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- wouk1 state that his personal honor etc.,
had been assailed..
Mr. Geddings declining to make an ex
plicit statement of the complaint he inten
ded to make, the objection was persisted
Mr. Schenek move.s a suspension of the
rules, so that Mr. G. might speak, but
The article of the Globe refers to the
speech of:Mr. Geddings in Ohio when,it is
alleged be endeavored to create the im
pression that it was Henry Clay instead
of G. M. Clay who had sent him a letter
approving the corse of the abolitionists.
This matter having been disposed of.
Mr. Wilkins from the Select .Committee
to whom had been referred the petitiot of
W. Jones a colored man in our city jail,
arrested on suspicion of being a fugiuve
slave, made a report, accompanied by a
bill. The report does not recommend any
legislative interference in this case, inas
much as the Committee think the petition
er can obtain redress from the Courts. It
ads fault however with the existing laws
as imperfect, and in some cases as oppres
sive. The bill therefore provides that cer
tain portions of the laws shall berepealed,
and others enacted in their stead, so that
it shall be required of the claimant of a
slave to prove his property.. A minority
teport was also made.
On motion of Mr. Payne. aresolution
was adopted,instructing the Committee on
Elections to inquire into the expediency of
amending the Constitution so that the
votes-for Presidegtand Vce President shall
all be cast on the same day.
After the adoption of numerous resolu
tions of inquiry, the House resumed the
consideration.of: the motion to re-commit
the Report on the Rules, with instructions
to re-insert the 21st Rule.
Mr. Belser having the foor, resumed
and concluded his eloquent remarks from
yesterday. He argued that rule or no
role, the House cannot constitutionally m
ceive abolition petitions.'.
He was followed, on the same side, by
Mr. Cobb of Georgia, who spoke until the
expiration of the morning hour. The sub
ject was then laid over.
The House then went into Committee
of the Whole, and devoted the remainder
of the day to the consideration of the mo
tion to refer to the Committee on Com
merce, that portion of the President's
Message, which relates to the Western
waters.. Mr. Jameson was the only speak
er... His remarks were of no interest.
The wind has been blowing a real bur
ricane-to-day. This afternoon it blew out
several'squares of glass from the dome -of
tihe HoOse. The fragments falling upon
member's heads, caused them to scamper
from their seats in a- most amusing man
Considerable anxiety is manifested to
read ihe -manifesto, now in type, of the
Qalhoun members, in which it is said, they
give their reasons for seceding from the
Van Buren members.
It is said that some of the Whige intend
giving Mr. Rives a public dinner.
The Senate did not sit to-day.
WAaIrororN, Jan. 15.
The Senate spent but a few moments in
Mr. Benton otrered a resolution, which
lies over, calling for information as to
whether the Wiqnebago annuity, has not
been diverted from its. proper object.
Mr. Breese introduced a bill to tax gov
ernment-lands in Illinois.
The bill to fx an adequate rule of com
pensation for Pension Agents, was reported
* - from the Pension Committee with amend
ments, which make the bill of a prospective
character. It makes no provision for pas5t
After the transaction of some private bu
sitiess, the Senate went into Executive
* session, of several hours on ,tbe Cabinet
uominatione. It is understood that the
nominatlon of Mr. Henshaw was rejected
by a large majority... No action was ;had
on any of the others. Their fate will how
ever be decided daring the present week.
In the House, a great portion of the day
was occupied in the reception of resolutions
calling on the Departments for information
on various mnatters. Some of these resoln
tions are so comprehensive. that it will
take the whole foice of a Department
three months to answer them; yet whben
the information comes, it is seldom of any
practIcal good. Many of the, new -mem
hers, who hate not the ability to make a
speech,.frequently take this mode of letting
their constituents know that they are, not
Among the resolutions adopted wias one,
instructing the Committee on Ways and
Means to consider the expediency of re
porting a bill reducing the .halaries of all
-government olicers. .
.Mr. Stewart introduced his resolution,
instructing Ihe Committee od - Ways and
Means to limit the appropriations for the
pi-esent year to the amount appropriated
slastyear. Objection being made it lies
Mr.-Black gave notice of an antendumem
to the Oregon bill, so as to include the
annexation of Texas. So henceforth.
- these two great questions will be consid
ered together.' .The r-esult may easily be
seen. Nothing will be done with either.
Mr. Cave Johnson introduced a bill 'to
reduce the duty on qalt. Is was read twice,
when he moved its engrossment. But as
other members hadl no idea of such steam
legislation, the motion failed, and the bill
was referred to the' Committee 'on Coin
* *'~'A reoltion, providing. for the prinating
fGieenough's history of Oregon, having
been adopted,' a motion was made to re
consider the vote.
It was debated at some length. During
the debate Mr. Wise, incidentally referred
to William and Mary's College, in Virgimn
ta, and told how Washington, M adison,
and other great men received their educa
Mr. Weller said perhaps the-gentleman
himself was educatedthere.
ZMr..Wise said o, he was sent down to
Pennslvg~ia, to receiverbis education. It
was thete~be,got his democratic principle.
Mr Weller said he did not know what
kind of demiocrasic principles those could
'Mr. Wise saids the .were according to
the standard of dem eay 'in his District.
Mr. Weller, facetiously observed, that
netirhe nor any one else had ever-beet
able to compr ted what kind of a stand
ard that was.
This skirmishing caused much laughter.
On motion of Mr. Thompson, of Ken
tucky, a resolution was adopted, instruct
ing the Committeetn Ways and Means to
ascertain the probable expense of keeping
in employment an adequate number. of
steamboats, for-removing snags in the Mis
sissippi and Ohio rivers.
Mr. T. accompanied the resolution by
some very eloquent remarks relative to
the recent disaster on the Mississippi.
At a subsequent period, Mr. Weller mo
ved $ reconsideration of the vote.
On this motion, a debate arose, which
continued to the adjournment, without
any question being taken.
It. is said that the Post Office Commit
tee are unanimous in their intention to re
port a bill for a reduction of letter postage,
A -proposition is soon to be made to
Congress from the Retrenchment Com
mittee, to appoint a Board whose duty .it
shall be to examine all candidates for
clerkships and other offices. If this could
be carried into effect, the public business
would be much. benefitted. There would
be an end. to incompetent officers. This
principle is applied to surgeons in the Na
vy, to Cadets, and Midshipmen, and why
should it not be extended.
The President has made himself very
popula . among the ladies by his determi
nation t hold a levee every Tuesday even
ing. I believe this has never been done
WAstsiNoToN, Jan. 16.
In the Senate, this morning. Mr. Mc
Duflie gave notice that he will, to-morrow.
call for the consideration of his Tatiff res
olutions. If he succeeds, we may expect
war to the knife's point. As a Senator
remarked the other day, a tariff debate is
like a ball of twine; it .has a heginning
but requires no little paiience to find the
end. 'be general impression still is, that
no action on the Tariff will be had at the
present Session. 'It will be talked about,
and thet is all.
Mr. Berrien, from the Judiciary Com
mittee, reported a bill authorizing the Sec
retary of the Treasury to compromise with
the sureties of Samuel Swartwout.
The resolution of Mr. Breese, relative.to
an amendment of the act, repealing the
Sub-Treasury.law, was taken up, and af
ter some explanation adopted.
Numerous petitions, praying the reduc
tion of postage, were presented and refer
red. A bill on this subjectwill be report
ed '.is week.
After the disposal of some private busi
ness, and the reference of some executive
communications, the Senate went into an
executive session, which lasted several
hours. When the doors were opened,
much anxiety was manifested to hear the
fate of Mr. Spencer, whose nomination it
was supposed had been under considera
tion. It appears, however, that it was not
taken up, the whole time having been oc
cupied on minor nominations. The rumour
that Mr. S. has sent in his resignation, is,
I am told, unfounded.
In the House, Mr. McKay, from the
Committee on Ways and Means, reported
the Pension, Navy and Fortification Ap
'peopriation Bills. The latter contains ac
appropriation of $10,000 for Fort Moul
trie, in your harbor; also an appropriation
of $43,000 fur Fort Sumter. The total
amount of appropriations in the bill is half
Mr. Wise, from the Naval Committee,
reported adversely on the resolution relative
to the construction of War Steamers for the
Mr. Davis, from the Committee on Pub
lie Lands, reported a bill to repeal the
Anter the transaction of a mass of pri
vate and local business, the House re
sumed the consideration of the motion to
reconsider the vote on the following reso
lution, adopted yesterday.
Resolved, That the Commit tee of Ways
and Means be instructed to inquire what
sum of money will be required to keep all
the boats. now in use, and those in the pro
cess of preparationi, designed to be em
ployed itn removing obstructions in the nav
igatton of the Mississippi river and its trib
utaries, in constant active employment for
the national fiscal year commencing on the
first day of Juty next, and that they report
to this H-Iouse the sum for that purpose is
tho appropriate appropriation bill.
Mr. Bowlin having the floor, made a
speech, in which hie set fortb ini glowing
colors, the value of the Western waters,
and the imperative duty of government tc
improve their navigation.
Mr. Stewart, of Penndylvania, followed.
He contended that the general goverunmeni
has full power to make appropriations foi
iuterntal improvement. He declared thai
a protective Tariff will sooni 'af Tord ample
sneans for such objects. In addition tu
this, he was willing to retrench the expen
ditures-for other objects. In the course 01
his remarks, he caught at some observa
tions incidentally~ made by Mr. Holmes,
and appeared desirous of placing him in a
~alat Dositionin regard to this matter.
At a subsequment stge ortheu pr...dings.
Mr. Hiolmies obtained the floor, and gave
Mr. Stewart a regdlar broadside. Mr. H.
udehued his views on the question of inter
nal improvement in general, and that o1
the navigation of the Mississippi. A fter a
most pathetic' oppeal itt reference to the
recent disaster on that river; he, in the
most eloquent manner, besought the House
to act tupon the matter without a moment't
delay. As Chairman of the Committee
on Commerce, his remarks were listenedi
to with great attention..
The debate was continued till the ad
journment, 'iy Messrs. Kennedy and In
gersoll. without taking the question.
Thia motion to reconsider, being a priv
ileged question, takes precedence of all
WASHilNoTON, Jan. 17.
In the Senate, a great number of poei.
tions asking a reduction of postage, were
presented and referred.
Mr. Merrick, the Citairman of the Post
Ofiice Committee, stated that a bill ort
thib subject is now matured and will ho re.
ported in a day or two. He said there up
peared to be an erroneous impression as t
the seat of the evil in relation to the frank
ing privilege. It was not confined to the
300 enembers of Congress ; but extendec
to the fifteen thousand deputy Post Mas
term throughout thme country. This. evil the
Committee would attempt to remedy.
The Hiuse bill. providing $45,000 foi
the relief and protection of American sea
men in foreign countries, was taken up and
Mr. Berrien-gave notice of a bill to pro
vide' for a Naval School.
The resolution of the Finance Cammit
tee &Jative to the tariff bill of Mr. McDuf
fie, was not taken up.' It will probably be
'After some debate on the bill to connect
Fox'and Wisconsin Rivers, the Senate
spent five hours in executive session.
.The nomitnation,of Isaac Hill as Super
intendant of the Navy Clothing Bureau,
was rejected. It is now taken for granted
that all the "democratic" nominees will
share the same fate.
Last night, a great number of the dis
charged workmen at the navy yard, made
a very large bonfire, and burnt ex-Secreta
ry Henshaw in effigy. They also formed
a procession with illuminated carmers; on
one of the carmers was a picture represen
ting Mr. Henshaw gallopping back to Bos
ton on the back of a hog, with a jackass
kicking in front. The workmen considered
Mr. H. a great enemy, and 'a bard task
In the House, we had a very uninter
esting day. The first business was, the
motion of Mr. Cave Johnson tore-consider
the vote on the resolution " ins'rncting the
Committee on Ways and Means to report
an adequate sum for keeping in operation
the snag boats on the Misissippi."
After debate, the motion to re-consider
was carried. The question then being on
the resolution, Messrs. Smith, Hardin,
Bernard, and others, spoke until a late hour.
The resolution was then amended so as to
instruct the Committee to enquire into the
-'expediency" only, and in this shape adop
Nothing else ofinterest transpired.
The President't levee last night was
well attended. Members of Copgress of
all parties were in attendance.
This eveningthe Post Matter General
gives a grand party.
The Colinization meeting at the Capitol
last night was of a very interesting char
acter. One of the speakers related an an
ecdote of an African prince, who consider
ed that he could not be a -gentleman un
less he had six wives. What despicable
mortals their bachelors must be.
AN ACT regulating Hawkers and Ped
Be it enacted, by the Honoralie the Sen
ate and House of Representatives, now
met and sitting in General Assembly, and
by the authority of the same, 'hat from
and aftertho passing of this Act, the sole
and exclusive power of granting licenses
to Hawkers and Pedlers, be, andthe same
is hereby vested in the Commisioners of
Roads, in their respective Districts and
Parishes, a majority of whom, intbeir res
pective Districts or Parishes, sha' at any
stated meeting, and at no other e, hear
all applications for such license to hawk
and peddle, and shall grant or reect such
application for one year, as to them shall
seem proper : Provided, That subh appli
cant shall, before he receives such license,
pay into the hands of the said'Commis
sioners for such 'District or Parish, the sum
of fifty dollars, and shall enter into bond
as now provided by law, except that it be
taken and approved by the body granting
the license: Provided, also, such appli
cant shall have been a citizen of the Dis
trict the- preceeding ten years, and legally
entitled to vote, at the tme of such appli
cation, for members of the General Assem
tbly ; and provided likewise, that such li
cense so granted, shall confer the privilege
to hawk and peddle within the limit only
of the Disteict or Parish fir whi:b the
body granting it have themulves been ap
pointed, andi shall not be extended in any
manner to enable any otber person to
hawk or peddle, saving oily the person
actually named in the licrase: Provided,
also, that in any District <r Parish, where
there now exists or may hereafter exist,
by law, more than one Board of Commhis
sioners of Roads, a license taken from any
one of said Boards shall te sufficient to au
thorize any person who has. complied with
the provisions or this Act, to hawk and
peddle within said Distdict or Parish.
AN ACT to Establish the Of5ce of A.
Be it enacted, by the Senate antd House
of Representatives, now met and sitting
in General Assembly, and by the author
ry of The samne, That the Office of Assayer
to be located and kept in the City of Char
leston, be and the same is hereby estab
TI. An Assayer shall he appointed an*
nually, by the President and Directors ol
the Bank of the State of South Carolina,
at their first meeting in each and every
year, or as soon thereafter as conveniant;
and the officer so appointed, shall execute
a bond to the State oif South Carolina,
with surety or sureties, to be approved by
heCommissioners. app~ointed to approve
District, in the penal'sum of five thousand
dollars, and cotnditioned for the faithful
performanCe of his duty as Assayer, and
shall be entitled to enter upon such dutie.
on the due execution of such bond, and
the filing of the same In the office of the
Treasurer of the Lower Division. And the
said lbondl shall stand as a security for all
gold and other metals com'nitted to the
custody of the said Assayer, and shall be
good and valid in law, to bind his sureties
for every default during the whole time he
shall continue in office, whether upon hIt
original election or upon re-election.
Ill. The duties of Assayer shall he care
fully to assay all gold and other metals
generally used in cotnage, which may he
delivered to him for the purpose of ascer
taining their quality or standard, and tr
stamp the fineness of the same, and if re.
quired, from time to time, to furnish cer
tificates thereof to the owner.
IV. The compensation of the Assayec
shall be regulated by the President and
Directors aforesaid, to hb' paid by the per.
son or persons for whom any assays may
V. Any vacancy occurring in said office
shall be supplied by the President and Di.
rectors aforeraid, in manner, and with the
same security, as are provided in -these
respects bhe secndr section ef this Actr
AN ACT to Establish an Inspection ant
Ware-House al Hamburg, in Edgefiex
1. Be it enacted, by the Senate an<
House of Represedtatives, now met an
sitting in General Assembly, and by the
anthorily of the same, That an Inspectiot
and Ware-House,.for the inspection an<
reception of Tobacco, is hereby authorize<
to be established at Hamburg, in Edgefielk
District, as soon as conveniently may be
after the passing of this Act, which shall be
subject to all the. regdlations, restrictioul
and conditions mentioned, set forth an<
expressed bf an Act of the Legislature
entitled "An Act for regulating the inspec
tion and exportation of Tobacco," passet
the thirteenth day of March. one thousant
seven- hundred and eighty-nine, and Acu
amendatory thereof, and now of force itl
11. That David L. Adams, Marshall R
Smith. H. L. Jeffers, W. H. Green, and
Dr. J. W. Stokes, he and they are hereby
.apppinted ,Commissioners for such Inspec
tion and Ware-House; a majority of whom
are hereby empowered to choose an In:
spector for .said Ware- House, and make
such regulations respecting the inspection
of Tobacco, consimtent with the laws now
of force: Provided, T-hat in uo.case shall
the Inspector cause any Tobacco offered
for inspection to be burnt, as heretofore au
AN ACT to Incorporate certain Societies
and Companies. and to renew and amend
certain Charters heretofore granted. .
Be it enacted, by the Senate and House
of Representatives, now mnet anti sitting ini
General Assembly, and by the authority
of the sause, That all persons who now
are, or hereafter may become, memberqof
the following Religious Societies and As
sociations, to-wit;. The ftletholdist l'ro
'estant Mount Zion Church, in Abbeville
District;" ' The Prowidentce B:iptist
Church, of Sumter District;" --The Bap
tist Church at Harly'., Edgefild D:trici;"
"The Baptist Church at Repuhlican.Edge
field District ;" and "The Baptist Church
of Anderson Village," be, and they are
hereby constituted and declared, body
politic and corporate, by the name and
style to each respectively above assigned.
The said Societies and Associations, by
their respective names, shall have succes
sion of officers and members to be chosen
and admitted, according to their bye-laws,
respectively ; and shall have power, sev
erally, to make bye-laws not repugnant to
the laws of the laud; to have, keep, and
use a common seal, and the same to alter
at will; to sue and be sued, 1ilead and be
impleaded, in any Court in this State; and
to have and enjoy every right incident to
incorporation. They are aIso empowered
respectively, to retain, pus -ess, and enjoy
all such property as may be now possessed
of, or which shall hereafter be given, bo
queatlhed'to, or in any manner acquired by
them, and to sell, alien or transfer the
same, o'r any part thereof: Proevied, the
amount of property so held, shall in no case
exceed ten thousand dollars.
The members of the said --The Palmet
to Engine Company of Edgefeld," and
the members of the Greenville Fire En
gine Company, incorporated at the last
Session of the General Assembly, not ex
ceeding thirty-six iu number, in each of
the said Companies; also, the members
of the said Camden Independent Fire En
gine Company, not exceeding forty-five in
number, shall be, and they are hereby de
clared, exempted from ordinary Militia du
ty, but shall be liable to perform any duty
in time of alarm, insurrection or invasion,
and shalnot be exempted from draft for
From the Chaarleston Mercurj.
PROSPECTS OF COTTON.
Mes- Editors-The following inter
esting letter from the Journal of Cornmerce,
on the subject of the Cotton Cr01p, we?
think will be found highly interesting tt
your readers. It goes far to settle the
question that under no circumstances, cat
it exceed 1,800,000 bales-and 'hat it .I
highly probable that it may not be ove
1,600,000. If these facts are sustained
the present prices are but the erect of he
gitimate causes, aud not the consequence:
of mere speculation. W.
The followitng is extracted from a letter
not written for effect snd contains some
NEW OaLEAYs, Dec. 30, 184.3.
My lest letter was dated 18th inst., sinci
thou our Cotton market was gite animra.
ted, and the tendency of prices has been a!
ready upwrard, nntil "middling" Cotton
have reached 9e as you will see by thi
quotations at foot. Even at these rates
factors offer their Cotton so sparingly, tha
orders in atny extent cannot be filled. One
of the largest brokers in the city, wit!
whom I am very intimate, informed mi
last night, that of 5000 bales he expecte<
to purchase yesterday, be was only abi
to procure 250, owing .to the factor's de
manding generally 4 to Ad above the quo
tations alluded to. The opinion prevail
here in all commiercial circles (except the
agents of English manufacturers and met
chatits who affect to believe differently
that Cotton will not be .lower this year
and that in all probability it will advanc
id or more before the 1st of March. T
this opinion I subscribe, as the accounts w
are daily receiving from the interior, giv
the most gloomy picture of the irmmrens
destruction of Cottotn in the fields cause
-by the rains which have fallen almost in
ceasantly from the 1st November till tih
23d December, in all parts of the Cottoi
region tributary to this city, and for a grea
portion of the time in the country tributa
ry to Mobile. As yoti are not fam'ilia
with Cotton planting, I will now digress;
little from the Cotton market to the Cotto
plant for the purpose of showing the rea
sons on -which my short crop views ar
As a general rule the seed of all plant
which arrive at maturity lall immediatel
to the ground. To this the Cotton planti
somewhat an exception.
The boll or pod in whicll the seed
contained, and to which the Cotton is at
tached, opens gradually, and a portion
the Cotton is fastened .by a gluey sat
stance to the centre of the boll, where
unites with the branch or stalks. Whe
the boll opens, the Cotton gradually prc
ects,. nntil it, hbemaa -a setng e en
some five or six inches ling, when, if not
t picked, it falls to the .grynnd and is.lpst.
Whilst in any portion.of ihe stage I have
I described, (which, in god .weapher,. lasts
I about three weeks from the opening of the
boll.) strong winds or heavy rahis are cer
tain to beat it out. This is uniformly the
I case in a climate where ibe plagt-arrives
I to perfection, but in the highest latitudes
I in which Cotton is grown, are in parts of
Arkansas, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia
and South Carolina, it possesses more te
nacity, the boll not opening quite so aide
I as it does farther South.. In long rainy
seasons, such as they have experienced in
the above sections of the country in Nov.
I and Dee., the Cotton seed gerininutes in
the pod, and when its growth is checked by
frost, the seed rots, and the Cotton attach
ed becomes comparative worthless. Such
I am informed from sources to be relied n,
is now the case in Arkansas, Tennessee,
North Alabama, and the. Northern boun
baries of IMississippiand Louisiana. Cot
ton picked whilst it has the slightest mois
ture in it, nmust be exposed 'to the sun for
days on scalfolds, which every planter has
provided for that purpose, before it can be
put under rover and considerei secure.
If then, it has rained almost incessantly
for two months, which cannot be denied
by any candid person in possession of the
facts, bow was Cotton to be secured ad
mitting that'it was picked in the rain. (a
very probable thing by the'way,) or whilst
it was not, immediately after the rain?
Three fourths of,thc Cotton crop is gath
ered in the months of October, Noveinber,
and December, and the season for picking
C.zttu ia considered at an end by the mid
dle of January. You must bear in mind
that picking Corton is a very slow process,
and that it takes four months of good
wtterv to gather an average crop; the
avera;e season coImmencitt abott the tid
ile of Sept-bther and ending the middle
of January. No contingency can therefore
arioe a bici g ill tnake the crop exceed 1,
700.000 bales. This I consider a higher
ctatuate than two million bales was on the
lot of November, and so it is considered
by those who bet freely in the beginning of
December. that the crop would exceed I,
800.000 bales, for now the same parties
will not bet on 1,700,000 bales,and betting
is our Southern mode of tesing the sincer
ity of opinions expressed. After weighing
well all matters connected with the present
Cotton crop, I have come to the deliberate
opinion, that, under the most favorable
circumstances, the crop cannot reach 1.
700,000 bales, and that in all human prob
ability it will not exceed sixteen hundred
The followiig are now the quotamions of
our market. lnferior 71 a 7$ ; Ordinary 8
a 84 ; dliddling 8- a 9; Middling Fair 94
a 9J; Fair 9J a lU4; Good Fair 10J a 103;
Good ntl Fine lie.
Origin of the names of the Several Die
tricts of South Carolina taken from Simms'
Geogra phy of the State.
Abbeville was settled by the French in
1756 and took its name from a town in
Barnwell was erected in a judicial dis
trict in 1800, and took its name from Col.
Beaufort took its name from the
Charleston took its name from the city.
Chester was settled in 1750 by emigrants
from Pennsylvania and Virginia; and took
its name from a country in the former
Chesterfeld was settled by emigrants
from Pennsylvania and Virginia, and is
said to have taken its name from the ac
.Golleton was one of the earlisat settle
ments of the State, and took its name
from Sir John Colleton.*
Darlington w as sett led in 1750, and tookt
its name from Col. Darlinmgton a Revoln
Edgefi Id took its name fromn its Geo
~rip~hical position, being on thte edge oft
Georgia. It was settled by emigrants
from Virginia andl North Carolina.
pFairfield Was settled by emigrants from
virginia atnd North Carolina, andl probhaby
took its name from its general sspect.
Georgetoton was settled by the French
and was nae in honor after King
Greenville was settled in 1766 by emi
grants ftrom Virginia and Pennsylvania.
attd probably took its name from its green
and verdlant forest.
Horry was settled in 1733 by the Irish
anti took its nadie from General Peter H or -
ry of Revolutionary fame.
.Kerskatw was. settled by Irish Quakers
Sin 1750 and took its name from Col. Joseph
SKershaw a patriot of the Revolution.
,Lancaster wias settled in 1745 by em-i
tgrants from Virginia and Pennsylvania,
,and took its name from L ancaster inthe
SLaurens was settledl in 1755 by enmi
I graots from Virgintia and Pennsylvania,
i andI was natmed it n mnry of Col. H~enry
- Lautrens of the Revolution.
-Lexington was set tled lby Germans, and
B originally bore~the n'ame of Saxe Cotha.
Its present name is in memoi-y of Lexittg'
)Marion was settled in 1750 by Virginians
,and was named in honor of Geu. Francis
t Marlborough was settled by emigrants
a from Virginia and Pennsylvania anid took
' its name from the duke of Marlborough.
SNewberry was settled itt 1750 by emi
I grants from;.Pennsylvania :Origin of the
-name doubtful. LProbably frnmi New
SOrangeburg was settled in 1704 by Ger
tmarns, subjects of the Prince of Orange :
hence its name.-.
r Pendleton was settled in 1750 and recei
ved its ntame in honor of .Judge Pendlleton.
8It has recently been divided itto two jutdi
-cial districtsaaled Anderson nad Pickens.
ePickenzs is in the North, and cornpre
Shends the mountaineous parts of old Pets
dseon. It took its name fromn'General
SAndrew Pickens a hero of the Revolution.
s..4nderson is the Southern irn of Pendle
s ton and took its name from General Ander
-son who acted* a conspicilous part at the
f battle of Cowisens as wellt s'atmany oih
-er places during the Revolutionary strug~
it Rjcland was settled in 1740 and to
Sits name from its rich- andproductiveioil.
Sparrtanbsarg wassettled in .1750, and
received its preget name after the close of
.Sumpter, was setaled in 1750 by mi
grants, fromii Virginia, and tookitshame
fron-Gen~eart Thomas Sumpter. :
Union ivaiaseuled in1755'by-emigrants
from Virginia Origin of theaine tn
IVilliamubunrg was settled n 1733by
'Scoaclr lish." and. took its name'from
William 11. King of.England.
York was settled in-1760 by emigrant.
from Pennsylvauia and Virginia, and toe
.its name from York in the former State.
Temperance in Greenville.-Bythe last
Mountaineer, we perceive they have had
rot heridisorderly iiute-s iJng ;th' recent
election for Sheriff and .Clerk-/Wiefie
ollect seeing some -notice of-akrsoiltion
Whichs6ine of their cananidieiniiito
last sumnmer, that theyshonlddettrea$'at
the approacig elections,i'r ti, purpose
of obtaining votes. ;.Since this,:-boever,
anot her candidate entered the'feld, iippo
sed to this resolution, and lo, wha, has
been the result-wby that this dandidate,
out of seven or eight others forthe sepfr.
iee. received upwarde:of one-tir ..'f'e
votes polled. This ouat to be a leadoue
Temperance men. It will- never do ta
bring Temperance into.eletson, at. lees
just no w. It has a bad effect -upon the -
cause, and however praiseworthy tbedn
duet of candidates -may be in pnrsuingthis
course, it unquestionably injures the cause
more -or less. The Temperance' reform ;
must advnnce, being founded on truth; and
resulting in such gracious benefits to'inaa'
kind, but any attempt tomake it aninst'a
ment for other purposes, will inevitably
thwart its operations and hinder -its onwerd
progresa. We have always held thisopii
inn, and we are dJaily more and more eo-n
vinced that it is alone by moral suasionsby
perminio it to run in its legitimate chan
nel, the amelioration. of man's conditIon;
untrammelled by politics or legislation,
that it can eventually succeed.-C6'amdeis
A man nanted Donaldonw, a imatiye of
Scotland, one of the U. S. soldiers sta
tioned at Fort Preble, near Portland, Me;,
perished in consequence of exposure to the
cold, one night last week.. He had- par
chased a bottle of spirits in the town,.and
getting bewildered on his way to the Fort,
-wandered about in the snow and overcome
by exposure and fatigue. He was found
in the morning, still alive, but too far- gone
to be resuscitated. The onfortunate man
had a short time previous signed the tem-.
perance pledge, but did not kphis prom
ise. and death-was the consequenee.
Two young men of the names of Ben
janin Barrett and John Oldliam, Jun.,
have been arrested at Plymouth. Mas.,
charged with having robbed John. dliug
ton, an old revolutionary soldier, of about
o:e hundred dollars in specie. They were
committed to jail to take their trial in
A young man by the name of Pierce, for.
some time a clerk in.the employment of
Mr. H. F. Yeomans. in Providenee, -(R.
I.,) hat been committed for trial, charged
with with having defrauded -his employer
of $1,500 by false entries in his books.-u .
He hid hitherto borne a good charaiter,
bu t a brother of his not long since defrauded -
the City Bank, in the same place, out of a
large sunm of money.--Charlestoa.Courier
To the Editor of the Temperance dsa.t
My Dear Sir:-As the success of all our.
Temperance bretberen, in any business, is
to evefy friend of the good cause; a uoure'e
or unmixed joy, it affords one of your con
stantt readers great pleasure, to state, that
Mr. John W. Clarke, (who keeps the'only
'I emperance Hotel in Columbia,).during
the last Session of the Legislature, was.
amply patronized notwithstanding the re
p~ort which was spread far and wide, thai
his charges wei-e bigher than those of any
He states, in a letter to-tbe writer of
this short note, "My house was'erowded,
and many supposed they would have-to
pay '3 per day, until their bill was presen
toil. MS charge for those, who atpe at the
exas~ table. wias per day $2, and 37j cas,
for lire: t he other houses, as l am informed,
charged $2. and nothing for ire. I never
apent so pleasant a Session before, every
thi~.g wcent en smooth and easy, evrer ne
appearedyperfectly sat isfaed, and all leffl'is
This is indeed. as it should be, Ititells
the followers of Temperance every where,
stand up to yeur principles woithoutIhnekh
ing, and like MIr. Clarke yen ssil4 be aus.
tained. No man better deserves the liber
al countenance, and stipport of the citisens
of South Carolina, thtan John W. Clarke.
Misfortune has fallen heavily upon him,
but in the midst of adversity, he has been
the same honest and firm man, he was in
more prosperous circumstances. After he
had reached that periodof life, when-most
men rest from their active pursuits, he has
been comupelled- to return to his old busi
ness. that or keepitng a Hotel. His house
is as remarkable for neatnemsand order, as
it is for good fare, and good seater.
Portsmouth Rail Road.-Ilaving pob
hishied several articles frota the Norfolk pa
pers, giving an account of- the laking uip
of a portion of the Portsmouth.Rail Road,
by Mr. Rives, which reflected inch on his
condluct, and implica:ed the .Petersburg
Rail Road Company, it is but justdee to
state that Mr. Rives has published a card,
in which he claims to have !acted in the -
mnater with no other object or view than
to obtain his just rights. A Acomma.unt'eapy
also appea'rs in the Peteribnrg. -Intelhigea
eer of'r'uesday- last, coming4tin one who
is said by the editor to be "personallys ,e
tiizant" of all the facts, which -justifleu'.
Rivesin his -conduct-states that he lhat
wnade frequent offers to. the Portsmouth
Company to sede-his etaigths on liberal
terms, to whtch no attention'whiftevedrwas
paid-that he hadggened the Comiliy
against travelling over tat pono,of ti
road which he had pured at a fair
legal sale, unless compensatt was. i ed
for its use-and ?nallyf,.itat Mr. Rives, in
taking up the -rails, acted. under legat a8. .
vice from distinguished professionalgentle'
The -Caste of-F. E. Rie.-Wesa
from patsengers on the Rail Road carsdt
yesterday, that- the -Supreme - Court -of
korth Carolina befre which F l RRvum