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"We will e15g to th Pirws of the Templot of er Libersile, and it fai we will Perish amii he Rains."
VOL"1AWO VIII. - 8. each 22, 184-. NO.
W. F. DURISOE.PriOPRIETORL
Three Dollars per annum. ignuid in edmas
-Three Dolliri and Fiy Cents. if not paid
before the expiration of SSx Months from the
Iate o saksettion.-and Poor.Dollsrs if act
paid ithin twelve loaths. Suscribers out
of the Se are equited to ppy la advttc.
'o aslscripgy received for less than onec
y , ind no paperdisootianed antil all arrear
are pa't , ecept at the option of the Pub
All subseriptions will be continued nealess
%Xmiwie ordered before dee expiration of the
Any person procuring five Subscribers and
-becoming responsible for the same, shall receive
She sixth copy gratis .
' Ader.ticius conspicuously inserted at 62j
-cents per square. (12 ines, or less.) for the first
insertion, and 4:1 cetn. for each cotisanance.
.Those pbliabed Monthly, or quartcrly will be
har $1 per equare lor each isertiotsn. Ad
oeats nt having the number of iqier
marked on them. wil be coninued untl
red out. and charge I accord;ugl -
All Job ork done for pevron-. living at a
dstance. nt be paid for at the time the work
is done. or the payment Pecured in the % illsaza.
All commanicationsiadlressJ to ihe lAlitor,
pod paid, will be promptly ald trictly atteid
RoPOSA LS for ~cnrryn :'w ti al53 or
P the United States. from the 1st July. 16.43.
to the30tlhof June, 1647. inclusive, South Car
alina, will be received at the Contract Otilce of
thw Post odtie liartmnent. 's 'die city of
Waslh igton tana l o'clock P '1 off v: I1h
day f Api., 143, (to be decided by :hla 5th
day of May.) on the routes, aud the manner aud
time herein specified, viz:
IN SOUTH CAROUNA.
3182 Front Adam's Run to Edisto Island,
25 nmiles and back once a week.
Leave Adans's itRoi every Wednesday. at 6
am. arrivo at Edisto Island same day by 11
Leave adisto Island every Wednesday at I
p m, arrie at Adam's Run Pane day by 6
Proposals forseni-weekly nr tri.weekly ser
vice will be considered.
3183 From Aiken to Treadway's Bridge.
25 miles and back, once a week. .
Lease Aiken every Thursday at 5 a i. ar
de at Treadway's Bridge name day by 12 ni.
Lease Treadway's Drdgte every Thursday
at P n; arriveat Aiken same day by 8p m.
384 From Conwaysborough to Fair bluff,
N C, 45 miles and brck, once a week.
Laave Conwaysborongh every Monday at 5
a m;arrise at Fair Bludsame day by 8p i.
ImaveFairjaf- every Tuesday at 5a m;
grwiveatCon h sawn4 by 8im.
Leave Crowder's Creek every Wednesday
at 6a m; arrice at Yorktille same day by I1 a
Imave Yorlsille every Wednesday at I p ni:
anise at Crowder's Creek same day byb p in.
31W6 From Greenville c h. by Miller's,
Dookmain's, Casbillo. Woodrufi's Van Pat
ten's, William Goldsmith, Jr's, and Dr. Aus.
tin's, to Greenville c b, equal to 30 niles andI,
back, once a week.
Leave Greenville e-'ery Friday at G a m ; ar
rie at Greenville next dag by b6 p m.
3107 From Hurricane to Hascockrille, 20
miles and back, once a week.
Lewe Hurricane every Friday at 5 a mt ar
rie at Hancockville sate day by 11 a m.
Leave Hancockville every Friday at 2 p m;
arrive at Hurricane same day by 8 p ir..
31W Froms Lancolnion, N C, by Long Creek
Shoals, Falls. and Crowder'% Creek, to York.
filte, s c. 37 1.2 miles and back, once a week.
Leave Lincolnton every Wednesday at 5. a
m: arrive at Yorknille same day by 6 p n.
Leave Yorkville every Tbuisday at 5 a in:
Srie at Licolatonsame day by 6 p m.
3169 Frun Marion C IS by lntton's Neck,
to conwaysboro' 40 miles and back, ouce a
Leave Marion e h every Sunday at 5 a m; ar
rive at conwaysboro' same day by 7p i.
Leave conwaysborn' every M1onday at 5 a
in, arrivo at Marion c Ii same day by 7 p in.
3190 From Traveller's Re.4 to Pumpkin
townt, 16 miles anid bark, onice a wveek.
Leave Traveller's Rest every Weduesday ait
8..;t arrie at P'uampkintowa me day by I
Leave Puimpkintown crecry Wednesday at
2 p m ; arrive at Traveller's IResi 'sme d::g by
3191 Fronm Wiunnborough. by Granyden'i.,
to Rocky Monat, 25 miles and back, once a
Lease Winnsboronah every Thursday at 8 a
m,'arrire.at Rocky Mount same day by.4 p m
Leave Rocky Mount ecerg Friday alr e am ;
arrive at Winnasboroim-b saine day by 4 p m.
3. Seren ininntes are alluwed for openin:
and closing the mails at all ollices, where no
particular time is specifiedl.
2. Post Office blanks, mnail batys. are to be
conveyed without furtliser charge on mnail lines
admittaig of such conveyan~c.
3. Ia all cases, there is in be a rorreiture of
the pay of the trip, when the trip in not run:
aforfei'r of'at least one-fourth past of is,
when the running or arrival is so far behind
*ueas to lose thme connuectiosn with a depeud
(mnai; and a forfeiture of a dute propourtiona
ml, when a grde oruervic,- is resndered infe',
to-that in te contrancI. These forfeiturea
60m b increasedI inito penalti.-. of higher
anotias, according so the nature or frequency
of theofasre and the importance of' the msad.
4. F'ancs will be imspoited, nless the del'ii:
aaenca besatisfacionly ezshuairned in due time.
rfki:ng to take fi.ni, ors...i ef
e, the mnail, --r say p.sat of it: lur minarerinag
it be wet, injured, lost. or destroye'd: fur con
' -siit in a place or manner that exsposes it
bdnpredation, lose, or injury; : no arriving at
m timae set. And for seuiug up or runing
mu express to transmit commercial iunielligence
gs advance of the mail, a penalty will be exae:-'
M eual to a qularter's pay.~
6.'1 e Posusster Gesnerul uiay annnithe con
tact for repeated failurea: for violating the
INost Office laws; for disobseuing she instrue
gens of the Department: for refusng tsa di.
*'sarge mn carrier when repaired by thae Depart
uent: (tar uawasgmug thet conltract wviitot the
aest of the Postmaster Genseial, or for set
*Eup or runnaing an expres.. n aforeSaid,
,. The Postmaster Gnesal imyalte'r the con
rata increase of compensation, within the re
striations imposed by law, for'thi additional
Vivice required. or for the incresed speed, if
the employnat of additional stock or carriers
is rendered necessary. but the contractor may.
in such case. relinquish de contract, on timely
notice. if he prefero, it to the change. He may
also discontinue or curtail the service, he allow
ing or.e niounth's extra pay on the amosnut dis. I
pensed % ich.
7. The paynsents will be made through
dalmils on post offices or otherwise, afler the ex. a
piratioan of'each quarter, say in February, May,
Angust. and November.
8. The di.-stances are giien according to the
best infortnation : butt no increased pay will Le
allowed, should they prove to be greater than
is advertised. if the places are correctly tusmed.
9. The Postuater General is probdited ,l
by law froin kniowisgly nnking a contract for n
tIe traniesportation of the mii with any person
who shall hare entered into any combinnton.
or proposed to enter into -ny combination. to
prevent the making of any bid for a mail con.
tract by .my other pei son or persons. who shall
have made any agreement. or shall hare given it
or perfuruned. or promised to girn or perlfrin:.
any consideration to lo. or not to do. :nythin. o
wiatecer to induce ainy other person not to bid je
for a Mail coantract.
10. A bid reconved ntyr otnie. t,-wit: time k
13th Api next et 3 p no, or withoutt the guar. 11
antee rerqiired 19y ltw; cor that conitie s eve.
ral routesit inie suns ofi ceitpenmsiLon, cannot
he con.:deresi in coumpetition with a regule
prpto"al. not adjudged to he extraragnnt. a
11. A bidder may propose ditrerent days and b
hour. of depar:ure and arrival. provided o
mure running time i asked. and it is oliviuilsI
thiat no mail connesion or other accommodation
is prejudiced. lie mttaynak for a specilied num
het ordayq for imtore running mlitoe to the trip
lot certain seasons of peculiarly bad road.- R
But beyond these changes a proposal for ser
vice different fron the advertisettnent will pre
rent its being considered in competit'on with a Oi
regular bid, tot set asido for extraragance; di
and where.a bid contains any of the atire am- in
terations, their disadraintages will le estimateJ
in comparing it with other tiroposals.
121. There should be but one route for bid in
a prtposal. t
13. The route, tile service, the yearly pay, JO
the bidoer's name and residence, and the name 01
of each member of the tirn, where a compani
otTers. should be di61inctly stated. T
1.1. The follon- ing is the fmf urthe guaranty cc
which shon:dibe filed, the first blank with the
name of the gnar::ntor. the second with that of 01
the bidder; and thet thid and fourth with the
beginning and terminating pioints of the route;
and after being dated, should he signed by the B
guarantor, %.a ho muot be shown by the written
certifiente of a postuaster. o: other equatlly sat- hI
isfactory testimonial, to be a man of property, dt
and able to nake good his guaranty. This a
guaranty, so certified, should accompany each
----if or og the m.il fr6n -
tn - be accepted by Postmaster Gen- sI
eral, - shall enter into an obligation prior b
to he 1st day of Juty next. with good and sur.
ficient'sureties, to perform the serrice proposed. d
"Dated -----" .
15. The bid should be sent under seal ..d
dressed to the First Assistant Postmaster Gen
era, with 3Mail Proposals in the State of n
--.'' written on the face of the letter; and la
should be despached in time to be received by ta
or before the 13th A prd tiext, at3 o'clock. p in. at
20. The contracts are to be executed before 01
the 1st Jul~ next.
Post 0Pec Deportosmn. January 7. IF-t3. hl
C. A. WICKLIFFE. i
January IR. 1843 12w
Pleasant H111 Acadeny. e
TIf E Trustces of the Pleasant Hill at
School respectfully inform the pub at
lie that they have engagcd the serv;ces of
Mr. D. WAVttT. and 1r-4 S. DUNTON, for jj
the present year. Mr. White takes chargo o
of the Mre, atl 1rs. Duutoa of the Fe- ;
The School House is situated between
the Edgelield and Martintown Roads, D
about three quarters of a mile from Duu- v
The School is now in operation, and
will continue until the 15;h Decemetnr next el
The loug experienee of Mt White. and A
the known acconmplishtmentts of M rs. D)uu- s
ton, warranat us ini helieving that those 6i
who may favor them with their pbatronge in
will be well pleased with the mural anad at
mental prnfieenc'y of their chibilren. The
situation ib pleasant, andl the tneighorhtood Ie
healthy. hoarding in good houses may ~,
he had on reasoniable terms.
ThKM5t or TLc:Tios:
PerT quear j
Reading. WVriting and Arithmatic, $3 00 at
Enaglisha Grmmar and Geography, 4 00
Plain Trigranometry and Practical a
Sourvey inugon she late andi higha
ly approved sysltem of John C
Gnmere, . - - 5 00 e
Rev. D). D). H RUNSON, )
WM. BRIUNSON, E-sq. Trse.
JOE~L ROPER, Sea., Trte.
TilE U. S. DiSTRICTi COURTf, el
DisTRICT OV soUTH C~anLINA. $ a.
IN BANKRUPTCY. I
W HEREAS, Henjaninr 13. Spikes, a
formerly Wagoui maker, late Far Ie
mer of Elgenle-d Dist:-ict. St ate of South A
Carointa, hath tiled a Petition, praying al
that he nmny be dlechared a Diankrupt, pur- ki
sutaut to the Act of Congrees of the United qi
Statcv, tmade., andl now in force, conc'ern-. i
iug Bani.rul'ts, antd that heo tnay have the
benefit of the said Act; this in to give no- p,
lice of the said Petition, and that a hearing ie
thereof will he bad before the Hbonoarable el
Robert B. Gilchrniet, Judge of the said
Court, at a Court to be holuden at tho Fed
erial Court Hosuse, in Charleston, on Mon.
day the twenty-seventh day of Marcb next, 1
at eleven o'clock, A. M., at which place j
and time all persons interested tnay nr- d
rear anmd shew cause, if aniy they have. ~
why the prayer of thie said Petioner should d
not he granted.I
Charlestou,2lth day of Fehary, 18413. ~
Marcz H. Y. G RAY, Clerk.
BY virtue of sundry writs iFier Pa
cins, I will proceed to "1i0 at Edge
ield Court House, on the fte Monday
ind f'uesday of April nexti .le follow
Iverson L. Brooks vs. Alfrid Holley;
lilledge Golphin vs. the sanfo- Thomas
V. Malore and Jesse t. Qrag vs. the
ame-, and Wiso Holley oomghonusand
cm or land more or less adjoi' g Wade
ilover and others. -
Iloward and Garmany vs. LVi d 1. P.
;uher, tone negro boy and two rses.
John F. Bnms vs. Wm.T rd, the
-act of land *hqge the defeioant lived
1o year 1849eonfaiang ei htyi acres
iore or less adjoininan ofS-ah C,
nor, J. F. oros and othere.
G. L. and E. PenoX&' C John
luiskey, sixty-fiv; acresof-.Aa oro or
-se where Smalwood Decn djoin
eg John Inlow, Wm. Butldr and' ers.
Cothrmn and Sproull vs. Thomd6Berry,
ne hundred acres of land moWe'lss ad
iuiurJo.ian Rogers and others. I
Shirlev Cook. for the'use of J. P.'Bar
er vs. Yhiiip Duanmiro, one wago, and
ilidred Berry vs. 3. A r
ntson, henrer. vs. the same., a..i. J.
lover, one negro woman Nancy an lo.e
y horse, 1
John Dorn, earer. vs. John Dus d
. J. Kemp. five bundrei. acres oiad
ade up of dillereuit tradts where depn- I
nt Dust lives. ndjoini:; labdas of 14. I
ountree, A. R. Falkner. and others I
Elias iloriback and others vs. JAIn
orn, one tract of land containing sevelly
ro acres, more or less where the defen- I
nt livee. Also, one other tract contai- I
g thirty acres more or loss adjoining the I
rove tract. Also, one other tract con
ining thirty ncres adjoining tha above 4
acts, known, as the liutchison place. ad. I
ining J. B. Rountree, and others. Als
se Stud Colt. I
Parks and B1arker vs. Kindred Flariey a
he tract or land twhere defendant liir
mtaining one hundred and fifty acr I
ore or less. adjoinin; Shirley Cook, an i
G. L. ad E. Penn, & Co. 'r Win.
ird. two negroes Ellen and Comfort. ?
James Sheppard vs. Wra. Stroai
indred acres of land more or
:fendant lives, adjoining
in o an ore or w re
a lives, adjoining lands formerly owned
The same vs. James McMillian ; the
rendants interest in the above tract I
here his mother lives.
David Sirother vs. James Morrs. Jr.
ad James Morris, Senior, the tract of
nd where James Morris. Jr. lives con
ining seven hundred acres more tor less,c
ljoining lands of Edmond Atchesou, and
Richard Coleman vs. Ivey Sadler, tao
3ndred acres or land more or lessadjoin
g Wade Cuibroath and others.
John V. longhton vq. Mary Hightow
.one thoiusand acres of land more or less,
ljoining John Wise, Wm. S. Howard,
John C. Moore vs. James Goleman and
ihu Trapp, four hundred and thirty acres
' land more or less where defendant
oleman live@, adjoining lands of Jatmes
atlews, John Guleman. and others.
N. I. Nerall vs. George N. Pardue;
avid Tool vs. the same : Win. Glover
i. the same. The following negroes via.
reuse. Bill and Richard.
The President and tlirectors or the hank
'the State of Snulh Carolina vs. Dawbon
tkinson. Stee'dman and~ Meritt vs. the
ime: Wmn. Wood berry vi. ahe sanmo, eight
jodreid ncrea of' land more or leas, adjoin
g Abner WVhaatley, James C. Gardner,
0. To wIe's. Orudnry is. Andre* But
r. Thomas Powell andi Dawson Aikin
n. The abcove 4iescribed property of .
Hooker Fster vs. Thomas G. Dacon;t
B. Buurges., and Dawson A tkin-ona. The
cove describehd laud of Dawson A tkinson.
lve'rson L. Brook', vs. udaotlh Carter
idt Flizabeths Carte'r; Michsael Genrsy rs.
0 same. Louis Elizey andi Elizalsethi
arter, three thousand aeree oft land tmore
less, adijoining ands cf Johna Wise, Wmr.
.Howard, and others. Also, one negro.I
John G. Winter vs. Joseph W~oods,
liver Simspson vs. the same, one lot of
roundi in the Town of Hlambcurg. situated
n Centre street, on which there are two
ores occupied by F. M. Shuroda, anadi
locrra and Newby, oneI other lot knowni
SNn. 58, situated oni Market street. one
>t known as No. 543 on the same street.
ilso. the dwelling house, with the land
utachedl, made up of four original Lots
nowan as Lots No. 323, 324, 325 and 326
tuntedh on Covington street, levied on as
me prorty of said Woos
Perry and Nicholson vs. WVm. Scham
erg ; seventy live acres or land more or
s., adsjoinaing TIhcomas Trurniped. and
hers. Termns of Sale C;ash.
S. C HRISTI E, S. E. D.
March I5. 1843. :t 7
jY pr.nnion~; orth,~ OJrdtis ry of Edgefleldt
l)irict. I shall proceed to sell, on Fui
ay the tweny-f'ourth inst.. at tmy residenec.
II the persona! pro.perty otr Jes.,e $wenringen,
ec'd., on a credit untilt the twenty-ifth day' af
lecemnber next. purcha-sers to give notes with
pprtoved5 scenacity. The sale to commence at
1 o'clock A. Mi.
JAMES SWEARINGEN. Adm'r.
ifarch M 3' '
Front rWieten Mercury.
At a tiag of The Agricullu
rl Society John's, Colleton, behl
on Wed st march, Mr. Ruffin,
the Agricult Urveyor of Seutb-Caro
lina, was.in to the President and
Members b ion. Whitemarsh B.
Seabrook, mediately afterwards.
rose and slat buance ltat Mr. Ruf
fin had ap the Island in the dis
charge of his -that he tand pa'sed
through it several plantations,
and had esk the calcareous depo
sits of part ot' tuh Edisto River. and
some of the at s that emptied into it.
As it was nai Is for Mr. Ruffin to
accomplish an,griculioral Survey of
South-Caroliuagithia the tine limited
by the Legisaup, .Mr. Seahruok said
the Surveyr would con6ae his atten
tion mainly to agesamination of her cal
earcous resW relying with eutlilence
an the hearty cration of the. parter.
in ciecting of the other le.,
which it was,i rtant shouald te astuino
ed. As the, ually lairge audief're
were anxions t4 ..ceive minmto a,,ti full
information c ing calcareous 1an-a.
Lates-how perated-wlhat lanad
they were ada t0-h16W they shotld
be applied.. 11 posed to di'miss all
Formality on, MCecasion. and talt Air.
Ruflin from his shotll len invited, on
hese points, a esirel, other moljeci,
to answer such, tions proposed by tha
members as. ight consider ucssaryI
Mr. Ruln f o ving of the course. a
aumber of qq were then put to him.I
o wich he rapiis in a manner so satis
'actory, as to malt.e on thEa miads of all a
Jeep impression of the inestiaMable value
>f the informaion which he had commu
After 3r. Ruffin had retired. Mr. Sea
rook read to meeting a letter, which
as President State Agricultural :So
:iety of Sbutb.ahJ Vna, he had received
rom that qen an, and a copy re
ircular which * had naldre.se tin the
residents-o o A.-ricultural Societies
of the State. their aid ia fA. -hering
he objects utvey. Mr. J. Jenkins
Aikell the'a sted the following Re
elutions.wijh era unanimously adop
tr Sceety do agree to
Resolved, ThA a Committee of Five
diemabers be appiinted to desiguate the
ujects upon which. from the practientl
rnowledge of the member, useful infur
nation may be rendered by them.
Resolved. That it is highly expedient
ba the members oftho Society do inake
xperimets with marl, lime. or other
alcareo s maiter, on the crops of this
rear, and report iho. results through the
?resident to Mr. Rudiin, by the first Octo
Committee under the second reniatieon:
-J. Jenkins. Mikelf, lion. Whitenarsh
3. Seabrook. George W. Seabrook, Jibcz
Vescont. William G. Baynard:
The meeting then adjourned.
WM. M. MURRAY, Presidel.
Jahez Wescost, Secreraiy.
Editors of newaapeas are requested to
ive the abuve an ansertion.
From the Chrkston Mercury.
THE AGRICU14TURAL SURVEY,
LIME, 1ARL. &c.
It is gratifying see so much interest
aken by our Agrieulurists in the object.
hich the juditions appointment of Ir.
uloare idtended to promote. Thea va
ious commnunicatios which h-ive appe~ar
d in otar uewspaprs-the callse fur the'
establishament of Ajicultural Societies, ins
hose Parishes whe they have. not hith-.
nleeting at Edisto, mad the Circulaar issued
~y the enlichtened jtreasident tof the Seate
gricultural Sociep, all naftord gaiyn
dvences of this fact. rsiieg
It would seem,, ~wever. from the va
- ons cotmmtumicataans that from timae t
imeappear in otipapers, anti from tIhe
-W5vrato .eliar among plan,.ers.
hat the applicatinti of Marl as a manurc,
s as yet only favorably regarded as an cx.
~etsmeut, about Wf~icb there are no posi
ive assurances ofgoccess. Althougha it
sas long been asc 'in.d thtat Marl exi~t
ed in various loc ljson our seaboard,
,xtending an hua miles into the inte
'ior, and it has ui.been demonstratedl
hat the materials ' jf easy access to all
he platatatiotas ofpiat maratime Districts,
t is feared that thegemay still be a pt)ssi
sility, rrom the uath:, of our soil and cli
nate. that Marl isaj yet rail as a ferti
lizer of our soils. It is with the hope of
strengthening the liiSfidence of our plant
tra in favo:- of Ma# at this commttunica
uion is written.
The use of Lime~ a manure is of no
recent origin. It favorabtly kntowtn to
he Romaus, .and.a been in extensive
use ina Overy part 'a~rope, from that day
to the present. and~ all the ligts whsichi
scienccelhas afl'orts is at this very time
regarded by the aa~~lightened Agricul
lurtss as an inva able promoter of thte
rowth of plants. NIari is the samte ingre
dienat, being carbo.gteo limne. A pre:
ence is gIven to auar, in consequence anf
its being known ta, contain unt only the
lime of the anIcigtaeposits of marine'
shells, but it is alEsnsupposed to retain the
fertilizing propertiesof the decayed ani
mais once containsaiai those shells. Plas
ter of Paris or Gyissoi, so highbly valued
as a stimulating mm.,... :.. ,t.. Nrt..h....
Marl and not the marsh mud that caused
the coirn to grow.
Let our low country planters ie encour
ngedJ to apply .larl to their landf for the
present 100 bushels broad-cast so the acre.
Lei them seek fir the matcrial along their
low girounds. By digging a few feet, they
will strike on a hard layer of calcareous
nmtter-yellowish white, containing lcre
Will there maiuute shells-let a small por.
tion he put ifv a wine glasi. and a little
good! v.-itigar h-i pourci over it. If it ever
ve-ces t is .irl. I ,hbuve found the
ttrengli of .iami at certasi depths not its
difier mtuerially. Where it ha loeen long
exposed to the atniolphere it is about 40
pe,- cent-a ft w feet below it is from 5.1
O ISU. J. 13.
C IG IN.
New 11ntY.ii. MkaC 7.
'rom Trras.-Thesnte:aninbip New
,r n'rive-I ye-serday. britige Galvet
Fr1gu Appinneflenl's.-Thn, Prrti
6!d-:t h171% Nc p 11iiii J W mll. II. I) r1!!rm Idel.
i., %l b. a;,- werk* sinc ri-igned the
4 Uni--*fi. the 'rrery tif the- Treutalry. to
$iv I'har--.. d'.f irs to thie Ne ttbelanl.
I .cari, to a'.r to bce Cosu .,a, It allarejlk-;
-1a1t J.-bli-a J. Crck.;wvk. Conzul at Rt,..
flio Pic'ree 31. ruter. 17. S. Acnt -ll
the CherrokA-. tias beet bppaisel lo ;t,.
lend Indiant Cotunlcil tW be held at the
W:aI vtilae on Ih I, anzos, and is oit.
lioriziel ti mttake the L'nited States a party
in the tre-ov propoed to he formed 1e
ween Texas and the tribes if hntile Ill.
W illiam Kennedy, Esq., Coanul for her
Britannatie trajesty at Gulvestiini, has ar
ived and been reoniia.:d in his nfTjt-il
!arncity by thu Prii.frilt.
Tlvengreis, at its lwiat sesaint,, ay
inpriated $11.000, t i ddifitn to the re
en.tJe fr0m poenl.ige, for carrying the,
nnilc (if the Republic. The coitracts for
he -natirt: s-ervice have' been ttii at
The people or Western Texas are
ebouet to itild a convention t take into
oniderationm the best ilmeansit; of sCcurng
heir country from the inroads ofthe Aluxi
One nf the prioners Itniketn i Piear .y
a eceraul Wuol, fias written to hislother
it Houston. tha t he treatmneaut .r the pri
oners as Pernte is intoleraiv sevre.
The direct xel of :the'fueralc ara
-titnatcd fior the prenent year at $60.000
fie ornimr of it hiiIs ai is satid, will he retain
i bly 'he collectinig otlicers for sum., due
hemr bay the Govertment.
The rett TCVeIUe fromh ena,%toms at tIh
ort of Galve,ts. lor the year ending 31,t
:uauarv. wr. SitI3.581.55. The expores
'camt1 thne port. during the year, amounted
ii3145015 Imptorts ;401.71.119.
Th'l- 21 r Miarch. the anniversary of
exant Independence. was duly celebriatel
y the military oif GalV"ton.- Bulletin.
Fromi Tri.s.-y the sacai -hip Netv.
ork nthich -irrived lat eveniti; j 30W
ouir4 froi Gaik-Va'Iiet. we have received1
iir reguilar WI!e1 Of TexAsl paperc.
-'ight of the pr*;emaaers captured at Alie'r.
ltd 1-f at Ihtet place to recover fromi
mand'a receiv-1 is, hattle. hadl esca;tel
.i arrived s:fe-ly at Victoria.
Th,- pap-r4 are flltedl with disicutisioniq
incrrni;: the r'ioval of the archive..
-ilm e ea of Geoverrmarent; the manner
i lahieh the Texas Iands have bcen Ji..
(Sell of; and frurther emmunication
iuch'ing, Ih.: l..to inlv.cint of -M!exie-alI
inrer.1, of more oar les interet in Texa-,,
iml 1ou e','inz. lit lie 1.r anyt. uther couutry.
-Ie, ' ins ..
.1;.re of tI.' etIluk.-Lme New
)Altee' pa:pers comtt;iin the (diewmeg di...
res.Oin, inl el li;,eceti tromt ile We,t Iadie,.
l'y thte liri-ish lari. Diademt. U'1pt.
:.' are p'lac..l ini pof%%'aion of highly
a erescting in:e'hg~ence fromt the Weest n
Two- day. lie'lre the de'patutre aof the
)indem. 'ate of the flriaish tiuil steameal
rrivedi itn Kintsinn, with thet staertlinag itn
.rmtati thait nice isltands cut St. Kitts, St.
hana andl Novia, htad been almost to
ally dlestrayedl by not earthqnake. Ac
ordinag to the repourti, these islaneds had
ilmtO'st eonpletely dhiiappeafredt. Of St,
rhtomas and Nevis, crcely a particle
enmains t) give notiCee of their former In
Trho population of the three islands
nust be nearly fifty thousatnd. T'he een
us of 134 gives St. JKit ts o ver 25,000 and
~cvis over 10,000.
The Best Scare Crowes we have ever
tsed, were bright sheets of fin suspended
rolm poies, by wires; the poles of suffici
nit height, and in sumlcient numbers to
ec seen all over the field. Four or six, if'
ndticiusnsly placed, will effectually answcr
or a fiel of 50 acres. Our mnode of fir
ng them was this ; we cut a pole of suf
icienat height, trig med off all the limbs
mut the upper one ; to the end of this limb
cc a'tta ed, l~v a strongt flexible wire, a
hee oi n. and planted the ipole thus pro
ided Girmly in. then grour~d of the destined
pust. Thte limb left at 'ho top should
trject hor'zmntally far enough to allow
nil play to the tin. Thtus attached, the
lightest breeze gives motion to the tin,
ndit consequently causes a reflection, so
udden as iteolefetu ally frighten off crows,
ar other hira addicted to picking up egro.
I'lree~ years' eeressf'ul uise of such scare
"os joarye uzs itn recommendintg them tb
mtr bhre'n.-.Amcriena Frar.,"
States, is the sulphate of limne. This Ras
Dot in general been found becefl!ial as a
manure along our seaboard. It has beeni
commonly suppoied that the salt atmaos
phere in the, icinity of lie ocean. neutral
ized 1the action of Gypsom. I have strong
doubts of the correctness of this theory.
The sulphate of lime nets on the carhon
ate of lime as a stimulant. Where the
soil is delicier.t in lime. the plaster has un
thing to act on. and is consequently inert.
Now in the examisiations I have male of
soils from upwardsof an hundred localilies
on the main lands of Carolina, I have
never found it particle of lime. and in the
analyzation of the soils otn iladismo i-ludn
by Proifessor Sheppar.l. he discovered it
only int a very few localitics and timinue
quantitiaea. atd those itvairinbly % ere lh,
most prodctiveo lands. I have m ltte;ta -
tinu. t herefore. in statin that im h det eriot
ration of out soih,; is ow% in- riot clirnie top
our ruir.oms vsvrem ofit hn-anilr v, iiinmtit
ivg ont lands for a -.-creshnam If year.
without rest. or a routimati s f cro)pi. 1i
more especially from o.. -:.l: of en
0:1A risatier mi to mpper r!*A -a' a i:. ' i i
itself. Wheni our lamds are % i' ma.arle.f.
WC amay thken :!3o filid te enefi a.! i1.4
Tiee-i'rts produ:cedi by,; tie arpptaem il?
of Lime to polar it were %trik soi '
elucidated in a case tof %- wah I nis a. I
eye winess. Thia-e is a i-rict of rnn
try lying along :he hiihway bet ween Ber
liu in Prussia. adl Dresden in Sa%'nmv.
strongly revonmablina our pine lhnrre.. of
Carolitnn. The lmsc sand is in aO1mmI
places hi!-iwn into heaps hv the wiwis-a
few isumned pi.:es ai! ite'heath (Chnirt
vulgarig tie :iever-failhee insiclat Ut
sterility. were the oly plannts iham rmai.
inied n sickly e-itetce ia te widl.: wastei
of pine barren and sand: so that it lia-l le
conic a proverb among the Germans. ''On
the sandhilis the sparrows mnu stmrve."
Yet int the midst of this sterie regmont, se.
parated by r.eiither fence or hedlge, n ith
soils originally of the name character. se
suddenly cameo to hiahly cultivated field-%
which Sprung up brfstre us by enchant
ment. The crop of wheat which w as ren -
dy for the sickle was most abitdant: <onie
fields had prsduced heavy crops of hay.
ani the fruit trees were lo-iled wth i p
ples, pears aod pluime. On eerquiry, I no.
certained that this land had fallen intothe I
hands of amn itatelligent cultivator.'who
brought from a distance of ab-out thirty
' an.~iqrfqiqr kimi.of line., and
aRpDd it, together with the leaves ga:h:r.
ed (om the scanty shrubbery ani :- rak -
ing, from his s:ables, to the Lind. I! lid
only been five years under cu1:ivation. and t
tile soil had now by the chemical proces<,
elrected by the n ctmry of ite imr., beron
tenaicious and of a dark csilrir. After hav
itig itt--- :reeied for the distance of two
miles with this cheing sigtht. we arrived
at the limit- of his a-mate. a here again
we encountered the lesolae pitie iarretn,.
In subSCa1mefcttiy Sataila li*s fAwt toi a friend
in London whoi wa<& a land ht:tler iii tie
pine regions of New Jersey. he vi i'ed the
con'inent for tihe pirpoec ot nl'era I . miin
the process by %% hich thi-e sterile sn;l had
been resuscitated. aind sulperuenti v wv We
to his ietants in New Jersey too ipily bIme
to his inni in tihe sne ws av. aid I hes al
last ye:mr that ha had doubled his crqp far
the last two) years by t'i proecai.
Marl as a niantire is not . new lOCnve
ry either iu lurape or .\merica. A lib-ito;
the silatie, dug fr-min tle Marl-pif, in !
I-'ngland and Srotilnd. tat m hich the tn:m '
of Marl is properly apiil. I-* a ,in.d II I
fatvish clay. yet Sihl-31.mr!. rese-n'din
our owti, althouih riei inferoor, hem
hecen ini use in, Enmmlawil nal 'titieua.! f;I
the lasi sty year'. lIn the btatamst if
peatt hnais nre 'uina-tI roller:iea ofas recet
shells which arec caonveysed aon the baJck-. tt
hiorace, andu doisnkev a farthirty . .r fasrry maie.,
anmd -wahI to the harme11r'.;' :ss i:: res, am ie
pric of taout na llair per hu'.bel. OnP~
a he sin. acssast of Scum Iland 0)y? -r--i.e lb . r.
calaetead fora the sa mie puon~ . Shal!
31ecr1 has hert applliedI to landal ini 3115r'
huaid anad Virginia on a few farimi, far thme
last thirry ~scars. amid imt every inawmee
withl stiecessail re-enits. In tim heslwer coumi
t!ie ofVir.:ini-, Mairlimt hars. by te ;a.
amirale publia:i an< nd the pradtical es -
ample omf Mr. fiRln becomeR~t gene-rul for
severail years p::st. amiii h eiledl inrcmamen
lable wealth, comifaiirtad heamhh :o. mhai:
pamrtionm of amur siter$ Stime. Gov'. I am
munnd or our own m $tmae laist year taied ean
experiment wsithi Marl on hi planltasiion on
the Savannah river, nal s sncceasful was a
he result tilat he wsill this vear have Mar
Led sinx hundrled acres.
In conclusionf I wimmthl ntice a ver suc
cessful but altogether accidental expseri
ment made in the mise of Marl in omur own
vicinity. Omi the plantatiom n of Dr. D~esel,.
an industrious and successful plaitmer at I
Goose Creek. a port ion of a corn faIl wase
manured in the common way with cam
post from the stablesa. Fiallinig short in j
this material lbe conicludedl ma try anm ox
perimaentnan the remainder of the fiel withi
mudi which had recetly been throwu trom n
a canal. The crop proved muncoltmmnly
luxuriant, anal from is succe.ss intht ,b
present case, lie btegatn to htope that mud,
froma a rice fteldh was eqnal in value ms aa-1
be manutre. Ott a re'cenit visit I hand at
oporinntity of dlie'vering te se-cret of
thii, mne' :re'ed ''ortility'. fin diggintg the
canal te ltbor~erq had strun~k uponm a snli.l
ied of Marl to the exteunt aof I wo miles,
throwing on the i-rface ias sonm instancees
to the depth of tan or thre ~'et. n ~lanrl,
whith I have ascertineds cs'!mnin- 72 r
cetnt of carbanate of lime. Foam this hatik
his fil had been manured. Ii was :th.