Newspaper Page Text
the surplus ,oblic
te banks, aod
ei representatation ' on
May, 1S37, the commerita ex
took place, in which all the Banks
e country suspended specie paymctr.
ese even, forin an era ir our sauncial
1ffairs, and .oduced a separation Lo the
Governmenaroam all connexion with banks
of every kind. Vewere then in a situa
tion to re:arm the Government, and place
iW here its Republican framers intended
it should Lo when it was created.
The asnmpt iou and funding measures,
together with a Bank in hich Hamilton was
enabled. through the debts incurred during
our Revolution. to engraft upon our sys
tem in its infancy. had entirely expired in
1837, and we were then left untrumuelled,
to take a pure and independent course.
free from all national debt, and unconect
ed with all Bunkis.
But there was great individual indebt
edness in the country. together with car
poration and State debts, amounting to
near $200.000,000. The Banks had *us
pended, and payment ofdebts at home and
abroad was demanded in available funds.
The presure w se in all clastes of
the community. n uly aI party apirung
up who promi paynut of debts
-abundant noney-a sound currency
stability and prosperity. Men high in pluer,
and long knowtn to the people, solemnly
pledged themselves to produce these re
suIts if power were given to them.
The people. pressed down to despair and
cmadness by the coevulsion of the times,
readily gave a listening ear to all thesc
promises. They were ready to fly to un
known ills rather than hear those they hd.
The party making the largest promises
of agrarianism and relief, were brought in
to power. And what have they done ! The
pie asked for bread, and they have ro
ved stones. They asked for water and
have received vinegar. It has all ended in
delusion, deception, aid fraud. And it is
now palpable that there can Ie no perma
nent relief but in economy-industry-en -
terprise-and honesty. It is a fatal delu
sion to suppos.that any Government can
pay the debts of any class its community.
without sacrificing to that extent the intr r
est of some other class. We fought the
battle upon all the great public i-sues that
the Federal party tendered to us in their
measures at the Extra Session, and the
people are nowt with us. An enlightened
public judgment is clearly against them.
All practical men. not engaged in politics.
vier their ilank schemes as delusive anti
visionary. Tthey had praomised reform,
and reduc-ion of expendittrc. tiroughut:
the canvas, It whent brought into power
thev uearh daoublel the expenditure- at
once. Th'-y increased the public tict to
near S17,00U00-increased your taxes
by placing tweuty per centt. upon almost
every thing imported ;anti, as if to show
the~ very desperation of recklessness antd
pi gacy.)bey, at the <ame time, dividedl
s2mgst their camp- followers the plunder
Syour. public da~t~in. These public
lands which they hiavo stjuandered, hbase
been h~etofote set aside as a pertmanenit
basis, upon which restedl your national cre
dit anwl the stability of your ntational re
veue. Not satisfiet with all this, they
now propose to raise your taxes still high
-er at this session of Coegres.., which, ac
cordinig to Mr. Clay's plan, otughit to reach
almost thirty per cent;. upon' aill imnporta
tios. 'And, at the stame thne. every lDe.
partmetnt of Guv(ernuaent has called fur
new anal increase1 amsonntts of appropriat.
lions. Can any thing execeed the htadi
hood and shameless effmatetry of thewa
men, who have thus opetnly failsitled, in a
l'ew short months, every soletmn paledge~
tivy ever made to a conlidio;;, but betray
We are :W at a turiumg point in ouzr
public affairs; and the grent eastioans are,
whether the Governmient shall be palungeal
back nain into that policy, out of which
our fuuoding systemi .mdt two Nstainal
Bank' were created! Or, whether wea
shall be reduced down to a simap!e aind 60'
nest Governmzent. suited in the wantts oIf ai
.free and Republican people ! andl these
are imrprtantt qutestionis foir un intelliget
* public to decide for l~the m.lves. It is a Ia
tal mistake to suppose that ai natiotal debat
---a natiomal latnk-a high revetnue-and
high expendlturel, arte eixcitial tu a strun;;
atnd efficienit Gioverinment. lTe daty is past
for theso iineasure-s to dit aIcagtl. in
the inftancy of the Rteputlhe. .nuch views
might bc plautible, bitt we have vaistly
changed us a people since- then. Our untion
--our strenglt-ouir indecpndetc-nre
nojw established beyond thie reach of any
earthly power. On public matters wo are
tnow educated atnd atfortmed, and itt'itere the
any onte feeling more prevalenit than any
oilier, it is a keen and sensitive jealousy
znwardls the moneyed acetiun of the Frede
ral Gjovernmnent. -A desire for peace. anid
- the acquisition of property. is the dotninat
characteristic of modern society. rThe adi
-miration fur a stronig and powerful Go
vernment, wielding the triumphs of the
sword-encouiraging the ;;lory of arms
and innsterinig to valor and heroism, has
~ asdaway. And the people now de
re the blessings of peace-a cheap, and
r existing circumstances, with sa
pwerful and growing Conifede
th d of our Governmept eon
.B~y exhibiting stead
il secure the eon
tA Union co*ij ia
Wee, and the' modera'e
itly limited powers by the
ernment, during a period of
At preseni, a high fiscal action4n
system upon the principles ofabe oA
Federal party would, as ievitably'as des
tiny, drive us to 4 rupture or the-pa'rs;
nd iAtead of giving usa stropg Govern
ient, would give uscniialuof embarrass
;ent aid imbecility.
4A this juncture in our affairs, aneffi
cient reform and a ise adiniaistraion of our
Government, is absolutely essential to its
fiual preservation. We can have no tho
rough reform unless yourEZxecutive De
part ment is fully and honestly imbued with
sound and radical principle,. What we
want nore than anyshing else, is an Exe
cutive, whose experience and wisdom will
enable him to understand the true philoso
phy of our system of Governtncnt, and
whose acknowledged talcuts and extensive
reputation for integrity and fidelity will
give him the moral power to pursue what
is iue aud right, independent of all the
petty tramels that control a common man.
The Republican party have too much at
stake in the purity of our institutions and
the liberties of this country, to risk every
thing in a great contest upon au ordinary
la the canvass of 1840, the extraordina
ry pressuro of the immems, and the lavish
Bnd profligate prumises of relief, produced
an imiuente impression upon the contest.
We fought lhr the most part on the defen
sive. The Federal party charged us with
being responsble hfr every thing. They
charged us with enormous and useless ex
penditures-with want of strict responsi
bility iu public ufficers-A ith the humhug
gery of a :tianding airmny-n ith a princely
essablishmt iiu the E:'xecutive mansiOn.
U rou all these points n e were forced on
the de:cusive. Ouroppotnents had the pe
culiar and honorable advautage of posses.
sing Un poiinciples. The'y vere bitter, ac
tive. and unscrplsous in their use of mtieans.
hey appealed tothe vilest and basest pas
siuais of human nature-and rusustercd to
inc depraved appette of a deludcd and de
ceived mob: Uider b.trreii aud racko.in
skin,. tinse cho-,Cta eublenis of Their party,
%%Ill lun staid as mtaagnia to Itmnrk Iheir
IJubbe defbiucieries anid midnight r evei
ries vitn the deep, scorn and conitemopt of
the virtu->us and honest i:1 all alter ages.
I e cherished our public nieaures, foutily
tachevmng the-m to be identified wilb all
sound priucipies of enhligtened liherty
we fought the battle n ith zeal. and spirit,
and talent-and notwitlistauding alt t his,
our opponeuts %von the victory. We hal
a leader who was suited to the issues th-en
tendered, and beiug in power Bnd proper
position, we cheerfully fought the great
battle on him. Although he did not com
wmand any umIcmmmon enthusiasm for him
sell lersuually.,et he was calmit, sagacious,
aud firm, and fulfilled his dcstiny. lie
lis won the hIniors of the Republe. and
been clothed with the fir-t office in the gift
of a free peoiple. This is enough to fill
with grateful emotions the heart of ant
reasonable man. lIut thinog are now chatng
ed. Our opponents have been brourb'
to pon# er. They havo devedlnj
pra.sples. aid gar..n.J .a...;,
measures of jujblic policy. We
Iken the issues that they tendered n
tr:n sessiomn. They are now on thi
,ive. We have driven them back
tide is with us-and it now only d
upon a wise and prudetnt foreast it
realize all the fruits of' a glorious victory.
It wonld be the height of folly and weak
ness for us. voluntarily to fight over agamn
the same issues that were forced upon us in
the camopaig)niof lIMO. When we have
the decided advantage gained uponi other
grounds, that our oppmonemis have made
for us, let us keep that advantage. It is
better to speak candidly and iraukly before
n e sake any step~ that muigt hue unie
As nmucm as we may respect Mr. Van
Ituren, yet hi.smuuame. if rafliedi on again,
wuld awake all the hitter prejudices that
ws ere enhlmted ini the last cotillict. 'iThe per
sotial pide of hsudred1 andI thousanids
is ould tbe inclinedcu to rot olt under the sneer.
i'f those who wsould artfully reproach them
for 5 fem:r nt ani iiif coite~tticy. We wouldl
tie forced back. ii, a great extent, upon thet
oldI pouot' I 810i. It would shiow more)f
wvis1domn and1 polhey ini us to tmnkc the preseni
issues, forciig the Fedueralists uputn theit
me,-.sure4, and thus compelling them tin
fgahi upona thle detenisive. Going intn the
contest undel'r buehi circumstancs, wie coul
thetn spr~ead out the gloriut bantner of the
4C.stituation i th JMonopolies tonone, Free
Trgade, andl VL'uo Rightis tr. all beaming
anid l.i.shing over its broad foki-ndi you
woub'l omon see the beacon fires of a de
ecir ed andi indignant People kindling ovem
a thouisand hills throughout this wide spread
laind. whibit it would not be long beliore the
lhouti of victory and triumph would pro
e-ain to the worlid that the G;oths and Van
dlals were driven from the temtple of out
liberties. andI that thme Recpublic wvas otice
Nons the great qhiestion is, who can om
body our pirinciples! Who shatll be the
sandardi lhenrer of the Republican pairty iu
this great contest! wvho will lead otn oui
strength sdith moss powter!i
We- have one man emtinently qualified
for auch a position. liis age-his lung and
dlistinguished services-his thorough know
ledge of our system of Government-hit
spletndid genius and spotless character-ali
make JOH N U. CA LHOUN the man suit.
ed for this conflict.
lie enme into public life before the last
war, with an ardent love ofrglory, and an
enthusiastic zeal for his country's honor.
And 54) go into a canvass with his name at
our head, would kindle patriotism in every
heart that would look back wiih pride andI
expltation upon the scenes of our triumphs
and our glory in those days that shed suchm
lustre upon our country's history. When
we were depressed in our national coun
cils a: that period, it was his talents-his
energy -his devoted patrioism-that in.
spired the desponding with hope, atd filled
,those councils with rseal, efficieqey, and
decision. None could bring to opr cause
so'great a stock of reputation and charac
ier, sequired in the war of i1812, as Mr.
uan. , And as for practical and useful
trell as acknowledged genius,
administration of the War De
-o18324. There .is scarediy
the administraton oL our
Gdierw it From disrdfer and confu
siod,emke it the most energetic. ayste
uInatie, and thoroughly organized Depart
mentofeihe Government.- Hisg-ourse in
thfficieminiotly illustrates his ndminis
In the office f Vice President, to which he
was lected by de .voae any- man ever
at, he e xin ex ' a' h 6h talent and
Ithe FedeiatWparty-sizd on the pow
er of the Goveimunt, agaiitk the popular will,
under Mr Clayand Mr. Adims, it was Mr.
Calhoun and hisfriendo'who threw themselves
into the breachaniffsk'd their ail to vindicate
the power and the ascendancy of popular liber
ty, ever the corrupt arranements of a few to
bartcr awaybe firstoffices of the Republic.
In that memorable contest which brought
Generil Jackson into power at the head of the
Republican party in 1828. Mr. Calboun stood
in the front rank, asa champion of the freedom
of elections and those great Republican princi
ples which had been violated by the surrepti
tious acqisition of power under the Federal
party ini1824. ~
InG183.hedid nothesitateteresisnhis office,
sad srificen his temporary popularity, in order
to vindlicate what he deemed to be not only the
rihts of South Carolina. but the true interests
ot the Union, and the vital and fundamental
rights of the Constitution, as secured to all.
W hate ver may have been thoght, at the tiae,
of his course on that occasion, the world must
now admit at least its disinterestedness as far as
list personal proopects of power were concern
ed. And none can deny but atbe sheda ha
lo of light. and thought. and research, at that
period,over the glorious doctrinesof Fr'e Trade,
as well as over thc nature and eriginofour Go
vernment, which has tended t call public at
tention to all the great questions lavolved, and
to erect anew the leading landmarks of Repub
lican liberty, as originally laid dewn by Madssi
in his iminortal repomt and resolationst the Vir
ginia Lezislatnre of 7%d-.9
Since then we have seen his corse in the
Senale-and there has been no public question
nlpon which he han not impressed gonm and
talent of the highest order. WA'hen the Govern
ment wvas embarrassed by the coiaimpiial ex
Ilosion of 1837. weseao ir. Calhoituattho cx
trn sesion of that vear. sacrihcing all his per
ennal feeling4 on the altar of patriotism, and
conni- forward to sustain the leading measiures
of tile dm i.'tratio2t in a series of speeches,
which. lor thought, ability, and power, have
had no crp:als in the history of o country.
And tine. then lie has continued to iSfstrate
the Republican principles of our Constitution,
and has done more to develope the true nature
of our Bankit.: Pyitem. a its corrupting in.
filecces, tn aiiv man living. It was at the
extra ie,':on of'1 37, aid -le succeeding ses
sion. tl:at .lr. railhoiu, drew upon his head the
vi"nm-nc-: of Federal wrati in all its bitterness
anl fur-. And it wnt, then thet his crest rose
higher.' and aitre na3ble than Ever, above the
iaity rag that lasbed aroundhini, and stood
forth like a rock in the ocean, defying die storm
and the tempest.
.4ai. at the last extra sestion of Co nress,
w hen the blind and lawless followers of 31aho
mtet. flushed with victory, had locked in to the
plunder of a sacked cauip, wb igure was it
that was seen standing high er the breach
that had been maude in the ramparts ofthe Con
stitutioi waving aloft the lag of his country
to cheer the heart of the patriot and call the
raly fur Freedom? Let the country answer.
T.ere he stands, covered with years and the
services of many a hasdfought mnpaign. lie
has devoted a long life to-threb or, the ri-e
and the glory of his country. 'An!,'
the ,iciiitu des and triale
lignity and bilt
... -- ears a war of extermination
....,een wvaged in Enigland, as well as mn outr
ownt country. against the institutions of thme
,tave.haulding States. They are, numerically
seaing, the weaker pi.rtion of this Cotnfeder
acy. They~ have a right to feel sensitive as to
the lkwles anid unhallowed movemenita that
have beeitnaide agaitnst their most vital intatittu
tis for the last few'. years., Whilst they have
tbeen petrsecuted and slandered by their bitter
opplonents, let their frienuds and ltcpublicana
brethtren do sonie act thiat will heal oaver the
wounds that have boen infhicted, and that will
revive with ardour all their feelin~gs of l'iy alty
and devotiaon :tltis Union. as their great shield
of paence at htomne. and power abroad. The
North gave us our last lIepublican President,
and Sutth Caroilina gave hit her alnost nuan
Imtnts vote itn the contest, and stood by hi~m to
the lamst, wh:int State afler State fell from his
supp,;ort tunder the popular tide that then rolled
thitngh the Iand!
There could he no more erlecttual way to ci
louice thoec inatignatnt factions, who now, uneder
the guise of Ahnlition. are undermining this
Uion, anid to pitt them to rest during~ our day
and genetrationu. thana fair the Rempubhlicana party.
with thant generous confIdence that has ever
characterized it, io comte forward and confer the
hiie.tbhonor of the Government upon the dis
tintgnishted and favorite Son of the Sonth. in
whiomt undur trial and persecution, shte hau gar
mnered nyt all hier feeling of adiiration and at
tachmtent. Place him in such a situation, and
you ::ive contfidence teo the weaker portion of
the Confederacy-stability -to this glorious
Uniona-and pe-ace and prosperity to a great
Fr'oa the N. Y. Comr. Adrertiser, April 5.
TIlE DEIFAULTING COLLECTOR.
Thel rtumor4 that hlave been afluat for
some dlays, conceniung a large hole in the
eity finatnce., and the case thereof, arc now
reduced tor cei tainky. The annexed comn
mtuniention was made to the Common
Council, by the Mayor, last evening;
M1.voa's Otcy., City of New
York, A pril 4th, lS842.
To thec Honaorable, thec Board of
AlUdermen ofthe City of Nero York.
Gentlemen-Since my private consult a
lion on Thursday Last with the members
of both boards of the Common Council in
relation a the absence and defalcatiou of
Thomas Floyd, collector of the city reven
ue, infor-matneu has been .htained making
it no longer necessary for the interests of
the city to obaerve the secrecy upon this
subject which our united judgment deem
ed advimoble. Believing that publicity
will now best subserve the interests of the
city, I have determined to make this com
munication to you and solicit authority to
offer a reward for the apprehension of Mr.
Lloyd, and for the restoration of the mon
ey supposed to he in hisi possession. In
this cotunuication ? will give you all the
information I laid before you on Thursday
last and that subsequently obtained.
On the28ih of March I received informa
tion from the comptroller,.that on that day,
upon reaching his fice, he found a, letter
fromt Thomas Lloyd, collector of the city
revenue, hearing the post mark of the oflice
of this city of thre 28th of March, and the
letter dated the 22d of Marcha, inaforminig
the comptroller that owing to a reso
which had passed your honorable body on."
the evening of the 21st, requiring all cal
lecting officers of the corporation to return,
under oath. at each payment by them into
theTreasury of the ciy, that the amount
paid is all that has been collected by him,
he determined to leave the city for Charles
too, as he stated, to collect a debt due there
to him, (Lloyd) for the purpose of paying
the amount to the Common Council.
There being no evidence of the daalca
tion of Floyd. other than his going off, and
his letter, which mantioned to amount, the
comptroller sent to the d:'rent tenants of
the Common Council. nmd also made ex
aminationintothe hank where Lloyd kept
his privateaccount. The compiroller by
this meins discovered that on the 21st day
of 3arch Lloyd drew up his (Lloyd's)
check for the bank, $4,779,07, and that ie
bad received from tenants $6.000, which
he had not paid into the city Treasury.
We have also discovered that he owns
real estate in the city of New York anl in
the state of New-Jersey. The drawing of
this 84,77907 from the bank, and not pay
ing it into the Treasury, was such evidence
of premediated fraud that there could be
noconfidence placed in his statement that
he was going to Charleston. We there
fore institifted inquiries in other quarters.
and from these sources discovered that
which induced us to believe ie had gone
to Charleston. I have catused nsa attach
meat to be issued against his property in
thestate of New York. This writ not
only altaches any property he may have
in ibisstate, but also all debts that may be
due to him. An attachment has also been
issued against his property in the Stair of
New-Jersey. I have also had an aflidavis
made. setting forth his conduct and bring
ing him within section 59 of page 365, ;e
cond volume. Revised Statute., second
editiona, which taken in connection nith
sections 3G ard 37ef besamc rolume. page
587, defines the offence to be a feloy,
punished by imprisunment in shestate pri
son. I have sent an officer to Charleston
with this affidavit Since all this has been
done, the Comptroller by investigation
among th tenants of tho Corpcraiionu. has
discovered that the amount of Lloyd's de
fales tion is about $30.000.
The u'tcsof receipts given by Floyd to
tetnatats show t11t much of this amount was
received by Lloyd fumediately before lie
absconded, consequent hb must have a
large amount of money with him. we
have since ascertained that there is great
reason to believe that Lloyd bailed from
this port on the 23d of March. in a brig
called the Hope, of which he is supposed
to be owner, bound for "Cape d Vens
and a market." For these reasons I have
deemed it to be for the interest of the city
to make the matter pulaic, and to oflir a
reward for his apprehension, as a fugitive
from justice, and also a reward for the re
covery of the money be hasgone off wii.
This money may be taken from him in the
mann'- -' at any stolen property might.
e attachment issued against'him
e, his house andl furniture have
upon, and the payment of all
a suspended. When trustees
under these procedings. all
d to Lloyd will be compel
ment to them. Under the
. .,.es f'or Lloyd, I am informed,
are good for $15000t, thc amount of their
I deem this a proper occasion to call y our
atension to the autiicncs iu amaountt of
security directed by ordinance to be given
lay manny of thec collecting officers of the
city government. and to the itmproper pratc
tice that hais always obtained amonuag thoase
officers of depositing she public mniateys to
their iaahvidual accounts, and patyitng such
amounts as they choose over to she chamt
berlain of slhe city. rTere has beven nao
check upon ihese orlicers except to ascer
tain from the debtors at' she coarporationa
whether they have paidl he amsounat oftheir
indebtedne~s, or any portion thtereof. T[his
practice has enabled collectors to use. the
public moneys for private purposes -ex
posed shoem to the imp1ortunaities of frienids
and s'cutrisies, and led to te moany del
caions that have iherctofore occurred
among previous collecting otlicers oif th<.
city govertnment. It is a temtpsatioan ns icha
has induced many improperly to usc the
To obvi'ate this evil. I suzgest that the
Comm~ton Counceil lay ordinance direct ;all
its receiving officers to deposite the moneys
col!ed by thent in their ntame~ as officers, ini
ette bank to be designated lay ordinanice.
That the moneys so deposited shall only
be transferred to the chtamberlaint of the
city by cheeks signed in thte oaficial capa
city oft the collectoar, tot the order af the
chamberlain, anti endorsed by him. anad the
moneys only tto be drawn from she bank
lay the check of Commion Council, to the
order of the persona having a demand against
the city government. That the cutllectoars
of the revenue at short intervals make their
deposities, and imamediately after each de
posito make before she Mayor andl tile ina
his oflice an affidavit of the deposite, anid
from whoma the montey collected by htim toa
that period. This mecttod would prevett
he use of public moneys for private pur
poses, and remove that temptatioan which
has and will utnless remtaved, not only dlis
sipate the public revenue, but destroy ste
character and standing of matny citizens.
R.OBT. H1. MIORR IS,
Rhode Ianmd.-Thle difference between
the twit parties in Rhode.lsland upon the
'question efta Constitu tion is beccominagsera
ons and may lead to mtost deplorable ro
suIts. Fearinig that thte stupporters of the
Teople's Constitution,' as it is termed.
would proceed to organtize she government
ofihe State in accordanco with its provi
sions, the Legislature on the 2a1 inst. pas
sed an act in relation to offences against
he sovereign power of the State. The
preamble of this law recites among other
things that certaiti desigrinag persons have
for some time past been busy with false
pretences among the good people of the
State, and are endeavoring to carry through
a plan for a subversion of the government*
under the assumed forms of law, but in
plain violation ofihe first principles of right.
it is enacted in the first section of'to
law, that all town, ward or other as
for the election o ftown, city, wa
neanor. and punt
line not exceediigS
and be imprisioned to
months. Any person who su,
he will accept any office by virt
pretended election. or knowngly.
imself to he a candidate 'irefor, shalt
njudged guilty of a high crime and misde
neanor. and be punished on indictment by a
fine JS$200)O. and be imprisoned for L year.
Any person who shall under any preten
ded constitution ofGovernment of iteState,
assume to exercise any of the legi.lative.
executive or ministerial functions of the
atlices of Governor, Licut Gavenior. :Cia
tors, Representatives. &c , or shall assem
ble for the purpose of exercising such fune.
tons, such acts shall he deemed an usur
pation of thic sovereign powcrof the State.
and is declared treason, and shall he pun
ished by imprisonment durug life, as is
now hay law prescribed. All offences on
der the act are to be triable before the Su.
preme Judicial Court only. Various pro
visions are maile prescribing the mode of
execuung the law. Th- act passed in the
louse of Rleprescutatives by 60 yeas to 6
Itesolut ious also passed requesting the
governor to issue his proclamation, exhor
ting the people of the State to give no aid
or countenance tw those who in violation
of the law nay attempt to set up a govern
ment in oppoNitionl to the existing govern
nient of the 6late, and calling on them to
suppor tbe-cunstituted authorities in the
preservaisoo of the pubic peace; and au
thorizing the Governor to) adopt measures
in she recess of the legislature to execute
the laws, and to preserve the State from
vialence, with pon er todraw fin the gener
al Treasurer fur such sums as way be ne.
Thesc measures had created great ex
citement among the people, and letters say
that there are twu thousand men pledged
to defend at all hazard, the candidates un
rer the new Conitutioan. The Governor
of the itate has iasut d orders to have re
ported the number l mett fit for duty, and
the arms and anmuuttion on htand. lie
h3a al., issucl an order through the Adju
tant General, that the milit.ary throughout
the State hold themselves in readiness to
ppear armed and equipped at thirty min
utes' warning. Thc other party is rapidly
Correspundence oftine N. I'. Journal of Commerce.
Paovta..cr., April 5th, 184.
There ii .a gre excitem eut throughout
hiii state in relation lo the Suffrage Con
%itlution. It has armien ito an alarming
height ; and eaci party-the old govern
nient and the suntrage-are preparing to
settle the quetion tay force. The Gover
naor ha. issued his Proclamation, calling on
the military commanders to call out the
Militia and hold them in readiness to act
at a momctm's warning. On the other
hand, the suffrage party are organizing
and arming themselve for the contest. It
is said an expre-s will leave here for Wash -
in-ton this afternoon. This unpleasant
Steam Frigate Missour.-Tthe follow -
ing letter which wve find int thte National
ntelligencer, contains a more detailedl ac
count thtan we have yet seen of the late
melatucholy disaster itn the Potomac. It is
from an ollicer of the Missouri.
U.,S. .Steam Frmtgate .llissouri,
l'or omar lIt ver, A itril 4. 18~42.
.Iles--rs. ims: i Itt with feelintgs Ia
cetrel- with the keentast sorroaw that I will
!wre;tn make alt zattmpt tat gm.e you an
accoutnt oaf a heart-rendintg scene that I
taave thi dav ni iinew.-d ft(sm the deck of
thii -,bip. itnvolving the los- ol a anhe
h-arted, geinerous. and hi::h-mniided mess
mtate anda frienad, L t. Itaarden, anal fifteen
of this shty-s crew. Yesterdlay (Sunay)
we mtadle tae flcury. anma took on board
a p~thot tot rttt ni, into tie Chbeapoake, whli
gave us to understandl that he could tnt pi.
lt us tmore lh.tt tialf way ott our course
tow atrds Wtahmgtonr. as he was not ac
Uam tedt witth the Potiamac River. lbut ai
:lii ,,ae t:ime assured our en ptaitn that hih
h'ater hail beena a brantch pilot on the Pu
tiae etnce the ha-t war. Inarsequec
of t hi-, statemtet, the ship was then saifely
rou.tht to iachear latst evenitng about tet:
olock, in t entty fatthuoms water just aftec
alte had etnterced the last tnamed river. The
pilait went ott shore, atnd re turne.d this morn
ing at duylight, with: his 1.athier, who im
meditely got the ship under weigh, ani
ran her on her course witih a press of steant
that carried her through the water at a ratt
of te knots atn hour, until about i iacloci
A. 3!., whlen he~ rit he-rhigh up. with hec
bowes almost out of weater on an oyster bed
Every ecfor was mtade on the instan
to back her off' bttt without success, an.
then corteenced the work of lighteniut
her forward. The heavy Paixatn gitns wee
trnsported frutm the fore-castle aft to the
main tratnsom. the water in the threhtola
started, and the provisions broke ot am
sent to thie after part of the birtht deck; the
owers atnd one of the wait attch'rs let ;-o
the boats were hoisted, and itmsdiate
preparations made for carryitng out asterti
the larboard waist anchor. wvith a suflicient
ey aof chain cable to heave her ol. Aecor
digly, the anichor was weighed betweet
thte launch and life boat, and the chait
coiled away int the bottomt of the nnocrh,
uder the euperiotndcnce. of Lient. Boar
dent, Mlidshaipman Renshtaw. atnd the boat
swaitn. After they had gone abotut twe
hundred yards astern of the ship, and whil<
puttitng out thte chain in twenty fathtom
water, pareparatuory to let ting go the atnchor
the heavy chain cable begant to run~ on
with snch tremetndous force that it car'
the gunwale of the launch under wate
All hands itnst antiy sprntg for the lif
lit she, being la ied to the Ian
likewise, carried down by
weight of the anchor and
moment, about two
men we.re st
yet still they were
it did not come so i
feelings.-But, indeed, i
iceue, and one that will Vcver.
frum my mind's eye, as I stood on
rail an.i *a- . a numier ofour strongest ten
s4truggling in their dying agony, bubbling
the wvater from their lip*, and throwing
arms for succor ere they sunk beneath the
relentless wave forever
EIDGEFIELD C. H1.
W .. :sa.r. Arais.20, 1842.
A ppointment by ths Gocernr.-John D. Alex.
atider. Notary Public for Charleston District.
07 The Degree of Doctor of 3h1licine was
conferred on John G. Williams, of Edgefeld
C. 11.. by the Piesident of the Facity, ofthte
Medical College of the State of South Carolina,
at its1 List annual commencement.
)ennia PrIctir, (Dem.) has been elected
3Mayor of the City of New Orleans.
At an election held at Aiken, S. C.,.on the
9th inst., for two Wardens, to fill the racmncies
occasioned by the resignations otWm. P.Jones,
and Francis S. Schwartz. 31r. James U. Pog,
and J. 31. Barinton were elected.
At an eletion held on Monday the 4th inst.,
the follo wing gettlemen were elected Intendant
and Wardens of the rown of Camden, S. C.
SIfardens.-Wm. J. Gerald, Aaron Birr, C.
if. Davis, and James Dunlap.
Axgusta Elections.-On Monday the 11th
inst.. the following gentlemen were elected
Mayor. Aldermen, and Members of Council.
Mayor -Daniel Hook.
Aldermen.-W. E. Jackson, John Bones,
John P. King, R. A. Reid, A. Watermn. Jes
se Kent. 11. If. Cumming, - Goodrich.
Coacil.-J. G. McWhorter,o. A. LaRoche,
John Phinizy, jr., J. S. lutchinson, John lIili
W. A. Beall, J. P. Garvin, If. flora. C. A.
Griener. J. A. Ilibler, Thomas W. Miller, J.
On tie 11th inst. Svpor Prentii*, of V.
mont, resigned his swit it Wthe U. S.
the District ofi Ver.mon, Laan byth esg
tion of Judge Eljsh Paine.
The Alezandma Gazette, says: "John L.
Dorsey, Esq.. of .ilamrlandJ, has lefl Was.hin
ton as bearer el despata-.m for our Minister at
XMeio,--.What their pturpos.'is we have been
unable to learn, but have underh.od that air.
Dorsey's instructions are to proceo* wi m
utmost expedition to Mfexico, and place u es
patches in the hands of Mir. Ellis."
The Picaiyune says: - Two hutndtd and fif
ty emtigrats fromi E'nglanid, (said to .c Mfor
mons.) errived at New Orleans, on the Ist inst.
on their way to thme wenit."
l~aur fromn Texas-Trhe A n;:ta ( hronicle
states that the Natcheitoches fieral of the 2nd
itnetant, continis thec follow ing itnportant intel
- We have just received intefligence direct
fromt linston. confirting thme ca sture of the
.leti,-an troops tunder (.:neral Vekuus.who
sacked thme town oif $a, Antonio. Genera?
Buari..onm came ttp with thecm near the Rio
Granadc. anid after a short parley obliged them
.all to surrender"
Connrlnt llctions.-We extracr thme fud
toing account oft thme recent elections in Con.
ntic~tut frunt them llartford Times. Wee pre
sumne. froam appearances, that the "Hard Cidcr'
and - Coon Skin" piar ty have lost ground cot
siecrably in thiis ttate.
Then Times says :-We have received returns.
fromi all the Towns in the State but one-Vohan
towni. The result is as follews:
Clevelntd. (dmm.) 23,976 -
Ellsworth. (ted.) 2.094 -
iotimis. (conservative) 571-..,927
Clevelantd's maIjority over all 49
u- oer Ellsworth . 1,888
The vote of Voluntown last year, was aid.oi
Inmws: 10.1 denmocratic. Gl(rederal. if it ehould
be the same thi' year, Clenveland's motny'
uver the three other candidates, will be9.
The aggre'gato vote will be larger than it was
L-ant year-at lea,,t tl.000 larger.
Wo1~ have carefully compared and correeted
our table by our returtis, and believe it is neur.
hv correct. We think that Ceveland will lead
Iall min the other three can~dsues. bat
may posibly he prevented
are asm tiallowm: .