Newspaper Page Text
ACTS PASSED AT TII LATE
SESSION S. U. LEGISLATUR E.
AN ACT to extend the righ't of challenge
1. Be it enacted, by the Senate and
House of Representauves. now met and
sittig in General Assenbly. aud by the
authority of the same. That bereafter. in
all civil cases iu which a jury 'shall be imn
panneled, before they shall oc charg-lailth
the trial of any issue, each party shall Wave
the right tchallenge, w ithoutcause alhuwti
two of d.e Jury so impunaoNled.; and in
all criminal case, in the Courts of Gene
ral Sessions, wherein cballenge without
cause is not aflowed by law, the defendant
shall have the right to cltallenge, without
cause sbow. two of the Jury. before they
are sworn to try the traverse; and the pla
ees of the Jurors so challenged, shall be
supplied as now provided by law for com
pleting a panuel.
AN ACT to prevent the Eiancipatiou of
Slaves, and for other purposes.
1, Be it enacted, by the Senate & Ilouse
of Representatives, now met audksng in
General Assembly and by the atbtority of
of the same, That ~any bequest, died of
trust, or conveyance. intended to take ef
fect after the death of the owner, whereby
the reaoval of any slave orslaves, A itlhout
thelimits of this State, is secured or intea
ded, with a view to the enancipatioa of
such slave or slaves, shall be utterly vivid
and of no elect, to the extettof such pro.
vision; and every stch slave, w, belleath
ed, or otherwise settled or cotvey ed. stall
become assets in the hanl-4 of any execu
tor or administrator, aind lie sul-jet to the
payment ofdebtsor ti daitribution amnongit
the distributees or next of kitl, or to e- chent
as though no such will or o:t~cr enmevtacu
had been made.
II. That any gift of any .lave or mlaves.
bereafter made, by decil -.r iheni-e, ac
companied by a trust, see et - e %pressed,
that the donee shall remove such nluve or
slaves from the !limi tof this .-tate. iih
the purposeof emanci pation, shall be void
and of no efect; and every such donce or
tustee shall be liable to deliver ny the
same, or held to accouut for the valuie
thereof, for the benefit of the distributees,
or next of kin.
III. That auy bequest. gill, or cotivey
ance, of any slave or slaves. accompanied
with a trust or confidence, either secret or
4xpressed, that such slave or slaves shall
be held its nominal servitude only. shall be
void and of no efect; and every dotee or
trustee, holding under such bequest. gift or
conveyance, shall be liable to deliver Ui
such slave or slaves, or held to account for
the value, for the benelit of the distribu
tees, or next of kin, of the perston aakiug
such begaest, gift, or conveyance.
IV. That every devise or bequest. to a
slave or slaves, or to any persou, upou a
trust or confidence, secret or expressed.
for the benefit of any slave or slaves, shall
be null and void.
AN ACT to suspend the election of mem
bers of Congress from this State.
Be it enacted, by the Sette and Ilouw
of Representatives, now met ant sitting in
General Assembly, awl by the authoriy of
the same, That so much of an Act entitled
**an Act, prescribing, on the part of the
titsetbi time.' places, and maunner of
holding elections for Representauives in
abe Congress of the United States." as di
sects the election of memnbera of the llu'n.ne
of Representatives of tho Uinated States
110rom ti State, to be ineId at the samite
time as the elections of Meimbe~rs of the~
State Legislatuire, be, and the samte i
'ereby suaspend'ed; and the tmanxctes o
e>ctioos, ut the neat geueral el-ecutn in
:r- State, are hecreby dIirected andl reqluh
" t to open polls5 for the electiotn of Re
...eativei tn Congress: ProzidedI Aow
nait nothing herein contained shanll
cs e toCI ' prevent the. lixecutive froms
.eofejt.-etionof Mt-embers ofC'.n
-.' vocancesesoccaisioned by denatit.
*,.*.- . au or uther causes, as uuw pron-~
deci 'ar by law.
AN AC U. i, .ake the unlan ful whtipping
beatifl of . slave an iUudictable ol'ence.
3,. ii enacted, ily the Ilonorabie the Se
-,e and~ House of ltepresentatives nunt
t. antd sitting in tieneral Assenath, and
- vthe auti".rmty of te ,.ae, [hai t anyi
anttawfulty whip or beat ;any -dave, tnt: 'U
der his or her chatrge, waitiouut sulieten
prov~ocatbon, by wor't or t. -ucht perent.
on lbeing idicted and c-ov ted' tumereot,
htae nind ty titne ur imp 1rsonmntt
-.t ih--.'-erevin of .e coturt ;the ianp~r:
e .utt .u ext'ed tir e ntutdri d dsollars.
A: .N .1'~ in, ttmen.l an .\e:tco en t,l 'an
act to prsid~h: .* -ne sepa'sss,. ,t' orurt
flaun,-s '5n Ja-." Itt titt' alte." passe-dt the
J neI. :51) inr-., er, tone shausanad ci:;ht
of liep1re.etwit'ae,., ... timet ad -inti-in 'm
Genettral Anemc'.s y :d by, the ;tathst
of the same.,l. ha now and after the pius
sage itt that Act. the severahl onards of
Commtissionetr, 'if Pl'sie1 Builings, itn
each isrcuit t:.'u.t District in this Statu.
be, and they are het:thy authorized and
required, in make any alteraitons or addt
tions deemed advtmble, or ithieb may b~e
come nrcessary, t0 any Court I louse or
Jail, now erected. or heroalier to be built,
in their several Districts; for which pur
poses they are severally invested with the
same powers, and suliject to the anmoe lpeu
altics, as heretoforc established by the Act
That every mas hras his ptrice, even in
small matters, hour llutton, the Birsuing
bam antiquarian. whtso in his life sayst,
" One of thse clerks of the silk mill wished
to make me a cotnvert fronm the Dissenters
to the Establ'shed Chsurch, and 'brew out
the lure of a half-pennty every Sunday I
ahould attend dtvine se.rvice there. This
purchased me; and smy father, ni he wa-s a
moderate tttn winked at the purt~tase.
This proves uni assertion of Sir Rlobert
Walpole, that 'every tman hats his price.'
Nione could be much lower than mine."
Stifen'ag--When an individlual itn Mas
sachusetts wishes to drink, he goes to a
groenry purchases a glass of water, and
.ak for the "stil'Df"E
Distress in Great Britain -The last ae
counts from thae other side of the Atlantic
show the existance of great distress Samowl
the laloring and poorer classe irn Grea
Britain. A corresdoudeot of the Londot
Globe dencribes the state of Nottinghom
llundreds4 are starving on stIraWlheds
without fool, fire, or coveriost; and thesa
are people who would work if they cous
get it. liech day. parties of mea, witl
starvation in their looks nod drcased in ahl
solute rags have been paradiug the tows
in processionis of two, ihrece. and four hun
dred, carsving a board on which is lrinet
inl large Ietiers--- lastressed and out o
work." Other purtics, to the number a
thirty or forty, drag calts loaded with sut(
through the streets, and beg from dloor it
door. The relief-liSt at the Union Work
house contuints 3,600 recipients. The hotus
itself has 900 istalies cratied within it
walls. * a e Besides those receivn:
parish relief upward of 2000 are starvima
Dise.ae and raunt misery hauut the whol
totso. Trade is dead; not a si:gle mias
ter emtjploys full hands.
Mertin;gs to devise sneasures of relic
are grnmi-e o(n.
The Blla-khurn Gaz.ette tits speaks c
the conditiou of the poor inl that "ction Q
The situ'aaion of the poor inl Blackburi
amid eighborhoetd is at present truly delo
rable. E. ent I when in bill work, the con
dit ion of the hand loom weaver is such a
to excite comsiSeration ; bu, at the pro
ent motment. wi hei wages are unusuall;
lw, lalor scarce or attinale, anid tI.
-eIatpon Mot incletent. their .sulerings ap
pear to have a eached the last stage of hu
A Londo paper savs that the Debtort
prisons ian Neastcale, Duraam. Lancastei
&c.. are ail crow.led to exce-, from ti
estmnmercial failuires which lithve takei
phac0 .% ilin the last y- -r. Another i.on
duo journal tes'i us thiat on the 28t ul
there %%cre 714 per,.ons , onfined fur debt
in l ive onerompolitan pi,-s
; Z icotland.-The iront"s..iori of Sco'
Iand have re.olved to bl..v out for si.
mouths one-tourth of their furnaces. rhi
is a r-soition (of dire necoe.-4ity oan the par
of the minaIers. ndul will (of course ie fel
with grc:o severity by the nlnerous lodl
osl peratives isn connexion 'ith this branci
f itlstrv inl the Vest of Scotltald. A
-,sin, the earNl severit y ofthse n% inter arow,
Cot.poletely idle. conl iderably biehfore thi
period. ilsat isswtrtone hudy the suasons
and other ott-dour wtoikers iml connexior
with haie. ihe city missiottaries, secre
tariei of the dilTerent cbariy sorieties nau
clergymnia lin populous district, O th1e -u
buri's. are all soliciting aid of every die
ocripotion, to relieve the distress they dail3
comllo isn coutact %w ith.
IThe calico-prinaing lasitstis i.l the
most hopele-,s *late; and we are cortair
we do uot exaggerate when we saN that it
the Vest of Scoitntil conae hai of tihe %%o, k.
erers re idle, anl that the ebane ausmber ol
it'-r, would be bankrupt had they nol
Spital to fall back upon. A.s to the wea
ving popsulatiou, they have for >o lang bee:
reduced to i sste of misery. and we have
so s frealuctly had occaa'iou tit state the help.
less state they are conic is, that we do not
l'Iet~ incStite to.0ay aores 0t,.mg Aaas&- M
distress i 6 uiw taking a go acral direction,
Iad it s t hi fact thiat we %Vash PariCn
Ialy to stirsc te sa t san.
Th'e ,,all det'aler< ina miany tof thse mannfl
fastiaring' district'. naow tnIis taeir capitalI
e hreL'ste by detbtsi owsne by itdle ojperas
ti'e". who ai are utt--:1y i"'. '"~5 ss " :i'' as"
t sh.- s ircumisanice.. tsa reaI.Z ize moneyV tar
h laanai ny,.op i-,p inj e: !.ar ens' houpe lt..: they.
aut husld osa" sadl mhonea anad .. r,-dlit are'
sne, asnsl thaeaa their naeu ster p s--ruina
hlsa Issn thpis ,tate~ of msatt'rs wsill ssan
tine i,. now' 58heqsuestiona ;anked by~ every.
m nie.-Gla'sasr C'hron.
.l c'aa (orna laer" .Nos chailsd. sul
- sor-sesn. -as \'ha l t has i gsat cars~ lfar
he hi' ' J .mei. ptut Thloa;s to. bemd.
.\ I raih e . etsla caslesd on a bsitin
t "lr ts 5ji ni lis te'rs-t he singe.tr
.:id. haIat lie chasrgedl two gtamen.a: tsar thec
i ii t leoni. bta is oa 0" ':ina. for a'. ma
ia'a he' plea,,edl af15ernarsd. " Oh. lashl
- lie li ti 1.. ks-."~a' '.sant -'l.,onegau, -let
0,come' wtii55~t- 'h :he s. sessnd'."
-- gsspent and51t m:ry. Tsenn, tmy tdeir.a
aid sa dsin a, I5."a5tss-r to hes' '--.a~a "- av.
say. as o lar.' ssy's 'ITom wit h a Ia.l :str.
- I'l a:ssry tira-I ;and theta dons't fear but Iil
p r spsi-sl .n atter."
. s tailor isa St. L.muis. whse bausane' it
tistmends. eOnat"s aid reipuar ptatalons, hat
he s tifsl awig inadex tso his i'sre:~asinal putr
'.1t5 j asstedal salt: -.inn over his daor:
Pa ast-aloiy prrmedaa:' here, anad coat-a
mn.,5 ssraly adj~u-sted.'
riiat. dl-efil manrriatge as hobbing tsar::'
tl. tel ina a barrel saf snss
a'm , outr's if yoau chlerr (cho~ose) said alhc
tuid t thae oaf'er.
E~ve is partesnte'd as havin;; been a pecr
iecbeasuty, anud there cats he nao doubat aiht
's''. sne saf the loaveliest5 works of Godl'i
serentioan-ut thsen isa thsose drys, corset:
halodtit been iunvented, and tauture was
Thec patietest tua that ever brsathedl
cured the day that lie was bora, and tha
meakest smau murdered an Egyptian.
- A ll tesh is grass."
T he Genesral Ticket Law of Alabama:
hhaslbeta repaeaed lay the Legislatureo
..In Itislh Letfer.-Aai Irishaman wrote ta
hiiso saat schaool ini Dubtso, the tfollsowtu;
"Ier Jem:-If you aire well whlena thi
lttr seahles yoiu, we are' well- By ala
berr, I sendt you my oad brown coat:;:e
a new one tmade out of' i:. 1'our smothe
scenlsyou, unfaeknwcinag to me. live ;pounda
I hoe yu will taut spetad siism foolishly
if you do, i cani just tell you that you are
goos, ad 1 remnaiu your al'ectioaaate ta
P. S. Your sister Sally wanted mue
tell you to scud her a shell-comb, but a,
.orgargot tthis time,. atid the letter wvas sal
ready..t,.1,1 I w ill msentiona itu namy sct.
-7 Of all, the scene ich we have
ever read of, the followin ' the most dis
graceful it occurred i,% city of Ma
con, Ga.. on Saturday th st.
From the Telg upA.
As faithful chroniclli: the times, it
heCitmes our painful dutyCp record a nmst
disgraceful scene, that 6 jrred in our city
on Saturday last. It wk tbte day fixed
by lav for our charter e.&tion. A good
deal of interest was felt -far the result of
this election; and a grei'jpscitement pre
v11iled throughout the wsl . canvass--not
on political grounds, or palviews, so far
as national or State polit was concerned
-but entirely on local or ' Moal conasid
erations. Several tickets ere running
r mnostly new caudidates-+ old Mayor &
most of the Aldermen having declined a
re-election. The nuder odieers. however,
being candidates for re-election, the elec
tion it was supposed would turn upon ha
ving a chatnge of policy a.stell,as ofr men.
The managers were spgpted. the polls
opened, and the electioutaproceeded. A
decision of the presiding officers. that no
one should vote who had iptpaid his tax,
was the first ground of miplaint, and
: produced a prodigious eelatent among
a certain class, which was kept up durimg
f Shortly afrier the polls c " ed. and while
the manate:r., %%ere counten out the votes,
(about 5 o'clock in the aft noon.) a notut
her of men, armed with at %s, knives and
pistol.., ne-ut up to the w ow and de
mianded permnission to ve hich was re
fused, as well because the polls were closed
as on the grnand above matnoned. Where
upto. they broke in the nJqdow, entcrrd
the room where the m agers sat, and
wrested the ballot box byviolence from
Itheir hands. They then tuok the box into
the public tqure,ddebed it upon the ground
samitped upon is, burst it to piects. and
scatered tle b.tllots to the four winds!
Aflcr which, t!-c perpetratots of this shock -
in- outrage, quietly walked off, laughing
to scorn, the majesty of the laws, the sa
credness of tle ballot box, and the eflicien
cy or the police.
We iave seen disgracefulscenes at elcc
tions before-where the timid have been
overawed and influenced by violence, and
where bribery and fraud were all powerful
I -hut never a case of such audacious ef
frontery as this. Ifacts like this are allow
I ed to gos unpunished-if scenes of this
sort are to be tolerated, what is our
boastcd liberty worth ? what are our igh
ly ealogised institutions fit for? Unless
the majesty of the laws, tite right of suf
frage, and the sacred character of the hal
lot box can be respected, our independence
-.1 as achieved itt vain, and in vai was tb:
blood and treasure of the revolution ex
We understand that several of the fore
most in this disgraceful transaction have
becu airested. -
Fron Mhe Saumnnah Ceurgian.
RIo-r AT MAcos.-Wo are pained to
learn that a serious riot occurred at Macon
ott the 1st inst. Some vagabonds made
an attack upon the managers of the char
ter election,w rested the hallot box from the
hands of one of them, which was destroy
ed, and the ballots scattered o the winds.
I et, of Mnacota who had cbM cot the box,
and was endeaoringto mcve it to a place
f s:,ferv. Stick.' and clubs worn also used
to effect thecir daring outrage upon one of
the dleare-,t ri::hts of tihe citizent. Wea can
not n-,e latngae5 'rang enmontgh to condemn
.mcha an outtbreaki of* srnttal fhrce.
i'The excite menlt caused by the occurrence
1Three of t he olTeruelers wcro arres'ed anal
after e'a;miniaion~ befosre W. Poe, -os'.
I ayor oif the. city. ass'istedl byv C. A. I lug
gin Es. n e rered t' give bail im thet
sumt of $1 000,t or stand comnmmted to
await theit trial on the first TVuesday ini
oe of the ;acn.;edl h-s give b ail; lie
otgher two in custodav have been comanaitted
The~ Slavor hasuialLered a rewarad of S'500
far the rappruehaetn-,On of one 'of the indi
I 'r)Dm the Chia re.slun Merrury.
--8u mayes.tthu liae, till, tho ripe fruit, thou
lto thy~ mo,,thei I:,p: ur he* with ea-e
;athered, not hahaly plucked, for death ma,:
These beautiful lite1 wvero brought to
our remembairaince, while we read thte ac
count, in the PendIletona Me-ssenger, of the
canm andl rainless decerase of the ve-nerab'le
pat riot. Col. :Camuel Warren, at the ad
va'ced aige af 1t years.
'Ith-re wSe much of inaterestinlg and! 'T
maie ina athe hfea and character oif thai
dm..tiguibed citizen, to msakoe saleiiI
-rrrolnwutionar hero" altogetheqr apparopra
ae. w becn arij.,h'-d to him.
it his yout h, his opportuniities mnvitedl
hims ats the maetmbler of an asIa Engli-,h lfam
ils of aopuleao nl at inuence. to a ctare
i'ase,~ wcalth anal distinction as a Brtih
suject-but, inspired by a nobsler amtbi
tina. he renounced ahemt all, to make cottt
moan cause with hii. s pressed brethIren itn
A merica, and enlisted under our rebel ban
ner. Ilis nadvantages of peso~n, educa
tion,. anid gallantry, readily obtained a
cmtmissiont in the American army for ste
chivalronas recruit, and we have heard aour
old men say, that on his arrival here, the
sytmetry of his foarma anal elegance of his
bearng was sostriking as to attract the
marked admniriatin of crowds as he w'aled
thec strets of Charleston.
W hen abtout tocrumbark from Enagliand,
he paid a farewe-ll visit to ana aged and
wealahay aunt, with whom he wasasn espe
cial favorite, and she whao woaulad have
madaue hit her hier, had not his rebel cnahu
iam. endaed her rigid loyahty.
Fatiling by argutment, and enitreaty to
dissuadle him fraomt his enterprise, she dis
missed himt v. ith frowvns, anad haer last
words at parting were a- malis, praymig
hati he mtight lose a limb in the very first
hatIe against the troops of her kitng, an
evil wish, which whtethet' uttered sincere
l or onshy in the exageration ofranger, was
destined to a literal fulfilment. hlis firs:
I feld of fight wvas thte disastrous battle of
Sns ananaht-w here exposed to abe heavy
canonade from the Britti'sh batterte--.
while he was lanuahing with a brother oih
cer who complimented himt on his line leg,
and replying that it would be a pity to
loose it according to the old laily's kind
wishes-his knce was shattered by a grape
saht. The hurried retrent of our rorces
which followed almomt immediately. left
him nounded on the field, where he recei
vel a second wound in the broken limb,
and narmwly escaped bcing murlered in
A British soildier who wias rifling the
dead and wounded, finding it difficult it)
extract Col. Warrun's knee buckle, which
wasdriven into the shattered hone. was
preparing to facilitate the work, by running
the pritoner through with his bayoett. but
in the very act was felled to the ground
by a Scotch lighlander, who raised tap
the wounded uflicer and carried him on his
sonulder to the hospital. Totbe brave and
humane Scott, who thus rescured him,
Col. Warreu, was, thrugh life. :a grat ful
friend and munificot teneeitfactor. A,.%n
as it was practicable, he ltrcliasiel his
dischare from the liritish army.aml. when
ne ast heard of him. haJ g .ivn him a
farm adljoinina his own t Pentletou,
i here we believe he i, now living-.
Col. Warren's sufferings froim his wou..l
which rendered necessairy amputation of
the 1high, were severe and paotracted; and
he Ias told us that he could not have stir
vived had he been left to the .American
surgeona, ;o whom he was at first counign
ed, n6ho were unskilled and unsupplied
with the nee.sary instrutenas and III)
phance'; and that fie owed his life to the
interposition of the late Dr. Archibald
Campbell of Bleaufort. a Ssirgeoin at :bat
time in the British army, who took Lim
under his uwu charge and perrael. the
amputation. aud whose s!2!! and huanne
attention durig ais tedious recovery, he
always spoke with grateful warmcth.
After the war, C-l. Warrn served often
in our Legislaturc. in both houses, and
filled for some year4 tie honorable post of
President of the Senate. It is only with
in tlte last six or seven years that lie retired
from public life. All who attended the
Sessions of the Legislature when he was
a n.ember. will retain a lively recollcetion
of the gallant anad celerful veteran, and of
his peculiarities as ; adebater -how as hias
interest in the discussion dee peued, his eye
would kindle, amdi he would grasp his
crutches and rock uneasily upon his chair,
until his chance to speak came-whent ri
ing from his seat he would place himself
inl the anddle ile of the house, .and de
claiming wth great animation and rapidi
ty, i) direct aned uapremliedliate la;aagtaie.
crutchiug himself forward with every sell
tence. ie cha. ged amte as it were upon
the Speaker, until he was brnguht up by
the latter's deik, which always put au end
to his speech of ive miauts, as well as to
his imletuous iarsiceb m advance. and then
he would retreat slowly to his place with
a uiet smile. lie %I-- -w v often, but never
long or in a set speeca:-but only throsiag
out a fecw remarhs as if in anima:et con
versation, his manner and lanag in
public and privato being cheerl'ul, frank.
native and earnest. n ith a decided infusion
ofthe humorous. lie %%as devoted and
steadfast in hiis attachments through good
or evil fiirtune. theough ovil or good re
port, and ever ready and active to serve
4&if,;.<..s.. &6*4100 weew &Atdeeie*g 44 the
ruaisconduct or opne for whom he was warm
ly maaking i.terest. he replied I know he
has doane ruag. it head lane right Ie
wo tuld noa aaeed amy friendlship,. every body
would be~ ler haima. :t is whenat mtan is
wron:;thlcat his frienalh shaoulad try tat save
hima.'' i s peolit ical parejandwte's w. ere strong,
a:tdl as there wa, tao temt poti ismtt itt hais coatt
pos'itionc, lhe could notd taolerate aney thinag like
no-commaacittal. 'cacibitiott or tabdyt m ta
pitblic man, I11:s retm ark w th a t them a
is -'tn trustina~ f1e'lowt n it h tna ligi. mi
himn." Wheat -'ah lirsI' t getleana of
-'aglantd" tin hi-, Iraish tor was settinag the
Ameatric~an liard-GCiderites an example of
potatory locaumotio, Cad. WVarren apcole
gined tu his guests at a dlitnner' party in
Pendletont fhr the asencee eel Va hiske'',. saty
ia that hte htad a:atshedl it a-. a dlertely
blackguard drink ever .since lhe heard thaut
George the Foeurth nta.1l aienc to it. Wsheat
hi.s leg wats ct oil lie htad enmbalmted and
snt to his taunt ian England, w ith a ntote
cogratu latina~ her on ate grat ifacatin of
her wvish. We have ntever hieardl whether
his Eniglish relatives ever relentted auwards
their gallant kmn'mana; acrm whethier hie re
ceivsedt it froma thtem, or pae..eseed it of his'
eewna righthtut hii, lotueae a i'ch'l th at we
are sati'chied thtat the resouag~ustoz dounii, wa,
atat eadead to his cthe'r st-wratice- and suller
ing' in the cause oaf fre':dlum.
OnJae of' the Ilast 'c~e e-, his p ubelie ser
vice' wa3s thle Nual itiae'ntiaon Conivetation,. int
w hichl hie ;apearc'd as a dlele'gate. 'The
ctau ,:.a atainst icederal a yrantny rotasedi
ina hi.. tell haeart the lioen *1iria, a' latch huad
armaaed his youngte handl agcaitt itilih opl
presin; ;and atle cause ot Ca:rl inaaa hadtc itt
tonee'i atamore zea;loaus suppaorteer. M any
e'aoblding ;caciatioen-s were awackented as
he ptre'etaed his war-baeateta f'orma at the
seretrys t;atle. toe sea his scignaature tot the
Noullifyinag uordinanee andc wheat wiping athe
tnn with whlichi he signed. eatml carefully
'nveloapingz it. he said lie would ptreserv'e
is ancd hold it as sacred as if it had sigated
the Declartationi tf I odependctnce.
In publishinig these few remiuniscences
we are' recoanciled to the risk of some inac
raies. int the haope that if anyv be dietee'
ed, a dlesire to correct then will induce
somte persont better neeiuaintedl hian acur
selves with' the histosry of 'he deceased pa
triot, to furnish a notice worthy of' his
Many who err, ,seem an think it would
he a dIisgrace to them to confess thecir
wrongs; but it is snot so). To rectify er
ror is always glorious. And whena pleni
teat contfessions, aire madtee, it alhways shows
the goodnec' of thec heart, atnd the regard
there is for the eternal prtincilesC af moral
There are multitudes in this day, theat
have mande a virattal declaration biefore
mauv witniesses. that they are the follons
ers tef Christ, bty enatering the pale5 of thte
vjitibe chutrch; but how few :amonsg thea.m
-give evidleuce titat they have fully re
nouncedl the service of Satana. and that
,t.... .r- not of the wyord''- Thj.I
THE PRAIRiES Of TE:A.S
A recent number of the ilouston iTee
graph contains an interesting and ably
written article upon the origin of the Tex
as prairies. It' ommunicates some facts
worth the attention of the curious and sci
Origin of Prairies.-The prairie-i of
Texas from a peculiar feature of its sur
face, and we often hear the enquiry made,
especially by emigrants from the Atlantic
states "why are not these vast plins cov
ered with forest trees, intead ofgrass"
Various are the cauts aigued far the
origin of the prairies. Some believe they
were cleared of ancient forests by the on
knowin race of men who built the mounds
and fortifications which are found scatter
ed from the Rocky Mountatius to the At
lantic. But this opinion is refuted b% the
fltct. that most of thcse mounds and forti
fications are found embosomed in deep for
ests. and trees that have buffieted the storm
of many conturies are often found growing
upon their summits. Others believo the
peculi.tr quality of the soil of the, pia rieis
is not adapted to the grow% th of itree, aI
is oily capable of* supporting a growth of
-rass or the simalles -pecie ofgrass. But
this opiuion is contradieted by the fact. that
inisulate d irees are often tutnId row in
loxtrian ly in the ver.% mid-t of a prairie.
til it at le di.tance of several aniles from
the forests. Others. anid aonio them
Gen. Pike who tra vered almost the whole
i %1:Ction ( country where prairics abounl,
Iadvance the opinion that they are caused
Iby dryness of the soil and the i aridity of the
cli:im.ttc. (on. Pike tseets that the for
esis found near toe streatms ate supported
lv the tnoisturc dif'used front these sireams
hrougti the interiies .,f the soil. and the
Lumdltitiy of the air horde ing the streams.
I But as the hills which are ofien found
extening into prairies are gen.-r:illy cov
cred with trees. we lhink this oplionion ean
not be correct. There must be some other
and more general cause. When % e ex
atinie the country ihr.ough which the prai
ries extend. we find every where eviden
ces that it has been, in a comparativclv re
Cei period, the lied of a sea or imtmoense
lake. The ledges of rocks art- filled with
marine shells; the louse stones wherever
they are found, are round aid simooth as if
they had been -ubject 1o the artia of ma
rine currents. and the soil n here i > t.nes
are found, is disposel in Iayers 01 -eds. its
if it %% ere deposited like iilinent. i om a
large body of muddy waiter. Otn, in
ligging wells, we pass thronlih a hed Of
bla:k vegetable moulJ then a bed f c vlay.
thet fiother of sand a;ait. adil not un
frequently at the d-pth ai y or sevnc y
feet ne-e find the hoiie ofantimals itubedded
in the earth. These facts indicate that the
soil of the prairies has been ftortned from
the scdiments of water. Mr. .\1acure and
other geologists imnaine that an inmierie
lake or sea in ancient times extetided from
the Alleghany to the Rtocky Mountaii,.
embracing an area whose diaaicer fion
cas to 0West was aboutl 15t1) Imiles. anif
fiomia north to south about ].00 miles and
that the w aters of this lake have becu gra
dually discharged lay the lississippi, the
Hudson and St. Lawrence: the only ri
vers that have broken through the timoun
talus that once surrounded this immense
basin of water.
Now, if this opinion is correct. the bed
of.e.inmenso ia le, . is 6**f*fy ****'
cd from the water, would exhibit the srame
changes in its vegetable productions that
the delta of the Mlissbesippi now exhibits.
F-ir'st, it would be covered with a denset~
grow th of reeds arni coarse wee~ds, as ii be
come inore elevmted anid dry grass would
aippe-ar alonag the- bantk of thfe streatn ,
anod t rees graduall 1n'nipplantain;: iheiri.
overshadow the soi dn winth t;es
:t. hietwnn'' i.- t,,resi .md iw'gr ns -,. ,stll
gnlatg ii, ;rtud it la itil it l re':i:trk a
tailng etiigrant,, th:n' the fir -;. intn-siably
cnicruachi uipon t he pratiri'.,. wherre t hey
are so situnated ais tio be unex-posed to the
rava:;e., of the fires that often dfevast;mne
the lar;;e priries. If these praiie5.s-iCr
uninhfi:tell andl left un disitrbed by rnani
dfobtless in the con rse of a few eeniti-,'
they ofld be' stipplanted by forest's. fin
the more eILe' ated sections, where thle rocks
idicatei that then- have been for a;:;e's el-Ic
v-ateda abnve' the bosim liifl the not zners, few n
prairies ore foutnd, and thiose lfew are vr
small ; the cotuttry is nost enily c
vere~d w--ith forest-s. In the At lant:ie S tate's,
w-vhere the ptriitive andi oldenr secon lary
roks aboiud it Is iiorthy of remark that
ptriirie'' are'oi unwn. Iience it is lut
reasonabl~e tie inifer that thiese' pr airie-- ill
dicat n, in 'somte degree, the ag. of the stur
face of the country.
We ,hall he~ halpy if thie~e bier retmarks
shall excite a spirit of iinvesti *ationt amioig
or citizenis, ats by thti, tiean-i, fat's many be
cheitedl i hat matuy !rove valu able to the
i is sail that a gouod fairmer mayt afway's
be known tmy his gate's and fence's. TIhere
is 1n0 doubit truth in the remark. If onii see
good gates and fetnces ott a farm you art
very apjt to vee goodl barns, smables, ajel
helter fur cat tle. Theyv are unierriug sigu's
of ai good fartnir. T1hie time -,aved itn
pasnn thtrough gates, insteadl of puflling
downi bar-.anid fegices, will anmounit fto ma -
ny dayns mn the course of the year. If you
have good le-nces. your icrip is scured fromt
the deparedat ions of ammtaals, wnhiicht in 'satie
cases amons to an almost enatire destrutc
tionl of it. liesidfes this, thiere i's no ime
lost in hiuntitng and guarding your field's.
If you have-' good bartns, youar fodder, hay,
straw and shocks are saved frotm the d~e
stuctiotn of thbe weather, and containa more
uourishmnent lfor your cattle and heorses.
Good,. stables anid shelter are essential.
Withoiut themi you cannlot expect ton Lee-p
your stock ini goodl order. When hbelher
edl and protected fromt the col I anid rain.
les tinal w--ill anawe-r aill domestic ainmals.
- E'xchan;:r p;aer.
t'A(Sr. ctfoet:Oti 'OoLL3J w :3U I'Ll..
A mule ladetn with salt, and an as' Ia
dentt with woof, wet ovner a brook to;ether.
liv cbane the mnle's :.:eck became n eteid,
he 'salt melted, a i' ii hi t Uriden becamte
lighter. Afte-r thtey hail passdl. the muttle
told his good fortune to the nasnn ftho, :hiink
inig to speed as well, wvetted his pack ait
the niet n-vter : hot his load became the
heavier, atid hie broke downi under it. 'That
-_______ I',)( Er 1;. 1), 4. .
W e.o.i r. J ~ 'c* Y 1:2. 1641.
M2Y The extr.a terim of tc Court of Contmuon
Ples and General Sesion, frur this district,
will councmeince on .ionday next.
Benjamin B. smith. lEsq.. ofTwigga county,
has bwen appointed by the Governor of Geor.
gia, Treasure-r 4f that State, to flU the vacancy
occaiomsned by the dead. of Col. Thee. nyaes.
An election was held rur Directors of the
Mechanics Bank, at Augusta, on Monday the
3rd inst.. when the llowing gentemen were
lectcd:-A. Sibley. A. Gould, W. P. Rt.
bane, E C. Scranton, T. :. AMetcaf, J. U.
Walker. J. Sibley, A. W. Smith. J. M. Adams.
At a meeting of the Directors, A. Sibley
Esq., was reelected President.
(in the 3rd inst. ti- fo-lowinggentleen wen
clctel Director< of [tic Centralfail Road and
Bankinog Coumlany of Gurgia:
V. W.. Grdn. J. P. lenry, John W. An.
demorn. llery .\'Alpin. B Snider.
Th-- ; overnor of Georgin has appointed the
lion. \1-ilson .mpkin. Dibursing Agent of
thu State Itail Road. The ailledgeville Ro.
corder of the 4d in..t. says: - The duties hith
cito devoolving onl the Commisioners, ae Mby
the late act, concentrated in the Agent and
Climc I Fngineer. Only about 52 miles of the
l fo.I from tho southern tetminus in DeKalb,
to a point tcwo miles northwest of the Etowah
rc' er, are Irovid.!d for to be continued at pr
',the work (a the other being suspended.'
.-lmaLama -The lliouseof Representativesof
Alabama. have p:m.ed a Bill creating a new
county oumt of part of Dale; it is to be called
Coffiee countiy. fin lonor to Gos. Coffee, who
distingui-hd hicmscf at New Orleans, and in
th Cree. wc ar. The county scat has been cal
Tennaz ---.\. laughmlin. a Democrat. has
ttrosduced into the Legislature of Tennessee,
which lar,aftcer a numeber of trials, failed to elect
th;eir U. S. Semntors. a preamble and tesolutions
propo-ing to take. by % ay of compromise. one
~rom eacl or the great political parties. The
gentlemen itpookrn of, should the resolutions be
.d!opt-'d. are Men.rs. II. L. Turney. (Dem.)
and Thoc.as Bro. n. (Whig.) Wv?. are of the
opimion that the prean!mle and re.,olutions will
ot be pauecd, amd the State will continue with
out their U. S. Senators uutill the people de
cide which party are in errot. by tihe ballot
Iegiljure of Maryland.-Bsths tranrhers of
this body mnet at Annapoli-s oi the 'ith ult. but
did nit organize until the next day, ihen they
elected .1r. J. C. Legranid. (Deam.) of Bal.ti
m1oe City, Speaker of thse lmise of Itepre
seitatives. and 31r. Richard Thosas, (Whig.)
President of the Senate.
Prrsentments Quashed.-The Philadelpihia
papers of time: th sirl. state that in tie Court of
General essions. on the day previous. the pre
............ ar. " .ir. ag=1.WO x * -, -as
Biddle and others, relative to theirtransactions
whilit concerned with the affairs of the United
St W-t Bank of Penncmylvania vas quashed.
It is stated thatJudgs lIartons. Conradand Do
r.m. -,eve'rally sdehveredl ops:iiens of considera.
l~ h-ngthc, inc t'avor of' the moitioni to qmnash.
T i .as.t:J.-Them lrahimuore papers state,
tiac .s l::.:.- rece'ived toml l'urt Principe. Cuba,
ib a ecstle'c min in thsat city, dated Nov. 16th.
msyi that the Capmtamc G;eneral of tho Islands
hs sdemanscded of Sr. Carrias all of hIss acecounts,
includincg mterest, damsages, &c., of the negroes
of thin A'rsmstad; andI mcai.t., that Mir. Carrias
-:sll 'he pasd the ci h..t. minf it. Ansd it appears
chat tihs Casptamc tam'serail intsend< tm deduct the
amo5unit fronut W&.5t MI tho Im theia Spanmish Go
versnem~i h.,~ tom psay tihe 'isitedi States.
Si'. mmionmsst. thren' hunidiLd ac.dI ni.tyseren
thoc,-mmas this,- hscundred ancd sevwentym dolarsm
wosrths ..c hsr crocn alonce a is imnpor'd ito the
'mtss Stitm,.s .liir mgc theL'. yam "440, besides
artc's mcanufi.se :ured ofl mron, asmuntmi to
ins mshnu twn I'.e thssonsand thsree hundred and
tu- iiidom mcskic m:: the a:;gtme'gats m.OVen
noc,sto. Imour tunntiJ mansuJ isse thoummaud secu
huncd red mand esithy-t.' o dslari..
T/la *.:ma-1 r L)ee'mbeilnr h-is been re
sen e. mii.\, w .m ba'. e not h:sml tsime to ps rse it.
weis .sall miot 1pe':k oit it, cnerc." inm thi, weeks
paer, bust prnu. to dom .o it cousr cnxt.
Tssi N. V .it mess '.sc -we have for some
itm prn.e snur-ehe, '. thsat we would call
thin atte tionh of this reamg:ss psart of time com-'
mity.. thme meischsani particularly, to this
cp anid '.ahaabst. pipe r. Ic is psiblishced in
te city of Nm'w York. at $1 ,50, amid is deci
evly the esa. t paper5' of' thin kind we recollect
eetohsepero-.ed-asl'. ay.s furnishinsg a n.'
rmety of useful acid interestig cmater, and such
as ii ci tenmd to time mcstructioni and anusomnt
int all cla.scs, but mmrein especiaily that class af
individuals to whiose benetit it is devoted,-"the
m.cmcame. It 'cntamst weekly acounts of now
acn u..mettu invenPmtiosN iiistrate'd wish engrav-.
mi.. & c.
Toerat ion c'f liec;;i.-By thme followinig, it
will be. -.een'i that thme ruleri minf the gove.rnmtlft
oft Old S pacm are cromcc..: tom .4 .i'cc, oh thetir du
ty as they' nom Jomutbt hi'. funmc'ndi .' that thme
dmaem'. of C' rihh/.s:5 Otiui.i'n: them world, es
to rap~~d. tin altow'.'. taili h' ci~ut'tchilonge'r to
be l'rcm'.t rcmi
Illaauna pubbisim m thec New \'o~rk Sun.
Ob SpaP~iu ht, ou'c omit orde' s here to
sel as lairge pomrhioni it thtebur.-, ands to
redu mce thesm lare sldarm ofl iihe prierStS to8 a
.miail annmiuscv. hiard1ly cc mrth hiaving. I be
is 'e tic'' I;.a' e the ' i bee oif throw cog
Itf their e'ch.'.iast icail robs's and going into
ony oithter busitnea. i they choose. .Th's
is a terribile bslow to mice Church in~ thiS is'
land,. as it rsedurecs lier power and jinflUeceC~
'lrady mmn the wane. to alnitost tiothing. I
hccass no mloub: ci will~ prove' the btepp'ng
..tih tu ,.. .t.oterationl 'f' al! religios'1 bere