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W. F. DURISOE. PROPRIETOR.
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For as1m,-Maj. J. B."Jeter.
T. J Hiler. Esq.
For HMus of rnanutu.
Col Joka Mai t,
Dr. J. O.'Nicholson,
Col. Janwse Tompkins,
Dr. A. C. Griffin.
Wiley Harrison Ewg,
Dawson Atkinson. tq.
8? The friends ofa. R.
WiLLIAMS, announce him as a candidate for
the Office of Sheri.
june 15 tf to
02; The Mrends of Capt.
J. J. tENTELL, announce him as a c-indiante
for the olice of Sheril. mach 28 9
C? The friends or scar.
BOROUGH ISIOAWA rLit, announce
him as a candidate for the office of Tai Col
lector. marrh 9 6
07iThe friends of Mbubel
AWAY. announce ama apcmdidate f6r
W. L COLMAN. annotonce hint as a
candidate for Ordinary of Edgefield Dis
Jan 19 tf 51
a7tThe friends of Win. J.
SIKINS. Esq.. aasounc.- him as a caudwnate
for the office of Oidinary. of Edgefield Diistrict.
September 2. tf 31
The friends of Colonel J.
HILL. announce himn as a candidate for the of
6ce ofOrdinary, of Edgefield District.
26 tf 30
The irienisof Col. W.
H. OSS, announce him as a caudidate
for the office of Ordinary of Edgefield Dis
B Y virtue t sundry wris of Fieri Fa
ecia, I shall proceed to sell a' Edge
field Cou rt lloue. outhe firsi Monday und
Tuesday of July next, the following poro.
Daniel Bird vs. Mary Hill. one h- use
and lot in the Villageof Edgfield. adjoin
ing lots of Dr. E.). Mims and S Leqiueuix.
Abner Perrin vs. James Beauford. one
Daniel Boone v.s.John McCrary, Samu
el McCrary, an I orhers, one hay horse, the
property of Samuel McCrary.
Bryan & Minor vs. Richard Key. one
negro girl Jiney.
G. L. & Et. Penn & Co. va.. Rolina
Rhodes, one hundre d aeresot land more rt
less adjoining Jatmes Golemn, and others.
D. Morrison,. tar. vs. Catherine Cobb.
oxr. Joseph Woods. hr. vs. the mn,
ene house and lot in the rowoof Hamburg.
known as half of lot No. 120, cornering on
Mlarket and Mercer streets.
Abner Perrin, vs. John G. Stalnaker,
and David Stalnaker, the tract of luand
where David Stalnaker lives.
Landin Tucker, br. vs. Margaret Ogil
vie. Hlugh M. Quarles, hr. vs. the same,
the tract of land wirere defendant lives.
Penn, Rogers & Co. for Penn & Bran
non, vs. John S. Bardena, one gray Horse.
Charles Lamar,'. Julius Hloward. John
Howard. and Rudolpn Carter.200 acresof
land, more or fees. adjoining J. Benson,
-Mrs. Lamar, and Rambho, levied oan as the
properly of Julius and Johnr Howzrrd.
WV. J. Glover, vs. Clenm Mitchell and
John Boyd, the tract of land where John
- attie R. Fuller, vs. Benjamrirn Cato.
-Sear., thirty-five acres of land, more ot
less,' adpginu lands of Henry Caito undt
1i, vs. Thomas Oliver,
t a fland1 more- or less,
6u0B!y acres of
ajiig John 21.
1N6NUA, gi-TNU oF THE UN5TKD !TATES
rashington. May 4. 1842.
The Society net to-da. at the Patent
Office, when a uumber of delegates liromu
the severul States, appeared nith their
credentihal, auni the Hon. J. M. Garuels,of
Va., at I I A. M1. took the chair, and J. F.
On motion of the lon. 11. L. Ellsworth.
a committee of three was appointed by tle
Chair, to inquire into the expediency of
est blishing in this city, a periodical. to be
devoted to the caue of agrieulture, and to
be the official organ ol this Society, riz:
lien. H L Ellsworah. D. C., Dr. Ell
Ives, Conn., and Rev. J. 0. Choules, N. Y.
Rob't. E.Horner, N. J., T. B. Wake
man, N. Y., Rev. 0. B. Brown, D. C..
Dr. G. It. Smith. Md.. and lion. If. L.
Ellswurnh, D. C.. were appioteed a com.
mittee to report the order of business for
the future action oftshis meeting, and the
Society adjourned until to-umorrow worn
Thursday. May 5. 1842.
At 9 o'clock, A. At. the Society met at
the Patent Ottice, and proceeded to the
election of officers, and upon counting the
ballots the following named gentlemen
were declared duly elected, viz:
1lsn. James 31. Garnett. Va., President.
J. V. Callan, D. C., Recording Secretary.
Oliver %s hitlesev, Onio, Cor. Secretary.
Edward Dyer. Treusurer.
Board of Control.
Hos. H. L. Ellsworth, 1). C.
lion. Elisha Whittlescy, Ohio.
John A. Smith, D. C.
Joen S. Skinner. D. C.
William J. Stone. D. C.
Maine- lion. George Evans.
New H ampshire-lIon. Isaac Hill.
Massachusetts-Il. V. French.
Connecticut-Dr. Eli Ives.
Rhode Islaud-Uovernor Fenner.
Vernont-%% illiamo Jarvis.
New York-J. B Noti.
New Jerme-N-E. S. Green.
Pen.y lv ausa-lIon.,5G. 31, Keim.
Delaware-Dr. J. W. Thompson.
North Caroblta-llon. E. Deberry.
South Carolna-Wade Ilanpion.
Georgia-lIon. U ilson Lumpkin.
MIsuabesrabewiaon. H 4Lewis-.
L...,ei,..u--etumt Atexafler Moton.7
Arkanisas-kHou. A. Yell.
Tenus"ace- F. H. Gordon.
3ii,sippi.-Hou R. J. Walker.
linsouri'e-Hsn L. F. Linn.
lliaois-Tomas L. Iinde.
Michignau-Hon. J. C. Crary.
Oh1io-Ilon. John Hiiting1.
District of Coilumbia- Am..s. Kenlall.
Florida-lson. C. F. Mercer.
Thie Vice Ireideite of Virginin. District
of Columbia. 1liry land.and Delaware, are,
rX ociu. memier of wt Hoard of Con
The President addressed the Socicv in
hi6 usual felicitous sianner. at the cioncln -
sion of which, on mtmion of Dr. G. B.
Sth I t 1 Md , the thanks of the Society
wtere voted to Mr. Garnett. and a copy of
tis adldre-% wan.' licited for publicationi.
The cominittee so inquire into the expe
diency of etibll..hing ns agricultural ie
riodicil. reinert.d t'avoralvly to thist men
sure. ansd the'ir reporI wa's, after some de
ThIe commisit tee aln buiness, reported
lihe order ina which the thu.incss. oft thec
Suct-ty shouild be~ saken up ande aceted up-t
un, asnd adv ssed t hie a msetnment sea the Cein
stitussons as tfollsws, in Art. 19: " andl the
Board sh~sll have powt er to pirescribe the
nmode in whlichi it shall lie drawn,." atnd
that a "draft friom the President. couniter
signed by the itecording Secretary." as
now required, shall no longer the necessanry
The Beloard of Control. through its chair
mans, the lion. Levi WVoodbury, mnade a
written report, in which they state in cotn
sequence of the se'vere pressure o~f the
times. antd the Society's limited means,
they had declined holdting a Fair in the
present mnth, as required by the Consti
tution; bus in the hope that they would
find their pecunsiary condition much irm
proved durinig she coming summer andi fall,
they recommnen'l the holding an exhibition
in thsis city, early in the month of~ Decent
T. B. Wakematn, Esq. of New York,
fronm -the cottmmittee on business, made a
repoert, concluding wish the Iollowing reso
lution. w'hich it as adopted:
Resolred. That withs a view to holding
an exhibition under the auspices of the
Agretiltural Society of the Untited States,
in Decembser next, in the city of Washinig
ton, a committee of two hbe appointed froma
each State and Territory, and the District
of Columbiaia, whose duty it shall he to as
certain how far the agriculturnl and scien
tific iocieties of the country w ill unite in
the proposed fatir; and that thisecommistee
as'et itn Philadelpihia, at the U. S. lintel,
on the 6th day of July next, at 5 o'clock.
P. M., to decide upon the expediency of
huklding the constemplated exhibition. It
shall also he the duty of this committe, in
cooperation n ash the Board of Control; to
make all the niecessary arrangements for
this'rt anntual fair. and to associate with
1hem slack other rsn ste a think
pc nifuerance of this object, all
or whom together. shall constitute the
Board of Managers to conduct the exhibi
tion to its final conclusion.
The Chair appointed the following gen
tlemen to select ilth general commitlte
above. viz: Dr. Eli Ives., Conn.; Thad
deuis 11. Wakemnan, N. Y., Robt. E. Hor
ner. N. J.; Dr. Gidron 11. Smith, Md.
J. F. Cullan, D. C. ; Thomas Crux, Va.
and Hon. It. J. Walker, bliss., who re
ported the follnwing committee:
Maine-Hon. F. 0. J. Smith, Hon. E
Kewv 11ampshire-Hn. Isaae Hill, Hon
3assachusets.-B. V. Freech, Hon. 0
Vermont-Win. Jarvis, Hon. Hilan<
Rhode Island-Christopher Rhodes, S.
Connectcut-Dr. Eli Ives, lion. J. 1f
New York-Thaddcus B. Wakeman, F
New Jersey-R. E. hIorner, C. S. 01
Delawarc-Dr. James W. Thompson,
Pennsylvania-D. Landrcith, Geo. AI,
Maryland-Hon. J. D. Jones, Gov. G,
Virginia-Rev. Jesse II. Turner, Thos,
North Carlina-Rer. S. Weller, Hon.
South Carolina-Hon. J. C. Calhoun,
lion. W. C. Preston.
Georgia -Hon. Lot War-en, J. A. Afer.
Ohio--lIon. J. Ilastings, Thos. Affieck.
Tennesse-F. H. Go-don, Hon. W. B.
.4labama-HIon. W. R. King, lion. D.
Louisiana-Hon. E. D White, Hon,
Mssissippi-.1. W. Phillips, lion. R.
Kentucky-C hi lion AllenHon. P. Trip
Miisouri-lIon. L F. Lien, W. H.
Illinois-Thomas L. Hinde, Hon. Z.
Arkansas-Hon. W. S. Fulon, lon.
Micigan-lion. J. E. Crary, Hon. J.
d. How ard.
Florida-R. W. Williams, Hol. C. F.
Iowa-Timothy Davis, A. C. Dodge.
Dist. of Colubia-lion. H. L Ells
vrth, J. Pierce.
MIr. Adam Lindsly. or the District of
Columbia, exhibited a piece of black Sati
et, conteining 23 yards, manufactured in
iis family in this city.
Mr. T. U. Wakeman, off'ered the fol
owitig resolution, which wvas unanimously
Resolred, That the thanks of this Socie
y are due to the lion. Henry L. Ella.
surth, Commissioucr of Patents. foie the
igricultural statistics contained. ibhhis an
ial report tr. Congress, and that.the cos.
muance ot such statistics is worthy the
tir .o.ig offit in 11i'mial government.
The Editnr of the American Farmer
ungests the use of sainfoin in renovating
ho4se desolate tracts of exhausted lands in
he Soutis, pasing under the familiar name
if old fields. lie recommends the ijillow
iig is prubably the most advantageous
nikle osf treatment. Sow a bushel of plas.
er to the acre, turn under two crops of
mekn h'-at the same seasoti, and spread
Ieron fromtu twenty-Grvo to fifty bushels.
r lime.; theno sow the sainfoin.
This grass is highly estimated in En
;lanid, especially as a renovator. It will
;ow upon the poorest land, only requiring
dr soil-its roots are great pienetrators,
idtaihe grass, it is said, will afford good
say and pasturage, whlen once Sel, l'or ten
r lifteen years. The celebrated Mr. Coke
stinsated it very highly, and used it most
ztensively as a renovator.
The day, thank God, is passed, when
ur "old Ilelds" are deserted EL Dorados,
ni oilher lands, and the greet question nows
s. what is the most advantageous mode of
mproveanent ?--Southern Planter.
For the cure of Fistula in Horses after it
has broke and run.
Sonmc time last summer, my father had
Smare hat had the fistula very bad, and
inally he concluded to try an experiment
m thme disease. He first made a wash for
ir shoulder out of elder. (aambuacms cana
ini,) wild cherry tree, (prmamey bigewaan
as,) sassafras root, (,:::aus sasafre,) equal
arts of all. and bsoiled them on a hot fire
or a half an hour. After zosding, he wash
d the eruption and well filled sifull ofia
eratus, working i: in with hisi fnggs. On
he third day, under this treat ment, the dis
as resumed a considerable change; caid
the course of ten or twelvo day; ac
:nre -vas cured.
Wag. R. Tioursow.
Greenup Go., Ky., Feb. 15, 1842.
Foa coiN. A aECIPE.
Mix plaster, under ulcehed ashes,
and quick lime together, in the following
propotions-two parts plaster, two pi~rts
ashes, and one part lime, andi apply a small
gnatity of the mixture to each hill of
corn immediately aller the first hoeing,
and see ifit don't go a "leetle" ahead of
gny thin; you over tried to wnake corn
grw,: to leave-ene row without
the a jesi" to see the differ
e I Farmer's Ga:cttc.
OLOK OF TUE AIR.
We look at the sky on a clear day,
it op e a large light blue arch set
ovet , and seen through the (sup
poe ble substance called air. 1lu1
this is case; there is no blue done
abv ~ -when the sky is viewed
f oveated region of the earth, at
-high mountain. or in a halloon,
would expect that this, sup
aul would be more di,:auct,
and "i its blue tint more decidedly.
I ap more blue. hut dark or black.
In p n as the spectator rises above
thes ofthe earth, and htas less nit
abo 'and that very rare. lte blue
tint liy disappears; and if he could
atiuai i at which there is no air.
the-* Id be perfectly black, there
'ia1 ital darkness all around, excepi
in, tion in which the suit's rays fall
Thi. leads to the infeience,
telf is of a tile color. But
how appen that wc see this blue
color. Ihow does it happen that c
see e color of the air onaly whet we
look~i sky. or at a distant mountnin or
~ y is the blue color not seen in
ounding us when we look to
we use or wall not so for removed
froeti even in the air in the room, or
in th contained in what we call an
cmp: vestel? A very simple expe
ri I explain the, reason of this ap
par oly. If we take any large
ga. I which contains a liquid of a
dp ,and have several glass tubes of
di ' meters, from an inch to a 10th
or an inch, and fill these inties %% ith
liqt r the large vessel; though we
h - e liquid in all. and hetce. in
a ter which ea:used the col-or, it
wilI a that the tint will become grad.
nal faint in proporionias the dian
eter. tube is less, until, in the Snal
lest, id is clear and colorless like
WO e intensity of the coler is just
in 'on to the'mass a[ which the
s ' looks, and a very small quan
tdiy I which, in large quatiities.
color, does not present noy
al and thus, though the great
air which is opposed to u,
w :look at a clear sky or any dis
ta)n t, trafsmits a snificiert quantity
ofbi vs to produce an impression of
hba o the eye, the small quantity in
. -taom or even within the com
o to produce the lor hih ei
air as in a large body.-Chambers.
T1tMB$E*T TREE IN NEW ECGL.ND.
IA . irit of the forest, for many years the
(requein subject oradmiration to the etnri
one viuilor, has at length fallen. and nie are
e dto give a more definie and certain
deserupion of it, than has been giveri of
any:6fie large standing trees in our coun
try, The tree to which we refer is an in
teral -id or Sugar Maple, which hai
bee .staadingon the farm and near the
reidenesofJoseph Hol'b. -sq. of Os..i
pee,ic this State. The circumnference of
tbe :jee'az giound was 08 feet, and
cotinudf about the same size 17 feet.
p=Wqd -straight and smooth as common
b ' g bar steel. At this height it par
ted 'iittio brancfes.
-The s--ratd branch exteeded 31 feet,
iteasuring at 51 feet frotn the grotnd four
feet is di leter, or rather more than 12
feetin circumference: this branch theti di
vied-intolfivebranches, which after run
niigiSfeet were on an average,'1 feei in
'lIte second granad branch, after extend-.
ing29, feet, from the tmaint trunk measured
ilffet 6 inchis in circumference: it ahahen
~dir~Id info two branches. each of whichh
at He feet (or 73 feat from the ground)
mensnied 3 ft. 9 inchbes in cir cumference,
TMt length to the top w as!4. (cet.
'Mr. Hobbs informs us, t hat he ha< made
fortgls.. ot sugar in a year from :tis tree.
It wasijured by tapplinig, butd partially
decajed near the roots, but #as sound af
ter a few' feet abore-the ground. In a su
vera galo. of wind it was prostrated( to the
ground, and'although much dilliculty at
tended its pi-eparat ion for the saw-tmill, it
is now mastered, and its product has jtust
been ascertained to ho 3,300 fcc: or inch
'hoards, and nine cords of "ood for fuel.
Thie tree was perfect in its symmetry,
larger i6 circumf-erence than any tree ini
the United States. A gentleman whlo has
seen tho Osaipee Maple atnd the Ohio Syce
amore, (which is a very low tree) p)ronoun
ces the Osaipee as decidedly of the great
est bi t k.-Pormouth Journalu.
A Te-rie Time.-" Wal, there's a row
over to our house." " What on air h's the
matter, yoct little sarpint 7" * Why, dad's
drunk, mother's dead, the old sow has got
a calf,.8Sal's got married andl rain away
with all the spoone. Pat has swallowed a
pin, and Luke's looked at the Aurora Bo
rax till be's got the delirium triangles.
Thataint all unther." "What ehse uputn
airth?1" "Rose split the batter pot and
broka the pancakes, and one of the Mal
tee kittens got her head in:') the molasses
enp ad couldn't get it nut, and 0, how
hungry I am."
Liek out for Netle.-T he following
leter Iately appeared in the Mobile Led
ger. ?ass it round:
Mar 3d, 1842.
Ma. Eorroa:-I want to mnform you of
my misfrtune I married Z. W. Net
tles. oni the 16th of december, 1 married
him alalutst ay fother and mother will he
taken meoiTG0 miles from home and staid
with me six weeks, then went off left me
among straingers and since he has lef I has
heard that he has two wives besides me
and my wvish him to be publnshed in the
papers and I hope that you will do hit for
the regard tiat you have for the female
race us I am a pure urfortunaie girl and is
uot able to be at any expense and I will
give hits name and the descriptions of him.
Z. W. Nettles he is fair comptlction and
ite hair blew eyes his right eye crost a
down look about twenty five or under his
-ith is al.,ut 5 feet 9 inches his wait i4 100:
sixty potuds a very shorte neck and a tai
lor by traid.
'MlAtY ANN NETTLES.
Report on the Amylum.
ILEPORT OF TIlE CO313111 TEE.
Exti:act from the .linuics of the Board oJ
Resolred, That a Committee of three
Iegentshe appointed to report tothe Board.
such matters and uggestions in relation
to this Institution, as the said Comuittee
mny deem interestig or important. Mles
srs. Laborde. DeLeoti, and Shand, were
appotiitedt 11he Commit tee.
The Committee to whom was referred
the above Itesolution, beg leaye ;o report :
That they have given the subject all the
atteniton which the titme and their other
engageients would admit.
Trhe Rteports of the Physician ared Sn
perintendent, herewith submitted, will put
in poissession of muany facts in relation to
the Institution, while the admirable sug
gestions in the foriner, will, if carried out,
go far to develope still gre:ter usefulness,
and! fullil the expectations of the public.
Impressed by the inagnitude of the subject,
the Consinwittee will attempt to defend
generally by the proof, of experietice, the
opiniot of your Ph, sician, and to add
such other relectionis a,, by possibility,
may benefit the mo~t unfor-unate of ior
tals. It is not a fiction, that every age has
its peculiar chatacter. Itemarkable as
this age may be for its intellectual glur),
for the dilfusion of intelligence. anld fur the
various inventions and discoveries in the
Aris and Sciences, it is not the less true.
that it is the age of active, living benevo
lence. The proof of this is to be found in
the extraordinary efforfs s lich are now I
being made toextend the benign influence I
of Christianity, and in the unexampled pro
vision which we see in progress for the
poor and unfortunate or every class. But,
confinin oursWres urhte cissr suM.m..u
with which iee have to do, it is to be rc
marked, that so erroncous were former
notions of Mental Derangement, and so
mischievous the treatmnent growing out if
them, that better, Lir benter, would it have
been for the miscrable suboject to have been
left to the unaided operations of natu:.
Instead of the pestiferous atmosphere of a
dungeon, lie would have breathed the pure
air of lleaven, and instead of the slavish
chaiis, which in Cimmerian darkness lie
was dooimed to wear. lie would have en
joycil at least a meastre of liberty. No
surer plan could poisbly have been devi.
sed to desttrov the retimat if reawn, and
it) degrade man to a level with the brute.
The trcatmttent by constraint, was, until I
recently. univeral. '1'he poor sutTrcr, L
from the very inoment ho was bereft of L
reasort. wvas thrownt without the pale of (
hmtnan snipathy, tnd a, if to vi-it upon I
him iil adivaitce, the puiimnie reserved
for the fiiatly lost and coiidentied, the very
imagin;tiolw Wa M xed for iew horrors arid
tortures. It seemced to have been entirely
overlooked that[i he had his physical neces- c
sities; that he still needied food, nude rai
menti, antd air; and thait thugh hi. reasonit
was cloudted, still it w as there io mark himt I
as the nioble-st of Gjod'. works 'in earth Ii
and to link him withI the hi-shest inrelligeni
ces in lie-avert. The fillowing extracts'
fruom Dr. .len's "Travels in Tutrk.-y,''
which arc taken from a recent work o: iDr,
IPlininy EaTrl, show that this barbarons sys-.
tm is .vet practisedi in some regionis of the
world. In speaking of the Asyluma at
Grand Cairn, Iegypi, he remarks: "I he-.
lieve that no age haiti witnessed elsewhere,
such at meclanchoily spect acle as this place L
attfords. I was led from one passage to
anroth~er, dloor after door was unibarred, thei
keeper armed himself with a courbashr or
whip mades of solid hippiopotamn<, atnd wec
at length got into an open court, rounid
which the dunigeons of the Luniatics were
situatetd, Sonic who wecre not violent,
were walking unifetteredl; but the poor
wvretchtes in the cellN, wsere chainied by the
neck to the bars of the gratedi windows.
The keeper wenit rountd, as be wn ould in a
mnia--erie rof wild beasts. rat tling the chain
at the windlow to ruses the inmates, and
dra;;ging them by it when they were tar-r
dy in aipproachitig. Onie mailman, who
spat at mte as I passed is cell, I sa'v the
keeper pull by his chanin, and kaneck his
headl agatust the lhars, hill the blood issued
from his nose. E ach of them, as we pas
sed, called aloud for rood. t inqluired
about their allowance-and, to may horror,
was told that there was ntone, except what
charitable people were pleased to afourd
from day to day. T wo well dressed Tur
kish women, brought in whilst t was there,
a large water-melcan andi two cakes of
bread. and this was broken to pieces and
thrown to the famished creatures. They
devoured what they got, like hungry tigers,
some of them th rusting their tongues
through the bars, others screaming for
more bread. * * * * Some ofI
their nails wore as long as the talons of a
Sccnes enually revoltinS wero witnes.
sed by Dr. M, at the Asylum in Constan
tuople. A cheerless apartment, a jug;tor -
contain water, a few boards upon the floor
with a couple of blankets, no fire, [though
in December, with a chair, upon every in
mate except one, just long enough to ena
ble him to lie down upon his hard bed,
this vas the picture presented.
It is one of the chief glories of our age,
that this barbaroussystem has, in a great
measure, been abolished throughout the
rivilized world, and ror it has been substi
iuted,'what may be emphatically called,
the rational treatment. Just fifty years
ago, the illustrious Pinel, who has been
styled the Howard of the Imnne, proposed
to strike the chains from lifty-three Luna
ties in the Hlospital of Bicetre, near Paris.
After many fruitless applications to the
Uovernment, he was at last permitted to
make the experiment, and he went to the
zcll of an English Captain who had been
in chains forty years and was the terror of
ill the keepers, struck them off and gave
ini his liberty. Tbe experiment of Pincl
was completely successful, and in a few
Jays the tifty-three manincs were released
From their chains. Who can conceive the
relingsof the French philanthropist amid
he exciting circumstances which surround
:d hini! Tbe scence before him, was a
'ich reward for his labors; but when he
:ast his view upon the insane throughout
he world, thought of their bonds and im
>risnnment. and the liberty which he had
aurchased for them, whit transport must
tave filled his bosom! In the whole re
:ord of benevolent emprise, there is not an
ncident, perhaps, that possesses a more
hrilling interest and awakens a deeper
motion. It dates at the period of the
iloodiest of Revolutions, and exhibits, in
lelightful contrast, a spirit of mercy and
>eace, which appeared, like x Guardian
ingel, to stay the general havoc, ani
'oint to a brighter and nobler existece.
'rom the experiment of Pinel, dates the
eform in the treatment of Lunacy. Like
ome brilliant discovery in the natural
vorld, which dispels all former hypotheses,
ind builds up a now and unchangeable
ystem, this experiment developed a great
Priuciple, changed the face of this de~part
neat of knowledge, and furnished the only
asis for a wise and successful manage
neut, But truth generally makes slow
idvances. We often cling to former opin
)us for no bet ter reason, than because they
ave long existed, and he is much mists
en whodelieves it an easy matter to break;
he chains of centuries. It was not at once
liat the civilizd world availed itself of this
'real discovery. We are happy to know,
hat in LuropA generally, and an to ksoun
ry. the truth is makiog its way rapidly.
tnd that the old system of force has, in a
;reat degroe, been abolished. It is mat
er for sincere rejoicing, thatiwe are in ad
rauce of the rest of the world. Our own
Corth especially has sbijeeted the princi
lie to the fairest test, and the extensive
irovision which is made for the comfort
ad accommodaiionof the iusane, is alike
ionorable to her good sense and liberalitm.
'he Legislature ofour State many years
go* made a heavy appropriation for this
onevolent purpose, but owing to causes
lludod to in the Report of your Phyri
ian. his institution has nout answered the
x ectations of its founders. Though it be
rue that tile patients are treated with the
.tnost kindnes and humanity, it must
e coirfessed that there are some tadical
efects in our system. In no lastitution
as the new principle of management re
eivcd a more hearty approval. Thepraisc
vorthy vigilance of the Superintendent :s
full protections against all unkindnss on
btc part of the subordinate officers, and no
euiplaint, eveu of the slightest character,
urm a patient, is overlooked by him.
'he strung afiection of the inmates ti.
utim atad ilae geueral contentment wrhichn
, s apparent to the visiter, prove his po
ubiar littness for his responsible stati.
'Iae enlightened views which have been
ii warmly embraced by the Directors oft
hais ILastitution, should be fully carrit o .1
Cuur Committee feel assured, that thec
board is animated by a sincere desire to
atake it as usefurl as possible,- and that no
Ilort will be spared to accomplish the great
ud of its creation. Agreeing iten, as all
o, in the principle of maanagemeuit, ter
annot he any serious difference of opin
itu. Trho only question is, bow is the sys
em of reason and mildtfess to be best
arried out? Anxious as we are that t be
uggesiouas generally, of yourr Physician.
me adopted, we will venture a brief notice
fsome of thtem, in the bumble hope that
hey maay be strengthened in sumedegree.
The cha racier of t Keepers is a matte:
f fundamental importance, and has beent
no much overlooked by us. It is a mis
aken idea, thbat any one las sense enough
a keep a Lunatic. The truth is just thec
everse: that few have sense enough for it.
Srequires a peculiar cotmbination of talent
ud eharart-r. In our Northera Asylums
rent care is exercised in the selection; and
IIlexperience proves, that thec fate of the
aticent nor Unfrcquently turns upon it.
Sctter is it to have one good attendnt.
han a dozen cheap ones. Let it not be
upposed, that too great consequence is
attached to the character of the Keeper.
Jader the old plan, no qnlities were no
essary but the purely yscl as the Lu
atic was to be controlled atone by brutcr
orce. But i't is now far otherwise. Wd
nok to moral and intellectuaf glaalitui..
n the language of the Repiort of tI;6163
forlk State Asylunm, "none shot h5 sa
loyed for the delicate aad ditt
utr well educated persoes,ofst
ctuated by a high sensof duty, a