Newspaper Page Text
of the United
3he Solicitorof the
ijis it for general infor
Soicier of the Treasury.
February 23d ISM.
'MS the act to establith a uniform
at bankruptcy is.now in operation,
it proper to make certain sigges
-nregard to debtors of the United
States who may apply fr the benefit of
By the 5th section thereof, the priirity
ofahe Unitiod States is presorved. That
this preference should be rendered availa.
hIe to the full extent, it is necessary that
the interests of the Government he repre
seated and properly guarded. &s you
possess the information, or can readily ob
tain it, as to the names of those indelbted
to the United States, and the amount of
their liabilities, if any such debtor residing
within your district apply for the benefit
of the act, it will hecome your duty, under
directions from thisofflee, to proteet she in.
terests of the Government. To accomiplish
this. I transmit the following general in
1st. Ira debtorof the United States up
ply for the benefit of the bankrupt act, you
will immediately report his name and resi
dence to this ofce. and at the same time
bpply to it fat.sbch information in regard
to the amoun'lend character of his indebt
edness as y& may believc to be neceAsary.
2d. You will see that the aptalicalt
includes the amount due to the United
States in his schedule of detuts. and ir ie
claims a credit, admitting or denying a ba
lance, you will communicnte the facts to
this office, that the accuracy of the state
neat!be ascertained from thei proper offi
3d. You will take caro, so far as you
can, witbotsinfringinr upon the nrorpri
ate duties of the Court having jurisdictietn
of the matter, or the rights of the nssignee.
that the sales. &c. to be matle loy hin aue
discreetly ordered ant fdaihfully cindicteel,
and that the proceeding ho terminated as
soon as the rights and interests of all cos
cerued will permit.
These general instructions are not inten
ded to exclude any other action on your
part wbkb would advance tle intereas of
the Government in these cases; nuch unttit
he left to your discretion, and be depen
dentuon your local informatiou, both or
which, I am sat6fied, you - ill very cheer
isly ezokeise. -
Respectfully. yopr obediseat erat?.
.CII8. B. PENRkOE,
Solicitor oft he Treastiry.
To--, Bsq. U. S. Attorney.
Tb. awIag %istements in the last
Gaek;.w nadeti hob what we hear.,
sad itm beno nore tha prudct. for
awhoh a foreIneft
a ?et toe teste before
theduprem urt.-CAa'. Mercury.
t4 BANKRUPT ACT.
It wil,beseen by referesnce to the Sen
at. proceedigs that the amendmuents
proposed by .u1r. Blenton to this act, are
made the special order Friday. ste 25th
inst. and as several of the Senat~ors who
voted against post ponemnent declared them -
selves to be in favor of amendment, tt nmay
be well expected that some of them w ill
pass. Be this as it may. we can say that
the opinion becomes stronger trom~ dayt to
day that there will be nso final actton un
der this bill for more thtan a year to eme
-that the quegaioo of the validis y of the
act will be made ina the differenat Di-trict
Courts, and carried to the Suapremec Court
of the United States. which will not ihld
anothaer termf until Coangress shall he in ses
sion, and agair. entertaint the qtuestioan of
rpal. The progress of the act is excising
th ulpattentin; creditors see the otahi
gation of conatractsitmpairedl by the debtor
wipicg out his debt withut their consent,
when all bankrupt lawrs reqjuire sihe cnn
sent of the mass of the creditors (two-ilhirdls
or three-fourths isontnmher andI valne): and
the friends of State Rights see the sover
eignty of the States invaded auad overb.rne
ins theaostinction of all the State iusialvent
laws, (and in cases to which nt hantkrupt
systems ever extendedt.) snd the assertion
of a power by which all the great relations
of debtor and creditor may lhe withdrawn
from the $tates invaded and everaornte in
the extinction of all the State insolvent
laws, (and in cases to wbech no hbankrupt
systems ever extended,) and the assertihn
of a pwer by which all the great relations
of debtor and creditor may be withdrawn
from the State Courts and State laws, atnd
brought under the jutrisdiction of the Fed
eral courts and Federal laws. For these
two reasons, not to mention otthers, she
most serious oapposition so the constitution
ahity of the law may be expected by the
}Ve see a sad effeci of te law mention
ed in several papers. that of creditors cotm
poand ing deb's for msere triales, for fear of
having the whole wiped oat. Tfias is a spe
the more to be lamented because the a boli
tion of the debt by the will ofthbe debtor, is so
maanifestly unconstitutional, contrary to all
*bankreupt'systems. and so immoral in itself,
it must be altered, eithier by amend
-. Indal decision,
th. Mississipp free Trsder-.
x Iant glad to perceive by
hich I And in the columns of
re Trader of the 13th inst.,
ionto as IniaCot
by the seuators
are inter- tl
'ntertaining pre- d
as you express in regaw ti
d objects of tbe presentpa- 9,
o ben surprised-at the-silence of :
ublic journals on this important sub- Ii
and that none of them have come for- a
before this to disabuse the popular
mind oi#he numerous (alsehoods invent
and propaugted. to aiedsigns and sus
Win the.isurereuts of jie speculators and
manufacturerm I trust you will follow up
the attack you have commenced on the
combinations againstus, and fully expse
the wicked designs and artifices of the pa
The following facts, while they fully ii
lustrate and corroborate your views. as ex
pressed in the articles referred to, serve In e
,bow in a strong light, sie unscrupIuOus I
means ewployed, to gull the country, and
what false and unfrounled statements are
made, to effect the end intended. ' The
American Farmer, published in Baltimore.
extracted last fall from an English paper, s
atn account of she arrival in Englant, of a 4
saipment of the first cotton produced in the i
East Indies, uniter the sup'erintendence of I
Capi. Bayles. Acrording to this account.
fthe cotion reached Liverpool ii the montih
of Sepctmer last. Now, an ofseA to
this absurd story. and is proive it a 2roSs fii
brientin. I am credibly informed, that a
gentletman in this ncighbsorhood, received
a letter fron one of the 3obng men wit"?
went out, from this nci!lborhood, to India. I
with Capt. Bayles. stating that the expe
dition only reached Calcutia about the 1at
ter end of F-bruary Inst. The writer of ,
this article received a letter from another
of the party, dated only t wo months pre
Vioatillu that time, at the i-sand of Mlta
so shat there is no doubt, that the planters
who went from Alisi-isippi to tile Indies
with Capt. Dayles, dids no0t reach their des
tination un-til tise' beginnsing of last siring.
Ifthen. the Fsiglish account, eopied by the
Aierican F:rimer. be true, not wirhstani-I
ing the expedition only reachei India the
lazs of February-not wihslsanding it takesI
an average of three monihs or ninety slays
to performn the voyage from Calcutta Ill Li
verpuool, vet a cotison *-rsop hail eestn madne-.
gatiered, packed, shipped and landed safe
ly at the luter port, soeic tune in tIhe'
mouth sif Septetlmer following. At this
rate, the cottin muss'havo been on board
Ji.ip in about one intnilred nud twenty
d4ys from tie arrival of thr planters. This.
your readers will sy. is a rapid itusiness,
and throws into the shadeo any thing ever
done in these 'liggins." The whole vs
ry is obviously one manufactured at the
expense of evry thing like truth anti pro
hability. and deservesto beirlassed with is
kindred huniug. amut tie crop of half a
Jillion of bales'that is to come fenm the
gait lidies this a-son. But again, the
same paper of the Sib December. publishes
ansber and a very difierent accouant, co
~dfrm the Losndon A tlas of October
2d, kieb completely falsifies and coutra
diets time Ist stoy in all i's parts ani par
ii201uLi. The -Atlas copyind from tie
Madras Uaited Service Gazette of ;he 25rb
of June last, tells us on the authority of.that
'paf.;r ithat the government has ordered
ibeirsasfer of the A merican cotton plasu.
eri, sen to orgagize their plan. at that pec
sidency, from. Tiunevelly to Coitbator.
whichicour sb lt ed
%pt, sie off ai e .rst cotton
produced under the superintendeu'te of
Capt. Hlayles," bein~i otinhe lIritish mar
ket by the first of Sepmtetmber last, why it
surgs out, that the Alississippi pitanters wdre
shihisng about no late as the 2-5th of last
June, to Gund a place 'suited to the pro
jecl," arid that aiths'agh mny great andi
smarvellous thinp. were to b~e done, yet n
thing, as yet, kad bfrn done. Thme same
paper (time iited Service Gaszet'e) itn
forms us, that the cot'on seed ansi implae
ments of husbmandlr, gent iout tromt A4 me-ri
ca, had just reachel ioae. If sour planst
ers allow thseimselvee, to ibe band arnd
hutmugged by such lsisy takehood antd
therebt~ly In b~e ir; hitenied inro the sate of
teir cuttist as a s.erifice, sihey d~ev io
be. tleeeed. Let ath who are attie to sli sop,
hold ont unttil Apil or Alny, anid they will<
find time speculators andtt mtanufacturers I
ithles no lsmnster aisle to resist the proofs of i
an enc reingly dimmbha~e-I crop, and whent.
no0 iltnger able iso simose on te planters
bsy thi-r dieceitiul fictson.. coimm int rwrd
and git smg fniir rossund prics to hie iir cotio.
A JE'FFER~UN P'LANizR.
NE~W O(srL:Ss. Feb, 21.
From. Tex.u-ly the N.-ptum-, 33
hours fron: Gaive.stona papesrs sof Thuwrsday,
1ith, are receivedi. Theim Congress ad-t
journe-d on time ~th, and tt" Presidieat hadi
arrived ini Ilou ston, Genm. lhamlitn had ai
returned to Gulveston. Trhe governumen:I
have decided not tocomnmence at present,
an aggressionl on Mlexico, Twernty stou
sand sd Ilari were appropriated for she de-'
fence of tho Western fronmtier, Col. W.
II. Dnmgerfid hmas received te appoint-e
menit ot Secretary of ste Treasury, andsv
Dr. Ashil Stmith that of Mlinister ina c
hlalf a million of Texas promissary,
notes were burant at Au~stin under she su
pervision of a enmarmittee appointed for the
P. Eudmonds, of Galveston, hsas be-sn ap -
pointed Texian Consul for New Orleamis,
Gee. K. Tenion, Esq., late editor sat the
Aussin City Guasette, i. she bearer of des-(
parchecs to Londion.
Mlr. Navaro, who lately left San Anto
nio to entdeavo~r 1o procure tihe liberation of
his brother, taken at Santa Fe, was' eizedl
soon after croassitag the Rtio Grande, roabbedl
and imprisoned by the Miexican authori
Congress hmad passed a resolution extend- C
ing the limnits of Ti-xas from the mouth of s
tie Rio Grande to the Pacific Ocean, anmd
along the coast fifteen miles in the sea, to :
the Oregon Territory, so as to inelusde the ci
California in the territory of the Republic. ~
Henry Castro has been appointted Con- '
sl General to France; ansd William Ken- "
edy. Tezian ConsualGeneral in Englanid. ?
General Hamtiltmn's proposition for a I
Belgian loan-or 85,000,000, was not de- a
ided on by Congress, but the question
was indefinitely postponed,-Bmlletin. a
SPaying for his fun-A peso Insmed'i
,8mith wil o time nce, for b
urpoeA best known 1d hoalself.lad nthe
inWness to carry to eg of the papers in
tiseilVa ralse accountof the.marriage of
Ir. o1er to Miss Crowley. has licen'in.
ictedby the grand jury, for libel. It is
0 be hoped that his: punishaneat, if fonud
uiHty of so base a charge, %ill he 1, warn
ig to others, and prevont the remptlion o
milar distardly acts.-.bal. Pat.
EDGEF ELD C.11
W orsvsnt a , Maaca., 184 .
To Ddinquent Su&scvribrs-Hra *coin
oneed otr mesenth volune, and
us of making various improvementa otur eUAs
alishment. we are in want of'unds; procute:
ie n.-cessary materials to carry out oar deir.
d object; aid to whom are we toilpply foir
Fow funds but onr patrons. who inv.been
utpplied weekly. with the various '~ and
,we of whon have not paid anegae -gfor the
is two or three vears, for Suatbscript '. Ad
ertising or Job Work. To those wJ ate in
rrears for Subscription, and will rOite their
ccounts by the March court. we -wl.eceive
p per year, but ater that tiue wieOlin all
afes exact $4. the terma of the paper. 'We
.ave, at no time. since dipper hias a' ien
ar hand., been %ery grci*dss., buand that
he ecounts are becoming .* arp e)n otir
,ank,.. and money so scarce an arta that in
eli justification. we shall have to pt the
'tnning, if not the rash system.
W e hope our ddiaquent subscrilev lcome
'iward. oss and At.l., and save
,fsending. and themselves the mW'.I~beiug
waited on by a collector.
We thankfully acknowlcde the rneapt of a
tmber of newspapers anal public doesnients,
iom the lIon. F. W. Pickets.
B7 We refer our readers to another column
a thi day's paper for the remarks of te lion.
F. W. Pickens. on the first or the series of re
nlintions reported by the Select Conbatittee on
Itetrenchnent in the contingent expensed oftie
lonse of Represeutatives. which is ietbo'Fol
owing words: .
Baalesa. That the Clerk of the Hjme be,
t.t he is i hereby. anthorized tocosam in Isis
rffice thenaerv irets 4t thetth ree asxiaaiait derksau
horia.ed hvy re.aluitions ndopted by tst-House,
vsa the ith day of Marb.ijtfi. atd the'l th day
[ October. 17. ina addition to the six amis
ant clerks m,w antharated lby law. at the an
ual salar notw received by them, respective
y - and at he Cmploy no greatq. nuantrgr of
islsiant clerks at ally time In iSefce. unles
pertaited .o to do by an order tesolution of
the Ilouase. -
To which resolutiona 3r. Gordon lad hereto
fore uficred the fullowing amendment:
-- Anad ia addinon thereto, that Ise be'Uhor.
ird to cnatinue tle t o asistatnt clirfs nou
Lmaployed in, h;.. office. nd who have been eta
1lyed therein snace i .
T& A sagusta Mirrr.-In another partof this
paper will be funud the address of Mr W. T.
Thanapsot. Editor of ahe late Augusa Mirror,
to the patroan of that periodical , to -whieb we
call the attentiona orour readers. -
TA Mails.-WAe are forced once =ore to
Bad ranal with the manner in which wbreceive
the up conntry pipers. On. unday ie ought
toreceive all or exciabages royjw bpper
p-rt of the (mi. but generallyreceihti7 by
Quer.-To Potmaste.-Does not the reg.
i!tions wheich govema the Post Otikce Degcat.
ue. equire Postmasterm to inform Prinaser,
went a 1eraon, towhoma a copy oaf teir paper is
sent, r,-fuses to tnke it out..ftheir ofiice f and ii
ley do.'loe it eive to the Postmaster the privi
eeof k.-epine suachapnpers to loan to Ihis
awl'ehbo untii thecy get utafit for musc, before
hey rUtr theta. Wil somae f testmaster
splaain thai.a. or dao they wvish us to he amore ex
licia. wichrl we shall I.-, in omar tnext, i ilae
amekiage of p:apers returaed to outr uoffice thais
*vek are .otregtularly accounated for.
Mrdica) ('ulege of Georga.-Thae annamal
-onanremen tt o.fthi, fti.nrishinug insttutionasa
schi ait the Bapt~tibt Chlurch., on I'riday thte -*tth
mat. Thaa l~axter of Dan 'tr of Medicine was
'nfarred son twe'ety S'our genatlenmen. among
whom~a wete the falinwiasg from this State:
Ieauai, WV dfsrd. It. A. Archer. T. S. G.ar
Seraa Carolina Iron. .Vais. &r.-IsthseSoanth
~arolioiana lof h'rd inst., we- find the anneezed
raiele. W~ee feel parocud at allitimes to ro
unl acrotnut' of t:.0 rapaid strides our Union
a making taow:ardm r-erfectu.n ian the Arts tasnd
ci-eso un a to eable our citizenus to do and
ea fair alaamaaalveu. as the people ofa (seeo sad
udepenadenat 1:ernamnt oughtt toa act And
specially, to -see withaiaa thec limits of owvn be.
>vel State. also raw muateraalts parocuared, and an
atalishmaenat rearest to muanuaf.actsure aan article,
hi'h is so msucha watated. pairticularly in our
wa marakets. 'The foun~d**r of such a Valuable
atablisament. aoughat. .and we hope will be, re
nred as iltn mrit of their entterprize deserves
--South Carolina Iron. Narls, Etc.---We
ecomamand attcutiaon tethe Adfver' cast
f thaen Nes'aitt Maunafacturinag Cow1i y,
..d thes certificate of the principal Archsi.
*a oat uhae. place, ini tavor of the Nailsand
ramd.s tanaufactured hymbatt Company.
Ve have sen also Iouers from the Nat y
:rd rat W~alhingtou City; Where the Iron
Sthis Comsapany lase tben scientifically
stedl, declarinag it eqptal any iron tried
*The etnterprize is one of great valoue to
to St ate, anal the countryvgenerally, and
sattnot fail to elicit the kin'lly feeling and
uppout of all whao take a prosper interest in
ae dlevelopmnt ir otur native resources,l
ndt the~ promsaotion ofl our domiestic pro
ictions randa indusatry. Mtesuere. Poloch,
latona & Co.. of Ctltumbia, are the
Vholesale Agents of the Comtpany. and
e feel atssuredl will furnish all kiads of
~aile, Irona, and I ron Manufactures, of as
Isn quality ne any ina the c'outatry, and on
a good or :ecter termas. They.have a large
V arhnuse fittled upe expressly for this trade
ud butadantly suppliec.l, which will he
unad worthy the attenation, not only ofdea
rs, but all who take. an inerest in our
on, nrndner innt"
Coagre.-Thbe CorrenpuldenLt th char'- p
leston Courier, under date of Feb. '27. says: i
"The Board of Conmissioner under the ti
treaty with Mlexico, have closed thOe labours, if
412 ison isterminated. The whole e
amotiu4 nAwged to claimants by the board and it
the umpire -(Reuve) is twenty-one hundred
thousand dollar%. . any claims were not acted b
on, not having bWenepresented in tine. The c
'Olaimsnts.4 eenil,''are much dissatisfied b
with deio a~The scrip in which tiey ar '1
paid, is selliinaboo' fifty cents in tho'dollar. I
"The House proceeds slowly with its busi- a
ness-if it has any busitness. After a debate C
of somae weeks on the Retrenchment Report, v
tSe have passed one of the resolutions cutting I
off'two clerks; at the expense of forly thousand
to iniebate, they have saved three thou
"Takiag Time by iheforelock."-Thc Wash
ington Correspondent or the Charleston 31er
cury, under date of Feb. 26i, says:
"Rumors were rife sometime since, that
ludge Noah, of New York. who has been on
a visit to this city, was entrusted by the Execu
*ire, with a mission to the prminenat penny pa
pers of the country. This rumor is daily being
confinned. The New York Sun, the P1hiladel
phia Ledg1er. and the Baltimnue Sun. all here
tofor" neutral papers. are gradually taking
ground in favor of the admiristration."
APericall Nary.-The N. Y. Sunday Morn
ing News of the 27th nit. says: " Commodore
Sloore. of Eie Texan Navy, has captured the
Mexican schooner of war Engle. one of die two
beautiful vessels built in New York for Santa
Anna. The other, it will be recolIlected. was
lost on one of tte Bahamas. Thus in about six
months the Mexican Navy, was built, organiz
ed and destroyed."
Whig Nomination.-At a Con vention held at
Drayton, Ohio. by the Whigs. on the :2 tilt.,
Thorns Corwin:. Esq, tie present Governor.
was nominated for re-electioin.
Ohio Bans.-The Wheeling (Va.) Times,
of the 22d ult. says: " The Bank of Chilicuthe.
Bank of 3arietta. the Cleveland and the .an.
castet Banks. all of the State of Ohio, hase
made assignments of their effects to Comnis.
Mississippi.-The House of Representatives
of this State, have passed instructions to their
Senators to vote for the repeal of thie Bank
rupt Act, of the Distribution Act, and of other
measures of the Fxtra Session.
Massaseutts.-A bill (says a Boston paper)
is now before the l.e-islaturo of Massaclhn'aes.
to repcal all laws against usury on notes of short
date, without colatteral secenurity.
Silk Boeunty.-The Tennesseo Legislature at
their late session. passed an act authorising a
bounty of fifty cents per pound upon the pro
duction'in Tennessee. of reeled or raw milk,
capable of being wrought into a subtantial fa.
bric, and of ten cents per pound upon cocoons.
Fraad.-The New Orleans Bee of the 10th
uil.,says: "A young man named Thomas D.
.ire'r,a Clerk in the employ of Ar. vdisam
.Mure of that'city, was sent to the Commercial
Iank,o the day previous, with dms ofabout
is uspposed itbeconded with it, asha has not
sInce been heard of. Tyrer iu'represented as
20 years of age,5 feet 7 itsches higth, having an
oval face, glossy blacit hair, A c., S500 is offer
ed for any information that will lead to his ar
For Ihe Adv~ertiser'.
'-In time of peuce, prepare for war :" andl
while the embers of an exhausted fat e, '.re dly.
ing in the ashes of our fire-plaice, let uts be pre
pared to quench its consuming flam,--. wheni
fire shltl rage tupon your house-top. From the
earliest period of our history, to the present
timu--thaanks to an 'veranlhint Pr"m ance
ouar floutrishing little townu, e-aanparately, as
never beena tmolested h, the deb:ru tise visits of
thie fe"arful elemtenat.
1I the'ra is a s'tund more aw'uly -tarlling -aa
the car than 'heecry of " Fire'," "r a sight mu re
appalling than that of a hou"se in thames, it des
ntot strike my humble imaiagin::atietn. If hairrer
ceald be added to such a scene as a town, in
tkames, it sutrely w~oauld rise fenmu a kno~wledte
offthe fact, that the whole town was b'eint con.
sumed by the ruthaless ravage, of tire, without a
single etlicienut meanis of a rresting its pr rcNs.
Such trould be ottr awfu l'ittuationi. it lire rahonal
bi-e'1l out in any public part of our inwn. c.
cidentt oft frequenat a'curr'ne"c-fno mtn'ter huw
dis::st otne itn natur-alre too nften looked "pon
n itha caompiaraive tanditferenc. hicance thte d,f
tent:ty inl preparing a defence :;raiit lire, at -
othe~t disasters whiich may never occur. Thai.
we are often thrawtn into the meost dietressin
exigenicies, and of'ten suffer the most disastrous
consequzences from being totally unprepared to
This in the precarios situtntioni ofoair towtn,
as it regards " fire t" nit's. in the estimation of I
e'nr :catfsl and president Town Coiuncii-a
short ladder and, nbiucket of wre'r is all sutfi
cienat. It needs no lang course of arguamenat to
onince the minds of onr citiens of the imi-I
tent danger, to'whicha they nre exposed inl this
respect. It is evident, that if anty uric of the
buildings, strrounding the paublic square. shotuld
take fire, the whole block mttst inevitably beij
burnt "en masse" to ashes. And wvhy ?-would
n&t each and every citizen, in an event of this
kind, lend a helping hand to e.xtinguish the
fames? Would not the most robust and portly
of them fly ueuogAfally to the wvuerpail and ine
hisi anxiety to quench*' the flames upon the
"housetop" dash its contents furiously uplon
?lae ground ?-wonld notthe mast disinterested
inhabitanat, while all wvere crying "fire" call t:
loudly upon his neighbor to bring hin -'the aedu" s
that he might pesr all its water npon the flames, e
and instantly extinguish the ravages of fire ?
Each and every one no doubt would do is ut-'
most, and yet the whole square in the space of *
twety-fourhoars might be sunk in ashas- And
why is this?-Simply, because we ie totally
unj repared for the event.
The. object of' the foregoitng retmarks, is sim
ly, and to
s most destre
First: lAt an E
itizens. according to
y voluntary stbscript.
1.s pump be constructed
ALlia square for public use,
ma additicual expense in the 'If
xtra hosing for the engine which might
rorked to greater ads antage by receiving its
rater is the middle of the square. Thirdly.
ad lastly, lit the nuoiber of twenty-five men
e organized into a fire company. which shall
irn out nonthly. or oftener, iftley choose, and
rork their engine unatil they becoure perfect in
It might be well here to rentark, that mem.
era of fire companieta are generally iexnpt
rom military and patrol duty. The ezpedict
-y of these saggestions, and the ttrgent tneec
rity of such mi. ttrasire need no additianol re.
marks to give them claim uipot tlte atention of
oar citizens. If rcm tlhe foregoing we cannot
perceive the policy of so ceal and eflicient de.
ence against fire. we must still longer fold our
IMs in indiafference. -ind leave the awful con.
equence., which musAt he the resxa is fa tire it
our town, alone to adv.cente the nea-aure. I
eaon fails to effect our minsd on a subcject of
uch vital importance. ifwe still re'hi-bly ci s -
otr eyer to danger so immtoinetaly destruc!ve.
vbetn our town is covelopel in fl:..mes. though
ve may not even. then ieoe the utility :awl expe
iency of this men-nore. w, will --urredly see,
rhen alas, t is too late. the utter ineficiency of
short ladder aind a Luchtf of
Merico and Teras.-We learn (eays the
qew-Orleans Ike of the. 24th th.) front
,apt. Andros . sof the schooner C. C. Za
priskie, 7 dayes front Natanoros. thai a. he
vats about le-tving iltat ciav. an express ar
-ivel. 'saing that a body orabout five liun
Ired Mexicanis hail croecd over irto Tex
s nnl fallen in with a Texiao force. when.
trer a short engagemcnt, the fericnns
vere completely rouated Such wcas tie
asnlahter reported, it vaw4 seiil that but two
%lexicans escaped with their lives. Cap.
A. did tot remaito to obtain ite part-ildars
f the engagtiet. We apprehewl that
her- e sotne exag2erationi in this tatter.
houigh wte doult not tla gereral truth of
he ostatenent.-Charleston Couricr.
General JaMes llamillon.-A letter friom
Galveston (Texas) s;ayu:
--General Hlamilton and site Belgian
Minister arrived in the la-t Neptune. awl
procceded immediately to Austein. having
sent an expresu in advance. with despatch
es forour Government in relation to the
long looked for Ian. General lamilton
itiorans me he has nade arrangemenrs to
lixpose of 5.000,000 of dollars f Texa-s
Iotites. at 94 cents. provided the endorse
ient or the King of Belgium is obtnined:
and that ihe endorsement can be had ifour
Congress will grant certai.i eXteijsive con
nercial privileges to Belzium, the nature
af-which General llamilton did not tell
A carrtaaswnlnent af tha ismtan PeI of
ers to ,het a hat that Mr. Clay's resigna
lion is all a humbur-hsas Mr. Clav wrote
no the Governor of Kenturkv befare hte re
'ignedl. not to accept thec resignaatiosn: that
it will not he accepted, and that 3Mr. ('lay
will re-taan his sent, and glorify haimnel- hyv
iversinag that thc people of Kentucky will
iOt stafer himn to retire "-Chaar. Mecrcurg
The MIail.-The .'l.,bile Josarnal <av's:
in sill our editorial experience. whtich ex
tends shbrotagh a good muany years. we ha~ve
iiever kntown t so much irregtularity withI so
itilea excuse it. Fair weauthe-r nwl' foual
mainyv and dry, sunashine arnd s'orm, it
i all the samte. Once itn a while, the mail
a' ill corne throtngh, a lien tnoboely e x pects
t, frorn't the - an e of the rna.ds;; arnd ttheti for
a eck it wilt bie irr-e-gubir. t,abhugh a fotit
passeunger einih ctrte aIll the way wvithou~et
oilisng hisi h-anr
Ielet of A uguiea.-Tlli held atlhs among
te na bite popla:jitn eof thaI city. dusrin::
lai ye-ir I ,8-I , amotedtr to fifly-one nly.
-icluidintge t'. se ill horn, atndl sso whro di.-d
iy asccidets occuirreingei oon th-'- 'ityv.
ri'te prmoporttean< of de,sts. a he-refore it o
a si x-rrO on:, andl e xhibiit. :r de.rer of
aiea'lh unsur passed by~ any other city in the'
[,,nion. Of the deaths: t s were Iro- con
umlpttn. ti t.TMti.Acs:, 2 aldl ag,-,
1.d1 3 otnly fromn fvuer-of the:,e hats, 2
vere ehfldrenr. Of the 51 deasth<, 22 wecre
IFremthlie .\ O. ker. of 2l1 uit.
.91ON & LO)SS OF LlIE!
The steast towboat .lohbigan. Capataitn
leaton, oan Sautiay eveninag. the 19th of
"ebruaary, whilst engng~ed with the touw
eiaut Star. in sowvinc, the Briti~lh ship El.
h'lorn, (inaward hound.) acrts thre bhar.
orst all her boilers. lby a htich, we regret
i radeI, that fruom twelve to foturteeni live's
rre loss, amoingst whsom are the iwo en
in-e'rs, two tiremsena sawl threedek htandl.
.ienst. lDokup. eane of slaheio Rev eu ofcers
tthe Hlalize. was blown fromt the boat oin
ourd oef the Star and wa, kiled nra the
pot. The msate of ste Ed. Thorn was
illed by the explosiona and the captain
, dangernusly n osndeed.-The latter, and
aptain hlteaton, who is like-wise badly
urt, were brouagha ta ithe city yerstelav on
eardl of the Star. and mnedicual aid was
nmediately procuredl to riender thetm ev
ry possibile assistance. Capt. hlason, of
to Star, (a brother of thre cimantder of
te Mohigana.) did every thing in lis pow.
rto alleviate the sutl'eriugs of the wounatdedi
rd with a promipitude worhy eferedit, re
rned forthwith to the cis s =irh ra ve w os
curing iminediate remnedies fur thteir re
The Msohican canacht fire immed' tely
ier the ex plosion, and was entirely cont
tmed-.The deficiency oaf water its th
ile-s is said to have been the or*ino.
is afflieting accient
Yankeri Futerp :s and ls
y~.-The Nantucket Ingq
royal grants ^
of other rnaions,
der these lavish
New South WhaI'
for their own conso
The same paper giv
meration of the qnantitie:N oft
of foreign and domestic prodne
in the outfit of whale ships w
duriu tie year 1811:
Flour. 45.240 ha
Park and Beef; 460.50 '6
Mo'lamies. 2114.5M02 gallons
Coffee, tG-480) pounds.
Sugar, 2d.7t00 --
Rice. 201500 -
luck, 2'2,620 pierces.
Cordl, 2,530 ng
Iron [loops, 2.716
-3t.ives, 550.tkJ barrels.
Copper. 26,170 pounds.
Tar, 4.520 barrels.
White Lead, 174,61XI pounds.
Painit Oil, 11,98t0 gallons.
Cotton and Calicoes. 673 00 wards.
lutter, 226,453 'pounds.
Vinegar, 2.113 harrels.
Hlans, P's and Coru,29.542 bushels.
Cheese, 45.240 pounds.
flamr, - 44.9-540i pounds.
Dried Apples, 21.1680
lried Fb4, 2> .:40
Sisap), 4.520 boxes.
Mr.. PICKE X-.S Remarks on the Re.
Mlr. PICK ENS said fie was in favorof
tihe ge neral principlrl-s of the resolution re
ported by the committee, anti alad of the
opportuity of lending it his support. As
to the merits of the ltil it propopsed he
w as uninformned and inicaprnble of(jnrding.
as he di.l riot know the state of the facts.
These lie was willing to leaie to the com
mittee. It mnight he tln tire reforms they
proposed nirrild o..erate haril) in paric
lar cases; hu!, at to the general scorpe and
aim of lite re port. it had his most cordial
approval. lie na alad so fird that at
last something was likely to be lone toward
reform in the cxpendrturms of the Ilouso
itself. It was dte to the hornor oftlicady;
it wvas due to their stair-h befure the
country, iit: refortu should begin as near to
tlemselves as possible. [A voice : "But
nlot to touch ourselves, eh!" A iaugh.]
fie hc-ped, in arrangr, itn.e details of the
ieasure, the comtmitee would act judi
ciously, so as to occasion as little personal
-ardship as possible. If there was one in
divitd al onwbi thlt-relormn would ope
rate hardly, it was probaliy the gentle
man who had cbarge of lhe Congressional
stables. A, to the details, however. it
must in a greet mranner be confided to the
discretiou of the comzmi:tce.
Yect, whrile giviug his cordial assnt to
tire p'ropjosed retot mt, as far as it wseat, it
was, afterrill, liut au smtall cotmmencement;
it was but a frst step. He was aware that
thart Iliuse had lost must of that reputa
tiOu attn intlurence iu the country which it
hrad once errjoyed; ire readily admitted the
f.,cr; but. as toi the causes whlich had led to
it. Ire could nt agree with thre hentleman
from Virgrma. (.Mr. Wise;) he believed it
wa is tot attribunt--d imaitnly to the prractice of
adopting, unithiuti due dlelibecratin and de
bate, merurar. s wvhich i.adl beenr previously
p reprared itt caucus orti rf the louse. ft
ws a-. thius that ano irrespro sile bodyh of n
dividuals ex~ered a control over the inde
Iperndent actionr of rh:- iouse, and imea
sure. were foirced througrh the formts of Ie
prsljtin tr a single' dayv which ought to
re'Ci u'der'' ne a lull aind n'tihrerate coa
srdermriern aund the amtl'eskt docutjsioni.
Thesrce were thre c:.uzss nch had so
lamntavne i~ ukelnJ. thre im-ral intiluence
ol thIis Iliouse ma th-- public inid. tic
tinste to itfutre'r grim pnublic measures
o'ntuld ire dictus.,d. ' hr. ly anud luirly in
thre lu, 'u here tirey ou;;t~lt t e discus
se.w i nlly indhseealet of thre iufllncce of
c k s es hl r.lthre. These had al
w a v, teen ar. jr. s,-irimtenits. lie had
o'ten avcw.'ed therm both ina andI out of rho
I louse. The-y wrere hi setimentts rill;
.-adl he hoped to see rthe day ns hen they
would Ire adopted ad. acted upon by
M~r. P. was forr atnother reform in the
arrangements o1 thre Ii uuse, and thut was
the remroval of these vile dtsks, which sep
crated miembiters fruom eaSch oi'er so as to
prreven'tt their seeing or hecarintg each other.
'rhey interrupItedl all soutnd delibreration:
awny withr ttrem; atnd let genitlemren be
brtought togerlher face lto fnee, eye to eye.
These esks were fat onrly for, lazy loun
ger, whro came up here trot to do tire duty
of he;islaiiotn. but toi get their ci;tht dollars
a dlsy. Tor remrroie tnecm wo euld Ire 0n inm
porrtanrt practical reform: it would greatly
reduice thre expenditures of the lHouse: it
uwould lessen them at least one thiri: t
nsouldl shorten the duratin of the sussinni-s
and dirtninish the amnount of pa
statlirnary consumed. Let
where they counldi ace and
and where deliberation
tsarf the time.
There n as another rifi
lueved would1 exert a yrast It
iignity and true indepedn
Thre framiiers oif the~puh
diat the Legislatout
nate brauch theh