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1We wM nCHUSg to the Pillars of he Temple r LOw s'Iamus fain, w win Perish midst the Ruins."
E ViI~ i ~t n~ou , th9 184. NO-8
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RI SOE. PROPRIETOR.
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Published Voe , at flamburg, 8; U.
rTe -- per ' as i n esaan.
T EWO years Ias ce the
IJoa.wL 4rv appemace btfore
the.publo, and i anaP sbare of pa
trouge fron its util the tiise should
arriVe when confi eid be placed in its
. sucess. The editor hap now the leasure of
annuncing that this desired pe'o has amrrw
ed; and he now eranestly Solcits a liberal sup
post rrom the reading community,'and the bu.
siness portier ofrtbase.. who way favor him
with their support. The firot nunmber of the
third volume will be. issued on or before the ,
fist day o(A rMneet.
When th oxr was about to be issued'g
two years a~, promises were made by the pub.
lishers to the public, that they would ekert I
tisealvesindainuosiy %nd employ the best y
q- ewre of their humble abilities to make their h
.. ~ tiiseg'-befsi and. inamuCtive.- .
have been aceowpismhed. and the g
M r= paseed the gaul at which mch enter
prises, either fall" or rim-s. may not a full iasar#
of support be expected by as from those who
should gui a hellsina hand?
3laniy bemleved tha> the Jonrnal was esta
blilshed for certain private. p.arty pupoos. and
we have contentieampelvesto [at then remain L
in this belief. knowistigiat TRUTl will work
its way and rrowadoimt eVery thing that leans
to errur. iat, now that we have surmnonated
every difficulty and spread mar pennant to the
Ineeze. we fearlesly proclaim. that the good or 1
Hamsburg aliso am every and any are. hasl.cen j
our earnest design. er interest demands a
public paper. and we have supplied her want.
Here shall the Pres the People' rights
Unawed by isdueoce, anbribed by gain : l
IHere Patriot Trath its glorinus precepts draw, e
Pledged to Religion, Liberty and Law." ti
Promises were likewise made by the publish- e<
ea. that their olunmam itould not be burtheaue.t ir
with ibe partisan esyb and speculations af the
day. Thes promises have been adhered to, p
and although we have no great desire to ladnch
out on the troiled sea of politics, we shall 6
speak that Waich we ayfeel bound lo do-c.,a. It
demut the wru .and twid up light to the polo- rt
ple. let our wo insoaend what pasty it may. It it
i the duty of the prem to watch over the liher- si
ties of our comon codutry, anad warn the peo- to
ple whsenever danger is vihhe. W~e are h
to the Demacrascy of thins couantry, yet if ibisa
party goes estray. we shall endeavor to bring,
it hacek by timsely and virtuous repreof.t
The duty oflan editor is a distinct and lonly , "
profession, exercising great aatiueaace over so. -
ciety. It is a power that hiau never been usea- ai
sured, and we shall endeavor to sustain and
cherish the meotal agencies which the funetisn g
of editorship holds asisong tie world. and en
deare to persuado usr co-hemporaries to in
prove the character of the Pre.., to resce It
from intidelity to itself, and from the indifer- tI
enee and contempt of the pmublict asset its al
claims, vindcate its dignity amid eahort it to its u
duty. by a straighst forward virtuos courset i-|
These adunomtions we have learned from wire a
and ezperienced beads, amid we will prmatlt by s
Thn columns of the .Journal are devoted to
Foreiga and Dessuc es. the Markets. L..
rTELrs, Srcnt. etc. Our renders will be fur
nashed with correct iunfurmation ini retation to |@
passing eveant in every quarter of the globe- tI
-the state of the mnarkeL.s at homse and .arnad, r
nd evesry descri;tian ofbaasiness intelligenc,
a great vartesyes miiscellaneoua. matter.
retincrease of trade to inamburg tier
avantages fur healah and business, andi
'g condition. r'nders a paper ini
amdaary here, as' well to thme cisi. "
tesand others who trade to this
should patroie a paperI
tiau.t- Thereflire. the editor bs
inthat be can mend out a
:inthy of patronage as..
praroage which i
'KENCE FRUIT THEEM. ROSES AND
HE subscriber has ju.<t received frow Pa
ris. by the sh p C% ia. a choice Clec.
on ofPEARS, PWPL a.LU 1MS. PEA1:1
:S. CHERRIES, APRICOTS AL01ON DS.
ad V 4DERA WALNUTS. whic'h he offers
or sale eiteot i y 'Wr by the bundle. earl
undle eoStais Se Pears, 5 Apples. 5 Peaches.
i Aprieta. 6 Plums. 3 Cherries, I Alhnonds.
1nd 2 Wadeira Walnut. and are beautifully
acked. The frees. as fa as examined. air
mong the Aied ever imported into thi., rity,
nd are well ,wirthy of tI* -attt'h*n 'of thet
rishing tit obtain good Fruit. 'ho varieties
A.so-A few choire ROSES and CA.IIL
And, a fresh assortment of GAurIx Sxxos.
moag which are fAur varieties of Canlibfiow
rs, it ~lg M arge Asiatie, the While Bel
ian and Long Red French Carrots, new Flat
e" Spinage, Rohl Rabbi. aevesal varieties o*f
ew ared superior Lettices. --nd all of such
leds as are suited to the season.
Ara.-One of the wot splendid collection
r choice FLOWER SEEDS ever impnrted
are. tother with some of the best and new
J. D. LEGARE, 81 East Bay.
hrteron, Feb. 15 March 9 tf 6
LUGUTA SEED STORE,
SHAKER GARDEN SEEDS.
V IE prolprietor of this establishment has
just received a large nuppl of GENU
%E SEDS.the crop of 141. ' leaves the
ed to reconnuend themselves? which they
we done ever since he hams dealt in thaw. The
bakers' Garden Seed is sougr b every
son -and :here theyr afy 14eit .miy .
;Freeb Sugar-Beec Rye Gier. lue do..
tird's do., Hop.. Cealflora W1 cat, Aepara.
isRusotn.Tursip Seed.&c. &c.
A fewelegtant D)uliain. and Flowcr Seed.
A1gna'ta. retb. 28 f 6
The Wonderful Cures
R. SWAYNE'S C03IPOUND SY
RUPOF PRUNUS VIRGINIANA,
OR WILD CIJERItY.
CicaIATT. February 15, 1840.
IR. SW AYNE-Dear Sir:-Permit
iae ta takLe the liberty of writing to
uu at thii time to expres-i my approbatiou.
Id to recont.mnard oI the ttention of bends
rianihiesand otl t res vour invaluable medi
ne-the C..np..udi Syrup of Prunus Vir
niaa, ur IIld Chcrry Bark. In my;
nves (of late I l.ve se'en in manyatv intta
:S ahe wotnd, rfuil eliects of* ottr mA-icir:e
relieviung chilren of very oi-stinatc coo
Iuiuts, sucla as ColugJhing. Wheeting
boaking of Phlegm. Asth1aatie attack'..
e. &c. I stauuld tS havo w rittea this
tier, however. nt preseut. although I have:
It at mya lutv it add my te-,aimng)y toi
r sone litte. had it noi been for a Inic in
tianer ns here the tediene albve l!add
was instrumtla al. ins restaorini to pe* feet
althb the -atnly chaild." whaose cas* n :as
[ua.t hopeless. mt a ftamily ntf ata in' in
ne. I t htak I avaen,'" .aidl the, d'.:at a
eher, "may chaild i'. '.nted fraom the' jaw,.
daih ! O hgow I feraredl the~ releiaar.
vager! Baut may cild ts sae e! ia .afe!
Bevonhtd all doubt Dr. Swayne's com-i
nialSyrUpa of WViki Cherry is ilae moua'.
ttialtl amedi' ine in rhis or at)nater coaan
y. I ami cei-taitt I hnve witnaessed tmtret
n une hund.red ceases where it hat .haeed
tended with 'ompjlete. success. I amt
Sinl2 it miyaelf ini an Sihaliae ntack ofC
rochtis, to ns hieb it proived effectusal ina
a exceetdingly short tit, e, boniearings the
:yteity oaf the esee. I cran recome nd~aata it
a the llest cotafdence ofits superitar vir
te; I ' ould avise that en famtily ahonll
e without it; it is vcera pdltantt and al
rays benefiis-aorth douatble and aliten
n time.. its price. The Peablie a assu
d there is r.n qunckery atannt it.
. R. JACKSON, ..
Formerly Pgaaor ofC te First PreslaytearhI
n Church New Yerk.
Foresale by Dr. Swnayno nt 54 North sixtht
t. Philadelpatia, nnia lay Dr is.
Cnter Cenare and .~iercer alrecrts, lisamt
narg S. C.
narch 9 tf ('a
'PEAL~LR, burgeon b~tatl.w-d
a respectfuslly inforim htis frienud, andi tam
abla generally. thnt he ia prepared to :aat. snd
all bttuinevs te hais profCe-,-aont ach a' Fahang
'htping. Clean~sin,a~ ad Extractaang TIEF.Tlil.
.' is also prepared to loater,fl partial m al
atts af i pratptible Teeth. ont Pivota. or Gold
Nai. otstr muost ucientifice principles.
Tioaa ats ol his prfessonal nierices.
~4Jj.Ie '. o by addressing hima at Long
- elbd District, S. C.
ption executedl with
Though the billows of life around thee sho6i
And the wateus of darkness break overthy son
Thiou;:h tey brow slould be clouded utinn so
row an1d care,
Yet there is a promisc-then " ueverdeiirl
Tho' lte friends ofthy yonth should be aftr
And the hearts that were fundeot forever 6
Though tears should embiiter affection's wai
Yet there is a promise-then " never despair!
Thoi;h the wings of thy .pirit be broken no
And the v,,ce that is loved. in eternitr lianh'tJ
Thouth death bligia the trospmet of all dat
Yet there is a proanise-then 6 never despair!
Mrhnntegh by te world thou art coldly ftrsake:
Let thy lfaith in that promise be ever ushakien
It will cheer thee threough lite, and bless theei
And wing with delight thy last vanishing breatk
For that promise is lire in you heaven above,
Whern justicois thr.anged with sweet mere
W here bh-s'is a immortal and glories divine,
For the chosen of God evelastissgly shine.
Then cling not to earth will its strn;gle an
Let it crush not thy spirit. though it darken th
But in thy dark moment oranguishs and care,
Remember the promise, and ' netver despair i
GO TO THY PLAY.
Gil to tihy play niv~-Tul0iC- 6y.
With bounding hteart wrule lire is young;
I would not mar thy sunny joy.
Or hush the pratliing of thy tongue.
Nh plhy. y cyild, bef6ore the day
Of evil thouaghte and cares s come;
I love to see the always gay
It adds & lustre to thy home. .
Long may such innocent delight
Rewind me of yousth's happy houres.
And may thiat Cod who reign< above,
A id w:,tches round the- td by night,
Protect the- daily hy his, love.
And uako te preciouis its issiaght. D.C. C
Frmn Mc Spartanburg Juarnal.
Tt: FAaUsMU .aT.-fT.
Our neutrality smt IAtics i. to have ne
intluesce onl our opiniou as regards tb
'sruniae; interest. This press iv established
md i6 w bo supported principally 5y, the
larmers, and hell be devotedt to tleil
terests as the licrtanent tie to be con.
icdered by us. We call the attention ot
ur patrous to the follo% ing inlteresi.g
ieirt from the Committee un: Aricul
ue, Iade at the laes ,e'!stio of our Le.
,sltre. It uover lnsti been ptl:.:-hel it
Ally ol' tec paspers oh tile St ate, andil it
ives us great pleastrc to call publie at
eietl to thte lacels and arguttenits therein
ltated. icy :hsisameanre, craktnismg sI
air i to lurI her the itere',-, of titr f.armere
s sil stalent led exclusivetv fur ihseir bent tlit,
henld Is., se beens definets~d , pues 0ur tin
ea.in. Thse eSpelrma use of a tein;;ii
u r ly - a s e ly it e s t t h it Se b ee l. cr tw n l
. i eas nenesar '.cee-e Ieean he.
Se impe~e 5 lhe tutm- is oi I.er dstanet wihen
ee. Ij'e.iatei n.' ill iordi-r nit 1,nry ans ag?ri
ulural aut ai ;Oolotical survie), andse ;:iv'
og~ tle tuearmn testes est their faire propur
ion of thec pubice expaetshst tres.
The~ Ctomitaitree bet Agriculhte to wvhcnn
itats conatte'ed sej nssuch ot t1 ti I.serunor',
bletsage, Noc. I, its rehletes teo Agriculturne
ave had ste teubije s det' cousleration
ud beg! I .ve csaectfltly to.
Tha;~ hey coi elite lu ly with his IA
ellenscy s te ite impeeei tanece ofl A~ricuh
ure to stur Stat:e. and cosidseer jtitsaiprov
ttee'ihi sle~ttatl care eal theii pioasiul
W ee laws ande~ judeitn, enacoutraettie.t
leveope she resources -' a nats.'. lucia
veuas mngenuity ~stmets.:.e's or igamsates am~
Ineeanust itasy seuilul baut inasiul~etied expet
~itense d whatre'ver elheirr esul's, the esreu
lanonti of themisealtiented. H'y a cuumbic
raset ai ees, ungaeirteat tads sire eUcfr
e, emutslatutt e is akonted, ntnd inaltsram
thn d~emhee~tit.eed; tihe practhialineetiss
hssever.,tetill exse'nd oul y to paact
Se~icsits of country and demaonsraste tsa
ao niterniativre but gtavernmentual patroun
retainr, to secure pernaineut and exien
sve adtaiitei'. Success iu the cuiltiva
aou of te curthe is to spplhy moust of' .h
uw s ad demnands or life, aned it becomse
puhelsy of the State to aid m the adveauce
men eaf thas anost valuable of humanm pur
'Thle wide extent of our country, an
cnequenut chteasnoes s ened, produces
migatory spirit among; the poplultionl C
thie Statie; ansd aler exhauuaing ste ces:al
ones spot, they roamr to another, auhject tea a
te prniatton and expense of remsovasl, an
unet unftregnaensly return so the scensiet ohalm
ly- childhood imnpuv, rished and horlors
Tss. r...l... pro........., ,S,, reul it t u
a adopted, and the proceeds; to manures, tc
live stock ofall kinids, in their relative "tili;
ty, for pleasure, labour, 6iod, and the dairy;
to dairy produce; to poultry. diseases ol
domestic animals; to bees. orchards,*gar
d liens, farm buildings, tarming implements,
to silk, and many mis'cellaneous subjects.
The duty of an Agricultural Surveyor, is,
to visit every District and Parish itn the
State: every principal farms or plantation,
the management of which promises to af
ford useful informariou; to correspond aud
co-operate with practical men, or, in the
words of the resolve of the Ma6ssachusetts
Legislature, "to collect accurate infurma
tiurr. of'thu state and poudi-son of tMe ag
rienoltre of the Coimmsonwealthl. am eve
r-, suoi-c-t connected %i Ih it, point out the
neaesoimisprovmentflcf, said wake a detail
ed report thereof, with as much exactanes..
ascircumantes~willadmit." Your C'ona
mittre will add nathing furtnir to there ale
tails, han advert to tile fact, thjat*eery
Executive Message. direct the aatentions
'of the Lgi-,atre toa lias ~sbjec,, hut Crom
a misguided sp.irit ofecninomy. the call has
hitherto been ne:lected. It becomes us
lnow, t) act with itsdlepeasenice. and prop
er waning furtines: policy requires it, pat
riotiisma dcmauds it, ansd our dtiv forbids u-.
to neglect the welfare of our cinatr.
Your otniniiec coiisi er their duty fulfil
led in oftering tiese viei . and pres!sing
the adoptipon of the tllow ins:, resolutiunj.
IeCsnsed, That ant Agrcinhoral -4urvey
uf the State ul Fuuth Carolina, i- hi;.:bly
nlecessairy anld ephnthat it will be a
melans of da:%eluping anld limproving'. her
rcsources; retaining at hose, ier citizens
and slave lab1our. and euunteractin::, in
some measure, the effect of competition
in her ;;reat .tample, from the ferihaty of ew
lands ,s ober iaes.
Resolved. ''hat the rceult 4f eich yeir'.s
survey, be annially reported to this lionsse.
and copies dist ributed to every Agricultu
ral Society drouglhout the State.
Resolved, That the sut of three thou
.sani dollars be appropriated For tla ensu
isg year. to said survey 1 and thaIthe Uov
ersnur be specially ebargedi with the selec
itn of a cAlipablo person to execute the
All of which is respectblly subnittcd.
ROB RT W. itutrts, Ch'onS511
Messrs. Editors-I am itn possession of
a farm, a large portion of -hich is a deep
iand and whieb has been so completely
shausted, hat in some places the surftaee
is nearly a drifting .saud. Mantre nput
upon it produces a god effect, but its iIs
fluence is felt only a short time. It hss tc
cirred to mise that the best miethod of iml.
proving tsis soil, would tie so charge its
chsracter, if possible. If yoil *dtfd give
your upiniu oni this smnatter. ant 1ad1 sinie
reus:arLa on the best dicthod of culbiv;atin;
sansdv suils, you weiid doubtlei, cmonf-r a
(favor onl manv ,licribers. L. S. T.
liardjurd C~o.. C1.
All sols in tiLeir esseniial partq, are cnm -
posed (of saad, clay. lsme anml ur;;ail icat
ter. if either ot tihe- aub-,tantces -xvt its
too gre-at propsor ti.ir, ahe sl al ill %11 1 Ile
good or lertie. Kirsnan say s that a ;ooid
pirolprinl sums 35 ail sa l. 14 IS el;ay, antd
3U of ealcarai, uscmtter. 3lortonsi sas m he
proper sroportionss oftee primiive eartlii
is rom 5 o1) 70 per censt ofod; from :U i
to 40 of ciay; and fron 10 o 20 raleare
ou.s matter or i-. We hiave! fitnl by
ain1.) -is ti-at --mnie ofll t, he h, I heat lauIds
1,t we.,t New Y.ri. eu:stained mucl I".e
lInae iihsii the low,--[ propuortioi of elay
wto-omle'! at ear.A ::owd -od hl i
be bipshe m.J pors ., ts per:mit the rooutsi to
Ipicne l' Itie i) t11Ah the , perflusil,
a .are ti re,adhly tas thsroah the ,'mtiaeeil,
au-s ast Ise 'mne te -a..n ily e-nac-lo,
555 r*c~in moisincale for te :assli t jf larit,.
1.is. capaility of re-t:s'iIn mstih is v ow-.
in-; to uthe chsi , and sh la. .ws imbslcaates n hsat
15nects...a y so be sdohe ti chaange the chsar
acter uf a sosl. whseng such a.. is describied
bsy Our cortresponsdenst. Whenci sandly ssils
arc deticies its clav, sev seoon decsompse
he mian ire put uImi the'm-i, whIich is specd.
ily caried aiff by f!tiration and evapsora
ts; the niamie mof hu~ngry soils, hsas hce
Ibseci given to ioil:> tsio deeply pous and
IL. S. T. if'he lada a sullicienst 'supply of
mnanur,-. :at cuommnandl msi;:ht retnder his
a:mn'l-, fertilehbut ifls he n ishsed to chiange thseir
chsaratcter, andI rendl-r theti pertmasnently
ertile, tae mssa.t insesoae the gnanlrtity of
clay. Osn satndy ssils, a load eaf clay pro
per~pery incorpoasrated,. will produce at
greater, becau-.e more insstint beneht than
a load- of smansure. Of this, the fane fartm
for.r.erly owned lay ,iud;:s line is ant ex
ampuhle Thsis was ori;;inally na hungy
p*eru's sands. rTo give it tenacity, andl a
propecr roestion or maoistore, Judge Bouel
covensed Ihis Gealsds with clay from the Alha
ny ~laiy bank, at the raste of from twenty
tao thirty loads per acre, ands hins experienace
contvinrced him that a losad of such clay (it
containied from 20 to 3J pier cent of lime,)
was of more benefit thans a Iload or barn
yardi mnnre. Heo distributed his clay as
fast as drawn, upon te award or surface,
Iwhere it was pulvoriied by. thte rains asiad
frusats, when it wras pulverized by the rol
her, and fuirther distributed by the harrow,
pThero are other instances eqlially illustra
tive of the gooad erfects of clay its changing
the character of suchi soils; but thIs was
ono of the first attempts at improvemieni
in this coutntry, and therefore the more do
servitig of honorabale Notice. Fortunately
thersa are very few instances where ithe
clay necessary for the emelioration ofsect
soil cannot be obtained itt the irmmediati
vicinity. To dig, distribste.
porate the clay with the sand is the eli
est, and the only certain mode of reia.
ing such soils capable of permianent fertili
Owing to the ease with which water
penetrates soils in which sand constitutes
too large a proportion. they soon become
exhausted of the-alkali which is iudispen
s.,ble in the forlt'tion of -'auts, andithe
growth of sward being inpussible, the sur
face becone more impoveriklbed and loose.
Ashes distribuaedon such soils furnish the
required itkalies, and hence ise ;great ad,
vantage of their use. a, fully demonstrated
on the sands of Long Island and New
Jer-ey. as jwell as those of Belgium and
1lolland. Soap boilers' ashes. or the leacb
cd ashes of tlie gheries of the country, are
invaluable for the purpo'je, as they still re
t0in suticient alkali, irhile the earths of
limie and clay combined add to the neces
sary constituents ofithe soil. and partially
restore the proper equilbriums (f the origin
al elements. Liebig, in his lato val-jablo
wokk on organic chemistry. explains most
satisfactorily the action of the alkaline
matters so contributed to the soil. and
their absolute necessity where fcrtilitv ii
to be expected. The first eflort io im
proving sandy soils should be to change
its character, then to cover it wiuit a sward.
or a growtb of clover; and when this can
be effected, the great obstacle to rendering
themn fertile or capable or cultivation, is
'hlere is no soil on which gypaum pro
duces so great, or such immediate effct,
as on sandy ones ; and !a0 its. effect oa
these has originated thi sm nluiot3ha s
gypsum is a great exhauster...5s ifi. - It
is evident that where but a gi4' quanti
iy of alhalme matter exists ia &i oti,~the
moure vigoruus the plants we produce oui
it by tit usaof substauces that aff'ord no
alkali, the sooner it will be exhausted of
that mgredien, and become incapable of
growing plants. Uypsum furnishes no aj:
kali; and as sandy soils. 1., rhe reasons
stated above, couiain bit liule, that ma
hure by -stimulatinig the rapid growth of
vegetation exhausts it rapidly. But oth
er substanceb used as nauures that con
tshi no alkali, produce th6 same exhaust
Ig effects, hurt shiviiigs for instance.
These facts show the proper course to be
pursued in the ireatntit of sandy soils.
-t,- iudeed. all others where the alkalies
are deficient.NIanurs.ar.o to be appli
cd % hich, contaiq. the necessary -alka
lies, in connection w'h the gypsum. Ash
es, green . crops, ver fed oI on the
ground or turned er, aniial manures,
or indeed any subnceo in which alkali
abound will be found useful, Limo is
vultiable, but on sandy soils which are al
ready too (iy, the effect is not as percepti
Isle as on heavicr -oils, which it assists in
Venderig inure f:iable. as well as giving
fxesh -.upplies 01 alkali. B3 changing the
character of a saidv soil, and giving it the
power of retaining tle manaures and alka
lies furuished it, we sUpeedily convert it in
to a rich Woan. easy to cultivate. and most
abundant in i's products. Tisere is not, we'
are cotsviuced, a tarm such as our corres
pondeni has inlicatedh. in New England,
ilshat may not lie "reclaimed" and restored
to ertcrlity. and in nine cases out of ten,
she mataerisa may be lound on the farnt
where they are wattea., A Swamp, a
umorass, a peal bog, nil furuish the clay
and the vegetable matter necessary to in
sure productiveness; it is the buisiness of
the farner to search for, and apply thom.
riac of BlnoAd Cattle in Engl.md.
ln lookisn; over a late English psaper. wo
noiceed a statetfient of tl:e puices at which
a fine herd sit Ihereford cattle were solhd ori
l5th Ociober lass, antd the price 'lahough
leower, as it strikes us, than those that have
bseen patid in ithis country for /Jurham,
were nseverltheless libeirah. The cows vary.
ing fromt -1 to 10 years oldI sold at from 4fl
so 48SO tg. and one Wood Pigeon of G
years old for ?l150. The bulls sold for
from 70 to ?206.
Trhe average for 100 auimals was about
The distance of a thunsder storm, andl
consequently the datnger, is not difficult to
be ascert ained. As lIght travcls at the rato
osf absout 66,420 leagues in a sezond,. near
1y 200.000 miles itn one second of time, its
eftiects may be conssidered as i::stantaneous
within any moderate dlistatnce. Sound, on
the contrary, is trattamittedl only at the
rate of 1,142 feet int a second. By accu
rately observing. therefore, the time which
interventes betwaetn the flash of light atnd
the begining df the noise of the thunder
which follows it, a very accurate calcula
tion may be made of its distance, viz:
when you observo the lipzhtninsg, and 10
seconds elapse before you hecar thethunder,
you are two miles out of dantgcrt but if yoti
only distinguish one second to elapse be.
tween the lightning and thtunder, then yot,
may estimate yn'.trself'only 1,142 feet fromn
the datdgerous fluid. andl the netdter to th
light you hear the thunder withIn one
cond, youdaay count vouself in da
there is nlo better meansof*
prehensions. lfthe the
secondg, you must
thes of expectation or sudidei
re ollen from ignorance of th
around them. and a prope
Oimproving their land, legislativ,
ld check. The cifurt will bo
a ith.heneficial consequences. 14
Every new experiment amonI
tion I have alluded to in clear
elds, destroys a quantity of vail
mer, a deficiency of which in mna
is beginning to be iieriounly rel
devastation is committed whih
and egie'rie teach that not ilti
d of laalplanted, bit skill in cul
to largentreturns. Nature, in IIt
her works, never intended an
r ' uties should he annihilated.
consumed in one application. aid:
nlatints., and varied tnisi ahun
bilumts are furnished to reinvi-or
s-t're a not'ur and exhntausted soil
owed fields of Eursope lttest thi
Ia -in beautifully is her systemj ad
a jist ithere deiciency appears to exial
W 7wrell suspect our ni it want of ob
" .-Accident sometimes leads tc
it, ut discoveries,. lnd invitce to far
I toy. but science paursues the clue
. -,kind Providence may have pre
unfold her favors. An cnlight
e li(jeral Government i6 :he parent
in this care. to offer that nurture
w ill prmo-It lhe growIth. Vi::,or. and
Pr riy of her people. Souih Carolina
14is anting in ;lectionu to her childreu.
T ecutive premss on thi. Legislature
w so much needed. and your coin
mt comincrd the ad~option of his
Pie wtere reqired to cfofdrcC
th tlity. your Conmitecmight pdiat to
I ofwan.y of our sistcrStates arL( of
lo tions- Georgia hr justcmnple
o , logicil and minera:teical survey
of aery countiet, and varn now esti
m remources and her weathh. In
Pe 'ia, the distnvery of gp phiam
ha a revolution in her agriculture.
IT ecoal mines bid fair to make a
I " rion of the U. S. tributaries. Mas
sd is has expanded large sums in
on grain. and geoldgt:al and dgri
cult srve er lime now quickens a
cohl sIe ile soil, n~ijb feeds a teerniug
po ion, and oilers a sur'pits for export.
at alaine, bya bounty oeIn cents
o $roduction of'very twenty ushels
of eat rematly expeaded $76,000.
- itlarbber has gecome an article or
as andfrom three small, towns
andsl INrs is realized New York is car
ryingi aunagricultural and geological sur
vey of tht State, and New Jersey,
Marypod, Virginia, Michiga, Indiana.
and North Carolina. are all examining and
developing theirown resources.
In wr'country in the world more than
Englaod is a fostering care of agriculturv
exhibled. both by Government and inlivi
duas. Though thait country is cmir.ettly
inanuuacturing, nay. the great worksholp
of theavrld, and contains few more squnre
miles than South Carolina. she is eunabled
to support twenty five millions or iitah
itants, and farnish enormous goverutnen
tal re.rurces. In Scotland. agriculture is
coifducted ecluOsively on ecientific princi
pIes, andi the farmer applies to the chemnist
to) insuuct hin in the peculiar natire of his
soil. aid stimulnuis best adiapted to it.
iMprotetiment.-Throughowu the country,
aitid in Egland, not ionly in re-onrces had
fior manure to lt, einy- marl. litne and
gypsum, but they at, import for that
purpose lish, horn h.ving%. woOlen ras,
and human Wioe, friiom tlie Continent If
-.urope. The greai Frederick oi* Prussin
ngade grieuhilre b i'r olvir carr. anlit nit
litty ;ppopariatted : sjliaivmn ::;11 :i lalf
</l',lar4 lt it-4 a.lv iai l m. Nof ih
- .tadin::~ the de.'~ atn oif v.ir. Il.! h-n:'. hi,
ddtt.1iwelve mail:i ta.':pzd i1 ..'n'
<:oil'r s the contioy 1!) ne;.:leen2 hsi,
poicy hatconeryi<now t ribu.:l.ry t..
otthernations threie milli'n, of pons fir
Ifsool. $o all illport1n~t is anl at tenltIion h
ag:uricult5r con-iered linh. iZtpe thrna
scho'ols are estaabbs!.f d tuttder ii -oEt itf I lhe
(;,,ernw:Derts oR lhit casuitrv. Where the
tiince is nut only tlheoretically hut pri
Withitliese examnplec at homec and at
briad, ean Soutth Causliua remnaitn uionl
ketn froasher upathi Wilt she tnti per
cesave and improve tho only mieansi of air
resting a dowofaell in tier fortune..! Will
she not contLulate the~ deat oddlus ng:tinsi:
which tie i contending-a wide-spreatd
extent oy stew country, more ft eab and
conuecnita2 thant herawni 10lo the rodl uioni
oft her great stalpie, alluring anay tier
e intzens "aud caauiig thae remosval of numt
berms of iI r slht edt Site eastiit ennt inue n
-cojmetition. and it is tinme to see- our nitt
resources, andt p)romiulgate. themn to or ag
ricutturit; true ecuony dict ates such .a
Sixjtectf years ago. an a ppropriatison w a.
~rgrted by this State, for, a OGeiooical
s urvey.arid the el twsnotnithoaut en
Scougmet; thirty .species oaf 3lineralh
-wer 1dared, and fen of Rock, A mnong
- these wefe Itwo species of Iron Ore:t als
a 31anrble. Uiwesee Pyrites. Gold anti
s Oil tones. To renew that rcaearch,
-mightat thii1itinebe inexpedietthnbt yout
- Comtmittet were inatnirlious in recom
mending an Agribultural snrvey of tht
' State, atI will here briefly mention itt
a purport:tod advaniges.
if Ana Agricultural survey, relates to the n
a tre of the soil, particularly in reference tc
| tho cropa cultivated: to the climate, with
i reference to the crops grown : to the num.
her of acres cultivated; to'the quantity a
-lanad in woodl.in pasture, in roads, or undie