Newspaper Page Text
~~tgu Inteligence* .
Fos do sfiultinior Ancam.
from the Liverpool pnrs, Sept.24.
AWFULLY DESoA.LCTIVE FIRE
AND GREAT LOSS OF LIFE AT
Yesterday morning we witnessed the
mot awfully destructives fire, whether as
regards life or property, that has ever taken
place in the locality-more destructive.
indeed, than the memorable fire in 1802.
which destroyed the Goree warehouses.
On that occasion the estimated damage
was-warehouses. ?44.500 grain, 120.
000; sugar ?60,000; cofiee, f8,500; catton,
?30,000; sundries, ?60.000-total, 33,
O0; whereas, on the present occasion, one
article alone-cotton has been destroyed
to an extent exceeding the whole of the
lss by that memorable fire.
It ha been escerained by the broker's
returns, that 37,474 balts of cotton have a
been consumed by the conflagration of
yesterday. wbich averaging each bale at
E9-not above the mark-gives the enor
mous sum of ?337.266. If to this be ad
ded the cost of warehouses and sheds de
strayed, together with the valuable colo
nial and foreign produce consumed therein,
the actual destruction of property by this
fearful visitation will, we fear. be found to
exceed five hundred thousand pounds!
In the existing state of uncertainty aedl
alarm, a very near approach to correct
ness cannot, we know, be made or expect
aJ, but the sum we have named will not.
in the estimate of com petent persons, be
found very far wide. Forty years have
elapse: since what used to be called the
#reat fire in the Goree occurred; and what
is somewhat remarkable, that event, like
the present, occurred in the same month,
'he distressing calamity we are now
recording bas, however been far more tra
gical in its results than the only event in
the history of the town with which it can
'be compared. The loss of life from the
peculiar circumstances attending it cun
never oe satisfactorily ascertained, but
we should not besurprtwed if. including the
onfonrtunap so at present in the North
er H bthose buried benethI the
r 11ns, al owh will Le forever
swept aw' rfore the removal of the
burning materials-the number exceeded
Under the ruins, there are, it is believed
eighteen to twenty men, and from the dan
gerous state of many in the hospital, half
that number, it is feared will not survive.
In the hospital there are tow seventee-n
dreadfully wutiliated excl *ive of three
vwhodied there yesterday. 3 -
The Ire originated in Crompton-stree:,
forniedy Wood-street, at the north end of
the town, near the locks. The three priu
e ipal streets efected-nsamely, Crompton. 0
. street, Formaby-street, and-Neptune-street,
all nearly loppwvte the Borougb (o runf
uast and west between Great' ard
itreet (in which the pri s 1 0 ad t!
W7laterloo road. close to the1 8iAs..
ITS, three streets and thr 61ris.s
cast a4 - cupy a'area of from six si
.......o.. . . otbeis near the
.ed and at the b6oti- of Foruaby-street.
The sje may be said of several of the
~ ~.~w exending npNeptune street from
- tidinglbMessrs.Grayson and
4 Da . McDowell's smithy.
t ~A .hd tetop ofrthe same street, as t
-welhas hjwall and premises fae'ug tha '
-jail, and t~ing to M rs. Bark'si hottse,
outh aeof Uropton-street, were also
onscathed thourli damag~ed, so that the
haa e siaid to have been conlined
*ch ~tthe centre of tl-e area-sweeping
-t uaiarah to sou th.
Several dwelling houses er included
in the destruction in the'Nertbt but the
greiltest portion of the havoc was in the
comtre-.namiely, Fromby street~in & tnear
whicib, on buoth sides, Wero.p the larger
warehouses, the burning ei~am of which
~ / (chiefly cotton) yea form inmit'ense piles of
T hills ins r ed-hot state of combustion.
It appearn that a watchmn inamred Bar
nard UoytoghoO was employed to guard
the premnisesf'Mr. Peniston, bone grinder
andl drysalter, during the night, found that
* ~ the fire had broken out in the engitte house
-precisely at 3 o'clock, the Giro having been
i kept in all night to keep up te steamu.
- . The alirem was immeatcdely given to
police oflicer No. 24,. whlo exerted hitm
~'self to the utmost4 bu t before the engintes
coudld be brought nup, ant immiiense quanitty ~
of warehouses, and three yards, n~ ert on
tire in Cromnptont street.
VTe combustible nature of the premises I
was such, together with a itronig breeze
from the norhuest, that Mrs. isaac's oil
-. and color store soon took fire, as well as
many small crowded workshops ol' mill I
S wrights, smiths, &c. in the immediate lo
T be fire next got to Poole's bonded cot
ton sheds in Great tIoward street, anel
IIually swept to Fornitby ,street. The I
whole of the warehouscs in tat stree tj
wtere successively ignited, andl are burnt I
to the ground, wtth a vast destruction of
proper(y, anad, we lament to say, several
t lives. The fire police officer, Samuel
Iladg'aon. of No. 2 engine, was kiWJ-. andj
crtashed in the ruins of one of the walls.
which fell upon himn nh ile he n as boldimg
P lUp to the latest hour last night at whic:t
we could obtatn information us to the eas
palities, we found it impossible to asce r
gain the number of unfortunates who have
lost their lives.
On this point all ts as yet conjectural;
p but we lamnt to say that tho general
epinion is that not less than thirty have
perished, We sincerely hope that thisI
Estimate is beyond the reality.
Two of the engines were also smashted,
and we fear a considerable number of the
firemen and others were killed. Several
snen were carried to the hospital badly C
burnt or hurt-some of them mortally.
From eight to half past nine o'clock the
&r In Forsnby street, and in the adjoining '
ettishde (Peole's in Great Howard
street,) raged with an intensity that heated A
the atmosphem. to a great distance round. (
C~~ Great eXienionis were made to save the
houses in Fornaby street, but those on the o
north side, dwelling house., eaug~ht fire t
.adas. he the intensity of the fire just be- I
aw the burning warebaungs, the ruins at
uroing-materialsof which Fere'piled
6 hght of80 or90 fe0 rowng t
mmease volumes of Aame and smoke.
From time to time the high walls of ti
rarehouses fell with a thundering crasl
Ind shiorly aller nine o'clock one man wi
illed outright by tle alling materials.
rbe wal of a large warehouse in Formt
treet, which had been on fire some tim
ind had reached, with the cotton withii
Imost a white heat, at length fell up'
ome of the sheds on the south in Neptut
The concequence in a short time we
hat the whole range ofshed at the tc
art of the street, used for bonding cotto
md as cooperages, were ignited. A gre
uantity of slaves, poles, hoops, &c. wel
arried out before and after the iguitio
a the neighboring vacant ground.
Neptune street was the southern botndai
>f the fire: the shed at the top of the nor
ide-a ith the exception of the corner ot
ust opposite the borough jail-were a
urncd out at noon. Some staves, hoop
rc., were saved from the cooperages at
ardsivc, but a great deal of cotc
a other sheds was consumed, many
be bags retaining their shape, though re
ot and reduced to tinder.
Tne 'jack or north wall ol a warehoul
wer down had fallen down from the a
ects of the fite, so that it could be see
hrougb to the "burning mountain" of co
ta ou the north. Out of this warehout
great quantity of rice. in bags, was log
red and !aken away in carts, and grei
art of this property n1ill doubtless t
Much damage is done to the premis
f Messis. Grayson & Banistet, shil
right and smiths, and to those of otho
M., a little lower down. Men were en
loyed carrying the timber and other con
ustibles out of Messrs. G. & It's. I
ormby st., there were also warehous
unown as "Gray'." in which it is state
sere were 24,000 bales of cotton.
A fireproof warehouse near the bottoi
f Formby street stood the effect of it
ames surpriaingly. ,,.Meu were employe
, hoisting buckets of water into it to co
se walls, which, however, *vere by r
leans so hot as might he expected. T1
al of the adjoining warehouse burne
own against the gable eud of the fi
oof building, formed a sort of protectir
01m ignition by the immense pile of re
t cotton blazing against it.
There were several accidents. Amori
e rest a police officer named Hodgsc
ra buried under a fallen wall, and a
ispector nancd Reding had his leg br
Twelve 0' Clock last night.
The fire is fast exhausting itself. Thrt
ugines are directing their energies i
irayson and Bannister's yards, and if
Upward of three thousand bags of tie
i caroof the Bland, were savedfroi
Ir. M'Cnight's -warehonse in Neptur
ret. It was during the removal of th
ia that the two men lost their lives .b
, alling of the gable end.
Sie to Md sminctse or thi
,-4 1 t .gua on
tail traioM Birnan&bu.
Oafaat.piday week, ac.aneeting of th
Beatspgsenting the dIizaist Fire it
wanesedook .place in -thi'Undlerwdzeri
mletrpds-roomrN D. Bold. Esq. ~A
tr eouparimg notes'' on the eogegt
tittso eseb .office having liabilIties i
nanpiion with this destructive event, tk
tilowiug was reported to be the recubt;
'he Sup, ?47.000
Royal Exchange, 30,000
.eondon Corporation, 30.000)
York and~ London, 25.000
Sct h iw'nn 20.000)
Weat of England, 20).000
A tlas. l2.t00
Norwich Union, 3,000)
London Uniotn, 7,00
Surrender of Fugilires -The refusal
e tiovernor' of Conntectiet- and Nc
lamtpshtre to surrettde'r Govertnor D~o
the minority party in Rhode Island. h:
ed to an imnuiry hnw far the mere fact
request to surrender an alleged fugiti~
ro jtstice has beeni considered obtligat'
v upon theGovernors of the several State
rithottt atn inquiry into the real nature
he allegedl offetnce, and the circumstanci
ttenditng it, and the probability of its al
Numerous cases have boen found of r<
sal by variouts Governors to deliver u
hose who were demanded by tho Gove
ors of other States.
In 1822 Gov. Wolcot t of Connecticut r
used to surrender Elijah Johnoson at
ttmtuel Kemt, whlo had beetn itndicted
hode inland, and were demanded by tI
ivernor of that State. Governor We
otr acted on the groutnd that it was bol
is right and his duty to investigate tI
int the satme year. (Gov.Gibbs of Rho<
sland1 refused to surretnder two me
mamed Sorink and Nichols. who were dl
wanded biy the Governor of Connectica
['hese men were subsequently surrende
; but thme first refusal estalished tI
irinciple of tbe right to investigate tl
ase, and refuse a delivery if the circuni
ancs were such as to justify a refuse
Some two years since. Gov. Seward
lew York refused to deliver three mc
laimed by the Governor of Virginia, r
to round that the offence charge'
bog a crime by the laws of Virgini
ras not such by those of Ne w York.
Near the same time, the Governor
ltaama demanded two fugitives frot
overnor Kent of Maine, and was refuse'
Still later, viz; in 1341. GJovernor Dav
f Massachusetts refused to deliver a tug
e on demand from Rhode Island.
WEx 95 V DsA T. Novaxi 1842.
--We wilL ding t t&e Piar fhs Tesvplc of
e our Liharts.and~f iitmufals t will Perish
11 aasidst-the Iluias."
FOR PRtEstDENT" .
b JOHN C. CALHOUN.
I Not suy-cci to the actiOFY.Cotention.
C FOR OOVER8oft
ea, JAMES H.JiakOND.
)r FOR U. S. SENATOR
d Geno. GEORGE MeDlUFFIE.
8 FOR CONOARsK.
Col. WHITFIELD BROOKS.
e Georgia.-The Governor oT this State. has
- issued his proclamation annoumcing the ele
at tion of Meru. Black. Cooper, Cobb, Haralson.
0 Lamar, Lumpkin, Millenand8tiles, as mem
bers to Congress. The Federal;Upion containis
a the oflicial returns of all the' colids for mem
bers of Cougress and of tle Le- .. The
iocapitulation is as follows: -m
Black 35.220 I'Chappl 32.980
Cobb 35.451 OGnnble 33,249
n Coitper 35.217. ifaberam 33.4w.1
" llaralson, 35.1 , Keoan 3.2
d Lamar 35.30' King \ 2.2d2
Liompkin 35.161 Smeadu 32.554
a .Millen 3-5.tl W rr) ilde U.997
Stiles, 35.164 Wrgig 3,235
d New Jersey.-Ini thi State a coat
i of the polsdar vist* gives the It'a ma
10 jority of nearly 3000. The WIgu have a ma
e jority in the Senate of2, and iWthe House 6.
Ohio.-The Cincinati Iaqiir gives com
plete returs. from which it aeirm that Shan
d non (Dem.) received 12,26"yotes. Curwin
(Whig) 68.'14, and King (AliiL)2.670. The
g Democratic candidate beat the ' larly nomi
a nated Whig catadidate 4012.
Hakrg Corrrspondent.-Tweditor of the
Hamburg Journal, in his papet fthe 26tholl.
accuses our correspondeldatnot reporting
correctly the state of teIa rukitin that town,
e he says: " We know #wto this correspon.
0 dent is, but one thing.w*41ariertain of. be
e knows but little of the rstin of business in
Hamburg. or that he wihed to amnerrate the
' importance of ou markqt."
n Fot the satisfation of haEd i.rof the Jonr
naeand our patrons ginally we take pride
d our, thatonrco s iiat presnt
- ftbe r.ost extensive in the -
ir hb arkerasd agen ho has hii~i
e to njure ' 0 o rg,
been a resident in the place for khe last ten or
e fifteen years, and for our owu part, we put ex
-. plicia confidence in all he nays, am we are naai:.
I'fed he is no fanatic. We have no doublt lhe is
- willing to answer for himself.
n . Mr Ciaoss..i-The Charleston Merenrp says:
ekWe have seen of late in varione papers'in
'ttihationa that our Penator would re-tire proba
bly from lain pont het'ore the commencement of
the coming seesiont. We have reason to believe
that there isino founadation for these reports."
eIION. JOlIN C. CALHOUN.
'We perceive fromu the Richmond F.ngnirea
of the 18th of Oct. (which papes was hanarded
as by a friendl, it nost beit ona onr exchange
list, and its editor n faer makinag charge anncainst
ns, hal1 not the, liberality to forwardt us a enupy.)
thmt that paper. togethier with sceerat others.
are dispoed to giv-e ani onnatal protniinence ini
otar nomination of .Mr. Calhoun for the Pre
sideney. not subet to thee decision ofa National
Co'nveintion. W.e now beg leave to issure
thiois whethhave been, disturbed bay this nomi
nastion. that we tnade it upon the authority of
our hiumen selves alone, and without costulta
tion with any person whatever. It was the
spntaneunet imopulse of our heatt. We have
valways entertained a devoted attachmaent for
r Mr. Calhoun. and naturally feel enthnsiasuec
an hie bright ning prospaects.' We were taot saf
e faeiently drilled in the Joekey tactics to look to
t. thae nod of the " knaowing ones" to see on whant
I, tng the bets were running. WVe do not an
n umec to be politicians. whohare bad the~ pi
s~ vilege of looking behind- the scenes, to see
where to pull the wires, and who are to pull
them. Not knoewing much of the pruadsh af
fectation of poliiic'ians, wei had been indueed to
~believe. from -a letter of Mr. Van B~uren's,
published a year ago, that be really did ntot de -
sire to runa agutin. We feel deep gratitude to
dhim for lain firtm sad republican course. We
n supora iti with ardour while itn power,
e We therefore hope, we will be pardoned for
-. expressinig our decided attachment, at preasett
hto a distinguished sont of Carolina. when his
tclaims are presented to puublieconsiderattioni.
Of course. ec could hare -o 'objection to
lsubmit to the will, of the Republican party,
Sfairly expressed; but awe are onie of those plain
Speople. who mnistrusnt the jagling of posliticiatn.
-We have been tatight toholievo. that the repub
o licau simplicity of the ballet box, where ever y
ec freeman can express has tanbiased judgment, in
a- one of our prondest and most conaectated me
. enaritieadorfreedom. If thas privIlege Is to be
yf taken away', or piractically to becotme a meare
n form, by the substitution of self sonstituited
n Couent ions, inato tie habitual uaction of onlr sya
temn, then we wil -hav, an Electoral College.
not known to the Constitution. and the mode
and mianner of its organization, tiday become in
progress of time, a question vital to liberty it.
nself. We hope alway. to see a ftall andecandid
expression of populargseptitupatt. We loyt 5a~
Icling to that great flID'u NaI ntljrinclelOan Our'
institutionsl, thatho a,~Is act, .agMleg. B
....ern, ta tere and of rigbi Eabt to be,
ree ,and unatrameled. It is the very geuus
if our system, and if it is to be subverted or
thwarted by any power or combination what
ever, then is our system a failtre, ansd the soon.
er it is changed the better. These are our in.
depent sentinetnts, without consultation % ith
any politicians Out nomination of Mr. Cal
boun was made in the same manner. from the
isnpulse of the moment, and without the slight.
,-t desire to interfere with any arrangements
the great Republican party way fairly enter
into, as to who shall be their great leaders
their glotious standard bearers in the great con.
troversy which is coming an, a conttoversy we
solemnly believe of the deepest importance to
Durselves and to posterity. But we here take
he oppmortunity to say to our itepublican bre
thret, that, from presenw appearances through
sut the union, it seenms to ho perfectly certain
they are absont to have tIne future fate of thii
Republic in their hands. an-I touch will depend
uion the course they ansow pursue. whethner it
a to be preserved in its punrty and its simplici
,y, or whether it is to fall into the career of all
ather Republics, and sink under its own cor
ruptio. into the scorn and contempt of mian
kind. Let us act in harnsiny and in good feel.
ig. but let un preserve that harmony and good
re-ling. by doing ezactjusice ani acting honest
y andfairly with our brethren olevery portion
uf this confedery. Do what is manmfestly just
and lberal. and in coinforinaty t psiblic feeling.
and nsone will acquiese soonner in whatever ar
rangeweints or nosit-tions that may be tnade
UT We copy the following from th2 " Old
Dominion." a D,-inocrati maper of high -taindn
ng. published in Porismouth. V.. 'P'he sion
ons of .1Y. 'isk. we leave alwayt, held in higi
estitation. therefrme we feel piend in haviuni
isis countenance and assistance in the conting
- Mr. Calhoun -The people are h.-ginning
I nove in hs:hnut' It is a nederlul nstiatesunanl
di oven thes couintry. ie lisps already been put
in noinniisn for the next Presidency at a
great nutner ol' primary nseetiuos. This ir
whnat we like to see. it was tie lian adplte-d
4y the friends of Gmen. Jackson whesn - ing
Caess" %as Iticked In the dogs. The people
in tetter natiary thinsselves by unmknng their
wn nainntinn. thans ten ,subnnit Vse tuatter te
% packed r.ssnventian, mnade up of displaced
-- The Edg-ficlil. (S. C ) Advertiser hoists
he following Bg:
.J011N C. CA LHG . .
Nt subject to th action of any Convention.
Thse editor, afler cspy ing the remarl-- pub
lished by us, at the time we hoisted flag,
- That is the ground we have long desired
0 see asu-nmed by THI PROPL., the true re
publicaas- or the nations. We inaitain t1:1 -rua
PCOPLK angh to do their unwun nominating as
well astheirsnwn voting. The Ai vertiser thera
ror takes the true course in going far .Ofes
U. C A LIIOUN. the people's calidate,subject
nnly to the decision of the hallot ox.
-Mr. Van Buren (we so judge from his let
tro) inteling mnagnanimously to decline be
ing a candid.ste. there will be no necessity for a
National Convention, as Mr. Calhoun will he
uoninatr iy acclaimation. No one need hava
he least fear therefore ordivision in our ranks."
'~1F~~dIPI e r O Ic KI" .
.1r. EDton-I extract the following from a
saw Nationn. Mise. tnder date dhei4th October.
lIighn pressure and go-a-hnead," is still It
notto. a monre sanative remedy for hard times,
han even Berkshires and short-iharned Dur
- Our C2on crop is fie, andu we have a
lelightfutl faell for gathneraing it, hands pick out
nr .500 lbs. per day. .icGhn' eresha two
nasnds to pick oot 1040lbs. in anne day, inng
" acGhnee is from Gaeorgi-i.
From the ihanrlegu Cearrier.
Th/e Slate r's. Phnjiip Chae trand-Orange
burgh District. Court of' erneral Srs
sions, October Ter m. l&142.
Th'iis was" n prsecutioni for sellingj spir
toitrs ligsnsrns w~ ithoeut at liceinse from thne
2urnmmissiunerm ol thle Roa~dns.
Ii appened in evidence con tine part of the
State, that thne dlefendant lhade beean laor
neveral years a licemaa~ed retailer; lhat. Inc
and compilliedl with all tine reqluisitins (of
the lawtc, as ta nthe modse of appnlinisnrn for
a license ; that the Conmmiisssners hadns ro
mrned to grant a licennse no de'feinant. nal
or enany snbjecrimn nto him. hmn bescaue they
iad ressolved to refuse all applicaia fonr
such lleenses. Thle defe'nce. wats, tat the
Conmmiisioners had a dliscrenionnary power
tin graint mr reject such applicat non, but
un right to refuse all liceinses ; "-hut te
rase was broughnt to test the power of the
Commntissioners, amid than although nhe ude
einnnt had violated the letter oif the law,
iho .Cominsuioners hadl usurped powers
not coanferred lay tine Legislature. His
Hlonor Judge Butler chargend that the dte
Iiendatnt hadl visnlated the law, andI thtan he
was rguilty. Thne Jury retired a few hourn
|mdI brsougha in their verdict "tnot guilty."
Solicitor Edhcards foar the State.
Blellinger 4' iHouulon, No- throp, for de
A Grand Natronal Debt, in imitation
rof reat lBrirtain.
Upon this subject, we find tine following,
in the -Reflectios"ofCuntndecMirabeau
upon **Dr. Price's obsuervations rn the
imnnportance of the Amnerican Rtevoluntion,"
wiach althugh inddressed to A mericans
no lonag ago as 1785, seenme to us to be even
more applicable to our coautrymena at thne
Sresent timne than at the period referr'ed no.
'ederalists, Demtocrats,read, anad act wise
ly :-Bay Stale Democrt.
-Contract no Debts.-The first Ioaun
'nade amnongat you, will attest withn cer
tainty, the dlecline of that spirit whichn
mught to animate you.-It will be to shift
sptor othners the task imaposed Isy nature
and by your oaths upon yourselves, and to
lischarge only Ihe twentieth puarI of your
luties. It will be a gross injustice. whnich
vili baad your posterity with the burdsen of
tour services and of their owen. It ivill
so a fatal contaguon, which, speedily de.
:royiug your virtues, will awaken ava
ke, multiply intrigues, aind bend the lof.
.ess of vyour souls to thn mm..,,re. of
stock-jobbing. Your country w be
forgotten, and the field of honor, t sy
lum of liberty, will be converted into an
exchange of traders."
From the Old Dominion.
Martin Van Buren.-The Raleigh Re
gister recently had some u generous alu
sions to what it was pleased to call Mr.
Van Buoren's electioneering tour. Similar
remarks and allusions have been made in
other whig papers. We look upon this
umcalled for attack upon Mr. Van Buren
as particularly ungenerous and uniust.
From his letters we infe-r that he will not
he a candidate for re-election ; then whiy
do our wthig friends talk of his -' election.
cering tour ?" Ile asis nothing, expects
nothing, at the hands of the people, in ad
dition to th high ionurs they have alrea
dy heaped upon him.
There are a multiplicity of reasons why
NIr. Van Burin hiould adhere to the pai
riotic determination he has so magnani
mziousmly formed. Were he it become a
candidate. we should again have the old
battle of the "gold spoons" and mite hous
and other humbug fallacies to fight over
again. withdrawing the public mind rron
the momentous principles which are at
stake. Were he to become a candidate
fur the third time, we should violate our
Son a political creed of one Presidetal
ern. We should lose the support of a
great number of old State Rights Repub
beans, who stand coinmitted against Mr.
Van Buren personall3, but who would
heartily support any other democratic
caudidute. Mr. Van Buren has received
the highest rewards for iis political servi
ces a geinirous people could bestow-he
asks iio more at their hands.
1iu it is said he %a a. lict-ed out of the
the election by frau-] anil chi, anery. Gran
ted. It was not .Mr. Van Huren that was
cheated. but the repulicnu p.irty. If the
repobcar.s are teriorious unier another
leader, ample atomrment will have been
made to Mr. Van iurei. It is not mep,
we are fightimg for. lier great pricaples.
If k were to run Mir. Van 1urens the third
time. simply because he was de.feated, the
contest would degencrase into a quarrel
about uen ..nly. A, .lr. Van Hureni n ill
under io circums;ancies be a raudidate for
re-election, no further allusion to wbig
abuse seem.4 to be necessary on our part
for the prieent.
From the Old Domiason.
Mr. Calhoun's Prosprets.- From eve
ry quarter the giea body of the democra
cy are rallying to the supiort of thi, great
est si:itesman now livin,:. Several w etk-i
ags we re-ceived the follow ing lener fronto
one of the must thorough-goiig Democroats
in the - Empire state." with permission
to lay it before our readers. We do .o
with the highest satisfaction. The writer
%ill accept our warmnest thanks for this
mark or ia,- continueil friendship.
TottasiNmItLL.V, N, Y ,
Spt. 3d. 1S42.
FatRFND Fisa:-l have too lon deay
ed writing to you ; the want of time, mix
ed with negligence must be my excuse for
my long silence. Being aware that if I
took up my pen to scrawl oil' a lcttier I
I should in all probability imzpse upon my
self the task of spinning quite " a long
yltif." buicveribelesi. communicating
one's Ideas to distant friend& Vffmer a~
Mmrrilgrarb-pf compensates for the
trou'ole. But emnugh of prelude. You
ktnow that I am never backward in --defi.
ning my position" on mnaking a ' declara
tion of my principles for the public eye,"
:ind knowing you to be a long tried and de
voted pioneer in the cause of progres, antd
reform,- I can more freely communicate
with ytou on such subjects In mhese days
of political and moral dlegenierac-y. brought
on by corrupt ad special Legislation. the
offspring mif our wretchedI paper moneyii'
hiubug; it is indeeildachrnng to the friends
of refoarm to disicerni the dawning of' a ne'w
~and' brighter Era. I dnie that dawming
from the momencit that Ge~n. Jacksuin sg.'
ed thae veto messa::e refusing:io rech:mrter
the U. S. Baiik. Lamencatably true i: is,
Ia ht the con se of pirigress has too often heenm
stayed tby thes a~cs uf those from whom We
have expiected bel ter ihings: w hich for a
time hams tbscured the gream fprinceiples of
iotr cause, from the miids or the people;
while all manner ofrecpreiach has been he~t
peid upon our princiil--s and upon thee who
like yourself nve stoid foremosts in the
great struggli for itight. Justice, truth,
progress, and hutmanity. It is sail, the
idarkest momients of night. precede ilhe
dlasning day; this may lie ,ii. and ifs., the
same may Ibe sain if the pohlticeal horri z'in;
for it ever the true- friends iofth~e --. fights
of main" hail rea~on io beumiian thi' down.
tall of moan, it was am the prostration if ,,o
miany of our race at the~ shrine of hIaceho,
in the last pre-sidential contest. The pihi
losopher, patrliot amid pilanithropie, stood
aghast, for a time, and coulid only exclaim
O mian ! art ahou forever dlomied to grope
thy% way thr ough life in dairkness and is
grace ! Thisi grand upheval in polities
has brought the people to their "sober --
coed thoughts"-they see nowv the neOces
sity of recurring to first principles, anid
thanks 1o Jonsy Tlr~ia. he has presented
the strnt tlre of those stupe'ndons mtso~sers
15,ank anid Distribution, which would hamve
regnaired us ages I'o 'esmruv. The rubhish
has now only to lbe removed; anid the work
Ito be performed, muist be pnu imnto the
hands of goodl atnd faithful servants of t he
peosple.-Wilh JOIIN C. CALIIOITN.
for gratnd sup erintendlent, we shamll see 'his
ftovernmeni-t broiught back ti), and aidminis
tered ona the economical plait laid doCwnl
by thmegreat founders of ihis repiublic whose
pelitical creed was equal and exact justice
to all men.-Th'le prodluinmg mai~sses must
aris-- from their lethargy, and put forth their
strength for bate omi thme great. anmd broaid,
and benevolent principilies of the idemnocram
ic ieed; they must make for their molttto
-Free tr ade; low dulues; no debt; se para
lion from banks; econom3, retrenchment.
anid strict udhaerence to the Consilution."
You may ask will the whole North :o for
Mir. Calhonni I I atnswer yes, if I can
judge of the whole tnorth by the feelbngs
amid exprenions of our democratic friends
itn this county and in N. Yoark City. If
they speak out elsewhere as here. Mr.
Calhoun wi sweep over the Norto like a
tornadlo. All seem to see thme necessity of
having a man of great tmiind, to carry out
the great aid Radical principles of
this People. Ia him we see all our Ameri
can principnes nersonifed, and salli ee
them fairly, honestlyand clearly laid beforo
the world, with a force and energy , V
of his enlich-ened mind. Bitna -a I
am in public life oaid in a ve14.. Eic
place with a vcry extensive cjuntry and
city acquaintance. I have an excellent op
portunity to find out the views of people.
Lately I have made it my bsi'r W
certain the views of every de Ioc-ra 4'V
M V motives for introduci tE
are not understood nor suit
ly say (without expressing a r7
there begins to be some fee
the presidential question; or whA
think of the candidates, or whist
propie say your way about the,"*
didates for President? With bu ieg
ceptinn every man I have spoken to in New
York City. hans expressed a preference for
Mr. CALHOUN. Ian this place eve
democrat (except those who have held It'
fee under Mr. Van BurefPs adnjaistras
tion) has expressed a preference for
Calhoun, or at least for a new candidate,
and all are strongly in favor of one Seran
only. Those from the country generally
lanswer, -weil I have not thought, or heard
much o. the subject," who is talked ofT.
--Mtr. Van Buren, and Mr. Calbout
I like rotation it office; Mr. Van B#6et
1:.% had the highest office in our ift'JhN.
.ide, many minor ones, and I t k o
Ahould be satisfied to retire." Othermasay
if ir. Van Buren comes into power..ih.e
"Bourbons" must be restored, and that.
Calhoun will poll a stronger vote tban Van
Bure-f, for those that left uson Van Buren,
would return to us on Calhoun, or a new
caudidate, while they would hate to 'Right
about face' on Van Buren. Generally
they say they will support either, should
they get the nomination, but Mr. Calhoon
has their decided preference. J. C. T.
The condition of the Farmers of Illinls.
-A correspondent of the Journal of Com
nierce, writing from Quincey, Illinnis, re
spectinig Northern Illinois. says: Notwitb
standing a great amount of industry. eight
1)(1t of teal of the farmers are itt debt, and
hold their farms for sale, I do toot know
of a farm in Illinois that will pay expenses
which hired help, at the present prices of
produce. Many of thetn borrowed money
to buy farmst all such are now in a dan
gerous position." This is a lamentable
statenent, and the causes of their difficul
ties, we suppose, are to be found among
thoise which have done as much mischief
to ite w hole conoiry. speculation sad flue.
tuating corncy. The farmers borrowed
miney and incurred expenses in times of
exp'usio. and have to pay the debt now
when a rigid contraction is in operaiion,
and ..11 prices falling. Hence their pre
vious calculations are all disappointed,
naid the prices they receive for their pro
duce will not meet their indebtedness. No
nne class is free from the mischiefs of un
wise legislation, and all should therefore
make themselves sufficienly acquainted
with political causes and elects to guard
against the mischiefs they sometimes pro
A Sharp Countryman Outtitted.-A
stot middle aged mtan, whose appear
ance showed that he was fresh from the
country, came inte.a stoe in 0 **
streezy.reiVfayin evident eeitemeot to
enquire the rout to the Police Ofice.
hIis apparent agitation induced the owner
of the storew"w ho, like Paul Pry, was
natually curious to know" to enquire as
to the difficulty he was laboring under.
He stated that strolling through South
street, hq felt somnethaing grazing his leg,
and on looking for the cause saw a.man
picking up a poceken book, which ap;IIared
to be well filled, and make off' with it in
great haste. At the same moment an
other man addiressed the countryman re
4specting the transaction, and advised thnat
bothn 'ahounld starn in pursuit. The coua
tryman thinkiang he had as much right to
thne poacket-huook aforesaid, as the man who
found it, tuas eager to obtain its posses
uiann. They fortuznately found the man
on a do,'k bnehind a wood pile, with the
pocket book in his hand, gloating over its
richt contents oif X's. and V's.
T'he mian nho joincad our friend from the
country taold tine fnaer of the pocket book
that he (the. countryman) was the owner
of the honk andl money., anad it must be
gi--en map to aimt, anal this taur sharp coun
trymran niso insisted apotn. The finder,
how ever, retuse~d to do this, unless he was
waeIl pntad for his trouble, and was bent on
ketping it unless he received five dollars.
T he coauntry man, cager to obtain possev
i'an at so .mailt an outlay, handed out in'
double quick titme five dollars hard money. P
froam a bnucke.kin putree, which the inder'.~
received, delivered up the pocket book,
rad mad im selna-f scarce. 'rhe gentleman
~n iaded in finding the fellow also itnform
ed the countrytnan that he certainly sas
enttitled tat something for his trouble, and
aemandead five dollars also, addir~g that he
was then yieladitng up a fair claim to half
the contents of the pocket book. This.too,
vas paid, and the countryman hastened
to his lodgings close by, went to his room,
locekedl the door, pulledl oSl his coat, as
arew turth the treasure in order tohlaye
the pleasture "all alone by himself"of'
coutitg at, his hecad already filled with
ihe ;odaa he intetnaded to do, and blessing
thec tort unate event that "carried him to
'York." There was a thick roll of teas,
fives, and smaaller denonminaiams, alLs band
somne looking bills, as if fresti from the~ ,
il'elrenit bianks on which they were, as
thear face ,tated, payable on demand. Not
withstanadintg the bills were so handsome,
antr counttrymnu whno knew hut little of bil
e-xcept the bills of the Jintg Island Bank -
(hie was from the Island) went to a bro
9ker's office to get "mint adrops" in ex
change, lTe branker politely informed
haima that thne money, which consisted of'
$100 in City Trust and Banking Co. Post
Notes. Bank of Milwaukie. Hohoken Gra
zinig Co. aend other suspendedl institgtionis.
was nat waorth a red cetnt, that the hanks
oan which these bills were haad all "bted
tp lrg aigo!" Our hero's eyes were open-.
edca, he hand been cheated by two knaves, *j
and rushed fromn the office to find the po
lice. Hie was friendly advised by the
storekeeper to let tine police office aloee-.
tata hie laud tn more right to the .07
(had it been good) tban the two .
was justly punished for his dig
tention of appropriating to hi t
which he evidently had no rigt