Newspaper Page Text
By the Osledonla Steamer, which ar- .is
ried at esson 25th ult. from Liverpool,
wheb pt she loft on the 4th ait., the N- wo
Y, CmatneoWel Advertiier received their gre
aas -es of London and Liverpool pa. qul
pem, fros which paper we cutl tho follow- I
g items: her
The sVppage of the Yorkshire Agricul- ext
tgral and Commercial Bank, at York, wa5 pat
=inued in the less week of December, CO
ad eaWed a great commotion in that city, Vo
aN Les and elsewheru. It was general
y beleved that there was very little chance Be
of a resumption orpayment, and the most
smrilaes eesgnces were. apprehended, is 4
as the bank bad branches at most of the pul
town in the North and East ridings. A ed
meeigof the shareholders bad been held. the
at whiit was found that the whole capi- Tb
tal af the bank, ?231,000, was los, and a
AIt00 besides. The liabilities amoun- ana
td to abet ?170,000. A call of ?3 per anc
shara was agreed to the number or shares em
being35,000 to make up the deficiency. fun
The6f'ais of the bank were to be wound hot
A Loedon paper says that the works is
---- I t to the comameneement of cat- so0
dogthrenb the Isthmus of Panama are are
dateig TOpidly. The entire length of ott
hi&canal wil be 46 miles; its breadth at j
shesaarface IM rLest; and its depth 20 feet. sta
M.-Moret, the engineer, estimates its env- got
Mr. Everett, the American minister in to
Lomdoa, ad bees pasing a few days witb sia
Sir Robet Peel, at his country house, ha
Drayen Manor, in coinpany with a num- e
ber ofdisinguisbedl eers and otber per
Erupfie of Mount Stna.-After many cin
years repoee, says a Lotdon paPer. .Etna tw1
has, doag The last tbree weeks, poured Un
forth immeose masses of fire. It seems .el
,bateederable tUrrents ,f lava are now- an
ing in the direction of Bronte. The dam
apslreedy done is sais to be imnmeuse. t.
Several satart shocks of an ear thquake | p
bad Men felt in the southern parts of Wales ze
Tbmas Tarely. Esq., one of the mem- ye
berafor Wolverhamptot. in the HIouse 4-f m1
Commons, conmected for mnany years with the
tbWUsited State. s merehant at Liver- tiar
po, has. rcetIly rturned from visiting M r
the pripleitde'n the Unn. lie at- me
dressed a rge meetinig orh-e constituents j I
on thq23rd alt. relative to the state of par- the
tiesJi the United States. lie pointed out suc
frcible the advantages which both coun- me
tries 'uld derive fron a free trade in na
Tbe. E sb papers remark fnpn- the the
se~assa midness of tbe seasou. - af
Ong IT"e is Liuerpool.-The Liver
pnel Courier of Dee. tdhbsays-On Thurs
day morning last we bad another desrtie- he
tive eenlagration. A tuarpentine distillery, hi1
sw large warebouses, rull "of goods, estd 1sth
wves mov r buildings, were entirely con- the
seted. The fire comnenced in Mlessrs. gro
2. pru & Soa's turpetitine distillery, in til
Parlament street. The distillery was 1!4
anked by twe e=tessive waehouses, one Ne
...?.rk weel0a-with contift.'th other sia
Mith hemp and graio. the commutnication tai
with the disailery ou each Aide being krpt vi.
upibroughb the gruun.J bel'ng~ing to the has
latter, wish range of bstale, fitted whWi
i1entlu 'turpenttne, wh'wh sicro pileil ex;
severalrlasidgh,. Itspiread till thc jpriO ans
espal budldings ineluded winhin shut area, the
no less than 3.30 square yards in extent. Pou
were desernyed. The amoutnt, of ih55 is 1by
norsatated-the property was ionsured to a
the amount of ?50,000. Iant
Less .f iffe--A fire occurred nn the fAn
14th Dec., in a lodgisng-hOuse. Goodmna's v
Felds Lodosi, tMt lby a soap hbtier go,
and Coob There were twenty-!ive iv
lodgetui and out . o a nmber, eight w as cad
baned to death. hei
Tfr Giass Trenty.--The grent seal or e
England was on Saturday uutiied to theth
treaty reatly ratifted besuweea t his coon-pr
try andI China, at the resideneo of te a
Lord Chaneellor, in Great Gecorae street, ,he
Hanover Square. after which ii was tran s
missed to the War Offie, for the purpose wh
of being forwardend to the "Celestial" E?m- ple
ie uder the este of Maitor Malcolm. ie
Anumber of faitures of ern merchants by
basoccutrred. Among tiem was Mr. Dunn fri
of Wakaeold, whose debts amn to ? I,- spe
Public Erconuritioni' from Chvrek. ,,ur
..A see, happily, says' a correstrandert, is e
of rare seerrenlce in the pre-sent day, zo.nk ne
place io the perish chtoreb of Messin, an1 bem
thiseconty, emr Sunday ste 2.5th ott. Dii- Sit
ring divine servicethe rectorn catted fromn Ish
the congregtionl a ytnng mazn and Wwo, an
and in the presence of slI thee assembled. if
and espelled them as opposite doore from. the
the sacred ediltee.gr
France.-The Paris Moniseur of De- es;
ember 17, ofimt anntucs rhe necu
pation of the Merqusese lseinds by Admi
ral Depetit Thoouas heving hoited the wit
standard of France on the two grouPs.- per
Mlarquesas and Washingtonr. The report ni
of the Admiral states that hge landed, and ces
she French flag was raised ocr sie island in
of Tahusa on the Ist of May. This ma
was done wish the consent and at she re- on
awest of(the ebief Yeso, who was in appre- ee
hingin of an attack from an American sha
wbstr, a boat's crew of which had been '
fired upoueby the natives, and had a man belt
killdd. The landing on the island of Nu- ble
khivatnok place on the 2d of June. where des
a for was begun called Fort Collot, andpr
agarises placed in it.co
Oeopthe-Pris papers states that great for
disclesent has prevailed of late among the she
elhIers of the municipal' guards of Parns- she
Uperard or 200 met, of'ttrt corps,- whiose De
time of service expired'on thze list met., re
famed to renew shear engagement.
Thb- Pans M'oniteur of Dec. 24, con- oth
sains an ordinance of Louis Philtippe. es- salt
tabtishing in France a Pr-ivy Conceil, the as
meabereof which are to enjoy the title hbei
anduank of Ministers of State. 'F'he Privy has
Ceseclis when assembled, a ill consist of awl
the Primeeser ste Royal Family who have fav
utained their majerivy itr age-the Minis- Iple
uaru Seeretaief state in offiee-and Thi
eush Ministers of State who shall be called jree1
supos by special smuons. Those who pre
are appointed to the rank of Ministers of as
dated serviCe so she ssate in higb public wol
'pain.-Iatelligence has been received !
n Madrid and from Barcelona to the
alt... Geera V~r Hale*tadgeb
ad an address iotheioopte n
the commuand,; and annouiArd his in
tion of ratiidg iatoepi'vate life. bThe 1
ks in the' citadel are carried on iith a
at activity. Catalonia was quite tra- e
Chis General Van Halen. by the way, t
tot the Colonel Van Halen who was I
e some fifleen years ago, having been 1
led from Spain for his adherence to the I
riot Riego, whose sister he married.
lonal Van Halen's name is Juan; Gen. 1
n Halen's Antonio. 4
L'he Debate gives the following from its
'This gitting in of the war contribution a
iffected with-extrema difficulty. The
nber of inhabitants that have abandon
the town since the commencement of I
troubles amounts to 00.000 or 80,000.
is is the half of the whole population, I
I comprises the richest families. Trade
I manufactures are quite suspended, (
I workmen are every where without
ployment. The regent has ordered a I
oral service to he celebrated here in c
ier of the 42 officers and soldiers killed
the affait of Nov. 15. but the expense. I
3 be placed to the account of the garri
l. The generals and superior oificers e
to contribute a day's pay ; and the
ers half a day's."
fausia.-Accounts roum SL Petersburg
te that several Polish regiments. enga
I in the war against the Circassians,
ted over with their arms and baggage
the enemy, and fought agaicst the Rus
as. It is said they .comitted dreadful. i
Poc on the latter, and that their ven
wee was terrible.
4ustria and the United States.-Tbera
bvery reason to believe that a commer
I treaty will shortly be coneladed be
ren the Anstrian Government and the
itled States of North America. The
;utistions between Prince Metternich
1 the Aericau Anbassador, Mr. Jen
, are so far advanced t6hat no doubt son
eneraiued tor ahcir speedy cooclusion.
on this thooditor ofthe llausug-Nonte
uung remarks. that as a treaty betseen I
rih America and Austria has been many
irs eisting. the treaty here alluded to
it he :nerely a supplementary on-. On I
utlher bard the negotiatiuns is Berlin
a similar reaiy cannot proceed speedily.
. Wheatou, who is unquestionably the I
at able of tie American diplomatists i
.urope. hai made great efforts to push
business forward, but without much
ecess. Independently of other inpedi
utS, the lingering aod circunstantial
uro of the proqocciings of the Zoliverin
da to retard such negociations. But
examnple of Austria eaneot fail to have
PAr Marquesas Isands.-It seems- to
confirmed that the French government
re ordered possession to the Marquesau
ids. Uader this description we inter
t they couiprebend the whole of the
up called the Meodona' Islands. from'
discovery of a part of them made in
G, by the Spasish .navigabor. Albano
adana.. This dicovery after being lost.
kw das agalobmught to light byCap
i Cook. and part of them were first
ied by the Anerican Captain Iogra
a ini J1l, and .by him named the
,ahinagton lads. They werm, furt her
luredI by Captain Merehardl in. 1792,
lIry Krusentern in 1601,~ and one of
in aftrwatrds more thoroughly by Capt.
-rer. Thcy are commwonly designated
the t wo names-4he 31a'quesas, em
cing the southerly island. of the group,
I te. Washlinagton. the wnore northecrly.
a.'og the latter is the celebrated Nooke
a, the larges.t atnd mtost popumlous oif the
Up", on which are miounttains of t'aur or
:thousand feet itt height. and a cam
e said to be two thou.nd I-et in
tht. The inhabitants are di~tinauish
f'r their forms, and the lightttnss of
ir om'plexion, until disf:urcd by the
cens of tattooing, which is in univer
praetice. They belong to that class in.
orde'r of civilization called Authropo
~i,-being subject to numerous chiefs
o tnjke war upon one another for tho. I
esure' of ent ing their enemies. Vegeta
food is atfordei ttcem lii abundance.
thte rich noil of the valis-tbe breaJ
icocnanut1 and the basrana grew
nuaneously. and the mildloess of the
untte is such as to retnder chathing a
.orrliity. 'The number of inihabitants I
.ut very 44r~itely ..ta~bliehed,. but it is
mated at 40 ton 50.000. Some writers
c supposed them much more numerous.
ictly speaking. the term Marquesas
mnds would not embrace Nookehiva
I the oter Washington Island., but we 4
r from a French paragraph alluding to
expedioms that the Ilinds or both
ups are embrased in the scnpo of the
editiou.-Bioston Daily Advertiser.
lautifuf Ruruit of Galaensn.-We C
nessed yesterday a very interesting ex
imenct miado by AMr. S. N. Botford, to
,Giluding by galvasic action. The pro. I
m occupied some ten or fineen minutes,.
arbieb timne four silver pencil eases wore I
do to wear the appearance of rich goldl
a. so much so that they were pronoun-.'
to be gold by many to whotn they were
[he magnet-eledtric action- upoo geld
i is solution imparts to the leer valua
metals the richness and lustre of ub0
rer ones, and it will be necessary for
chasers to be on their guard agatest I
,nterfeits,.for impositions of gilded silver I
solid gold. We have beard already nf l
experienced beimg unable to discover
gilded from the solid article.-Norfolk ?
I matler'of opiaie.-A gone~ wife, the I
Sr day, taking up a Manchester paper. h
I to her loving husbad-"This is just b
it should be ; the tmargitagse are put h
no the births. The Guardian always tl
the berths first, and I think that very a
iward." The husband guie opinion in si
ir of ihe-Guardian, as be thought 'pea- a
were bom- before they were married." s
, wife. however, persisted in the cor- e
iness of ler views of the matter, and tl
rerred the Manchester, arrangements;
Swas "a very ugly thing to have a- e
h before marrina." The death, it s
ld appear. were each put in the right nt
te rnr they always come last.a
oM.aexico and T.
F ro m s el a
6rk, Capt.*W- t4 , rrivd e in
0 hours from Galveston, we have v
d dates to the 24th inst.
The only news frm thearmy
he papers contain is th. accoun.t, -
isher's surrender. which Ca . iId
anded on board the New iahe
rulf on her outward passage.
The Texian Congress adjourned 'o
donday. the 16th. A bill bad been pass
d providing for the frontier defence.
It is. the general impression that Texas
till be' probably invaded in the spring, add
writer says they are preparing to hold a
mass meeting" on the occasion. e
Doctor Hill has beer, appointed Secrs
ary of War and Marine.
A bill paused Congress repealing he da-_
y on sugar, eee and steeL. .
T. J. Rusk has been appointed MaJof
seneral or ti militia.
The follojipg foreign .appoiten s
ave also beep made by the Pre#.f& ad
onfimed b the Senate.
ar Raymond, Seertre
a16o1 to the Unted States.
Lacllan Mclntoah Rate., LoessW en
ralfor Great Britain. .
Francis B. Ogden, Consul foe. Liver
Alfred Fox, Consul for Jisaab.
John Graham Stewart, Consuaysr Glas
John Roxburgh, Counsel ft 01eeoek.
.Thomas Were For, Counsesor Ply
John Atkinson, Consul- fortagstoo
tpon-IItlL. - .
The totl amount of revenuerrom CuS
nmh for the 3 quartersiqtfig Oct. 31,
vas $I9,0G8; expens ofcolljg $15,
Every indication. says the Ciilan, fa
ors the idea that the anoqi 'for the
'aming year will begreater; as the
ippropriations promise to ve Ices
ban the amount expeeied to Iteollected
uder the tariff alone, tbere erg be a sur
Ptus to the amount of the direct taxes. and
here scents to be a fair prosi"& that the
!ountry will be in a situation 't begin to
ay its old deblis. and thus re-esblish the
itanding for integrity, which,1j prodigal
y and want of tnanagement; rather than
i disposition to disregard its obligations,
t - was forced tto impair by a' failure to
neat the demands of its creditors.
PARTICUILARS OF LATE- BATTLE.
From -d N. U. BaUdi, ea. 25.
By the schooner Dorie,.fmeni Mantamso
'os, we -have received 'datesWi the 141h
News wns received ist Matamori,-by
n extra courier, from Geoerals.Wiond
Janalu', on the 35tiuuk. to Geillissptudia,
hat the Texiaes, from eigbWhibodred to
one thousand strong. bad capfissde tre
o, and that the Me ain foseat were not
trong enough to auack t In conse
,uence of which they he dll back,
luring which tiose e- Teaimbad ad
ranted ahead of t hiW M*hibere
ute towards &atam ~ 4'
Oa the tsjeipt of1ti1, pdia
:nade preparation for atAimmediate merel:
ip the sont sido of the Lie Grande; and
ain the fuoowing day, (akhlouagh -the weea
her was very badj he marebed-with two
>attahiaas, known, ns the Sapper. and Mi
te, and cotiiued a force :arch until the
fternoon of the42d It., wrhen the, urri
ic nt the city of Mier, distatabou': fifty
eagues from Mlantamoros. News haavingj
iheady arrived that the. Texians hail,
rosed the Rio Grande, and were only
"o leagues distant from the town, they
taionecd theIr arnillery and prpared to
eceive them, end at an early borof the
norning of : 2'Ja, the town was aatacked~
i a pitiy of Teans, guder ibe commanandl
.f Ce. Fisher and Green, numnboring
abou: 250 or 2G0 men in all.
The attack commenced in the stuberbas
I the city. and by dayligltt the Texians
ad cut thirir way through the Mlexican
roops, to where the heavy pieces of ar
illery were- stationed, atdd then took to
ouses, and from the winsdow6, doors, &c.
hey cut down the Mexicans from the can
on a. fast as they could be replaced. i
bi manner they continued the Gehtlt from
treet to street, from- hos to house, lay
mig the Mexicans in heaps' wherever ahey!
would attempt to form-. end frequentlyI
illed every mana from their pileces .of or
iry; h,.t in consequence of their supo
or force they could not-charge from the
rart.iat pro:ected ttem wtthoui losing
great portion of thear men, but continued
he ghbt from the houses, narrow streets
nd alleyt. with great success until inte in
lbe acrno~on, when one' of the TIeuian
apains, (without consulting) hoisted a
lag from one of the houses, which General
impudia observed from thes oppbosiae side
the square, and'sent in one of-his pris
ae wh ich: he ha'l taken during the day.,
a ascertain'whetber they had 'surrendered
r not, which produced een~siderab~le ex
itt-ment amnd dtssatfactton among the
['exiansi. At lengab the firing ceased on
oth sides, when they sen* the messenger
lack with anr answer to Gen. A mpudia,
at they would discontinue the battle if
ey were allowed to return unmolested,
s which terms General Ampudia informed
Iem he could not' agree, s he had then
a town from fifteen to eighteen hundred
afatry and cavalry, and that he could not
onsider he would he doing' justice to his
overnment and fellow coutryDn, to
rnt-their request, but dt the same tine
ewas willing to allow fair end honorable
r-aras. Cot. l#ieher tben asked the apace
two hoers to call his officers together to
onsulk npon the subtjecr, ad if tnot gren
ed, he would immediately ctimmence aol
ght again. Gens. Ampudia then Gonding~
is loss so greet, and already satisfied withj
is request; at the erpiratiotn of which,
be apitulation was drawn, acted upon
ad signed by Gen. Amnptldia and his
eond in commnand, and Colonels Fisher
d Green, and several other officers. but
e terms of which it is genaerally behieved
rill not be respected when they arrive at
e city of Mexico.
Soended the battle of Mier, which last
'I'l hours-, wish an odtis of nearly S to I,
rith a loss on the sie af the Mexicans of
early 700 killed and 200 wounded, and
..eat many of which have since 'lied,
ind on the part of the Tezians only II
tWd and 19 wounded, one of which has
Among the Tesians-were six boys; the
dest of which was 17 years, and the
youngest 14 only, the latter of which from
i window from one of the houses, killed 12
Ilexicans from one piece of artillery. as
ast as they were stationed there; and
when they perceived where the deadly fire
:ame from, they immediately turned two
af their heaviest pieces upon the house
wrhere the boys were stationed, and blcw
he end entirely out; the boys making
their retreat to the* adjoining house, and in
te act- of getting through the windon,
two of the boys were killd. which was
very much regretted by the Texians. both
aficers and men, The others soon found
a& opening, and -recommenced their de
Pructive fire on the artillery, until ordercd
Lo cease by their own commanders.
On the 7th inst., General Ampudia. re
turned to Metamoros (with the remaining
portion of his favorite regiment) amidst the
applause of the citizens, bringing with him
two hundred and twelve Texian. prisoners;
add was to leave for the city of Mexico on
the 13th or 14th. Cols. Fisher and Green
as also the other officers and men of the
Texians, acknowledge the officer like con
duct and gentlemanly deportment of Gen.
Ampudia and his officers, towards them,
during the battle and since tho time of
their capitulation. All the foreign con
Bils and merchants at Matamoros speak
in the highest terms of Gen. Ampudia's
conduct towards the prisoners. Thooii
cers have ihe privilege of the town, ae
companied by a Mexican officer of the
same grade, they dine & spend their even
ing at Ampudia's, and appear as ivell sat
isfied as could be expected in their present
situation. There does not appear to ex
ist the least bad feeling between them.
The general has adopted the small b.*y.
and the little fellow is runnin; about town
as gay as in lark.
Shortly after the arrival of the prison
ers it Matamor,. one of the Mexican Cul
onels, placed his hand upon the youth's
bead. oberved to him, *-you are too %mall.
they would run over you in batle." To
which the youth replied, -as smnl ai I am,
I made twelve of your countrymen bow
low to me the other d iy in less than an
From the ainesed slip the reader will
leIan the destruction er thoMercer Uni
versity" at Penfield, Ga., a rmost disas
trous event to that young end hitherto
prosperous institution.-Chas. Mercury.
PEN :FI.LD, Jan. 25.
It is our unpleasant task to announce
the destruction, by fire, of the brick edifiec
of Mercer University, About four o'
clock this morting, the fire was discovered
breaking through the roof near the centre
of the building, and had made such pro
gres when discovered, as to defy all ex
ertions to extinguish it ; nod the walls
alone are now left atanding. The calam
ity, witbout doubt, is the work of an inceu
diary. All the aspartmentof the building
had been secured and pot in order 'he day
preoils fAr the recepton' of students;
ani we are infurmed, by tho Steward. that
no fre hid beenlb tlhe building;for fve or
sixdtii 'The fire' was communicated to
the 'asilding from the garret story, and su
neairtheeuntrance at tbe top of the stairs,
asto prevedttacce's to extiniuish it,--the
lock of a door below had been forced by
the incendiary to accomplish his nefariouas
'We utidersanil the policy of Insurance
on the buildit er cie on the abt inst.,
and had not been~'bsewed.
The Secretiary's lHook soad some arti
cese of furniture were~ also burned.
Fortunatelv the wind! was hows, and by
the active "x iions mof our vdlla;,ers, the
,1jae:t:t buildings were save~d.
A call ef the Board of Trustees has been
made, and the measures to be adapted
will soon be known.
Weare authori d to ste that the ope
rtations of the Uniiersity will lbe continued
without interruption. Ample meansfr
lodging and otherwise accommoating stu
dents. are prepared ; and it is trusted none
will stay away that designed attending
From the Correspontdence of Charlestn Mercury.
Orac. or DAttLY G EOnotAN,
Saturday, Jan. t:9-12 t.
Fire.-About 3 o'clock on Saiurdlay af
ternoon the bells tounded thes alarm of
Fire.' It broke out in a-dwelliug occupied
by Mr. McFearly as a boarding house, on
Motgomeay street, east side.
The builin~gs on tho premises were
moon wrapped in flames, which comnmuni
eated to the large two story wooden bunil
iling on Lot No. 1, north, occupied by Mfr.
?Ihuford Knapp. as a d welling, whose fur
niture was mostly removed, but in a damn
r~ed sia'c. T1ho biuildings were owned by
Dr. A. 0. Ocmler, late of this city, and
now in Gertmany, and insured for $2000
in thc Phetnix Office. London.
The double wooden tenement of two
stories sonth on Blay street, contioned. oc
r-upied by Mr. Geo.'Hans and Mr. Anidre w
Dixon. were also consumed, and- their
rurniture much damaged by removul.
This. tenement, as also Mr. McCleary's
honse, were owned by Mrs. Je wett and we
regret to state not instared.
The -vooden tenement east on Bay street
enntined, owned by Mr. John McMahon,
ad occupied by Mr. Cary, was rescued
mrom the devouring element, by the active
insertions of the fromen and other citizens.
(r. Ed ward O'Blyrne's dwelling and shop.
and Mr. Michael 'Dilloa's dwelling, fron
ing the Blay. were in imminent. dan
;er. Their buildings and furniture we.re
very much itnjured. - -
The wooden shod of Mr. Dillon occu
pied as a stable was mostly cot down bay
he axemen. The brick tenements owned
by the estate of Mr. J. P. Williamson w as
preserved abibotugh the rafters freeiuenitly
:aught from the intense heat from the hurm
jag dlwellingof Mr Koeapp.
We hare not yet heard of any further
Weu deeply regret to stale, that a wor
thy free colored man, a shoemaker by trade
mamedi McIntosh. attached to one of the
-ngines, tainted from exhaustion, and he
"oro he could be carried house, the vital
ipar had fled forever.
ie has left a family who depended on
A white mas named -. we regret to
add fell from Mrs. Jewett's tenement, and
fractured one of his legs.
The loss in property may be cstamated
at nine or len thousand dollars.
Fire in Daricn.-We learn from Capt.
Bills, of the steamer Ocmulgee, arrived on
Saturday, thit the night before he lft. the
lar-e warehouse on he whirf owued by
the Bank of Darien and leased to thu Oct
miulgee Steam Boat Company, %as de3
troyed by fire. together with abr.ut twenty
hales Cotton. belonging to Mesrs. Mabry
& Ecker. The fire was firrt discovered in
a pile of pine wood outside the warehiou-o.
and is supposed to be the work of an in
Fire.-A vacant wooden house on a
brick basement situate un the lot, corner
oflecting street road and Rumney-stree,
about two niles from the city. now or
formerly belonging to the estate bf Na
thaniel Russell. and known as Sans Sonei
farm. on which is a stable used by Richard
Singleton, Esq. during our anunal races.
was discovered to be on fire, yesterday
afternoon, some time after the Rail-road
train had passed downwards. The fire is
supposed to have been communicated by
a spark fron the locomotive. The house
was entirely consumed. but no further
damage was done.-Charleston Courier.
The Earthquake.-The shock of the
earthquake of the 4th instant was experi
enced over a very extonsive range of coun.
riy. On the Olio river it was felt as high
as Marietta; on the Mississippi as high up
as Burlington, Iowa Territory; thirough
the middle and southern parts of Indiana
and Illinois; also, thruuglout Kentucky
and Tenncssfe. and iudeed on the other
side of she Cumberland mountains. at va
rious places in Georgia and South Caroli
na quite to the seaboard. Down the Alis.
sissjippi we hear of it to Vicks!,urg. iTne
centre of the greatest violence was proba
bly New .1tdrid. sotnewhat noted for be
ing the seat of this sort of action inl the
bowelsor the carth, more freqluclay than
any other tract in Nortih An-,rica, beyond
the volcanic regions of Mexico. A hun
ter from St. Francis. Arkar.-ne, reporth at
.Men phis that a deep take had b ea formed
by she earth's sinkmig on that river; he.
with some companiuns. had been lurtilag
ot the very ground, and. as hi, compan.
ious had not been beard of since, it was be
!ieved they had pereshed-Not. Intel.
Taking .1l.-A corresponde-t of the
Boston Puot complains piteouly of the
following s:are of things io 0ostou. I*
there any thing like it else where I
No mtan cant now procure money at a
bank, though his security is of the first
class, unless he himself enjoys the person.
oaf acquaitance of the "board." A
young man in moderate business standt
no chance at all. although hit credit is
suflicient to enable hint to go out and
purchase merchandhe-uften of these
s-ame battk dircesar-for a very large
ameotrt. What is the reason ? It is this:
Bank direeturs. is a go:eral thintg, want
all the money seemsemves; or, if pechance.
soana fe jthemn aro "retiredf merchants."
and are aborrowers. the usuay .havo
a catalogne of choice friends who miust be
accommodated and taken care of, come
what, may. _____
Real Truth.-Col. Claiborne, of Mis
sisstppi, wh now f(nis a feiderail appo'int
ntomzinated recentily for Cong~res by hia
Dem~ocra-e rllow cuizces, declines in the
followting manly sermis:
-1 sihould uquestiontably have beens a
candidatte, but fur she office I now honld utn
der the-General Guerumetn. I have no
disposition to graisp 'at every thing. antd am'
cotent with miy present sta'ion, awl as
wronla n atm at liberty tao ds,,o Isaa! with
drraw fromr' it to resume tmy former uccu
patiotn.cqueitl itt dignity, ininezunce and res
ptonsibility to any other.the editorial o f an
t snr:PCEJET PzrEss."-Chirlesons .L r
The followring little ernp, cut from the
Albany Joutrnazl. a leading paper in the
State of New York. breaths the real san
sentienns of nearly all the whig paper'
in the free States.
'-Alany persons seem to suppcsc thtr
the slave.-y questionf is 'sra'tled fore ever
in Con~rss. A greast mistake. The
twenty Girs rLte is bult one qnesti on. rThere
'ire other forms in whtch she grea?t sub
subject must recur. Tliis session is the
titme. FTe next Congress, wish a locofo
co majority, will smother all debate on
thte whole subject, by the enaermeunt of
news gan rules, if asked by the slavelsul
dern. Nnw is the time or ntever."
IFriends of the south. (whigs or demtir
crats.) these are no painting~s of fancy:
alas, they are too true, atnd f.'rgetting;
psrincipke' for pirty, we shall soon reatp
the bitter rewasrds "four labor. blood anid
carnage.- .llississippi Free T'race-.
A Great Law Stuit.-T he Buhi4mo:e
Amserien states thtat "thte Court of . I
peals htas decided nnaniimonsly, in favor
of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Rload
Company. the suit which had been hr. ughit
against the Company by Wa~shingsou
Cuty, to recover she penalty of oue'
mtillion of d'ollarr claimed tu have been
forfeited to the County bccause theo road
was not constructed through certain poti
within its limits."
lron.-Thte Rochester Democrat statens
that iron "-was first ade in this country
in 1715. in Virgintia. In New York.
Oranige county. a furnace was erected ina
1751, and 1,500 tons of pise, and 1,04K or
bar, made annusally. Trhe great iron
chain, that crossed the Hludqon during the~
Revolution, each link olf which weighed
140 pounds. was made there. P-:tc
Towtnsend madn~e the first catnon there ins
1816. In the United Stnse4. 1h40, there
were tmade 347.400 totns pig iron: tun. eny
vears ago, Great Britain made only 403;,
000 totns; ntow she mnakes i,,78T1 totns.
The Weather.- During she last tetn
days we have had delehtful wevdaher.
Sprsng came upon us at tin untusual time,.
in January. Since the winter set itt, it hits
b eetn pretty severe until ste pasbt fewv days.
At thi ti.:. of.. rit.inge h-,~ coe I.
weather uren us asamts. cwns.g on "i"h
the heavy rmins on .utiday hat.-hum
The IJrather.-After a logs- vernal req
pitc. ld Winter lins given us what we
uppose was a partmg grip of his frozen
ist. Weduesday w;:s bincr cold, Atsth a
flurry oftnoiv about eght o'clork is the
mortuing and the wind bitivg shrewdly as
perper vinegar during the day: and yes
teriny was quite cold enough t, be pca
-n'st with thick clothi-g aid %.arm fires
but we are inclined to think the ihinrmosm
eter did not show quite so low a% W 'e;:rees
b1eon zeri in the mesnotiag!-Chars. Mer
cury. 'a inst.
Th- WeiLher.-Afer a Jaunary as bland
se .lay. February set in yesterday %ithi
iutese% cold, from a noirth-wester, ecom
panied with a sprinkliag of snow. Wa.
ter remamed cungealed in a considerable
thickness the whole day. although sunshino
predorina:,ted over occasional clouds..
Tempera"Le.-Four years ago there
were in the United Sintes 6.000.000 amo
dlerate drinkers, and 200.000 drunkards.
Now there is only 3.000.000 moderator
irinkers, and 100,000 drunkards ; show
ing a decrease iu ittemperance of 50 per
ent, in so short a time.
Fight-ng by Measure -The uaual
place l .eiort for Dublin dulists is called
no -Ffteen Acres." An attorney of this
zity, in penning a challenge. thought moat
likely he was drawing up a lease, and in
vited his antagonist to meet him at " the
place called the Fifteen Acres. be the
ame more or less."
EDGEFlELD C. H.
-MrsnA . FxaBIcJAr 8, 1842.
W rill cing to the Pillars of the Temple of
our Likrtues.and if it must fall, we eill Perish
amidst the Ruins."
JOHN C. CALHOUN.
Not subject to the action of any Cunnention.
Col. WIITFIELD BROOKS.
f" lu consequenice of sickness. we
hive been forced to lay over a large quan
ti'y of matter. includicg the cownanica
tion of - Piney Woods. preonised in our
la't, and a numiber of Advcrtises:ents., all
f which iball be nit-cded to in our next.
The IWather.--So far, Fcbrtary-has
tpported wefl the character of Winter,
1)y its cold, boisteroas winds, which even
makes us shiver whil stuing coafoiabig
by a snug fire. We~ hod some two or
da-ys, during the last week, of theldoldest
weather we have experienced since the
yeaxr 1825. TIhe fruit trees 'hat had put
forth during thc wartn spelt in January,
are, to al appeara sce, destr'oyed.
Glen. MicDufjae.--We shall publish, as
soon as nec can make room, the able
speech of this worthy Senatgr, on the Or
egon question. We aire proud to hoar that
hii health is much improved. and hope
that he will be ena':ledl to take his former
stn:d in th~e :anks or the t-ne politicians
and fricuds of states ights.
(G We havu rcceived a copy of a
Pamphlet, entitled, " An Inquiry into the
nnt are r~nd benefits of an Agricultural Sur
vey, of~ the State of South Carolina. by
John Biachman." It is from the press of
Mil!cr ar~d Brown, Charleston. The au
thor belongs to a Literary Claib ofgentle
mesn, as whose so!!citatiou, the essay pre
pred, originzally. for ihe Club alone, has
beco published, and a copy sent to sbe Go
vrnor, anid to each member of the two
louses of the Legislature. The pamphlet
is of some length, and enters pretty fully
into the subject of which it treats. Other
topics of a kindred nature, are also touch
ed upon. The essay evinces considerable
research anud knowledge of the subject, of
wich it treats, and will repay a careful
perusaL. Alany of the suggestions are
worthy of p-trticultar consideration. The
autor recomimnds the establishment of
Agricultural Socict ics, Agricultural pa
pers, and an A griculhural School, to be en&
dowed by the State, or to hosuopported by
individual effort. le gives an outline of
te studies to be pursued in an institutioni
of the character. Whatever may be
thought of the policy of establishing such
a Stool under State patronage, it is much
to be desited that Agriculture should be
taught upon acientific principles in our
College amid P'ublic Schools, somr.c good
woulhl certainly result. We will endes
vr at a future time,. to make some ex
tracts fromu the jpamp~h!et, for the benefit
of our readess.
W'e are indebted to a student of thme S.
Caroliuna College, lr a1 copy oif a pam
->let, entiled, an Oration on thme liibic,
as a Key to Sacd and Profano IHistory,
dlh-lcred before the Euphradian and Clar
inophic Societies, at the Anniversary
Clbration, in D)ecmber 1S42, by C. G.
Mcmlemminer, a membler of the Clarioso
phic Society. The subject of the Oration
is a ery mnortant otte, and wC arc pleas.