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We will cling to the Pillar. of the Temple of our Liberlies, and if is mnass faU, wewill Perish namids the Ealam..
VOLUME ViI. E fou-t ouse, S. C., August 16, 1843. No. 9
W. F. DURISOE.P1[OPRIETOR.
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All ceninaneations addressed to the Editor,
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Ioas the 8eeauak Rep a=.
New Ceuea Presa.-We have been in
vited to examine, at tire store of d. Hi.
Fisk, Esq. of this town, a new Cotton
Press, which for neatness, compactness
and beauty of operation, exceed any thing
we have yet seen. It is the invention of
a Mr. Parker, of Saccerappa. Blaine, and
it may fairly be said that it needs co im- 4
proement or alteration. It applies a I
premure of more than 100 tons to a bale
of cotton, without the -applicntion of any
other power than that of the hand. and the
operation of pressing is performed without
the !east noise or inconvenience.
The press is a species of rectangular
firame, strongly reinforced with iron,n hich
rests on one fdoor of the store and extends
througb an apertute fitted te receive it in
the Aoor above. Below are two doors on
horisontal hinges, which being closed,form
two sides of the box, or space into which
the bale is finally compressed. Here the -
bagging to receive the cotton is placedand
from thence it is taken, the doors being o.
pened. This box or rectangular space,
extends up to the second floor, and the
whole*space thus formed, is filled with 4
cotton prior t: compression. The efficient i
power is composed of two upright wrought
iron screws. moved by an appropriate sys
tem of gearing, to which motion is com
muicated by two cranks. The first
movement of the impressing plate under
these scrers is comparatively rapid -
When, however, a greater power is won
ted, a new system of wheels is brought
into play by a simple side movement of
the crank or axis, where the procros goes
on more slowly. Some 6ftcen bales of
cotton per day can be packed iu ihis way,
without the use of steam or uater power. i
The packages formed by it averagc neur
400 lbs. each. and can easily he increased
to 450 to 500 pounds. They are by far
the hadsoewst we erer saw any where.
The freight charged on them is, to New
York 25 cts. less per bale, and to Liver
pool $1 less than of the sloiOuly packed
This invention promises to be one of I
greatutility. - It is extremely simple and
the only obj3ion to at is the expense,
which we beliee is about $350.
Frns e Cra ia [s. C.] PWier.
SasieR Sad Cor.-Very fewCplanters
have p1 ' thet attention to ihe selection
-of seed for planting, that their own i:.ner
.ests demand. It is a principle of vegeta
ble as well of animal lire, that "like pro
siuces like." Every one who raises good
seak, is not only aware of the iruth of
thia,'but hueaarrieslt'eut in his selections
of animals to breed from.-He selects his
fines1 calves and p'gs an~tes them from
-the slaughter pen, becalg. being well
formed, large and thrifig, i0 .heieves that
peir oflsprag will possess these ,ptnlittes.
~ualhough the same thing is true ini the
vegetable kiugdom. he seldom thinks of
avainog himself of the advantage of aj.lu
diciouis selection in hls seed for plantimg.
Some fewjrave tried it. and by cure, and
ajpicious seleetion, year after year. have
Erought their corn to a. high sante of per
fection ; and their neighbors, seeing their
egecess, have eagerly sought these iin
proved seed.. It would do uelI the first
-yearebut aller that gradually detiorato
go the common standard. and the whu
.thing would be pronounced a humbug.'
The hambeg, however, was not in the orn
gisal improvement, hut in the ,subsequent1
zuegleet. The improver commenced by
caefully selecting from his Gield those
stalks ~that-bere two fine, large cars, and
laya abh~xcarefully aside for planting.
Th nestf-ha e d with as much
care from thd produc t is former selec
tion; and by keepiag up this system. reap
ed each year a richer harvest.. Whereas,
the other, who commenced with thme neigh-.
bor's fine seed, by gatherlag indiscrimni
nately into his barn, and salesting his
seed ~rmthe mass in the sprinig, would be
esikbely to get the ears from &n - inferior
ainfraa goed stalk, and thus, his epd
would!, by a law of nature, ~detrtorate-to
the cosa standard.
W lv.hat it is perfectly practica
ble' almoinst every stalk bearing two
good i m&.eiind where but one would
be prtiaed indriinlto the usual method
cr selectin, seed. This is not a mere
opinion. It has been tried repeatedlyand
with entire success, by various persons.
What has been called the Dunton, the
Cook, and the Williams corn. have al
lowed tfieir celebrity to the judicious so -
lection of seed fcr a series o years. by the
respective gentlemen whose names they
bear. True, it requires some little trouble
to select every year-hut every planter
should have euough of profewssioool p ide
in improving his system of husbandry, to
take the necessary trouble, especally
when he isso richly repaid by an increased
From the Southkrn Cultiraflr.
k-rr Es, July 11), 184:1.
Dear Jones.-Our farmers have gen
erally made w'hent of better quality hi'
year, they have done for several years
past. The fact wbich I wish made known
is, that the crops produced from seed
which'hod been soaked in a solution of
blue stone, or in a strong brine. and tol
led in lime, had no smut. whilst some
rrops. from seed with n hich no such pre
:aution had been used, nere rendered
worthless by smut
I raised in my gardcn last. year about
talf a peck. of every fine white, flint
ivbeat. This I put into Antarated solu
ion of salt and water, the night before
iowing.-The next morning. tit my ab
;ence from home, my old man began to
ow.it (in drills)-on my return I imnme
liately arrested him, and made him roll
be remainder in dry, air-slaced lime.
rf that from seed 1rithout the lime nearly
a fourth of the heads were smut, of the
'emainder, not a head. I sowed it on
-ether thin soil, in drills about twenty
>r 24 inches apart, made with point of 'n
;arlen hoe, covered it li.hily, and spread
in the surface a very little fresh statale
nancre, cnd covered tho nianure with
iowdered charcoal. The eicerdiai cold
reather of the winter did not sei to af
'eot it at all. It camie in a firtnighi
:arlier than the red May, (tile Coin
:ropof the country.) and yielded me, nio0
withstanding the loss of the sinutted
leads, hearly five bushels. The ground
ess than one quarter of an acre.
Whilst making you a communication,
t may not be amiss to say, that I proce
cd Bommer's method of iaking vegeta
Ple mahure, and made an experiment on
an bark. before I saw, in the Albany Cul
ivator, Mr. B.'s opinion of the p.oject.
have not yet tested the fertilizing prop
n ies of the compost, but froin the tri'Il of
he method I have made, I enterta'n I(
loubt-of its entire suiccess in converttug
;traw, constilks, shucls, &c. into per
ect conlost, and in the tine prescribed.
lu: one fact the forme-r should know.
md that is. that it can only be made at a
iranch or crek. And before the method
a hou:ht, life trmer natst contider whe
her his arm or field isu so sitiuated with
'epcct to a stream ot water that he can
irofitably transport hiis stalks, straw. &c.
o the stream. and afterward convey 'he
manure to his field, in all which di4:ance
iod the declination or the bill are i.npor.
In an extract in your last paper on this
utject, is the reniark, that this vegoa.
>le manure "may be made any, twerre."
I'his may be literally true, but the trouble
if hauling the water to the heap. istenfold
he labor of hauling the material to the I
vater; for it requires wiocthling like 15M i
)r 1500 gallons of water to apply to 1000
bs. of straw.
Cultirate smallfiarms.-The Wilming.
on (N. C.) Chronicle has the folluwimn.,
ery sensible remarks on this subject,
vhi:h we'commnd to the attention of our
>lant ers :
There has lately be-en considera ble cmi
Iration from New.-York. to Virginia most
y of ngricuhuristas, wiho listl their account
n sel!inr a:reir own fGelds for a hagh prid
mad buying Virginia lands which havem be
-ome cheap solely fr"m bad husbatndrv.
Mahny ofthe fatrmers of Diutchess counoty,
New-Yio~ have sold their terms feor otne
iundre eihlars pr~~ acre, and purchased
'arnms i Virginija for three or fuur dolari
;er acrc, which they expect ia mnke itn a
ihort time as v-aluable as the lands they
'-One niode," says the Dlahim e Anmer
catn. '-by which the Northern emara ii
prowms the worn-out lands in Virginia is to
viako smazll farms. The system of large
ilantationss in the Southe-rn Sre'es hans re
suited in deteriorating whole tracts and
listricts of countty. Hatd tillag" is an al
inost inevitable couence of suchltt
system. The farmer oir planter who en
Licavors to make up for the loss. of fertihity
in his lands by increasitng the tnmber of
his acres, only extentds the evil which he
would escaspe from.and adds to the amontt
af his Labor wvith~tt ,securing a correspond
lag return of profit."
There are truts hero laid down which
Southern farmers do not give proper heed
to. When uill they learn to cultivate
less land and cultivate it well ? The sys
tenm now generally pursued is about as
wise as would be that of a schoolmaster
who should attempt to teach one hundred
boys himself, or the scholar who should
undertake to learn every thing. We be
lieve our farmecis begin .to :e.'evil.
The sooner they set about corrE It the
bener for themsselves and the country.
Bathe your neck, back of your ears,
ebest, arms and back, with cold waler.
every tuorning, anld you will generally
keep clear of colds, rhenamatisms, and
that counnisite nenny_ tbe tooth-ache.
From the Farmes Monkdy Visiior.
BLINDS TO BRIDLES FOR HoRtSES, &C
a. IiILL,-In the Visitor for the 1
monthe I noticed as short article recoi
mending bridles without blids. as havi
a tendency to prevent horses from shyi
or taking rights. I agree with the wri
upon this subject, and since my attenti
was drawn to It, which was some )e
ago. I have remarked that horses, esF
eiaily young onesa, are more liable to ta
fright with the blind bridle than withol
Somn may suppose that the wagon or cr
riag has its influence in this, but I thi
it is more attributable to the Winds. Sot
years ago, I reau in an account of afn E
glish traveller in Germany, that the hors
in their carriages had no blinds to thi
bridics. and lict it: traveling, or wi
loads, their head4 were not reined up, b
left at full liberty. This mode was a
proved by the traveller for the reasons a
signed by the.Germans. that horbes are I
alit to be f-fghitened n hen they ctan see
that their eye-sight is injurcd by blinds e:
clding air and light, nud compelling ii
animal to n constrained aind unnaturua C:
crtion of that organ ;-thcse were the rei
sonv assignedi For ihe oihcr peculiaril
of leaving the horne's head free, especiall
when on the roads wih heavy loads, if
reasons are that he works easier whea I
can swing his head and adapt it to h
Trions. than i hen constrained ; that i
msing a hill with a heavy Woad. a horn
will bend his uek low towards the groun
and that he will pull a load of great
weight than he cati do if his head is reine
up high, &c. Every one is aware hoi
skilful th tiermang are mtianaging cattli
and esperinlly horses, amid every laborin
man proves thi very great importance r
havitig the limbs in a proper position ft
the exertion tof muscular pon er. Thus
icipole who pull against horse-, or ratih
let the horses pull Ugaintst them. have nc
so great a superiority in strength as ima
ie imagined from these exhibitions <
st rent h. It is simply by 'placing then1
se~es in a position for resistance,by whic
their muscular 9powers are brought mn
Successfully to operate to counteract Ii
exertions of the horses. This is we
known to anatomist and thoso versed i
tie art of perfurinitg these feas. Doe
tot the same reasoning hold go--d in hoise
in putting iorth their strength ? It ma;
atswer the purpOso of a gay, alipearawe
fo, cnrriagti horscs of iho.o who rido fi.
lieilth n pleasure , but I feel persuade
that if our tarimers would use bridics witit
tout blinds. 11.J give horses .1 free! us C
thcir heads 1-r i wort time.we shoull It.
see the pre-et prae:ce agi rccurrei if
There i4 zteat. aral it is believed. oft'e
tinecessary cruelty practised in what i
tertned break:m; eoli. Horses appea
gratelul for kit&W treatment.-thev siho
evident g;:w. of uffl'etion to those wh
treat ttiem !iutdly. The Arabis, who Ip'
ses% verhap-. the must couragenu!s an
fiery i'r'ted of haerses kniount have at th
soame time the t.rot docile and be.;t traitct
'They skeep w:h thei in the tent : thei
children lia n4mis and clitmnh upon thel
horses wit' out fear anat withuut iuijur3
I once kcev a :ntin im onr si-ter Stutti
Malsuchusct.., who reared. and broc '1
harness, a gre'at t.umber of colts. lie wa
* practical Itan, of tie old three-corn~cre
sChu-ol, and the last laln in mtly tativ
tow'i wto w're, which Me did to the lasl
the revoltionarv bat. lie had great foa
ness fur horses, and used to say that al
though he 6:,d broken hundreds of colu
ie hud never struck one with the weigt
of :. i~sh.. H6i practice was irt to put
bride cnly upot a coli. and fusten him t
the huimes of an old a'dy horso befur
the n.cn about the armt. nod I..t imt lea
in. this way fur a d-y or two. L. the
put on a codllr and ha'tmes, and ledi hit
lead1 about for a day or s tmore., as coti
venienit. Anty horse would atnswer, hi
the best was ibe miother of the colt. Ne,
hte put the traces in addition, btut fatstene
,btem up hiet ween the Ianes, antd tmerei
let thett ,j;ile about the sides of the ani
itta. and jtuna swered fur one or t w
dn, m oore, or et a: nuttbler of titmes whe
cetenict. lIy this tirim the yorung au
mtah beca~nt a.custotmed tu the feel an
rtt' of haarmess. uid no to gou slota
whi' ti, ain itn.ja.rtaut tohjuci. 'I o titial
i. i hitc'hed t- fore the oxeti by ti'.he id
of another horse,. with an *tmpty cart.
lit this way. withoutt the least severity
his young horses woul reinddy go in hia
new,. aqd ne tny old frienid said, the
wantttt pull avan euotegl. Whe onc
leauied ct goeslot a.they w ould readily lete
to go faist, anti after it few days of use h
the. side of atnother horse, they woul
qut,-iy t:) n ithout such companty We c
kniow how irn int it is to form got
habits in horsent 'lhat if when young thec
become' frightetied or discouraged, it
rare thai they ever forget it : and wve als
know that when a horse is what is termc
obstinate, they will die under the lasl
before they will move forward.-This
generally, i~iot always, owing to ml
management at firt-and whatever
done, a colt, shtould vetr he brotughtin
use by a titmid man. 'or the animtal i
most certainly find i' out.
Have we ugi, many of tus, much ro
for improvem~gt in the treat ment of ti
animal, which a kinid Providence has bi
stowed for our use ! After a itard da'
toil, we require a wholesome moal and]
comirurtable reposo: dloes not the anits
thathas tolledwitht us, require s muet
-y old ihree-cornered friend was c'
liiidto his horss; it was a rule with hi
never to let a horse stand upon any oth
titan a dier or clay floan t his shoti
b be level, or very nearly so. A lion
when standing. if lefr to -himself. will ne
ver stand on sloping ground. He takes;
II level spot. and almost every onea has re
marked the horses in a livery stable, tha
" ifnot in the act ofeating. they stand hae
ug at the haulter's length, leeauia this bring
er their hinder feet upou the raised part, co
ou rather brings tho animals upon a level
I If our stables are. as they should be, or
'' dry ground, a very little clay or dirt twict
kie a year, vwill suffiee to fill up the ineq-cuali.
It. ties produced by the wear of the feet,amn
ir- keep the horse's feet in better condition
,k and their joints less liable to swell than
no when on a plank or paved floor.
u' As a general truth, do we not drive our
98 horses too fast ? All horoes have a na
!tr tural gait, and when pushed beyond that,
Iih it wears upon them cnd makes them pre
Ut maturely old. Nine times out of ten it
P- would be difficult I think to nssigu any
Sgood cause for fast driving. If the surgcoi
01t iswanted to take up an artery.antd which,
- if not clone promptly, the mnan moust die,
why then put the horse to his best da if
c he is well tsed at other times. lie "ill be
enabled to do it so much the quicker; but
the,o :ses. and simjilar ones. are rare.anal
we Iose more thaa a little by fast tI ivin ..
AY teamsters accustomed to take heav
I 6l1ds, are aware of the fact that, with
e ood keeping. their horses are easily kept
I itn good condition, fur they movo slowly.
SBy fast driving, we lose in the wear and
e breakage of the carriage ; we lose in the
i expense of keeping our horses in credible
r condition ; they are made permaturely old
b! ly the heat and cold from the violent ex
v ercise ; and to the man of a good heart
who is tender of the mute anitmals given
; us for our usi and noi abuse, is there not
alo a loss in our humane feelint.
r -.A FARM.1ER.
l j - ...
y I Fr tlamthe Kto l'ork Suit, August 3.
ArITI7AL OF TiE STEAMER ACADIA.
15 DAYS LATER Flit EUROPE.
h The Acadia, Capt. Ryrie, arrived at
it her rharf at East Bostoo at 15 tminutes
v before 4 o'clock, having been telegraphed
I1 at half past 2 o'clock, P. M., on Wednes
n day. She sailed front Liverpool at half
s past 2 o'clock. 1'. M. of the 19tih, and ar
5 rived at Halifax on the 31st. at 10 o'clock.
making the passage in a little overl2 days
c to hlalifax, and 14 t) Bostbu, including six
r hours detention at flalifax.
d The English and European news, by
this arrival, although not a very excitim;
natIure*, is ucrertheless imporlztant antd in
I terestaUg in many of its features. Our
- ciimmercial friends ill notico that the
i Ccato tmatrket was tntuusuntly atctive at tie
s last dates. The weather was conaduere.1
r I decidedly favorable for a beautiful harvest
v in all tireetioas, taut it will be noticed that
UI tl:c Corn market was rising rapidly.
- Ireland conttiniues aliost exclusively to
dt aboarb the ctiention ff 'arliamen. nitd
e the present scssion promises tu be one of
i. lhe iast pirditracted ont record. As matters
r progres,, the sitting seems likely to run:1
r ito the autuin, to the great annoyance
of the comutry cntlemen. as well as the
f discomifort of the mere back politicians.
o Oc:caber is already named as thu earliest
s period for the rising. The House of Cum
I mons deviate.1 three nights last week. and
e two during, the wet k prrcediug, to the di.
, cusiot %f Mr. S. 0 lrien's tlmtion for an
intquiry into the state of the sister country.
-lu a Inmere partyeuse. the delatr.' was the
, Mott danaging which the miistry las
i experienced since their in-,tallation. and
a the majiority with which it closed, 73, the
u snallest they have yet had on any great
e ; flesion.
i Tho Times sntntled the toeitin some
a time g . a "thn dered" fArilusly ;
n putting dlowna, by force, the exis.titng s:ate
-of thinag. across the chtanuici. Blut it wvas
t ;a mecre frutumn ,almn itn its elicet upon
tthe country. 1'he cuercia'a portion is
di weak itt thae House, fot Sir [loward Do
v glass--who moved a stron resolutiona,
I-during the recent debate, to tile ell'ect that
o thte agitation should be first suppressed.
it and remeadiatl e.:sures afterwards 'cnn
'i.asred-could nioc faiad a seconder.
d1 O'Conneall hmeldi whbat is termaed ona ex
*ronrtlinary maeetiuag -ef the Repeal Asso
, cationa. at the~ Corn lUxchne::e Dublinm, on
e Saterday, for the purpose of favoring has
Ilahreants w itth hir. viea s of the debutte ma
ii 1and. Hie tmtan . he'g spaeh onl the
p 'a t:ete of part:es, the ;msiion of the
Ministry, a the prozspects otf Repeal.
.\j depuatatiota, I" pap . sta'.e, coneist
eili ot .Ie-sts. Johna .een . [.--wis Tap
n pan, George Staccy, .Johna ). ::.nut, atnd
y 01thers, from :hte commiaitaee of thae 1Jriti'a
tand ["orcigna anti-Slavery Society, waited
upon Lord Aberdeen. at the Colonial
dOtlice, on Wednesday liar the purpaose of
Y presenting memorials connected with -Ju-.
very in office. When in offic, Lord Pal
merstotlwas about negotiating a cottmymer
dceil treaty with Texas,aznd acknowle~dging
~its indepenademnce, lbut tho exi-,tecec of sla
verny there was fhund to be a formidable
~barrier. It would appear from tii maove
a nentt that ithe anti-slave-ry party inardly
t consider their case so safe ta the hands of
Launch of the Gre-al Iron Steamter
m I"Gnal Britain."-The largest steamer
is over built, tantended for the trade between
e- tbis country andl New York, was launched
s at Bitol1 July 19th. She is :o tbe calle.l
at the Great Britain. and belongs to ate spir'
al ted com pany yrho run the lirst steamerl
l shat traded regularly, between Enaglatd
r and the city of New York-the Greta
en The Repeal Agiation.-1t has alread y
Id baen staed, thane of n true enn2SeCuenee
e of the repeal agitation in Ireland has bee
to keep the reapers, who were in the hab
of eoming into the agrienltural. districisa
this season of tihe year, at their own home
t on the preisent occasion ; and as a proof c
I tihe fact. it has recently been ascertaine
4 one of the principal secam boat companie
r at Liverpool, wlich last year had, froi
Dubl alone,an average, up to this period
or 2000 deck passengers, has had in th
prescut year only 1200, thus showing j
falling ali to the extent of 00 weekly, a
40 per cent.
Negotiations are about to be opened be
tween Prussia. Auc.ria, and England, foi
hew postal regulations, putting an end ta
the necessity for pro-paying letters be
tween those three countries ; a similai
treaty is said to be on the point of being
signed between Prussia and Russia.
Vien Father Mathew was at York, he
was abked whether if a person took the
pledge he would be expected to abstait
fron tihe use of wine at the Lord's Supper;
tI which the Rev. gentUemen at once rc
lied-'Of course not; tle abstinence is
onrly front wine'as a beverage "
The British f'mliament.-ln iae louse
of Lords, ont the eveuing of the 18t the
busiius was quire unimportant to the
Canadian and the United Statcs Reader;
aud in the Commons there was no house,
there being only 19 members present.
Irdtund.-Tho apprehensions for tihe
Irish crops, caused by tli late rains,scems
to have been entirely removed by the very
favorahle change in the weather. The
grain crops unow promise well.
Repeal Drmonstration.-The Water
ford repcal demonstration took place on
the hill of Ballybricken, on Sunday last,
antnd is said to have been attended by 300,
000 persons. The procession that accom
panied 31r. O'Connell is describdd as fiav
ing been five miles in length. A platforn
was erected capable of containing 3,000
persons. The chair was occupied by Sir
ft. Alusgrave. Bart, and amongst the gen
tlemen prsennt were Thomas 31eaghen,
Mayor of sWnterford, twenty-two of the
Town Council, Sir R. Morris. the Right
ltev. Dr. Foran. Roman Catholic Bishop
of Waterford, and a whole host of the
Tho varioue propositions having been
proposed and carried, O'Connell addressed
the multitude at great length and amidst
the loudest cheering. lis speech was
comparaively esetnpt frotm the usual ex
citing and inflammatory topics.but though
More mot13derate in terms, was not less con
fident atnd decided in tnne. and bo spoke
of tihe repeal as certain to be carriedif the
peopl only kept with the Jaw, and ab
stained from the slightest ircaeh of the
pence. Ihis spcchn was pri.ncipally de
voted to the dissection of a letter of apolo
:t, frot V. Stuart, one of the tmembers lir.
ti :outnty. who declined attecning. be
cause he wvas opposed to the repe;tl of the
Union, because he believed that the mea
stre would le itnjurious to both countries.
and particilarly to Ireland. o
Mr. O-Connell denounced hirf as unfit
to represent the ceuntry, and said that
rather than h should be returned again,
ie would him elf como forward to oppose
Iim. In the course of his speech he said,
"-if England continned to act unjustly to
wards fieland, he (AIr. O'UCnnell) can
didly avowed that a. long as she persever
ed in so wicked andl infatuated a policy ;
he witild rejoice to see her weak-he
wiisi-I to have her spat upon by France,
Attr.v.. -and all other nationis ; but let
her discurd tthat course of action, as dis
graceful toi herself as it is injurious to us.
and then ie would raise her to a position
which would make her the envy of all
surroiniding untions. lie would render
her irresistible in the affeldoims of an un
purch~aseable people. Ife' was ready to
inake over to her the heart aind hands of
eighren mnillionns of people, bunt it shnould
be for a consideration. [Ilcar hear.]
li: would not take her word for poy
ment-he would give hner no credit, but he
would tmnke a fair bargain wvith hner, and
if she chose to accept it, Inc would manke
her thu greatest nation ntu the face of the
'universe." Hie thus atnnounced his future
moiveme)Cnts:-*l-He would be at Talha
mtoru next alonday, and the Thursday af
ter itt the county Wexford,whecn he would
procd tin Tiuam, Bahtinglass,- and Cas
diebar, antd on the i5th August he would
be present at a tmultitudinous demonstra
tion uon Tar:; fill, county aleath,. Hie
wonld put all their hurras in a speaking
trumpel.t, and woiuld thten blow a blasit that
would be heard in the hall of Westniiis
te."In the evening there was a banquet
in the Town-hall attended by 450 per.
.sons, the Mlayor of Waterford in the chair.
Letters of agulogy wvere-read from the
Rigit Rev. I)rs. M'l-Hale, Brown, Koat
isng, Kennedy, andi 13lake, Lord French,
Sir C. Wolseley, and several otltirs.
1.1 thne course of his speech 31r. O'Cou
tneli declared thnat that was the mno't glo.
riou,, day of his existence. Lord Stanley
said that none of the respective class had
jnnied nine repeal. WVas this the case
They saw where hec was standing. W a
he not surroutnded by thne Alabars, the
l'owers, the M1ulgravses andl the Unr'ens.
annd all that wats truly estintable in the
atriusticracy aund lan~ded property rnf their
country. (hlear, hear, and cheers.) lit
could notl find words to express the deligh'
he flit itt finding Sir R. M ulgrave joining
thtetm publicly that day., The accessiori
of sunch a toRtS was nsinus qf victory
Iand eloquently detmonstrated the true char
meter or the mnovement ; for the support o
such uauan as Sir it,, 31u1graye wa. no
to be expected. if it was net based unpon
'I jtie~ nnd trut..
n Spain.-The intelligence from Spain
it leaves no doubt thai the -fate of the R
if gent is sealed. Madried is in' a state of
s siege. lie proposes to keeps open hia
if communieation; it is- stated, with Sara-'
I gossa and Cadiz-if he can. 'The advance
a guard of Zurbano had entered Saragossa,
i when that General wa expected tie 1.1
i lowing day with ten battalions. . Madrid
! was peaceable. but as for the Rbgent, he
i is what the French papers call him-a
r lost man.
Poor Espartero. enfeebled by disease
and bunted on every side like a wild boar,
seems likely to sink. A brave man stIrag
gling with the storms of fate is certain to
command the sympathy of the disinterest
ed, but there is unhappily but little diuin
tertited patriotism in Spain. -
Commercial Samwary.-The 'weather,
which for some weeks past has been ex
tremely favorable, promises an abutdant.
and wha -isbener an early barvest:- The
grain crops look extremely well; and- the
accounts trom all parts of the country are
very uniform. The benifits of 4 gdod
harvesi, at all tiines great, will be felt in
tlc present condition of the coustry to be
a most acceptable blessing. Ad-'yet,
stranae, as it may appear, notwlthstmnd.
ing lhe present favorable appearances, the
corn market is rising rapidly."' -
Commercial matters, 'without 'being.
buoyant. may be described as healthy.
The Cotton market has been lolerably
active of late-better prices hav'e been
realized, with less disposition on the part
of holders to press. siles. The West ldia
market is dull, and in sugar, cofee 'and
moloses the transactions have bedi-tili
ted. Money continues very abnqdant,
tho' the present condition of Ireland 'has
made capitalists rather more shyorievest
meat ; but for all safe and legitima.t pr.-'
poses. abundance can be had at a low rate
Prol Mexic.-fly thd sehr. Frederick;
Captain Jordan, arrived yestorday -rsm'
Lagunat we learn that Gun. Ampadia biad
entered Tabasco on the I1th n .'with '
3000 men, and had defeated the 'troo or
Gen. Sentmanat after an action ,'. two
hours. Sentmanat had retreated thirteen.
leagues into the interior' with 500 men,
where he wpnld endeavor to collect addi
tional for .
The schr. Venue, arrived yesterday from
Vera Cruz, brings no news ofimportinde.
P. S.-Tho above account Is contra.
diced in several important particulays, by
a letter addressed to a commercial house
in this city, and emanating from a highly
The letter states that as soon as; Sent
Inanat was informed of the latiding or
Ampudin. he advanced as far as En Pali
sada, and-there gave battle to the Govern
ment troops. -The combat was obstinate
and lasted several hours, in splie of the
infotliriity of the forces under the com
mnand of Sentmanat. - Ampudia's troops'
suf'ered severe loss. Sontmnanat at length
fell back upon Tobasco. where another
action took place. Being finally com
pelled to abandon the town, be withdrer
o Candacan. %where, at the last accounts,'
Ito was strengthening his army in order to.
resume an offensive attitude:-ee.
CASTLE OF PERoTE,'Mexico, -
July 4, 1844'
To the Editors of the N. 0. Pieayuae:
Gr.xTL.uenm-Allow me, bioupb she
columns of your journal, to pay d tribute
of respect toi the memory of a departed
friend, aud through thesame medium com
im unicate to the relatives of the deceased.
whose Christian names or residence I do
know, thu unhappy fate of-an honored
rclatioo; and of whicb, moit' probably,
tiley have not boon apprized, from the fact
that his name in' the published accounts,
has never appeared .in fullh Major Jae.
Decatur Cocke, from, 1 beleve, Peters
bnrg, Vir'giniat, Ai the subject of this
brief,~ though justly-merited notice. was at
the battle of Mier, and on the march gogC
Mexico, as a prisoner of war, was eie.
the unfortunate seventeen who were sho&r*
at the Salado, for --attempting to achieve""
their liberty by escape. -'" '
Major Cocke came to Texas in*'38, from'
South-Carolina, and was- at one time en
gagod as the editor of the Camden lBea
corn, in that State, Upon his arrival in
Texas,. be selected Houston as his e l- -
dance, wvhere, by his amiable deportaient'
ad gentlemanly bearing, he soon wontho
highest regards and esteem of his namer-'
ous acquaintances ;- and where he leaes -
many w arm! and devoted'riends so-re'greI
his unhappy -fate,"whesre he will beore
membred "while mem'ory brings the light.
of other' days."..
Upnthe arrival of the intelligence of
th exican invasion in September last,
in command of a company, he was one-of'
tho Grnt who repaired to the frontier for its
defence and protection. At San Antonio,
his, with imany other companies were
broken up, and seturned to their homes, in'
consequence of some dissatisf'actijo. with'
the General officer appointed to
them. -Upon which event, de -to'
prosecute the campai~n, -he enrolled him
elf as a volunteer, resolved neve! to return'
while n suificient number remained in the
field to make some show of resentment br'
t be at 'uries which our country had sue"
taned. It will doubtless be gratifyisig ti
the relatives and friends of Majior Cocke to
- a that his amiable and soldier-like do.
I tmuent towards his followseoldiers 1*
nd a tion, wic h to rhaith 5 o
ted--that his last pulsaion efeIp