Newspaper Page Text
lemork sad Charlestom papers. The
ahe, but n m...a - h bad beo ani
Livxamoos, Mmeh 3.
TbS5I"et .of the inc~eats wbieb
dis nether ebearing nor ais
Th omuumn'orbe worvineg dlam in
o~aetn in tw s i hted
Stnbtor a re
zbraneh iftrade bi he$.
*2 ______-to the aseritia
but t he
to case es as thao the h ofthe
109 th bol ilearful and saequi.
As.b anmuskylom :wade
wbieb a beaeal change
@4 kew even of the most
eve vene to rediet.
**d y seetd. w ex
teifed and ared. domes exism-the
idtnle$i inistry themslves
the nien '4he purpase and policy a:
Gtd ie plm over Or to conceal k
'' and s vem In the debates
oteelke of he country they did not
even' veter; to deny it. Perhaps we
aru'dooid eait, as the Premier sig
omEiIVklted, the slow and uncertain
eMipmeit of those advantages whieb
our recent am ti abEast may so
arfrto us, =* a 'material and sensible
taiint.esanbe left For speedier re
Adtuatte occurrid in the CoUrs
offhe dAig4a the stare of the country
wlait pseirso i4 have revived the spirits
oftibrr Tradev1rty. The Vice Pro
sideot of theBoa of Trail enphatically
dedeietd that between the opinions eoter
tainedt ihe Minaisrv and these avowed
by~O '"uition the'difference was not so
gOUfi'Ws generally supposed. That
an al:Adaii in the ceommerieal-code was
-eceary, he was MWo only read to ad
ka bu ppared to prove, only
geeed etally pending between them
was at wbet dma should the alteration be
asempted. and so what extent should It
be erried.L The dispute. therefoe. is
neokminbch of riaiple ash is upon the
esientr mabas of dgveloping it. The
Ani-*.Cr' air League ae tuirng in
their 'es eir to'egitete the country.
tb eecled ass In the prin
1sedalnii illtbe have gained no.
ies they hare at , mustered mu
ThetUalsof Chertisti, among whom
is theWdld-b nas Frgu O'Con
nm are proceeding as Laneaster.
A it e leas fa*ambe tenor ofad
vli'.bas l*gramly extensively ac
esd~hE.%tftie dission orMr. Ellfc to
te rtir kely tobe prodticve of no
be'~ieak The -Brilas refused
so'etepist a ,egeelasiou wih us except
us asemfs so deMidedy disadvausqoons
teornalBritain that'it would be impoli
sioi~ std perhaps dishoneuable to thie cn
Grt--tose'Caada.-In answer to- a
geeigen fr. Mv. Laboucbere, Lord Stun
Sy liaid-A's the he sow stands,. the Sta-es
esaid thbir rain 'ito Cansida free of duty,
whence' k is eepotei#e Colonial pro
dwe&ving been giouad'iero four in the
golony ata maximaa dmsy of 5.. and a
sminmam of 6.. Now the Ceoial Gov
eramte.Omad bnen regnested tbe- mother
caesmpadiit their Soae at a nomial
feerom dwy abogether. is.
hdreplied to dhe memorial of
tahe that as the greater reoo of
sbo iported as Canadian mere
lypudbogb Canada, and bad in fact
beust gewu-iute States, there would he
seatdiUisafy iath, plea. Hie suggested
so~ she propriety of'he Clonial'Gov
erminut impnsag-sa eguivalent dbv) on
alleasseean 'or impot han- the
Ssu as eanada. e gislature
had aKIDerle dbue so, and itnietly in
'cekdwwke thepito'hilettr. By
se atmait he expctda despateb eon
maiming agl hfrate en the subject.
Z1 i Ase..-lw dhe Mo.us. of hords on
shM3tbLerdt~aispheU moved for a se
Sect Comimistese to ingelse into the es
-sia law f libel::the beendaries of which
Oulde~inug.U The laws afiheting other
senu-'adtabiion; the law of libel res
ted ' maanaittos lag as it existed in
the fo mh..dthe First. The mo
ein..jpiaepperseda by Lord Br bgam,
Lyadurs, and Denman, and agre to.
'gesTe BLa Fruud.-'On the same
evening,.jaI the Commons. -the Chancel
kntt-~the. Exchequer- espoundedth
vowieu n the Governenat-eatertaiued
oa t .of that empnasmsea to be
hof~it~he - choguer Bills
bwp4 eamnoet Smih and his cod
Aa .. ,bee s h oe who
-eta minae, whose dh.
had though they
of buinss... adsSa eueb due
estiep astk hat exerceied. The
thktaasp . af tw r lanante
ss has been )#ke to .ascertain COr
Whso. ~b ckviar
the have bano mu
teal and though they applaud Espatero
tanaaderla Au.mcuse tFranmes tey
blame him be'ause be did am insist u
reciproeity of emplulents. "Spai, t=
M a0 signed her own - dgredenin.4
all, e l when one considers
that their naturally haughty temperament
is irriatedr- no: ht, by the fact that ad.
ditional hooers are about to be conferred
opn the imagined cause of all the nor
miA, M. Leuseps-these respectable gen
tileme are indtlging in a very harmless
ranaCMs &._The iegent has ad
dressed the electors in a remarkable elo
juent and judicious document, in which,
reminding themw'tbeirdaties, he declarps
himself indifereait to the result or the con
test so long as the deputies returnied shall
be pledged to uphold the Constituition,
"averse to intrigues an' inaccessible to
It is generally supposed that tihe Liber
al paty will agoure an accession of
uirength in the electios.
Pbrtagl-Tbe British minister it
seems hasecebei isutructions from his
Goventment to break of the negotiatious
for the tarUfconvetion. -Great Britain
relsies to accept the last proposals which
Portugal has tendered, and is resolved to
trife away no more time in useless and
frivolous correspendence. In order to
pacify the Dour aersw which are ma
terially affected WIe unwelcome termi
nation ofr negotiation, from the success
rul issue of which so much beneft was
anticipated, public monies are to be gran
ted to them. A Bill endowing a privil
edged company with one half of the pre
sent export duties on Port Wine had been
unanimously passed by the deputies. The
sum oft35,00O is to 6e annually allowed
them, on condition that it be expended
among the Douro wins merchants by put
chasing from them 20.000 pipes of inferior
wines at a higher rate than i6 otherwise
suainable. 'The ceding to the company
of the monopoly of Brandy was lost by a
majority of three. To atone for the out
lay a fresh tax mast be imposed on tIhe
already overburthened Portuguese. After
all, the whole affair is but lath and plaster
policy-trumpery truckling to expediency
-not sound statesmanshp.
The French privilege question will, it
is supposod be amicably adjusted.
Franc.-The French papers are chief
ly occupied with speculations on the pro
bability of the defest or retreat of Guisot,
ia consequence of the defeeion of some
)f his supporters. Count MAlo will suc
eed him, they chorally predict. Be this
s it may. in the recent election of Con.
mintees and of Deputies, the Gnizot party
bas been empharically vietorious. it is
:ertaiatrhat the King as Brmly attached to
The apology of humbled Spain appears
o have parified the chivalrous ire of
France, and the chances of a rupture are
Paris papers of the date the 1st instant.
:oufirm the predictions hitherto hazarded
s to the certain success of the ministry.
The King is irmly'attached to them, and
as openly declared his u*illrgness to
dismis them. It would seem that the
apposition during the last few days have
ost ground considerably. Like all ex
pectant patriots, each of theni isiwfs upon
prescribing his own nobtrum and so far
froma deciding upon the adminisrataon or
one well eoncocted and cuaningly aruel
Bamtted dose, each man quarrels with his,
coulleuon because he will nor yield to his
mediemue, the plaen of superior excellence.
The discussion on the Secret Service
Mloney liii had commenced, end so far
a we can judger antspiciously for the Min
Lafart Infellgence.-,-.The tondIon- pa
pers of last night contain no news of im
possance. The tria' of M. Naughten for
he murder of it. Drummond- bud corn
monred ar the Cemrtal Criminal Court,
but at the hourof tie mail lesting had not
terminated. So far a, the evidence leas
gon it beare wrongly against the pris'nor.
rho interest and anxiety to gain admit
rence into the court is described- ar-having
in the liuns. of Commons fast night,
i answer to a quesion by Lord Palmer.
Sir 3. Preel said hislied no'olbjectin to
my before the house copiero ofor extracts
free comsmunicatious between Lord Ash
urton, the sectiemmy of state for the colo
ies, and Mr. Wehister, in roeferece tb the
treaty signed at Washingtuu on-the 9th
if August, 1642,
Btths Sliamship Caadi.
Hava. Feb.2?. 184'3.
Though out Cottn uarket ispreny active,
males for -,omei time past averaging over 2(00
aiesa day, omt priese continaa declining eve
ry day holderwaling afraidof wors prma as
son airthe change- of the present easterly
inds, will allow the abet of Codlon vessels,
'a expected, to make i appearane.
erma uhppen now, higher pricus
un out of dhe enestion as the interior has ap
ples wich will pernit it to atop purchasing
it the least advane'. The. gueston stands en
ily in the quates-~sesported so far; abod
they have continustt large- everat $3, they
,L1Stockiser 120,000 bales and'er
ha60G yessludaily 'erpeed-. As for Sea
Isads- they continue sntinely nnnoticed, a
unailot puebsdlately at If.2!5 is vainly oJ
hezed today at If (ywith ahat i)
ad a consiginment a 00 from your
idene daily eupectedi is anemsed- be said
ier anhg as whsatever prie it- say-bei~
wish of- coaras, will bonmost msrbe
alssunly were aebi at'a newe decline of15 a
Lt seolevy'}0 balered at aactian
-the of' CottOn-wief we Iieve toper
icalerse awelaetudd3SE bales of Anasean
Upland, Oniss and Jtaheana havalkhew n
iaed regase.bot as the seacbe in the hads
dip ireefthaeduesripsuewemight, the
- ogba'hee n t ,...fly apesedad.
' denand and therefore relaa the
M'ile sales ibgthrfom the Eth .tit. to
niid-.n4n atai*. are cnataiaed at tO,.
--Th eastell peeuli is i hm
the mearli totalm spesion of imports Owing
Wo easterly winds for a mouth past. duting
which only seven vesels have irrived from
dse Uied States, adthe impmn into ier
polsince 1st January now amounts to 9&f,
00ales agains 24800 to, am period last
seson, frem the Uitid Staes, thesappi Is
38,00, bei a decrease or 11000
The stock in port is now esimaed at44,
000 be against 470,000 at sam period Of
last sena 1 the stock of American is abOt
257.000 being a decrease of 10,000bles.
"It is certan. however, that the import will
be excesi-vely heavy "h first ton dam or WaS
terl winds, probably exceeding IN bales,
adit ib. p'Wse that "h ao ti
has affected the market as m as the actual
import arriving in regular course would have
done. So heavy a supply at oe time wiD
severely try the market, and the result mast
depend in a great measure on the asecounts
whih we shall probably receive the some
tiue, at least a month later ihanwenow have,
of the receipts into the Amerieu ports, and
the more mature estimates of the:.ernp which
are looked for with much interest. At present
we think the most general belief here is that it
will reach 2.100.000 bales, and some caldulate
-Prices of goods and yarns have receded
to about the lowest rates of last autumn, at
which. however, they appear thus to go e'
n ithoat much accumulation of stocks, but the
general trade of the country Is in a state of
extreme stagnation. and depression. perhaps
unezatupled. and the home consumption of
most artcts of comerce, appears to be on a
diminished ocsie, calculated rather to inpair
confidence in the possibility of the consuip
tion of cotton ebtsnuag to go on toits present
great evtent-or at any rate nt without con
tinned low prices. the Curn Market re
mains greatly depresed.'
Loqno. .4aretis 3. -
Craa.-Yesterday some large public sales
were brought forward consisting of aGOU bales
Snrat. 240 [adras, and th0 lowed. Th
wenat off wideout spirit, and nearly the wio
of the Surat and Madras were bought in at full
price; the smalthat portion eold realised lite
market value. 500 American .old at 36d toS4d
to 5id far vety ordinary to good.
AsaTWAJAN, March 1.
'Tere has b-en little passing in Couan,'and
the chnracter ofthe trade contmuues dull. Our
present quotations are fur American 21 to 233.
SRovvannAs. Februnay 25.
400 packagos Georgia Cotton sold to-day at
Hasuno, Febmary 24.
No alteration of importance in Cotton this
week; 110.Gcurgiasold at 43-16.
Asy waar, February 28.
Some speculative business done in Cotton
last week. Some Carolina Ride sold at 121
per 50 kilo.
37*PTho following letter from the Char
leston Courier, containing an account of
some experiments in Mesmerism, by Dr.
Gilbbes, of Columbia. has created (having
heretofore had some doubie as to its reali
ty,) a disposition in as to believe there
may be some sruth in the "Mrsmeric Art,"
but we should have to see, before we cculd
believe in its having so full a scope over
the human mind. Dr. G. is a gentleman of
coniderable talent, and thereftue, we have
no right to doubt, what he has stated to be
Frim the Charlessa Courier.
Mc:merism.-The following letter, on
this suhjmc, will be found to disclose facts
of much interest. It is but just to Dr.
Gibbes that he to whom his leuer is ad
dressed should acknowledge that the in-~
quisition of lunacy must inelude him as
well as Dr. t*.. fur, on readitig Dr. 0's.
letter, he tried the eame, experiment snd
succeeded, i. e. sitting itn his bouse, by the
m'ere silent exertion of- his will, he mes
merized his boy, sitting in the kitcheu in
utter unconseiousness of ahe experiment
aterp:ea on him. A. Y.
Cormtan, Match 23% 184.;
My D~ear Sir :--The latest experiment
in messnerihm by myself is the following:
On Monday evening, I- was recliningon
a sofa before the fire ini my, parlour. Be
ing tired u ith bard exereise and feeling
unwoll, f had no disposition to read, and
suddenly it occurred to me to try tny mes
meric powers at a distance, over ray boy
m ho is very susceptible. I knew nt where
he wo-s. but supposed him in my kitchen,
insa direct line about 40 yards off I re
enesaed'may family wito were aroutnd me
rcot to speak or mike any noise to ink, nal'
my attention. I directedl any wW as asrongp
ly as I could towards the suibjeca, andl of
aer 6ifteen minutes senti ones ot'my minis an
the kit chen with an injuueaioin not to speak
to-the boy but ta -report to me what hais
endition was. Ie returned laughinr. and
ibiormred me~that he w-as apparemtly very
sleepy. his head on his hand. &c. lton
tinned five mintites- longer and he then
round'hibn asleep-in the mesmeric slutr,
and coalII' not be waked. I sent .ime
dliately for a fiend, Col. -,- who came
to my house, and Dr. * dropped in. I
requested them to visit the boy, and deter
mine whether he was asleep. 1' agreed
with them, as adtr as they ex'amined-him,
tstke a glass ofrwine and prick my hand.
They etere satisfied tiat he was in-s'tes
sterie 'tate. 1 drank dhe wine, bie steal
?tet-F'pricked my hand, he notleed thre
aet ande vadsed his had. I did not leave
mny sofa during these expoeiinenls. I
shouldalio aueation diai before the arri
val of the gentlemen, a lady of my famuily
visited the boy and informeod me that he
wras sitting very uncomfortably where he
wras. twsilled him to get up and take a
seat or. a chair which was near him. She
returned to hIm, andusaw him does he te
The erperimeont being ,niw settled, I
wvent-to bias,'and dbewed several magnetic
sad phrenological experiruents. I then
returnedtb the houee. I.now twilled him
to come to me. N'e lefl the kitchen anid
cme into th'e house'and balbed to me. I
now ordered him toewake asp-io presence
of the enimpanywhich ho did. ilhave tri
ed to act'ont' his phrenological -organs by
lf, bnt -aesever beeb able to succeed.
1 have no orjeetions to your ptublishing
this letter, if you' wil[ gnarantj that a Writ
"do lanattico inquirendo" be not issued
against us. The fact is well authenticated,
and exists s a spito of the ridicule and
sneers at the dr'laion, by thosee whose
pide of onininn infiucnces their indgment
iftrject what~lay beIde not experianced.
kr. oV nsea r. Buclnauand otherp.
tive prtctiseo ihibs operiqsdot successfuI
I1. This is the first I havelinown in my
own.experieney of a cash acted on at a
distance and with6ut the knowledge of the
subject. I have by will put a case to
sleep in the sadie room, without' Me- iddt
vidual knowing of my iention.
I have extracted a largemolar tooth from
a second patient without lier knowlede
in the presence ol proper witnesses.
A scientific friend laughed at me for
having no theory to explain experiments,
which I showed him. I think men should
firat be conviuced'offe!s which they de
ny, before they ask tr explanatioon. I
have no theorv, I am a collector of facts,
and will continue to Bo so when opportu
nity occur, for scietific purposes. and
leave sceptics to enjoy the extraordinary
credulity of unbelief.
ROBERT W. GIBBES, M. D.
R. YEAnop, Esq.
For the information orals persons in
terested we publish what follows, which
we copy from the Washington papers.
An Act granting a pension to certain ( Vi
dews of] Rclutinary Soldiers.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled, That
the widow of atiy person who served in
the war of the Revolution in the manner
set forh in the act approved the seventh
driy of June, eighteen hundred and thirty
two, entitled "An act supplementary to
the act of the rclief of certain surviving
uffieers and soldiers of the Revolution."
and wrhoso widow, in virtue of an act ap.
proved the seventh day of July. eighteen
hundred and thirty-eight. entitled, 'An
act granting ha;f-pay atid pensions to cer
tain widows," and an tact approved the
twenty-third day of August, eghteon hun
dred and forty-two, amendatory thereof,
and a resolutiou approved the sixteenth
day of August, eighteen hundred and for
ty-two, entitled "A reqolution declarative
of the pension act of Jaly seventh eighteen
hundred and thirty-eight, received, or is
entitled to an annuity or petsion for. the
term of five years from the fourthof March
eighteen hundred and thirty-six, shall be
entitled to receive the usne annuity or
pension which she received, or is entitled
to rcceive, under said acts or said iesolu
tion, or either of them, for and during the
further term of one year from the fourth
day of March, cigleteen hundred and forty
three, or during such partiou of said tern
a. said widow shall survive, subject n all
respects, towever, to the rules, limitations,
and conditious. in and by said acts and
resolution made and approved.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That
the sun, of three hundred and eighty thou
sud dollars be, asnd the same is he-reby
appropriated. out of any mottey in the
treasury not otherwise appropriated, to
pay the annuities or pensions in and by
this act granted.
Speaker of the [louse or Representtai %es.
WILLIE P. MANGUM,
President of the Senate pro tempare.
Approved, March 3d, hB43.
Przasto Orrict, March 9, 1843.
lirorder to carry into effect the forego
going act, the applicant a ho atay claim a
pension must make a declaration under
oath, before some magistrate in the couty
where she resides, which declaration must
be duly autiteutican ed. The official char
acte-r and signature of the magistrate must
be certified by the proper ofliceer undier his
seal of oice, andi the magiutrate must
certify the dechatant is personally kntownt
to hir. J. L. EDWA RDS,
Commissioner of Peosions.
DECL A RATION.
In order in obtain the benefits ofrthe act of
Congress of the 3d Maaren, J1843, graan
ing pensionts for oneO year tu certain wi
dows who hav. received pensions under
the aet of July, 183.
State [Territory or District]
On this - day of -, person
ally appeared t.--fore the - of thie
--. A. B. a resident of -- in te
eounty of--, aged -- years. who,
being first duly sworna according to liaw,
dloth, on her oath, mtake the followin~gi
declaration, to trder to obtain the bsenetits i
of the provisiatn made. by the act of Cou
giess, passed owt thte 3d Marchi l843,grant
itag pensions to wvidaiws or persons who ,
served during the revolutionary watr. That
shte is the widow of --- who was ali
[haore insert the ramukr the husband heldi in
the army, navy, or tmilitin, as the case a
anny be, and the regiment, corps, or vessel
in, whictt he served; and the antnual amount I
aot the p~enaiont whicht she re-coived under
the act of July 7, lS83l6]
Snte further declares that she is still a
Sworn to anal subscribed 00 the day andi
year above written, before
Court.-The Court of Cummon Pleas
and General' Sessions commenced its sit
imes in this place on Monday last, to he I
bolden t wo weeks, Is Honor D. L. W'arad- I
law presiding. .
We ilieve thtere is sio criminal case of1
ismportanc before the Court, but judgng
rom the bundle in the Solicitor's hands,
we woulda sp pose there are cases, note aI
rew. of asnoani: and batiery, and suich like
enses, growing out of the use of intuxica
ling drinik. ftideed we have bben pained .
Co see somne drunken broils in our .own 4
streets, -in open day, in this good- day of
T em perance Reforin.-Tont. Ade.
In Boston, Mass., a rstont has porcheS
mc the laud' upon wnh: two distilleries
stood, has torn down the buildi,gs, and
[nilt thereon a block of forty houses. A
rother large distillery, in the same city,
has been turned into an excellent livery
Truth and Right.-Never be ashamed
f the truth-never be afraiti to do right.
Thousands live in continual fear and per
plexity, because they shun the truth. Mul
itudes wake themelveys mtiserable, be
iese they dare noct do whaat is right anal
appose eri'or in high planet
EDGEFUELD C -U..
WEDr.9sDAY, APatzd5, 1842.
is wil ding to the Pillars of he. Teaple 9
oar Libertaa.ad if it ustfuli, s Will Peris
-,ami the Rains."
JOHN C. CALHOUN.
Not subject to the action of any Convrenlior
07 Our Subscribers are informed thi
they will be enabled to procure their ow
Paper at 92 50 per annuim by their ad
ling a new name to our list, and payin
MY' We call the attention of our readers I
the Documents relative to the "Great Bridg
Cue," which they will And on the first page i
this day's paper, and to the Prospectus of iL
Farmers' Gazette, a Democratic Journal, pul
lished in Cheraw, on our fourth page.
Pursuant to previous notice a larg
number of citizens assembled in the Coni
House at Edgefield, for the purpose <
conferring upon the principles for the oi
gonization of a National Convention c
le Democratic Republican Party. to b
.creafter convened to uominate a candi
late for the Presidency of the Uuite
States. Tbe meeting having been organ
red by the call of Col. WHITtsLo Bsooz
o the Chair4 and the appointment of Set
rotaries, the Hon. Francis W. Picket
presented the following resolutions, at
:ompauied by a speech characterized b
4i aeustomed enthusiasm and ability, i
Lvhich lie drew a graphic picture of it
politi'al condition of the country, an
nadverted with convincing power upe
ohe injustice and uncon stitutionality of
protcctive tarif, and briefly, though clea
.y demonstrated the policy of postpouim
Is action of a National Convention i
reference to a Preidential Nominatit
RUtil after the ntt Congress shall hai
%stembled and taken definite action in it
adjastmeut of the tarif question, that it
pWog le at Iarge-the source of politica
virtuie and power-may be prepared to no
with a wise understanding of their inte
eats, through their delegates in Nation
Conve:ition, and with patriotic diicrimin:
ion as to the Statesman bc-st itteo by hi
virtue and political orthodoxy, to carry ot
the great principles of the Republica
Party. With great cleainess Mr. Picken
lefined the principle upon which a Na
tioaal Convention should be organized
with a view to a fair and fpl expressio
cf the will of the people of tle Democrai
Republican party, and repudiated thi
system of organization which would rea
icr it subservient to th'e caucus dictatioi
af political demagoguesi, as inconsisten
with the spirit of' the Constitution, irre
:oncileable with the rights of the p.eople
and suppressive of the '.oice of miuorihiei
With mnerited compliment to private vir
ue, political sagacity anad intellectua
piower, the people respunded with cheerino
a pprobation to the uttered preference fo
the name of CA LHOUN. identified witi
he civil and military honor and tbaracto
af the nation. The full concurrence of thi
neeting was evidenicedl by the unatiimou
idopsion of the resolutious as offcred.
Whereasm. the Election of Presidlent ant
Vice President as a stutject matter in whicl
hie people have a deep tinteresa, as it keep
n organizadioan o estntial anti co-ordi
aa:e brancha of the Government.
And whereas, it is occasionally though
~xpedient to :tssemble in Cunvention ti
n~ake nominatir.n ina advance for thei
nmporpant olico. o. as ta prevent the elee
iona from falling iato the liouse of Jtepre
And whereas, to prevent such Conven
ions. from bsecoming greater evils that
last which they are iutended to avoid, it i
ecessary that they should be so or'ganizet
is to the time of meeting, and the mod<
if taking the sense of the people they pro
esa to represent, so as to secure as full at
izpression of the popular will as can bi
airly~ attaine-d by any limted assembly.
T herefore, ResIoved. That if Convrn
ions5, not1 regutlated by some fundamnenta
aw, are to he habisually introduced in cu
arm of Government na, an authoaritatiet
xpoi:cent of popular will, it -is a matte
ritial to the sovereignty' of the people, tha
hey eboukd be so organizeod as to be at
indoubted and fair expnent of that pope
as sentiment of~ which they profess to hi
he orgaua; and that without such organi.
~atio~n their tendJency will be to produce
dent but certain revolution in our systen
if Government fatal to Liberty.
Resolved, That under existing circur
lances, it is probable a soumationa at
aonvention lay thec Republican party, o
~resident and Vice President, will be, ir
l'ect, the election of those important ofii
era, constituting as they do one' enutira
ranch of- our Goveronmeut, and it mnaj
ecomue, in, progress of time, a new elee
oral Coallege not known to the Constitu
ion, anid therefore to secure a full repro.
entation of the people in such Conventiot
ind to arcertaita fairly their will as a peo
ale, is as essential as to preserve tlwepuari
y ofthe'elective franchise itself
eseoled T'hat if the Steres vote a
Statea ini such Convention. gitning to eacl
is many votes as they may be entilse. tc
, h ,s. Ie.' o- -,l r',It. ,. .,:,s. z';i .. ..: s
large minority in the delegatio
u -5taft repreoeuting people diferitng
frolthe. majority, will be in fact transfer
ingall powe, to tie large Central States
of this t~uufcdcrec3. sal presenting con
solidation in its must odious form.
Resesed,.That each member of the
Covenution should vote according to the
p wishes of the people be represents, and
that by so doitig, the sense of a majority
of the people, who may be called on to
Vote In the election, will be taken with
much more accuracy- than in any other
way-but if a bare majority of the mem
bers in a.. State delegation are to decide
the w holvivote of the State, it then secures
in the hands of the majority, from a few
large States, the-additional-power of their
miurties, and thus absorbs the weight of
i he simallir.Statrs, and in fait concentrates
the nominati'n in the h'nds of dielarge
Central Sates, and without refereafd to
what may tie the poplar.will of the peo
pie of the JUited States; an sd that the re
t sultofsich a system eustinevkablyendias
far asithe Presidential Election is concern
a ed, in an exclusion of the smaller States
- fromn all practical pdwer in the matter.
; esoLwed. That we are not so much
cuicemed in the promotion of this or tha.
wan to power, as we are in the triumph of
0 those great principles which we telieve to
, i identified with the Constitution and the
best iuterests of our common coantry ;
and that thereforts, in order to ascertain
I fully the c'use that may be pursued at
the next session of Congress. and sbe wea-.
sures that may be suggested or adoped in
reference to certain great questions of the
deepest intetest to us, we recommend that
e a National Convention should not assen.
.t ble until late in the spring of 1844.
Resafred, That full time ougbt to be
allowed lir public opinion to concentrate'
upon the aian most suitable to c out
i 'he great leading principles of the epub.
elican Party, and t hat those who are astong
. and decided in these principles need not
desire to rvoid the responsibilitiesincident
J to the latest period.
Resolued, That as at present advlsed,we
cannot consent to go into aConvention be
. foro the meeting of Congres.. arN we
deem it essential to the advancement - of
our principles and the ret interests of Use
countiry, that we should first settle. as far
y as we can, certaia great mesumre in: Con
u gress, in which we have more interes than
in the mere election of a President iWde
pendent of these measures.
Rtesowed, That a Convention for th
a nomination of President and Vice Prei-.
a deu, udless such nomination be .mald
upoa the faitest add most just priociplesv
and also unless it be postioed to .he
latest period. may he productive of (ainme
a discord and weakness instead of seering
n the pritsciples and permanent aseendeacy
C of Ibe Republien party.
liesolved, That we look withconfidence
e and iwp. to !he harmony andcordial In
e of tihe J)enocratic Republicna P4rig W(
these Staites, as essential to secure the
success of those cardinul principles apon
Iwh ine l..-ansency of the Republic
aud iLe libeaes of these peple vegese.
Gets. Honham then read the recoluaens
adopted by the Democratic Republican
Party of the Congressional District of
Charlestonand thereupon noevdde hut -
lowing resolutions, aotoapanied:by ;re
marks upon -the rnecessity of concert of
acstoo with the Republican party ofether
portions of the State. -
Reaofred, That we ioncur with our
a brethren of the Congressional District of
SCharleston, that a State Convention of
.abh Democratic Repmublican Pasty, should
be held in Columbia for the purpose of
securing unity anid *oncert ins astion in
regard to 'be N'atienal Cotiveanuon to be
assenabled in May 1844; and to deter
,mine the mndof selecting . delegates. so
attend she said Natiuonal Coavenun.
'Resoltrd. That the 4th Monduay in May
- uext, is a fit time for the meeting of the
I .ttue Convention, and tbaithe citizens
of the District of Edgeleld be respectfully
rrequested to meet at this pla'es on Sale
day next, for the purposo of appointing
delegates to attend the saill State Cou
Whtch being adopted, it was moved by
Major Jeter that tihe proceedings of this
meeting be published in the Edgefield Ad
I vertiser and Charleston Mercury.
Mh-vr Col. Pickens had retired, Col.
Brooks having called Mr. Wardlaw so
the Chasr, oll'ered the following resolutions
at no utnmeaning ad'alation ba' a just tri
bute of respect to our late faithful add
distinguished Representative in Congress.
The lion. Francis W. Piekens. late
our Representative in the Congress oaf the
United grates, having withdrawn from
the public service and thereby terminated
the relatihn, which has barmoniously subh
aisted between him and his constitumats,
with no lss honor to himself, than with
advmnsapge to them, and whereas the pre
sent meeting ofi'era an appropriate occa
sion, for the portion of his consiuent
now present to declare thir opinjomnof
the manner in which he hasdiseba'gedtibe
duties of his pubtic trust and'of the senti
mens of esteem, confidence and approhni
tiun, with which he has thereby -inspired
Thaerefure, Reseired., That the members
ofthis mceeing most cheerfully avail them
selves or the occasion, to acknowledge the
untiting zeal. uncompromising firmness,
.neknowled.ged absility and undlortaeonsis
tency, with which their late Representa
ivef his ischsarged the rspoosiIle detite
ofhsstation since bis entrance upob
lie life, and forna large pornieofi.he time;
in the taco .of a political tergivisatiou-of
- pessonaal and party violence, almost unez
ampled in thse history of the country.
Resolred, .That we recognise ta' the
opinion., which he maintained and ln'tho
measureb or national policy whjehh sup
ported, the orthodos doctries @1.RepaC
histn Democracy'and the. fundamental
principles on which are based- the perpet
nity o ite Union and the pmosperity of the
Rtewolud, Thas entertaiin this ravora
bile estimate oftihe seal. fide apuid abili
ty uniformly'llsplayed'by our to N1egre
sentative in the dessdharge of hsis olbelal
duties, we cannot but regnt. that circumt
stanec. should hav inducedl him to with-.
duw fr.m their ecvice a:.J trteAt lt