikl it in the whey till you reduce it I
2r ' :rt; rnih her udder with a little I
it, at.d .:ivc her the rc-i by way of driuli
mi'k her clean before you give it to he:
and as you set. nt-d repent it. Draw
nt-trMr-e ernevery7 wee.-ell-fr-ehi
day, lest her udder b overcharge'd.
'rhe daty and night after a cio'Y hit
calved, she shoiul he kept under cove
mael her dink should ie lukes arm.
. o t.Ttn'.t . r usS-Tirt RIGItIT %rr.1
The aituimn tif 1, 11 has 1(:-n pceulial
iV di,.ingutlled iv the aittetnnoan lhat hI
'een gi t II the" cauet( of agrictniture.
'.. t;rent Fair of the State Ag2riciltur
Socie ty at Svracue. tie 'air of the Amei
ican I1-1litute. in this ci!y. uumerots Faii
of' County Societiet in this Srtate ar.d
other A-Iieitural Societies in the State <
\lassachusewtts4. ('onn11ectienit, PensyivI
Ilia, antid ecveral other States, have txih
ited products iof the: soil. aid impreveiei
in the ninde of eultivating it. never bem
equai:l led in theis cotntry. 'The-,e asemb
g.s have also becti encvoiuragel.autenled at
conlnetidt by the vcry ablest anl bet
miet in the country: a* d w e cannot dout
have seit abroad a .,pirit that will exerci,
a tioit w holeoie anlsitellnce u1pon the pio
.Nits, the habits, ani character of the ptc
lilt of this country.
Tlhle natural bus-incn of thie A mterica
people is; ag,,ricnl:ntr. It is the hasis <
itur wealhh : andiwle~pendeuce. TIhi..
evidenit fromn the e \t''tt, 6' rtility ande pre
ductivcnen ot ouer soit. The n-naeional atn
itndividual wetlfarie ii' tiutr people re-pttire
thatt agrie'uhu Lre shiouldl I..ep thle p.m iio
whiuch natutre ha~s -einesi it, iiinl dvat
of all othier cailings,. We w'oul-l not .h
pre,., t4it' manfact resad cubmiwree. hi:
w,idc let I tthem epend tuponl t hi prodnte
of' the ,oil , andh he: ..stain ted t herebjy. It
impossitde' th at thetiy 51houl d he -meccessli
toi ai proper ex tent if~ regulated biy any oti
It i., gratifying therefore to see the live
itere:t eveery ns her e awa'keniing in the e-u
tivatioii of thte ea.-rth. It is att honest, sat
indIepend. ent andI a he:dtthey hn..iness.
was grosslty necglectedu a tew years sinte<
farms were sohtl ini city o lot o spern'ilt ii
intsteadh ofbeing planttedi, na thi. y shiit
havelbeen, nitha c'orn, potatoes and tirntip
or peo)~le, werie so delnded ats ti hoy grat
fromt the shores ot' the lillack Sea. rag hi
than raise it ott their own land. D,'prot
i'sy of mnornls, commnceial ritin and geti
ri l distress, followed as thte inevitable' co:
serptencei~s of thi, great error. We' ai
hittd tom see the peolhe re.tturninlg homne froi
theiir wsaniterinigs, illinog their haths,
haiu-es antd stotre's wsith the prodi 'icts of1beo
es -nuty ande rejicg itn the sturdy i
dependence of' thril ty fitmers. Lonig osr
it Ibc before our fertile ''potato patche,"' :i
"c'abbage' yairds" are ag~aint laid wvaste 1
It is thte duty of the press and of ol
publlic tuen to entcoutragc the moovemeit
whatt tmay tin consaidered our great nation
huti,inens, agricnlture. There is tno danig
of overdouing it. Who ev'er heard of ove
traditng in this branch of businiess ! A
matter howss extensivec our surplus produc
maiy tbe, there will bie a market for the
it somec part of the world. I'Th usine
of exporting and exchanging them w
sup~port ai vast cotmmetrcial interest, and
..r........tfr' : ..,it' .:t.t ...:ll a. o
;h up as a oat . ecessary incident.
o But agren takehe lead; in it
4- is the origiN jirluperity; before we
se begin so zlst producsomething
- so trade -i we must produce the
ir- raw mate we set up factores to
a- improve it.
IY No mat .ore, hnw much we
ad stimulate- means the cultivation
ry of our soil, todanger but thatcom
merce and 'rictures will follow fast
be enough of n accord. Thev are
1, more liable * laure to excese and
Is over actio. 'results are more splen
'l did, and am adventurers are nhorc
J easily -apti, by them. There is a
:h cousiant I , .especially in commer
h- cil af'airs, ~to fast. No apprehen
to sion needth fie felt lest the business
id of agricolta onld get ton far ahead;
th theiadgieult lkeepingitsufieiently ad
' vanced. mmerce be regulated by
it, dealing the surplus values pro.
p duced in the airy, and lonking to no fic
as titious and rary stimulants. aid how
id soon the b tof the country in every
d department Id become seitled. stable,
lie regular and ihaneuly profitable. We
- should bear more ruitious revulsions
ill and fluctuat and should have no trotl
Id bles with -a ciated curreucy.-N. 1.
g -, F the Agricukitrist.
of ENGUA tNr -ERamr.T WTn conx,
I- Mers. :-I see you have de
le voted a sma ce in your valuable pa
Ut per to En'' or Puzzles. and having a
,c kind of it to be up with Mrs. Callag
is han. I pro one (the folloiwing:)
t- I arn co ined to plaut a grove,
. To entertaa lady's love,
Y And in this.rove I must dispose,
I Of uineteetttrees in nine straight rows.
d And in eaerow five trees to place.
s Or cannot'vee that lady" face.
n Ye sons ofmason come grant me your
r To satis 4bis curious maid,
I Mrs. Cal ban. or some other of your
readers, will ubtlest solve this problem
at once;.if thiy do not, at seua faiturae p,
riod. I will sepd you the reprecutatiou a
a small cut.
0 While I am writing. I will mention an
accideutal e riment with -sum- seed
0 corn. The ers in this section of couta
I try, witou oingle exception. so far as
' rknow. (w commonly called) nuh
:heir seed- orshell off the graitns for
It about an I a haifrat the small ernd
a little at both endls. List sprina when I
% ds planting eurn. I naateidwl oI the sratiall
, ends of the ears in a half bu-bel. atI lad
.helled the good corn lei anthier. 'heti
I went to phantiu. I for;:w the seed carnj.
r and sent a boy back niIr it: he happened
to pick tp al:c wn;;g h:alf bhl. 1110
- roughti it on to the pat ch. there bemg an i
St.vo acres in the pitee; when tlh m.t'k
- was d1ixiovered. I then 'ent and got the
I good corn and planted the lanlance ofl alahe
piece with it. I gathered the corn :,l I
l find the part planted wit'? the reti, or
nu!bed corn, to he equally as la:ie, a4
' soond, and heavy as that psart plhited with
ie good enrin; thaerefore, it mtast ie all a
- oj!ma about takinrag oll'the i113b ei if eed
corai. if it is soutail. Les.t I wearv vo. I
E nill .iop and beg leave to subscrib'e mriyelf.
Yours, with respect and e,teem.
lI t 11111 Dce. IS 11. JO1N l'LL.
e eS: 01r -ri: nuo LUrIr F~n.
1. The risitsg of the mnrcry presa;% in
-tneral. fair weather, and in falliic, foul
weather, as rain, saow, high % ins, and
1 2. ha hot weather. especially if he wiad
i .sautih, the suddenca fallinga of the mtercuary
d 3 :. Ia winter thae risbi; indcicatcs iro)st:
sadin frt wahrif the mereniry falls
nthree or four dlivisionas. there will follow at
e alhaw; but if it rises in a conuin~ued frost,
- snuow may be expectecd.
it .I. When limal weather haappenas soon af
t tr thae fall of the mearcutry, it will not be of
ilong duaratiOnl; nor are we to expect a con
a tiua'nce of fair weather when it soon suc
i ceeds the rising of the quicksilver.
5. If ina foul weather theo mercury rises
y considsrably, and conatinaues risinag t wo or
[- tharee days before theu foul weathecr is over,
da contintuanc of fair weather many be ex
It eccted toa follow,
:6t. In fair weather, jwhen the meretnry
,lalls much and low, atnd conitiiones fallinig
.1 fnr twao or three days befoare raini comae',
;amuch wet weathter maay be expeced, andi
it proabaly high winids.
:7. Thae unsottled maoin of thac mtercury
-inidicates chan;;eable weathaer.
1- . Respaecainig the words enagravedl on
- thec register p'late of the btarometar, it maay
-eI beoinerved thaat they caunnot be stirictly
at- relied uapon,. to correspiondl exactly ith th~e
dstate ofahe weath~er, though it will in gen-.
a l agree with thtem, asi to thec mercury
rising; or fallcn.-Neuark .Scnt.
d Queer Marriage.-There wsa l
iimaa-imauuial brargaita consummnate~d as
- ;Go.n Oiranage co,., on: the 18tha ltimta,
Isomie:' lihnt ats bioya frequtenatly hwap1 knives,
tr'--nn'ighat unascana." .i1r. Andtrew Iluilse,
s etou of the, l'resbyterainlchurch isn Gush
:al eni, waes wedded to Mliss Esther Smtitha, thac
-r part.ies ha'ving, it is said, not secen each
-other previouiSsto the marriage, and what
ois more remxarkable, the btide did not know
isher hausbtand when he came.-Blufalo Ad.
ss.. Wrighty Famil5-.-An English pa
~ iprs that there is now living at Rom
Li sey, M,. P.loydl, suppoWsed to be the largest
IV aitain Ea~hnd. 1amw c~I~ti~ t-13h; Irt
Floyd also weighs 2181b; Mrs. Powie (her
daughter) 2!tlb: Mrs. Hawket, (another
daughter) I73lb. Total weight of the
fdmily of four parsons, 1,0-10 lb.
The Winyaw (Gco. Town) Observer
boasts of a turnip weighing nine and a hall
pounds, and measuring 25 inchIes round.
We can beat that a long way. A turnip
was brought to our office the other day
which weighed iwdve pounds, and meas
ured, round, thirty-one inches. It was rai
sed by Mr. Win. D. Bridges, near Bun
nettoville, in an old ficld w hich land been
cowpened. We understand that in the
same lot, were n ynni other turnipis, nearly
as large.-Farmers Ga:ette.
A FOX NroiY,
Where is the man, at all fond of sports
who) does naot like a flox chasc ? At auy
rate, there is one gentleman in Bal:imaore
who is decidedly fond of the amusemienst,
though he has unot always met with the
-uccess hisenergy merite. lie has often
been out. hut has seldom bagged a1 fox.
When lie has n hunt onf the carpet lie usu
ally avails hinself of the kindess of a
friend who haa several hounds, & frequent
ly, upon his return, has been treitted about
his wvant of success.
A few days ago this gentleman started
on his favorite anusmet, borrowing the
hounds of his friend, and le was successful
in his hunt. lie caught ;s fox, after dig
ging in Iis den a con..i-lerable limae. 3luch
belated, lie tarted for htnme. lut on hi,
wily stoppied af a pubieI: I.aonse, where fi
had a unoher ofac-laintances. Tutheoe
he related his advc:tusre. and appearel to
gl ory mirb at the idea of rot ing the froi:
oibi% exertion when h- returied I ihe bounId.,
Ile had caught a fox, tra l w - deter
mutned to saeke tle inst oaf it. .n1 a this
mtient Ite idea of playing -T a joke utpon
him enateredl the sninds of Ias, ar-gnamran
co-, asid. alter consisderable troauble, they
;,i the ltg, remove-d ite fas, s and repla
ared it witl a lur:te ct. .\ot bseisg aware
of the chau::r-. olflie start-ad; reache-d the
city, and forthwisth pro-eariecd to the h-tnse
of bio friend. Ilire. , tn ih,- tss.a %,aluta
tionla. he- broke Out wih -- h If" I'Ve gst
usls asrw-lil shuw yacit that I can a:l c
Sflow." .. i. -.-.ih an air ill triuamp. f-,n- I
papt. 5 aa----t! L:ie-ri cost unded, h
knew no w-;s too sa'. i hil- :..:, in
quietly crelit into is corner. - -I,' -'ys
he. after recovering fr-t a-; i-n -An. - i
dalg a good v bile for that' .: L: t::t
have taken the cat and l ili sat x .... J.
f'rho corn tuy around enjoYca' tCie 4ji:o~r
when. -shortly after. isey i--arted the Is '
%title! of the case -Stin.
Frofm the Iuarmor and Gar.;.
3T:.31I.Nu or C-r N 'ST % t.i A, Y.N:- .
CAT- La.. ,c.
The drca .tai s ,r:. :i',- ,n .:nnsa
asmto11g tIhle cattle ito till- eas. a -d slins'ng
ie p.ut %% inter, s-- t-- t-od s, -:n ev-:.
one inga-d in aeueaiiaral purstits to fr
u1pon ho )5e plan to! ecm:saz11wizing the fa.40
destinaed lfar Winter is--. 'ihsi-c course is
like dictaled bay inuerest. aad iusnaniry.
anl %%ill, % I- % te.'-reIv iris-t. receive all
proper atIeetisn frm hse ba whIso are la h.
alTecied Isv it. % %jib shis bief initalcte
tiln, we %Vill stIrc a1 s-ph- lac-t, wh111ii
will go fiar to show hws' iuib may lie
2aincd Iy ladpain:t a *-tnighttnel sytem
of fefi:lig. IDminlg 5e p:1-1 sa.( n pral
tracted, cold -iiand chrl-eo-s as It wa,. the
lraee and lc.tutifu IIter.l lf Ih'-.a-a-, :s
Itrookrhnd Woods,. lt- -at 3f .lr. ictciard
Callon, near ii-ci'y. were ftlon simsivata
ed corn stalks and Rut:n [a;.a. Th'i1 n% 1i
Inot thoe re-silt eof scitrt b. t h a l: smatcr oal
choice. (oar fise fine me:hcaws b iloigasg It,
the estarc yields :anple sujpplies of the
choicest Tsrcnc hv Iav., ard hal hlee-tn c1I'
baratedl for yar-. forv thrhi great psrsaseuve
srs. Theis enli:l-,rened praprietor ofa this
hinte ettalce- covd tha:eaopinjion sh:it Iby
subhmitting lthe c-irns suslki sa ite asction sat
hetat in thae psroecess af 'sit-n sng lia v sshi
b le aleI to re--scre to sthemt mmi sorf hat sat
gary prnopecrty s hat re-sr-s lte ,talk isa iti
youn~ serial greeni tatae, 'so astarishl t fitvor
ito w'ith tht-enmant pa:dates andl thaus it's
n ~utiive' pawersa wonuhti Ice brouight intlo ac
sivity. Teresult sa is winstezr-a lecuiing
ha lo nlabeen hsi::ly; g:atify.in to him
asaoering mtcs ahapp illus-trationi of
the intstneofi iw-,hi bsnbe
hsima to gaet Isis 'stack thsrasugh ah la ' nier ini
good ans:I vigorus lea I I anda thsri ving casts
Idition, wit atl ;s aviung saofscium -15 soS 3 an
of Timosalhy hay. After stin;: s thsi fat,
it msays lhe cosside-rsd ais a matter of ~ai co
cern to know lisow. hse prep1alres hiss stalls,
nand untder sIhait imsprce-;on, we will briefly
staete thet msanneir aaf Ihisisig so. Theia
-talks arc fir-st cut Ihv. a strasw-cutter into
thse propcer lcengthas, and are theta steauned
sad led to Ihis stock.-Th'le parocess is as
stinple a's can Ihe de--ired, and coss but a
few hounr's labor each day; ati it 'shouald
be boarne in minid, thitt thIis laboareaach dlay;
anda it should Ih, bornec ianminda, that this
labor is retsniread ea lbe pcrformeda miostly
ina the dead of winte-r, whlen, on large aes
atsat ceas thenre are mnany bands idle,
so thrat itis nao addcis ionasl sax w.ahateve-cr sup
asi the propitoar of thse larmi by wcay of
A Rochesater, N. Y. psapcr says: "lii
Iworking a burr block, at the Burr filocl
Stone l-actory, isa this city, twco honey bee
were found in a cavity itn breaking oil'
pioee of stone. They, were torpid but soor
shocwed signs cif life anal flew away."
These bees were entirely excluded frosr
the air, and when, or bay what means the3
took uip their residence in a mill stone, w<
are at a loss to deme.--Aprcuturisp
Professor Jackson, in speaking on the
above subjects, has the following observa
" We can .-on experimental trials aud
from long and repeated observations, give
some useful directions a to the operation
of compost manures. The fiiHowing re
suits may therefore he found or advautage
to thearmers. Vegetable matters, on de
compouidon, produce a brown substancc,
which has acid 'properties:
By the action of alkali.e mattera, such
as potash, soda, ammonia, and lime, we
may correct this narural acidity. and at the
'name time convert a larger proportion of
the vegetable moul-I into a soluble manure
cnpable of being taken up by the rootlets
of plants. and suitable for asimailation in
the vegetable sap veose's.
Auimaie nuter, containing a large pro
portion of nitrogen, gives nut a great quan
tiiv of ninonia when icutomipoiel. Ilenco
thc well known valtc of animal excremcuts
as manaired. even on soilq already charged
with a sllicienev of ve-riable matters.
Now we shall se that tle influence r.f
lime in a compost heap, conpoised of ve
etable and animal mat(c in a state of de
cay, is to eliminate the ammonia from the
the putrid animal matters, so as to cause
it to act upon the vegetable substances,
which are naturally acid, and to render a
large proportion of the orgaiic matter so
luble in % ater.
The infl nece of dimo is alio exerted to
netralize acNhs whicli in their free state,
are nuoious: such for instance, as tihe sul
phoric and phosphoric acids. and their acid
stalis, and the resulting combinations with
lime are extremely favorable to vegetation.
Gyp.un, if mixed into a cotmpust where
carlonate of ammttouin is eliminated, is
partially d.-roamposed. and carbonate uif
lime & sulphate of a'nnouia result, which
the experiusents of .lr. Lecoq and others
have pro-ed to he valuabile saline manures.
Carbonate amonioan is alo well known to
h.- a owst powerful manuire, but we cannot
afii use in a i.trgc way so coatlv a
soiwt.nce Is the commercial article. Wo
must, therefore, m1iake it indirectly in our
comlpoi h.np;, as I have loug since stated
in forimer Reports.
la hete compost together thrn';:h the
Witer. pI:at. r"4nmp muck. r.,tt-u wood, or
Bay vegetable mtatters. with barn-yard
manur. and in the spri; seaon we mix
i.:to Ii: heap, about th;ree ncekA before wea
intend to us,- the compiost. name recontly
.dacet litte, (or, if that Is not to be had,
some unenched ashe+ or potiash wi'l au
:ton of n:e aimial matecri, atn eitormjous
0, 1mo1y o: ummoum which will he ab
;. .% r~ythe e;-,etablo aci., a -:. the ma
!,arc wIII be po:vtiully ut-,g::;ented jn
.trength and Valne.
Ttie -':p,rtion-,in which pet o:s-vanp,
:k jand!::aab;e mn:ure bale bceu eu
,(*. ed ..u a large scale. euccesoluily, are
., t. E owa:
I iree hiids of swamp muck or peat.
O(ne loan of stable or bara yard or any
animtitl tmin ure.
TIhee are mak into a compist hcap,
and are uallw-ed toa fermeit over wt--:r,
or nig enotin tor decompeoition to cu.n
In tile tping season, one cask of recetat.
ly sit'akeld lite is t be carefully mixed in,
while: JigAing over the heap. 'I'Te lime
extricates tihe pngenu. gasoots alkali am
muonia w hich ptrttes every part of .he
copinto,i ieapa aod neu:ralize' th, org.:ic
acidti, florming valuable: kolul ompou l .
Night soil, and tir tritne i amnn-i:i .
::l.t a amirt useful adti: t a corl -.I
heapl.anld will proniluce more1- -unm. >uin Ur--n
aiy other aninal manure.. Lerv furi.
er should prosvide siie ean. for sa 'ng
he hiqutd roatniure s which are so) lret:t:
I y :i s,:d, lor it pirtiperly uneed, Iinidz u:.a
nures atre of s ery gr eat salue.
If prt, swamttp mu tck uer rntio i)u n.I
cani In oblm~n..ed, they may he~ mt ide to ab-t,
isarb t hi:t:.li by laacing them tnier thm*
tablel and1( van!t't, andl the l,1id uinuilres
tmay be conrveyedl mhereb~y iinto the vegea
ble comtpost wsIhi tn such case mttuy be
placed a: :a ,btia tec tum the dIwellinig
hounse, at a lower lev'el.
Veg'eltbe mtt ld of line kindo abovo
sihonhi also Ibe put1 into the ho~-styem, anad
the hop will s'oon con~vert it into a good
comfpost. l:very ho;:, says the cleebrated
farmier Mlr. P'hinunev of Lexington, will
ttmake ten loads iif gooud ciMli)t tatanureit
you will allirdi him the maaterials. In the
spring the com~tpost is to be thrown out
fromi thte stye~s, andu thena lme or ashes may
be advanitageously mixed wvith i, and it
will hte readly for use in ten days. Manty
intelligenit and enlterpmrisinlg farmetr'i alrea
dy practice some of the rules here laid down,
atnd it is idesirable that all should know the
theory of their operat ionsl.
Thec above views of Professor Jackson
are foundled otn coimmun seni-i, reason atnd
philosophy, anaJ shonl receive attention.
anEVAxetCx.-A writer in the U. S.
G azette strungly recommein.ls ihe. follow
ing as an eflfretnal rermedly for tis vcry
Recipe.-Onte gill of Gimpson seed,pu
in a pit bottle, lill thc bottle ns ith the sa
vings of a rich turpentine yellow risn.
beard or knut, then till up with strong al
Int three days. the turpetine, anid the
Ivirtue from the ipsonm seedwilhe
tracteds by the nichmohol, turning the liquzid
Biathe the part cliectedf with this prepara
ien a few times, and it will take awwy aUl