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C OR 8 !-.Z*-*o
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All scommunications addressed t the
Editor, poet paid, will be promptly and
trictIv attended to.
Ter -J- S- Jeter.
T.-J. Hibler, Esq.
For BMOn of Jp-M
Col. John Hoiet
Maj. Tilmn Watson.
De. J. 0. N'ihlson,
Cz James TaipKins,
Dr. R.C. Griffin.
Wiley. Harrison. -
Dawsoen Atkiusoun Esq.
J, 7The Wc-dol of B. i.
E S, anno nee hin as a cadidte for
the Office 6f(heriff
june 15' 20
Th e.,] adsOF.
ks,%N-for te ofies of TaaC6.
e mare 9 6
he Meads. of Shubel
ATI'AWAY, announce him as a candlidate for
-the Oce of Tax Coletor, of Edgeeld Dia
00e MenK4s of Capt.
W.- COLEMAN. announce bim as a
candidate for Ordinary of Edgefield Dis.
trict. Jan 19 : if 51
0m'The friendsof Wn. J.
SlMKLNS, Esq.. annonnce bam as a candidate
for the ofice of Oidinary, of Edgefield District.
80 tber 2. tf 31
VC friends ofr Coloneil J.
H10. announce him as a candidate for the of
friends ofCol. W.
announce him as a candidate
s'e ofOrdinaryof Edgefleld Dis
1r. Editor.-Pesse give tie. following ap.
P'I tments one or two inwrtons in the Co.
. fawns of the Advettiser, and oblige
St. M. ADNEY.
J. U. Chiles and . U. Abny. Missions
riot for the 1st Division of the Edgefield Asso
ciation, will commence their operations on Sa
turdat beforethe 2nd Lord's Day in July next.
0O Sat-rday before the d Sabbath in July,
On Saubefore the 3rd Sabbath at Plum
-On & efre the 4th Sabbath at An
On ' theist Sabbath in Au
O eldab*eedAbbath at Rehoboth.
On audybefore the3d abbhthat .uga
OnSatra before the 4th Sabbath at Seth
On Saturday befose the~st Sabhath in Sep
tember, at derb. a
Each of theaho tasmannints will he eon
tinned one-treek, If eamanoes are encour
Tag beheatCallihana's Mill are inform
ed, that we have tea churches, and but nine
weeks, essennty we are uder the necssi
ty of leaving est ons.and as itis convenient for
lwto attend Plumnbranch and Rtehoboth, we
thougbt it best to give them no appomintment. If
this saieet is not satifactory, we will try to
vsit them after the Assoation.
Mr. Edikw.-Isi connexion with the above,
yuarereqaested to insert in your paiper die
nolwuatuieofothera tapinents, viz:
- The Mmsr- 'Brethrmn J. Trapp, and W.
.5 Loyd, will anaend
Riambsg d. the Saturday before the 2d
setng ,in. on the Saturday
solh Saturday before the
At Cloud's Creek* on the daturday beore the
4th lard's Day.
At IAz , I on the Saturday before the 5th
At Sardiso de Saturday before theIst Lord's
Day in August.
At Salem, on de Saturday before the 2d Lord's
At Red Bank. on the Saturday before the 3d
Lord's Day .
At Dry Creek, on the Saturday before the 4t6
At Rocky Cr'eek.on the Saturday before the lA
Lord's Day in September.
William P. [till, and William Watkins will
At little Stephens' Creek. on the Saturday be
fore the 2d Lord's Day in July.
At Fellowship, on the Saturd.y before the 3rd
At Sister Springs. on the Saturday before the
4th Lord's Day.
At Providence. on the Saturday beforv the 5th
At Good Hope, on the Saturday berre the It
Lord's Day to August.
At Damascus, on the Saturday before the 2nd
At Chesnut Hill, on the Saturday befire the 3d
At Mountain Creek, on die Saturday before the
4th Lord's Day.
At Siloam. on Saturday before the Ist Lord's
Day in September.
21 JONS sTiCt.:no.
Earth. of man the bounteous mother,
Feeds him still with corn and wine;
He who best would aid a brother,
Shares with him these gifts divino.
Many a power within her bosom
Noiseless, hidden. works beneath
Honce are seed, and leaf, and blor
Golden ear and clustered weat'
These to swell with strength in
Man's a i s
Bud ase blim ar
These. lik man, are fr
Stamped in clay.a heavi
All from dust receivet.
Barn and mill. and wine vat's measures,
Earthly goods for earthly lives,
Thwse are Nature's nacint pleasure,
These her child from her derives.
What the dream. but vain rebelling
~ If from earth we sought to flea 7
'Tis our stored and ample dwelling,
'Tis from it the skies we see.
Wind and frost, and hour and season,
Land and water. sun and ahade:
Work with these, as hid. thy reason,
For they work thy toil to aid.
Sow thy Peed and reap in gladness!
Man hiisielf is all a seed;
Hope and hardships, joy and sadness,
Slow the plant to ripeiem lead.
Fom the HTIagh Obsrrer.
y lire i like a wrenth ofsmoke
W~hat eurls awhile in air.
And then dissolves in nothingness,
And is no longer there;
But when that smoko is past and gone
The playful breeze still dances on
And so when life with me is o'er,
The world will wag as 't did befoie.
My life is like a dish of milk,
Within a baby's lap;
'Ti. held awhile in careless mood,
And down it tumbles-slap ;
And spils itself upon the floor,
To till the empty dish ne more;:
And tears are shdo'er what is spil
Bust none will weep when I am kilt.
Myv life is like arainbowv on
'I'he bosom of a shower,
Eahaibiuin its varied bites,
And fading in an hour;
Yet, when that bow away has paised,
A sadness o'er the cloud is cast;
But, when I'm gone no one wil care
How I come on, or how I fare.
That's beat about by battling waves.
Then's swallowed by the tide ;
Yet, when thatigrain away is borne,
The waves and billows loud will maarn
But when I die, all hands I know'
Will shout " Lord bless him, let him go!"
From the Tesmperance Adsocate.
n~wnaRY aGaICUL.TUaAL, 50CiETY.
Agreeably to the constitotion, the next
Annual meeting will take place on Wed.
nesday, the 27th of July next, at Newber.
ry, when the following comtmittees are ex.
peeted to report through their chairmen,
on the following subjects, viz:
On Cotto.-Y. J. H arrington, Michael
Werts, Thos. H. Henderson, and George
-On .C."s.-Wniter Herbert, Esq. Dr,
John N. Herndon, John Paysinger, and
Os Whea.-Col. Jaohn P. Noel, Dray.
Nanc, and Col. B. F. Grilln.
7aO*~t.-Maj. Samuel Young, CoL,
ohn,4 ier, nd Hf. MI. 0'Neel.
pguj be it would prove a
to bilous fevers.
am ih' methods which have
be-. for preparing thisarticle for
diet, ddto the variety or taste and
renders some one of its forms, agreea
ble to Individual: We give the va
riotd thir e come under our ob
the TrAnto. Cut up with
alAt,- mid-pepper, asyou do cu
en -at stway as fas as you can.
Ros ~ fet 2RTatoes. Take lour
tomat the vine, ripe; slice up, put in
,to-pot .the fire without water, stew
themf and when done put in a small
lump o , and eat as you do apple
chose, a lit te crumb of bread
crackers may be added.
WVai Mkave .lft, put away in ajar for
mItt. When stowed. beat up
a half d' s laid eggs. the yolk and
white Iwen each are well bea
tenr n* with the tomato-put t hew
in a fieat them up; you have a fine
2vt -them the tjear round.-Take
them fU . , nod scald in water, to
facli operation of tak-ng off the
skin; w sakinned, boil well iu a little su
gar s'O, bitt n'o-water, and then'spread
in cakesiliou an inch think, in the sun.
The ry uough in three or four
days tapoes away in bags, which should
hang insa -room.
Ho mPzck Tomatoes. Pick thetm
when ripe.. Put them in layers
in a J irTuhb garlicks, mustard seed
borse- pices &n. as you like,
filling bpi 5ar; occasionally puting a
litdesWW4 Portionally to the quantity
laid d d which is intended to pre
serve = to. When the jar is rull,
pour onitmnaisatoes cold eider vinegar (it
must t:ihmfiill all is covered, and then
cork' $ set away for winter.
Preserues. Take them
entd ei e jyro-- wih na orange cut m
, ..,Awr, saae up the tomatoes.
straiu the liquor, and put with it a pound
and a half ofwhite sugar for each pound
of tomatoes&* Put in the tomatoes and
boil them gently till the syrup appears to
have entered them. In the course of a
week, turn the syrup from them. heat it
scalding hot, and turn it on to the toma
toes. Prepared in this way. they re
semble West India sweetmeats.
KNOWLEDGE is POWER.
In a late admirable report by florace
Mann, Esq., Secretary of the Board of
Education of Massachusetts, the following
striking exemplificatiou is introduced ofthe
maxim that "eknowledge is power:"
--M. Redelet, in his work -Sar'' Art de
Batir,' gives the following account of an
experiment made to test the dillerent cir
cutmstances, were necessary to move a
block of squared granite, weighing 1080
"In order to move this block along the
foor of a roughly chiseled quarry, it re
quires a force equalio 758 lbs.
."To draw the same stone over a floor of
plank, it required a force equal to 65* lbs.
.Placed on a platform of wood, and
drawn over the sanme floor, it required 606
lby. spighe two surfaces of wood,
the requisite force was reduced t'o 182 lbs.
'Placed on rollers of three inches diam
eter, and a farce equal to 34 lbs. was suf
"Substituting a wooden for a stone floor,
and the requisite force was 58 Lbs,
"WVith the same mollers on a wooden
platform, It required a force equal to 22
lbs. only." '
"At this point, says Mr. Mann, the ex
periment of M. Redelet stopped. But, by
tmprovemiettsince effected in the inven
tion and use of l~oomotives on railroads,
attraction or draught, or eight pounds is
sufficient to mowe a ton of 2,240 lbs.; so
that a force of less than four pounds would
now he sufficient to move the granite bilock
ofil,oe0 lbs.; that is, one hundred add
eighty-eightttis less than was re-iuired
in the grat inatace. .When, therefore,
mere animal or musenlar force was used
to move the body, it required about two
thirds of its own weight to accomplish the
object; but, by adding the contrivances of
mind to the atiingth of muscle, the force
necessaryto move it is reduced more than
one hunmard-3andei t-eight times. Here
then, is a pafrt p~Inwhich mind con
tributes one handrd and eighty-eight
shares toibe-tock-to one share contribu
ted by masele,.or, Gwhile brute strength
represen'tsonb man.: ingenuity or intelli
gence repros 0150s onundred and eighty
[ have trieithPbbesse theeaperiment
recomeneo two since in the
Farmer, for the tiidt of turnips
in'b'ultaasilifrme'os fed on those
roots, by feeding theha imme8Ietely afler
mnilking..A owbaa beena fed throug the
swintet with one bulf bushel of rota ' ss
at ? time: andseveralpoersons deela g
On Postioe.-John Summer, (or Lex
ington,) C. B. Griffin, and Jams Stoffett.
On Ctdtivued Grases.-John Holman,
Jacob Ducket, Col. Simeon Fair, Colonel
Win. Counts, and Jacob H. Hunt.
On Ditching and Draining,-William
son Clark. 1. Herbert, Esq. David Hentz,
and Phillip Sligh.
On .avng Pork and Prrserving Bacon.
-Col. James L: Gildpr.J. J. Kibler, -Da
vid Reid, and George Neel.
On Impaovementu in Farming Utnils.
-Zebulon Butler, John W. Summe.s,
John Holiun, Thomas Alontgomery, and
OnRogs.-Nathan A. Hunter. Wtiiam
Summer, Mark M. Higgins, and John Hid
On Horses.-Dr. Peter Mloon, Ja
Hunt, Thos. H. Henderson. John Gin
kius. Gen. H. H, Kinard, and Maj. Jamec
On Mule.-William E. Hardy. Nathan
Whitmire, Dr. J. H. King, and John W.
On Catle,-aj. Adam Summer,Thos.
Montgomery. Capt. Jas. Moffiett, and Pe
ter Hair. -
On Sheep.-George Boozer, Esq. Dr.
G. W. Glenn, and Daniel Smith.
On Horticulture.-Capt.Thos. H. Pope,
F. B. Higgins, Dr. Wm. H arrington, J.
H. Pearson, Wm. Summer, Dr. B. Wal
do, and b1atthew Hall.
Preparatory to the atiove named meet
ing, an extra meeting ofibesociety is here
by called by the President thereol, to take
lace at Newberry, on the first Monday in
July, at 10 o'clock, A. .1. when it is hoped
that those who design competing for pre
miums on crops will report themselves to
The general good which may result front
the next annual meeting, must depend very
much on the nunber of members who may
turn out on sale day next.
June 7th, 1842.
Indeed, ao hoL.'e atteuttn tias been given
to their preservation. that many think they
can have them no longer than during the
season of their growth, They are, easily
raised, produce abundantly. and, after a
little use. all declare them to be a rich
treat. Their presence on the table at any,
or even with all meals of the day, is quite
A noticc from you at this time, as to ther
best mode for putting them up for winter,
would be of service to at least one of your
readers. Yours, &c., P. U. r.
A!SWE BY THE EDIToIL,
The Tomato has lnig been known and
used f'or culinary purposes in many pur
tions of Europe, in France, Italy, Germa
ny. Holland, and within a few years has
become a general favourite in this coun
Dr. Bennett. a medical professer in one
of our colleges. considers it an invaluable
article ofdiet. He ascribes it to high med
icinal properties, and declares.
"1st. That it (the tomato) is one of the
most powerful deotistruents of the lateria
Medica, and that in all of those affections
of the liver and other orgatns where calomnel
is indicated, it is probably the most effec
tive and least harmful remedial agent
known in the profession.
"2d. That a chemical extract tiill be
obtained from it, which will alhogether su
persede the use of calome! in the curs of
"3d. That he has succ 'fully treted
serious diarthena with this a icle alone.
"4th. That when used as an article of
diet, it-is almost a sovereign remedy (or
dyspepsia or indigestion.
"5th, That persons removing from the
east or north to the south or west, should
by all means make use ofit as an alinment,
as it would in that eve~nt save them from
the danger attendant upon those vinlent
bilious attacks to which almost all unaceli
mated persons are liable.
"6th. That the citizens in ordinast
shotld make use of it either raw, cooked,
or in the form of a eatsup, with their daily
food, as it is the most healhy. article in
the Materia Almernaria."
Professor Rafnesque, of France, says:
"It is every where deemed a healthy veg
etable, and an invaluable article of food."
Professer Dickens writes: '4 thin~k it
more wholesome than any other acid
Professor Dungleson says: "It may the
looked upon as one of the most wholesome
and valuable esculents that tsalong to the
It is considered effcient in curing indl
gestion and diseases of' be liver and lungs.
A writer in the Farmer's Register says. it
has been tried by several persons, to his
knowledge, with decided suecess. 'Th'ey
were afflicted with chronic co.ugh, the
primary cause "f which in oneLjcase WaS
upposed to be diseased liver-ia another,
diseased lungs. It mItigates, and some
times effectually cheeks, a fit of coughing.
It was used in a dry state, with a little
suar mixed with .it, to render it .mnors
agreeable to the taste. The writer ax
S,.a CODnniatinn. that if freelv used ini
themselves to be exceedingly acute in each
matters, assured me after repeated tastings, i
that they could not perceive the slightest e
flavour of the turnip. The trial, therefore,
appears to be satisfactory, so far as one
experiment is concerned.
But why report the result at this season
of the year? Why, in order that you may ;
make provision for next winter, by putting C
in order a large piece of ground for ruta
bagas, immediately, manuring it well and
giving it several good harrowings to mix
-he manure well with the soil; then go to
our accommodating friend at the Roches
ter seed store and get a full supply of seed,
and put them in the groun4by the first of I
summer, and you will havdden at least i
one good action.
Remember that thorough previous cul
ture destroys the weeds and saves two
thirds of the labor of hoeing.
And that mixing manure with the soil,
thoroughly and intimately, is as important I
as the thorough mixing of the other ingro- i
dientsof the soil, and to plough in large un
broken lumps of manure and leave them
untouched, is as absurd in practice as to
mantuacture a soil of sand clay by throw
ing together large pieces of unburut bricks
and sandstote. J.
Wayne countj, 1842.
Edward Russel, Esq. has sent to oAr of- I
fic-a Cabbage. which, for weight and mag- I
nitude of proportions, out-lierods ierod. 4
It was grown on the Thunderbolt- road,
about a mile and a half from town and is
a "perfect caution" to those who say that
Georgia cannot produce cabbages or any
thing else in a vegetable way, as large and
as good as any other State or country.
Th'wewlgbt of this mammoth specimen
is 18 1-21be. and the diameterof the head,
whlI ibeautifully white and perfectly
comn aid solid, is 13 inches.
t oarticle to the office -f the 4
P41 1A M6W. where it madequite an im- a
- 1-vthe side of another !
curio%:.. m the cthti.,- way, which had
,onli ntine,-nwi or I l gt'.ri M-. ___
The writer did not know whether the dis.
covery was a new one, but it seems to have i
been a very easy and effectual one, and i
well worth a trial.
STLK IN NASsACHUSITS.
One of the most satisfactorily conducted ex
periments in the silk culture which we have
seen, was made in the family of Mr. Barton.
Gill, Mass., and reported by Mr. Colman. in
his 4th report. The management was under
the direction of Mias Barton, who not only fed
the worms but reeled she silk. Mr. Deane, the
narrator. says:-" Partly at my suggestion. the
details or this experiment were accurately not
ed. The weight of the eggs hatched was 2j oz.
The worms spun in 28 or:9days. The amount
ofleaves consumed was 2->.000 lbs. The weighat
of cocoons was 248 lbs. The weight of reeled
silk was 20lbs. i and the amount of labor was
one month; that is. the first :ialf was greaily
less than that. and the hst days something more.
The building ued was the vacant corn house.
, hich of course should nint enter into the list of i
expendituies. and the fistures were tuerly
temporary shelves of rough boards, and a few
hurdlestocontain the worms.during their three
first ages. Neither should there be any charge
for eggs. as a creat quantity were produced or
future use. The expenses therefore stand as
Labor. I mo. $12.00. board do. $6.00, $18 00 1
25,00 lbs. of mulberry leaves, 50 ets.
100 lbs. 12 50
Gathering cocoons, camphor for cur
Reeling 20 lb.. silk at 75 ets. per lb. 15 00
laerest on reel and fixtures, 1 01)
20 lbs. silk. for which Mir. B. has re
fused$5 per b. $100 001
The State bounty of'l5cts. on 2481bs.
of cocoons, 37 20
The State bounty of 50 ets. on 20 lbs.
recled silk, 10 00
Deduct 49 00
Profit, including bounty. $96 20
Without it, 51 20
In this case, the cost of cultivation was less
than $2,50 per lb.; from which the state boun
ty was tso be deducted. Miss Barton was able
to reel without diticnity, oe and a half lbs. of
silk. During the three first ages. the worms
were fed with choppe leaves; during the two
last, on branches. Teworms passed each en- I
tire age without the removal of their litter.
which service was only performed immediately
afer moniting. In what ether way, we may
ask, coold a young lady make as prontabe .a,
se of her time, as was done by 'Miss B. in
feeding these industrious laborers? And we I
may hoethat such examples will be followed. I
ntil suhinstances ofrsuccessful industry shall I
not be as rare as they now unfortunately are.
LiaGa vtaLD 0? coal.
'In a late number of the Louisville Journal,
wsfad an accoont of acorn crop raised by
Mr. Young. of Jemsmine co., a crop exceeding
we believe any on record in the country. The
editor says: "I Mr. Young exhibited to us a cer
tieaeof serlescabld temen, certi
fyin tht i a lt o Av acrs~h ha reduc
ed ens &gudrdd a iwindy-ehushas corn to
the acre. The corn was measured, a there is
no doubt or the corrctnes of the estimate.
This wso apiece ofhbttomiland, and. the
committee were of opinion that Mr. You '
crop onathe upland was bettec thani tha s
was measured." Mr. Young - nI
the laditeded forcorn, ~
ither way. This land is broken up in the fall,
a the spring struck out in squares three feet
8eh way, from eight to twelve corns dropped
m each, which at the hoeing is redueed to four
talks to each hill. Asson as the corn is up,
large harrow is run over die whole ground,
aless of harrowing the corn up, which
e m happens. Nothing but de plow is used
a the cultivation; after the harrow. no boe or
:ulivator is brought to the field.-Cahisatr.
NoVEL INSTRUMENT o1 DESTAgCItoW
rp~anding Cannon Ball.-Mr. Wa -.
3eals of this city. has recently invented a
iingular and ingenious instrument of de
itrucion, which he calls the Expanding
.annon Ball. We have seen a model of
i, and though of course not at liberty to -
lescribe it, we may mention that the in
tentor is prepared to demonstrate thar it
ossesses a gower of destruction snperior
o that of any ball in use-in fact, there is
3o missile that approaches it in destructi
iility. At the moment of leaving the guA
t instantaneously expands to the extent of
hree or (our feet, and is capable of making
i hole of more than that size in the rigging
f an enemy's ship. A few of these shots
would completely cut up the rigging of a
vessel - Ad disable her. One shot could cut
lown f(ur men with the most perfect ease.
I'he Preeident. the Secretary of ibe Navy,
mnd oflicers of the Army and Navy, have
en the Expanding Cannon Ball, and ex
>ressed themselves fully satisfied of its
>ower, Mr. Beals isthe bearerof despatch
is from the Secretary ofthe Navy to Com
nodore Nicholn,of the Charlestown Na
ry Yard, and we unlerstand that a trial of
he cannon ball will lie immediately made.
Mr. Beals, while at Washington, made
in experiment with his fire boat in the
>resence of the Secretary of the Navy.
nd nearly a hundred officers, which-was
:omrpletely .uccessful. The boat struck
vithin six in - ba point aimed at.
Ne ba-c seen a. ~from the Secretary
ifthe Navy in which hesays e'I witnessed
in experiment made sith the host upon a
mall scale wbiclpshighlyWsatisfactory."
We regaalAr.Bealciaventions as of
im and have no doubt
by our Government.
- -& LA of
es apart,-the inner stieating L.;.tg so
ivetted that the rivets are entirely on the
uside, aud free from any danger of being
ujured by cannon balls, or concussion,
should the rivets on the outer sheathin
ie toni off, the vesel will still Boat with
ierfect safety, while the inner rivets can
ilways be got at to remedy any injuries or
lefects, both heads of each rivet being in
ido of the vessel-N. Y. Mechanic.
An IXTKRSTINO ZZrzazuET.
Take three basits or bowls, and fill one
with water of the temperature of a hun
fred degrees. Fill another with water of
ixay degrees temperature, and the third
ris water at thirty. Place one hand in
he warm water, and the other in the cold.
ted after about one minute, put them both
ogether in the water of the medium tm
erature, and it will feel decidedly cold to
'he one and equally warm to the other at
he same tine.-bid.
SECURiTr rao LSU0TNINu.
It is cunmonly remarked. that a person
s safer in open ground, during a thunder
turin. than under a tree. On this accoznt
11r. Elisha Spear of Amherst, declined
Poing to a tree for shelter during a shower
which occurred on the 15th uIt. although
rged to do so by a boy who was at work
with him. The boy repnired to the sha
er of the tree, where he remamu~-1
shile Mr. Spear was struck 'tad ins::'
tilled by the lightning. -Ibid.
TO MtAKE P'EaMANEN~T MSAaaINo iNK.
Take 6j cents worth of lunar-caustice,
mnd, having put it in an ounce vial Gled
rith vinegar cork it tight and hang in the
sun. In a cuple of days it will be fit for
To make the preparation for the above,
;ake a lump of pearlash the size of a chest
iut, and dissolve in a gill ofrain-wrater.
The part of the muslic which is to bo
irritten upon is to bc we~t with the prepara
ion, and dried and glazerd with a warm
latiron immediately after which it is ready
A little vinegar, in which a rusty nail
tas remained for a few days, makes a
nark on linen which is not easily oblitera
ed-forming what is commonly called
ron-mould.-Louisrille Jotrn a!.
The Journal of Commerce remarks that
*amid all the changes which trade is pas.
ing through, nouo is more remarkable
han that in oil. lieretofore the whale
ishery has supplied light for a vast portionr
if the country. In all the large towns and ~'
rillages sperm oil has been sold freely.
l'at trade has suddenly ceased. This
pring there has been almost no demand
'rom the interior forsperm oil, and vey''
ittle from the city. Camphine and --
uil have supplhed the demand ata ahps
ate. Crude sperm oil has Cal .he
bird in price, and yet remains - -+
I'be hogs have fairly run the ~Els.ou
af market, and are Iikey~eind~
ground, unlesssoqrgewb processfe
emig ctrienoevo on ai' e
ofthe West are
qudrpe and-Is pnl