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'W wwill lung c,ce lilian ef,pb. Templo( em Jjaae,~fsltta.uu. ' .~j1
g OEPp~ liSIETOR
-.Ehese unlima-o Femy Clue.it-aet paid
dAbMLt43d-Four Dollas, if not
-a ~~y~else.Months.. ubscriber. out
oA, are reguied to PM in esaNeS..
No 'uipt#in receive r less thian m
Per; AtO*6tl ~per discoiinucd until altarrear
s pai ,except atteltion'f the POh
Al.slbbWe ispin will bootedinb.
esetissrdeed before dgesepiration-of the
Year. .. . -i
Anyp pisurig Ave Subseuibers and
r teon iertiaa2
rquare ( des, or f orr thdfrsi
inarebe,. and 431,enea, ri eab'contiunebcd.
Those' A ed:onth ,*r quartlfwill be
persquaOrSCh insestion. -Ad.
'k otib bWing the:.nnber of-inser
tiom 4 on them.. will be aontinued nntil
pedp ad ptM arged acc 4oig .,
Taob worik 'do for -prions. hving atII
duttance, tenu tiaid fornatthc timi'the aork
isane6 Fthir t secnred in the village.
.-resid to the Editor,
pst peia, wdl be promupty and strictly attend
G D CASE.
frae esidi ~feet, at te *Branch at
Macon had, at the tame whe-she 4ele0ton:
wq diseoverod, am actual oirelationf 136,
Qtouegh the returns made ne oath by its
iad Cashier. dated 3d April.- 1841,
edth,'amnout to.be onl $86,809M
sinee ~ .$0,000 has been eec:id, aNd
i.000 kitea the amount remaining out.
Thuse bllWtavebeeniedeemed in coin or
with Eaehenoe on the North. its equivalent ;
,,sangPlibi hicb he 'Principal Duak
his been essntaliy.aidei by the Uranch at
view of these eirenuftne and after
e'a thw l asse from bad debts and ge
tlan*W u in thealne if pioperty owned by
thl~anti the Direetors, at the recent semi
anWasihea tio de 22d inwt, Reaed,
TUtti ls uandvisable and inexpedient to
udsipgths'conuniction to the Stock
buMefe.'I tik4ltproper that I shoutd state to
h ho gsd in a is
Yd Mr.,, RMr
- s iesrWithSeg3d to the dge oirfs6
the ams! a have no
d' h know ohe ease, tpat the
reeiwil be vMb 'the-Uank; but from
the magnitude of the sua.elaimed, and the
persevering and untiunriebaaeter of the in
dividualagainst whom it has to conterd. it be
hoaveshe Bank to bestowgreat attention and
vigilnae im asertung and anstaining its just
and legal rights. hcaegscaee of a debi-con
tracted witi the Branch of 'the Bank at An
gusta, m y yearr ago. toseenre the payment
or which ih Bndge opposite; that city. neros
the isanna'Rver. was morgaged. the Bank
wasi6itimd lI'a lob, l edious. and expen.
uite itigaaep mith the urns individual, who
strove teveee the Bddge from the mortgage.
The sit Lhowever, was finally decided in
faar or,the Bank, which atemained In undig
turbed poseesion of the Bridge for a series of
year.. The cas was then thought to be con
eausively setd and shoold tilt be so con
ideeid:bnt siace the sale of he Bridge by the
Braisehbat Ansta.to Mr. G. B. Lamar, and
- by him to thei ty of Augusta, Mr. Shulti has
revjred his claim, and after the lapse of many
yeats,,tsitatedlsanitinchancefr in the ~tate
ofttouthidhaB.'ginst the uank, the City
of , A ,'and .-Mr. LamW. The Bank is.
orewtem atmined to be prepared for the
conatest and has emploed two able and di
singuimhed wetbers of teBar to defend and
. proteclits mausrests. One of these gentlemen
coslmeted tbag lzt esjt throughout to its Eaal
ter~ninsina, i delity and ability uss
Relying upon thejatice of its conse. upon
a the past de-isno-is dts favor. and anon a set
tlement with'the'sane Iadividual of his clainas
for ulaibeenslraion, the' Bankeonfidant:
. ly az eet.bp..a tbeend. -triumphantly re
haerefree a git* Assezemans=. trooblesorne,
and egpe:Isive. Biill, I agaia.bserve, that
the case demanas ikoua.lae Jiak its decided
Sigtem; "" W; B. BULLOCII, Pres't.
A trae Ipy from the original.
' . 1 ..K. TEFFT, Acting Cash'r.
19 WeNu4. Bagfer& vesidet ef th Bak
L ~s4(seuence llhalth, yu
Ban1'.~~'be Governorof Georgia.
dzd'vnab a, Oat. 14th,31842: also a
repoiro tlbse e :oles. dated. Savannah,
Ga ieMW 1tsigued by yourself as
President, and L. E. ToB, Acting (ashier,
and pmblibed ia thge Georf Constitrstionalist.
. Ded3hienescaethiny notice.- Its
imprmagandaUpadepy eonneetien there
with,dtssends anyreply gand could I handle
a goose qp'well as I can the tiler of an
aeb maiagti commun
z he*iW..NbBtb- bs h~ e ' as
Wtatig . Y~Shutwe South arbline,
a uotiallged elim. with regard to
the azlg'ctoes the Saaa ier at Au.
gat, Yo'z "egdaden. Pray,
sr.wbltI alt niDudge 1
Youn. "?it have' no 'dosibt from t~
kn eth dase, that Ibs resu p
fnvesthle*nlt? fyon do n'
the e I mnaa'enfes, that I did 14 for
mote sincerity .fqt'ur en You further .aj,
-"bat front the magnitude Mfthe au*ht eai.
od. and the pra.ui'gand ntiri charsa
ter komesa4r~~a~aupg hn it fis to
coW , . ov. sthe jma m an'so great
:dvgidance massela admaw
. rainingl -s and legal pi hts." .hBiank
maoe aroa. man, but it has io contead against
he laws of Go'd'an*'an.
You afso may. in 'conseqttine of a debt
tontracted with the braiteh ofthii s-hkk at A u
Posts. manyoers ago, to secure the payment
fwhia th~e' Bridge opposittat ?.ty acrosa
the Savanah River. wai tuortgged."
My good sir, wly did you net come out with
itI the dhbtuI This, however. sin (rne eod.
ormity with the .pdlicy of the Bank these
wenty years. to withhold the truth it 'hil
natter. Were there not eighty negro slves
imbraced in said iot gage,'vaksed by the par
iea at-$40,000, anubound for the same deb:.
and did-not the .ank selthis prhperty a ad re.
!ive thq proceeds---nd was there not a whole
quare of lots, called the --Warehouse Squase
n Augnstia, Itound for the same debt--had did
sot le B*k sell that for $21 .000, and ree-:ve
ta proceeds,likewise-and did the Baak ever
ive credit for these amounts oi the tinartgage.
Pesides. other large payments made by the
>rtirs I No, sir! Ieny this, and I wil ptove
You furthesr ay, "the Bank was involved in
Slopand tedious litigation with the same in
liviJta.who strove to aelieve tac Bridge from
lie mortgage. and its liabilities ror ic debt."
rhie isnotthe fact! I strove against the an
ust and arbitrary proceedings of the Bank!
et the Bank 'credit the morgage which is for
90000. with the'pioceedA of the mortigaged
oroperty received by them. and other large
Paynetits made by t6P parsez. iud we will pay
he balance. For this I have trve, and to
which we will fnmiadlere. A Bank las a
ig;It to its money louewd with interest. but it
isM no right to any mere. The money was
pot the only object-it was the property. wille
ta sevente or eighteen thousand dollars on
nal income the Bank had in view.
, You further sav. "Mr. Shultz has ravived
us claine,.nad after a lapse of :ssan yeare
nstituted a suit in chancery in the ltate ci
South Carolina against the Bank, the City of
engusta. and Mr. G. B. Lamar. The Bank
,theresfoectostrained to be prepared for the
!ntest,fatnd Ihas employed two able and dis.
ingished members of the bar, to defend and
rotect its interest. One of these gentlemen
onducted the Srst suit throughout to its fint
rmination. with fidelity and abilig unsur
ased." You say (ao mesners. To which
wu dto you allude' There was a whole team
fthem, four in number; all in full gear at
he trial of the case at Udgefield in June lat
mnd I cannotsa how many there were bridled
rithout ear, f6r it is your monev that has
Ust' you throughout in this case. And.
a to tione whom you say conducted the
ormter trial thuoughout to is fiGnal termination
ith fidelity and ability -unsurpassed ;'" -es
ir. you may well say nisurpaused! For he
acted the part as a lawyer by pleading. and the
part 1s a witnem in giving tewhnony oi oath.
tn fact. lie acted in any capacity whatever to
htain his designs; in short he stopped at nuth
Ftom the twodocuments hereunto nanexed,
t will be seen how the i3ank obtiined each
Ind of the Bridge, marked A. nil B.
You sy. "the Bank got my int..res in the
Bridge for a inluable consiiletatioa.' Thie
i not the fact! A Pipulation was agreed
1pon, but violated by the Batik. The Saik
was not only guilty of taking from a poor In
borer-isis hard earnmgs. but from the City of
Augusta acomlserce worth millions anniially.
For ever. Boot for that act there would ha ,e
been no Hambeirg, and that city would be en
j'ying all Its former prosperity, asto the trade
ron South Carolina, to tie present day.
And what in the fate or the two promtinent
setors in this disgraca.ful affair? The one, a
long as he held the purse string of a Bank,
could buy every negro, houses and lands which
wore oflered for sale; but as soon as that was
taken from him, became a bankrupt, and him
ill-gotten wealth went to the funr winds of
heaven. and he died in& despair. And the
ther was genteelly cast out of Congrss Hall,
and landed in Europe-strolling over the rinus
of Riome, hunting up poems of the love and
adness of an Italian poet. nntil his many
thousands obtained from the Batik were spenm
necessity compelled his return. taking up him
[rmer avocation, and seeking his daily bread
at the fag end of the bar.
You say. "the Bank confidently expects to
be in the end. triumphantly relieved front .
uit.so vexations., troublestene andexpensive.'
The Bank anay. keep giuing fat fees .to a huost
itf lawyers, hut it will not avail hereafler.
The caso is before a just and pro;:er tribanl
and I shall nct to some extent, moy own part.
And if my mbitse~s and permeverance were
competent to accomplish great objecs,. thmey
should be competent to protect my true biter
est ini them. If they are not, thena I must yield
to your supposed triuspA. Bunt on thae othaer
and, should your grand speculation torn ont
to bo a splendlid failure, you should also te
It is said' "that if a decree is given in our
favor, I wvoukd have to appily to the Georgin
laws also." This is a se lt-deiusion. Let in
obtain a judgment in thia State; in this evet,
the Batnk may choose one of two alternativea
pa p rclose dtors.
I~iliamB. ullchPresident of' the Bank
of the State. of Georgia. in the city of' Saran
nalt. Sir: let me say to you in conclusion.
in a few wattds, anad in good earnest. Hlaving
erected useful nonumnents in thme city of Au
gusa. which the, citizens themselves were in
capable of' erectng ; and having ronred up
city heibre their-face-taking from them thei
daily bread, in defiance of all the power ol
ment atnd mniney of that great City.an rebuke
of heir intgratitute to me for the ;o"" i"a
doe for thaw :'Aad new to falter an proteet.
ig my rights to any own before men lake my
se. whon the laws of God, and the laws a
man'areai my side: Sir, I regard even the
horghts of a doutmt of firy succesa, with an ut.
eronten . Bir, if God spares my htealth
and myl . I prostrate the whltme* of you, i
yn don't retarD to me that which is my owi
Hatmburg, S. C.. Marcha 13th, 1841.
P', S..Yu may hear from me again.
Gocta. Rickmoad Coastg.
,Came before me, Richard Bush, one of th
j.ntic~of'the-Peace for the said conty. .o
sph Wheslse. Lawerence Brocke, Ezekie
Ean.satiLnis~arrie, who beingduly .woro
a th Hoy Evngeistdeposeth and sifith
1.being present ona a: t hird day of Natch
18isitbe GeorgiaenI o f the Augtmaa Bridge
William . amkin, Sherifl'ofumaid county. Rich
.. ard II . d, a Sanel 1:ile. EJnes . i
disposras Mr.- Henry Shiltz, 1av force, Of ti
Georgia end of the Brid~ Uforesid. -
[Signed.] JOSE H WHEEL .
Sworn to befroie me. iif5th day of fay
182l. R. lusn, J. P.
HRurEunG, Apri 1th. 1M.,
Mr. lIknry Mzuhl:
Dear Sir:-For the frienduhip and respect I
have towards yon. I feel it my duty to l yno
know what I saw, as was returning ione
fron the Theatre. on the .night of the 1it
inst.., betweeu,the hours of twelve and one
o'cloek. I cane in comupany with two gentle
mn of respectn6ility to the ;ate of the Geor
gia end of the Angusta Bridge. for lia putiL
pose of crorsing. and at that end. I *nw Mr
Samol Halo. He'(3Ir. 1lale) took one ol
those geutiewen aside, and said to him in my
h1-oring, that a company of men had gone tm
the South Carolina end.of the Bridge. for the
purpose of throwir.g the gate ovChoar.I. 101:
few moment- there.ifter. I saw t'rom Ail to eighi
mients cening frot the 'Suth Caruhimn ted o
the Hride-, some were irmned with musixt.
and havonets, and others with crtsw-atnt,.. Oi)
their napproach to 11r. Hale. loe asked them it
they had doner the business.-Sone answered
they ail. We thert immediately prswd over
the ridge before any other persons. aad now
the gate was gone from the Sonth Carolina end.
Nothing m ore of importance.
B. F. GOVEDY.
Irish Ponttoes.-As the seadou i jnst at
hand for planting potntoes. a few plaits
directions will not he omiss.
1. Seed. It- hai been proved by the ex
perience of every one. that Irish Potaos,
as far South as Georgia, materially dete.
riorato after the second or third year at
most, and sone of the closest obst rvers
think it not afe to truit to seed grown in
not explain, further than in southern lati
tutes,-the best potatoes cannot he grown.
It cannot he for the want of vegetahu-. or
animal matter, or stimulants, or even
moisture, but the hett of the san i toi
great for them. The tut'ers grown here
are not so large. emooth. :ry and %'ell fit
vored as in the nort h. and our judgment
is decided in purchasing seed from the
2. Time of Planting. In the Somth. it
is not .One year i ten. suitable for late
planting. Sone put their potatoes i'7 the
ground in nuktmn, but our e pertence
teaches the hest time is. the Glt dry
-reather after the break of winter; or in
other words the best time for planting IrIsh
potatoes, is so soon as the frost issuflicient.
ly out of the ground to bear working.
Generally in February, there is a suitable
spell; and alnost always dry weatherrai
.e selected autout lite first of iMarch. 1
planting thus early. the potatoes fully -na
ture. by the commencement of the hol
summer drouth; while if they are put in
late. they rarely support through the hiioi
3. Preparation of ground. On tlh;
Joiat, the theories asnd practices are etad'
les, and contradictory. und ito doubt suc
ees ofetrattends plains which appear Ie
difTer very materially. A good plan is te
break the ground thoroughly to the deptil
of about 8 inches, and harrow it till :ht
clods are broken e the surface bcconme,
smwooth.-Next I.v out rows 4 feet npari
and drop the potatoe from 8 to 14 iniches
asunder in the rows. It mat'mre is to he
applied now is the finwe. Fresh staib
dung, strnw. and litter of every kind mnj
be applied with profit. If thc inrrow i
completely filled. it will be the hetter.
4. Cover. by running a turn plongh or
each side of the row. and thus raise a ridy
o'-er thte potatues. Let thuem remain ihs
cihout ten days. or till just before the
sprouts come to the surface, when a bar.
row sheoukl pass across the rows to drau~
down the ridge a lirtle. anid give the Souni;
plants a smooth.light surtare. int which te
make their appearance. This operatinr
effectually destroys the young gri:s whichl
often intrudes itself where it is not desirer
and is, perhaps, better than any workin~
the crop receives.
5. -After Cndture. The orthtao doc
trine is, that I rish potatoes shuld be work
edl but once, and that about the time the
plants are 6 or tI inches high. hbut, our be
belief is, if the ground can be kept per
fectly free from weeds, and loose, tall the
season, the erop wilt be so much the bet.
ier. The practice, however, of hilling tbh
vines, cannot be too highly reprehended.
Where the dirnt is thrown tip. the vines
putt out new fibres near the surface, ant
the consequence is there will be a larger
qutantiay'of potatoem, but they will be smal,
undt in ucint of weight there will tnt be si
good a-crop as if the hilling had not beer
6. Barmeuting. Many persons dig al:
the potatoes as soon as the vines die-..per~
https as early as June or July. but in as
much as the writer Its never been success.
flu! in saving potatoes dug int the summer
he lets them remain in the groond till abon
dhe last of October. whens thev are taket
out and put in the cellar, or In heaps o
about ten-bushels, and covered with eartd
about a foot deep. In this way we nevel
fail keepinug them, and they remain freal
and good till the warm sun sprouts then
in the spring. There are other modes o
enltivatinig, we have tried wit success
Ibot we consider the foregoing a safe plan
and therefore, we are disposed to recoi.
mend it to our reader,.
Why should a teetotaller never have
O 'i of !te oWd.'Tarm.".-T jhe
Sisaons timpitestate which the Lords
of Jaaos granted-to the freemen werent
the, first.but for -years. with s tender of a
roat which'i those days were or corn: or
vietaula, mid thence ihe leases so made
wert eslled1ormes or fains, wbich word
siguisesh vt6al9; by times ensuing turn
ed the victuals into muoney and terms of
years into terms of life and inheritance,
retainingThe- roots and those called quit
rents. or the rents of thoso persons that
wone.acquitted or free.
- What iiert ?-Pdrt of Matpeltester. Eng
land- is kept eean by atireet-sweeping
nnehius. This machine. by means of
The rotary noiosq of locomotive wheels.
which raises .the loose soil from the sur
face of the around. and deposits it in ni,
vehicle. Behind the eart -a series ofi
bronas is fixed which, as the wheels re-|
volve, swerp.the surforee of the strr.ot. nnd
1,rce the dirt up an inclined plane. and
then over into tie body or I!:e cart. Tlhc
cart i trrawn byhorse'po wer, ar.d. s now:
in -peration, will fil itisclf in, six mininite. I
leaving behinid it a cear truck. 'Thii is
crmaed in 'h patent --Whitnorth's pa
tent sl'-loanding ctrt.'"
I utcr ru.ning up-hill.-Dr. Smit;th in
n recent lecture on Geolovy. at New York
mentionted a curiouscircumuliance connec
ted with the Mississippi river. It runs
from North to South. and its mnuih is ac
tually ratr miles hi;;her tihan iits source, a
result due to the cenirifaznl motion of the
earth Thirteen miles is the diTerence he -
tween the equatoriol and polar rndin:
and the riveritn two thiottsind mite. his to
rise one third of this distance. it being the
height off the equdnr atave the pole. Il
ths centrifugal force were poLoqttiud,
the rivers vo6i:wo-V hacknAsnd the seAnccu,
would ovcfibwtbe plain.
the foreheid andl temples-with a nixture
of harishorn rind strong vinegar. e'mal
paris. andff .iulr 0 littl f it up the nuse.
Sick-hetnnehe must be cured by nu emec-I
tie. ai it proieedi fronm t oul istomachi.
Sore Mon to-Af ingether haney nnd
white borax. eijial parts. and with a linen
rng tied io the end of n skewer, rub the
mrnth well-tbree or four times.a day.
Sor.: Thgo:.-Takii twenty drops of
spirits -nf turpentitle in Woar angiar every,
nlight till cured. Blrk current jedly
Biliovs Itpai.-Take .arty drop;
of Bat-snm of P cru on lee( suar. or in a
gla of water, every day at eleven o'
Inability to Sleep.-Take a groin or two
of camphor at hotdtitme: this is a surer and
sa remCly than lanttdnutin.
Nigh: Soreats.-)rint -I il or more of
rarm water, at inight in bed.
Feather Beds.-The cstom or sleepan;
on feathere, is very pernicions to the hi
man constiottion. tat all times. Tio n
velop oneself between a 401h. fenther ied,
and a town cover ina old' winter night,
seens a verr suui; lied comfnGralife loea.
titn: asnil it lo n very lIi:-. somnriferous
indiwnce. on the Corporeal nl amental
facultics-and so has a dose of !..u latnumia
or any othersoporifie. Thefeenattiao pr
dred by both is equatly p!eivatot.-while
approaching a stute or insenaibility. or
sle-p-the eflait is trn percep:ihde. A ny
artificial means If inlure ueep. whent thu
body is in health. is ;njurioue-hecause
they produce an unnatural anti excessive
stupefaction or the system. tand auhsequaent
proloingntiou of sleep. heyond what is
ncetlet for the restoration of exhamted
nature. Any more than i required lor
that purpose. pradnaes rela xationm anad tde
bilaty, as all who ore in thec habit of tak
ing i tnap on feathers, ntler dinner in tho
wvarmn season, can testify. If thcy can
not, let them stubstitute a anress of haiar,
moss, or husks. or a goomd rocking chair,
with the hody in a sli::htly inclinedl post
tion. (which is altogether preferable) ad
their senses will a:-eantely tell the differ
ence, if carefully wotchedl. When one
awakes from sleep on feathers, thei-e as
always, and more particnlarly in warmt
weather) a yawning, lan::uid, half-a-slee'p
head-ache sensation, which requires some
time, and considerable elIrt to overcopne,
before the system is restored to Its proper
vigor. Not so on the mattrass. We ex
perience none of that exhaausmion and lan
goar. Dlat as soon as we are awake, are
'n-adc arwake, bodily antd mentally. Thme
result isjust what it should he, a restora
tion of the energies of the systean. If you
would preserve* health, and prolong life,
try it. one year.-Con. Por. Gazette.
Cure for Cnumption.-The following
communica*tion comes from a sonrecoa
tled to the ruiteist' confidence:
Messrs. Editors-A 'loiter from a dis
tinguished friend in Eng[fa1t recntly re
eived, contains the following remedy for
consumption, ,which a sense of duty im
peIs me to givte to your readlers. My cor
respondent state, that it wase given .by an
emanently skilfuiGerman physician. who
had tested Its efficacy oth many jaitients ;
amotdgst otlers, nn bis own wife.
I mention it to you.~ says my correspon-.
dent, in the-bope that it may be niefuo,
.some of those laboring under ihetafic
r ire, And. indeeJi, hitherto ineurable'mala
dy on your side the Atlantic. It was
discovered in Russia.. andl has beemi tried
with astonishing success ia Germany.
"Rob the body mound gsnd roond, froqi theo
neck lo, down ont the body, ror knlf n
hour morning and night. wish the' (atf
baconn cnredl in nsao-e. Flninel mnsth
worndring the course, of. J4he .cnc and
gad more than once a .
9he 0'6cat. The cure occupies frm four
Should ny of your read"a be suein
under th'eabove named diseWse. and ,Ae
apopreh,eosive of a boax beisg.pracia'd to
the remedy specififd, you are at liberty to
mention my name. Yours, &e,
Frrm the DoStoe Ettaing Bletits
Ocean Steameis.-The AreAimWAs
Sclarew PropeUer.-This netw invention,
as ppjlied to ocean steam navigatlon.: is
attracting much aieniotn, at tjie. present
titme, in the Old W'&L,
IWe have been fav twith .a perusal
or private letters received by the Acadia,
givin:; an account or the tiumphant sue
cene of this scre w propeller iu a-rocent e
perimental trip of the new Sitan Frigate I
-Gre:t. Northberu." frmn Lopdndery It,
Lond:4. 'Ihis account w-suId.seem' to
establisb, beyond a doubt. the fee, tttpt
the occa" e. u lie navigated by screw-pro
pesled vessels. not only with more, speed, i
btt also by a smaller engine mthn usuaL
and % ith ruch l-ets fuel. Diring the time ,t
tf favorable winds, they can go under
envass alon.ze, and by thn absence of the
'1nmsV side boxes and wheels. be :much '
less eiposced to danage. in the experi. t
Iental trip referred0 to,. the Frigate. by
the jint hpplication of steam and sails, f
nde,. ler several sucressive hours. with.a '
avora~ble but li::ht wind. thinceo and a I
,,!f tiles p-er hour. while the greatest t
peed yet atnaine. ',y the British and North
mrtterienn Nlail Stemeire. i6 said to have
seen fromn cleven to eleven.anl a half
'nies per hulr. The writer adds-"When .
e co'usider that twexs steamers, built ex-'
ressly pr mail and speed, have fourhun
ired and fifty horse power engines for a
ontn;:e of twelve hundrod tops, while the l
reui Northaeon os a heavy waan of war. ,
a propelled only by three hundred and
kity horsc pwcr for tho capacity of:.wo l
housand tons-ithi? ndh antage of theserew -
>ropellertovcr the paddlo wheels, is clear
y proved. and thie great problem of the t
mnhinretion of %ail and tenm navigntion. .
ppenra to ie now milveds Our speed with
iteam alone, no;ainst a constrary breer.e. I
was eight and a half miles per hour: with
'ails alone. without stam,.from eight t t
Leff mile, as the wind changed from uorti
The succeas 'of thuis tril renews our
iep~s thatt the ilne cfsteupm. ShipA may..
soon be established bet ween the Continent j
of Europe and this port. whi.:h aIr. Charlesl'
Keutgen. from Germany, had in view
luring his visit to thi- country last sum
mer. but which was delayed by the un.- t
certainty of themnctess of the screw ap
pllication oni a lou;er scale tian had been.
ired at th-tt Itim: and n-, 31r. Keutgen.
Ufter a miinuite examination of the locaii
ties and other -ter,:stv of the ports of Bos
ton and New York. seemed to give the
preferentCe decidedly to Bloston, we have
tin dniht but that the cher-etic exertions
it thi gentlemnau will result in our port
being in a short time visited by the first
large screw steamer from the Contitient of
We find' in the London Examiner, a
rall description of the Great Northern.
The propeller unwd in this splendid ves
<le. is divi'khd intotwo half turns. its length I
eing seven fleet. on- its diameter eleven. -
This screw ;., p!aced longitudintally iII a 3
hlile enit in the- lea.1wvood itmediatey be- I
Core thit r'bider, the keel being ronuated i
alo; tander the +cre w, By di!-connecting 1
the screv. which is the wnrk of a minute, J
the ship becoms. to all intIntis nuh por- I
p sa .iling vesel. Aa to the velocity I
uttninnhle by t he screw propeller. Casptatn t
Chapp'ell, in liia o1iial report on the sub- I
ject. publi..hed in .1839, by ltidlgway, oh-c
serves : "The n hthoe force of the screw
being directly proputlsive itt a line withi the 1
ship's keel. hy nugmtenting th.e velowity ofr
the serew. I see to'other !imnitation to the I
speedi at' the vcssel thtan such as is ufl'cred
by the screw, which shows thatt the re'sis
tance incre-ases as the rquare of the velo
Thbe Groat Northera is inliy rigged as a
sailing vessel, atnd spreads six thousandc
and seven hundred yards of' canvass--her I
length. between perpendiculars, is two
hundred and twenty-two feet. the length I
over all,, twvo hundred and forty-seven I
feet ; breadth of beam. thirty-sevenfeet ;
depth of hold. twenty-aix te: ; daught ofh1
waters with one thousand'and three hue
dfredi tons dead weight. sixteen feet ; ton-t
nage, otne thousand five hundred and fif-<
een, new m'easure; nominal power at the 4
ngines,. three hundred and sixty ; thet
iliamoter of the cylinders, sixty-eight feet ;
ength of stroke. four feet six inches; revo
httions pet'minute- fromixiteen to seven
een : diameler of the screw, eleven eet. a
The steam power, int this case, however, u
may be cdtn'idered as auhiliary. only to It
the sailing;, for with sails alqae, the vesseL. p
bas been found to run easily f'rem twelve e
o thirteen knots an hour, or between (our- hi
teen and finleen statute miles. The voy- ti
ago to Calcutta, for instadee, tf these s
:omhined advtantage-the sails' coming e
i to increase the speed and save tho coal, p
when waling is grefer'ilee andh the fire be- a
iug kept alight when-the ordinary power ti
of the sails is comparatively potwerless-- a
would be reduced to. a runa of some R0y ti
lays, as there would he no matisenvering c
r going out of the way to'accommodate ri
trade windhs,or' catch the-stant,"and no c
putting ln every here and there, at out of .a
ih way places, fur coal-fur one eargo of C
coal of' four er five hundred tons-there 1I
bing strawne. hoe,r fre six hn,,ed a
Iht -t6- it oAppale !
presin4r eta ao ,
prIen di we agi- n m e4
n January -4lasu coatsao
or to purcase .a coflI .illi 4 I'
bat he Visa ^'a.0 scOJ0f
1b4. tIfWsISICO..6 tile sa.It
4. at sstua .the to.ro A
ym.IprsF aJ ether,, wbo is', W
bais bfinaijniu lis ma epajdrea
nd oth's, so make the letters, one of 1
ime,' o' the 46mr6f his sho* In this'ay.
e familiiized himself wshb the lettera,
nd their nienes. Hi then leaiid iioi0
1en together and ike;or#, and no
ras .able to read. fie then .comenced,
e study of arittimetic, and it~en~qg$,
rTnamer and geography. .
It was also stated ,hat he ow.ahle
r rrad the Greek Taossment .witb-ease,
a some knowledge of the.atin jan
ud even cormmenced the stu4y f .
lebrew language. but refiaqnibAed ila,
onsequzence of not having s uable booa*s.
t was .taie-i that he studied pt sait L.
leven or waolve o'clnck. aedathat ssnq
irs;ng witti hip, they fek..tibemue.ussda.
ie presence of their equai. He,. b
ween thirtpand thirty-five yeara sf
nd s wil1ng to gn ut as a missaos rt
Lriea, under thiaAsembly's Boa
Protraced.-A very clerical los,
entlenan, witl his eyes turnied.apwsp. ,
as walking down Chartres street.yesese...
ay, just as a time when a very modens
>oking lady, with her eyes turned dwn
rards, was walking up Chatrs atreet.
;cither was a ware of she other's contigt''
F till. the broad leaf'of the ierialp.okilt
eistleman's .bat csme in actual contact
rith thebonncr of the mo4st 11kinSady.
The geni(teian oead, aseo o r
be guncussion, mand gave three se aeps
a tbe righo. 'in permit the lady to pass..
,'he lady made precisely the same atom
er ofsteps to the ler, wilh the view of.
nting thegenlemaa pss,.whieb o(course
rouight thein (ac4to face.- Another. 1*
ragiologv from tho&engemau. snudageir
gain to his formerpoaRop, whib-spoi*s,.
rani %ir ulianeously performed-ay 51W k?;
y. Thus they kept cbsesing Om idghA
; ln. with the vain hope of getdog at
' each other. way, but getting it inspitat.
very tp. The modest looking la4y at,
en:;h looked up from under herbal
'eil, and the cleri:al looking gentemae
nDaked down from nnder.-hij brqafl brim
nel hat. " Sir," said ste. " you may in.
end this Air a protracted meetng. but W.
I, use-1 don't belling V) the church!"
rho clerical loking gentlenan.remained
S 41ationan y as a 1'htep post lor the space
(some minuses, and die lady passdon...
V. 0. PIC.
.iring without drink.-Tbe last Boston
ledical Journal contains a communica"
ion froin Dr. W. A. Alcott, in which he
tate.4 that be drank rothing during the
enr 18-2; and in fact that he had not
Pt returned to the use or-drink. With
no exception he sutirered less than former.
v front thirst. "This exception was; in
u !. when. au order to make a fair ex
rijmett, he worked hard at baying. Th*
rstlay or two. it bscing very hotwebher'
e felhua ret urn of shirs:, which he allayed
*y gurgling his throat with cold water,suand
niinx bread crumbled in water. After
wo dlays he felt no more thirst, though he
rearkedl hard.-.The. object or the espei
nes was to prve for ste bensgt .of the
tiacaa' of tetmperance. that. if our-food .
imp1le andi plhai We need Jut very lit.'o
rink. iiis diet was bread,- fruits, and
An Earnest Pra yer.--Th e followisg
apital anecdote is related of Col. Haurry ..
lnbcock, tate of the U. S. Army, wshowas
a educated ma af brl~illiatnt oitoril
a-vers, though a somewhatencsnnie per
Ont a certain time when his regiment'
was formed for prayers, it was sanned
bat the ebaplain was -unable to attend
brough a sudden indisposition. Thfeeol.?"
mnel instantly ascended the drum pnlt.
ommanded attention, assumed a revi.
ale autitude, and burst forth in a 'strain iWf
hae mnost impassioned 1teloqovne.a Sun.
licasion on supplication-for ever earthy.
lessing, and the ctversion of both Jew '
tad Gentile nations, were effered'op in e
ublitaity of languase had maneeever
sfore witnessed. Thea, after an ann
riate paene, be proceeded: "Aa. for
air enemies in partienlar.-0, Lord, we
eseech the so bear our prayer, tiat they
tay see the error of -their way and be
seedily brought to a sense of -ustice. in
ad of their oppressive -and wicked usur
ations.! But if nogs (banginighis vniso
nd manner to a corresponding~ deginog
ton, 0. Lord, brace our hears terve of
rm..and permitrta to'tahe msuhe,
ourown hands;" hereofatb
sme to an abrupt pause ofeId
tents.'s.berbreahing forth au~~
antrasted style of orttry,7 e~~
Bus. 0. Lord. whatea bwsayfls
ursed Indians ?--Dadin'n e f.e Ems,"
'he amen was respooded to by everyosn
nd followed by three lond buzzas.