Newspaper Page Text
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Blips.
VOLUMIE X. dgeeld CouIt douse, B. C., February 6A, 1S44. wo. 4
W. F. DUIUSOE, PROPRIETOR.
Two Dollars and Fifty Centb, per annum,
if paid in adranec-Three Dollars if not paid
betdre.the expiration of Six Months from the
dais of Subscription-and Four Dollars if not
paid within twelve Months. Subscribers out
of the State are requited to pay in advance.
No subscription redeived for less thain one
year, and no paper discontinued until all ar
rearages are paid, except at the option of the
All subscriptions will be continued unless
otherwise ordered before the expiration of the
Any person procuring five Subscribers and
becoming responsible for the same, shall re
ceive the sixth copy gratis.
Adverliscments' conspicuously inserted at
621 cents per square. (12 lines, or less,) for the
first insertion. and 431 cents, for each continu
ance. Those published Monthly, or quarterly
will be charged $1 per square for each inser
tion. ~ Advertisements not having the number
of insertions marked on them, will be contin
ued until ordered out, and charged accord.
All Job work done for persons living at a
distance, musthe paid for at the time the work
is done, or the paymentsecured in the village.
All communications addressed to the Editor,
post paid, will be promptly and .trictly attend
J. M. LANDIRJM,
ATTOR NEY AT L AW.
O FFICE at Mr. Compty's Hotel; Edge
field Court House, S. C.
Jan.24 , It 52
57 The Hamburg Journal will please copy
twice, and forward their account.
aHE subscribers have f rmed it partner
ship in the practice o' It. for Edtiefield
District. Otfree near Go deian's Hiotel.
December 23. 1843 tf 48
Notice to Guardians, &c.
G UARDIANS, TRUSTEES. and RE.
CEIVERS. who halve not nade their
Annual Renarns, are notified to do so. before
me, on, or before the first d.ty. of March next.
S. S. TO.MPKINS,.c. E. E D.
Edgefield, Jan. 19, 18.14. -
Jan.24 6t 52
The Subscriber would take this opportunity
to return his thanks to his friends and th com
rnunity in general, for the lib al p ronage
they have conferred on him I r th ust ten
years. He intends carrying the
elerchant T ilo ins
Business, in all its bran .. a e old stand,
and hopes by strict attention to businiess, to
merit a continuance of those favors which have
been so liberally bestowed ot.him.
Dec.12 tf 46
Jl Redured Prices.
T HE Subscriber respectfully informs his
friends and the public generally. that he
has a good stock of well sawed I.UMIER on
hand, and sawing daily of the best heart Pines
at the following prices:
At the Mill 50 cents per hunilred.
Delivered, 80 " "
within 10 or 12 wiles of the Mill.
Feb. 7 3imi 2
T HE Subscriber takes pleasure in inform
ing the public, that he has succeeded in
engaging.the services of an experienaced Miller
for the ensuing year, and havimg his Mills in
thorough repair, is prepared to do any quan
tity of grinding grain at the shortest notice.
Persons having Whleat, and wishing superior
flour made t'rom it. are invited to give him a
call. His terms are thme tenth.
S W. NICHOLSON.
Dec 5, 1843 , 6m 49
D A~ff;Saddler and Hiarness i1ake'r.
D . ha~s rnio.ed his establishntsent to the
Store adjoining. B, J1. R~y.:ts Grocery, where
he will be thankful for all t'avurs in l:is line of
Jan 10 . t f f 50
Paints & Oils,
0 94) LRS. Extra atnd No.1I White
10 bbls. Train Oil,.
10 "Linseed Oil,
*. 5 ." Superior Lamp Oil.
For sale by SIBLEY & CRAPON.
Hambunrg, Oct 25 tf 40
MACKAREL. SHAD. CODFISH,tfc
2 Brs. and 1V2 brlj. Nos. 1, 2 and 3
SM ACKA REL.
30 kits and 1-2 kits No. I Mackarel,
10 boxs H ER RINGS.
3 half barrels No. 1 Shad, for sale by
H. A. KENR[ICK.
Hamburg, Nov. 25 tf 44
5choice canvassed Baltimore H AMS,
jutreceived, and fo sale by
Hamburg. Nov. 25 tf 44
China, Crockery, etc.
AGENE RA L assortment of CH IN A
CROKERYandGLASSWA RE, con
sisting ofcormmon and fine Teas Plates, Bowls,
Pitchers,. Dishes. Ewvers and Basins; granite
aid Chinzt Tea setts; Turmblers, Wine Glas
ses,'ecanters, Lamps, Salts, Crnets, &c. &c.
for sale by H,' A. K.ENRICK.
Habr..,A Novr. 925 44
Written and presented at the late Temporance
Convention, by the Rev Mr. Cu!pepper.
Tuns-" Hail to the Clief."
Hail to the cause, which in triumph advances!
See how the world stands amazed at the
All that is noble and good it enhances,
And mansions of sorrow it fills with delight.
Brightest and noblest of earth's enterprises.
Push on thy conquests to earth's farthest
And wherever sorrow fram alcohol rises,
0, there let thy bslsamr of mercy be to in'J!
Behold. how the banner is waving in beauty,
Arid sweetest of music is filling the air;
To stand in the front is the patriot's duty
And Liberty's children should all rally there.
Come, all ye who plead for the lost and de
Who stand up for God, and who publish his
Your Heavenly calling will greatly be aided
By giving your aid to the Temperance cause.
And ye who would honor the laws of the nation,
Tlie. guilty condemnu,and the innocent clear
Come take, in the Temperance Army, your.
To all who love justice this cause must be
Ye noble Physicians, ye nIl are invited
To aid by your counsel and medical skill;
This cause is your own, and it must not be
Your business is curing, and why will you
Ye merchitnts, who traverse the land and the
Or. hard by your counters, heap treasures
The Temperance cause needs your noble d,:
And ofTers a treasure far richer than gold.
Come Planters and Artists, our Done and our
Wte give you a place in the front ofthe line;
No power of Alcohol ever can win you
Or draw you away from your noble design.
Ye stout, gallant Tars, let the Temperance
Be nail'd tight and fast .;the top of the mast:
And sail right .head, in the most noble manner,
Till'life's stormy ocean in safety be pass'd.
And now, let the ladies be present to cheer us
To aid by their smiles and their influence
And theri shall the armies of Alcohol fear us.
And.down shall the tyrant be hurl' frot his
Bra test. &c. . .
ME3s01tIAL ON THE SPtRIT RATION IN THE
The Honorable the Senate aitd House of
Representatives of the U.iited States in
Cungress assembled :
Twelve yearsago the Secretary of the
Navy expressed his conviction that the
use of' ardefn spirits was one of the great
est curses; and declared hi~s intention of
recommenditng a change in this respect,
in the Navy. For reasons not necessary
now to be e'n-uiner.atedl, the subject was
allowed to sleep till one. year ago, when
it received the consideration and action of
Congress, by diminoishing the Spirit Ration
one half, nud giviug a substitute therefor.
This was a gratifying beginning, as it
furtished a kind of pledlge of a .ypeedy
end of the great enemy of Seamen,'and
hence of the Navy...
It encourages the undersigned, your
M emo'rialists, to petitton your honorable
bodies again, and to ask, that inasmuch
as the use of intoxicating liquors asia drinak,
creates and confirms vicious appetites. Ios
ters habits of intemperance and vice, pre
disp'bes the humnan systemt to disease,
promotes itnsuibordinatiou and mutinies;
causes shipwrecks anti other disasters at
sea, andl an immense loss of' human life
and property ; and inasmutnch as the evils
occasionted thereby have ito countervailing
advantages, and as these evils ef'ect tiot
merely those employed ins our natvnl ser
vice, bitt the good name and glory of their
country, and the happiness of thousands
whose existence is tenderly liuked with
t heir own- you teilt at the present session
of Congr'ss. repcal the S pi rit Ration lawo
of our Nat'y; and furnish stich a substitute
as may appear to your honorable biodies
of acknowhedgr-d utility.
Such a measure seems not only to be
justified, but demanded by existing facts.
The law regulating the Spirit Ration int
the Army has been abolished many years.
and so h.appy have been the results, that
none but a foe to outr country can wish it
If the soldier now drinks the intoxica
.ting draught, it is not from a cup adminis
teied by the baud of Government. It is
not "driok according to law.ti But the
soldier, the representative of his class,
does not drink; and with the progress of
"Total Abhstinene" in our Army there has
been a corresponding increase of moral
And why should it not be thus in our
Navy. Why should the gallant sons of
our Navy he tempted to drain the cop (of
woe, by the very government which it is
their ambition and glory to defend ; and
which Government has enacted severe
laws for the punishment of intemperance
in the Navy.
We rejoice to know that self respect, as
well as the high principles of philanthropy,
have co'nstrained many of them to take
and keep the temperance pledge.
Recent statistics show thai large num
bers of the men composing the crew of our
public vessels voluntarily relinquisit their
grog for the stipulated commutation, :not
withstanding it is fourd that the practical
working of the late reduction to one gill
per day, is against "Total Abstirience."
asthe inducement to abstain for the corn
mutation of two cents per day is small in
.omparison with the previous allowance
of six cents per day-while it is admitted,
throuAhout the service, that the reduction
was a good one, as it furnishes the men
with tea, sugur, &c., in lieu or the extra
;ill ; and it is confidently believed by
your Memorialists. that the. entire banish
nent of spirituous liquors from our public
chips would tend vastly to insure onal dis
eipline-for, it is universally stated by the
>fficers of the, Navv. that it is the. arch
.nery of good orgiitiization and mild milf
The devclopements of ecience. and the
;oundjudgrteu of the age, based on ,the
experience of the past, condemu it as a
In the Mercantile Marine, the progress
)l Temperunce is even more strikiug than
n the Navy, -hence there need he no fear
hat men will not volunteer for the Navy,
when the Spirit Ration is abolished. New
York City supplies the larger portion of
he enlistrtteuts in the Navy, and in New
York there is a si:tgle larirme Tenperancn
Society. numbwring over fourteen thousand
tetibers, and we believe the solns of the
ea keep their pledges quite as sacredly as
hose on the land. Every Miercatile
Lity in the Umion has large Temperance
societies, and our temlerance ships float
n every sea.
The time then, we believe, has fully
ome, when a rectified public sentitent.
is well as sound policy, and the princi
>jes of right will justify. and the country
Will cotninend the granting of the prayer
>f your petitioners, who, as in duty bound,
rill ever pray
The Rev. Mr. Barnwell, Chairman of
he Committee appointed to prepare an
i'dress to the importers of and ts holesale
lealers in intoxicating liquors, reported
the following address, which was adopted.
Address on the part of the Temperance
Convention. held tn Charleston on the
6th day of February, 1844, to the mt
porters 8 ,wholesale venders of intoxiaat
ing liquors in the State of South Caro
FalENDs & FELLOW CITZENS:
We venture to appeal to your liberality
and philanthropy in a matter of some deli
racy, by which our regard for our race in
general-for your own best welfare-for
the prosperity of our State, and, the honor
of God suffers us not to overlook. We are
happy to believe that those whom we ail
dress are too intelligent not to perceive
the prosperity of our State. and the honor
of God suffers us not to overlook. We are
happy to believe that those whom we ad
dress are too intelligent not to perceive
the propriety of our application, and too
respectable to receive it with any thing
but .attention. The interest .which you
utquestionably feel in the well beintt of
the common. healh-the readitness whichi
many of you habitually evince to mak'
personal sacrifices for the general good
the uoconsciouness under which we are
persuaded you lhor as to the extent of
the moral evil wh Iich. grows omt of the
custom to which we would direct your at
tention, all conspire to .urge us in our
course, and we shoul be mortified in the
extreme, if t: should appear ini the least
dleree uncalled for or offensive. .
.We deprecate all suspicion of a desire
to dictate. WVe disdain all intention of
censure. But wvithouit pretending t,. ques
ion your perfect righit to imaport or receive
upon consignmont any quantity, and ainy
kind of liquors, that the state of the mar
ket seems~ to call for, wve. venture-in the
nme of the tmany reformed inebriates in
otur State-int the name of thteir wjves,
children, parents and frieods-in the name
of oor Iloved State, which onc'e blushed at
their downi'all, hyut now smiles at their re
covery; and above all, in the natme af our
God, who htas rejoinedi us by precep~t and
example to deny ourselves for the sake of
doing good to others-we implore 3 ou to
abandon the importation and sale of such
liquors as can intoxicate.
As we are aware thtat the'applicatiot
we make is one of tno ordinary charactor,
and thtis is the first time' that you have
been sperifically addressed utpon the sub
ject, it may lhe expected that we should
lay before yotu some cottsiderations, which
we hope may have their due influence
First. We would beg you to bear in
mind that to make personal sacrifices for
the sake of doitng good can scarcely lie a
new thing to any of you, and wo doubt
not thtat the incidents of your lives to which
your thoughts revert with most satisfaction,
have been those which have been tmarked
by such acts of self denyitng beneficei:ce,
so that when upon a reasonable showing
we call upon you to be disinterested, and
hbnnevolent, nnd patriotic, and ousdea
for others, we are only soliciting you t
promote your own future happiness, an
to lay up in storb. fur yourselves food ft
Next. We scarcely need remind yo
.that td forego a pro6t is as much an actc
sell*denial as to contribute out of our ac
quired possessions. So that if you shout
be prevailed to abandon the traflic in the
which is likely to bring you a certain gain
you may be regarded as contributing tha
amount for the suppression of vice and th
mitigation of wretchedness.
Again.. We would remind you. the
restpectability and standitig in the eye a
the community carry with them high ant
important responsibilities. They enhance
and set forth the gooil, but they aggravati
and spread abroad the evil gpnsequence
of every act or opinion ; and to say tha
the.pu'tlic always expect to receive aton
and impulse in matters of great and gene
ral interest from those whose educatiot
and station, and influence.. render theu
inost likely to arrive at just conclusions, i
only to state what in the. promotion of tht
temperance cause in this coutnnonwealtl
we have too often been made painfully it
We would ne?L beg you seriously to con
sider that the importation and sale of in
toxicating liq'uors by persons whose name
stand among tihe highest in the conitunitr
is an examplc,.which those who are striv
ing to suTppress intemperance by the disust
of these liquids as an.;ordinary heverage
find it extremely.diflicult to withistand
The retailer receives his supplies fromntyou
'and is the only negotiator between your
selves and the drunkard who inflicts undel
the influence of those stimulr,nts which yet
introduce into the State stch fearful inj
ries upon himself, his fairriily, his. friends
the community and the State at large.
We would further state that the presen
is no attempt to compel you either by thi
strong arm of Legislation or by the forca
of public opinion.to forego the profit
which you have been accustomed to maks
in this business, but we desire only to per
guale you of your own accord 10 do tha
which we.ate: sattsfied philanthropy. pa
triotist, reasot, good feeling and religiot
will never permit you to lush at o'r regreJ
Autf with' the' same;cpn .dence that rv
would call upon yotr aong the very firs
to help forward by yotir pecuntary contri
butious any cause which had for its emt
GoIt's glory' or man's best welfare, or th
public good. '.We'respectfully and earn
estly beseech you to cease, even at a pe
cuniary sacrifice, to carry on a businr.
which we think none can deny is supply
itig intemperance in our state ,with its mos
perilous provocative, its most fatal stimu
We are aware that others might tak
your plaes, but those others would not h
yjou. and the moral weight of your hig
respectability and dleservmd influence woul1
be all on our side. We know that our pro
duce is exchanged for these 'articles, any
non-importation may diminish the valu
of our staples. But the best and tro
valuable staples of a commonweadth -are
mten. virtuous, intelligent. hottest, sober
pious men-and any exchanges which in
juriously effect 'heso must he disadvanta
goous. The misery and degradation, au
positive pecniary loss, of which these at
ticles are the prolific seed, are but poorl;
compensated For by the highest prices fit
the most abundant harvests. Crowne,
heads as well as free republics are begin
tning to count the cost of intemperance
and if the autocrat of Russia has been wil
ling, at the solicitation of an Americai
friend of temperance. to abolish a numbe
ofliis stills, the emoltment of which wen
directly into the imperial coffers. we wil
not permi.t ourselvet to suppose that th
highly itntelligent attd patriotic merchant
of South Carolina, wil tturn a deaf earlt
a respectable lasdy of their fellow citizen!
who, engaged in a c.onfessedly good, bu
arduous enterprise, solicit-their co-opera
tion, by the atbatndonment of the cotmpara
tively stmall p~rofit tderivedi from ttie trad
in these tmoxion1s stmulants.
If t he Etmperor of China, at the cost
so mnany nmilhons, at the hazard ofa fearft
wvar, was corntetnt tot destroy at itmmens
qutatntity of that fat:tl drug, which wa
c!rutshing the energies of its subjects, sha
it he that tere is not in America, enligh
ened Anmglo.Saxon. Free Atmerica, mor:
virtue enottgh to banish spontaneous1
these liqiuidt poisons, which have beetn dii
fesing through onr veino such silent an
suwm butt inevitable death. We will ne
'oelieve it. Tell it tnot in Russia-leti
neut be whisperted in thte palaces of Pekic
Desp.ism woul~d revolt at the though
and the friendls of reptubticatnism woul
sieken mt the intelligenice. Rather woul
we indulge the hope, that this our-eart
atnd afetionati appeal. will not be bo'
upou the minds of our fellow countrymet
Thea may prosperity bless you as thei
All of which is respec'tfully submitted.
W. H. B IRNWE LL, Chairman.
The Hon. John Belton O'Neal, Chait
mnan of the Committee appointed to pri
pare an Atddress to thte Militia Ollicers<
tho State of Stotth Carolina, retported tb
followitng Address, which was adopted:i
To the Officers of thre Militia of thre Stae
of SothI Carolina.
The State Temperance pSoeiety of th
State of South Carolina, in Conventioi
assembled at Charleston, would most rei
pectfully anti aff'ectionately address ye
ott the subject of thte use of intoxicatin
dtrinks, at musters of all kinds. The r
pelT of the sutlers' law prevents the 1
galized sale of such drinks-it is left
o the face ofofficers high in rank. many of
dt whom are the law makers, and all el
r whom are constructively the guardians ol
the law. Ought such things to ho ? Does
u it comport with the best interests of the
if country ? Are those who are. to be the
right arm of defence in our hour of dan
i ger, thus to be corrupted ? Are the mer,
t who are to teach men to meet privation
and danggjr to begin that instrucrion, by
t indulging themselves, orsutTering the gul
latt yeomany of the country to steep them
selves in drunkenness? You -will answer
t bow are we to prevent it ? Do your dity
f -suffer no intoxicating drinks to he sold
I at your' canps,.rcegimtental, batiallion or
3 company musters ! Deny yourself the
indulgence. For tie days of muster. at
lead set the cxammp!e of Total Abstinence
I to your t en !
> What will be the advantage ? Much
every way. . You will wipe off that dis
grace which adheres like a brand, to every
militia muster in the State. It is in the
mouths of every one, the muster ground,
is the place of all others, where drunken
I Such a course as we recommend, will
teach subordin-ition. Tie sober soldier is
easily governed. The drinking soldier i.
ready for nutinv,every tinoe he is matched
t a fout further than he fancies to be right.
Can such a man be taught ? You tuy
explain and explain again, but it is all in
t vain, the ear receives it, but the under
standing and memory' are not at home,
they are to day on a froliek, and the ex
planatiun is as if-not mado. - If it should
ha.ppeu that an officer drinks what are the
effect4 on him? He may ride well, he
may march correctly, still such a-utan is
corrupting the citizen soldiers by the influ
etice of example; he is leading them into
forbidden paths ; he is sending home men
taught in the sad lessons of. temptation,
instead of being instructed to hear aloft
under all circumstances, their country's
standard in honor and glory!
Which course does your country desire?
that which we recomumeud, or thatwhicn
has been too much pursued ? We repre
- sent a large portion of the free armed moon
of South Carolina. Probably one half of
the militia are Total Abstinence men
Maif of you we know honor the noble
distictions which you have attained, by
lived of Totak Abstinence. Another large
body c'f the people who are not, as we are.
pledged teen, commend the principles
- which we have adopted, as those of grent
practical utility. There can be no douh
that a majority of the freemen of South
Carolina, are prepared to sustain you in
t expelling strous drink, as you would a
- lurking enemy from the busotn of y*"
etconpments, and from the midst of y,.
Act as a distinguished General did in
i the morniug of the Revolution. To pre
I vent the soldiers from the indulgence it.
strong drink, at the time when the siege of
I Boston was pressed by gallant farmers.
undisciplined soldiers, who with naked
t breasts wvere exposing themselves .to dan
gera that their country might be free-he
ordered the head of every liquor cask to he
stove. We would cot have you liteall
to pursue this example by a similar tres
pass now. but we would have you imita:e
it in spirit. Order the sellers from your
grounds. If they wot go, plhce the vcnt
r der and his poison under gBard-or if you
prefer, indict for every drop sold Act
thus in keeping the temptation away froit
the soldier under arms. But abo'e 'all
deny; yourselves. Let Total Abstinenc
from the cotmmander-in-chief to the senti
r tol, be the rule of life, in camp and on
I parade !
S The [ion. John flelton O'Neale, Chmair
S mn of the'Commtitee appointed to, pre
pare an Adtdress to Cong: -ss, on the sub
.ject of the spirit ration allonwed to seanmen.
I submitted the folltowing Address, which
- was adopted:; and on motion, it was restil
- ved that-the'samte be signed by thme Preei
a dent and,.Secretaries and forwarded to
'I THE STATE-OF Soutn CAnoIANA.
I To Lihe Honorable thce Senate and Members
B of the House of Representatives, in Con.
-- gress Assembled
i Th~e Memnorial of the State Temperance
Society of the State of South Carolina. tn
.1 Convention, assembled at. Charleston,
Y would respectfully state and'showv that the
issuing of the Spirit Ration to thiecrews of
d' vescels in the' Umted Stat es Service, is ma
t terially -etartding thegret work now so
b apily uniting all ranks and classes of so.
- cie'ty in -its sttpport. . In this place, the
,Washington Total: Abstinence Marine So
d ciety numbers at Ieayt two thousand mem
ii bers. Sailors are now no longer the inti
' mates of tipplitng shops arid brothels on
It shore. They are sober even on land-it is
I- on the sea, w ben sailitng under the starti
r and stripes of our own free and happy
country, thtat they are temnpted to be drunk
ards. E very day, a gill ofSpirits is thtust
upon the sailor-and if it is not drunk. it
would indeed he a signal triumph oven
tetmptatiot. Ratrely is hurm'an nature
strong enough to be so htonored. TrheRa
tidon thus furnished, is weaketning the strotng
e arms and tmisguiding t he clear heads, which
are every where to dtrect our National yes
e sels to safety, honor and glory. Justice
calls aloud that it should cease. In its
e place let the value of it be paid in money
m, It will thus secure sobriety in Service. and~
-remove anxiety from many a .remnbling
u heart, which beats in alarm, as the refer
med husband, brother, or father leaves the
-shore, to serve his country "in the battle
-and in the breeze."
o ' By order of thne Convention..
n JO.HN BELTION O'NE AL. President,
Correspondence of Charleston Patriot.
WAsHINGTON, Feb. 6...
In the Senate after the presenration. of
Petitions joint resolutions in favor of re
trenetiment, were presented by Mr..Tap
pan, from the Legislature of Ohio. They
propose that a reduction of 33 per cent
shall be malie on the salaries of all. gov
ernment oflicers. ~ T
Mr. Allen made a'vigorous effort to take
up the bill for refunding General Jaekson -;
line, lie reminded the Senate ;thatahm
General is now in fary feeble healthand:
cannot cont upon, a much longer.exis
lenc. Uderthese circumstances,..he
fec. Udrteecrusacs -ehoped the bill would be suffered to' -take.
precedence of all other business.
After some conversation fp. the. subject
the hill was made the special order for
Thursday next; when I presume it wis
pass with an amendment exempting Judge
Hal! from any blame whatever...:
Several private and local matters wern~
disposed of. after which the Senate oncei
more resumed the- consideration of ther
reco lution from the Finance Committee.6
proposing the iudefinite postponement of:
Mr. McDuffie's tariff bill.
Mr. Evans spoke for t(vo hours, after
which Mr. Voodhury obtained the floor.
It I eing late. however, he did not speak.
The Senate, after a short executive session
In the House, tho morning hoorwas oc
eupied by .Mr. llamnet, of Mlississisippi,
by an eloquent speech on - the Report. of
the Committee on the Rules. "He attacked.
the abolitionists without mercy,! and
asked them what -they would -do for the
negroes, provided they were all liberated:;
and sent to the North. Judging from the.
present deplorable, condition of :-coloted
people in the North, he thought they'
would stand but a poor chance. Refer
ring to authentic documenta, he shewed;
that out ofevery 43 negroes in Massacha
setts, there is one lidiot,-and soon in the
same proportion among the free States,
while in Louisiana. there is but one idiot. -
to every furtyi.hree hundred colored peo
ple. lie next proved that in the Pen
Ieutiaries of the North, seven- out of nine:
were colored, while in the South; the
reverse is the . case. lie scouted the idea':
of nasteriafearing their slaves. On. the
yatitrary said he, our farmers in Missis-?
.ippi never lock their doors it night,ex- "
cept they happen to live in 'hevicinig of -
a Yankee. settlement. -(Greaflaughter.;
After touching' upon many other 'points,
lie alluded to the present course of Mas-:
sachusetts and said be would do her the-.
justice to say that she was always true to.
her principles. In proof of this,' he refer
red to the petition presented to the Legis
lature of that State, from certain ladies, for
the repeal of the law, which prohibited in
termarriages between the white and black
lie said be presumed those ladies wore.;
either very old maids, or-else:they hadbad
white husbands, and wanted a variety.
Be that as ,t might, the law was repealed.
1.ui said he. although I will not -call in
T.esiotn the taste of said ladies, I will call
ii qluestion their smell. (roars of laughter.)
II:: next shewed what a predicament the
colored women were in when they found
that the white ladies were going to .mo
ropolize all their black husbands. They
abo sent a petition to the Legislature:to
re-enact the law, but they met with no.
Mr. H concluded by speaking his mind
in no very measured terms, relative to the
course of Lord Broughton and Prince Al
hlert, with regard to the institution of
slavery in this country. .
Tiho hour having espired, -the -subjecr
wvas againa laid over.
Mr. Drotngoole then moved that the
ICommittee of the Whlole-be dischiarged
froam the consideration of the report of the
E.lectioan Commaittee, declaring thai the
nou-dhistricted members to be entitled- to
their seats, thae second section of the apper
tionmnent act to the contrary notwidistand~i
ing. - -
Mtessrs. Barnard,-Davis, and others .of
thec minority warmly protested.. st~s
this. They desired to debate the pohits'
itnvolved, which could onlyGe dotinwiti
security in Committee of -thie WVhole,
They feared if the matter should -be repor
ted ,o the liouse, all debate would~be ter
intated liy the previous question.
Mr. litilmes made some forcible re
marks in favor of having a fair and ful
debate in Commil tee of the Whole. '
A fther further discussion, the Commit-'
tee was discharged from the further'code
sideration of the subject ; the noo-distrief
ed members~.voting .with the rest:
Mr. Elmer,. Chairman of the. eia
Commril tee,- eOm)menced an argumea -
favor of the report, but it being late,^ihet
H-ouse adjourned :The subject will prob
abily be summarily disposed of. to-morr'ow
Of course the repiort will-be adopted, aid'
the non-districted members confirmed in
their sests. '
In lbe.Senate this. morning, Mr. ..-.
Francis. elected in the- place of the Hon.
Mr. Spmaue, appeared and took his seat.
Mr. Archison presented a memorial.
from inhabitants of Oregon, complaIning
that they have been driven from A beir-lo
catton by the Hudson's Bay oInrtIing.
They call upon Congress to aid them in
renewving their rights. . .
Mir. Buchanan presented several petil k
:'ons remonstrating against the annexation
Mr. lHerrien presented resoluitis. fromh'e
the Legislature oh Georgia. denouncing the