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V1POR4 ANT FRO-1 CHIN
Ner-dy thec das Lata-Operid p ef
the srapJ*-CUaptre of Nankt..7
Anotber ship hasjust arrived from Cao
vmn--the 1elea. Capt Benjamin. .:She
sailed thence or. the kh of September. >
- The news Ahe brings is of an important
character. Itis that the British have cap
tared Ise city of.Nanking. It was taken
on the 23rd .fJaly, aud rantomed by the
CIrns for several millions of dollars.
A W ogin to the papers. the Emperor
- is in great tribulaiton.. He is a rare phil
osopher. After his cities are captured, be
immediately ranaams them.-and to work
afresh to whip the barbarians.
It appers that the Chinese become more
warlike every battle. Their defeats teach
them the art afighting.
-A w week has elapsed, and wo are
stil : definite intelligence from the
Exeedii'ot. Three vessels have arrived
dng tbeweek from the north bt bring
- onlvrbal reports that Nanking had
- captured, and ransomed by ilia
Chinese for several millions of dollars.
There is high probability that these re
ports will turn out to be correct. And it
kumatter of surprise that nothing official
6i vet reacbed bere. Expectation las
been on tiptoe for the last fortnight, and
we sincerely hope, that in next weeks is
sue we may be able to lay full dotails be
fore our readerm. Letters from Chuan
state thatflaurteer days had passed wih
out any communication wthatever from
Our extracts this week from the Pak.
ing Gazettes are not without intersa jnsa
at t'is juncture of time. The- -piri w hieh
prompts his lmserial Maitty :as for-tid all
oxportatil of S lPI-tra fret im ('Cianton. and11
to espedig Itw mov4-fla I. W' -he rei,
foercement4 4nd teaitires f.r Fris,*4a e :to
not be mistaken.
Capture of Nanking- -The hng mn
chatit have received certain informnation1
1f : .. (w, of the city or Nanking. (the
ea-u.bera e-xpSt wh.-re the court of the
last Chn-s d--. 1 -alig. reaidedt, but
no otjhialr-intiarmation hias been eer.
frnt U1. Al '. Pieipotentiary. wur hive
we seen anly Peking gaee-M. enosw '
t->et report uo, Ohe caplivre f rh;t on1CI f:1
iU2us netroplisi The paper fron % hich
we have r.de the foiowsa.g tr.nslantiio.
was received frotm Canton yesterday. (the
Ethib) and it was forwardi-d as containing
the latest news from Peking. The cap
ture is not precisely mentioned in the orig.
inal document. but it may be easily infer
red from the tenor of the second paragraph.
The Governor. Niw. is reported to have
made his escape in good time; it bas also
been reported that he hanged himself
when the English entered the city. The
Ubinesein Canton arestruck viih morrow
and cnternation at the fall of the ancient
capital of their native emperors. yet what
other result could they hope for I The
red ships- we do not understand. It would
appear from this paper that the British
faaceisdividled, a part being to the south
ward of Naukitng.
We are told that the Emperor is still in
Peoking; and, we trust we may be able to
give further information in neit Tuesday's
Curas Vene.r, Yredrcaar, iA
Great Caal. and Nankias.-QO the 19th
inst. the transports Horatd and Ameti
Thompson arrived in Hsangkong Bay frm
Uhusan. But all the cager hopes and
anxious expectations oft the resitlent Brat
ish community have been blankly disap
peointed in nor receiving a-y public or eer
lain private information of, the proceed
ings of the eastern expedattonary utted
naval andl military force, since the events
of the 16thbofJune.
A friend has kindly lent us some extracts
from private letters; but the rumsors ihe~y
esttmi of the' pi oceedin'gs of the Briti..h
j.rce are snetrin, anda nut believed event
l.v the writers
--fute thste's tromi Chstant are to August
0:whetn a rumtosr obitnined, funtded on
Chin.ew argfat mtiiotn ih:tt the eity otf Natnk.
ing had been captured ; this report is also
ri. echoed froma Canto. Nsa vessel had
crrtvedl a: (Chsjan tnich land hbeen further
tap sh.- Y. ngsszek'etni than Woosuug on
Juilv f. an thi:t a part of the advatnced
light tsquadti as ini this grarad ctanal. and
somsae of the steaers sofl Nanktling. l'The
naavi-tsadeh of the '-Sa"" orf the se'a." is .aid
tnot te be tdkfiicult. that 6ive faiuoms aesee
found uver the ber. and a gsood passage to
the great canat.
It is also said that Kechien is again In
the Gield ; that he. has seat in a communi
ensiton to Femn's plenipoat-siery.whitch had
becen received u-id a reply given. irn which
was stated the aine ewZa non of the British
government. A ll thit gossip must pass fsar
jnst as much as it is w~erih; but it seems
there bas been a pause ina active opera
tions ; and we fear this season is hoist!
The. two Hong Merchanats who had left
Caston by summnons of the haigh officer. in
Che Keang. in order tao afihrd their t'ai in
unegociating with the British Phetaipnien-.
tiary, have been peremptorily 0: uered
hack by the Empseror, and they have safely
-Tan wan"-l. e. to pry andl hear ; to
find out by enaquiry.'-News.
l.-On the 8h day of the 6th :noon,
July 1-,i, the barbarian ships entered Lsang
shan (wolf's bill;) on the 14th day the
too district of Chinkeang w as lobi; and the
name chanpd to Sinhaingfloo (renovated
and flourishing ;) on the 9th upw ards of
ninety salt junks were burnt at Eching.
e.-Oo the 9th of the 6th Mon. July
16, New, the governor of Keiugesno, re
tired from Wooseth through Tungpa, to
hold Keangning; (Nanking ;) on the 10th
he scat his family back to the proviace of
Kausuh. On the 1ith. three harbarian
ships arrived off' the lower custom hou'se
of Nanagin~g. cruizing nbout. tend said they~
watle, ataitsoui%. Posess"t'' sf the-' rity,
and the 17 h. IS or 19th day wvamin ti
-' a. ns to e- ascutate it; if not. :hiey
.std: g.sn th- i' fGre ; errly o. the 12thI
t w o mosre t trtbars . hya ,arr.ved ; a.
thsy alien destrnyed the lo-er - :atsets
house. .opening a -remeadse caneinade:;
ond the wnole place set ott fire Ner.
an thas day, ,esit orders from his office
about 2p. m. tea shut the gatea ,af the r t: .
buit the inhabitants crowding together, top
....j- .t.. eram cit. te m'stes wcre shot a t
s sad inname allik umbet were
:rush'e to deait
,-,ofi asat mNerchan,1uhit
ta binkeang. to Lrauebow,
ale to reside, nminberiup upwards of
twenty persons, wa AtIiek'e. and one
woran and her servant vere seized and
arried O'fft the devil's imps. Two red
hips,..(tciuteiigihle) plundered and car
ried off upw ards of 3U.000 taels of silver.
4.-The lady of Ching. the literary
Chancellor, on the 25th day of the 5th
moon (July 6) returning to her lome,when
he family were off Kewaceow, a barba
risn ship fired a shot, and not a vestige of
them was left.
5.-The respectable children of both
seues. outside he city of Eching. hate
been entirely carried oi by native han
ditti; and many rich houses in the city
have been plundered-it is not known If
the city is lost (if the English have posses
sion of it.)
6 -The city of Woobo was lost on the
2151, (July 23.) '
' 7.-On :he 16th (Jul) 23,) the inhabi
tents of the Heen district of Kit,. were
oppressed and insulted by the native ban
ditti who broke open the granaries. and
opened the prisons.
8,-New, on the 20th (July 27) retired
tn protcct Taepinufoo-it is reported Toe
pingfno has been taken by tie tative ha
diiti. % ho are crehwiinc much cuonftisio.
By J. S. Et. C. R.
Macno. August 27th, 1842.
.OaSll.. Dec. 19.
At a %ery iarge and reepectalcle meaetinsg o
the iJem.ecnts u this city, itn favor of the sem
in ationl o JU.J . C. UALI)UN te. the Pres
ilency. lied .t ine W overacy liouse, tesn Satir
day e~ssnng. ls l7w. .'aijor Jere Atustlt wav
called io tote C,arir.and Col. Ct-ruchus Rubin
S.a and If. I tu.Um . flal, Esq. appoitied Vice
Pts-an11is. It-vai-es J. r'. Jonald and Lin;
were app.in. d becceta les. whie Ilce maceetnial
proc-ee.ed to *iusinel-i. A-;er .in able and els
qnenst spech frot Col. ?eemhl1p. Ie. bilbelintlet
tile foninig preatls.e :sad :eiii,.tiont, it
Werer unianimuiilv ..dopteed.
I heL'reas, use freejinient ase-subling by ta
peupic tu expreds ieitr olpeia.S nII-mc pesomici
qearmtsmna. and to nouniaie -iuitable psens-pi, It
adasen..ter lse Uovern.ism. is a practice anec
. ti lhe bext usage. anid ioumird an it
iinr at Uie representative principle.
Air it lieietere recolved. That tie Federa
Gtivern eit as one of hwited powers. derivet
solely trus isse Coustitutione: ai'd the grants o
power sleatiO tirreinl ought to be etnctly cute
strued by all the departauents and ;:en.s of lh
Goverinment, and that at is inep.edieen.t an
dasgerous to exerciaee doubtful con-titutiona
2d. That the Constitution does not coisfei
upon the ieneral Government lie power ta
commence and carry 'n a genral system o
3d. That tue Constitntton does not confe4
authority opon the Federal Government di
rectly or indirectly. to asnme the debts of the
several States%.ceistracted for lcal intrna:
naprovements or tcther State purp.ses; uni
would such assumption be just or expedient.
4tia. Thatjutice aid round policy forbid the
Federal Gove:n sment to foster one branch ol
industry to the detriment of another; or to cher
ish the interests of one portion to the injur
of another portion of our comwnon country
that every citizen and every section of t
country has a right to demand and insist a po
an equably of rights and privileges, an 1%
coniplite any ample protecnnUof perss and
proporty from domestic violence and foreieg
.&Eh. Thatfetw tuaty-lV'eeerf branch of
the Governmoent to enifurce and practice thes
most rigid economy an conduceting our pubic
atliarri, anad that no more revenue ought to be
raisrd thtan iis requirecd to defray cxpensses a1
6th. Trhat Congreass hams not the power te
charter a Natinal tBank: thaut we believe such
an institutona oneC t deadly hostility to the
best interests f the couantry, dangerous to ouc
teubicani nestitutioncasand the lIber ties oif the
people, and calculated to place. the business el
the country within thce control of a Ccncentlrauted
moncey power. andt abate the laws and will ol
7th Thlat Co~ngresashae no power tinder the
('oncttutio~n to :inacriere with or conetrol the
dmlleetic nSltitutltionis of the several States, ascd
that sueh States are the sefe and separatejud;.
es of every ctag appertaincieg to Ihenir ownt ai
firme not peroiat:d by the Conastitution :--that
alt laso e the .abolitioncsts or others. wade
to i..aure Cougress to interfere weth geicetionst
o a.tterj, or tic take iencipaent steps a? relation
thereto. .arsecalculated to lead mo dce macst
alarcminog and dangerotw, consequences. and that
guch etforts leave an inietitable tendeiccy to' di
umiieh the hajptness ofllthe people, and endan
ger the staility aecd percmenence at die Uinion,
and oughet not to be countenanced by anyv friend
t our polhtical atctutioens.
8th. That the isepariato of lthe rnoneys of
the oavernment iromn Banking insmtu:ious ie
indsesble focr lthe safety ofC Ihe funds of the
Govrnmsent, anad the rights of the people.
9tha. That the lebetl principles eibbodied by
Jefersen an the Declaratiecn of lnde-penidenee
acd sanctioned by the Conattuttion. which
maes ceurs the lanid of liberty. and the asylum
f thu oppressed of every nation hiave ever
been cardinal prmccsples in the Democratic
fatt, anid every atteimpt to abridge the present
prislege of beoinut citize-ns~and the owners
of soil among us, ought to be resisted with
the same spirit which swept die alicn and sedi
ion laws (romn our statute book.
Repudred, That the tarilf act of the last Con
gress i., in itis princephe, a tiagrant violation of
the spirit af the cowmproise act-that to de
nominate at " a act to raise revenue for the
wats of the Governient'' is bitt to clotlee a
lie with the garments of truthe; and to justify
it. becauase in giteng ie harvest to the mnanu
'acturer a tythe as reserved to dhe Treasury, is
0 take- a license icee for public robbery.
Rcessed, Trhat the same code of morality
which denouncces the act of an insolvent tha't
gives away lhss property. stands in publir con
lemnationa at the late act of Conagress, which
in ie midst ecf an unpcrecedented pecuniaery
mbarrassmeint gave away to the States the
rich revenues afour publbe domaine.
Rsolved, That the recent elections thtroug:a
ut ie Unmon, are but so many evidences of
e triumphb of Donancratic principles and suion
ad harmonoiy are alone require-d for dese party
hich supports themi, to assume a permanent
icendancy in ouar national councils.
Rseld. That for this purpose. wo concur
the propriety of heolding a general Conven
ion sof the Demoncratie party. to nominate cani
edtese to: the ollies of Ptresideuet and Vuce
Presidcnce; jead to the end that the feehlige of
he part? be lairly rerecenited. the Cnvenitioa
i be healt at thie latest period consistent willh
e . .nj,-et.
Resolved. Theat sth, meusbere of the. Demoe
rats.- a rty l:erre 'ncbled, have undimnensh
ci ..indence au uam patrcotism and alily of
Icinren Van Buree,. cand will ze~alonely aId in
~.iec elevatcg hint to thee P'resedecy should
be so determined by said Cunventions.
Iesstcrd. That the veitues of the citizen acid
Cospicuouain the CAawe
Calhoun--that to his : - iii-ai is
Wee. alibutad ma . *r- is14st
basanabled the Dem -bb seile4
bled vigior from thveir Aietsei We
gard is had tothe it -e e ite
the merits ofthemina 'r-sftr'dans
to both,in presetit the go"
Statesman of the d A 0t
war-and in peace. ha t' pleidi a
lents to mankind. th - th e Union,
the rights ofthe ' da . ereigty of
Ralad.- That f - ee of those
views a committee V. . t ned by the
Chair, who shall be i a pecesesary
powers, compatible -nd istgri
ty of the Democratic
After the adoptian o@ ne .
Major Water followd.' -efand perti
nent address, and, wa by Mr.
Adams, of Mississippi, the Padding
Col. Phillips then olowing rem.
lution, which was-a
Resafsne, That it I . to hiad.a
State Convenation in frk the oM
ination of c e
Vice PresidenCf.'Th ad
Col. C. RoDasur, u -
H. CAa1arasN. ut
Col. J. r. DoSALD.
Col. J. W. Lx
GEORGIA LDstAj r iL.
Phe preamable anl res odaoed in
tothe Senate y Mr. La - alting Mr.
Calhoun forthePreside - - a that body
by a ajorty of sia-i " an voting
against them of niars - -najority of
the Democraic party i. - 'slatnre are
undoubtedi in tavor t, - no, as ap
pears fror the choice o - o the Na
Frown the INZAdu
At an adjourned meer members f
the Legislaturv- and rth. Democratic
Party hetd in the Relere Jal, in Mil.
ledgevalle. otn Monday df inst. on
atitifon of Gen. Peter 8. . IV Gray of
J...." Comitty. was cal chair. ad
John 1. i0yos, Lsq. W. ~ to act a
vtc. Ssmith. tur Bibb, ,ollow ,
whirl& n tere adoloted:
Ijcdr'd That tiles em tof
lect ii nuimtable perisons t-s iMt the State
ot Uttaigia in auch Nan a. - svenon as
maty beheald bythe Doe '- arty of the
United :-;ates fur the pt". nominating
cadates fcor the Pras l' wherepon
Jla folowing getlemen . tad:
Edward J. lacmk. or&,.. oavid J. Bi.
ley. ot But,; Walter T. iqiiu. Of Muli.
ge.; Sooon Cohmeit . of C am; oHowell
Cobb. a -lark Atdrk A. per.a Hall:
heFri d h C :.a o tGreeist-.ohn H. How
ard. o Musoev; Jon r-'*r, of' Btbb:
Chne behl ythe Dof : N 'atcolh
Anted b. it frther R .lvei'hata commit.
tee of tharee be appointed to h'. rmt tlim-. isadi'
% iduali' -.t tleeir awlectin ! tl aid Nation
al Conveustieo: whereupon - -lnwitgren
temen wets named as that ci useoue.
Willi mn G. Stoh, nof CBibbjol. Fleming
Jordan. of hasPr; ak AOL Clupr Chastain,
of Girleher. .
Aid be it further REsolvMe ht a ce one
ore of the iapivined t ,,e ieen ie.
lected as dteiats. should sa Nan
cy ocur in t: other manaermima comintee
named in the fonrth aes tuat e utin orized
to fill said vacies. or
The meeting then adjounie
Jxo. H. Drsox,
without readic' -*
writer an oppt -
our columns, yt. - . .. 4, unr
selves entirely uncomfintedlt the suljct
lfor the preseaxt.
TIlE TRAGEDY ON B*ARD TIlE
The friends of young 8perer, who w as
executed. tugetber with tm 'eanwn, on
the firs' instah, would havetbeen contenlt
Ito abide the investigation a- ichu the law a
of the country require in :h cases. nnd!
would have trusted to thai gustice which
our tribunals award to all e'titied to the
protection of thet Constittios and laws of
the country. Vat ious puilations have
however appeared in the Nq York pa.
pers, andl copied into a pa of extensive
c'irculattiont at the Seat of overnment,
giving versionsol the tranga tion, the ma
terials for which tf net th,*r'ons them
selves, were obviously f dby some
uliU'ers who had a hand in Vih bloody deed.
This is evident from their estaining some
facts which could be knowg1 only to those
omeiers-but so perverted,. exaggerated
anid interspersed with so uineh surmise.
and so much downright b~ ood, as to
evince the deep anxiety fel$ to make sure
of the first impression on th( public mind.
An aw foi responsibility resu on these off
cers, and above all om uthsh conmmander.
Without the least desire to r ader t hat res
ponsibility more hasardene t an it now is,
it is still deemed an act -n' simple and
bare justice to the memryntf the slain,
to say that sn ex3aiaof the papers
transmitted by Comm aui Mackenzie
show these facets:
1st. That Acing Kidish amn Spencer.
was put in douhle ironsm the 235tn of
November. and the io*ain'e nate,
Samuel Cromwell, and ~ana Elisha
Small on the day follow' gon a charge
of intended miutiny.
En. That tno disorderj of a mutinous
character appeared amoni the crew for the
foiur succeeding days thatj the vessel was
going with good breesee ~ in good wea
ther towards the island St. Thomas,
where she actually arriv and took in sup.
plies on some day betweep the 1st and 5th
3d. Thtat, on the 30th ofNovember. the
opinion of the officers tegre required by
Commander M~lackese 9at@ the dispust
lion of the pr'isoners 5 the.they appear to
have examined thirteens 1w an as wit
nesses to prove the aliegdmutiny. (and
whot are therefore sip m4innocent of
any participatton ia is, which examina
tion was laud, so lar &s tlg pipete show, in
the absence of the prisoqers, and withtout
living themr an opportn~iiy to cross en
amtine the witnesses or ja ake any ex
planiation' or defenee. Li' to procure anyt
testimony in their own behalf. These cfi
c-era withaoteven the foretof a court, w ith
out the obligatin of an etch, and upon the
ex parte secret inforegione, united in the
opiunn that the sfety jof the vessel re-.
nuired that the tprisooershaould be pne to a
EDGEFIELD C. H.
W osZ9AsY . JAnaAR 4, 1842. C1
We will ding to the Pillars of the Tn ple of t
our Li ertrs. ad if it maustfall, we si Perish b
amidst the Ruins." d
JOHN C. CALHOUN. I
t subject to the action of any Conrntion.
Col. WHITFIELD BROOKS.
LT We thankfully acknowledge the receipt h
Fe number of Public Documents, from the h
on. F. W. Pickens. i
'mrection.-Int copying the Advertisement
d remarks of the lambur e Jouinal. relative a
the distance from Delaughter's Bridge to
'agusta. it was statpd to be 154 mileas. when
should have been 144 miles. We reque-t
inse editors who copiod the article from this
aper to please notice it.
d7 We amitt-d in, ,onr last nunber to com
end to the attention of our readers the In
agural Addresn of his Facellency Governor
.ammond. It is brief. but excellent. We
ubt not that Gover -or H. will prove himself
orihy in every respect 'of the elevated office si
whir.h he has been called by the people of p
ii State. tl
We should have noticed last week, the fare.
e! Address of Governor Rtichardson. on P
wivig the iExecutive odice. We desire not to b
cal in the laigunge of panegyric. hut we are
mustraine'l to say. toat the Addres-s was ex.
iedhngly appropriate to the uccasion which e
illed it forth, and that it is marked by a beau. r
and chasteness ofstyle, winch we have rarely s
Medancholg Afrey.-On Monday evening b
,-r. Smsel Toniokan-. Esq.. ad Atexsnder to
ixon. whilst they were returning lt their re. c
cetive homes, from this village. ufortunate- I
had some diff,-rener. which resulted in the t
,ath of .r. Toikins. by NiAon shooting him
the left temple, %with a ball from a pistol. it
ixton hap ded.
Temperance Adrocate.-The Editorial Chair v
'this valuable paper is ied by tihe Rev. Wim. n
larin. vice the Rev.Julius Duluse, iesigned. v
U. S. Sexators.-The lion. A. P. Bagby gr
as, on the 19th oIL. re-elected United States is
nator. for Alabama, for six years from the na
I of March neat. 8
Sidney [rese. Esq.. has been elected U. S.
intor, for Illinois, fur six years from the 4th ti
March next 1i
7' It is rumored in Washintion that J. M. b
irter, of Pennsylvania. and broiier of Got. th
s~rptepe.-eeseeser of Wr,.
d the preseint iaaeumbent of that office. Mr.
eIner, to be appointed Secretary of the fr
Nere Medical JournaL-We have received
fu ii i No. taf a new Mfedical Periodical, pub- se
ted in Vorsytb, Geo., entitled "Southern y
,Uanico Medical College Journal," by Hiar ha
& Joson, Printers, and edited by L. Bank- W
i. II. Qtuinn. and T. J. Hand. The Journal ci
ntains~ 16 octavo p:.ge., monthly, on fine pa. 3"
r, at the reasonsable price of one dollar per i
'r, in ade'ance. We hope oar readers who
: lend of obtaining know ledge in the Thonmp- co
*isan Practice of Stedicine, sill give the pub. th
bers a hielpinag haind, in the way ofsubbscribing. ial
Limestone Spriazs Commausinrs.-T he S. Ce
rothnian of the 29th oit. ays:-- in contfor- oh
iy w ~ith a Resoltiton~f passed at the inte nes- st
8of the Legiistainre, mc.ineating the Gover- ii
r to examine the Laest..are S$piingaran-z re-*
ri at the next Sessioen the best disposition ,"
ih c::n be made of' them for the benefit of r
e teiate. His Eicellene., Goirn.or 1Ham.
owldthas appointed the following gentlemen te
p.ectal CommisinenS..vrz: Chancellor Har-.b
r, Hlon. John P. Richarden, liiam liutch- ly
sn, l'.sq.. Col. James Gregg. Mhaj. Jame, te
Henry. Edmund Rthett, Esq., and Rev. a t
btefoord Smaith. t
-It is understood that the object of the Com-na
i1i is to enguire iuto the expediency of es
bhhaing a lligh Seboolat Limestone Springs,
der the patronage of the. sate. Th'e high hc
utding and ainy of tina Couassionera wdill
sue a careful aud .nteltigent es:-.mination of 41
e subject. and a respectial conssderation of te
y measure they may recommend." cl
The Tnsporanecs Adeste contains the fol- Ie
wing notice from seis Honor Judge )'.\eale, ti
the sutbjeei of Mr. Carey. of Baltimore. vi
bng ilt i te as a Lecturer in the cauIse of
enpeance. Vs e fell ssaicd that :av Tern- 01
rance Society @1 this village, would be proud u
hs p.aying them a visit.
o the Editor of the Temperance .-ldeeate :
I have great pleasure iu aiciung to you. ye
at un.der the Resolution of the State b;
emprance society, i extetnded to Mr.
'A lL. of B;,ltimore,an invitation to come as
this State, and deliver lectures, as a va
ashingtoninn lecturcr. T1o-day I recei ta
d hi. answ er, acknowledging the receipt pi
my letter, and promising to be in Ubair- y
sicon on the 1st day oh February, to con- y
ece his labors. a
Mr. Carey is very well known to mne., a e:
lecturer, lie is as plain, intelligent. mo- et
st mechanic. He. speaks with ease, n'i ,
ves a plusa, practical, sensible ex po.sitihan m
the W askiugtonaan principles; and 1rm ~
s own experience, as well as triat of otth .,
s, lie is able to preseut practical co'nsid ii
tions oh the evils of intemnperantce, ' hich as
.,r fdil s arouse and reclaim the drunk - a
deatb! How far this recommeadation '!
was influenced by the acts or the fears od!
Mr. Mackenzie does not appear. .
3rd. That on the first of December,
when every thing and person on board the -
vessel tfe perfectly quiet after four days:
of entire security, the three persons were,
by the order of Mackenzie, hung at the
yard-ann at mid-day.
The allegation, in some of the papers,
that it was proved to have been the inten
tion of the mutineers to execute their pro
ject on arriving at St. Thomas. is whblly
destitute of any evid.-nee. And h:l it
been their design, it was effectually frue
irated so far as these prisoners were con
cerned, by their confinement. At S' -
Thomas, any of them might have bean
left, and the power or the officers of the
vessel strengthened to any extent that was
The statement in the intelligencer. cop
ied apparently from the New York Amer
ican, that Spencer violated an engage- 1
ment formerly nde to resign, seem, to
have been deemed necessary to prejudice
the public mind against him, that those
who slew him might have a more faora
ble hearing. It is untrue ; he did resign,
and the Secretary of the Navy. on the 0
recommetidation of his commanding ofli- E
car, considering the nature and circum
resof the offence, (inebriation) restored
bis warrant, with a strong admonition; a
and this wasdone without the solicitation it
fr any of his friends. His ahe is repro-i
sented in the same paper to have been over it
20. Had ne lived be would have been 19 d
the 28ih Januiry next.
As to the probability that such a mere
boy,-utterly unacquainted with naviga
tion.-brough up in the interior, would ]
seriously endeavor to seduce to mutiny an
old seaman who had arrived at the rank of
boatswnin's mate, and who is represen-ed
to have been emoployed heretofore on board d
a slaver, or to have been a pirate-an im- v
partial tribu-,al before ubich both sides ti
will be heard, will deternine. t
The idea of the inutiteers cruising off
Sar.dy Hook to intercept the pacLets.
seems to huye been throw,. in for the spe
cial bet-fit of the earchants of New York.
The papers. such as they are, contain no
The only account we have given l
Spencer hcielr, is. that it as ah - joke.
Ifit shall appear to have been the ..cre ro- t
mance of a heedless boy amusing hinself.
it is true, in a dangerous manner, but s01
devoid of *nch murderous designcs as it
inpoted, and irthe executiou of hitnd md
two seamen, (agaiit one of whon, at
least there it out yet a particle of eviet.-ace.)
should prove to have beenc Ilia ra..ult ,frun
mauly lear or of a despotie ?tmpehcr. ad
wlahlly unncessary at tice timee to repres,
or prevent at n-stiny-if all this can ap
pear, it cana 14 be doubted that the laws .
will be vindicated. The laws of Con;ren,
paescribing the Navy regulations. forbid
ihe taking of human lire, even by the sen- o
tatnce of a court tartial, befure which all y
parties are heard, without tia sanction of
tae President of the United States, or. if
without the United States, or the com- ,
mander of the fleet or squadron. This is s
believed to be the first asuance in our his. 4
tory in which the law has been vio.ated
the first in which prsoners-uno of the rn
my, but of bur own citizens, have heen
k 491deatb in cold blood.
remarks are made. not to excite
9: to repel t.-aemptto er
-' ag ty' p e ~ . v '
this unhaeard of proceeding. Let jus. at
:e be done; let it not be denied, because S
une of thce victims was connected with ac Tj
higha functionary of Goverantt nor be
c4a... atnther is unknown, and has not a
friend or relation on the face of the earth. at
And let not wanton opprobrium be heapedi bi.
aupon the mencaory of alae dead to justify
the bloody deeds uof the liting. S.
Thae Madiny--Hueusi Corpus.---On ~
talenday nliernuon one of cte youtng men c~
tranaferred from the Sinners to the Norch in
Carolina, William B. Wartner.was brought ya
before Judge Ulshaefer, on habeas cur- a:
pus, suecd out at the instance of hcis father.
for the purpose of ascertainaing the causeo of
his detention As return to the wrat,
Captain Gregory of the North Carolina,
stated that Warnaer was a regularly anden- c
ted apprentice to the United States Niavy,
and was held as such on board the receiv
ing ship. Tis return wvas hold sufficient;
the writ w as of coarse dismissed, and the n
young man was againa taken on hoard It r
as stated that he is hceld, not as a erimi- w
nat, but as a witness.-N. Y. Con. A d.. gj
Mlutiny en 6oard a Man-of- Iar.-The a
following are the articles of the naval law
ef the United States in reference to mnn
tiny on board of man-of-war.E
Aa-Taetm 24-Law or 1799.
Mutiuy ad Sedifion.- A nyv oficer, sea
n, macrcne or other persona, who shalt dis
obey thte orders of his superiur, cer begcm,
excte, cause, or join in. any mutiny or
sedition in the ship to which he belongs,
or in any other ship or vessel in cte ser- et
vice of the United 8tases, on any pretence el
whatsoever, shall suffer death, or such ci
ather punishment as a court martial shall ~
direct; antd further, any person, ina ay shipa
or vessel betonging to the service afore
said, who shalt utter any words of seditiont ic
and acutiny, or endeavor ao mike any mzu
imous assembhly on any pretence whantso
ever, shall suffer such punishment as a
court martial shall inflict.
Aa-raesE 13-nLaw ar 1800.
or attempt tip make, any mautintous assem
bly, he shill, on conviction thereof by a
court murtial, suafer death; and if any per- ,
son aforesaid shall utter any seditionas or
mautinocus words, or shall conceal or roa
nive a: any mutinoucs or seditious praeci
ces, or shalt treat with contempt his supe
rior, being in the execution of his otlice , v
or being witness to any mutiny or sedition,
shall no: do his ntmtost to suppress it. Ihe
shall be punished at she. discretion of a a
N. officer or private in the Navy aal g
dlisambey the lawful orders of has ssup'rio C)
aficer, '.r strike. him, or draw, or oiff,-r a . h
draw, ar raise, any weapon against him i
while ina the execution of the do ie-, "a hi- eli
affice, can paic of death, or such the, J '
munishment a a cnnrt marmahebaN ifliet.- a
His expenses i reaching South Carui
;, were provided for h Ihe State Ten
rrante S.cl.ay. If a a poor m1.1n. with
large iamily ; it ,- therel re recommen
ed to the frie.ids 4)l temoperiance., here
ver lie tnay la!for. to pripvide for his sup
uirt, and 14. mkc somer rein. on Iie cum
rusation for the iinse lie laoees fron the
oppurt oif his fani!. loy thia deiutiog
Imarif to he s-1ic. o' 9iopernnee.
JOHN I I-LTO. O'NALL.
Presidentf State Temperance S6ociety.
D~ec. 1h, 1842.
W1ilel Freemaat.-Wer usaderstand that the
he-rati of this District has received the order
r the execution of this unfortunate man, which
to take place on Frdalsy the 17th day of Fe
'nary neat, ,lhouid he not be respited or pat
sned by His Excellency Governor Hamonid,
r which thereis, we think, no hope.
Freeman, was at one time. an industrious,
ober man, who was well respected by his
eighbors. an iidulgent husband, and kind pa
rnt: but that fell destroyer. Alchol, in a few
sort years, reduced him to a level with the t
rute; his industry fied, his fire-side became
ateful. and the demon laid violent bands on
im, and caused bns tat be the murderer of her
'hot he had plighted his vows to cherish;
nee the committal of tie crime. (a lapse of
moat five year.) he has been an outcast frota
oeiety, a fugitive from justice. a vagabund on
s earth. and at last has to expiate for his
rime on the fatal tree. Beware, Oh ye mod
rate drinkers. ere it is too late.
We copy Judge Earle's Address to Wiley
reeman from the Temperance Advocate.
Wiley Freeman:-Toe days that you
ave to live are now nombered. What
as heretofore bees delivered as the opin.
on of this Court, on the motion made in
our behalf, has already apprised you of
ie doom that awaits you. Havin Pro
ided on your trial below, I have still the
ainful duty to perform of pronauncing
ie final judgment of the law.
Before I proceed to this lst office in
ursuanceof the ancient and commenda
le usage of this Court, I would. fain ad
ress to you some corcsiderations and re
ections, which the occabion prompts, and
rhich may serve to awaken you to a be
oming sens. of the 9-car crime you have
inmitted. amft to the awful condition to
rhich it has reduced you. Whatever
say have been the alternative fears of
unishmnut, and hope% of escape, which
ave heretofore ingled in your bosom,
j dierfact it with anziety, thev have now
eased to contend for tue ia-istery, and
ave equally given place to the appalling
ertaiity which crushes hope and converts
pprehmnsion to despair. Death. when
occurs as the natural close of our mor
if existence, even after a well-speut life.
rarely a welcome event. But to the
irtuous and the upright, whese retrospect
(the past furnishes no record of guilt,
Ad who may look forward to the future,
ith the consolations of hope. who sink
wn to rest amidst thIse sympathy of
ituds and the rcepect'of the world, death
divested of much that sharpens the poig
sncy of its sting. But the fate which
waits you. has no such alleviations.
Your latter end does not approach, in
e fullness of time, and the maturity of
roored years, under the cheering inflsn.
a which might divest it of its terrora;.
it is precipitated by gn act, which clothes
em is two fold malignity: an act which
asteapedyour souli n arremediable 'itt;
hie has driwtf"'o'w.oursdev b
lends who might have sustalned you with
ir countettance and syenpat)kin any
ens of virtuous sufering, whiu, sen
iu forth a n andering out-cast from oe
enes of your youth, and the home of
mre manhood, and has even brought yen
ick, to be offered up a victim to the law
hieh you have violated, amidst the eze
aious of the community whose feelings
au have outrage'l
When man encounters his brother man.
those fenrful conflicts which evil pas
ins proimpt, and blood is shed in equal
iabat, a::d on just provocation, we feel
at he asiyer is not a lit subject for pun
umnt. Even when reveuge nerves the
urderous arm against hia enemy and his
naol. from ral or fancied injury, there is
ict, to hie found some palliasing cireum
ance, which prevents the crime from be
g utterable djerestable, and waket us pity
lilst we tmust condemn. Bfut you have
countered no equal iin open conflict:
no have not islain our enemy for any
al or fanucied injury. You have raised
cur (.stal arm against a leeble and unpre
eted woman! against the wife of your
som, the nmther of your children ! whom
u hail vowed to love, to cherish, and pro.
t ! It w as from no usuddeu impulse of
I anger or resentment, justly excited up
a recent or preseint pirovo)cation, but
ems to have been the settled purpose of
hears, from which 'she had already been
p1elled You ercpt upon her stealhily,
hilst sitting on the threshold ofther own
mie, which was no longer yours, when
erc was uo eye to watch, and no ar. to
e. TIhe hands, which had once minis.
red to your wattse, provided for your
tfrt, which had tended you in sick
:si and in bteatlh, were held up in fruit
55 supplication. Tho buice that had of.
at addressed you in accents of affection,
w bichi your ona responded, similar Ian
axe, w as taised in onejptteous. hut a
eded cry for mercy. The eyes, which
ce beamed upon you with looks of kind.
's the Girst token of reciprocal regard,
re turned upon you with one wid
asce oif despair. as tbe sharp report of
iur ridLe, hushed her cries, and the fatal
al el~sed her eyes itt deaih.
Such is the crime you have committed,
2 such the coatdition in 'a nich it has to
ive-d you. Trho suspicions 30ou enter
ied of your Wife's G6elity, which ion
-.iauced as evtie.ee to jusurfy, but wich,
au wouldl hove us suppose had rojised
ir jealnusy andl protnptcd your revengeaw..
they could have afforded you no legal
iuse ! so they e-a now a~ord you no
msolaiiona. Whatever were the wrongs
as may~ have dotne you, or of whic ea
ay ha've helien-dl her to bw gu'iltye b
on r-eais. d .o le weighe-d in the scale,
raine the fearful vengeance which yea
' irifitet. Yea, have rolled allay.
ad ou hiave raanaderedl about the earth,
ug'itive from justice. bul not fromyour
f. Canscience continually romtadei