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We will cling to the Pillare of the Temple of oui Liberties, and if it must ffll, we will Perish amidst the Euins.
VOLUMEJ VIii. E e1)wIt M aous, 8. C., JannaM 24, X844.
W. F. DURISOE; PR9PRIETOR.
Three Dollars per antum, if paid in advance
-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents. if not paid
before the expiration of Six, Months from the
date of Subscription--and Pour Dollars if ntao
paid within twelve Months. Subscribers out
of the State are required to pay in advance.
- No subscription received for less than one
gear, and no paper discontiuied until all arrear
ages are paid, except at the option of the Pub
All subscriptions will be continued unless
otherwise ordered before the expiration of the
'Any person procuring five Subscribers and
becomiug responsible forthe same, shall receive
the-sixths copy gratis.
'Advertisements conspicuously inserted at 624
eeits per square. (12 lines, orless,) for the first
- insertion, and 431 cents, for each continuance.
Those published Monthly, or quarterly will be
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vertisements not having the number of inser
tions marked on them, will be continued until
ordered out, and charged accordingly.
All Job work done for persons living at a
dtstance, must be paid for atthe time the work
is done, or the payment secured in the village.
All communications addressed to the Editor,
post paid. will be promptly and strictly attend
The Subscriber would take this opportunity
to return his thanks to h friends and the con
uunity in general, fo e ibi patronage
they have conferred on orm te last ten
years. He intends carrying nn be
e Jerchsant Ta'.orgng
Business, in all its branches at the old stand,
and 'hopes by strict atten 'n to business, to
merit a continuance of tho favors which have
been so liberally bestow on him.
Dec. 12 tf 46
T HE Trus.tees of this institution take a
plensure in annonncing to the public.
that they have again succeeded in securitg the
setvices of the Rev. A. G. BIEW Ea, as instrC
tor.for the ensuing year; and, from the pro
pgress made by the stulents of the present year.
they feel fully justified in recommending the
Instituion to the confidence of those who may
be disposed to give it their patronage.
. The exercises will be resumed on the third
Monday in January next, and will continue for
the term of ten months. to ire divided into two
e'uial sessions. At the cloeof the irrat session
there will he nn examnbation of the S'udents.
and a public exhibition.
For Orthography Reading, Writing,
and Arithmetic, per session, $ 6 00
The above, with Modern History. -nd
Geography, per session, 8 CU
So much ofthe above as may be neces
sary, together n ith English Gran
mar, Ancient listor' and Gee
graphy. Natural Philosophy.Rhe
tonc, and Bookkeeping per see
So much of the former as may he re
. quired, with Mathematics, Chem
istry, Logic, and all other higher
branches nfan English Education,
- per session, 12 00
No Student will be received for a shorter
term than the half of a session
Good Board can - bg had convenient to the
- School-on reason:rble terms.
T. J. IlIBBLER.
A. T. TR AYLER,
E. G. ROBE RTSON,
W. S. COTHRAN.
Dec.11 2am3n 46
T HE-undersigned. Trustees of the Ridge
Academy, having engaged the services
of Mr. S.. F. McDowrl .,- for the year 1441,
take great pleasure in reconimendinig him to
the public, as well qualified for the duties of an
instructor, being a regular graduate of the
south Caroimna College, and having given
great satisfaction the piresent year.
. The Academy is situated on the Stage road
leading from Edgefield to Columbia, and stu
dents from a distance will have the privilege of
travelling to and from the School, at 5 cents
per mile mn the Stage.
The Ridge is well known to be strictly
healthy at all seasons of thme tear.
Board can be obtained in orderly families at
SRATES OF TUITION, pea pwerter.
-Speling,. Reading and Writing. $3 00
With Arithmetic, Geography atid
. Grammar, - - -- 5 00
Bistory. Cornposition. Elements
of Natural Philosop~lby, &c. &c., 7 00
The School is providad with a very superior
Terrestrial Globe, necessary Maps, &c.. cen
* *R. WARD.
R. T. BOAT WRIGHT,
8. WATSON, T.ustee*
A. RUTLAND, | .
M. WATSON, J
j- December 27 48 5it.
THE stubseribers leave fomed a partner
ship in the practice of Law for Edfiefield
District. .Offie near Goodman's Hotel.
December 23, 1843 ,.tf 48
- - Notice
A LL Permone who made purchases at
the Sale ofIB. A. Wallace, deceased,
are solicited to pay the claims niow due
H. R. SPANN, F.zecutor.
Dec 2, 1 f46.
- -Final Notice.
-- -AL Pertons indebted to the Subscriber,
-15 on Notes and Accounts, due in my old
buuiness;whieki expired the 1st January. 1843.
are hereby nrotified that longer indulnence cnn
mo egiven. E B. PRESLEY.
Edgefield.. Oct 10, 1843 * tf 37
- A CARD.
T HE Subscriber informs the Pubhc, that
he will open a ScuooLat Lowndesville,
Abbeville District, on the 2nd Monday of Jan
nary next, in which will be taught the usual
branches of English. Mathematics. the Greek,
Latin ad French Langnages. His Cisses
will be so arranged that thoe Papils.who are
studying the Ianguages, can also receive in
struction in the English Branches.
As his object is to establish a permanent
School, as he has had long experience in teach
ing. and beepn signally successful i: preparing
Students for Collegg. and as the location is
healthy and remote from scenes of dissipation
and vice,.he flatters himself that he will receive
a due share of the patronage of the Public.
Board at $7 per month Tnition, in the Lan
guages, Mathematics .And higher branches of
English; $17 per Session of 5 .nontas. Eng
lish Grammer and Geography $10. Lower
All who wish to know the competency of
the Teacher are refered to Gen. G. McDuffie,
ion. F. W. Pickens, and Hon. A. Burt.
J. L. LESLY.
Dec 8, 1843 tf 46
State of South Carolina,
IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
JAMES D. HAMMOND, who has been
arrested, and is now confiied within th
bounds of the Jail of Edgefield District by vir
tue of a capias ad satifaciend urn. at the suit of
Charles J. Glover, having filed his petition with
a schedule on oath, of is whole estate and ef
facts, with the purpose of obtaining the benefit
of the Acts of the General Assembly, common
y called the Insolvent Debtors Acts.
Public notice it hereby given, that the peti
tion of the said James D. Hammond will be
heard and considered in the Court of Common
Pleas for Edgefield District, at Edgefield Court
House, on the second Monday of March next,
or on such other day as the Court may order.
during the term, commencing on the second
Monday in March next, at satd place; and all
the creditors of said James D. Hammond are
hereby summoned personally or by attorney,
then and there, in said Conrn. to shew cause, if
any they can, why the beiefit of the Acts afore
said should not be granted to the said James D.
Hammond upon his executing the assignment
required by the Acts aforesaid
GEO. POPE, C. L. D.
Novr. 24, 1843.
Novr.29 tf 44
State of South Carolina.
IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
M .1. C. FREE LAND, who has been
a arrested, and is now confined within
te' hotrids olfthe Juil of Edgefield District bv
irne of a cap.:ms ad satisfciendurm, at the Puit
,f 0. U. Lee, having filed his petition, with
aschedule on eat'h. of his whole estate and ef
re.s. with the purpose of obtaining the bene
fit of the Acts -,fthe General Assembly, con
inonly called the Insolvent Debtors Acts.
Putlic mertice is :ereby given. that the peti.
tiomn of the suid J. .M C. Freeland. will be
heard wnmd cotsidered in the Court of Common
lena for Edgefield District,at Edgefield Court
House, on the second Monday of March next, or
on smes other day as the Conrt may order. dur.
ing the term,commencing on the second Minday
in March next, at said phice; aid all the cre
ditors of said J. M. C. Freeland are hereby
summoned personally or by attorney, then and
thee, in said Court, to shew cause, if any they
can, why the benefit of the Acts aforesaid
<hould not lie grantet to the said J. M, C.
Freeland upon his executing the assignent re
qured by the Acts aforesaid.
GEO. POPE, c. E. D
24th November, 1843.
Nov. 29 3m 4
A LL persons indebted for work done at the
Sow Mill. are requested to come forward
and settle their accounts for the year 1842. eith
er by note or otherwise; and those having de
mnands against the estate ofJesse Swearengens,
dec'd.. are reqtiested to hand in their accounts,
October 18 tf 38
A [L Persons. having any demands against
the Estate of A. Delaughter, deceased, are
requested to render them in preperly attested,
acording to law, and all indelited are earnest
iy reqnested to make immnediatte payment.
S. LAN1ER, A4dminsstrator.,
Dee 4,1843 tf 54 Adra'trix.
T H E Subscribuer lakes pleasure in inform
ing the public, thait he has succeeded in
egagingthe services oif anm experienceed Miller
for the ensuing year, and hiaviog his Mills in
thorongh repair, is prepared to do any quan
tity of grinidinig grain at the shortest notice.
Persons having Wheat, and wishing superior
four wnade from it, are invited to give bim a
call. His terms are the tenth.
S WV. NICHOLSON.
Dec 5, 184 3 6 * 49
State of South C2arolina.
IN CH ANC ERY.
The H- on. Bayhes J. Earle. Ex'or.
of James H. Maya, . iRor
Rydon G. Moys, & Dannett 1.
UT appearinug to the satisfauction of the Corn
'3 missioner, that Damnnett H-. Mlays. onme of
the Defendant's, resides without the limits oif
this State. On motion, by Memminger, com
plainants Solicitor, Ordered, that time said Dan
nett -H. do plead, answer, or deurr to the
comlainaunt's Bill, within three months front
the publication hereof, or the said Bill will be
takenpro confesso against him..
* J. TERRY, 0.3 E . D
Comsionmer's Offce, Oct. 23..1843.
Nov.1 . 3m 40
I1 Bates Cotton OSNA BURGS.
1000 yrds. Negro CLOTHS.
Jnst received and for sale by
*SIBLEY &n CRAPON.
Hnanrg Oc.'. if d0
effeot, until finally its influence as a coun
ter-irritant is gone. It laid aside, however,.
for the night, such is not' the case, as all
can. bear-witness who are in the habit of
doing so. Another argument in- favor of
the practice, may be derived from its clean
liness. The garment being. suspended in
the air during the night, becomes ve'ntilated
and in a measure purified, and in warm
weather when moist from the perspirable
matter, is dried.
No fear of "catching cold" needle en
tertained in adopting this plan .the timid
may be confidently assured;,that those who
wear flannel during theday only, are much
less obnoxious to all diseases of the chest.
Many good and sufficient proofs of the
general benefit of woolen next to the sure
face might be adduced, but they are such
as have been frequently presented to the
public. My object in this brief essay, has
been to draw-the attention of ray agricul.
tural brethren to one or two points which
I regard as of considerable importance,
and which though well establiihed among
the intelligent of, the medical profession,
are not so well known as they should be,
to the people at large.
Hereafter I may take op other subjects
of a kindled nature. 1) EDMUs.
The Nations without Fire.-According,
to Pliny, fire for along time-was unRnown
to some of the ancient-Egyptians;'and
when Exodus, the celebrated- astronomer
showed it to them, they were absolutely in
The Persians, Plhenicians, Greeks, and
several other nations, acknowledged their
ancestors were once without the use of fife,
the Chinese confessed the same of their
progenitors. Pomponius. Nela Plutark,
and other ancient authors, speak of nations
who, at the time they.wrote, knew not the
use of fire, or bad but just learned ir. Facts
of the same kind are also attested by sev
eral modern nations.
The inhabitans of the Marian Islands,
which were discovered in 1551, had no
idea of fire.-Never was astonishment
greater than theirs, wheu-they saw it, on
thedescent of Maghellen in one of their
islands. At first they 'believed it to be
some kind of animal that fixed itself to,
and fed upon wood. The inhabitants of
the Phillipine and Canary Islands were
formerly equally ignorant. Africa presenth
even in our day, some nations in this de
plorable state.-Philad. Sat. Courier.
Vegetation of the Great West.- Two
rusty-looking Hoosiets were yesterday
passing through Natchez street at a slow
pace, looking at nothing in particular and
every thing in general. Among other pla
cards poste'l up on the walls, they noticed
one referring to the celerated- sculptural
painting now being exhibited in this city.
and in very large "eaps," in allusion tothe
artist of the work of whose pencil it is,
was the following conspicuous line
"The Production of the Great West."
"Whew! " says one fellow, giving a
long whistle of surprise. then striking his
brown hat against his thigh, and after a
loud guilaw, culling to his companion
" Why, look here, Jed ; jest look here !
I'm blamed if these here city folks can't
tell the largest ktnd of whoppers-larger
than Bill Sprout, and he told such Al
mighty large ones that it took all the re
jistered votes in Illinois to swallow one on
'em! Jest look here, where someeritter
says that 'ere pi:ture is the production of
the Great West! Now I reckon 'I know
them diggins as well as most folks. I
know the Great West produces tators and
corn, and bar-meat and eatin' fixins gener
ally; hut when a feller tells me they grow
picturs thar, large as life and twice as nat
ural-i'm of -N. 0. Picaypne.
.From the .Charlestons PatiioLt.
th WasatsoTON, .Jan. ii..
In heSetmate on motion of Mr. King, a
resolutioni was adopted, calling on the Se
cretary of the Navy for information as to
the state of the defences in Florida ; also
as to the practicab~ility- of a landI connec
tion across the Peninsula - *
Mr. Semple offered a reso~ution. Uddo0
isnar. ?~tooructiug thes Judiciary Coin
tmittee to inquire -itethjie expediency of
reporting a bill for the fthere effectual- pun
ishment of defauliers. .
On motion of Mr. Benton, a resolution
was adopted, calling for furthor informa
tion relative to Pea Patch rsland.
A fter the reception of numerous reports
on private claims, the bill for the relief of
Edward Kenard, was debated end passed.
The remainder of the day was spent in
Executive. Session. I am told that thie
nomination of Mr. Proffit was rejected. -
-It. is,said that Mr. Rives will-shortly
take strong ground in favor of Mt.-Clay.
In the House, a resolution was adopted,
calling for detailed information. telative to
the expences of the Flosida Squadron;
also. for copies of charges against Lient.
McLaughlin, as.Commauder of the Squa
dron. .t appears .that McLaughlin'wont
ouepoor, and returned much richer than
his, pay would appear to warrant. He
acted a portiotn of the time aspurser to the
Squadron, and rumor says he did tnot ne
glect his owvn purse. If incorrect, howe-v
er, he will now have an opportunity for
proving it. .
Mr. Parmenter, from jhe Naval Corn
tmittee, reported a hill forthie relief of Wi-:
dlows and Orphans of those who -were lost
in the United States Schooner Grampus.
About a week ago, Mr. Geddings sue
ceeded in getting referred to the. Commit
tee on the 1)istrict, a Memorial- from N.
York_ naking- a revision of the laws of this
hort tinge, only~b keep those dependant oh
hei frem starvation. .Not so with us.
)uring this period, out of 25 Cotton Fac
ories in North (arolioa, 15 in South Car
ilina, and 19.in Georgia, frqm the best in
brmantion at baud, but .2 have changed
ands. The Saluda Mill near Columbia,
no of there; which brought under the
ammtner, sixty thousand dollars; [$60,000;
ot toy any mea s a sacrifice considering
he times, fur it a sura n ithin $20,000 of
that it would cst to erect an'd put in up
ratinuqtci an establishmen, and I he
igve I niay.dfely make th assertion thai1
hroughout Virgiria, North Carolina, S.
turolina, and Georgia, with probably a
ingle exception,.there was not'a Factory
tosed or put under the necessity of tun
ling short time.. rhus much for the sta
ility of manufacturing investments at the
nuth. All the Southern Cotton Facto
Dries are now doing a profitablo business,
nd I believe I will be sustained by those
ogaged in it in the assertion, that this
articular occupation has not had more
han its share of the embarrassment, that
as recently attended every other pursuit.
The erection of the first Cotton Mill in
outh Carolina, except one, taty be dated
0 1833. Since. which, period, fourteen
ave been erected, and I believe there has
eon no instance of. failure to produce fair
eturns for sapital invested where the par
ies were not embarrassed by indebtedness
r the estabishotent of such property, and
ave the business a proper share of.per
unal attention. It is: true that this species
f pro'perty a not'as convertible into mo
ey as land and negroes, but it is more
roductive and less liable to depreciate in
Itwill appear from the above that four
tn Cotton Factories have been put in
recessful qperation in- South Carolina in
e last tenye.ars; five years of which time
re may sal, has been lost to all enterprise.
'rom this Thewing, I think we nmay fairly
ome to the conclusion, that the ice is now
roken ; aid what may we not anticipate
9 the restM of the coming ten years 1 Al
ay we l(arn that a'ptnpany of English
etlemet/, possessing -some milliorns of
spital, hive reesntly purchased large wa:
tr privileges in tie upper part of this State.
r the puipose of establishing ntanufaeto
es,-and ihls saii,-that a wealthy and en
trprising gentleirian of Charlestoo, is no w
asing-esimates made in Paterson, N. J.,
reparatory, to erectitg aslarge Cotton
'actory, 1(; be located in Charleston,
riven bySteam-power. Tbese are truly
ucouragiogsigns of the times.
A Fat ED TO'HOME MAN UFACTDaEs.
Frea-the Farmers Cabinet.
Health to the farmer, as to all others, is
consideration of the first importance.
but we find hi-n more carelFss on this point
han almost any other -class, probably be
ause his habi's and pursuits, best entitle
im, by the itniutable laws of nature. to
he largest share of its blessings. Active
xercise in the open air, frugal re ,imen,
nd the absencef tnany causes of mental
i'quietude, are all favorable to the main
miance of health. Still there are many
rrors unwittin'gl committed, which if cur
esed upon the philosophical principles
muld tend to the lessening of human ill.
With a view to correct one -or two errors.
rhich I conceive to exist, I beg leave to
uggest a few hintsiespecting the necessity,
nd iroper mode of wearing flannel.
Flannel, I consider, should be norn at
II times ; and that wearing it promotes in
i-idual comfort. In this latitude, it is
robable that to the majority of persons,
s use the year rotnd, would be far more
greeable than otherwise, if the texture of
he material .he changed to correspond wviab
he season. Many. however, will prefer
isharging it in sumnmer, and thts may tat
ny time be done with impunity, by others
The idea of flannel renderittg its wetarer
l'eminate, has been prejutdicial to its free
se. ri'nd to health. Thte covering of all
nimals, except oprown species, is adapt
d to their ne~eessities. sullicient at all times
affdord-thIem protection fiotm the ordinbary
iisitudes of the weather..
That we require clothking all agree; lei
s rterefore imitate natuire, by usinig sulli:
nd the opposite of effeminney will be the
Another false impression exists, of the
ager of leaving it calf wheat it becomnet
esirable to do so. When the weather is
uch that the wearer would feel bettet
without i't, no fear- need be apprehended ini
elinquishing it at any moment. So fat
mded from much being the case, I cannot
1) strongly recommend the practice ol
sying i aside at -night, an'i sleeping in s
ottont night shirt. The primary object of
rearing flannel under clothing, is to pre
hve the body at a comfortable and uni
irm temperature. Wool being of a light
reighit and an imperfect conductor of heat.,
Sthe best material to convert into such
armebcts, hbut at night it is not-required fot
be sake of warm t. An individual in tbie
ttriior of a close d welling, is not exposed
athe same vicissitudes of cold end heat
s he is when pasn abroad, to atnd fro,
miing 'tho day, whilst thes covering thta
an be at pleasttre increased, afitrds am
e protect ion from too. low a tnmperature;
ence flannel is not necess.ary in bed. But
saving it oft'(or that period, contveys posi
ive advantages. .Onq of the benefits ofi
lannel, is the friction it excites on the skin,
etermining the blood to the surface andi
romnoting a general circulation of the vital
luides to the extreme piarts of the system.
(ow by Wearitng it contstantly. the cutane
s .suraes becomea familiariz~ed with itt
THE: FATHER LAND.
BY C. o. STUART.
Where the icy hills eternal
Far amid the clouded skies,
Like the demon-gods infernal,
In their majesty arise; .
Cold and stormy as they stand, c
There is not the Father-Land!
Nay ! nor where the mountain lowly
Beareth wist upon its head,
Where the hermit clitheth sloivly'
To hisanowy penance bed; -
Crowned with pine by nature's hand,
There is not the Father-Land. ' P
Not where ont the valley spreadeth, h
River veins upon its breast;
Where the blossom angel treadeth, E
And the soil with flawers is blest; i
Though the golden fields are grand, h
There is not the Father-Land.
Nay ! nor in the arbour, swinging
With a thousand blushing vites,
Where the voice of music singing,
Rises from as many.shrines; g
.Though our kin together band, s1
There is not the Father-Laud. o
Storms are on the icy mountains, .
Death is in the mist and cloud, v
Poison taints the valley fountains,
Poison wen i the blossom shroud;
Ill has touched .,..a with her wmnd,
There is not the Father-Land. . 5
Nay! above, where skies are cloudless, "
Where the air are soft and warm, f
And the golden blossom shroudless, e
Waves unsmitten hy the storm ; . b
There, by fragrant zelihyrs fanned, a
Is our only Father-Land ! r
These. when earth has done its battle, g
Drop't the sword of sin and strife; c
When the headless arrows rattle to
On the polished helm of life ; fc
Pilgrims, we;npon the strand, ri
Shall behold our Father-Land. to
All restored unto our Father, . . h
From the valleys aid'the -waves,
Shall we to the home stead gather F
From our dimly ligitel graves; d
Joined together, hand in hand,
Hail and bless our Father-Laud !
AGRICULT[UR A L.
From thc Temperance Adcoeate.
DOM lS''IC INDUSTRY.
The Agricultural Survey now in progress a
in South Carolina, has deservedly excited I
much interest, and its results cannot fail to il
produce lasting advantages; but, however c
enthusiastic a few individuals may be on h
the subject of the improvement of the soil, ti
and the advancement of Agricnture -in e
South Carolina, the great tmassof our peo- a
pie will not cone into the measure, while d
there is an absence of other stimulants t'
than the prospect of mire increase of such, e
Agricultural products us are made by the
rotative system of farming, adapted to the r
improvement oflaud. A home market at
every man's door is the stimulant desired,
and this can only be brunght about by.do- 8
nestic manufactures, diversifying pursutts, a
thus stimulating emigramtiou of population
and capital to, instead of permitting it to a
leave our State. If this he the case, we d
should not be unmindful of its importaoce, P
and while we are endeavoring to excite d
the-cultivators of the soil to action'on the a
one, we should not be forgetful of the ne- E
cessity of laying before our capitalists, the i
advanitage to he derived,. from the other,d
anid at least ini the abseuce of the know- a
edge of facts, abstain fromn unjustly dis-t
crediting this sort of enterprise..
To those who have investigated the sub- e
ject, it is a matter of wonder and surprise,
that the manufacture of Cotton was nota
first established ini the Southern, insteade
of the Northern States. To such, the con.-t
elusion is irresistible, that outr advantages,
(in climtnet, water power, slave labor, so
adcrmirabsly adap~ed to suceh purposes, amndu
above all, the raw materiail on the spot.)e
are such us to secutre success with an ordi-a
nary share of enterprise. Lot the mnanu.
facture of this article be fairly introducedi,
and every other branch of mechanism will
follow. Am in the. bmprovemont of ourd
lands, eo is the establishmtent of manufac
tures, we have much to contend wvith.
The indomitrable thirst. on the part of ourr
planting cnpitalists. for investrmn~ts in land
and negroes, and a disposition on the par t
of those of our trading commaunity who I
have had the good luck~ t.2 amass fortunes,
either to trunafer ther- capital to other.i
countrice, or to be content to lock it up n S
interest-hearing stock, will operatc to.- its fI
prejudice, until it catn he demonstratted be
voud a doubt..that sneh pursuits.tmay bie
Ieutered inmo with a perfect certainty of
success.. We masy approximate to this t
by a reference oto t pst, aiti comtparinlg
tihe cotton growing; States with countries t
that have grown rich by ma-nufacitribe.
Trhis will at !east show, that those etngaged '.
in this branch of business at the Souith,e
have sustained themnselves fully as wel'asn
in other countries. Your readers are aw are h
of the itmmense sacrificesof this kind of lI
property in the manufacturing districts of t
Europe, atnd the Northern States after the I
groat commercial convulsion of 1837.-d
Matny flue establishments were put - under p
the harmmer, and sold for one tenth of their fl
cost, many lar-ge establishmnents wers I
closedr for ln eriods. nnd others rnn n
.District. This aoning, =r. Caitpbel
made a. report accompanied by4reolu 4
tion.. The report = states- that iihbe opmn
ion of the Committee, the Memorial-cones
within the provisions of the 21st iRaes
The resolution provides that the-MemoiliL
shall be'returned to the geoilesiiua b . -
presented it. ' ,-.y ".
Ater an ineffectual motion tola yoi'ti
table, and a " flare up" from Mr. Adam'.
the resolution was adopted by a large ma+
jority. -. .
Thq House th r'retumed the cousidet
ation of the motinton-postpone fobr'twa
weeks, -thedebaie on the treporef t
Adams;from' the Selecrg om'.It"bm
Mr. Rhett, having the:$sur reiteraed'
his former views relative to th" efight'o.
petition. He contend'ils4t a - itiut
as well as i bill - or resalution," was an la
cipieut state in legislition;-and that the
House had just as much right trefuseqto -
entertain a petition,.ai they bave to reject. "
a bill or resolution in itsfirst stage: He -
concluded by a ey of tbe-eeurse of .the
abolitionists, as nsred'them that Union'
or no:Union, the South would stand upfbr
her rights. - .:..
Mr. Bidlaek next tookthe foor,-but thew
morning hour having expired tbe-subjectc
was again'laid over.-. - -
The remninder of the day w'aseat in
Committee-of the Whole,-on-he .resol -: -
tion to refer that: potian of the Preuidmna
Message- which relmes.'to'the,,Western'
Waters, to the Committee oniCondtteree.
. Mr. Rathbun of-New York,-wils den
iy speaker.- ills remarksee'of in
Judge Cranch -of this cityelis -'
point of death. ..
The Senate was not in sessionionlay.
Having decapitated- Mr.. Profli sid con
firmed Messrs. Carr and Reancher is:Mind' t
isters .to Constantinople .aad .Foitngat. -
they thought proper to pause untilb'-34an
day.next.-There was,' hese e. a1da
Senatorial caucus held thisilamiood
the remaining cominations.. The &r
understand, a great deal ofpep bziiriith r.S-1.
reference to Mr. Spencer. *- . -
In the House,,a resolutionwau-.adopted -
eslling on the Secretary atffe Teasury
for:all the infotmition-iniwpatip fon
the subject of'_Anmerlean vesselierrigg- -
on a contraband and Opium stradesa-the
coast of Chioa'. - -
The ' owing bills we r ortedres
twice and mmitted vi.-A bill ro-abo-,
lish imprisonment for debt ia thisaDistrict
-A bill granting prospective and'perma
Dent pre-emption rights toactdal.itets
on public lands-and a bilteexsmtXrpm -
duty, Cotton imported ,into. the United
States front Texas. --
'Mr. McKay reported, from ite Commit?
tee on Ways and Means, a bill approprit -
ing $45.000 for the protection and .relief
of American Seamen in foieigeonstrik. ,
After ashort explanation, it was consider
ed in Coimmittee, reported, and inally
passed. - -. .
After the disposal of -someluntmportaet
matters, the consideration of 'the motion -
relative to the Report on. the Rules, 'sias
Mr. Bidlack having the-Boor, "i'e? ed.
himself in favor of retaining thq 21st rUe.
He was sorry to see the.great want ofana
uimity among the Southern. memberi ea
the subject. The recent want of'uniti had
given the enemy great strength.
Mr. Wise-said this was but top true, If
the South would. be true to itselfobey.
with the aid of i considerabfe.portion of'
their- Northern friends, might qnosh the
agitation at once. _
Mr. Belser obtained the dosnr but the
morning 'hojir having expired, theoulbject
wvasagain laid over.' - --
Mr. Cave -Johnson. then. askd leato
'offer a resolutido, providing thaffat:o26
bite in Comnhee of the Wholb o -li - O
reference of the President's Mesap shbuid
Coase at 3 o'clock to-liorrow. -.
This was objected-to by sever~lmo
bers. They contended that s t 6i~
has taken so wide'a range, it wouh& .P J
just to deprivse those who'has'e imapo n,
on opportunitylor so dloi. -nFinal.
-Jobnson moved a suspensidtroft' - -u
but the motionitfailed. '' . - -
The House ihan vent- into-Cedee
and r-esumed-the isosideratiorioffhe 's6-.
-lution wihich proposs to-refer-thatlbmit'ti
of the Message. wbich relates to- the, s. -'
tern waters, to the Cothmitte'on '.Qo
mwerce. - The-pendisng qestion was-o s
motion to refer to a select Qosamitt'e.
This was, debated by Messrs. Tilden,
Hunt and Gedding's nati he adjde met.~
The debate has now lost allnoveltyt each
speech being but a repetiiion of-arguments -
already adfanded.. .The qudo'wi1u'Of
probably be taken for a weelk.
You-will perceive that Mr, Rives li
coeout strongly in favor-of Mr. Clay.
His leiter, copied fronit she RichmonuL.
Whig, .appeared in. the .Intelligedid~or
atiositotnme.--.hs morning. Mr. R. is receiving. conera
- lans. l43
In the Honse, thit 'morning,'!4isiodiasI
the journal'had. been read, Mr.Geddings -
rose and desired, to -ake isoue-iinarks
relative to a ;severe. drticlq; touching' bit
recent conduct, which' appeared in thi
Globe of iist evening. - . .
SMr.aHolmes-raised a point ofi md -
denied that a member haa ri Q,
mand a hearing as 'a4nlg
in'reply to any artce whi~bn~~
in. the -newspapers relaui os'iJ4
Mr. Thompson or Mass.. .suid be would
object to any rtmarks unless Mr. Getdliuge