Newspaper Page Text
ab tho patros e ousi -
a tletu tivate that or barmony,
peace,and reconcilistion, which yourowm
generots and laudabl efforts so much
coatributed to produre; and of whlf&, we
have already enjayed the rich and happy
fruits, In the result of a wise legislation. an
. ehl-and eqkable jedsprndence,. and an
unhed aOausecessful support of thi eher
ished rihts and true interests of the State.
Forget that pssiles. prejudice, or tsis
had em divided tboes, whose
- s' and patriotism accord so well
ose, sad let the rude and impious hand
that wld p me ta tear open afresh
these .which so much time and
generous feeling have been expended to
.staunchhand to ciestuise, be doomed by
,sa ..cra.o.r his country toam infamy
anddegradation.ahich noradiance of char
octet, or ofintellect. can eMr relume.
With the most sincere, and ferveqt
wishes, Geatlemee. for your happiness.
and my.country'swelfarC with 4. gredsul
and miduring sense of your kindness, to
sol6'theV SY of my retirem' f.and
the e i1 Ii dec ianig no I
return sq t humble duties'
bound by obligations of allegiance
el strouger by gratitude. over nmy ifec
tinus, than chains of adainant or of iron.
could bind them.
On Saturday lasi, our newly elected
Governor. General James I. Hammond.
(elected on Thursday last.) was inaugu
rated, with the usual ceremonies appro
priate to -the tcecasion. The door and
gllerie of the House of Representatives
were crowded with spectator*, comprising
not only the beauty and fashion of. Co
lumbia, but many of the most disting*Ish
ed of our fellowicitizen from other por
tons of the State. The inaugural addres
uf General Hammond. which we have the
plevinro of layiag before our readers be
low, is a sound, sensible, well.writs
document -brief, concise and direct.
Gedeuar wof the Senate and Hou.e 0j
In receiving at your hande. the first of.
fice of thestate, I am deeply sensible how
aneh I am indebted for it p your kind
partiality: and while I tender you the
liomage of ry sincere thaks, f approach
the high station you have asstiged me.
with tin embarrassment and difibIenee I
have never felt before. To a zealous
und coiientious discharge of its duties.
I can venture. I believe. to pledge myself,
land my hope I,. that by fulfilling this
pledge.I shiall b* able to retain your con
fidence, abd that of ynor constitnenss,
though;inny be foun.1 wantina in those
great abilities which are nout bestowed on
The oath of oce, which I am about to
take, prescribes to me the sopport of the
Constitution of thin State and of the United
Statesi Ya may rest asared , shall ever
endeavor to support them, not More on
accoft'f tjs solemn obligaion. than the
sreer 10atertsa for built, and my
profe*c'eaVictio5, that on their preser
vation deplidsthe future welfare of the
count 4Ourselves, and our posterity; fur,
notwi ' ainding the present deplorable
condition o both national
leglslatie iwimd" seg 'the fierce
conflicts $8~otitifa1-)Srties, who have
here. is elsewhere, somnetimes forgouteen
right. in the pursJat of power, it ennot
he deniee7 that fur he half cnury during
which we'have lived under the 'Federal
Governient, our country has advanced
more rajidly in population and improve
meat, while busspeople have been more
free from-publie burdens. more secure in
private rights, more tranquil and more
prosperous, than ny other country, or any
other pe.,ple, of whom l:istory has left a
record. We have therefore imuch reasoa
to clintg'withi ardor and affection ta. insti
tutions which, imperfeely admnissered, as
tall institusions in the haud. of men muss
he, have-nevertheless done and are capa
ble of doing so much good. They na am
this mnoment underpoing perhtaps se se
verest ordeal to which they have boon yet
submitted. Unexampl'd pence bad concen
trated in its pursuits the intellect and en
crgy of the civilized world. giving birth to
inventious, devolving resources, and stinr
itating enterprise beyond anything of
which it hadl before entered into the imta
gination to conceive. An incalculable,
increase ini every bruchl of human pro.
dujotion was the consequence. lmnienine
commercial operations anud vast spe-cala
tions followed, many oaf these wild and
delusive, as might naturally be supposed.
Prosperity begot condence. atnd confi
dence credit, which, expatndig unti all
real values were lostisight of. and every
schemne of fititious promnisuss or ianagmrary
profits was embrased. finally exploded;
TVhe shoch was felt by every civilized na
tion on the globe; and in all, the disaster
was attributed. by the igporants and design
iog, to the mischievous inflnuce nof the
existing Government; as in time of pesti
lence or fadine, Governmen't ie usually
accused, by thbe same class.--, of voieoning
the fountains, or destroying food. In the
tirst frenay of the excitemeut here a total
revolution in the administration of the
F~ederal Government was efected. Bus
the change brought no relief, and we are
now in the midst of the deepest financial
embarrassment, and the severest struggle
of a counter revoltition. The whplecona
try is full of individual distress: ffade lan
guishes: capital is inactive, and properity
ruinously depreciated. while the revenue
of she Federal Government is inadequate
so its expentses-its credit,. both foreign
and dostit, is entirely annihilated, and
its legislatiom weah, factnous, and net un
*frieetly ln flagrant violation of the
Constlitaos. Yet let as not for a moment
doubt that our institutions will rise snperi
or- to the trial Am ealightened and patri
otic people will rally to their support, -
dl industry, eecomy and time shall re
amove every fiascial diffleulty, and the
ballot box, or in dli. last resort, State In
shall.resore the Constitmtion.
orussyform.s, amid all she diaa
tatsoftbe we can still look with
Sto, the condidion of
er own tate. JIssesd riths a Comstita
tion, e eomprfiuse ha
buenc t ant gnalli cti sat Wea ana iur- a
'Scent perancn to everyfdepsrvuensof
thbilGovementwe have .also a people
who fi laijh moral toeo and general in
formation, may umpare with any who I
have ever fArmed a State. Wit b such a
Constitution and suebr a people, we hae
always held a high rank among our sister
States, and itso happens that at this im
portaut juncture, we are in a conditiuon
which will enable as to odsain it fully.
On all the leading political questions of I
the day, we are, and for several years have 4
been as upited as it is possible for the same 1
nomber to be on- any suh'qp whatever; c
while amid the wreeks of ind viigal, and I
State, and Federal redit, South Careines I
true to every engagementabe has made, I
stands proudly forth without a blemish on I
her public faith. Enjoying this high and
enviable position. her destinies are for the I
ime committed to our hands. A trust so 4
sacred and so honorable must be dischar- I
god with fdelity and Briness. Wemust t
be prepared at all times, and under all
circumstances, and at whatever cost, fully a
and promptly to maintain her principles
and her integrity.
To these ends, and to the support of the a
best interesta of our common country, kI
shall ardently devote my humble abilities, I
and the influence of the official station you c
have conferred upon tame. And relying r
on yor co-operation-on our ample re
sources-oD the spirit and intelligence of
our people, and of the people of the whole I
United States-and a'ouve all on the bles
sing ofGa.d, I look forward with the most I
perfect confidence that the institutious of
our country, and the ipiluence and honor
of oar State, will be tiumphantly sustain
ed on every emergency that can arise.
'Fom as S&san (:Iainic,.
LIST OF ACTS
Passed at the Lats Ssimn of the Leisfatur.
1. An act to amend an act, entitled an i
net for the better regulation of the inhabi- a
taInts of Charleston Neck, and to amend i
an act entitled an act for the better regn- 4
lation of the Commisioners of Cross- a
Roads for Charleston Neck, passed 18th I
2 An let to re-quire the Commissioner
in Equityfor Kershaw District to trans
fer to the Commissioner In Equity for c
Sumter District, all the records in his or- I
ice pertaining to the latter District, prior
to The establishment of a Court of Eqoity i
3. An act to arrange :he State into Dis
tricts far the eeaction or Representatives I
in the Congres of the United States and i
for oaher porposes.
4. As act to amend an act entitled an j
act to prevent the citizens of New York 1
from earrying away slaves or peneons held i
to serviceha oflibis State. and to prevent i
the escapsof persons charged with la i
commission of any crimae, passod on the i
17th December, 1841.
S. An aet to authorise n.l empower the i
Commisioners of Pablie Buildings of the
several districts to furnish necessary cloth
ing for prisoners in the jails of their res
6. An act to authorise the City Coutcil,
of Charleston to elect an additional Re
corder for the city of Charleston, and for
all ac- and clauses of a'ts in relati
te Militia or thais Seats to one act, and
alter and amend the same.
8. An act to establish ceertain Roads,1
Bridges, and Forries, and fur other purpo
9. An act to amend on ancttlod an
act for for rebuilding the city of Charlcs- I
too, and to aalsr and extend the time anad a
terms for the re-paymentt of loans andee I
by the Blauk of the drate of .Soucth Car- a
olium, pursuant to the provistons nathe said
act and of a subsequent act toi amnd thec
30. An act to ncnhorise the Sheriff of
Georgtocn District to keep prisners in :
a place of ensacody to lbe provadedl by the
Coaaat,is'iners of Pubie Buildings, until c
a new Jail shall be completed.i
11. An act to alter and amend? the 15thi
setiona of ant not enrideda nas act toa reduce
nil acts and clauses of acts in relation to the 1
Patrol of this state into one act, aud to al
tr and emend the same.
12. Atn act to itncorpornte certain So
cieies acnd Companies, and to renew andc
amend certain clharters heretofore granted.
13. An act to legalize the acts of Geor;:e
Q. Mcintosh, Commissioner in Equity for
14. Au act to convert the Arsenal ati
Columbia, anad the Csiidal and Magazine,
in and near Charleston into Military I
1.5. An act to confirm in James Jarvey.
FEaecutortof the list will and testament of I
James Nicholson, the title taecertain lands
ia this State.
16. Ana act to authorize the super-in
tedent of Pubalic Works to sell certain I
tracts of the Staite's land on the Wateree
and Catawba rivers,
17. An act furchuer tor prevent the r
tailing of spiritnoas lignors without a Ii
18. Au act to permis James MclKenzie,
an lie, to apply for admission to ptrae
tie in che Courts of Law and Eguity ini
19. Au act to esempt dhe Beaufort
Volunteer comnpany of artillery from re- i
imental reviews, and for etbet purposes.i
20. An act to mike appropriattons for
ie year commencing in October, 1842.i
21. An act to nite the South Carolina
anal and Rail Road Company and the<
Louisville, Cincinnati and Charleston1
tail Road Company into one corpora-.
22. A. act to anthorise copies of cer
tain deeds, lease. and plnts deposited an
the office of the Secretary of State, to be1
used in evidence iir the Certs of this I
State. . -.
23. An a tairequire the.Commissioner
in Equity for Darlipgto. District to trans
for to the Commissione, in.Equity, for the. I
Distrits of Chesterfield and MIarlbetougha, I
all records in his offiee rtaining to the I
latter districts, and for ohr purposes. -
25. An act togive to thme Ordinary, in I
erin eses, the power to ay ever to an I
administrator or .executor th proceeds of I
the sale of real estate.
25. Ao act, to arvangi the Courts of
Law of this State~rndInalalter the tioes
.r ,ah itninejsf tsaa e a Apeals.
Ind rrors, and also . II
n eertain sDstretj ..4j
26. An act to
27. An aet tlalaan j p; 'ir. pg
save of abrsenc froti . )
SCONGRES' '0, a&
It must now be adm:a Prst, u th
6enate, as well as jp J . e iadi
atious are that the BaO r- to b
peedily and entirely rel -. rm. Wa
eneiceded. to-day, by : -t. idin
rends of the Act, in the : Mr
lerrien and Mr. Tallmr aton
lill, rep alin 'lila t , -9-":* rse
. dayand= r. Berrie - - refe
Once to te Cammite. - * Jciary
vith a view to an inq" natur
of the otjections to tp .l s at
empt by those whop - 'p 1 remnv
bose oblreuions. Mr. -:.re -twait sbal
ourtey to those wbe e. d,6 of t"
et required that obey t, italowel
1 offier such modifleati-; 41 ' migh
ssibly reconcile thed -
te to its euntionance. - !!eriel
aw too distinctly, heat 4lion
hat the act was to be d thi
inly questien was, wt b
epealed in a regular - -We
Mr. Berrion content - e wa
o ale it the referene- dela;
he repeal. lie made Jmo
orious attack on the p no ac
rbich had passed, a Ji
nconstitional, cull an 3J.,
Mr. Denton, noreov 1at lil
ijeoi of his bill was t. "]ra
ion, ott piartofCongre .S i
ionality of the act, w1. . ove a
guide to Courts here :er 014
udges of the Federa Coti
tould, he said, he 3us- *gnizinj
iny certificate or ean ist1t1ut
Ict, as a bar 8aainh1 .6 .Til
*ourts ought to consi' -. Ae or
is null. Air. ilenton: *r ' M-0tsCL
hat the act was a mcr ah
vri-ticates ralven unde te. Pa.
The bill wits rcerrm', u. ajda cit.
otastauces which shut'w it i p a'iii lit
Iurns proposedi by.1r. n
A commussipation wai 4 *v!ed froon
ne Secretary of he Na erxplainin
t letters just eved roos -m. ear
.show that our difficul with th
meror e Morocco are yet adjus
A resolution was off'ered tering th
oint rule r the two l us a as topre
ret li refectrris s in re e m itol or
clhng any wine ale, ciler, . as wel
is ar-ent spirito. c ane ytt ard
Aicrd rsolsinwa the redFepries altoge
her. a hich passed by acclamstion.
The Senate must coueur-i e altera
ion of the rule and-dou ill do so
4o mseb for the reign of Sew e.
From l N.Y.CsuinmriadAs 117thina
kUTINY-EXTRAORI IA IY DE
nriant in some particelars, bsfo etbheai
encrol tenor-have since 'mern public
hat soon after her departure om she AL
ican coast a tmutiny broke ht. eaded bo
'assed SMidshtipmnau Speney who ha'
Irawn off into his bad revolt lime forty 0
ify of the cre w. A similauinuier, in
iluding the apprenticcs, rempined faithtfu
o the officers, and arter a shprt but severi
onflict she mutiny wero ovi wered cot
put in irotns.4
A enart martil was h# the soms'
light; Sir. Spenerr the gu ar and was
er-at-armns were found guilt and seniten
ed to death, dhlich seutencefras carriec
ao excution tbe next Wo ng by bang
rg at the yard arm.
The plot or tho mutiners ' said to havn
een tong in art angement a preparationt
ndl their intent was to murd the officers
eize the brig. whbich is a re* rkably fas.
iler, thern cruize onl Sandy oek fur thi
npture of one or more of *0 Liverpoo
lackets, supposed to have ~resumts it
pecic on board, and after thego pirasing
A~r. Speucer, the leader gf the revolt
was a Bont of tbe Ion. Seqesary of thi
"ar J)epartment. Thte ag 'y of the fa
her's feelitngs under tbis terable inilieo
nguage would vainly eaeavor to ex
Another accoent says thb~t.a large pro
portion of thte mnusiners were from ainoni
he apprentices; andi that the two execu
ed wits Spenicer were not'betty officer
ut sailors. Thbis aceonas .sys that thi
ilot was dliselosed by the tnater-at-rfa
veto was solicited :o join in it.
Immediately upon the arrival of tb
hmers, we understand, the sutrviving mtu
ieets were transferred to the North Car
litna, uind is is to he premamed taia thre:
ill hae broughat to trial.
This much was wuitcetand puiblishe
n the moruing edition of oar country pa
~er, and contain. an epitome only of th
umors whtich reached our ears last even
tg. We have speon.she satire mornita
n vain attempts to obtais: informatiotn (
Smore tminute and reliable character tha
s ordinarily found in the krst Boassag rE
torts of startling eveisa. Captain Miacit
mzie has been so circumspect in his cot
rersatin that even his nearest relative
a the city bad not heard a syllable upon ib
ubject previous to his departore to vs
ii family at Singt Sing last eveaing.
keantime the morning papers have aive
various accounts of the dreadful affai
'roms which we compile .the particulal
ippearing the most authentic.
The Somers is a flie sailor, has te
;uns and a crew of about twenty able mc
td forty apprenatime boys, making wit
he offleers, some seventy-Aire persons a
oard. Tho conspiracy, is appears, ha
een in preparation for sdme sia. TI
somers, betng on her way home,,.it -wi
own would, put inso.. LThtomas ft
upplies. The design of the instneers WI
o lay the exeution of their purpoi
itil all these supplies .ha4 been laid it
sd the ship s again ate. -
All1 things beinag ready.. at a-aivef sil
cal, the muteiners were to have a scufic
in the furecastle in the night, while the
captain and first lieutenant wer* ittleep
r On the appearance of the latter to quel
the disturbance, he was to be seized and
thrown overboard. They were then ti
murder the comimanderaud the ward-roon
Sofficers, with the exception of the surgeur
-who was to be kept for their own use
and take possession of the vessel.
The obligations they had entered inte
were of the most desperate kind. The:
b had sworn that they were tot afraid J
I blood; that after the brig had been wa
; tered and was prepared for a cruise, the:
would rise and kill every officer except th
surgeon, who might be necessary for them
that they would then proceed off the Hool
of New York harbor. and capture th
homeward bound packets, which they ex
pected would contin large sums ofspe
cie. Of the people on board the capturec
y vessels they swore that not one should b
left to tell tales-the remales to be subjec
Sto the brutal lusts of the captors before be
I ing put to <;eath.
- On or about the 7th of December inst.
the yjtole .plot-wdirel@Psed to Captair
I Mae&e.ie bs^ -of te crew, who hat
P refused4I-joe'iun'the mutiny. Spencer
a the boatswain's mate. and the quartermas
3 , s immediaiely arrested, and pa
r 'rM were found upon them disclosing the
horrible purpose in full, and signed by a
p large a number of the crew as would ena
bled them to obtain the mastery ini a mo.
L mentofsurprise. Indeed, the whole plat
is said to have been in % riting. written, i
part, in hieroglyphics, to prevent discove
ry, and in the oath were the words-"Yoi
swear that you have no fear of shedditt;
After these horrible diserosures. a cour
p martial was eld upon Spencer and thtu
mo-, prominently connected with him.
It is impossible to know how har the con.
tamination had spread, though it had evi
domtly spread to a most dangerous extent
To crush it at all htazards wits indispensa
The court martial determined that noth
ing short of the prompt execution of th
ringleader would ensure the safety of th
brig. Spencer and the two petty ofice:
already nentioued were tlacreupon ordlerec
to he hung at the yard artm as stated above
Whether this execution was instanter, o
not, we have not the means of saying, a
the reports are confletitng. Ote of then
states that the sentence wns pronnunccd it
the evening. and carried into ecct the
Another account states tha1t it took place
forthwith-hat Spencer prayed for a shor
delay that he might write a letter to hi
father; but the request was refused-ti
young mutiner being told that his intentiot
htad been to murder his commander aqt
officers without giving them a moment fo
preparation. and that they now meted ou
to him the fWte he had intended for them,
It was a moment of fearful importance
when tho diaclosuro was first made, and i
was necessary to decide the question a
mastery instantrr, and ite officers cotld
not then know the exact strength of the
The captain immediately ordered al
bands on deck, and ordered those of the
inose arrayeu .unua.mes upon tue aor
ward deck. wvithot doubt, supposing tha
they would be followed by a great proper
tion of the crew. Twenty-tivc of thteu
Iremained loyal to their fla and commtan
der, and thesie, with the officers, succeedec
.after a conflict with thte mutineers, ,ccordl
I in: to one oftlte accounts, in which sume
of them were severely wrounded, in su
Ipressing the revolt amd puttina all the moo
titaces in i rons.
The Somers sailedl fronm Li'>eria on th~
nighut of Nov. 11Ith, and (frtm St. Tbnnia
on the nightt of thte 5th Dccettber. TIher
I is reassm: tohelieve thant the coenspircce
was formed befo they left thae Africa~
:According to one of the pu'blishaed ru
t ors. thte disclosure ot the plot took ptlac
, pt this wise. Spen-er otTered his ptape
a r roll of the conspairtators to theo master
iot-arms to sign, who signed! it to qjuie
I their sicieios, and thteta imtrediatcly re
i ealed the farts to the cottander. Th
momaent the conwjpirators ftoud that the:
,were discovered tey met in a body an
went to the commnandert. dettmndinag th
posse-.sion of t he shtip, and young Spence
Ipresenatedl a pitoh tat hais head.
All this was tat night, and the chief par
of the crew were below, when the ollicer
on deck, noat knowing thte extent of th
conspiracy, immediately closed the htatche
and kept tall confined n ho wecre below, un
til thaos above, who were conspirator:
had been secured and thteir ringleader
triedl and executed.
Spencer was uotly about nineteen yeat
of age, and received hi~s warrant ss a miid
shhipttan utt the 20th Noven:.ir last. Ltk
.his brother, who figured in tte papers a
,largely fur his misconduet ,ome suonth
ago. he htas been a sad fellow fromt his bty
Itbrxx. We prebume tham official accounl
.of this astountding affair will be speedil
, given. whten more otf its particulars will b
.spread before the pulic. Ii htas been tht
far kept a secret here, we presume, in ot
fder that it might not first reach the ear<
Shis parents through the columns of tl1
.The unhtappy young man was last sprin
.attached to the B razilian squadron. ina
, ing upon that station comimitted some o
e fence fur which be was arrested and wool
,t doubtless have been cashiered, the affa
. was compromised by sending him horm'
undoier a pledge that upon his arrivali
, the United States he would immediatel
s resign. This pledge was not kept-ata
being in commission, be was ordered
n the Somers, on board which vessel h
a brief and sad career has been ended und4
h the circumstances already related.
a The mutineers were unfortunate in ha
ding such a commander to rise upon
e Commander Mackenzie. Though of
,. humaae and exemplary Christian chara
r zer, there is not an officer in the service
s more firmness of purpose, or greater ie:
e ibility or decision. The promptness
, his measores proved at once his coolne
asil intrepidity ; and though the alternatii
, ... dre-Malte s ampl as s.........
We tremble at the tought of the frightful
. scenes that would have ensued had the 1
conspiracy been successful.
We can but regret the deep sympathy c
we feel for his doubly bereaved parents,
I Vnd his wide and most respectable circle
The mutiny on board the U. S. brig
Somers.-The Washington Globe of Ion.
day eveniug, contains the fyllowing ac.
count or this extraordinary affair:
"Mutiny on board the Somers-execution
of iyoung bpencer, son of the Secretary *j
Vf Ar.-Tho followiig statemient of the fa
tal affair on boardhthe Somers i-e derived
from the officer who cane express to
Washington with no account of the trans
.On Saturday last, an officer arrived
(express) from ihe U. S. brig Simers.
commander Slidell Mackenzie, lying n.
New York. with despatches relating to a
most awful occurrence which has taken
place tin board that vessel. The Somers,
it will he recollected, was manned chiefly
with apprentice boys. nod sailed about
three monihs ago for the coast of Africa.
When on her return to thme United States,
it became known to hlie commander that
there was a conspiracy on ftot amoig the
crew, headed by au oflicer, to rise o the
ship, murder the captain and principal
officers, except the surgeon, anu turn pi
The most energetic measures became
necessary. milahipmuani Speucer and t wo
of the petty officers were inmmediatcly ar
rested, and inquiries set or foot to ascer
tain the extent of the muiiuy. Investiga
tion proved it to be to a mnost alarmivm
extent. The captain calsed upon the ofli
cers to express their opinion as to what
,measures the exigemncies of the case requir
ed. After a formal iivoetigation, they
gave it as their unanimous opinion that
the safety of the ship and crew required
thnt the ringleaders should fie put fo death;
and, after giving them it short ilne 1ir
preparacion, they were swung up at the t
yard arm. Coflissionsofguilt were made j
hy Spencer and one of thu men. arid he a
justice of their sentence ackneowledged
with their dying breath. In Spencer's
I neckcloih %as foewi a poaper, written in
cipher. detailing the whole plan.
The crew was to rve at night in his
(Spencer's) %etch, and' the mutiny to
cilmrnence by a sham fight on the fiorecas
tIe; ie wa's 1#0 Crolnduct them aft, as ifto re
port them to the officer ofthe de k. They
in turn, were to appear greatly excited;
aid, as if eager each one to telI his ownI
story, were to crowd round the officer,
and, elapping their hands (in his mouth,
throw him overboard. In the mean time,
others were to go down, as if for the pur.
l page of calling the captain and first lieu
tenant, and stab them in their sleep. The
q-rarrer deck guns, loaded witbgrape.
were then to be pointed down the hiatcies,.
and those who had not joined, shot down
or brought to terms. They were then t" t
r cruise oil New York f'r packet ships, isup
ply themselves with wives from the pas.
sengers. miurder i be ro- t, and rob and sink
the prizes. that no traces might be left. Is
is emnisosible to conceive a more trying and t
awfully responsible situation thao than in,
and othecrs giving it their countenance, a
with reason to believe that a majority of
the youths were impl~catcd; aind tnot know
-hig how far thme plot had ext ended among
.which called for the utmost decision amid
energy. These circtutances-mlie stand.
:ntt o'i Commatander Mat kenzie anid his
officers in the r-crvic-thie fact that
Lieut. Gansecvoeor', (the ordest ullicer on
board. exceptz the Captain) was an ac
qtaimtance acid friende uf young Spemncer
und his famnily-alhl comiine to sho'w the
rstrongest and most urgeint mecessity for
the courrse pursued.
Cromwell (tine of the young mnen hun::)
-had been a pirate, anid ii.,theu-r a sila er
: Doubtless it was the the~ infltuence of these
r men. wyho were i-a Spetncer's watch, that
-led this youthl t suchi anm extremniy.
111'n1 particuilars ofl the wh-lole caseS have
-not yect trn npired. rThe foregt'ing are de
rived from an athientic sotnree; hutlt, unn
tit he c lhe futlly before the pibbme, we
Swould requsts a suspension oh pubic opin
rTme Globe remarks rta! "the ptrevail
ing sentimenlt ir, the ciy, justifies the cot.
t duct of the captain tof the Somers."
fard Tis.-laj-r Noah hams hiithe
Strue state of things im a late article in the
,Hard Tunes.- I've got a turkey for
ato- morrow ," said a rough looking laborinig
tman to his comtpanion on Sac trday. "it
sweighs eight piounds and cost mue half a
-dollar." -Aud I have got," sauid his comn
a panin~n, "f-mri pounds ocf "enisonl steaks,
uwhich cost me tweo shitiings in Fu'ltonm immr
I ket." Turkey and ve~nisonr steaks for two
-tmen cnrrying in coal !W ham will the Ia
s boritng classes of merry cld England say
y to this-why an alderman would lock
e them. both uap itt Trd~both fur merely talk
s ing oftenjo.ying such luxuries-and yet tt ms
IThe man with the turkey, wh.2 looked
e as if he could do honor to the imumorral
hiird himself, no doubt, with sixpene
g worth of boiled onir us-sixpenace worth of
-brend,and sixpencae north of potatoes.
Smade a splendlid meaal fur himself, wife,
dI and four chmildren on Sundevy. the whole
r exen of which was less 'than his earn
,' ings time dlay previont'. and they can all
ma eat such a dinner ott Sundcay. The hard
7 imes do not reach this class. Some body
di rmusmt dn th work, and if wages are low
0 provision are proportionabily low likewise.
is I is those who have lost all by tspecuila
rtionis, whose investcments in Blank Stocks,
and similar securities are all mtelted away ,
..-widows and orphans, who cannot work,
us who are the snit'er,:rs, and entitled to
a every sympathy. hlow relief is to be
:extended to them, heaven knows; but
f! they want it most.. Severe as the trial
t. is. it must ho a lesson hereafter. P'lace no
st confidence in imaginary prosperity-no
us ver venture beyond your depth-live
re within your mecans-thmnk of making a
s.I living. nor a fortune-look aoh'ed-tuko
are of the rainy day-be pruient-bo
emperate-be lum.be. People now a
lays. thiuk a silver dollar is as large as a
. EDGEFIELD C.11.
WiEnrses AT. Ducut mEr. 28. 1842.
We will ding to die Pillars of the Texepe of
our Lbertes.and if it mistfail, we will Perish
amidst the Ruins."
JOHN C. CALHOUN.
;ot subject to the action of any Conveintion.
Col. WHITFIELD RROO.KS.
6D' We call thi attention o rour readers to
e Advertisetnent and remairks or the Ham.
rg Journal. in our columns, on tise subject
f the road leading to hlamburg and Augusta
y 31r. Absalom Delaughter's Bridge.
Executire Appointment.-Col. Beaufort T.
Vatt.s. has beetn appointeIl private Secretary
a His Excellency Gov. Hammond.
Lqislatire Elections.-K. II. Speers, Esq.,
-ason Tuesday the 19th inst., after several
alltings. elected State Reporter. and J. A.
land, Esq., Suoperintendent of Pnblic Works.
State Bank Directors.-The following get.
lmen have been elected by the lAgislature. on
>int ballot. President and Directors ofthe Batk
f the State of South Carsiina:
Prrschnt.-F. If. Elmore.
Directors.-W, C. Dukes, W. St. Lawton,
. Burger. R. Caldwell. H. T. McGee, C. T.
Aowndes, J. S. Bowie, M. T. Mendenhall, A.
'Dona!d, D. C. Webb, G. N. Reynolds, Joia
Corernor of 1irginia.-James McDowell,
.q., of Rockbridge. says the Richmond E*.
sirer. was elected Governor of the Common
ecalth, to come into otice on the 1st January
U. S. Senator.-William H. Haywood,Jun.,
vas, o. ithe 2ln elected by the Legisla
ie of North C$olina, Senator to Congress.
Ohio.-On the 14th Inst., the lion. William
en. was re-elected to re-preseit the State in
ie U. S, Seiate for six i cars from the 4th of
Conreticut -The New I aven Registersays:
'hat at the frll town ueetings in Connect.cut,
ie Democrats have carried 71 towns, wich.
~- -,;#led to I I representatives; the whigS
s, w1Ja elcst 83 representaivis; 15
- . fthus State lhave resolved, that they
>t district it, for the choice of meambers
Beare of Connzrfeits.-We were shown,
e~tera~y, say s the Columbia Chroniele of the
1st inst.. a counterfeit One Dollar .Note on the
Iranchi of the Bak of the State, at Columbia.
'he cigravitng is miserably executed, and
ttld secarcely degeive any person acquainted
rth genuine notes. The iattureS nflD. J.
.leod. President. and Rt. H1. Goodwyn,
'i.iecr. are not written. but enigraved. It is
aid a great itmnbier ofitheje counter feits are itn
iri!ation in the upper p.:rt of the State.
Gen. Jactuon al Dr. C'oopr.-T hie South
trarliian, states. that the Legislature of this
st~tate, pia.d Recsolurmions. recommtenintg that
heL tine' jimp)owd by Judge 11ai1 upon,.General
lac kson,. he ridunded to him by tihe Congress
if the Untitedi S:ates with full legal interest ; and
ham the tine anmpme~d on Dr. Cooper, under
se Ali'en and Seditionm laws for a-libel on John
dasi. whIi!rr l'mc~id.-nt of thme United States,,
n refiumded to his heirs. w ithm full legal interest;
md ejpssting~ our Senators and Repreenta
ives to unec their efforts in the promotion of
Presidential Nominatios.-The following
Preamble anid Resolutions, offered in the hlotuse
>f Representatifes on ,lie 19th inst-, by Col.
Abert Rlhett, Chairman of the committee ap
pointed for the pumrpos~e of nominating the Hon.
ous C. Calhoun as a candidate for the Piesi
dency. was considered and unanimol~~y agreed
1. by bioth branches of the Legislature:
The peo'ple of Somuth Carolina have witnes
ted wih igh griatiication, thme gowing dispo
sition oftthe [Democratic Party throughout the
Uniot. to call their emineit einrzeen. Jons C.
CatLses, hi thei highecst office in the gilt of tho
Ai~erinn people. They have been heretofore
restrained fromn proposing hint as a candidate
fir this d~stinction, by hig~h cooaiderstions ot
eicacy. timd by the conhident belief that. ii
pimte of temnporasry mnisconceptions, his worth
and sevices would nlimisately enforce from his
whole country a jmust appreciation and candid
recogniio'n. [But th,-y are of opinionl the timeo
isas nowv arrived. when justice to- themselves,
nd to one who has sierved them so faithfully,
steimande that they should put forth to the
evrimd, aim expresonm of their unlimited confi
ilence in his abtlities timd integuity, and prefer
..n~ce ofhim,. over all other men, for the office
uf Cifilgistrate of the Union.
The Ljiproaching election for President is
Dne of momentous importance to the great
anse of C'onstitutional Liberty. to . hieb this
tte has long been conspicuously pledged.
Our peopto kro p'rofonnidly solicitous as to the
result, and believe that it vitally involves their
intetests and decarest rights; anid this Legisla
ture should shtink from an obvionis and imupet
ative duty, and be guilty of disappointing and
misrepresentinig their constituents, did it ad
journ without giving direct and solemn ces.
sioi to the untanimuons wish of thePop of
They look fowr ihsnun zetto
to thetuiumuph of the Demoi~cratne Party. but
they believe it as essetial to the ensuritg, as
it Is to the valne of inch a triumph. that the
ca,nein ouf tian Party shoutld be c!estly ier..