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prospects, or blighted the dcstinies of the10
The tariff-f'28, while-it extended pro- a
tection, and conferred bounties, at the ex- 6
pense of one section of the Union. for the I?
benefit of another, still preserved more jusi r
and wise discriminations,-operated more a
=quall on the consumers. and accons- a
plied at least one or the ligitimte ob- 2
joets of the Constitution, in supplying an
adequate and liberal revenue. It derived
a plausible pretext from the requirements
of a national debt, and fonaded some claim a
to favor in the eircemstances ard induce-.
meats which had lcd to the early. and per- a
haps premature development of the roan- a
afecturing enterprieto of our country. It I
operated when ourcurrency was compara
tively sound. and our credit firm and ex
panded, our produ,:e high. our industr re
warded, and our prosperity in the Iood
vide of success; and ir it hat converted all
these evidences of happitess and improve
ment. into scenes of desolation and diesor- I
der, the results were perhaps then regarded
as the inspiration of an erratic prophecy.
rather than the sound convictioni of a wise
atd well forated judgmeut. But now.
while the Government owes odebst. nt bich
its ordinary resources might not in is few
years ezttnguis--nor, while the deep
ani universal distress of the people de
masads the lightest burdens-w bile laihur
starves. industry gwr5s poor. our credit
i- nt coifidence. and p.rotperty no abid
:-:: -lace ationg u-snJ. in the violation
of a solemn and well con-iidered cnmpro
snise-b defence of all the admonitions of
a dearly-bought experieneo-it is a mock
ery of the spirit of equity it legislation. of
respect for constitutional priuciple%. of all
wat is sacred in obligations. to institute
satch a system of political fraud, perfidy,
Under a just ecunnmicall admintiatration
of ite Government. were the exigencieo of
the Treasury to require it: in short, when
, ver revenne is the object. I am stre I doi
taut nagnify or exagcgerwe the spirit of
patriotism in this State. when I assers that
South Carolina would endetre all, and st'e
tiliee all, to meet constitutional dendls
upon her resources or liberaitty.
But are bounty anid prorteiieo, legiti
tastely a part of these consitattinal re
quirerments! Is it needful tothe Treaisury.
that the agriculture interests of South Car
ulina, alosie shold pay, n4 a tribute to
twenty factories in Kentucky. a tax ir the
shape of duties on rope, t,4 in', and bag
ging. equal to its annual contributions to
'tie cof'ers of our own State? It is neces
sary to revenue, that coarse wllena and
cotton goods of foreign mnnufacture. should
he excluded ironm oar markets, by a duty
which prohibits competition? 1,_ prohibi
lion a reasonable mode of increasig reve
nue. by means of imports? And yet this
is the leading eharisteristic-the great, the
prtmary, the directing object, of the late
enactment of tariff duties.
Thus, gentlemen. have our people and
our State once more been subjected to a
system of reacionus anti oppressive legis
erat legislatIon, are thus to bue violnted
with. recklessness and impunity, stie Amner
scan citiz~en has no better guara.nties for
freedom, than the aer of a polisical autto
craey. The form atnd tha.~aae of our in
stItutions muSt be costly indeed to us. if
liberty itself, and the pursuat of happiess,.
are the only price, aantd the only sacrifice.
at which they are to be matntainod.
In the flrtn p-airintismn andI correct p'rin
ciples of the D)emnocratic Patrty, we tuny
doulbtless anticipate the co-operation of a
faithful and ellicient ally S'rutgr~ling
again: the corruptiona and abuses of Gov
ernmetnt, in its longj couirse of error~ a".d
injustice-the ahiuotes and exponents of
at sounid curreney, and conomical expen
ditures-ustningO the interests and the
institutions of the $outh. againtt all the
influences of hank demintiont. andl abolition
fanatacism-we mtay jutl?y calculate on
their unwavering veal. in acheiving this
work of reformation. An-l whetn tha' next
recurrence to the ballot-box shaall have
purified our counsels-shetn the pbop..lZdr
voice shall have spoken the dloo:n of ou~r
misguidled rules-when republican prinici
ples, regetnerated iu the deliberate and dlit
piassionnte results of the ensuing eleeriotta.
nhall have dispelled the deluniuasu itt the
lnte Pr.esidential canvas,-dhen may we
h-,pe thaat the South will again recnorI
hetr rights. and the Constitution regain its
vi;;or andl asendancy. It is indeed deep
ly to be regretted, that the assent of a sin
gle member of the Democratic Party
should have accorded (even reluctanotly
though it may htave beent) to a measure
which they have denoutnced with so much
ardor antd ability; which they had discus
greed on principles admiting of n comtpro
toise, and s bich no consideration of expe
diency ought, or codld, overrule. What
if the denmands of the GJovernment ere
emergent: What if the Tesamury teas bank
rupt~and our reulers clamorous end dissatis
fied: Would anyr of these causes excuse or
justify a premedtated violation of the Con
atiution, or a wanton umposttou of unjust.
oppressive, and ezorbitant taxes? It
would have been better that the sources
of onr revenue ball been dried up, our
public improvements neglected our fortres
aes dismantled, our army disbanded, our
navy rotting in the docks, our officers
clamorous for salaries, and even members
of Congress unpaid, than that such a
breach should have been made in the Con
suitution. Time, and returning prosperi
ty, will effect a cure ofalhhis diorder and
derangement in our statistical economy;
but a violation of equitabId principle.,
neither ages nor prosperity can repair;
and wrong and violence done to the Con
suitution, shake with the force of revolution.
every pillar in the ptolitictal fabric, and
desecrate the very sancteeries of the Tom
pie of Liberty.
Chesrishiug bepe, however, in the Justice I
and wisutom of the American People
costladingi~n tho pairiotism and purity of
the dermoeratic party of the Union, and
awaiting, for a reasoniable time, the slow
.md tardy progress of legislative refo.rm
..4ssus sill rmembr, tht th man a
afesy ant rearess reside n ?he ;orneiP b
isources of the Stat uf-in the. pirt
ad patriotism of our own people-is the
rmness and winiot of our own comi.
ieither our appeals to the justice and pat
intism of the nation, onr invocation to p
ur allies, nor an sa-icipited sympathy b
nd co-operation of our Southern sister d
tates, should be peraitted for a mnment P
> weaken our efforts or our resolultioe to
neet all the consequences and All the
mergeneies of the contest. , It is due to
le consistency or principles which this a
sates has so emphaticaly asserted on C
imilar and perhaps less aggraved occa- p
inne; it is due to the allegiance which she a
ins professed to the ConstitOiion; it is be
itted the high station of trust and confi- 3
lence which you occupy. that the voice of
sur People almost unanimously spoken Int
he Resolutions of the last sesaion-with
il it warnings sild invociations to our in
atuated oppresstors-ahould bo strongly
citerated ant! responded to, in tho meas
ires and deliberations of the presnt Legis- a
Having reviewed som' of ite internal r
ources of our btrength and pro,-potity. as
iell as of our diaquietude and ytevances,
rith on earnest endeavor to suggest the
mra's of improvement and relief, it say
not be now improper to direct your atton
tien to some of those exteral causes aud
relations, having sa influence no our hap- I
pius, and the eonsequsences of which we
ennnot be wholly istdilirets. Our sym
pathies cannot but he deeply interested is
the svocees-fil und patrintic struggle of a
vung sister Repuhtlie to maintain its na
tional existe:ce. Recent events would
sem to indicate the approxmit tinn of a
period when it may Ie necessary for the
sthority of our (itivernment io be inter
posed. to protect its own boorders and insti
sutionle, nrinst the jornlidious aggressions
Of an ambitinus aood unsevrnpiulous despot.
Nor is it to be Prenumed, that eisher the
interest or the moral .en'e of our citizens
would pcrmit ''e seno he silent and disin
terrsted aewctatort of the wrougs and op
presinlns of a kisdifet pO"I'le, who have
wonaud maintaiiied their right to inde
pendence. Jy the achieveme-nis of success
rul valour-by the results of a well-regt
lated and nrg:saived finvernment--And by
our formal reeornitito" of its established
sovereignty and ineistasiona.
Yet. should shiu holy aspiration for in
dependence. igenerate into cmbitions
schenmes of extended empire nud dominson,
then will ithecome more consonant to a
sense of justice. and the position of neu'
trality % hichour government occupies, to
repress, rather than to encourage the ardor
of our youthful citizens, in embarking in
such speculative enterpris for spoil, for
coquest and for plunder. The patriot.
ism w hich enlits under the standard of a
foreign government to despoil another of
its righis, its riches, or its territnrv, is dit
ferent, far different. frum that which at
tracts the generous ent the brave to assist
an oplressed people. struggling for inde
pendence. and d orvingto be fies. The
,... c wa~ngwa~rs niy for hoo
or efeceanddebse hechvalrac epies
foupepeinto an inordinate lust of the
sensual fruits of victory. To respect she
rights or all,* to form entangling allisuces
ith none, is perhaps the wisest precept of
the most virtuous andl venerated of Amer
inn sages. A4@d while our principles and
ut sense of justice most emphiatically in.
culcasec the truth of thIis moral sentiment:
a jealous regtardh for our instil utions should
induce us must sactedly to conformt to, ass
in the ratinecation nfthe late treaty with
Great Britain, we have just reason so con
giatulate ourseclves on the amicahle, and
I trust mutuilly advantageous adjustmnent
of someas of those lung pendingc diuiculhties
which have so eoften shreatetned so disturll
aur relations with a governtment, wish
a hose peopule andl freeo institutions our own
sre so nearly assimilated, by laneunge, buy
uterett nd by enimmer'e- It is not one
of he least of the blessings af~ an enligh
tud age. thai argumenit and reason have
oimset entsirely sup-rseded the direful ne
ce'iv and calamities of waur. In she muo
rl c'de of nations, as well as of men,
wroes can no longer be perpetratied wish
ant finding a corrective, or an avenger, int
the couvietions of an enlightened public
aetiient. Justice and right aro now the
true armour of defence, and the civic
wreath of a sagacious and successful nego
cinsor of an honorable peace, in the moral
imsprvements of out age, have overshaw
od the laurels and the trophies of the con
quror. Armed in a righteous cause, the
vigorous and patriotic energies of ocr Re
tubic fear no adversary, decline no con
test, andI are equal t2 any emergency.
Bu it is tenfold more gratifying to receive
she acknowledgements of her cquitable
demands from the concessions of a gene.
ros people, thin to come out of the boody
contest so obtain them, Blushied-with the
most triumphant victory.
Whie. howev. an much has been aichiev.
ed so allay the spirit of war and dissati..'actaon,
arising onut of the border aggressions of a few
aaless citizens, and the conttested jurisdiction
if a barren territory, it is to be regretted that se
little has been conceded to the protection and
mcurity offloutheta property and institutions,
ggainst the piratical sipsaiations and interfer
tac of foreign functionaries. In this aspect,
wd indeed for all practical purposes, is would
ew that the guaransies ot the Constitution, to
iotect those institutions, bars been atterly an
aihilased from the unredeemed and ensumerat
td pledges of the conufederacy, "to provide
'or tie common defence and general welfare."
In the general terms of the Constitution, es
abishing this department, its powers are but
agey espresused; nor las our subsequent Is
islation been 'very definitely illustrative of its
aarticular duties.authority, and responsibilitics.
[hat some, however. of the prerogatives of she
eatnent have become sn practice unreason
bldlisproportioned to its general powers, will
eadihy be adanitted, when we refleet shat it ex
roises an almost unlimited power of hegisla
io over osur criminal code, byits absoluate and
wrrstritd discretion of adnasiatering it. Nor
sas its infuence in this respect been slighstlya
me inconsiderably felt, since tho policy of
oms of our sterner and more important sta
ssts, have 'samsed with the character of every
dministrato, and have eonen becomne in their
.ectin. as an~table a the motives anid inul .
lity of the humnian tnitcd a them. Sto
niformity-of decision, so A stiee o
in only prevail in executing as in ad- of
inistering the law, when the ad rea- a
mno, upon which they are fo ort 'expo- of
I to public investigation. aI a high t
andard of correctnes in I - tion ever of
uattaino, bait by imposi nsible t
sty of presenting for the j of the peo- c
l. the racts, cirenmsrance, 'deratsons P1
pim which they ate based. 0
The numaronem and alm 'ble en- i
agements of the depart neither a
me or opportunity for the ofuch li1
duty, by tie personal e the Eie- t
Ittive And the very li Inadenatej f
rovision made for the n ' ce of b
permanient Secretary. alike the pos-I ti
ibility of expecting it from - And al
et the witdom of our sister has in this p
epct amply provided Ste ities. even Iit
rhere the Executive is eiati ved fromntU
lic laborons dities or the mai -
In the litieral policy of a -State. the ti
:xecutive Department is ith a bit- 11
eau othree perimaneut with libe- ti
rat and coepetent salarie.e greatest p
dvantage that can be de ti e small rl
anua appropriation of our is the em- c
layment of tue temporary bran asan- i
mnsis. for the few weeks o messiol. If
lie services of such an ol have ever ex- il
ented, in omt piactice.hey0-4Zbon tines amid a
latieA. they la.ve constitthLJ&np a agle ti
iception to the general usag theI depart- ro
nent, and (as iii the instance * able and a
aefil asistance of the p intcunbent.)
are been accorded by gene *i1011tives of a d
ersonlal character, rather Li nise of offi
:il al-liantion. The requiari*M of such amt
i>icer malaY be better undet when we re- c
lect. that a uaore intre= - could a
scarcely he presented to th Ie. than -in an- a
ntal siatemueat of the o tc the detart.
ment-the ,tficers sppoited autority- t
the instancs or interference the adutnis. r
trationi of the lnw--and sant ad degree
f crime subjected to its "aeV , to pardon. I
r to punish. Such t reeort rqutred to be I
inado to the legislature. and- 6 eans furuish- 1
ad by its liberality, would noTitly enable the
Executive to preserve his eOWeW sistency. by I
alfrding opportunities of re e to preced
ing acts. but serve as lanmi for the warn
ing or imitation of his suec Auu tooppiie (
the people of the mode in whZ-their laws are
admimistered; of the amuoun dree of '
crimue perpetrated. and of th ey.a effira- I
cy of thrir ciiminal jurispi . ru
ng the conduct and motives eJ en. As it is,
there issearcely adocnmeit. a'record. oran I
archive in tIme departo-nt. tn +msd the rit of a '
precedent. a decision. or evo, a tradition to I
eilighten the conneils. or direMt the policy, of
In the conneaion of this depatment with the
other Iranches of our State Governmnent, the
infuence of a wis usage, and eamulnuas exam
ples of courtesy upon the prt of each. have
done more than the law, and thsontituio it
,eif. to estahlish their distinetive limits and
As en instance of the aneertin limits of Ex
ecutive jotrsdictinn. I woki sqr.-Tour atten
tion to an Act pamsed at the lag session of the
Legislature, in which the dismetion of this do.
patment was wholly auperseded by ie action
of your body. directing that imposed by
the sentence of the Court on Pardmue. on
a conviction of manslaughterbe appropriated
to the benefit of the family of%* deceased.
The remission of fnes and ties would
eem to be exclusively the Condattu
the Fveeitivo " _
" to provile,"at the same timt (or such disps
itina: whether, .'in short. it was meant by tis
exception, that a legislativeprovisioni of the
pealtiesoerState ofl'einces, shOnld be anticcdcut
or subseguent toma breach of did criminal law, I
refer to your wisdom to determine. A profond
respect for the proceedings of a co-ordiname
branch of omnr State Government, as well as an
entire accordanaca with the benevolent object
they were designed in this instance to accom
plihb were of course sufficient to prevent any
naterference on my part todefeattbe provisions
of the act.
That neither time~ or event, may ever inter
rpt the haramotnioms co-operation of all the
branciesofoneir State Govremuent in prumnot
ing the future, as effectmially as they have done
the past weal of the Stste. I would nether
presume to anumcipaete. nior offer ought but the
most devoted S..J tervent wishes toavert. But
it is certainly thme puat of patriotism, as well as
of wisdom tom leave iso political right or prerog
umtive to thue pemations of time, or chance, or
neecdent Inaletermuine; nothing for the accenm
itins af preceets to, increase, or the exam
Ie of past enc roachments ta diminish; nothing
mir the samnctionied errors of fallibile minds to
pervert. or the venerated weakueus of thme hiu
man heart to impair.
Trho generaml powers of the department are
of less imponrtamnce amid efficiency m te adlmn
istrain of our State government than were
originally intended by the framers of the Con
stmittion. anti have gradually diminished under
the inftluenacem of somne modiyig causes, is. i
ihik, cnepicuomusly apparent. WVhsth:er the
conservative chairacter which it was intended
to preserve, and has hith-rmo sustained, to the
people amid the Constitution, can in any de
gree he safely and usefully dispensed with, is
fr youmr jindgmeat, and theirs, to deteiminie.
To enilarge itt. powers in some respects. part'
nlarly in the appointment of State officers.
tmd the supervision of onr road laws. amid sys
tmi of public education, would utngnestionably
a'ord ample opportunities for usefuilnesa and
eticiency And to mnciese its responsibilities
both to time Legislature and the people, by re
quiriig an annual publialied record of allmis of
ficial pceedinmgs, wonld at the same time esta
blish the best guaranties for thesafe and discreet
exercises of all its prerogatives.
That the initerposition of the veto power
might on mime future, but I hope distant occa
sion, exereise a conservate influence upon
the character of our laws, and bometimes pro
snt a salutary ch-ck to hasty and indiscreet
legislation. may reasonably beinferred from
recent illustrarnons in the practice of the Fede
rl government. as well as in tbe example of
rnost of our sister States. In all of the State,
onstitutions adopted or amended within the,
recent experienace of the practical operatioti of
our forms of government, die necemaity of in
terposing sowto safe harrier to fhe encroach
inents of a dominant anl irresponsible party
egi.ltion, has wisely induced to the insertion
a this salutary feature.
In our State Constitution, based entirely ams
is, mupoai a compromise of interests: so sue
essfully illustrated in our representation in the1
senat, somietmem even praetieally exemphi
ed in oumr legislation, (as in the divoion of the
'ree school faitd.) and moat obviously manifest
si imi the modo ofelecting the Exeutive, would
ol the protecting influence of an Executive ye
o be consistently (trlfilling the purposes for,
vhich this idjtusttasett ofpower and of interestS I
Divested of gail motives of interest, by die
ear approach of the spiration of any oedicial
rm, as well as my of~eial inaigibihty-dis
Imarsed hr~reof y ses fperson
l delicacy, aid confirmed in dhe conviction o
nst of my predsorI would add my testi
le to tie gn.ly am. U..e, nia c'iin
insurate even with theordinary requireme tis
the station. The inevitable influtence nfstuch
anse may practically operate in the course
time. to contine its aspiration to the ptilet,.
deter the services or merit. and to pireseht the
lice as aglittering prize to exhorblaat wealth.
mniated by inordinate anhition. Nothilng
n be more ati to an enality of rights nt
ivilegeoo-ontteing can exact ia :n.re tptaequii
is homage from popular inaitttttittsn i so
ed oligafchy-nothmg can be more Sn.i did in
people or prolfiigato in a government, than
e mIserable policy olhartering the hounors of'
eeonitry. for un1iaid services, and the sarri
:e of private interest. It would lie mo e tohe.
cause more frank and iomorable, it, protaetote
em at once to the >gnnainy of a lItilic -ae.
id the opeti scandal of a public market. '11e
resent periid ofretaenchinent and ensanrr:ess
ent is perhap!. woo unpropitious an iec-amSon.
recommentatn increase of the lsecitive sal
v; but, unwilling to avoid any respon-itoiity
it may devolve opt moe. of making suggesions
at I may deem promotive of the welfinre of
e State. I take this. one of my latt oticial op
Ortut.ities. to add my testimony. to the concur
t declarations of all. I believe, of ily prede.
!more, in favor of the prosp.:etivc policy or
ch a measure.
The term of two years ealy. acompanied by
elligibility. has been found In the experience.
id acknowledged by the cuanilor s.f all. to be
so Phor fur usermsless-ton tenporary to per
rt systemantic views of improvemehest-ail
light operate on sone ocensions of great and
erilous emergency. to exclude the State from
eriving benefits from the services of her ablest
id most efficient citizens.
Bitt a few days iore, nw remain, fellow
itizeme. to complete lte term tor which I was
lecteit-who-it my official relatiron. toi the inte.
re to ise chang,-i4 into the hiaiti.- ditief atioI
voentims itst' onate citizen. If mett o
ave in any resp-et tailedi in ststaitatnn It. dig.
ity of the statist,: it eqauitalay ndomn.4tering
i her laws; or in snggosting correct vww
)r promotion: uae happiue, nud wlifare of tie
Senple: thet hnve I been matost aign:lly di-p
ointed inl the hopeas and aspiration whilch Itave
onstituted the mnitives olny oflicial lifc. 'T'
ireserve her w',e stid happy institutions tndi
ninimhed tnd nnimpnired: to le.d her oiwatrd
a the patih 'ma n:tietinal greatness and glory; to
herish her rightie.her principles. and the vene
ated cstots saif ousages ander which she la.n
itained to so much honor and proeperity;
ave been the objects of my taiceat'ing Vigilanimce
td snlicitude-objects which wall Mill foliow
ne in retirenent. inepiring the warnost wishes
r her welfare. isccompanoyin'g every im:nie of
hity. and strengthening every ohigatitati of al
egnnce. as a citizen and a Carhinniaa. And
het. intcontemplating the beneticienti siller.
ision of a Divine P-. -r. so conspicnotly al
strated in all the e%'.r- of her history. as well
ip in the innumerable blenings of the past ad
if late years, it if with a confident hop-, that I
aow invoke its continned protection and ts
lo, to inspire her counsel. and comlsuct her
natitutions, in every stage of her progress. to
attain all the attributes. the permanency. and
be moral energies, of a great, as well as a free
ind happy people.
Nor with less confidence, do I repose my
tpe in your zeal and exertions. gentlemen. to
nlate the wisdom and patnottom of thcse
who have preepeded you, in promoting the
rue interest and enduring weal of your conisti
If my wishes and invocations on ieht an oc.
mion, may be rmitted to he expressed, with
hoe solemnito the last admnnitn- --
JOHN P. RICH %RDSON.
L EGESLAFEUR E.
In Senate. Nov. 29.
The President announced the Stan~ding
Committesu ne follows :
1. On Privileges Et' Elections.-3Mcserg.
Wceilie, Gregg, liiggints, DeTre~vili,
2. On Federal Relations.-Mlessrs. All
ton, Rhett, Clow ney atma Boozer.
3. On Finance andL Banks.-31esqrs.
iiggins, Felder, Boye, Fickhing, & John
4. On 1the Judliciary--.-Messrs. Greef
Nc Willie, ?loses, Dooxer. and ihr::aan.
5. On Accounis and Vacant Ojjices.
%Iessrs. Donald Douglass, II. II. Thorn
on, Walker and Scasionas.
6. On Claims and Grietvmnces. -Mtesrs.
DeTreville, McKenuia, J. S. Mturray, and
. R. Thonmson.
7. On the Militr and Pensions.
ie.srs. Duchanan, Ilannia. Wilsoan. R ivo.
8. On the College, Education and Ret -.
riont.-Mlessrs. Allaton,. Cain, John D~ot.
;ln, and Rhiame.
9. On Incorporationsv and Engrtossed
4ts.-Messrs. Young. Jeter, Elfe, and
10. On Agriculture and Internal Im
rormens.-Messrs. Gause, Johnson,
hardl, antd W. 51. Morrnv.
11. On RoadIs and Buildings.-M1e-sro.
Witherspoon, Goutadin, Grimuball. Palmer,
12. On the Lunatie Asplum and Mledi
at Accounts.-Mossrs. I ickling, Buford,
13. On the Legislatire Library.--Messrs.
2rege, Rheit, anal MeWillie.
Iouse of Representatiues. Nov. 29.
The Speaker annouanced the followsing
Sanding Committees :
Committee on Privileges 4. Electios
honas J. Pickens. J. D. Yates, N. Ri.
PFaves, J. L. Munnintg. Geortae R. Dunba-r,
I. C. Sullivan, M. L~. Bonhiam, I. Larti
rite. I. Rt. Sparkmtan, C. HI. Grillin, W.
ommittee of Wrays & M1eans.-C. 0.
iemieer, F. WV. Davie, E. G. Palmer,
FocI Smith, A. T. Darby, Albert Rheti.
. P. Dickinson, John EnglIish, M1. P.
Cmmittee on Federal Relations .-B.
. Hunt, Edmund Rhett, C. G.SMenmmin
er, P. WV. Davie, J. Chesnut. Jr., D. F.
Famison, James E. H enry, WV. F. DeSaus
ure, 3. M. Walker.
Committee on the Judicia r.-F dvrard
Frost, W. F. IDeSausare, \ . D. Porter,
. C. Hay, G. B. Eck hard, A. D. Sims,
ames Simon' J. W-. Blakenecy, P. Della
CommiUie on InternaL Improremen
. ard Mfiddleton,Johnt Blake, J. S. itt
:reaves, Gabril Gamnon, J. L. Mtanninag,
. Quttlehum, W. M. Myers. E. P. Er
in, J. 3. Wilson.
Oonmitee on Claims.-T C .Perrin,
.A. Ashby, John T. Broyles.Jnames Gra
m, A. H ardin, T. HI. Gregorie, T. C.
arson, J. G. Guignard. John Smiat.
Committee on the Military.-Dl. F. Jo
.:..n, I L.netigeu,. P. Onattheh->m., Wt.
A. Ashy, U.. rTint, W. .,. BunleJ.
A. Aishby. C . 1. (;rillin. WV. J. Whalei .
Commnittee on Rous Hridges and Fer
ries.-M. E. Carn. S. If Mortimer. J. S.
Siigreaves, Daid Gavin, J. M. MlcElroy,
Iletiry Smith, Charles Willians, George
Miost% ell. J. I). Strother.
Cmmii'tee on I'ub..Ic ::uildings.-W. J
At-too. tieurv Arthur. 1icurv b.. mi. 0.
Woodi ard, *I hot. AlcLure, IlI. J. Smith,
James S. Rogers, John C. Mi:ler, J. B.
Commiltee on Incorpofaionls.-G. B.
Ee.khard,. R. C. Griffin. W. B. Rowell.
G. C. Gerddes. B. G. (YBryan, G. V.
Pres-ly, J. M. Barton, JamesSheppard. J.
Conmittee on Educat;on.-C. B. Nor
throp, A. Ilibben. J, lauske. J. M. Wal
ker. Jaies Sionous. J. Che-nut. Jr.. I. D.
W ilNon, C. C. iov, J. I. Sparkin..
Committee on Accounts.-J. W. Bake
nev, Edward Sebriu, W. W. Ancrum.
I)ivid Gavin, Wiley ilurrisou.J. O. Nich
tilU.0o, S. If. Murtimer, Juseph Dickson,
Joshna P. [)awkinw.
Commift re on E'olortd Population.-].
D. Wilson, J. B. Black, P. Della Torre,
W. Irby, W. J. -Cook. W. If. Gist, R.
W. Roper. Henry Davis. J. J. Wilson
Cuwmittee on District Ofes Offic eers.
-J. E. Heiry, J. Al. Walker, W. J. Rey
nflds, Joseph A. Black. W. J. Whalov.
R. T. Allison, W. 11. Gist, N. R. Eaves,
Coinmiltee on Agriculturr.-R. W. Ro
per. G. C. Geddeo. J. A All-tot, M. P.
3laves. A. J. Harvey, P. C. 1irimball, A.
Ilardin. Jo-epti A. jolly. G. (;,,v m.
'onmiite on Urieraines.-J G. Brown,
J41hn1 Blake-, Charics Williams, J. Shep
pard. A. J. Harvey, Ilenry Siuiih, Rt-t.
Cox, J. 1). Strother, G. Gott in.
Committre on the Lunatic Asylum..-R.
W. Seymour. B. G. O'Bryan. J. U Gu ig
nard, J. If. King. G. W. Pres-ly, J. Shep
pard. John English. J. 1. MlcElroy. I.
Committee on Pensions.-5. P. Crock
ett, Ileury Smith, Joseph A. Jolly. (.
Woorlwdir, James Grahaim, Th ain., Mc
Lure. J. 1). Yate... W. Irhv. J. B. Poyns.
Committee on Public Printing.-F W.
Davio, I. W. Seymour. W. Al. Myer-,
W. D. Porter. Edmuud Rhett, J. P. Dick
inson. J. M. Ranqor.
Mledicl Cominitee.-J. I1. King. R. T.
Allison. Thos. Lmlejwon, C. L.( gillarl,
T. H. Gremgorie. W. I Coot;. J.sen Lor.
Committee un V'acant ffi:cs. -William
1. Bull, W. W. Anicrum, J. (). Nicholson,
Joel Sumith. W. J. Cook, J. C. Miller, A
Committee on Engrossed A. ts.-Josepli
A. Blaik. C. B. Grifito. C. B. Northrop
Frtacis Sumter, S. H. Mortimer.
Committer on the L.rgislatire Library.
Albert Rheit. C. G. Mtemminger. J. A
Ashby. Edward Frost, J. A. Alston.
Cashier-C. C. Hay ; Deputy Cashie?
Mr. Speaker laid befosre 1,-e House fht
ich was or
"SP9 t fi iI
With the highest regard,
I am your obedient servan7.
WILLIAM C. PRESTON.
Mr R. C. Griffin pre-ented th- pr.i'
tio. of. andry citizens of Edge~fasl Dis
trict. prnlying tha' an :.ci be passedl auth .r
iz.ing pesn who pra-tice medicine on.
the Th'lompsonian system, to collect a rea
sonahle comnpensmation for ser'ices render
edl. Also, thle petition of sundry citizemi
of~ Edgefteld, liarnwell, atnd Lexinigton.
wjilh a similar prayer. which was referrec
to the 5ledical Committee. Also, the pe
tition or TIully F. Sullivan. atnd John 1C
.McIonald, pirnyinag to bc rele.asnd ho.n
debt ; which was referredl to the Commauit.
tre on WVays .and Menns.
Mr. A. Rhect tsubmittrd the" folown:
Resoulution, wvhich was ordered to lie ron
sideo cd immediately and agreed to:
Ilrsalred, Thatt the Speaker appoint a
S pecial Cotmmittee of ninre Members. (onc
to be taken from eacho of the present Con
gressional Districts of thoe Soate, and iin
act jointly with a imilar Co omi toe of the
sameo or less numiber from the Sen. te.) to
ni haom ilhall be referredl all mantters relatine
to 'the arrangenmetnt of the Statte into new~
Electoral Districts, under the late Appor.
tionmnent Bill of Cong~res, and w sha!l
report by Bill at the earliest period practi.
H-ouse of Representatirts. Nov. 30.
The Speaker an-tounacedl the following
genuleen of the Commnaituen undler the.
resoolutiona siubmittedl sesterdlay by Mr. A.
Rheat, to arrange the Con::resioonal Dis
tricis of the Stce .3lessrs. A. Rhett, C.
G. Meomminger, J. L. Manningr. TI. C.
Perron, W. Irbye, A. D. Sims, . .'. DaU
vie, T. J. Packeoti, and W.. F. DleSaus
Mr. John B. Black presentedl the Peti
lion of sunolry estizen. of Ahheville Dis
trict, praying the disconninuance of a Pub
lic Road in said District; which was rec
ferreod to the Cotmmittee on Roads, Bridget
Mr. R. C. Gritiin presented the petitior
oif sundry cutizen' of Ed~gelield Dietrict,
praying an alterat ion in the License law
which was referred to tho committee on
Griev~onces. A iso,. the petition of sundry
citizens of Edge6eld, praying that so muell
of the Newmarket Road a.. lie betweeti
the Scott's Ferry and Five Notch Roads,
be discontinued as a public highway: is hicht
was referredn to the commuittee otn Roads.
Bridges anid Ferrices.
Mr. Yates submitted the following Re.
solutions, wvhich were ordered for consid.
Resdlred. That the committee on the
Judiciary be instructed to enqtuire andi re~
port on the exi'ediency of choisitng the Land
Resolred. That the committee on inter
nnt lmprovemets be instructed to en
qutire and report on the expediency of
abolishing the oflice of Superintendetnt of
Public Worki', and making sale of such of
.the Public Works as ray be deemed ad
visable : also, of placing the public roads
under the control antd management of the
Commuissioners of Road-s of tho several
Parishes they re res pectively lie.
On motion Mr. Hietnry,
Resolred, '1 at the committee to nomi.
nate n,k n:...,.... sall.nss:. of .i
memibers. one to he take. fro:n each Con
gressioual District in ilie Sait"s. and that
said couamitter lie appmnnte,4 by Speaker.
Air. Briowis tiubmtii'.gcd the Iolluwing Re
solution, v% hich was ordered for consider
ation to-itio row.
Rewsored. That the committee oc the
Judiciary be instructed to inquire into the
expediency of catab i-hio:: the County
Court system, or to increase the jarisdic
tion of magistrates in all civil matters, at
least to the summary process jurisdiction.,
and that they report nec irdingly.
aIr. Young l)hvis presented [ie Petition
Of citizens of Pendleton District. praying
an alteration in election-s, .ad that m'ana
::eis of elections may be c-mapen'ated 1hr
ttwir services; which, was reteired to the
committee on Privile;:-s andl Elections.
Purnaint to notice, Air. Sims a.ked and
obtained1 loave to itroducc a Bill to en
etnin Real Estate to a certain extent from
levy and sale undrr execution. and foar
other lurpioses; which was read the first
titne. and onered to be read the secoud
In Senate. Dec. 1.
Pursuant to notice. 31r. Ell'e introduced
a Bill to establish nnd regulate the nflire of
State Reporter; which received one read
ing. and was relerred to the committee on
Puruanut to antice. Mr. Grimball intro.
duced ;I Bill to providle at whiti time per
sipus s1hall woirk on Roads. Culti and Uria-.
gee, in siis State : which recei.rd ane
reading. and was ordered to be prin:el.
and to le referred to the committee on
Road. al Buillings.
The President announced the followting
geutlemen tte committee on the part of
the Sciatie, to meet thae committee on the
part of the liouse, on the subject of divid
amg the Conogressional Districts. viz:
3lessrs. Felhler, Rh.t, Alston. McWil
lic. Clonnoey, Evins, Donald. Doualass.
Hliggiuts. ani J. DeTreville; anti a tmes
.age %as isent to the P'ouse of Represen
iative, tformssing that flouse of the ap
Mr. Rheit presented the petition of the
Agrieultural Socicty of South Carolina,
praymng a- Agnultural Survey of the
State: referred to the sare comnitteo.
The following Resoluiion. offered by
Mr. Felder, was agreed to:
Resolved, That the conmitteeon Agri
culture ;.and Internal Improvements en.
qutre and report as to the expediency of
aloishing the Office of Supenatendent of
Public 16sorks. and ilexpedient, to report
a1 Bid to that ed'ect.
House of R Iesent4ires. Dec. 1.
Mr. Carn paesen:ed tie petition of M.
Laborde. prayiag compensation for certain
serv ices as Secretuy of State ; which was
rclerred to the comitittee on Claims.
Mr. R. C. Griffin presented the petition
tf sundry citizens of Edgefield District,
pray ing fur a new place of Election, which
.%us referred to the committee on Privi
;eges and Elections.
Mr. Aloert Rhett submitted the follow.
it- Reseilutions, which were ordered to lie
on the table, and to be printed:
lst. Resolved. Tnat in the upinion of this
Legislature, the fine imposed during the
Lewr.wilsh (04t krnI*o. hbv Jlds
all, of Louisiana upon General Andrew,
Jackson, for an alledged contempt of Ju
dicial authority, was tyrannical and un
just, and puts an uanented stain on the
reputatton of that distinguished citizen.
2nd. Resolved, That our Senators and
Rte;resentatives an the National Councils,
b.- itequesated to use their efiortsa with Con
gess. t> haro inis hune refunded to Gene
rid Jackson, with lull legal interest; not
mnerely as a pecutntwry iudemnity, bat as a
reparation justly due by the w~hole country.
;or his emntt services, to his wounded
character aud feelings.
Mr. R. C. G rillin subnmitted tihe follow
iia f' "ulut'ot, n bich w as ordered fur
c n.s deration to morrow :
Res'lvud. Trhat bc commtiitee on Roa,
Brige- . n.d Ferrtes enqtuire tnto the ex
pedic:.cy of repeatin;; toae 21st section of
an act , utti::ed. Ana Act to establisht cer
t..in Roadd. Bridges anud Ferries" past at
the last Ses-ion of the Legislature, and
tha~t the snid commtittee also ettquire into
'he expe liettey of allow itng the Commis
siatutrs on Road,. Bridges and Fetties
p:i)m m na r n. ces-.ny expenditore during
their r.gular tmectngs, anad report accor
in .Senale, Dec. 2.
The President lasid before the Senate,
the Report of thae Comptroller General,
tan the Cotntin;;ttit Accounts against the
Lower Diyision of the Treasnr); referre~d
tat the Comuatnttee on Accounts and Va
Pur-uant tao noice. 3Mr. Jetcr introdueced
a UDl to) nher the tame or the sittings of
the Courts of L aw for tate Sonth Western
Circuit; which was read the lirst time, and
was referred to the Cotmmitice on tlw Ju
A Bill to repeal the Girst section of an
Act, entitled "A Act to extend the bounds
ttf :he Jails of thte several Judicial Districts
of this State;" which was road the firs;
iime, anad was referred to the Comnmitteo
on ithe Jutdiciary.
Pursunnt to tiotice, Mir. J. E. David in
troduced a Bill to exetmpt Real Estate, to
a certain extent, from ferry and sale under
execution, anal for oter purposes; which
was reatdthe first time. anal was referred
to the Committee on the Judiciary: Also,
A Bill to alter the punishment for re
tailinag contrary to Ian; which was rend
the first time, andl was referred to the
Committee on the Juzdiciary.
FaIr. fluchantna., from the Committee
to count the votes for Commissioners in
Equity for certaina Districts, reported that
the following persons1 were duly elected.
K. Maurchtison. for Orangeburg; A. P.
Aldinch, fair Baruwel!; D. Wallace, for
Untion: E. J. Arthur, for Richaland; James
tiemophill, for Chester; Iley Coleman,
Williamsburg; J. WV. Coachman, George
town; Henry A. Mletze, Lexington, J. H.
The President Iniid before the Senate,
the Ananual Report of the President of the
IBenk of the State of South Carolina;
which was ordered to be printed, and was
referred to the Committee on Finance and
Tho Presideant laid before the Senate *
communication from the President of the
ILouiavi lle, Cincinnati and Charleston
Rail Road Company. inviting the Senate
to take an excursion on the Rail Road, on
atury the '!~ nec~mbc