Newspaper Page Text
~~6~'~UeN ssftliigeu8te. *
From, the New Ycrk -wbn Etra
LATEST FROM EUROPE.
North and South Amer. Coffee House,
Loi Dot. Monday July 4, 1642.
We take advantage of an Express from
this to Liverpool, to send you details of all
the most important and latest ntuelligenc,
which will be conveyed by the N. Ameri
can Mail Steamer Acadia.
During the whole of yesterday and to
day, LAndon has been in the uttmost ex
cited state in consequence of the appre
hension of another individual who is be
lieved to have intended an attempt on the
Queen's life, and this within but a few
boursof her Nlajesty's royal clemency hav
ing been extended towards the man Fran
cis, whom she had but jost sqved from the
severest penalty of the law.
The monster charged with the third at
tempt, seems to he some misshappen fiend,
whose appearance ouly bears comparison
with the foul deed wish which he seems
desirous to have distinguished himself. It
was on her Majesty's return from the Cha
pel Royal, yesterday, hat the wretch
seems to have intended his purpose; but
the whole affair seems so truly revolting
and opposite to the national character, that
we can scarcely briug our minds to credit
Al its truth.
Messrs. Sharp, Roberts & Co. the emi
nent engineers of Manchestcr. have dis
charged 300 of their operatives. One or
two cotton mills, it is -tated, are on the eve
of stapping their works.
Great progre-a has been making in the
gigantic undertaking of erecting a light
house on the Goodwin Satds. The cais
son is already plated perfectly air and wa
ter tight at low water mark.
The Senate at lamibrg has just pub
lished a third list of subseriptions towards
the relief of the sul'-er front the late lire.
The total anount received up to the 15th
tlt, was three nillious of tuarca blanco, i
A formal notire hart been :iven to Col.
Burnett. by the Pacla of Eypt. that the
trade of the next cotton crops' would he
free, and all would lIe at liberty to pur
chase them throughout Eaypt.
Our news from China is to the 4th of
April. The preparation for tqe defence
by the Chinese of the river between W ham
poa and Canton were still it prigres, al
though now nearly completed, and their
oflicers w ere unremitting tn their exertions
to practise their artillerytnen in the use of
Several skirmishes had taken place along
the coast, but with to decisive result. al
though in each the enemy had suflered
considerable loss. More vigorous mea
sores were, it is said, in contemplation,
and a movement to the northward was in
tended upoo the arrival of the expected
Trade appears to have been carried on
as usual, but, with the exception of cotton,
not upona remunerating prices. Barter was
the only means of commercial enterprise.
The enabined forces would, it was sap
osed, have maintained their present pos
- am until about the eit f 0ne4 A
i2 aaufactrtig and commercial disaress
4.4- i sfto exist, but most well-diposed
-parties seear incline d to trace this to the
over creative power of machinery than to
any other cause. There has been extreme
depression of late, owing to all parties
haying withdrawn trom hustness opera
tions until the passing ot the Tariff Bill
enables them to see clearly what steps to
take in their matters of retrular business
and speculation. The Tariff being now
settled, of course such causes are removed.
The proceedings in Parliatanent have
possessed no essential inerehl, business
having been devoted to the Income Tax
and the new Tariff questions, both of
which are now pascal, It is expected
that the business of the atession will he
bruught to a close abount thte '20th of this
Pardon of I'rancis-Another . flack upon
*The convict Francias, who fired at the
Queen, has been reprieved. There does1
exist a doubt that the pistol was loaded
with a dest ructive substtance. le still as
serts that be had not intended to injure her
alajesty, but did it wsiah a view to get pro
vided with a hotme for life-, simtilatr to that
of Oxford. lIe will bo truu-sported for life
jo a penal wttlement.
The announeenft of his reprieve had
scarcely been made known whlen the pith-1
-lie wer'e alarmed by a report that another
and exactly- similar u.ttempt laud beena trunde
upon her Maaje't y's life. Thte details are
almost too forcia~l fair tnotice. It appears
that as thc royal cortege was returtnitng on
Sunday tromt ahe Chapel Royal itt St.
Jame's to Buckittghnm Palace. a defor- t
med youth presented and snaapped'a an old
.rusty pistol at ahe cat ring~e in wshich hter
TAlajsty was acated. ln was seized by
nuother youth. who wrested die weapon
from his'hand,. but the policemian in atten
dance refused to take hiam in charge. be
lieving it to be a hoax, on which ho w as
permitted to escape. lit, was apprehendedl
zn thec course of the day, whetn at was dis
covered that lhe htad recenttly anal repeat
edly beetn :card to s:ay thatt he admnired the
conduct o(francis, and regretted thtat lie
had tnot succeeded in his attempt; thzat r
* Erancis was a brave fellow, atnd hte wished
be had been in F.rancis's place, for he
would do for the Queent; that he had a
primne air-gun aund he wo~uld use them in
thte same-ecatuse. The pistol had atn old
flint lock with a screw and rifle barrel.
Upon detaching the barrel, which was
done with some difficulty, from the screw II
having becomze exceedinagly rusty, owinga
to its long disuse, there were found in it a
portion of very coarse powder, a piece at
tobacco-pipe, and some paper wadding.-c
Alis motive is supposed to be the same as lI
ihat of Franris.
Frac.-The intelligence from the I
Continent is at little interest, it we except la
the publication of the royal ordinance an
France, Imposing un ad valorem duty ot a
20 per cent. on all lineu yarn imported in- b
to the kingdom. As may be expected, I
such a revolutionary measure has produc- I
- d great stir with English aanufacturets, C
but it is expected the French government i
will submit to an amelioration. r
The Commerce informs us that a eon- t
- ..r., ,. hanen entered into bet waen the h
!rench and Neapolitan governmeuts for
he transpoit of letters from Marseilles to
4aples, by stoo - packets. The ratifica
inn of this treaty is daily expected. Let- i
ers bett een the two cities,and consequent- r
y between the two countries, which now I
ake eight days, will in future take three
Span.-Our advices from M1adrid are
o the 27th of June.
Some insurrectionary movements at Fi
;ueiras (Catalonia) and Barcelona had
seen suppressed. Others were apprehen- '
led at St. Sebastian and Tolosa. I
No colision had as yet taken place in I
the cortes, between the now ministry and
the coalition, and it was even believed that
the latter would remain for the present on
PortugaL-We have advices from Lis
han to the 27th of June. Nci'her the slave
trade nor the commercial treaty ntere i
The East.-We have letters from Alex- I
andria to the 28th June.
It was reported that Mehemet Ali had
offered to the Porte to send seven regi
nient, of the line to assist in dia tning
the Syrian mountaineers.
Ibrahim Pasha left Cairo on the 9th
for Upper Egypt to superintend the erec
tion of sugar mills, which he is building for
his own account.
The Pacha had aceceded to t.e propo
bal submitted by the British Consul, that
the import and export duties be for the fu
ture levied upon valuation ofmerchandize,
and in Egyptian cnrrency, without refer
ence to the tariff of 1839. The trade in
cotton had also been declared free. tle five
per cent, duty upon the imports becoming
payable from the 26th of June.
The letters from Constantinople are to
the 1Sth of June.
India.-The commercial intelligence
fron India is of a very unfavorable charac
ter. Freights for shipping are in the most
depressed state, and, indeed, every thin;
seems at a stand still.
From the .ew Oleans Bee. n10th inst.
The secam ship N. York, Capt. Wright,
which arrived in port yesterday morning,
brought the Galvesien papers of Saturday.
The most interesting item of news is
the skirtnish between the Texian volun
teers in ibe West and the Mexicans. The
fuollwing is the account from the Civilian.
From the fest-4track on the Camp at
The following -s the otlicial aeeovnt of
Gen. Davis ofe attack of the troops un
der his command. Unfortunately it occur
red before the arrival of the volunteers
who last left this city:
Head Quarers, Tc.rian Volunleers.
Hon. Ge. W. lockley,
&c'elary of War and Mlarine.
Sir-On last evening I received certain
intelligence that we should be attackedsia
a short time by a large Mexicn force.
The position which I occu' being an
str'is posiion. '
This morning about day Ught, the ene
my, seven hundred strong, entered our old
encampment, oc attacked our new poition,
which they kept up fur about 20 minutei,
and then made a hasty retreat. Three Me:
icans were left dead on the field, and from
their trails, many -w-ere dragged off; their
killed and wounded could not have been
less titan thirty men. I am happy, to in
form you thtat we had not a man either
killed or wounded. My whbale force, in
eluding Capt. Cameran's Company of
mounted gnou,tut. did ntot exceed two hun
dred, the Mexicar, fi'ree, as I learn from a
wounded pria~mer. consisted of two hun
dred regular troops and five hundred Ran
heruts, the whole under the command of
Gecn. Canales. The expedition ,'-ns fitted
out for the expre"' purpose of attacking .
bthig post. They had one Gield pico, a t-our
Congress still continued in session. The
princepal qutestioans wthich t.ave occupied
the attention of the body since its maeeing
are the Me-xican invasion, and the replen-.
ishment of the treasttry. The Civilian of
he hntest daite says
T ho bill to tmake the President Cam
inander in person of an artmy to be raised
For the inva-ieon oaf Mexico, giving him an
hitiy to draft cane third of the militia for
he purpose, and authorizing himt to hypo
hecate (the right to sell was stricken out)
he public lands for the purpose of raising
uanis, passed the [House of Representa- '
ives on the 11th inst., by a vote of 20 to'
We understand that the Senate is op
iosed to some of the feattures tnf this bill,
sut that it wilt be ado'pted as it stands oy
at hacly, before thtey will allont the
thle measure to fall.
The question in the hlouse on the adlop
ion of the two most impo~trtaint features of
he bill stood as lollows
1st. rThe provisbon to authorise the Pre
ident to take cotmmand of the army in
>erin-27 to 7 -, majority 20.
Std. Authorizing the President to hy
othecatte any~ portion of the public domain
r any other utnuppropriated revenue of
he republic, was carried by 29 to 3, or 26
The Brazos Farmer mentions the receipt a
V ar, opetn boll of cotton on the 25th of ~
ne, and adds that the crops promises r
rel in that vicinity.
A commercial house of this city has pea- i
itely handed us the following extract from f,
letter received from Vera Cruz :- h
aVxaA CaUz. July 11, 1842. e
"The Mexicans fromt this port have o
'veredi their marine with glory to-day, i
aving surprised and captured off Cam- e
achy the best vessel the Campochanos li
ad. and brought her safe in here. It Is a it
rig purchased not long ago, formerly a sa
panish merchantman, mounts 14 guns r
d a'long tomon apivot ; had 70 men on b<
card, and was taken by 40. We expect ri
crly to learn that the same fate has hap- it
ced the Teias navy,w bo probably aware h
f the danger they run, have not shown vi
eir noses for a long time on our coast, so pi
luch so that we feel perfect security, and
sank God, our coasting trade has seldom I
Fre d. '
By the arri Bri
sh RoyalMail .n V
Cruz, we have of the
)iario del Gobiernp i "t Vera
ruz pepers to the letters
rom our corres the latest
Some thirty of thi -
oners had arriveidi t
eral of them Jid with the
Omilo or yellof ne were
t Jalapa with *'nthe
hartering of'. M
ither to this plab
Among tims ted at Vera
*ru we notice vid Lan
lers, of hi.wd Spooser of
8rginia See ' down with
he vomile, but'it would
Col. Cook and r attached
o the Santa Fe ex 1' gatrrived at Ve
a Cruz on the 1 1 io make ar
angements for the aton of the
nen out of the
Our worthy Counsel Cru, L.
3. Haergoue, Esq.;A Acenstomed
iberality has done. e in his pu
-r to alleviate the condit use liberaed
risoners already asrive4athat place, and
t was through bis ad v tsiat the balance
)f them, some 240W lied at Jala
pa, else the ravagesef ic would
iu all probability have be cproduetirev l
mnany deaths. It was thnoght they woed
ill get oli 'y the 20h1r 25th or thi,
The Great Congresasin session al
the city of Mexico and 'iszt a dead si
lence reigns as regards whoisgoing On It
it. One of our corre sots. states the
general belief to ho,. t bo the session will
be allowed to go on as long as the mom
bers do not commit syact which ma
liffer from the opTsion !' gif Anna, and
in case they do run :oi- ts the wishei
il the provisional President they will gc
to their homesquicker than iheyenhe froa
them. In the tneantia. eier thing ii
puiet; but it is almost impossi2 that this
1uiet could I.st, fr the simplereason that
a mnjority of the members airongress an
Federals. As Santa Ansi will not listn
to any thing like a Federal in of nvern
meat, without materially, efanging hi
views, as a matter of couneithe two inter
esis must clash. We mast wait pasieutly
for the next news from thie Mexican capi.
They had alf sorts of a rijoicing at Ve
ra Cruz on the 10th lsig.-e tarn out o
the military, firing of cannon, ringing a
hells, illuminatica. T.Deums, &c., it
:elcbration of a retie iachievement oi
Commodore Marit, eoia" er of the
Mexican navy. It seemiihweComue
dore has recently suceeAil "I4 cutting onI
and bringing in to the piere Vera Cr
th'e best Srig beloginjieteqetan, ant
rrom under the viy gua at Cam.
It seoms that the. wkhre
sulted so sneeifoil
Commodore M 1
Fit'ig a ' e
wihodrsi o a a ini
jrthe Castle.of. - Tles
The brig was dne ormerly ta
ken to Vera Cru s epose of dis
posing of her to thet government.
Disappointed there..the finally ef
reeted a sale uf her't , ernent oa
Vucatan for the sum of . The Yu
ratane..e must have ping whet
the was captured, flg me she was
a ithont a sail; an a taken inte
Vera Cruz she eenvass that
he spianker and jibs. The Mexican del
ar was probably one dithe foremost or the
soarders in this coup de mtaist, abtbough
,som. Marin hsas the reputaelon of being an
ictivo and brave oflicer, and we believe
Many questions are asked inMexico in ne
erence tithe Texian blnckade, and wheth
r the vessels that wets to enforce is are
n the water or only on paper. The Tex.
an' should let them ino the secret.
The l2th'ofJune, thethirth-day of San
a Anna, was celebrated wrish great pomp
mnd splendor at the city of Mexico. A
leuicans made a grand ascension in a hal
rys ona t he occasion, a~gngande parade of
nititary, consisting of 6400 men, with six
re'n pieces of cannon, were out, and the
rean prisoners confindd in the Convent
f Santiago and the Aedrda were paraded
nd addressed by Santa: Anna in person
iving them their liberty. He stated that
hey now had proof that the Mlexican na
on w as as magnanimons and as ready to
ender justice as it waskrave on the field
f bat tle.*
The Diaria says that the Texans ate
nowledede this act ofgenerosity on the
art of Sansta Anna with repeted acclam
tion. to she Mexieansnataa. and to the
ignified President. -*
At 8 o'clock in the evminga table withb
fucovers was-set, at which were preseint
iie Preuaecnt, the Archliishop, the different
abinuet officers and the ogeg ministers
mnang them Gen, Thn ad the Hon.
inr. Packenham. Speeshes and congra
datory addresses .10 the President were
elivered on thbe occasmon. Gen. T. hnsped
is Excellency might lie many years. and
meet a ith fregnetd eesjsons to exercise
ems as noble sand gaaerosa as that which
e had just psrfm-llading in his
~lease of the prisoners. -
Dr. Hiac.--A afrom Baton
~ouge informs us tb swtbe doctor a
w days ago, and4~ctit beIs evidently
leached. The ro'r.elh has wither
I, and the Guoanei 'li that elasicity
temper for whih~pns formerly dis
ngui'shed. A' gr' h( vement, how.
ver, is observable in. gmoda of living.
:stead of midnight , ho now
variably retires aqa r, and pur
es his vocationof boo(" lng with great
gularity. This . at.has doubtless
~en effected bye thjs-c of the Mo
il Reform doiesy volumes
favor of this benevol *ation,whbich
as kindly uraha regenerate the
lainoue world, and 'ig-haek to first
ir nenre at a'~wM.
toistans in the cty of Baltimore a few
weeks ago. As usual the meeting was
opened by reading the pledge and an in
vitation to sign; this was followed by a
general rush for the secretary's desk. A
rum seller at the fa:ther end of the room
got up, and asked leave to say a few words:
n ouWasingtooian boys," said he.
"have got all my customers but one, and
there he issigning now! Guess it's no use
to open shop any more, so with your per
mission, I'll sign too!"
This was received with immense cheer
ing during which the rum-seller walked i
the desk and entered his name on the book.
EDGEFIELD C. If
Wgrntsoav. AUCGUsT 3. 1842.
BY We thankfully acknowledge the receip
ofa number of public documents from the fon
F. W. Pickens,
g7 Wiley Freeman, who escaped from Ii
prison of this District some five years since
whilst awaiting trial for die crime of murderin;
his wire, arrived here on Sunday morning abou
three o'clock. By reference to an article fron
the N. 0. Picayune, published in this day's pa
per, it will be found, dat a brother's love wai
alone the cause of Freeman's being a.ain incar
1 07 At Cincinnani on the 21st uIt., Flour hac
fallen to $3 per barrel, and sales were dull a
that. Wheat was selling at 50 cents per bushel
Louisis.-The N. 0. &c states that tim
Congressional delegation from Louisiana wil
i stand precisely as before, viz: Dawson. demet
crat; and White and Moore, Whigs.
Peanspeania.-The Legislature. after a lon,
debate, agreed upon a bill for Districting thi
State, provided the Governor approves of it
I They had also fxed on the 25th ult. as the da
a7 We find in the last Temperance Adve
cate, an attack upon the editor of the Yorkvill,
Compiler, for publishing the following pledge
and making such remarks upon it, as ve hav
no hesitation in saying, every real Temperane
man. who has that cause and the cause of hi
country at heart, will with us say was correci
That the editor of the Compiler, or his inform
ant, may have been mistaken, as regards it
r being the pledge of an orgacized body or noi
r makes no material difference,-that such
r pledgr has been in existence in the town a
Columbia, the editor of the Advocate does nn
deny,-and that it was the act of a number a
the citizens of that town, who are desirous o
making the Temperance cause answer the pnr
I pos of a rail wea, to carry themselves or the
friends into ofice. we presume the editor wit
not have the hardihood to deny:
lIUPledg.-j- We the undersigned, feelin,
tug' ns of maintaining oureletions fret
SImpoper infsences, do beriby pledgo
As regard oar vio d the pledge, that ans.
ins as we are, and always have been for the
s,-ceof the Temperancecause, and ia whmic:
we have taken an interest in forwarding in thiu
district, should such doctrine as are contained
in that pledge, be introduced into the Societ'
at present existing here, or even atmonig an:
portion of our citizens, we would use our ut
most exertions to put it down, should it be al
the sacrifice of all that has been done to-vard,
the advancement of the Temperance cause.
W~e cannot conceive that it was ever intended
by the Brat movers in the cause of Temperanice,
that thme subjects of Ileligion or Politics shotl
in any way be connected with it, and all, whi
in any manner make use of the cause, fur then
purpose of creating Rteligious or Political ec.
citement, does all the injury that its w'orst ene.
mies could desire. So far as regards the nmmde
of treating by candidates during an electioneer.
ing campamign, we think they ought to be allow
ed to act as they deem best, and that ntman or
set of men have a right to dictate in what man.
'ner they shall act to ensure their election, so
long as the laws of the country are tnot tram.
pled upon by them. We coincide with the
editor of the Compiler in his opinion of the
manner in which the Temperance Sc'ieties
ought to act, and therefore use his language:
- Let thme Temperance reformation he car
ried ou In a becoming spirit. Agitate ! agitate
by temperance addre,.ses calcnlated to the un
derstanidings of all-portraying tihe evils and
ruin. whice. so ollen folnows in its, train ; and
not by condemning those whose business it is
to sell what constitutes the principal means of
support of many a f~Anmily in tihe upper parts min
this State. and wich pays a tax beneicmal to all
of us; they have a right to sell, to give and to
barter say what me, will, whether as a mcdi
cine or not is of no maiter to the seller, for he
is no public censor; so long in proportion as
the article is consumed. will it be sold as long
as it can be sold will it he manufactered. and
nom r.aw can prevent it. It is impolitic. wc think,
to hold forth such a pledge as the aobve, for it
is calculated to throw temperance farther lie.
hind than ever, for no waan would bind himself
to such condition, which no necessity calls for ;
and he holds hii suln'rage of too umuch value tom
make it subservienmt to any other than himself."
We have been inng convinced, that the mode
adopted by the editor of thme Temperanmce Ad.
vocate, of holding up to public view and ridi
cule, those persons who had made it their
business to deal in spiritous liquors, and that fo'r
tie purpose of making a living for themselves
and families.aa incorrect,and not in accordance
with the principles, which have, or at least
ought to be held out, by a newspaper, establish
d for the avowed purpose of bettering the con.
dition of'that portion of the community whmo
had unfortunatelt became addicted to the vice
of Drunkenness, as the mean. used in such
eases, should be of the mildest and most per
essive character, and not such as to cr eate a
hatred to the cause of Temperance, in the ho
gems of either the dealer or the consumer.
For our own part, we feel assured that ti~e
cause of Temperance has suffered in our dis
trict by a simtilar pledge or resolution having
been offered before the old Temperance Sac,
ty, but we are proud in being able to say that
themr wasanot enoughbfawetics in that body to
Our hopes are, that all Teetotal Abstinence w
Societies, will denounce any man or sett of t
men, who shall so far forget the respect due to
the Temperance body to wtich he or they may b
belong, as to initroduce at any of their meetings,
any Prealbles or it..solutions. which will in e
any manner have for thecir object the interfer.
ence with Religious or Political matters. e
For the Adrertiser. r
Mr. EnrTon.-In an account of the arrest of 11
Wiley Freeman. published in tile N 0. Picay i
une, and copied it, tile Charleston Courier and i
other papers throughout the Union, I see that
Freeman atempts to excuse himselforle mur
der of his wife, by saying it was all my fault.
That I may do justice to myself, and to her s
name. which this man now ittempts to soil, af
ter cruelly murdering her. I deem it n-cessary
to give the loblic a short statene ut of the rela
tion in which I stood and acted towards both
Freeman and his wife, and let thee public draw
their own couclusions.
Mrs. Freeman being a first cousin of mine.
and living most unhappily with her husband.
from the period of three months after their mar.
riane. at which time Ie took offenc-e at some tri-.
fling mter, and beat her most cruelly. I felt it
miy duty. under the circutrrtances. to do any
thing its nay power to render hter condition bet
ter. Accordingly. I consenterd. it his instance,
for hin to transfer to me a sum of money to be
vested inl property for the use and benefit of his
wife and children. After this, I consented ti be
t named lay the Court of Equnity. astiustee of cer
tain other property. previoa-ly settled lay him
upon his wiife and cl.ildreu. I acted. ie accur.
dance witll Iew tru-ts afor a nurmber of years.
without his ever expresmueg or mnansaifesting the
least disatis actiont on the cunlr.mry professing
the utmost confidence. and greatest friendslaip
toward, me until a few monthrm previous to his
murder;ng ofhis w ilte, whcn ile threater:ed may
life. because I dared to sue him on several notes
of long standing. And that he might injure me.
he expiesscd lhi determinatin orlenvicig a tract
of laud of mine, upon which he had beena living
for three )ear,, and of going to Georgia. His
e wife, unwilling to trust iwo- self and children. to
a husband who had become a beastly sat. and
e whose daily earnings scarcely suficed to supply
e hais growing desire for drink. refused to go. be.
n yond the reach of help. For this lie left her.
and never did Ie attribute to her any want of
chastitv, unil he wasconfned in jail. for lie de
Sied ever entertacilug any such sn-larion after
lie was arrested the first time. And, bee.. -e I
a dared to execute the trust he had confided in
f me many years previono.; and bera-e I daredi
t to render to one, that assistane.. which she ong t
f to have received from hin; and lb-cause I pie
f samed to give her that assistance, which pre
- vented him from murdLring her by slow de
r grees, he attributes to we " all" the - tiaul! ' of
I this horrid murder.
JA Il8XTUMPKI N3.
Edgerield. August let, J8M2.
i BY Editors of papers who havedpublis ed
the aceoult of Feman, given by the N. Orleans
Picayune. wil phs givethe above a nt.-r
CeIgress.-The Correspondent of the Char.
heston Curier under date oaf the 25th inst. says: I
- I learn that the administration and many of I
both parties are well p leased with the Treaty7
with Great Britain. The Treaty emebraer'sand
Isettles numerous points ii. contro.versyt and|
many very imnporltnt con.cessions are tmade to !
uIS. If the settlenment of the North-Eastercs
Boundary lean been liberal tiawards Great Bra- I
tain, she har, in other things. been liberal to us;
and con.:eeed to us points of more difliculty.
and ioftwhich we were much more tenacionls. I
Taking the Treaty as a whole, it isa trumpO)1 ;
for this admie.istration: and for this rea-son. it
will be denonnered and eveni defeantedl by the
opiponents of this admaini-.tration. it is unfor
tunate, but unzavoidabale, that thiese grent qees. (
tioans shouald become mixed up with the Presi
..The Ilotnse. to-day. di.posed of the amend. I
-ients of the Senate to the Army bill lay reject. r
ing thema all in Committee and in the flouse e
too. by umajerities of two to one' By thais deci
sicnn. the Army is pheced in some jeopardy. It
-will I.e reduced .and discouraged. ifthec lionse.
prevail: acid, if the Seneate treevi cenatat, an
generally they do. ton their dlecesions. it will faa-.
liaw that the Army will have no appropeiationas C
made for it thi,. year.
"The Navyv A pproperiaation hill is in the samea
situlati.on. 'I lie Senate preipese a conf'erenzce g
upon the dis.agreeing tuotes.
"Mfr. Adams .poke. to-day. in favor of tcedne
inig the Armcy, anid said it wa.. unnecessary to
keep tup suich a f(nree, baecana'e there was tno
danger otf any foretren or lendian wars. Beet le'
was. hae said.~ in faavoer of reduecing tee Army' hb
biecauese there w'as no prospect of keeping nap b
any revenuce. Ie passed thens to the orders ofei
the President for collecting deities after the 30th
of June. and declared thaet they were ::nsup- ~
ported by any law. lIe said the edict of the
President was as arbitrary a~s the levy of ship
mnonev by Charles 1st. 'and intimated that it
wvould be punaished by the people in the samne e
way lie next attacked, with great bitternieu.
thec Attorney General for lain opinion in faror 2
of the circular to the C:ollectorse. pronoaeintg e
that ilhe Attorey General was neo Ilawyer.
" The itnse had not a chaance for a flare tup
on the Mtaine Bonndary quaestion.
"Mr. linimties raelied to M r Adams and vin
dicated Mr. L~egare frotm his animadversions.
The debate lasted ttll one o'clock, when the bill
wvas reperted tunder the pres ious queestione.
'Towards evenaiig. Mr. Arnold got tap his
resolntion to rednee tie pay anid milence of,
eeblers of Congress. The maotion to lay ir on
the table was least. Uent the liouse, neeverthae
less, evaded the qtuestion."
The same corerepemadent, tunder date of the
"The hlouise. to-day, was exclusively orenu.
peieed witha the bill introduced by Sir. Arnoifd. of;
Tennessee. to redncee the pay of imenmbers oef
Conigreas to six dollars a day and the'r mileage
in proportion. Tlhe same bill also reduces the
compen'esation of tall otlicers oaf the governmaees c
tweety per cenit. A meotion~ to reject the bill ta
was lost;.55 tea 1f0. Mr. Aenold was aensiouns e
to refer etto a Select ('omuetree. hltut it was j
objected that tis would de'fe'at the heillI. A long
debate ensued, in ssliich a reduction of mileage hi
was wairmly advocated by those who have bt j
little interesct in that emelumenit. Mr. I-'ellmnore
stated that he had no objectieen to a reeductions f
the pay. but, if the milcage were much r. duced, I
it would not be loneg before the seat oflGovern. It
ment would be removed to the WVest.p
*In fact, the miletge has long been looked si
upon here as necesmry to the very existence of ba
the Union. When it shall cease to be the in. ei
terest of the men.bere, from the great anid pr-. b
dominaetingt West. to vomne hither to the outskirts
of the Umion as the se'nt of the central govern-.
me-nt, they will propose and entry a rentovaL.
"Varions argumnets were urged for & against k
a redtretion of the per dieam of members. It '
s said that distress pervaded the countryk
at ite Treasmry was empty; that Congre .
as reducing oil.er expens . and that, therew
re. at was proper that their own pay should
At length the previous question was order-.
and the bill was piassed to a third readiiag
'as 89. nays79.
Mr. .lMarshall then rose, and in an animat.
I and truly excellent apeech, gave his reasons
S vot1ng against the bill. In the course of his e
miarks. he stated that he should never come
Cong ress again.
Tht- House finally adjourned, armidst eres
Ifavor of passing the bill and clamors against
InI Jie Senate. tlte Revenne Tari-bill was
ken up. aid Mir. Woodhoury made an elabo
te amd able argument agaist the hill. Ile op
oaed it chiefly tor the reason that it was exclU
sely protective in its character. and that it was
Hended to yield twenty-sevmen millions, where.
s only twenty would be necesary. milter the re
uranon of the larad revenue to the Govern
From the New Orletan Pirayune. July 21.
A MURDERER'S ARREST.
Under ais cap:ion in our paperof Toes.
my w ebiefly no ticed the arrest of one
U iley Frreman, for the murder of his
sife. The particulars we received at too
ate an huatr on the previous evening to
tive them in full. They were yesterday
'crowded out," to use a technical phrase,
>y news from Mexico, Texas, &e. They
are of an extraordinary character, and in
isnuch an they show that the Omancieni
y- is ever on The murderer, they pont out
a mnral one ic. it is well to refect.
Freenan a ubout forty-eight ye ra or
age; his couintenance bespeaks shrewdness
and intelligener. atd it also plainly tells
uf a miud harrowed up with feelings ofi -
teme agoi anti hitter. biting remorse.
Ile wan raised in Ealg-field, South Cain
lina. and was married at the early age or
weaty-two years. His wife he bad
kugin from early infancy-they went to
-chool together and participated in the
vllare spoits. Their union seemed to be
mih a one av sould inhure perpetual hap.
pmness-unidywg love. The poet says-..
-- But happy they. the happiest of iheirkind;
Whom gentle stars unite, and in one fate
Their hear. their fortunes and their be.
ings blend !" W
Wit. alas! though early association and
similarity of tasses and ages would am
to have combined to render Mr. Freeman
and his % ife blissful and happy. feehags
apparenily at A;,, with naturerosswp and
made them m era e. Afier havinglived
together fr scome tw enty-two years, ad
after having givena to the world eleven
children. the narriage vow, mutually ta
ken, wa-, 'rohen, mud the parties who,
pledged themse lve to live an.d love togeth
ci In aicknese and III hemalth-.troub good
and ev:l Intune.-became severed, disuni
Freeman, appears, beeune the sotiab
siave ofinemperance. and, asia neesary
coisequt nee, laildti to discha the dotiea
ineumbent on every busban Oevery
father. The moiher (Mrs. Freeman)-as.
mothers ever do-cining to her childrens
and used her every exertion to supply them.
with those neessaries and that educados
4nd protee ion which it was the diy of i
rather to psmvide. .
inksrm wi h youw ieh
rr tamiiy ; and ibtis would seeto have
eon done more with a view ofC har
he It other's feelings than for any a
difectiona which he felt for his children.
On one occasion h.' took off the two.
rounger children and placed theim at 4
ouse of a sister of his. Their mother,
eching solicitous for their 'relfare, sent one
't her sons, a young mao seventeen years
1.1, after 51hem, who brought them hack to
heir nmother. 'They had not long left when
'semitan returned to hais sister's and found
btem cione-hi mmd dethroned by rum,
nad haa soul fired iy an unfounded jealousy,
hor thuis cursedl paslon, too, preyed o0'
im) he hastily seized his rifle, swesting
aut he would take ahe late of hi.. onwmon!
he loaded has jpi, cc w ith two halls, har
ied after his children with the design of -
f spalling their blood, but failed to over
Ilavmng so failed. an-l having determries
I toi dii a toul and hloody deed, he went
I 1 o thme house of his w ife. ws hom he found
aagnged at her domecstic~ duties-he level
id hiis ridle at her, and ere she had time to
Iat, -- Gdhav mer y ont me !" he lodged
la ullets im her body. She lived
Ut nt fews htours aifterwsards.
TIhi-, 'as wse said n Tuesday, was on
te 10th of .June. 1637 H o fied. The
tashorities of the sl ate offered a rew ard for
im, andl he was taken an the slate of Ala
amna. lie wats senit hack and imprisoned
i the district jail of Ealgehield. From this
e managed to escape before the time for
is trial came on.and made his w ay througha
'ennessee and Missi'sippi to this city,
here, being an active merhatnic, he work
d faor a conI-ider~shle time with Mr. Sewell,
te builder, and in the construction of the
inshville Railroad. Bum, though he found
mployment, he found not peace-tbecan
er-w orm of guilt gntawed at his heart, and
be spirit of a murdered wife haunted his
bain~tg thotughis and sleeping hours. Or.
ed ona. therefore, by a spirn of disquio
ude. he went to Te'x as; from thence ha
ravelled ith a caravan to Mexico
barked am various emlploymfenits there. but
till sai perturbed was his mind that the la-,,
or of the day brought nt sleep to his eye1
din etndeavorin~g to fly, as itwe, rn
is on n intfay, he came back to thts eity
-remaneud herc we know not how long
-left aend isas making his way through the
iterior of the .tate, when he was arrested
i the parish of Rapides on the 15th inst. ,
And hlere ai new feature in this extraor
inary story presents iiself to the reflective
nad one shiow ing forth, in colors too per
e-ptibe to b'e mistaken, the retributive
Istice that lielongs to Omnipotence..
At the time that Freeman murdered
is iw ife, she had an only brother, named.
lihn Crawford. residing in the State of
labama. same five hundred miles distat,
'om Edgefield Hl tving heard of the fa.>
I affair artd of Freeman's escape ru
rison., he left hi' home. resolved to pn.3
te him unto dheath atnd avenge asstr
nod. He followed in hi. wake ie this
iv, Texas. anal elsewhere; hut never cotel
'lay his eyes on him.
A fter n four years' crusade or this kind
-and a holy one at was-he became bra
-n in spirit and bankrupt in means, and
stil a view ofrecruiting both heofotd bin -