Newspaper Page Text
Prom do N 0. Baleiet.12t iSLt.
LATEST FROM MEXICO.
By the schooner Laura Virginia, Capt.
Filetti, 7 days from Tampico, we have re
ceived Mexican dates to the 18th ultimo.
We particularly thank Capt. Duff, who
came up passenger in the L. V., for his
kind attention in handing us the latest pa
The most intereoing news is the Rekase
of a the Santa Fe Prisoners. It seems
President Santa Anna celebrated his Birth
Day with this act of grace. The Ameri
cans in Mexico will no doubt aid their
destitute fellow men to obtain the means
of transportation to their own country.
Basiness at Tampico is represonted as
in quite a dull state.
The Laura Virginia brought up about
$600 in specie.
The following announcements on the oc
casion of the release of the prisoners are
copied from the Government Journal.
Gen. Ciuiaco Vasques, commanding the
Post of Xalapa, reports thus to the Minis
Ster of War and Marineon the 12th of June:
In compliance with your Excellency's
order sent to me by express. under date of
the 10t inst., I have so arranged that on
The 13th instant, in presence of the troops
of this cantonment, while solemnizing the
birth day parade of his Excellency. the
President. the Texian prisoners shall be
sworn and set at liberty, that they may re
turn to the United States, but under the
consideration if they be apprehended again
with arms in their hands, they shall sutffer
death. On the conclusion or this ceremo
ny I shall give them corresponding pass
ports, and shall advise the commanding
general at Vera Cruz not to impede their
Gen. Jose Durain, commanding the fort
at Perote, reports thus on the 13th, to the
Minister of Wa r and Marine.
In compliance with the superior order
ofyour Excellency of'she 10th inst.. rece
cd by express at 10 o'clock on the night of
the l1th, I made such disposition that al!
the Texian prisoners in the fortress wvere
put upon their march for Xalapa. Forty
seven of the pt isouers left escorted by sua=
dron of Atlixco. Three prisoners remain
in the hospital sick, who nill be moved fear
ward as the state of their health shall per
Mexico.-The Commandant at the Cap
ital writes to the Minister on the 14th, as
Ertellent Sir-I have the honor to sub
mit to your Excellency a list of the Texian
prisoners, who, by order of his Excellency
* the President, were set at liberty yester
day; remarking at the same time. that of
the nine who are in the hospitals, one isiu
St. Lazarus. seven in St. Jago, and the
other died this morning, of the small pos.
General Head Quarters of Mexico.
List of Texian prisoners who have this
day been see at liberty by order of his Ex
cellency the Prnincial President:
Commissioners, Col. William G. Cook
1&.1-Ilkd A. rewraCaptain J.
Lieutenants; C. J. Barquess, Surgeon; J.
A. Vhitaker, Commissary, 11: L. Grush;
Quarter Master, Valentine Bennett; Mu
sicians, A. F. Kendall. WV. H.- Scant ; Sol
diers, -W. WV. Alsbury. J. Alexander, J.
IL Adam, James M. tdgar, I.. Butler, -.
Rickford, J. M'Lauchau, H. A. Allen, J.
Bede, Levi Payne, George Bampell,
George Barnard, S. P. Ilunter, L. C.
Blake, J. L. Mabry, 11. D. Brady. J. MI.
Allen, John M. Millor, A. Story. 11. Cham
berlain, John Cummings. G. D. Miller,
Ls. Jenkins, B. Wark, J. L. Walker. Bi.
N. Gilmore, George Craver, J. liughe.,
Thomas E. Jenks, P. Scar borough. Cha..
White, D. White. William Stegec, James
WVatd, John Talk, .1 1. Rogers. I". Rudge,
.J. hludson, H. A. Knykendall. Johna Mer
gan, William Rosenbhury, A. Baker, .
Kellet, Honigan P. Liddy, L. Freeman, S.
Ralph. J. W-. Norton, P. Murphy, M
Campbell. T. D. Coyle, P. L. F. -, E=
Judin, P. Barison, G Rhan, Thomas M.
Hunt. C. Manly. 3. David, B. Palmer. B.
Lockhart, J. Ilies, p. S. Ward, P. New
man. G. N. Gibson. F. K. Perkins, S. G.
Wells, E. hlail, E. Black well, Gen. A yres,
WV. J. Bell, B3. M. Owen, A. C. Bedler, J.
Normans, B. Piudar, J. S. EstundI. E
Stroud, W. Yountg, J M~ctuire, 1. IR.
-*Fleming, John Bron n. S. S. Thtomas, B.
Cottell, J. Ensberland, J. Pratt, W~finim
Rosier, E. 51'Donald, E. Bollard, Jame
Boyd. B. Kordihl, Gcorge S--. S. Den
niis, B. Y. Tunler, J. Jemison, J.Gaigo. B.
Stroud, N. lores, WV. Medos-110.
In the Hospita1.-Williami James. J. P.
Gilmour, F. 0. Hudson. T. hiancock,
Jactici, J. S. Enorder, V. Covington, .
Lewis, S. hi. Bowin-Total 119.
Mexico, June 14, l842.-(Copy)
JOSE MARIA DIAS NONEGA.
[(From the Courier.]
We have a copy of Santa A nna's specci
em the opening of the Counattuen't Coo.
gress of' Mexico. Juno 10. 1842. We har
time to translate only a few sentences o1
"Its America particularly, the manec
(of the people) have received an imnpuls
that it may be proper and1 posible to guime
- but impossible to check, because its ten
dency is to creato and timprove. T he an
stitution of 1824 had placed the nation ii
an extreme to that from which it was drie
von in 1836. The seductive example ol
felicity, up to that time always on the in
crease in the United States of America,
led us to the compromising adoption of a
system of government that suited only thai
singular peoople. Trmnsidental as was the
error, we imagined that the United States
owed their prosperity to their institutions,
and not to the ebaraetor of the-people.
" We imagined that, by writing down
for ourselves the same laws, and by adopt
igthe same forms, we coulid effectuate
- *- .-., cestoms, and national spirit of the Mexi
*cans. Debility and disunion were the eon=
- -seqneset becaose the action of the goc
yernment every where proved a nulity.
- Events have plainly indicated the risks the
- euntry ran, and showed that is:dpn
4 demOe and1 existenee as a naten wastrea
- teded. A colossus had set one foot on
- - Tesst not tag its dn#e be chechod
but by an ecergetic government, OeN ad
"The Mexican Republic has proudly
raised itself from its lte prostrate position.
The strength and numbers of the army
have been trebled, and the colors of the
nation are about to he unfurled on board
of its ships of war. Reformsand improve
ments have been adopted in our revenue
system, and care has been taken to make
the Mexican people sharers in the progress
that distinguished the age
" The most frank and cordial relations
have been maintained with the powers
friecdly to Mexico. Should it appear that
any nation has invaded our rights, or prac
tically violated the good faith of which we
have est an example, it will be found that
my governmeut has acted with a dignity
becoming the country over which it pre
" b! y at tention has been priucipally fix
ed on the Territory of Texas. which has
been usurped but as a preliminary to fur
titer usurpations. The struggle now going
on must be a vital one for tie Mexican
republic, and that if we wish to preserve
an honorable name among civilized na
tions, it is necessary that we should em
ploy all our energies and resources in
combatting without ceasing, and at any
sacrifice, and all hazards. until our arms
atd our pretensions shall finally triumph."
The advices from Mexico, received yes
terdav, possesses considerable interest.
The "most prominent item of news is the
reported release of all the Texians prison
ers belonging to the Santa Fe expedition.
The cost-oittent Congress of Moxico was
just assembled, and it was possible that his
power would soon come to an end, Santa
Atna wt-hed perhaps to distinguish the
cime of his Presidential career by an act
of clemency. Nothing has as yet trans
I pired indicating what will he the results
of the poitticn movements now going on
in Mexico. During the present session of
Congrese an attempt will be made to reor
ganize the gevernment upon a plan differ
ing in imeportant particulari from any sys
tem hitherto adopted in that country.
From the opcuing speech of President
Santa Anna, very little can be gleaned giv
ing satisfactory inforenation upon subjects
about which the greatest curiosity is Felt.
It is evidently opposed to the institu
tions of tie United States, inveighing a
gainst them in strong language, and de
nounciug them as altogether unfit for the
3lexican nation. In the latter particular,
his opinion is no doubt a correct one. The
population of Mexico are altogether unfit
Ir freedom. and a century of education
aud gradual amelioration, .vill be required
to prepare such a nation for a republican
government like that of the United States.
Upon the question of recognising the in
dependence of Texas the President does
not relax in the least from his former stub
borness. It is manifest, however, that the
chimera of the re-conquest of Texas is
about to he abandoned. The release of
the Santa Fe prisoners is a favorable omen.
and we should not be surprised to learn
that nertiations.had.commenced, con
i emptu -th settlemt ofegisting diffi
cultics borestaruioniof betwen
The Bou.-The following are the cha
ges which Mr. otta proposes to prefer
against the President, and whtch wcre in
ended to be read for information itn con
nexion with his remnarks, of which a copy
has been furnished to the Reporter for
la1t. 1 charge Juohn Tyler wvith a gross
usurpation of power amf violatinn of law,
in attempting to exercise a controllhng in
luence over the accounting officers of'the
Treasury Departmntt, by oredering the
pyetof accounts that bad been by
tem rejected, and threatening them with
expulsion from oficKe uless his orders were
2d. I charge him n itht being guilty of a
eigh misdeuaeanur, in retaining men in of.
ie feor months after they have been ru-~
jeced by the Senate as unworthy, incom
petent, and uufaiehful, to the detrimenet 1al
the paublic interests, and hazard of loss to
the public Treasury; the Government
having nto security for the faithful appalica.
tifthe public funds passing through
their hatnd-s, and lie thereby defeating thai
provision of the Constitution wshich re~
quires the s~dvise and consent of the Senatc
to all unminaztions nmade by the President
3d. I charge him w'ith gross offieia
nmiscoduct. in attceapting. en a spirit of re
vege, fear a constitutional exercise 01
patwer by the Senate. in the rejection ofonc
oft hi.' nomienees to nflice, to remove a largc
nmecr of raithful antd meritorious subir
dinte officers from the custom-house o
Philadelphia, with whom no fault wac
fouund save that of a supposed politica
preference for another, and who had dis
charged their duties with entire satisfactior
to the Collector of the Customs; and for at
tempting to substitute in their stead, ere
having no other reco mmendation than~ tha
o a supposed acquiescence in his views.
4th. 1 charge him with the high crima
and mtisdenmeanor of endeavoring to excite
a disorganizing and revolutionary spirit ii
the country, by inviting a disregard of, an;
disoedience to a law of Congress, which
law lie has himself sworn to see faithfull2
!>th. I charge him writh the high crime
and umisdaeear in oflice of withholdin;
his assent to laws indispeensabtle to the ope
rations of Governtment, invoulving no con
stitutional dillicuilty on his part-of depri
vig the Governm'ent of alt legal source
if revenue-of asumtineg the whiele powe
of taxation-and of collecting duties Croui
our citizens without the authority or sanc
6th. I charge him with the higb crimt
and misdemeacor of open prositutton ant
proligacy in a willingness to barter away
the oflices of Government, and the prine:
pIes lie professed, to obtain the support o
one of the parties in Congress tow whicth ht
has heretofore been opposed.
ythb. I charge him 'vith gross oficial mis
conduct, in having been guilty of a shame
less duplicity, equevocation, and falsehooc
with his late Cabinet and Congress; suct
as has brought him into disgrace and con.
tempt with the whole American people,
which has disqualified him from adminis
tering this Government with advantage,
hnore or virtna.
8th. I charge bim and
despotie abuse'op t'~o Eratl
fy his personal an at,
with such eviden
and duplicity as out his
total disregardof the poo.
pie and of his'daty -
9th. I chargehi h misd
meanor of hostilf
ty to the I tO t,of the
Government. be* -t.: san- I
derous and - lhis own
signature, with a -a faise c
sod unmerried Ifself. and
bringing Congrees and odi
um with the people, eans that
harmony tween the ve and Le
gislative departments, a1 to good
government and the w people.
has been utterly d t
10th. I charge bim - -abandon- I
ment of an acknow itutional I
duty, in refusing tore aid to the I
constituted authorities eIsland,
when called on, as he f revi
ously promised in his .g,
as a sacred constitu ' tion upon
lith. Ichargehim wi 'ing such a
course of vacillatdonweu 'ind folly.
as must, if he is per aio long
er at the head of the t, bring
the enuntry into d disgrace
abroad, and force the a state of
abject misery and distres e,
12th. I charge him..g utterly
unworthy and unfit to ha inies of t
this notion ins his bands f Magis-I
trate, and with havi'- upon the I
necessity u exercising totional
prerogative of impea'eh rrn
dering the Govermea b uedI
as a plaything and a toy, sport on C
the one hand and his on the
Tax on Colton Ba he hill t
now in progress befiore the contains
a tax an cotton-bagging-af nts the
square yard. Under th '1832, it
was thr.ve and a hhf centi rL And
Mr. Davis of Kentucky . in his
remarks, that tihe mann ad four
ished under this duty, aidt mann
facture had tripled tn lears.
The chairman of th - (Mr.
Fillmore) stated thatthis Ave.cents 4
the square yard was onl per cent. I
ad valorem. This shows norance
of the subject. The art' prerness
or Dundee costs from tea cents.
But the duty is five cent are yard,
and the article is from to forty
four inches wide. Not *rinches
square is the square ya leaves
from six to eight inc -six In- C
ehes on every running taxed
over tIhe ten or thirteen running
yard, which is the article.
Then, instead of being ad Va
Iorem. if the article cost it is five
cents on the thirty-six i re. be- I
sides the six by thirty would I
also make very nearly itional I
tax ia the running yard ortytwo
to forty-fuur inches wide e,
cents.it would be 60 per centd yalorem;
and if it cost thirteen cents, I qquld be a c
little over 46 per cent. This, then, is the
tax in reality imposed upon the single ar
tiele ofeot ton-bagging. Thihdiffers, in one
respect, from any other aricle npon which
you impose taxes. It'is enttsgued, exclu
sively, by the couon-planter. /The argn
ment as to other things is~ hat they are
consumed generally by theewboe commn
uity;t andl thus equulize theatelves by all
beatring them alike, accordngap their cnn
sumption. But here is eaiile of prime
necessity to one class.nlone sitie commu
nity, upon 4gh a tax is Imposed of the
highces't rate, under the hold and ignorant
assertion that it is below theqeneral duties
imoposed upon other articles for revenue, It
takes with la-ge hidles of eottonsix y ards,
und with small five to Bve apd ahalf yardu
per hale. Now, writh the ts,at six cents
the runnming yard, (as we ie shown.) is
amtstttt to thirty-six centse bit e; and
every planter who raises- b,) ales, thus
pays $36 us a tax to Kerntieky to prepare
his cotton for shairment, andls a direct tax
upon exports. WVe have wet calculated
tihe tax uponi the rope also.' TBt soppose
that the cotton cropu amountep2,00.000
bags, the tax on rotton -haging wouid
amount to $720,000. Doesanty one sup
pose this kind of unjust and reckless legis
Iation is to last ? If so, he is mistaken ; for
when the musjority in Congresuischanged.
(and changed it will be,) the first thing will
ihe to move upon such oijects as are clear
ly unequal and unjust, and upon which an
unfair tax has been levied hy the leaders of
monopoly. The consequence of this un
fair move in the Kenwsneky delegation, to
secure enormous pro6its to those few who
Ihave control over theetton-h 'ng mar
ket, will be to endager AnIttheir sta
bility and permanent pmspedy. The ar
gument of Mr. Davis was, tojprotect their
labor against the cheap laboerof Asia, en
gaged inc furnishing a ceap article for cot
ton baggiug. acc. And yet we hear i said
that Asiatic cotton is destined to destroy
IAmericant cotton-planters it its cheap
I ne. Now, we submit if tile genilemen
who make this cry ought notialso to have
some regard for Atmerican hdior engaged
in raising cotton, as well-as that engaged
in cotton bagging; aed yet theay impose
additional taxes upon the preximeer of the
raw material for the exclusifeheneft'of
their labor. in utter disregari of the right
a nd interests of those from weum they re
-ccive the greatest benefit. Ifihese things
4are persisted in, is will drive the cotton
planter to use his own cotton fors bagging,
and so raise his own supplies entirely;
aud then the Kenineky manopolisers of
cotton bagging will he indebted to the ex
aled wisdom anal sound ,d(esutrae oteir
present Representatives lbs having kled
the goose for the godeaa og
Common Carrier.-The f e
and wife vs. Neill, whh ocetf
the attection of the Cirinit Contt of the
United States now In as Cincin
nati for three days,' iag is c lose
on the 8th instant. The ( teodla ofthe
11th inst. contains the fo I~sg accont
of the trial:
Mr. Neill is the defbndan sd proprie
toro nte most imponet..esn Wine. In
Jhio. Among others, he was, a the time
his case originated, running a line from
3anesville to Marietta. There was also
nother line of stages on the same route
which carried the mail. Opposition of
ourse ensued, and at the time the acci
lent occurred, The stages were racing. It
lid nt appear that Mr. Neill's driver A as
iarticularly careless, or unuskilful, indepen
lent of the general wrong of racing, or
The plairtiff, Mr. Peck, bim wife and
:hildren, were in Neill's coach. It was
ipset by the passia of the other carriage.
is wife was permanently injured, and so
vas his son.
The case was ingeniously argued by the
listinguised counsel Messrs. Ewing. God
lard, Vinton and Swan. The law hnw
er, as it plainlt ytists, was laid down
y Judge McLean, that a Common Car
ier is bound to the utmost degree of care.
kill, and prudence. in the management of
rhat iscommitted to his trust; and if the
ury found the facts as alleged by the
ilaintiff, they of course must asses the
lamages at what they deemed a rcaiona
tie amount, taking into view the sufferings
tith bodily and mental, of the plaintiff,
iiith $5000 damages.
The Chronicle adds
We may here remark that this law of
ommon Carriers is equally applieblle to
ill modes of conveyance. to Rail Roads
iad Steam Boats not less than Stages.
'he application of the principle now need
d by the public is to Steam Boats. We
itve not a doubt, that in searly every in
tance of Steam Boat accident, the pro
irietors might have been mulcted in heavy
The principle of the law does not go
ipon the idea that the proprietnr of t bese
onveyances is himself actively and in
entionally a wrong-doer. lie may in
hat respect, be very innocent. But he
ngages far profit in a business, which rea
on demands he should conduct with the
tmost prudence; and the security of hdle
tod property to the public, requires that
his duty should be exacted of him.
There is another case on she docket in
which damages are claimed for injury done
o the son of Mr. Peck.
Since the above was in type we have
eceived the Cincinnati Gazette of the 13hb
nst., from which we learn that case of the
on, Wm. L. Peck, vs, Mr. Neill, was
roncluded on the 12th inst. by a verdict
'ond for this one act of carelessness,
tmounting to $8000.
We understand that about five hundred
lotices of debtors who intend takiug the
Penefit of the bankrupt act, to their credi
crs, unpost paid, from Iowa and Illinois,
massed eastward through our post office one
lai last week.-Indianapolis Sentinel.
fbo Albany Daily Advertiser, remark -
g upon a similar batch from Columbus,
ays-oCreditors begin to understand the
natter, and can readily detect a bankrupt
lotice; in fact, in some States (the Eastern
articulary.) the Baukrupta go so far as to
tave printed outside the letter conveying
he notice, the words-"Notice in Bank
-uptcy in , ofA, B." orsomethingrto
hat efiect . the-PostOffe in this city.
kJ~,50 e Cb lqetescha
Tsesee a oroI W09eU ora Waw amne a&V:
old, has been ,a*en ot-the postage is,
onsequeitly ~o to the Department.
Fie dead4ptt r postage bill of the office
ophe quanter jist expired, is from $200
o310 greater than acy previousquaarter,
taddihis mainly, if not entirely owing to
:reditors refusing to take out these notices,"
W. Y. Courier Sg Eaquirer.
The fate of a Distiller.-A bout t wenty
rears ago, there was a man in England
:gaged in the distilling business, by which
se acquired property to the amount .o
iearly $200,000. Ile afterward met with
oases, in consequen~ce of irregularities, and
imbarkeAd with the rcmnnnt of his proper.
ty for this country. On the passage, hs
lost his wife and children. lie wet to
Rochester, and engaged in land specula
tions, and purchased several large tracts,
and built extensive mills thereon: but thi4
property lie ost, in consequecnce osf a print
mortgage, of the existence uf which. he
sad been ignorant. Leaving Rot hester,
he wsent to Utica, where he married a se
:ond wife, and commenced the business
af grinding scissors. and repairing locks,
and umbrellas, lie afterwards removed to
Adams' Basin. where he opened a smali
store, in w hice business he continued ii
1840, when having become dtread fully dis.
sipated, he found himself so deeply invol.
ved in debt, that his own, and his w'ife's
property were isnsuflicient to extricate him.
In 1841, he left his n ife und four children,
f whom he had often shamefully atunsed.)
and proceeded to Pittsburg, and( msarried
Mrs. Mary Mc~lynn. Within eight months
after this marriage, and after havitng been
two or three times imprissoned for abu
sing this third wife, be deliberately tied het
so a chair, by her hands and feet, threaten
ing so cut her throat ifrshe made any resis.
tance, and then set her clothes on fire-by
wbich the wretched wife was burned in sc
shocking a manner, that she survived bui
three days afterward. This wretch is the
John Bard who has recently been tried,
and found guilty of umrtder in the second
degree by a tender hearted (and we sh.'uld
think, a rum selling) jury, and sentencd
for a term of years, to the pcnitentiary.
A hard Eick-While the t:-inl of carn
was running on the Ponchartrain Railroad,
on Sunday the 19th ult., a cur was disco.
ered to have been carelessly left standing
on the track, a few miles from New Or.
leans. The engineer or conductor, proha
bly indignant at the circumsance, and(
thInking to give the intruding car a "good
setting out," and send it shooting a head oil
the road, allowed the engine to run full till
against it. The object was accomplisbet
as a "matter of course," but the shock 0a
re-action had the eff'ect to throw ever)
passenger from their seat,, literally pilinj
them in heaps, and severely injuring some
while not one of them, it is said, esea per
mare or less injury.-Ibid.
Reading Neoper.-A Western pa
per, says that young ladies who are accus
seined to reading newspapers, are always
observed to possess wionig ways, ms
amiable dispositions, and invariably miake
good wives: while on the other hand, thosu
who. read nothing, or what far warse, o.
velS, arc generaly unfit for either society,
or donestic cares, and their company is C
but little sought by either sex, farther than E
the rulesor commsion civility actually re- y
Ebt ac i t rt (at t.
EDGEFIELD C.H- ,
WEICESDAT. JULYT 27. 1842. ci
Notice.-This day we start on a toor through Of
the Distuict, to wait upon our patrons, for the t
purpose of collecting, if possible. a portion of P
the ncedfad, due our establishment. ns we are in
- want of Money, and must have it." We have
waited for our patrons to call on us until we
have became tired; so we have concluded at
was best to mount Old Bonaparte. and a friend. P
ly visit pay to all whom are indebred to us, v, ith *
a hope that we shall, at least. find some who will tl
be ashamed to mention a word about "hard
times," but have our cask in waiting, upon our
arrival at their houses.
E' We thanokfully acknowledge the receipt ir
of a number of public documents from the lion.
F. W. Pickens.
ET We have been regnested to call upon the
candielates for seats in the next Iegisiature.
from this listrict. to give their views, through o
the columns of the Advertiser, on the following p
The clsosing of an'U. S. Senator-whether r
they are in favor of the re-election of the lion- r
Win. C. Preston? 1I
Whether they are in favor of a National or C
U. S. Bank, and their opinion of the Banks
Whether they approve of the proeeolings ofr ,
Congress as regards the question of the Tarif. 0
On the limitation of the office of Judge
On the subject of the election of Governor b
being given to the people.
07 A plan for the divi2.ion of the State into
Congressional Districts. under the new Appor- t
tionment Bill. b
Charleston. 59.245 66,7d4
Williamsburg. 7,539 t
Orangeburg. 13,745 I
Lexitgton, 10.23-) tI
Barnwell. 17267 c
Edgelleld, 2536 66,394
Abbeville, 23.291 1
Pickens 13.270 6600
GreenvilleP. 15,717 t
Spartanburg, 21,394 . r
Union, 15.594 63,64 a
LAurens. 18.019 -
Newberry. 1d.3r2 c
Fairfield. 15.163 t
Lancaster, b.013 664-2 t
Chesterfield. 7 4 o
Kershaw, 9,063 1
-3rlborougb. 6.760 d
Saumpter, 20,342 C7,721
This armagement of the Districts has been T
selected, afler a careful examination ofthe sub. b
ject. as the most practicable and convenient o
division into Congressional Districts of whiach
the State is susce ptible.
The allotment and callocation han been made j
with special regard to the geographical situa- E
tion of the present Judicial Dlistricts, and to the '
degree of Intercomnmunication between their
respective inhabitants, upon which mcasure.ably i
depend that harmony of sentiment anad opinion, I
that uniforrmity of manners and customns whichr
constitute the unity and homogeneousness of ae
Their geographical connection, and the gen. ~
eral similiarity of the mannuter' and habits of
their inhabitants, indicate the fitnens and pro,
priety of this arrangement, and furnish a cgn
argument in favor of its adopitioin. This ,'vi
sion of the State does not preserve the precise
federal numbers entitled to a memiber. hut it
approximates equality nearer than any other
division into wihich the State~ can be thrown.
without violence to geographical fitness. an~d to
the high considerations to whichl we, has e ilhtid.
edi. Wae are persuade'd it wall he linia uaponii
an e xamination of the subt.ject that no other ar
rangementt will he eithecr so nainral in regard
to geographical proxanmity and po'iti,.n, or ap e
proatch so near the l'ederal numbers, of which I
cacha Congresional District should be comapos- CI
ed. as the one uder conasideration, ness in-e
deed the proposition shouild be entertained of a
subdividing the n.resent twenty-nine distaicts,. l
w ithi the view :attainmng greater eqnality.
This prope:,iti will hardly be entertained tby
any one on account of its obvious imnpolicy.
The Conigressioinal and State Representa
tires should have the samte constituency, andl
be held to the same power. Thea above schemei
for dividing the State to mcet the new appor
tionmeiit of Rlepresentatives. is submiitte-d at I
this early period, for the calm and deliberate
considerati'on of the public. itha the single
hope, that it mtay be maturely investigated. and
answer at least one good end. th~tt of awaken
ing the putblic mind to it. Neither party politics
nor personal considerations should have anyv in.
fluence in settling a question of this kind. Con
siderations of fitnaeaa atid equality, and a desire
to secutre an able andl faithful Rtepresentatane in
the Congress of the Union. from each Congres
sional District, should exclusively determine
the settlement of this question.
Imprisonmenitfaor Debt.-The Legislature o~f
Pennsylvania has passed, at its presenit sesion.
a bill abolishing imprisonment for debt.
IGreat Britain and the Uinited States-T he
Charleston Courier of the 20th inst, says:
-We perceive with mch pleasure, that our
Washin ton corresponident renuews our hop.es
of an amicable adjustment of the Mlaine tioun
The Washington correspondent of the U. 3.
Gazette. writes under date of 12th inst:
from amt happy to learn, as I have this evening,
frman authentic source, that the negotiation
I with Lord Ashburton wears a much more favor
able aspect at this time than it did a tew days
ago, and there is every prospect now of a spee
dy and favorable termmnation efi.
At a Uleeting 'e1 - wgsdd Barrinth
aurt H ouse; 91) the 26 5wint.( $ leat;
Pij., was catoel toso dn a Toi
Esq., appointed Secritary
Mr Wardlaw anatise following ro
tions. which were ananim nsly adopted:
Resolred, That " aibrother, John W.
limbish. L.qr., by his courtensO demean,
e talent* anti genterlttainuietS. and espe
illy by his readiness in debateiidustry, and
ill an tie law. had acquired the con6fidence
id tegard of his brethren, and was surely at
ining great usefulness and distinction in bis
Resolred, That, in testimony of our regret
i his preinmture loss. we vvear crape on the
ft arm for one month.
Resolred, That die Secretary transmit a co
rof these resolutions to the mother of the do
ased, and furnAlt a copy for publication in
e Edgetieldi Advertimmer.
JOHiN S. JETER, Csirmen,
J. Trnny. &crefary.
Otn tle 16th inst. three persons passed thrh *
a city of Baltimore on their way to Wheel
g. Va., bearing important dispatches from the
. S. Government to Mexico.
Congress.-The Correspondent ofste Clar
stan Courier. unerdate of the 18th inst. says:
- The principal and a very imp-rtant piece
'intelligence that we have. to-day, is the pre.
rat ion of a iew revennse bill by the Judasia.
Committe'e. To that Committee was refer
-d. at the instance o' the Committee of Fi
sice. the letter of the Secretary of the Treasu
on thme subtject of tihe pretent collection
woo; Tihe Committee not the Judicia. the
'hnirman of which in Mr. Barnard, o( New
'flrk. t.-day. madnle an attempt to present a re
ort. It was not in order at the time. But I
derstnod that the bill is one that may unite a
rong sutippeort. It purposts to be explanatory
f the existmtng laws for the collection ofduties,
ad provides. in efet. thals the duties shall be
U per cent, and 1.% led spon the valuation fixed
y the 13th section of the act or 183, until
iherasse pro-% ided by law. The report can
a be made till Thursday, without a vote of
vo-thirds. Should the scheme be adopted by
stu;res., it wull put an end to the whole con
-Iver1 for sone months at least, and probe.
ly till the next Congress.
-'le netw revensue tariff bill was read by its
tle to-day in the Senate and referred to the
aounitier ott 'inance.
-1 r 're-iton gave notice of a joint resoln
on to provide for die payments on account of
e extmnguisment ot'land titles, outoftbe pro
reds of the public lands.
- ir. Benton brought up his motion folriesre
iintroduce a hill to repeal the Bankrupt act.
w. e weeks ago 31r. Benton offered the same
otion, but it was decided .that, inasmuch as
e sane bill had passed the House and been
-jected by the Senate. it could not be received
the Seuate without a vote of two thirds.
-- Mr. BLentuon made a very strong argument
gainst the Bankrupt act both on the score of
unstitutionaliiy aosd expediency.
--I#. Ikrrien bretly replied, showing that
e same ews had been previously met, and
i quedtnn was taken. and resulted in a vote
:.1 to 21. There not being two-thirds, the
Itiota as flit.
-- Tw bill rair tue armed occupation of Fori
a ap taken tape, disised .ind passed by avote
I :Ia to 50. hlie following Were the remarks
r Mr. Iiolmes ot'. C. on the occasion.
hir. iouies thought the system prepo - ..
i this bWl war -te bed.t
'he Indians alone, he nte
teretaned possession of the Terilk, in
spsstion to twe mihtary fore fthe U hed
tates, flor six months lie believed there were
rates and marauderm rom the coans, who
mld tite ma the swanips as wel as thelIndians.
was tweir advantage lto do sn, and toprln
me war, on accounit ol the traflic th~ey 'are
ni wmath time lmdmanus in ammunition, provisions,
: c. lie contenided that, in a financial point of
:e w, it w as best to give away a pert of the
overnment lanad, ma order to secure the0 rest.
:- themancd occupation, the capitalist and the
ie laborer n auld be protecti He related
n anesd tc at a ia akee mn Vermont, who own
d a large body of land. mnd offered to give er
rv aiterate mtiusanaad acres to any man who
mould comec and settle it with his foree and
mpital. G.enerus am it seemed at finst, it was
the cend, ar Iromi being a li:A. The seed
iwnt scattered, anmd prodmiced lruit sixty (old.
te aimie puy shouuld be adopted by the Go
rmtent in relation to f'lormda.
-A war with .tlrxsco had been alluded to;
md. a.. nuchi as they affected to dep~s it, it
omud b~e one mf the most serious events that
euad is.mpjsetI. .'lexmco cmouid nol march an
rmms, to amitade us,. but site oumld fit out or corn
iuoin priateers . anmd thmen this territory
uihd be of vast Imnportance. lie dwelt on
mim subject oimec time. and theta pointed out
me csmliscquences of a war with a greater pow
r-Great tirtain. ailppose Cuaba because one
tet territosial possessions of Great Britain:
rme comid tell but uene ofther first acts, afer a
'cratn at war, would be to pour sit armed
>ree t this. territory t'ram Cuba and Jamai
a f-amid theu i f time mnorthcrn men came down
thmat scene o1 condict. they would find it oc
isped by memn who, unlike themselves, were
ecastomed to the heat of an African sun. It
eame this Govmerminmt thetn, to pt, that ter
itory tinder sonme sectire regulations."
The manie correspondent, under date of the
9th inist. says.
-The w.eThr r is exceedingly hnt just now.
Ionitress ms duil enmingh. Mlany metabers haye
et the cmiv n ithout the itetntion of returniit.
tis atic'uilt anud rare to ot-tin a quorunm :n
ither liinn. TIhe people every where are tin
ttient mit thme demay. to busineas. Yet there is,
i tmis. t..enlt. le'ss prospect thanm ever of the
dptom .f any perm-inent and proper system
ifret ene. Soim'- few at the whigs may be
hp...sed to give- iayv amid drop the dtsurabaton
or ter salke of a 'a~ritf biut the number wi
tat he snficmcent. it has been reported that
tir. Talliniadge wotild yield his partiality far
lie diutribunonam cLause to timeniecesity of'atsi',
nit to day it is denied by smme ofhius frnends. I
Iaonot ?.ee nnyi probabihty that the whip will
mt to any' schemte of revenue unconnected
--rTh. Jntdm'iary Committtee will report their
leelat ator) Taril f n Thursday. There is even
diut, hotid. nlhethter the Housse will pass
hi bill thoumghm it cememplteii distbu~n n
-ormi,t ims tith the Co'mprmmntse Act.
-"Shulid il pass it will be the only actionon
ie mbject at this esmon.
in ttmC Setnate, to-day. Mtr. Preston intro
Iiced hianotnt resolution to provide that the
noeapaid to extinguish lndiani titles to lands
shl er-musdto the Treauy fromt the
tale of taid lands, This subjeet'wudt be consi
lered to-ntuurroW. The tSenhte pasedsbiR t?
:arry itexecutiontesoution of the Cem
teitmil Conagremt to! tu tentnp'eni toht US
n oftGeneraliFatmeis tNasb snd.
- Sany 1mrivate hlls were acted em n- h
ongrs ytdS rah s qo
ena ed that theiMciIeuwsbti