Newspaper Page Text
Santa fe-a ture of the *L_
ON edizp ion conrfiem Iudignity Wtt
an Consal and the resident Amer
telkgence nta Fe, and news cuo .
firmatory of the capture of the reaas e
- dit lou x EuiDzs Ics, Dec. [6.
taij tr,--We. hav new agaiU
=n I west, but of aaelancholy nature.
Signor Alvarez, our Amercan Causul in
New lesx'i,,willhidA or six other gentle
mea, arrived here day before yesterday,
qft a tedious tri of fifty days from Su.
ta'Te. 'They a -re much ~anoyedwith
cold weather and snow, shrouglaut nearly
"twbuoleroute. 'Thecompany consisted
of tweh~e or fifteon when they left Mexico:
Avm, of these separated frein the party
about 300 uiles fron here, and took a more
southern route to avoid the cold. Of tie
uestagaeaGermau from thiseeighborhood,
were frowna to dath; three Puler. are at
"oUOR Wee4Fork, one so much Irozen:
.tat' he -canot travel. one sick, and the
thirl compelled to remain and keep the
-two tmm staration. They had some
%mules left in their pemsessiun by Mr. Alvat
I#0 and his friends, liable at many moment.
thuug, to be deprived of all by the In
dianaaroutnd. Assistance is to bewt fromu
Aber-uamediately; whether it is timely -or
hot we cannot tell. The storm they en
0outered wasvery violent, and the snow
fi& 94 .the depth of two -,r three feet-t
was much druled in places, so that it was
almaust impossible to travel. The five who
Wit th6 waait party, having to pass over a
prare country altogether, (where no fuel
ca ye procured,) at Is supposed they per
isbhd, 1130, hw ever, bears no conaari
sow to. %int idlows: The Tuxians, on the
Ibu tctuer, artived in Santa Fe, in much
Wors cut.iuusiauces than could ever have
been sagaed-they are all captbred.
bound, au set as prisoners to the city of
.eSzau. 1 he causes and attendant cir
cusawtaiuces, as giveu bx our itiforwaur.
The, depuatauon, on their arrival near
Santa F~e, were divided into three parties,
one umier the comannd of Howland, ano
ther uWer Cook, the Comaniasbury Ge.ie
r-4K Texas, and the other under 5ic
'or Loud, .the Comuwanderin-Ch if,
:A ver) elcent man, and % ithal. a fop.)
It ben near tbe place of desaination. tHow
laud, ain two more, were stut in advance
as spies. to ascertain the disia-itisn of the
atcaWcans tosarda them. Not underman.
dsing tus nature of their embassy sufficient
y. u hw 9ucar.coiradsictory saeitaents
ctucerujug the place ho'n whence they
haised, uaeyw.Mre. sirippeu and ordered mit
.:Aeave Ule bounds- In the meanime
ey made: their escape, but after travel
f five diys aud only progressing fifty
m4es, they were takent by some shepherds
bright in, and shot.- Seven nure from
the cunyaniy were again sent in, aming
them wasKeudall, thbaeditur of the Pica
Yusn; sds Mr. Lewis; they bad in their
p1seSsion the, Constitution and Laws of
Texas, the American passports, rec.. of
LeWi, it-is thought,.Ay his knowlede
in and becoiking a favorie iih the
Governor, proved traiior'hus, and infuormed
igod the distracted ant destitute situa
tion of the company--hence the disregard~
.paid to the Constitution and Law. of'ITez
..as and especially the passporzs of Ken
~ gil and the other Amerneans. (of which
they imade a bou-lire in the public square.)
The resident Americans atuempied to get
Kendall and his companions released. amid
.gedtI theta some clothing. but did not suc
ceed; and in all prohability the clothing
*never.reaebed then:. I: sceems to have
been required by the Texian Goveranmenl
that the comnpany should not tighat if they
could possibly avoid it, bum merely publish
the CUusliustoa and Laws, make sonic or
raugemnent about trade, return home.
* On their way in, they wvere tatkeni pris
oner. by a captain of the mtilitia, & arch
ed out before the presented gunas of the
company to be ihot; by the entreaties of
the prisoners and others, ste captain, how
ever, dinobeyod order.. and took them to
-the Governor. Shortly sifer. seventy more.
ad then the a hole number of Temians
were surrounded auchL taken; Cook being
the only one desirous of mnasing the leas
resistance. Their fate is wretched in thme
extreme. Tham day they were stripS of
nearly all their elething, deprived of their
shoes, hand-cuffed, and started on foot
2000 mailes, tn tihe clay of .4exico, with
orders from the Goveraer. giant each man,
as he gave out, maust be speamred or bayn
netted, and left on the roadt side. They
had gone 30 miles from Santa Fo, (when
these mn left,) and ltres or she number
were already slain in obedlience to the or
Had there not been any prelaar~eton
in the statements of Howlanid, and if the
rest had made any show of resistanceethey
wouald have enaire posseessOn of the coun
t imumedialtely. The Governor w as sur
pried at their situation, supposing them
tbe couirageo, united, and plentifully
supplied with provisiemn.. AUl is hubbub
in Santa Fe- The Americans are order
ednos to leave the town--the goods of some
of them are confiscated, and their, lives
n edangered every hour. Charles Bent,
with others, was su custody, hut released:
Giddings' goods taken fruim him; some oaf
Row land's taken also Signor Alvarez
was shamefully treated, ordered 'o reaaami
- in the limits ofthe teo, and assassination
atteglpted by the rabble . boa he disobeyed
piastrsed or this place tma'ediately. I
baebeen thus pdrticular, knowing that ::
on had not heard precmiY. you would
* wer aious to learn all the circumistan
nes- You 53 rely upon the veraeiiy of
these mern, ad she correcltness of the slate
eas in the main: somne shicht variation
ayoccur its the detail. After a respite
of a few days the gentle tsen will be in your
- eith1 nsa their aJ eastward, when you can
a-all, more connectedly, minutely, and
much more than I can convey in this sheet,
It is rumored that twelve or fifeen Del
. w a.~ and PottaWstoieW indians lately
a ~zn ex uasn~ nd were all kile
a,..i. *tereauivudd is oUelthe. mourn
,d tale. Thba Iitseram ere rm
~, Nuw9az~z , is&,2
j pTelxaiT.--he steame iep'
6 rrivedt ron Texas yestelay." The
une, weare told,. made 'lie shortest
psssage uli0 record...wenty-ieven 'lour
to the Balize. The news is not important.
The President had appoiuted Francis
AMorrIs, Attorney General of the Repub
President Houston was inaugurated on
the 18th ult.- His eessage ws - delivered
the siame day, but we received no copy.
-Tue only intelligence respecting the
Santa Fe expeditiou is contained in the
Houston Telegrapbof the 22d, copied be
A gentleman who arrived here on Sat
urday. informs us that immediately before
he lelt Austin, Judie Baker arrived there
from San Antonto, bringing inielligence
confirming that herefore received via Vera
Cruz, He states further, that Col. Win.
G. -Cooko and six other officers were sent
to. the capital for trial, and, of course, con
Capt. McCullough. with nineteen men,
fromn Gonoale, recently encountered the
spies of the Wacat Indinos near the mouth
of the Llano, killing two and dispersing
Th details of the Convention between
Great-intain and Texas are published in
the.Texas papers. We shall give the
document in full to-moirrow.
Resolutions had been reported impeach
ing the late I'sesident Lamar, Vice-Presi
dent Burnett, Hnd, the Secretary of the
Treasury. Dr. Chalers. The vote was
taken on each of the three cases in the
House of Represeutatives, aud rejected by
25 tu 13.
The steamboat Albert Gallatin, one of
the regular packeis b'tweeo Galweston
and Houuston, was totally destroyed on the
;21st nIt. The Ulvestonian states that she
was runuing at her ordinary rate, when all
uf a sudden her larboari bqiler burst ma
king a complete wreck of the boat, and
desitoying the lives ibur individuals on
board, and wouuding ten others.
The lullowiug is a list of the killed and
Alied.-Mr. Haight, barkeeper; Mr.
Cherry, pauenger hom Alabama; a Mexi
cat and a negro, deck fands.
Badly Wounded.-Mr. Gibbon passen
ger Iroma. 6utuerset .Md.; John Nelson, pi
lot; Thomas Carey, fireuan; Joiho Noyce.
deck hand; and a negro belonging to Mr.
,L lightly Wounded.-M. Gireaul, a
paseuger; .11. . Couner,C.Vptaiu La' ham.
Captain % hittlesey, Mr. Couney.
The lohat is an entire loss, aud the freight
wilh sustain a good deal of injury. %
ile Nseptuno was detained at 43alveston
in consequence of the prevailing north.
wind. which rendered the bars nearly dry.
stopping all intercourse hot ween Galveston
audi fiutston for Aever.d day s.-Picayue.
BlWd! Blood! Blood !-Mst of our
readers will remember that in April last,
a Mr, Alstun, of Tallahassee, challenged
Gent-ral Reed, of Florida. They fought,
and the General ahot nim. Uillis Aliston,
a broaher of the deceased and the General
had a renconare sibsequensly, and a se
cound, when the forier shot the lauer.
He since Weutt,t Texas.
Private. lettes received in this city yes.
erday state thai-he ha. had further difi
...p.,.u.um enuaren nitkng tme
life of aniother, and in his own life being ta
We hear that he arrived in the neigh
hrhodu(fBrazain, about the 10th ulti
:noa; that about six miles Irom the ion n. in
tue wouds, he met Dr. John McNeil Stew
art, that an altercation arose between
them, relative to a fri,-nid of Mr. Stewart,
both being armed; that Allstun drew his
knife, to stab him, but Sitessart. perceiving
his intentiot, fired three shots at latu with
ne ~of Colt's pisahs; that Allston, though
everely wounded, fircd a ride and shot
gun at his opponent, which instantly kil
A memorandum front Tbombks F. Mc
Kuna, of Galveston, on the back of one of
the letters states that Allvtaon was arrested,
tken oat, anad shot by the citizens of Bra
Most ikorrid and fiend-like Muvrder.
The ilatesville (Ark.) Ne ws gives thce fol
lowinig full particulars of a horrid transac
tion oaf a hich we have before received on
ly the outlines.
On Thiersday the 21st instant, a most
savage cold blooded and cowardly assis
nation was perpetrated upon Mr. Nicholas
E. Iltrton oaf dhis place, the particulars of
which we shaull endeavoer to gave.
Yung Bnrto~n had not re-ached his 18th
year. anml was the son ol Dr. P. P. Burton
of this place. On the morning of the 21st
he started up) Poke Bayou on business.
On his return home 'ie fell in with .4r.
Bonaparte Allen with whom he was riding;
and when within somie three miles of town
w as shot down by a concealed assassin !
receiving eleven buckshot in his back or
hack of his head. Allen seeing him fall
dead, in tthe contfusion produced by the
suddenness of so unexpected a deed, lost
his presence of mind, and put spurs to hie
horse never once laooking back. had hie doue
so he would have seent the assaisin. Ona
the news reaching town mnany porsoas re
paired to the sp)ot. where they found the
oble youth who had left them but a few
ours before, fulluof life and health, cold
in the ars of death! This generous
youth, whose thousand bright virtues en
deared him to his friends, was thus unex
petedly huryied without a tuoment's war
ning, into eternity, by the foulest deed that
evrwe havet beard of or read ef,
Th,- asasita had ebosee a spot most
admirably suited to his dark and uiltainous
deed. 'l'be Bayou .weeps under a bluf
on rhe edge of wbich passes the road, with
a root of a tree sn situated as to preent a
person secreting hineacif from beimg seen.
Who did te bloody deedI was no soon
er asked than answered; all pointed ta Dr.
Treot B. Aiken, as the perpe-traior. Atnd
wiy 1 The reasons are these: The mur
.Jer took place near his house; Dr. Buirton
an he were engaged in a bitter controver
sy. and but a day or two before the mnur
de, had issued a cutting handbill agninsi
im . The tesuimonly before the faques
showed thai young Burton passed Aiken'
n thes morning, and sotn after his passing,
Aiken took his gun ad put olfin the sae
direction, Ele met an individual coingit
down the. Bayou-wbhen this individlual
rechebd AikeU's gate, * ziad* ueW9 boj
ea%! ou and asked-himi iken,
and said, ho aftertib or Barton."
It is-projed 'hat Aiken jhomq
and after getting his- dinnaer. J3igUn.
and proceeded dobn the 11th direc
tion of the spot wbere 't 1pirder was
committedi, and that. so rty mio.
uts afnerwards voung pass
ed on bis return. , Aiken ek to the
house 20 or 30 minutes afte gull was
fired. One of Mr. Burton's dins was
was found close to the spo hibe in the
hurry of flight he must h dropped.
On'his arrival at ibe house mepatched
a servant after his father-in sr/iho was
at Col. Miller's telling hjm i " li. ,mine,
that young Burton had b lled down
by the field. It is proved one had
passed up the road, from the 6ro Bur
ton's passing down- until a Aken de
spatched the servant after fkther-in
law. He fled that night
A reward of $1000 has for
him. We trust that he t a apprehen
ded. There can he no q on of his
guilt, or we should be silent.
WLDNEOS AY. JaNuAKI9, 1842. -
07T" A 31axR," an the sol ofthe.4Ii.
litary Bill would have aipeared r,butfor
press of othet matter.
The Court of Common Plead denra
Sessions conunenced its sitting a,hi place en
Mond-vy lat-His Honor Jud O'Neal pre
The Demneratic Ticket in Geogla succeed
ed at the election the fiat ofis monthor
three members of Congress andegunty offices,
by a majority or aLout 3.000 voe.
Henry Treseo*, Esqr., was on se.3th inst.
elceted Cashier of to State Ban4
31r. Rumph, has been elected Sheriff. and
Mr. A. Campbell; Clerk, of Colbton District.
S. C. -
State vs. fro. Barreu Jones.$ te Charles
ton Courier ofthe leas inst., saygs-" The trial
of Wis. Barret Jones for the maider of John
Johneson, an English seaman, tnk place, yes.
ittrday. in the Court of Semionifor this Die
trct. before hia Honor Judge Bqler; and re
suIted in a verdict of gnily.- FOr the Sttte.
the Attorney Genueral-for the prisonr Thos.
0. Elliott, and Henry Reilly. Esqrs.
Alabaaa.-The General Ticket Law for the
election of Members of Congress in Alahbana,
has been repealed by the L-egislature; all vA
as.aes that may occur in the present dalega.
tion. are to be filled under the general ticket
system. The L--gislaturo.adjourned ob the 31st
The Augusta Constitutiopaqli1of the 13th
int. says: " We learn that Dr.. McRae,of
Fayetteville. N. C.. passed tw4 this city
yesterday, express for Meaxico, depatthes
containing instructions fr r neral Go.
ernment. relive to the - ;isners
D~e Trea Loa...-Letters reei~vei at Aus
in. Texas, from General flamilton, dated Lon
don November 3rd, state that the contract for
he loan with Messrs. L.af:ne & Co. hnd been
ancelled, those g'ntlemen having found them
elves unble to comply with the condition of
Importaat to TrueUe.- The Couart of Er.
ots of thme state of New York, in the caso af
Powel vs. Myeis, have given the followitig de
ision " -That a steamboat Company are bold
n. as cotmon carriers. for the has of a trunk
which was (,aandulently obtaintod from the boat
on a furged order."
Loss of Couen.-On thme 25th alt. eight hun
red battes of Cotton were destroyed tby fire at
aoo city. having caught fire from a tree lnft
arelessly burning in the vicinity of the lend.
ang where the Cottoa was
Grea Peus,-The Charleston Courier of the
15th inst., say:--' Through the politenesiu of
Capt. Brooks. of the steamer Gen. Cuiscl, we
were favored, yesterday, with the rare present,
for this season of the year. of a mess of very fine
green peas. kindly-sent ass by Mr. P. M. Night
ingaie. of Dungeness, near St. Mary's Gco.,
at wrhose place, we learn, they are grownsiat all
seasurts ol the year."
Copngr.--Te corresponadent ofthe Charles.
ton Courier, under date of the tith inst-, writes.
"The proceedings of the House, this day,
will shake the nation like an earthquake. That
large class of the people who have so long be
sought the government to establish a uniform
yseofbanakrnpte, are destined to be disap
sstem The se at te late session, passed a'.
an confority with the strongly expressed
wshes of so wany state legislnaures, comtmer
cash bodies, andt masses of individtnals, will al
most certainly be repealed, before the 1st day
of February wbetn it was to take etTect.."
Mr. Davis and M r. Marshall of Ky-,present
ed noumopals from sundry citisens of their
Sate against the bankrupt law. and mored their
reference to the Committee on the Judiciaty,
with instranetions to report a bill repealing the
act, on the 13th inst., whmch was carried by a
majority of afynut 30.
The currepoimtent states, that the measure
will be carried throghthe House in a fe'w
days. and there is no doubt that it will pnu the
Senate. and as it is a question of expediene~.
and not e1 consajtusaoualit, at is wot probablu
that the Presid t, even it' disposed to save the
act, would interfere to pretent thet repeat. It
s thought that the distributton act will also be
The Correspgdent in his letter of the 11th
inst write, that** Ia ahs Sensae today, the
w as an interesting discussion of Mir. Calhoun's
resolution, calinug for infrmannaon in reglar., to
the Creole af-air, and the proceedingsof tha Go
ventment in aeltoen u it. Mrt. Porter, oh Mi
chigan,. took an exception to the tse oafie word
-slaves" in the resnlutiom; or adcrptio or
the persons, inasmatnch as the term was sot
-.a4 in our e'nsdkntins ar sconized in
ft rimin. r.Porter found himself odns
in IW view, aiwithdrw his objectien. -In
he coor,, of the debate,''M,. Clay rose, and
said it was eitreznely desirable that in al'on
siets with foreign powers our country should
preent an uabfokan pharax-that all pny
divisiona, ab~fenkase'bssach gpeation.
niene.l -ie trusted 'hesuawas no- ~sposition to
Make ueAe ,"s quesdoq for parry par ga
11r. Cay af'I h dies anthenitic'a -Cent
of the transactidians on board of do Cre' .nd
he had read it with most tlilinuj;iiid would
add, with appalling interest. Therewas no
doubt that the murder was committed by the
slava; but, it was a fact of great interest in re
gard to the relition between master and slave;
that of a hundred and thirty slaves, nineteer
nltigook part in the mutiny. the greater num
ber were either inactive or took part with their
mnasturethe latter being the case with the wo
men esqieeially.- Heconfessed that he remark
odithis occurrence with infinite regret, because
i4 must -necessarily add very much to the dii
rulitv of our relations with England. Vessels
bad been theown into British ports by the act
of God. and the slaves on board released; but
lrthey'were thrown bj mutiny and murder.
Are we to b*e empesated or not I If not, then
our coasting trade is no longer free to us. I
hope. said Mr. Clay, that Great Britain will
perceive the necesaity of retracing her steps in
rgard to the matter.
"Mr. Clay voted fot the resnnion, though
heconfessed that he doubted the propriety ofr
calling-in the Exective for information at this
stage of the business, while the Executive was
engaged in aisegotiadon on the subject. The
resolution wS unaniously adopted."
87 The following is the 90th section of an
gct passed at the late session of The Legislature
eatided ''An act to incorporate," &c.
B& itfurther enacted. That the Intend
ant and Town Council of the village of
E~dgoield. shall have the esclusive powers
if graming lieence. fir leepirg billiard
ables within the limits of said corpora
ion; and they are hereby authorized and
etpowered to levy a tax on nine-pin al
lies, or any ot her pin alleys. not exceeding
Ifly dollars each. within the corporate
limtits; and the money received by them
rfor licences for keeping billiard tahles. or
taxes levio-d on pin alleys, shall be paid
iver to the Commissioners of Risads.Bridg
Ws and Ferries for Edgeleld District.
And the Intendant and WarJens of the,
own council of Edgefield, shall have pow
rin retain the use of the hands liable to
road duty within the corporate limits,'pro
vided they keep in repair all the public
road* leading from said village, one mile
mul a half from the court house in said
07 The following is the 32d section of an
act ertitled "Ati Act to incnrporate certain
Towns and Villages. and :o amend the charter
of certain other villages," &c., ?awd in I83.
And be it further enacted, That the In
tendant and Wardens of the Town Coun
vil of, Edgelield shall hereafler have the
exclusive power of grantiaig licedices ror
the retait of spiritous liquors. within the
amits of the said corporation; and the
muof colected h2 them shall be Iaid
i:unu usatUnlss Cl eusus, U. *
s an'd ferries.
BErarqake.-On tihe 27th nIt. (says an ex'
ehiange paper) a shock of an Eartheuake was
felt at 8t. Louis.
Ncso Demtocratic Paper-.-We have received
the first nuniber of a new liaper. entiled the
states Right, Republican, Joturnal of Education
sad Constitutional Rteformner, published in the
City of Richmond, Va , as $2 per unnanm. pay.
able in advanice, by Tbeophilu.' Fisk. Esq.. and
edited by himn,asuisted by Mlelwa Gardner, Esq.,
late editor of the Boston Sunbeami. Frotm the
app.earanice of the. present number, we thave no
doubt ti-e Republican will eie long obtan a
station in the treat rank of~ the D~emaneratic
Jurnal. of the present day, as the high char
acter of Mr. Fisk, as an editor, in the cause of
the people, hase, by his. extrauridinary zeal and
ability, whilst conducting his valuable paper.
the --Old D~omintion,'' ren-iered him a ter
ror to the enuemies of Deumocracy, and its friends
owe him macb for sustainmng the stand he took
against the faction wich has for the last few
years been distracting the country, with the
humabugs of Hard Cider. L.og Cubi as. 5cc, a. ith'
Mr. Gardner we are unacquainted. but from
his being connected with M r F. we feel confi
dent in saying be is a literary and political wri
ser of talent. Not having room for the
prospectus in this day's paper, we give die
following extract, and recommenid that the
friends of Democracy give the paper that sup
port which it no doubt will justly merit.
" We consider government in tisn country,
assdesigned tobecsimply the Aoxts? ofthe po
pular wil;-that it was intended to he always
tue servant of the people-nlever their benefac
tur. riot their master:-lhat it is instituted for
the protection of all, but has no priege. to:
conier on anty ;-that the protection it atfords
shaiild be general not special-universal. not
partal- uniform, not discriminative-direct.
not remote or contingent--r" all individuals,t
not to any classes or distinctive itnteresi,
Aouitar aggression, not against compentton;-!
atid that wshatever special privilege 'in special
protectio it has conferr,-d on any individual or
class of individuals, it has usunran. and wrest
ed to the injury otevery other inidvndal-thtis
produci injustice, and positive wrong to so
A Hecavy Train.-One of the Locomo
tives ott the Winehester Railroad convey
ed lust week, from Winchester to Harper's
Perry, in single train, eleven hundred and
seventy Aive barrels of flour.
'More Burr Discosures.-Mr. F. L.
('lairborne formerly a member of Cotigress
from Miss., andI tow one of the edito'rs off
the Natchci Free Trader, lias hee n pb
Thhin, som r-minaiseences of 'he trensona
of Aaron Burr. and promises more. which
-will establish wjyhout a douht that Burr1
had for his coadjurors some of the most
listinguished men in the notion." Hie ob
tains thieve reminiscencies from documeno
ary evidence formerly kept sacred by
Burr. and which bad for years loin dor
mant and unknown in tbe archieves of hisI
For k Adcatiwer.
Af Et total wVn oreourtesy
owardsthe whole Legislatn e, on "ls partof
rour Cdlumbia eiurespoudent, whose comnu
ication appeared~a the Mvertiser of the 22d
lit. forfeits all claiin to he rapeerful notice of
those who adveca'id the Military Bill of tbe
late Session. He shall not have tie same
ground ofcomplaint against this communica
ion. Yet one who hazzard< i a own reputa
ionn asa faithrul chronicler of eve-sts, and who
deala in wrekless assertions without facts to
'ustain him could.nut take it unkindly, if he
Against the Bill siWd its friends your corres
pondesit is liberal in ungemerots charges and
ininuaions. But does he for one momentim
gine that the public will with him believe,
that the Legislature. composed of geltlemen
rinm all parts of the State. at a time of no ex
eitesnent, andwith no motive but their ron.
try's gool, would wantonly vio te th - S beth
srease " arbitrary and tyrantcal power." at
tempt to "ride over the minority : ugh-shod."
Irightenthem with tales of "war. bloodshed,
awbead and'o, hones," and 'rivct upon
the country an q0nsive uafsteni f encamp
ments"! If the country were prepared to
give ciedence to all this, then should your1.
respond--so be -.k.ct.-i as the HistrianU
ties. When he remembg that he
of die ezeited and bitter opponents of
in every Aspe and form, I a will uno doubt ad.
mit that these opininam were the
his own heated imagination.
'I will a round unva -i' d tale dili.er"o
this Bill's panage. The militia lawaie South
arohin. have heretofore been comprised In a
volume of ote i undlrd and seventy five pages
f illy digested and unintelligible manter.which
rew underitood, and which the most acute could
motc --cpr-hen-i without w. eks of close appli
ation. Tec Bill laely p.wced reduces this un
wieldy as into sic. a shape, that whin pub.
lied with .,. ...dez, it will be in the power of
every one who can read, to ascertain in a few
econds what the law is on any particular pmuot.
it waA to. give a second reading to this inesti.
inable Bill, prepared by the late Adjutant Gen
sral wit great care and skill, taat * House
:ommenced its evening session a ali past six
.e Saturday the IIth Dec. last. It w a a
sounced and fu-sy undentood. that if die Bili
id noi go through it. second ita4ing that
3ight, it could not plah, be e go sed, and be
:me a law. It was all imp an; ;o doe coun.
ry that thi'6:ll should ho paosed; I at there
shoul-# be some digest of the Militia law , hisb
:enid be gpderstood I -oder theme circuln'taa.
mee, wha 'was I e coarse of the opponents of
ie tlill-t se only 4t.-adfist and m fr -I'd
)f their country the very salt of the LAgisla
ture I With a zeal I at - Id have done cre
fit to. better cause, instead of "endeavoring
o make it as perfec as possible," 'tiey did
theirtmost ta treak itdownbyoering amend
ments which they uld not exsect wou a pass,
nd whi, t wpo have readered the: Bill a die.
grace both'toour Statute Book and ih-- gisla
lure ghit pas ed it. For instance, Mr. Massey
moved to sec. r to e 1:3th Sec. afer passing
o the 15th, in order so to amend it that aOOd
kbelow te rank or Coitpet abooki rje
porred W pTGU .i'.P=t* atUMW
isembled for ,i'iitary inst si~tions and the,.er
ro mance of camp duties, ini the Br ade comn.
posed of Edg .fiel.l and Abbeville, the gare
ate oif six asa. Look, sir, inito the jonmnals
if the House of Rspresenu.atives of the I Ith
Dee'r. and see the character of the prwipesieionts
and me ungenerous mieansi by -which it was
ttempted to defeat the Bill. One member
umoved to strike out thme enacting clause, which
imounts toea rejection of the Bill; a second, to
adjourn ; u third. for a c-all m'f the House: and
a fourth to adjourn. This looks indeed like an
endeavour to ma,- die Dill as perfect as pos
sibl"' Upon these propousiti .ni as well as
upon the varioma amendmeoints, tihere was usu
ally discuasion, an-4 invariably a call for the
yeas and nays. And toe wh. Because there
was a great principle inmi Ived in each propo
sition I N". Because it was doubtful which
si :e ad the majority I No. It was in gene
ral, to conusime the tme of the House and wor
ry the advocates of the Bill cnt an abandon
ment of it- paage. To take the yeas arnd
nays counsue fifeen miniutes. They were
taken as miany as ton time to no benefieial
purose t so that by thee means, and by the dis
enssion -uf the mist idle propositions as many
as three hours were consumed. The pitiful at
tempt to throw the odium ,a violation of the
Sabbath on the Iriends of die Bill moat recoil
upon your corresponden:t and his enudutors.
Had it been meot in a manly and frank wanner,
it would have been disposedoflong before twelve
It i. butjustice to state that thu-re were some
amendments proposed in gaod faith; and there
were persouns who opposed the 13th (the En
campment) section, yet, feeling the importance
of such a digest, afterwards generously assist
d in its pasag. lipun your correspomident I
'am pained to say, n. suclh liberality can be pro
Your correspondent asks "in ti e name of God
why should it be left optionary with a Colonel
and 3tajor, ant with a Captain and Lieutenant
to acept a commnissioni Is this democracy ?
Is this that modified system we heard so mneh
abot this summier? 'The .whou e Bill is full of
aristoracy " Now. Mr. Edlitor. "a wayfaring
man though a fool." can not fail to perceive
that this is a''feding appeal." but it can not be
called handsome, as lie calla Mr. Pope's ap
peal in favor of an adj 'ur'i~v n r- a en.
tirely maistakmen in hii remnises. The Colonels.
3lajos, Captains, and L.. utenaonte. are on pre
cisly the same footing-each may dlecltno a
coimasion when elected by votes. So;. in
fereces he would wish to draw from thiaclause
of the Bill, are not legitimate conclusions, ande
hi --feeling' and, .may say, 'artful" appeal is
to no' purpose.
*The object seems to be" lie o- tinues --and
that wimi be the eti,-et of the Bill, to drive ei' ry
poor young man from the & -Id. Tb.eaifnoan
is so expensive, &c."~ The first soeute- we coo
ve s an insinnation t'-at the advocates of the
Bill wish todrise the pour young mnen of the
at. fr.. the .service. I trust your corres
pondsnt$(tnot ao have intendedIt is
too Pi a Wpal--u aero - asisina
tion. If it were infened for oysel .'andlI
am authorizd to Is "he sa.gfi tns mem.
berwf"ni Edgefield acted'Witr Wse. I Pro
nouneit false, 3nds nious. As to the
Umi.orm that for. ih ield olicers is no more
expensive that heretofore, undethe Army reg
ulations. 1'ecompany officers can adopt one
of two ntaifh%-one which he peak of as
de costly uniform-tOe othuer the uniform pro
scrib.'d in the act of 1833. with a slight Aiffer
eiee, which is neat, pretty. and cheap.* This.
he would have known. had he troubled him.
self to examine the pamphlet of nuitorms.
Among other high attribuat, your corres
pondent seemn to be endowed wi I t: e gift of
prophecy. He calls upon yoa teiark itdown,
that encampments will . converted into elee.
tioneering schools, and the time wilcomte ahen
no man but one.who holds a cnmelprion. with
the plume umd epaulettes. can be selected to any
office not only inthe gil bf the people, notthe
Legislatur.'' It ta impossible tha be can be
in earnest-he but jests in making tie declara.
lion above; for did he vslpy expect his prophe
cy to be fulfilled, if I am not mistaben in the
person and his present pashiod before the Dis
trict ard the Legislature, he would have a
commission in his pocket in les than 2 months.
i.1 TIS :LU1S&aTaRvaer sOUra CAAO
As the Protest of the Minoty in rela
n to the Fire Loan Bonds is published,
it rof course implicates the Majoriry in
having rejected it and the measure itself.
1s therelore necessary to publish the oth
er side, aud when the public are ready
there is no'indisposion to Meet the ques
tion at the bar of public ouinion.
The majority-ofbe ouse rejected the
Resolution requiring the Bank of the St te
to akve. op~so the Comptroller taPbe car:
celled, all tbe certilicaxsoCistock or1othes
obligatians in their posuession under the
Because, by the Act for Rebuilding of
Charleson. the Goveruor ias authorized
tio issue bonds *-not exceeding in' all the
sum afS2,UU,0" and the Act also di
rected "That the money when realized,
shall be deposited in the Bank oi tbe State
of outh' ar iisand sItall become part
ol 6i capital thereo."
The Act thus required the President and.
Directors to loon the whole two millions,.
.-i such be required. to rebuild Cbnrlesse,
by which it is clearly intended, Jet, to iS
crease the capitul a..t exceeding 22,00.
000, 9 2d, to give ire citzsens of Charles
son the right to he firs loan, which.. beig,
repaid punctually, would afiord the means
of extending Laos to others and'this was.
a clear uudrstaunding at the time of the
Fire Loan, without which, it would not
have been made, aud-be applicatine now
to curtail this eula~rement of 'cpitl -andt
ait the same tine to e'end tbe inie of
paymeni of instalments on the Fire Loa,.
is well calculated to de'est that measure of
reel so essental- to the people of Charlas
ioat this time, as the Legislature will
very naturally say, it you call in thiscap
,ta, you must putcwaly pay up the first
lust., tuatist may be gaW .oasted .out to
the rs . - .d
b) he Beank would boa brecli of faib bd
r-ogaory to tie honor of the taae, in. this
-the capit al and inicoime 0f iaeBak of
he stat siand solemnly pledged- to the
holders or our State stuck., awl these
B'emds are now part of the capital mand can
nt be withdrawn withour the consent of
s he credimora of the State. They are part
of' the capial by act of the Legislature, and
were sollt as wi appear by Isue Report af
tme President of the Banik, Nov.'16~, 1840,
"The Bonds of the 8Ste which were in
the hands of Messrs. Baring. Brothers
& Co. in London for sale, amounting to
wo hundred and seventeen mbousaimd five
hudrel1 pund, St--ring, and which Piesi
et Re' informed thme Legislature in the
last annual Report bud been recalled. have
..ll beenm ruceivedl at the Bank, and in the
presence of the Comproller General de
-iroyed. Fi'nding no purehasers for the
dSatue stock imssued in hieu therstutezccpt
in .mull sums, which wee sold at par, the
Board detersmined to ciose-thmat account by
ebargiug the Bank with the remaining
simick. Tht fund is now credited with
the whole amount ofihe two millions, and
tme Batik charged with the stock uinsold."
The Legi.lature, by accepting this Repcirt,
hive confirmed the sale. Thme Bonds are
now part of the capital and mortgaged to
the stockholders. These Bonda h4/e 20)
antd 30 years to run from date. Thbe Dank.
has ihms made its arrangeanent on the be
sis of thiis fund. If it is taken away, it
must, press its debsors. The borrowers ol'
the Fire Lean earn hope for no mome.
Planers, merchants, all its customers,
mut'oe pressed, as this fond is a resert
necessary to the safety of the Dank at this
The majority objected -to the entry of
the Protest, becaus'- it is unbeaming. The
minority made a tmovemnent, and it was
not su..taine'l. Thbere is nothing to protest.
aginsi- It isonly when the majornty net,
and the mion.'ity wi..h to separate them
slves from this acstion, that a protesl 15
proper. But the protest to objectionable,.
l..t. It is deceptiVoain erstine it as ainat
ter of psest shat -a public debt s a great
pulic evil." &c. as if thes majority were
so silly as to think odierw.ise.
Second. Thie seCuitd eground of-protest s
equally indispuitaltle and uodisputed. hut
i is nitogtether decet',ive aid caklcutsd
t impose upio those a uo are not aware
f all ine lacts. The protest is in th.ese
~J ecause tihe public debt incurred.t@
rebuild the Cloy of Chasrlestit was crea
ted to repnil one of the greutest calamities
which the S:nte has ever suffered; ad
even unde: so pressmit a necessity, wass n
nly prtmitted upon11 the espress guiaranty -
of the City of Charleston ogainst all losint
the State,'which.maiy lead people tO s"P-*
.,e that t.- Ci'y is guarantee fo' these
onds ptoposed'to be called ist abs. in
truth ate guarat of thu Cit ctetnon
i madle to the cihizen3 of het a ht
dr the authority t hsAt.an te
tat. alwayse owuten th:ecrtyo