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'we Will cling to the JPill.,. of the Temple of out Ll.ihj it S mom fton, we will retus wat the Ri."
VOLUME Vill* BageffX& C ouv~t Rouse 9 , IS4a. ,.
W. F. DURISOE., PROPRIETOR.
Three Dollars per annum. if paid in advace
-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents, if not paid
before the expiration of Six Months from the
date of Subscription-and Four Dollars if not
paid witin twelve Months. Subscribers out
of**h State are requited to pay in adeance.
No.ubmriptioe received for les= than one
galr, and no paper discontinued until all arrear
are paid. except at the option of the Pub
All subseriptions will be continued unless
otherwise ordered before the expiration of the
Any person proeuring five Subseriher, and
becoming respousibe for the same, shall receive
the sixtb copy gratis.
Adewrtiseante conspicuously inerted at 024
cents per square. (12 lines, or ,) for the first
insertton, and 4j cents. ler each contintuance.
Those publisied Monthl. or soarterly will be
chrged $1 -pcr sqnhre for eich'inertin. Ad.
veriistemeats not hbving the uniber of in.wr
tions marked on them, will be erutinued until
ordered out, and charge4 accordiagly.
All Job work duoe for persons liing at a
distance, must bc paid rerat the time t-gork:
is done, or the payinent .-ecured ian 6
All ennauncationes ddressed to tiA r.
pst paid; i be promptly and strictly atiend
P ROPOSALS far carrymg the Mails oil
-th6 Uited States, from t0 st July, s1s43.
to the 30th of June.1847. iiclusive, South Cir
elin..iWl be received aubtho Contract Offe of
tio 'Pow Oice Deparmeur in the city of
Washington. until 3 o'clock P .1 of w., l:lt
day ofApli., 1843. (to te derided by the 1:".h
day of Lay.) on wse routes and thc mannei and
tine herein Plocat1ed, VI.:
IN ziUUT!i 'AKOLINA.
3Wir From Adanui Run to Edisto Island,
15 na.es and back once a week.
Leave Ada..'s Run every WednesJay, at 6
am. arrire at Edisto ialand same d-y lby II
Leave FAisto l-dand every Wednesday a I
p m, arrie at Adam's Run same day by 6
Proposals forseni-weekly or tri.vreekly ser
vice will be conAidered.
3183 From Ai!,cn to Trendwafs Brige,
23 miles ait Lack. once a ueek.
Lease Aikeaa evey Thursday at 5 a in. ar
rire at Treadway's. 1i ideo sanic day by -12 m11.
Leave Treadway's tridgn eeery Tuursday
at I p in; arriee at Aiken -ane day 1v ;n.
3184 Frwm ConwaWorough too fair BlfT,
N C, 45 m;!e and back. once a week.
La Couwaysboru'gh ergry Monday at 5
a m arripe at Fait Bluffsaime day by 8p w.
oiae Fair-Blaff wery Tuesy at Era-s;
"fisaCcawayuberngh =a dae by 8 p n.
318 Ptowdrowder'surek,N ,Nby Beth
et o Yossiile 8 C., 13 alles and back once
LeaveCrowder's Creek every Wedesaday
at 6 a o;arire at Yorkeille sams day by II a
L ,eas Yorkille every Wednesday at I p m;
anive at Cruwder's Cmeek samne day by6 > in.
* 31%6 From Greenille c b. by MIter's,
Dookman's. Casheille. Woodrufi Van Pas
ten's, William Goldsmith. ji's, and Dr. Aus.
tin'a, to Greenville c h. eqnal to 30 miles and
back, otice a week.
Leare Greenvile every Friday at G a in; ar
rise at Greenville next day ly ; I .
3W7 From Huarricuae to iaucockvi'e, 20
miles and back, once a week.
Leame Hurricane every Friday at 5 a m; ar
risat Hancockville saine day by 11 a m.
Leave Hancockville every I'riday at 2 p m;
arrive at Hurricane same day by 8pm.
3189 From Lmcolaton, N C, by Long Creek
Shoals, Falla, and Crowder's Creek. to York.
ville, s c. 37 1-2 miles and back, once a week.
Lease 4incolnton every Wednesday at 5 a
w; arrive at Yurkneille same day by 6 1 anr.
Leave Yorkeille every Tiuuinda at 5 a in;
y rice at Liocolntonsane day by 6 p m.
3189 From Marion e h by Britton's Neck,
to conwaysboro' 40 miles and back, once a
Lease Marion e h eeery Sunday at 5 a m; ar.
rive at conwaysbhoro' same day hy 7 p m.
Leave conwaysboru' every Mlonday a: 5 a
as, arrive at Marion e hi manm day by 7 p in.
3190 From Traveller's Reist to Pumpkin.
town. 16 miles and back, once a wreek.
Lese Traveller's Re~ every WVednesday at
8Sam; arrise at l'umpkanwwn name day by I
Leave Pumipkintown crery Wedniesday at
S p as; aurise at Traveller's lest samie day l-y
3hl9i From WVinahsorougha. liy Grayden'u,
to Rocky Mount, '25 miles and back, once a
Lease Winnsboroa h eesery Thursdag at 8 a
mn; arrive a; Rocky Moaunt '.mne day by 4 p :in.
Lerave locky Munst etry Fridy tto an,;
arrive at Wiannborough nme day, by 4 p a.
1. Seen minuten arc allowed foropnn
and closang the mails at all odlices, where tin
particular timie is specified.
2. Post Offi1ce bLanks, ntail bagp, are to be
conveyed without further citarge ott mail lines
aditting of such conveyat.ce.
3. In all cases, ther~e is to be a forfeiture of1
the pay ofithe tnip, when the tril s not runs;
a torf'cienre of at least o'ne-fourt pai t of it,
when the running or arrival is so tar behiind
time an< to lose the conanectiont with a depend
ing snail; anid a forfeiture -> a date proportiotn
of it,' when a grade of aers ia~e is rendered inf'e
rior to that in the contract. 'These foarfeitaire..
may be increased into penalti.-s of hig'her
amount, accordiing to the nature or frequincy
of the fajlsre a.nd the- imaportance of the ai.I
4. Fines will be imposed. unless thae deilin
q ueicy be -.aisrfart explinedic in due time
frfalkng to takeu iron. or d--live~r at a l.Os of
lice, then mail. or ainy ;mt o' :.; lor aan'1eri:g
it to be we.t. ir~nreat.10o:. 01 ,leste:i:d -J rx c'im
vey~ang at in a pl'ir e or tin~mar ttient exposes' &i
to Jlepreidstion loss,. or~ taj,.ri ; 'wt arra~ ng at
the time'. neet. Ataid for .M.tting up or a taienogi
an expre"* 'n t.?it entonei -ci:st ;intllgnce
in ads a:rv citl.e naail, a re:aalty wall be exact
*i .,: 4.e . . :: - : -' :' n-na.ui the coia
tract for repea~ted (tiberrs; Ifor via..tn' :;e
j'ae Office I. * ,c -hlsba-ing the fliltCn
charp. . .'arai n :aa .e.ra o. og 1a" Dej'strt
mient:i for antigtng tiw. utiar.art without tihe
conena't of theC l'omstade r f..e',-.,al. a'r fiar set
tingt up or r.aning :ma xpras a-. afores:iid.
('. The th.,-n.n'er Gen-. t annalter the con
tract, and alter the schedule, he allowing a p
rta eincrease of compensation, within dhe
strictions imposed by law, fur the additial
service required, or for the increased apeed
the employment of additional atock orearrii
is rendered necessary. but the contractor m
in such case. relinquish the contract, on tim
notice, if be prefers it to the changc. He w
also discontinue or curtail the servico, be allo
ing 3.e motith's extra gay on the amount d
7. The payments will be made thron
drafts on post olices or othertwise, after the a
piration oafeab qu:'rter, tay in February, Mi
August. and November.
14. The distances are gien according to I
best inifoausston ; bnt no increased pay will
adlkwi-, alsould they prove to be greater th,
is advertised. if the places art correctly name
9. The Postmnaster General is prohibit
by law from A:owingly waking a contract i
thetran-sportoaoan of flas sand with any persi
who shall lare eintesed into asnv combiatic
or propoerJ to enter into any 'combisation.
prevent the naingiin of any bid for a mail cc
tract by any other perin or persons, who stir
hlee usate any agr eanentor shall hare gir
fir periormed. or promised to givc or perlur
any conpideratiton to do. or not to) do. anaytii
whaterer to induce any other aerson not to b
for a mail coract.
10. A bid scacceied after isn", ti-wit: I
I .3:h Avaro! net ..X :1 p m. or withit the -uw
antee requnired by iw; or that cornbities .ev
rMl rouitem u.e 1 a4 W I-M cr !eserasaic.n. calgn
be consider--d Il coratia'l tiot writh a regnit
prolosal. tnot cdjuiJgezd to be: extrar-Urit.
11. A bieldsr way propose ditlei uent days ait
houts of u.-;artuirei nil arrival. provided i
niere re nsing .ite i, ask -d. aid ,t is obviha
tl-t 110 incet 'utaiesion 01 other accomttotdntic
is prejudiced. lie nav ask for a, pecified ni
b'a of'day.a more rrupinsg .inse to the trl
a:t cerlain -.sons a's peculiarly bad roads -
lUt beyotij these changes a r otacial fjor se
vice diaTerent fran the adverti temo at will pr
eeutitsbeiing conbidered in comlpeei'on wadi
megular bid. notset aside for extraraga'ci
and where a sid contains any of the above a
teratiuns, their diadvantage; will be estinate
its compotring it with other propsias.
12. There sisould be taut one rente for bid i
13. The route, the service, the yaarly pa
The bidder's nawne and residence, and Ibe nan
of each member of the firs, where a compas
ofxers. 'siltid be distinctly stated.
14. A he following ia thte form of the guarant
whib slouldlbe filled, the first blank with tc
n-nae of the gaarantor. the second with that a
the bidder -:.nd the third nod fourth with il
beginisag and tertaiiating points of the route
andtaller lbeing dated, should be signed- by tii
guarantor, who msust le siown by the writte
crtificate of a losiltnastor, tit other eqally sa
i.scto testimnotial, to be a man of pertl
%ad a4 Wilke l, =d1ig -129
uanty. so should accompany et
'T1he undendgned -- guaranties tils
- f his bid for carryi the ail from -
in - be accepted by ePtmater Get
r, - shall enter into an obligation pri
to the 1st day ofJuty next. wits goad aumr su
acinot sureties, to perfurm the serrice propo
15. The bid should be sent under seal. a
lreswed to the First Assistant Postmasiter Get
eral, with --Mail Propsals in the State i
- ." written (an the faoe or the lettei; m
ihould be desatssntebed in ;.ne to be receited I
or befur.- tse s3tl Apr.- next.ai 3 o'clock. p t
20. The contu acta are to lie cxe::uted befoi
the 1st July nexit.
Post 0_f9e De-partmuni. Jarnuary 7. 1FV3.
C. A. WICKLIFFE.
January 18t, 1843 I2w 51
Election otiece fbr Mems
ber of* Congress.
IN pursontice ofla Prclamation. by I
Excellency JAMLs If. IiAMSaoND. EAs
Governor and Commander-in-Chief, i
and over the State of South Carolina. il
Matasgers of Election for Edgelield Di
trict, uOi'' open the polls for the lurpose.
receivint the voies of the citizens to ele
a Mlenssler of Cotgrese, to represent it
Congre,ssional District compoed of tI
united Districts of' Edgefield. Abievill,
Newberry. nd Lexington, on the thi
Mlonday in .Fecbruary, and the day ('alloti
M ANAGE RS :
At Edgrfirld Court 11csc: Two da:
-E. B. Pressly, S. F. Goode, William I
fI.neamire's: Two daeys-Wsley Hiarr
on, llu;:s M1. Quarles, Josiah Perrn.
Ccllizer's: Tnto da s-G. Garrett, as
William Prescoast, vice J. D). Hammnson
and Thomias G;arrett nral John Adamis.
Clarokee P'aonds: Two dave-S. V
Garnser, Joel Cuirsy. and Dasniel Shaw.
Pine IHoo-e: TIwo dlays-Benrjamsin Det
tie. l'1. lhsacr. A quilla M ilcs.
Christis: Twoanys-Rich. M. Whlii
J. S Pope, William May.
Dunfons: T wo das-R. P. Bruneo
John Ilill. II. Duron.
SheC ppard'.t: Twro uasye-E lias Lagroc
E. l3iedsoe,~ Shearley Cook.
The ftidge: Two daiys-51. Wntsoi
Lewis Holmes, William Coleman.
.Sma~ic's: Two days-S. Nicholson, j
D. Sirother, Wilhiamn Dean.
Ifambnurg: Tn'o days-R. Anderso
BI. I". Gonecdy, MJ. R. Smith.
Mount lfilling: Tia o dlays-John Je
nigs, vice Adam M inick., 31. E theredl
Richardson's: Trwo days-J. Richiar
son. J. Neall, L. iCland.
Coleman's: Tito dasys-lHady Boa
w,:.G. Y arhr.ron:;h. E. P. Alshaey.
Park': 'jTwo 'iep-Richard linrtl
A4tticuss Tucker, Win. Perks.
P'errys: Twas -layn-A. K. Able. vi
31.' F. Popehs. Daraiel Denny,~ A . Nsccholk
Moorc': Twou day-Ansdrson Tssn
Thu P.aynec J"eephb R!tton.
"1e '-avs. A. Turuar.
P'ow. l'.. . ' ....y Ch-trles Y aov
D. G. WValker. J. Hlightonea.
Loang's: Two days-John W. Lee. .
cob Long, jr.. Jatmes Camevron.
ro- tail's: JTwd days-G. W. 0. Will
re iams, A. A. Simkins, Henry Cox.
01 Red Hill: Two days- Lewis Collins
John B. Holmes. and E. McDaniel.
Dornue's: Two days-John F. May, J
ay Randall's: Two days-R. W. Mat:
w- theaws, Colin Rhodes, W. R. Swearingen
is. H. Bo'ultare': Two days-John Lo,
Jesse Gomillion, James Edson, Jr. .
gh 'Votes to be counted on Wednesda3
* following, at Edgefield Court House, and
'' declare tne efection.
he Resolted, lst. 'hat the Managers o1
be Elections are requested to pay special at
un tention to the following porions of the la"
J. relating to Elections.
sd 1st. T he names of Voters to be register
or ed, irritten as they tiote, and the list pro
served, [A. A. 1716, 2d Statutes p 684.]
o 2nd. If two or more tickets he fouud
g. rolled up together. or more names ho found
in written on any ticket, thana ought to be vo
in tel for, all such tickots not to be co.un0ed.
". [A. A. 1716. 2nd Statutes, p. GS-1, 3d stUt
39 utes.' p. l36.].
:d No voter shall he allowed to put in more
e than a single ballol, or piece of paper, in
r lite same hor or rersi; ut n ticket is in be
p. couted. thmugh it contain fewer naens
ot tL-m ivre to be vo.ed tur.
r 3. If any mannv:ger shall knou ingly re
cire un illeul rote. tor shall refus<. :u ad.
ad n1t; legal rotes, or shall wnglect or refuse
* to ;wend to the clection. or Nhall count the
" hallots befure th! proper time. or at any
other thans the proper place, he shall bo
p liable to petnalties. [A. A. 1716. 2d sam
tutes. p. 6:9t:mand A A. 1721. 3d statutes,
p. 138t nud A. A. 1759, 4 aeutes. p. 138;
aid A. A., 2759, 4 statutes, [:. 100.]
a 4th. 3auners are authi-triseJ to admin
ister oaths, and examine witnesses: to
maintain order and regulariy at the pills ;
and by order in writiug, (directed to sher
a i. constable. or speci.d deputy,) to com
nit to jail (ror one dlay;) uaty person who
, refuses to obey the lawful commands of
8 the managers, or who shall diimtrh their
3 proceedings. [A. A. 1831, 6 statutes, p.
5;h. If any person refuse to take time
r roper oath. or te naua;;ers shali be oth
e ertcise saisfled that he is not quaiej, his
vote shall be rejected. [A. A._1SjI,Gh
o statutes, p. 443.1
n (QOThe manager,
- entitled to vote mray c
h 6th. nages arm
it eeach other. [A. A. ?
1. OOr they may be ....
or autborised to administer an oath.
7th. In case of death, removal from the
* District. or refusal to serve, of any mana
. ger, a majority or the delegation are an
a. thorised aud required an fill up the vacancy
>f by appointmct in writing. [A. A.-ISIS,
d 6 statutes. p. 94,]
f 8th. Polls to be opened at 9 o'clock, A.
. Ml., and closed at 4 o'clock, P. 1., (with
convenient intervals.) The box, vessel. or
bag, to be sealsd up when the polls are clo
sed, and not to be opmenled except mo receive
votes on the second ay, and to count the
- votes at the regular ti and place. [A.
A. 1721. 3 statutes. p. 136.]
Resoled. 2nd. That t managers of
election, prior to their oceeding to the
l' elections, do tke the following oath or
" affirmation, before sonic magistrate, or one
ie of the managers of election, to-wit: "Tlhat
they will laithfully and impartially conduct
and attend to the foregoing elections,
agreeably to the Constitution of the State
e of South Carolina, and the laws thereof."
Resolved, 3rd. Thatin future no person
qualified to rote for members of each
lbratnch of tihe Legislature shall he per'mit
r-* ted to vote in mo:-e thman one Electten Dis.
trict or Pariah: and the managers of elee
tions throughanet the State, are hereby re
s' euired and directed, ifrthey think proper,
' or on ahe application of~ any elector pres
. et,) to adttiniiter to any person or per.
%onts offering to vote, the following oath I:
d i. A. B., do soletuuly sweair, (or allirm,
.as the ease nmy be.j that I have not, at
alhis general electiona for menthers of the
,Legislature, voted in aids or any other Dis.
trictor Parish, and that I am constitution
Sally qualified to vote--o help me Gud."
And if any persoin or persons, requiared as
aforesaid, to take said ath or affirmation,
e, shall refuse to do so, then the managers in
their respective Election Districts or Par
' ishes, shall be and they are hereby requir
ed and enjoined to refuse such vote om
votes; anin ease he mnana;;ers shiln rer
.futse to ree nire the oath as aforesaicf, when
demand , they shall be liable to all the
pains -ad penalties they *oald beial
~'and subject to for necglectinmg any other du.
ties required by thoem as managers of elec
U.tionis for either branch of the iegislature.
Rlestrled, 4th. Thtat the Aet altering thme
a- .1h Section of the Constitution of the State
e' of South Carolina, be herewith published,
-to-wit : "Every' free whitenman of the age
ofC twenty-one !vents, (paupers and tien'
cemnai'ssoned officers and privates of the
at' Armay of the United States exceptsd.) he
in;; a ei~ivzen of thmis State, ard having re
y' ided thterein two years previous to thu daj
oif Eleemion. amnd whom hmas a freehold o1
fi lly neres, of landl, or a town lot, of whiel:
'he has beco, legally seized a.nd pos'iessed al
rleast .dix moembs before such election, o1
m not having anly st:ch freehold or town lo:
'I nha bream resident int the election district
lin which he oll'ers to give his vote, bfr
thme e 'enon sx months, slaltl have a righi
to '.se " 'a"-:4" lr " rm--ab-rs to %Vri.<
in cither branch of thme L..,tb:t.re, f.r :hi
-i. ''on distrier in which he hold snel
propemtt, r' ,dee.
Ru~coledL lis . That ,hn t,,,-ara,, e cs
lde ited by the Constitution in
vot : the two years immediately pre
is election. and the six month
the electina district, are th
ui immediately previous to th
elcif any person bas his home ii
t.I 0does not lose the right of res
porary absence, with the in
t returning; an4 if he has hi
h lection district, his right v
ired by a temporary ab
sence, e intention of returning ; ht
if one has home and family in anothe
Slotp,s I ce of such person, altho
Contin years in the State, give
no right, oe.
VO w in reference to the electio,
of mem the Legislature, holds in re
gard t; a of membets of Con
Feht "3t I
Corre of rhe. C0v&sou .ereur.'
AsaSO-rouCT , January 23.
The equer cnd Gen. Jackson'
dne is stil gging on in the House, ant
I suppose are but little to know whc
tponks:fotr against them. It is tiretty
certain, er, that the former is gain.
ing friouds.. the North. The latter ques
tion really- .us to have an point since
the Bill in -.Ilouse, does not imply any
censure c t Jowards the old Gsoeral o0
The portaet event of she day ii
Mr. McD a 's speech in the Senue on
the Oregopill. The Senate was crow
led of cou. -and although thero were no
bursts of , the bold vigorous thought
of a great d was manifest throughout
his speecb .l t hle was formerly. I can
of course,- *dge. not having beard of
him bfore at you have now a great
Seantor is WlI doubt. His:articu
lation see tjr injured. and Ito stand
up behind ,but appeared to suffer
verylltte r .fatigne. Mr. Calhoun ap
pearnd. ieA 6py anxions t)elore he
spoke, a lighted after he was done.
Mr. to him immediately
after lie and shook hanl-awilh
him, and 4 .in -arm rriendly con
versatioo. tite bas tnt nistaken
this Administration. is probably designed
by providence to teaCh us what our G
vernment is. Thus far, mist asuredly,
it does not show that the Executive with
out a Congress is very formidable.
WASaINTwo-.. January 26.
In Snatc.-Tere was no other procee
ding of importanee in the Senate, except
the reaumptiot of the debate on the Ore
Con Bill. Mr. Linn, the author of the bill,
addre-ved the Seante for two hours in re
ply to tho various objections made againw
it, and particularly those of Mr. )IcDuflie
and Mr. Calhoun. He denied that the
teiritory in question was worthless. and
made statements to slow its value and
importance, and advantages in soil, cli
mate. fisheries, furs, and for commerce,
and as a6ordiog the only harbor and naval
station on our Northwestcoasi. and the only
inlet and thoroughfare to the iuterior. If
it was valucloss, there was no dan:er of
provoking war with England by medling
with it: and as to axpense, we could cer
tahdly afford 100,000 for this homet oibject,
if we could ford 600.000 fur ts squadron
'n protect she snatives of the A frican coast.
as we hadarzreed in the Ireatyr. liis re
marks were not reported in full in thue
Waoshini~tonu papers. Whebn he concluded
the Senasc adjourned.
Ilouse of Recpresentaices.-T he E xr.he
quer acheme was discussed, Mr. Pendlceor
oipposing is. anod defending the Tisppeca
noes--andI Mr. Wise advucasing is. ant
defending the Tylor-toos. Mr. Athserson
for the Democrats, summed up~ the scratch
ings andi clapper-clawings of the bblliger
eat fractions of Wbiggerv, andl sheowet
that, like she Kilkenny ?ats, they has
swallowed each other tail mrid all, and Icl
the laodepenident Treasury uinimpeached
while one fragment-of Whiggery rightfulia
condemned a Goternment Bank, and the
other as rightfully denounced the Exebe
quer. The Independent Treasery -bein,
ohnutions5 to the objections of neither, ha<
therefore -its full v'indieatiton, on the festi
many of the whole WVhig camp.
Aller some words on the question ftron
Mr. rofft and Mr. Filmuore, the tHous,
a~jouaed. Fat Dar, January 27.
Inm Senate-A BsIl so prevent privati
expresses on the Mail Routes, and fraud
on the Post Office Revenue was read
second time, and after some discussioi
post poned: to take up the Oregon Bill, sh
order of the day.
Mr. Berrign spoke in opposition to the
IBill. Hie agreed wish air. Calhoun in hi
objection to one of the rovisiorns as viols
ting eising treaties wish England ; an
agreed also with most of M1r. McDuffie
obijectitons', except that he thought Mi
alcD. under-valued the advantages to b
dlerived from the toccupatton and settle
meat of the territory, and its import ance I
onr comme-ee. Efe thought sho obije
..gh by the BiP would he better advas
ced "' ,)paifl-W :. Time and evca
wecre'working for them.
Mr. Archer then took the Liuur, and'e
a his motion the further consideration of the
Bill was laid over to Monday; nod shortly
s afterwards the Senate adjourned.
a House of Representatires.-A Petition
a was presented and referred to the Commit
a tee ofways and means, froum 85 of the lead
- ing commercial firms of New Yok, pray
io for a reduction of the duty on Pius.
t was resolved that oc and afer 5lon
s day week the House meet each day at 11
t A vote was at last taken this day on the
r Ex.:hequer. After Mr. Filmore had spo
' ken, the previous question was called, and
B the vote was first taken on the resolution
reported as tn amendment, by Mr. A lher
i ton from the minority of the comwittee:
this is as follows:
And that the Committee of Ways and
Means be instruced to brlng in a bill reg
alating the collection, safekeophug. truns
fer, and disbursement of the public mon
eys, in such a manner as shall. as fzr as
possible. substitutd provisions of law for
executive discretion in the manngement of
the finances ;shall prevent the moneys of
the people from being used fur purpises of
private speculation and emolunet. and
shall render the Government indepcndent
of fire ngency and influence of mnuieved
Mlr. Pickcns wished it to be un&-rstodI
that was not a substitute for, lut nn
addition tor, the report of the majority of
The yeas and nafs were called fr on
the amendment ; and being ordered, esul
Led as lollows-yeas 105. nrys 116.
The q.,estion thet came up on the adop
tion of the following resolution of the cum
mittee of ways and means, vizr
Resoled, That the plan of ad exdisequer
presented to Congres by the Secretary
of the Treasury at the last sessirm of Con
gress, entitled "A bill amendatory of the
several acts establishing the Treasury De
partment," ouelht not to be adopted.
And!, the roll having been called, the
result was-yeas J83. nays 19.
A motion to reconsider was laid on the
table, after some remarks by Messrs. Wise,
Ingersoll and others; and the House ad
The above votes show how much the
divorce of Bauk and State I
- AM.I ,A... .,suary 27. i
This session of Congress is devoted to
flhe peculiar business of making or unma- I
king Presidents. In the Senate, all the
hubbub abont tle late Ilritish Treay, nod
the aggressions of Great Britain on tie I
Oregon rerritory. is deigned to affect this I
question. and to bear adversely upun the
position of your great Senator. So also
in the H1oue and Senate, iho fuss ab."j,
Gan. Jackson's fine and the exacted cel.:
brations of ite bih of J.anuary, are to re
-ound to the benefit of tien. Jackson', two
friends. Mr. Van Puren and tiov. l',lk of
Tennessee. The Excheq'ier project. .nl
tlo opposition to the Excheq'er, and tile
Independent Treasury, alt lmook t,) we
sanme object. Mr. Tyler, in the Excho
quer-. r. Clay iw a U. S. hIant-Ir.
Van Duren iir the Independent Treasury,
are strpposed to be travelling up in popular
favor by those rcsp-ctive measures. In
the mean time, however. the first choice of
many, and the second choice of all, for the
Presidency-Mr. Calhoun. seems to be
noiselessly pushing ahead. The convic.
tion seems to be deepening, that no other
man can reform the Government. The
principlo of restorationl on which Mr. V.
B's. friends put hisi prutensions, is fatal to
all rrform : for if he comes in on this
ground. he will be compelled, forthwith,
to replace every man whom the Whbigs
ejected from office. 1f he is raised up by
it,hbe must raise all others by it also whlo
fell with him, or he wilt betray the very
principle on which he is lifted in oflice.
Illis re-elemSiou on such principles, would
indeed be a maudate to him not to refornm,
and coupled with his excellent easy tem
per, nto one doubts- the mandate will be
f ulfiled. For the purposes of reform, an
other candidate therefore would be prefer
erahle. Such is the conversation I hear
sometimes in the lobbies of thte House.
Every day develope that the Demo.
critie party will be more and more deci
Sded on this question. The people have
Inot yet spoken out, nor probably though:
on the subject. The first impulse of ev
ery party,wi to go back to the very positit::
on which they were overthrown. It looks
Sltke a vindicationeo right. After all, how
ever, it is only pride,- which Pope says. is
"The never tailing vice of foolm."
'Toge into a thrashing mill shich has al
Sready thrashed us, may be a heroism war
a thy of Don Quixote himself-but a pmru
' dent statesman will avoid. if he can, issnes
C on which be haar ,ein n!ready condemned
by the voice of the people. He will not
e n'eedlessly contend against a prejudice in
* the people. Hie will overlook his own as
well as the mortificatione of his party, and
I take that man to be our lender, who enn
a best carry ont te principlee of the party.
'and will be least obnoxious to the people's
- u t, sir, this letter is altogether wrong.
0I am giving yen my opinions ,which are
s Iworth nothing, insteador gossip. -I will
,ve you a piece of news. whih I 'Ire
di i.,d -'e you to , N ,py err,,
$uppose a gcntlemnan fresh frem Albany
meet me-grasps both hands, swells, red
dens with the retension of his news-ex
plodes. --Seen him sir! seen aim-ruined
-undone forever,-dead! dead !" -Who.
is dead for Hoa'cn'.s seke?" '-Why Van
Buren! he is too big for his breeches
weighs two hundred-and is of no mor-eus
than a tub of butler." Though preferria.
another t. head that party now, von enter
taitn. I know your kind feelings aod.'good
will towards the amiable ez-president
will be glad therefore. thus to learn. thp&'
he is in good case-personally and polid
cally tril of, and having abundant reasotn -
to le saiibfi-4 with hispresent condition and. -
posiion. It would he a pity for interest".
ed Friends to push hitm froin his easy an&
honored retirement. and disturb his, ease
and etdan:er his famne for selfish purpo.
bes of ticir nwn. If he were let ane,
by ini-rioir men and dependats he wpuld,
I ieally believe. aree with the gtowing
senttiment #X the people-that Li good na
ture tought nut %u to be abused..and he
would tnot aliow more to be exacted for
bime lhan the honor and gratiwda he now
Lord Morpreh on Slarery.-We give in
hi* dtv's paper a v ery cur:ous 'letti an
Americau ,lavety. written by Lord Mqr
peth.to an Ahbolihin fanatic in Boton, add
first pub lishcd in an annual in that city..
This letter contains the most curious
tissue of anfarontade that we ear read.
'Te aplicationt of the itrm acl:ivaltj,'.
ito the Abulitinn manatia, reminds us of t0p
absurd and ludicrous passion among. the
iegroes for the high wounding classical.
ma:nev of Can. Cesar, Pompey, and Na
Jaleon. Ito designata to many. bandy.le.
;ed, thick lipped, ignorant niggers. In it'
riginal sinification. the spirit of chivailr
was the impulse that liberated lovely mat
lens from giants and griffins-now a Br
ish nolilcmant, with a ludacrous absurfity
in a parallel with negro intellect, classes
hivalry among those impulses that would
n the long run, end to mako the Southern
itales a second St. Domingo in boros,
dilcuess,. i-norn~- "t
dancing. singing, and grow.
ng fat an batter
Lord Morpeth has travelled throuth
:ingland and the Viiited States io little
surpose. if ho ctannot make a better di.
rimination onit these einpla and palpahIle
qcis, seen in both cnunrie.-N. Y. Becr
We ha ve f're'iuent!y recoimmended the
urn in- i-i grt cr-p. tut Professor D.
car. in his nu'k n'anual, says, thar -*it is
ibe experieniceof cne prartiral men. that
f ic crop;. alinna ed to per feet itself, and then
lie. w hee it ;rew. and then turned in drv,
* superior to three urned iu green." lie
hen proceeds to tive the rationale of the
'trt. Upont scientlei ptilwiplcs. Now this
nay all bon correct, and yet, such is our
.piin of :he learned i'fes-sor's abilities.
moJ such is our estimate of the state of ag
ricuitural seciiene. that we doubt not, if the
pposite fiet hlad been stared 'U him, as it
a, be.en to us. th1t he iwould have been
qiually happy in explaining ifoi scietific
principles. Viihtru oing any very hard
words, to which very indaefinuite meanoings
m.e n'atnche.d, we. shought, that the greetn
erop, after at turity, at least. centained all
the pritnciples that belong to it when dried ;
slhhough -,omethiug tni.nat lhe sub-itracted,
.e did tnt see how any thing could he ad
Jed ; but the Prof'ea-.'r sayw. titt -green.
plants fermtent-dlry planits decay--a largo
por.tion escap~es in fermentgation. as gas,
oat moure volatile products are found than
dusring decny. The one is quick conan
main; tire. the other a slo~w, maoulderingem
ber, giving off,~ during all ics progress,
gases which feecd plants and decomposer
the uilicates of soii." We had supposeod
glhat these gasies envolv'ed in iiermeutation,
valuable, in their character. were held and
retainued biy the suiperincumbihenu earth, for
the use of groning plants; but that when
the crop was permitted to dry nt the sur
face, these properties were evaporated and .
lost. At any rate, wc believe we could
ind' practical men to back us in our facts,
and professors to lust aitn theory with a
plentyof icietiiei terms. But we forbear,
because, we see that Profe'ssor Dana's
tlteory may lead to a result in practice.
that, when conventent, we. have often re
commended ; that is, to permit the crop to
cover the land. As a shieldi from tho ac
tion of the sun and air, wre believe more
is gained than i5 lost by the evaporation,
that convert" the. treen crop into a dry one.
The Rev. Mr. rChonie in an- address
on Agricu1hural subijects, says:-I wish
that we cou create a general passiotifor
Gardening attd iforticulture. We want
more beatuty about our houas- more to.
attacht us to hotmes. Trhe scenes of our.
childhood are the miemfories of our future:
years. Let our dwoellings be *'Gautifed
with plants and flowers. Flowers, are, ira
thu" lanuage of a late cenltivaor"tbe play.
. r? w'' -. E ulha; look.s to as
and grata:lut ones I. .u i e organients of